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INTRODUCTION TO CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS ENGR. DEBBIE LYN S. CABACUNGAN CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 3 4 ro fe 8 b= 4 e) = oO > a a 5-4 fe) oO MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°" SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | THUTITNITTITUTTNICTTEVUTLUUETNTTTHHEEHNICTINULITIL MIDTERM PERIOD, 15° SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | UNIFORM SYSTEM (16-DIVISION) g 8 & g 5 5 8 8 8 G @ = fe i y = UNIFORM SYSTEM (MASTERFORMAT) A format developed by the Construction Specifications Institute for coordinating specifications, filing of technical data and product literature, and construction cost accounting, organized into 16 divisions based on an interrelationship of material, trade, or function. THUTITNITTITUTTNICTTEVUTLUUETNTTTHHEEHNICTINULITIL MIDTERM PERIOD, 15° SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | 3 a4 4 tS 4 Pb Zz i = oO > 4 i) r4 fe} oO UNIFORM SYSTEM (16-DIVISION) 8 & g 5 3 8 8 8 G @ = fe i y = HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 UNIFORM SYSTEM 16-DIVISION UNIFORM CONSTRUCTION INDEX: Division 1: General Requirements. Division 2: Site Work. Division 3: Concrete. Division 4: Masonry. Division 5: Metals. Division 6: Wood and Plastics. Division 7: Thermal and Moisture Protection. Division 8: Doors and Windows. 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO UNIFORM SYSTEM (16-DIVISION) g 8 we g 5 5 8 8 8 G @ = fe i y = HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 UNIFORM SYSTEM 16-DIVISION UNIFORM CONSTRUCTION INDEX: Division 9: Finishes. Division 10: Specialties. Division 11: Equipment. Division 12: Furnishings. Division 13: Special Construction Division 14: Conveying Systems Division 15: Mechanical Division 16: Electrical 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO g § & g 5 3 8 8 8 G @ = fe i y = SITEWORKS ENGR. DEBBIE LYN S. CABACUNGAN CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 4 a 4 euy — 8 bp z ° = oO —) a 4 fe) oO EARTHWORKS ACRONYMS > AASHTO: American Association ACRONYMS, DEFINITIONS aLanveebee ade of State Highway and ROCK LINING Transportation Officials GABION ANSI: American National GEOSYNTHETICS Standards Institute > ASTM: American Society for Testing Materials > DPWH: Department of Public Works and Highways > USCS: Unified Soil Classification System TUTTE MIDTERM PERIOD, 187 SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°" SEMESTER, 2019-2020 |Ill 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z fe) oO EARTHWORKS ACRONYMS, DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. g 8 & g 5 5 8 8 8 G @ = fe i y = DEFINITIONS 1 . FILL MATERIALS - Soil, crushed stone, and sand used to raise an existing grade, or as a man-made- deposit; generally used under footings, pavers, or concrete slabs on grade; classified under the Unified Soil Classification System (USCS) as: HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 3 Bs [a4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO EARTHWORKS ACRONYMS, DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. DTERM PERIOD, 1°" SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | DEFINITIONS > Gw. GM. GP- Gravels with > 50% retained on No. 200 sieve and > 50% further retained on No.40 sieve. SW, SM - Sands with > 50% are retained on No. 200 sieve and 50% or more passes No.40 sieve. THTTTTUTITUTIIVVVNNCHTUTITTUTTNNUILTUTTTEITUEINICHTIITIUININNII] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 4 Rs 4 euy f= 4 b3 z ie = 8) =) 4 fe 72) z fe) oO EARTHWORKS, DEFINITIONS ACRONYMS: STANDARD TESTS 2. GRANULAR MATERIALS OR FILTERS — ROCK LINING Soil materials with sand equivalent of GABION not less than 50%; used to prevent the es movement of fine particles out of soils and other natural materials through which seepage occurs; conforming to ASTM C 33, size 67. a) HHTTTTUVTUUTIIUTTNICUTUTELLUEAUNIETTTTTEETULEICHTTITIUIHNII] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. 4 a4 4 tS 4 Pb Zz Q = oO > 4 i) r4 fe) oO FCMATNT. eS DEFINITIONS ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS a STANDARD TESTS OS. BORROW FILL - Selected ROCK LINING g laboratory-approved pit-run gravel, GABION 3 disintegrated granite, sand, shale, Perot f ’ cinders or other similar materials with not more than 35% fraction passing the No. 200 sieve. EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. = HHTTTEVTTUUTIIUNTNICUTUTULUTDNQUIETUTTTEETIEEICHTTITIUIHINNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 4 a4 4 tS 4 Pb Zz Q = oO > 4 7) Zz fe} oO FCMATNT. cia DEFINITIONS ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS 4 BASE COURSE MATERIALS - hard ROCK LINING durable fragments of stone and a filler GABION of sand or other finely divided mineral GEOSYNTHETICS matter, free from vegetable matter and lumps of clay, complying with the following AASHTO ETHODS T-11 and 1-26 rading Requirements: EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. HHTTTEVVTTVINITUTTNICUTUTTIELVDNUUIETUTTTEELILHNICHVUITIHIHNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 5° SEMESTER, 2019-20; & # = ie ti 4 a 3 Bs [a4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO EARTHWORKS, DEFINITIONS ACRONYMS DEFINITIONS ’ STANDARD TESTS ROCK LINING. Ze 100 1" 85 - 100 EROSION-CONTROL ; No. 4 20-45 MATERIALS 5 No. 200 5-12 GABION GEOSYNTHETICS fi & 3 z 4 f= 8 b3 z Q = oO =) a a z fe) oO FCMATNT. THUTITNITTITUTTNICTTEVUTLUUETNTTTHHEEHNICTINULITIL MIDTERM PERIOD, 15° SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | Tm cia DEFINITIONS ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. BANDA Y BANDA ROCK LINING GABION ESCOMBRO GEOSYNTHETICS P5,000 per 15 16 cum ESCOMBRO - BULIK EROSION-CONTROL ses (for Riprap) MATERIALS. a) THUITITITIITTUTATTVTTVUTILTTITTINITTATHTTIINNN MIDTERM PERIOD, 157 SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | 3 Bs oe ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO ret NL Gl STANDARD TESTS DEFINITIONS : 1 -S ASHTO SOIL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM STANDARD TESTS ROCK LINING GABION Classifies inorganic soils for suitability as sub-grade materials in terms of good drainage and bearing capacity. GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z fe) oO MIDTERM PERIOD, 15° SEMESTER, 2019-20; HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS | STANDARD TESTS ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. STER, 2019-202 STANDARD TESTS AASHTO defines particle sizes as: - Above 75mm vel—- 75mm to No.10 sieve nd—No.10 to No.40 sieve Boulder cles — Passing No.200 sieve. hes ‘ Wid i Nast HLT MIDTERM PERIOD, 157 SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | 3 < oe wi = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO FCMATNT EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. MIDTERM PERIOD, 15° SEMESTER, 2019-20; STANDARD TESTS 2. ATTERBERG LIMITS Are tests performed on soils passing the No.40 sieve as follows: HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z fe) oO EARTHWORKS, STANDARD TESTS ACRONYMS ATTERBERG LIMITS DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS 2 > > Lauip Limit (11): The liquid ROCK LINING limit is that moisture content GABION at which a soil changes from es the liquid state to the plastic state, measured when soil in a shallow dish flows to close a 12.5 mm groove after 25 drops from 1 cm. EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°° SEMESTER, 2019-2020 HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 EARTHWORKS, STANDARD TESTS ACRONYMS ATTERBERG LIMITS DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS > > PLASTIC LIMIT (PL): The ROCK LINING water content at which a silt GABION or clay material will just pane Ry Rennanee begin to crumble when rolled into a thread approx 3.2mm (1/8 inch) in diameter. EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z fe) oO MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°° SEMESTER, 2019-2020 HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 EARTHWORKS, STANDARD TESTS ACRONYMS ATTERBERG LIMITS DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS > > PLASTICITY INDEX (PI): ROCK LINING Defined as the Liquid Limit GABION minus the Plastic Limit: pane Ry Rennanee LL-PL=PI , thatis the range of water content over SEM which sediment behaves. MATERIALS. 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z fe) oO MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°° SEMESTER, 2019-2020 HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 EARTHWORKS ROCK LINING (RIPRAP) ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS A constructed layer or facing of stone, STANDARD TESTS placed to prevent erosion, scour or ROCK LINING sloughing of a structure or Si embankment. GABION Road Surface GEOSYNTHETICS Riprap for erosion ae protection EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°T SEMESTER, 201 EARTHWORKS ROCK LINING (RIPRAP) ACRONYMS DEFINITIONS A special class of very large aggregate. Riprap gradations range in diameter from ieldaibitaoan thal 50mm (2 inches) to 1148mm (42 inches). ROCK LINING > Because riprap is subject to significant GABION energy, itis important that it be sound and free from defects or entrained substances such soil shale or organic materials. 2020 GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROI MATERIALS a 2 Resistance of riprap to displacement of moving water is a function of the weight, size, and shape of the stone, the geometry of the channel or bank it is protecting, and the filter blanket over which the riprap is placed. ‘HTTVUTIOIONIEWITUTITNTNNETUUTUTHEHTHITINIHI MIDTERM PERIOD, 18" SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | 4 Bs 4 ae f= 4 b3 z ie r= 8) =) 4 S 4) z ie} oO 2 MIDTERM PERIOD, 15° SEMESTER, 201 EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. TERM PERIOD, 1°7 SEMESTE! 3, 2019-2020 I GABION SYSTEM Wire-enclosed riprap. Consists of mats or baskets fabricated . from wire mesh, filled with small riprap, land anchored to aslope. HHTTTTVTTTUTITUVTNICUTUTILLUENUNIETTTTTLLTUEINICTTUITIUIHNNNII] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | 3 Bs oe ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO EARTHWORKS GABION SYSTEM ACRONYMS 2 DEFINITIONS = Wrapping the riprap enables use of = STANDARD TEsTs = smaller rocks for the same resistance to wi caaeaiiga z displacement by water energy as iq © larger unwrapped riprap. RS GABION 3 z GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. = oO =) ro ES 4) z O oO eo ES ee PS oO na oe GABION SYSTEM ACRONYMS DEFINITIONS Is particularly advantageous in areas inaccessible to trucks or large construction STANDARD TESTS equipment. ROCK LINING Wire baskets also allow steeper (i.e., vertical) GABION _ channel linings to be constructed. GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL Gabion baskets or mattresses can be made MATERIALS ia oe from commercially available wire units or from available wire fencing material or may be fabricated from No. ? or No. 12 galvanized wire. 4 Bs 4 ae f= 4 b3 z ie r= 8) =) 4 fe 4) z ie} oO MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°° SEMESTER, 2019- EARTHWORKS GABION SYSTEM ACRONYMS 2 DEFINITIONS According to FHA guidance, the < STANDARD TESTS = thickness of wire mattresses used for ry caaeaiiga 2 channellinings is determined by three iq = factors: PS GABION 3 > > GEOSYNTHETICS fi 1 . the erodibility of the bank soil; Je) EROSION-CONTROL = 2 15) MATERIALS . . the maximum velocity of the water; RES 8 and, 5 a 2 TUTTE MIDTERM PERIOD, 187 SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | oO EARTHWORKS CRITERIA FOR GABION THICKNESS ACRONYMS A] DEFINITIONS < STANDARD TESTS =! ROCK LINING 10 <1:3 9 3 SABION 13-16 <1:2 12 z GEOSYNTHETICS any >1:2 18+ ie) EROSION-CONTROL 5 Silts, fine sands 10 abo) 12 5 itis © Shingle with 2 gong) 16 <1:3 9 a ° gravel Py 20 <1:2 12 =z any >1:2 18+ rte) TUTTE MIDTERM PERIOD, 187 SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | 20 EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROI MATERIALS. 2 MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°° SEMESTER, 2019-20; GEOSYNTHETICS Construction materials consisting of synthetic components made for use with or within earth materials generally are referred to as geosynthetics. Geosynthetics can be further categorized > into the following components: > GEOTEXTILES > GEOMEMBRANES > GEOCOMPOSITES 2 GEONETS AND » GEOCELLS HHTTTEVTTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTT ILL TENUUIETUTTTEELULNNACTTTTTIUIVUNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 4 Bs 4 ae f= 4 b3 z ie r= 8) =) 4 S 4) z ie} oO EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. g 8 @ fd £ 3 a 8 G # = ie ti y a GEOSYNTHETICS ] . GEOTEXTILES are the most common geosynthetics, and consist of woven or nonwoven fabric made from polymeric materials such as polyester or polypropylene generally used for reinforcement, separation, filtration, and in-plane drainage. HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 3 Bs [a4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. GEOTEXTILES REINFORCEMENT When the geotextile fabric lends its strength to low load-bearing soil to increase the overall design strength and decrease the amount of sub-base > and base course material. Potential rotational 1 Road Surface ipan or Bedrock THTNNNTNITNINTIINITINIIIIINIITITIINITITI| MID TERM PERIOD. 1°" SEMESTER, 2019-2020. MIDTERM PERIOD, 157 SEMESTER, 2019-2020 |I 3 Bs oe ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO EARTHWORKS GEOTEXTILES ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS SEPARATION STANDARD TESTS When the geotextile is placed caaeaiiga = between dissimilar materials to prevent migration of one of the materials into sictuish the other. GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°T SEMESTER, 2019-2020 THTTTEVITTUTITUTTNICUTTTTILUTEAUAIETTTTTEELULNNICHTTTTITIHNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 3 Bs oe ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING 8 GABION 2 GEOSYNTHETICS fi EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. 3 a 8 G g = ie i 4 3 GEOTEXTILES FILTRATION When the geotextile is used to prevent the movement of fine particles from soil through which seepage joccurs. Road Surface Riprap for erosion protection Dass THTINNNNNNN III INI MIDTERM PERIOD, 15" SEMESTER, 2019-2020. 3 Bs [a4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO EARTHWORKS GEOTEXTILES ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS Filtration has three separate categories: STANDARD TESTS. 1 . SUBSURFACE those employed in sub-surface iene: applications, such as filters 388 around under-drains or edge drains, or under paving. ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. 4 Rs 4 euy f= 4 b3 z ie r= 8) =) 4 fe 72) z fe) oO EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. MIDTERM PERIOD, 157 SEMGSTER, 2019-2020 | GEOTEXTILES Filtration has three separate categories: 2 EROSION CONTROL those employed to protect cut slopes or drainage features. When used in conjunction with a stone lining or riprap, they would serve a secondary function of separation. CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. DTERM PERIOD, 1°° SEMESTER, GEOTEXTILES Filtration has three separate categories: 3. SEDIMENT CONTROL are exclusively those used for silt fence applications. While they serve the purpose of "filtering" runoff, the anism by which they nction is different than subsurface drainage or erosion control applications. TUTTE MIDTERM PERIOD, 187 SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | 4 Rs 4 euy f= 4 b3 z ie r= 8) =) 4 fe 72) z fe) oO EARTHWORKS GEOTEXTILES ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS = > IN-PLAD NAGE STANDARD TESTS = Particular thick-needled nonwoven caaeaiiga 5 geotextiles having sufficient in-plane & flow capacity for use as flow conduits in oe & drainage applications. GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. a) THTTTTUNTTTITIVTTNTCHTUTT ITTF MIDTERM PERIOD, 15° SEMESTER, 2019-2020. 3 < oe wi = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO FCMATNT EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS ROCK LINING g GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°° SEMESTE GEOSYNTHETICS 2. GEOMEMBRANES are continuous polymeric sheets that are impermeable. The most frequently used for ground applications are: HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO EARTHWORKS GEOMEMBRANES ACRONYMS DEFINITIONS THERMOPLASTIC PRODUCT: Manufactured from high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and polyvinyl STANDARD TESTS. See i chloride (PVC). cemeaeoeN > THERMOSET POLYMER Ethylene EOSIN Te Sa Propylene Diené Monomer EPDM) EROSION-CONTROI for membrane rgofing MATERIALS - tions. THUTITIIUTITUIITICTTTUTLTUIENNTUTTTHAETICTIIVINTIL|| MIDTERM PERIOD, 15° SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | 3 4 ro fe 8 b= 4 e) = oO > a a 5-4 fe) oO FCMATNT. ae GEOMEMBRANES ACRONYMS: eee Different types of geomembranes have = oe significantly different properties ROCK LINING g including: GABION S GEOSYNTHETICS i s io fe oan EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. ® RESISTANCE TO ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT ® THERMAL EXPANSION AND CONTRACTION ® CHEMICAL RESISTANCE, AND EASE OF INSTALLATION HUTTTEVTTUUTITUVTNICTUUTILLTUAUUIETUTTTEELULNNICHTTTTIUIVUNNNII] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z fe) oO MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°" SEMESTER, EARTHWORKS, GEOMEMBRANES Geomembranes should not to be subjected to tensile stresses and should ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING be treated gently during installation and GABION subsequent use. GEOSYNTHETICS i EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°" SEMGSTER, 2019-2020 | HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO EARTHWORKS: GEOSYNTH ETICS ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS 3. Geocomposites STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING. consist of a combination of GABION geosynthetic components; are usually ere sheet or edge drains consisting of a prefabricated core to which a geotextile filter is bonded. a) THUTVTIIUTITUIUIICTTUTUTLTUIENINTUTTHEETTICHIUTINTL|| MIDTERM PERIOD, 15° SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. 3 Bs 4 ae f= 4 b3 z ie r= 8) =) 4 S 4) z ie} oO cerelusiaiae GEOSYNTHETICS ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS 3. GEOCOMPOSITES ROCK LINING The core provides void space to GABION which water can flow in-plane while aaa the;geotextile filter keeps soil from he Voids created by the core. EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. y") Geocomposite sheet ry» drains are available that allow flow in from one or both faces. TUTTE ITT TE MIDTERM PERIOD, 187 SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | 4 Rs 4 euy f= 4 b3 z ie = 8) =) 4 72) z fe) oO MIDTERM PERIOD, 1°" SEMGSTER, 2019-2020 III EARTAWORKS GEOSYNTHETICS ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS 4 GEONET A type of geosynthetic that consists of STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING. ; ; ; a continuous extrusion of polymeric ribs that GABION form void space through which provide in- GEOSYNTHETICS y i plane flow capacity. EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS Geonets are available with or Without bonded geotextile filters. # Geonets with bonded geotextile iffilters are sometimes referred to as composite drainage nets (CDNs). 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO MIDTERM PERIOD, 157 SEMGSTER, 2019-2020 | HHTTTTVTTTUTTTVVTNICTUUTTILTENUUIETTTTTLELIETNACTTTITIUVHINNII] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 EARTHWORKS, ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS. ROCK LINING GABION GEOSYNTHETICS EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS. 8 @ fd £ 3 a 8 G # = ie ti y a GEOSYNTHETICS 5. GEOCELLS are three-dimensional prefabricated polymeric systems ranging from 100 to 200 mm (4 to 8 inches) high. The geocell systems are collapsed for delivery to the site. Upon arrival at a site, they are spread open and filled to form a three-dimensional reinforced mattress. HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO ee GEOSYNTHETICS ACRONYMS: DEFINITIONS STANDARD TESTS 5. GEOCELLS ROCK LINING Originally developed to rapidly GABION stabilize soft subgrades for mobilization pears of large equipment, they are now tequently used for EROSION-CONTROL MATERIALS protection and bilization of steep lope surfaces and protective linings for channels. IDTERM PERIOD, 157 SEMESTER, 2019-2020. “ 4 af 4 euy = a4 b3 z ie = 8) =) re 7) z fe) oO HTTIVUTITICUTTITIVIIEIU TIT aoe SLOPE-EROSION Pane PROTECTION MATERIALS SEP e Pee These include materials used for both a temporary and permanent erosion GABION protection. GEOSYNTHETICS lis" SEMESTER, 2019-2020 | EROSION-CONTROL : Temporary materials consist of open MATERIALS ? mesh polymeric systems, biodegradable mesh system (e.g., Coir jute), or a combination of polymeric and biodegradable mesh. 3 a4 4 ae = 4 Pb z ie = (e) > a = 72) z ie} oO MIDTERM PERIOD, HHTTTEVVTTUTIIUTTNICUTUTILLTEAUUIETTTTTEELULNNACTTTITITINUNNI] MIDTERM PERIOD, 18° SEMESTER, 2019-20201 EARTHWORKS : SLOPE-EROSION scumons PROTECTION MATERIALS STANDARD TESTS. eee rve as a semipermanent GABION mulch, anchoring seeds GEOSYNTHETICS ,and soil particles subject Greater flow rates and volumes usually require denser mesh and more durable construction. 4 = [a4 tS 4 P Zz Q = oO > 4 i) r4 fe) oO FCMATNT.