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Ktu hand book

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- Lawrence Turyn - Advanced Engineering Mathematics-CRC Press (2013)
- Back Matter
- Errata for Edition 1 of Coding the Matrix.pdf
- FinalA_Fall06
- multidegrees of freedom
- Manual de CAL-SAP
- homewk10Sols
- 33203 05 Leslie Matrix
- mds03
- QM 14
- hw1
- Problem 1 021
- STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS Matrix Structural Analysis
- Determining the Number of Factors from Empirical Distribution of Eigenvalues
- MIT18_06S10_exam3_s10_soln.pdf
- 9231_s08_qp_1
- Mathematical Tools Problem (17)
- 6_Ahp
- peral
- On Nonlinear Controllability of Homogeneous Systems Linear in Control

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Semester III, Course Hand-Out

VISION

MOULDING EMINENT PROFESSIONALS WITH CREATIVE MINDS, INNOVATIVE

IDEAS AND SOUND PRACTICAL SKILL, AND TO SHAPE A FUTURE WHERE

TECHNOLOGY WORKS FOR THE ENRICHMENT OF MANKIND

MISSION

TECHNOLOGICAL DISCIPLINES AND TO INCULCATE IN THEM A HIGH DEGREE

OF SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND HUMAN VALUES, THEREBY ENABLING

THEM TO FACE THE CHALLENGES OF LIFE WITH COURAGE AND CONVICTION

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

(EC), RSET

VISION

COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING, MOULDING PROFESSIONALS HAVING

INQUISITIVE, INNOVATIVE AND CREATIVE MINDS WITH SOUND PRACTICAL

SKILLS WHO CAN STRIVE FOR THE BETTERMENT OF MANKIND

MISSION

AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING AND TO INCULCATE IN THEM A HIGH

DEGREE OF SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND A SENSE OF HUMAN VALUES,

THEREBY ENABLING THEM TO FACE CHALLENGES WITH COURAGE AND

CONVICTION

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

B.TECH PROGRAMME

1. Graduates shall have sound knowledge of the fundamental and advanced concepts of

electronics and communication engineering to analyze, design, develop and

implement electronic systems or equipment.

2. Graduates shall apply their knowledge and skills in industrial, academic or research

career with creativity, commitment and social consciousness.

3. Graduates shall work in a team as a member or leader and adapt to the changes taking

place in their field through sustained learning.

fundamentals, and Electronics and Communication Engineering to the solution of

complex Engineering problems.

2. Problem analysis: Identify, formulate, review research literature, and analyze

complex Engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first

principles of mathematics, natural sciences, and Engineering sciences.

3. Design/development of solutions: Design solutions for complex Engineering

problems and design system components or processes that meet the specified needs

with appropriate consideration for the public health and safety, and the cultural,

societal, and environmental considerations.

4. Conduct investigations of complex problems: Use research based knowledge and

research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data,

and synthesis of the information to provide valid conclusions.

5. Modern tool usage: Create, select, and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and

modern engineering and IT tools including prediction and modeling to complex

Engineering activities with an understanding of the limitations.

6. The Engineer and society: Apply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge

to assess societal, health, safety, legal and cultural issues and the consequent

responsibilities relevant to the professional Engineering practice.

7. Environment and sustainability: Understand the impact of the professional

Engineering solutions in societal and environmental contexts, and demonstrate the

knowledge of, and the need for sustainable developments.

8. Ethics: Apply ethical principles and commit to professional ethics and responsibilities

and norms of the Engineering practice.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

leader in diverse teams, and in multidisciplinary settings.

10. Communication: Communicate effectively on complex Engineering activities with

the Engineering Community and with society at large, such as, being able to

comprehend and write effective reports and design documentation, make effective

presentations, and give and receive clear instructions.

11. Project management and finance: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the

Engineering and management principles and apply these to one‟s own work, as a

member and leader in a team, to manage projects and in multi disciplinary

environments.

12. Life -long learning: Recognize the need for, and have the preparation and ability to

engage in independent and life- long learning in the broadest context of technological

change.

1. demonstrate their skills in designing, implementing and testing analogue and digital

electronic circuits, including microprocessor systems, for signal processing,

communication, networking, VLSI and embedded systems applications;

2. apply their knowledge and skills to conduct experiments and develop applications

using electronic design automation (EDA)tools;

learning, and be able to carry out their professional and entrepreneurial

responsibilities in electronics engineering field giving due consideration to

environment protection and sustainability.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

INDEX

1. Semester Plan 7

2. Scheme 8

3. Linear Algebra & Complex Analysis 9

3.1. Course Information Sheet 10

3.2. Course Plan 17

3.3. Sample Questions 18

4. Network Theory 28

4.1. Course Information Sheet 29

4.2. Course Plan 34

4.3. Sample Questions 37

5. Solid State Devices 49

5.1. Course Information Sheet 50

5.2. Course Plan 58

5.3. Sample Questions 61

6. Electronic Circuits 64

6.1. Course Information Sheet 65

6.2. Course Plan 72

6.3. Sample Questions 75

7. Logic Circuit Design 90

7.1. Course Information Sheet 91

7.2. Course Plan 99

7.3. Sample Questions 101

8. Electronic Devices & Circuits Lab 106

10.1. Course Information Sheet 107

10.2. Course Plan 113

10.3. Sample Questions 114

9. Electronic Design Automation Lab 118

11.1. Course Information Sheet 119

11.2. Course Plan 124

11.3. Sample Questions 125

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

1.SEMESTER PLAN

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

(Electronics & Communication Engineering)

Code Slot

MA201 Linear Algebra & Complex Analysis 3-1-0 4 A

EC203 Solid State Devices 3-1-0 4 C

EC205 Electronic Circuits 3-1-0 4 D

EC207 Logic Circuit Design 3-0-0 3 E

HS200/ Business Economics/Life Skills 3-0-0/ 3 F

HS210 2-0-2

EC231 Electronic Devices & Circuits Lab 0-0-3 1 S

EC223 Electronic Design Automation Lab 0-0-3 1 T

Cumulative Credits= 71

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

MA 201

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

COURSE: LINEAR SEMESTER: 3 CREDITS: 4

ALGEBRA&COMPLEX

ANALYSIS

COURSE CODE: MA201 COURSE TYPE: CORE /ELECTIVE /

REGULATION: BREADTH/ S&H

COURSE AREA/DOMAIN: CONTACT HOURS: 3+1 (Tutorial)

hours/Week.

CORRESPONDING LAB COURSE CODE LAB COURSE NAME:

:

SYLLABUS:

UNIT DETAILS HOURS

I Complex Differentiation 9

Limit, continuity and derivative of complex functions

Analytic functions,Cauchy –Riemann

equation,Laplacesequation,Harmonic functions

Harmonic conjugate

II Conformal Mapping 10

w=z^2,conformality of w=e^z

The mapping w=z+1/z Properties of w=1/z

Circles and straight lines,extended complex plane,fixed points

Special linear fractional transformation,cross ratio, cross ratio property-mapping

of disks and half planes

Conformal mapping by w=sinz,w=cosz

III Complex Integration 10

Definition of Complex Line integrals,first evaluation method,second

evaluation method ,cauchys integral theorem,Independencce of path,

cauchys integral theorem for multy connected domains, cauchys

integral formula-Derivatives of analytic finctions,application of

Derivatives of analytic finctions,Taylor and Maclaurin series

Power series as Taylor series,laurents series

IV 9

Residue theorem

Singlarities,Zeros,Poles,Essential

singularity,Zeros of an analytic

functions,Residue integration

method,formulas,several

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

residue theorem,Evalution of

real integral

V Linear system of equations 9

Elimination and back substitution,Elementary row operations,Row

equivalent systems,Gauss elimination –three possible cases,Row echelon

form and information from it,Linear independence –rank of a

matrix,vectorSpaceDimension-basis,Vector space R^3,Solution of linear

systems,Fundamental theorem of non homogeneous linear systems,

homogeneous linear systems

VI Matrix Eigen value Problem 9

,skewsymmetric and Orthogonal matrices-Simple properties,Basis of

Eigen vectors, Similar matrices,Diagonalisation of a matrix,Principal axis

theorem Quadratic forms

TOTAL HOURS 52

TEXT/REFERENCE BOOKS:

T/R BOOK TITLE/AUTHORS/PUBLICATION

T Erin Kreyszig:Advanced Engineering Mathematics,10thedition.wiley

Jones &Bartlet publishers

R B.S Grewal-Higher Engineering mathematics,Khannapublishers,New Delhi

R Lipschutz,Linear Algebra,3e(Schaums Series)McGraww Hill Education India2005

R Complex variables introduction and applications-second edition-Mark.J.Owitz-

Cambridge publication

COURSE PRE-REQUISITES:

C.CODE COURSE NAME DESCRIPTION SEM

Higher secondary level To develop basic ideas on matrix

mathematics operations, calculus, complex

numbersetc

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

1 To equip the students with methods of solving a general system of linear equations

2 To familarize them with the concept of Eigen value and Diagonalisation of a matrix which have many

3 To understand the basic theory of functionsof a complex variable and conformal transformations

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

PO PO

PO1 PO2 PO3 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO12

4 11

CO1 3

CO2 3

CO3 3 1 3

CO4 3 3

CO5 3 3

CO6 3 1 3

#D

1.66 #DIV/ #DI #####

EC010 804 L02 3 3 IV/

6667 0! V/0! #

0!

Mapping to be done based on extent of correlation between specific CO and PO. Refer SAR Format, J

* Average of the correlation values of each CO mapped to the particular PO/PSO, corrected to the near

Justification for the correlation level assigned in each cell of the table

above.

PO PO1

PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO12

7 1

Fundamenta

l knowlegde

in complex

analysis

CO1 will help to

analyze the

Engineering

problems

ver easily

Comp

lex

Basic

analy

knowledge

sis

in

may

Conformal

addre

mapping

ss

CO2 will help to

vario

model

us

various

societ

problems in

y

engineering

relate

fields

d

probl

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

ems

Com

plex

integ

ratio

n

will

help

Complex

to

integration

desi

will help to

gn

simplify

solut

CO3 problems

ions

with high

to

complexity

vari

in

ous

Engineering

com

plex

engi

neeri

ng

prob

lems

Sing

ulari

ties

and

Seri

Singularitie

es

s and Series

expa

expansions

nsio

will help to

CO4 ns

enrich the

will

analysis of

help

Engineering

to

problems

desi

gn

solut

ions

to

vari

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

ous

com

plex

engi

neeri

ng

prob

lems

Will

Matrix able to

theory will analyse

give a various

thorough method

CO5

knowledge s of

in the solution

application s of

problems equatio

ns

The

solut

ions

Eigen for

value, vari

Eigen ous

vectors and engi

related neeri

CO6 theories will ng

help to prob

design lems

several requ

engineering ires

problems Matr

ix

theo

ry

COURSE OUTCOMES:

CO2 Students will get an idea of Conformal mapping

CO3 Students will understand the integration of complex functions

CO4 Students will gain knowledge of various singularities and series expansions

Students will be able to find the rank of a matrix and solution of equations using

CO5

matrix theory

CO6 Students will understand the matrix Eigen value problems

PO MAPPING

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

SLNO DESCRIPTION PROPOSED

ACTIONS

1 Basic concepts on complex analysis Reading,

Assignments

2 Application of complex analysis in solving various Engineering Reading

problems

3 Importance of matrix application in different fields of our society Reading

Advanced matrix operations

Some applications of eigen values

WEB SOURCE REFERENCES:

1 http://www.math.com/

2 https://www

3 http://www.

4 http

5 http:

DELIVERY/INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGIES:

☐ CHALK & ☐ STUD. ☐ WEB

TALK ASSIGNMENT RESOURCES

☐ LCD/SMART ☐ STUD. ☐ ADD-ON

BOARDS SEMINARS COURSES

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-DIRECT

☐ ASSIGNMENTS ☐ STUD. ☐ TESTS/MODEL ☐ UNIV.

SEMINARS EXAMS EXAMINATION

☐ STUD. LAB ☐ STUD. VIVA ☐ MINI/MAJOR ☐

PRACTICES PROJECTS CERTIFICATIONS

☐ ADD-ON ☐ OTHERS

COURSES

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-INDIRECT

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

(BY FEEDBACK, ONCE) FACULTY (TWICE)

☐ ASSESSMENT OF MINI/MAJOR ☐ OTHERS

PROJECTS BY EXT. EXPERTS

Prepared by Approved by

Dr.Jobin K Antony

Fr. Ajeesh Puthussery & Maria Paulose ( HOD)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

SL NO MODULE TOPICS

1 1 INTRODUCTION

2 1 INFINITE SERIES

3 1 GEOMETRIC SERIES

4 1 CONVERGENCE TESTS

5 1 ABSOLUTE CONVERGENCE

6 1 TAYLOR AND MACLAURIN SERIES

7 1 POWER SERIES

8 2 PARTIAL DERIVATIVES

9 2 LOCAL LINEARITY

10 2 DIFFERENTIABILITY

11 2 CHAIN RULE

12 2 MAXIMA MINIMA

13 2 RELATIVE EXTREMA

14 2 VECTOR VALUED FUNCTIONS

15 2 LIMITS CONTINUITY

16 3 TANGENT LINES

17 3 DIRECTIONAL DERIVATIVES

18 3 GRADIENTS

19 4 DOUBLE INTEGRALS

20 4 ORDER OF INTEGRATION

21 4 FINDING AREAS

22 4 TRIPLE INTEGRALS

23 4 FINDING VOLUMES

24 5 VECTOR AND SCALAR FIELDS

25 5 GRADIENT FIELDS

26 5 DIVERGENCE AND CURL

27 5 LINE INTEGRALS

28 5 WORK AS LINE INTEGRAL

29 6 GREENS THEOREM

30 6 SURFACE INTEGRALS

31 6 DIVERGENCE THEOREM

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Module 1

ASSIGNMENT QUESTIONS

b) . Function f(z) may be differentiable at z = z0, but not analytic near z = z0.

c) . Function v(x, y) = -3xy2 + x3 is an harmonic function.

d) . The harmonic conjugate of u(x, y) = -2xy is

e) If f(z0) exists, then function f must be continuous at z = z0.

f) If lim z zo f(z) exists, then function f must be continuous at z = z0.

g) . The function f(z) = sin(1/z) is continuous everywhere.

m). If f(z) = u + iv and the Cauchy-Riemann equations hold for u, v, then f '(z) must exist.

n). For f = u + iv, the Cauchy-Riemann equations are ux = vy and vx = uy.

o). If f(z) = (x2 - y2 + 2) + 2ixy = u + iv, then the Cauchy-Riemann equations hold.

x

2. Define harmonic function. Verify that u is a harmonic. Also find the conjugate

x y2

2

harmonic function of u.

conjugate .

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

and .

e) Let a, b and c be real constants. Determine a relation among the coefficients that will

guarantee that the function is harmonic.

verify that satisfies Laplace's equation.

a)

. b) .

c) .

d) .

e) .

f) .

product is not a harmonic function.

7. Let be a harmonic conjugate of . Show that is the harmonic

conjugate of .

that is a harmonic function.

harmonic conjugate of .

10. Consider the function u( x, y) e x sin( y) . Is it harmonic ? If so, find its harmonic conjugate.

Do the same for (a) u( x, y) x 3 2 xy xy3 (b) u( x, y) e y cos(x)

TUTORIAL QUESTIONS

11. Prove that u 2x x 3 3 xy2 is harmonic and find its harmonic conjugate. Also find the

corresponding analytic function.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

12. (i) Show that ex( x cos y – y sin y) is harmonic function. Find the analytic function f(z)

for which ex (x cos y – y sin y) is the imaginary part.

(ii) Find f(z) whose imaginary part is v = x2 – y2 + 2xy – 3x -2y

13. (i) If u + v = (x – y) (x2+4xy +y2) and f(z) = u + iv find f(z) in terms of z

(ii) If u – v = (cos y – siny) find f(z) in terms of z

is not differentiable at the point even though the Cauchy-Riemann equations (3-

16) are satisfied at the point .

16. Prove that the function

x 2 y 5 x iy if z 0

f z

0 if z 0

b). If u = x3 – 3xy2, show that there exists a function v(x,y) such that w = u + iv is analytic in a

finite region.

xy 2 ( x iy )

if z 0

c). Show that f ( z) x 2 y 2 is not differentiable at z = 0.

0 if z 0

which ? Why or why not?

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

(z

)(3

x32

xy

)i

(3

x2

y3

y)

is differentiable.

2

Module 2

ASSIGNMENT QUESTIONS

1. Show that the transformation w z 2 transforms the families of lines x h and y k into

confocal parabolas, having w 0 as the common focus.

2. Find the bilinear transformation which maps 1, 0,1 of the z-plane anto 1, i,1 of the w-

plane. Show that under this transformation the upper half of the z-plane maps anto the

interior of the unit circle w 1 .

1

3. Show that by means of the inversion w the circle given by z 3 5 is mapped into the

z

3 5

circle w .

16 16

4) Show that the transformation w z1/ 2 maps the upper half of the inside of the

parabola y2 4c2 c2 x into the infinite strip bounded by 0 u , 0 v c where

w u iv .

6z 9

6).Find the fixed points of the transformation w

z

1

7)Find the invariant point of the transformation w

z 2i

8)Find the bilinear transformation that maps z = (1, i, –1) into w=(2, i, –2).

TUTORIAL QUESTIONS

10)Find the image of the circle |z-1| = 1 in the complex plane under the mapping

w=

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

11)Find the bilinear transformation which maps the points z1 = -1 z2 = 0 z3 = 1 into the points

w1 = 0 w2 = i w3 = 3i respectively

1 w3 = -i respectively

13)Find the bilinear transformation which transforms (0, -i, -1) into the points (i, 1, 0)

14) Find the bilinear transformation which maps the points z1 = 2, z2 = i and z3 = 2 onto w1 = 1,

w2 = i and w3 = 1 respectively.

5 4z

15) Show that the transformation w maps the unit circle |z|=1 into a circle of radius

4z 2

unity and centre 1/2.

16)Answer in one or two sentences:

a)The function f(z) = Rez is no where differentiable. Give reason.

c) Prove that any bilinear transformation can be expressed as a product of translation, rotation,

magnification or contraction and inversion.

MODULE 5

) ASSIGNMENT QUESTIONS

)

8

1.) Solve the following linear system given explicitly or by its augmented matrix by

Gauss elimination method:

)

a)

)

)

)

) b) [ ]

(

K

2. Find the rank and basis for the row space and a basis for the column space.

K

) a) [ ]

)

)

b) [ ]

.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

a) [ ] [ ], [ ]

b) [ ], [ ], [ ]

4. Is the given set of vectors a vector space? Give reason. If yes determine the dimension

and find a basis.

[ ]

[ ]

7. Is the given set of vectors a vector space give a reason. If yes determine the dimension

and find the basis.( denote components)

2w+3x +y-11z = 1

w –x+3y -3z =3

a) 4y+3z=8

2x-z=2

3x+2y=5

b)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

[ ]

1 0 0 1 2 3 2 3 8

A = 0 1 0 B = 4 5 6 C = 15 5 9

0 0 1 7 8 9 6 9 24

Tutorial Questions

11) Determine the row-rank of

1. and

2. and

is consistent.

14) Let be an n x n matrix. If the system has a non trivial solution then

show that also has a non trivial solution.

x 3 y 2 z 10 x 3 y 2 z 10

a) 2 x y 3z 8 b) 2 x y 3z 8

3x 2 y 5 z 18 3x 2 y 5 z 19

x1 x2 3x3 x4 x5 10 3x y 2 z 0

x1 2 x2 x4 12 2 x 2 y 5z 0

c) d)

x3 2 x4 x5 16 5x 3 y 2 z 0

Department of EC, RSET 24

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

2 3 5 8

16) Row reduce 2 0 2 4 .

1 3 4 0

3 1 2

17) What is the rank of A 2 0 5 ?

. 1 2 3

18) Find conditions on the constant a such that the linear system

x y 3z a

ax y 5 z 4

x ay 4 z a

has zero, one or infinitely many solutions

consistent, further categorize it as underdetermined or uniquely determined. Explain

why the system fits into that category. Also, explain what this means graphically for

each system.

20) For what values of and -the following systems have no solution, a unique solution

and infinite number of solutions.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

Module 6

Assignment Problems

1. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrix

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

5 4 2

A 4 5 2

2 2 2

0 1 2

A 2 3 0

0 4 5

0 2

(i) A

3 5

0 5

(ii) A

0 1

1 3 3

(iii) A 3 5 3

6 6 4

3 1.5

A

0.75 0.75

4. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of

1.5 0 1

[ A] 0.5 0.5 0.5

0.5 0 0

6 0 0 0

7 3 0 0

[ A]

9 5 7.5 0

2 6 0 7.2

2 3

A

1 2

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

2 1

B

2 0

1 2 3

C 0 2 1

2 0 3

4 6

A

3 5

2 1 0

2 12

A 0 2 0 A

1 5

0 0 2

9. Determine whether the following vectors in 4 are linearly dependent or

independent.

(1, 3, -1, 4), (3, 8, -5, 7), (2, 9, 4, 23).

10. Which of the following matrices have linearly dependent rows?

1 0 0 1 2 3 2 3 8

A = 0 1 0 B = 4 5 6 C = 15 5 9

0 0 1 7 8 9 6 9 24

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

5

EC 201

NETWORK THEORY

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION

ENGINEERING

COURSE: NETWORK THEORY SEMESTER: III

CREDITS: 4

COURSE CODE: EC201 COURSE TYPE: CORE

REGULATION: 2015

COURSE AREA/DOMAIN: CONTACT HOURS: 3+1 (Tutorial)

hours/Week.

CORRESPONDING LAB COURSE CODE LAB COURSE NAME:

(IF ANY):

SYLLABUS:

UNIT DETAILS HOURS

Introduction to circuit variables and circuit elements, Review of Kirchhoff‟s

I Laws, Independent and dependent Sources, Source transformations. Network 8

topology, Network graphs, Trees, Incidence matrix, Tie-set matrix and Cut-

set matrix. Solution methods applied to dc and phasor circuits: Mesh and

node analysis of network containing independent and dependent sources

Network theorems applied to dc and phasor circuits: Thevenin‟s theorem, 10

II Norton‟s theorem, Superposition theorem, Reciprocity theorem, Millman‟s

theorem, Maximum power transfer theorem. Laplace Transforms and

inverse Laplace transform of common functions, Important theorems: Time

shifting theorem, Frequency shifting theorem, Time differentiation theorem,

Time integration theorem, s domain differentiation theorem, s domain

integration theorem, Initial value theorem, Final value theorem

Partial Fraction expansions for inverse Laplace transforms, Solution of

III differential equations using Laplace transforms 11

Transformation of basic signals and circuits into s-domain. Transient

analysis of RL, RC, and RLC networks with impulse, step, pulse,

exponential and sinusoidal inputs .

Analysis of networks with transformed impedance and dependent sources.

Network functions for the single port and two ports, properties of driving

IV point and transfer functions, Poles and Zeros of functions, Significance of 7

Poles and Zeros. Time domain response from pole zero plot, Impulse

Response. Network functions in the sinusoidal steady state, Magnitude and

Phase response

Parameters of two port network: impedance, admittance, transmission and

V hybrid parameters, Interrelationship among parameter sets. Series and 11

parallel connections of two port networks .Reciprocal and Symmetrical two

port network .

Characteristic impedance, Image impedance and propagation constant

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Coupled circuits: single tuned and double tuned circuits, dot convention,

VI coefficient of coupling, Analysis of coupled circuits. Resonance: Series 7

resonance, bandwidth, Q factor and Selectivity, Parallel resonance.

TOTAL HOURS 54

TEXT/REFERENCE BOOKS:

T/R BOOK TITLE/AUTHORS/PUBLICATION

1 Ravish R., Network Analysis and Synthesis, 2/e, McGraw-Hill, 2015.

2 Valkenburg V., Network Analysis, 3/e, PHI, 2011.

3 Sudhakar A,S. P. Shyammohan, Circuits and Networks- Analysis and Synthesis, 5/e,

McGraw-Hill, 2015.

4 Choudhary R., Networks and Systems, 2/e, New Age International, 2013.

5 Franklin F. Kuo, Network Analysis and Synthesis, 2/e, Wiley India, 2012.

6 Pandey S. K., Fundamentals of Network Analysis and Synthesis, 1/e, S. Chand, 2012.

7 Edminister, Electric Circuits – Schaum‟s Outline Series, McGraw-Hill,2009.

COURSE PRE-REQUISITES:

COURSE COURSE NAME DESCRIPTION SEM

CODE

Basic Electrical Should have knowledge of the 1&2

properties of different circuit elements

and basic laws.

Engineering Mathematics Should have knowledge of 1&2

mathematics (complex algebra,

differential calculus and integral

calculus).

Basic Physics Should have knowledge of basic 1&2

physics (electromagnetism)

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

Sl. DESCRIPTION

No.

1 To make the students capable of analyzing any linear time invariant electrical network.

2 To study time domain, phasor and Laplace transform methods of linear circuit analysis.

3 To study the transient response of networks subject to test signals.

4 To develop understanding of the concept of resonance, coupled circuits and two port

networks.

COURSE OUTCOMES:

Sl. DESCRIPTION

No.

1 Graduates will be able to understand the basic circuit elements, circuit variables and

Kirchoff laws.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

2 Graduates will be able to solve problems using mesh and node analysis.

3 Graduates will be able to analyse circuits in the phasor form.

4 Graduates will be able to analyse circuits in Laplace domain.

5 Graduates will be able to understand the concept of two port networks

6 Graduates can understand tuned circuits & resonance.

CO-PO-PSO MAPPING:

Programme-

Programme Outcomes (POs) specific

CO

Outcomes (PSOs)

No.

PO PO PO PO PO PO PO PO PO PO1 PO1 PO1 PS PSO PS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 O1 2 O3

CO

3 2 1 3 2 1

1

CO

2 1 1 3 1 2

2

CO

2 2 2 1

3

CO

2 2 2 1

4

CO

2 1 1 1

5

CO

2 1 1

6

CO1-PO2 2 Solve problems using using different theorems

CO1-PO3 1 To provide solutions for electrical circuits

CO1-PO12 3 With the basic laws and theorems, analysis of various types

electrical circuits is possible

CO2-PO1 2 Analyse electrical circuits

CO2-PO2 1 Solve problems by different methods

CO2-PO3 1 To provide solutions for electrical circuits

CO3-PO1 2 Analyse time domain and S domain circuits

CO3-PO2 2 Analyse single and 2 port networks

CO3-PO3 2 Different parameters of 2 port networks

CO4-PO1 2 Analyse s domain circuits

CO4-PO2 2 Theorems in Laplace transform

CO4-PO3 2 Inverse Laplace Transform for solving circuits

CO5-PO1 2 Anlyse 2 port networks

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

CO5-PO3 1 Find solutions of 2 port networks

CO6-PO1 2 Analyse resonance circuits

CO6-PO2 1 Analysis of coupled circuits

CO1-PSO1 2 Understand the basics of circuits

CO1-PSO2 1 Useful in developing instrument systems

CO2-PSO1 1 Understand the basics of circuits

CO2-PSO2 2 Useful in developing instrument systems

CO3-PSO1 1 Understands the concepts of resonance

CO4-PSO1 1 Understand the basics of circuits

CO5-PSO1 1 Understand the basics of 2 port networks

CO6-PSO1 1 Understand the concepts of resonance

Sl. DESCRIPTION PROPOSED ACTIONS PO MAPPING

No.

1 System modeling and analysis- Assignments on Laplace 1,2,3,4

checking stability and energy Transform, Z transform etc

conservation.

2 Solving first order linear homogeneous Assignment (Mathematics) 1,2,3,4

and non homogeneous equations

3 Filter Design NPTEL course 1,2,3,4,5,6,12

PROPOSED ACTIONS: TOPICS BEYOND SYLLABUS/ASSIGNMENT/INDUSTRY

VISIT/GUEST LECTURER/NPTEL ETC

Sl. DESCRIPTION PO MAPPING

No.

1 Introduction to PSpice 1,2,3,4,5

2 MATLAB examples 1,2,3,4,5

Sl. DESCRIPTION PO MAPPING

No.

1 Analyze ideal op-amp based circuits using network theorems. 1,2,3,4

2 Steady state and transient analysis of ac circuits 1,2,3,4

3 Analysis of transistor and transformer circuits using two port 1,2,3,4

parameters

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Sl. DESCRIPTION

No.

1 http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/electrical-engineering-and-computer-science/6-002-circuits-

and-electronics-spring-2007/

2 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Circuit_Theory

3 http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/video.php?subjectId=108102042

4 http://opencourses.emu.edu.tr/course/view.php?id=3

5 http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/video.php?subjectId=108102042

DELIVERY/INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGIES:

CHALK & TALK STUD. ☐ WEB

ASSIGNMENT RESOURCES

☐ LCD/SMART ☐ STUD. SEMINARS ☐ ADD-ON

BOARDS COURSES

methodologies actually employed (including design and analysis assessment) in spreadsheet

format after the completion of each semester]

SEMINAR EXAMS EXAMINAT

S ION

☐ STUD. LAB ☐ STUD. ☐ MINI/MAJOR ☐

PRACTICES VIVA PROJECTS CERTIFICATIONS

☐ ADD-ON COURSES ☐

OTHERS

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-INDIRECT

ASSESSMENT OF COURSE STUDENT FEEDBACK ON

OUTCOMES (BY FEEDBACK, ONCE) FACULTY (TWICE)

☐ ASSESSMENT OF MINI/MAJOR ☐ OTHERS

PROJECTS BY EXT. EXPERTS

Dr. Jobin K Antony HOD-ECE

Dr. Rithu James

Ms. Neethu Radha Gopan

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

SL MODUL TOPICS

NO E

1 1 Introduction to circuit variables and circuit elements

2 1 Kirchhoff‟s Laws

3 1 Independent and dependent Sources

4 1 Source transformations

5 1 Mesh analysis applied to dc circuits

6 1 Mesh analysis applied to ac circuits

7 1 Mesh analysis applied to dc and ac circuits with dependent sources

8 1 Nodal analysis applied to dc circuits

9 1 Nodal analysis applied to ac circuits

10 1 Nodal analysis applied to dc and ac circuits with dependent sources

11 1 Network topology -Network graphs

12 1 Trees - Incidence matrix

13 1 Tie-set matrix

14 1 Cut-set matrix

15 1 Tutorial

16 2 Superposition theorem

17 2 Superposition theorem

18 2 Reciprocity theorem

19 2 Millman‟s theorem

20 2 Thevenin‟s theorem

21 2 Thevenin‟s theorem

22 2 Norton‟s theorem

23 2 Nortons theorem

24 2 Maximum power transfer theorem

25 2 Laplace transform and inverse Laplace transform of common functions

26 2 Time shifting theorem & Frequency shifting theorem

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

27 2 Time differentiation theorem & Time integration theorem

28 2 S domain differentiation theorem & S domain integration theorem

29 2 Initial value theorem & Final value theorem

30 3 Partial Fraction expansions for inverse Laplace transforms

31 3 Solution of differential equations using Laplace transforms

32 3 Solution of differential equations using Laplace transforms

33 3 Transformation of basic signals and circuits into s-domain

34 3 Transient analysis of RL, RC, and RLC networks with impulse and step

signal

35 3 Transient analysis of RL, RC, and RLC networks with impulse and step

signal

36 3 Transient analysis of RL, RC, and RLC networks with pulse, exponential

and sinusoidal inputs

37 3 Analysis of networks with transformed impedance and dependent sources

38 3 Analysis of networks with transformed impedance and dependent sources

39 4 Network functions for the single port and two ports

40 4 properties of driving point and transfer functions

41 4 Poles and Zeros of network functions

42 4 Significance of Poles and Zeros

43 4 Time domain response from pole zero plot & Impulse Response

44 4 Network functions in the sinusoidal steady state

45 4 Magnitude and Phase response

46 4 Magnitude and Phase response

47 5 Parameters of two port network: impedance, admittance, transmission and

hybrid parameters

48 5 Parameters of two port network: impedance, admittance, transmission and

hybrid parameters

49 5 Parameters of two port network: impedance, admittance, transmission and

hybrid parameters

50 5 Interrelationship among parameter sets

51 5 Interrelationship among parameter sets

52 5 Series and parallel connections of two port networks

53 5 Series and parallel connections of two port networks

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

54 5 Reciprocal and Symmetrical two port network

54 5 Reciprocal and Symmetrical two port network

55 5 Characteristic impedance, Image impedance and propagation constant

56 5 Characteristic impedance, Image impedance and propagation constant

57 6 Resonance: Series resonance & bandwidth

58 6 Q factor and Selectivity

59 6 Parallel resonance

60 6 Coupled circuits: single tuned and double tuned circuits

61 6 Coupled circuits: single tuned and double tuned circuits

62 6 dot convention & coefficient of coupling

63 6 Analysis of coupled circuits

63 6 Analysis of coupled circuits

64 6 Tutorial

65 6 Tutorial

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

MODULE I

2. State Kirchoff‟s Laws.

3. Explain the classification of energy sources.

4. State and explain the significance of source transformation theorem.

5. Explain the following terms: (a) network graph (b) tree (c) link (d) branch (e) chord (f)

co-tree

6. Draw a circuit with three nodes. Draw its directed graph. Write its incidence matrix and

reduced incidence matrix. Draw a tree of the graph. Write its tie-set matrix and cut-set

matrix.

7. Write the step-by-step procedure to solve a circuit, if voltage and current sources are

present in the circuit using (a) mesh analysis (b) nodal analysis.

8. Find vxandixin the circuit

10. Find Vo and the power dissipated in all the resistors in the circuit

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

13. If the voltage across the resistor in the circuit is 10 cos 2t V, obtain is.(use phasor

analysis)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

MODULE II

1. State the following theorems and explain: Thevenin‟s theorem, Norton‟s theorem,

Superposition theorem, Reciprocity theorem, Millman‟s theorem, Maximum power

transfer theorem, Maximum average power transfer theorem.

2. Derive the Laplace transform of the given functions: (a) step function (b) ramp function.

3. Give the properties of unit impulse function and provide its Laplace transform.

4. State and prove the following Time shifting theorem, Frequency shifting theorem, Time

differentiation theorem, Time integration theorem, s domain differentiation theorem, s

domain integration theorem, Initial value theorem, Final value theorem.

5. For the circuit below, use superposition to compute the current ix.

6. For the circuit below, use superposition to obtain the voltage across each current source.

highlighted network in the circuit

8. Use Thévenin‟s theorem to find the current through the 2Ωresistor in the circuit. Prove

reciprocity theorem for the circuit given.

9. Determine the Thévenin and Norton equivalents of the circuit. Using Millman‟s

theorem, find the Thevenin equivalent of the circuit again.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

12. If superposition is used on the circuit below, find V1 with (a) only the 20/0◦ mA source

operating; (b) only the 50/−90◦ mA source operating.

13. For the circuit below find the (a) open-circuit voltage Vab; (b) downward current in a

short circuit between a and b; (c) Thévenin equivalent impedance Zabin parallel with

the current source.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

(b) (c)

16. Find the Laplace Transforms of the given functions:

17. 8e-3tcosh t u(t - 2) (b) [sin βt]/t u(t) (c) t2cos (2t + 30o) u(t)

()

(d) 5 u(t/2) (e) (f) 5 cos(2t - 1) u(t)

18. Find the Laplace Transforms of the given functions:

(b)

19. If , find f(0) and f(∞) using initial value theorem and final value

theorem respectively. Verify the result by finding f(t), using partial fractions.

20. Determine the initial and final values of f(t), if they exist:

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

MODULE III

2. Explain the transformation of basic circuit elements into the s-domain, considering non-

zero initial conditions.

3. Perform the transient analysis of a series RLC circuit to impulse, step, pulse, exponential

and sinusoidal inputs.

4. Perform the transient analysis of a parallel RLC circuit to impulse, step, pulse,

exponential and sinusoidal inputs.

5. Find the inverse Laplace transform of the following functions:

a. b. c.

d. e. f.

g. h.

6. Solve for y(t) in the following differential equation if the initial conditions are zero:

9. Solve the following differential equations subject to the specified initial conditions.

10.

11. The switch moves from position A to position B at t=0. Find v(t) for t >0.

(11a) (11b)

12. Find i(t); t>0

(12a) (12b)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

14. The step response of a parallel RLC circuit is:

when the inductor is 50 mH. Find R

and C.

15. The step responses of a series RLC circuit are given below. Find R, L, C.

= 2A

17. In the circuit below, the switch has been in position 1 for a long time but moved to

position 2 at t = 0. Find : (a) v(0+) (b) dv(0+)/dt (c) v(t); t>0

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

MODULE IV

2. Explain the different types of network functions with suitable examples.

3. What are poles and zeros of a network function. Illustrate using an example. Why are

poles and zeros considered to be significant?

4. How is the impulse response of a network related to its transfer function? Show the

relationship between them.

5. How can the time-domain behaviour of a circuit be determined from its pole-zero plot?

Explain.

6. How can the sinusoidal steady-state response of a network be obtained from its network

function? Explain.

7. List the properties of a driving point function.

8. List the properties of a transfer function.

MODULE V

1. Provide the relation between the parameters characterizing the following parameter sets:

2. impedance, admittance, transmission and hybrid parameters

3. Derive the relation between the parameter sets of two networks connected in (a) series

(b) parallel.

4. Define the following (a) reciprocal network (b) symmetrical network.

5. Explain the significance of image parameters of a two-port network. Define the

following: (a) Characteristic impedance (b) Image impedances (c) Propagation constant.

6. Obtain the z-parameters for the given circuit

(a) (b)

7. For the two-port circuit: (a) Find ZLfor maximum power transfer to the load.

(b) Calculate the maximum power delivered to the load.

Given

8. Determine the z and y parameters for the circuit.

9. (a) Find the y parameters of the two-port network. (b) Determine V2(s) for vs= 2u(t) V.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

10. Find the voltage gain, current gain, input impedance and output impedance of the circuit

below. Given h11 = 1 kΩ, h12 = 2.5 x 104, h21 = 50 and h22 = 20 µS. Also find the output

voltage, Vo.

(a) (b)

13. Given the transmission parameters, obtain the other five two-port parameters.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

attenuation N.

MODULE VI

1. Define resonance.

2. Derive the expressions for resonant frequency, cut-off frequencies, bandwidth, Q factor

of a series resonant circuit.

3. Derive the expressions for resonant frequency, cut-off frequencies, bandwidth, Q factor

of a

4. parallel resonant circuit.

5. Show that in a series RLC circuit, resonant frequency is the geometric mean of half-

power frequencies Also, prove that the cut-off frequencies are ωo±B/2(approx.) for high

Q circuits, where ωo is the resonant frequencies and B is the bandwidth of the circuit.

6. Analyse a single-tuned circuit and find the maximum output voltage possible for a given

input. Also determine the critical value of mutual inductance. Repeat the same for a

double-tuned circuit.

7. Briefly explain the dot convention used in the analysis of coupled circuits.

8. What is coefficient of coupling? How can it be determined given the self and mutual

inductances of a coupled coil set?

9. The physical construction of three pairs of coupled coils is shown. Show the two

different possible locations for the two dots on each pair of coils.

10. For the three coupled coils, calculate the total inductance.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

12. Two coils are mutually coupled, with L1 = 50 mH, L2 = 120 mH and k = 0.5. Calculate

the maximum possible equivalent inductance if:

a. The two coils are connected in series

b. The coils are connected in parallel

13. Find the Norton equivalent for the circuit at terminals a-b.

16. In the circuit, find the value of the coupling coefficient that will make the resistor

dissipate 320 W. For this value of k, find the energy stored in the coupled coils at t =1.5

s.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

18. Obtain the Thevenin equivalent circuit for the circuit at terminals a-b

19. Let vs(t) = 20 cos(at) V in the circuit. Find ω0, Q, and B, as seen by the capacitor.

21. For the circuit shown, find B, ωo and Q, as seen by the voltage across the inductor.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

6

EC 203

SOLID STATE DEVICES

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

COMMUNICATION

REGULATION: 2016

Hours/Week.

ELECTRONICS

(IF ANY): NIL

SYLLABUS:

Sem.

HO

UNIT DETAILS Exam

URS

Marks

Equilibrium and steady state conditions, Equilibrium concentration of 4

electrons and holes, Temperature dependence of carrier concentration

I 15

Carrier transport in semiconductors, drift, conductivity and mobility,

variation of mobility with temperature and doping, High Field Effects, 5

Hall effect

II mechanisms of excess carriers, quasi Fermi levels, diffusion, Einstein 9 15

relations, Continuity equations, Diffusion length, Gradient of quasi

Fermi level

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

density at the junction, Energy band diagram, Minority carrier

III distribution, Ideal diode equation, Electron and hole component of 9 15

current in forward biased p-n junction, piecewise linear model of a

diode effect of temperature on V-I characteristics

junctions, Zener and avalanche break down (abrupt PN junctions

IV 9 15

only), Tunnel Diode basics only, Metal Semiconductor contacts,

Ohmic and Rectifying Contacts, current voltage characteristics

V distributions, basic parameters, Evaluation of terminal currents (based 9 20

on physical dimensions),Transistor action, Base width modulation

band diagrams at equilibrium, accumulation, depletion and inversion,

surface potential, CV characteristics, effects of real surfaces, work 9

VI function difference, interface charge, threshold voltage MOSFET: 20

Output characteristics, transfer characteristics, sub threshold

characteristics, MOSFET scaling (basic concepts)

TEXT/REFERENCE BOOKS:

Ben G. Streetman and Sanjay Kumar Banerjee, Solid State Electronic Devices, Pearson,

T1

6/e, 2010

R1 Tyagi M.S., Introduction to Semiconductor Materials and Devices, Wiley India, 5/e, 2008

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

R6 Bhattacharya .Sharma, Solid State Electronic Devices, Oxford University Press, 2012

COURSE PRE-REQUISITES:

1

MATHEMATICS I differential equations.

ENGINEERING

devices, Quantum mechanics, LEDs, laser 1

PHYSICS

diodes etc.

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

2

appreciate its applications to electronics circuits and system

COURSE OUTCOMES:

DESCRIPTION

No. Level

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Knowledge &

Graduates will be able to define and understand the concepts in

1 Understand (level

semiconductor physics.

1,2)

Graduates will be able to describe and apply the generation and Understand & Apply

2

recombination processes in semiconductors. (level 2,3)

Graduates will be able to explain the structure, creation of electric field Understand (level 2)

3

and working of PN junction semiconductor diodes.

Graduates will be able to illustrate the minority carrier distribution Apply (level 3)

4

across PN junction semiconductor diodes.

Graduates will develop skills and can do research in new concepts and Create (level 6)

5

devices.

Graduates can summarize concepts that studied relating different Evaluate & Analyze

modes of operation and the various current components in BJTs and (level 5,4)

6

analyze energy band diagram of PN junction diodes, BJTs, metal

semiconductor junctions and MOS capacitors.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 1 2 3

CO.1 3 2 - - - - - - - - - 3 2 3 -

CO.2 2 2 - 1 - - - - - - - - - - -

CO.3 2 2 - 1 - - - - - - - - - - -

CO.4 2 2 - 1 - - - - - - - - - - -

CO.5 2 2 - 3 - - - - - - - 2 - - -

CO.6 2 2 - 1 - - - - - - - - - - -

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

EC 2.1 2.5

2 - 1.4 - - - - - - - 2 3 -

203 67

MEDIU

M/HIG

H

CO.2,3,4,5,

6

CO.1,2,3,4,

5,6

CO.2,3,4,6

learning

applications using EDA tools

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Proposed

SNO Description

Actions

VISIT/GUEST LECTURER/NPTEL ETC

Proposed

SNO Description

Actions

1 https://engineering.purdue.edu/~ee606/downloads/modern-MOSFET-sci-am.pdf

2 http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/video.php?subjectId=117106091

http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-Delhi/Semiconductor%20

3

Devices/index.htm

4 http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-%20Guwahati/ic_tech/ index.html

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

5 http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele014.html

http://www.cdeep.iitb.ac.in/nptel/Core%20Science/Engineering%20Physics%202/Course_

6

home-Lec-30.htm

http://www.cdeep.iitb.ac.in/nptel/Core%20Science/Engineering%20Physics%202/Course_

7

home-Lec-32.htm

http://www.cdeep.iitb.ac.in/nptel/Core%20Science/Engineering%20Physics%202/Course_

8

home-Lec-33.htm

http://www.cdeep.iitb.ac.in/nptel/Core%20Science/Engineering%20Physics%202/Course_

9

home-Lec-34.htm

http://www.cdeep.iitb.ac.in/nptel/Core%20Science/Engineering%20Physics%202/Course_

10

home-Lec-35.htm

DELIVERY/INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGIES:

ASSIGNMENT RESOURCES

BOARDS SEMINARS COURSES

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-DIRECT

SEMINARS EXAMS EXAMINATION

PRACTICES PROJECTS CERTIFICATIONS

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-INDIRECT

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

(BY FEEDBACK, ONCE) (TWICE)

BY EXT. EXPERTS

Prepared by Approved by

Antony

(Faculty) (HOD)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

SL NO MODULE TOPICS

1 1 Elemental and compound semiconductors

2 1 Fermi-Dirac distribution

3 1 Equilibrium and steady state conditions

4 1 Equilibrium concentration of electrons and holes

5 1 Temperature dependence of carrier concentration

6 1 Carrier transport in semiconductors, drift

7 1 conductivity and mobility

8 1 variation of mobility with temperature and doping,

9 1 High Field Effects, Hall effect

10 1 Tutorials

11 1 Tutorials

12 1 Tutorials

13 2 Excess carriers in semiconductors

14 2 Generation and recombination mechanisms of excess carriers,

15 2 Generation and recombination mechanisms of excess carriers

16 2 quasi Fermi levels

17 2 diffusion

18 2 Einstein relations

19 2 Continuity equations

20 2 Diffusion length

21 2 Gradient of quasi Fermi level

22 2 Tutorials

23 2 Tutorials

24 2 Tutorials

25 2 Tutorials

26 3 PN junctions

27 3 Contact potential

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

28 3 Electrical Field

29 3 Potential and Charge density at the junction

30 3 Energy band diagram

31 3 Minority carrier distribution

32 3 Ideal diode equation

33 3 Ideal diode equation

Electron and hole component of current in forward biased p-n

34 3 junction

35 3 piecewise linear model of a diode

36 3 effect of temperature on V-I characteristics

37 3 Tutorials

38 3 Tutorials

39 4 Diode capacitances

40 4 switching transients

41 4 switching transients

42 4 Electrical Breakdown in PN junctions

43 4 Zener and avalanche break down

44 4 Tunnel Diode basics

45 4 Metal Semiconductor contacts

46 4 Ohmic and Rectifying Contacts

47 4 Ohmic and Rectifying Contacts

48 4 current voltage characteristics

49 4 Tutorials

50 4 Tutorials

51 4 Tutorials

52 5 Bipolar junction transistor

53 5 current components

54 5 Minority carrier distributions

55 5 basic parameters

56 5 Evaluation of terminal currents (based on physical dimensions)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

58 5 Transistor action

59 5 Base width modulation

60 6 Metal Insulator semiconductor devices

61 6 The ideal MOS capacitor

62 6 band diagrams at equilibrium, accumulation depletion and inversion

63 6 surface potential

64 6 CV characteristics

65 6 effects of real surfaces, work function difference

66 6 interface charge

67 6 threshold voltage

68 6 MOSFET: Output characteristics, transfer characteristics

69 6 sub threshold characteristics, MOSFET scaling (basic concepts)

70 6 FinFET-structure and operation

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Assignment 1

2) A Silicon sample is doped with 1017 boron atoms/cm3. What is the equilibrium electron

and hole concentrations at 300K? Where is EF relative to Ei. Draw the energy band

diagram. Intrinsic carrier concentration of Silicon is 1.5 x 1010 at300K.

3) A Silicon bar of 100 cm long and 1 cm2 cross sectional area is doped with 1017Arsenic=

atoms/cm3. Calculate electron and hole concentrations at 300K. Also find the conductivity

and the current with 10V applied. Electron mobility at this doping is 700 cm2/V-sec.

4) How will you determine the type of a semiconductor specimen?

Assignment 2

1) Derive the expression for minority carrier distribution and terminal currents in a transistor.

2) A Silicon n-channel MOSFET has μn= 600 cm2/V-sec, Cox= 1.2x1017 F/cm2, z=50 μm,

L=10 μm and VTH= 0.8V. Find he drain current when i) VGS=2V and VDS=1V ii) VGS=3V

and VDS=5V.

3) Derive the expression for drain current of a MOSFET.

4) Draw and explain the structure of FINFET.

Module 1

1. With neat energy diagram, explain the location of Fermi level in intrinsic, n type and p

type semiconductors.

7. Define and explain Mobility and conductivity. With necessary diagrams and equations,

8. Explain the bonding in (i) metals; (ii) semiconductors; and (iii) insulators.

9. Show that the intrinsic Fermi level lies in the middle of the band gap

10. Explain the effect of temperature and doping on the mobility and conductivity of a

semiconductor

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Module 2

2. State and explain the significance of Einstein equation

3. Explain about excess carriers

4. Explain generation and recombination mechanism.

5. what do you mean by quasi fermi level

6. Derive continuity equation

7. Derive the equation for gradient of quasi fermi level

8. Derive the diffusion length

9. what is the importance of gradient of quasi fermi level

10. Explain recombination in a indirect material

Module 3

2. draw the electric field at the junction

3. Draw the charge density at the junction

4. Derive ideal diode equation

5. Draw all components of current n a forward based diode

6. derive the equation for potential at the junction

7. what do you mean by piece wise linear model

8. effect of temperature on VI characteristics

9. Draw the energy band diagram of a diode.

10. Explain the working of PN junction

Module 4

2. Explain the phenomena of Zener breakdown. Describe clearly, why it is not a destructive

type.

3. Application of tunnel diode

4. Explain the constructional details and principle of tunnel diode

5. explain the avalanche breakdown

6. explain the working of Metal - semiconductor.

7. Explain in detail the V-I characteristics of Zener diode

8. sketch the VI characteristics (forward and reverse) of a rectifier diode.

9. What is ratifying contact

10. what will happen if a high switching signal is applied

Module 5

2. Discuss about the current components in BJT

3. explain about the minority carrier distribution in BJT

4. what are the parameters of BJT

5. What is base width modulation

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

7. Draw the input and output characteristics on BJT

8. How doping affect parameters

9. Draw energy band diagram of non transistor

10. Explain about transistor action

Module 6

2. explain about ideal MOS capacitor

3. Explain about the accumulation process

4. discuss about the effects of real surface

5. What do you mean by work function

6. Discuss about MOSFET output characteristics

7. Explain about depletion and inversion

8. Discuss about MOSFET transfer characteristics

9. Discuss about MOSFET Scaling

10. Discuss about Fin FET

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

7

EC 205

ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Communication Engg.

COURSE: Electronic Circuits SEMESTER: S3 CREDITS: 4

COURSE CODE: EC205 COURSE TYPE: CORE /ELECTIVE /

REGULATION: 2016 BREADTH/ S&H

COURSE AREA/DOMAIN: ELECTRONICS CONTACT HOURS: 3+1 (Tutorial)

hours/Week.

CORRESPONDING LAB COURSE CODE LAB COURSE NAME:Electronic Circuits Lab

(IF ANY): EC 207

SYLLABUS:

UNIT DETAILS HOURS

I

RC Circuits: Response of high pass and low pass RC circuits to sine, step,

pulse and square wave inputs, Differentiator, Integrator BJT biasing circuits:

10

Types, Q point, Bias stability, Stability factors, RC coupled amplifier and

effect of various components, Concept of DC and AC load lines, Fixing of

operating point, Classification of amplifiers.

II

Small signal analysis of CE, CB and CC configurations using small signal

hybrid π model (gain, input and output impedance). Small signal analysis of 7

BJT amplifier circuits, Cascade amplifier

III

High frequency equivalent circuits of BJT, Short circuit current gain, cutoff

frequency, Miller effect, Analysis of high frequency response of CE, CB and 8

CC amplifiers Wide band amplifier: Broad banding techniques, low

frequency and high frequency compensation, Cascode amplifier

IV

Feedback amplifiers: Effect of positive and negative feedback on gain,

frequency response and distortion, Feedback topologies and its effect on input

and output impedance, Feedback amplifier circuits in each feedback

topologies (no analysis required) Oscillators & Tuned Amplifiers: 9

Classification of oscillators, Barkhausen criterion, Analysis of RC phase shift

and Wien bridge oscillators, Working of Hartley, Colpitts and Crystal

oscillators; Tuned amplifiers, synchronous and stagger tuning

V Power amplifiers: Classification, Transformer coupled class A power

amplifier, push pull class B and class AB power amplifiers, efficiency and

distortion, Transformer-less class B and Class AB power amplifiers, Class C 11

power amplifier (no analysis required) Switching Circuits: Simple sweep

circuit, Bootstrap sweep circuit, Astable, Bistable, and

Monostablemultivibrators, Schmitt Trigger

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

VI Transistor based voltage regulator: Design and analysis of shunt and series

voltage regulator, load and line regulation, Short circuit protection MOSFET

amplifiers: Biasing of MOSFET amplifier, DC analysis of single stage 9

MOSFET amplifier, small signal equivalent circuit. Small signal voltage and

current gain, input and output impedances of CS configuration,

MOSFETCascade amplifier

TOTAL HOURS 54 hrs.

TEXT/REFERENCE BOOKS:

T/R BOOK TITLE/AUTHORS/PUBLICATION

1 Sedra and Smith: Microelectronic Circuits, 4/e, Oxford University Press 1998.

2 B. Razavi , “Fundamentals of Microelectronics”, Wiley

3 Donald A Neamen. : Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design, 3/e, TMH.

6 Roger T. Howe, Charles G. Sodini: Microelectronics: An Integrated Approach, Pearson

Education, 1997.

7 R E Boylstead and L Nashelsky: Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 9/e, Pearson

Education

COURSE PRE-REQUISITES:

C.CODE COURSE NAME DESCRIPTION SEM

BE101- Basic Electronics Engineering Students should know about basic 1stSem

104 electronics components like BJT,

diode, Resistor etc&its working

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

1 To understand concept of RC circuits

2 To provide insight into the working , analysis and design of basic analog circuits using

BJT

3 To understand different types of power amplifiers, feedback amplifiers& Oscillators

4 To understand concepts of switching circuits

5 To provide insight into the working , analysis and design of different types of voltage

regulator

6 To provide insight into the working , analysis and design of basic analog circuits using

MOSFET

COURSE OUTCOMES:

SNO DESCRIPTION

1 Student has knowledge about the working of RC circuits&working of amplifier

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

using BJT

2 Student has knowledge about BJT with different configurations and its small signal

analysis

Student has knowledge about working of amplifier using MOSFET &its small

signal analysis

CO-PO-PSO MAPPING:

Programme-

CO Programme Outcomes (POs) specific Outcomes

No. (PSOs)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3

1 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 3 3 1

2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 3 3 1

3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 3 3 1

4 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 3 3 1

5 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 3 3 1

6 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 3 3 1

EC01

3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 3 3 1

0 205

P PO PSO

PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PSO1 PSO2

O9 10 3

Imple Gro

Working Working Can ment up

Circu Imple

of RC of RC impl ation Assi

it ment

circuits/ circuits/ eme & gnm

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Semester III, Course Hand-Out

PSPI adat

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it ment

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Design / Impl M ation

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amplifie TIN oje s analo

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r-bjt A TI/ ct g

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config: - design( using Pr nar n of

3 CB/CC/ blm daily Circu Stud

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impl gnm

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Feed Feed Circuit eme ent,

design/p Impl Mi ation

back back design nt using Sem

roblems emen cr &

C amplifie amplifie Feed circu Se TIN inar

Feed taion o Desig

O r/Oscilla r/Oscilla back it for mi A TI/ and

back using Pr n of

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amplifie TIN oje analo

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r/Osciila A TI/ ct g

n n tors appli syst

tors PSPI Circu

catio em

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Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Gro

up

Can Assi

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impl gnm

it ment

power Circuit eme ent,

power Circuit Impl Mi ation

amplifie design/p nt using Sem

amplifie design emen cr &

C r/Multivi roblems circu Se TIN inar

r/Multivi power taion o Desig

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5 - amplifie daily nar PSPI Stud

derivatio r/Multivi TIN oje analo

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Voltage Voltage design/p eme ent,

Circuit Impl Mi ation

Regulato Regulato roblems nt using Sem

design emen cr &

C rs/MOS rs/MOS Voltage circu Se TIN inar

Voltage taion o Desig

O FET – FET – Regulato it for mi A TI/ and

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5 derivatio derivatio rs/MOS daily nar PSPI Stud

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Analysis Analysis amplifie appli syst

PSPI Circu

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SNO DESCRIPTION PROPOSED

ACTIONS

1 Introduction to MOSFET, characteristics, region of Lecture/Test

operations

VISIT/GUEST LECTURER/NPTEL ETC

S DESCRIPTION PO MAPPING

No:

1 To learn TINA TI software by simulating the 1,2,3,4,5,6,9,10

circuits in the syllabus and this will help the

students to perform well in the lab also.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Sl. DESCRIPTION PO MAPPING

No.

1 Design & analysis of RC coupled amplifier 1,2,3,4,5,6,9,10

1 cc.ee.ntu.edu.tw/~lhlu/eecourses/Electronics1/Electronics_Ch4.pdf

2 www.techpowerup.com/articles/overclocking/voltmods/21

3 www.electronics-tutorials.ws › RC Networks

4 www.pa.msu.edu/courses/2014spring/PHY252/Lab4.pd

5 www.iet.ntnu.no/courses/ttt4100/oppg1_eng.pdf

DELIVERY/INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGIES:

☑ CHALK & TALK ☑ STUD. ☑ WEB

ASSIGNMENT RESOURCES

☐ LCD/SMART STUD. SEMINARS ☐ ADD-ON

BOARDS COURSES

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-DIRECT

☑ ASSIGNMENTS STUD. SEMINARS ☑ TESTS/MODEL ☑ UNIV.

EXAMS EXAMINATION

☐ STUD. LAB ☐ STUD. VIVA ☐ MINI/MAJOR ☐

PRACTICES PROJECTS CERTIFICATIONS

☐ ADD-ON ☐ OTHERS

COURSES

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-INDIRECT

☑ ASSESSMENT OF COURSE OUTCOMES ☑ STUDENT FEEDBACK ON

(BY FEEDBACK, ONCE) FACULTY (TWICE)

☐ ASSESSMENT OF MINI/MAJOR ☐ OTHERS

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Prepared by Approved by

(Faculty) (HOD)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

SL MODUL TOPICS

NO E

1 1 Introduction to the course

2 1 RC LPF & HPF - Response to sinusoidal inputs - Qualitative and

Quantitative analysis

3 1 RC LPF & HPF - Response to step input - Qualitative and Quantitative

analysis

4 1 RC LPF & HPF - Response to sinusoidal inputs - Qualitative and

Quantitative analysis

5 1 Tutorial - Problem Solving - RC circuits

6 1 RC LPF & HPF - Response to pulse inputs

7 1 RC LPF & HPF - Response to pulse input

8 1 RC LPF & HPF - Response to periodic pulse train

9 1 RC LPF & HPF - special cases of time constant

10 1 RC LPF & HPF - special cases of time constant

11 1 RC Integrator & Differentiator

12 1 Problem Solving - RC circuits

13 1 Tutorial - RC circuits

14 1 Biasing - need, stabilization & stability factors

15 1 BJT biasing circuits - Fixed and Emitter bias circuits

16 1 BJT biasing circuits - Voltage divider and Collector feedback circuits

17 1 Tutorial - BJT Biasing circuits

18 1 Transistor in the active region; Fixing of Q-point

19 1 RC Coupled amplifier & Concept of AC and DC loadlines

20 2 Small-signal hybrid pi model of a BJT

21 2 Small signal analysis of CE amplifier

22 2 Small signal analysis of CE amplifier

23 2 Small signal analysis of CE amplifier without emitter bypass capacitor

24 2 Small signal analysis of CB amplifier

25 2 Small signal analysis of CC amplifier

26 2 Cascade Amplifier

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

28 3 High frequency equivalent circuit of BJT, short circuit current gain, cut-

off frequency

29 3 Miller effect, Analysis of High frequency response of CE Amplifier

30 3 Analysis of High frequency response of CB Amplifier

31 3 Analysis of High frequency response of CC Amplifier

32 3 Cascode Amplifier

33 3 Broad banding Techniques - Low frequency and high frequency

compensation

34 4 Feedback Amplifiers - Effect on gain, frequency response and distortion

35 4 Feedback topologies & circuits, effect of feedback on input & output

impedances

36 4 Oscillators - Classification, Barkheusen criterion, Analysis of RC phase

shift oscillator

37 4 Analysis of Wien Bridge Oscillator, Working of Hartley, Colpitts and

Crystal oscillators

38 4 Tuned Amplifiers - synchronous and stagger tuning

39 4 Tuned Amplifiers - synchronous and stagger tuning

40 5 Power Amplifiers - Classification, Transformer coupled Class A power

amplifier

41 5 Power Amplifiers - Push-pull class B and class AB power amplifiers

42 5 Transformerless class B and class AB power amplifiers, class C power

amplifier

43 5 Switching Circuits: Simple sweep circuit, Bootstrap sweep circuit

44 5 Astable and bistablemultivibrators

45 5 Monostablemultivibrators

46 5 Schmitt trigger

47 5 Tutorial - Power amplifiers and switching circuits

48 6 Transistor-based voltage regulators

49 6 Transistor-based voltage regulators

50 6 Revision of MOSFET basics; Developing small signal model of

MOSFET

51 6 Biasing and DC analysis of single-stage MOSFET amplifier

52 6 Small-signal analysis of MOSFET amplifier

53 6 Small-signal analysis of MOSFET amplifier

54 6 Small-signal analysis of MOSFET amplifier

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

56 6 Tutorial - MOSFET amplifiers

57 1 Revision: Module -1

58 2 Revision: Module II & III

59 4 Revision: Module IV & V

60 6 Revision: Module VI

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

1. Class Notes

2. Class Test(Module Wise( Two Tests)) + submit solution of QP

3. Solve problems of previous year QPs.

4. Micro Projects –

1. Design a differentiating network to have a trigger pulse with a square wave input of

10 V amplitude, 50% duty cycle and 100 Hz repetition rate. Source and load

impedances may be taken to be equal to 50 Ω and 1000 Ω respectively. (Roll No: 1-9)

2. A 10 Hz symmetrical square wave whose peak to amplitude is 2V impressed upon a

high pass circuit whose lower 3-dB frequency is 5Hz. Calculate and sketch the

waveform. In particular what is the peak output amplitude?(Roll No: 10-18)

3. Derive in terms of time constant of the RC circuit:(Roll No: 19-27)

a. Lower cut-off frequency of a RC HPF

b. Rise time of a RC LPF with pulse input

c. Percentage tilt of output of high pass RC circuit

4. A 20-Hz symmetric square wave referenced to 0 volts and, with a peak-to-peak

amplitude of 10 V, is fed to an amplifier through the high pass RC network Calculate

and plot the output waveform when the lower 3-dB frequency is: (i) 0.6 Hz, (ii) 6 Hz

(Roll No: 28-36)

5. Determine the following for the fixed-bias configuration - (a) IBQ and ICQ. (b)

VCEQ. (c) VB and VC. (d) VBC. Also determine the saturation level for the network.

(Roll No: 37-45)

6. For the emitter bias network, determine: (a) IB. (b) IC. (c) VCE. (d) VC. (e) VE. (f)

VB. (g) VBC. Also determine the saturation level for the network (Roll No: 46-54)

7. Subject to the restriction that RL = 0 Ω, show that the input resistance of CC and CE

configurations are identical, using the hybrid-pi equivalent circuits.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

1. The circuit parameters for the circuit in Fig. 1 are VCC = 3.3 V, VBB = 0.850 V, RB =

180 k, and RC = 15 k. The transistor parameters are β = 120 and VBE(on) = 0.7 V. (a)

Determine the Q-point values ICQ and VCEQ. (b) Find the small-signal hybrid-π

parameters gm and rπ . (c) Calculate the small-signal voltage gain. (d) Find iB, vBE,

and vCE for vs = 0.065 sinωt V. (Roll No: 1- 9)

Fig. 1

2. For fig. 1, assume transistor parameters of β = 150, VBE(on) = 0.7 V, and VA = 150

V. The circuit parameters are VCC = 5 V, VBB = 1.025 V, RB = 100 k , and RC =

6 k. (a) Determine the small-signal hybrid-π parameters gm, rπ , and ro. (b) Find the

small-signal voltage gain Av = Vo/Vs. (Roll No: 10- 18)

3. For the circuit in Figure 2, let β = 90, VA = 120 V, VCC = 5 V, VEB(on) = 0.7 V, RC

= 2.5 k, RB = 50 k, and VBB = 1.145 V. (a) Determine the small-signal hybrid-π

parameters rπ , gm, and ro. (b) Find the small-signal voltage gain, Av = vo/vs . (Roll

No: 19- 27)

Fig. 2

4. For the circuit in Figure 4, let RE = 0.6k, RC = 5.6k , β = 120, VBE(on) = 0.7 V, R1 =

250 k, and R2 = 75 k. (a) For VA =∞, determine the small-signal voltage gain Av. (b)

Determine the input resistance looking into the base of the transistor.

(Roll No: 28- 36)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Fig. 4

5. The parameters of the circuit shown in Figure 4 are changed to VCC = 5 V, RC = 4

k, RE = 0.25 k, RS = 0.25 k, R1 = 100 k, and R2 = 25 k. The transistor parameters are

β = 120, VBE(on) = 0.7 V, and VA =∞. Determine the small-signal voltage gain.

(Roll No: 37- 45)

6. For the circuit shown in Figure 4, let β = 100, VBE(on) = 0.7V, and VA =∞. Design a

bias-stable circuit such that ICQ = 0.5 mA, VCEQ = 2.5 V, and Av = −8. (Roll No:

46- 54)

7. For the circuit in Figure 4, the small-signal voltage gain is given approximately by

−RC/RE . For the case of RC = 2k, RE = 0.4k, and RS = 0, what must be the value of β

such that the approximate value is within 5 percent of the actual value? (Roll No: 55-

63)

Determine the max power output for a zero signal Ic of 80 mA, if transformer turn

ratio is 10:1 (Roll No: 01- 09).

2. For a class B amplifier providing 20V peak signal to a 16Ω load and a power supply

of Vcc=30V, determine the input power, output power and circuit efficiency. (Roll No:

10 - 18)

3. Explain working of Class AB & Class C amplifier (Roll No: 19 - 27)

4. Explain DC analysis of single stage MOSFET amplifier. ID=4mA at VGS=10V,

Vt=4V. Calculate VGS, VDS (Roll No: 28 - 36)

5. In the following MOSFET amplifier circuit, find out small signal voltage gain.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

6. In the following MOSFET amplifier circuit, two transistors are identical, Vt=2V,

K=2mA/V2 . find out small signal voltage gain. (Roll No: 46 - 54)

MODULE 1

RC Circuits

8. A 10 Hz symmetrical square wave whose peak to amplitude is 2V impressed upon a

high pass circuit whose lower 3-dB frequency is 5Hz. Calculate and sketch the

waveform. In particular what is the peak output amplitude?

9. An ideal 1 sec. pulse is fed to an amplifier. Calculate and plot the output waveform

under the following conditions; the upper 3dB frequency is (i) 10 MHz (ii) 1 MHz,

(iii) 0.1 MHz.

10. Design a differentiating network to have a trigger pulse with a square wave input of

10 V amplitude, 50% duty cycle and 100 Hz repetition rate. Source and load

impedances may be taken to be equal to 50 Ω and 1000 Ω respectively.

11. A low pass filter with lower cut-off frequency 2 kHz uses a capacitor of 0.01 uF.

Draw the circuit and find the resistance value

12. Draw the RC integrating circuit and prove that the output is the time integral of the

input. Sketch its output waveforms for (a) sine input (b)square input and (c)triangular

input

13. Explain the response of a RC low pass filter for an input of (a) pulse (b) sine (c)

square wave. Show the waveform.

14. Derive in terms of time constant of the RC circuit:

a. Lower cut-off frequency of a RC HPF

b. Rise time of a RC LPF with pulse input

c. Percentage tilt of output of high pass RC circuit

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

15. A pulse is applied to a low pass RC circuit. Prove by direct integration that the area

under the pulse is same as the area under the output waveform across the capacitor.

Explain the result.

16. A pulse of 60 V amplitude and width 2 ms is applied to a high pass RC circuit. At

time t = 0 s, the uncharged capacitor in the circuit starts charging. At t = 2 ms, the

voltage across the capacitor is 5 volts. Draw the output waveform and calculate its

percentage tilt.

17. A 20-Hz symmetric square wave referenced to 0 V and, with peak-to-peak amplitude

of 10 V, is fed to an amplifier through the high pass RC network. Plot the output

waveform when the lower 3-dB frequency is: (i) 0.6 Hz (ii) 6 Hz

18. A pulse of 10 V amplitude and duration 1 ms is applied to a high-pass RC circuit with

R = 20kΩ and C = 0.5µF. Plot the output waveform and calculate the percent tilt in

the output.

19. A square wave of pulse width 2 ms and peak amplitude of 12 V as shown in fig. is

applied to a high-pass RC circuit with time constant 4 ms. Plot the first four cycles of

the output waveform. T/2 = 2 ms

20. Design an RC circuit to get output voltage signal 2sin(6000t - 600 )from an input

4sin(6000t).

21. Design an integrator circuit for a given input Vin=20 sin(6000t). Draw the input and

output waveforms.

high pass circuit whose lower 3-dB frequency is 5Hz. Calculate and sketch the

waveform. In particular what is the peak output amplitude?

23. The input to a high-pass RC circuit is shown in Fig. Plot the output waveform. Given

that the time constant of the circuit is 0.1 ms.

24. A 10 Hz square wave is fed to an amplifier. Calculate and plot the output under the

following conditions; the lower 3 dB frequency is (i) 0.3 Hz (ii) 3.0 Hz (c) 30 Hz.

25. A square wave whose peak-to-peak value is 1V extends 0. 5V with respect to

ground. The duration of the positive section is 0.1 sec and of the negative section is

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

0.2 sec. If this waveform is impressed upon an RC differentiating circuit whose time

constant is 0.2 sec., what are the steady state maximum and minimum values of the

output waveform?

(a) Prove that the area under the positive section equals that under the negative

section of the output waveform. What is the physical significance of this result?

(b) Write the equations to determine the output voltage.

1. Determine the following for the fixed-bias configuration - (a) IBQ and ICQ. (b)

VCEQ. (c) VB and VC. (d) VBC. Also determine the saturation level for the network.

2. For the emitter bias network, determine: (a) IB. (b) IC. (c) VCE. (d) VC. (e) VE. (f)

VB. (g) VBC. Also determine the saturation level for the network

3. For the above two circuits, prepare a table and compare the bias voltage and currents

of the circuits for the given value of β = 50 and for a new value of β = 100. Compare

the changes in IC and VCE for the same increase in β.

4. Determine the dc bias voltage VCE and the current IC for the voltage-divider

configuration. Repeat the analysis if β is reduced to 70, and compare solutions for

ICQ and VCEQ.

5. Determine the quiescent levels of ICQ and VCEQ for the network. Repeat using a

beta of 135

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

7. For the network: (a) Determine ICQ and VCEQ. (b) Find VB, VC, VE, and VBC.

10. Determine the voltage VCB and the current IB for the common-base configuration

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

12. Given the device characteristics, determine VCC, RB, and RC for the fixed bias

configuration

13. Given that ICQ =2 mA and VCEQ =10 V, determine R1 and RC for the network

14. The emitter-bias configuration has the following specifications: ICQ = 0.5 ICsat,

ICsat = 8 mA, VC = 18 V, and β = 110. Determine RC, RE, and RB.

Table 1: Questions 15 – 17

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

15. Calculate the stability factor S(ICBO)and the change in IC from 25°C to 100°C for the

transistor defined by the Table 1 above for the following emitter-bias arrangements.

(a) RB/RE = 250

(b) RB/RE = 10

(c) RB/RE = 0.01

16. Determine the stability factor S(VBE) and the change in IC from 25°C to 100°C for

the transistor defined by Table1 for the following bias arrangements.

(a) Fixed-bias with RB = 240 k and β = 100.

(b) Emitter-bias with RB =240 k, RE =1 k, and β = 100.

(c) Emitter-bias with RB = 47 k, RE = 4.7 k, and β = 100.

17. Determine ICQ at a temperature of 100°C if ICQ = 2 mA at 25°C. Use the transistor

described by Table 1, where β1= 50 and β2= 80, and a resistance ratio RB/RE of 20

MODULE 2

Practice Problems

(Electronic Circuits: Donald A. Neaman)

Fig. 1

6. The circuit parameters for the circuit in Fig. 1 are VCC = 3.3 V, VBB = 0.850 V, RB =

180 k, and RC = 15 k. The transistor parameters are β = 120 and VBE(on) = 0.7 V. (a)

Determine the Q-point values ICQ and VCEQ. (b) Find the small-signal hybrid-π

parameters gm and rπ . (c) Calculate the small-signal voltage gain. (d) Find iB, vBE,

and vCE for vs = 0.065 sinωt V.

(Ans. (a) ICQ = 0.1 mA, VCEQ = 1.8 V; (b) gm = 3.846 mA/V, rπ = 31.2 k; (c) Av =

−8.52, iB = 0.833 + 0.308 sinωt μA, vBE = 0.7 + 0.00960 sinωt V, vCE = 1.8 − 0.554

sinωt V)

7. For fig. 1, assume transistor parameters of β = 150, VBE(on) = 0.7 V, and VA = 150

V. The circuit parameters are VCC = 5 V, VBB = 1.025 V, RB = 100 k , and RC =

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

6k . (a) Determine the small-signal hybrid-π parameters gm, rπ , and ro. (b) Find

the small-signal voltage gain Av = Vo/Vs.

(Ans. (a) gm = 18.75 mA/V, rπ = 8 k, ro = 308 k ; (b) Av = −8.17)

Fig. 2

8. For the circuit in Figure 2, let β = 90, VA = 120 V, VCC = 5 V, VEB(on) = 0.7 V, RC

= 2.5 k, RB = 50 k, and VBB = 1.145 V. (a) Determine the small-signal hybrid-π

parameters rπ , gm, and ro. (b) Find the small-signal voltage gain, Av = vo/vs .

(Ans. (a) gm = 30.8 mA/V, rπ = 2.92 k , ro =150 k (b) Av = −4.18)

Fig. 4

9. For the circuit in Figure 4, let RE = 0.6k, RC = 5.6k , β = 120, VBE(on) = 0.7 V, R1 =

250 k, and R2 = 75 k. (a) For VA =∞, determine the small-signal voltage gain Av. (b)

Determine the input resistance looking into the base of the transistor.

(Ans. (a) Av = −8.27, (b) Rib = 80.1 k)

10. The parameters of the circuit shown in Figure 4 are changed to VCC = 5 V, RC = 4

k, RE = 0.25 k, RS = 0.25 k, R1 = 100 k, and R2 = 25 k. The transistor parameters are

β = 120, VBE(on) = 0.7 V, and VA =∞. Determine the small-signal voltage gain.

(Ans. Av = −13.6)

11. For the circuit shown in Figure 4, let β = 100, VBE(on) = 0.7V, and VA =∞. Design a

bias-stable circuit such that ICQ = 0.5 mA, VCEQ = 2.5 V, and Av = −8.

(Ans. To a good approximation: RC = 4.54 k, RE = 0.454 k, R1 = 24.1k, and R2 = 5.67 k)

12. For the circuit in Figure 4, the small-signal voltage gain is given approximately by

−RC/RE . For the case of RC = 2k, RE = 0.4k, and RS = 0, what must be the value of β

such that the approximate value is within 5 percent of the actual value?

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

(Ans. β = 76)

Fig. 5

13. The circuit shown in Fig. 5 has parameters RE = 0.3 k, RC = 4 k, R1 = 14.4 k, R2 =

110 k_ and RL = 10 k. The transistor parameters are β = 100, VEB(on) = 0.7 V, and

VA =∞. (a) Determine the quiescent values ICQ and VECQ. (b) Find the small-signal

parameters gm, rπ , and ro. (c) Determine the small-signal voltage gain.

(Ans. (a) ICQ = 1.6 mA, VECQ = 5.11 V; (b) gm = 61.54 mA/V, rπ = 1.625 k, ro =∞; (c) Av

= −8.95).

Fig. 6

100 k, and RS = 0.5 k. The transistor parameters are β = 120, VBE(on) = 0.7 V, and

VA = 80 V. (a) Determine the input resistance seen by the signal source. (b) Find the

small-signal voltage gain.

(Ans. (a) Ri = 3.91 k , (b) Av = −114)

Fig. 6

15. For the circuit in Fig. 6 above, let β = 125, VBE(on) = 0.7 V, and VA = 200 V. (a)

Determine the small-signal voltage gain Av. (b) Determine the output resistance Ro.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

16. For the circuit shown in Fig. 6, let VCC = 12 V, RE = 30Ω, R1 = 1.3 k, R2 = 4.2 k,

and RS = 0. The transistor parameters are β = 80, VBE(on) = 0.7 V, and VA = 75 V.

(a) Determine the quiescent values IEQ and VCEQ. (b) Find the small-signal voltage

gain Av = Vo/Vs. (c) Determine the input resistance looking into the base of the

transistor. (d) Calculate the input and output resistance of the emitter-follower circuit

(e) For the case of RS = 0, determine the output resistance looking into the output

terminals.

(Ans. (a) IEQ = 0.2 A, VCEQ = 6 V; (b) Av = 0.9954; (c) Rib = 2.27 k (d) Ri = 22.2 k, Ro =

0.0320, Ro = 0.129 Ω )

MODULE 3

1. The transistor in the circuit in Fig. has parameters β=125, VBE (on) =0.7V, VA=200V,

Cπ=24pF & Cµ=3pF. Determine its upper cut-off frequency.

2. Determine 3dB frequency of the short circuit current gain of a bipolar transistor, given

rπ = 2.6kΩ, Cπ = 2pF and Cµ = 0.1pF.

3. BJT operating at IC=2mA, has Cµ=1PF, Cπ=10PF, β=150. Find FT & Fβ

4. In BJT, unit current gain bandwidth is 1GHz, β=200. At what frequency the

magnitude of Ai becomes 10.

5. Derive the expression for unity gain bandwidth of BJT.

6. Explain how Miller effect can be used to simplify high frequency analysis of BJT.

7. High Frequency analysis of CE, CB & CC configurations.

8. What is wide band amplifier and explain frequency compensation techniques.

9. Draw the high frequency equivalent circuit of cascode amplifier.

10. Derive necessary expressions for cascade configurations.

MODULE IV

1. Derive input impedance output impedance & gain of series series feedback

configuration. Draw the discrete circuit representation of this configuration.

2. Derive input impedance output impedance & gain of shunt shunt feedback

configuration. Draw the discrete circuit representation of this configuration.

3. Derive input impedance output impedance & gain of shunt series feedback

configuration. Draw the discrete circuit representation of this configuration.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

4. Derive input impedance output impedance & gain of shunt series feedback

configuration. Draw the discrete circuit representation of this configuration.

5. Consider a general feedback system with parameters A=106 and Af =100. If the

magnitude of A decreases by 20%, What is the corresponding percent change in A f ?

6. Explain the condition for sustained oscillation.

7. Explain working of RC phase shift Oscillator. Derive required expressions.

8. Explain working of Wein Bridge Oscillator. Derive required expressions.

9. Explain working of Hartley shift Oscillator. Derive required expressions.

10. Explain working of Colpitts Oscillator. Derive required expressions.

11. Explain working of Crystal Oscillator. Derive required expressions.

12. Explain working of Tuned amplifier. Derive required expressions.

MODULE V

1. With a neat circuit diagram, explain working of a transformer coupled class A power

amplifier. Derive the expression for its maximum efficiency.

2. With a neat circuit diagram, explain working of a class A power amplifier. Derive the

expression for its maximum efficiency.

3. With a neat circuit diagram, explain working of a transformer coupled class B power

amplifier. Derive the expression for its maximum efficiency.

4. With neat diagram and necessary waveforms, explain class AB power amplifier.

5. Explain Harmonic distortion.

6. A transformer coupled class A power amplifier supplies power to a iron load.

Determine the max power output for a zero signal Ic of 80 mA, if transformer turn

ratio is 10:1.

7. For a class B amplifier providing 20V peak signal to a 16Ω load and a power supply

of Vcc=30V, determine the input power, output power and circuit efficiency.

8. With neat diagram and necessary waveforms, explain class C power amplifier.

9. With a neat circuit diagram and waveforms explain working of astable multivibrator.

Derive expression for Time period.

10. With a neat circuit diagram and waveforms explain working of monostable

multivibrator. Derive expression for pulse width

11. With a neat circuit diagram and waveforms explain working of bistable multivibrator.

12. With a neat circuit diagram and waveforms explain working of Schmitt trigger.

13. With a neat circuit diagram and waveforms explain working of boot strap circuit.

14. In what way the design features of power transistors different from small signal

transistors?

15. What is the basis for the classification of power amplifiers? Mention different types of

power amplifiers?

16. Draw the circuit for commonly used class A – amplifier. If the amplifier draws 10W

of dc power, what is the maximum ac power available to the load?

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

17. Draw the circuit for a push-pull amplifier and discuss its working.

19. What is harmonic distortion? How does it arise in Class B-operation? And, how can it

be corrected in push-pull circuit?

20. What do you understand by cross-over distortion? How can it be eliminated in Class

B-operation?

21. What reasons will you assign for higher conversion efficiency of Class B-amplifier as

compared to Class A –amplifier?

22. Draw a circuit for Class C- amplifier and discuss its working?

23. Among all the power amplifiers, Class C-amplifier has the maximum efficiency but

its use is restricted. Give reasons.

24. Calculate maximum ac output power in the amplifier shown in fig. (Assume VBE = 0)

1.

MODULE VI

1. Draw the small signal equivalent circuit of CS amplifier. Derive expression for Av, Ai,

Ri & Ro

2. Explain with neat diagram MOSFET cascade amplifier & derive expression for Av, Ai,

Ri & Ro

3. Explain the working of MOSFET amplifier.

4. Explain DC analysis of single stage amplifier. In the E-MOSFET given below,

ID=4mA at VGS=10V, Vt=4V. Calculate VGS, VDS

5. Explain basic theory of voltage regulator

6. Explain with diagrams series voltage regulator & shunt Voltage regulator.

7. Design series voltage regulator

8. Design shunt voltage regulator

9. Explain zener regulator

10. Explain line & load regulation.

11. In the following MOSFET amplifier circuit, find out small signal voltage gain.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

12. In the following MOSFET amplifier circuit, two transistors are identical, Vt=2V,

K=2mA/V2 . find out small signal voltage gain.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

8

EC 207

LOGIC CIRCUIT DESIGN

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION

ENGINEERING

COURSE: : LOGIC CIRCUIT DESIGN SEMESTER: 3 CREDITS: 3

COURSE CODE: EC207 COURSE TYPE: CORE

REGULATION: 2016

COURSE AREA/DOMAIN: Electronics CONTACT HOURS: 4 hours/Week.

CORRESPONDING LAB COURSE CODE LAB COURSE NAME: Nil

(IF ANY): NIL

SYLLABUS:

UNIT DETAILS HOURS

I Number systems- decimal, binary, octal, hexa decimal, base

conversion , 6 hours

1‟s and 2‟s complement, signed number representation Binary

arithmetic, binary subtraction using 2‟s complement ,Binary codes

(grey, BCD and Excess-3), Error detection and correcting codes :

Parity(odd, even), Hamming code (7,4), Alphanumeric codes : ASCII

II Logic expressions, Boolean laws, Duality, De Morgan's law, Logic

functions and gates , Canonical forms: SOP, POS, Realisation of 8 hours

logic expressions using K- map (2,3,4 variables),Design of

combinational circuits – adder, subtractor, 4 bit adder/subtractor,

BCD adder, MUX, DEMUX, Decoder, BCD to 7 segment decoder,

Encoder, Priority encoder, Comparator (2/3 bits)

(only for assignments) ,NAND in TTL (totem pole, open collector and tri-

state), CMOS:NAND, NOR, and NOT in CMOS, Comparison of logic 7 hours

families (TTL,ECL,CMOS) in terms of fan-in, fan-out, supply voltage,

propagation delay, logic voltage and current levels, power dissipation and

noise margin ,Programmable Logic devices - ROM, PLA, PAL,

implementation of simple circuits using PLA

IV Sequential circuits - latch, flip flop ( SR, JK, T, D), master slave JK FF,

conversion of FFs, excitation table and characteristic equations 8 hours

,Asynchronous and synchronous counter design, mod N counters, random

sequence generator

V Shift Registers - SIPO, SISO, PISO, PIPO, Shift registers with parallel

LOAD/SHIFT Shift register counter - Ring Counter and Johnson Counter 6 hours

.Mealy and Moore models, state machine ,notations, state diagram, state

table, transition table, excitation table, state equations

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Synchronous sequential circuit design - State equivalence ,State reduction 7 hours

– equivalence classes, implication chart

TOTAL HOURS 42

TEXT/REFERENCE BOOKS:

T/R BOOK TITLE/AUTHORS/PUBLICATION

1 Donald D Givone, Digital Principles and Design, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003.

2 John F Wakerly, Digital Design Principles and Practices, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007

3 Ronald J Tocci, Digital Systems, Pearson Education, 11th edition 2010

4 Thomas L Floyd, Digital Fundamentals, Pearson Education, 8th edition, 2003.

5 Moris Mano, Digital Design, Prentice Hall of India, 3rd edition, 2002

6 John M Yarbrough, Digital Logic Applications and Design, Cenage learning, 2009

7 David Money Harris, Sarah L Harris, Digital Design and Computer Architecture,

Morgan Kaufmann – Elsevier, 2009

COURSE PRE-REQUISITES:

Sl No: COURSE NAME DESCRIPTION SEM

1. Basics of Electronics Basic knowledge of Electronics and 1&

Engineering Communication Systems 2

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

Sl. DESCRIPTION

No.

1 To work with a positional number systems and numeric representations

2 To introduce basic postulates of Boolean algebra and show the correlation between

Boolean expression

3 To outline the formal procedures for the analysis and design of combinational

circuits and sequential circuits

4

To study the fundamentals of HDL

5

To design and implement combinational circuits using basic programmable blocks

6

To design and implement synchronous sequential circuits

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

COURSE OUTCOMES:

Sl. DESCRIPTION

No.

1 Ability to understand basic principles of digital circuits and different

number systems

2 Ability to derive and analyze logic expressions and circuits using Boolean

laws and K-map

3 Ability to design and analyze combinational circuits like adders,

multiplexers, Encoders,PLA, ROM etc

4 Ability to analyse sequential circuits

5 Ability design various counter circuits

6 Ability to understand the difference between different shift registers like

Serial in serial out,parallel in parallel out etc

7 Abiltiy to understand and design Mealy and Moore State Machine

PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 PO12 PSO1 PSO2 PSO

CO1 3 2 2 1 2 2 2

CO2 2 1 3 2

CO3 3 2 3 2 2 2

CO4 3 2 3 2 2 2

CO5 2 2 2 1

CO6 2 2 2 1

CO7 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

EC

2.57 2 2.4 1.75 2 2 2 2 1.66

207

PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO12 PSO1 PSO2 PSO3

CO Knowledg Knowledg Basic Basic Basic Fundam Funda

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problems problems data in Digital develop industr

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

domain ics c researc

domain systems h

CO Concepts Concepts Concepts Concept

2 of of Boolean of s of

Boolean Algebra Boolean Boolean

Algebra helps to Algebra Algebra

aids in analyze help to helps

finding complex develop electroni

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ng

problems

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Semester III, Course Hand-Out

helps to helps l circuits circuits circuits circuit

find digital helps help to helps s

solutions electronics digital do electroni serves

for engineers electronic analysis cs the

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Semester III, Course Hand-Out

problems cation and industr

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electronics to electroni

& develop c

communic solutions commun

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complex systems

Engineeri

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problems

CO Knowledg Knowledg Basic Basic State Knowl Basic Fundam Funda

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helps to helps Machines State design State State Machine State

find Electronics help to Machine using Machi Machin s helps Machi

solutions engineers develop s help to Electro nes es is electroni nes

for to analyze solutions do nic helps necessa cs serves

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etc areas

REQUIREMENTS:

Sl. DESCRIPTION PROPOSED ACTIONS PO Mapping

No.

1 Practical Applications of Counter Assignment 1,3

Circuits

2 Self Correcting, Self Checking Lecture 1,3

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

counter design

3 Implementation of State Assignment 1,2,3

Machines

PROPOSED ACTIONS: TOPICS BEYOND SYLLABUS/ASSIGNMENT/INDUSTRY

VISIT/GUEST LECTURER/NPTEL ETC

Sl. DESCRIPTION PO Mapping

No.

1 Self Correcting and Self Checking Counter design 1,3

2 Different Logic Circuit implementation using Multiplexers 1,2,3

Sl. DESCRIPTION PO Mapping

No.

1 Design of UP/DOWN Counters and Mode Counters 1,3

2 Design of logic circuits using Multiplexers 1,2,3

3 Design of Code Converters 1,3

4 Design of State Machines 1,2,3

5 State Reduction Techniques 1

Sl. DESCRIPTION

No.

1 http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/video.php?subjectId=117106086

2 http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/117101001/

3 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CeD2L6KbtVM

4 http://zebu.uoregon.edu/~rayfrey/432/DigitalNotes.pdf

5 http://www.indianshout.com/digital-electronics-notes-material/3023

6 http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/teaching/0708/DigElec/Digital_Electronics_pdf.pdf

7 http://www.university.youth4work.com/Study-

Material/Digital+Electronics+and+Communication+Systems-Lecture

8 http://www.educationobserver.com/forum/showthread.php?tid=10047

DELIVERY/INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGIES:

☐ CHALK & ☐ STUD. ☐ WEB

TALK ASSIGNMEN RESOURCES

T

☐ LCD/SMART ☐ STUD. ☐ ADD-ON

BOARDS SEMINARS COURSES

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

methodologies actually employed (including design and analysis assessment) in spreadsheet

format after the completion of each semester]

☐ ☐ STUD. ☐ ☐ UNIV.

ASSIGNMEN SEMINARS TESTS/MOD EXAMINATI

TS EL EXAMS ON

☐ STUD. LAB ☐ STUD. VIVA ☐ MINI/MAJOR ☐

PRACTICES PROJECTS CERTIFICATIONS

☐ ADD-ON ☐ OTHERS

COURSES

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-INDIRECT

☐ ASSESSMENT OF COURSE ☐ STUDENT FEEDBACK ON

OUTCOMES (BY FEEDBACK, FACULTY (TWICE)

ONCE)

☐ ASSESSMENT OF MINI/MAJOR ☐ OTHERS

PROJECTS BY EXT. EXPERTS

Prepared by Approved by

(Course In-charge)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

SL

NO MODULE TOPICS

Binary codes (grey, BCD and Excess-3), Error detection and correcting

5 1 codes : Parity(odd, even)

16 3 Basics of modeling

18 3 Logic levels, propagation delay, fan in, fan out, noise immunity

NAND in TTL (totem pole, open collector and tri-state), CMOS:NAND,

20 3 NOR, and NOT in CMOS

Comparison of logic families (TTL,ECL,CMOS) in terms of fan-in, fan-

out, supply voltage, propagation delay, logic voltage and current levels,

21 3 power dissipation and noise margin

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

25 4 Master slave JK FF

34 4 Mod N counters

47 6 State equivalence

48 6 State reduction

50 6 Implication chart

51 6 Implication chart

52 6 Buffer Class

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

ASSIGNMENT 1

1.Convert RN to binary,octal,hexadecimal

5. Find the application of signed number,1‟s complement and 2‟s complement form

ASSIGNMENT 2

ASSIGNMENT 3

UNIT 1

2. Find the octal equivalent of the decimal number64

3. What is meant by weighted and non-weightedcoding?

4. Convert A3BH and 2F3H into binary and octalrespectively

5. Find the decimal equivalent of(123)9

6. Find the octal equivalent of the hexadecimal numberAB.CD

7. Encode the ten decimal digits in the 2 out of 5code

8. Show that the Excess – 3 code is self–complementing

9. Find the hexadecimal equivalent of the octal number153.4

10. Find the decimal equivalent of(346)7

11. A hexadecimal counter capable of counting up to at least (10,000)10 is to

beconstructed.

12. What is the minimum number of hexadecimal digits that the counter musthave?

13. Convert the decimal number 214 tohexadecimal

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

15. Give an example of a switching function that contains only cyclic prime implicant

16. Give an example of a switching function that for which the MSP from is notunique

UNIT 2.

18. What is primeimplicant?

19. Find the value of X = A B C (A+D) if A=0; B=1; C=1 andD=1

20. What are „minterms‟ and„maxterms‟?

21. State and prove Demorgan‟stheorem

22. Find the complement of x+yz

23. Define the following : minterm andterm

24. What theorem is used when two terms in adjacent squares of K map arecombined?

25. How will you use a 4 input NAND gate as a 2 input NANDgate?

26. How will you use a 4 input NOR gate as a 2 input NORgate?

27. Show that the NAND connection is notassociative

28. What happens when all the gates is a two level AND-OR gate network are

replacedby

29. NORgates?

30. What is meant by multilevel gatesnetworks?

31. Show that the NAND gate is a universal buildingblock

32. Show that a positive logic NAND gate is the same as a negative logic NOTgate

33. Distinguish between positive logic and negativelogic

34. Implement AND gate and OR gate using NANDgate

35. What is the exact number of bytes in a system that contains (a) 32K byte, (b)

64Mbytes, and (c) 6.4Gbyte?

36. List the truth table of thefunction:

37. F = x y + x y‟ + y‟z

38. How will you build a full adder using 2 half adders and an ORgate?

39. Implement the switching function Y= BC‟ + A‟B +D

40. Draw 4 bit binary paralleladder

41. Write down the truth table of a fulladder

42. Write down the truth table of a full substractor

43. Write down the truth table of a half substractor

44. Define Combinationalcircuits

45. Define Half and Fulladder

12. Design the combinational circuit with 3 inputs and 1 output. The output is 1

whenthe

13. binary value of the inputs is less than 3.The output is 0otherwise

14. Define half sub tractor and full subtractor

15. Whatisadecoderandobtaintherelationbetweenthenumberofinputs„n‟andoutputs

16. „m‟ of adecoder?

17. Distinguish between a decoder and ademultiplexer

18. Using a single IC 7485 ; draw the logic diagram of a 4 bitcomparator

19. what isdecoder

20. What do you mean byencoder?

21. Write the short notes on priorityencoder

22. What is multiplexer? Draw the logic diagram of8 to 1 linemultiplexer

23. What do you mean bycomparator?

45. How many parity bits are required to form Hamming code if massage bits are6?

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

47. Generate the even parity Hamming codes for the

following binarydata 1101,1001

48. A seven bit Hamming code is received as 11111101. What is the correctcode?

49. Compare static RAMs and dynamicRAMs

50. Define Priorityencoder

UNIT 3

24. DefineHDL

25. What do you mean by carry propagationdelay?

26. What is codeconverter?

27. Give short notes on Logic simulation and Logicsynthesis

28. What do you mean by functional and timingsimulation?

29. What do you mean by testbench?

30. Give short notes on simulation versussynthesis

31. WritetheHDLdescriptionofthecircuitspecifiedbythefollowingBooleanfunction

32. X=AB+ACD+BC‟

33. How does ROM retaininformation?

34. Distinguish between PAL andPLA

35. Give the classification ofmemory

36. What is refreshing? How it isdone?

37. What is Hammingcode?

38. Write a short notes on memorydecoding

39. List the basic types of programmable logicdevices

40. What is PAL? How it differ from PROM andPLA?

41. Write a short notes on –PROM,EPROM,EEPROM

UNIT 4

1. What are the advantages of using a microprocessor to implement a counter rather than

the conventional method (flip-flop and logic gates)?

2. Design a 5-bit Ring/Johnson counter.

3. Design a divide-by-6 counter using minimum number of flip-flops.

5. Design a full adder and realize using 2 input NOR gates.

6. Design a full subtractor and realize using 2 input NAND gates.

7. Realize the following function F = Σ (1, 2, 5) + Σd (0,3)

8. Design and setup a 3-bit mod controlled up/down ripple counter.

9. Design a 4 bit down counter.

10. Design a mod-9 counter.

11. Design a mod-12 counter.

12. Design a mod-5 counter.

UNIT 5

2. Design and set up a 4- bit Johnson counter.

3. Design and set up an adder/ subtractor circuit using IC 7483.

4. Design and set up an asynchronous mod 6 counter.

5. Design and set up a mod 5 asynchronous counter.

6. Set up a 7- segment static display system to display numbers 0 to 9.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

8. Compare ROM and PLA.

9. Compare Mealy and Moore state machine.

UNIT 6

25. Explain with example the steps involved in analysis of clocked synchronous

sequential networks.

26. Reduce the following state table using implication chart.

Present Next state/ Output

state 00 01 10 11

a a/0 a/0 b/1 c/0

b a/0 b/0 d/0 f/1

c c/0 b/0 b/1 a/0

d d/0 c/0 e/1 c/0

e a/0 e/0 b/1 c/0

f e/0 e/0 f/0 f/0

27. Construct the state diagram for a Mealy machine that will detect the following

input sequences: x = 01101 or 01111. If input sequence x = 01101 is met, cause

Present Next state/ Output

state 00 01 10 11

a a/0 a/0 b/0 c/1

b a/0 b/0 b/0 c/0

c a/1 b/1 d/0 e/0

d a/1 b/1 d/0 e/0

e e/0 e/0 f/0 f/1

f b/0 b/0 f/0 a/0

29. A sequential network has two inputs (X1, X2) and one output (Z). The output remains

a constant value unless one of the following input sequences occurs:

a. The input sequence X1X2= 01, 11 causes the output to become 0.

b. The input sequence X1X2= 10, 11 causes the output to become 1.

c. The input sequence X1X2= 10, 01 causes the output to change value.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

10

EC 231

ELECTRONIC DEVICES & CIRCUITS LAB

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

PROGRAMME:

ENGINEERING

SEMESTER: S3 CREDITS:

CIRCUITS LAB

REGULATION: 2015 BREADTH/ S&H

COURSE AREA/DOMAIN:

CONTACT HOURS: 3 hours/week.

BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS

LAB COURSE NAME: N. A.

ANY): N.A.

SYLLABUS:

S

2 RC integrating and differentiating circuits (Transient analysis with different inputs and 3

frequency repsonse)

3 3

Clipping and clamping circuits (Transients and transfer charatcteristics)

4 Full-wave rectifiers - with and without filter - ripple factor and regulation 3

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

12 Feedback amplifiers (current series, voltage series) - gain and frequency response 3

20 Schmitt trigger 3

TEXT/REFERENCE BOOKS:

R Pulse, Digital and Switching Waveforms / Millman and Taub / McGraw Hill

COURSE PRE-REQUISITES:

04 syllabus)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

syllabus)

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

2

electronic components

COURSE OUTCOMES:

S. PO, PSO

N DESCRIPTION MAPPIN

O G

Student should be able to understand the working of analog circuits like PO-1,2,3

1

rectifiers, clippers, clampers etc. PSO-1

Student should be able to design and implement circuits like RC coupled PO-1,2,3

2

amplifier, tuned amplifier, schmitt trigger etc. PSO-1

Student should be able to design and demonstrate the functioning of regulators, PO-1,2,3

3

oscillators and power amplifiers. PSO-1

Students should be able to analyze and interpret the characteristics of diodes PO-1,2,3

4

and transistors. PSO-1

5

to accomplish the given task. PSO-3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 O 9 O O O 1 2 3

8 10 11 12

CO1 3 3 3 3

CO2 3 3 3 3

CO3 3 3 3 3

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

CO4 3 3 3 3

CO5 3

EC01 3 3 3 3 3

0 801

OF THE TABLE ABOVE.

P P P P

PO P PO PO PO PO PSO PS PS

PO1 PO3 O O O O

2 O5 9 10 11 12 1 O2 O3

4 6 7 8

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Semester III, Course Hand-Out

t the circ ng

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uits

Dev

Wo elop

C rk prof

O in a essi

5 tea onal

m ethi

cs

REQUIREMENTS:

SNO DESCRIPTION PROPOSED ACTIONS

SYLLABUS/ASSIGNMENT/INDUSTRY VISIT/GUEST LECTURER/NPTEL ETC

TOPICS BEYOND SYLLABUS/ADVANCED TOPICS/DESIGN:

Description PO Mapping

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

frequency response characteristics.

fold back protection.

ripple factors.

1 www.nptel.iit.a.c.in

DELIVERY/INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGIES:

☐ CHALK & TALK ☐ STUD. ☐ WEB

ASSIGNMENT RESOURCES

BOARDS SEMINARS COURSES

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-DIRECT

☐ ASSIGNMENTS ☐ STUD. ☐ TESTS/MODEL ☐ UNIV.

SEMINARS EXAMS EXAMINATION

PRACTICES PROJECTS CERTIFICATIONS

☐ ADD-ON ☐ OTHERS

COURSES

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-INDIRECT

(BY FEEDBACK, ONCE) FACULTY (TWICE)

BY EXT. EXPERTS

Prepared by Approved by

Swapna Davies, Rithu James, Maleeha Abdul Azeez Dr. Jobin K Antony

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

10.3

SL. No Experiment Day

1 Diode Characteristics Day 1

2 Diode Characteristics Day 1

3 RC LP and HP Circuits Day 2

4 RC LP and HP Circuits Day 2

5 Clipping and Clamping Circuits Day 3

6 Clipping and Clamping Circuits Day 3

7 Fullwave Rectifier Day 4

8 Fullwave Rectifier Day 4

9 Transistor CE Characteristics Day 5

10 Transistor CE Characteristics Day 5

11 DC Voltage Regulators Day 6

12 DC Voltage Regulators Day 6

13 RC Coupled Amplifier Day 7

14 RC Coupled Amplifier Day 7

15 Power Amplifiers Day 8

16 Power Amplifiers Day 8

RC Phase Shift and Wien Bridge Day 9

17

Oscillators

RC Phase Shift and Wien Bridge Day 9

18

Oscillators

19 MOSFET CS Characteristics Day 10

20 MOSFET CS Characteristics Day 10

21 Multivibrators Day 11

22 Multivibrators Day 11

23 Tuned Amplifier Day 12

24 Tuned Amplifier Day 12

25 Lab Exam Day 13

26 Lab Exam Day 13

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

2. What is the effect of Zener voltage when temperature is varying? Diagram.

3. Explain what does the arrow head represent in the schematic symbol of a p-n

junction?

4. Name the breakdown mechanism in a lightly doped and highly doped p-n junction

under reverse biased condition.

5. What are the other names for clipper & clamper circuits?

6. A resistance of 1 Kilo ohm is connected in parallel with a ideal diode, this whole

combination is connected in series with the another 1 kilo ohm resistor, this whole

circuit is connected with the 30 V supply. Calculate the:-

a. Current drawn by the whole circuit.

b. Current flow in the diode connected branch.

c. Current flow in the resistance which is parallel with the diode.

d. Output voltage i.e. voltage across the output resistance.

7. Obtain the following transfer characteristics from a sine wave input. Use 2.6V DC

source.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

10. Draw a circuit to obtain two sinusoidal signals which are 180° out of phase with each

other.

11. Draw the output waveform of the following circuit with a sine wave input of ±8Vpp.

12. Design the following circuit with a sine wave input of ±8Vpp. Draw the output

waveform and transfer character for the circuit.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

14. Sketch i versus v to scale for each of the circuits shown below. Assume that the

diodes are ideal and allow v to range from -10 V to +10 V.

15. Draw the output waveform and transfer character of the circuit shown below

[Mark -2]

16. Sketch the output waveform for RC integrator for square wave input for the following

conditions:-

a. RC<<T

b. RC>>T

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

17. Obtain the circuit for the transfer characteristics without using voltage sources. Also

draw the waveform. Consider input of 20VP-P.

A. DC B. hFE

20. In a _________ when the diode is ON, the output follows the input.

A) Series diode clipper B) Shunt diode clipper

C) Comparator D) Clamper

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

11

EC 223

ELECTRONIC DESIGN & AUTOMATION LAB

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Communication Engineering

COURSE: Electronic Design Automation SEMESTER: THREE CREDITS: 1

Lab

COURSE CODE: EC233REGULATION: COURSE TYPE: CORE

COURSE AREA/DOMAIN: CONTACT HOURS: 0 (Lecture) +0

(Tutorial) +3 (practical) hours/Week.

CORRESPONDING LAB COURSE CODE LAB COURSE NAME:

(IF ANY):

SYLLABUS:

UNIT DETAILS HOURS

I Introduction about lab, Introduction to Pspice, Potential divider network, 3 hrs.

RC integrating and differentiating circuits

II Clipping, Clamping circuits 3 hrs.

III Rectifiers,RCcoupled amplifier (Single stage) 3 hrs.

IV Diode, BJT characteristics 3 hrs.

V Truth table verification of basic and universal gates 3 hrs.

VI Introduction to MATLAB 3 hrs.

VII Solve the mathematical equations containing complex numbers, array, 3 hrs.

matrix multiplication and quadratic equations etc.

Obtain different types of plots (2D/3D, surface plot, polar plot).

VIII Generate and plot various signals like sine square, pulse in same window. 3 hrs.

Solve node, mesh and loop equations of simple electrical/network circuits.

IX Introduction to HDL, Xilinx ISE 3 hrs.

X Basic gates/universal gates. Combinational Circuits (Half adder/Half 3 hrs.

subtractor).

XI Full adder in 3 modelling styles 3 hrs.

XII Multiplexer/De-multiplexer. 3 hrs.

TOTAL HOURS 24 hrs

TEXT/REFERENCE BOOKS:

T/R BOOK TITLE/AUTHORS/PUBLICATION

1 Muhammad H. Rashid,”Introduction to Pspice Using OrCAD for Circuits and

Electronics” Pearson

2 RudraPratap, “Getting Started With Matlab Quick Introduction For Scientists And

Engineers”, OXFORD university press

3 J Bhasker, “Verilog Hdl Synthesis: A Practical Primer“ , BS publications

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

COURSE PRE-REQUISITES:

BE 101- Introduction to Electronics Krichoff‟s Voltage law and Current 1

04 Engineering law, Basic Circuits

EC205 Electronic Circuits RC Circuits, BJT biasing, 3

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

1 The primary objective of this course is to familiarize the students, how to simulate the

electronics/digital circuits, signals and systems using the soft-wares which are available

for the modern design methodologies for the rapid design and verification of complex

electronic systems.

COURSE OUTCOMES:

SNO DESCRIPTION PO

MAPPING

1 Ability to use EDA tools (PSPICE, MATLAB & Xilinx ISE) 1,2,4,5,

for solving engineering problems

Verilog HDL.

3 Gain expertise in using EDA tools (PSPICE, MATLAB & 1,4,5,12

Xilinx ISE)

4 Ability to analyze circuit operation & characteristics from 1,2,5

simulation results.

5 Ability to generate different plots using MATLAB or 1,5

PSPICE

PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO7 PO12 PSO1 PSO2 PSO3

CO1 3 2 2 3 1 3

CO2 3 2 2 1 2 3

CO3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1

CO4 2 2 2 1 2

CO5 1 3 1 1

EC233 1.75 2 3 2 2.6 1 1 1.4 2.4 1

Various Analyses,

Used for Rapid Modern Tools used for

anlyses design and

CO1 design Solving the Engineering

used for synthesis of

&Deveopments issues

Problem experiments

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Investigation

HW can be

designed to

Tools are used

Hardware meets

for Rapid HW

designed for EMI/EMC

design and Modern Tools used for

inorder to aspects for

CO2 Developments, Solving the Engineering

solve the

which meets issues

complex Environment

the

problems and

requirements

sustainability

purpose

Various

Expertise

analyses Competency can be

gained can be

methods can improved on performing

CO3 used for

be used for more experiments using

solving

Investigation modern tools

problems

of issues

Problem

Simulatio

Simulation analysis

can be use

results can be can be

steppin

used as an done by

CO4 h

input for DC,AC

education/

solving and

these lea

Engg.Problems Transient

ut

Analysis

Various plots

Circuit

can be used as

behaviour/characteristics

CO5 an input for

can be plotted using

solving

modern tools.

Engg.Problems

REQUIREMENTS:

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

No.

1

2

VISIT/GUEST LECTURER/NPTEL ETC

Sl. DESCRIPTION PO MAPPING

No.

1 Implementation of boolean equations using multiplexer and 1,3,4,12

demultiplexer

Sl. DESCRIPTION PO MAPPING

No.

1

2

3

1 NPTEL

2 http://www.orcad.com/resources/orcad-tutorials

3 http://www.ee.nmt.edu/~rison/ee321_fall02/Tutorial.html

4 https://in.mathworks.com/support/learn-with-matlab-tutorials.html

5 www.math.utah.edu/~eyre/computing/matlab-intro/

6 http://www.referencedesigner.com/tutorials/verilog/verilog_01.php

7 https://docs.numato.com/kb/learning-fpga-verilog-beginners-guide-part-1-

introduction/

DELIVERY/INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGIES:

☐CHALK & TALK ☐STUD. ☐WEB

ASSIGNMENT RESOURCES

☐LCD/SMART ☐ STUD. ☐ADD-ON

BOARDS SEMINARS COURSES

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-DIRECT

☐ASSIGNMENTS ☐STUD. ☐TESTS/MODEL ☐ EXAMINATION

SEMINARS EXAMS

☐STUD. LAB ☐STUD. VIVA ☐ MINI/MAJOR ☐

PRACTICES PROJECTS CERTIFICATIONS

☐ADD-ON ☐ OTHERS

COURSES

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES-INDIRECT

(BY FEEDBACK, ONCE) FACULTY (TWICE)

☐ASSESSMENT OF MINI/MAJOR ☐ OTHERS

PROJECTS BY EXT. EXPERTS

Prepared by Approved

by

Mariya Vincent

(HOD)

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

Course Plan

Day Experiments

Introduction about lab, Introduction to Pspice, Potential divider network,

1

RC integrating and differentiating circuits

2 Clipping circuits, Clamping circuits

Introduction to MATLAB

Generate and plot various signals like sine square, pulse in same window.

Solve node, mesh and loop equations of simple electrical/network

5 circuits.

Generate and plot various signals like sine squares, pulse in same window.

Solve node, mesh and loop equations of simple electrical/network

circuits.

6 Introduction to HDL, Xilinx ISE

Basic gates/universal gates. Combinational Circuits (Half adder/Half

7

subtractor).

Basic gates/universal gates. Combinational Circuits (Half adder/Half

8

subtractor).

9 Full adder in 3 modelling styles.

10 Multiplexer/De-multiplexer.

11 Examples in HDL

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

5. State the function of the following pins with respect to the IC 555.

9. Draw pin diagram of μA741c. Differentiate between open loop and closed loop

10. Draw ideal voltage transfer curve for Op-amp under open loop and closed loop

13. Draw the diagram for getting VO α V1 V2 and give the expression at the output of each

stage.

14. Draw and explain inverting zero crossing detector. Draw output waveform for

sinusoidal input.

15. Suggest the circuit to generate square wave signal from sine wave input .Draw the

16. Draw the diagram of basic integrator and derive the equation for its output voltage.

17. Draw frequence response of i) Low pass filter ii) High pass filter iii) Band pass filter

18. Draw the circuit of instrumentation amplifier using 3-opamp and derive the equation

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

19. Determine the output voltage for open loop Inverting amplifier if Vin = 20mV dc and

20. Draw the designed circuit for getting output voltage Vo = - (Va+Vb+Vc)/3 and suggest

21. Draw the neat ideal and practical frequency responses with correct labeling for i) First

22. Draw neat circuit of first order HP Butterworth filter. Derive the equation for gain of

the filter.

23. Design a notch filter for the frequency of 100Hz. Draw the designed ckt. With

frequency response.

24. Design first order LP Butterworth filter at a cutoff frequency of 1 KHz with pass band

gain of 2.

25. Draw the circuit of voltage to current converter and show how output current depends

Calculate the duty cycle of it with Ra= 3.3K_, Rb= 10K_ and c= 0.047μF.

28. Draw the circuit of narrow band reject filter with labeled frequency response and

29. Design a second order high pass Butterworth filter with a cut off frequency 1.5 KHz.

30. Draw the block diagram of PLL system and explain its working?

31. Draw and explain touch plate switch using IC 555 timer.

32. Design a simple circuit of water level detector using IC 555 timer.

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

33. Design a wide band pass filter with lower cut off frequency 200Hz and higher cut

Semester III, Course Hand-Out

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