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Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT‐JAM, M.Sc. Entrance, JEST, TIFR and GRE in Physics
NET December 2017 (Solution) PART A
Q1. A leaf appears green in daylight. If this leaf were observed in red light, what colour
would it appear to have?
(a) Green
(b) BlackBrown
(c) Red
(d) Blue
Ans. : (b)
Solution: We know that no object have their own colour, the colour reflected by any object
12.5 km
appears its own colour. An object which is black in colour does not reflect any colour of
the sun light.
So, the leaf which appears green in day light will be observed in red light would be black
in colour.
Q2. The distance from Nehrunagar to Gandhinagar is 27 km . A and B start walking from
Nehrunagar towards Gandhinagar at speeds of 5 km / hr and 7 km / hr , respectively. B
reaches Gandhinagar, returns immediately, and meets A at Indiranagar. What is the
distance between Nehrunagar and Indiranagar? (Assume all three cities to be in one
straight line)
(a)
(b)
Ans.
Solution:
Total distance covered by B to reach Indiranagar after reaching Gandhinagar from
Nehrunagar 27 km x km
The time taken by B to cover this distance:
27 x hour
7
The time taken by A to reach Indiranagar from Nehrunagar
27 x _{} hour
^{}
5
According to question:
27
x
7
27
x
5
,
or 135 5 x
189 7 x
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or, 12 x 189 135 x 
54 

4.5 
km 
12 
Hence, the distance between Nehrunagar and Indiranagar is 27 4.5 22.5 km
Q3. A sphere G of radius b is fixed midair and several spheres identical to the first one are
shot at it with their velocities parallel to each other. If the shot spheres fall within an
imaginary cylinder of radius _{a}_{b}_{} a _{}_{,} then the fraction of spheres that will hit G is
(a)
2b / a
Ans.: (b)
Solution: The area of sphere G of radius
Let, the number of sphere shot, which is similar to sphere G be N , then total
Area of N space
As, the shot sphere fall in an imaginary cylinder of radius a , then
Area of cylinder
The fraction of spheres that will hit
G
Fraction
Q4.
Five persons A,,,BCD and E are sifting in a row with C in the middle of the group. If
D is at an extreme end and there are at least two persons between B and E , then which
of the following statements is incorrect?
(a) E
(c) A
(d)
A is always a neighbour of B or D
Ans. :
Solution: According to the question, there may be two cases, which are:
Case1 
D 
_{B} C 
A 
_{E} 

E 
_{A} C 
B 
_{D} 

Case 2 
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E would be either in extreme left or extreme right position. A cannot be on extreme left.
A is always neighbour of E and C .
Q5. In a group of students, 30% play only cricket, 20 % play only football and 10 % play
only basketball. 20 % of the students play both football and cricket, 15 % play both
basketball and cricket, 10 % play both football and basketball. 15 students play no
games, while 5 % of the students play all three games. What is the total number of
(a) 
4 
(b) 9 
(c) 3 
(d) 6 

Ans. 
(b) 
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Solution: The number system is based on following patterns:
17
13
25
41
15
22
22
17 15
17 15 322
251
64 8 25 5 49 7 81 9
2
2
2
12 13 12 13 12
24
22
40
22
25 24
41 40
25 24 491
41 40 811
2
Q8.
The bar chart above shows number of seats won by four political parties ABC,
Ans.: (b)
Solution: The proportion of seats of party A , out of total number of seats contested by it
and D .
The proportion of seats of party C , out of total number of seats contested by it
72
100
18
25
108
150
The proportion of seats of party D , out of total number of seats contested by it
20
1
75
40
2
150
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Q9.
B wins 120 seats if she will fight on 150 seats, hence, the largest proportion of seats
was won by B
The molar fraction of hydrochloric acid in an extremely dilute’ aqueous solution is
doubled. The pH of the resulting solution is
(a) 
approximately doubled 
(b) approximately halved 
(c) 
increased 
(d) reduced 
Volume of blood flow 4000 litre
Q11. 
The number of three English letter words, having at least one consonant, but not having 

two consecutive consonants, is 

(a) 
2205 
(b) 3780 
(c) 2730 
(d) 3360 

Ans.: 
(b) 
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Solution: Number of vowels 5
Number of consonant 21
Here, our condition is to take atleast one consonant, but not consecutive, so we are left
with two cases
Case I: Only one consonant
Number of ways 3 215 5 1575
Ans.: (b)
Solution: This is the graph of ^{1} sin 2 x
2
11 
1 

Now, 1 
sin 2 x 1 

sin 2 
x 

22 
2 
0.5 
1 
sin 2 
x 
0 

5 
2 
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Q13. There are two gas parcels of equal volume, A and B at the same temperature and
pressure. Parcel A is one mole of water vapour, while parcel B is one mole of dry air.
Which of the following is TRUE?
(a) Parcel A is heavier then Parcel B
(b) Parcel B is heavier than Parcel A
(c) Both parcels are equally heavy
(d)
(b)
Without temperature and pressure data, their relative masses cannot be determined
Ans.:
Solution: Water vapour content H O
Dry air content 79% of N
Since, mass of one mole of dry air is more than mass of one mole of water vapour,
therefore parcel B carrying dry air will be more heavier than parcel A
For which of the following numbers is its positive square root closest to the number
itself’?
(a) 0.33
(b)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
From above, we can see, the square root of 0.99 most closest to the number itself.
For 0.33 , square root value 0.57
For 0.99 , square root value 0.99
For 0.89 , square root value 0.94
For 0.10 , square root value 0.31
Q14.
Ans.:
Solution: Take square root of respective options
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Q15.
Find the next pattern in the following sequence:
DP PQ RQ DR x
The area of the quadrilateral PBRQ The area of square
ABCD Area of square PDRQ Area of right angle triangle
ABP Area of Right angle triangle B CR .
Solution: The arrow of first part of the figure changed alternately. The point on rectangular part
C
C
1
1
33
x xxx x x x x
32
32
2 2
x
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9 x xxx33 2 x
22
2
2
2
The area of the square
Hence, the ratio of the area of the quadrilateral PBRQ to that of the square ABCD
33x x 9 x
2
2
2
x
:9
2
x
^{2}
9
Q17.
A 100 m long fence is to be made by fixing a wire mesh on steel poles. Each pole has a
1 m vertical portion and a 1 m portion tilted at
of wire mesh required?
200 m
170.7 m
2
to the vertical. What will be the area
(a)
Ans.: (a)
Solution: The area of the fence lying on tilted portion
The area of the fence lying on untilted portion
Hence total area of fence
Q18. The average staff salary of a company is Rs. 8000 /  . A new guard and a new manager
are recruited with salaries of Rs. 5000 /  and 20000 /  , respectively. What is the current
staff strength if the new average salary is Rs. 4000 /  more than that of the guard?
(a) 7
Ans.: (b)
Solution: Let the current staff strength be x . Then the total salary of the staff Rs. 8000 x .
After a new managers, the sum of the salary of the staff is new
Rs.5000 Rs.20000
Rs.8000 x
Rs.25000
Rs.8000 x
The new average of the salary of the staff
Rs.8000 x
Rs.25000
x
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According to the question

Rs.8000 
x 

Rs.25000 


Rs.5000 

Rs.4000 
x 

2 
or, 8000 x 25000 9000 x 18000
or, 1000 x 7000
x 7
(b) 8
(c) 6
(d) This problem cannot be solved unless the marked price of the book is known.
(a)
Ans.:
Solution: Let the price on n copies of book is Rs. x . After getting discount of 20% , then
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A
pay Rs. ^{4} 5 ^{x} for n copies of books. While B after getting discount of 30% , he will
^{7} ^{x} for n copies of books.
pays Rs. 10
B buys n books after paying Rs. ^{7}
x
10
buys ^{1}^{0}
n
^{4}
x
books after paying Rs. ^{4} 5 ^{x} (The amount which A spent to buy n
B
copies of books )
According to question
8
7 ^{n} n
or
^{n}
7
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PART ‘B’
21. Let A be a nonsingular 3 3 matrix, the columns of which are denoted by the vectors
denote the vectors that form the
a , b
and c ^{} , respectively. Similarly, u ^{}^{} , v
and w
corresponding columns of _{}
(a) ua 0,
A
ub
0,
uc 1
T
_{}
1
. Which of the following is true?
(b) ua
0,
ub
1,
uc 0
Solution:
f x
1
1
2
x
^{4}
4
1
2
x
4
Thus the Taylor’s series of f _{} x _{} is ^{1} 4 times the binomial series of
1
2
x
4
1
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Q23.
Now, the binomial series converges if
1
x
2
Since 
x 
2 is always greater than 0 , 

Hence 
x 
x 20 2 
2 
Consider the matrix equation
4
xx
2
20
2c 2b 20 bc 1
we do not need to perform further calculation.
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Q24.
Consider the differential equation
dy
dt
ay
bt
e
with the initial condition y _{}_{0}_{} 0 .
Then the Laplace transform Y _{} s _{} of the solution y _{}_{t} _{} is
^{(}^{a}^{)}
1
sasb
(b)
1
bs a
(c)
1
as b
(d)
e
a
e
b
b
a
Ans.:
(a)
L
'
0.67 c
1.5
c
n
Solution: Given
Taking Laplace transform of both sides
We obtain
dy
dt
Since, y _{}_{0}_{} 0 , we obtain
s aY s
Q25.
A light signal travels from a point A to a point B , both within a glass slab that is moving
with uniform velocity (in the same direction as the light) with speed 0.3 c with respect to
an external observer. If the refractive index of the slab is 1.5 , then the observer will
measure the speed of the signal as
(a)
(b)
Ans.:
Solution: v 0.3 c ,
u
x
n
u
x
n
u
x
03 c
' 0.3 c
u
x
^{v}
'
u v
x
2
c
c .
1
0.81
1
c
0.3
c
n
.
c
2
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Q26. A monoatomic gas ‘of volume V is in equilibrium in a uniform vertical cylinder, the
lower end of which is closed by a rigid wall and the other by a frictionless piston. The
piston is pressed lightly and released. Assume that the gas is a poor conductor of heat and
the cylinder and piston are perfectly insulating. If the crosssectional area of the cylinder
is A , the angular frequency of small oscillations of the piston about the point of
equilibrium, is
mgdx
V
and
A
5
3
F
mg
V
Adx
.
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Q27. A disc of mass m is free to rotate in a plane parallel to the xy plane with an angular
velocity zˆ about a massless rigid rod suspended from the roof of a stationary car (as
shown in the figure below). The rod is free to orient itself along any direction.
The car accelerates in the positive x direction with an acceleration a 0 . Which of the
Hence net force acting on the cyclist
F t
300
80
t
30
^{2}
Since frictional force is the only force acting on the cyclist, this net force is equal to
functional force. We can write
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Ft
80
300
300
t
30
2
4
15
vt
2
When the cyclist moves at a constant speed, the frictional force is
F t
4
15
8
2
.
The displacement during this interval is 8 60 . Thus the work done by frictional force
4
15
64
8
60
is 8.192 KJ . Hence in order to maintain constant speed the cyclist
Solution:
1
2
m
p
1
2222
xpx
,
m
0
2
m
22
xp
,
m
22
xp
,0
1
m
1
2
m
2
x p
,
2
22
px
,
2
m
2
xp
,0
2
02
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Q31.
Two point charges 3Q and Q are placed at _{}_{0}_{,}_{0}_{,} d _{} and _{}_{0}_{,}_{0}_{,} 2 d _{} respectively,
above an infinite grounded conducting sheet kept in the xy  plane. At a point _{}_{0}_{,}_{0}_{,} z _{} ,
where
approximately be
z d ,
the
electrostatic
potential
of
this
charge
configuration
would
(a)
1
d
2
4
0
3
z
Q
(b)
1
2
^{d} Q
_{2}
z
4
0
(c)
1
3
^{d} Q
_{2}
z
4
0
(d)
1
d
2
4
0
3
z
Q
Ans.: (b)
Solution: Monopole moment
Dipole moment
p 2Qdzˆ
V dip
Q32.
A rectangular piece of dielectric material is inserted partially into the (air) gap between
the plates of a parallel plate capacitor. The dielectric piece will
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(c)
be drawn inside the gap between the plates and its velocity does not change sign
Ans.:
Solution: Just like a conductor, a dielectric is attracted into an electric field. The reason is: the
bound charge tends to accumulate near the fee charge of the opposite sign.
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Q33.
Ans.:
An electromagnetic wave is travelling in free space (of permittivity ) with electric field
0
ˆ
E kE cos q x ct
0
The average power (per unit area) crossing planes parallel to 43x
y 0 will be
(a)
(c)
4
5
2
cE
0
0
2
(b) cE
0
0
(c)
^{1}
2 cE
2
0
0
(d)
^{1}^{6}
25 cE
2
0
0
x
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Q35.
at time t 0 , is given by
0
0
and
2
are the normalized
ground state and the second excited state, respectively. The minimum time t after which
the state vector
_{}_{t} _{}
is orthogonal to
(b) ^{2}^{}
2 ^{}
(d) ^{4}^{}
(a)
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Ans.:
(a)
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