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Mahayahay, Iligan City

Basic Education Department

1st Preliminary Examination
21 Century Literature of the Philippines and the World

1st Semester, SY 2019-2020

Name: _________________________________ Permit Number: _______________

Class Schedule: ______________________________ Date: _________________________
Instructor: Maribess A. Alconcel Score: _________________________

I. Read and analyze the statements below then, answer the question that follows. Write
only the letter of your answer before each number. NO ERASURES

_____ 1. Which of the following is not a description of what is literature?

a. Literature is the best way to understand human nature fully and to know a nation
b. Literature is a term used to describe written of spoken material.
c. Literature came from the French word litera which means letters.
d. Literature deals with ideas, thoughts, and emotions of man.
_____ 2. ___________ is the Filipino equivalent of a Japanese haiku.
a. Dalit b. Tanaga c. Satire d. Parody
_____ 3. __________ is an ethnic group from the upland province of Abra in northwestern Luzon, in
the Philippines.
a. Tinguian b. Bukidnon c. Igorot d. Subanon
_____ 4. It is a type of short Filipino poem consisting of four lines with eight syllables.
a. Dalit b. Tanaga c. Legend d. Satire
_____ 5. A short tale to teach a moral lesson, often with animals or inanimate objects as characters.
a. legend b. myth c. folktales d. fable
_____ 6. He was recognised as National Artist for Literature (2001)
a. Mar Anthony Simon Dela Cruz b. F. Sionil Jose c. Jim Pascual Agustin
d. None of the Above/
_____ 7. “The Captian took a bath without his belly getting wet” is an example of
a. quote b. anecdote c. riddle d. poem
_____ 8. “Her hair is as dark as the night” is an example of
a. metaphor b. analogy c. essay d. hyperbole
_____ 9. “Equation of a Straight Line, Equation of a Circle” by Mar Anthony Simon Dela Cruz talks
a. spirit world and sorcery b. social and cultural differences
c. romance d. different generations
_____ 10. __________ explain the origin of things.
a. legends b. myths c. fable d. epic
_____ 11. __________ explain how the world was created.
a. legends b. myths c. fable d. epic
_____ 12. The language used in poetry to express its objective is:
a. expressed in ordinary form b. expressed in figurative langua
c. expressed in allegory d. none of the foregoing
_____ 13. “Spirit and Literature” by F. Sionil Jose talks about
a. his biography b. his mystical experiences
c. his family d. none of the foregoing
_____ 14. “Dasalan at Tocsohan” by Marcelo H. Del Pilar is an example of
a. satire b. parody
c. comedy d. tragedy
_____ 15. __________ is an example of satire.
a. Fray Botod b. The Creation Myth
c. The Widow’s Son d. Dasalan at Tocsohan
_____ 16. Biag ni Lam-Ang is an example of __________.
a. short story b. novel
c. fable d. epic
_____ 17. ___________ is a form of Literature that uses rhyme, rhythm, and symbolism.
a. prose b. poetry
c. novel d. fable
_____ 18. In prose, the first word of each sentence is ____________.
a. indented b. capitalized
c. underlined d. highlighted
_____ 19. The person speaking in a poem.
a. sender b. persona
c. addressee d. none of the foregoing
_____ 20. The artistic representation of a character.
a. characterization b. humorous character sketch
c. satire d. parody

II. Identify the statement and write your answer on the space provided after the number.

_____ 21. The author of a poem.

_____ 22. A piece of writing that deals with a particular theme and may be categorized as formal or
_____ 23. Used to comparing two things that are alike in certain aspects.
_____ 24. Used to refer to people’s sexual preference/orientation or gender identity.
_____ 25. Personality of a character is directly revealed through the use of descriptive adjectives,
phrases, and epithets.
_____ 26. Hindu Festival
_____ 27. A humorous piece of writing, drama, or music which imitates the style of a well-known person
or represents a familiar situation in an exaggerated way.
_____ 28. Poetry based on irregular rhythmic cadence of the recurrence.
_____ 29. A person who likes to dress like a person of the opposite sex.
_____ 30. A person who is attracted to people of the same sex.

III. Identify whether the statements are correct. Write T if the statement is True. If
False, replace the underlined word with the correct term. (2 points each) NO ERASURES

_____ 31. The Igorot tribe is the collective name of several Austronesian ethnic groups in the
Philippines, who inhabit the mountains of Luzon.
_____ 32. Poems are questions or statements that offer a puzzle to be solved.
_____ 33. Irrational fear of or discrimination against heterosexuals is called homophobia.
_____ 34. Transgender is someone who strongly identifies himself/herself with the opposite sex and
may seek to live as a member of this sex especially by undergoing surgery and hormone
_____ 35. Jim Pascual Agustin wrote the Song of a River Fool.
_____ 36. Indirect Characterization is a personality of a character that is revealed through his/her
speech, thoughts, effects on others, action, and appearance.
_____ 37. A person who is sexually attracted to both male and female is called heterosexual.

IV. Essay (6 points)

Why is literature an important aspect of society?