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(8 pages) Reg. No. : ........................................

Code No. : 7360 Sub. Code : HMAM 24

M.Sc. (CBCS) DEGREE EXAMINATION,


NOVEMBER 2015.

Second Semester

Mathematics

ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

(For those who joined in July 2012 onwards)

Time : Three hours Maximum : 75 marks

PART A — (10  1 = 10 marks)

Answer ALL questions.

Choose the correct answer :

1. The general second order linear differential


equation y" P x y'Q x y  Rx  is said to be
homogeneous if ––––––––––.

(a) P x   0 (b) Q x   0

(c) Rx   0 (d) none of these


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2. If two functions f x  and g x  are defined on [a,b]


and have the property that one is a constant
multiple of the other, then they are said to be
–––––––––– on [a,b].
(a) linearly independent
(b) linearly dependent
(c) f x   g x 

(d) none of these


3. The field of special functions was cultivated by –––
–––––––
(a) Euler (b) Jacobi
(c) both of these (d) None of these

4. The series n!x
n 0
n
is –––––––––– series for all

x 0 .
(a) Convergent (b) divergent
(c) oscilating (d) none of these
5. x  –––––––––– is a singular point of the equation
x 2 y"2xy'2 y  0.

(a) 1 (b) 2
(c) 0 (d) none of these

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6. A point x 0 is a –––––––––– point of


y" P x y'Q x y  0 if one or the other or both of
the coefficient functions px  and Q x  fails to be
analytic at x 0 .

(a) non singular (b) singular


(c) regular (d) none of these
7. Pn1  –––––––––– for every n .

(a) 0 (b) -1

(c) 1 (d) 1n


1 
8.    ––––––––––.
2

(a)  (b) 
1 1
(c) (d)
 

9. Any function y  f x  that satisfies an equation of


the form
pn x y  pn1 x y  ........  p1 x y  p0 x   0 where
n n1

each pi x  is a polynomial is called ––––––––––


function.
(a) the special (b) an algebraic
(c) transcendental (d) none of these

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10. For any value of p, the function J p x  has a/an


–––––––––– number of positive zeros.

(a) in finite (b) finite

(c) p (d) none of these

PART B — (5  5 = 25 marks)

Answer ALL questions choosing either (a) or (b).

11. (a) If y1 x  and y2 x  are any two solutions of


y" px y'Q x y  0 then prove that
c1 y1 x  c2 y2 x  is also a solution for any
constants C1 and C2 .

Or

(b) If y1 x  and y2 x  are two solutions of the


equation y" px y'Q x y  0 on [a,b] then
prove that they are linearly dependent on
this interval if and only if their Wronskian
W  y1 , y2   y1 y'2  y2 y'1 is identically zero.

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[P.T.O.]
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12. (a) Find a power series solution of the form

a xn
n
for the differential equation y' 2xy.

Also solve the equation directly.

Or

(b) Find a power series solution of the form

a xn
n
for the differential equation xy'  y.

Also solve the equation directly.

13. (a) Solve x 2 y" pxy'qy  0 .

Or

(b) Verify 1  x P  F  p,b,b,x  by examining


the series expansion of the function.

14. (a) Compute the first four successive legendre


polynomials.

Or

d
(b) Show that xJ1 x  xJ 0 x 
dx

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15. (a) If wt  is the Wronskian of the two solutions


x  x1 (t ), y  y1 t  and x  x 2 (t ), y  y2 t  of the
dx
homogeneous system  a1 t x  b1 t y;
dt
dy
 a2 t x  b2 t y, then prove that wt  is
dt
either identically zero or nowhere zero on
[a,b].
Or
(b) Solve the initial value problem
y' y, y0  1 using Picard’s method of
successive approximations.
PART C — (5  8 = 40 marks)

Answer ALL questions choosing either (a) or (b).

16. (a) Find the general solution of x 2 y" xy' y  0.

Or

(b) Find a particular solution of y" y  Cscx .

17. (a) Find the general solution of


1 x y"2xy'2 y  0
2
interms of power series
in x .

Or

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(b) Verify that the equation y" y'xy  0 has a


three-term recursion formula and find its
series solution y1 x  and y2 x  such that
(i) y1 0  1, y'1 0   0.

(ii) y2 0  1, y'2 0  1.

18. (a) Verify that the origin is a regular singular


point of the equation 2xy"3  x y' y  0 . Also
calculate two independent Frobenius series
solutions.

Or

(b) Show that the equation


x y"3xy' 4 x  4 y  0
2
has only one
Frobenius series solution. Find the general
solution.

1  0 if m  n

19. (a) Show that  Pm x Pn x dx   2
1  2n 1 if m  n

Or

(b) Show that

(i) 2J 1p x   J p1 x  J p1 x 

2P
(ii) J p x   J p1 x  J p1 x 
x

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20. (a) If the two solutions x  x1 t , y  y1 t  and


x  x 2 t  , y  y2 t  of the homogereous system
dx dy
 a1 t x  b1 t y;  a2 t x  b2 t y are
dt dt
linearly independent on [a,b] and if
x  x p t , y  y p t  is any particular
dx
solution of  a1 t x  b1 t y  f1 t ;
dt
dy
 a2 t  x  b2 t y  f2 t  on this interval,
dt
then prove that
x  c1 x1 t   c2 x 2 t   x p t ;
y  c1 y1 t  c2 y2 t  y p t  is the general
solution on [a,b].

Or
(b) Find the general solution of the system
dx dy
 3x  4 y;  x  y.
dt dt

———————

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