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Mother Board

- also known as “Main Circuit Board” is an electronic device, which contains the bus, CPU
and processor sockets, memory sockets, keyboard controller and supporting chips.

Central Processing Unit (CPU)


- a central electronic chip that determines the processing power of the computer.

CPU Socket
- A socket specifically for connecting the computer processor

CPU Fan & Heatsink Mounting Points


- Slots for CPU fan and heatsink to make sure the computer doesn’t get too hot or too
cold.

DRAM/DIMM Memory Slots


– Part of the motherboard where memory card is installed.
- Primary storage but temporarily stores data.

IDE Connector (Integrated Drive Electronics)


- Responsible for connecting the IDE cord used for hard disk, CD drives, Floppy disk drive
and DVD drives.

Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA)


- connects the hard drive and DVD-ROM to the motherboard.

Northbridge
- An integrated circuit that specifically connects the processor, memory, and video card.

Southbridge
- Connects all the peripherals whether it is connected using USB and PCI connector.

CMOS Battery (Complimentary Metal – Oxide Semiconductor)


- A battery that maintains the time, date, hard disk, and other configuration setting in the
CMOS memory.

Basic Input output System (BIOS)


- The first program to run when you turn on your computer. It is stored in a ROM chips on
the motherboard.
Ethernet 20/24/26 pin ATX Power Connector (Advance Technology Extended)
- a port that can be used to connect your computer to another computer, a local network 24 pin ATX- Give additional power to the motherboard.
or cable modem. 4 pin ATX- Give additional power to the processor.

Serial Port
- A 9 / 15 – pin / pinhole – serial communication physical interface which information
12 OHS Procedures for Computer Hardware Servicing NC II
transfer in or out, one bit a time.
1. Do not work alone so that there's someone who can take care of you in case of
emergency.
Parallel Port
2. Always power off the computer and unplug the computer before working on it.
- a 25 – pin hole communication physical interface in which information transfer 3. Take away any liquid near your working area to avoid getting electrocuted or
simultaneously by several cables at once. accidentally damaging computer parts.
4. Be careful with tools that may cause short circuit.
Personal System/2 (PS/2) 5. Always ground or discharge yourself before touching any part of the computer.
- used to connect old models of keyboards and mouse of the computer system. Purple is 6. Do not use excessive force if things don't quite slip into place.
for keyboards and green is for mouse. 7. Clean the area before and after using it to maintain sanitation and prevent
accidents.
Peripheral Component interconnect Express(PCI-E) or Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) 8. Hold the components on the edges and do not touch the Integrated Circuit (IC)
- is a port intended for video card and 3D computer graphics accelerators. parts.
9. Always wear personal protective equipment (PPE) in accordance with the
Peripheral Component Interconnected (PCI) organization's OHS procedures and practices.
- slots for expansion use, such as network cards, sound cards, modems, and those used for 10. Make sure that the pins are properly aligned when connecting a cable
extra ports such as USB, TV tuner cards and disk controllers. connector.
11. Contingency measures during workplace accidents, fire and other emergencies
Power Supply (PSU)
are recognized.
12. Use brush, compressed air or blower in cleaning the computer system.
- the heart of the computer, responsible on providing power to all internal components. It
converts alternating current to direct current.

Hard Disk Drive (HDD)


- secondary storage that sores data permanently.

Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)


- a device used to transfer data from a computer to a floppy diskette.

CD-ROM/DVD Drive
A storage device that use laser technology to read data from optical disks.