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BATTERY SIZING CALCULATION

REFERENCE DOCUMENT:
1) 66/33kV Switchyard Single Line Diagram - KBH-SA08-A1-002
2) Nicad Battery sizing calculation As per IEEE-1115-2000
3) Reference Standard IEEE-485

A. DATA CONSIDERED FOR SIZING

1 System voltage = 110 V dc


2 Maximum voltage 110V + 10% = 121 V dc
3 Minimum voltage 110V - 10% = 99 V dc
4 Float voltage for cell = 1.4 V dc
5 No.of cells = 86.4285714 Cells
6 End cell voltage (ECV) = 1.8 V dc
7 Design margin = 1.2
8 Ageing factor = 1.25
9 Ambient temperature = 45 Deg C
10 Temp.correction factor for 12.8 deg minimum = 1.25
11 Battery back-up time 10 Hours
12 Battery make

B. K-FACTOR SIZING CALCULATION:

K Factor = Capacity rating factor at t min. rate

K Factor (1 minute) = 0.47


K Factor (5 minutes) = 0.67 As per manufacturer catlogue
K Factor (10 Hours) = 10.36
C. CALCULATION FOR MOMENTARY & CONTINUOUS LOAD

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) = (b) x (d) (f) = (b) x (d) (g) = (b) x (d)
Total Total
Installed Total momentary (1 Total continuous (1
S.No Description Burden (VA) installed momentary (1
qty. min)-599 to 600 hrs)-1 to 600 min
qty. min)-0 to 1
a. 66kV SF6 Circuit breaker (Total qty = 3 nos, Consider trip/closing coil qty = 2 nos)
1 Indication lamps 1.7 4 12 - - 20.4
2 Auxiliary contactors 3 2 6 18 18 18
3 Spring charging motor 746 1 3 2238 2238 -
4 Trip coil-1 636 1 2 1272 - -
5 Trip coil-2 636 1 2 1272 - -
6 Closing coil 605 1 2 - 1210 -
b. 66kV Isolator
With E/S (Total qty = 3 nos, Motor operation qty = 0 nos)
1 Auxiliary contactors 2 1 3 6 6 6
Without E/S (Total qty = 5 nos, Motor operation qty = 0 nos)
1 Auxiliary contactors 2 1 5 10 10 10
c. 33kV Vaccum Circuit breaker (Total qty = 7 nos, Consider trip/closing coil qty = 2 nos)
1 Indication lamps 1 2 14 - - 14
2 Spring charging motor 373 1 2 746 746 -
3 Trip coil 121 2 4 484 - -
4 Closing coil 550 1 2 - 1100 -
d. 33kV Isolator
Without E/S (Total qty = 8 nos, Motor operation qty = 0 nos)
1 Auxiliary contactors 2 1 8 16 16 16
e. Transformer RTCC Panel (Total qty = 2 nos)
1 Annunciator 10 1 2 20 20 20
f. Switchyard control & relay panel
66kV Line control & relay panel (Toatal qty = 3 nos)
1 Indication lamps 1.7 5 15 - - 25.5
2 Semaphore indications 2.5 1 3 - - 7.5
3 Protection relay 3 2 6 18 18 18
4 Contact multiplication relay 3 1 3 9 9 9
5 Auxiliary relay 3 2 6 18 18 18
6 Discrepancy switch 1.7 2 6 - - 10.2
7 Supervision relay 2 1 3 6 6 6
8 High speed tripping relay 150 2 6 900 - -
66kV Transformer control & relay panel (Toatal qty = 2 nos)
1 Indication lamps 1.7 5 10 - - 17
2 Semaphore indications 2.5 1 2 - - 5
3 Protection relay 3 2 4 12 12 12
4 Contact multiplication relay 3 1 2 6 6 6
5 Auxiliary relay 3 5 10 30 30 30
6 Discrepancy switch 1.7 2 4 - - 6.8
7 Supervision relay 2 1 2 4 4 4
8 High speed tripping relay 150 2 4 600 - -
66kV Metering control & relay panel (Toatal qty = 1 no)
1 Indication lamps 1.7 5 5 - - 8.5
2 Semaphore indications 2.5 1 1 - - 2.5
3 Protection relay 3 2 2 6 6 6
4 Contact multiplication relay 3 1 1 3 3 3
5 Auxiliary relay 3 5 5 15 15 15
6 Discrepancy switch 1.7 2 2 - - 3.4
7 Supervision relay 2 1 1 2 2 2
8 High speed tripping relay 150 2 2 300 - -
33kV Transformer control & relay panel (Toatal qty = 2 nos)
1 Indication lamps 1.7 6 12 - - 20.4
2 MFM 3 1 2 - - 6
3 Semaphore indications 1 3 6 - - 6
4 TVM 20 1 2 40 40 40
5 Contact multiplication relay 20 1 2 40 40 40
6 Master trip relay 150 1 2 300 300 300
8 Trip supervision relay 8.5 2 4 34 34 34
9 DC Supply supervision relay 4.5 1 2 9 - -
33kV Bus coupler control & relay panel (Toatal qty = 1 nos)
1 Indication lamps 1.7 6 6 - - 10.2
2 MFM 3 1 1 - - 3
3 Semaphore indications 2.5 3 3 7.5 7.5 7.5
4 Contact multiplication relay 20 1 1 20 20 20
5 Master trip relay 150 1 1 - - 150
6 Trip supervision relay 8.5 2 2 17 17 17
7 DC Supply supervision relay 4.5 1 1 4.5 - -
33kV Line control & relay panel (Toatal qty = 4 nos)
1 Indication lamps 1.7 8 32 - - 54.4
2 MFM 3 1 4
3 Semaphore indications 1 4 16 - - 16
4 Master trip relay 150 1 4
5 Contact multiplication relay 20 1 4 80 80 80
6 Trip supervision relay 8.5 2 8 - - 68
7 DC Supply supervision relay 4.5 1 4 18 18 18
g. Emergency DC lighting
1 Lighting - - - - - 1000
h. HMI & SCADA
1 Load - - - - - 1000
i. Telecommunication
1 PLCC and Multiplexer - - - - - 500

TOTAL BURDEN (VA) 6000 4800 2750


LOAD CURRENT (AMPS) @ 110V DC 54.54545455 43.63636364 25
A1 A3 A2
NOTES:
Duration of load shall be as follows.
A1) First 1 minutes (Momentary tripping laod + Continuous load)
A2) 599 minutes (Continuous load)
A3) Last 1 minutes (Momentary closing load + Continuous load)
D. BATTERY SIZING CALCULATION

i) LOAD & TIME DURATIONS

S.No Period Load (Amps) Time duration (min)


1 A0 0 0
2 A1 54.54545455 1
3 A2 25 599
4 A3 43.63636364 1
5 A4 0 0
6 A5 0 0
7 A6 0 0
8 A7 0 0
9 A8 0 0
10 A9 0 0
11 A10 0 0

ii) LOAD CYCLE FOR BATTERY

78.0 A1

A3
54.9
LOAD IN AMPS

42.6 A2

0 1 599 600
1 598 1
M1 M2 M3

TIME IN MINUTES
iii) SIZING CALCULATION

Change in load Duration of loads Time to end of Required capacity


Period Load K-Factor
(Amps) (Mins) section (Mins) (Amps)

SECTION - 1: FIRST PERIOD ONLY (IF A2 IS GREATER THAN A1 THEN GO TO SECTION - 2


A1 A1-A0 M1 T = M1
1 0.47 25.63636364
54.54545455 54.54545455 1 1
SEC.1 SUB TOTAL 25.63636364

SECTION - 2: FIRST PERIOD ONLY (IF A2 IS GREATER THAN A1 THEN GO TO SECTION - 2


A1 A1-A0 M1 T = M1 + M2
1 10.36 565.0909091
54.54545455 54.54545455 1 600
A2 A2-A1 M2 T = M2
2 10.36 -306.0909091
25 -29.54545455 599 599
SEC.2 SUB TOTAL 259

SECTION - 3: FIRST THREE PERIODS ONLY


A1 A1-A0 M1 T = M1 + M2 + M3
1 10.36 565.0909091
54.54545455 54.54545455 1 601
A2 A2-A1 M2 T = M2 + M3
2 10.36 -306.0909091
25 -29.54545455 599 600
A3 A3-A2 M3 T = M3
3 0.67 12.48636364
43.63636364 18.63636364 1 1
SEC.3 SUB TOTAL 271.4863636

1 Corrected (AH) = Uncorrected size (AH) x Temp.correction factor x Design margin x Ageing factor
2 = 272 x 1.15 x 1.1 x 1.25
3 = 509.0369318 AH
4 Battery selected = 550 AH
5 No of cell = 92

E. BATTERY CHARGER SIZING:


1 Float charger = DC Continuous load (A) + Trickling charging battery (A) (From battery catloge) x 25% margin
= 42.63 + 0.75 x 1.25
= 25.9375 Amps
= 50 Amps (Selected)

1 Boost charger = Boost charging current of the battery bank x 25% margin
= (0.2 x AH) x 1.25
= 137.5 Amps
= 150 Amps (Selected)

Selected battery : 550AH, Cells no : 92


Battery charger rating : a) Float charger = 50A
b) Float cum boost charger = 250A