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Dean Austin P. Esma, et al.

, “Sight of touch: The lived experience of the blind masseurs and

masseuses in Cebu City.”, this research study aimed to understand the lived experiences of the
blind masseurs and masseuses in term of their transformation from being blind and unemployed
to being part of the workforce of the society. The informants included were licensed masseur or
masseuse who are totally blind due to adventitious cause, age ranging from 18-50 years old.
The informants were interviewed for data gathering. This research is based on the Hermeneutic
Phenomenology and Van Manen Methodology. After thorough analysis and interpretation, five
essential themes emerged: (1) When Color Fade Away, (2) A Glimpse of Light, (3) Pursuit of
Happiness, (4) Fight for the Light, and (5) Reaching the Light at the End of the Tunnel. The first
essential theme has 4 sub themes: Depression, Constraints and Limitations, Self-Pity and
Society Looks Down on You. This theme discusses about the series of patterns of negative
emotions and struggles the informants went through when such life-changing situation,
blindness, happened to them. The second essential theme talks about the process of accepting
and slowly adjusting to their condition. It has 3 sub themes: Process of Accepting, Only Eyes are
Impaired, and Faith in God. Third is Pursuit of Happiness wherein the informants draw their
inspiration from the support of the family and friends to continue in life. 3 sub themes are under
this essential theme: Love, Inspiration and Support System, Plans for the Future, Hardwork and
Determination. The fourth essential theme, talks about the challenges and trials of the
informants as they encountered during their training and in work as a masseur or masseuse.
And the lastly, Reaching the Light at the End of the Tunnel, talks about how the informants feel
like they got back to the society, be independent physically and financially, and be contented in
life despite the blindness.

Poserio, L. and Tan, F., “In Your Eyes: The Inclusion, Control and Affection Needs of the
Philippine National School for the Blind Students and Their Use of Communication
Technologies” (2010), this study discover the formation of relationship between the visually
impaired children of the Philippine National School for the Blind and their significant others,
According to the manner of self-disclosure, expression of their needs of inclusion, control,
affection, and other needs, and the use of new technology to communicate. The related study
suggests that much of the assistance received by the visually impaired individuals comes from
their families. This study aim to discover the role of communication in establishing the
relationship of visually impaired children and their significant others.

Amani Meaidi, et al., “The sensory construction of dreams and nightmare frequency in
congenitally blind and late blind individuals” (2014), this study aims investigate how the
congenital and acquired absence of vision affects the sensory, emotional, and thematic content
of dreams. Analyses of dream reports collected from sighted individuals show that dreams
contain the experience of different sensory modalities. Whereas vision is present in nearly all
dreams, auditory and tactile sensations are experienced in 40–60% and 15–30% of dreams,
respectively. In sharp contrast olfactory and gustatory sensations are rare, occurring in less than
1% of dreams. The predominance of visual content in dreams raises the question to which
extent the absence or loss of vision will affect the sensory construction of dreams. In line with
the continuous hypothesis of Hall and Van de Castle which contends that dream content is
continuous with waking cognition and behavior, visual deprivation should lead to a
reorganization of the sensory composition and the emotional and thematic content of dreams.

Rand Allingham, “Assessment of Visual Status of the Aeta, a Hunter-Gatherer Population of the
Philippines” (2008), this study describes a small-scale screening study designed to evaluate the
types and relative frequency of vision-related disorders among the Aeta, an isolated population
living in a remote region of the Philippines. Visual impairment and blindness were relatively
common among the Aeta, particularly among the older age-groups. The most common causes
of vision loss in this population were cataract and refractive error, both of which are readily
amenable to treatment. It is possible that the absence of observed open-angle and angle-
closure glaucoma among the Aeta is due to the limited sample size. However, it is also possible
that the prevalence of these common forms of glaucoma is very low in this population compared
to others. The leading cause of blindness in developing nations is cataract; it was therefore not
surprising to find that cataract was also the largest single cause of visual impairment and
blindness in the Aeta population. A number of the Aeta had sought ophthalmic treatment, mostly
for cataracts. Seven individuals had had cataract surgery; 6 were pseudophakic and 1 was
aphakic, all of whom were men. It is not clear whether this represents a statistical aberration or
may reflect variable access to healthcare based on gender.