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ABA Il YCJO)KHEHHBIE CNOCOBbI ®AKTYPHOFO: H3J10%KEHHA §' 1. O6wne caenenna TapMonna nepBoHayambHo u3yY¥aeTCA B MmpocTeiiueM Bue: B HAaTypasb- HOM AKKOPAOBOM CKJafe, B OCHOBHOM YeTLIPeXrOOCHOH CTpyKType akKop- JOB, B PHTMHYECKH OLHOPOAHOM (MOHOAHTHOM) HX ABHXKEHHH, C rapMOHH- HECKHM FOJOCOBELCHHEM, HEMOCPEACTBEHHO CBASHIBAIOWLHM AKKOPAOBLIC TO- Hbl H COOTRETCTBYIOMIHM OOLMMM HOPMaTHBaM. Bce 9TO CAYXUT cBOerO pona CTEPEOTHNOM, KOTOpBI AaeT BOSMOMHOCT COCPeAOTOYHTL BHHMAHHe Ha 3aKOHOMepHocTAX Camo rapMoNHH—6es yCIOKHeHHA ee ApyrHMH pHeMaMH NHCbMa—M TaKHM MyTeM MpakTHYeCKH OCBaMBaTb HeMCuepmae- Mo pasHoo6pa3Hbie uM Goratble rapmMonMuecKHe cpemcTBa. B My3biKaJIbHbIxX MpousBeqeHHAX (OCOGeHHO HHCTpyMeHTaMbHBIX) ak- KopAosbiii cKaaq B TaKOM mpocTeliuiem Bue npuMexseres, omHako, peako (cm. mpumeppt 13, 14, 15). Tapmonna oGbiuno u3aaraetca ¢ OTcTyMeHHeM OT CTepeoTHna, NomBepraeTcA BCeBO3MO%KHOMY akTypHO- MY yclOXKHEHHIO H mpeo6pasoBanmio. Konnyectso 3ByKOB B aKKOpmaXx H3- MCHACTCA, FONOCOBEAEHHE OCBOGOKLAaeTCA OT 3eMCHTAPHbIX CBASeH AKKOp- AOBLIX TOHOB, B FAPMOHHYECKOe ABUXKEHHE AKTHBHO BMELUMBAeTCA MeAOAH- yeckOe Ha¥as0, AKKOpAbl H3araloTCA B OPHaMeHTasbHOM BHse, CaMH TO- Oca «OKUBARIOTCA> PUrypHpoBannem. CrocoOsi Takoro npeoOpasonanHo- TO W3AOKEHHA TAPMOHHH CBOAATCA K CHeYIOULHM: KOMOPHCTHYeCKOe Ha- caoenue (§ 2); cBo6onHoe romocosenenue (§ 3); CKpErroe nH mompasyme- Baemoe rosiocopemenhe (§ 4); meHTOUHOe ABEDKeHHe (§ 5); rapMoHHyecKan gurypauma (§ 6); purmuyeckan dburypauua (§ 7); Memoanueckan dury- pauasa. Tlocneauaa mo cpoemy 6oratcTsy BO3sMOxKHOCTel MH nO TpyAHOCTH TEXHUYECKOTO OCBOEHUA 3aHHMaeT OCOGOe MecTO B Mpouecce usyueHHS rap- MOHHH H MOSTOMY CnelMaabHOMy ee paccmoTpeHmio mocBAlweHb! rapa IV H BCA BTOpaA KHura. § 2. Konopuctnyeckoe Hacaoenne KoaopucTH4YeCKHM HaCAOCHHEM MbI HasbIBaeM TaKOe OKTAB- Hoe AyOAHpOBaHHe TOHOB aKKOpia, KOTOPOe ABAAETCA AHWb HagcTpoiKolt Hag ero OcHOBHOM crpyxTypoli, ero gonoanuTenbHOH . Takoe AyOanpoBanne He OGaBaAAeT HOBOrO CaMOcTOATeAbHOTO rosoca (a mosTomy He OGpasyeT 3anpellenHoro OKTaBHOrO napaanenu3ma). [pu Ha- AAWYHH B AaHHOM TapMOHMYECKOM CO¥eTaHHH MATH H Gomee 3BYKOB, aKKOpA B CBOE OCHOBe MOXKeT OCTaBaTECA UETSIPeXTOACCHLIM, TO H OGHapyxH- BaeTCA pH CHATHH HaACTpOeyHBIX AYGANPOBOK, U3BAeYeHHN rapMoHitue- cKoit cxemst (cm. 47). He u3Menaa aagodynkuuonanpuoro 3uayenun aK- KOPAOB, KOMOPHCTHYECKOe HaCMOCHHE BHOCHT JIHUb HOBYI0 OKPacKy HX 3By- 4“aHHA, O6pasyeT TY HAH HHYO HX TeMOpoByio Harpy3sky. 44 Octosunie npHems: cponates K caenyroumm: 1) ay6aupopanue Gaca (camuit ctapHnubii um ynorpeOuTeabubit npH- em); 2) ay6aupopanue sepxnero romoca, nomuepKnBaioulee ero oco6oe Me- loanueckoe sHayeHne; 3) ay6nupoBanve oAHoro HAM HeCKOMBKHX ronOCOB BepXHero KOMMeK- ca Kak HaBepxy, TaK H B HMKHEM perncTpe (mOCcTeqHee OCOGeHHO xapak- TepHo Ain optennanHoro H3sAOKeHHE) ; 4) KomnvieKcHoe ay6uMpopanne, HacmoenHe «sTaxKamu>. O6pasyioulne- CA MPH STOM MapaseNM3MbI He TOKO OKTAB, HO H KBHHT YTpa4uHBalot CBOIO CnelHPHKy 3ByYaHHA M MOSTOMY WHPOKO NpHMeHAIOTCA. TaKoe HacnoeHHe CaMO BOSHHKaeT MPH perHcTpoBke Ha oprane. B op- Kectposoli My3bike 9TOT MpHeM BoleT B ynoTpeOaeHHe B KAACcHYeCKOM cTuae; y Komnosntopos XIX peKa HacaoenHe pacnpoctpanifetca 20 YeTBI- pex staxeii. B asyxpyyHoli doptennanHoll My3biKe BO3MO%xKeH WHPOKKH 3axBaT pe- rHeTpoB NocpeacTsom rapmonnueckoii durypaunn (cm. 87). IIpH onHoBpe- MeHHOM 3Ry¥aHHH AKKOPLOB serKO sOCTYNHO ABYX3TAKHOe HacsoeHHe, ocoGbiM MpHeMoM ABIAeTCA HeNOAHOe TpexsTaKHOe C OTAeAbHBIM 6acoM (47, cm. Taxxe 78). 47 a) [Lent Paxmanuuos. Mpeatoaua cis-moll B myspike BTopoit nozopHHbt XIX Beka BcTpeyaiorca HCKMOYHTeTbHLIE cayya KOMMIeKCHOrO HaCMOeHHA C OKTABHBIM NapasenH3MoM B KpaitHHx Tojocax, O6pa3yiouleMcA MPH AeHTOYHOM ABMOKeEHHH akKopAoB (cm. 75, 77). Koaopuctsueckoe HacaoeHHe MOxeT CO3MaBaTb BeCbMa pasHoobpasilyio TeMOpOByl0 Harpy3Ky AKKOPAOB, 3aBHCAILYIO OT pacnOsO%KeHHA HX 3BYKOB, Kak LOMOAHHTETBHBIX, TAK H OCHOBHBIX. Sta Harpyska MOXeT OuITb co cry. UleHHeEM HM paspeKEHHEM B PasHbIX PerHcTpaXx, C YPaBHOBELeHHEIM B aky- CTHYECKOM OTHOWICHHH HH HeypaBHOBeleHHiIM 3ByyanHemM. Ta HH HHaA 45 Harpy3Ka QHKTYeTCA B NepByi0 OVepedb MpHposOi u OcObeHHOCTAMH caMo- ro HHeTpyMentapHn (OpKectpa, ancam6zeit, optennano, oprava). Orpa- 2%al0TcA B Heli H TBOPYeCKHe CTH AaHHOM SNOXH HAH HHAMBULYAAHDIe. @oprenanoit my3biKe Berxogera cpoiicrsenua cryuenian Harpy3Ka B pernerpax, pacnoroxeHHeix Ha GonDUIOM paccToAHuH, ero KOMMOSHTOpEI- POMAHTHKH CTaqH H36eraT, NPHOAMKAA SByYAHHe K aKYCTHYECKH ecTecT- BeHHOMY, YpaBHOBeWWeHHOMY, C 3amoaHeHHOl cepeqMHoll. B coBpemeHHoit mysbike (y Xuugemuta, Iocrakosuya uw ApyrHx KOMMO3HTOpOB) «6eTxo- BeHCKHii> TIpHeM BHOBb 3aB0eBa MpaBO Ha CyllecTBOBaHHe. Hapnevenne rapMOHH4ecKo CXeMbl H3 KOMOPHCTHYeCKOrO HacaoeHHA, BCKpbigawlee (aktypHoe npeo6pasoBaHHe TapMOHHH, HMeeT BaKHOe 3Ha- weHHe KaK Must aHaH3a MYSbIKAJIbHBIX NpOH3BeLeHHi, TAK H AWA OCBOCHHA KOMMO3HTOPCKOH TeXHHKH (OCO6eHHO OpKecTpoBoit). § 3. CaoGonHoe ronocosexenne B kypce rapMouun usyyaeres 1 npakrHueckn ocBanBaeTen npexne Bce- TO HOPMAaTHBHOE TONOCOBEeLEHHe, OCHOBAHHOe Ha HeNOCpemCTBEHUBIX s1a0- BbIX (MeAOAHYECKHX H TAPMOHHYeECKHX) CBA3HX TOHOB B MOCMeMOBaHHH ak- KOpioB. OcobenHO MpoABARIOTCA 3TH CBAIH B PaspewleHHA BBOAHOTO TOHA, A@/bTEPHPOBAHHLIX 3BYKOB H CeMTHMbI COOTBETCTBENHO HX TArOTeHHW. I]naB- Hoe CeKyHAOBOe romOCOBefeHHe B BepXHHX ronocax B HaHOonbueli Mepe YKpensmaeT MeOMHYeCKHE CBASH aKKOPLOB—-3/eCb MPORBAAeTCA MeNOMH- wecKah MpHpowa cekyHAbI, O ¥eM TOBOpHAOCb BbIUe. Ha TakoM roslocoBe- WeHHH, B YaCTHOCTH, OCHOBaHa JOrHKa MeO_HYeCKOrO dburypHpoBaHHA HK €CTCCTBEHHOCTh M@NOJMKO-TapMOHHUeCKON MOLYAAUHH, KOTOPaA ocyulecT- BasetcA 6e3 ABHOM H NaxKe Ge3 BCAKOM SyHKUMOHATbHOM CBASH AKKOPOB. Oanako My3uikanbHaa daktypa, ocobeHHO HHCTpyMeHTaqbHas, OTHIONS He OrpaHHyHBaeTCA HOPMaTHBHBIM, a TeM Gonee MaBHEIM romocoBemeHHeM B CORAMHEHMAX aKKopios. B Heli ncHOu3yeTcH BCAKOO powa CBOG6OR- Hoe TOMOCOBEReHHEe, OTCTYMaloMee OT SMeMeHTAPHBIX 1aZOBLIX cBasei TOHOB, —Tperxkte BCero CKAYKH, H He TOALKO B ConpaHoBOM ronoce B KaveCTBe BbIPaSHTEAbHBIX HHTOHAMHOHHLIX OG6OpoToB, HO H B CpeqHHX TOMOCAX, 3aHHMAIONLAX NOAIHHEHHOe NONOKeHHe B rapMOHHYeCKOM JBHKE- uuu. JlocraTouHo sBHOe OCcBOGOKAeHHE OT S9THX CBAZeH, HapylWalwoulee oc- HOBHBIE HOPMBI TOAOCOBEAeHHA, MBI M HasbIBaeM pacKpeMOMLeHHEeM. Bax noctosxHo mpuGeraer B KaflaHcax K paCKpenOlleHHio BBO,HOTO TOHA B CPpeMHHX rOMOCAX, BEAA ero, BONpeKH NanoBOMy paspeuleHHio, Ha TepUIO BHU B KBHHTY TOHHYECKOrO TpesBy4uA (48). Berpeuaerca ¥ BH- 2keHHe B ep TPesByYHA Ha KBapTy BBEPX H MaKe (B HCKMOYHTEABHEIX cay¥aax) Ha KBHHTy BHH3 (49). Bo sBcex sTHX cayyaax cpeqHHii ronoc BMECTO YKpermeHHsA MeqOMYeCKO! CBASH AKKOPROB BEINOAHAET Pomb do- HHYECKOTO sanoaHeHHA TpesBy4HA. Bax. X Ne 42 Bax. Xopaa Ne 215 482) aX. opax 8 ai ote 6 = 122 of jor 46 2) Bax. Xopan Ne 259 ' a “F Bax. Xopaa Ne 93 49) Bax. Xopaa N 102 ' a a a f » ps mat D J far vom liad dye + + ae = T17VUg B pBepxHeM rovloce pacKpenoujenHe BBOAHOTO TOHa MpHOOpetaeT yxe UHAMBHAYAANSHPOBANHOe sHaveHHe cBOeOOPasHoro MHTOHALMONHOrO O60- porta. B xopanax Baxa taxol o6opor (c 1BiXKeHHeM Ha Tepmitio BHH3) HHO- Ta HCNOMb3yeTCA MPH KaaHcOBbIX OTKJOHEHHAX B cyOfomHHaHTy (50, 51). Bax. Xopaa Ne 1 50 a hb i _ = kh ) 47 Bax. Xopaa Ne 298 ! Jj) 4 4 it gui dy ; 6 js Hspeaka scetpeyaetcn B GaxOBCKHX XOpadaXx packpenomleHHe CenTHMBI naaBHbiM ee 1piDKeHHeM BBepx (52, 53). B mocaeaHem npHMepe npuMeua- TenbHO TaKKe MPOXOAAMee ABIDKeHHe MYCTO sByUalliel KBApTH H MeNO- AMKO-rapMoHHueckas Moayaayun u3 G-dur B d-moll (6e3 mocpeactsyio- ulero O6ulero akkopaa). Bax. Xopaa Ne 194 52 53 Bax. Xopaa Ne 70 I Vin Vig = V B npumepe 54—centima (cy6aomuiantopan) ene Oomee cBoGoaHo HT CKAYKOM BHH3. Bax. Xopaa M 270 SS = 54 —* Ait Oi = a i 4 r TasVe, ‘Ug 1V6y 48 Uckmountenpusift 8 xopanax Baxa cayuait npeactasaew B npumepe 55: CKa4KOBOe, MlaranbHoe jBHKeHHe AOMHHAHTOBO! cenTHMBI B Gacy — Han6os1ee CBOGOMHOe ee packpenomenne. Bax. Xopan Ne 209 3223555 | id 9 —s Cosepuienno Heo6iuaiinoe no cMenoctH packpenomenne, B KOpHe mpo- TaBOpevallee OCHOBHDIM HOPMaM TOVIOCOBEAHHA, NOCTOAHHO BCTpexaeTCH B conposoxaexun peyutatiBos AKKOPAOB B pasHBIX HHCTPyMeHTa/IbHBIX rpymmax OpKectpa. 67a) Allegr anima Yaitxoscknit. Cumsouus Ne 5, u. I B mpHBoquMom B npuMepe 68a doprenHaHHom dparmente o6HapyxKuTS CKpbITOe ronOCOBeLeHHe SHAYHTebHO TpyAHee. OgHaKO OHO BEIDepxKHBaeT- ca BHOAHe cHcTeMaTHYHO (C 3alepxAKHAMH B BepXHem romoce), TO cTa- HOBHTC ACHHIM MPH HIBAeYeHHM TapMOHHueCKOl CXeM B YeTEIPexronOC- HOM IMPOKOM pacnoaoxeHnHu aKkKopfos (68 6). 68 a) Taasyxos. Conata N: 2, gunaa 53 6) Cxema a |—~ 2 2 HN |i re Cxpsitoe ronocosegenue xelictayet H Ha HgBecTHOM paccToAHuH MexAY aKKoplamu (B TOM 2%e perucTpe, HO MpH dakTHuecKOM Hx pas06uleHHH) — uepes Boo6paxkaemylo «apky». Taka apKa MoxeT HTenbHO npoTarH- BaTbCA HE TO/IbKO C TIOJHIM NepepsiBOM (May3HpOBaHHeM) B ‘aKKOpJOBOM NOCAeAOBAHHH, HO H C 3AMOMHEHHeM JBHXKeHHEM, maccax- HEM HIM KaKHM-1H6O Apyrum. B TakHX CAyYaAX CKPbITAah CBASb TOHOB yc- TaHaBAMBaeIcd H BbilepKuBAeTCA GraromapA TOMY, 4TO OT NpeAbIAyulero aKKOpa OCTaeTCA AMHTeMbHBIT 3BYKOBOM Cae B MY3bIKA/bHOM BOC- npuaTun. B npumepe 69 nocnegopanHe K KBapTCeKcTakKOpAy OOpasyeT H pacKpenouienne. Yaiixosckui, «Esrennit Onernn», a. II, kapt. 1 69 [Tempo 1) 4 CxppiToe rosocopezeHHe NOCTOAHHO MpHcyTCTByeT Rae B MpOCTOM CBASHOM TapMOHHYECKOM LBIDKEHHM H CKa3bIBaeTCA B TOM, ¥TO B BepxHeM Tomoce # 8 Gacy OTRETBHBIe TOHH, OCOGeHHO MpH CKaYKaX, MBICJeHHO Me- JOAMYECKH KOOPAHHUPYIOTCA Ha H3BeCTHOM, HHOra GOMbUOM, PaccTOABHH. Or sToro B sHaWHTeNbHOl Mepe 3aBHCHT eCTeCTBEHHOCTh H BBIpasHTenb- HOCTS IBHAKEHHA KpaiiHHX TONOCOB (axecb TAKKE BaKHYIO Pos Hrpaer sBykonoli cae). CKpbITOe rosOcoBeneHHe, KaK Mbl YBHAMM Mastee (CM. 54 kumry BTopyio), melicrayeT MB MenoquyecKoH qurypanum mpH croxmKHOM coequneniH ee npHemos. Hepeaansopaiuuie Metoquueckne cBa3H TOHOB MOrYT TaHTBCA B AKKop- AOBOM ABHKEHHH HB ApyroM Bue — NOx NOKpOBOM rapMOHHyecKoH dury- paunn (cm. § 5). B otanune or npentigymero, Mb HasbiBaeM 9TO MO Ap a- 3YMeBAaeMEM ronoCcOBeReHHeM. OHO MOKET TerKO OGHapy:xXHBATECA H MpespaulaTbca B pealbHoe nocpencTBOM nMpocToro CHATHA OpHaMeHTasb- Horo maacta (cm. 83, 87, 105), HO B Apyrux cayyanx Tpe6yerca TuaTeAb- HO€ BCKPLITHE OCHOBHOM aKKOPAOBOH CTPyKTYPbI, KOTOPat B YCO%xXHEHHOM OpHiaMeHTHpOBaHHH OOPHCOBbIBaeTCA JIHLb KOCBeHHO (cM. 85). Bo scex yKa3aHHBIX Cay4YaAX BCTYMaeT B CHY CKpbITat H Moapasyme- BaeMaA AOTHKA FOMOCOBE AEHHA, KOTOPaN YacTO NpHOOpetaerT O4eHD BAKHOE SHAYCHHE B CHOKHO MY3bIKANbHO aktype, OCBOGOAREHHON OT PeabHOl MeTOAM4eCKON CBASH aKKOpOB. § 5. Jlentounoe aBwxeHHe B rapMonnueckom ADIDKCIAH, Kak 6bI0 CKA3aHO BEILe, BaxKHYIO poaB HrpaeT He TOKO YHKUHOHAMbHOe COOTHOUIeHHe AKKOPLOB, HO H HX Me- slonuueckas cBa3b. B HeKOTOPBIX CAYYAARX 9Ta CBA3B NpHOOpeTaeT raaBeH- crByiollee sHavenve, OTCTpaHan yHKKMOHambHocTh Ha sannuit naan H Aaxke momHOcTbiO ee 3aMeHaR. Ha 3TOM OcHOBaHa, B YaCTHOCTH, MemOqH- KO-rapMOHHUeCKaA MOAYIAUHA, O KOTOPO! y2xKe YNOMHHAaJOCb. B cnoem cneunduyecKoM Bue MeMOMHYECKAA CBA3b NPOABAReTCA Np Napa/VeMbHOM ABHXKEHHH COSBY4Hi, OMHHAKOBBIX MO HHTepBaIHKe HAM C H€3HAYHTeDHBIMH €€ H3MCHCHHAMH. Takas lenb rapMOHHYeCKHX SBeHbeB oOpasyer Kak Obl EHHYi0 YTOAMeHHYIO AMHHIO, CBOerO poma AeHTY, MO03TO- MY MbI Ha3bIBaeM 9TO TEHTOUHBIM ABHKEHHEM. Mesoguyeckan neta MoxeT COcTOATS H3 ZBY3BYYHil—KaK npaBH- 40, OHA ObiBaeT TeploBad HM (pexke) CeKCTOBad BCseMCTBHe KOHCOHaHT- Holt boHu4eckolt HaceiuennocTH 9THx HuTepRason. Ho B 6once cneunpuye- CKOM BHJe BHICTYNaeT KOMNMeKCHAA AeHTa, COCTOAUad U3 TpeX H 6osee sBykoB. O6biuHO MpUMeHAeTCA ABHKEHHE CeKCTAKKOPMaMH, 3Ha4H- TeIbHO pexke KBapTceKctakkopfamH. B myspike XIX—XX pekop serpe- ualoTCa, KaK YBHAWM Jlaviee, HW OcOObIe H Oouee cNO*KHbIe MEHTA (cM. 75— 78, 170). Han6onee xapaktepHo RocTaTOuHO AAHTeAbHOe AeHTOYHOe ABHXKeHHe, HO OHO MOXeT OBITh H KOPOTKHM, SMH3OMHYECKHM, RaxKe B BUNe OMHOTO JHUlb CABHTa WesbIX TapMOHHYECKHX KOMMeKCoB (cM. 75, 77). JleHTOuHOe UBWKEHHE ObIBACT HE TOMbKO M1aBHO-cekyHAOBOe (mpAMOsMHeHOe — 72, 80, um vawe c HarAGamu — 70, 7, 74, 75), HO Mc XOMaMM Ha LpyrHe WH- reppaant (71, 76—79, 81). Kak yTommenHaa MetogMuecKaa HHHa, aeHTa caMa mo ce6e aBAaeTCA yenoxHeHHoi MoHomHel HB KayecTDe TaKODO MoxKcT H3taraTECA caMo- CTOATENDHO HAH BIGHOYATSCA B CBOGORHYyIO dakTypy, B mW60H cKTaL, B TOM UHC HB akKOpsoBbii. IIpu OTHOCHTeMbHO GbICTpOM ABMKEHHH Mpo- MEKYTOWHLIC SBEHbA YTPaYMBAaIOT TaPMOHHYECKYIO CAMOCTOATEMbHOCTS Ht mpeppaulaiorca B CIMOIHyo KpacoyHyio AHHH. IIpH Gonee MefqneHHOM ABWKEHHH MpOCnywMBaeTCA 3BYYaHHe KaXKMOTO 3BeHa, NOITOMY BEICTyNAeT ero pOHH3M, a TakKxKe H JaqoBad (byHKUHOHANDHOCTb, ECAH NoNyTHO O6pa- syeTca onpeaenennbii akKopz. B Takwx cmyyaax Hao OleHHBaTb rapMo- HHO HB TOpH3OHTaABHOM H B BepTHKasbHOM acmeKTax. B npumepe 70 KomnaekcHas JeHTa MpOBOAKTCA B BepXHeM «3TaxKe> Ha- TypasIbHOrO akKOpfoBoro cKtana. Bmecte c Gacom o6pa3yioTca KOHCOHH- 55 pylouwe aKKopau B cBoeo6pasHoM nocaegoBaHHH, npHmaloMlem rapmouuH HaTypabuo-naDOBblit OTTeHOK. Yaiixoscknit, Cepenana nan crpynuoro opkectpa, 4, III «Saerna> Jleitounoe ABHKeHHe CBONCTBeEHHO CaMBIM Pa3HBIM CTHAM HW’ HaXxOJHT BeCbMa IWHpOKoe H pasHooOpasHoe mpuMenenne. B pycckoi HapomHoit My- abiKe YaCTO BCTpewaeTCA ABYXTOMOCHAA TepuoBaN meHTa (Tak HasbiBaeMad 20 ncnoabsopata ceKcToBaa naccaxkHaA AeHTa. B mpumepe 71—csoeo6pa3nbit npHeM: MAHTeMbHBIe TeplloBEie JeHTbI Ges conponoxAeHua O6pasyioT noaNhounueckuii «aysT» yTOmMeHHEIX Me- SOAMNECKHX JIMHHI. 21 Andante con moto Berxosen. Cumonna Ne 5, 4. IT lolee Upeapuivaintii muTepec npencrapaset npumep 72: petpewHBie KOMM- SeKCHBIe TeHTbI (TPH abTa H TPH CKPHIIKH C aKKOMMAHHpyIOWlHM 6acom) oGpasyioT NonyTHble peskHe AHCCOHAHTHDIe COueTAHHA, KOTOPHIE copepuleH- HO HeiTpasHsyioTcA OLICTpLIM MeNOAHYECKHM MBHKEHHEM. 72 [Allegro] Bax. Bpanaen6yprekuit Konuept Ne 3, 4. 1 | _ a B npumepe 73 KoMnutekcHan CeKCTaKKOpfOBah eHTa C/YIKKT TmaBHont remoit storo banana Berxosen. Conata Ne 3, punaa 73 Allegro assai =, Tlaccasktaa xpomatuueckan ramMa Bneppble BCTpeuaetca B KsaccHye- cKxom crue. Lonen xe BBE COBepmieHHO HOBbIit IpHeM: CeKCTaKKOpAOBy1O HeuTy, MmpencraBasouly!o coGoi KpacouHoe yTomMeHHe xpomaTH¥ecKoit ranmbt (74). 87 Uonex. Conata b-moll, 4. IT 74 [Tempo 1] . ‘bee @e% TaKas xe XpoMaTHyecKan senTa B Gonee Mo3AHeM ero npousBeneHuH, mononese As-dur, nopTopsetca yeTbipe pa3a B 6osee KOpOTKOM BHae Ha PaSHBIX BHICOTHLIX ypoBHAx. TlogOGUbe XpoMATHYECKHe JeHTHI B pasHDlx BapHautax HallaH RaabHelimee npumenenne B mysbike XIX pexa. Baxuo oTwetiiT», sto B STH xpoMaTHNeckKHe NeHTM MOCTORHHO BKMOUAOTER HECTO Me- AOgHMecKHe AMbTepALUH, TO ecTb OOVCAOBAeHUBIE NeMOCpeACTBEHHLIMU MeOAMNECKMMH CBS- SAMH COsBY4uA, a He OGocTpeNHeM AaAOBLIx TATOTeHHI UAH MORYAALNONHLM OGOpoTaMH. Dro otmocTcs B OCHOBHOM K CPeaHHM romocaM, XPOMATHKa KOTOPLIX He caMocTORTembHa HM HAXOANTCA B NoAMOR 3anHcHMOCTH OT BDIEP2AHHOTO HiTepBalibIOrY COUTHOUIEHMH C Be AYUMUM BePXHHM rorocoM. XpoMaTHecKaa faMMa HB 9TOM rosoCe MOSTOMy He Bcerma Ho- TupyeTen NO zaxoBOMy Mpawonucanttio, NMWyT ycnoBHO—no cooGpaxexuaM Goabuleh npo- cTOTbI M ynoGcTBa npouTenHs, a MHorna H cayyaiiHo. Toysuteabio cpasiits 8 npamepe 74 HOTHpoBaHHe OAMHaKOBLIX AcHTONNEX naccaxKelt B Nepsom H BTOPOM UX MposenenHH. B Touaabiocty D-dur onex B tpex mectax Bepxnero Toaoca Hapyulaer npabiino npaBonuicanus, HOTHpyA au-Gexoas (BMecTO pe-duesd), ga (sMecto au-duesa) 1 29-GeMo4y (wmecto coav-duesa), TIpH co6soneuiu xe npaniaa’ npa- Bonicanta npHulAocL Gu UDcCTH aReCh B CPeAHMe rOAOCA HHTepBAABHO SaBHCHMLME, MHCIO MeaognveckHe aaytepanmu: a-dy6av-dues — aa-duea, coav-Oy6av-Ouea — cu-dues, clu-Ou- e3 — pe-Ouea (cooTeTCTBYIOULMe MOMEHTL OGO3HayeHb aBe3n0¥KaMn). Tlepexecenue Toro xke naccaxka » Es-dur yoke ile MyKAaeTCa B TaKOM NapyuleniH, H MosTOMy 3aMeHa B BepX- NeM roaoce pe-Gexoan do-duesom waanctes cay¥aioll H Heompamqanyoll, Tax KaK He yApo- UlaeT, @ YouORHRET HOTOMMCAHHE OCTAAbAKIX TOAOCOB: au-dued (BMECTO dba) H COAb-Oues (umecto 4#-6enoan; oGo3sHaveno sBesnouKamit). Hlannuifi npumep noxastinaet, wro u np coOmonenHH B RepxHeM Fonoce HopMaaBuOrO sagdhoro MOTUpOBSHHA XpOMATINecKOHl TAMML, D OCTAALNLX TomocaX BOsHNYAOT anbTepa- NIN, COREPLIEHHO NYKAMe AANHOK AaxoTONaNbHOCTH, ITO Hao UMeTe B BURY BAR OHH Nailin pastol Mpupoaw .aastepaunii: Ne ToabKO AAaLOBOH a MOAYARUNON HO i 10H WHCTO MeTOANYECKO:, Cone cBOGoAHO!, He OTHOCAULelicA K AaaonOll cTPYK: ype HK MOAYARUHOHNEIM cOsaRt. 58 Kak HCKOUNTeAbHbIe Cy4av, Mbi HaxXOMM B My3biKe XIX Beka co- BeplieHio oco6utit, HoBbIit (akTypHbii MpHeM: MomHOe aKKOpmoBO-eHTOU- Hoe ABMDKeHHe C OKTABHBIMH Mapaqequ3MaMH B KpaiinuX ronocax, KaTe- ropwueckit 3anpemenubimu TeopHel My3suikH (75, 76, 77). 7 Tyno. «@aycr», 3axmounreabHbiit xop I f + 4 yids 4 = 7 Bepau. « a i ——— GER ff SSS 5 ee tay A He sHa_b, y. BK AMM AH ME... No. ka e. we Y Hero Mbl HaXO2HM H Gonee CAOKUbIe KOMMAeKCHLIe eHTEI Cc AHCCO- HaHTHO BHeAPAIOMMHCA NOOOWHKIMH TOHAMH, MpHAalOMWMH rapMoHHH oco6yio Kpacounocts (cM. npumep 170) C wayana XX Beka H B COBPeMeHHOM My3bIKe, B CBA3H C KYJbTHBHpO- BaHHeM KpaCOuHOCTH H MCMOAMYeCKHX CBAZEIi B TapMOHHH, Mp CBO6OAHOM OOpamenmu c AHCCOHAHCaMH, AeHTOUHOe ABHXKeHHe CTaI0 BOOGIE WIHPOKO MpUMeHATECA B CAMBIX pasHOOOpa3HbIx ocobLIX BuAax. Tax, y CKpnOnna Mbl HAXOHM TIPeAHAMepPeHHO RALLEPKANHIe BO BCeM NpOHaBeLeHHH nac- caxkible ABY3BYYHEIe AeHTHI—HOHOBYIO, cenToByIO MH KBHHTOBYIO (cM. op. 65, Ne 1, 2, 3); y Paneaa scrpewawtes cekyugosue aentu. Orpanut- 4UMCA ABYMA OOpasilamn co cROcObpasHbBIMH JelTAaMH B MeaJeHNOM ABH- XKeHHH, B KOTOPONM NpocayuINBaloTCA NOnyTHO ObpasyiouMecn coaByyHs. 60 80 [Andante] Mpoxopes. Conata N 2, 4. IIT > 81 Lentamente Mpoxodsen. «Mumonernoctu», Ne 1 Se Sei 5 B mpumepe 80 TpHToHoBan xpoMaTHYecKam TeHTa MpOBOAHTCA KaK HHXK- Hui noaMoHHecKHit rosmoc, pesKO AHCCOHHPyIoULMit c MoproTocKOM (BMe- cre c temo m RepxHem romoce, nO cyulecTBY, OGpasyeTca TpexromocHas TOTMOHUA B CBOCOHPasHOM romodoHHO-nosMOHHYeCKOM ckaaze). B TpH- mepe 81 cenToBaa AeHTa B CONPOBOAKACHHH TapMOHHYCCKH KOOPAWHHpyeT- cA C MedOgHel B OTAebHbIX MOMEHTAX. Ko Bcemy npeqpiayiulemy Hato LOGaBUTb NOHATHE TeHTOUHOFO ABHKeHHA B Gonee WHpOKOM CMbICJe: Kak BbILepxKaHHOrO cakTypHOro Mlacta C H3- MeHSIOMUMHCA BHYTPeHHUMH HHTepBatamH. B TaKolt HeTOWHO!, cBOCORHOIL eHTe COXpaHsaeTcH TOT Ke MPHHYHM: .cAMAHHE rOAQCOB B yTOMMEHHyIO Me- AOMHYECKYIO JHHHIO B PHTMHYeCKH OLHOPOAHOM ABHxKeHHH. Takoro posa TpexroTOCHY!0 eHTY MOKHO ycMoTpeTb B MpuMepe 34, xapakTepHbIM 06- pa3suOM AByXTOMOCHOM MaccaxKHO! cBOGOAHO! AeHTeI cAy2KUT mpHMep 82. g2 Vivace Lonen. 3ti0n Ne 7 Jlentownoe ABIDKEHHE BecLMa MHOrOOOpasHo, 3aHHMaeT Gonbioe MecTo B My3bIKaJIbHOMl HTepatype (OcobeHHO B MOcMeAHee BpeMA) H MOXeT CJy- 2KHTb MpeMETOM CNeuHaNbHOrO HCCAeAOBAHHA. § 6. Tapmonnueckan gurypauna Tapmonnueckoh urypamueti na3smpaetca opHamentambHoe H3OKCHHE AKKOPOB B BLE MOCTEAOBATEABHOTO ABWKEHHA BXOMAULHX B HHX aByKoB. B BOCNPHATHH COXpaHAeTCA MPH STOM BEPTHKabHaA KOOpAH- HaHa TOHOB (3ByKOBOH Crem), HX rapMOHMYCCKaA CONeTAeMOCTb, KOTOPaH Ha optenvato o6biuHo nosgepxKuBaeTcA nemanbio. B opKectpe xe porb Nea BLINOANAeT NPOTAKHOE 3BYYaHHe AKKOPLOB Ha APyTHX HHCTpyMeH- tax (OObIHO Ha AYXOBBIX, Yale BCero Ha BaTopHax). B o6ouX cyyaax MPOHCXOAHT HaNacTOBLIBAHHe OPHaMeHTAIbHOH (akTypbl Ha rapMOHHMe- ckylo ocHoBy. [ip oTHOcHTeAbHO MeATeHHOM ABIDKeHHH B OAHOM perHcTpe, rapMOHH- ueckad (urypauwa coxpanaeT Xapaktep MenO_MYecKH Kone6mouteroca dbo- Ha, MPH OMICTPOM %Ke ABHKHHH HOCHT KpacounbIi HAH AMHAMMUeCKHi xa- paxtep. H 8 Tom 4 B Apyrom Buge (Yale B MeQIeHHOM JBHKeHHH) Ona TIP€HMYUleCTBEHHO CAYKHT aKKOMMaHeMeHTOM B TOMOPOHHOM CKélajle, HO wacTO HCMOAb3yeTCA H KaK CAMOCTOATeADHOe REIPAaHTeTbHOe cpencTRo. B rapMonnueckoi urypauMn cKa3piBawOTCA HHAMBHAYasbuble CBOlCTBA unteppasios. B HanGonbulel Mepe coxpaHineT akKopgoBy1o ocHoBy Tep- ua — cheuMpu4eckH rapMoHHyecKHit HHTepBaa (KaK H cexcta). KBapta 1 KBHHTa MpH cBoeii nycTOTe 3ByYaHHA OCTABAAIOT OLLyWleHHe HesanonHeH- HOCTH akKopla. TpHTOHOBLI HHTepBas, HaNPOTHB, OGsalaet «counocTHIOD aBy4aHHA HB 9TOM OTHOWeHHH GANZOK K TepuMAM, HO TaKxKe TpebyeT sa- noaneHHA. OKTABHOe KONeOaHHe, H3-3a NOBTOPeHHA Toro »%Ke 3BYKAa B Apy- TOM peruetpe, MpHoOperaer siaueHHe PHTMHUeCKO!, a He rapMoHH¥eCKOH cburypauun (cm. § 6). CexyHga, B cHay cBoero oco6oro MesogM4ecKoro cBOlIcTBa, B CAMOCTORTEABHOM BHe He MOpOrxkLaeT rapMoHMYeCKOrO OULy- meHHA, a CaeqoBaTeAbHO, H curypaunH. Beictpoe ee KoneGanHe npespa- ulaeTca B Tpetb. B cBoeM aKKOpAOBOM COYeTaHHH BCe HHTepBaJLl, B TOM uncae Oktaba 4 CeKyHsa, MOAHONpaRHO BxOMAT B rapMoHUNecKyI dury- paunio, B mpouecce ocpoeia TeXHMKH rapMoHMuecKoro urypHpoBanna Goab- moe sHayeHHe HMeeT CHATHE OpHaMeHTatbHOrO MuacTa AIA BCKPLITHA Tasuyelica MO ero MOKPOBOM aKKOpAOBO! OcHOBEI, [Ip TakKOM H3BseyeHHH TapMOHHYeCKOl CXeMBI, KAPKaCa (ANA KpaTKOCTH Mbl 6yzeM 9TO Hasbl- Bath CK€EM€THPOBAHHEM) NOmpasymeBaemoe B durypallHH rosocoBe- qenue, Kak Obi0 cKaazaHo, npespamlaetca B peanbHoe (§ 4). Han6osee nogxogauiM Qaa stToro MaTepHaoM cayxKaT copTennaHHpie MpowsneeHHA c cooTBeTCTBYIOMIe! OpHaMeHtambHOl daktypoll. TloKaga- TeIbHa B 9TOM OTHOMICHHH nepBad 4yacTb conaTbt Ne 14 Berxosena, rae rapMouHyeckaa cburypauna (c OTLeAbHO exKaMMMH GacaMH) BbIepKaHa ¢ Havada QO KoHWa. Bmecte c mocueayiouluMH penaHKaMH coaupyloujero Ton0ca, B CBOPM MeJWICHHOM JLRHKEHHH OHA CIYXKUT 31ecb OCHOBHEIM cpen- CTBOM B CO34aHHH MY3bIKabHOTO O6pasa (83). Berxosen. Conata M 14, 4. 1 83a) Adagio sostenuto 6) Cxema I Ig vi Tg8 Vy Ie, Vr Y Baxa serpeyaetca nogoGuoe cnoKoiino Kone6soueeca sburypupoBa- ue, HOB Apyrom Bue: B npemognu C-dur 3 I toma «X.T.K.» ovo saxBa- ThIBAeT BCIO MATHTOAOCHYI0 TAPMOHHIO C 6acoM (B aKKOpAOBOM cKaaze es coaupyloulero rooca), pHoOpetaa Hoe O6pasHoe sHavenne. TIpHmeya- TembHo, uT0 cam Bax waOpocaa npeapapHtembubili 9cKus ee B HaTypaatb- HOM @aKKOpsoBoM cKaane (84). Bax. 3cku3 npenwgun C-dur («X.T.K.», 1. 1, Ne 1) ¢b fp $b $ 19 B 5ToM Ha6pocke MUI npHOaANSHTeAbHO Hameven OOuMit naaH rapMo- HHYeCKOTO Pa3BUTHA, AKKOPAbI H HX TAKTOBHIE COOTHOMIeHHA He YTOUHEHEL, Xapaktep rapMoHHuecKoi QurypauHn NoKagaH JIMUIb B KOHUe, TeMaTHYe- CKH-HHTOHAUMOHHBIe O6OpoT BepXHero Tosoca eule orcytcrayioT. [pa pa- 3d Jake BETPEYAIOTCH COBEpUIeEHHO «HemonyCTHMBIe> MapadeabHble OKTA- put c 6acoM. B OKoHNYaTeADHOl aBTOpCKO! peaaKuHH npemonua Mpencrana cOBCeM B APYFOM BH, B MOAHOM XYMOXKECTBEHHOM COBepLICHCTBe, H 9TO BecbMa [MOYYHTEBHO AMA TBOPYeCKOH pa6oTel Had NpOHSBeENeHHeM C Ta- Koro pola pakTypoit. Tipeactapaaer wHtepec — kakoBa TapMOHH4eCKaA OCHOBAa 9TOM npeso- MH B ee OKOHYaTeMbHOM Bue? [IpH cKeneTHpoBanun OGNapy2xXHBaIOTCH HeKOTOpble JeTaIK HW OCcOGeHHOCTH, KOTOPbIe HEOOXOLHMO MPHHATb BO BHH- MaHue, B taktax 27—28 rapMonuuecKan cburypauux 3aXBaTbiBaeT 3aqepxKa- Hue, OOpasyrouleecn B CaMOll akKopsoBoi ctpyKtype. B nocaemHux Tpex takTax (34—36) MpoHCXOAAT HeKOTOPHIe H3MeHEHHA B HaTOKEHHH: Hry- pallua c APYrHM PHCYHKOM ‘BKAlO4aeT HOBbI 3BYK pe, NepeXOAHT B BepX- Huii pernctp, SaKMOUHKTeAbHaR TOHNKa OKasbIBaeTCA B HHOM pacnoroxe- HHH, YeM 9TO AHKTYeTCA NpeqWeCTBYIOULMM TapMOHHYCCKHM pa3sBHTHeM (85a). Tip ckenetiponanun anecb yoke Hao OTOpOCHT Bce H BLIABHTb Takyio aKKOPLOBy!O CTpyKTYpy, KOTOPaM nOgZcKasbIBaeTcA caMolt meron TOAOCOBeAeHHA B NOCIeMOBAHHH NOMpasyMeBaeMbIX AaKKOPLOB (8: a) Bax. «X.T.K:», 7. 1, npeatonus Ne 1 ggl Andante con moto} Tlporskenvoctb akKOp2OB NO UeAbIM TakTaM, Kak Obl0 yKa3aHO (rx. 1, § 5), Boobie MpuBONT K PUTMHYeCKOMY HX OOEAHHEHHIO Co CMe- Holl TAKEbIX H JIErKHX HC TeHAeHWMeH K KBaapaTHOcTH. CKeseTHpOBaHHe Beeli sTOM npemOANM C PHTMHYECKHM CKATHEM YeTIPEX TAKTOB B OMHH (ueabe HoTH npeBpauiaiorca B veTBepTubie, 36 TakTOR ymeulawoTca B 9) OOHapyxKuGAeT B Hei KBAIPATHOCTh,H B T2KOM KOHOMEKTHBHOM BHAe MO3BO- jet cleat HexoTopHie Ha6monenua (86). 64 Bax. «X.T.K.», 7. I, npeatogun Ne 1 (cxema) Tapmonnseckas cxema | 3 14 15 16 17° 18 «18 «20 21 22 23 24 C-dur a 7 —*s__, s—_—s sa a EE = 2 80 27 26 20 90 91 32 $3 8k 85 8G Taxt 6 B STO CxXeMe OKAa3BIBAeTCA TPCXNOAbHLIM (B COOTBETCTBHH C noqaHHnuKom Baxa), KBawpaTHocTh xe OGBeANHeHHA COXpaHseTcA Tak- TOM, BCTABAAeMbIM OObISHO B HSAaHWA pelakTOpaMH. Oco6oro BHHMaHHa 3acayKHBaeT OGHapyXHBAeMOe HHTOHANHOHHO-Te- MaTHYeCKoe aHaveHHe BepXHerO ToMOCa: HAYaABHBIA MOTHB C CeKYHAOBBIMH xoaamu (@) nepeksmkaeTca Co CBOHMH BapHanTamH (4), az, a3, a4) B TaKTaX 3, 5—8 MH TOUHO MOBTOpsAeTCA B NOCMeAHeM TakTe (B 3AMaCKHPOBaHHOM BH- He Mp BBeAeHHH NOMpasyMeBaeMBIX CBAZeH aKKOp{OB); Apyroi xe, ABHO OTAMUAIOUIANCA OT HETO MOTHB C CeKBeHTHDIMH CKayKaMH (6) mpoBoZHTCA B TaKTax 2.4 4. Bonbuioe 3hayenne uMeeT H OGULaA tbyHKUMOHaAbHaR MHHAMHKa rap- MOHHYeCKOTO PasBHTHA Beeli NPeMOLAH: HavanbHBi C-dur sKcnoKUpyeTca He BMOMHE yCTOMYHBO, CO «CKOAb3AUIell» TOHHKOM Ha CnaGoi one TakTa 1 cxembl (TO ecTb B TakTe 4 NOANHHHHKa) H ObicTpO ycTynaeT raaBeHCcTBO QOMHHAaHTOBON TOHAaDHOCTH, pacnpoctpansliouleiicn B Gonbuiom MaculTabe (104TH Ha Ba TaKTa B CXeMe, Ha CeMb TAKTOB B OLIHHHUKe), C Omopoi ee TOHHKH yxKe Ha CH/bHBIX 019x (B TakTe 2 H OcOGeHHO 3); 3aTem cae- myer (Yepe3 KOporKoe oTktoHenHe B d-moll) moHcK raaBHo ToHambHOCTH, KOTOpan penpu3Ho KpenKo yrBepaAaeTCA C NOMOLIDIO OTKMOHEHHA B cy6- AOMHHAHTY H Ha OpraHHBIX MYHKTAX LOMMHAHTBL H TOHMKH. Bce 9To cooTBetcTsyeT MpHHUMNY COHATHOCTH MOYAAWHOHHOTO pasBH- THA, KOTOPaH XapakTepH3yeTcA TEM, YTO OCHOBHAA TOHAMLHOCTh B SKCHO- 5, Toma 65 SMMMH yctynaeT raapeHcTBO apyroit ToHasbHocTH, Goree ycToiuuBol poTaxeHHO; (STY Por’ BbINOTHAET NOGOYHAN apTUA B coHATHO! dopme Kak TaKOBOii}, BCAeACTBHE YerO BOSHHKaeT MpoTHBOpeuHe, KOTOPoe Tpe- Gyer 6 maabueliwem pazautHi (B penpnse) aNHaMuuecKoro BoccTaHoRme- MHA HapylleHHOrO paBHoBecna. BaxXkHO OTMeTHTL, 4TO MOAOSHOe COHATHOe MOAYAANMONHOe pasBUTHE CAYXRUT OCHOBOH HB ApyrHxX NponsBesennax Baxa; apKuit npumep sToro — npemoana No 6 (d-moll) u3 | toma «X.T.K.» Tapmonnueckan qburypauwaA 4acTO 3aXxBaTbIBaeT KOJOpHCTHYeCKHe Ha- CAOCHHA, HE TOKO YaCTHYHbIe, HO H KOMNTeKCHLIe. BecbMa noKa3aTejeH B 3TOM OTHOWEHHH ston Ulonena Ne 1, rae ona wHpoKO pacnpoctpanset- ca Ha 4eTbIpe peructpa (87 a, 6). [pu cuaTum @urypauu u BepxHHX 9aTa- xkelt OONapyauBacTcH NATHTOTOCHMI akKOpAOBbI CK/ad CO CBHSHBIM pe- ANbHBIM FONOCOBeeHHeEM, OOpasoBaHHLIM H3 mlo”pasymesaemoro B ury- puponanun, YetsipexkpatHoe pHTMHYecKOe CKATHE BHINBAReT BLILepKAH- Hoe BO BCeM MpOH3BeeHHN KBaapaTHoe OGLEAMHeHHe TaKTOB ¢ pa3oo6- pastoi puTMHKOit B NocmeAOBANHH aKKOpAOB HB rosocoBejeHHH. TepBEte NeTbIpe TakTa C TAKHM CKATHEM NOKA3bIBAeT FapMOHHYECKaR CXeMa B MIpH- “mepe 87 a. a) Sees Wonen. Inio Ne 1 87 Allegro 8 1S me mn legato > ree = ee (x SS 6) Cxema, 8) + = ESP ste + ‘es a > ral Vasaevenne rapMoHnyeckoii CxeMbl 3 NpOcToil H CAOKHO rapMoHHye- ckoli urypaunn wMeeT BecbMa BaxKHOe 3HaveHHe AIA aHasquga HU npaKTH- 4ECKOFO OCBOCHHA KOMMOS3HTOPCKOIi TeXHHKH. § 7. Purmnyeckan durypauun Purmuveckoii durypauneli naseipaercr noBtopexue sanHoro oTJeAbHOrO TOHa HAH KOMMMeKCa TOHOB (Apo6meHHe), KoTOpoe mpegctaB- net coGoit (hakTypHoe yclOKHeHHe pearbHoro ronocoBeneHHA H MOXKET GuITL cHATO MpH cKeneTHpoBaHHH |. | Tlousrne prrsttveckofi surypauin seeteno JI. Pyzomspox 8 ero yeGunxe A ————+ ss, 89 2 2 5° 67 sempre staccato SS — K putmuseckoi ipurypalun OTHOCHTCA TaK HasbiBaeMbIit MYHKTHPHDIt HTM, Kak KOpoTKoe sHepruunoe noBTopenue ssyxa (90) uM wenoro aK- Kopaa. Npoxomees: Konuept ans d-n. c opk. Net, 4. 1 ‘emy im 36 Tempo primo S < B npumepe 91 putmnueckaa durypauna coueraeten c rapmonuuecKoit B ObICTpOM Teme MH NOwy4YaeT Npeo6MaAawulee 3HayeHHe, MpHAaBad My- 3bIKe, B COOTBETCTBHH C COMepxKaHHeM TeKCTa, KpaCO¥HOCTh H 9HEprHtO. 1 Pumcxuii-Kopcakos. «3son4e KaBOpOHKa neHbe> # 380 _ 4e Ka. BO.pOH. Ka ne_ be, ( + § = 3 = —— ‘ 68 a AP. we sew. HH. Taxoe xe coveTanme, eile Gomee sHepristioe, moKagBiBaeT MpHMep 92 Mpoxogses. Conara Ne 3 6) GCxema rapmonnuecoi gurypauun SS B npumepe 93 putmuueckoe nosropenue 3ByKa, BxXOAAULero B rapMoHit- ueckyio gburypaumo (B Goslee yMepenitom Temne), npoBomutca cucTeMaTH- yeCKH C Ha4alla 40 KOHWa B KaxK AO! curype, Kak Obl NOATAIKHBAH ee, YTO WMeeT B a@HHOM CaLy¥ae BAKHOe BLIPASHTEAbHOe 3HAYeHHE. Berxonen. Keaprer Ne 11, 4. 1 B mocaeauux Tpex mpuMepax nepea HaMH cMewanHBi BHA — pH TMO- rapMOHMYeCKA QUrypauHs, HMeIOULAA BaXKHOe BLIPAsHTeMbHOe 3Ha- uenne. Tipu ckeaeTHpoBanin BMeCTe C rapMOHHYeCKoH urypaunelt LOwKHA CHHMaTbCA H PHTMHYeCKas, NOSTOMY HO MocsegHel Halo HMeTb ACHOE mipeactapaenne.