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# COURSE SYLLABI

(2016 - 2020)
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS & 2018-19
W.E.F. :
TELECOMMUNICATION ENGG.
COURSE NAME : Analog Communication

## TY BTECH COURSE CODE : ET302

COURSE CREDITS : 04

## TEACHING SCHEME : EVALUATION SCHEME :

THEORY PRESENTATION/
LECTURE PRACTICAL PRACTICAL TOTAL
ICE ECE IA DEMONSTRATION

3 2 30 40 30 25 25 150

PRE-REQUISITE:
1. AS101 – Applied Mathematics – I
2. AS104 – Applied Mathematics - II
3. ET204 – Signals and Systems

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

## 1. ET302.CEO.1: To illustrate fundamental concepts required for communication

2. ET302.CEO.2: To analyse amplitude, angle modulation techniques, their types, mathematical
analysis and representation
3. ET302.CEO.3: To study random variables and random, stochastic processes
4. ET302.CEO.4: To explain analog communication receivers, their types & characteristics
5. ET302.CEO.5: To study noise performance of different analog modulation techniques

COURSE OUTCOMES:
After completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. ET302.CO.1: Inspect a basic flow and essential metrics in the process communication
2. ET302.CO.2: Examine different amplitude, angle modulation techniques
3. ET302.CO.3: Explain various transmitter and receiver circuits
4. ET302.CO.4: Analyze random processes and random variables

Format No. : MITAOE/ACAD/ 002 Rev. No. : 0.0 Rev. Date : 01/12/2017
5. ET302.CO.5: Measure the noise performance of different analog modulation techniques

THEORY:

## Unit I Electronic Communication 8 Hours

Electromagnetic spectrum, Review of Signal & its representations, Block Diagram representation of a
generalized communication system, Communication resources: communication channels,
communication modes (Simplex, Duplex etc.), channel bandwidth, Signal transmission: baseband &
pass band signals, analog & digital transmission, Modulation, Need of modulation, demodulation
concepts, classification and sources of noise, SNR, equivalent noise bandwidth, noise temperature,
noise figure.

## Unit II Amplitude Modulation Techniques 8 Hours

Types of Analog Modulations, Principles of Amplitude Modulation, AM current & power relations, AM
generation & detections, DSBSC modulation, DSBSC generation & detection, Integrated Circuit
Modulators (MC1496), SSB modulation, SSB generation & detection. Case study: AM Application:
amateur radio, Navy and Aviation for communications Self-Study: VSB modulation, VSB generation &
detection, Comparison of AM, DSBSC, SSB & VSB.

## Unit III Angle Modulation Techniques 8 Hours

Principles of Angle Modulation, Theory of FM – Basic Concepts : Frequency deviation and modulation
index, Phasor representation of Angle modulated wave, bandwidth of Angle modulated signal, Spectrum
analysis of FM wave, Narrow band and Wideband FM, Generation of FM wave : Direct & Indirect, FM
detection, Relationship between FM & PM Case Study: Applications of FM: Digital synthesizers Self-
Study: Advantages, Disadvantages & applications of Angle Modulation, Comparison of AM, FM & PM

communication.

## Unit V Random Variables & Stochastic Processes 8 Hours

Concept of Random variables, Joint & Conditional probability, Statistical independence, Bayes
Theorem, Probability distribution functions & Probability density functions, Examples of probability
density functions (Uniform, Rayleigh, Gaussian, Chi – Square), Central limit theorem. Random
Processes: Physical significance of random process, Statistical averages (mean, variance, correlation),
Power spectral densities, Stationarity, ergodicity, transmission of random processes through LTI filter.

## Unit VI Noise Calculations in Analog Systems 8 Hours

Noise in Communication System, Representation of noise in communication system, Power Spectral
density of noise, Noise calculations in DSB SC, Noise calculations in SSB SC, Noise in AM wave, Noise
in envelop detector, Noise in frequency modulation system, threshold effect in FM, Pre emphasis & De-
emphasis circuits, Noise in phase modulation system.

Format No. : MITAOE/ACAD/ 002 Rev. No. : 0.0 Rev. Date : 01/12/2017
PRACTICAL: Perform following experiments using MATLAB / Hardware experiments

## Practical No. 3 DSB SC Modulator 2 Hours

Study of double side band suppressed carrier modulation technique

## Practical No. 6 AM transmitter 2 Hours

Study of AM transmitter

## Practical No. 9 Modulation Circuitry 4 Hours

Design any of the above modulation techniques in MATLAB / Multisim or (Write a program to build the
modulation circuit)

Format No. : MITAOE/ACAD/ 002 Rev. No. : 0.0 Rev. Date : 01/12/2017
TEXT BOOKS:

## 1. Wayne Tomasi, “Electronic Communications Systems: Fundamentals through Advanced”, Pearson

– Always Learning 5th edition ISBN : 987-8131719534
2. Simon Haykin, “Communication System”, 4th Edition, Wiley publications, ISBN 0471178691
3. A. Bruce Carlson, Paul B. Crilly, Communication Systems, McGraw-Hill, 5th Edition, ISBN: 978-
0073380407

REFERENCES:

## 1. John G. Prokis, Masoud Salehi, “Communication Systems Engineering”, Pearson – Always

learning, 2nd edition ISBN-13: 9787040169058
2. T. L. Singal, Analog & Digital Communications, Tata McGraw hill education, latest Edition, ISBN:
9780071072694.
3. Dennis Roddy & Coolen, Electronic Communication, Prentice Hall, 4th Edition, ISBN:
9780835915984.
4. George Kennedy, Electronic Communication Systems, McGraw-Hill, 5th Edition, ISBN:
9780028005928.
5. B. P. Lathi, Modern Digital & Analog Communication Systems, Oxford university press, 4th edition,
ISBN: 9780198073802.

Format No. : MITAOE/ACAD/ 002 Rev. No. : 0.0 Rev. Date : 01/12/2017