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# Wk 16

NOVEMBER 2015.

Second Semester

Mathematics

## 1. The general second order linear differential

equation y" P x y'Q x y  Rx  is said to be
homogeneous if ––––––––––.

(a) P x   0 (b) Q x   0

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## 2. If two functions f x  and g x  are defined on [a,b]

and have the property that one is a constant
multiple of the other, then they are said to be
–––––––––– on [a,b].
(a) linearly independent
(b) linearly dependent
(c) f x   g x 

## (d) none of these

3. The field of special functions was cultivated by –––
–––––––
(a) Euler (b) Jacobi
(c) both of these (d) None of these

4. The series n!x
n 0
n
is –––––––––– series for all

x 0 .
(a) Convergent (b) divergent
(c) oscilating (d) none of these
5. x  –––––––––– is a singular point of the equation
x 2 y"2xy'2 y  0.

(a) 1 (b) 2
(c) 0 (d) none of these

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## 6. A point x 0 is a –––––––––– point of

y" P x y'Q x y  0 if one or the other or both of
the coefficient functions px  and Q x  fails to be
analytic at x 0 .

## (a) non singular (b) singular

(c) regular (d) none of these
7. Pn1  –––––––––– for every n .

(a) 0 (b) -1

## (c) 1 (d) 1n

1 
8.    ––––––––––.
2

(a)  (b) 
1 1
(c) (d)
 

## 9. Any function y  f x  that satisfies an equation of

the form
pn x y  pn1 x y  ........  p1 x y  p0 x   0 where
n n1

## each pi x  is a polynomial is called ––––––––––

function.
(a) the special (b) an algebraic
(c) transcendental (d) none of these

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## 10. For any value of p, the function J p x  has a/an

–––––––––– number of positive zeros.

## (c) p (d) none of these

PART B — (5  5 = 25 marks)

## 11. (a) If y1 x  and y2 x  are any two solutions of

y" px y'Q x y  0 then prove that
c1 y1 x  c2 y2 x  is also a solution for any
constants C1 and C2 .

Or

## (b) If y1 x  and y2 x  are two solutions of the

equation y" px y'Q x y  0 on [a,b] then
prove that they are linearly dependent on
this interval if and only if their Wronskian
W  y1 , y2   y1 y'2  y2 y'1 is identically zero.

[P.T.O.]
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## 12. (a) Find a power series solution of the form

a xn
n
for the differential equation y' 2xy.

Or

## (b) Find a power series solution of the form

a xn
n
for the differential equation xy'  y.

Or

## (b) Verify 1  x P  F  p,b,b,x  by examining

the series expansion of the function.

## 14. (a) Compute the first four successive legendre

polynomials.

Or

d
(b) Show that xJ1 x  xJ 0 x 
dx

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## 15. (a) If wt  is the Wronskian of the two solutions

x  x1 (t ), y  y1 t  and x  x 2 (t ), y  y2 t  of the
dx
homogeneous system  a1 t x  b1 t y;
dt
dy
 a2 t x  b2 t y, then prove that wt  is
dt
either identically zero or nowhere zero on
[a,b].
Or
(b) Solve the initial value problem
y' y, y0  1 using Picard’s method of
successive approximations.
PART C — (5  8 = 40 marks)

Or

## 17. (a) Find the general solution of

1 x y"2xy'2 y  0
2
interms of power series
in x .

Or

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## (b) Verify that the equation y" y'xy  0 has a

three-term recursion formula and find its
series solution y1 x  and y2 x  such that
(i) y1 0  1, y'1 0   0.

## 18. (a) Verify that the origin is a regular singular

point of the equation 2xy"3  x y' y  0 . Also
calculate two independent Frobenius series
solutions.

Or

## (b) Show that the equation

x y"3xy' 4 x  4 y  0
2
has only one
Frobenius series solution. Find the general
solution.

1  0 if m  n

19. (a) Show that  Pm x Pn x dx   2
1  2n 1 if m  n

Or

## (i) 2J 1p x   J p1 x  J p1 x 

2P
(ii) J p x   J p1 x  J p1 x 
x

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## 20. (a) If the two solutions x  x1 t , y  y1 t  and

x  x 2 t  , y  y2 t  of the homogereous system
dx dy
 a1 t x  b1 t y;  a2 t x  b2 t y are
dt dt
linearly independent on [a,b] and if
x  x p t , y  y p t  is any particular
dx
solution of  a1 t x  b1 t y  f1 t ;
dt
dy
 a2 t  x  b2 t y  f2 t  on this interval,
dt
then prove that
x  c1 x1 t   c2 x 2 t   x p t ;
y  c1 y1 t  c2 y2 t  y p t  is the general
solution on [a,b].

Or
(b) Find the general solution of the system
dx dy
 3x  4 y;  x  y.
dt dt

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