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BESR QUARTER EXAM

Charging a customer for much more than the actual value of a product or service is unethical. For
marketing efforts to remain with ethical limits; the prices of your offers must be equal to or less than the
value they give the customer.

Select one:

a. Plagiarism of marketing communication taglines

b. Bad-mouthing competitors product

c. Undignified references to races, age, sex, or religion

d. Cost Abuse

This is a virtue of respect given to one's parents, elders, and ancestors. The Filipinos as influenced by the
Chinese have great deal of respect to the elderly people especially those in the ancestral family. with this
respects comes general obedience.

Select one:

a. Filial Piety

b. Utang na Loob

c. Padrino

d. Suki

Some businessman and salespersons engage in using the same marketing communication of their
competitors to market their own products or services. Being creativity is a very important part of
marketing, and using other businesses' marketing communication taglines just makes your business a
sham.

Select one:

a. Undignified references to races, age, sex, or religion

b. Plagiarism of marketing communication taglines


c. Cost Abuse

d. Bad-mouthing competitors product

Active stewardship can include one or more of a long list of specific practices and elements. For
businesses engaged in manufacturing this includes sourcing raw materials that are renewable and using
chemicals and processes that are safe for the environment. For all types of businesses, using email and
mobile devices to reduce paper consumption as it is called, paperless, is a form of stewardship.

Select one:

a. elements

b. fairness

c. cost

d. stewardship

Which if the following is an unethical practice in a business:

Select one:

a. unadvised leave of absence

b. trainings and seminars

c. paternity leave

d. maternity leave

Anyone being accused of sometime should be allowed to tell his/her side of the story. The "right of
confrontation" is a fundamental prerequisite of fairness in personal and business relationships. Anyone
should be given the opportunity to explain, clarify, and ask questions, and you must listen with a truly
open mind.

Select one:

a. Impartiality
b. Evaluation

c. Fair Hearing

d. Gather Facts

This ethnic group are the basic component of Filipino culture. it is described as the nicest and most
pleasant among other cultures. These clans has the world's best security system.

Select one:

a. The Malays

b. The Indians

c. The American Heritage

d. The Chinese

While it might be intuitive to use models in advertisements for beauty products and cosmetics, half-naked
models use in promotion of gadgets, machinery, and other products not related to the human body is
definitely unethical.

Select one:

a. Bending of facts to mislead or confuse potential customers

b. Making false, exaggerated, or unverified declaration

c. Using men and women as sex symbols for promotion

d. Concealing side effects of products or services

With resourcefulness comes passion to work. Filipinos are very determined and persevering in
accomplishing whatever they set their minds to. Filipinos over the years have proven time and time again
that they are a people with an productive attitude.

Select one:

a. Faith and Religiosity


b. Hospitality

c. Ability to Survive

d. Hard Work and Industrious

When an employee misbehave on the duty, the employer may be held liable for how that situation affects
clients, individuals or other employees.

Select one:

a. Employees Job Description

b. Liability

c. Balance

d. Equal Opportunity

One significant content of your business policy is including a description of every position in the
organization; from the highest ranking down to the ranked in file.

Select one:

a. Liability

b. Equal Opportunity

c. Balance

d. Employees Job Description

This factor in the formulation of wages relates to the basic maintenance needs of the workers. If this goes
up by a certain percentage, then the wage must also go up the same percentage.

Select one:

a. External Market Factors


b. Job Factor

c. Cost of Living

d. Laws and Regulations

A good impressions made during a gathering, dinner or reception can make or break a business any deals.

Select one:

a. Business meetings in person

b. Business and company functions

c. Proper dress code and appearance

d. Using e-mail

Adjustment of wages and salary may also depend on the Individual's performance based on an appraisal is
another factor to consider in determining wages and salaries. When a employee performs and deserves an
appropriate increase in pay.

Select one:

a. Laws and Regulations

b. Job Factor

c. Individual Performance

d. External Market Factors

This ethical issue is unavoidable and may bring forth so many issues such as Racial discrimination, sexual
harassment, wage inequality - these are all costly ethical issues that employers and employees encounter
on a daily basis across the globe because of the variety and mixture of employees.

Select one:

a. Employee Behavior
b. Decision-Making Issues

c. Diversity Issues

d. Compliance and Governance Issues

It indicate the emotional situation in which business is conducted.

Select one:

a. Decorum

b. Policy

c. Protocol

d. Ethics

This ethical value refers to equal treatment, for businesses and companies for instance, there should be
fairness in shareholders, more so in the treatment of all stakeholders including employees, communities
and public officials.

Select one:

a. Responsibility

b. transparency in business operation

c. Fairness

d. Accountability

This factor in stewardship is very important as it may entail shelling out a portion of income. Engaging in
active environmental stewardship comes at a higher price. For instance, employing renewable energy
alternatives, such as hybrid vehicles or a solar-powered factory, are on the cutting edge of stewardship but
also require large initial investments which is the reasons for some company to act differently as a
steward.

Select one:
a. fairness

b. stewardship

c. elements

d. cost

In any business organization, this is important for management to control the process in which responses
are given for a person's actions. These responses may be resulted to a positive or negative effect.
Depending on the response, the person might need to correct his or her error. This refers to the to
individual responsibility for the work he/she has performed and answering to peers and superiors for their
performances. It is often used synonymously with responsibility, blameworthiness, and liability.

Select one:

a. Responsibility

b. transparency in business operation

c. Fairness

d. Accountability

A relationship between two people who are employed in the same work place. This is unavoidable
especially in diverse environment. Companies do not want an environment where employees are
uncomfortable, that is why there are policies that covers romance within the office to the extent of giving
employees guidelines, training and seminars regarding the matter.

Select one:

a. Employee Behavior

b. Employee Working Conditions

c. Office Romantic Relationships

d. Harassment and Discrimination


It is an unethical practice when employees may take home office supplies, use business computers for
personal tasks, pad expense accounts and abuse sick time or allotted personal days. Unethical behavior
also includes having another employee punch a time card, or not punching out for lunch hours or other
unapproved time off.

Select one:

a. Wages and Working Conditions

b. Abusive behavior

c. Employee theft

d. Misusing company time

This ethical issue is very prominent in almost all business since the system in our country has already
adopted and has gotten used to corruption. Although businesses are expected to fully comply with the
laws, whether it concerns the environment, culture, safety regulations, fiscal and monetary reporting
statutes and all applicable civil rights laws, many still choose the easy way out of these obligations.

Select one:

a. Compliance and Governance Issues

b. Decision-Making Issues

c. Employee Behavior

d. Diversity Issues

This system in the Philippines has been the source of many controversies and corruption. It has been an
open secret that one cannot join the political arena of the Philippines without mastery this system. Many
would still deny this, it may even be contested and be considered as a false accusation but in our political
system, from the lowest Barangay official, to the President of the Republic, it is expected that one gains
political debts and dispenses political favor to advance one's career or influence, if not wealth.

Select one:

a. Padrino

b. Filial Piety
c. Utang na Loob

d. Suki

Which of the following does not fall under the principles of Fairness:

Select one:

a. Not take unfair advantage of anyone's mistakes more so, ignorance.

b. Stakeholders share the same point of views in running the business.

c. Fully consider the rights, interests, and perspectives of all stakeholders, approach judgments with
open-minded impartiality, conscientiously gather and verify facts, provide critical stakeholders with an
opportunity to explain or clarify, and carefully evaluate the information.

d. Promptly and voluntarily correct personal and institutional mistakes and indecency.

An unethical practices include not paying workers a fair wage, employing children under the legal
working age and unsafe or unsanitary working conditions.

Select one:

a. Employee theft

b. Abusive behavior

c. Misusing company time

d. Wages and Working Conditions

The influence of this heritage group can be seen through the artistic side of the Filipinos; Architecture,
colorful dresses and arts. Another influence can be the folk beliefs that might have been handed down to
Filipino Traditions.

Select one:

a. The Spanish Heritage

b. The Indians
c. The American Heritage

d. The Chinese

This famous trait is the ability of Filipinos to find humour in everything. It sheds light on the optimism
and positivity of Filipinos in whatever situation they are in so as to remain determined in going through
struggles or challenges. It serves as a coping technique, the same way a child who has fallen laughs at
himself/herself to hide his/her embarrassment.

Select one:

a. Joy and Humor

b. Flexibility, Adaptability, Creativity

c. Family Orientation

d. Pakikipagkapwa-tao

An unethical practice when an employees' activity is outside its job description, duties and
responsibilities.

Select one:

a. Wages and Working Conditions

b. Misusing company time

c. Abusive behavior

d. Employee theft

This Filipino value may have a positive side and a negative side when too much is applied to. This
controls the social behaviors and interactions of a Filipino. It is generally dependent of what others may
think. On the positive side, it is the value that drives a Filipino be obedient and respectful to their parents,
older siblings, and other authorities.

Select one:

a. Amor Propio
b. Hiya

c. Paggalang

d. Pakikisama

It is important that one should be sure of fair and impartial judge. This means willing to suspend judgment
until all the information has been laid in, setting aside conclusions you may have made and clear your
mind of prejudice or prejudging about the person or issues involved.

Select one:

a. Impartiality

b. Fair Hearing

c. Gather Facts

d. Evaluation

Which if the following is an unethical practice in a business:

Select one:

a. Paying overtime.

b. Joining Green Peace to help save environment.

c. Engaging in business and tampers taxes to reduce company expenses and give more benefits to
employees.

d. Employees growth and development is one of the mission of the company.

This is important especially when there is a case of unethical concerns. The person accused should be
advised that the conduct was wrong. Simply cases such as lying, cheating, and stealing, may not be much
of a problem but more technical violations, such as when you are a public servant and receiving improper
gifts or using company assets, requires more investigation. If you determine that the person knew or
should have known about the proper standards of conduct, further action on your part is fair.

Select one:
a. Evaluation

b. Fair Notice

c. Impartiality

d. Gather Facts

This factor enable to understand that workers should be paid in accordance to the standards set by the
government. It requires the employer to pay at least the minimum wage requirement

Select one:

a. Cost of Living

b. External Market Factors

c. Laws and Regulations

d. Job Factor

Which if the following is an unethical practice in a business:

Select one:

a. whistling

b. laughing out loud to a coworker's opinion

c. all of the chocies

d. naming names

This heritage introduced the importance of democracy in a country, which is also being applied to in
families and even workplaces. An individual's liberty and equality of all is very important to promote a
happy working environment.

Select one:

a. The Spanish Heritage


b. The Indians

c. The Chinese

d. The American Heritage

Which if the following is an unethical practice in a business:

Select one:

a. disregarding complaints and grievances

b. romantic relationships

c. address personal concerns of employees

d. increase in salary

This Filipino value has the implication of getting along with people in general. Doing your best to be
socially acquainted to everyone whether in the family, in a community or society, in a workplace or
business place.

Select one:

a. Paggalang

b. Pakikisama

c. Amor Propio

d. Hiya

This is a common Filipino Value that maybe considered both a positive and a negative trait of Filipinos.
Its technique of reciprocity of debt of gratitude to others can and may be too deep as something people
take advantage of this trait. . Either in the personal or business side, this means to pay your debt with
gratitude.

Select one:

a. Suki
b. Padrino

c. Filial Piety

d. Utang na Loob

An unethical marketing practice where companies are only trying to mislead potential customers, since
they are unlikely to buy the products if it is made known that they contain sugar or calories and basically
not as healthy as they claim it to be.

Select one:

a. Bending of facts to mislead or confuse potential customers

b. Using men and women as sex symbols for promotion

c. Making false, exaggerated, or unverified declaration

d. Concealing side effects of products or services

This must be clear in any rules; to promote fair treatment in the workplace. Most organizations implement
equal opportunity policies like anti-discrimination and affirmative action policies, for example, to
encourage unprejudiced behavior within the workplace.

Select one:

a. Balance

b. Liability

c. Employees Job Description

d. Equal Opportunity

It is a principle or protocol to guide a decision and achieve rational outcomes.

Select one:
a. Decorum

b. Protocol

c. Ethics

d. Policy

This philosopher has a great influenced in business ethics. Just like one of the philosophers, he concluded
that the proper object of virtue is happiness and a person can become wise through habit.

Select one:

a. Aristotle

b. Socrates

c. Confucius

d. Plato

This form of business ethics is concerned with the principles and practices that help one to act in ways
that help rather than harm. Its beliefs that one live to act, and our actions can have either have a harmful
or beneficial consequences for oneself and others. It is similar to the law of karma.

Select one:

a. Jewish Business Ethics

b. Buddhist Business Ethics

c. Christian business ethics

d. Muslim Business Ethics

This form of business organization is the only form of business that is being registered through the
government agency called DTI.

Select one:
a. Partnership

b. Home-based healthcare services

c. Sole proprietorship

d. Corporation

Diversity in a business or any organization is crucial as persons values, thoughts, principles are tested in a
diverse environment. Sexual harassment is an unwelcome conduct that could make a person feel
offended, humiliated or intimidated. This can be can be physical, verbal or written. While discrimination
is treating, or proposing to treat, someone unfavourably.

Select one:

a. Office Romantic Relationships

b. Harassment and Discrimination

c. Employee Behavior

d. Employee Working Conditions

There are so many ethical concerns in business that should be addressed. One of which are issues that
should center on protecting employee and customer rights, making sure all business operations are fair
and just, protecting the common good and making sure individual values and beliefs of workers are
protected.

Select one:

a. Decision-Making Issues

b. Compliance and Governance Issues

c. Diversity Issues

d. Employee Behavior
This form of business ethics has penetrated culture, values, and ideas of modern life including modern
businesses. It relies on the Torah for its written law, and have had great impact on marketing and business
philosophy.

Select one:

a. Jewish Business Ethics

b. Christian business ethics

c. Buddhist Business Ethics

d. Muslim Business Ethics

Filipinos are accustomed to using the words "po," "opo," and "ho" when they are conversing with older
people or, sometimes, with those who are in a high role or a prestigious member of society. Using these
words is customary in the Philippines, and it shows a sign of respect if you do so.

Select one:

a. Amor Propio

b. Paggalang

c. Pakikisama

d. Hiya

This republic act defines sexual harassment as "Employer, employees, manager, supervisor, agent of the
employer, teacher, instructor, professor, coach, trainor, or any other person who, having authority,
influence or moral ascendancy over another in a work, training or education environment demands,
request or otherwise requires any sexual favor from the other, regardless of whether the demand, request
or requirement for submission is accepted by the object of the said act."

Select one:

a. Republic Act No. 8787

b. Republic Act No. 7787

c. Republic Act No. 7877


d. Republic Act No. 8877

Philosophers have influenced not just their followers and believers but it has also penetrated the business
world. Their philosophies have served as guiding principles in most businesses. This philosopher believes
that knowledge is virtue, and virtue leads to happiness. It makes sense to think that moral people know the
meaning of morality. If a person can decipher what is right from wrong, then one might be able to choose
to do what you know to be right and this will greatly influence our decisions in life. whether it may be
personal or in business.

Select one:

a. Plato

b. Confucius

c. Socrates

d. Aristotle
It is type of business that provides clerical tasks using a medium called Internet.
-​Virtual Assistant

Accountability Has Connection to expectations.


-True

It relates to how a person negotiates a sale and handles any ensuing problems.
-decorum

Refers to equal treatment for business and companies.


-Fairness

Fairness refers to equal treatment for business and companies. It is also the sate or condition of being fair or
free from bias or injustice; even handedness.
-True
Make all decisions on appropriate criteria with favoritism and discrimination.
-True

Stewardship can include one or more of a long list of specific practices and elements.
-True

Lying to your employees is an example of a policy.


-True

It is not important to gather facts. Being Detailed without being irrational is not important in making sound
judgments.
-False

It refers to established procedures one follows to execute a task.


-Protocols
A typical example is when a food processing company claims that its products are sugar-free or calorie-free
and filled with vitamins and minerals when indeed they contain sugar or calories.
-​Bending of facts to mislead or confuse potential customers

Aristotle concludes that (a) the proper object of virtue is happiness and (b) we can become wise through habit.
-True

He concludes that (a) the proper object of virtue is happiness and (b) we can become wise through habit.
-Aristotle

Aristotle's first conclusion on virtue ethics was partially justified through an important discovery-morality
needs a goal (or one or more primary values).
-True

It is just a natural to pressure the person into buying something at the very moment out of fear and extreme
demand and stress.
-True

When you send unsolicited emails to potential customers, encouraging them to buy your products or services.
This is the commonest unethical marketing practice done through online.
-Spamming

Virtue ethics are normative ethical theories which emphasize virtues of mind and character.
-True

Charging a customer for much more than the actual value of a product or service is unethical.
-Cost abuse

He thought that we have three major parts: The intellect, the emotions, and the appetites.
-Plato

Plato thought that we have three major parts: The intellect, the emotions, and the appetites.
-True

A virtue is generally agreed to be a character trait, such as a habitual action or settled sentiment.
-True

Confucianism, is also known as Ruism. It is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or


rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
-True

A virtue is thus to be distinguished from single actions or feelings.


-True

Rather than deriving the normativity of virtue from the value of eudaimonia, agent-based virtue ethicists argue
that other forms of normativity.
-Agent-based and exemplarist virtue ethics
Agent-based and exemplarist virtue ethicsis a virtue is a trait that contributes to or is a constituent of
eudaimonia and we ought to develop virtues
-False

It is alright to force potential and existing customers to buy products or services, some marketers use false
statements, exaggerated benefits, or make unverifiable declaration about their offers.
-False

Records management refers to the whole range of activities which an organization should perform to properly
manage its records
-True

The recording of financial transactions, and is part of the process of accounting in business.
-Bookkepping

Marketing your business is very important. A business owner can not just rely on its products alone. Sales will
steadily increase as marketing do its function in spreading the new to prospective clients. Without developing a
marketing strategies, sales may not ever happened; without sales, a company cannot succeed; without
marketing, the business may not have the opportunity to flourish and gain revenue.
-True

A virtue is a trait that contributes to or is a constituent of eudaimonia and we ought to develop virtues.
-​Eudaimonist virtue ethics

Utang na loob is a technique of reciprocity of debt of gratitude to others.


-True

It is believed that the ultimate norm and ultimate standard of rightness is the personality of God Himself and
his perfect righteousness.
-​Christian perspective
A virtue of respect given to one's parents, elders, and ancestors.
-Filial Peity

They have great influence in the Filipinos relationship with regards to family values.
-​Chinese community

Natatakot means shame.


-False

Muslims belief of conducting ventures in businesses must be just and fairly whether it is to employees or
customers.
-False

There is a filipino saying, "Ang 'di marunong tumingin sa pinanggalingan ay di makakarating sa paroroonan."
-True
Americans introduced the importance of democracy in a country.
-True

Jewish culture, values, and ideas have entered into many aspects of modern life including modern businesses.
-True

Is the basic component of Filipino culture.


-Malays

These entities as they go about their goals are expected to fully comply with environmental laws, federal and
state safety regulations, fiscal and monetary reporting statutes and all applicable civil rights laws.
-​Businesses

Filipinos are very determined and persevering in accomplishing whatever they set their minds to.
-​Hard work and Industry
Refers to the set of values or the value system that a majority of the Filipino have historically held important in
their lives.
-​Filipino Values

The Philippines is approximately 95 percent Christians (mostly Roman Catholic Christians ).


-False

Physical harm is the only safety issue to be aware of.


-True

There are no legal consequences for unethical employee behavior.


-False

In the fast innovation now a days, this is one dilemma of businesses. It has become a medium to voice or air
out your concern and it crosses all over the globe in just one click. Guidelines for employees conduct online
and during and even after office hours must be taken inconsideration.
-Social media

Companies also monitor employees through video cameras, which allows them to observe visually and record
employee behavior and keep their work environment safe.
-True

Maximizing the value of each employee's contribution is a key element in your business's success.
-True

Filipinos over the years have proven time and time again that they are a people with an industrious attitude.
-True

The basic and most important unit of a Filipino's life is the family.
-​Family orientation
Pakikipagkapwa-tao is the shared sense of identity and consciousness of the 'other'.
-True

Racial discrimination, sexual harassment, and wage inequality - these are all costly ethical issues that
employers and employees encounter on a daily basis across the country.
-True

The most fundamental or essential ethical issues that businesses must face are integrity and trust.
-True

An ethics challenge is a problem or situation that requires a person or organization to choose between
alternatives that must be evaluated as right or wrong.
-True

This is the shared sense of identity and consciousness of the 'other'.


-Pakikipagkapwa-tao

It is the of conducting your business affairs with honesty and a commitment to treating every customer fairly.
-Integrity

With this development employers can now monitor their employees' activity on their computers and other
company-provided electronic devices.
-Technology / Privacy

These are all costly ethical issues that employers and employees encounter on a daily basis across the country.
It may be encountered due to differences in gender, religion and/or sexual orientation.
-Racial discrimination/ sexual harassment/ wage inequality

Leaders normally take the blame in any case of failure. To change this behavior and create an environment
where all levels can flourish and work as a team, view failure as a learning opportunity and make it a core
principle of your culture - not a chance to place the blame.
-True

It is a type of business that may be formed through partnership that may occur between doctors or physician.
-​Medical Services

Refers to the responsibility that companies have to understand and manage their impacts on the environment in
any number of ways.
-Stewardship

The quality of being done in an open without secrets. It yields trust. It means openness, a willingness to
provide clear information to shareholders and stakeholders as well.
-Transparency

All business are engage in active stewardship.


-False
This form of business organization is owned by an individual who has full control or authority of its own and
owns all the assets, as well as personally answers all liabilities or losses.
-​Sole Proprietorship or Single Proprietorship

Carefully weigh and evaluate all the information by separating facts from opinions from speculation.
-Evaluation

Is one that can be proven to be what it declares to be, to have been created or sent by the person purported to
have created or sent it; and to have been created or sent at the time purported.
-Authenticity

Is invariably linked to an organization's official business and maintained as evidence or supporting documents.
-Record

It is a normative ethical theory that emphasizes on virtues of mind and character.


-Virtue ethics
He thought that knowledge is virtue, and virtue leads to happiness.
-Socrates

An authentic record is one that accountants process depending on what the owner what to appear in the book.
The owner has the right to declare what should and should not be recorded in the books of account.
-True

Refers to the whole range of activities, which an organization should perform to properly manage its records.
-​Records management

The Department of Trade and Industry is the government agency assigned to accommodate business
corporations in the Philippines.
-True
Also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion,
a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
-Confucianism

The fourth form a virtue ethic might adopt takes its inspiration from Plato.
-Platonistic virtue ethics

All companies are only trying to mislead potential customers to purchase their products.
-True

The English translation of "paggalang" is to be respectful or to give respect to a person.


-True

The Filipino Values System is defined by the way people live their life as an influence of one's culture.
-True

Speech is an important aspect of relationship, but most often, words have become a tool to mislead others.
-True

Christian is a complete way of life and it is not merely a religion.


-False

The Bible says that God is generous, especially towards the poor and deprived.
-True

It is a Filipino values showing respect or to give respect to a person.


-paggalang

This act is considered unethical and all religion beliefs it so. It is an obvious way in which one can harm others
may it be emotionally, psychologically and financially.
-Stealing

Pakikisama has the implication of getting along with people in general.


-True

Ethical decision-making processes should center on protecting employee and customer rights.
-True

It is a problem or situation that requires a person or organization to choose between alternatives that must be
evaluated as right or wrong.
-Ethics challenge

Foreigners who come to visit the Philippines speak of Filipinos going out of their way to help them when lost,
or the heartwarming generosity of a Filipino family hosting a visitor in their poverty-stricken home.
-True

Filipinos are very determined and persevering in accomplishing whatever they set their minds to.
-True

It is a very efficient and effective communication tool nowadays because it is faster.


-Electronic mail

Which if the following is an unethical practice in a business:


-Adding a few amount in the reimbursement to compensate for the accomplished work in the field.

For a business to succeed, the product or service it provides must be known to potential buyers or customers.
Unless your business is known in the market and have communication with your customers readily available,
you have to use marketing strategies to build product or service awareness.
-​Getting Word Out in the market
Years of colonization has given Filipino a lot of cultural and historical heritage. This heritage specifically even
influenced Filipinos for decades in religious beliefs like introducing Christianism, which is also another
foundation that has a great influence in Filipino businesses.
-The Spanish Heritage

This policy are set rules and guidelines surrounding employee observance to work schedules.
-Attendance and Time Off Policy

This particular philosopher is very famous in Asia. His teachings described as tradition, a philosophy, a
religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life. This teachings
developed from what was later called the Hundred Schools of Thought from the teachings.
-Confucius

Too many workplaces are filled with managers and supervisors who use their position and power to mistreat or
disrespect co-workers. This is very vital now a days and situations as such must be given attention by the
business' management whether it involves racial discrimination, gender or ethnic origin.

-Substance Abuse Policy

It is important that one is cautions in their physical appearance. Showing a lack of concern can be interpreted
as being disrespectful to clients or co-workers and those in authority.
-Proper Dress Code

Occasionally an employer may encounter the need to terminate an employee. When that occasion arises, one
must have a much more straightforward experience if the employee has been cautioned about the process of
termination. If expectations for performance are outlined in the employee's initial job description, show an
account of problems by giving regular evaluations or appraisal.
-Disciplinary Policy

The Filipinos as a people who have been constantly under the rule of numerous powerful countries has over
time, developed a sense of resourcefulness or the ability to survive with whatever they have. They have the
extraordinary ability to make something out of almost nothing. If a Filipino was given just a screwdriver,
plastic bags, and some tape, he would still be able to build a bird tree, especially for the sake of survival, and
provided that he be allowed to hunt for some needed surrounding material.
-​Ability to Survive

Which of the following does not show a hostile environment:


-Providing seminars and training to employees to enhance skills and knowledge.

Stewardship in business has a several possible benefits. Collectively it reduces energy usage, protects natural
resources and improves public health. For individual businesses that commit themselves to stewardship, the
decision may have a positive impact for the business. Some companies earn certifications from environmental
agencies that serve a marketing function, making their actions known to consumers and customers. This gives
them a good imagery and is favorable in their marketing campaigns.
-Outcome

Emphasizing the negative aspects of your rival's products in a bid to turn potential customers towards your
own products, a very unethical marketing practice and a sign of desperation.
-​Bad-mouthing competitors product

There are different forms of virtue ethics that may serve as a guide in the business world. This form basically is
the classical formulation of Virtue Ethics. It holds that the proper goal of human life is happiness, well-being
or the good life.
-​Eudaimonism

A business must establish rules that address any violations from the policy. Stating the this in the business
policy puts the employee on notice and also increases the employer's options for effectively dealing with
behaviors contrary to policy.
-Consequences for Violations

It is important when making decision to extend reasonable efforts to gather information and evidences.
Thoroughness without being irrational is important in making sound judgements. What do you actually know?
Are there uncertainties in the facts that needs to be clarified? If you are making comparisons do you have
sufficient information on each candidate concerning the factors you think are most important?
-Gather facts

It promotes fair treatment in the workplace.


-Employee Conduct

A business should have a standard office procedure, anyone who steps onto your property faces a level of
threat. By putting this policy in place, you can help mitigate any damages caused by an employee's negligence.
-​Workplace Safety Policy

This heritage community is very important to us Filipinos and has great influence in the Filipinos relationship
with family. Filial Piety between parents and children is one of the best traits that has been passed on to
Filipinos.
-The Chinese

This unethical marketing practice is common in the natural remedies industry, where most manufacturers
deceive potential costumers that their products have no side effects because they are made from natural
products.
-​Concealing side effects of products or services

Studies show that Filipinos often have an aversion to a set of standardized rules or procedures; They are known
to follow a Natural Clock or Organic sense of time- doing things in the time they feel is right. They are
present-oriented: which means that one attends to a task or requirement at the time it is needed and does not
worry much about future engagements. This allows the Filipino to adapt and be flexible in doing the tasks at
times not bound to a particular schedule or timeframe. This allows them think on their feet and be creative in
facing whatever challenge or task they have even when it is already right in front of them. What characteristics
of Filipino value is this?
-Flexibility, Adaptability, Creativity

It is a code used in businesses and companies prescribing strict adherence to correct etiquette and precedence.
-Protocol

Requires that the procedure of making decisions may reveal a conscious concern with reaching a fair, just and
equitable result.
-​ Procedural Fairness

A principle of good governance in any business is that stakeholders should be informed about the company's
activities, what it plans to do in the future and any risks involved in its business strategies.
-True

Policy should help in achieving the enterprise's objectives is one of the kind of Policies.
-True

Misusing company time is one of the unethical practices in business.


-True

Blame or punish anyone for what they did not do and appropriately sanction those who violate moral
obligations or laws.
-False

Using men or women as a sex symbol for promotion of products not related to the human body is definitely
unethical.
-True

It is the touchstone for eudaimonist virtue ethicists is a flourishing human life.


-​Target-centered virtue ethics

It is unethical for sales person in malls to offer products and unveil that promotions are on a limited time and
offer only.
-True
A process by which a product or service is introduced and promoted to potential customers.
-Marketing

Records management is important because it supports an organization to make decisions based on evidence,
meet operational, legal and regulatory requirements and be open and accountable.
-True

Eudaimonist virtue ethics is an agent-based virtue ethicists argue that other forms of normativity
-False

Modern businesses are expected to be responsible stewards of community resources working towards the
growth and success of both their companies and their communities.
-True

A Filipino term which means "loyal customer."


-Suki

It is a religions organization that believes in the truth that happiness is an essential part of ethics.
-Buddhism

Stealing is an obvious way in which one can harm others may it be emotionally, psychologically and
financially.
-True

Happiness gives impact to the practice of dhamma and forms the ground or support for religious observance
both on the level of dhamma practice and the level of ethics in general.
-True

Ethics is about knowing and performing what is good or right, and workplace.
-True

This means not causing harm to oneself or others in any area of sexual activity.
-Avoiding sexual misconduct

Buddhism does not believe in the truth that happiness is an essential part of ethics.
-False

Buddhist is to recognize that wealth, earnings and material goods are the property of God and humans are
merely His trustees.
-False

The word suki is a Filipino term which means "loyal customer."


-True

The Filipino value system or Filipino values refers to the set of values or the value system that a majority of
the Filipino have historically held important in their lives.
-True

Businesses with run smoothly if workforce is well taken care of. There are a number of ethical issues business
people must consider about employee working conditions as well.
For example, employers must be aware of the safety of their work environment, are the employees receiving a
just compensation or compensated for overtime?
Although legal consequences for unethical issues regarding employee behavior are essential, there are also
legal consequences for unethical working conditions that must be addressed and must be followed. For
example, an employer who requires an employee to work without pay or who creates an unsafe working
environment can face or must face legal action.

-Employee Working Conditions

This stage is carefully weigh of all the information by separating facts from opinions and opinions from
speculation. Although at times we draw reasonable inferences but know when you have done so and the
premises on which you base your conclusion.
-Evaluation

Foreigners who come to visit the Philippines speak of Filipinos going out of their way to help them when lost,
or the heart-warming generosity of a Filipino family hosting a visitor in their poverty-stricken home. This
Filipino value is not limited to the Philippines. It is everywhere wherever there are Filipinos.
-Hospitality
This form of Business organization is a legal entity binding two or more business partners in responsibility and
liability for their business. There are two types of general partnerships: unlimited and limited.
-Partnership

It establishes the duties and responsibilities each employee must adhere to as a condition of employment. This
must all be clearly established prior to the start of the work.
-Employee Conduct

This factor is gauge in adjust a fair wage in consideration to the nature of the job description The duties and
responsibilities and skill requirements are determinants as well.
-Job factor

The basic and most important unit of a Filipino's life is the family. The Filipino puts a great emphasis on the
value of family and being close to one's family members. This trait adopted to businesses are very important as
family values entails a whole lot more of good values. When an employee posses this, the employer would can
gauge the traits and character of the person being hired.
-Family orientation

Which of the following does not fall under the principles of Fairness:
-It sheds light on the optimism and positivity of Filipinos in whatever situation they are in so as to
remain determined in going through struggles or challenges.

This covers advertising, public relations, promotions and sales. Marketing is a process by which a product or
service is introduced and promoted to potential customers.
-Marketing

This form of business ethics believes that the ultimate norm and ultimate standard of rightness is the
personality of God Himself and his perfect righteousness. So biblical principles of ethics have great
significance for the business world. Their guiding principles comes from the old and new testaments and is
these values are have been adopted and has influenced most businesses.
-Christian business ethics
This is the shared sense of identity and consciousness of the 'other'. It means treating others with respect and
dignity as an equal, not someone below the individual.
-Pakikipagkapwa-tao

This is important for the company to promote fair treatment in the workplace.
-​Equal Opportunity

It is a type of business that offers services for group engagements such as parties, weddings, company
functions and different business events.
-Catering Services

Policies should not be mutually contradictory and there should not be inconsistency between any two policies
which may result in confusion and delay in action.
-True

Determine whether the person accused had fair notice that the conduct was wrong. Simple cases such as lying,
cheating and stealing , may not be much of a problem but more technical violations.
-​Fair Notice

Too many workplaces are filled with managers and supervisors who use their position and power to mistreat or
disrespect co-workers.
-Abusive behavior

Platonistic virtue ethics - The fourth form a virtue ethic might adopt takes its inspiration from Plato.
-True

Target-centered virtue ethics - The touchstone for eudaimonist virtue ethicists is a flourishing human life.
-True

Plato's first conclusion helps explain why we can be motivated to being virtuous-attaining personal happiness
is what everyone finds worthy of being a goal.
-False

The Kakilala System in the Philippines has been the source of many controversies and corruption.
-False

The Buddhist business and professional ethics are also closely related with respect for environment.
-True

Islamic Marketing ethics aims at maximizing equity and justice for the welfare of the society.
-True

The closes translation of Bahala Na in English would be the phrase, "whatever will be, will be."
-True

It is said that this person must be prohibited from falsifying weights and measures, owning a dishonest weight
by the Torah.
-​Merchants

They influenced Filipinos religious beliefs by introducing Christianism.


-Spaniards

Filipinos are very determined and persevering in accomplishing whatever they set their minds to.
-True

There are different factors to consider in formulating a fair and just wage. This factor follows the rule on
supply and demand for labor and so called economic conditions and underemployment.
External Market Factors

One of the importance of marketing is building brand name recognition or product recall with a company.
When a company reaches the highest expectations of the public, its reputation stands on firmer ground.
-​Protecting Company Reputation
Being compensated for a work done or services rendered is the very essence of work. One is willing to work in
exchange for a numeric value as a reward to effort. the main objective of compensation is to create a system of
reward that is just to the employer and employee.
-Work and Compensation

This ethical value is a culture that takes shape when leaders intentionally manifest their own personal
intelligibility, and encourage it in the attitudes and behaviors of their team members. This starts with people.
When an organization's people are is being open, then the organization is ready to follow.
-transparency in business operation

Despite the negative connotation from this religion. Learning and understanding their language and beliefs
may be a great help to different businesses. This religion provides a general concept on complete way of life.
Qur'an is the basis of law for this religion and teachings are fairly strong in stressing observance of ethical and
moral code in human behavior.
-Muslim Business Ethics

From large corporations to small businesses, individuals involved in all types of business often face ethical
issues stem from employee behavior. This is a very crucial and extensive problem being faced since the start of
commerce.
For example, does an employee working 8 hours a day can spend its work time to glance and check personal
email accounts? How does a supervisor deal with harassment complaint? To what extent can a supervisor
award an employee for a promotion?

-Employee Behavior

This is commonly heard and used in market places used by common ordinary Filipinos. It is a so-called
"market-exchange partnership" can be developed into an agreement where one can be a regular customer and
supplier in business and trade.
-Suki
Too many workplaces are filled with managers and supervisors who use their position and power to mistreat or
disrespect co-workers. This is very vital now a days and situations as such must be given attention by the
business' management whether it involves racial discrimination, gender or ethnic origin.
-Abusive behavior

General Partnerships can be found in creative events such as advertising, marketing and sales graphic
designing.
-True

Waging and working conditions is a not an unethical practices in business.


-True

Jollibee Foods Corporation is being regarded as the Philippines largest retail company.
-False

This ethical value refers to the responsibility that companies have to understand and manage their impacts on
the environment in any number of ways. Practicing this can help a business find sustainable practices, improve
its status and reputation among clients and consumers and even save funds.
-Stewardship

Careful weigh and evaluate all the information by separating facts from opinions and opinions from
speculations.
-True

A business guided by ethical principles; behaving in an ethical manner can create a positive atmosphere and
may build a promising business results.
-True

Policies which are formulated for various functional areas of management


-Functional policies
The start-up costs for a housekeeping business are usually very low as it only needs basic cleaning materials
for household. Business owners can offer a variety of additional services such as doing the laundry, window
washing, ceiling and floor cleaning and carpet cleaning.
-True

The overall operations covers advertising, public relations, promotions and sales. Marketing is a process by
which a product or service is introduced and promoted to potential customers.
-True

Include purchases, sales, receipts, and payments by an individual person or an organization/corporation.


-Bookkepping

Most theorists agree that morality comes as a result of intrinsic virtues.


-True

This person must avoid making too many oaths when selling merchandise.
-Sellers

These people with in the business community are required to pay employees on time. Indeed, business ethics
occupies such an important place in Jewish Laws, culture, and tradition.
-Employers
Marketing promote in the marketplace a healthy battle. Marketing efforts get the word out on pricing of
products and services, which not only reaches the intended consumers, but also reaches other companies
competing for the consumers' business.
-A Chance for a Healthy Competition

The Philippines is approximately 85 percent, 10 percent Muslim, and 5 percent 'other' religions, including the
Taoist-Buddhist religious beliefs of Chinese and the 'indigenous' animistic beliefs of some peoples in upland
areas that resisted 300 years of Spanish colonial rule. This is a reflection of the Filipinos' strong faith in God as
seen in their various practices, What Filipino value does this signify?
-Faith and Religiosity