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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

FACTORS AFFECTING THE READING ABILITY OF GRADE FIVE

PUPILS AS PERCEIVED BY THE TEACHERS OF MACALELON

CENTRAL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL S.Y. 2018-2019

_______________________________

An Undergraduate Thesis

Presented to

The College of Education

Eastern Quezon College

_______________________________

In Partial Fulfillment

Of the Requirements for the Degree

Bachelor of Elementary Education

________________________________

By:

YLHYN JOIE P. LAGUMEN


January 2019
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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

APPROVAL SHEET

In partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of

Elementary Education, this undergraduate thesis entitled “FACTORS AFFECTING

THE READING ABILITY OF GRADE FIVE PUPILS AS PERCEIVED BY THE

TEACHERS OF MACALELON CENTRAL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL S.Y.

2018-2019” has been prepared and submitted by YLHYN JOIE P. LAGUMEN who is

hereby recommended for Final Oral Examination.

ARNEL PEDRO V .RODELAS, LPT, TMP Ph.D

Research Professor

Examined and Passed

Date:_____________

COMMITTEE ON PRE-ORAL EXAMINATION

Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination on___________with the grade of

GLORIA L. CHING Ed. D


Chairman

RODRIGO MONTEREY Sr. Ph.D RODONES S. TRIMILLOS, Ph.D


Member Member

Accepted and approved in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the


Bachelor of Elementary Education.

ARNEL PEDRO V .RODELAS, LPT, TMP Ph.D


VP for Academic & Student Services
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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

She wants to extend her deepest gratitude to the persons who have given their

cherished support from the beginning until the end of this undertaking.

First and foremost, to Almighty God, for the wisdom and strength. He bestowed to

the researcher to finish this research study and for the blessings they received everyday

of their lives.

To her parents, for inspiring the researcher to pursue the study, and for their valuable

supports, morally and financially.

To her professor ARNEL PEDRO V .RODELAS the VP for Academic & Student

Services, for patiently sharing his precious time during consultations and all throughout

the journey of her research and for providing the necessary suggestions for the

improvement of the study.

To her husband, friends and loved ones for sharing wonderful and joyous moments

notwithstanding the burdens that they faced while doing the research.

Without all of them mentioned above, this research study will be impossible to

accomplish. May the Lord bless and guide them always.

Ylhyn Joie P. Lagumen


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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

DEDICATION

After several weeks of accomplishing this research,

she would like to dedicate this to the following:

To her beloved and supportive husband

and family who shared their effort

and time to finish this study.

To God Almighty, who gave His love and life,

for His guidance, inspiration, strength, courage and faith, who always

Guides and bless her all throughout

for the success of this undertaking.

With this simple accomplishment,

She offers and brings back all the

glory in honor of Him.

Ylhyn Joie P. Lagumen


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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

ABSTRACT

TITLE OF THE THESIS: FACTORS AFFECTING THE READING


ABILITY OF SELECTED GRADE FIVE PUPILS
AS PERCEIVED BY THE TEACHERS OF
MACALELON CENTRAL ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL S.Y.2018-2019

AUTHOR : YLHYN JOIE P. LAGUMEN

COURSE : BACHELOR OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION

MAJOR : GENERAL EDUCATION

YEAR WRITTEN : 2019

ADVISER :

SCHOOL : EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

This study aimed to find out the factors affecting the reading ability as

perceived by the of Macalelon Central Elementary School Sy:2018-2019. Specifically

this sought to answer the following questions; (1) What is the demographic profile of the

respondents in terms of (a) sex (b) years in service (2) What are the factors affecting the

reading ability as perceived by the teachers in terms of; (a) teacher factors (b) parental

factors (c) pupil factors; (3) What implication could be derived from this study?

This study was conducted on January 2019. The researcher used descriptive

method of research in finding out the factors affecting the reading ability as perceived by

the teachers of Macalelon Central Elementary School Sy:2018-2019. The questionnaire

was the main instrument used in this study. It was supplemented by informal interview

and observations.
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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

The findings were as follows 1. Out of 30 selected teachers, most of the teacher

respondents are female with 23 (or 76.67% ) respondents while the remaining 7 (or

23.33% ) respondents is male. The most of the respondents according to their no. of

years in service are in the bracket of 21-25 years with 9 respondents or 30% of the total

respondents.

In the light of the data revealed in this study, the following concludes were

hereby drawn Based on the problems presented and the results from instruments, the

following summary of findings was hereby arrived in terms of demographic profile of

the respondents. The teacher respondents are 12 (or 40% ) are female and 18 (or 60% )

are male among 30 selected teachers in Macalelon Central Elementary School SY: 2018

-2019. The factors affecting the reading ability in terms of (a) teacher factors the average

weighted mean computed is 4.23 which is qualitatively described as “Strongly Agree”.

Most respondents agreed in “Teachers use reading materials in her classroom” and

“Teachers use textbooks in one-on-one reading comprehension in each pupil” with the

mean of 5.00 interpreted as “Strongly Agree” in terms of (b) parents factors the average

weighted mean computed is 4.29 interpreted as “Strongly Agree”. Most respondents

agreed in “Parents coordinate to the adviser about reading status of their child” with the

mean of 4.84 interpreted as “Strongly Agree” and in terms of (c) pupil factor most

respondents agreed in “Pupils catch their interest to read when information is new” with

the mean of 4.80 interpreted as “Strong Agree” with the average mean of 4.21

interpreted as “Strongly Agree”.


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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

Based on the findings, the implications was; Teachers could be taught all

methods of teaching reading skills, various strategies and required steps of teaching

reading skills and apply them effectively in the teaching or reading. Teachers and

parents need to work jointly in following up the pupils in term of their reading skills and

helping them to practice in reading and identify the needs of the pupils and provide

some materials to them. Devices localize and contextualize reading materials, text and

selection in order to connect the application of real setting with that of the reading

proficiency of the pupils. Ensure the participation of the parents and community in

uplifting the reading proficiency of the students. Parents may be encouraged to tutor

their children especially in reading. Regularly monitor the reading proficiency of the

students and develop reward system for pupils who have achieved the highest

percentage of reading proficiency acquisition at the end of every reading remediation

program.
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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE -------------------------------------------------------------------------- i


APPROVAL SHEET------------------------------------------------------------------- ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ------------------------------------------------------ iii
DEDICATION -------------------------------------------------------------------------- iv
ABSTRACT -------------------------------------------------------------------------- v
TABLE OF CONTENTS ------------------------------------------------------ xi
LIST OF TABLES ------------------------------------------------------ xiii
LIST OF FIGURES --------------------------------------------------------------- xiv
Chapter I--THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Introduction ------------------------------------------------------ 1
Statement of the Problem ------------------------------------ 4
Conceptual Framework ------------------------------------------ 5
Research Paradigm --------------------------------------------- 6
Significance of the Study ------------------------------------ 6
Scope of Delimitation -------------------------------------------- 7
Definition of Terms --------------------------------------------- 8
Chapter II--REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
Conceptual Literature --------------------------------------------- 9
Research Literature --------------------------------------------- 15
A. Research in the Foreign Setting ------------------ 15
B. Research in the Philippine Setting ------------------ 19

Chapter III--RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY


Research Method and Technique --------------------------- 22
Research Locale --------------------------------------------- 22
Sampling Design ---------------------------------------------------- 22
Instrumentation --------------------------------------------- 23
Data Gathering Procedures ------------------------------------ 23
Statistical Treatment ------------------------------------ 24
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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

Chapter IV--PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION


OF DATA - 25

Chapter V— SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS


IMPLICATION AND RECOMMENDATIONS ------------ 34

Summary of Findings ------------------------------------------------- 34


Conclusions ------------------------------------------------------------------- 35
Implication ------------------------------------------------------------------- 36

BIBLIOGRAPHY ---------------------------------------------------------- 37
APPENDICE S------------------------------------------------------------------- 41
A. Letters
B. Questionnaire

LIST OF TABLES
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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

No. Title Page


1 Distribution of the Respondents According to Age ---------------- 19

2 Distribution of the Respondents According to Sex --------------- 20

3 Distribution of the Respondents According to their ------------- 20


No. of years

4 Distribution of the Respondents According to their ------------- 21


Highest Educational Attainment

5 Frequency Distribution of the Perception of the Teacher -------- 22


Regarding the Factors Affecting the Listening Ability
In terms of Environmental Factors

6 Frequency Distribution of the Perception of the Teacher -------- 25


Regarding the Factors Affecting the Listening Ability
In terms of Teacher Factors

7 Frequency Distribution of the Perception of the Teacher -------- 27


Regarding the Factors Affecting the Listening Ability
In terms of Parent Factors

8 Frequency Distribution of the Perception of the Teacher -------- 29


Regarding the Factors Affecting the Listening Ability
In terms of Pupil Factors

LIST OF FIGURES
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EASTERN QUEZON COLLEGE, INC.

No. Title Page

1 Research Paradigm ------------------------------------------- 4


Factors Affecting the Listening Ability