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PTE Test plus Test 1- Summarize spoken Text

1. Audio 25- Page 47- Model Answer Page 180

The technological nature is a picture of a natural scene using computer


graphics, a test was conducted whether this has the same impact on
people health as a real view. So a group of people was put in a room
with a real view and another group with a virtual view. Thus, the group
of people with a real view recover faster from stress than the other
group. - (68 words)

Ragini-

Technological nature is a virtual view of natural scenes. It has a great


impact on the health of well-beings of stressed people; however, these
unreal views could not overpower the real views. For example, as per
the experiment conducted on some individuals who were placed in a
room with a real garden outside the window shows speedy recovery
than others in a room with paintings of the garden.

Comments- Its perfect- Just missed one article before real garden- It
will come as a real garden

2. Audio 26- Page 47- Model Answer Page 180


In criminal trials memories are basic and legal teams depend on their
witnesses statements; however, during cross-examination, if new
information is presented then their memory can be unreliable. For
example, a research was conducted to find out this when a subject of a
video of crime was shown the witnesses will add new information that
was not presented. As a result, this will distort their memory of events.
(69 words)

Ragini-

Memory plays a vital role in criminal trials; however, it is highly


unreliable, particularly, when a new material is being added in cross-
examination which was not earlier used. As per the research, witnesses
add a plethora of things which do not even exist at the crime scene.
Therefore, the introduction of a new material is highly likely to skew or
distort the memory of a person in court trials.

Comments- Its perfect- Just missed one article before introduction- the
introduction

PTE Test plus Test 2- Summarize spoken Text

1. Audio 65- Page 82- Model Answer Page 184

Proofreading is very easier to evaluate others writing than our own


work, but it can be improved by errors that we made and troubled in
the past which has to be eliminated. In addition, the work should be
organised with a clear idea and by checking the references and
citations. It would be better to take a break for a day or two to spot the
errors. (67 words)

Ragini-

The lecture was about the various techniques to be used in proofreading during the
autumn term. At the outset, need to have a strict check on grammar and punctuation,
furthermore, keep an eye on similar errors committed in the past, lastly, emphasized on
the logical structure of paragraphs which could be achieved by reading aloud. Overall,
there should be enough time to proofread your work before paper submission.

Ragini- Corrections

The lecture was about the various techniques to be used in


proofreading for ourselves. Firstly, we have to carefully check the
grammar, punctuation, and by eliminating the errors committed in the
past. Secondly, each paragraph should have a logical flow with distinct
ideas. Lastly, there should be enough time maybe a day or two to
proofread your work so it will be easy to spot the mistakes.

2. Audio 66-Page 82- Model Answer Page 184

There are three primary areas of concern of functioning of the local


government. Firstly, the citizens should take responsibility and
determine the types of services they would like to have. Secondly, the
creation of an effective mechanism between public service and public
servants. Finally, there should be a relationship between national and
local governments and its citizens, as in the past due to over-
centralization the citizens had faced the issues. (70 words)

Ragini-

There are three main areas of concern for people at local level in the town. Firstly, to make
them understand what services they need, secondly, to enable them to contribute in these
services, lastly, to create public services and public servants. These issues can be
overcome by reducing over directive centralism. Overall, the communication among the
national government, local bodies and citizens should be more transparent.

Ragini- Corrections

There are three main areas of concern for people at the local level in the town. Firstly, they
should understand the varieties of services they would require. Secondly, if citizens want
to receive these services, there should be a proper co-ordination between public services
and public servants. Lastly, the communication among the national government, local
bodies, and citizens should be more transparent.

PTE Test plus Test 3- Summarize spoken Text

1. Audio 105- Page109- Model Answer Page 189


Nowadays, there is an increasing trend of eco-tourism holidays by the
government and tourism sector which are supposed to protect the
environment and cultures. While in many cases this harms the social
culture and natural resources and it is just a marketing campaign by
the tourist companies. Now the main issue is how a prospect traveller
will identify such holidays who wants a genuine environment-friendly
holiday. (68 words)

Ragini-

Eco-tourism holidays are considered to play an indispensable role in


protecting and improving the environment and, therefore, it has
garnered tremendous support from the government and tourism
industry, however, it is found that it has adversely impacted the local
culture besides trapping individuals in the marketing strategies. To
conclude, if one feels being trapped in eco-tourism, explore a plethora
of other options of tourism such as culture and adventure.

Ragini- Corrections

Eco-tourism holidays are considered to play an indispensable role in


protecting and improving the environment, and therefore it has
garnered the tremendous support from the government and tourism
industry, however, it has found that it has adversely impacted the local
culture besides trapping individuals in the marketing strategies. To
conclude, if one wants to genuinely experience such holidays, then how
will he identify it?

2. Audio 106- Page 109- Model Answer Page 189

It is clearly evident that climate change is caused because of various


human activities. Over the past 200 years, due to increasing industrial
revolution in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere, the industries
emitted harmful gases in the atmosphere and the effects were so
voracious that the land and sea temperatures rose drastically across
the globe. While these effects have hampered the environment and this
issue has to be addressed urgently. (70 words)

Ragini-

In the given lecture speaker emphasize that the climate change is a result of human
actions. To begin with, around 200 years ago industries were being set up in
the northern hemisphere which has now spread in the most part of the world and
producing more harmful gases. To conclude, the industrial growth has adversely
impacted the climate and, therefore, it needs to be addressed immediately.

Ragini- Corrections

In the given lecture, the speaker emphasize that the climate change is a result of human
actions. To begin with, around 200 years ago the industries were set up in
the northern hemisphere which has now spread in the most parts of the world and are
producing more harmful gases. To conclude, the industrial growth has adversely
impacted the climate, therefore it needs to be addressed immediately.

PTE Test plus Test 4- Summarize spoken Text

1. Audio 145- Page109- Model Answer Page 193

Nowadays, people complain about the allergies from various types of


foods and fruits. It is the body that reacts to something that is going to
harm it and, as a result, the effects can be very mild or sometimes it
can be life-threatening. Sufferers; however, can avoid the contact that
triggers allergies, but if it is impossible then the histamines can be
prescribed to reduce the symptoms. (68 words)

Ragini-

The speaker discusses the various problems and solutions of allergies. To begin with,
allergy is a body reaction to something which is harmful to it and impact can be mild to
life-threatening. Furthermore, histamine released by the body and the less developed
hygiene conditions help in coping with allergic reactions in the later stage. To conclude,
avoidance of the main causes of allergies is the best way to cope up.

Ragini- Corrections

The speaker discusses the various problems and solutions of allergies. An allergy is a
body reaction to something which is harmful to it and the impact can be mild to life-
threatening. Furthermore, the histamine released by the body and the less developed
hygiene conditions help in coping with allergic reactions in the later stage. To conclude,
the best avoidance from allergy is to identify of the main cause.

2. Audio 146- Page109- Model Answer Page 193

The Europeans had the habit of reading travelling experiences of


various countries, but they had been keenly interested in America
because they themselves immigrated to America. Now there are two
views about America by the Europeans. One is the America is unique
and cannot be compared to other nations, whereas other says that
America is forerunner of various things than other countries. (63 words)

Ragini-

In the given lecture speaker discusses in the Europe, people like to know about travelling
via reading or electronic media which has highlighted America as the most dominant
country in the world. A reason for it could be that most Europeans have migrated to
America. Furthermore, nowadays there are two main questions whether America is
inevitable or imitable. To conclude, America is far ahead and represents the future of
Europeans.

Ragini- Corrections
The lecture discusses about the Europeans travelling experiences of various countries via
reading or electronic media, but they had the most interest in America, as they migrated to
America long ago. Nowadays there are two main views about whether America is
inevitable or imitable? One says the USA is very unusual country as compared to other,
while other says that the country is forerunner in each category than other nations.

Macmillan-Test 1- Part 3 Listening- Summarize Spoken Text

1. Audio 1.9- Page 36- Model Answer Page 148

Over the years, the loyalty has changed amongst the people which are the most important
criteria for running a successful company. Earlier, the people preferred long-term
employment in a same company with health care and pension benefits; however,
nowadays, this is not the same amongst the young employees and their loyalty is gauged
based on their trust and the kind of skills towards their employer. (65 words)

Ragini-

2. Audio 1.10- Page 36- Model Answer Page 148

The lecture says the importance of Latin writing and its literature. The first reason was it
is capable of great compression. Secondly, due to the nature of Roman educational
system it is linguistic and literary produced the finest orators and writers. The major
drawback, however, was the education was accessed only to the rich classes and, as a
result, the subject matter was limited in the social context. (67 words)

Ragini-
3. Audio 1.11- Page 36- Model Answer Page 148

The experts say that financial aid to the developing countries in the long run is inefficient.
Firstly, long-term aid to those countries who faced problems from drought and have few
industries. Secondly, emergency aid which requires providing the basic services in case
of the earthquake in Haiti. While just pumping in money will not eradicate the problems,
instead, the various institutions should build to organise and develop the social services.
(70 words)

Ragini-

Macmillan-Test 2- Part 3 Listening- Summarize Spoken Text

1. Audio 2.1- Page 74- Model Answer Page 155

Nowadays, the standards of the English language have fallen to such an extent that
students and graduates make numerous mistakes in the grammar, syntax and they often
use wrong words in the sentences. While the speaker says that in order to solve these
problems, the children should be taught about the right usage of grammar and framing
the right sentences. Thus, this will develop their right understanding of the language. (70
words)

2. Audio 2.2- Page 74- Model Answer Page 155

3. Audio 2.3- Page 74- Model Answer Page 155

The lecture says the reputation of the poets has changed gradually over the years like
fashions, particularly of Alexander Pope. Initially, he was idolised by his friends and
prolific writers, however, the Victorians and other poets criticised for not portraying the
natural scenes of the environment in his poetries that hampered his reputation. After the
1920s, he became more popular and his reputation was at the peak. (70 words)

Macmillan-Test 3- Part 3 Listening- Summarize Spoken Text

1. Audio 2.31- Page 106- Model Answer Page 160

The speaker tells us about psycho-geography which was first coined by the Frenchman
and it is not any academic subject. It is a study of the effects of geographical environment
on people emotions and behaviour and it includes buildings, landscape and climate.
Furthermore, it is basically an urban thing and people need to pay attention to the
surroundings as well as the entire atmosphere for their behaviour and emotions. (69
words)

2. Audio 2.32-Page 106-Model Answer Page 160

It is nearly impossible to describe the history of the novel without knowing its definition. It
started in the late 17th and early 18th centuries where renowned novelists published a
variety of novels. In addition, the Pilgrim prose had a profound effect on prose writing and
people, however, such terms often confuse the readers to define the novel. Instead, it
should define what it is and does? (67 words)

3. Audio 2.33-Page 106- Model Answer Page 160

The lecture tells that the philosopher conducted an experiment to imagine what goes or a
person thinks in his mind. Firstly, when we look at other people behaviours, talks, etc. we
can accurately forecast based on our personal experiences that how they will act in
particular situations. Yet, we cannot be sure the thought process that runs in their minds
and this is not only because of culture. (68 words)

Macmillan-Test 4- Part 3 Listening- Summarize Spoken Text

1. Audio 3.19- Page 137- Model Answer Page 166

The lecture says that in the beginning the English were an academic subject, however, as
demand increased the university did not take seriously as an academic curriculum. They
only accepted if it was made difficult. While many students think it is an easy subject, but
when they read it as a leisure activity they faced the difficulty. Instead, they should alone
read the set books for a suitable response. (69 words)

2. Audio 3.20-Page 137- Model Answer Page 166

The lecture tells about the behaviour of psychology of crowds when she caught up in an
accident that turned violent. Firstly, her reactions shifted from peaceful to violence, but
we do not behave in the same way with friends and relatives. Finally, when people are in a
crowd which is a collective mind of all individuals and each individual has a feeling of
freedom to behave in their own ways. (70 words)

3. Audio 3.21- Page 137- Model Answer Page 166

John Milton was the most popular for his poetry, particularly, for prose writing where he
wrote about social and political events and its situations. In addition to this, he also wrote
four books on the divorce, but the one book on the divorce was very famous as the
relevance of the text portrayed the defence of freedom of expression and against the
censorship. (63 words)