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Youth Employment in The Philippines Review

An Article Review In
Contemporary Issues

Submitted To
Teacher Imma Concepcion F. Galeriana

Submited By
Joella B. Magbanua
Grade 10 Ephesians

July 29, 2019


This article review is to summarize and to understand the state of the topic “Youth
Employment in The Philippines”. This review will allow its readers to identify the articles
strengths and weaknesses, making the topic more perspicuous to its readers. The
article’s main idea is to prioritize the unemployment of youth over other groups, it focuses
on studying the labor market situation more extensively. It explains the relevance of
unemployment towards the youth to our country’s economy.

It is clear in the article that youth employment is a vast and complex topic to
discuss, since youth unemployment consists of many subtopics and relates to many
issues. It is also very important not only as individuals as well as to the country since it
affects the country in different aspects.

In the beginning of the article, it starts to cover the issues not only in youth
unemployment, but as well as underemployment and was able to state accurate data and
statistics on unemployment rates in the country. The authors note examples in the
increase of unemployment rates in a few regions as well as stating that the rates of
unemployment in rural areas are much lower than in urban areas. The following shows
that the authors seem to have searched well on the topic as the article presents graphs
and tables that shows the percentages and rates. The article also references information
from other authors regarding their explanations on the young workers and their older
counterparts stating that “young workers are less employable compared to their adult
counterparts owing to their lower qualifications” which the author disagrees on stating its
reasons on why the youth should be more employable compared to their adult
counterparts.

Other than this the authors also addresses the gender inequality in youth
employment stating that there is a bias towards employment of males, at the same time
also notes the fact that more young women occupy technical and professional positions
than young men and may be attributed to the increasing proportion of females with higher
schooling, however the data shows that the average amount the women earn is still less
than the male counterparts. On another hand the females are also less affected by
underemployment correspondent to their higher education rates. Nonetheless, in the
following pages it mentions how females are at greater risk of unemployment in relation
to family responsibilities, since the article states that average Filipino women get married
at the ages of 22 and give birth at 23, this could also relate to the articles following texts
stating that “the youth labor market is the high incidence of unemployment among those
with higher educational attainment” since the article previously stated that the females
are at higher proportions of education, yet are unable to be employed because of their
family resposibilities.

The authors speak of the notable decreasing amount of permanent jobs that the
youth hold, especially those who failed to complete their education, underemployment is
stated indicating the lower wages of those working in companies. The article also includes
alarming cases of unemployment wherein a certain amount of the youth is discouraged
by unsuccessful job searches mostly caused by the belief that there were no remaining
available jobs to begin with. Discouragement can also be brought about by the fact that
most of the youth perceive that only those with a degree or those with higher education
are more likely to receive decent jobs. The government continues to assist in this by
offering jobs in the PESOs or public employment service officers however this remains to
be the less preferred method of young people on seeking employment.

The article identifies the factors that affect the increase of unemployment in the
Philippines. The text once again discusses on the high fertility rates of the country and
low real growth as it mentioned in its introduction. It discusses the outcome of the job
mismatches as well as the output growth in the labor market. It is notable to mention the
increase of participation in education yet still exhibiting increasing unemployment rates.
More people also prefer to work overseas rather than in the country, especially the higher
educated especially young women, since many people are influenced by the fact that they
could earn a much greater or higher income abroad.

To such a difficult and lengthy topic consisting of many factors, the authors were
able conclude the article with the overall factors and recommendations in relation to the
issues they identified. They state that the youth can find themselves decent employment
with the right set of skills and knowledge. The youth must also be made aware of the tons
of job opportunities they could take. Improving career guidance can also help address the
issues of job- mismatch. Lastly, they stated the importance of monitoring the labor market
statistics and reviewing the data collection set to ensure sufficient disaggregated
information is available for policy planning purposes.

The article did provide sufficient research and also includes examples from those
of well written books by authors such as O’Higgins Niall, Dewitt David and Godfrey Martin,
good and well-known authors which help improve the articles overall credibility.

The article also presents surveys to prove the accuracy of their study, however
there are some differences in their surveys to their noted points such as the gender
equality issue. The arguments stated in the article are also very notable, since the article
presents clear and reliable data in its study that helps support the arguments. The authors
able to clearly identify the factors of each argument stated, although some which are
contradictory to another. Some of the points and arguments were repetitive, some factors
that was placed in the introduction were already in the other parts adding unnecessary
information that was already mentioned. The articles content is also mostly already placed
in the introduction.

The article was able to explain more uncommon terms that were stated; however,
the article fails to explain a lot of major keywords in the texts. It was still very
understandable in the most part. The article was able to identify the positive and negative
aspects within the youth employment in the Philippines. It mentions all that needs to be
improved in order to aid in the country’s economy. It also identified the importance of its
study to the topic as well as the authors’ recommendations on the issue of youth
unemployment in the Philippines which is useful for understanding the research itself. It
provided its reasoning in the arguments clearly and properly.

The article can help expand the understanding of the readers towards youth
unemployment. The article really shows that the government should prioritize the youth
in their employment rather than the older latter. Like most research papers and articles,
it elaborates on its topic with clarity, although there may be a few grammatical errors. It
also enables the readers to be more aware of the outcomes of unemployment. The article,
however, is a little outdated. This article can be very useful to provide information to the
youth so that they themselves can take action to help in the presented issue, “Youth
Employment in The Philippines”. Youth Employment is in fact an important issue to deal
with because it affects the Philippines greatly in terms of economy.

Overall, the article started off good however sometimes contradicted itself. The
article also really provided a much vaster understanding towards youth unemployment
stating important factors that relate to the income and livelihood of not only the youth but
as well as in the country. In addition, the authors stated ways in how this issue’s negative
effects can be lessened, however the subject does get too technical so to enable the
readers to become more engaged in the article the authors should have shortened the
introduction seeing as though the facts mentioned in it were also placed in the content
and did not need to be repeated again. Providing a more concise and straightforward
introduction would allow the readers to directly understand the topic.

Overall, the article was adequate, it had a few minor grammatical errors but was
still able to deliver its argument and purpose with clarity and was also able to support it
with proper evidence. The message of the article was very important, to help equip the
youth with proper knowledge and skills, “policy makers must make provision of quality
education and training the top priority in their youth policy agenda”, to provide awareness
to the youth to let them know of the plenty job opportunities, to improve current programs
on career guidance so that job-mismatches would be avoided and lastly to review the
data and statistics of the labor market to help create more sufficient programs and laws
involving not only youth employment but employment as a whole.

Majority of the youth are affected by these factors and this should be held with
importance. This article shows exactly how important it is to be able to address this
situation in the country. The piece shows concrete examples in approaching this problem,
the article starts off well, although the body has its flaws, it is a very convincing article that
provides important information and solutions to youth unemployment.