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Table of Contents

Preface ����������������������������������������������������������������� ]CS +T 5T: 8:8, C S�" O+ F 8 9LP \
�\TQ8:T����������������������������������������������������������������� ]C_ S�R c$]P��������������������������������������������������������������� CG]
O8T\ 8\ 8 8!& ����������������������� ]C" +T 5T: 8:8, C c�] OTT,P ����������������� CS__G

General Information������������������������������������ SCS Transmission ��������������������������������������������������� RCS


2TT\8, @Q\Y8& ��������������������������������������������� SCc N!&Y8&: *\8Y C "*_]b"*a]b"*a7��������� RC"
N\b WT ��������������������������������������������������� SCa ,!&: ��������������������������������������������������������������� RC_G]
58&T8:T 8 ! \:8&����������������������������� SC7_ 58!8, *\8Y C OS" ����������������������������� RCa_7
0!T8- 8 8&&,T������������������������������������������ SC77 58!8, *\8Y C O__ ����������������������������� RCa_
L \8& O8 8 \\T:& ������������������� SC7G 0 Q& :- &\,��������������������������������������������� RC"Sc
8&T\,T8- ������������������������������������������������������� SCSS
Body Systems ������������������������������������������������� GCS
HVAC ��������������������������������������������������������������������� cCS >eT 8 5'T8 ,T # ����������������������������� GCa
$T8& LT&,8& 8 N\ & ����������� cCa $\ ������������������������������������������������������������������� GC"
$LN C N!&Y8&:�������������������������������������������� cCS]_  & �������������������������������������������������������������� GCS
$LN C 58!8, ������������������������������������������������ cCc]S 5\\\�������������������������������������������������������������� GCSa]
LT :,T N::T������������������������������������������������� GCS7R
T\ 8 8 T\���������������������������������������� GCc_]
Steering ��������������������������������������������������������������� _CS
�#T\ 0&TT\ ���������������������������������������������������� _Cc
0&TT\  TT, 8 ,!Y ������������������������������ _Ca Safety and Security ����������������������������������� S]CS
@YY ,�T\��������������������������������������������������������� S]C_
f �T:& OT&T:& ���������������������������������������������� S]C_
Suspension ������������������������������������������������������� aCS
TY&T >!:&�������������������������������������������� S]C7c
>\& 0!T������������������������������������������������� aCc
0T8& 3T,&��������������������������������������������������������� S]C7"
T8\ 0!T ����������������������������������������������� aC_R
0!,TYT&8, @Q,8&8 ,T T&\8& ������������������ S]Cc
0!T 2TT\8, O8�������������������������� aC"7
* TQ& OT&T\\T&����������������������������������������������� S]CS7R
*\T 8  TT, ����������������������������������������������� aC7
 TT, N,YT&������������������������������������������������ aCGc
Diagnostic Overview, Starting Point,
and Programming �������������������������������������� SSCS
Driveline/Axle �������������������������������������������������� 7CS �\\8YY 8 0T&! ������������������������������������ SSCc
 TT, O\'T 0 8Q& ���������������������������������������������� 7Cc
LT :,T O8&: @Q\Y8& ������������������������ SSC__

Brakes ������������������������������������������������������������������� "CS Driver Information and


N&,:- 3\8-T 0;&TY ����������������������������������������� "C_ Entertainment������������������������������������������������ ScCS
O: 3\8-T�������������������������������������������������������� "C7 T,,!,8\ +&T\&8YT& 8 W8'8& ������������ ScC_
O\!Y 3\8-T ���������������������������������������������������� "CSc" O,8; 8 28T����������������������������������������� ScC]
$;\8!,: 3\8-T���������������������������������������������� "CS7c 0T:8\; 8 Q!\8 ,T !&YT\
�8\- 3\8-T ������������������������������������������������������� "Cc] &\, ������������������������������������������������������������������ ScCG"

Engine ������������������������������������������������������������������� CS Body Hardware and Trim ���������������������� SaCS


\!T &\, ���������������������������������������������������� CS_ +e&T\\ *\Y ������������������������������������������������������ SaC_
+T &\, 8 >!T, C S�" 9*P �������������� Cc7 >,\ 'T\ 8 $T8,��������������������� SaCcR
+T &\, 8 >!T, C S�" O+ F 8 @&\!YT& �8T, 8 ,T *\Y ���������������� SaC__
9LP \ S�R c$]P ������������������������������������������������� Ccc" @&T\\ *\Y 8 �8T,�������������������������������� SaC]
+T &\, 8 >!T, C c�] OTT,P��������� Cac
+T ,������������������������������������������������� C"a
+T +,T:&\:8, ���������������������������������������������� CR]S
Body Repair ���������������������������������������������������� S7CS
3,&T +e&T\\ 3; �8T, 8 ,!\T �������� S7Ca
+T +e 8!&������������������������������������������������ CG]]
3!YT\ 8 >8:8 �������������������������������������� S7Ca7
+T 5T: 8:8, C S�" 9*P ���������������������� CGa7
,, T8\������������������������������������������������ S7C"S
>\8YT 8 FT\ ; ����������������������������������� S7C_ac Seats �������������������������������������������������������������������� SCS
�8& 8 8&����������������������������������������� S7C_"c 0T8& $8\#8\T *\Y 8 F ,&T\;���������������� SCc
�,8&: �8T, @Q\Y8& 8 T8\������������� S7C_] 0T8& $T8& 8 , �������������������������������� SCa_

Power and Signal Distribution ���������� S"CS Roof ���������������������������������������������������������������������� SRCS


O8&8 YY!:8&���������������������������������������� S"Cc 0!\Q �������������������������������������������������������������� SRCc
�#T\ f!&,T& �������������������������������������������������� S"C]
\ 0;&TY 8 �#T\ 588TYT&�������� S"CR
Preface 0-1

Section 0
Preface
Preface ����������������������������������������������������������������� ]C_ >!T, 28T T8- 8\ ����������������������������������� ]CS]
Introduction ............................................................ 0-4 8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CS]
O8T\ ����������������������������������������������������������������� ]Ca >!T, �T >&& 8\����������������������������������� ]CS]
Introduction ............................................................ 0-5 >!T, 0&\8T 8\ ���������������������������������������� ]CS]
O8T\ ����������������������������������������������������������������� ]C7 8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CS]
*&,T �8T������������������������������������������������������������� ]C7 >!T, L8\  +'8\8&'T +Y YT&
Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions ��� ]C" 8\ ����������������������������������������������������������� ]CS]
Introduction ............................................................ 0-8 8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CS]
OTQ& Q O8T\ 8\ 8!& 8 28,Tb28,T L8\ 8\������������������� ]CS]
W&T ������������������������������������������������������������������� ]CR 8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CS]
N30 YT& $8, 8\��������������������� ]CR 2,8 8 0 TT& 5T&8, $8, 8\ ��������� ]CS]
8\���������������������������������������������������������������� ]CR 8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CS]
N:& & *8-T  T \- #& >!T, $8,T 3!, 8\ ��������������������������������������� ]CS]
8\ ������������������������������������������������������������� ]CR
8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CS]
N\'T +!YT& Q\ ,, T8\
$ $,CfT OT':T 8\���������������������� ]CSS
8\ ������������������������������������������������������������� ]CG
8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CSS
8\���������������������������������������������������������������� ]CG
$& +e 8!& 0;&TY 8\ ���������������������������� ]CSS
N&8& O\' 8\������������������������������������ ]CG
8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CSS
8\���������������������������������������������������������������� ]CG
5' �8\& 8 $& 0!\Q8:T 8\����������� ]CSS
38&&T\; O:T:& 8\ �������������������������������� ]CG
8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CSS
8\���������������������������������������������������������������� ]CG
�\&T:&'T 2,T 8 2,'T 8\������������� ]CSS
3\8-T O!& 8\��������������������������������������������� ]CG
8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CSS
8\���������������������������������������������������������������� ]CG
T,T' >!T, �\T!\T 8\ ���������������������� ]CSS
3\8-T >,! @\\&8& 8\ ��������������������������������� ]CG
8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CSS
8\���������������������������������������������������������������� ]CG
8 *T& 8\ �������������������������������������������� ]CSS
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8\���������������������������������������������������������������� ]CG 08QT&; 2,8T 8 Y\TT N\ 8\��� ]CSS
,T8 0,'T& 8\ ����������������������������������� ]CG 8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CSS
8\���������������������������������������������������������������� ]CG 08QT&; 2,8T 8\ ������������������������������������ ]CSS
,, 0T:& 8\ ������������������������������� ]CG 8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CSS
8\���������������������������������������������������������������� ]CG 08QT&; 2,T 8 >!T, 8\ ��������������������� ]CSS
\8:-T # 8\ ����������������������������������� ]CG 8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CSS
8\���������������������������������������������������������������� ]CG 0@ OT,;T @Q,8&\ 5!,T N\T $&
8\ ����������������������������������������������������������� ]CSS
OTQ\&T\ f!&,T& 8\ ������������������������������������� ]CG
8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CSS
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0@ @Q,8&8 ,T 5!,T OT,;YT& f!&T LT :,T
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+e\T # O# 8\������������������������ ]CS]
0@ @Q,8&\ 5!,T $8, 8 0&\8T
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+;T �\&T:& 8\ ������������������������������������� ]CS] 0@ 0T8& T,& �\T&TT\ $8, 8\���� ]CSc
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>8Y 0! OT8TT\ 8\ ��������������������� ]CS] 0@ 0T:8, *, 8\���������������������������������� ]CSc
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Preface 0-2

8\�������������������������������������������������������������� ]CSc $T8&T fe;T 0T\ T&8:T T8\ TT&


0&TT\ N,T 0T\ 8\������������������������� ]CSc 8!& ������������������������������������������������������������ ]CSa
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8!& ������������������������������������������������������������ ]CSa
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0&TT\ 2T8\ �\T,8 N�!&YT& 8!&������� ]CS7
38,, 0&! TY'8, 8!& �������������������������������� ]CS_
0&TT\  TT,  & T >!,, *!\ �&
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3\8-T 8,T\ 8!&���������������������������������������� ]CS_
0&TT\  TT, 0&\8 & 8 ,!Y :-T
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*T& �\ T 8!& �������������������������������������������� ]CS7
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O\'T Ne,T 8!& ��������������������������������������������� ]CS_ *\!T T8:& N8& *Y O\'T 8
+T ,8& * T\Y&8& $! 8!&���� ]CS_ 8!& ������������������������������������������������������������ ]CS7
+e&T\\ *\Y +Y ,TY TY'8, 8!&������������ ]CS_ *\8Y >,! LT& 8 TY'8, 8!&�� ]CS7
>8&TT\ 8!& ����������������������������������������������� ]CS_ *\8Y f'T\Q,, 8!& ���������������������������� ]CS7
>,, & T 58&T\ ;,T\ 8!& �������������������� ]CS_ F �\T\ �#T\ 0&TT\ >,! 8!& ������ ]CS7
>!T, 8 +'8\8&'T +Y $Tb�T L8,'T Q&T\ �\Y 8!& ������������������������������ ]CS"
T:& ,T8 8!& �������������������������� ]CSa # +T O8Y8T 8!&������������������������� ]CS"
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Preface Preface 0-3

Preface
Introduction ............................................................ 0-4 O8T\ ����������������������������������������������������������������� ]C7
O8T\ ����������������������������������������������������������������� ]Ca *&,T �8T������������������������������������������������������������� ]C7
Introduction ............................................................ 0-5
Preface Preface 0-4

Danger
Preface Preface 0-5

Danger @ \T\ & T, 8' 8::T&8, 8\ 8 T,;YT& 8


@ \T\ & \T!:T & T : 8:T Q T8&  T\8, T\8, �!\; # TT'T\ ;! T\':T 8 'T :,T & 8&
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Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-6

Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions


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Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-7

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Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-8

Definition of Danger, Warning,  @Y\T\ T\8& \ T\Q\Y8:T Q & T ;&TY


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Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-9

Approved Equipment for Collision 0YT YT, \ 8Q&T\Y8\-T& \8-T 8\& Y8; :&8
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* 8' T\8, �!\; # T TeT & #T, \TY'T 8; !&  \8-T 8\&� +!YT&  8'8,8 ,T
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Q!YT # ,T \b:!&&  8; &;T Q YT&8, \ * TT #T& YT&  \T'T& Q T\ Q\Y T:Y
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'T&,8&T 8\T8 #T8\ 8 8\'T \T\8&\ T;T
\&T:&  T8\,! #T, ,'T 8 \&T:&'T
Brake Fluid Irritant Warning
:,& � Warning
Assistant Driving Warning 3\8-T Q,! Y8; \\&8&T T;T 8 -� @ :8T Q :&8:&
&8-T & T Q,,# 8:&�
Warning
N 8&8&  !, \'T & T 'T :,T # ,T & T &T: :8  +;T :&8:&/\T & \! ,; #& #8&T\�
: T:- Q\ & T ,:8& Q & T \T\&T :&�  0- :&8:&/#8 #& 8 8 #8&T\�
f& T\#T T\8, �!\; :!, \T!,&�  @Q T&T/:!,& 8  ;:8 YYT8&T,;�
Battery Disconnect Warning Checking Hot Transmission Fluid
Warning through Drain Plug Hole Warning
F,T \T:&T & T\#T & T & 8 &8\& #&: Warning
Y!& T  & T f>> \ f  & 8 8,, T,T:&\:8, * T TT Y!& T \! # T & T &\8Y Q,!
,8 Y!& T f>> TQ\T T\': 8; T,T:&\:8, Q,, ,!  \TY'T \ Te:T'T Q,! , #,, ::!\�
:YT&� O:T:& & T T8&'T 8&&T\; :8 ,T & *\8Y Q,! Y8; T &� 0:T & T 8:&!8, Q,!
\T'T& 8 T,T:&\:8, 8\-  !, 8 &, \ T!YT& ,T'T,  !-# &8 :,T8\ # T \TY' & T Q,, ,!�
:YT  :&8:& #& 8 TeT T,T:&\:8, &T\Y8,� $8'T 8 :&8T\ \T8; & :8&!\T 8; ,& Q,!� O &
>8,!\T & Q,,# & TT \T:8!& Y8; \T!,&  T\8, &!\ & T TT QQ #& & T Q,, ,! \TY'T 8 ;! :8
�!\; 8b\ 8Y8T & & T 'T :,T \ & :YT&� T �!\T ; & &\8Y Q,! T TeT,,T !&
>\ LT :,T T!T #& f0&8\ F+SP #& 38:- Q & T , Q,, T�
F 38&&T\;�
Cleaning Solvent Warning
* T 38:- F 38&&T\;  8 \T!8& #T\ !,;
& 8,,# ,Y&T f0&8\ Q!:&8,&;  & T T'T& Q Warning
8 Y8 'T :,T 8&&T\; #T\ \!& & & T L @5 3,; �!\; Y8; ::!\ Q & T :,T8 ,'T&   8,T
f0&8\Y!,TP� O & :T:& & T Y8 'T :,T \ TeT & & T -�
8&&T\; \ \TY'T & T f0&8\ Q!T #& & T &
-T;  8; & & T\ & 8 f>>� T&8T 8::T\;
Collision Sectioning Warning
#T\ N�P  !, T 8,,#T & &YT !& \ T 8 ,T Warning
Y,; T & T \'T\ \  !, 8 ,T N�P 0T:&  !, T T\Q\YT ,;  & T
TQ\T :T:& #T\� O:T:& #T\ & & T \T:YYTT 8\T8� >8,!\T &   Y8; :Y\YT
f0&8\ Y!,T  8; #8; # ,T & T &  f \ & T &\!:&!\8, &T\&; Q & T 'T :,T 8 :8!T T\8,
#& N� 8:&'8&T Y8; :8!T 8:&'8& Q & T f0&8\ �!\; Q & T 'T :,T   8 :,,�
38:-CF 38&&T\; 3F3P ;&TY 8 #,, : 8\T 8
T\Y8T&,; 8Y8T & T 8:-C! 8&&T\;� f:T & T Cracked Window Warning
38:-CF 38&&T\;  8:&'8&T & #,, &8;  !&, & 8 Warning
:Y,T&T,; : 8\T� * T 3F3  & \T: 8\T8 ,T
8 :T 8:&'8&T & T 3F3 Y!& T \T,8:T� @Q 8 ##  :\8:-T !& &,, &8:& :\:\ & T
## #& Y8- &8T  \T\ & \T!:T & T \- Q
Brake Dust Warning 8Y8T \ T\8, �!\;�
Warning Defroster Outlet Warning
N' &8- & T Q,,# 8:& # T ;! T\':T Warning
# TT, \8-T 8\&�
@Q \-T ,8 Q8,, & & T TQ\&T\ !&,T& & :8
 O & \ \8-T ,� T ,# & & T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT& 8 :8!T
 O & 8 \8-T ,� T\8, �!\;�
 O & :,T8 # TT, \8-T 8\& #& 8 \; \!
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Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-10

DOT 4 Brake Fluid Warning 8  ,T Q!T, ,T8-� O!\ \Y8, T\8&
& T fC\ ,:8&T  & T QTY8,T :T:&\ #,,
Warning #T,, 8 Y8; \T'T& \T\ \T:T:& Q &
 T 8 Q,! & & T \8-T Q,! \TT\'\ \ & ,! \:8&T�P
& T :,!&: Q,! \TT\'\ !T ,; 0!T\ Of*Ca \
T!'8,T& Of*Ca \8-T Q,! Q\Y 8 :,T8 T8,T Fuel Gage Leak Warning
:&8T\� *  ,;,;:, \8-T Q,!  ;\:: Warning
8 8 \  Y&!\T� O & !T Q,! Q\Y 8
\8 8   &#T, 8\! & T Q!T, \T!\T :T:&
T :&8T\ & 8& Y8; T :&8Y8&T #& #8&T\�
 \T\ & \T!:T & T \- Q Q\T 8 T\8, �!\;� * T
@Y\T\ \ :&8Y8&T Q,! :!, \T!,&  ;&TY
&#T, #,, 8 \ 8; Q!T, ,T8-8T & 8& ::!\ !\ & T
Q8,!\T , Q 'T :,T :&\, 8  ,T �!\;�
:T:& Q & T Q!T, \T!\T 8T� �,8:T & T &#T, 
Exhaust Service Warning 8 8\'T :&8T\ # T & T :T:& Q & T Q!T,
\T!\T 8T  :Y,T&T�
Warning
@ \T\ & 8' T !\T  & T\':T & T Fuel Pipe Fitting Warning
Te 8!& ;&TY # ,T &  &,, &� 0T\':T & T ;&TY Warning
# T &  :,� N,#8; 8,; 8 QT# \ Q :,T8 TT , & & T Y8,T
Express Window Down Warning T T TQ\T :T:& & T Q!T, T Q&&  \T\
& \T!:T & T \- Q Q\T 8 T\8, �!\;� *  #,,
Warning T!\T \T\ \T:T:& 8 \T'T& 8  ,T Q!T,
O:T:& & T #T\ ## #&: # T #\- ,T8-� O!\ \Y8, T\8& & T fC\ ,:8&T 
T & T \'T\ \�  T T\8&T & T +e\T & T QTY8,T :T:&\ #,, #T,, 8 Y8; \T'T& \T\
FbO# >T8&!\T 8,,# & T \ ## & Y'T 'T\; \T:T:& Q & ,! \:8&T�
!:-,; #& !& & # : :!, :8!T T\8,
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Fuel Storage Warning
Eye Protection Warning Warning
O & \8 & T Q!T, & 8 T :&8T\� WT'T\ &\T
Warning & T Q!T,  8 T :&8T\ !T & & T  ,&; Q 8
N\'T 8QT&; ,8T 8 ,'T  !, T #\ Q\T \ 8 Te,�
# T T\Q\Y &  \:T!\T & \T!:T & T : 8:T Q
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Fuel Vapors in Evaporative Emission
Components Warning
Foam Sound Deadeners Warning
Warning
Warning O & \T8& T & T 8\ & \! & T +LN� :YT&
>8Y ! T8TT\ Y!& T \TY'T Q\Y 8\T8 &! T \ T� * T Q!T, '8\ T & T +LN�
#&  S7c�a¨YY "¨P Q # T\T Q,8YT  & T !T Q\ :YT& Y8; :8!T T\8, �!\;�
; \T8\�  T \T&8,, Q8Y ! T8TT\
8'  8, Q!YT 8 ,; �!\; Y8; \T!,&� Gasoline/Gasoline Vapors Warning
Fuel and Evaporative Emission Pipe Warning
Warning 28,T \ 8,T '8\ 8\T  ,; Q,8YY8 ,T� N Q\T
:!, ::!\ Q 8 & !\:T  \TT&� WT'T\ \8
Warning \ &\T 8,T \ TT, Q!T,  8 T :&8T\
@ \T\ & \T!:T & T \- Q Q\T 8 T\8, �!\; !T & & T  ,&; Q Q\T \ Te,� $8'T 8 \;
 T\'T & T Q,,# &TY� : TY:8,  ,8 3P Q\T Te&! T\ T8\ ;�
 T,8:T 8,, ;, Q!T, T & 8& 8\T :-T Glass and Sheet Metal Handling
:\8&: T \ 8Y8T !\ &8,,8&  & Warning
8&&TY& & \T8\ & T T:& Q & T ;, Q!T,
T Warning
 O & 8YYT\ \T:&,;  & T Q!T, 8\T ;  T #\- #& 8; &;T Q ,8 \  TT& YT&8, #&
:, # T &8,, T# Q!T, T� O8Y8T & TeT \ \! TT #T8\ 8\'T 8QT&; ,8T
& T ;, T Y8; \T!,&  8 Q!T, ,T8-� 8 ,'T  \T\ & \T!:T & T : 8:T Q T\8,
�!\;�
 N,#8; :'T\ ;, '8\ T #& 8 #T& &#T,
TQ\T ! 8 &\: T8\ & TY� N, T'T\ Halogen Bulb Warning
TeT & T 'T :,T & &TYT\8&!\T  T\ & 8
SS7 c_G>P Q\ Y\T & 8 T !\ \ Y\T
Warning
& 8 G] SGa>P Q\ 8; Te&TT T\� $8,T !,  :&8 8 !T\ \T!\T� $8, 8
!, Y\T\,; :!, :8!T & &  8&&T\ & Q,; ,8
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Q\8YT&� * T, 8' T\8, �!\;�
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Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-11

 *!\ QQ & T ,8Y #&: 8 8,,# & T !, & :, Road Test Warning
TQ\T : 8 & T !, �
Warning
 T8'T & T ,8Y #&: f>> !&, & T !, : 8T
8 &T& 8 'T :,T !T\ 8QT :& 8 # ,T
 :Y,T&T�
 T; 8,, &\8QQ: ,8#� O & 8&&TY& 8; Y8T!'T\
 N,#8; #T8\ T;T \&T:& # T : 8 8 & 8& :!, �T8\�T 'T :,T :&\,� >8,!\T & 8 T\T
8,T !, � & & TT \T:8!& :!, ,T8 & T\! T\8,
 $8,T & T !, ,; ; & 8T� N' &!:  �!\; 8 'T :,T 8Y8T�
& T ,8� Safety Glasses and Compressed Air
 TT \& 8 Y&!\T QQ & T !, � Warning
 �\T\,; T Q & T !T !, � Warning
 TT 8,T !,  !& Q & T \T8: Q : ,\T� T8\ 8QT&; ,8T # T ! :Y\TT 8\  \T\
Hood Hold-Open Device Warning & \T'T& T;T �!\;�
Warning Safety Glasses Warning
 T 8  , T T':T  T \TY'T Warning
\ &8,,T \'T 8,&T\8&T !\& & 8' & T T8\ 8QT&; ,8T  \T\ & 8' T;T 8Y8T�
 ,&; Q 8Y8T & & T 'T :,T \ T\8, �!\;�
Safety Goggles and Fuel Warning
Hot Exhaust System Warning
Warning
Warning
N,#8; #T8\ 8QT&; ,T # T #\- #& Q!T, 
 ,T TT  T\8& & T Te 8!& ;&TY #,, \T\ & \&T:& & T T;T Q\Y Q!T, ,8 �
T:YT Te&\TYT,; &� * \T'T& !\ 8'
:&8:& 8 & Te 8!& ;&TY� SIR Deployed Inflator Modules Are
Moving Parts and Hot Surfaces Hot Warning
Warning Warning
Warning NQ&T\ T,;YT& & T YT&8, !\Q8:T Q & T 0@
:YT& Y8; T 'T\; &� * T, 8' 8 Q\T \
N' :&8:& #& Y' 8\& 8 & !\Q8:T # ,T T\8, �!\;�
#\- 8\! 8 \! TT  \T\ & \T'T&
 ;:8, �!\;�  N,,# !QQ:T& &YT Q\ :, TQ\T &!: 
8; YT&8, !\Q8:T Q & T 0@ :YT&�
Protective Goggles and Glove
Warning  O & ,8:T & T T,;T 0@ :YT& T8\
8; Q,8YY8 ,T  �T:&�
Warning SIR Inflatable Module Deployment
N,#8; #T8\ \&T:&'T ,T 8 ,'T # T Outside Vehicle Warning
\TY' Te 8!& 8\& 8 Q8,, \!& 8  8\ TT
Q\Y #\ Te 8!& :YT& :!, \T!,&  T\! Warning
T\8, �!\;�  T ;! 8\T T,; 8 Q,8&\ Y!,T Q\ 8,
Relieving Fuel Pressure Warning T\Q\Y & T T,;YT& \:T!\T  & T \T\ ,&T�
>8,!\T & Q,,# & T \:T!\T  & T \T\ ,&T Y8;
Warning \T!,&  T\8, �!\;�
TY'T & T Q!T, &8- :8 8 \T,T'T & T Q!T, ;&TY SIR Inflator Module Disposal Warning
\T!\T TQ\T T\': & T Q!T, ;&TY  \T\ &
\T!:T & T \- Q T\8, �!\;� NQ&T\ ;! \T,T'T & T Warning
Q!T, ;&TY \T!\T 8 Y8,, 8Y!& Q Q!T, Y8; T @ \T\ & \T'T& 8::T&8, T,;YT& 8 & T \- Q
\T,T8T # T T\': & T Q!T, ,T & T Q!T, �T:& T\8, �!\;  & T Q 8 !T,;T Q,8&\
!Y \ & T :T:&� @ \T\ & \T!:T & T \- Q Y!,T 8 \Y8,   #8&T� FT,;T Q,8&\
T\8, �!\; :'T\ & T Q!T, ;&TY :YT& #& Y!,T :&8 ! &8:T & 8& :!, :8!T T'T\T
8   &#T, TQ\T :T:&� *  #,, :8&: 8; ,,T \ T\8, �!\; Q & T\ T8,T :&8T\ 8\T
Q!T, & 8& Y8; ,T8- !&� �,8:T & T &#T,  8 8\'T 8Y8T !\ 8,� FT & T Q,,# T,;YT&
:&8T\ # T & T :T:&  :Y,T&T� \:T!\T & 8QT,; T Q 8 !T,;T Q,8&\
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Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-12

SIR Inflator Module Handling and  @Q ;! 8\T T\Q\Y T\':T  \ T8\ & T 0@
Storage Warning :YT& \ & T 0@ #\ 8 ,T & T 0@
;&TY� TQT\ & O8 , & T 0@ 0;&TY�
Warning
 T :8\\; 8 !T,;T Q,8&\ Y!,T� Steering Angle Sensor Warning
 O & :8\\; & T Q,8&\ Y!,T ; & T #\T \ Warning
:T:&\� >\ 'T :,T #& T,T:&\: #T\ &TT\ +�0P 8
#& !& 8 'T :,T &8 ,&; T 8:TYT& \\8Y & T
 58-T !\T & T 8\ 8 T & 8#8; Q\Y
&TT\ 8,T T\ 5F0* 8,#8; T :8, \8&T 8Q&T\
;!�
& T 8&&T\; 8 TT :T:&T� >8,!\T & :8, \8&T
 T &\ 8 !T,;T Q,8&\ Y!,T� & T &TT\ 8,T T\ :!, ,Y& & T T\8& Q & T
 58-T !\T & T 8\ 8 T & 8#8; Q\Y +�0 ;&TY 8 \T!,&  T\8, �!\;�
& T !\Q8:T  # : & T Q,8&\ Y!,T \T&� * T!\T \T\ :8, \8& Q & T +�0 ;&TY  & T
 �\'T Q\TT 8:T Q\ & T 8\ 8 & Te8  Q,,#�
:8T Q 8 8::T&8, T,;YT&� S� * T TT  !, T  #& & T 'T :,T &8&8\;�
  T &\ 8 &TT\ :,!Y  & \T& & T c� *!\ & T &TT\ # TT, :!&T\:,:-#T !&, &
:,!Y #& & T 8\ 8 T Q8: # 8 &�
& T :,!Y 'T\&:8,� 8; & T :,!Y  & T�
_� *!\ & T &TT\ # TT, :,:-#T !&, & &�
>8,!\T &  T\'T & TT !T,T Y8; \T!,& 
T\8, �!\;� Window Retention Warning
SIR Seatbelt Pretensioner Handling Warning
Warning  T \T,8: &8&8\; ## !T F\T& 8T
N T'T & 25 �bW¨Sc_a"_Gc  888
Warning �bW¨S]G7cGR_P \ 8 !\T& 8T 8 T'T ;&TY
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T,& \T&\8:&\ \T&TT\� \8, &8,,8& &T\&;� >8,!\T & !T & T !\T& 8T
8 T'T -& #,, \T!,&  \ \T&T& Q & T ##
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# : Y8; 8,,# !\T&\8T ::!8& & T T�T:&T
T,& #T  \ &8, :T:&\ Q T!T�
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 8\\; & T T8& T,& \T&TT\ ; & T !
-TT 8 8 QT\ 8#8; Q\Y & T T8& Work Stall Test Warning
T,& #T � Warning
 58-T !\T & T T Q\Y # : & T T8& T,& fT \ Y\T Q & T Q,,# !T,T Y8; 8,; # T
#T  Te&T Q8:T ##8\ 8 & T T8& T\Q\Y T:Q: \T!\T &T&  & T #\- &8,,�
T,& #T  8 Q\TT,;�
>8,!\T &  T\'T & TT !T,T Y8; \T!,& 
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SIR Special Tool Warning ? O & Te:TT 7"¨-Yb _7¨Y P # T
Warning  T \'T # TT, #& & T & T\
\'T # TT, &T� *  ,Y&  T:T8\;
>8,!\T &  T\'T & T T:8, &, \T:YYT8&
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TC 8,Q & T 8:&!8, 'T :,T TT !T\
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& TT :&� �T\8, �!\; Y8;
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Warning ? @Q 8,, Q & T \'T # TT, 8\T  8&
& T 8YT TT  & Te:TT SSc¨-Yb
*  'T :,T  T!T #& 8 0!,TYT&8, @Q,8&8 ,T
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? N,, T\  !, &8; :,T8\ Q & T \&8&
 N\ 8 T,;YT& :YT& 8 & T 8,8:T #T & 8\T8
 �T\8, �!\;  \T\ & 8'  ,T T\8, �!\;�
 FT:T8\; 0@ ;&TY \T8\ ?  T \! 8 TT  & T \T8\
@ \T\ & 8' & T 8 'T :&  T\'T & T &8,, Q\ 8 Te&TT T\ Q &YT !T
Q,,# !T,T� :8\T & & 'T\ T8& & T TT 8 & T
&\8Y�
 TQT\ & 0@ YT& LT#  \T\ &
  T 8 &T& \T!\T �8:- ! & T 'T :,T
T&T\YT Q ;! 8\T T\Q\Y T\':T  \ T8\
8 \! #& & T # TT, 8 \8-T \&\
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\TY'T 8 T\T & & T Q,,# \T:8!&�
Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-13

? 0!\& & T !T 8& \Y8, \T Component Fastener Tightening


T &� Caution
? O & 8,; & T \8-T #& & T \8-T Caution: Replacement components must be the
\&\ \TY'T� correct part number for the application. Components
? O & ,8:T & T &\8Y  �N requiring the use of the thread locking compound,
#& & T \'T 8e,T � lubricants, corrosion inhibitors, or sealants
are identified in the service procedure. Some
? *!\ fQQ & T &  \T\ & & & T
replacement components may come with these
#T\&\8 :YT& Q\Y �
coatings already applied. Do not use these coatings
  T \! 8 TT  & T #\- &8,, !T on components unless specified. These coatings
& T Te 8!& \TY'8, ;&TY & \T'T& \T8&  can affect the final torque, which may affect the
8T\! 8T� operation of the component. Use the correct torque
Air in the Power Steering System specification when installing components in order to
avoid damage.
Caution
Caution: If the power steering system has been Drive Axle Caution
serviced, an accurate fluid level reading cannot be Caution: Support the lower control arms in the
obtained unless air is bled from the steering system. normal horizontal position in order to avoid damage
The air in the fluid may cause pump cavitation noise to the drive axles. Do not operate the vehicle in gear
and may cause pump damage over a period of time. with the wheels hanging down at full travel.
Avoid Chipping or Scratching the Engine Coolant Thermostat Housing
Coating Caution Caution
Caution: Care should be taken to avoid chipping Caution: Use care when performing this procedure.
or scratching the coating when handling the Use of excessive force may damage the coolant
suspension coil spring. Damage to the coating can thermostat.
cause premature failure.
Exterior Trim Emblem Removal
Ball Stud Removal Caution Caution
Caution: Do not free the ball stud by using a pickle Caution: Use a plastic, flat-bladed tool to prevent
fork or a wedge-type tool. Damage to the seal or paint damage when removing an emblem/name
bushing may result. plate.
Belt Dressing Caution Fastener Caution
Caution: Do not use belt dressing on the drive Caution: Use the correct fastener in the correct
belt. Belt dressing causes the breakdown of the location. Replacement fasteners must be the correct
composition of the drive belt. Failure to follow this part number for that application. Do not use paints,
recommendation will damage the drive belt. lubricants, or corrosion inhibitors on fasteners, or
Brake Caliper Caution fastener joint surfaces, unless specified. These
coatings affect fastener torque and joint clamping
Caution: Support the caliper with a piece of wire to force and may damage the fastener. Use the correct
prevent damage to the brake line. tightening sequence and specifications when
Brake Fluid Effects on Paint and installing fasteners in order to avoid damage to
Electrical Components Caution parts and systems. When using fasteners that are
threaded directly into plastic, use extreme care not
Caution: Avoid spilling brake fluid onto painted to strip the mating plastic part(s). Use hand tools
surfaces, electrical connections, wiring, or cables. only, and do not use any kind of impact or power
Brake fluid will damage painted surfaces and cause tools. Fastener should be hand tightened, fully
corrosion to electrical components. If any brake fluid seated, and not stripped.
comes in contact with painted surfaces, immediately
flush the area with water. If any brake fluid comes Filling the Master Cylinder Caution
in contact with electrical connections, wiring, or Caution: When filling the master cylinder, use
cables, use a clean shop cloth to wipe away the fluid. only Super DOT-4 brake fluid, or equivalent DOT-4
Clearcoat/Ultraviolet Screeners brake fluid. Do not use a container which has been
used for petroleum based fluids, or a container
Caution which is wet with water. Petroleum based fluids
Caution: Removing more than 0.5¨mils of the will cause swelling and distortion of rubber parts in
clearcoat can result in early paint failure. The the hydraulic brake system, and water will mix with
clearcoat contains ultraviolet screeners. Do not brake fluid, lowering the boiling point. Keep all fluid
finesse sand more than what is required to remove containers capped to prevent contamination.
the defect.
Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-14

Fuel and Evaporative Emission repairs be soldered since this could result in
Hose/Pipe Connection Cleaning the air reference being obstructed.
Caution Heated Oxygen Sensor Resistance
Caution: Clean all of the following areas before Learn Reset Caution
performing any disconnections in order to avoid Caution: When replacing the HO2S perform the
possible contamination in the system: following:
• The fuel pipe connections
• A code clear with a scan tool, regardless of
• The hose connections whether or not a DTC is set
• The areas surrounding the connections • HO2S heater resistance learn reset with a scan
tool, where available
Heated Oxygen and Oxygen Sensor
Caution Perform the above in order to reset the HO2S
resistance learned value and avoid possible HO2S
Caution: Do not remove the pigtail from either the failure.
heated oxygen sensor (HO2S) or the oxygen sensor
(O2S). Removing the pigtail or the connector will Installing Hoses without Twists or
affect sensor operation. Bends Caution
Handle the oxygen sensor carefully. Do not drop Caution: The inlet and outlet hoses must not be
the HO2S. Keep the in-line electrical connector twisted during installation. Do not bend or distort
and the louvered end free of grease, dirt, or other the inlet or outlet hoses to make installation easier.
contaminants. Do not use cleaning solvents of any Failure to follow these procedures could result in
type. component damage.
Do not repair the wiring, connector or terminals. OBDII Symbol Description Caution
Replace the oxygen sensor if the pigtail wiring,
Caution: The OBD II symbol is used on the circuit
connector, or terminal is damaged.
diagrams in order to alert the technician that the
This external clean air reference is obtained by way circuit is essential for proper OBD II emission control
of the oxygen sensor signal and heater wires. Any circuit operation. Any circuit which fails and causes
attempt to repair the wires, connectors, or terminals the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) to turn ON, or
could result in the obstruction of the air reference causes emissions-related component damage, is
and degraded sensor performance. identified as an OBD II circuit.
The following guidelines should be used when Pipe Wrench Positioning Caution
servicing the heated oxygen sensor:
Caution: The pipe wrench must be placed at the
• Do not apply contact cleaner or other materials valve end of the steering gear and positioned up
to the sensor or vehicle harness connectors. against the inner tie rod housing. Placing the pipe
These materials may get into the sensor wrench in any other location will cause damage to
causing poor performance. the steering gear.
• Do not damage the sensor pigtail and harness Power Steering Hose Disconnected
wires in such a way that the wires inside are
exposed. This could provide a path for foreign
Caution
materials to enter the sensor and cause Caution: Do not start the vehicle with any power
performance problems. steering gear inlet or outlet hoses disconnected.
When disconnected, plug or cap all openings
• Ensure the sensor or vehicle lead wires are
of components. Failure to do so could result in
not bent sharply or kinked. Sharp bends
contamination or loss of power steering fluid and
or kinks could block the reference air path
damage to the system.
through the lead wire.
• Do not remove or defeat the oxygen sensor Silicon Contamination of Heated
ground wire, where applicable. Vehicles that Oxygen Sensors Caution
utilize the ground wired sensor may rely on Caution: Contamination of the oxygen sensor
this ground as the only ground contact to the can result from the use of an inappropriate RTV
sensor. Removal of the ground wire will cause sealant (not oxygen sensor safe) or excessive
poor engine performance. engine coolant or oil consumption. Remove the
• Ensure that the peripheral seal remains intact HO2S and visually inspect the portion of the sensor
on the vehicle harness connector in order exposed to the exhaust stream in order to check
to prevent damage due to water intrusion. for contamination. If contaminated, the portion of
The engine harness may be repaired using the sensor exposed to the exhaust stream will have
Packard’s Crimp and Splice Seals Terminal a white powdery coating. Silicon contamination
Repair Kit. Under no circumstances should causes a high but false HO2S signal voltage (rich
exhaust indication). The control module will then
reduce the amount of fuel delivered to the engine,
Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-15

causing a severe driveability problem. Eliminate specific SIR coil’s centering procedure to re-center
the source of contamination before replacing the SIR Coil.
oxygen sensor.
Test Probe Caution
Steering Column in Lock Position Caution: Do not insert test equipment probes (DMM
Caution etc.) into any connector or fuse block terminal.
Caution: With wheels of the vehicle facing straight The diameter of the test probes will deform most
ahead, secure the steering wheel utilizing steering terminals. A deformed terminal will cause a poor
column anti-rotation pin, steering column lock, connection, which will result in a system failure.
or a strap to prevent rotation. Locking of the Always use the EL-35616 GM-Approved Terminal
steering column will prevent damage and a possible Test Kit in order to front probe terminals. Do not use
malfunction of the SIR system. The steering wheel paper clips or other substitutes to probe terminals.
must be secured in position before disconnecting When using the EL-35616 GM-Approved Terminal
the following components: Test Kit, ensure the terminal test adapter choice is
the correct size for the connector terminal. Do not
• The steering column
visually choose the terminal test adapter because
• The steering shaft coupling some connector terminal cavities may appear larger
• The intermediate shaft(s) than the actual terminal in the cavity. Using a larger
After disconnecting these components, do not terminal test adapter will damage the terminal. Refer
rotate the steering wheel or move the front tires and to the EL-35616 GM-Approved Terminal Test Kit
wheels. Failure to follow this procedure may cause label on the inside of the EL-35616 GM-Approved
the SIR coil assembly to become un-centered and Terminal Test Kit for the correct adapter along with
cause possible damage to the SIR coil. If you think the connector end view for terminal size.
the SIR coil has became un-centered, refer to your Three-Way Catalytic Converter
specific SIR coil’s centering procedure to re-center Damage Caution
SIR Coil.
Caution: In order to avoid damaging the replacement
Steering Gear Preload Adjustment three-way catalytic converter, correct the engine
Caution misfire or mechanical fault before replacing the
Caution: Do not change the steering gear preload three-way catalytic converter.
adjustment before moving the inner tie rod from the Torque Reaction Against Timing
steering gear. Changing the steering gear preload Drive Chain Caution
adjustment before moving the inner tie rod could
result in damage to the pinion and the steering gear. Caution: A wrench must be used on the hex of the
camshaft when loosening or tightening in order to
Steering Wheel in the Full Turn prevent component damage. Failure to prevent the
Position Caution torque reaction against the timing drive chain can
Caution: Do not hold the steering wheel in the full lead to timing drive chain failure.
turn position longer than 5 seconds, as damage to Transmission Fluid Vent Cap
the steering pump may result. Removal Caution
Steering Wheel Straight and Column Caution: The fluid vent cap must be removed before
Locked Caution checking the fluid level, in order to ensure the
Caution: With wheels of the vehicle facing straight proper level. Improper fluid level may damage the
ahead, secure the steering wheel utilizing steering transmission.
column anti-rotation pin, steering column lock, Transmission Overfill Caution
or a strap to prevent rotation. Locking of the
Caution: Check the transmission fluid level
steering column will prevent damage and a possible
immediately after adding fluid and before vehicle
malfunction of the SIR system. The steering wheel
operation. Do not overfill the transmission. An
must be secured in position before disconnecting
overfilled transmission may result in foaming or fluid
the following components:
to be expelled out the vent tube when the vehicle is
• The steering column operated. Overfilling will result in possible damage
to the transmission.
• The intermediate shaft(s)
• The steering gear Using Proper Power Steering Fluid
After disconnecting these components, do not Caution
rotate the steering wheel or move the front tires and Caution: When adding fluid or making a complete
wheels. Failure to follow this procedure may cause fluid change, always use the proper power steering
the SIR coil assembly to become un-centered and fluid. Failure to use the proper fluid will cause hose
cause possible damage to the SIR coil. If you think and seal damage and fluid leaks.
the SIR coil has became un-centered, refer to your
Preface Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions 0-16

Valve Lifter Priming Caution be purged causing extensive engine component


Caution: Ensure each valve lifter is filled with damage.
clean engine oil and the valve lifter does not tip Window Edge Damage Caution
over (plunger down) before the installation of the
Caution: Avoid damage to the window from
valve lifters. The loss of oil in the valve lifter lower
impacting objects due to an exposed edge. The
pressure chamber or the dry stroking/cycling of the
window must be 1¨mm (0.025¨in) below the surface
valve lifter plunger will allow air to travel into the
of the sheet metal to avoid window damage.
high pressure chamber of the valve lifter. Air in the
high pressure chamber of the valve lifter may not
General Information 1-1

Section 1
General Information
General Information������������������������������������ SCc *\T 8  TT, !!& 0T:Q:8&��������������� SC"]
Introduction ............................................................ 1-3 Diagnostics ........................................................... 1-61
F0 +, b5T&\: 'T\ ����������������������������� SC_ L \8& N8,; C 8 *T&���������������������� SC"S
OT:Y8, 8 5T&\: +!'8,T&��������������������������� SC_ YT& &8&8, 0TT 8,:!,8& ��������� SC"_
N\\# 8 0;Y , �������������������������������������������� SCa L \8& N8,; C *\T 8  TT,������������������� SC"
Diagnostics ............................................................. 1-6 L \8& N8,; C $! 8b\ Ne,T @!& �������� SC"
!&YT\ :T\ LT\Q:8& 0 TT&���������������� SC" L \8& N8,; C +T �������������������������������� SC]
LT :,T T\&Q:8& *\T �,8:8\ N&C* TQ& 8 +T f\T\ ,8Q:8& ������������������������������� SCS
0T\':T �8\& @O 8 T, ��������������������������������������� SC" L \8& N8,; C +TbN::T\;
�f T & 25+P ����������������������������������������� SCR @,8& ����������������������������������������������������������� SCa
�f T & NN5P�������������������������������������� SCSc L \8& N8,; C +T 38,8:T ������������������ SCG
�f T & $,TP ������������������������������������ SCSR L \8& O8&: N ����������������������������������� SCRa
�f T & !8P������������������������������������� SCc] L \8& O8&: N C L \8& @&T\Y&&T& \
�f T & 5Te:P ������������������������������������ SCca W& O!,:8&T ������������������������������������������������� SCRa
�f T & LT&8YP ���������������������������������� SCcR L \8& O8&: N C L \8& O!,:8&T
YT& W& @T&QT �������������������������������� SCR"
>8&TT\ ����������������������������������������������������������� SC_S
L \8& O8&: N C L \8& O!,:8&T
* \T8 @T\&���������������������������������������������������� SC_a
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N \T'8& 8 5T8������������������������������ SC_7
L \8& O8&: N C L \8&
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Air/Wind Noise ���������������������������������������������� SCa 0;Y&Y C L \8& O8 8
Diagnostics ........................................................... 1-48 \\T:& �������������������������������������������������������� SCR
N\b WT ��������������������������������������������������� SCaR LT :,TC&CLT :,T O8&: Y8\�������� SCRR
*\8: �#T\ \ 8,- *T& ��������������������������� SCaR *\T 8  TT, @T:& ��������������������������������� SCRG
N\ �\T!\T *T& ����������������������������������������������� SCaG *\T 8  TT, NTY ,; !!& 5T8!\TYT& C
08 0! \ 3! ,T *T& ��������������������������������� SCaG fQQ LT :,T ������������������������������������������������������� SCG]
Repair .................................................................... 1-50 3\8-T &\bO\!Y 38,8:T @T:&��������������� SCGa
+e&T\\ T��������������������������������������������� SC7] $! bNe,T >,8T 8  TT, 0&! !!&
@T:& �������������������������������������������������������� SCG7
@&T\\ T ���������������������������������������������� SC7S
*\T 8  TT, NTY ,; @,8& *T&������������ SCG
Tools...................................................................... 1-52
Repair .................................................................... 1-99
0T:8, *, ����������������������������������������������������� SC7c
Maintenance and Lubrication ������������ SC7_ *\T 8  TT, NTY ,; 38,8: C fQQ
LT :,T ������������������������������������������������������������� SCGG
Specifications ....................................................... 1-54
Description and Operation ................................ 1-105
N\eY8&T >,! 88:&T ���������������������������� SC7a
L \8& * T\; 8 *T\Y,;������������������� SCS]7
>,! 8 ! \:8& T:YYT8& ������������� SC7a
+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP OT:\& 8
58&T8:T @&TY��������������������������������������������� SC7a
fT\8& ������������������������������������������������������� SCSSa
58&T8:T 0: T!,T �������������������������������������� SC7a
L \8&T 0Q&#8\T OT:\& 8 fT\8&���� SCSS"
25 f, QT 0;&TY TT&&���������������������������� SC7a Waterleaks ����������������������������������������������������� SCSS
Squeaks and Rattles �������������������������������� SC77 Diagnostics ......................................................... 1-118
Diagnostics ........................................................... 1-56
8&T\,T8- *T& �\T8\8& ����������������������������� SCSSR
0!T8- 8 8&&,T������������������������������������������ SC7"
8&T\ $T *T& ���������������������������������������������� SCScS
0;Y&Y C 0!T8- 8 8&&,T���������������������� SC7"
N\ $T *T& ��������������������������������������������������� SCScS
Tools...................................................................... 1-58
Repair .................................................................. 1-122
0T:8, *, ����������������������������������������������������� SC7R
3; 8&T\,T8- T8\ ������������������������������������ SCScc
Vibration Diagnosis and
0&8&8\; # 8&T\,T8- T8\ �������������� SCSc_
Correction �������������������������������������������������������� SC7G
Specifications ....................................................... 1-60
General Information General Information 1-2

General Information
Introduction ............................................................ 1-3 �f T & $,TP ������������������������������������ SCSR
F0 +, b5T&\: 'T\ ����������������������������� SC_ �f T & !8P������������������������������������� SCc]
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Diagnostics ............................................................. 1-6 >8&TT\ ����������������������������������������������������������� SC_S
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General Information General Information 1-3

US English/Metric Conversion Multiply/ Divide


US English by Metric
Multiply/ Divide
US English by Metric Power

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General Information General Information 1-7

Callout Description

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7 T\&Q:8& 0&8&TYT&

" LT :,T ,8 *;T �8 8\ T&:�P

 LT :,T @T&Q:8& W!Y T\

R O8&T Q 58!Q8:&!\T 5b\P

Tire Placard
* T &\T ,8:8\ ,8 T,  ,:8&T  & T \'T\ \ 8 ,8; & T Q,,# 8TYT&�

G 0T:QT f::!8& 0T8& �&

S] 58eY!Y LT :,T 88:&; T &

SS f\8, +!YT& *\T 0�T

Sc *\T �\T!\T >\& T8\ 8 08\T  ,P

Service Parts ID Label


* T 'T :,T T\':T 8\& T&Q:8& ,8 T,  ,:8&T  & T \T8\ :Y8\&YT& !T\ & T 8\T &\T :'T\� * T ,8 T,  !T &
T, T&Q; & T 'T :,T \8, 8\& 8 &�

S_ LT :,T @T&Q:8& W!Y T\

Sa +TT\ 5T, W!Y T\ LT :,T O' T 8 3; 0&;,TP

S7 @&T\\ *\Y T'T, 8 OT:\

S" +e&T\\ �8& ,\P N W!Y T\

S �8& *T: ,;

SR 0T:8, f\T\ �8& ,\ 8 W!Y T\

SG LT :,T f& &T&


General Information General Information 1-8

Callout Description

Anti-Theft Label

* T >TT\8, ,8# \T!\T & 8& 2TT\8, 5&\ ,8 T, :T\&8 ; 8\&  &  'T :,T #& & T L@W� * T
!\T Q & T ,8#  & \T!:T & T !Y T\ Q Y&\ 'T :,T & TQ& ; T,  & T &\8: 8 \T:'T\;
Q 8\& Q\Y &,T 'T :,T�
8 T, 8\T T\Y8T&,; 8QQeT & 8 &T\\ !\Q8:T Q & T 8\&� * T ,8 T,  & T \T,8:TYT& 8\& :&8 & T
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* T 8&C& TQ& ,8 T, Y!& T :'T\T TQ\T 8; 8& \!&\Q \:T!\T 8 !:'T\T 8Q&T\ & T
\:T!\T� >8,!\T & Q,,# & T \T:8!&8\; &T Y8; \T!,&  ,8 ,&; Q\ ',8& Q & T >TT\8, LT :,T
* TQ& �\T'T& 0&88\ 8  ,T !: & & T #T\ & 8& & T 8\& #8 &,T�

RPO Code List (GME) RPO


* T Q,,# &8 ,T \'T & T T:\& Q & T Description
T!,8\ �\!:& f& �fP :T & 8& 8\T
8'8,8 ,T  & T 'T :,T� * T 'T :,T1 �f ,&  \&T @WOf C �f+ f�+N*+O  O0
N+(
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f  fW*f C 0@O+ Off NW*@


N>R
RPO *$+>* �f*+ *@fW
Description
N>N @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C S
]S *@5 ff 0+N* ? 3@ 
N>3 @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C c
]S0 *@5 ff 0+N* C 5+O *@*NW@F5
N>O @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C a
]S *@5 ff 0+N* C 0fW@ 3F+
N>+ @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C 7
SNS *@5 ff O �NW+ C 0fW@ 3F+
N>2 @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C 
SN *@5 ff O �NW+ C 5+O *@*NW@F5
N>$ @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C R
S3> *@5 ff O �NW+ C 3@ 
N>@ @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C G
+W2@W+ C 2N0 a  S�R 5>@ S]_
c$] N> @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C Sc
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N>5 @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C S_
aNN @W*+@f *@5 C )+* 3N 
N>W @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C Sa
aN( @W*+@f *@5 C L O �+*+
N27 NO)F0*+ �N00 0* C 5NWFN c N
@WOf *@W*+O C N 0$NO+O
N]S @WO0$@+O Of Wf* F0+ N>*+ 5��
N2" NO)F0*+ �N00 0* C 5NWFN a N
c]SSP
NO)F0*+ >* 0* C 5NWFN a N
N7S 0+N* C >* 3* F0*f5 N$_
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N"a 0+N*  C 0�@* >fO@W2 a]b"]
NO)F0*+ >* 0* C 5NWFN c N
N$G
O@L+
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N"G
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f5�N*5+W* Off C f N3+
NGG +0*N@W* C $+NO >* 0+N* F�bOfW
2fL+ Off N)
NO)F0*5+W*
NN @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C S"
+0*N@W* 00*+5 C 0+N*
N)2 @W>N*N3+ O@L+  �N00 >*
+0*N@W* 00*+5 C 0+N*
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NO @W>N*N3+ O@L+  �N00 0@W2+
0*N2+
N(� +0*N@W* C $+NO  0+N* +W*+
@WOf C �f+ f�+N*+O O@L+
N+ +(F@�5+W* C 0+W0f N@ 5f@0*F+
+9�+00 OfW N0L
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N+O
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General Information General Information 1-9

RPO RPO
Description Description

f  fW*f +W* C +5f*+ *] fFW* C 0fLN@N


N*$ +W* +9*+WO+O NW2+ �N00@L+
+W* *S fFW* C 3+2@F5

+0*N@W* 00*+5  C 0+N* 3+* *c fFW* C NF0*@N


Nf
+N _ �f@W* *
*_ fFW* C 2+5NW
@WOf C �f+ f�+N*+OC+9�+00
N92 *a fFW* C F9+53fF2
O@L+ F�bOfW

N9) L+$@ + *�+ C �N00+W2+ N *7 fFW* C W+*$+NWO0

+0*N@W* 00*+5 C 0+N* *" fFW* C @*N


N @W>N*N3+ O@L+  �N00 >*
0+N* 0@O+ ff> 0@O+ 0@W2+ 0*N2+ * fFW* C O+W5N

3" F0*+ ff C @W0* 3N  *R fFW* C �f*F2N

+(F@�5+W* C 0+ F@* 00*+5 *G fFW* C 0�N@W


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F] fFW* C FN@W+
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FS fFW* C WfN
$+N*+ C $+N*@W2bO+>f0*+
_c Fc fFW* C >@WNWO
00*+5 +@W>f +O ++ *@
F_ fFW* C >NW +
$LN 00*+5 C $+N*+ fF*0@O+ N@
ac
O+F9+ Fa fFW* C 0+O+W
aG O+>f22+ C  @WOf ++ *@ F7 fFW* C 0@*+NWO
$LN 00*+5 C N@ fWO@*@fW+ >* FG fFW* C FW@*+O @W2Of5
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++ *fW@ fW*f0
L] fFW* C N3NW@N
$LN 00*+5 C N@ fWO@*@fW+ >*
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NF*f ++ *fW@ fW*f0 LS fFW* C @ +NWO
GS N5� C @W* ff> fF*+0 LG fFW* C *F+
N5� C @W* ff> fF*+0  OFN 7 fFW* C 0+3@N
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0F��+00@fW _ fFW* C F00@N

@�+ 00*+5 C @WO0$@+O �F0+ R fFW* C 5N +OfW@N


+S
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O_S 5@f @b0 bL C *@*
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O_ fFW* C 3f0W@NC$++2fL@WN
)R fFW* C 3F2N@N
O_W fFW* C F2f0NL@N
)G fFW* C f5NW@N
OaN fFW* C N*L@N
a fFW* C 2++ +
Oc $NWO+ fb0 Off C 3N 
c fFW* C 0fL+W@N
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$NWO+ fb0 Off C 3fO ff
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$f5+ 0*@�

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0] fFW* C + $ +�F3@ ONS N5 +0* C  0+N* 0*fN2+


General Information General Information 1-10

RPO RPO
Description Description

fW0f+ C >* f5�* >ff N5 �@5N ff C +9*+@f L+L+*


O3F 2 0
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OOR 5@f @b0 bL C * 0+W0@*@L+ �@5N ff C +9*+@f


2 *
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OF O@L+ bf 5@f �N00 b5@f �@5N ff C +9*+@f N*NW*@0
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5@f �fL@0@fW0 C $fF0@W2 �@5N ff C +9*+@f �+*+


O�" 2 L
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O*a N0$*N C @2N+**+ @2$*+ �@5N ff C +9*+@f 5@0*


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5@f fb0 C $  $   ++  �@5N ff C +9*+@f @2$*


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+_+ $NWO+ C fb0 b2N*+ b 5�* $f5+ 2WN $N00@0 +(F@� >fW* C 0*F* N05

+5 fFW* C 5fW*+W+2f $N00@0 +(F@� +N C +N N9+


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General Information General Information 1-11

RPO RPO
Description Description

FN �NW* fO+ C 2FW0NW f+N *@+ N C cc7b7]SCGaL 3 b0* *


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W+G +5@00@fW 00*+5 C ++ ]G NO@f +(F@�5+W* C NF9 fWW+ *f


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General Information General Information 1-12

RPO RPO
Description Description

@W>f*N@W5+W* O@0�N C ff @W>f $++ C S" 9 "�7 NF5@WF5 O+0@2W


FO
O@0�N  @OP % (L2N (0 S *3O 2f3N O+*N Of Wf* F0+
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F$S @WO@ N*f C 0+N* 3+* NW@W2  $ 9(G +(F@�5+W* C $+Lf+*

F0 f  fW*f C 0*++@W2 fF5W @O+W*@>@ N*@fW C 0�++Of5+*+


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RPO Code List (LAAM)
F*�
O+*++W* * T Q,,# &8 ,T \'T & T T:\& Q & T
T!,8\ �\!:& f& �fP :T & 8& 8\T
NN5 $fW C fW*+W* *$+>* 8'8,8 ,T  & T 'T :,T� * T 'T :,T1 �f ,&  \&T
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*$+>* O+*++W* C 3fO 0+ F@*
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fW*+W* RPO Description

F*F 0+W0f L+$@ + C @W @WN*@fW ]S *@5 ff 0+N* ? 3@ 

0+W0f L+$@ + C @W*+@f ]Sf *@5 ff 0+N* C L O �+*+


F*L
5fL+5+W*
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Fa 0�+N+ 00*+5 C a F0*f5
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F" 0�+N+ 00*+5 C " F0*f5
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NO@f C N5b>5 0*++f WNL OCf5
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NO@f C N5b>5 0*++f OCf5 N> S3> *@5 ff O �NW+ C 3@ 
F3
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c$]
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F@ N> 0N 5F0@ WNL@2N*f
25+b5+b*N@NW L+0@fWP aNN @W*+@f *@5 C )+* 3N 

F" 0�+N+ 00*+5 C " �+5@F5 aN( @W*+@f *@5 C L O �+*+

�f*+ *f C 3fO 0$++* 5+*N @WOf *@W*+O C N 0$NO+O


L$ N]S @WO0$@+O Of Wf* F0+ N>*+ 5��
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N"c 0+N*  C >@9+O 0+N* 3N 
L* f5�N*5+W* C 0*fN2+ @b� b@O
N"a 0+N*  C 0�@* >fO@W2 a]b"]
L*9 f5�N*5+W* C 0*fN2+ @b� fb@O
f5�N*5+W* Off C f N3+
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fW*f C 0*++@W2 $++ NO@f NN @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C S"


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General Information General Information 1-13

RPO Description RPO Description

+0*N@W* 00*+5 C 0+N* @WOf C �f+ f�+N*+OC+9�+00


N92
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N>3 @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C c 3" F0*+ ff C @W0* 3N 

N>O @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C a +(F@�5+W* C 0+ F@* 00*+5


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$+N*+ C $+N*@W2bO+>f0*+
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N> @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C Sc $LN 00*+5 C $+N*+ fF*0@O+ N@
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0S fFW* C *FW@0@N Oc fFW* C NWON

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RPO Description RPO Description

0*++@W2 C �f+ WfWCLN@N3+ @W>f*N@W5+W* O@0�N C 2N�$@


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F]a $fW C 0@W2+ Wf*+ * T Q,,# &8 ,T \'T & T T:\& Q & T
T!,8\ �\!:& f& �fP :T & 8& 8\T
F"R O@0�N C O@L+ @W>f +W*+ 8'8,8 ,T  & T 'T :,T� * T 'T :,T1 �f ,&  \&T
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RPO Description RPO Description

]S *@5 ff 0+N* C 3@  N @WO0$@+O *�+ C *@W*+O

]S0 *@5 ff 0+N* C 5+O *@*NW@F5 N(� +0*N@W* C $+NO  0+N* +W*+

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RPO Description RPO Description

fW0f+ C >* f5�* >ff N5 �@5N ff C +9*+@f �+*+


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RPO Description RPO Description

*NW05@00@fW C 5NW " 0�O f�+ *0" N5� C 0*f� $@2$ +L+
5" R_55 _�Gc S0* ]�"c "*$ >a] P �*F
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RPO Description RPO Description

$++ C S" 9 "�7 NF5@WF5 O+0@2W N>O @W*+@f *@5 fW>@2 C a


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* T Q,,# &8 ,T \'T & T T:\& Q & T +0*N@W* 00*+5  C 0+N* 3+*
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General Information General Information 1-25

RPO Description RPO Description

a fFW* C OF3N@ Oc+ fFW* C N53fO@N

G fFW* C 5ff f Oc2 fFW* C N2+@N

0S fFW* C *FW@0@N Oc$ fFW* C 3+W@W

0c fFW* C W@2+@N Oc) fFW* C 2F@W+N

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Oa� fFW* C O)@3fF*@ + fFW* C @3N

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O7> fFW* C 0+W+2N +2 fFW* C 5N@

O72 fFW* C 0+ $++0 +$ fFW* C 5N*@W@(F+

O7$ fFW* C 0@+N +fW+ +@ fFW* C 5NF@*NW@N

O7) fFW* C 0f5N@N +) fFW* C 5NF@*@F0

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NO@f C N5b>5 0*++f O9Cf5 N7S 0+N* C >* 3* F0*f5


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RPO Description RPO Description

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L* f5�N*5+W* C 0*fN2+ @b� b@O 25 +TT\ 0&88\ 8 W\& NYT\:8
@!&\T 8'T 8&T 8 \& Q & T @0fCTQT
L*9 f5�N*5+W* C 0*fN2+ @b� fb@O &88\ YT&\: Q8&TT\ �T� * T !\T #8 &
\T!:T & T !Y T\ Q Q8&TT\ �T !T # ,T \T&8
�NW+ +W*+ C @W0*F5+W* $@2$
L & T T& & \T8 !8,&T  T8: & \T8 �T� >\
2f00 3N 
Te8Y,T & T YT&\: 5"�]¨9¨S :\T# #& T8\,; & T
L Wf3 C *NW0 fW* +L+ +N*$+ 8YT 8YT&T\ 8 c7�a¨& \T8 T\ : \T,8:T & T
+, Sba?c] 8 Sba?cR :\T#� * T & \T8 &:
$++ C S" 9 "�7 NF5@WF5 O+0@2W  Y#8; T&#TT & T +, :8\T 8 QT & \T8
(0 S *3O 2f3N O+*N Of Wf* F0+ &: T�
N>*+ 5�� c]SSP
General Information General Information 1-32

Fastener Strength Identification

171891
Legend

SP +, 3,& 2\8T¨c 0&\T& ,8P 7P 5T&\: W!& 0&\T& ,8¨G
cP +, 3,& 2\8T¨7 0&\T& ,8P "P 5T&\: 3,& 0&\T& ,8 @:\T8T 8
_P +, 3,& 2\8T¨ 0&\T& ,8P W!Y T\ @:\T8T
aP +, 3,& 2\8T¨R 0&\T& ,8P

* T Y& :YY,; !T YT&\: Q8&TT\ &\T& * T YT&\: Q8&TT\  25 \!:& 8\T TT
\T\&; :,8T 8\T G�R 8 S]�G� * T :,8 & T# &T\8&8, &88\� * T Q,,# 8\T
T&Q:8&  TY T  & T T8 Q T8: ,&� * T & T :YY �T 8 &: T Te:T& Q\ T:8,
+,  : &\T& :,8T \8T Q\Y \8T¨c & 8,:8&�
\8T¨R� 88, ,T 8\T TY T  & T T8 Q
T8: ,&  \T\ & T&Q; & T &\T& :,8� * T  5"�] 9 S
!Y T\ Q ,T  & T T8 Q & T ,&  c¨,T ,T  5R 9 S�c7
& 8 & T 8:&!8, \8T� >\ Te8Y,T 8 \8T¨R ,&  5S] 9 S�7
#,, 8'T "¨\88, ,T  & T ,& T8� 0YT YT&\:
!& 8\T Y8\-T #& 8 ,T & &\T& T&Q:8&  5Sc 9 S�7
!Y T\  & T !& Q8:T�  5Sa 9 c�]]
* T :\\T:& Q8&TT\ 8\T 8'8,8 ,T & \! 25 0�f�  5S" 9 c�]]
58; YT&\: Q8&TT\ 8'8,8 ,T  & T 8Q&T\Y8\-T& 8\& Prevailing Torque Fasteners
: 8T, 8\T TT & YT&\: &88\ Q :!&\T
�\T'8, &\!T Q8&TT\ :\T8&T 8 & \T8 &T\Q8:T
& T\ & 8 & T F&T 0&8&T 8 Y8; Te  & & T
T&#TT & T Q8&TT\ 8 & T Q8&TT\ :!&T\8\& 
Q,,#�
\T\ & \T'T& & T Q8&TT\ Q\Y ,T�
 #T\ &\T& All Metal Prevailing Torque Fasteners
 W !Y T\T T8 Y8\- ;&TY * TT Q8&TT\ 8::Y, & T & \T8 &T\Q8:T ; 8
 \ & \T8 &: TT &\& \ TQ\Y8&  & T Q8&TT\�
General Information General Information 1-33

Nylon Interface Prevailing Torque Fasteners


* TT Q8&TT\ 8::Y, & T & \T8 &T\Q8:T ; & T
\TT:T Q 8 ;, Y8&T\8,  & T Q8&TT\ & \T8�
Adhesive Coated Fasteners
* TT Q8&TT\ 8::Y, & T & \T8 &T\Q8:T ; & T
\TT:T Q 8 & \T8C,:- :Y!  & T Q8&TT\
& \T8� TQT\ & & T 8\\8&T \T8\ \:T!\T 
\T\ & T&T\YT Q & T Q8&TT\ Y8; T \T!T 8
& T 8,:8 ,T & \T8C,:- :Y! & 8,; & & T
Q8&TT\�

171892
Legend

SP �\T'8, *\!T W!& T&T\ :- *;T "P �\T'8, *\!T 3,& O\; N T'T 8&
cP �\T'8, *\!T W!& * :- *;T *;T

_P �\T'8, *\!T W!& W;, �8&: *;T P �\T'8, *\!T 3,& * \T8 �\Q,T
OTQ\YT *;T
aP �\T'8, *\!T W!& W;, 8 T\ @T\&
*;T RP �\T'8, *\!T 3,& W;, 0&\ *;T

7P �\T'8, *\!T W!& W;, @T\& *;T GP �\T'8, *\!T 3,& f!&CQC! * \T8
N\T8 *;T

N \T'8, &\!T Q8&TT\ Y8; T \T!T fW Q�  * T Q8&TT\ T'T, & T T:QT YY!Y
&\!T 88& & :!&T\8\& \\ & & T Q8&TT\
 * T Q8&TT\ 8 & T Q8&TT\ :!&T\8\& 8\T
T8&
:,T8 8 & 8Y8T
 * T\T   \!&  & T Q8&TT\

Metric Prevailing Torque Fastener Minimum Torque Development


Specification

Application Metric English

N,, 5T&8, �\T'8, *\!T >8&TT\

" YY ]�a¨ WY a¨, ¨

R YY ]�R¨ WY ¨, ¨

S] YY S�a¨ WY Sc¨, ¨

Sc YY c�S¨ WY SG¨, ¨

Sa YY _¨ WY c¨, ¨

S" YY a�c¨ WY _¨, ¨

c] YY ¨ WY "c¨, ¨

ca YY S]�7¨ WY G_¨, ¨

W;, @&T\Q8:T �\T'8, *\!T >8&TT\


General Information General Information 1-34

Specification

Application Metric English

" YY ]�_¨ WY _¨, ¨

R YY ]�"¨ WY 7¨, ¨

S] YY S�S¨ WY S]¨, ¨

Sc YY S�7¨ WY S_¨, ¨

Sa YY c�_¨ WY c]¨, ¨

S" YY _�a¨ WY _]¨, ¨

c] YY 7�7¨ WY aG¨, ¨

ca YY R�7¨ WY 7¨, ¨

English Prevailing Torque Fastener Minimum Torque Development


Specification

Application Metric English

N,, 5T&8, �\T'8, *\!T >8&TT\

Sba  ]�7¨ WY a�7¨, ¨

7bS"  ]�R¨ WY �7¨, ¨

_bR  S�_¨ WY SS�7¨, ¨

bS"  S�R¨ WY S"¨, ¨

Sbc  c�_¨ WY c]¨, ¨

GbS"  _�c¨ WY cR¨, ¨

7bR  a¨ WY _"¨, ¨

_ba  ¨ WY 7a¨, ¨

W;, @&T\Q8:T �\T'8, *\!T >8&TT\

Sba  ]�_¨ WY _¨, ¨

7bS"  ]�"¨ WY 7¨, ¨

_bR  S¨ WY G¨, ¨

bS"  S�_¨ WY Sc¨, ¨

Sbc  S�R¨ WY S"¨, ¨

GbS"  c�7¨ WY cc¨, ¨

7bR  _�a¨ WY _]¨, ¨

_ba  7¨ WY a7¨, ¨

Thread Inserts * TT -& 8\T 8'8,8 ,T :YYT\:8,,;�


2TT\8, �!\T * \T8 T8\ &�
General Information General Information 1-35

Repair Procedure
a� * \T8 & T & \T8 T\& & & T Y8\T, Q & T
&8,,T\� +8T & T &8 Q & T T\& & & T
T Q & T Y8\T,�
Note
7� * T T\&  !, T Q,! & T &!\ T,# & T
!\Q8:T�
7� ! \:8&T & T T\& #& , & TT , Te:T&
# T &8,,  8,!Y!Y 8 &8,, & T T\&�
"� @Q & T &8 Q & T T\& T & \T8- QQ # T
8:- !& & T &8,,T\ \T8- & T &8 QQ #&
8 \Q&�
Abbreviations and Meanings
Abbreviation Meaning

N NYT\TP

N30 N&,:- 3\8-T 0;&TY


4962
Warning Nb N\ &
S� TQT\ & Safety Glasses Warning �
N N,&T\8& !\\T&
Note
S� TQT\ & & T & \T8 \T8\ -& Y8!Q8:&!\T\1 N N::T\; N!&Y8&: ,Y8&T &\,
&\!:& \T8\ & T �T Q & T \,, 8 &8 N  N\ ,T8T\
& !T�
N' 8; !,! Q : � 38:- !& & T &8 T'T\; N 5 N\ & 5!,T
QT# &!\ 8 \TY'T & T : �
N\ & TQ\T\8& T:'T\;
S� OT&T\YT & T �T & T &:  8 & T T& Q N a
T:;:, T: 8\
& T 8Y8T & \T8� @Q T:T8\; 8�!& & T &
:,,8\  & T :!&& &, 8 &8 & & T \T!\T NO N!&Y8&: O:T:&
T& �
NbO N8, & O&8,
c� O\,, !& & T 8Y8T & \T8� ,T8 !& 8; : �
NO N!&Y8&: O\ :-
_� ! \:8&T & T &8 #& , & TT ,� *8 & T ,T�
,T8 & T & \T8� Nb> N\b>!T, 8&

N$ N:&'T $8,

N@ 0T:8\; N\ @�T:&

N!&Y8&: T'T, &\, N!&Y8&:


N
8Y &\,

NY,&!T 5!,8&b>\T!T:;
N5b>5
5!,8&

N& N&T8

N� N::T,T\8&\ �T8,

N� 5 N::T\; �#T\ &\, 5!,T

N�@ NYT\:8 �T&\,T!Y @&&!&T

N�� N::T,T\8&\ �T8, �&

N�* N�!&8 ,T �8\& * \&&,T

NTY ,; N::T,T\8&\ 8 0T\'


4963 N05
&\, 5!,T
General Information General Information 1-36

Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning

N0 N::T,T\8& 0, T!,8& N 8\T N\ ,T\

N* N!&Y8&: *\8Y N>+ \\8&T N'T\8T >!T, +:Y;

N!&Y8&: *\8QT\ 8T N!&Y8&: 8, 8, \8&


N*
*TYT\8&!\T &\,
8Y 8Y 8Q&
N*O NQ&T\ * OT8 T&T\
N3 8,Q\8 N\ T!\:T 38\
N!&Y8&: *\8Y 0 Q& :-
N*0 8& ,!&:
&\,

N!& N!&Y8&: :Y ! : T&YT&T\

8' N'T\8T 'TT:T 8\T 5!,T 8


5
&\, 5!,T
NaO N!&Y8&: >!\C TT, O\'T
f* ;:, ,!&: f\Q:T *! T
N2 NYT\:8 \T 28T
� ,Y8&T &\, �8T,
B
O Y8:& O:
3 38&&T\; �&'T L,&8T
+ YY!&8&\ +
3Nf 38\YT&\: �\T!\T
+N3 , +T N\ 3,TT
3N** 38&&T\;
+5> !&T\ +,T:&\Y&'T >\:T
33L 3\8-T 3&T\ L8:!!Y
+9 8  +e: 8T\
3 N 38 &\, NTY ,;
:QY ! : >TT& T\ 5!&T
3 5 3; &\, 5!,T
: T&T\ Q 2\8'&;
32 3TT
@O ,\ @Q O,8;
3$� 3\8-T $\T#T\
@O ! : @: O,8:TYT&
3 3,8:-
� \8- 8Q& �&
3 3,8:-
* \:!&
3F 3,!T
b&\ 8\  &T\
3W 3\#
 ,T8\
3� 38:- �\T!\T
 ,T 
3� 5 38&&T\; �8:- &\, 5!,T
0 ,8& T'T, 0#&:
3�5L 3\8-T �\T!\T 5!,8&\ L8,'T
5 Y\T\ 5&\ &\,,T\
3�� 3\8-T �T8, �&
5� 8Y 8Q& �&
3W 3\#
W2 Y\TT W8&!\8, 28
3*O 3TQ\T * OT8 T&T\
f 8\  5eT
3*5 38&&T\; * T\Y8, 5!,T
fc 8\  OeT
3*0@ 3\8-T *\8Y 0 Q& @&T\,:-
8e 8e8,
3&! 3\& * T\Y8, F&
f55 YY!:8&
3F 3,!T
 T:&\
C
�N T:&\ �& N!\8:T
 OT\TT T,!
General Information General Information 1-37

Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning

�� ,!&: �T8, �& O5F O\'T 5&\ F&

�0 T&\8, �#T\ 0!,; Of$ O!8, f'T\ T8 8Y 8Q&

�F T&\8, �\:T F& O�5 O\'T\ �& 5!,T

 \T8Y O O\'\ O\'T\

* 8& T 8; *! T O O8;&YT ! 8Y

* 8& T 8; *! T &\,,T\ O0 O&8:T 0T \!T &\,

0 8\ 0;&TY O* O8&: *\! ,T T

0>@ T&\8, 0T!T&8, >!T, @�T:& E

*� ,T * \&&,T �& +3 5 +,T:&\: 3\8-T &\, 5!,T

:! Q& ! : >&b>TT& +,T:&\: 3\8-T 8 *\8:& &\,


+3* 5
5!,T
:!  ! : @: b@: T
+ +,T:&\:8, T&T\ +T &\,
L &8& LT,:&; )&
+ +,T:&\: ,Y8&T &\,
&!!,; L8\8 ,T 8 0T
L00
0!T + @ +e&TT Y\T\ 8& @,T

;, ;,T\P +  +T ,8& T'T,

D +T &\, 5!,T +,T:&\:


+ 5
&\, 5!,T
O O8\-
+ 0 +Y &\, 0;&TY
O OTT,
+ * +T ,8& *TYT\8&!\T
ON3 OT,8;T N::T\; 3!
+,T:&\:8,,; +\88 ,T �\\8YY8 ,T
3 OT: T, ++�f5
T8 f,; 5TY\;

3N OT: T,  NC#T &T 0:8,T +'8\8&\ +!8,�T L8,!T 


++L@
T:T'T\
O O\T:& !\\T& O!&; ;:,T
+>+ +8\,; >!T, +'8\8&
O 5 O\ &\, 5!,T
+2 +e 8!& 28 T:\:!,8&
O+ O\'T +
+e 8!& 28 T:\:!,8& * T\Y8,
O+ O&8, +,T:&\: &\,,T\ +2 *LL
L8:!!Y L8,'T

O+5 O8&: +T\; TT\'T 5!,T +$�0 +,T:&\C$;\8!,: �#T\ 0&TT\


O@ O&\ !&\ @& +@ +,T:&\: @&
8 O8YT&T\ +N� +,8T

O@ O\'T\ @Q\Y8& T&T\ + +,T:&\: T'T, &\,

OQQ OQQT\T&8, +b5 +, b5T&\:


O@5 O8 @&T\8& 5!,T +5> +,T:&\Y&'T >\:T
O O8\- +5@ +,T:&\Y8T&: @&T\QT\T:T
O O8&8 - T:&\ + +T

O5 5 O\'T 5&\ &\, 5!,T +f� +T f, �\T!\T


O55 O&8, 5!,&YT&T\ +f* +T f, *TYT\8&!\T
O50O0 O\'T 5&\ 0TT 8 O\T:& 0T\
General Information General Information 1-38

Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning

+�N +'\YT&8, �\&T:& NT:; aO >!\  TT, O\'T

+� +e 8!& �\T!\T T!,8&\ > >,8& \T

+\88 ,T �\\8YY8 ,T T8 f,; >O >\&  TT, O\'T >\#8\


+�f5
5TY\;
G
+03 +e8 0\ 3\8-T
 2\8Y 2\8'&8&8, N::T,T\8&
+0 +,T:&\: 0!T &\,
2N 28T 28!T
+0O +,T:&\&8&: O: 8\T
8, 28,,
+0W +,T:&\: 0T\8, W!Y T\
8 28,T
+0� +,T:&\: 0&8 ,&; �\\8Y
2  2\ Y 8& T &
+,T:&\: * \&&,T &\, +,T:&\:
+* *TYT\8&!\T &\, +,T:&\: *Y 2O 2,
&\,
2T 2TT\8&\
+* +,T:&\: *!: ,Y8&T &\,
2 2T8\ ! \:8&
+* +,T:&\:8,,; *!T T:T'T\
25 2TT\8, 5&\
+*0 + 8:T *\8:& 0;&TY
25+ 2TT\8, 5&\ +!\T
+LN� +'8\8&'T +Y
2TT\8, 5&\ 0T\':T �8\&
25 0�f
+Lf +,T:&\: L8\8 ,T f\Q:T fT\8&

+e +e 8!& 2W 2\TT

F  2\!

> OT\TT >8 \T T& Y 28,, T\ 5!&T

> >8 &\, 2W 2\TT

>O >!T, O8&8 T&T\ 2 2\8;

>TT\8, N,, F&T 0&8&T Te:T& 2L 2\ LT :,T T & 8&
>+O
8,Q\8
2 2\8;
>+O0 >!T, +8 ,T O8&8 0&\T8Y
H
>+9 >\& +e: 8T\
$ $;\T
>> >,Te ,T >!T,
$cf 8&T\
>>$ >!T,C>\T $T8&T\
$8\ $8\T
>@ >!T, @�T:&
$ $;\:8\ 
>@ �T&\,
$ 5 $LN &\, 5!,T
>TT\8, F�0� 5&\ LT :,T 08QT&;
>5L00 $b 5� $ Y\T
0&88\

>� >!T, �!Y $O $T8'; O!&;

Q& >&b>TT& $O $T8'; O!&; ,

>* >!T, *\Y Te $Te8 $Te8T:Y8,

>aO >!,, *YT >!\  TT, O\'T $ 5T\:!\;

aN >!\  TT, N&,:- $ N,& $ N,&&!T


General Information General Information 1-39

Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning

$fc0 $T8&T fe;T 0T\ @* 5 @&T\8&T *\8Y &\, 5!,T

 $\T#T\ K

$� $ �\T!\T ! N5 TT N,'T 5TY\;

$�0 $ �T\Q\Y8:T 0;&TY OO T; 8\ O,8; O\'T\

$�L $ �\T!\T L8\ - ,\8Y

$�L0 $T8& �!Y LT&,8& 0;&TY -$� , T\&�

$& $T8&T -Y ,YT&T\

$* $T8&T\ -Yb ,YT&T\ T\ $!\

$FO $T8 F O,8; -Yb, ,YT&T\ T\ &T\

$LN $T8&T\ LT&,8& N\ & -�8 ,8:8,

$LN 5 $T8&T\ LT& N\ & 5!,T 0 :- 0T\

$L@ $ L,&8T @&T\,:-  -L ,',&

$L5 $T8&T\ LT& 5!,T L

$� $T\&�   &

I  &T\

@N @,T N\ &\, a >!\ ;,T\ +T @CT

@N* @&8-T N\ *TYT\8&!\T " 0eC ;,T\ +T @CT

@ @&T\8&T \:!& @& &\, , �!

@ 0 @&T\8&T 8 &\, 0;&TY , Q& �! >TT& *\!T

@ 5 @& &\, 5!,T ,  �! @: *\!T

@O @T&Q:8& @T O8YT&T\  O ! \;&8, O,8;

@O@ @&T\8&T O\T:& @& O  TQ& O\ ,T :-

@23* @!,8&T 28&T 3C�,8\ *\8&\ O 5 TQ& O\ &\, 5!,T

 @& O5 8Y O\'T\ 5!,T

@ @,T 8 YT8&\ +O  & +Y&& OT

 @: b@: T +L # +Y LT :,T

@W) @�T:& > TQ& >\&

& @&8&8T! @&8& ,Y !YT

@� @&\!YT& �8T,  TQ& T8\

@� @&\!YT& �8T, ,!&T\ * TQ&

@�5 @&\!YT& �8T, 5!,T *  &

@b�+ @&\!YT& �8T, +,T:&\:8, T&T\ *  *T\Y

@0 @,T 0TT &\, *�@ # *\T �\T!\T @:8&\

@0f @&T\8&8, 0&88\ f\8�8& *�0 # *\T �\T!\T 8\ 0;&TY

@00 @!& 0TT 0 8Q& @!& 0 8Q& 0TT 3   TT, 38T
General Information General Information 1-40

Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning

M W�* W8&8, �T * \T8 8\T

5N> 58 N\ >,# W�*> W8&8, �T * \T8 >T

58 58!8, WfLN5 WCL,8&,T 8Y N::T 5TY\;

5N� 58Q, N ,!&T �\T!\T O

5N* 58Q, N ,!&T *TYT\8&!\T fc fe;T

Y8e 58eY!Y fc0 fe;T 0T\

5b 5e&!\T &\, f3O fC38\ O8&:

5O� 58Q, OQQT\T&8, �\T!\T fC38\ O8&: 0T:


f3O @@
2TT\8&
5>@ 5!,&\& >!T, @�T:&
f fe8& 'T\&T\ 8&8,;&:
Y 5,T
f 0 f\&!&; 8\T 0&8&
5@ 58,Q!:& @:8&\ 8Y
fO f!&T O8YT&T\
Y 5Y!Y
fO5 f!&!& O\'T 5!,T
5@W 5 ,T @T&Q:8& W!Y T\
fOf fYT&T\
Y 5,,,&T\
f+ f\8, +!YT&
YY 5,,YT&T\
f+5 f\8, +!YT& 58!Q8:&!\T\
Y 5,T T\ 28,,
f2 f\8T
Y 5,T T\ $!\
f$ f'T\ T8 8Y 8Q&
Y 5,,T:
f Y
50* 58Q, 0!\Q8:T *TYT\8&!\T
f fT  f!& Q Y&
58T&: 0&TT\ L8\8 ,T N&
50LN
588&TT\ f fe8& T!:& 'T\&T\ 8&8,;&:

5* 58!8, *\8Y fW f\8T

5L 5T8',& fL fC38\ TQ!T, L8\ T:'T\;


YL 5,,',& f00 f!&!& 0 8Q& 0TT
N � f!:TP
WN W8&!\8, P
WN+0 W\& NYT\:8 +e\& 08,T �N2 �,;8,-;,TT 2,;:,
W W\Y8,,; ,T �N@ �!,T 0T:8\; N\ @�T:&
W+2 WT8&'T �N00 �02 �8TT\
WT! WT!&\8, �T\8,�T N!&Y&'T 0T:!\&;
�N00CT;
0;&TY
W@ WT!&\8, @,T
�b3 �#T\ 3\8-T
W5$ W:-T, 5T&8, $;\T
� �\T!\T &\,
W2@ W8&8, ! \:8& 2\T8T @&&!&T
� 3 �\&T \:!& 38\
WY WT#&CYT&T\ *\!T
� 5 �#T\&\8 &\, 5!,T
Wf W\Y8,,; fT
� 0 �\T!\T &\, 0,T
Wfe feT Q W&\T
General Information General Information 1-41

Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning

� L �&'T \8-:8T LT&,8& 8Y N::T 5TY\;


WCT\Y8T& YTY\; T':T
�+3 �#T\ +,T:&\: 38; N5
YTY\; :&T& 8\T ,& # T #T\
 \TY'T�
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General Information General Information 1-42

Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning

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General Information General Information 1-43

Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning

FL F,&\8',T& 00  TT, 0TT 0T\

V FCf 8\Y F fe8& 'T\&T\ 8&8,;&:

L L,&P L,&8T 8\Y F * \TTC8; 'T\&T\


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L Q L,&8T OQQT\T:T Registered and Non-Registered


LOf* L8\8 ,T O,8:TYT& f\Q:T *! T Trademarks
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LOL L8:!!Y OT,8; L8,'T
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OT,: 25 F,&\8,&T

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General Information General Information 1-45

8 >\T * TQ&,:-

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Note
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2028309
General Information General Information 1-46

Danger Vehicle Lifting – Frame Contact Lift


* 8' 8; 'T :,T 8Y8T T\! T\8, �!\; \ Front Lift Pads
T8& # T Y8�\ :YT& 8\T \TY'T Q\Y & T  T ,Q& & T 'T :,T #& 8 Q\8YTC:&8:& ,Q& ,8:T
'T :,T 8 & T 'T :,T  !\&T ; 8 & !\& & T Q\& ,Q& 8  & T \:-T\ !&T\ 8T, #T, Q,8T
& T 'T :,T #& �8:- &8 8& & T &T T Q\Y 8  #
# : & T :YT& 8\T T \TY'T 8 &\8 & T
'T :,T & & T &� Rear Lift Pads
Danger  T ,Q& & T 'T :,T #& 8 Q\8YTC:&8:& ,Q& ,8:T
& T \T8\ ,Q& 8  & T \:-T\ !&T\ 8T, #T, Q,8T
* 8' 8; 'T :,T 8Y8T T\! T\8, �!\; \ 8  #�
T8&  8,#8; !T & T �8:-&8 & !\& & T 'T :,T
# T ,Q& & T 'T :,T #& 8 �8:-� Vehicle Jacking
Caution: Perform the following steps before Caution: When you are jacking the vehicle at the
beginning any vehicle lifting or jacking procedure: front locations, be certain that the jack or the jack
lift pad does not contact the front fascia, front
• Remove or secure all of the vehicle’s contents fascia air dam, or the front fenders. If such contact
in order to avoid any shifting or any movement occurs, vehicle damage may result. When jacking at
that may occur during the vehicle lifting or selected front locations additional clearance may be
jacking procedure. required for the jacking points.
• The lifting equipment or the jacking equipment Note
weight rating must meet or exceed the weight
 T ;! 8\T ,Q& 8 'T :,T #& 8 T\':T �8:- ,:-
of the vehicle and any vehicle contents.
& T # TT, 8& & T &T T Q\Y # : ;! 8\T ,Q&�
• The lifting equipment or the jacking equipment FT �8:- &8 & \'T 8&8, !\&�
must meet the operational standards of the
Front of Vehicle
lifting equipment or jacking equipment’s
manufacturer.  T ! 8 T\':T �8:- !T\ & T Q\& Q & T 'T :,T
!T T Q & T Q,,# ,:8&�
• Perform the vehicle lifting or jacking procedure
on a clean, hard, dry, level surface. �,8:T & T T\':T �8:- 8  & T 8YT ,:8& 8  #
Q\ & T Q\& ,Q& 8�
• Perform the vehicle lifting or jacking procedure
only at the identified lift points. DO NOT allow Rear of Vehicle
the lifting equipment or jacking equipment to Note
contact any other vehicle components.
�,8:T �8:-&8 fW !T\ &\ 8 &8 ,T 'T :,T
Failure to perform the previous steps could result &\!:&!\T�
in damage to the lifting equipment or the jacking
�,8:T & T T\':T �8:- 8  & T 8YT ,:8& 8  #
equipment, the vehicle, and/or the vehicle’s
Q\ & T \T8\ ,Q& 8�
contents.
General Information Air/Wind Noise 1-47

Air/Wind Noise
Diagnostics ........................................................... 1-48 Repair .................................................................... 1-50
N\b WT ��������������������������������������������������� SCaR +e&T\\ T��������������������������������������������� SC7]
*\8: �#T\ \ 8,- *T& ��������������������������� SCaR @&T\\ T ���������������������������������������������� SC7S
N\ �\T!\T *T& ����������������������������������������������� SCaG Tools...................................................................... 1-52
08 0! \ 3! ,T *T& ��������������������������������� SCaG 0T:8, *, ����������������������������������������������������� SC7c
General Information Air/Wind Noise 1-48

Air/Wind Noise
Special Tools
 $C_G7] 8 +8\
 2+CaSaS"F,&\8: T8- OT&T:&\
Warning
TQT\ & Assistant Driving Warning �
* 88,;�T 8 \T\&T #T :& &T& \'T & T 'T :,T & T&T\YT & T \ Q & T T�
T 8 \T!,8\ \!&T #& Y& 8 &\8 & &\TT& & 8& \!  8,, a \T:&� W\&  0!&  +8& 8 T&� * T
8\T8  !, 8'T ,&&,T &\8QQ: \ ,&&,T T  \T\ & T,Y8&T &T\QT\T:T #& & T &T&�
Note
fQ&T & T\T  T \Y8\; ,T8- !\:T 8 T \ Y\T T:8\; ,T8- & 8& :&\ !&T & & T T :&� T8\
,; T Q & T :&\ !& ,T8- !\:T Y8; & :Y,T&T,; \T8\ & T &&8, :& !& ,; \T!:T & T :&�
O\'T & T 'T :,T 8& & T TT  # : & T T #8 &:T \ !&, & T T  T8\� 58&8 8QT 8 ,T8, TT�
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# &,T 8 # \8\ 8\T \T8\8 ,T� !,T !& # # &,T 8 # \8\ TQ\T ::,! & 8& & T # T 
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,T8 & T #T8& T\&\ 8 & T :&8:& !\Q8:T #& :,T8 ,'T&�
S� N,; #T\ \ : 8,-  8 ! \-T ,T & & T :&8:& !\Q8:T Q & T #T8& T\&\ !\\! & T T\YT&T\
Q & T !T:&T 8\T8�
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Q\Y,; 88& & T Y8& !\Q8:T�
General Information Air/Wind Noise 1-49

_� @T:& & T 8,T ,T  & T #T8& T\&\� * T 8,T ,T  Y8\\T # T\T :&8:&  � N :\\T
Y\&   & T Y8& !\Q8:T�
a� 28 \ \\T!,8\&T  & T #T\ \ & T : 8,- ,T  & T Y8& !\Q8:T :8&T & T 8\T8 #& 8 \ T8,�
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S� 58- QQ & & T \T!\T \T,TQ '8,'T�
c� ,T 8,, & T ##�
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a� F,:- 8 :,T & T \�
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Soap Suds or Bubble Test
S� 58- QQ & T \T!\T \T,TQ '8,'T�
c� ,T 8,, & T ## 8 & T \�
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a� F,:- 8 :,T & T \�
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"� - Q\ ! ,T \T'T8, T:8 8\�
General Information Air/Wind Noise 1-50

Exterior Windnoise
Warning
TQT\ & Assistant Driving Warning �
+e&T\\ #T  ,!T\ # T & T 'T :,T  \'T #& T \ Y\T ## #� +e&T\\ #T ::!\
# T 8\ 8T 'T\ & T ; 8T, & T T8Y \ & T T� FT & T Q,,# &TY !\ & T &T& \'T 
\T\ & 8  & T T&T:& Q ,T8-�
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 58- &8T?7S¨YY c¨P #&
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c� *8T 'T\ & T 8 8 & T Y, T 8& 8 &YT� *T& T&#TT T8: &8� *8 'T\ & T 8 8
Y, #,, :\\T:& & T :&�
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8 & T T8, Y8&T\8,�
General Information Air/Wind Noise 1-51

Interior Windnoise
Warning
TQT\ & Assistant Driving Warning �
@&T\\ #T  & T8\ # T & T ##  ,#T\T� @&T\\ #T  :8!T ; & T 8\ ,T8' & T T Q
& T 'T :,T & \! 8 T8, \ 8 T8Y�
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Q & T #T T\Q\Y T \ Y\T Q & T Q,,# 8&: &T&�
 Air Pressure Test
 Soap Suds or Bubble Test
 Tracing Powder or Chalk Test
General Information Air/Wind Noise 1-52

Special Tools
Illustration Tool Number/ Description

$C_G7]
) _G7]
8 +8\

643842

2+CaSaS"
) aSaS"
F,&\8: T8- OT&T:&\

69758
General Information Maintenance and Lubrication 1-53

Maintenance and Lubrication


Specifications ....................................................... 1-54 58&T8:T @&TY��������������������������������������������� SC7a
N\eY8&T >,! 88:&T ���������������������������� SC7a 58&T8:T 0: T!,T �������������������������������������� SC7a
>,! 8 ! \:8& T:YYT8& ������������� SC7a 25 f, QT 0;&TY TT&&���������������������������� SC7a
General Information Maintenance and Lubrication 1-54

Approximate Fluid Capacities


* T Q,,# 8\eY8&T :88:&T 8\T 'T 
+, 8 YT&\: :'T\� N,, :88:&T 8\T
8\eY8&T�  T 8 T !\T & Q,, & & T
8\eY8&T ,T'T, 8 \T:YYTT  &  Y8!8,�
T: T:- Q,! ,T'T, 8Q&T\ Q,,�

Specification

Application Metric English

+T f, #& >,&T\

S�" 9LP +T a�7¨,&T\ a�7¨!8\&

S�" 9*P +T a�7¨,&T\ a�7¨!8\&

S�" O+P +T a�7¨,&T\ a�7¨!8\&

S�R c$]P +T a�7¨,&T\ a�7¨!8\&

c�] OTT, P +T "¨,&T\ "�_¨!8\&

Fluid and Lubricant Recommenda- GM Oil Life System Resetting


tions * T 'T :,T 8 8 :Y!&T\ ;&TY & 8& 8 8 $NW2+
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58!8,� & 8& , ,QT 8 TT Y T & #,, :8&T & 8& 8
! Y8; T 8 ,T & !T & T 0T8\: Q\Y8& Q!:& , : 8T  T:T8\;� * T $NW2+ +W2@W+ f@
! & T #\ T,8:TYT& �8\&� , & #,, :YT � * T , Y!& T : 8T 8 
8  ,T� @&   ,T & 8& Q & T 'T :,T  \'T
Maintenance Schedule !T\ & T T& :& & T , ,QT ;&TY Y8; &
* T 58&T8:T 0: T!,T Q\Y8& #,, ,; T :8&T & 8& 8 , : 8T  T:T8\; Q\ 'T\ 8 ;T8\�
Q!  & T f#T\1 58!8,� $#T'T\ & T TT , 8 Q,&T\ Y!& T : 8T 8&
,T8& :T 8 ;T8\ 8 8& &  &YT & T ;&TY Y!& T
TQT\ & & T 58&T8:T 0: T!,T ! T:& Q
\TT&� @Q & T ;&TY  T'T\ \TT& 8::T&8,,; & T ,
& T f#T\1 58!8, \ ;! Y8; T 8 ,T & !T & T
Y!& T : 8T 8& 7¨]]]¨-Y _]]]¨Y,TP :T & T
0T8\: Q\Y8& Q!:& ! & T #\ 0: T!,T
,8& , : 8T� TYTY T\ & \TT& & T , ,QT ;&TY
58&T8:T�
# TT'T\ & T , 8 Q,&T\  : 8T�
* \TT& & T f@ @>+ 00*+5  & T Q,,#�
S� O,8; f@ @>+ +0+*  & T \'T\ Q\Y8&
:T&T\ O@ P�
c� �\T 8 , & T +W*+ !&& Q\ 8& ,T8& T
T:� N N Wf+O2+O ,8; YT8T
#,, 8T8\ Q\ _¨T: \ !&, & T Te& !&&
 \TT� *  #,, &T,, ;! & T ;&TY 8 TT
\TT&�
_� *!\ & T -T; f>>� @Q & T $NW2+ +W2@W+ f@
, & :YT 8:-  8 &8;  # T ;! &8\&
& T 'T :,T & T TT , ,QT ;&TY 8 & TT
\TT&� TT8& & T \:T!\T�
General Information Squeaks and Rattles 1-55

Squeaks and Rattles


Diagnostics ........................................................... 1-56 Tools...................................................................... 1-58
0!T8- 8 8&&,T������������������������������������������ SC7" 0T:8, *, ����������������������������������������������������� SC7R
0;Y&Y C 0!T8- 8 8&&,T���������������������� SC7"
General Information Squeaks and Rattles 1-56

Squeaks and Rattles


Note
 0!T8- 8 \8&&,T 8\T :8!T ; Y\T\,; :&\,,T \T,8&'T Y& T&#TT 'T :,T :YT&� * T\T
8\T a #8; & \T'T& !T8- 8 \8&&,T�
 N&&8: & T :YT& & 8& !T8- \ \8&&,T T:!\T,;�
 0T8\8&T & T :YT& & 8& !T8- \ \8&&,T & \T'T& :&8:&�
 @!,8&T & T :YT& & 8& !T8- \ \8&&,T�
 @!,8&T ,# !Q\Y Q\:& !\Q8:T & T,Y8&T &:-, Y&�
Symptoms - Squeaks and Rattles
Rattle Coming From the Side Rail
Checks Action

T:- & T \8-T ,T� *8 , &,;  & T \8-T ,T 8 ,&T Q\ 8 \8&&,T�

 @&8,, ,8&: &T &\8 & T:!\T & T \8-T ,T & &,;
&T& T\�

Rattle Under Vehicle at Higher RPM


Checks Action

T:- Q\ T8&  T, :&8:& #& & T !T\ ;� 8T & T 'T :,T 8 T\Q\Y 8 '!8, T:&�

 3T & T T8&  T, , &,; & 8 :,T8\8:T Q\Y & T
!T\ ;�

Thump From Rear of Vehicle on Bumps


Checks Action

T:- Q\ 8 \T\,; T:!\T 8\T &\T \ &\T \T8\ -&  & T fT & T \T8\ :Y8\&YT& 8 T\Q\Y 8 '!8,
\T8\ :Y8\&YT&�

T:& Q & T 8\T &\T \ & T &\T \T8\ -& 8 & T
&,�

 * &,; T:!\T & T 8\T &\T \ & T &\T \T8\ -& 8 8,,
&,�

 �T\Q\Y 8 \8 &T& & 'T\Q; & 8& & T T  T,Y8&T�

Glass Knock Coming From the Rear of the Vehicle When Driving Over Bumps
Checks Action

T:- Q\ 8 !&CQC8�!&YT& 8&: 8:- ,8&: � *T& \'T & T 'T :,T  \T\ & 'T\Q; &  :&�

 T & T ,8&: !& 8 8�!& & T ,8&: ##8\�

Rattle Coming From Door


Checks Action

T:- Q\ \8&&, T,T:&\:8, :T:&\ T & T \ &\Y *8  & T &\Y 8T, 8 ,&T Q\ 8 \8&&,T�
8T,�

 TY'T & T &\Y 8T, 8 #\8 Q8Y 8 8\!
& T :T:&\ 8 \T!\T�
General Information Squeaks and Rattles 1-57

Squeak When Operating Doors


Checks Action

T:- Q\ 8 ,8:- Q ,! \:8& Q & T \ T � fT\8&T & T \ 8 ,&T Q\ !T8-�

 ! \:8&T & T \ T  #& , & , 8 :8& #&
,& !Y \T8T�

Squeak Coming From Console When Shifting Manual Transmission Condition Occurs In
Cold Weather with a Cold Engine
Checks Action

T:- & T Y8!8, &\88e,T :&\, ,T'T\ ,#T\ &� 5'T & T :&\, ,T'T\ T&#TT T8\ 8 ,&T Q\

!T8-�

 TY'T & T Q,\ :,T 8 \T,8:T & T ,#T\  Q&


& \ 8,; &8,:!Y #T\ & & T ,#T\  Q& &�

Buzz From the Left Side of Instrument Panel


Checks Action

T:- Q\ ' \8& Q & T Q!T e :'T\ 88& & T &\!YT& *8  & T :'T\ #& 8 QT\ 8 ,&T Q\ 8 !���
8T, T &\Y�

 N,; QT,& 8 & & T T &\Y # T\T & T :'T\ Y8-T
:&8:&�

Squeak Coming From Instrument Cluster Trim Plate


Checks Action

T:- Q\ \!  & T :,!&T\ &\Y ,8&T  & T &\!YT& 8T,� *T& \'T & T 'T :,T  \T\ & 'T\Q; &  :&�

 TY'T & T &\!YT& :,!&T\ &\Y ,8&T 8 &8,, QT,&
&8T & & T TT�
General Information Squeaks and Rattles 1-58

Special Tools
Illustration Tool Number/ Description

$¨_G7]
)¨_G7]
8 +8\

643842

2+¨aSaS"
)¨aSaS"
F,&\8: T8- OT&T:&\

69758
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-59

Vibration Diagnosis and Correction


Specifications ....................................................... 1-60 0;Y&Y C L \8& O8 8
*\T 8  TT, !!& 0T:Q:8&��������������� SC"] \\T:& �������������������������������������������������������� SCR
Diagnostics ........................................................... 1-61 LT :,TC&CLT :,T O8&: Y8\�������� SCRR
L \8& N8,; C 8 *T&���������������������� SC"S *\T 8  TT, @T:& ��������������������������������� SCRG
YT& &8&8, 0TT 8,:!,8& ��������� SC"_ *\T 8  TT, NTY ,; !!& 5T8!\TYT& C
fQQ LT :,T ������������������������������������������������������� SCG]
L \8& N8,; C *\T 8  TT,������������������� SC"
3\8-T &\bO\!Y 38,8:T @T:&��������������� SCGa
L \8& N8,; C $! 8b\ Ne,T @!& �������� SC"
$! bNe,T >,8T 8  TT, 0&! !!&
L \8& N8,; C +T �������������������������������� SC]
@T:& �������������������������������������������������������� SCG7
+T f\T\ ,8Q:8& ������������������������������� SCS
*\T 8  TT, NTY ,; @,8& *T&������������ SCG
L \8& N8,; C +TbN::T\;
Repair .................................................................... 1-99
@,8& ����������������������������������������������������������� SCa
*\T 8  TT, NTY ,; 38,8: C fQQ
L \8& N8,; C +T 38,8:T ������������������ SCG
LT :,T ������������������������������������������������������������� SCGG
L \8& O8&: N ����������������������������������� SCRa
Description and Operation ................................ 1-105
L \8& O8&: N C L \8& @&T\Y&&T& \
L \8& * T\; 8 *T\Y,;������������������� SCS]7
W& O!,:8&T ������������������������������������������������� SCRa
+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP OT:\& 8
L \8& O8&: N C L \8& O!,:8&T
fT\8& ������������������������������������������������������� SCSSa
YT& W& @T&QT �������������������������������� SCR"
L \8&T 0Q&#8\T OT:\& 8 fT\8&���� SCSS"
L \8& O8&: N C L \8& O!,:8&T
OQQ:!,& & @,8&Tb38,8:T YT& ������������ SCR"
L \8& O8&: N C L \8&
O!,:8&T NT8\ & 3T �&T&8, fT\8&
8\8:&T\&: ��������������������������������������������������� SCR"
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-60

Tire and Wheel Runout Specifications


Specification

Application Metric English

*\T 8  TT, NTY ,; ? 8&T\8, 8 88,

fQQCLT :,T S�c¨YY ]�]7]¨

fCLT :,T S�7c¨YY ]�]"]¨

 TT, N,!Y!Y

8&T\8, ]�"c¨YY ]�]_]¨

88, ]�"c¨YY ]�]_]¨

 TT, 0&TT,

8&T\8, S�Sa_¨YY ]�]a7¨

88, S�]S7¨YY ]�]a]¨

 TT, $! bNe,T >,8T ? 2!T,T ]�S_c¨YY ]�]]7c¨

 TT, 0&! ? 2!T,T ]�c7¨YY ]�]S]¨


General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-61

Vibration Analysis - Road Testing


Test Description
* T !Y T\ T,# \TQT\ & & T &T !Y T\  & T 8&: &8 ,T�
7� f &8 \&8&8, TT Q\ & T :YT& \&8& 8& &\Tb# TT, TT  :\&:8, & ;&TY8&:8,,; T,Y8&
T:Q: 'T :,T :YT& \!� * TT :YT& \&8&8, TT :8 T TT\8&T ; ! & T
2+C_RGcCL0L \8&T 0Q&#8\T  \ & \! :8,:!,8& & TY Y8!8,,;�
S]� Note 3T :T\&8 & f30+L+ Q\ &!\ 8:T & 8& Y8&: & T :!&YT\1 T:\& >@0* & T ,- 8& & T
2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP Q\T!T:; # : :\\T #& & 8& &!\ 8:T�
�\T\ ,:8& Q & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP  T\ & & T :YT& # : 
Y& Te:&T ; & T ' \8& &!\ 8:T  :\&:8, &  &8 8 8::!\8&T Q\T!T:; \T8�
*  &T& #,, !,:8&T '\&!8,,; 8; &!\ 8:T # : ::!\ # ,T & T 'T :,T   Y&�
SS� N::T,T\8&T & 8 TT  T! 8 'T & T TT Q & T &!\ 8:T & 8,,# Q\ & T &YT TTT &  Q&
& W+F*N 8 Q\ & T TT & T:\T8T  �5 & ,T TT TQ\T :8& # & \! & T
&!\ 8:T \8T�
Sc� *  &T& #,, T& T\ T,Y8&T \ :Q\Y & T TT 8 8 :&\ !& :8!T Q & T :!&YT\ ::T\�

Step Action Yes No


Warning
TQT\ & Road Test Warning �

S O ;! \T'T# & T O8&: 0&8\& �& ? L \8& O84 2 & Step¨2 /

O & T :!&YT\ ::T\ :8&T & 8& & T ' \8& ::!\ fW
c
# ,T & T 'T :,T  &8 &,,4 2 & Step¨6 2 & Step¨3

L!8,,; T:& & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T &TT\ :YT&
8 !T :YT& Q\ 8;  ,T Q8!,&�
_
N\T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T &TT\ :YT& 8
!T :YT&   #\- :&4 2 & Step¨5 2 & Step¨4
Note
O Wf* T\8&T & T 'T :,T !&, & T Q8!,& 8\T :\\T:&T�
\\T:& & T Q8!,& #& & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T &TT\
a :YT& 8b\ & T !T :YT& TQ\T \:TT

O ;! :\\T:& & T Q8!,& #& & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T
&TT\ :YT& 8b\ & T !T :YT&4 2 & Step¨5 2 & Step¨3

S� f &8 & T \'T 8e,T Q8, \'T \8&�


c� @Q & T 2+C_RGcCL0L \8&T 0Q&#8\T  @0 8'8,8 ,T  &8 & T
&\8Y T8\ \8&�
_� @Q & T 2+C_RGcCL0L \8&T 0Q&#8\T  Wf* 8'8,8 ,T &8-T
5 &T Q & T &\T �T  T8: 8e,T & T :8,:!,8&T & T &\T /
\&8&8, TT Q\ T8: �T &\T !T� TQT\ & Component
Rotational Speed Calculation �
O ;!  &8 & T #T\&\8 \8& Q\ !T #& & T 2+C_RGcCL0
L \8&T 0Q&#8\T  \ :8,:!,8&T & T :YT& \&8&8, TT Q
2+C_RGcCL0L \8&T 0Q&#8\T  Wf* 8'8,8 ,T4 2 & Step¨6

S� @&8,, 8 :8 &,�

" c� & & T :8 &, \ ! & T �#T\&\8 &\, 5!,T
8&8 ,& 8 T,T:& +T 0TT�
@ & T :8 &, T\8& \T\,;4 2 & Step¨7 /
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-62

Step Action Yes No

F & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP 


 & T \TQT\\T YT&  Q\ 8& T\ T:T8\; ' \8& Q\T!T:;
8&8�
@Q & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP 
& 8'8,8 ,T & T T:T8\; ' \8& Q\T!T:; 8&8 #,, 8'T &
T  &8T 8T  ;Y&Y  T\'T !\ &T&� T'T#

Symptoms - Vibration Diagnosis and Correction & T:YT Q8Y,8\
#& & T  ,T Q\T!T:; \8T� T'T# 0;Y&Y ? L \8&
O8 8 \\T:& 8 T:T8\; & \! !& & T \TY8T\
Q 8&:�
@ & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP
8'8,8 ,T Q\ !T4 2 & Step¨8 2 & Step¨9

@&8,, & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP � 2 & Electronic


@ & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP Vibration Analyzer
R
T\8& \T\,;4 (EVA) Description and
2 & Step¨9 Operation

O & T :!&YT\ ::T\ :8&T & 8& & T ' \8& ::!\ fW 2 & Vibration
G
# ,T & T 'T :,T  &8 &,,4 Analysis - Engine 2 & Step¨10

S� @&8,, & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c


+LN¨cP T\ Q 8'8,8 ,T & & T :YT& T&QT
; & T :!&YT\ 8 Y& \TT& & & T ' \8&� @Q 
:YT& #8 T&QT &8,, & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\:
L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP T\ Q 8'8,8 ,T & & T
&TT\ :,!Y� ! Y8; 8'T & Y'T & T T\ & & T\
,:8& ,8&T\�
c� 0T,T:& 8 Y&  ,T'T, \8 8 ,#,; 8::T,T\8&T & T 'T :,T
! &  #8; TT�
_� f T\'T & T 'T :,T Q\ &!\ 8:T & 8& Y8&: & T :!&YT\1
T:\& 8 &T & T Q,,# :&�
 * T 'T :,T TT
10
 * T TT �5
 * T &\8Y T8\ \8T 8 & T T:Q: T8\
 * T ' \8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q T&T:&T ; & T
2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP
 * T QTT, 8b\ ! Q & T &!\ 8:T
a� @Q & T ' \8& TTY & Te:&T 8 8\&:!,8\ :YT& Q
& T 'T :,T Y\T & 8 & T &TT\ :,!Y & T Y'T & T
2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP
T\ Q 8'8,8 ,T & & 8& :YT& 8 \TT8& &T¨c
8¨_� 2 & Vibration
T\T ;! 8 ,T & !,:8&T & T :!&YT\1 ::T\4 2 & Step¨11 Diagnostic Aids

S� N::T,T\8&T & T 'T :,T & 8 TT  T\ & 8 & T TT 8&
# : & T &!\ 8:T ::!\�
Note
11 c� @Q & T 'T :,T  T!T #& 8 8!&Y8&: &\8Y ,T&
& T 'T :,T :8& & 8 & TQ\T  Q& 8:- & T8\�
c� 0 Q& & T 'T :,T & W+F*N 8 8,,# & T 'T :,T & :8&
# & \! & T &!\ 8:T \8T�
OT & T &!\ 8:T &,, ::!\ # ,T :8&C#  W+F*N4 2 & Step¨13 2 & Step¨12
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-63

Step Action Yes No

S� 0T,T:& 8 Y&  ,T'T, \8 8 ,#,; 8::T,T\8&T & T 'T :,T
! & & T TT 8& # : & T &!\ 8:T ::!\�
c� OT:T,T\8&T 8 8QT,; # Q& ; T T8\ \8T�
12 _� fT\8&T & T 'T :,T 8& & T 8YT L+$@ + 0�++O 8& # :
& T &!\ 8:T ::!\� 2 & Vibration
OT & T 8YT &!\ 8:T &,, ::!\ # ,T  & T 8YT 'T :,T Analysis - Hub and/or 2 & Vibration
TT  8 ,#T\ T8\ \8T4 Axle Input Analysis - Engine

@Q & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP  &


8'8,8 ,T \TQT\ & Symptoms - Vibration Diagnosis and Correction � 2 & Symptoms -
S_
O & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP Vibration Diagnosis
T&T:& 8 Y8& Q\T!T:;4 2 & Step¨14 and Correction

S� @Q & T 2+C_RGcCL0L \8&T 0Q&#8\T @0 8'8,8 ,T !T & T


\'T 8e,T Q8, \'T \8& & T T:Q: &\8Y T8\ \8&
8 & T TT �5 & Y8-T 8 :Y8\ & & T Y8&
Q\T!T:; \T8 \T:\T�
Sa c� @Q & T 2+C_RGcCL0L \8&T 0Q&#8\T  Wf* 8'8,8 ,T :Y8\T
& T Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 \T:\T & & T :YT&
\&8&8, 8&8 # : ;! :8,:!,8&T \T'!,;� 2 & Vibration 2 & Symptoms -
OT & T Q\T!T:; 8&8 :,T8\,; Q8,, #&  & T &\Tb# TT, 8\8YT&T\ Analysis - Tire and Vibration Diagnosis
fW4 Wheel and Correction

Component Rotational Speed Calculation


Special Tools
)C_RGcCL0+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c
Tire Rotational Speed
Determining Tire Revolutions Per Second at 8¨km/h (5¨mph) — Using EVA
*\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \&8&8, TT :8 T  &8T & \! ! & T )C_RGcCL0+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\
+LNP¨c � �T\Q\Y & T Q,,# &T ! & T )C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c &  &8 & T
\&8&8, TT 8& R¨-Yb 7¨Y P� FT & T +&T\ -T; & 8'8:T 8 & T +e& -T; & 8:-!�
S� f & T 58 5T! :\TT T,T:& N!& 5T�
c� f & T 0!T:&T 0!\:T :\TT T,T:& LT :,T 0TT�
_� f & T *\T @Q 0!\:T :\TT T,T:& 58!8, +&\;�
a� f & T *\T & :\TT T&T\ & T T:Q: #& Q & T &\T�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T T&T\ ca7�
7� f & T NT:& 8& :\TT T&T\ & T T:Q: 8T:& \8& Q & T &\T�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T T&T\ ]�a7�
"� f & T Y O8YT&T\ :\TT T&T\ & T T:Q: \Y 8YT&T\ �T�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T T&T\ SR�]�
� f & T O\'T 8Q& Q!\8& :\TT T&T\ >O T'T Q & T 'T :,T  8 \T8\ # TT, \'T�
R� * T Te& :\TT #,, ,8; & T &\T �T �!& T&T\T Q\ :Q\Y8&�
>\ Te8Y,T� ca7¨]�a7¨SR�] ?>\&  TT, O\'T� @Q & T &\T �T ,8;T  :\\T:& \T +&T\�
G� f & T LT :,T 0TT F& :\TT \T +&T\ \T8\ Y \ -Yb �
S]� �\T & T +e& -T; T'T\8, &YT ,#,; # ,T #8&:  & T 8:-#8\ \\T Q & T :\TT� 0& 8& & T
*\T @Q 0!\:T :\TT�
SS� f & T *\T @Q 0!\:T :\TT T,T:& �0 8& 7¨Y �
Sc� * T Te& :\TT #,, ,8; & T \T',!& T\ T: �0P 8& R¨-Yb 7¨Y P Q\ & 8& T:Q: &\T �T�
>\ Te8Y,T� * T �ca7ba7bSR #,, ,8; S�]R¨�0�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-64

Calculating Tire Revolutions Per Second at 8¨km/h (5¨mph) — Without EVA


@Q & T )C_RGcCL0+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  W& 8'8,8 ,T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \&8&8, TT
:8 T :8,:!,8&T 8\eY8&T,; ; T\Q\Y & T Q,,# &T�
S� 'T\& & T \Y 8YT&T\ �T Q\Y : T & :T&YT&T\�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T & T \Y 8YT&T\ Q SR¨ 9 c�7a :'T\& & a7�c¨:Y�
c� 8,:!,8&T & T \8! Q & T \Y ; ' & T \Y 8YT&T\ ;¨c�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T & T \Y 8YT&T\ Q SR¨ :'T\&T & a7�c¨:Y 'T ;¨c  \Y
\8! cc�R"¨:Y�
_� 8,:!,8&T & T 8\eY8&T &\T T#8,, T & ; Y!,&,; & T T:Q: &\T &\T8 #& ; & T 8T:& \8& & T
\T!:T ¨T\:T& Q\Y & T 8Y!& ; Y!,&,; ; G_¨T\:T& & 8\eY8&T ,8  & T &\T \T!:
& T T#8,, T &�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T &\T8 #& ca7¨YY 9 8T:& \8& 8 8 T:Y8, ]�a7  SS]¨YY 9 ]�G_ 
8\eY8&T T#8,, T & S]c�_]¨YY�
a� 'T\& & T :8,:!,8&T 8\eY8&T &\T T#8,, T & Q\Y Y,,YT&T\ & :T&YT&T\�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T 8\eY8&T T#8,, T & S]c�_]¨YY :'T\& & S]�c_¨:Y�
7� 8,:!,8&T & T 8\eY8&T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \8! ; 8 & T \Y \8! 8 8\eY8&T T#8,,
T & &  :Y�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T \Y \8! cc�R"¨:Y S]�c_¨:Y  8\eY8&T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,;
\8! __�]G¨:Y�
"� 8,:!,8&T & T 8\eY8&T :\:!YQT\T:T Q & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; ; Y!,&,; c 9  \ "�cR_SR7
9 & T 8\eY8&T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \8!�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T "�cR_SR7 9 8\eY8&T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \8! __�]G¨:Y 
8\eY8&T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; :\:!YQT\T:T c]�GSS¨:Y�
� 8,:!,8&T & T 8\eY8&T \T',!& T\ -,YT&T\ ; ' & T !Y T\ Q :Y  S¨-Y S]]]]]¨:Y ; & T
8\eY8&T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; :\:!YQT\T:T�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T S]]]]]¨:Y 'T ; 8\eY8&T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,;
:\:!YQT\T:T c]�GSS¨:Y  8\eY8&T \T',!& T\ -,YT&T\ aR]�G7�
R� 8,:!,8&T & T 8\eY8&T \T',!& T\ T: �0P \ $� ; ' & T 8\eY8&T \T',!& T\
-,YT&T\ ; & T !Y T\ Q T: & &\8'T, S¨-Y 8& 8 TT Q R¨-Y T\ !\ a7]¨T:�
>\ Te8Y,T� >\ 8 �ca7ba7bSR &\T 8\eY8&T \T',!& T\ -,YT&T\ aR]�G7 'T ; & T !Y T\ Q
T: & &\8'T, S¨-Y 8& 8 TT Q R¨-Y T\ !\ a7]¨T:  8\eY8&T �0 \ $� S�]"G \!T
& S�]�
Calculating Tire Revolutions Per Second, or Hz at Concern Speed
N �T �c_7b7S7 &\T \&8&T fW+ :Y,T&T \T',!& T\ T: �0P \ S¨$� 8& 8 'T :,T TT Q R¨-Yb
7¨Y P� *  YT8 & 8& 8& S"¨-Yb S]¨Y P & T 8YT &\T #,, Y8-T *f :Y,T&T \T',!&  T T:
c¨$� 8  �
S� OT&T\YT & T \&8&8, TT Q & T &\T  \T',!& T\ T: �0P \ $T\&� $�P 8& R¨-Yb 7¨Y P
8T  & T �T Q & T &\T� TQT\ & & T \T:T *\T &8&8, 0TT Q\Y8&�
>\ Te8Y,T� N::\ & & T *\T &8&8, 0TT Q\Y8& 8 �ca7ba7SR &\T Y8-T S�]R¨\T',!& T\
T: $�P 8& 8 'T :,T TT Q R¨-Yb 7¨Y P� *  YT8 & 8& Q\ T'T\; :\TYT& Q R¨-Yb 7¨Y P 
'T :,T TT & T &\T1 \&8& :\T8T ; S�]R¨\T',!& T\ T: \ $��
c� OT&T\YT & T !Y T\ Q :\TYT&¨Q¨R¨-Yb 7¨Y P & 8& 8\T \TT& 8T  & T 'T :,T TT  -Yb
Y P 8& # : & T &!\ 8:T ::!\�
>\ Te8Y,T� N!YT & 8& 8 &!\ 8:T ::!\ 8& 8 'T :,T TT Q G"¨-Yb "]¨Y P� N TT Q G"¨-Yb
"]¨Y P 8 Sc¨@W +5+W*0¨Q¨R¨-Yb 7¨Y P�
G"¨-Yb "]¨Y P 'T¨ ; R¨-Yb 7¨Y P ¨Sc¨:\TYT&
_� OT&T\YT & T \&8&8, TT Q & T &\T  \T',!& T\ T: \ $� 8& & T T:Q: 'T :,T TT  -Yb
Y P 8& # : & T &!\ 8:T ::!\�
>\ Te8Y,T� * T&T\YT & T &\T \&8&8, TT 8& G"¨-Yb "]¨Y P Y!,&,; & T !Y T\ Q :\TYT& Q
R¨-Yb 7¨Y P ; & T \T',!& T\ T: \ $� Q\ T¨:\TYT&�
Sc¨:\TYT&¨9¨S�]R¨$� ¨Sc�G"¨$� \!T &¨S_¨$�
Note
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-65

a� @Q & T )C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  & 8'8,8 ,T :Y8\T & T :8,:!,8&T \&8&8,
TT & & T Q\T!T:; \8T 8:8&T #& & T ;Y&Y Q & T ' \8& ::T\� TQT\ & Symptoms -
Vibration Diagnosis and Correction �
a� Y8\T & T \&8&8, TT Q & T &\T 8& & T T:Q: 'T :,T TT 8& # : & T &!\ 8:T ::!\ & & T
Y8& Q\T!T:; \T:\T  & T )C_RGcCL0+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c !\ &T&� @Q & T
Q\T!T:T Y8&:  & T 8 Q\&C\T\ &!\ 8:T \T,8&T & & T \&8& Q & T &\Tb# TT, 8TY ,T  \TT&�
@Q & T Q\T!T:T  & Y8&:  & T & T &!\ 8:T Y8; T \T,8&T & 8  T\ \T\ Q &\Tb# TT, 8TY ,;
\&8&�
7� * :Y!&T  T\ \T\ &\Tb# TT, 8TY ,; \&8& \T,8&T &!\ 8:T Y!,&,; & T \&8&8, TT Q & T
&\T 8& & T T:Q: 'T :,T TT 8& # : & T &!\ 8:T ::!\ ; & T \T\ !Y T\�
S_¨$�¨9¨c¨Q\ T: \T\ ¨c"¨$� T:C\T\¨&\Tb# TT, 8TY ,; \&8& \T,8&T
S_¨$�¨9¨_¨Q\ & \ \T\ ¨_G¨$� & \C\T\¨&\Tb# TT, 8TY ,; \&8& \T,8&T
@Q 8; Q & TT :Y!&8& Y8&: & T Q\T!T:; Q & T &!\ 8:T 8 &!\ 8:T Q & 8& 8\&:!,8\ \T\
\T,8& & & T \&8& Q & T &\Tb# TT, 8TY ,T 8b\ \'T,T :YT& 8, \&8& 8& & T 8YT
TT  \TT&�
Component Rotational Speed Worksheet
F&,�T & T Q,,# #\- TT& 8 8 8  :8,:!,8& & T Q\& T: 8 & \ \T\ Q &\Tb# TT, 8TY ,; \&8&8,
TT \T,8&T &!\ 8:T & 8& Y8; T \TT&  & T 'T :,T�
@Q 8Q&T\ :Y,T& & T *\Tb TT, &8& \- TT& & T Q\T!T:T :8,:!,8&T  Wf* Y8&: & T Y8&
Q\T!T:; Q & T &!\ 8:T \T:\T !\ &T& T& T\ \T: T:- & T 8&8 \ 8&&TY& & \TY8&: & T Q!\T
8,,# Q\ S.?R¨-Yb S?7¨Y P Q TTYT&T\ T\\\�
@Q & T  ,T &\Tb# TT, 8TY ,; \&8&8, TT \T,8&T Q\T!T:T &,,  & Y8&: & T Y8& Q\T!T:; Q & T
&!\ 8:T & T &!\ 8:T  Y& ,-T,; &\!Tb,8 T&'T�
@Q 8Q&T\ :Y,T& & T *\Tb TT, &8& \- TT& T Q & T Q\T!T:T :8,:!,8&T Of+0 Y8&: & T Y8&
Q\T!T:; Q & T &!\ 8:T & T &!\ 8:T  \T,8&T & & T \&8& Q & 8& :YT& \! ? &\Tb# TT, 8TY ,;
\T,8&T�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-66

95609
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-67

Vibration Analysis - Tire and Wheel

1241956
Warning
TQT\ & Work Stall Test Warning �
 TT, Y 8,8:T :8!T Y&  #8; TT ' \8& \ ,TY� N ' \8& :8 \TY8 8Q&T\ ;8Y: 8,8:
T:8!T�
 N &\T  !& Q \!¨cP�
 N \Y  !& Q \!¨aP�
 N &\T &QQT '8\8& Te&¨_P�
5T8!\ &\T 8 # TT, Q\TT \!!& #,, !:'T\ ,; 8\& Q & T \ ,TY� N,, _¨:8!T -# 8 ,8T \88,
\!!&¨SP Y!& T : T:-T ! 8 YT&  Q ! &&!& -#  &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T  & T \ ,TY
'T :,T�
#CTT '8\8& # : ::!\ T,# "a¨-Yb a]¨Y P 8\T !!8,,; :8!T ; \!!&� $ CTT ' \8&
# : ::!\ 8 'T "a¨-Yb a]¨Y P :8 T :8!T ; T& T\ Y 8,8:T \ \!!&�
Correcting Non-Uniform Tires
* T\T 8\T c¨#8; & :\\T:& \T\,; 8,8:T &\T # : &,, ' \8&T� fT YT&  !T 8 8!&Y8&: Y8: T
# : ,8 & T &\T 8 !QQ Y8,, 8Y!& Q \! T\ Q\Y  &  & T !&T\ c¨&\T8 \#� \\T:& ; & 
YT&   !!8,,; T\Y8T& 8 Q &  T \T\,; T & Q:8&,; 8QQT:& & T 8T8\8:T \ & T &\T8 ,QT
Q & T &\T� *\T &\! #& 8 ,8T &;T Y8: T  & \T:YYTT T:8!T & ! &8&8,,; \T!:T & T &\T8 ,QT
8 Q&T T & :\\T:& & T \ ,TY T\Y8T&,;�
N& T\ YT&   & Y!& & T &\T 8 \&8&T & SR]¨T\TT  & T \Y� O &  ,;  & T &\T 8 # TT,
8TY ,T # : 8\T -# & T :8! 8 ' \8& T:8!T &  YT&   �!& 8 ,-T,; & :8!T  8TY ,T
& ' \8&T�
Vibration Analysis - Hub and/or Axle Input
Test Description
* T !Y T\ T,# \TQT\ & & T &T !Y T\  & T 8&: &8 ,T�
c� *  &T& #,, T&T\YT & T TQQT:& Q &!\ !&  & T ' \8&�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-68

"� *  &T& #,, T&T\YT & T TQQT:& Q 8 &8, T8'; &\!T ,8  & T ' \8&�
� O8Y8T \ #\ # TT, \'T  8Q& Y8; :8!T 8 T \ ' \8& & 8& Y8; T &\8QT\\T & & T 8TT\
:Y8\&YT&�
R� O8Y8T \ #\ # TT, T8\ Y8; :8!T 8 T \ ' \8& & 8& Y8; T &\8QT\\T & & T 8TT\
:Y8\&YT&�
G� O8Y8T \ #\ !T :YT& Y8; :8!T 8 T \ ' \8& & 8& Y8; T &\8QT\\T &
& T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT&�
S]� O8Y8T \ #\ #T\&\8 Y!& 8b\ Te 8!& Y!& Y8; :8!T 8 T \ ' \8& & 8& Y8; T
&\8QT\\T & & T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT&�
SS� @:\\T:& &\Y T & Y8; :8!T  8b\ &T\QT\T:T T&#TT :YT& & 8& Y8; \!:T 8 ' \8&�

Step Action Yes No


Warning
TQT\ & Road Test Warning �

$8 & T L \8& N8,; ? 8 *T& &8 ,T TT :Y,T&T4 2 & Vibration
S Analysis - Road
2 & Step¨2 Testing

S� fT\8&T & T 'T :,T 8& & T TT Q & T ' \8& ::T\�
c�  ,T Y8&8 & T ::T\ TT \'T & T 'T :,T & \!
,# #TT &!\¨?¨Q\&  T \T:& & T  & T & T\
\T:&�
_� f T\'T & T 'T :,T Q\ : 8T  & T ' \8& &!\ 8:T�
a� 0T,T:& 8 Y&  ,T'T, !\Q8:T !: 8 8 TY&; 8\- ,&
2 \ 8 \TY&T \8�
7�  ,T Y8&8 & T 'T :,T 8& & T ::T\ TT Q  ,T
\'T & T 'T :,T & \!  8\ &!\< _"]¨T\TT¨?¨Q\& 
T \T:& & T  & T & T\ \T:&�
"� f T\'T & T 'T :,T Q\ : 8T  & T ' \8& &!\ 8:T�
O & T : 8\8:&T\&: Q & T ' \8& : 8T Q:8&,;/ T:YT
#\T \  8#8;/!\ & TT &T4 2 & Step¨3 2 & Step¨6

O ;! T8\ 8 :,:- T 8b\ QTT, 8  !T\ !\ & TT
_
&T4 2 & Step¨7 2 & Step¨4

a O ;! T8\ 8 \#, T !\ & TT &T4 2 & Step¨8 2 & Step¨5

7 O ;! T8\ 8  T !\ & TT &T4 2 & Step¨9 2 & Step¨12

S� & & T 'T :,T 8& 8 &8C&,, 8,; & T \T!,8\ \8-T 8
,8:T & T &\8Y  & T ,#T& Q\#8\ T8\�
Note
c� O & 8::T,T\8&T & & T & Q :8! & T \'T # TT, &
6 !T8, , \ /&  #!,  :!\T & T \T!,& Q & T &T&�
c� T,T8T & T \T!,8\ \8-T 8 8::T,T\8&T 8\T'T,; &
_c¨-Yb c]¨Y P�
_� f T\'T & T 'T :,T Q\ : 8T  & T ' \8& &!\ 8:T� 2 & Vibration
O ;! QTT, 8  !T\ \  8- !\ & TT &T4 2 & Step¨7 Diagnostic Aids

S� @T:& & T # TT, \'T  8Q& Q T!T Q\ 8Y8T


8 \Y8, 8b\ Te:T'T #T8\�
7 c� @Q & T T:& :8&T & 8& 8 # TT, \'T  8Q&  8Y8T
8 \Y8,,; 8b\ Te:T'T,; #\ \T,8:T & T  8Q&�
O ;! Q 8 :\\T:& 8 :&4 2 & Step¨12 2 & Step¨9
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-69

Step Action Yes No

S� @T:& & T # TT, T8\ Q\ #T8\ 8b\ 8Y8T�

8 c� T,8:T 8; Q & T # TT, T8\ Q! & T #\ 8b\


8Y8T� 2 & Vibration
O ;! Q 8 :\\T:& 8 :&4 2 & Step¨12 Diagnostic Aids

S� @T:& & T Q,,# !T :YT& Q\ #T8\


8Y8T ,TT 8b\  ,T :&8:& #& & T\ 'T :,T
:YT&�
 0&\!&b :- 8 \ T\
 0\
9
 3! 
 @!,8&\
c� T,8:T 8; Q & T !T :YT& Q! & T #\
8Y8T ,T 8b\ :&8:& & T\ 'T :,T :YT&�
O ;! Q 8 :\\T:& 8 :&4 2 & Step¨12 2 & Step¨10

S� @T:& & T #T\&\8 Y!&/TT &\8Y &\8QT\


:8T 8 \T:&CY!& QQT\T&8, Q T!T/8 8;
#T\&\8 \8:T Q\ & T Q,,# :&�
 T 8b\ Y Q8&TT\
 @Y\T\ 8,YT&
 \8:-T \;C\&&T 8b\ ,C8-T !,8&\
 *#&T \-T &\ 8b\ :,,8T !,8&\
 3T& &#&T 8b\ TQ\YT \8:-T&
c� T,8:T #T\&\8 Y!& 8 T:T8\;�
_� @T:& & T Te 8!& ;&TY :YT& Q\ & T Q,,#�
 T 8b\ Y Q8&TT\
? $T8& 0 T,
? )& 8b\ :!,�
10 W!& ,& &! :,8Y &\8
? 3\8:-T& 8b\ !,8&\ Y!&
 @8T!8&T :,T8\8:T & ; 8b\ : 8 :YT&
@T:& #& & T Te 8!& ;&TY & fO 8 $f*< 
W+F*N >fNO 8 +L+0+ T8\
 @Y\T\ 8,YT&
 O:T:&T 8b\ Y !,8&\
 \8:-T \;C\&&T 8b\ ,C8-T !,8&\
 0&\T&: T &#&T \-T &\ 8b\ :,,8T
!,8&\
 3T& &#&T :\8:-T 8b\ TQ\YT \8:-T&
a� T8\ \T,8:T 8b\ \T8, Te 8!& ;&TY :YT&
8 T:T8\;�
O ;! Q 8 :\\T:& 8 :&4 2 & Step¨12 2 & Step¨11

@T:& & T 'T :,T &\Y T & 8 8�!& 8 T:T8\;� TQT\ &
11 Trim Height Inspection � 2 & Vibration
O ;! Q 8 :\\T:& 8 :&4 2 & Step¨12 Diagnostic Aids

S� @&8,, \ :T:& 8; :YT& & 8& #T\T \TY'T \


:T:&T !\ 8�
Sc c� �T\Q\Y & T L \8& N8,; ? 8 *T& &8 ,T� TQT\ &
Vibration Analysis - Road Testing �
@ & T ' \8& &,, \TT&4 2 & Step¨2 0;&TY f
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-70

Vibration Analysis - Engine


Test Description
* T !Y T\ T,# \TQT\ & & T &T !Y T\  & T 8&: &8 ,T�
c� @Q #T\&\8 \T,8&T O*  8\T \TT& & T\T Y8; T 8 #T\&\8 T\Q\Y8:T :& \TT& # : :!,
T 8 :&\ !& :8!T & & T :!&YT\1 ::T\�
7� 58- :Y8\ Q & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T #& 8 T!8,,; T!T 8YT YT, ;T8\ 8 &;T WfW
2ffO 'T :,T #,, T, T&T\YT Q :T\&8 &!\ 8:T Y8; T : 8\8:&T\&: Q 8 'T :,T T�

Step Action Yes No


Warning
TQT\ & Work Stall Test Warning �

$8 & T L \8& N8,; ? 8 *T& &8 ,T TT :Y,T&T4 2 & Vibration
S Analysis - Road
2 & Step¨2 Testing

F 8 :8 &, T&T\YT Q 8; O*  8\T T&�


2
T\T 8; O*  T&4 / 2 & Step¨3

S� 3,:- & T Q\& # TT,�


c� N,; 3f*$ & T T\':T \8-T 8 & T 8\- \8-T�
_� & & T :8 &, 8 & T 2+C_RGcCN +,T:&\: L \8&
N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  Q 8'8,8 ,T &,, &8,,T &8\& & T TT�
a� �,8:T & T &\8Y  W+F*N \ �N�
7� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, 8& # : & T
&!\ 8:T  Y& &:T8 ,T�
"� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
& T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  Q
8'8,8 ,T�
_ � �,8:T & T &\8Y  O@L+�
R� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, 8& # : & T
&!\ 8:T  Y& &:T8 ,T�
G� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
& T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  Q
8'8,8 ,T�
S]� @Q  Q\T!T:; 8&8 #8  &8T \ Q & T 2+C_RGcCN
+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c   & 8'8,8 ,T ,8:T
& T &\8Y & +L+0+ & T \TT8& &T¨R 8¨G�
T'T\TC,8 Q & T #T\&\8 Y8; :\T8T \ : 8T & T
: 8\8:&T\&: Q & T ' \8&� 2 & Vibration
T\T ;! 8 ,T & !,:8&T & T :!&YT\1 ::T\4 2 & Step¨4 Diagnostic Aids
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-71

Step Action Yes No

O & T 2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c T&T:& 8 2 & Vibration


a Y8& Q\T!T:; \ #8 8 Q:8& ' \8& \TT&4 Analysis - Engine/
Accessory Isolation 2 & Step¨5

Y8\T & T &T& \T!,& Q & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T & & T
\T!,& Q & T 8YT &T& \! 8& & T 8YT TT �5  8
T!8,,;CT!T 8YT YT, ;T8\ 8 &;T WfW 2ffO
'T :,T� TQT\ & Vehicle-to-Vehicle Diagnostic Comparison �
S� @&8,, 8 :8 &, & & T -#  'T :,T�
c� @&8,, & T 2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c 
Q 8'8,8 ,T & & T -#  'T :,T< ,8:T & T T\ 
Te8:&,; & T 8YT ,:8& 8 & #8 ,8:T  & T :!&YT\1
'T :,T�
_� 3,:- & T Q\& # TT,�
a� N,; 3f*$ & T T\':T \8-T 8 & T 8\- \8-T�
7� 0&8\& & T TT�
"� �,8:T & T &\8Y  W+F*N \ �N�
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&!\ 8:T #8 Y& &:T8 ,T  & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T�
5 R� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
& T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  Q
8'8,8 ,T�
G� �,8:T & T &\8Y  O@L+�
S]� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, 8& # : & T
&!\ 8:T #8 Y& &:T8 ,T  & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T�
SS� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
& T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  Q
8'8,8 ,T�
Sc� @Q  Q\T!T:; 8&8 #8  &8T \ Q & T 2+C_RGcCN
+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c   & 8'8,8 ,T
,8:T & T &\8Y & +L+0+ & T \TT8& &T¨S]
8¨SS� T'T\TC,8 Q & T #T\&\8 Y8; :\T8T \ 2 & Vibration
: 8T & T : 8\8:&T\&: Q & T ' \8&� 2 & Vibration Analysis - Engine/
O & Q & T 'T :,T Te  & & T 8YT : 8\8:&T\&:4 Diagnostic Aids Accessory Isolation

Engine Order Classification


Engine First Order Classification
S� 'T\& & T TT TT  \T',!& T\ Y!&T �5P \T:\T !\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T &
$T\&�  \T',!& T\ T: �0P ; ' & T �5 ; "] T:� TQT\ & & T Q,,# Te8Y,T�
Sc]]¨�5 'T ;¨"] ¨c]¨$� \ �0P
c� Y8\T & T Y8& Q\T!T:;  $� \T:\T !\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T #& & T TT TT �!&
:'T\&T & $� & T&T\YT Q & T; 8\T \T,8&T�
_� @Q & T Y8& Q\T!T:;  $� \T:\T !\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T 8 & T TT TT :'T\&T
& $� N+ \T,8&T & T 8 TT >@0* fO+ \T,8&T &!\ 8:T  \TT&� +T Q\& \T\
&!\ 8:T 8\T !!8,,; \T,8&T & 8 Y 8,8:T :YT&� TQT\ & & T +T f\T\ T,8&T O&!\ 8:T
&8 ,T�
a� @Q & T Y8& Q\T!T:;  $� \T:\T !\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T 8 & T TT TT :'T\&T
& $� 8\T Wf* \T,8&T & T T&T\YT Q & T &!\ 8:T  \T,8&T & & T TT1 Q\ Q\T!T:;� �\:TT &
+T >\ >\T!T:; ,8Q:8&�
Engine Firing Frequency Classification
+T Q\ Q\T!T:;  8 &T\Y !T & T:\ T & T !Y T\ Q Q\ !,T T Q\ !,T  T :;,T\ Q\P
& 8& ::!\ !\ fW+ :Y,T&T \T',!& Q & T :\8- 8Q& Y!,&,T ; & T !Y T\ Q :\8- 8Q& \T',!& T\
T: $��
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-72

S� 8,:!,8&T & T TT Q\ Q\T!T:;�


 * T&T\YT & T Q\ Q\T!T:; Q 8 aC&\-T TT !\ fW+ :Y,T&T \T',!& Q & T :\8- 8Q&
Y!,&,; & T TT TT :'T\&T & $� ; $N> Q & T &&8, !Y T\ Q :;,T\  & T TT�
 >\ Te8Y,T� * T TT TT :'T\&T & $� #8 c]¨$�< Q & T 'T :,T #8 T!T #& 8
LR¨TT a Q & T R¨:;,T\ #!, 8:&!8,,; Q\T !\ fW+ :Y,T&T \T',!& Q & T :\8- 8Q&�
? 5!,&,; & T :'T\&T TT TT c]¨$�P ; a :;,T\ Q\�
c]¨$� 9 a ¨R]¨$�
? * T TT Q\ Q\T!T:; Q\ 8 LR TT 8& & T \8, TT TT Q Sc]]¨�5 \T:\T
!\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T #!, T R]¨$��
? @ ,-T Y8T\ 8 "C:;,T\ TT #!, 8'T 8 Q\ Q\T!T:; Q "]¨$� 8& & T 8YT TT TT
Q Sc]]¨�5�
c]¨$� 9 _ ¨"]¨$�
c� Y8\T & T Y8& Q\T!T:;  $� \T:\T !\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T #& & T TT Q\
Q\T!T:;  $� �!& :8,:!,8&T & T&T\YT Q & T; 8\T \T,8&T�
_� @Q & T Y8& Q\T!T:;  $� \T:\T !\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T 8 & T TT Q\ Q\T!T:; 
$� �!& :8,:!,8&T N+ \T,8&T & T 8 TT >@@W2 >+(F+W  \T,8&T &!\ 8:T  \TT&� +T
Q\ Q\T!T:; &!\ 8:T 8\T !!8,,; \T,8&T & Y\T\ ,8& Q 8 :YT&� TQT\ & & T +T
f\T\ T,8&T O&!\ 8:T &8 ,T�
a� @Q & T Y8& Q\T!T:;  $� \T:\T !\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T 8 & T TT Q\ Q\T!T:;
 $� �!& :8,:!,8&T 8\T Wf* \T,8&T & T T&T\YT Q & T &!\ 8:T  \T,8&T & 8& T\ TT \T\
:,8Q:8&� �\:TT & f& T\ +T f\T\ ,8Q:8&�
Other Engine Order Classification
S� 5!,&,; & T TT TT :'T\&T & $� \T:\T !\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T ; QQT\T&  ,T
\T\C!Y T\ & T\ & 8 S Q\& \T\P \ & T !Y T\ !T & T&T\YT & T Q\ Q\T!T:; Q & T TT�
c� Y8\T & T Y8& Q\T!T:;  $� \T:\T !\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T #& & T & T\  ,T
TT \T\ �!& :8,:!,8&T & T&T\YT Q & T; 8\T \T,8&T�
_� @Q & T Y8& Q\T!T:;  $� \T:\T !\ !,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T 8 T Q & T & T\ TT \T\
Q\T!T:T  $� �!& :8,:!,8&T N+ \T,8&T & T 8 TT \T,8&T &!\ 8:T Q & 8& \T\  \TT&� @Q 8
TT \T,8&T &!\ 8:T  \TT& & 8&  Wf* \T,8&T & Q\& \T\ \ Q\ Q\T!T:; & T & :!, T \T,8&T
& 8 TT \'T 8::T\; ;&TY� �\:TT & +T O\'T N::T\T T,8&T & +T f\T\�
Engine Driven Accessories Related to Engine Order
+T \'T 8::T\; ;&TY :8 T \T,8&T & T:Q: TT \T\ TT ! & T \T,8&  Q & T
8::T\; !,,T; 8YT&T\ & & T :\8- 8Q& !,,T; 8YT&T\� >\ Te8Y,T�
 @Q & T :\8- 8Q& !,,T; YT8!\T c]¨:Y R¨P  8YT&T\ 8 T Q & T TT \'T 8::T\; !,,T;
YT8!\T S]¨:Y a¨P  8YT&T\ & T & 8& 8::T\; !,,T; #!, \&8&T c¨&YT Q\ T'T\; T \&8& Q
& T :\8- 8Q& !,,T;� @Q & 8& 8::T\; ;&TY #8 & ,8&T \T\,; \ #8 & T\8& \T\,; & #!,
T T&Q8 ,T 8 8 c¨\T\ TT \T,8&T &!\ 8:T�
 @ ,-T Y8T\ Q 8 TT \'T 8::T\; !,,T; YT8!\T 7¨:Y c¨P  8YT&T\ & T & 8& 8::T\;
!,,T; #!, \&8&T a¨&YT Q\ T'T\; T \&8& Q & T :\8- 8Q& !,,T;� @Q & 8& 8::T\; ;&TY #8
& ,8&T \T\,; \ #8 & T\8& \T\,; & #!, T T&Q8 ,T 8 8 a& ¨\T\ TT \T,8&T
&!\ 8:T�
+T \'T 8::T\T & 8& :&\ !&T & 8\T Te:&T ; \ 8\T & T ,T :8!T Q 8 &!\ 8:T 8\T !!8,,; 
 T:8!T Q Y\T\ ,8& & 8& :8!T 8 &\8QT\ 8& & & T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT& \ & 8& T\ Y8�\
:YT& Q & T 'T :,T ;�
F & T 2+C_RGcCL0L \8&T 0Q&#8\T  8::!\8&T,; YT8!\ & T 8YT&T\ Q & T 8::T\; !,,T; 8 & T
:\8- 8Q& !,,T; 8 T\Q\Y & T 8\\8&T 8&: \:T!\T :Y,T&T,; #,, ,T8 & & T T:Q: 8::T\;
;&TY # :  T& T\ :&\ !& & \ :8! & T :!&YT\1 ::T\�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-73

Engine Order Related Disturbances


Engine Arrangement

90¨Degree
L4 L4 V6
Engine W/O Balance With Balance 60¨Degree With Balance 90¨Degree
Order Shaft Shaft L5 L6 V6 Shaft V8

N \Y8, ? N \Y8, ?
. f\T\ N \Y8, ? N \Y8, ? N \Y8, ? N \Y8, ? -T,; 0,T -T,; 0,T N \Y8, ?
-T,; 0,T -T,; 0,T -T,; 0,T -T,; 0,T ;,T\ ;,T\ -T,; 0,T
*\!T ;,T\ ;,T\ ;,T\ ;,T\ 5Q\T 8b\ 5Q\T 8b\ ;,T\
0T&'T 5Q\T 5Q\T 5Q\T 5Q\T +2b>!T, +2b>!T, 5Q\T
L8\8:T L8\8:T

N \Y8, N \Y8, N \Y8, N \Y8, N \Y8, N \Y8, N \Y8,


? -T,; ? -T,; ? -T,; ? -T,; ? -T,; ? -T,; ? -T,;
S& f\T\
YT& YT& YT& YT& YT& YT& YT&
@Y 8,8:T @Y 8,8:T @Y 8,8:T @Y 8,8:T @Y 8,8:T @Y 8,8:T @Y 8,8:T

N \Y8, ? N \Y8, ?
-T,; 38- -T,; 38-
& 38- & 38-
S. f\T\ � ,T � ,T � ,T � ,T +2b>!T, +2b>!T, � ,T
+T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T L8\8:T L8\8:T +T O\'T
*\!T N::T\; N::T\; N::T\; N::T\; N::T\;
0T&'T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T � ,T � ,T T,8&T
+T O\'T +T O\'T
N::T\; N::T\;
T,8&T T,8&T

8\8:&T\&: 8\8:&T\&: 8\8:&T\&:


Q +T Q +T Q +T
c f\T\ � ,T � ,T � ,T � ,T
N\\8TYT& N\\8TYT& N\\8TYT&
W +T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T
? � ,T N::T\; N::T\; N::T\; ? � ,T ? � ,T N::T\;
*\!T
�#T\&\8 T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T �#T\&\8 �#T\&\8 T,8&T
0T&'T
@,8& @,8& @,8&
T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T

8\8:&T\C 8\8:&T\C
&: ? +W2@W+ &: ? +W2@W+
>@@W2 >+C >@@W2 >+C N \Y8, ?
(F+W  (F+W  -T,; 38-
& 38-
? � ,T ? � ,T � ,T � ,T � ,T � ,T +2b>!T,
c f\T\
�#T\&\8 �#T\&\8 +T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T L8\8:T
*\!T @,8& @,8& N::T\; N::T\; N::T\; N::T\;
0T&'T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T
� ,T � ,T � ,T
+T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T
N::T\; N::T\; N::T\;
T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T

8\8:&T\C
&: ? +W2@W+
>@@W2 >+C
(F+W 
� ,T � ,T ? � ,T � ,T � ,T � ,T � ,T
c . f\T\
+T O\'T +T O\'T �#T\&\8 +T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T
*\!T N::T\; N::T\; @,8& N::T\; N::T\; N::T\; N::T\;
0T&'T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T
� ,T
+T O\'T
N::T\;
T,8&T
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-74

Engine Arrangement

90¨Degree
L4 L4 V6
Engine W/O Balance With Balance 60¨Degree With Balance 90¨Degree
Order Shaft Shaft L5 L6 V6 Shaft V8

8\8:&T\C 8\8:&T\C 8\8:&T\C


&: ? +W2@W+ &: ? +W2@W+ &: ? +W2@W+
>@@W2 >+C >@@W2 >+C >@@W2 >+C
(F+W  (F+W  (F+W 
� ,T � ,T � ,T ? � ,T ? � ,T ? � ,T � ,T
_\ f\T\
+T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T �#T\&\8 �#T\&\8 �#T\&\8 +T O\'T
*\!T N::T\; N::T\; N::T\; @,8& @,8& @,8& N::T\;
0T&'T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T
� ,T � ,T � ,T
+T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T
N::T\; N::T\; N::T\;
T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T

8\8:&T\&: 8\8:&T\&:
8\8:&T\C
? 5Y8, ? 5Y8,
&: ? +W2@W+
NY!& ? NY!& ?
>@@W2 >+C
Q +T Q +T
(F+W 
N\\8TYT& N\\8TYT&
� ,T � ,T � ,T � ,T ? � ,T
a& f\T\ ? � ,T ? � ,T
+T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T �#T\&\8
�#T\&\8 �#T\&\8
*\!T N::T\; N::T\; N::T\; N::T\; @,8&
@,8& @,8&
0T&'T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T
T,8&T T,8&T

� ,T � ,T � ,T


+T O\'T +T O\'T +T O\'T
N::T\; N::T\; N::T\;
T,8&T T,8&T T,8&T

Vibration Analysis - Engine/Accessory Isolation


Test Description
* T !Y T\ T,# \TQT\ & & T &T !Y T\  & T 8&: &8 ,T�
7� N ,T 8Y8T Y8,T \ TQT:&'T #T\&\8 !,8&\ 8b\ \8:-T& Y8; :\T8&T 8 &\8QT\ 8& &
& T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT&�
"� N ,T 8Y8T Y8,T \ TQT:&'T Te 8!& ;&TY !,8&\ 8b\ \8:-T& Y8; :\T8&T 8 &\8QT\
8& & & T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT&�
� @:\\T:&,; T8&T 8b\ 8,T #T\&\8 :YT& 8b\ Te 8!& ;&TY :YT& Y8; :\T8&T 8
&\8QT\ 8& & & T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT&�
 T ,T #T\&\8 Y!&  \T\ & \TC T & T #T\&\8  T\'T & T Q,,#�
O & ,T & T Y!& \8:-T&C&CTT ,&b!&  & ,T & T Y!& \8:-T&C&C'T :,T Q\8YT
,&b!& Q Y!& \8:-T& 8\T !T�
T & T Y!&C&CY!& \8:-T& ,&b!& Q Y!& \8:-T& 8\T !T \ ,T & T Y!&C&C,&&T ,T
 'T :,T Q\8YT ,&b!& Q 8 \T:&CY!& T  !T�
R� WC\&8& TT \'T 8::T\; :YT& ;&TY :8  ,T\ \!:T 8 !!T &!\ 8:T�
G� WC\&8& TT \'T 8::T\; :YT& :8  ,T\ \!:T 8 !!T &!\ 8:T� @Q 8 &!\ 8:T
 &,, \TT& !& & T : 8\8:&T\&: 8'T TT 8,&T\T &   ,T & 8& & TT :YT& ;&TY 8\T 8:&
8 8 &\8QT\ 8& Q\ TT Q\ Q\T!T:; \ 8 Q\& \T\ TT &!\ 8:T�
@Q 8 &!\ 8:T  &,, \TT& !& & T : 8\8:&T\&: 8'T Wf* TT 8,&T\T &  Wf* ,-T,; & 8& & TT
:YT& ;&TY 8\T 8:& 8 8 &\8QT\ 8& Q\ TT Q\ Q\T!T:; \ 8 Q\& \T\ TT &!\ 8:T�
S]� @Q & T Y8\- ,8:T  & T Q8:T Q 8 TT \'T 8::T\; !,,T; TTY & &8 &,, # ,T \! &  &T&
& T & 8& 8::T\; ;&TY  T& T\ \T & 8 Te& Q\T!T:; !: 8 TT Q\ !,T \
:\T8& 8 &!\ 8:T�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-75

SS� N ,T 8Y8T Y8,T \ TQT:&'T TT \'T 8::T\; ;&TY !,8&\ 8b\ \8:-T& Y8;
:\T8&T 8 &\8QT\ 8& & & T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT&�
Sc� TY' & T TT \'T 8::T\; 8 \8:-T& \ \8:-T& Q\Y & T TT 8,,# 8 & \! T:& &
T&T\YT Q 8; :& 8\T \TT& & 8& Y8; :\T8&T 8 &\8QT\ 8& & & T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT&�

Step Action Yes No


Warning
TQT\ & Work Stall Test Warning �

T\T ;! T& T\T Q\Y & T L \8& N8,; ? +T &8 ,T4 2 & Vibration
S
2 & Step¨2 Analysis - Engine

@ & T 2+C_RGcCL0+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c 


c
8'8,8 ,T4 2 & Step¨3 2 & Step¨5

S� F & T TT �5 8 Q\T!T:; 8&8 \T:\T Q\ & T
:!&YT\1 'T :,T T&T\YT & T \T\ Q TT \&8& &
# : & T &!\ 8:T  \T,8&T�
c� OT&T\YT & T  ,T :8!T Q & T &!\ 8:T 8 & \T,8&T
_
& 8 T:Q: \T\ Q TT \&8&�
TQT\ & Engine Order Classification �
OT & T +T f\T\ ,8Q:8& &8 ,T :8&T & 8& & T
&!\ 8:T  Q & T 8YT \T\ 8 & T TT Q\ Q\T!T:;4 2 & Step¨5 2 & Step¨4

OT & T +T f\T\ ,8Q:8& &8 ,T :8&T & 8& & T
a
&!\ 8:T  ,-T,; \T,8&T & TT \'T 8::T\T4 2 & Step¨8 2 & Step¨5

@T:& & T #T\&\8 Y!&/TT &\8Y &\8QT\


:8T 8 \T:&CY!& \'T 8e,T Q T!T/8 8; #T\&\8
\8:T Q\ & T Q,,# :&�

 T 8b\ Y Q8&TT\

 @Y\T\ 8,YT&
5
 \8:-T \;C\&&T 8b\ ,C8-T !,8&\

 *#&T \-T &\ 8b\ :,,8T !,8&\

 3T& &#&T 8b\ TQ\YT \8:-T&


T8, \ \T,8:T #T\&\8 Y!& 8 :8&T ; & T T:&�
O ;! Q 8 :\\T:& 8 :&4 2 & Step¨13 2 & Step¨6

@T:& & T Te 8!& ;&TY :YT& Q\ & T Q,,#�

 T 8b\ Y Q8&TT\


? $T8& 0 T,
? )& 8b\ :!,�
W!& ,& &! :,8Y &\8
? 3\8:-T& 8b\ !,8&\ Y!&

 @8T!8&T :,T8\8:T & ; 8b\ : 8 :YT&


@T:& #& & T Te 8!& ;&TY & fO 8 $f*< 
6 W+F*N >fNO 8 +L+0+ T8\

 @Y\T\ 8,YT&

 O:T:&T 8b\ Y !,8&\

 \8:-T \;C\&&T 8b\ ,C8-T !,8&\

 0&\T&: T &#&T \-T &\ 8b\ :,,8T !,8&\

 3T& &#&T :\8:-T 8b\ TQ\YT \8:-T&


T8\ \T,8:T 8b\ \T8, Te 8!& ;&TY :YT& 8
:8&T ; & T T:&�
O ;! Q 8 :\\T:& 8 :&4 2 & Step¨13 2 & Step¨7
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-76

Step Action Yes No

�T\Q\Y & T �#T\&\8 5!& 38,8:T �\:T!\T Q 8'8,8 ,T \


T\Q\Y & T Q,,# \:T!\T & \TC T & T #T\&\8�
S� T !&  & \TY'T 8,, #T\&\8 Y!& 8 Te 8!&
;&TY 8T\�
c� +!\T & 8& & T Te 8!& Q,Te ,T :!, Q T!T Y'T
Q\TT,;�
_� 0&8\& & T TT�
7 /
a� 0T&&,T & T #T\&\8 ;  Q& & T &\8Y Q\Y O@L+
& +L+0+�
7� �,8:T & T &\8Y & W+F*N�
"� *!\ f>> & T &�
� * &T 8,, Q & T ,TT Q8&TT\ #& & T #T\&\8  8
\T,8eT &�
O ;! :Y,T&T & T T\8&4 2 & Step¨13

Caution: Do not run the engine for longer than 60¨seconds


with the accessory drive belt, or belts removed, or overheating
and/or damage may result.
S� TY'T & T TT 8::T\; \'T T,& \ T,&�
c� 3,:- & T Q\& # TT,�
_� N,; 3f*$ & T T\':T \8-T 8 & T 8\- \8-T�
a� & & T :8 &, &,, &8,,T &8\& & T TT�

8 7� �,8:T & T &\8Y  W+F*N \ �N�


"� @:\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, \T:\T !\
!,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T�
� N,,# & T TT & ,T & T ,8:T & T &\8Y  O@L+�
R� @:\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, \T:\T !\
!,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T�
G� *!\ f>> & T &�
S]� @&8,, & T TT 8::T\; \'T T,& \ T,&�
8 & T &!\ 8:T Q:8&,; \T!:T \ T,Y8&T4 2 & Step¨10 2 & Step¨9

9 T\T & T : 8\8:&T\&: Q & T &!\ 8:T 8,&T\T !& &,, \TT&4 2 & Step¨11 2 & Step¨15
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-77

Step Action Yes No

S� 58\- & T Q8:T Q & T !T:&T 8::T\; !,,T; :,!


8; \T,8&T ,T\ !,,T; T8\ & T !&T\ TT #& 8 8& Y8\-�
c� @&8,, & T 2+C_RGcCL0@!:&'T �:-! *Y  &  & & T
2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c �
>\ Q\Y8&  & T !T Q & T +LN QT8&!\T \TQT\ &
Electronic Vibration Analyzer (EVA) Description and Operation

_� 3,:- & T Q\& # TT,�
a� N,; 3f*$ & T T\':T \8-T 8 & T 8\- \8-T�
7� & & T :8 &, 8 & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\: L \8&
N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  &,, &8,,T &8\& & T TT�
"� 0T,T:& & T 0Y8\& 0&\ T QT8&!\T  & T 2+C_RGcCL0 +,T:&\:
L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c �
� +&T\ & T \T:\T Q\T!T:; Q & T &!\ 8:T 8 & T &8,
Q\T!T:; Q\ &\ T T\8&�
R� $8'T 8 8&8& ,8:T & T &\8Y  W+F*N \
�N�
10 G� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, \T:\T !\
!,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T & T Y8&8 & 8& TT�
S]� F & T 2+C_RGcCL0@!:&'T �:-! *Y  &  : T:-
T8: Q & T !T:&T 8::T\; !,,T; & T&T\YT Q 8; Q
& TY  \T,8&T & & T Q\T!T:; Q & T &!\ 8:T�
T:- T8: Q & T 8::T\; ;&TY & T8T 8
!T\ Y8eY!Y ,8 8 T8T \ !T\ YY!Y ,8�
SS� N,,# & T TT & ,T & T ,8:T & T &\8Y  O@L+�
Sc� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, \T:\T !\
!,:8& Q & T &!\ 8:T & T Y8&8 & 8& TT :,T,;�
S_� F & T 2+C_RGcCL0@!:&'T �:-! *Y  &  : T:-
T8: Q & T !T:&T 8::T\; !,,T; & T&T\YT Q 8; Q
& TY  \T,8&T & & T Q\T!T:; Q & T &!\ 8:T�
T:- T8: Q & T 8::T\; ;&TY & T8T 8
!T\ Y8eY!Y ,8 8 T8T \ !T\ YY!Y ,8�
Sa� *!\ f>> & T &�
O ;! T&Q; 8 TT \'T 8::T\; ;&TY 8 T \T,8&T 2 & Vibration
& & T Q\T!T:; Q & T &!\ 8:T4 2 & Step¨11 Diagnostic Aids
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-78

Step Action Yes No

@T:& & T :YT& Q & T TT \'T 8::T\; ;&TY


Q\ & T Q,,#�

 T 8b\ Y Q8&TT\


? $T8& 0 T, Q T!T
? )& 8b\ :!,�
W!& ,& &! :,8Y &\8
? 3\8:-T& 8b\ !,8&\ Y!&

 @8T!8&T :,T8\8:T & ; 8b\ : 8 :YT&


@T:& #& & T 8::T\; ;&TY & !T\ 8 fNO 8
Wf* ,8T
11
 @Y\T\ 8,YT&

 3T& \ 8Y8T !,,T;

 O:T:&T 8b\ Y !,8&\

 \8:-T \;C\&&T 8b\ ,C8-T :YT& !,8&\

 0&\T&: T &#&T \-T &\ 8b\ :,,8T :YT&


!,8&\

 3T& &#&T :\8:-T 8b\ TQ\YT :YT& \8:-T&


T8\ \T,8:T 8b\ \T8, & T TT \'T 8::T\; ;&TY
:YT& 8 :8&T ; & T T:&�
O ;! Q 8 :\\T:& 8 :&4 2 & Step¨13 2 & Step¨12

S� TY'T & T TT \'T 8::T\; 8 \8:-T& \ \8:-T&


Q\Y & T TT�
c� * \! ,; T:& & T 8::T\; \8:-T& \ \8:-T&
,&b!&b&! 8 & T 8::T\; &T,Q Q\  Q & T
Q,,#�
12
3T& &#&T :\8:-T 8b\ TQ\YT :&
_� T,8:T 8; Q & T :YT& Q! & Te  & 8; Q & TT
:&�
a� T&8,, & T :YT& & & T TT�
O ;! Q 8 :\\T:& 8 :&4 2 & Step¨13 2 & Step¨17
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-79

Step Action Yes No

T:- & T 'T :,T & T&T\YT Q & T &!\ 8:T  # Q:8&,;
\T!:T \ T,Y8&T� �T\Q\Y & T Q,,# &T�
S� @&8,, 8 :8 &, & & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T�
c� @&8,, & T 2+C_RGcCL0+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c
 Q 8'8,8 ,T & & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T< ,8:T & T T\ 
Te8:&,; & T 8YT ,:8& 8 & #8 \8,,; ,8:T  & T
'T :,T�
_� 3,:- & T Q\& # TT,�
a� N,; 3f*$ & T T\':T \8-T 8 & T 8\- \8-T�
7� 0&8\& & T TT�
"� �,8:T & T &\8Y  W+F*N \ �N�
� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, 8& # : & T
&!\ 8:T #8 Y& &:T8 ,T�
R� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
S_ & T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCL0+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  Q
8'8,8 ,T�
G� �,8:T & T &\8Y  O@L+�
S]� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, 8& # : & T
&!\ 8:T #8 Y& &:T8 ,T�
SS� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
& T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCL0+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  Q
8'8,8 ,T�
Sc� @Q & T &!\ 8:T 8 TT Q:8&,; \T!:T \ T,Y8&T
:Q\Y & T \T!,& ; ,8: & T &\8Y & +L+0+
& T \TT8& &T¨S] 8¨SS� T'T\TC,8 Q & T
#T\&\8 Y8; :\T8T \ : 8T & T : 8\8:&T\&: Q & T
' \8&�
$8 & T &!\ 8:T TT Q:8&,; \T!:T \ T,Y8&T4 2 & Step¨18 2 & Step¨14

$8'T ;! 'T&8&T #T\&\8 ,8& 8 8  ,T :8!T


Sa
Q & T &!\ 8:T4 2 & Step¨15 2 & Step¨5

$8'T ;! 'T&8&T TT \'T 8::T\T 8 8  ,T 2 & Vibration


S7 :8!T Q & T &!\ 8:T4 Analysis - Engine
Balance 2 & Step¨16

@ & T 2+C_RGcCL0+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c 2 & Vibration


S"
8'8,8 ,T4 2 & Step¨8 Diagnostic Aids

T,8:T & T TT \'T 8::T\; :YT& :8! & T


S &!\ 8:T� /
O ;! :Y,T&T & T \T,8:TYT&4 2 & Step¨18

S� @&8,, \ :T:& 8; :YT& & 8& #T\T \TY'T \


:T:&T !\ 8�
SR c� �T\Q\Y & T L \8& N8,; ? 8 *T& &8 ,T� TQT\ &
Vibration Analysis - Road Testing �
@ & T &!\ 8:T &,, \TT&4 2 & Step¨2 0;&TY f

Vibration Analysis - Engine Balance


Test Description
* T !Y T\ T,# \TQT\ & & T &T !Y T\  & T 8&: &8 ,T�
a� @Q !QQ:T& :,T8\8:T Te& & T8\8&T & T &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\ Q\Y & T TT Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T
& T Q!\& T\ &T& :8 T !T & ,8&T & T &\8Y Q\Y & T TT�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-80

7� N TT Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T & 8& 8 Te:T'T ,8&T\8, \!!& # T :Y T #& & T Y8 Q & T &\8Y
&\!T :'T\&T\ :8 \!:T 8 &!\ 8:T�
"� N TT Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T & 8&  ,T 8& & T TT :\8- 8Q& \ & 8&  :\8:-T \ 8Y8T # T
:Y T #& & T Y8 Q & T &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\ :8 \!:T 8 &!\ 8:T�
� *  &T  TT & ,8&T & T &\8Y Q\Y & T TT & T&T\YT Q & T &!\ 8:T  \T,8&T &
& T TT fW�
G� TCTe & T &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\ & & T TT Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T 8,&T\ & T 8,8:T \T,8& 
T&#TT & T &\!T :'T\&T\ 8 & T \T8\ Q & T TT�
SS� �,8: & T 2+C_RGcCN +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c T\ & & T !T\T Q & T TT , 8
8, & T >fW* 8 & T +N TT 8,,# Q\ 8 T&T\Y8& & T Y8T # : #,, T, & 8\\# #
& T :8!T Q & T &!\ 8:T�
S_� N TT Q,;# TT, & 8& 8 Te:T'T ,8&T\8, \!!& # T :Y T #& & T Te&\8 Y8 Q & T :,!&: \T!\T
,8&T 8 :,!&: \'T ,8&T :8 \!:T 8 &!\ 8:T�
Sa� * T :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T 8 & T TT Q,;# TT, 8\T Y8\-T Q\ \T\ Te Q & T T8';C& Q T & & T
, &C& Q & T & T\� @Y\T\ Te Q & T \T!\T ,8&T & & T Q,;# TT, :8 \!:T 8 &!\ 8:T�
S7� N TT Q,;# TT, & 8&  ,T 8& & T TT :\8- 8Q& \ & 8&  :\8:-T 8Y8T 8b\ Y 8,8:T
#T &< 8b\ 8 :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T 8 :,!&: \'T ,8&T & 8& 8 ,T \ :\8:- #8\8T 8Y8T
8b\ Y 8,8:T #T & ? :8 \!:T 8 &!\ 8:T # T & T\ Y8  :Y T�
S"� N TT Q,;# TT, & 8&  ,T 8& & T TT :\8- 8Q& \ & 8&  :\8:-T 8Y8T 8b\ Y 8,8:T
#T &< 8b\ 8 :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T 8 :,!&: \'T ,8&T & 8& 8 ,T \ :\8:- #8\8T 8Y8T
8b\ Y 8,8:T #T & ? :8 \!:T 8 &!\ 8:T # T & T\ Y8  :Y T�
S� TCTe & T \T!\T ,8&T & & T TT Q,;# TT, 8,&T\ & T 8,8:T \T,8&  T&#TT & T \T!\T
,8&TbQ,;# TT, 8TY ,; 8 & T \T8\ Q & T TT�
SR� N TT Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T & 8&  8Y8T Y8,T 8b\ Y 8,8:T :8 \!:T 8 &!\ 8:T�
SG� N TT :\8- 8Q& 8,8:T\ & 8&  8Y8T Y8,T 8b\ Y 8,8:T :8 \!:T 8 &!\ 8:T�

Step Action Yes No


Warning
TQT\ & Work Stall Test Warning �

T\T ;! T& T\T Q\Y & T L \8& N8,; ? +TbN::T\; 2 & Vibration
S @,8& &8 ,T4 Analysis - Engine/
2 & Step¨2 Accessory Isolation

@ & T 2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  2 & Vibration


c
8'8,8 ,T4 2 & Step¨3 Diagnostic Aids

_ @ & T 'T :,T T!T #& 8 Y8!8, &\8Y4 2 & Step¨11 2 & Step¨4

S� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking
the Vehicle �
c� TY'T & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&TC&C&\!T :'T\&T\ ,& 8::T
:'T\ Q T!T�
_� OT&T\YT Q !QQ:T& :,T8\8:T Te& & T8\8&T & T
4 &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\ 8#8; Q\Y & T TT
Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T 8 8QT,; T:!\T & T &\!T :'T\&T\ Q\Y
8::T&8,,; T8 #& & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T�
@ & T\T !QQ:T& :,T8\8:T & T8\8&T 8 8QT,; T:!\T
& T &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\ 8#8; Q\Y & T TT
Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T4 2 & Step¨5 2 & Step¨11
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-81

Step Action Yes No

S� & & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&TC&C&\!T :'T\&T\ 8::T :'T\


&,, \TY'T 8 #& & T 'T :,T &,, \8T Y8\- & T &
Q & T &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\  \T,8& & & T TT
Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T�
c� O:T:& & T &\!T :'T\&T\ 8 Y'T & 8#8; Q\Y & T
Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T�
_� 0T:!\T & T &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\ 8#8; Q\Y & T TT
Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T & 8' 8::T&8, T8TYT& #& & T
Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T�
5
a� #T\ & T 'T :,T &8\& & T TT 8 8,,# & T TT & ,T�
7� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking
the Vehicle �
"� L!8,,; T:& & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T Q\ Te:T'T ,8&T\8,
\!!&�
� #T\ & T 'T :,T�
R� *!\ f>> & T &�
O & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T Te  & Te:T'T ,8&T\8, \!!&4 2 & Step¨8 2 & Step¨6

S� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking
the Vehicle �
c� @T:& & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T Q\ & T Q,,#�
6  TT 8& & T TT :\8- 8Q&
 \8:- 8b\ 8Y8T
 5 8,8:T #T &
O & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T Te  & 8; Q & T :& ,&T4 2 & Step¨8 2 & Step¨7

S� & & T &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\ &,, T:!\T 8#8; Q\Y


& T TT Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T & 8' 8::T&8, T8TYT&
#& & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T ,#T\ & T 'T :,T�
c� 3,:- & T Q\& # TT,�
_� N,; 3f*$ & T T\':T \8-T 8 & T 8\- \8-T�
a� & & T :8 &, 8 & T 2+C_RGcCN +,T:&\: L \8&
N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c &,, &8,,T &8\& & T TT�
7 7� �,8:T & T &\8Y  W+F*N \ �N�
"� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, 8& # : & T
&!\ 8:T  Y& &:T8 ,T�
� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
& T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c �
R� *!\ f>> & T &�
$8 & T &!\ 8:T TT Q:8&,; \T!:T \ T,Y8&T4 2 & Step¨9 2 & Step¨11

S� @Q & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T  ,T 8& & T TT :\8- 8Q&


& &T & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T Y!& ,&  T!T:T 8
& T:Q:8&�
R c� @Q & T Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T  :\8:-T 8Y8T 8b\ /
8 Y 8,8:T #T & \T,8:T & T 8Y8T
Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T�
O ;! :Y,T&T & T & &T \ \T,8:TYT&4 2 & Step¨20
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-82

Step Action Yes No

S� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking
the Vehicle �
c� TCTe & T &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\ & & T TT
Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T Sc]¨T\TT Q\Y & \8, &�
_� T:T:& & T &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\ & & T TT
Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T�
a� #T\ & T 'T :,T�
7� 3,:- & T Q\& # TT,�
"� N,; 3f*$ & T T\':T \8-T 8 & T 8\- \8-T�
9 � & & T :8 &, 8 & T 2+C_RGcCN +,T:&\: L \8&
N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c &,, &8,,T &8\& & T TT�
R� �,8:T & T &\8Y  W+F*N \ �N�
G� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, 8& # : & T
&!\ 8:T  Y& &:T8 ,T�
S]� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
& T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c �
SS� @Q & T &!\ 8:T  &,, &:T8 ,T \TCTe & T &\!T
:'T\&T\ 88 &  &8 & T ,T8& 8Y!& Q &!\ 8:T�
$8 & T &!\ 8:T TT Q:8&,; \T!:T \ T,Y8&T4 2 & Step¨20 2 & Step¨10

T,8:T & T !&CQC 8,8:T &\8Y &\!T :'T\&T\�


S] /
O ;! :Y,T&T & T \T,8:TYT&4 2 & Step¨20

S� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking
the Vehicle �
c� �& & T 2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c
T\ & & T !T\T Q & T TT , 8 8, & T
>fW* TT�
_� #T\ & T 'T :,T�
a� 3,:- & T Q\& # TT,�
7� N,; 3f*$ & T T\':T \8-T 8 & T 8\- \8-T�
"� & & T :8 &, 8 & T 2+C_RGcCN +,T:&\: L \8&
N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  &,, &8,,T &8\& & T TT�
11
� �,8:T & T &\8Y  W+F*N \ �N�
R� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, 8& # : & T
&!\ 8:T  Y& &:T8 ,T�
G� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
& T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c Q\Y & T
!T\T Q & T TT , 8�
S]� TT8& &T S & \! G ,8: & T 2+C_RGcCN +,T:&\:
L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c T\ & & T !T\T Q & T
TT , 8 8, & T +N TT�
@ & T &!\ 8:T \T8&T\ 8, & T >fW* Q & T TT4 2 & Step¨19 2 & Step¨12

Sc @ & T 'T :,T T!T #& 8 8!&Y8&: &\8Y4 2 & Step¨18 2 & Step¨13

S� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking
the Vehicle �
c� TY'T & T Q,;# TT, T:& :'T\�

13 _� 0&8\& & T TT� N,,# & T TT & ,T�


a� L!8,,; T:& & T TT Q,;# TT, :,!&: !\Q8:T Q\
Te:T'T ,8&T\8, \!!&�
OT & T TT Q,;# TT, :,!&: !\Q8:T Te  & Te:T'T ,8&T\8,
\!!&4 2 & Step¨18 2 & Step¨14
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-83

Step Action Yes No

@T:& & T :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T & TT Q,;# TT, Y!& Q\
14 \T\ Q8:&\; Te�
@ & T :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T \T\,; TeT & & T TT Q,;# TT,4 2 & Step¨16 2 & Step¨15

S� TY'T & T :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T 8 :,!&: \'T ,8&T Q\Y
& T TT Q,;# TT,�
c� @T:& & T TT Q,;# TT, Q\ & T Q,,#�
 TT 8& & T TT :\8- 8Q&
 \8:- #8\8T 8b\ 8Y8T
 5 8,8:T #T &

15 _� @T:& & T :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T 8 :,!&: \'T ,8&T Q\
& T Q,,#�
 T 8b\ 8Y8T :,!&: \'T ,8&T 8YT\ \
 T 8b\ 8Y8T :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T 8 \8Y
\
 \8:- #8\8T 8b\ 8Y8T
 5 8,8:T #T &
O 8; Q & T 8 'T :& Te&4 2 & Step¨18 2 & Step¨17

S� TY'T & T :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T 8 :,!&: \'T ,8&T Q\Y
& T TT Q,;# TT,�
c� @T:& & T TT Q,;# TT, Q\ & T Q,,#�
 TT 8& & T TT :\8- 8Q&
 \8:- #8\8T 8b\ 8Y8T
 5 8,8:T #T &

16 _� @T:& & T :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T 8 :,!&: \'T ,8&T Q\
& T Q,,#�
 T 8b\ 8Y8T :,!&: \'T ,8&T 8YT\ \
 T 8b\ 8Y8T :,!&: \T!\T ,8&T 8 \8Y
\
 \8:- #8\8T 8b\ 8Y8T
 5 8,8:T #T & 2 & Vibration
O 8; Q & T 8 'T :& Te&4 2 & Step¨18 Diagnostic Aids

TCTe & T \T!\T ,8&T & & T TT Q,;# TT,�


17 /
O ;! :Y,T&T & T \TCTe4 2 & Step¨20

T,8:T & T TT Q,;# TT,bQ,Te,8&T�


18 /
O ;! :Y,T&T & T \T,8:TYT&4 2 & Step¨20

T,8:T & T TT :\8- 8Q& 8,8:T\�


19 /
O ;! :Y,T&T & T \T,8:TYT&4 2 & Step¨20
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-84

Step Action Yes No

T:- & T 'T :,T & T&T\YT Q & T &!\ 8:T  # Q:8&,;
\T!:T \ T,Y8&T� �T\Q\Y & T Q,,# &T�
S� @&8,, \ :T:& 8; :YT& & 8& #T\T \TY'T \
:T:&T !\ 8�
c� @&8,, 8 :8 &, & & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T�
_� @&8,, & T 2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c
 Q 8'8,8 ,T & & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T< ,8:T & T T\ 
Te8:&,; & T 8YT ,:8& 8 & #8 \8,,; ,8:T  & T
'T :,T�
a� 3,:- & T Q\& # TT,�
7� N,; 3f*$ & T T\':T \8-T 8 & T 8\- \8-T�
"� 0&8\& & T TT�
� �,8:T & T &\8Y  W+F*N \ �N�
R� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, 8& # : & T
&!\ 8:T #8 Y& &:T8 ,T�
c] G� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
& T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  Q
8'8,8 ,T�
S]� �,8:T & T &\8Y  O@L+�
SS� 0,#,; :\T8T & T TT �5 & & T ,T'T, 8& # : & T
&!\ 8:T #8 Y& &:T8 ,T�
Sc� T:\ & T TT �5  &8T  & T :8 &, 8
& T Y& Y8& Q\T!T:; \T8 Q  &8T  & T
2+C_RGcCN+,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\ +LNP¨c  Q
8'8,8 ,T�
S_� @Q & T &!\ 8:T 8 TT Q:8&,; \T!:T \ T,Y8&T
:Q\Y & T \T!,& ; ,8: & T &\8Y & +L+0+
& T \TT8& &T¨SS 8¨Sc� T'T\TC,8 Q & T
#T\&\8 Y8; :\T8T \ : 8T & T : 8\8:&T\&: Q & T
' \8&� 2 & Vibration
$8 & T &!\ 8:T TT Q:8&,; \T!:T \ T,Y8&T4 2 & Step¨21 Diagnostic Aids

�T\Q\Y & T L \8& N8,; ? 8 *T& &8 ,T� TQT\ &
cS Vibration Analysis - Road Testing � 2 & Vibration
@ & T &!\ 8:T &,, \TT&4 Diagnostic Aids 0;&TY f

Vibration Diagnostic Aids


* T 8&: Q\Y8& :&8T  &  O8&: N T:& #,, T, ;! T&T\YT & T :\\T:& :!\T Q 8:&
& &8-T Q\ & T Q,,# a Y8 :&� TQT\ & & T 8\\8&T :& Q\Y &  ,&�
 Vibration Diagnostic Aids - Vibration Intermittent or Not Duplicated
 Vibration Diagnostic Aids - Vibration Duplicated, Component Not Identified
 Vibration Diagnostic Aids - Vibration Duplicated, Difficult to Isolate/Balance Component
 Vibration Diagnostic Aids - Vibration Duplicated, Appears to Be Potential Operating Characteristic
Vibration Diagnostic Aids - Vibration Intermittent or Not Duplicated
Note
@Q ;! 8'T & :Y,T&T & T L \8& N8,; &8 ,T 8 :8&T 8 \T'T#T L \8& O8&: N \TQT\ &
Vibration Diagnostic Aids 3+>f+ \:TT�
@Q ;! 8'T & TT 8 ,T & !,:8&T & T ' \8& ::T\ \ 8'T ,; TT 8 ,T & !,:8&T & T ::T\
&T\Y&&T&,; \T'T# & T Q,,# Q\Y8&�
5& ' \8& ::T\ & 8& :8& T !,:8&T 8\T !T & T& T\ T:Q: :& & 8& 8\T & \TT& !\
& T !,:8& 8&&TY& \ !T & & Q,,# & T \:T!\T TT & !,:8&T ::T\ \T\,; 8 
& T T!T:T :8&T�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-85

Specific Conditions Can Affect the Condition


T\ & T Q,,# :& # : Y8; & 8'T TT \TT& # ,T 8&&TY& #T\T Y8T & !,:8&T & T
' \8& ::T\� N&&TY& &  &8 Y\T T:Q: Q\Y8& Q\Y & T :!&YT\ 8 & & T +9N * :& & 8& 8\T
\TT& # T & T; TeT\T:T & T ' \8& # : & T; 8\T ::T\T 8 !&� N&&TY& & !,:8&T & T ' \8& ::T\
88 # ,T \T:\T8& & T +9N * :& T:T8\; Te:T& & T # : T 8 8QT&; ::T\ \ 8\T !&T & T
!8\T Q \Y8, T\8& :& !: 8 ,8 & T 'T :,T T; & TT #T & \8& T&:�
5& 8&&TY& & !,:8&T 8 ' \8& ::T\ 8\T Y8T 8Q&T\ & T 'T :,T 8 TT \'T & & T \T8\ Q8:,&; 8
T\ 8 T'T 8& T & T !, Q\ 8 &YT< & T 'T :,T Y8; T & #8\Y & T&T:& & T ::T\ !\ !,:8&
TQQ\&� * T &T :!, 8, ::!\< T\ 8 & T 'T :,T 8 8& !&  & T :, Q\ 8 &YT 8 Q8, & \T8: Q!,,
T\8& &TYT\8&!\T !\ 8&&TY& & !,:8&T & T ::T\�
Temperature, Ground-Out, Accessory Load
Flat Spots on Tires
*\T # : 8'T 8& 8 TT :, Q\ 8 &YT :8 T'T, Q,8& &�
Irregular Wear on Tire Treads
*\T # : 8'T 8& 8 TT :, Q\ 8 &YT #,, T &QQT\ 8 8; \\T!,8\ #T8\ :& #,, T Y\T &:T8 ,T
& 8 & T; #,, T :T & T &\T 8'T #8\YT 8 Q&TT�
Exhaust System Growth
+e 8!& ;&TY Y8; Te  & 8 \!C!& :& # T :, # : T 8#8; :T & T ;&TY  &� * T &T
Y8; T &\!T & 8& & T Te 8!& ;&TY  QT # T :, !& 8 \!C!& :& ::!\ :T & T ;&TY \T8: T
T\8& &TYT\8&!\T� +e 8!& ;&TY :8 \# ; c.?7¨:Y S?c¨P # T &�
Engine-Driven Accessory Noises
Note
 T 8 &T& :T T!T #& 8 \ T  !T & 8&  T&Q;  ,T ' \8& :YT& & T \T!,&
Y!& T :Y8\T & & T ! !8,&; Q & T 8YT 8::T\;  8 T!8,,;CT!T 8YT YT, ;T8\ 8 &;T
WfW 2ffO 'T :,T 8 !T\ & T 8YT :&� TQT\ & Vehicle-to-Vehicle Diagnostic Comparison �
N &T& :T T!T #& 8 \ T :8 T !T 8 8 8&8, YT8 & 8&  T&Q; 8::T\T # :
Y8; T :8! \ :&\ !& & 8 ' \8& ::T\�
 3T,&  
N TT 8::T\; \'T T,& \ T,& :!, Te  & 8 #  :& Q 8 T,&  T&T\\8& 8 T&
8\T !, !  & T !T\T Q & T T,&�
 T 5!& 3\8:-T& \ YT& 2\!Cf!&
+TC\'T 8::T\T !: 8 8 TT\8&\ 8 #T\ &TT\ !Y \ 8 8\ :& :Y\T\ :!,
Te  & T :& !T & T& T\ ,T Y!& \8:-T& \ !T & \T,8&T :YT& Q & T ;&TY  8
\!C!& :& !\ :T\&8 T\8& Q & 8& 8::T\; ;&TY�
 , \ $&
N::T\T :!, Te  & T :& # T :, # :  8#8; :T & T; 8\T Q!,,; #8\YTC! \ & T
&T Y8; T &\!T�
 8  8 N::T\; YT&
N::T\T :!, Te  & 8 T :& # ,T !T\ 8 T8'; ,8 ? T\ 8 # T :Y T #& 8 :,
\ Q!,,; #8\YTC! :&�
 3T& \ 58,T �!,,T;
3T& \ YC8,T !,,T;  T \ Y\T TTC\'T 8::T\; ;&TY :!, :&\ !&T & 8 T \
' \8& :&�
 >,! T'T,  N::T\; 0;&TY
N::T\T :!, Te  & 8 T :& !T & 8 8 \Y8, 8Y!& Q Q,! :&8T  & T ;&TY Q
# : & T 8::T\;  8 8\&� >\ Te8Y,T�
? N Y\T\ #T\ &TT\ Q,! ,T'T, :!, \!:T T  & T #T\ &TT\ ;&TY�
? N Y\T\ 8\ :& \TQ\T\8& ,T'T, \ 8 Te:T'T 8Y!& Q \TQ\T\8& , :!, \!:T
T \  ,; ' \8&  & T 8\ :& ;&TY�
 @:\\T:& >,! *;T  N::T\; 0;&TY
N::T\T :!, Te  & 8 T :& !T & & T :\\T:& &;T Q Q,! :&8T  & T ;&TY Q # :
& T 8::T\;  8 8\&�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-86

Vehicle Payload
* T ' \8& ::T\ Y8; ,; ::!\ # T & T 'T :,T  :8\\; T8'; 8;,8 \ &# 8 &\8,T\< & T 'T :,T Y8;
8'T TT TY&; !\ !,:8& TQQ\&�
Heavy Payload
* T 'T :,T Y8; 8'T TT TY&; !\ 8&&TY& & !,:8&T & T ' \8& ::T\ !& & T :!&YT\ Y8; 8:&!8,,;
TeT\T:T & T ' \8& ::T\ # ,T & T 'T :,T  :8\\; 8 ,8\T 8;,8�
Trailer Towing
* T :!&YT\ Y8; TeT\T:T & T ' \8& ::T\ ,; # ,T &# 8 &\8,T\�
Roadway Selection
* T T,T:& Q \8#8; !T & T\Q\Y & T ' \8& !,:8& \:T!\T  ,-T,; & T  & T T8\ ':&; Q
& T \T8\ Q8:,&; 8 Y8; & \'T 8 \8 !\Q8:T & 8&  Y,8\ T! & & T !\Q8:T  # : & T :!&YT\
!!8,,; \'T & T 'T :,T�
* T :!&YT\ Y8; ,; TeT\T:T & T ' \8&  8 8\&:!,8\ \8#8;� �T\ 8 & T \8#8;  'T\,; :\#T \
 'T\; !Y; \ \! �
Vibration Diagnostic Aids - Vibration Duplicated, Component Not Identified
Note
@Q ;! 8'T & :Y,T&T & T L \8& N8,; &8 ,T 8 :8&T 8 \T'T#T L \8& O8&: N \TQT\ &
Vibration Diagnostic Aids 3+>f+ \:TT�
Aftermarket Add-On Accessories
NQ&T\Y8\-T& 8::T\T # : 8'T TT 8T & & T 'T :,T :8 8:&!8,,; &\8Y& 8 Y8Q; @W$++W*
:YT& \&8&8, Q\T!T:T Q & T 8::T\T #T\T & &8,,T :\\T:&,;�
N 8::T\;  !, T &8,,T  !: 8 #8; & 8& &  ,8&T Q\Y T:Y 8  ,T &\8QT\ 8& & & T \T& Q
& T 'T :,T� >\ Te8Y,T Q 8 T& Q \! 8\ 8 TT &8,,T Y\T\,; 8 & T; 8\T T&'T & 8 8\&:!,8\
Q\T!T:; Q 8 \&8& :YT& & T \! 8\ :!, T & \T & & T Q\T!T:; 8 8:&!8,,; :\T8&T 8
&!\ 8:T :T & T 8Y,&!T Q & T Q\T!T:; \T8: T 8  T! &  \ 8 ,; 8& 8  T\ 'T :,T TT�
@Q & T 8YT T& Q \! 8\ #T\T &8,,T \T\,;/,8&T \T\,;/& T &\8QT\ 8& #!, T \TY'T 8
& T &!\ 8:T #!,  ,T\ T \TT&�
Vibration Diagnostic Aids - Vibration Duplicated, Difficult to Isolate/Balance
Component
Note
@Q ;! 8'T & :Y,T&T & T L \8& N8,; &8 ,T 8 :8&T 8 \T'T#T L \8& O8&: N \TQT\ &
Vibration Diagnostic Aids 3+>f+ \:TT�
@Q ;! 8'T !,:8&T & T ' \8& ::T\ !& 8'T 8 QQ:!,&;  8,8: 8 :YT& \ ,8& 8 :YT&
\TQT\ & & T Q,,# Q\Y8&�
5& ' \8& ::T\ 8\T :\\T:&T \ T,Y8&T & \! :\\T:& Te:T'T \!!& Q 8 :YT& :\\T:&
8,8:T Q 8 :YT& \ ,8& 8 :YT& # : 8 :YT & 8 \Y8, :&8:& #& 8& T\  �T:&b:YT&�
YT& # : :8 TT\8&T 8 ,& Q TT\; 8 8\T TeT\T: Te:T'T \!!& Y 8,8:T \ \!C!& :8
\!:T 8 ' \8& #& 8 &\ T! 8Y,&!T & 8& & T ' \8& :8 &\8Y& & :YT& # : 8\T :,T,;
\T,8&T� *  &;T Q 8 :&  !!8,,; \T,8&T & 8 T&'T & &\!TC,8� * T Y& ,-T,; ;&TY & 8& :!,
Te  & &  &;T Q 8 :&  & T \'T,T�
Vibration Diagnostic Aids - Vibration Duplicated, Appears to Be Potential
Operating Characteristic
Note
@Q ;! 8'T & :Y,T&T & T L \8& N8,; &8 ,T 8 :8&T 8 \T'T#T L \8& O8&: N \TQT\ &
Vibration Diagnostic Aids 3+>f+ \:TT�
Check Service Bulletins
@Q 3f*$ Q & T Q,,# &8&TYT& 8\T *F+ & T : T:- T\':T !,,T& Q\ & T :& T&QT� @Q & T :&
8 8,\T8; TT T&QT 8 'T&8&T \\ & &  'T :,T 8 8 TT T&T\YT & T YT&  & 8&  &
&\!,; 8 T\8& : 8\8:&T\&: \ & 8& T\ 8  & TC&T& & T\T #,, ,-T,; T 8�!&YT& \ :\\T:&
T&QT # : #,, 8\T & T :&�
 ! N+>F Q,,#T & T &T :8&T & \! \T'T# & T O8&: 0&8\& �& ? L \8&
O8 8 :Y,T& & T L \8& N8,; &8 ,T T&QT 8 ;! 8'T !,:8&T & T ' \8& ::T\�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-87

 ! 8'T :YT & & T ::,! & \! :Y8\ #& 8 'T\; T!8,,;CT!T 8YT YT, ;T8\ 8 &;T
WfW 2ffO 'T :,T & 8& & T :!&YT\1 ::T\  8 :& & 8& 8T8\ & T 8 &T&8, T\8&
: 8\8:&T\&: Q & T 'T :,T�
Symptoms - Vibration Diagnosis and Correction
Note
�T\Q\Y & T Q,,# &T  T!T:T 3+>f+ ! & TT ;Y&Y &8 ,T�
�T\Q\Y & T Vibration Analysis - Road Testing &8 ,T TQ\T ! & TT ;Y&Y &8 ,T  \T\ & !,:8&T 8
TQQT:&'T,; 8T & T :!&YT\1 ::T\�
Symptom Tables
TQT\ & 8 L \8& N8,; &8 ,T 8 :8&T  & T Q,,# ;Y&Y &8 ,T 8T  & T Y& Y8&
: 8\8:&T\&: Q & T :!&YT\1 ' \8& ::T\ QT,& \ T8\ & 8&  T'T& !\ & T 8\\8&T :& Q & T
::!\\T:T�

Vibration Symptoms that are Felt


Typical
Frequency
Category Description Range Condition of Occurrence Area of Focus

LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T


2 & Vibration Analysis -
0&,, ::!\ !\ :8& # Tire and Wheel
 W+F*N
8 YT&YT T TT \ QT,&  & T
&TT\ # TT, T8& \ :,T� LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T
0 8-T 7?c]¨$� 2 & Vibration Analysis -
T,8&T &T\Y,;�  YY; NQQT:&T ; &\!Tb,8 8b\ Hub and/or Axle Input
# ,T #8,T  !T\  &TT\ !&

2 & Vibration Analysis -


+T 0TT 0T&'T
Engine

LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T


2 & Vibration Analysis -
0&,, ::!\ !\ :8& # Tire and Wheel
 W+F*N

0Y,8\ & & T QTT, Q , 8 LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T


! T c]?7]¨$� 2 & Vibration Analysis -
�8#� NQQT:&T ; &\!Tb,8 8b\ Hub and/or Axle Input
&TT\ !&

2 & Vibration Analysis -


+T 0TT 0T&'T
Engine

LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T


0Y,8\ & & T QTT, Q , 8 2 & Vibration Analysis -
T,T:&\: \8�\� NQQT:&T ; &\!Tb,8 8b\ Hub and/or Axle Input
3!�� 7]?S]]¨$� &TT\ !&
58; T QT,&  & T 8 & \! & T
&TT\ # TT,  & T QTT& & \!
2 & Vibration Analysis -
& T Q,\ \  & T T8& Q & T 8&� +T 0TT 0T&'T
Engine

LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T


58; \!:T 8 % 8 TT,T% 2 & Vibration Analysis -
T8& \ Y8; !& 8 \ QTT& 2\T8&T\ NQQT:&T ; &\!Tb,8 8b\ Hub and/or Axle Input
*, %& ,TT%� & 8 &TT\ !&
$ T& ' \8& Q\T!T:; \8T S]]¨$�
2 & Vibration Analysis -
& 8& :8 &,, T QT,&� +T 0TT 0T&'T
Engine
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-88

Vibration Symptoms that are Heard


Typical
Frequency
Category Description Range Condition of Occurrence Area of Focus

F!8,,; T8\ 8 8 &T\\ T LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T


Y,8\ & & T T Q 8 #, 8,, 2 & Vibration Analysis -
0&,, ::!\ !\ :8& # Tire and Wheel
\,, # 8 8,,T; TT & !T\  W+F*N
\ 8 8 \!Y�

3Y  T,8&T &T\Y,;/\ c]?"]¨$�


\#, Y8 \8\ LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T
\!Y , !YY 2 & Vibration Analysis -
NQQT:&T ; &\!Tb,8 8b\ Hub and/or Axle Input
 58; & T 8::Y8T &TT\ !&
; 8 T\:T& ,T ' \8& \
\! T

0Y,8\ & & T ! Q 8 !Y ,T TT LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T


\ ,# 8\ 8:\ & T & Q 8 2 & Vibration Analysis -
NQQT:&T ; &\!Tb,8 8b\ Hub and/or Axle Input
&&,T� &TT\ !&
58 \  T,8&T &T\Y,;/ !YC "]?Sc]¨$�
O\T Y !�� \T8:T
58; T 8::Y8T ; 8 2 & Vibration Analysis -
 +T 0TT 0T&'T
Engine
T\:T& ,T ' \8& !: 8
8 !��

LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T


2 & Vibration Analysis -
NQQT:&T ; &\!Tb,8 8b\ Hub and/or Axle Input
0Y,8\ & & T ! Q & T #
$#, Sc]?_]]¨$� &TT\ !&
#,�
2 & Vibration Analysis -
+T 0TT 0T&'T
Engine

0Y,8\ & & T ! Q Y!&T LT :,T 0TT 0T&'T 2 & &\8Y
 T _]]?7]]¨$�
&!\ T TT \ '8:!!Y :,T8T\� NQQT:&T ; &\!Tb,8 8&: Q\Y8&

Vehicle-to-Vehicle Diagnostic Comparison


Y8\ & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T & 8 WfW 2ffO 'T :,T & 8&  TT&8,,; T&:8, #,, T, T&T\YT Q & T
:!&YT\1 ::T\ Y8; T : 8\8:&T\&: Q 8 'T :,T T� * 8\\'T 8& 8 '8, ::,! & T :Y8\ Y!&
T T\Q\YT !T\ & T 8YT :& ! & T 8YT :\&T\8  8 'T :,T & 8& 8 & T 8YT & :&T&
8 & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T�
* T :Y8\ 'T :,T Y!& Y8&: & T :!&YT\1 'T :,T  & T Q,,# 8\T8�
 5T, T8\
 58-T
 5T,
 3; &;,T
 �#T\&\8 :Q!\8&
 O\'T,T :Q!\8&
 >8, \'T \8&
 *\Tb# TT, �T 8 &;T
 0!T 8:-8T
 *\8,T\ 8:-8T
 2L \8&
 �T\Q\Y8:T &
 !e!\; &
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-89

Tire and Wheel Inspection

182126

Tire Wear

386773
Legend

SP $8\ \T\bFT\Q,8&


cP @:\\T:& N,YT&b8:- Q &8&
_P @:\\T:& N,YT&bWC!Q\Y *\T
aP $T8'; N::T,T\8&bf'T\ Q,8&
7P T8\ @:8&\

@T:& & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T Q\ & T Q,,# :&�
 F!!8, #T8\ !: 8 :! Q,8& & 8b\ TT,C8C&T #T8\
* TT :& :8 :8!T &\T \#, &\T #, ,8 T 8b\ ' \8& & \! !& & T 'T :,T�
 �\T\ Q,8& & T:Q:8& Q\ & T 'T :,T
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-90

 3!,T  & T T#8,,


O & :Q!T !,T # : 8\T 8 8 \Y8, :& #& \Y8, ,; ,:T # : 8\T :YY,; TT
8 T&8&  & T T#8,,�
 3T& \Y Q,8T
Tire and Wheel Assembly Runout Measurement - Off Vehicle
S� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T�
c� 58\- & T ,:8& Q & T # TT, & & T # TT, &! 8 Y8\- & T T:Q: 'T :,T &  T8: &\T 8
# TT, ? >  > �
_� TY'T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T Q\Y & T 'T :,T�
a� ,T,; T:& T8: &\T Q\ \T\ 8 T'T T8 T8&�
7� @Q 8; Q & T &\T T8 #T\T & \T\,; \ T'T,; T8&T \TT8& & T &\T T8 & T \:TT & &T¨"� TQT\ &
Tire and Wheel Removal and Installation �
"� 5!& 8 &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,;  8 C&;T # TT, 8,8:T\�
:8&T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,;  & T 8,8:T\ #& 8 :T & \! & T 8:- T Q & T :T&T\ ,& ,T�

176957
� \8 & T !&T\ :\:!YQT\T:T Q T8: &\T #& &8T¨SP  & T :T&T\ &\T8 8\T8�
\8 & T &\T8 #& &8T 8,,# Q\ 8 Y& 8 8::!\8&T \T8 Q \88, \!!& & T  &8T�
R� �& & T 8, :8&\  & T &8T \& Q & T &\T &\T8 !: & 8& & T 8, :8&\  T\T:!,8\
& & T &\T &\T8 !\Q8:T�
G� 0,#,; \&8&T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; T :Y,T&T \T',!&  \T\ & Q & T ,# &�
S]� 0T& & T 8, :8&\ & �T\ 8& & T ,# &�
SS� 0,#,; \&8&T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; T Y\T :Y,T&T \T',!& 8 YT8!\T & T &&8, 8Y!& Q
\88, \!!&�
Specification
58eY!Y &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \88, \!!& ? YT8!\T QQC'T :,T� S�c¨YY ]�]7]¨P
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-91

176958
Sc� �& & T 8, :8&\  8 Y& \& Q & T &\T T#8,, 8 :,T & & T &\T8 8  ,T !: & 8& & T
8, :8&\  T\T:!,8\ & & T &\T T#8,, !\Q8:T�
S_� 0,#,; \&8&T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; T :Y,T&T \T',!&  \T\ & Q & T ,# &� @\T 8; �!Y
\  !T & T#8,, ,:T�
Sa� 0T& & T 8, :8&\ & �T\ 8& & T ,# &�
S7� 0,#,; \&8&T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; T Y\T :Y,T&T \T',!& 8 YT8!\T & T &&8, 8Y!& Q ,8&T\8,
\!!&� @\T 8; �!Y \  !T & T#8,, ,:T 8 8&&8 8 8'T\8T \!!& YT8!\TYT&�
Specification
58eY!Y &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; ,8&T\8, \!!& ? YT8!\T QQC'T :,T� S�c¨YY ]�]7]¨P
S"� TT8& &T "¨& \! ¨S7 !&, 8,, Q & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \88, 8 ,8&T\8, \!!& YT8!\TYT&
8'T TT &8-T�
S� @Q NW Q & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \!!& YT8!\TYT& #T\T Wf* #&  T:Q:8& \:TT & &T¨SG�
SR� @Q N Q & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \!!& YT8!\TYT& ++ #&  T:Q:8& & T & T QQC'T :,T &\T
8 # TT, 8TY ,; \!!&  :T\T 8::T&8 ,T�

176966
SG� �& & T 8, :8&\  & T \�&8, !&T\ !\Q8:T Q & T # TT, \Y Q,8T ? #& & T &\T &,, Y!&T ?
!: & 8& & T 8, :8&\  T\T:!,8\ & & T \Y Q,8T !\Q8:T�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-92

 TT, \!!&  !, T YT8!\T  & & T  8\ 8 !& 8\ \Y Q,8T !,T # TT, T #,, &
T\Y&� @\T 8; �!Y \  !T & 8& \ :  \ #T,�
c]� 0,#,; \&8&T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; T :Y,T&T \T',!&  \T\ & Q & T ,# &�
cS� 0T& & T 8, :8&\ & �T\ 8& & T ,# &�
cc� 0,#,; \&8&T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; T Y\T :Y,T&T \T',!& 8 YT8!\T & T &&8, 8Y!& Q
# TT, \88, \!!&�
Specification
 58eY!Y 8,!Y!Y # TT, \88, \!!& ? YT8!\T QQC'T :,T &\T Y!&T� ]�"c¨YY ]�]_]¨P
 58eY!Y &TT, # TT, \88, \!!& ? YT8!\T QQC'T :,T &\T Y!&T� S�]S7¨YY ]�]a]¨P

176968
c_� �& & T 8, :8&\  & T 'T\&:8, !&T\ !\Q8:T Q & T # TT, \Y Q,8T ? #& & T &\T &,, Y!&T ? !:
& 8& & T 8, :8&\  T\T:!,8\ & & T \Y Q,8T !\Q8:T�
 TT, \!!&  !, T YT8!\T  & & T  8\ 8 !& 8\ \Y Q,8T !,T # TT, T #,, &
T\Y&� @\T 8; �!Y \  !T & 8& \ :  \ #T,�
ca� 0,#,; \&8&T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; T :Y,T&T \T',!&  \T\ & Q & T ,# &�
c7� 0T& & T 8, :8&\ & �T\ 8& & T ,# &�
c"� 0,#,; \&8&T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; T Y\T :Y,T&T \T',!& 8 YT8!\T & T &&8, 8Y!& Q
# TT, ,8&T\8, \!!&�
Specification
 58eY!Y 8,!Y!Y # TT, ,8&T\8, \!!& ? YT8!\T QQC'T :,T &\T Y!&T� ]�"c¨YY ]�]_]¨P
 58eY!Y &TT, # TT, ,8&T\8, \!!& ? YT8!\T QQC'T :,T &\T Y!&T� S�Sa_¨YY ]�]a7¨P
c� TT8& &T SG¨& \! ¨c" !&, 8,, Q & T # TT, \88, 8 ,8&T\8, \!!& YT8!\TYT& 8'T TT &8-T
 T8: Q & T ? &\T 8 # TT, ? 8TY ,T #& 8TY ,; \!!& YT8!\TYT& # : #T\T Wf* #& 
T:Q:8&�
cR� @Q 8; Q & T # TT, \!!& YT8!\TYT& #T\T Wf* #&  T:Q:8& \:TT & 5T8!\  TT, !!& ?
*\T OY!&T�
cG� >\ 8; Q & T # TT, \!!& YT8!\TYT& # : ++ #&  T:Q:8& # ,T & T ? &\T 8 # TT, ?
8TY ,; \!!& YT8!\TYT& #T\T Wf* #&  T:Q:8& \T,8:T & T &\T & T 8,8:T & T 8TY ,;�
TQT\ & Tire and Wheel Assembly Balancing - Off Vehicle �
_]� NQ&T\ \T,8:TYT& Q 8; &\T 8,#8; \TCYT8!\T & T \!!& Q & T 8QQT:&T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \
8TY ,T�
_S� F & T Y8&: Y8\- Y8T \\ & \TY'8, &8,, & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T & & T 'T :,T�
_c� #T\ & T 'T :,T�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-93

Wheel Runout Measurement – Tire Dismounted


S� f & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \ 8TY ,T #& # TT, \!!& YT8!\TYT& ? &\T Y!&T ? # : #T\T
Wf* #&  T:Q:8& Y8\- T8: &\T 8 # TT,  \T,8& & T8: & T\�
c� OY!& & T &\T Q\Y & T # TT,� TQT\ & Tire Dismounting and Mounting �
_� 5!& & T # TT,  8 C&;T # TT, 8,8:T\�
a� :8&T & T # TT,  & T 8,8:T\ #& 8 :T & \! & T 8:- T Q & T :T&T\ ,& ,T�

176960
7� �& & T 8, :8&\  & T \�&8, T\ !\Q8:T Q & T # TT, \Y Q,8T ? #& & T &\T Y!&T ? !:
& 8& & T 8, :8&\  T\T:!,8\ & & T \Y Q,8T !\Q8:T�
 TT, \!!&  !, T YT8!\T  & & T  8\ 8 !& 8\ \Y Q,8T� @\T 8; �!Y \  !T
& 8& \ :  \ #T,�
"� 0,#,; \&8&T & T # TT, T :Y,T&T \T',!&  \T\ & Q & T ,# &�
� 0T& & T 8, :8&\ & �T\ 8& & T ,# &�
R� 0,#,; \&8&T & T # TT, T Y\T :Y,T&T \T',!& 8 YT8!\T & T &&8, 8Y!& Q # TT, \88, \!!&�
Specification
 58eY!Y 8,!Y!Y # TT, \88, \!!& ? YT8!\T QQC'T :,T &\T Y!&T� ]�"c¨YY ]�]_]¨P
 58eY!Y &TT, # TT, \88, \!!& ? YT8!\T QQC'T :,T &\T Y!&T� S�]S7¨YY ]�]a]¨P

176964
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-94

G� �& & T 8, :8&\  & T 'T\&:8, T\ !\Q8:T Q & T # TT, \Y Q,8T ? #& & T &\T Y!&T ? !:
& 8& & T 8, :8&\  T\T:!,8\ & & T \Y Q,8T !\Q8:T�
 TT, \!!&  !, T YT8!\T  & & T  8\ 8 !& 8\ \Y Q,8T� @\T 8; �!Y \  !T
& 8& \ :  \ #T,�
S]� 0,#,; \&8&T & T # TT, T :Y,T&T \T',!&  \T\ & Q & T ,# &�
SS� 0T& & T 8, :8&\ & �T\ 8& & T ,# &�
Sc� 0,#,; \&8&T & T # TT, T Y\T :Y,T&T \T',!& 8 YT8!\T & T &&8, 8Y!& Q # TT, ,8&T\8, \!!&�
Specification
 58eY!Y 8,!Y!Y # TT, ,8&T\8, \!!& ? YT8!\T QQC'T :,T &\T Y!&T� ]�"c¨YY ]�]_]¨P
 58eY!Y &TT, # TT, ,8&T\8, \!!& ? YT8!\T QQC'T :,T &\T Y!&T� S�Sa_¨YY ]�]a7¨P
S_� TT8& &T c¨& \! ¨Sc !&, 8,, Q & T # TT, \88, 8 ,8&T\8, \!!& YT8!\TYT& ? &\T Y!&T ? 8'T
TT &8-T  T8: # TT, #& \!!& YT8!\TYT& ? &\T Y!&T ? # : #T\T Wf* #&  T:Q:8&�
Sa� @Q 8; Q & T # TT, \!!& YT8!\TYT& ? &\T Y!&T ? #T\T Wf* #&  T:Q:8& \T,8:T & T # TT,�
N,#8; YT8!\T & T \!!& Q 8; \T,8:TYT& # TT,�
S7� >\ 8; Q & T # TT, \!!& YT8!\TYT& # : ++ #&  T:Q:8& # ,T & T ? &\T 8 # TT, ?
8TY ,; \!!& YT8!\TYT& #T\T Wf* #&  T:Q:8& \T,8:T & T &\T & T 8,8:T & T 8TY ,;�
TQT\ & Tire and Wheel Assembly Balancing - Off Vehicle �
S"� F & T Y8&: Y8\- Y8T \\ & Y!& & T &\T \ &\T Y!& & T &\T \ &\T & & T # TT, \ # TT,
& T 8,8:T & T 8TY ,; \ 8TY ,T� TQT\ & Tire and Wheel Assembly Balancing - Off Vehicle �
N,#8; YT8!\T & T \!!& Q 8; Q & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T # : 8'T 8 & T &\T Y!&T 8
Y!&T�
S� F & T Y8&: Y8\- Y8T \\ & \TY'8, &8,, & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T & & T 'T :,T�
SR� #T\ & T 'T :,T�
Brake Rotor/Drum Balance Inspection
S� 0!\& & T 'T :,T \'T 8e,T  8 !&8 ,T &� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle �
c� TY'T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T Q\Y & T \'T 8e,T� TQT\ & Tire and Wheel Removal and Installation �
Warning
_� TQT\ & Work Stall Test Warning �
_� T&8,, & T # TT, !&  \T\ & \T&8 & T \8-T \&\�
a� ! & T 'T :,T 8& & T ::T\ TT # ,T T:& Q\ & T \TT:T Q & T ' \8&�
Caution: Do not depress the brake pedal with the brake rotors and/or the brake drums removed, or with the
brake calipers repositioned away from the brake rotors, or damage to the brake system may result.
7� @Q & T ' \8&  &,, \TT& \TY'T & T \&\ Q\Y & T \'T 8e,T & T \! & T 'T :,T 8:- & & T ::T\ TT�
"� @Q & T ' \8&  T,Y8&T # T & T \8-T \&\ 8\T \TY'T Q\Y & T \'T 8e,T \TT8& & T &T& #& T \&\
&8,,T 8& 8 &YT� T,8:T & T \&\ & 8&  :8! \ :&\ !& & & T ' \8& ::T\�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-95

182237
� @Q 8 \8-T \&\ #8 \T,8:T 8 8 \T!,& Q Q,,# & T \T'! &T \ Q T:T8\; & :Q\Y & T \T!,&
 &8T !\ & T \T'! &T 8b\ & : T:- & T C\'T 8e,T :YT& T\Q\Y & T Q,,#�
�S� 5!& & T \8-T \&\b\!Y  8 8,8:T\  & T 8YT Y8T\ 8 8 &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,;�
Note
�c� T:- \8-T \&\b\!Y Q\ &8&: Y 8,8:T ,;< \T & T ;8Y: Y 8,8:T \T8�
�_� @T:& & T \&\b\!Y Q\ &8&: Y 8,8:T�
* T\T  & 8 T& &,T\8:T Q\ \8-T \&\b\!Y &8&: Y 8,8:T� $#T'T\ 8; \8-T \&\b\!Y YT8!\T  & 
8YT Y8T\ # :  'T\ cS¨ 6¨�P Y8; 8'T & T &T&8, & :8!T \ :&\ !&T & 8 ' \8&� &\b\!Y
!T:&T Q :8! \ :&\ !& & 8 ' \8&  !, T \T,8:T� N; \&\b\!Y & 8&  \T,8:T  !, T
: T:-T Q\ Y 8,8:T  & T 8YT Y8T\�
Hub/Axle Flange and Wheel Stud Runout Inspection
Special Tools
)CR]]SO8, @:8&\ 0T&  \ T!'8,T&
S� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle �
c� 58\- & T ,:8& Q & T # TT, & & T # TT, &! 8 Y8\- & T T:Q: 'T :,T &  T8: &\T 8
# TT, ? >  > �
_� TY'T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T Q\Y & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Tire and Wheel Removal and Installation �
a� TY'T & T \8-T \&\ 8b\ \8-T \!Y Q\Y & T 'T :,T� ,T8 & T Y!& !\Q8:T Q & T \8-T \&\
& T \8-T \!Y Q T!T 8 & T ! b8e,T Q,8T Q 8; ,T T \ \!& 8 :\\�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-96

205276
7� �& & T )CR]]SO8, @:8&\ 0T&  \ T!'8,T&  & T Y8: T !\Q8:T Q & T # TT, ! b8e,T Q,8T
!&T Q & T # TT, &!�
"� &8&T & T ! T :Y,T&T \T',!&  \T\ & Q & T ,# &�
� 0T& & T )CR]]SO8, @:8&\ 0T&  \ T!'8,T& & �T\ 8& & T ,# &�
R� &8&T & T ! T Y\T :Y,T&T \T',!& 8 YT8!\T & T &&8, 8Y!& Q # TT, ! b8e,T Q,8T \!!&�
Specification – Guideline
 TT, ! b8e,T Q,8T \!!& &,T\8:T !T,T� ]�S_c¨YY ]�]]7¨P
G� @Q & T \!!& Q & T # TT, ! b8e,T Q,8T @0 #&  T:Q:8& 8 & T 'T :,T  T!T #& # TT, &!
\:TT & &T¨S_�
S]� @Q & T \!!& Q & T # TT, ! b8e,T Q,8T @0 #&  T:Q:8& 8 & T 'T :,T  T!T #& # TT, ,&
\:TT & &T¨SG�
SS� @Q & T \!!& Q & T # TT, ! b8e,T Q,8T  Y8\8, & T # TT, ! Y8; \ Y8; & T & T !\:T Q & T
&!\ 8:T�
Sc� @Q & T \!!& Q & T # TT, ! b8e,T Q,8T  Te:T'T \T,8:T & T # TT, ! b8e,T Q,8T� 5T8!\T & T \!!& Q
& T T# # TT, ! b8e,T Q,8T�

205279
S_� �& & T )CR]]SO8, @:8&\ 0T&  \ T!'8,T&  \T\ & :&8:& & T # TT, Y!& &!�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-97

5T8!\T & T &! \!!& 8 :,T & & T Q,8T 8  ,T�
Sa� *!\ & T ! T :Y,T&T \T',!& & \T&T\  T8: Q & T # TT, &!�
S7� T\ & T )CR]]SO8, @:8&\ 0T&  \ T!'8,T&  & T ,#T& &!�
S"� &8&T & T ! T Y\T :Y,T&T \T',!& 8 YT8!\T & T &&8, 8Y!& Q # TT, &! ? &! :\:,T ? \!!&�
Specification – Guideline
 TT, &! \!!& &,T\8:T !T,T� ]�c7a¨YY ]�]S]¨P
S� @Q & T \!!& Q & T # TT, &! ? &! :\:,T ?  Y8\8, & T # TT, &! Y8; \ Y8; & T :&\ !&
& & T &!\ 8:T�
SR� @Q & T \!!& Q & T # TT, &! ? &! :\:,T ?  Te:T'T \T,8:T & T # TT, &! 8 T:T8\;� 5T8!\T & T
\!!& Q & T T# # TT, &!�
SG� @T:& & T & \T8 8 & T &8T\T T8& \&  T8: Q & T # TT, ,& Q\ 8Y8T�
c]�  TT, ,& Te & 8Y8T & \T8 8b\ 8Y8T &8T\T T8& \T!\T \T,8:TYT&�
cS� �,8:T & T & \T8T \& Q T8: # TT, ,& 8, 8 &\8 & TT & T:& Q\ &\8 &T�
cc�  TT, ,& & 8& 8\T & &\8 & \T!\T \T,8:TYT&�
Tire and Wheel Assembly Isolation Test
Force Variation
>\:T '8\8& \TQT\ & 8 \88, \ ,8&T\8, Y'TYT& Q & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; # : 8:& Y!: ,-T \!!&
#T'T\ Q\:T '8\8& 8 &  #& '8\8&  & T :&\!:& Q & T &\T� * TT '8\8&  &\T :&\!:&
Y8; 8:&!8,,; :8!T ' \8&  8 'T :,T T'T & ! & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \!!& 8 8,8:T Y8; T
#&  T:Q:8&�
Radial Force Variation

176971
88, Q\:T '8\8& \TQT\ & & T QQT\T:T  & T &QQT Q 8 &\T T#8,, 8 & T &\T \&8&T 8 :&8:& & T \8�
*\T T#8,, 8'T YT &QQT !T & ,:T  & T QQT\T& ,T Q & T &\T !& & TT &QQT QQT\T:T  &
:8!T 8 \ ,TY !,T & T Q\:T '8\8&  Te:T'T� 0&QQ &¨SP  8 &\T T#8,, :8 TQ,T:& 8 &\T 8 # TT,
8TY ,; !#8\ 8 & T 8TY ,; :&8:& & T \8�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-98

Lateral Force Runout

175760
8&T\8, Q\:T '8\8& \TQT\ & & T QQT\T:T  & T &QQT \ :Q\Y&; Q & T T,& #&  8 &\T 8 & T &\T \&8&T
8 :&8:& & T \8� *\T T,& Y8; 8'T YT &QQT \ :Q\Y&; QQT\T:T !& & TT QQT\T:T  & :8!T
8 \ ,TY !,T & T Q\:T '8\8&  Te:T'T� * TT '8\8&  & T T,& Q & T &\T :8 TQ,T:& & T 'T :,T
T#8; \ ,8&T\8,,;� N  Q&T T,& T 8 &\T Y8; :8!T ,8&T\8, Q\:T '8\8&�
@ Y& :8T # T\T Te:T'T ,8&T\8, Q\:T '8\8& Te& & T 'T :,T #,, ,8; 8 # ,T \ #8,T 8& ,# TT
R?a]¨-Yb 7?c7¨Y P  8 Y& \8 !\Q8:T�
Isolation Test Procedure
�T\Q\Y & T Q,,# &T&  \T\ & T&T\YT Q Q\:T '8\8&  \TT&  & T 'T :,T�
S� 0! &&!&T 8 T& Q WfW 2ffO \TC&T&T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T Q & T 8YT �T 8 &;T Q\ & T
!T:&T \8, 8TY ,T� TQT\ & Tire and Wheel Removal and Installation �
c� 8 &T& & T 'T :,T & T&T\YT Q & T ' \8&  &,, \TT&� TQT\ & Vibration Analysis - Road Testing �
_� @Q & T ' \8&  &,, \TT& # ,T ! & T -#  T& Q &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T & T Q\:T '8\8& 
& & T :8!T Q & T ' \8&�
a� @Q & T ' \8&  T,Y8&T # T ! & T -#  T& Q &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T &8,, T Q & T
\8, &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T ! & T Y8&: Y8\- Y8T \\ & \TY'8,� TQT\ & Tire and Wheel
Removal and Installation � 8 &T& & T 'T :,T & T&T\YT Q & T ' \8& 8 \T&!\T� TQT\ & Vibration
Analysis - Road Testing �
7� &!T & T \:T Q &8,, & T \8, &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T T 8& 8 &YT & T \8 &T& & T
'T :,T !&, & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \ 8TY ,T # :  :8! & T ' \8& 8 TT T&QT�
"� T,8:T & T &\T \ &\T  & T ' \8&C:8! &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; \ 8TY ,T & T 8,8:T & T
8TY ,; \ 8TY ,T� TQT\ & Tire and Wheel Assembly Balancing - Off Vehicle �
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-99

Tire and Wheel Assembly Balancing - Off Vehicle


Warning
>8,!\T & 8 T\T & & T Q,,# \T:8!& TQ\T &\T 8,8: :8 \T!,&  T\8, �!\; \ 8Y8T &
:YT&�
 ,T8 8#8; 8; \& \ T& Q\Y & T T Q & T # TT,�
 TY'T 8; &T Q\Y & T &\T8�
 T8\ T;T \&T:&�
 FT :8&T #T &  8,!Y!Y # TT,�
Tire and Wheel Assembly Balancer Calibration
*\T 8 # TT, 8,8:T\ :8 \Q& !& Q :8, \8& 'T\ &YT \ :8 T:YT 8::!\8&T 8 8 \T!,& Q T8'; !T�
* T\T #,, ,-T,; & T 8; '!8, T'T:T & 8& 8 :8, \8& \ ,TY Te&� @Q 8 8,8:T\  & :8, \8&T #& 
T:Q:8& 8 8 &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,;  8,8:T  & 8& Y8: T & T 8TY ,; Y8; 8:&!8,,; T Y 8,8:T�
*\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; 8,8:T\ :8, \8&  !, T : T:-T 8\eY8&T,; T'T\; c¨#TT- Q & T Y8: T 
!T Q\T!T&,; 8b\ # TT'T\ & T 8,8:T \T8 8\T !T&8 ,T�
Tire and Wheel Assembly Balancer Calibration Test
Note
@Q & T 8,8:T\ Q8, 8; Q & T &T  &  :8, \8& &T& & T 8,8:T\  !, T :8, \8&T 8::\ & & T
Y8!Q8:&!\T\1 &\!:&� @Q & T 8,8:T\ :8& T :8, \8&T :&8:& & T Y8!Q8:&!\T\ Q\ 8&8:T�
@T:& & T :8, \8& Q & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; 8,8:T\ 8::\ & & T Y8!Q8:&!\T\1 \T:YYT8& \
T\Q\Y & T Q,,# &T&�

612344
S� 0 & T 8,8:T\ #& !& 8 # TT, \ 8; Q & T 88&T\  & T  8Q&�
c� @T:& & T 8,8:T\ \T8�
Specification
T\¨#& ¨¨ =¨�P
_� @Q & T 8,8:T\  #&  & T T:Q:8& \8T 8,8:T 8 &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; ? & 8&  #&  \88, 8
,8&T\8, \!!& &,T\8:T ? & +f ! & T 8YT 8,8:T\�
a� NQ&T\ & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; 8 TT 8,8:T 8 8 R7¨ _¨�P &T& #T & & & T # TT, 8& 8; ,:8&�
7� 0 & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; 88� W&T & T \T8�
 @ & T &8&: 8 ;8Y: YT & T 8,8:T\  !, :8,, Q\ R7¨ _¨�P Q #T & SR]¨T\TT
&T & T &T& #T &�
 @ & T ;8Y: YT & T #T &  !, T :8,,T Q\  & T Q,8T Q & T # TT, &T & T &T& #T &�
"� & & T 8TY ,; Y 8,8:T & R7¨ _¨�P :;:,T & T 8,8:T\ 7¨&YT�
� @T:& & T 8,8:T\ \T8�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-100

Specification
58eY!Y '8\8&� ¨ =¨�P
R� @Te & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,;  & T 8,8:T\  8Q& G]¨T\TT Q\Y & T \T'! ,:8&�
G� ;:,T & T 8,8:T\ #& & T 8TY ,; 8& & T T# ,:8&�
S]� @T:& & T 8,8:T\ \T8�
Specification
58eY!Y '8\8&� ¨ =¨�P
SS� TT8& &T R¨& \! ¨S] !&, & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; 8 TT :;:,T 8 : T:-T 8& T8: Q & T
a¨,:8&  & T 8,8:T\  8Q&�
Tire and Wheel Assembly Balancing Guidelines
* T\T 8\T c¨&;T Q &\T 8 # TT, 8,8:T�
Static Balance

70074
0&8&: 8,8:T  & T T!8, &\ !& Q #T & 8\! & T # TT, :\:!YQT\T:T� * T # TT, 8,8:T #T &¨cP
8\T &T  & T # TT,  \T\ & QQT& & T TQQT:& Q 8 T8'; &¨_P�  TT, & 8& 8'T &8&: Y 8,8:T :8
\!:T 8 !: 8:& :8,,T &\8Y�
Dynamic Balance

70079
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-101

O;8Y: 8,8:T  & T T!8, &\ !& Q #T &  T8: T Q & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,; :T&T\,T� * T # TT,
8,8:T #T &¨cP 8\T &T  & T # TT,  \T\ & QQT& & T TQQT:& Q 8 T8'; &¨_P�  TT, & 8& 8'T
;8Y: Y 8,8:T 8'T 8 &TT:; & Y'T Q\Y T & T 8 :8 :8!T 8 8:& :8,,T  YY;�
5& QQC'T :,T 8,8:T\ 8\T :88 ,T Q : T:- & &;T Q 8,8:T Y!,&8T!,;�
N 8 TT\8, \!,T Y& 'T :,T 8\T Y\T T&'T & &8&: Y 8,8:T & 8 & ;8Y: Y 8,8:T< #T'T\ 'T :,T
T!T #& ,# \Q,T #T &\T8 8&   T\Q\Y8:T &\T 8 # TT, 8\T !:T& ,T & Y8,, 8Y!& Q
;8Y: Y 8,8:T� N ,&&,T 8 Sa?cS¨ .?6¨�P Y 8,8:T  :88 ,T Q !: 8 ' \8&  YT 'T :,T
YT,�
Balancing Procedure
Note
 T 8,8: &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T !T 8 -#  \T:T&,; :8, \8&T QQC'T :,T &#C,8T ;8Y:
8,8:T\ T& & & T QT& 8,8:T YT 8'8,8 ,T�
S� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle �
c� 58\- & T ,:8& Q & T # TT, & & T # TT, &! 8 Y8\- & T T:Q: 'T :,T &  T8: &\T 8
# TT, ? >  > �
_� TY'T & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T T 8& 8 &YT 8 Y!&  8 C&;T # TT, 8,8:T\� TQT\ & Tire and
Wheel Removal and Installation �
a� 8\TQ!,,; Q,,# & T # TT, 8,8:T\ Y8!Q8:&!\T\1 &\!:& Q\ \T\ Y!& &T: !T & T !T 
QQT\T& &;T Q # TT,�
T8\ 8Q&T\Y8\-T& # TT, TT:8,,; & T :\\8& !'T\8, ,! 8&&T\ 8 &T&8, !\:T Q \!!&
8 Y!& ::T\�
7� 3T !\T & !T & T :\\T:& &;T Q # TT, 8,8:T #T & Q\ & T &;T Q # TT, \Y T 8,8:T� 3T !\T & !T
& T :\\T:& &;T Q :8&T # TT, 8,8:T #T &  8,!Y!Y # TT,� TQT\ &  TT, T & F8T�
"� 38,8:T 8,, Q!\ &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T 8 :,T & �T\ 8  ,T�
� F & T Y8&: Y8\- Y8T \\ & \TY'8, &8,, & T &\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T & & T 'T :,T� TQT\ &
Tire and Wheel Removal and Installation �
R� #T\ & T 'T :,T�
Wheel Weight Usage
*\T 8 # TT, 8TY ,T :8 T 8,8:T ! T& T\ & T &8&: \ ;8Y: YT& �
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-102

Clip-on Weights

448750
Note
 T 8,8: Q8:&\; 8,!Y!Y # TT, #& :,C # TT, 8,8:T #T & T !\T & !T T:8, ,;T&T\C:8&T
#T &� * TT :8&T #T & \T!:T & T &T&8, Q\ :\\ 8 8Y8T & 8,!Y!Y # TT,�
* TT :8&T #T & \T!:T & T &T&8, Q\ :\\ 8 8Y8T & 8,!Y!Y # TT,�
 5 ¨SP 8 N¨cP T\T #T & 8\T 8\'T Q\ !T  8,!Y!Y # TT,�
 �¨_P T\T #T & 8\T 8\'T Q\ !T  &TT, # TT, ,;�
 *¨aP T\T :8&T #T & 8\T 8\'T Q\ !T  & &TT, 8 8,!Y!Y # TT,�

315790
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-103

Note
FT 8 ;, \ ,8&:C&T 8YYT\ # T &8,, :8&T :,C # TT, 8,8:T #T & & YY�T & T  ,&;
Q 8Y8T & & T ,;T&T\ :8&�
* T :&!\ 8 &;,T Q & T # TT, \Y Q,8T #,, T&T\YT # : &;T Q :,C # TT, #T &¨SP  !, T !T�
* T #T &  !, Q,,# & T :&!\ Q & T \Y Q,8T� * T #T & :,  !, Q\Y,; \ & T \Y Q,8T�
Wheel Weight Placement – Clip-on Weights

448749
 T &8&: 8,8: ,:8&T & T # TT, 8,8:T #T &  & T  8\ Q,8T¨cP Q ,; cR¨ S¨�P \ ,T 
:8,,T Q\� @Q Y\T & 8 cR¨ S¨�P  :8,,T Q\ ,& & T #T & 8 T!8,,; 8  ,T T&#TT & T  8\¨cP
8 !& 8\¨SP Q,8T�
 T ;8Y: 8,8: ,:8&T & T # TT, 8,8:T #T &  & T  8\¨cP 8 !& 8\¨SP \Y Q,8T 8& & T
& T:QT ; & T # TT, 8,8:T\�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-104

Adhesive Weights

448752
Note
 T &8,, 8 T'T 8,8:T #T &  Q,8T,T # TT,  Wf* &8,, & T #T &  & T !& 8\ !\Q8:T Q
& T \Y�
N T'T # TT, 8,8:T #T & Y8; T !T  Q8:&\; 8,!Y!Y # TT,� �T\Q\Y & T Q,,# \:T!\T & &8,,
8 T'T # TT, 8,8:T #T &�
S� OT&T\YT & T :\\T:& 8\T8 Q\ ,8:TYT& Q & T # TT, #T &  & T # TT,�
  T &8&: 8,8: ,:8&T & T # TT, 8,8:T #T & 8, & T # TT, :T&T\,T¨SP  & T T\ # TT,
!\Q8:T Q ,; cR¨ S¨�P \ ,T  :8,,T Q\� @Q Y\T & 8 cR¨ S¨�P  :8,,T Q\ ,& & T #T & 8
T!8,,; 8  ,T T&#TT & T # TT, :T&T\,T 8 & T  8\ TT Q & T T\ # TT, !\Q8:T¨cP�
  T ;8Y: 8,8: ,:8&T & T # TT, 8,8:T #T & 8, & T # TT, :T&T\,T 8 & T  8\
TT Q & T T\ # TT, !\Q8:T¨cP 8& & T & T:QT ; & T # TT, 8,8:T\�
c� +!\T & 8& & T\T  !QQ:T& :,T8\8:T T&#TT & T # TT, #T & 8 \8-T ;&TY :YT&�
Note
_� O & !T 8 \8'T & :,T8 8; !\Q8:T Q & T # TT,�
_� F 8 :,T8 :,& \ 8T\ &#T, #& 8 TT\8, !\T :,T8T\ & \! ,; :,T8 & T T8&T 8,8:T
#T & 8&&8: YT& 8\T8 Q 8; :\\ 'T\\8; \& \ 8; & T\ Q\T Y8&T\8,�
a� * T!\T & T\T   \TY8 \T!T #T & T 8,8:T #T & 8&&8: YT& 8\T8 88 ! 8 :,T8 :,& \
8T\ &#T, #& 8 Ye&!\T Q 8,Q \;, 8,: , 8 8,Q #8&T\�
7� O\; & T 8&&8: YT& 8\T8 #& & 8\ !&, & T # TT, !\Q8:T  #8\Y & & T &!: �
"� 8\Y & T 8 T'T 8:-  & T # TT, 8,8:T #T & & \Y &TYT\8&!\T�
� TY'T & T \&T:&'T :'T\ Q\Y & T 8 T'T 8:-  & T 8:- Q & T 8,8:T #T &� Of Wf* &!:
& T 8 T'T !\Q8:T�
R� N,; & T # TT, 8,8:T #T & & & T # TT, \T & ,8:T #& 8 \T!\T�
G� 0T:!\T & T # TT, 8,8:T #T & & & T # TT, #& 8 G]¨W cS¨, P Q\:T 8,T #& 8 \,,T\�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-105

Vibration Theory and Terminology


Vibration Theory
* T T 8 TTT\ \T!\TYT& Q 'T :,T
8'T !T\T \8&: : 8T 'T\ & T ,8& T'T\8,
;T8\�
LT :,T 8\T &QQT\ 8 \'T Y\T ,8& Q\Y
\8 !& & 8 & T;  \T'!,;� * T &\!:&!\T Q
&8;1 &QQT\ 'T :,T 8\T ,T !:T& ,T & Y8;
Q & T ' \8& # : :!, T \TT&  'T :,T Q
T8\,T\ T #T'T\ ' \8& :8 &,, T T&T:&T
 8 Y\T YT\ 'T :,T Q 8 &\8QT\ 8&  :\T8&T
T&#TT 8 \&8& :YT& 8 & T ; Q & T
'T :,T�
* T\T 8\T & 8 Y8; & Q ,8& Q\Y & T \8 
Y8; 'T :,T &8;� @Q 8 :YT& \!:T 8 &\
T! ' \8& & Y8; 'T\:YT & T Te& ,8&
8 & T :YT& TT & T \T8\T \ \T,8:T�
* T \TT:Tb8 T:T Q !#8&T T 8 ' \8&
 ,-T & & T :!&YT\1 T\:T& Q & T 'T\8,,
95585
!8,&; Q & T 'T :,T�
@ & T \T:T :&!\T & T !\:T  & T ! 8,8:T
L \8&  & T \TT&&'T Y& Q 8  �T:& 8:- 8 &\T� * T &\8QT\ 8&  & T \!&T & T ' \8& &\8'T,
Q\&  \ ! 8 #� * T Q,,# :YT& :8!T & \! & T 'T :,T1 !T ;&TY & & T
Y& 'T :,T ' \8&� &TT\ :,!Y� * T \TT\  & T &TT\ # TT,
 N \&8& :YT& # : & T :!&YT\ \T\& 8 ' \8&� +,Y8&
8; T Q & TT & \TT T,TYT& #,, !!8,,; :\\T:& & T
 * T TT :Y !& \:T Q\ Y!,T
:&� OT:T Q\Y & T 8& T\T Q\Y8& # :
&8& :YT& #,, :8!T ' \8& # T T,TYT& Y8-T & T Y& TT & \T8\� N 8 \8:T
Te:T'T Y 8,8:T \ \!!&  \TT&� O!\ & & T &TT\ :,!Y Y8; -TT & T &TT\ # TT, Q\Y
' \8& 8 & T 8Y!& Q 8,,#8 ,T Y 8,8:T ' \8& !& 8 8 \8:T  & 8 \8:&:8, ,!&�
\ \!!&  !, T :T\T 8 *f+NW + 8 & * T Y& \T:& 8 TQQT:&'T \T8\ #!, T & \T\,;
8 0�+ @>@ N*@fW� @ & T\ #\ & T ,T Y 8,8:T 8,8:T & T &\T�
\ \!!& & T T&&T\�
&8& :YT& #,, :8!T 8 ' \8& ::T\
# T & T; & \T\,; ,8&T Q\Y & T 8TT\
:Y8\&YT&� +T Q\ !,T :8 T T&T:&T 8 8
' \8& Q 8 Y&\ Y!&  :,,8T�
N ' \8& :YT& T\8&T 8& 8 :&T& \8&T
-Yb  Y  \ �5P� 5T8!\T & T \8&T Q ' \8& 
!T&�  T & T \8&TbTT  T&T\YT \T,8&T
& T ' \8& & 8 :YT& & 8& T\8&T 8& 8 T!8,
\8&TbTT  \T\ & & & T !\:T� L \8&
8, &T & &\8Y& & \! & T ; &\!:&!\T & & T\
:YT&� * T\TQ\T �!& T:8!T & T T8& ' \8&T
T & YT8 & T !\:T Q ' \8&   & T T8&�
L \8& :& Q & T Q,,# & \TT T,TYT&�
 * T !\:T ? & T :8!T Q & T ' \8&
 * T &\8QT\ 8& ? & T 8& & T ' \8& &\8'T,
& \! & T 'T :,T
 * T \TT\ ? & T :YT& # T\T & T
' \8&  QT,&
95586
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-106

L \8& :8 8, \!:T T� N 8 Te8Y,T


:T\ 8 'T :,T & 8& 8 8 Te 8!& T \!T &
& T Q\8YT� * T !\:T Q & T ' \8&  & T TT Q\
Y!,T &\8'T, & \! & T Te 8!&� * T &\8QT\
8&  8 \!T \ !C! Te 8!& 8T\� * T
\TT\  & T Q\8YT� * T Q,\ 8T, ' \8&T 8:&
8 8 ,8\T T8-T\ # : \!:T T� * T T&
\T8\ #!, T & T,Y8&T & T &\8QT\ 8& � N,
& T Te 8!& ;&TY 8 :\\T:& & T \!T
:& 8& & T Q\8YT #!, T,Y8&T & T &\8QT\ 8& �
Basic Vibration Terminology
* T Q,,# 8\T & T c \Y8\; :YT& Q ' \8&
8�
 * T  ;:8, \T\&T Q  �T:&
 * T  �T:&1 \T\&T Q :!:& YT: 8:8,
TT\;
* T \TT&&'T ! 8 # \ 8:- 8 Q\& Y'TYT&
Q 8 :YT& :8!T Y& :!&YT\ ' \8&
:Y,8&� * T Q,,# 8\T & T :YY :YT& 95587
& 8& ' \8&T�
S� ,8Y 8 ;8\&:- & & T TT Q 8 &8 ,T ,T8'
 * T &TT\ # TT, 8 !& 7]¨:Y c]¨P 8 'T\ & T TT Q
& T &8 ,T�
 * T T8& :! 
c� �!,, #  & T TT Q & T &:- 8 \T,T8T
 * T Q\8YT
# ,T  T\' & T Y'TYT& Q & T &:-�
 * T @�
* T Y& Q & T &:- ::!\  \TT&&'T :;:,T� * T
L \8& 8 ','T & T Q,,# Y,T !&,T� :;:,T T 8& Y& :&!T & \! & T ,#T&
S� 5T8!\T & T \TT&&'T Y& 8 8 8 '8,!T Te&\TYT Q &\8'T, & T 8:- 8& & T Y& & \!
& & T YT8!\TYT&  :;:,T T\ T: \ :;:,T & T !T\ Te&\TYT Q &\8'T, 8 8:- & & T Y&
T\ Y!&T� # T\T & T :;:,T T 88�
c� T,8&T & T Q\T!T:; 8:-  &T\Y Q & T \&8&8, * T :;:,T ::!\ 'T\ 8 'T\ 88 8& & T 8YT
TT Q 8 :YT& & 8&  T\8& 8& & T \8&T \ Q\T!T:;� @ &  :8T 8 !& S]¨:;:,T 
8YT \8&T \ TT� T T:� @Q #T YT8!\T & T Q\T!T:; & \TQ,T:&
& T !Y T\ Q :Y,T&T :;:,T & 8& & T ;8\&:- Y8T
_� @T:& 8 &T& & T :YT& Q\ :& & 8&
 T Y!&T & T YT8!\T #!, T S]¨:;:,T e
:8!T ' \8&�
"]¨T:  "]]¨:;:,T T\ Y!&T :YP�
>\ Te8Y,T T\Q\Y & T Q,,# &T #,, T,
T 8'T 8, Q! 8 T:Q: 8Y!& Q Y& \
TY&\8&T & T ' \8& & T\;�
8Y,&!T  & T &&8, &\8'T, Q & T ;8\&:- Q\Y & T 'T\;
& & & T 'T\; &&Y� T & T TeT\YT& 8 Q,,#�
S� T:,8Y & T ;8\&:- & & T TT Q 8 &8 ,T
,T8' 8 !& c7¨:Y S]¨P 8 'T\ & T
TT Q & T &8 ,T�
c� �!,, #  & T TT Q & T &:- 8 \T,T8T
# ,T  T\' & T Y'TYT& Q & T &:-�
* T &:- ' \8&T 8& 8 Y!: Q8&T\ Q\T!T:;� _]¨:;:,T
T\ T: SR]]¨:;:,T T\ Y!&TP�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-107

Cycle

95588
Legend

SP S& ;:,T _P _\ ;:,T


cP c ;:,T aP *YT
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-108

Vibration Cycles in Powertrain Components

95589
Legend

SP 0,T cP � WT

* T #\ :;:,T :YT Q\Y & T 8YT \& 8 & T #\ Frequency
:\:,T� N :\:,T T 8 T 8& & T 8YT & 8
& !  T 8 :;:,T� N,, ' \8& :& Q \TT&&'T
:;:,T�

95590
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-109

Legend

SP NY,&!T _P *YT  0T:


cP TQT\T:T aP S¨0T:

>\T!T:;  TQT 8 & T \8&T 8& # : 8 T'T& Amplitude


::!\ !\ 8 'T T\ Q &YT� & 8 ' \8&
& T T'T&  8 :;:,T 8 & T T\ Q &YT  S T:�
* ! Q\T!T:;  Te\TT  :;:,T T\ T:�
* T \T\ &T\Y Q\ :;:,T T\ T:  $T\&� $�P�
*   & T Y& :YY #8; & YT8!\T Q\T!T:;�
5!,&,; & T $T\&� ; "] & T& & T :;:,T \ \T',!&
T\ Y!&T �5P�

95593
Legend

SP 58eY!Y _P T\C&C�T8- NY,&!T


cP 5Y!Y aP �T8-C&C�T8- NY,&!T

NY,&!T  & T Y8eY!Y '8,!T Q 8 T\:8,,; Free Vibration


'8\; !8&&;� FT  ' \8& 8&: #T 8\T >\TT ' \8&  & T :&!T ' \8&  & T 8 T:T Q
\TQT\\ & & & T Y8&!T Q & T &!\ 8:T� N T'T\T 8; !&T Q\:T� @ & T ;8\&:- Te8Y,T & T ;8\&:-
&!\ 8:T #!, 8'T 8  8Y,&!T< 8 Y\ :&!T & ' \8&T T'T 8Q&T\ & T T #8 \T,T8T�
&!\ 8:T #!, 8'T 8 ,# 8Y,&!T�
Forced Vibration
NY,&!T  YT8!\T ; & T 8Y!& Q 8:&!8,
Y'TYT& \ & T ,8:TYT&� >\ Te8Y,T :T\ >\:T ' \8&  # T 8  �T:&  ' \8&
& T ' \8& :8!T ; 8 !&CQC 8,8:T # TT, 8& :&!!,; 8 8 \T!,& Q 8 !&T Q\:T�
R]¨-Yb 7]¨Y P 8 T & a]¨-Yb c7¨Y P�
N & T TT :\T8T & T 8Y,&!T :\T8T�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-110

Centrifugal Force Due to an Imbalance

95594
Legend

SP :8& Q @Y 8,8:T OT\TTP cP T&\Q!8, >\:T N:&  0,T

N   �T:& #& 8 Y 8,8:T TT\8&T 8 Natural or Resonant Frequency


:T&\Q!8, Q\:T� �T\Q\Y & T Q,,# &T #,, T,
& TY&\8&T :T&\Q!8, Q\:T�
S� *T 8 !& & 8 &\�
c� $, & T &\� * T !& 8 'T\&:8,,; !T &
\8'&;�
_� 0 & T &\� * T !& #,,   8 :\:,T�
T&\Q!8, Q\:T  &\; & Y8-T & T !& Q,; !&#8\
:8! & T !,, ;! QTT,  ;!\ 8� N ! 8,8:T
&\T Q,,# & T 8YT Te8Y,T� * T !&  & T Y 8,8:T
 & T &\T� * T &\  & T &\T # TT, 8 !T
8TY ,;� N & T 'T :,T TT :\T8T & T &!\ 
Q\:T Q & T ! 8,8:T &\T :8 T QT,&  & T &TT\
# TT, & T T8& 8 & T Q,\� *  &!\ 8:T #,,
T \TT&&'T $�P 8 & T 8Y,&!T #,, :\T8T� N&
 T\ TT & & T Q\T!T:; 8 & T 8Y,&!T
#,, :\T8T� N & T &\T \T','T & T Y 8,8:T \ & T
:T&\Q!8, Q\:T #,, 8,&T\8&T,; ,Q& & T &\T ! 8 Q\:T
& T &\T ##8\ 8, #& & T ,T :T Q\ T8:
\T',!& Q & T &\T�

95595
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-111

* T 8&!\8, Q\T!T:;  & T Q\T!T:; 8& # : 8 Resonance


 �T:& &T & ' \8&T� 3T,, !&8\ &\ 8 &!
Q\- 8\T 8,, Te8Y,T Q  �T:& & 8& &T & ' \8&T 8&
T:Q: Q\T!T:T # T Te:&T ; 8 Te&T\8, Q\:T�
0!T ;&TY 8 T'T TT #& 
& T Y!& 8'T 8 &TT:; & ' \8&T 8& :T\&8
Q\T!T:T� *   # ; YT ' \8& :Y,8&
::!\ ,; 8& T:Q: 'T :,T TT \ TT �5�
* T &QQT 8 & T 8&!\8, Q\T!T:; Q 8 Y8&T\8,
8'T 8 \T,8& � 2TT\8,,; & T &QQT\ & T Y8&T\8,
& T  T\ & T 8&!\8, Q\T!T:;� * T &T 
8, &\!T� * T Q&T\ 8 Y8&T\8, & T ,#T\ & T 8&!\8,
Q\T!T:;� 'T\T,; & T \T8&T\ & T Y8 & T ,#T\
& T 8&!\8, Q\T!T:;�

95596
Legend

SP >\T!T:;¨?¨: aP �& Q T8:T


cP 0!T >\T!T:; 7P �\ ,TY 0TT
_P F 8,8:T +e:&8&

N,,  �T:& 8'T 8&!\8, Q\T!T:T� * T 8&!\8, * T 8Y,&!T Q 8 ' \8& #,, T \T8&T& 8& & T &
Q\T!T:; Q 8 &;:8, 8!&Y&'T Q\& !T   Q \T8:T�  ,T & T ' \8& Y8; T QT,& 8 'T 8
& T S]?S7¨$� \8T� *  8&!\8, Q\T!T:;  & T \T!,& T,# & T \ ,TY TT & T ' \8& Y8; T QT,& & T
Q & T !T T� * T !T1 8&!\8, Y& 8& & T & Q \T8:T�
Q\T!T:;  & T 8YT 8& 8,, 'T :,T TT� N & T
&\T TT :\T8T 8, #& & T 'T :,T TT & T
&!\ 8:T :\T8&T ; & T &\T :\T8T  Q\T!T:;�
+'T&!8,,; & T Q\T!T:; Q & T ! 8,8:T &\T #,,
&T\T:& #& & T 8&!\8, Q\T!T:; Q & T !T�
*  :8!T & T !T & ' \8&T� * T &T\T:&
&  :8,,T & T \T8:T�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-112

Damping

95597
Legend

SP # O8Y cP $ O8Y

O8Y  & T 8 ,&; Q 8  �T:& \ Y8&T\8, & 8&T


\ 8 \ ' \8&� * T 8!&Y&'T  :- 8 \ T\ 
8  Te8Y,T� * T Q!:& Q & T  :- 8 \ T\ 
& 8 \ \ 8YT & T :,,8& Q & T !T
;&TY�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-113

Beating (Phasing)

95599
*# T8\8&T &!\ 8:T & 8& 8\T \T,8&'T,; :,T
&T& T\  Q\T!T:; #,, ,T8 & 8 :& :8,,T
T8& \  8� N T8& ' \8& :& #,,
:\T8T  &T&; \ 8Y,&!T  8 \TT&&'T Q8 
8 & T 'T :,T &\8'T, 8& 8 &T8; TT� *  T8&
' \8& :8 \!:T & T Q8Y,8\ \ T T8\ 
YT 'T :,T�
3T8& ::!\ # T c ' \8& Q\:T 8\T 8 &
T8: & T\1 8Y,&!T� $#T'T\ c ' \8& Q\:T :8
8, ! &\8:& Q\Y T8: & T\1 8Y,&!T� * T 8
8 ! &\8:& Q 8Y,&!T  Y,8\ Q\T!T:T 
:8,,T T8&� @ Y8; :8T T,Y8& T& T\ T Q
& T &!\ 8:T :8 :\\T:& & T :&�
Order
f\T\ \TQT\ & # Y8; &YT 8 T'T& ::!\ !\
S \T',!& Q 8 \&8& :YT&�

95600
>\ Te8Y,T 8 &\T #& S  & #!, :\T8&T 8
&!\ 8:T :T Q\ T'T\; \T',!& Q & T &\T� *  
:8,,T Q\&C\T\ ' \8&�
General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-114

* T )C_RGcCN +,T:&\: L \8& N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP


:&8 c T\ !& \& # : :8 T 8:&'8&T
'!8,,; & 8,,# Q\ c '!8, ' \8& T\
!&� * T ' \8& T\ :8 & T T ,8:T 
c QQT\T& ,:8&  & T 'T :,T 8 & T\ '!8,
!& :8 T \T8 #& !& 8' & & 8 &T& Y'T
& T T\ 8 \T!YT & T &T&� * T !T Q c ' \8&
T\ :8 T,  Y\T !:-,; Q 8 \T:\
8 8::!\8&T Q\T!T:; Q & T ' \8& ::T\ 8 
Y\T !:-,; Y8- :Y8\ T&#TT c QQT\T&
8\T8 Q 8 ,T :YT& \ 8 'T :,T ;&TY !\
& T 8&: \:T�
EVA Vibration Sensor Placement
�\T\ ,8:TYT& Q & T )C_RGcCN +,T:&\: L \8&
N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP ' \8& T\ 8::T,T\YT&T\P
 :\&:8, & T!\T & 8& \T\ ' \8& \T8
8\T  &8T ; & T )C_RGcCN +,T:&\: L \8&
N8,;�T\¨c +LN¨cP � * T ' \8& T\  !,
T ,8:T  & T T:Q: 'T :,T :YT& T&QT
8 T & T Y& \TT& & & T ' \8&� @Q 
95601
:YT& 8 TT T&QT &8,, & T T\ & & T
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General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-115

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General Information Vibration Diagnosis and Correction 1-116

* T Q\T!T:; \T8 8\T ,8;T 8, & T ,TQ& T Vibrate Software Description and
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General Information Waterleaks 1-117

Waterleaks
Diagnostics ......................................................... 1-118 Repair .................................................................. 1-122
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General Information Waterleaks 1-118

Waterleak Test Preparation


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General Information Waterleaks 1-119

Watertest Stand Assembly

154169
Legend

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General Information Waterleaks 1-120

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General Information Waterleaks 1-121

Water Hose Test

95572
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Air Hose Test

95574
Caution: The air hose test should only be used on fully cured urethane adhesive. Otherwise, damage to the
urethane adhesive bead could result in additional leaks.
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General Information Waterleaks 1-122

Body Waterleak Repair

639653
Warning
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639652
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General Information Waterleaks 1-123

Stationary Window Waterleak Repair


Warning
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HVAC 2-1

Section 2
HVAC
Heating, Ventilation, and Air $T8&T\ 8 N\ & +'8\8&\ 8T
Conditioning ���������������������������������������������������� cCa T,8:TYT&���������������������������������������������������� cCaR
Specifications ......................................................... 2-6 N\ & +'8\8&\ \T T,8:TC
>8&TT\ * &T 0T:Q:8&���������������������� cC" YT& ����������������������������������������������������������������� cC7c
TQ\T\8& 0;&TY 88:&T ���������������������������� cC" $T8&T\ @,T& $T T,8:TYT& c�] OTT,
P ���������������������������������������������������������������� cC7"
Diagnostics ............................................................. 2-7
$T8&T\ @,T& $T T,8:TYT& S�" 9*P������� cC7
T8- *T& �������������������������������������������������������� cC
$T8&T\ @,T& $T T,8:TYT& S�" O+ 9L
N\ & Y\T\ f, O8 ��������� cCR
8 S�R c$]P �������������������������������������������������� cC7R
Repair ...................................................................... 2-9
$T8&T\ f!&,T& $T T,8:TYT& c�] OTT,
f\ \\T:& ��������������������������������������������������� cCG P ���������������������������������������������������������������� cC7G
TQ\T\8& T:'T\; 8 T: 8\��������������� cCS] $T8&T\ f!&,T& $T T,8:TYT& S�" 9*P ���� cC"]
>,!  ������������������������������������������������������������� cCSS $T8&T\ f!&,T& $T T,8:TYT& S�" O+ 9L
N\ & Y\T\ f, 38,8:������� cCSa 8 S�R c$]P �������������������������������������������������� cC"S
N\ & Y\T\ f, O\8 �,! $T8&T\ \T f!&,T& *! T T,8:TYT& ������������� cC"c
T,8:TYT& Te:T& S�" 9*P ���������������������� cCS" $T8&T\ \T @,T& *! T T,8:TYT& ���������������� cC"_
N\ & Y\T\ f, O\8 �,! �8TT\ Y8\&YT& N\ >,&T\ T,8:TC
T,8:TYT& S�" 9*P���������������������������������� cCS YT& ����������������������������������������������������������������� cC"a
N\ & Y\T\ T,8:TYT& c�] N\ @,T& $! T,8:TYT& �������������������������� cC"7
OTT, P ����������������������������������������������������� cCSR
N\ @,T& L8,'T 8 @T N\ L8,'T &\, 8Y
N\ & Y\T\ T,8:TYT& S�" T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP ����������������������� cC"
O+ 9L 8 S�R c$]P �������������������������������� cCSG
N\ @,T& L8,'T 8 @T N\ L8,'T &\, 8Y
N\ & Y\T\ T,8:TYT& S�" T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP ��������������������� cC"G
9*P ����������������������������������������������������������������� cCc]
3,#T\ 5&\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP ��� cCc
N\ & fC 0T8, T,8:TYT&������� cCcS
3,#T\ 5&\ T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP�� cCa
N\ & Y\T\ 8 TT\ $T
@&\!YT& �8T, f!&T\ N\ f!&,T& T,8:TYT& C
T,8:TYT& c�] OTT, P ���������������������� cCcc
TQ& 0T����������������������������������������������������������� cC7
N\ & Y\T\ 8 TT\ $T
@&\!YT& �8T, T&T\ N\ f!&,T& T,8:TC
T,8:TYT& S�" 9*P���������������������������������� cCc7
YT& ����������������������������������������������������������������� cC"
N\ & Y\T\ 8 TT\ $T
@&\!YT& �8T, f!&T\ N\ f!&,T& T,8:TYT& C
T,8:TYT& S�" O+ 9L 8 S�R c$]P�� cCcR
 & 0T �������������������������������������������������������� cC
N\ & +'8\8&\ $T NTY ,;
8 , O!:& T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
T,8:TYT&���������������������������������������������������� cC_S
O\'TP ��������������������������������������������������������������� cCR
N\ & N P TQ\T\8& >,&T\
8 , O!:& T,8:TYT&  & $8
T,8:TYT&���������������������������������������������������� cC_c
O\'TP ��������������������������������������������������������������� cCG
N\ & TQ\T\8& 0T\':T L8,'T \T
>,\ N\ f!&,T& T,8:TYT&����������������������������� cCR]
T,8:TYT&���������������������������������������������������� cC_a
@&\!YT& �8T, f!&T\ N\ f!&,T& O!:&
N\ & +'8\8&\ * T\Y8, +e8
T,8:TYT&���������������������������������������������������� cCR_
L8,'T T,8:TYT& S�" O+ 9* 9L 8 S�R
c$]P ����������������������������������������������������������������� cC_7  T, OTQ\&T\ W��,T T,8:TYT& ������� cCRa
N\ & +'8\8&\ * T\Y8, +e8 >,\ N\ f!&,T& O!:& T,8:TYT& C TQ& 0T TQ&
L8,'T T,8:TYT& c�] OTT, P ������������ cC_ $8 O\'TP������������������������������������������������������ cCR7
N\ & Nb P TQ\T\8& �\T!\T 0T\ >,\ N\ f!&,T& O!:& T,8:TYT& C TQ& 0T  &
T,8:TYT& c�] OTT, P ���������������������� cC_G $8 O\'TP������������������������������������������������������ cCR"
N\ & Nb P TQ\T\8& �\T!\T 0T\ >,\ N\ f!&,T& O!:& T,8:TYT& C  & 0T TQ&
T,8:TYT& S�" O+ 9* 9L 8 S�R $8 O\'TP������������������������������������������������������ cCR
c$]P ����������������������������������������������������������������� cCaS >,\ N\ f!&,T& O!:& T,8:TYT& C  & 0T
N\ & TT\ T,8:TYT& c�]  & $8 O\'TP ������������������������������������������� cCRR
OTT, P ����������������������������������������������������� cCac >,\ T8\ N\ f!&,T& O!:& T,8:TYT& C TQ&
N\ & TT\ T,8:TYT& S�" 0T������������������������������������������������������������������ cCRG
O+ 9* 9L 8 S�R c$]P������������������������ cCa7
HVAC 2-2

>,\ T8\ N\ f!&,T& O!:& T,8:TYT& C  & 5T L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
0T������������������������������������������������������������������ cCG] O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS"
$T8&T\ 8 N\ & TY&T &\, 5T L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT&  &
T,8:TYT&���������������������������������������������������� cCGS $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCS"R
$T8&T\ \T 'T\ T,8:TYT&����������������������� cCGc 5T L8,'T 2T8\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
$T8&T\ \T T,8:TYT& ��������������������������������� cCGa O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS"G
N!e,8\; $T8&T\ \T T,8:TYT&������������������� cCG 5T L8,'T 2T8\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS_
Description and Operation ................................ 2-100
N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT& TQ&
$T8& 8 N\ & 0;&TY OT:\&
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSa
8 fT\8& ������������������������������������������������ cCS]]
N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT&  &
Tools.................................................................... 2-101
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCS7
0T:8, *, ��������������������������������������������������� cCS]S
N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
HVAC - Automatic ������������������������������������ cCS]_ O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS"
Specifications ..................................................... 2-104
N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
>8&TT\ * &T 0T:Q:8&������������������ cCS]a O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS
Schematics ......................................................... 2-105 5T &\, 8Y N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT& TQ&
$LN 0: TY8&: ������������������������������������������� cCS]7 $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSG
Diagnostics ......................................................... 2-115 5T &\, 8Y N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT&  &
O* 3]S"_ \ 3]SR_��������������������������������������� cCSS7 $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSR]
O* 3]S_ 3]SR \ 3_G__ ������������������������� cCSSR 5T &\, 8Y T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCSRS
O* 3]SRN 3]aR  3]aR> \ 3S_G7������������ cCScS
5T &\, 8Y T,8:TYT&  & $8
O* 3]SG_ ������������������������������������������������������ cCSca
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCSRa
O* 3]cc_ 3]c__ 3]c_N \ 3]a]R ������������ cCSc"
*TYT\8&!\T L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT& TQ&
O* 3]aRO \ 3]aR+�������������������������������������� cCS_] $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSR7
O* 3_Ra_ ������������������������������������������������������ cCS_c *TYT\8&!\T L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT&  &
O* �]7_] �]7_c \ �]7__ ������������������������� cCS_a $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSR"
O* �]"a7 �]"a" \ �]"a ������������������������� cCS_" N\ & TQ\T\8& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\
0;Y&Y C $LN 0;&TY C N!&Y8&: ��������� cCS_ T,8:TYT& C  & 0T TQ& $8 O\'TP�� cCSR
N\ & Y\T\ 58,Q!:&�������� cCS_R N\ & TQ\T\8& *TYT\8&!\T
0T\ T,8:TYT& C  & 0T  & $8
3,#T\ 5&\ 58,Q!:& �������������������������������� cCSa]
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCSRR
N\ *TYT\8&!\T 58,Q!:&���������������������������� cCSac
N\ & TQ\T\8& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\
N\ OT,'T\; @Y\T\ ��������������������������������������� cCSa_ T,8:TYT& C TQ& 0T TQ& $8 O\'TP ���� cCSRG
N\ T:\:!,8& 58,Q!:& ��������������������������� cCSa7 N\ & TQ\T\8& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\
N:&!8&\ T:8, \8&�������������������������������������� cCSa" T,8:TYT& C TQ& 0T  & $8 O\'TP�� cCSG]
Repair .................................................................. 2-148 NY T& N\ (!8,&; 0T\ T,8:TYT&�������� cCSGS
$T8&T\ 8 N\ & &\, @T N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ T,8:TYT& TQ&
T,8:TYT&�������������������������������������������������� cCSaR $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSGc
N\ & 5!,T \ $8\T @T N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ T,8:TYT&  &
T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP ��������������������� cCSaG $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSG_
N\ & 5!,T \ $8\T @T N\ 5&!\T 8  T, *TYT\8&!\T
T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP ������������������� cCS7] 0T\ T,8:TYT& ������������������������������������� cCSGa
$T8&T\ 8 3,#T\ 8 N\ & &\, 0! 8 *TYT\8&!\T 8 $T8,8Y N!&Y8&:
5!,T T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP �������� cCS7S &\, NY T&  & 0T\ T,8:TYT&�� cCSG7
$T8&T\ 8 3,#T\ 8 N\ & &\, Description and Operation ................................ 2-196
5!,T T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP ������ cCS7c N!&Y8&: $LN OT:\& 8 fT\8& ��� cCSG"
5T L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 HVAC - Manual ������������������������������������������� cCc]S
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS7a Specifications ..................................................... 2-202
5T L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT&  & $8 >8&TT\ * &T 0T:Q:8&������������������ cCc]c
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS7R
Schematics ......................................................... 2-203
LT& L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
$LN 0: TY8&: ������������������������������������������� cCc]_
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS"]
Diagnostics ......................................................... 2-210
LT& L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS"_ O* 3]SG_ ������������������������������������������������������ cCcS]
HVAC 2-3

O* 3]cc_ 3]c__ 3]c_N \ 3]a]R ������������ cCcSc 5T L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT&  &
O* 3]aRO \ 3]aR+�������������������������������������� cCcS" $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCc7_
O* 3_G__ ������������������������������������������������������ cCcSR 5T L8,'T 2T8\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCc7a
O* �]7_] �]7_c \ �]7__ ������������������������� cCcc]
5T L8,'T 2T8\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
O* �]"a7 �]"a" \ �]"a ������������������������� cCccc
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCc7R
0;Y&Y C $LN 0;&TY C 58!8, ������������� cCcc_
N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT& TQ&
N\ & Y\T\ 58,Q!:&�������� cCcca $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCc7G
3,#T\ 5&\ 58,Q!:& �������������������������������� cCcc" N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT&  &
N\ *TYT\8&!\T 58,Q!:&���������������������������� cCccR $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCc"]
N\ OT,'T\; @Y\T\ ��������������������������������������� cCccG N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
N\ T:\:!,8& 58,Q!:& ��������������������������� cCc_] O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCc"S
N:&!8&\ T:8, \8&�������������������������������������� cCc_c N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCc"c
Repair .................................................................. 2-233
N\ @,T& L8,'T 8 @T N\ L8,'T &\, 8Y
$T8&T\ 8 N\ & &\,
T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP ��������������������� cCc"a
T,8:TYT&�������������������������������������������������� cCc__
N\ @,T& L8,'T 8 @T N\ L8,'T &\, 8Y
$T8&T\ 8 3,#T\ 8 N\ & &\,
T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP ������������������� cCc""
5!,T T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP �������� cCc_a
5T &\, 8Y T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
$T8&T\ 8 3,#T\ 8 N\ & &\,
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCc"G
5!,T T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP ������ cCc_7
5T &\, 8Y T,8:TYT&  & $8
*TYT\8&!\T L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT& TQ&
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCcc
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCc_
N\ & 5!,T \ $8\T
*TYT\8&!\T L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT&  &
T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP ��������������������� cCc_
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCc_R
N\ & 5!,T \ $8\T
5T L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP ������������������� cCca
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCc_G
N\ & TQ\T\8& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\
5T L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
T,8:TYT& C  & 0T TQ& $8 O\'TP�� cCc7
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCca_
N\ & TQ\T\8& *TYT\8&!\T
LT& L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
0T\ T,8:TYT& C  & 0T  & $8
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCca7
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCc"
LT& L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
Description and Operation ................................ 2-277
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCcaR
58!8, $LN OT:\& 8 fT\8& ������� cCc
5T L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCc7c
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-4

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning


Specifications ......................................................... 2-6 $T8&T\ @,T& $T T,8:TYT& c�] OTT,
>8&TT\ * &T 0T:Q:8&���������������������� cC" P ���������������������������������������������������������������� cC7"
TQ\T\8& 0;&TY 88:&T ���������������������������� cC" $T8&T\ @,T& $T T,8:TYT& S�" 9*P������� cC7
Diagnostics ............................................................. 2-7 $T8&T\ @,T& $T T,8:TYT& S�" O+ 9L
8 S�R c$]P �������������������������������������������������� cC7R
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$T8&T\ f!&,T& $T T,8:TYT& c�] OTT,
N\ & Y\T\ f, O8 ��������� cCR
P ���������������������������������������������������������������� cC7G
Repair ...................................................................... 2-9
$T8&T\ f!&,T& $T T,8:TYT& S�" 9*P ���� cC"]
f\ \\T:& ��������������������������������������������������� cCG
$T8&T\ f!&,T& $T T,8:TYT& S�" O+ 9L
TQ\T\8& T:'T\; 8 T: 8\��������������� cCS] 8 S�R c$]P �������������������������������������������������� cC"S
>,!  ������������������������������������������������������������� cCSS $T8&T\ \T f!&,T& *! T T,8:TYT& ������������� cC"c
N\ & Y\T\ f, 38,8:������� cCSa $T8&T\ \T @,T& *! T T,8:TYT& ���������������� cC"_
N\ & Y\T\ f, O\8 �,! �8TT\ Y8\&YT& N\ >,&T\ T,8:TC
T,8:TYT& Te:T& S�" 9*P ���������������������� cCS" YT& ����������������������������������������������������������������� cC"a
N\ & Y\T\ f, O\8 �,! N\ @,T& $! T,8:TYT& �������������������������� cC"7
T,8:TYT& S�" 9*P���������������������������������� cCS
N\ @,T& L8,'T 8 @T N\ L8,'T &\, 8Y
N\ & Y\T\ T,8:TYT& c�] T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP ����������������������� cC"
OTT, P ����������������������������������������������������� cCSR
N\ @,T& L8,'T 8 @T N\ L8,'T &\, 8Y
N\ & Y\T\ T,8:TYT& S�" T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP ��������������������� cC"G
O+ 9L 8 S�R c$]P �������������������������������� cCSG
3,#T\ 5&\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP ��� cCc
N\ & Y\T\ T,8:TYT& S�"
3,#T\ 5&\ T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP�� cCa
9*P ����������������������������������������������������������������� cCc]
@&\!YT& �8T, f!&T\ N\ f!&,T& T,8:TYT& C
N\ & fC 0T8, T,8:TYT&������� cCcS
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N\ & Y\T\ 8 TT\ $T
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T,8:TYT& c�] OTT, P ���������������������� cCcc
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 & 0T �������������������������������������������������������� cC
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8 , O!:& T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
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8 , O!:& T,8:TYT&  & $8
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N\ & TQ\T\8& 0T\':T L8,'T \T
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 T, OTQ\&T\ W��,T T,8:TYT& ������� cCRa
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Description and Operation ................................ 2-100
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-5

$T8& 8 N\ & 0;&TY OT:\& 0T:8, *, ��������������������������������������������������� cCS]S
8 fT\8& ������������������������������������������������ cCS]]
Tools.................................................................... 2-101
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-6

Fastener Tightening Specifications


Specification

Application Metric English

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N\ & Y\T\ f, O\8 �,! S7¨ WY SS¨, ¨Q&

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$T8&T\ 8 N\ & +'8\8&\ 8T 3,& c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨

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Refrigerant System Capacities


Q\Y8&  & 8'8,8 T�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-7

Leak Testing
Refrigerant Leak Testing
Note
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Fluorescent Leak Detector
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Note
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Fluorescent Dye Injection
Note
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Note
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Halogen Leak Detector
Warning
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,T8- &T&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
Note
$8,T ,T8- T&T:&\ 8\T T&'T & & T Q,,# &TY�
 0YT 8 T'T !T  & T 'T :,T
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HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-8

,T8 8 \; 8,, !\Q8:T  \T\ & \T'T& 8 Q8,T #8\� ! #,, 8Y8T & T T&T:&\�
Note
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Air Conditioning Compressor Oil Diagnosis
Note
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:\\T:&'T 8:& TQ\T &8,, & T \T,8:TYT& :Y\T\�

Condition Corrective Action

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HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-9

Odor Correction
Eliminating Air Conditioning Odor
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:& Y8; :8!T & T \�
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& T ,#T\ Y&\�
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HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-10

Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging


Special Tools
2+Ca7]_ Nb f, @�T:&\
>\ T!'8,T& \T8, &, \TQT\ & Special Tools �
Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging
Warning
* \T'T& T\8, �!\; 8' \T8&  Nb TQ\T\8& 8 ,! \:8& '8\ \ Y&� \-  8 #T,, 'T&,8&T 8\T8�
* \TY'T \TQ\T\8& Q\Y & T Nb 0;&TY !T T\':T T!YT& TT Q\ \T:'T\; & 8&  :T\&QT & YTT& & T
\T!\TYT& Q & T 8\\8&T 0N+ 0&88\� @Q 8 8::T&8, ;&TY : 8\T ::!\ 'T&,8&T & T #\- 8\T8
TQ\T :&! T\':T� N&8, T8,& 8 8QT&; Q\Y8& Y8; T  &8T Q\Y & T \TQ\T\8& \TQ\T\8&
\T:'T\; 8 ,! \:8& Y8!Q8:&!\T\�
Warning
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8 :T:& # T  #\- & 8& :,!T T & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY� @Q \TQ\T\8& :YT  :&8:& #& 8;
8\& Q & T ; T'T\T Q\& &T 8 T\8, �!\; :8 \T!,&� * T TeT 8\T8  !, T Q,! T YYT8&T,; #&
:, #8&T\ 8 \Y& YT:8, T,  !, T  &8T�
Caution: R-134a is the only approved refrigerant for use in this vehicle. The use of any other refrigerant may
result in poor system performance or component failure.
Caution: To avoid system damage use only R-134a dedicated tools when servicing the A/C system.
Caution: Do not mix refrigerant oils. Use of incorrect refrigerant oil will cause compressor failure.
Caution: R-12 refrigerant and R-134a refrigerant must never be mixed, even in the smallest of amounts, as they
are incompatible with each other. If the refrigerants are mixed, compressor failure is likely to occur. Refer to
the manufacturer instructions included with the service equipment before servicing.
Note
>\ & T !T Q & T :\\T:& \TQ\T\8& , \TQT\ & T,T:&\: 8\& :8&8,�
* T N Q,, T':T  8 :Y,T&T 8\ :& T\':T :T&T\ Q\ CS_a8� * T N Q,, T':T \T:'T\ \T:;:,T
T'8:!8&T 8 \T: 8\T Nb \TQ\T\8& !:-,; 8::!\8&T,; 8 8!&Y8&:8,,;� * T !& 8 8 ,8; :\TT & 8&
:&8 & T Q!:& :&\, 8 ,8; \Y& & 8& #,, ,T8 & T &T: :8 & \! & T \T:'T\ \T:;:,T T'8:!8&T
8 \T: 8\T T\8&� CS_a8  \T:'T\T & 8 : 8\T !& Q 8 &T\8, &\8T 'TT,� * T N Q,,
T':T 8!&Y8&:8,,; \T,T T &  'TT, Q\Y 8 Te&T\8, !\:T &8-  \T\ & Y8&8 8 :&8& ',!YT
Q Nb \TQ\T\8&�
* T N Q,, T':T 8 8 !,&  Nb \TQ\T\8& T&QT\ & 8& #,, &T& Q\ :&8Y8& \\ & \T:'T\; 8 #,,
&Q; & T &T: :8 Q & T\T 8\T Q\T 8T \TT&  & T Nb ;&TY� @Q Q\T 8T 8\T \TT& & T N Q,,
T':T #,, & \T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8& Q\Y & T Nb ;&TY�
* T N Q,, T':T 8, QT8&!\T 8!&Y8&: 8\ !\T ,T 8 \T:;:, 8 8 8!&Y8&: , \8�
TQT\ & & T N Q,, T':T Y8!8, Q\ T\8& 8 T&! &\!:&� N,#8; \T: 8\T & T Nb 0;&TY #& & T
\T\ 8Y!& Q CS_a8� TQT\ & Refrigerant System Capacities
A/C Refrigerant System Oil Charge Replenishing
@Q , #8 \TY'T Q\Y & T Nb ;&TY !\ & T \T:'T\; \:T \ !T & :YT& \T,8:TYT& & T , Y!& T
\T,T T� f, :8 T �T:&T & 8 : 8\T ;&TY ! 2+Ca7]_�T:&\ � >\ & T \T\ !8&&T Q , &
8 & & T Nb \TQ\T\8& ;&TY \TQT\ & Refrigerant System Capacities �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-11

Flushing
Special Tools
 3f¨accc]F'T\8, ScL T8- OT&T:& 8Y
 2+¨aSaa CS_aN Nb *\8:T\ O;T 3e Q ca
 2+¨a7c"RNb >,! N8&T\ &
>\ T!'8,T& \T8, &, \TQT\ & Special Tools �
Note
>,!  #& & T N  c]]]  & &TT & \TY'T YT&8, Q\Y & T Nb ;&TY�
>,!   &TT & \TY'T & T Q,,#�
 &8Y8&T ,;8,-;,TT ,;:, �N2P ,
 OT::8& Q,,# 8 T::8& 8 Q8,!\T
 f'T\: 8\T Q �N2 ,
 TQ\T\8& :&8Y8&
Forward Flushing Setup

1162447
Note
S� >\#8\ Q,# \TQ\T\8& Q,!   \T:YYTT Q\ :&8Y8&T \TQ\T\8& \ �N2 ,�
Note
S� @T:& 8 ,! \:8&T 2+ a7c"R 88&T\ -& Q&& fC\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement
S� @&8,, & 2+ a7c"RCGQ&& fC\ & 2+ a7c"RCS]88&T\ �
c� @&8,, 2+ a7c"RCR Q&& fC\ & !:& T Q 2+ a7c"RCS] 88&T\ �
_� @&8,, 2+ a7c"RCQ&& fC\ & : 8\T T Q 2+ a7c"RCS] 88&T\ �
Reverse Flushing Setup
Note
 T'T\T Q,# \TQ\T\8& Q,!  \T:YYTT Q\ T::8& 8 Q8,!\T� T,8:T :TT\b\T:T'T\ T ;\8&\
8TY ,; # T Nb Q,!  :Y,T&T 8 T\Q\Y & T Q,,# \:T!\T�
 @T:& 8 ,! \:8&T 2+ a7c"R88&T\ -& Q&& fC\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement
S� @&8,, & 2+ a7c"RCGQ&& fC\ & 2+ a7c"RCS]88&T\ �
c� @&8,, 2+ a7c"RCR Q&& fC\ & !:& T Q 2+ a7c"RCS] 88&T\ �
_� @&8,, 2+ a7c"RCQ&& fC\ & : 8\T T Q 2+ a7c"RCS] 88&T\ �
Flush Procedure
Note
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-12

S� 8\YT\ TT \ 8Y T& &TYT\8&!\T T:\T8T \TQ\T\8& \T:'T\; &YT !\ & T Nb Q,! \:T!\T�
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� TY'T & T & T\Y8, Te8 '8,'T *9LP� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Evaporator Thermal Expansion Valve
Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXT, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) Air Conditioning Evaporator Thermal Expansion Valve
Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) �
_� @&8,, & T *9L &! & 2+ a7c"RCSS7 88&T\ �
a� @&8,, T# T8, #8 T\ & T'8\8&\ :\T� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement �
7� @&8,, 2+ a7c"RCSS788&T\  ,8:T Q & T *9L�
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
"� @&8,, & T *9L Y!& ,& 8 & &T & S7¨ WY SS¨, ¨P �
� @&8,, T# #8 T\ & ,! ,T 8 !:& T� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement �
R� T:& ,! ,T 8 !:& T & 2+ a7c"RCSS7 88&T\ �
G� @&8,, & T *9L ,:- Q&& !& 8 & &T & SG¨ WY Sa¨, ¨P �
S]� TY'T & T Nb :Y\T\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW)
Air Conditioning Compressor Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) Air Conditioning Compressor
Replacement (1.6L LXT) �

2027401
SS� TY'T & T Nb \TQ\T\8& Q,&T\¨SP� TQT\ & Air Conditioning (AC) Refrigerant Filter Replacement �
Note
Sc� * T Q,&T\ T 2+ a7"cRCS 88&T\  T\':T8 ,T� TY'T 8 :8\ : T:- '8,'T Q\Y & T Q,&T\�
Sc� 0T\':T & T Q,&T\ TQ\T T8: Q,! �
Note
S_� N!\T & 8& !:& 8 : 8\T \&  )¨a7c"RCS] :\\T & !:& 8 : 8\T \& 
:Y\T\ T 8TY ,;�
S_� @&8,, T# T8, #8 T\ & Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal
Replacement � N!\T & 8& !:& 8 : 8\T \&  2+ a7c"RCS]88&T\ :\\T & !:& 8
: 8\T \&  Nb :Y\T\ & :TT\ T�
Sa� @&8,, 2+ a7c"RCS]Q,&T\ 88&T\ & & T Nb :Y\T\ & :TT\ T�
S7� T:& 2+ a7c"RCSQ,&T\ & ) a7c"RC88&T\ �
S"� T:& ,!T T Q\Y Nb Q,, T':T & 2+ a7c"R 88&T\ �
S� T:& \T T Q\Y Nb Q,, T':T & 2+ a7c"R 88&T\ �
SR� O:T:& ,!T T Q\Y Nb Q,, T':T & 2+ a7c"RCS88&T\ �
SG� O:T:& 2+ a7c"RCS88&T\ Q\Y 2+ a7c"RCS]88&T\ �
c]� TY'T 2+ a7c"RCS]88&T\ Q\Y & T Nb :Y\T\ & :TT\ T�
Note
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-13

cS� >,!  #,, \TY'T 8,, �N2 , Q\Y & T Nb ;&TY� * T Nb ;&TY Y!& T \T,T T #& & T :\\T:&
8Y!& Q �N2 ,�
cS� @Q ;! #,, \T&8,, & T \TY'T Nb :Y\T\ T\Q\Y & T Q,,# \:T!\T�
 TY'T & T Nb :Y\T\ \8 ,!� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor Oil Drain Plug Replacement
(except 1.6L LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor Oil Drain Plug Replacement (1.6L LXT) �
 O\8 �N2 , Q\Y & T Nb :Y\T\� &8&T :Y\T\ !&  8Q& & 8&  \8 & T �N2 ,
Q\Y :Y\T\�
 N & T &&8, ;&TY :88:&; Q �N2 , & Nb :Y\T\� TQT\ & Refrigerant System Capacities �
 N T &&,T Q 2+¨aSaa&\8:T\ ;T �
 @&8,, & T Nb :Y\T\ \8 ,!� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor Oil Drain Plug Replacement
(except 1.6L LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor Oil Drain Plug Replacement (1.6L LXT) �
Note
cc� >,!  #,, \TY'T Q,!\T:T& ,T8- T&T:& ;T Q\Y Nb ;&TY�
cc� @&8,, & T Nb :Y\T\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air
Conditioning Compressor Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) Air Conditioning Compressor
Replacement (1.6L LXT) �
c_� @&8,, T# Nb \TQ\T\8& Q,&T\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning (AC) Refrigerant Filter Replacement �
ca� TY'T & T *9L ,:- Q&& !&�
c7� O:T:& ,! ,T 8 !:& ,T Q\Y 2+ a7c"RCSS7 88&T\ �
c"� TY'T & T *9L ,& \T&8 2+ a7c"RCSS7 88&T\ �
c� TY'T 2+ a7c"RCSS788&T\ �
cR� @T:& & T *9L Q\ T \� ,T8 \ \T,8:T 8 TTT�
cG� @&8,, & T *9L� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Evaporator Thermal Expansion Valve Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXT,
LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) Air Conditioning Evaporator Thermal Expansion Valve Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) �
_]� +'8:!8&T 8 \T: 8\T & T Nb ;&TY� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
_S� T8- &T& Q&& ! 3f accc],8Y �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-14

Air Conditioning Compressor Oil Balancing


Draining Procedure

2026979
Note
S� O\8 8 YT8!\T 8 Y!: Q & T \TQ\T\8& , 8  ,T Q\Y & T \TY'T :Y\T\�
S� TY'T & T :Y\T\ :\8-:8T , \8 ,! 8 \8 & T :\8-:8T¨SP & 8 :,T8 \8!8&T :&8T\�
c� O\8 & T , Q\Y & & T !:& 8 : 8\T \& Q & T \TY'T :Y\T\ & & T 8YT :&8T\�
&8&T & T :Y\T\  8Q& & 8&  \8 & T :Y\T\�
_� 5T8!\T 8 \T:\ & T 8Y!& Q , \8T Q\Y & T \TY'T :Y\T\� *  YT8!\TYT& #,, T !T
!\ &8,,8& Q & T \T,8:TYT& :Y\T\�
a� @T:& , \8T Q\Y \TY'T :Y\T\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor Oil Diagnosis
7� �\T\,; :8\ & T !T \TQ\T\8& ,�
Balancing Procedure
Note
S� * T \TQ\T\8& ,  & T Nb ;&TY Y!& T 8,8:T !\ :Y\T\ \T,8:TYT&�
S� * T \T,8:TYT& :Y\T\   T #& & T &&8, ;&TY :88:&; Q \TQ\T\8& ,�

2026979
c� 3TQ\T &8,, & T :Y\T\¨SP & T \TQ\T\8& , #,, 8'T & T 8\&8,,; \8T�
 TQT\ & & T 8Y!& Q \TQ\T\8& , \T:\T !\ & T :Y\T\ \TY'8,�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-15

 0! &\8:& & T 8Y!& \T:\T Q\Y & T &&8, ;&TY :88:&;� TQT\ & Refrigerant System Capacities �
* T QQT\T:T T&#TT & T &&8, ;&TY :88:&; 8 & T \T:\T 8Y!&  & T :8,:!,8&T 8Y!&
& T \8T Q\Y & T \T,8:TYT& :Y\T\�
_� O\8 & T :8,:!,8&T 8Y!& Q \TQ\T\8& , Q\Y & T \T,8:TYT& :Y\T\�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-16

Air Conditioning Compressor Oil Drain Plug Replacement (except 1.6L LXT)

2027029

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedures
T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging

N\ & Y\T\ f, O\8 �,!


S Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
TightenS7¨ WY SS¨, ¨Q&P
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-17

Air Conditioning Compressor Oil Drain Plug Replacement (1.6L LXT)

2189045

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedures
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� TY'T & T 8\ :& :Y\T\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air
Conditioning Compressor Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) Air Conditioning Compressor Replacement
(1.6L LXT) �

N\ & Y\T\ f, O\8 �,!


S Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
TightenS7¨ WYSS¨, Q¨Q&P
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-18

Air Conditioning Compressor Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW)

2028055

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedures
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� TY'T \'T T,&� TQT\ & Drive Belt Replacement �
_� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle �
a� O:T:& & T Nb :Y\T\ T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
7� TY'T :Y\T\ T 8TY ,;� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (2.0L
Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor
and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) �

Nb Y\T\ 3,& (&;�¨aP


S Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
Tightencc¨ WY S"¨, ¨Q&P

Nb Y\T\ NTY ,;

Procedure
S� FT 8 ,# ':&; ,;C8,-;,TT ,;:, �N2P ,� FT Q & T :\\T:& , :8 \T!,&  :Y\T\ Q8,!\T�
c�  T \T,8: & T Nb :Y\T\ 8,8:T & T :Y\T\ ,� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor Oil
c Balancing
_� F 2+ _Ga]]CNT&T:&\ ,T8- &T& Nb :Y\T\ Q&&�
Special Tools
2+ _Ga]]CN+,T:&\: $8,T T8- OT&T:&\
>\ T!'8,T& \T8, &, \TQT\ & Special Tools �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-19

Air Conditioning Compressor Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0)

2026972

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedures
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� TY'T \'T T,&� TQT\ & Drive Belt Replacement �
_� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle �
a� O:T:& & T Nb :Y\T\ T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
7� TY'T :Y\T\ T 8TY ,;� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (2.0L
Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor
and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) �

Nb Y\T\ 3,&¨(&;�¨_P
S Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
Tightencc¨ WY S"¨, Q¨Q&P

Nb Y\T\ NTY ,;

Procedure
S� FT 8 ,# ':&; ,;C8,-;,TT ,;:, �N2P ,� FT Q & T :\\T:& , :8 \T!,&  :Y\T\ Q8,!\T�
c�  T \T,8: & T Nb :Y\T\ 8,8:T & T :Y\T\ ,� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor Oil
c Balancing �
_� F 2+ _Ga]]CNT&T:&\ ,T8- &T& Nb :Y\T\ Q&&�
Special Tools
2+ _Ga]]CN+,T:&\: $8,T T8- OT&T:&\
>\ T!'8,T& \T8, &, \TQT\ & Special Tools �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-20

Air Conditioning Compressor Replacement (1.6L LXT)

2028055

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedures
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� TY'T \'T T,&� TQT\ & Generator, Air Conditioning Compressor, and Power Steering Pump Belt Replacement �
_� 8T 8 !\& & T 'T :,T� TQT\ & Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle �
a� O:T:& & T Nb :Y\T\ T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
7� TY'T :Y\T\ T 8TY ,;� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (2.0L
Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor
and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) �

Nb Y\T\ 3,& (&;�¨aP


Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
S Tip
* T \8 :  # & T TT #& !& 8&&8:  8\& Q\ T&&T\ :,8\&;�
Tightencc¨ WY S¨, ¨Q&P

Nb Y\T\ NTY ,;
Procedure
 FT 8 ,# ':&; ,;8,-;,TT ,;:, �N2P ,� FT Q & T :\\T:& , :8 \T!,&  :Y\T\ Q8,!\T�

  T \T,8: & T Nb :Y\T\ 8,8:T & T :Y\T\ ,� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor
c
Oil Balancing �

 F 2+ _Ga]]T&T:&\ ,T8- &T& Nb :Y\T\ Q&&�


Special Tools
2+ _Ga]]+,T:&\: $8,T T8- OT&T:&\
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-21

Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement


Removal Procedure
S� O8TY ,T & T Nb \TQ\T\8& :YT&� TQT\ & & T 8\\8&T \T8\ \:T!\T�
c� TY'T & T fC\ T8, Q\Y & T Nb \TQ\T\8& :YT&�
_� @T:& & T fC\ T8, Q\  Q 8Y8T & T, T&T\YT & T \& :8!T Q & T Q8,!\T�
a� @T:& & T Nb :YT& Q\ 8Y8T \ !\\� T8\ Q T:T8\;�
Note
7� 8 \ &8T & T T Nb \TQ\T\8& :YT& YYT8&T,; & \T'T& ;&TY :&8Y8&�
7� 8 \ &8T & T Nb \TQ\T\8& :YT&�
"� O:8\ & T fC\ T8,�
Installation Procedure
S� @T:& & T T# fC\ T8, Q\ 8;  \ :\8:- :!& \ 8Y8T� T,8:T Q T:T8\;�
c� TY'T & T :8 \ &8T Q\Y & T Nb \TQ\T\8& :YT&�
_� F 8 ,&CQ\TT :,T8 \; :,&  :8\TQ!,,; :,T8 & T T8, !\Q8:T Q & T Nb \TQ\T\8& :YT&�
Note
a� Of Wf* 8,,# 8; Q & T YT\8, 8T 7c7 ':&; \TQ\T\8& ,  & T T# fC\ T8, & T&T\ & T \TQ\T\8&
;&TY�
a�  &,; :8& & T T# fC\ T8, #& YT\8, 8T 7c7 ':&; \TQ\T\8& ,�
Note
7� Of Wf* \T!T fC\ T8,�
7� 8\TQ!,,; ,T & T T# fC\ T8, & & T Nb \TQ\T\8& :YT&�

2026976
"� * T fC\¨SP T8, Y!& T Q!,,; T8&T�
� NTY ,T & T Nb :YT&�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-22

Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (2.0L Diesel


LLW)
Removal Procedure
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� TY'T Q\& !YT\ Q8:8� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Replacement �

2027253
_� TY'T 8\ :& :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP Q\Y Nb :TT\¨cP�

2028101
a� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T ,&¨SP Q\Y Nb :Y\T\¨cP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-23

2027259
7� TY'T 8\ :& :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP Q\Y \TQ\T\8& T¨cP�
"� TY'T 8\ :& :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T�
Installation Procedure
Note
S� FT W+ fC\ T8,� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement �
S� @&8,, 8\ :& :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T�

2027259
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
c� @&8,, 8\ :& :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP & \TQ\T\8& T¨cP� * &T !& &¨ SG¨
WY Sa¨, ¨P �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-24

2028101
_� @&8,, 8\ :& :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T ,&¨SP & Nb :Y\T\¨cP� * &T ,& &¨ SG¨
WY Sa¨, ¨P �

2027253
a� @&8,, 8\ :& :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP & Nb :TT\¨cP� * &T !& &¨ SG¨
WY Sa¨, ¨P �
7� @&8,, Q\& !YT\ Q8:8� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Replacement �
"� +'8:!8&T 8 : 8\T & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-25

Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LXT)


Removal Procedure
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� TY'T Q\& !YT\ Q8:8� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Replacement �

2027253
_� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP Q\Y Nb :T\¨cP�

2189046
a� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T ,&¨SP Q\Y Nb :Y\T\¨cP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-26

2027259
7� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP Q\Y \TQ\T\8& T¨cP�
"� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T�
Installation Procedure
Note
S� FT W+ fC\ T8,� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement �
S� @&8,, Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T�

2027259
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
c� @&8,, Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP & \TQ\T\8& T¨cP� * &T !& &¨ SG¨ WY Sa¨, ¨Q&P �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-27

2189046
_� @&8,, Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T ,&¨SP & Nb :Y\T\¨cP� * &T ,& &¨ SG¨ WY
Sa¨, ¨Q&P �

2027253
a� @&8,, 8\ :& :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP & Nb :TT\¨cP� * &T !& &¨ SG¨ WY
Sa¨, ¨Q&P �
7� @&8,, Q\& !YT\ Q8:8� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Replacement �
"� +'8:!8&T 8 : 8\T & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-28

Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE,


LXV, and 1.8L 2H0)
Removal Procedure
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging
c� TY'T Q\& !YT\ Q8:8� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Replacement

2027253
_� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP¨Q\Y Nb :TT\¨cP�

2027255
a� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T ,&¨SP¨Q\Y Nb :Y\T\¨cP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-29

2027259
7� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP¨Q\Y \TQ\T\8& T¨cP�
"� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T�
Installation Procedure
Note
S� FT W+ fC\ T8,� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement
S� @&8,, Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T�

2027259
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution
c� @&8,, Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP¨& \TQ\T\8& T¨cP� * &T !& &¨ SG¨ WY Sa¨, ¨Q&P �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-30

2027255
_� @&8,, Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T ,&¨SP¨& Nb :Y\T\¨cP� * &T ,& &¨ SG¨ WY
Sa¨, ¨Q&P �

2027253
a� @&8,, Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T !&¨SP¨& Nb :TT\¨cP� * &T !& &¨ SG¨ WY Sa¨, ¨Q&P �
7� @&8,, Q\& !YT\ Q8:8� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Replacement
"� +'8:!8&T 8 : 8\T & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-31

Air Conditioning Evaporator Hose Assembly Replacement

2028178

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedures
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� TY'T & T T8,8Y ? \ & T� TQT\ & Headlamp Replacement �
_� T #T\ &TT\ Q,! \TT\'\ :\T#�
a� TY'T \8-T T Q\Y & T 8 ,#T\ Te&T 8T,�
7� TY'T TT Y!& ? \ & T� TQT\ & Engine Mount Replacement - Right Side �

N\ & +'8\8&\ $T NTY ,; W!& & N\ & +'8\8&\ * T\Y8, +e8 L8,'T
S Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
TightenSG¨ WY Sa¨, ¨Q&P

N\ & +'8\8&\ $T NTY ,; W!& & N\ & TT\
c
TightenSG¨ WY Sa¨, ¨Q&P

N\ & +'8\8&\ $T NTY ,; W!& & N\ & Y\T\ 8 TT\ $T
_
TightenSG¨ WY Sa¨, ¨Q&P
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-32

Air Conditioning (AC) Refrigerant Filter Replacement


Special Tools
2+C_Ga]]CN$8,T T8- OT&T:&\
>\ T!'8,T& \T8, &, \TQT\ & Special Tools �
Removal Procedure
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging
c� TY'T & T Q\& !YT\ Q8:8 T ,#T\ :'T\� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Opening Lower Cover
Replacement �

2026975
_� TY'T & T N\ & T:T'T\ 8 OT ;\8&\ �,!¨aP�
Note
a� 8 8,, Nb :YT& YYT8&T,; & \T'T& ;&TY :&8Y8&�
a� TY'T 8 :8\ & T T8, #8 T\¨_P�
7� TY'T & T \TQ\T\8& Q,&T\ Q\Y & T :TT\�
Installation Procedure
S� F:8 Nb :YT&�
c� @&8,, T# T8, #8 T\¨_P� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement

2026975
_� @&8,, & T \TQ\T\8& Q,&T\¨cP & 8\ :& :TT\¨SP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-33

a� @&8,, & T N\ & T:T'T\ 8 OT ;\8&\ �,!¨aP�


7� @&8,, & T Q\& !YT\ Q8:8 T ,#T\ :'T\� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Opening Lower Cover
Replacement �
"� +'8:!8&T 8 : 8\T & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging
� T8- &T& & T Q&& ! & T 2+ _Ga]]?N T&T:&\ �
R� @&8,, & T !\T &8- & & T !\T &8- \8:-T&�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-34

Air Conditioning Refrigerant Service Valve Core Replacement


Special Tools
 2+C_Ga]]CN$8,T T8- OT&T:&\
 2+Ca"ca"L8,'T \T TY'8, *,
>\ T!'8,T& \T8, &, \TQT\ & Special Tools �
Removal Procedure
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �

2026977
c� TY'T & T T\':T \& '8,'T :\T¨SP ! 2+Ca"ca"\TY'T\ �
Installation Procedure

2026977
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
S� @&8,, & T T\':T \& '8,'T :\T !¨SP 2+Ca"ca" \TY'T\ 8 & &T &¨ _¨ WY cc¨, ¨P �
c� +'8:!8&T 8 : 8\T & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
_� T8- &T& & T Q&& ! & T 2+C_Ga]]CN T&T:&\ �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-35

Air Conditioning Evaporator Thermal Expansion Valve Replacement (1.6L LDE,


LXT, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0)
Special Tools
2+ _Ga]]CN $8,T T8- OT&T:&\
>\ T!'8,T& \T8, &, \TQT\ & Special Tools
Removal Procedure
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� F:, \8-T T�

2027307
_� TY'T :TT\ T¨SP¨Q\Y Nb T'8\8&\ *9L�
a� TY'T & T c¨Nb ¨*9L ,&¨cP�
7� TY'T & T *9L¨_P�
Installation Procedure

2027307
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
S� @&8,, Nb ¨*9L¨_P¨8 & T c¨Nb ¨*9L ,&¨cP¨8 & &T & S7¨ WY SS¨, ¨Q&P �
Note
c� FT W+ fC\ T8,� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-36

c� @&8,, :TT\ T¨SP¨& Nb T'8\8&\ *9L¨_P� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser
Hose Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L
LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) �
_� @&8,, \8-T T�
a� +'8:!8&T 8 : 8\T & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
7� T8- &T& & T Q&& ! & T 2+ _Ga]]CN T&T:&\ �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-37

Air Conditioning Evaporator Thermal Expansion Valve Replacement (2.0L


Diesel LLW)
Special Tools
2+ _Ga]]CN $8,T T8- OT&T:&\
>\ T!'8,T& \T8, &, \TQT\ & Special Tools �
Removal Procedure
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� F:, \8-T T�

2027307
_� TY'T :TT\ T¨SP¨Q\Y Nb T'8\8&\ *9L�
a� TY'T & T c¨Nb ¨*9L ,&¨cP�
7� TY'T & T *9L¨_P�
Installation Procedure

2027307
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
S� @&8,, Nb ¨*9L¨_P¨8 & T c¨Nb ¨*9L ,&¨cP¨8 & &T & S7¨ WY SS¨, ¨Q&P �
Note
c� FT W+ fC T8,� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-38

c� @&8,, :TT\ T¨SP¨& Nb T'8\8&\ *9L¨_P� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser
Hose Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L
LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) �
_� @&8,, \8-T T�
a� +'8:!8&T 8 : 8\T & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
7� T8- &T& & T Q&& ! & T 2+ _Ga]]CN T&T:&\ �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-39

Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Replacement (2.0L Diesel


LLW)
Special Tools
2+C_Ga]]CN$8,T T8- OT&T:&\
>\ T!'8,T& \T8, &, \TQT\ &¨ Special Tools �
Removal Procedure
S� TY'T Q\& !YT\ Q8:8 8\ TQ,T:&\� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Air Deflector Replacement �

2028061
c� TY'T & T 8\ :& \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\ #\T 8\T :T:&\ SP�

2028062
_� TY'T & T 8\ :& \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\ SP�
a� TY'T 8 :8\ & T fC\ cP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-40

Installation Procedure

2028062
S� @&8,, 8 T# fC\¨cP� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement �
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
c� @&8,, & T 8\ :& \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\¨SP 8 & &T &¨ "¨ WY 7a¨, ¨P �

2028061
_� @&8,, & T 8\ :& \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\ #\T 8\T :T:&\¨SP�
a� T8- &T& & T Q&& ! & T 2+C_Ga]]CN T&T:&\ �
7� @&8,, Q\& !YT\ Q8:8 8\ TQ,T:&\� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Air Deflector Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-41

Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Replacement (1.6L LDE,


LXT, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0)
Special Tools
2+C_Ga]]?N$8,T T8- OT&T:&\
>\ T!'8,T& \T8, &, \TQT\ & Special Tools �
Removal Procedure
S� TY'T Q\& !YT\ Q8:8 8\ TQ,T:&\� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Air Deflector Replacement �
c� TY'T & T \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\ #\T 8\T :T:&\�

2026978
_� TY'T & T \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\¨SP�
a� TY'T 8 :8\ & T fC\¨cP�
Installation Procedure

2026978
S� @&8,, 8 T# fC\¨cP� TQT\ & Air Conditioning O-Ring Seal Replacement
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
c� @&8,, & T \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\¨SP 8 & &T &¨ "¨ WY 7a¨, ¨P�
_� @&8,, & T \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\ #\T 8\T :T:&\�
a� T8- &T& & T Q&& ! & T 2+C_Ga]]?N T&T:&\ �
7� @&8,, Q\& !YT\ Q8:8 8\ TQ,T:&\� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Air Deflector Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-42

Air Conditioning Condenser Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW)


Removal Procedure
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� O:T:& 8&&T\; T8&'T :8 ,T� TQT\ & Battery Negative Cable Disconnection and Connection �
_� TY'T Q\& !YT\ Q8:8� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Air Deflector Replacement �

2028073
a� TY'T 8\ &8-T !:&�
7� TY'T \88&\ \,,T !\&� TQT\ & Radiator Support Replacement �
"� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T Q\Y :TT\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor and
Condenser Hose Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose
Replacement (1.6L LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and
1.8L 2H0) �

2028076
� TY'T :TT\ T ,& 8 :TT\ T¨S¨cP�
R� TY'T Nb \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor
Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Replacement (1.6L LDE,
LXT, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-43

2028079
G� TY'T :TT\�
Installation Procedure

2028079
S� @&8,, :TT\�
c� @&8,, Nb \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Replacement
(2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXT, LXV, and
1.8L 2H0) �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-44

2028076
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
_� @&8,, :TT\ T 8 :TT\ T ,& 8 & &T & SG¨ WY¨Sa¨, ¨Q&P �
a� @&8,, Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T Q\Y :TT\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor and
Condenser Hose Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose
Replacement (1.6L LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and
1.8L 2H0) �
7� @&8,, \88&\ \,,T !\&� TQT\ & Radiator Support Replacement �

2028073
"� @&8,, 8\ &8-T !:&�
� @&8,, Q\& !YT\ Q8:8� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Air Deflector Replacement �
R� T:& 8&&T\; T8&'T :8 ,T� TQT\ & Battery Negative Cable Disconnection and Connection �
G� +'8:!8&T 8 : 8\T & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-45

Air Conditioning Condenser Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXT, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0)
Removal Procedure
S� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
c� O:T:& 8&&T\; T8&'T :8 ,T� TQT\ & Battery Negative Cable Disconnection and Connection �
_� TY'T Q\& !YT\ Q8:8� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Replacement �

2028073
a� TY'T 8\ &8-T !:&¨SP�
7� TY'T \88&\ !\& \T,8:TYT&� TQT\ & Radiator Support Replacement �
"� TY'T Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T Q\Y :TT\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor and
Condenser Hose Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose
Replacement (1.6L LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and
1.8L 2H0) �

2028076
� TY'T :TT\ T ,& 8 :TT\ T¨S¨cP�
R� TY'T Nb \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor
Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Replacement (1.6L LDE,
LXT, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-46

2028079
G� TY'T :TT\�
Installation Procedure

2028079
S� @&8,, :TT\�
c� @&8,, Nb \TQ\T\8& \T!\T T\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Replacement
(2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXT, LXV, and
1.8L 2H0) �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-47

2028076
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
_� @&8,, :TT\ T¨S¨cP 8 :TT\ T ,& 8 & &T &¨ SG¨ WY S7¨, ¨Q&P �
a� @&8,, Nb :Y\T\ 8 :TT\ T & :TT\� TQT\ & Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser
Hose Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L
LXT) Air Conditioning Compressor and Condenser Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0) �
7� @&8,, \88&\ !\&� TQT\ & Radiator Support Replacement �

2028073
"� @&8,, 8\ &8-T !:&¨SP�
� @&8,, Q\& !YT\ Q8:8� TQT\ & Front Bumper Fascia Replacement �
R� T:& 8&&T\; T8&'T :8 ,T� TQT\ & Battery Negative Cable Disconnection and Connection �
G� +'8:!8&T 8 : 8\T & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-48

Heater and Air Conditioning Evaporator Case Replacement


Removal Procedure
S� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, 8TY ,; � TQT\ & Instrument Panel Assembly Replacement �

2027818
c� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, #\ 8\T¨cP Q\Y &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨SP�
O:T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�

2027821
_� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨cP�
_�S� TY'T a¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ ,&¨_¨aP�
_�c� TY'T c¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ !&¨SP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-49

2189440
a� TY'T 8\ :& Y!,T #\ 8\T¨SP�
O:T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
7� TY'T T8&T\ :\T� TQT\ & Heater Core Replacement �
"� TY'T ,#T\ Y&\� TQT\ & Blower Motor Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Blower Motor Replacement
(Right Hand Drive) �
� TY'T T8&T\ 8 ,#T\ 8 8\ :& :&\, Y!,T� TQT\ & Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning
Control Module Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module
Replacement (Right Hand Drive) \ Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module Replacement (Left
Hand Drive) Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module Replacement (Right Hand Drive) �

2027829
R� TY'T T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :8T¨cP Q\Y T8&T\ 8 ,#T\ 8 8\ :& :&\,
Y!,T¨SP�
G� TY'T S]¨ T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :8T ,&¨_P�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-50

Installation Procedure

2027829
S� @&8,, T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :8T¨cP & T8&T\ 8 ,#T\ 8 8\ :& :&\,
Y!,T¨SP�
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
c� @&8,, S]¨ T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :8T ,&¨_P 8 & &T & c�7 WY c_ , P �
_� @&8,, T8&T\ 8 ,#T\ 8 8\ :& :&\, Y!,T� TQT\ & Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning
Control Module Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module
Replacement (Right Hand Drive) \ Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module Replacement (Left
Hand Drive) Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module Replacement (Right Hand Drive) �
a� @&8,, ,#T\ Y&\� TQT\ & Blower Motor Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Blower Motor Replacement (Right
Hand Drive) �
7� @&8,, T8&T\ :\T� TQT\ & Heater Core Replacement �

2189440
"� @&8,, 8\ :& Y!,T #\ 8\T¨SP�
T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-51

2027821
� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨cP�
�S� @&8,, a¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ ,&¨_ aP 8 & &T & cc¨ WY S¨, ¨Q&P �
�c� @&8,, c¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ !&¨SP 8 & &T & G¨ WY R]¨, ¨P �

2027818
R� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, #\ 8\T¨cP Q\Y &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨SP�
T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
G� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, 8TY ,; � TQT\ & Instrument Panel Assembly Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-52

Air Conditioning Evaporator Core Replacement


Removal Procedure
S� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, 8TY ,;� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Assembly Replacement �

2027818
c� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, #\ 8\T¨cP Q\Y &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨SP�
O:T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�

2027821
_� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨cP�
_�S� TY'T a¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ ,&¨_¨aP�
_�c� TY'T c¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ !&¨SP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-53

2189440
a� TY'T 8\ :& Y!,T #\ 8\T¨SP�
O:T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
7� TY'T T8&T\ :\T� TQT\ & Heater Core Replacement �
"� TY'T ,#T\ Y&\� TQT\ & Blower Motor Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Blower Motor Replacement
(Right Hand Drive) �
� TY'T T8&T\ 8 ,#T\ 8 8\ :& :&\, Y!,T� TQT\ & Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning
Control Module Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module
Replacement (Right Hand Drive) \ Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module Replacement (Left
Hand Drive) Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module Replacement (Right Hand Drive) �
R� T:'T\ & T \TQ\T\8&� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �

2027829
G� TY'T T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :8T¨cP Q\Y T8&T\ 8 ,#T\ 8 8\ :& :&\,
Y!,T¨SP�
S]� TY'T S]¨ T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :8T ,&¨_P�
SS� TY'T 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :\T Q\Y T8&T\ 8 ,#T\ 8 8\ :& :&\, Y!,T�
Installation Procedure
S� @&8,, 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :\T & T8&T\ 8 ,#T\ 8 8\ :& :&\, Y!,T�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-54

2027829
c� @&8,, T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :8T¨cP & T8&T\ 8 ,#T\ 8 8\ :& :&\,
Y!,T¨SP�
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
_� @&8,, S]¨ T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :8T ,&¨_P 8 & &T &¨ c�7¨ WY cc¨, ¨P �
a� TQ\T\8& \T:'T\; 8 \T: 8\� TQT\ & Refrigerant Recovery and Recharging �
7� @&8,, T8&T\ 8 ,#T\ 8 8\ :& :&\, Y!,T� TQT\ & Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning
Control Module Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module
Replacement (Right Hand Drive) \ Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module Replacement (Left
Hand Drive) Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module Replacement (Right Hand Drive) �
"� @&8,, ,#T\ Y&\� TQT\ & Blower Motor Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Blower Motor Replacement (Right
Hand Drive) �
� @&8,, T8&T\ :\T� TQT\ & Heater Core Replacement �

2189440
R� @&8,, 8\ :& Y!,T #\ 8\T¨SP�
T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-55

2027821
G� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨cP�
G�S� @&8,, a¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ ,&¨_¨aP 8 & &T &¨ cc¨ WY S¨, ¨Q&P �
G�c� @&8,, c¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ !&¨SP 8 & &T &¨ "¨ WY 7_¨, ¨P �

2027818
S]� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, #\ 8\T¨cP Q\Y &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨SP�
T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
SS� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, 8TY ,;� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Assembly Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-56

Heater Inlet Hose Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW)

2027311

Callout Component Name


Warning
TQT\ & Battery Disconnect Warning �
Preliminary Procedures
S� O:T:& & T 8&&T\;�
c� O\8 & T :, ;&TY� TQT\ & Cooling System Draining and Filling �

S $T8&T\ @,T& ,8Y (&;�¨cP

c $T8&T\ @,T& $T


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-57

Heater Inlet Hose Replacement (1.6L LXT)

2188971

Callout Component Name


Warning
TQT\ & Battery Disconnect Warning �
Preliminary Procedures
S� O:T:& & T 8&&T\;� TQT\ & Battery Negative Cable Disconnection and Connection �
c� +T  &  T,� TQT\ & Engine Sight Shield Replacement �
_� O\8 & T :, ;&TY� TQT\ & Cooling System Draining and Filling �

S TY'T $T8&T\ @,T& ,8Y¨SP (&;�¨cP

c TY'T $T8&T\ @,T& $T¨cP


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-58

Heater Inlet Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0)

2027311

Callout Component Name


Warning
TQT\ & Battery Disconnect Warning �
Preliminary Procedures
S� O:T:& & T 8&&T\;�
c� O\8 & T :, ;&TY� TQT\ & Cooling System Draining and Filling �

S $T8&T\ @,T& ,8Y¨(&;�¨cP

c $T8&T\ @,T& $T


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-59

Heater Outlet Hose Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW)

2027322

Callout Component Name


Warning
TQT\ & Battery Disconnect Warning �
Preliminary Procedures
S� O:T:& & T 8&&T\;�
c� O\8 & T :, ;&TY� TQT\ & Cooling System Draining and Filling �

S $T8&T\ f!&,T& ,8Y (&;�¨cP

c TY'T $T8&T\ f!&,T& $T


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-60

Heater Outlet Hose Replacement (1.6L LXT)

2188955

Callout Component Name


Warning
TQT\ & Battery Disconnect Warning �
Preliminary Procedures
S� O:T:& & T 8&&T\;� TQT\ & Battery Negative Cable Disconnection and Connection �
c� +T  &  T,� TQT\ & Engine Sight Shield Replacement �
_� O\8 & T :, ;&TY� TQT\ & Cooling System Draining and Filling �

S TY'T $T8&T\ f!&,T& ,8Y¨SP (&;�¨cP

c TY'T $T8&T\ f!&,T& $T¨cP


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-61

Heater Outlet Hose Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0)

2027322

Callout Component Name


Warning
TQT\ & Battery Disconnect Warning �
Preliminary Procedures
S� O:T:& & T 8&&T\;�
c� O\8 & T :, ;&TY� TQT\ & Cooling System Draining and Filling �

S $T8&T\ f!&,T& ,8Y¨(&;�¨cP

c $T8&T\ f!&,T& $T


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-62

Heater Core Outlet Tube Replacement

2027335

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T & T T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :8T� TQT\ & Heater and Air Conditioning Evaporator Case
Replacement

S $T8&T\ \T f!&,T& *! T ,8Y

c $T8&T\ \T f!&,T& *! T

3\8:-T& $T8&T\ \T f!&,T& *! T 3,&


_ Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution
Tightenc�7¨ WY¨c_¨, ¨P
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-63

Heater Core Inlet Tube Replacement

2027336

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T & T T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ :8T� TQT\ & Heater and Air Conditioning Evaporator Case
Replacement

S $T8&T\ \T @,T& *! T ,8Y

c $T8&T\ \T @,T& *! T

3\8:-T& $T8&T\ \T @,T& *! T 3,&


_ Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution
Tightenc�7¨ WY¨c_¨, ¨P
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-64

Passenger Compartment Air Filter Replacement


Removal Procedure
S� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, !&T\ &\Y :'T\� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement - Right Side �
c� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT&� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �

2027279
_� F:,¨c¨:,¨SP¨8 \TY'T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT& 8\ Q,&T\¨cP�
Installation Procedure

2027279
S� @&8,, 8TT\ :Y8\&YT& 8\ Q,&T\¨cP¨8 :, ¨c¨:,¨SP�
c� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT&� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �
_� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, !&T\ &\Y :'T\� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement - Right Side �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-65

Air Inlet Housing Replacement


Removal Procedure
S� TY'T T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ 8 ,#T\ Y!,T� TQT\ & Heater and Air Conditioning
Evaporator Case Replacement �

2027919
c� TY'T 8\ ,T& !¨SP Q\Y T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ 8 ,#T\ Y!,T¨cP�
 O:T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
 TY'T a¨8\ ,T& ! ,&¨_P�
_� TY'T 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8:&!8&\� TQT\ & Air Inlet Valve Actuator Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Air Inlet Valve
Actuator Replacement (Right Hand Drive) �
a� TY'T 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8 T 8\ '8,'T :&\, :8Y� TQT\ & Air Inlet Valve and Inside Air Valve Control Cam
Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Air Inlet Valve and Inside Air Valve Control Cam Replacement (Right Hand Drive) �
Installation Procedure
S� @&8,, 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8 T 8\ '8,'T :&\, :8Y� TQT\ & Air Inlet Valve and Inside Air Valve Control Cam
Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Air Inlet Valve and Inside Air Valve Control Cam Replacement (Right Hand Drive) �
c� @&8,, 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8:&!8&\� TQT\ &¨ Air Inlet Valve Actuator Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Air Inlet Valve
Actuator Replacement (Right Hand Drive) �

2027919
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
_� @&8,, 8\ ,T& !¨SP & T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ 8 ,#T\ Y!,T¨cP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-66

 T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�


 @&8,, a¨8\ ,T& ! ,&¨_P 8 & &T & c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨P �
a� @&8,, T8&T\ 8 8\ :& T'8\8&\ 8 ,#T\ Y!,T� TQT\ & Heater and Air Conditioning Evaporator
Case Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-67

Air Inlet Valve and Inside Air Valve Control Cam Replacement (Left Hand Drive)
Removal Procedure
S� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& 8TY ,;� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �

2028009
Note
c� * T \8 :  # N\ @,T& $! #& !& 8&&8:  8\& Q\ T&&T\ :,8\&;�
c� O:T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\ 8 \TY'T YT :&\, :8Y 8:&!8&\ :\T#¨cP 8 \TY'T YT :&\,
:8Y 8:&!8&\¨SP�

2028011
_� TY'T 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8 T 8\ '8,'T :&\, :8Y¨SP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-68

Installation Procedure

2028011
Note
S� * T 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8 T 8\ '8,'T :&\, :8Y :8 ,; T Q&&T  T &�
S� @&8,, 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8 T 8\ '8,'T :&\, :8Y¨SP�

2028009
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
c� @&8,, YT :&\, :8Y 8:&!8&\¨SP 8 @&8,, YT :&\, :8Y 8:&!8&\ :\T#¨cP 8 :T:& T,T:&\:8,
:T:&\�
Tighten
c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨P
_� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& 8TY ,;� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-69

Air Inlet Valve and Inside Air Valve Control Cam Replacement (Right Hand
Drive)
Removal Procedure
S� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT&� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �

2188766
c� TY'T 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8:&!8&\ T8\¨SP�

2188768
_� O:T:& 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8:&!8&\ T,T:&\:8, :T:&\¨SP� TY'T 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8:&!8&\ :\T#¨cP¨(&;�¨cP
8 \TY'T 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8:&!8&\¨_P�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-70

2188769
a� TY'T 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8 T 8\ '8,'T :&\, :8Y¨SP�
Installation Procedure

2188769
Note
S� * T 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8 T 8\ '8,'T :&\, :8Y :8 ,; T Q&&T  T &�
S� @&8,, 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8 T 8\ '8,'T :&\, :8Y¨SP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-71

2188768
c� @&8,, 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8:&!8&\¨_P 8 &8,, 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8:&!8&\ :\T#¨cP¨(&;�¨cP� @&8,, 8\ ,T& '8,'T
8:&!8&\ T,T:&\:8, :T:&\¨SP�

2188766
_� @&8,, 8\ ,T& '8,'T 8:&!8&\ T8\¨SP�
a� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT&� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-72

Blower Motor Replacement (Left Hand Drive)


Removal Procedure
S� TY'T & T \ & Q,\ 8\ !&,T& !:&� TQT\ & Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Right Side (Left Hand Drive)
Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Right Side (Right Hand Drive) �
c� TY'T & T ,#T\ Y&\ #\T 8\T :T:&\�

2026973
_� TY'T & T ,#T\ Y&\ :! ,&¨SP�
a� TY'T & T ,#T\ Y&\ :! Q\Y & T ,#T\ Y&\¨cP�

2026974
7� TY'T & T ,#T\ Y&\ ,&¨SP�
"� TY'T & T ,#T\ Y&\¨cP Q\Y & T T8&T\ :8T�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-73

Installation Procedure

2026974
S� @&8,, & T T# ,#T\ Y&\¨cP & & T T8&T\ :8T�
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution
c� @&8,, & T ,#T\ Y&\ ,&¨SP 8 & &T &¨ a�7¨ WY¨a]¨, ¨P �
_� @&8,, & T Y&\ ,#T\ :! & & T ,#T\ Y&\�
a� @&8,, & T ,#T\ Y&\ :! ,& 8 & &T &¨ c�7¨ WY¨c_¨, ¨P �
7� @&8,, & T ,#T\ Y&\ #\T 8\T :T:&\�
"� @&8,, & T \ & Q,\ 8\ !&,T& !:&� TQT\ & Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Right Side (Left Hand Drive)
Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Right Side (Right Hand Drive) �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-74

Blower Motor Replacement (Right Hand Drive)

2188789

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T & T \ & Q,\ 8\ !&,T& !:&� TQT\ & Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Right Side (Left Hand Drive)
Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Right Side (Right Hand Drive) �

3,#T\ 5&\
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
Procedure
S S� O:T:& T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
c� TY'T ,#T\ Y&\ :\T#¨(&;�¨_P�
Tighten
c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨P

c TY'T 3,#T\ 5&\


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-75

Instrument Panel Outer Air Outlet Replacement - Left Side

2027285

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
S� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover Replacement �
c� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, :,!&T\ &\Y ,8&T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Cluster Trim Plate Replacement �
_� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, :,!&T\ ,#T\ &\Y ,8&T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Cluster Lower Trim Plate Replacement �
a� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, !T\ &\Y 8T,� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Upper Trim Panel Replacement - Left Side �

@&\!YT& �8T, f!&T\ N\ f!&,T& NTY ,;


Procedure
S
S� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, !&T\ 8\ !,T& !:& ,TQ& T�
c� TY'T :,¨(&;�¨aP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-76

Instrument Panel Center Air Outlet Replacement

2027290

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T &\!YT& 8T, :T&T\ !T\ Y,¨cP� TQT\ &¨ Instrument Panel Center Upper Molding
Replacement �

S @&\!YT& �8T, T&T\ N\ f!&,T&


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-77

Instrument Panel Outer Air Outlet Replacement - Right Side

2027288

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T &\!YT& 8T, !T\ &\Y 8T,� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Upper Trim Panel Replacement - Right Side �

@&\!YT& �8T, f!&T\ N\ f!&,T& NTY ,;

Procedure
S
S� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, !&T\ 8\ !,T& !:& \ & T�
c� TY'T :,¨(&;�¨aP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-78

Radio Cooling Duct Replacement (Left Hand Drive)


Removal Procedure
S� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8T, ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Panel Replacement -
Left Side �
c� TY'T &\!YT& !&T\ &\Y :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement -
Left Side �
_� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover
Replacement �

2027294
a� TY'T \8 :, !:&¨SP�
Installation Procedure

2027294
S� @&8,, \8 :, !:&¨SP�
c� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover
Replacement �
_� @&8,, &\!YT& !&T\ &\Y :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement - Left Side �
a� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8T, ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Panel Replacement -
Left Side �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-79

Radio Cooling Duct Replacement (Right Hand Drive)

2188748

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
S� TY'T @� Y8\&YT&� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �
c� TY'T Q,\ 8\ !&,T& !:& C ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Left Side (Left Hand Drive) Floor Air
Outlet Duct Replacement - Left Side (Right Hand Drive) �

8 , O!:&


S Procedure
TY'T \8 :, !:&�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-80

Floor Air Outlet Replacement


Removal Procedure
S� TY'T & T &\!YT& 8T, 8TY ,; � TQT\ &¨ Instrument Panel Assembly Replacement �

2027818
c� TY'T & T &\!YT& 8T, #\ 8\T¨cP Q\Y & T &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨SP�
O:T:& & T T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�

2027821
_� TY'T & T &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨cP�
 TY'T & T a¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ ,&¨_¨aP�
 TY'T & T c¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ !&¨SP�
a� TY'T & T T8&T\ #\ 8\T�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-81

2027861
7� TY'T & T Q,\ 8\ !&,T&¨cP�
TY'T & T "¨Q,\ 8\ !&,T& ,&¨SP�
Installation Procedure

2027861
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
S� @&8,, & T Q,\ 8\ !&,T&¨cP�
@&8,, & T "¨Q,\ 8\ !&,T& ,&¨SP 8 & &T & c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨P �
c� @&8,, & T T8&T\ #\ 8\T�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-82

2027821
_� @&8,, & T &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨cP�
 @&8,, & T a¨ &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ ,&¨_¨aP 8 & &T & cc¨ WY S¨, ¨Q&P �
 @&8,, & T c¨&\!YT& 8T, &T 8\ !&¨SP 8 & &T & G¨ WY R]¨, ¨P �

2027818
a� N&&8: & T &\!YT& 8T, #\ 8\T¨cP & & T &\!YT& 8T, &T 8\¨SP�
T:& & T T,T:&\:8, :T:&\�
7� @&8,, & T &\!YT& 8T, 8TY ,; � TQT\ &¨ Instrument Panel Assembly Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-83

Instrument Panel Outer Air Outlet Duct Replacement

2027575

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T &\!YT& 8T, 8TY ,;� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Assembly Replacement �

@&\!YT& �8T, f!&T\ N\ f!&,T& O!:& 0:\T# (&;�¨P


S Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
Tightenc�7¨ WY cc¨, ¨P

c @&\!YT& �8T, f!&T\ N\ f!&,T& O!:&


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-84

Windshield Defroster Nozzle Replacement

2027584

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T &\!YT& 8T, � TQT\ & Instrument Panel Assembly Replacement

S  T, OTQ\&T\ W��,T


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-85

Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Left Side (Left Hand Drive)
Removal Procedure
S� TY'T &\!YT& !&T\ &\Y :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement -
Left Side �
c� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover
Replacement �

2027284
_� TY'T Q,\ 8\ !&,T& !:&¨SP ? ,TQ& T�
Installation Procedure

2027284
S� @&8,, Q,\ 8\ !&,T& !:&¨SP ? ,TQ& T�
c� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover
Replacement �
_� @&8,, &\!YT& !&T\ &\Y :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement - Left Side �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-86

Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Left Side (Right Hand Drive)

2188756

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T @� Y8\&YT&� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �

>,\ N\ f!&,T& O!:& 3,&


S Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
Tightenc�7¨ WY¨cc¨, Q¨P

c >,\ N\ f!&,T& O!:&


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-87

Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Right Side (Left Hand Drive)

2028218

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT&� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �

>,\ N\ f!&,T& O!:& 3,&


S Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
Tightenc�7¨ WY cc¨, ¨P

c >,\ N\ f!&,T& O!:&


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-88

Floor Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Right Side (Right Hand Drive)
Removal Procedure
S� TY'T &\!YT& !&T\ &\Y :'T\ / \ & T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement -
Right Side �
c� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\ / ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover
Replacement �

2188765
_� TY'T Q,\ 8\ !&,T& !:& SP / \ & T�
Installation Procedure

2188765
S� @&8,, Q,\ 8\ !&,T& !:& SP / \ & T�
c� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\ / ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover
Replacement �
_� @&8,, &\!YT& !&T\ &\Y :'T\ / \ & T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement -
Right Side �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-89

Floor Rear Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Left Side

2027598

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T Q\& Q,\ 8T, :8\T&� TQT\ & Front Floor Panel Carpet Replacement �

S >,\ T8\ N\ f!&,T& O!:&


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-90

Floor Rear Air Outlet Duct Replacement - Right Side

2027604

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedure
TY'T Q\& Q,\ 8T, :8\T&� TQT\ & Front Floor Panel Carpet Replacement �

S >,\ T8\ N\ f!&,T& O!:&


HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-91

Heater and Air Conditioning Remote Control Replacement

2189650

Callout Component Name

Preliminary Procedures
TY'T T8&T\ 8 8\ :& :&\,� TQT\ & Heater and Air Conditioning Control Replacement �

$T8&T\ 8 N\ & TY&T &\,


S Procedure
O:T:& T,T:&\:8, :YT&�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-92

Heater Core Cover Replacement


Removal Procedure
S� O\8 & T :, ;&TY� TQT\ & Cooling System Draining and Filling �
c� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8T, ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Panel Replacement -
Left Side �
_� TY'T &\!YT& !&T\ &\Y :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement -
Left Side �
a� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover
Replacement �

2027264
7� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,&¨SP�

2027271
"� TY'T T8&T\ :\T :'T\ ,&¨SP 8 T8&T\ :\T :'T\¨cP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-93

Installation Procedure

2027271
S� @&8,, T8&T\ :\T :'T\ ,&¨SP 8 T8&T\ :\T :'T\¨cP�

2027264
c� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,&¨SP�
_� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover
Replacement �
a� @&8,, &\!YT& !&T\ &\Y :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement - Left Side �
7� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8T, ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Panel Replacement -
Left Side �
"� 3,TT & T :, ;&TY� TQT\ & Cooling System Draining and Filling �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-94

Heater Core Replacement


Removal Procedure
S� O\8 & T :, ;&TY� TQT\ & Cooling System Draining and Filling �
c� TY'T @&\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8T, ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Panel Replacement -
Left Side �
_� TY'T &\!YT& !&T\ &\Y :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement -
Left Side �
a� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover Replacement �

2027264
7� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,&¨SP�

2027271
"� TY'T T8&T\ :\T :'T\ ,&¨SP¨8 T8&T\ :\T :'T\¨cP�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-95

2027273
� TY'T & T¨c¨ T8&T\ :\T :,8Y¨cP¨8 \TY'T T8&T\ :\T¨SP�
Installation Procedure

2027273
S� @&8,, & T T8&T\ :\T¨SP¨8 & T¨c¨ T8&T\ :\T :,8Y¨cP�

2027271
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-96

c� @&8,, T8&T\ :\T :'T\ ,&¨SP¨8 T8&T\ :\T :'T\¨cP�

2027264
_� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,&¨SP�
a� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8 :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Pad Cover
Replacement �
7� @&8,, &\!YT& !&T\ &\Y :'T\ ? ,TQ& T� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Outer Trim Cover Replacement - Left Side �
"� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ T\ 8T,� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Panel Replacement - Left Side �
� 3,TT & T :, ;&TY� TQT\ & Cooling System Draining and Filling �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-97

Auxiliary Heater Core Replacement


Removal Procedure
S� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& 8TY ,;� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �
c� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8T,� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Panel Replacement - Right
Side �

2027683
_� TY'T & T c¨&\!YT& 8T, ,&¨SP�

2027710
Note
a� �!,, 8:- & T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT&¨aP Q\Y & T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& \8:-T& �!& Q8\ T!
& 8 8::T & & T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& ,#T\ \8:-T& ,&¨_P�
a� TY'T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& ,#T\ \8:-T&¨cP�
TY'T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& ,#T\ \8:-T& ,&¨S¨_P�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-98

2027718
7� TY'T 8!e,8\; T8&T\ :\T¨cP�
 TY'T & T c¨8!e,8\; T8&T\ :\T ,&¨SP�
 O:T:& 8!e,8\; T8&T\ :\T #\ 8\T ,!¨_P�
Installation Procedure

2027718
Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution .
S� @&8,, 8!e,8\; T8&T\ :\T¨cP�
 @&8,, & T c¨8!e,8\; T8&T\ :\T ,&¨SP 8 & &T & c�7¨ WY cc¨, ¨P �
 T:& 8!e,8\; T8&T\ :\T #\ 8\T ,!�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-99

2027710
Note
c� �!,, 8:- & T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT&¨aP Q\Y & T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& \8:-T& �!& Q8\ T!
& 8 8::T & & T &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& ,#T\ \8:-T& ,&¨_P�
c� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& ,#T\ \8:-T&¨cP�
@&8,, &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& ,#T\ \8:-T& ,&¨S¨_P 8 & &T & G¨ WY R]¨, ¨P �

2027683
_� @&8,, & T c¨&\!YT& 8T, ,&¨SP 8 & &T &¨ c�7¨ WY cc¨, ¨P �
a� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, ,#T\ &\Y 8T,� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Lower Trim Panel Replacement - Right Side �
7� @&8,, &\!YT& 8T, :Y8\&YT& 8TY ,;� TQT\ & Instrument Panel Compartment Replacement �
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-100

Heating and Air Conditioning System Y\TT \TQ\T\8& T&T\ & T :TT\  8
Description and Operation  &TYT\8&!\T  \T!\T '8\ &8&T� N & T
\TQ\T\8& Q,# & \! & T :TT\ & T T8& Q
Engine Coolant & T \TQ\T\8&  &\8QT\\T & & T 8Y T& 8\ 8
+T :,8&  & T -T; T,TYT& Q & T T8& ;&TY� & \! & T :TT\� , & T \TQ\T\8& :8!T
* T & T\Y&8& :&\, TT T\8& :,8& & T \TQ\T\8& & :TT 8 : 8T Q\Y 8 '8\
&TYT\8&!\T� * T & T\Y&8& 8, :\T8&T 8 \T&\:& & 8 ,! &8&T�
Q\ & T :, ;&TY & 8& \Y&T 8 &'T :,8&
* T :TT\  ,:8&T  Q\& Q & T \88&\ Q\
Q,# 8 T, \T'T& :8'&8&� ,8& T&T\
Y8eY!Y T8& &\8QT\� * T :TT\  Y8T Q
& T T8&T\ :\T & \! & T ,T& T8&T\ T  8
8,!Y!Y 8 8,!Y!Y :, Q # : 8,,# \8
\T!\�T &8&T�
T8& &\8QT\ Q\ & T \TQ\T\8&� * T TYC:,T ,!
* T T8&T\ :\T  ,:8&T T & T $LN Y!,T� * T \TQ\T\8& Te& & T :TT\ 8 Q,# & \! & T
T8& Q & T :,8& Q,# & \! & T T8&T\ :\T  ,! ,T & & T & T\Y8, Te8 '8,'T�
8 \ T ; & T 8Y T& 8\ \8# & \! & T $LN
* T & T\Y8, Te8 '8,'T  ,:8&T  & T ,!
Y!,T� $T8&T 8\  &\ !&T & & T 8TT\
,T T&#TT & T :TT\ 8 & T T'8\8&\� * T
:Y8\&YT& & \! & T $LN Y!,T Q\ 8TT\
& T\Y8, Te8 '8,'T  & T ' & Q\ & T
:YQ\&�
 8 & T ,# \T!\T T Q & T Nb ;&TY� N
* T 8Y!& Q T8& T,'T\T & & T 8TT\ & T \TQ\T\8& 8T & \! & T & T\Y8, Te8
:Y8\&YT&  :&\,,T ; T \ :, & T '8,'T & T \T!\T Q & T \TQ\T\8&  ,#T\T� O!T
$LN Y!,T 8\ &TYT\8&!\T \� * T :,8& Te& & & T \T!\T QQT\T&8, Q & T ,! \TQ\T\8&
& T T8&T\ :\T & \! & T \T&!\ T8&T\ T 8 & T \TQ\T\8& #,, T & '8\�T 8& & T & T\Y8,
\T:\:!,8&T 8:- & \! & T TT :, ;&TY� Te8 '8,'T� * T & T\Y8, Te8 '8,'T 8,
A/C Cycle YT&T\ & T 8Y!& Q ,! \TQ\T\8& & 8& :8 Q,# &
& T T'8\8&\�
TQ\T\8&  & T -T; T,TYT&  8 8\ :&
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&TYT\8&!\T 8 & 8& :8 &\8QT\ & T !T\8 ,T T8& &8&T� NY T& 8\  \8# & \! & T $LN Y!,T
8 Y&!\T Q\Y & T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT& & & T 8 8T & \! & T T'8\8&\ :\T� 8\Y 8
!&T 8\� Y& 8\ #,, :8!T & T ,! \TQ\T\8& , T Q
& T T'8\8&\ :\T� * T , \TQ\T\8& 8 \ 
* T Nb :Y\T\  T,& \'T 8 T\8&T # T
T8& Q\Y & T 8Y T& 8\ 8 \8# Y&!\T &
& T Y8T&: :,!&:  T8T� * T :Y\T\
& T T'8\8&\� * T \TQ\T\8& Te& & T T'8\8&\
!, \T!\T  & T '8\ \TQ\T\8&� Y\T
8:- & \! & T & T\Y8, Te8 '8,'T 8 & & T
& T \TQ\T\8& 8, 8 T8& & & T \TQ\T\8&� * T
!:& ,T 8 8:- & & T :Y\T\  8 '8\
\TQ\T\8&  : 8\T Q\Y & T :Y\T\ & \!
&8&T :Y,T& & T Nb :;:,T Q T8& \TY'8,� N& & T
& T : 8\T T 8 Q\:T & Q,# & & T :TT\
:Y\T\ & T \TQ\T\8&  :Y\TT 88 8 & T
8 & T & \! & T 8,8:T Q & T Nb ;&TY� * T
:;:,T Q T8& \TY'8,  \TT8&T�
Nb ;&TY  YT: 8:8,,; \&T:&T #& & T !T
Q 8  \T!\T \T,TQ '8,'T� @Q & T  \T!\T * T :&T 8\  &\ !&T & \! & T $LN
#&: #T\T & Q8, \ Q & T \TQ\T\8& ;&TY T:YT Y!,T Q\ 8TT\ :YQ\&� * T T8& 8 Y&!\T
\T&\:&T 8 \TQ\T\8& \T!\T :&!T & \T & T \TY'T Q\Y & T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT& #,, 8,
 \T!\T \T,TQ #,,  T 8 \T,T8T \TQ\T\8& : 8T Q\Y \ :TT 8  : 8\T Q\Y & T
Q\Y & T ;&TY� $LN Y!,T 8 #8&T\ !T\ & T 'T :,T�
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-101

Special Tools Illustration Tool Number/ Description

Illustration Tool Number/ Description

3fCaccc]
)Caccc]
F'T\8, ScL T8-
Nb >,, OT':T OT&T:& 8Y

677808

660165

2+Ca_Rc
)Ca_Rc
2+C_Ga]]
>,\T:T& O;T ,T8T\
)C_Ga]]
+,T:&\: $8,T T8-
OT&T:&\
748416

82132

2+Ca7]_CN
)Ca7]_CN
2+C_Ga]]CN Nb f, @�T:&\
)C_Ga]]CN
$8,T T8- OT&T:&\
817931

728982

2+Ca7c"R
)Ca7c"R
2+CaSaa Nb >,!  N8&T\ &
)CaSaa
CS_aN Nb *\8:T\ O;T
C 3e Q ca 767049

258343

2+Ca"ca"
)Ca"ca"
L8,'T \T *,

900408
HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning 2-102

Illustration Tool Number/ Description

2+Ca"cG
)Ca"cG
Nb O;T @�T:&\ &

1389566

2+Ca"cGCSc
)Ca"cGCSc
T,8:TYT& O;T
8\&\T

1389563
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-103

HVAC - Automatic
Specifications ..................................................... 2-104 5T L8,'T 2T8\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
>8&TT\ * &T 0T:Q:8&������������������ cCS]a O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS"G
Schematics ......................................................... 2-105 5T L8,'T 2T8\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS_
$LN 0: TY8&: ������������������������������������������� cCS]7
N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT& TQ&
Diagnostics ......................................................... 2-115
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSa
O* 3]S"_ \ 3]SR_��������������������������������������� cCSS7
N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT&  &
O* 3]S_ 3]SR \ 3_G__ ������������������������� cCSSR $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCS7
O* 3]SRN 3]aR  3]aR> \ 3S_G7������������ cCScS N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
O* 3]SG_ ������������������������������������������������������ cCSca O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS"
O* 3]cc_ 3]c__ 3]c_N \ 3]a]R ������������ cCSc" N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
O* 3]aRO \ 3]aR+�������������������������������������� cCS_] O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS
O* 3_Ra_ ������������������������������������������������������ cCS_c 5T &\, 8Y N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT& TQ&
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSG
O* �]7_] �]7_c \ �]7__ ������������������������� cCS_a
5T &\, 8Y N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT&  &
O* �]"a7 �]"a" \ �]"a ������������������������� cCS_"
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSR]
0;Y&Y C $LN 0;&TY C N!&Y8&: ��������� cCS_
5T &\, 8Y T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
N\ & Y\T\ 58,Q!:&�������� cCS_R O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCSRS
3,#T\ 5&\ 58,Q!:& �������������������������������� cCSa] 5T &\, 8Y T,8:TYT&  & $8
N\ *TYT\8&!\T 58,Q!:&���������������������������� cCSac O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCSRa
N\ OT,'T\; @Y\T\ ��������������������������������������� cCSa_ *TYT\8&!\T L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT& TQ&
N\ T:\:!,8& 58,Q!:& ��������������������������� cCSa7 $8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSR7
N:&!8&\ T:8, \8&�������������������������������������� cCSa" *TYT\8&!\T L8,'T N:&!8&\ T,8:TYT&  &
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSR"
Repair .................................................................. 2-148
N\ & TQ\T\8& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\
$T8&T\ 8 N\ & &\,
T,8:TYT& C  & 0T TQ& $8 O\'TP�� cCSR
T,8:TYT&�������������������������������������������������� cCSaR
N\ & TQ\T\8& *TYT\8&!\T
N\ & 5!,T \ $8\T
0T\ T,8:TYT& C  & 0T  & $8
T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP ��������������������� cCSaG
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCSRR
N\ & 5!,T \ $8\T
N\ & TQ\T\8& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\
T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP ������������������� cCS7]
T,8:TYT& C TQ& 0T TQ& $8 O\'TP ���� cCSRG
$T8&T\ 8 3,#T\ 8 N\ & &\,
N\ & TQ\T\8& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\
5!,T T,8:TYT& TQ& $8 O\'TP �������� cCS7S
T,8:TYT& C TQ& 0T  & $8 O\'TP�� cCSG]
$T8&T\ 8 3,#T\ 8 N\ & &\,
NY T& N\ (!8,&; 0T\ T,8:TYT&�������� cCSGS
5!,T T,8:TYT&  & $8 O\'TP ������ cCS7c
@T N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ T,8:TYT& TQ&
5T L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSGc
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS7a
@T N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ T,8:TYT&  &
5T L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCSG_
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS7R
@T N\ 5&!\T 8  T, *TYT\8&!\T
LT& L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
0T\ T,8:TYT& ������������������������������������� cCSGa
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS"]
0! 8 *TYT\8&!\T 8 $T8,8Y N!&Y8&:
LT& L8,'T T'T\ T,8:TYT&  & $8
&\, NY T&  & 0T\ T,8:TYT&�� cCSG7
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS"_
Description and Operation ................................ 2-196
5T L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT& TQ& $8
O\'TP ������������������������������������������������������������� cCS" N!&Y8&: $LN OT:\& 8 fT\8& ��� cCSG"
5T L8,'T N:&!8&\ 2T8\ T,8:TYT&  &
$8 O\'TP���������������������������������������������������� cCS"R
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-104

Fastener Tightening Specifications


Specification

Application Metric English

N\ & &\, 5!,T 3,& c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨

N\ & 5!,T \ $8\T 3,& 7¨ WY a7¨, ¨

N\ @,T& $! 3,& c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨

N\ @,T& L8,'T N:&!8&\ 3,& c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨

@&\!YT& �8T, *T 38\ 3,& cc¨ WY S¨, ¨Q&

@&\!YT& �8T, *T 38\ W!& G¨ WY R]¨, ¨

5T &\, 8Y N:&!8&\ 0:\T# c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨

5T L8,'T N:&!8&\ 3,& c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨

*TYT\8&!\T L8,'T N:&!8&\ 3,& c�7¨ WY c_¨, ¨


HVAC
HVAC Schematics (Power, Ground, Serial Data and Blower Controls)

HVAC - Automatic 2-105


2203009
HVAC
HVAC Schematics (HVAC Faceplate)

HVAC - Automatic 2-106


2203011
HVAC
HVAC Schematics (Compressor Controls (LXV or 2H0))

HVAC - Automatic 2-107


2203013
HVAC
HVAC Schematics (Compressor Controls (LLW))

HVAC - Automatic 2-108


2203015
HVAC
HVAC Schematics (Compressor Controls (LXT))

HVAC - Automatic 2-109


2203025
HVAC
HVAC Schematics (Temperature Sensors (1 of 2))

HVAC - Automatic 2-110


2203018
HVAC
HVAC Schematics (Temperature Sensors (2 of 2))

HVAC - Automatic 2-111


2203021
HVAC
HVAC Schematics (Mode and Temperature Controls)

HVAC - Automatic 2-112


2203023
HVAC
HVAC Schematics (Sensor Air Quality)

HVAC - Automatic 2-113


2203027
HVAC
HVAC Schematics (Auxiliary Heater)

HVAC - Automatic 2-114


2203029
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-115

DTC B0163 or B0183


Diagnostic Instructions
 �T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle \\ & ! &  8&: \:T!\T�
 T'T# Strategy Based Diagnosis Q\ 8 'T\'T# Q & T 8&: 8\8: �
 Diagnostic Procedure Instructions \'T 8 'T\'T# Q T8: 8&: :8&T\;�
DTC Descriptors
DTC¨B0163¨02: �8TT\ Y8\&YT& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 2\!
DTC¨B0163¨05: �8TT\ Y8\&YT& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\; \ fT
DTC¨B0183¨02: 0,8\ 8 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 2\!
DTC¨B0183¨05: 0,8\ 8 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\; \ fT
Diagnostic Fault Information

Open/High Signal
Circuit Short to Ground Resistance Short to Voltage Performance

0!,8 0T\ 08, 3]SR_¨]7 3]SR_¨]c 3]SR_¨]c S

�8TT\ Y8\&YT& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\


3]S"_¨]c 3]S"_¨]7 3]S"_¨]7 S
08,

3]S"_¨]7
NY T&  &b0!,8 0T\ 2\! / / /
3]SR_¨]7

S� N\ *TYT\8&!\T 58,Q!:&

Circuit/System Description
* T 8Y T& , &b!,8 T\ &T\8&T & T !,8 T\ 8 8TT\ :Y8\&YT& &TYT\8&!\T T\�
*  T\ 8TY ,; \'T Q\Y8& 8 !&�
 0! T8& &T&;
 �8TT\ Y8\&YT& *TYT\8&!\T
* T ,8\ T\  :T:&T & \! 8 & & T 7¨L &8 ,�T ',&8T !,; & \! & T $LN :&\, Y!,T� N
& T !,8 :\T8T & T T\ 8, ',&8T 8, :\T8T 8 ':T 'T\8� * T 8, '8\T T&#TT S�a?a�7¨L
8  \'T & & T $LN :&\, Y!,T�
* T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT& &TYT\8&!\T T\  8 T8&'T &TYT\8&!\T :CTQQ:T& & T\Y&\� N 8, 8 ,#
\TQT\T:T :\:!& T8 ,T & T T\ & T\8&T� N & T 8\ &TYT\8&!\T :\T8T & T T\ \T&8:T T:\T8T�
* T T\ 8, '8\T T&#TT ]?7¨L�
3\ & \  &T&; , & :8!T & T 'T :,T &T\\ &TYT\8&!\T & :\T8T� * T $LN ;&TY :YT8&T Q\
& T :\T8T &TYT\8&!\T ; 'T\& 8&8, :, 8\ & & T 'T :,T�
Conditions for Running the DTC
 @& fW�
 * T $LN &\, 5!,T  fW�
Conditions for Setting the DTC
B0163¨02 or B0163¨05
* T $LN &\, Y!,T T&T:& & T T\ 8, !& Q \8T� * T 8, ',&8T  ,T & 8 ]�S¨L \ \T8&T\
& 8 a�G¨L Q\ Y\T & 8 7]¨Y�
B0183¨02
* T !& 8,  !& Q \8T� * T ',&8T  ,T & 8 ]�S¨L�
B0183¨05
* T !& 8,  !& Q \8T� * T ',&8T  \T8&T\ & 8 a�G¨L�
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
 * T ;&TY #,, !T & T ,8& '8, '8,!T 8 TQ8!,&�
 @Q  '8,!T  \T8 8& & T &YT Q Q8!,& & T $LN :&\, Y!,T !T ]¨bY 8 &T&;�
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-116

Conditions for Clearing the DTC


* T :& Q\ T&& & T O*   ,T\ \TT&�
Reference Information
0: TY8&: TQT\T:T
HVAC Schematics
T:&\ + LT# TQT\T:T
Component Connector End Views
OT:\& 8 fT\8&
Automatic HVAC Description and Operation
+,T:&\:8, @Q\Y8& TQT\T:T
 Circuit Testing
 Connector Repairs
 Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections
 Wiring Repairs
0:8 *, TQT\T:T
Control Module References Q\ :8 &, Q\Y8&
Circuit/System Verification
S� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]S"_¨]c \ 3]S"_¨]7  & T&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ & �8TT\ Y8\&YT& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 58,Q!:&�
c� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]SR_¨]c \ 3]SR_¨]7  & T&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ & 0!,8 0T\ \:!& 58,Q!:&�
_� 5T8!\T 8:&!8, T 8\ &TYT\8&!\T ! 8 & T\YYT&T\� Y8\T &  '8,!T & & T :8 &, �8TT\
Y8\&YT& N\ *TYT\8&!\T 8\8YT&T\� * T YT8!\T &TYT\8&!\T  !, T #&  7 G>P QQT\T:T Q
8\8YT&T\ '8,!T�
Þ @Q & #&  & T T:QT \8T \T,8:T & T 3S]3 NY T&  &b0!,8 0T\�
Circuit/System Testing
�8TT\ Y8\&YT& *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 58,Q!:&
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T 3S]3 NY T&  &b0!,8 0T\�
c� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T \! :\:!& &T\Y8, " 8 \!�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T \! :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
_� @& fW &T& Q\ a�R?7�c¨L T&#TT & T \! :\:!& &T\Y8, " 8 & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, _�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ Tb  \T&8:T� @Q & T
:\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T� @Q & T :\:!& &T& \Y8,
\T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
a� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 3S]3 NY T&  &b0!,8 0T\ 8 'T\Q; & T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
0!,8 0T\ \:!& 58,Q!:&
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T 3S]3 NY T&  &b0!,8 0T\�
c� @& fW &T& Q\ a�R?7�c¨L T&#TT & T \! :\:!& &T\Y8, " 8 & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, a�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ Tb  \T&8:T� @Q & T
:\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T� @Q & T :\:!& &T& \Y8,
\T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
_� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 3S]3 NY T&  &b0!,8 0T\ 8 'T\Q; & T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Repair Instructions
�T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic Repair Verification 8Q&T\ :Y,T& & T 8&: \:T!\T�
 Sun Load Temperature and Headlamp Automatic Control Ambient Light Sensor Replacement
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-117

 Control Module References Q\ $LN :&\, Y!,T \T,8:TYT& T&! 8 \\8YY
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-118

DTC B0173, B0178, or B3933


Diagnostic Instructions
 �T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle \\ & ! &  8&: \:T!\T�
 T'T# Strategy Based Diagnosis Q\ 8 'T\'T# Q & T 8&: 8\8: �
 Diagnostic Procedure Instructions \'T 8 'T\'T# Q T8: 8&: :8&T\;�
DTC Descriptor
DTC¨B0173¨02: FT\ TQ& f!&,T& N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 2\!
DTC¨B0173¨05: FT\ TQ& f!&,T& N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\; \ fT
DTC¨B0178¨02: #T\ TQ& f!&,T& N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 2\!
DTC¨B0178¨05: #T\ TQ& f!&,T& N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\; \ fT
DTC¨B3933¨02: N\ & +'8\8&\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 2\!
DTC¨B3933¨05: N\ & +'8\8&\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\; \ fT
Diagnostic Fault Information

Open/High Signal
Circuit Short to Ground Resistance Short to Voltage Performance

FT\ TQ& f!&,T& N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\


3]S_¨]c 3]S_¨]7 3]S_¨]7 S
08,

3]S_¨]7
FT\ TQ& f!&,T& N\ *TYT\8&!\T #
/ 3]S_¨]7 3]SR¨]7 /
TQT\T:T
3_G__¨]7

#T\ TQ& f!&,T& N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\


3]SR¨]c 3]SR¨]7 3]SR¨]7 S
08,

3]S_¨]7
#T\ TQ& f!&,T& N\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ #
/ 3]SR¨]7 3]SR¨]7 /
TQT\T:T
3_G__¨]7

+'8\8&\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ 08, 3_G__¨]c 3_G__¨]7 3_G__¨]7 S

3]S_¨]7
+'8\8&\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ # TQT\T:T / 3_G__¨]7 3]SR¨]7 /
3_G__¨]7

S� N\ *TYT\8&!\T 58,Q!:&

Circuit/System Description
* T 8\ &TYT\8&!\T T\ 8\T cC#\T T8&'T &TYT\8&!\T :CTQQ:T& & T\Y&\� * T 'T :,T !T & T Q,,#
8\ &TYT\8&!\T T\�
 N\ &TYT\8&!\T T\ C ,TQ& !T\
 N\ &TYT\8&!\T T\ C ,TQ& ,#T\
 +'8\8&\ &TYT\8&!\T T\
N 8, 8 ,# \TQT\T:T :\:!& T8 ,T & T T\ & T\8&T� N & T 8\ &TYT\8&!\T !\\! & T T\
:\T8T & T T\ \T&8:T T:\T8T� * T T\ 8, ',&8T T:\T8T 8 & T \T&8:T T:\T8T� * T
T\ T\8&T #&  8 &TYT\8&!\T \8T T&#TT a] & R7  a] & SR7>P� * T T\ 8, '8\T T&#TT
]?7¨L� * T $LN :&\, Y!,T :'T\& & T 8, & 8 \8T T&#TT ]?c77¨:!&� N & T 8\ &TYT\8&!\T
:\T8T & T :!& '8,!T #,, T:\T8T� @Q & T $LN :&\, Y!,T T&T:& 8 Y8,Q!:& T\ & T & T :&\,
Y!,T Q&#8\T #,, !T 8 TQ8!,& 8\ &TYT\8&!\T '8,!T� * T TQ8!,& 8:& T!\T & 8& & T $LN ;&TY :8 8�!&
& T T 8\ &TYT\8&!\T T8\ & T T\T &TYT\8&!\T !&, & T :&  :\\T:&T�
Conditions for Running the DTC
 @& fW�
 * T $LN :&\, Y!,T  fW�
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-119

Conditions for Setting the DTC


* T $LN :&\, Y!,T T&T:& & T T\ 8, !& Q \8T� * T 8, ',&8T  ,T & 8 ]�S¨L \ \T8&T\
& 8 a�G¨L Q\ Y\T & 8 7]¨Y�
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
* T ;&TY T\8&T ! 8 TQ8!,& '8,!T�
Conditions for Clearing the DTC
* T T\ 8,  #&  T:QT \8T T&#TT ]�S?a�G¨L�
Reference Information
0: TY8&: TQT\T:T
HVAC Schematics
T:&\ + LT# TQT\T:T
Component Connector End Views
OT:\& 8 fT\8&
Automatic HVAC Description and Operation
+,T:&\:8, @Q\Y8& TQT\T:T
 Circuit Testing
 Connector Repairs
 Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections
 Wiring Repairs
0:8 *, TQT\T:T
Control Module References Q\ :8 &, Q\Y8&
Circuit/System Verification
S� LT\Q; & 8&  O*  T&�
Þ @Q 8 O*  \TT& \TQT\ & \:!&b0;&TY *T&�
c� 5T8!\T 8:&!8, &TYT\8&!\T ! 8 & T\YYT&T\ 8& T8: Q & T !:& &TYT\8&!\T T\� Y8\T &  '8,!T
& & T 8\\8&T :8 &, O!:& N:&!8, 8\8YT&T\� * T YT8!\T &TYT\8&!\T  !, T #&  7 G>P
QQT\T:T Q 8\\8&T O!:& N:&!8, 8\8YT&T\ '8,!T�
Þ @Q & #&  & T T:QT \8T \T,8:T & T 8\\8&T !:& &TYT\8&!\T T\�
_� 5T8!\T 8:&!8, T'8\8&\ &TYT\8&!\T ! 8 & T\YYT&T\� Y8\T &  '8,!T & & T :8 &, Nb +'8\8&\
*TYT\8&!\T 0T\ 8\8YT&T\� * T YT8!\T &TYT\8&!\T  !, T #&  7 G>P QQT\T:T Q 8\8YT&T\
'8,!T�
Þ @Q & #&  & T T:QT \8T \T,8:T & T 3_G¨+'8\8&\ *TYT\8&!\T 0T\�
Circuit/System Testing
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T 8\\8&T &TYT\8&!\T T\�
c� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T &TYT\8&!\T T\ \! :\:!& &T\Y8, 3 8 \!�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T \! :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
_� @& fW &T& Q\ a�R?7�c¨L T&#TT & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, N 8 \!�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ Tb  \T&8:T� @Q & T
:\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T� @Q & T :\:!& &T& \Y8,
\T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
a� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T &TYT\8&!\T T\ 8 'T\Q; & T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Repair Instructions
�T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic Repair Verification 8Q&T\ :Y,T& & T 8&: \:T!\T�
 Inside Air Temperature Sensor Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Inside Air Temperature Sensor Replacement
(Right Hand Drive)
 Air Conditioning Refrigerant Temperature Sensor Replacement - Right Side (Left Hand Drive) Air Conditioning
Refrigerant Temperature Sensor Replacement - Right Side (Right Hand Drive)
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-120

 Air Conditioning Refrigerant Temperature Sensor Replacement - Left Side (Left Hand Drive) Air Conditioning
Refrigerant Temperature Sensor Replacement - Left Side (Right Hand Drive)
 Control Module References Q\ $LN :&\, Y!,T \T,8:TYT& T&! 8 \\8YY
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-121

DTC B018A, B048C, B048F, or B1395


Diagnostic Instructions
 �T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle \\ & ! &  8&: \:T!\T�
 T'T# Strategy Based Diagnosis Q\ 8 'T\'T# Q & T 8&: 8\8: �
 Diagnostic Procedure Instructions \'T 8 'T\'T# Q T8: 8&: :8&T\;�
DTC Descriptor
DTC¨B018A¨02:  T, *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 2\!
DTC¨B018A¨05:  T, *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\; \ fT
DTC¨B048C¨02: $!Y&; 0T\ $!Y&; \:!& 0 \& & 2\!
DTC¨B048C¨05: $!Y&; 0T\ $!Y&; \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\; \ fT
DTC¨B048F¨02: $!Y&; 0T\ *TYT\8&!\T \:!& 0 \& & 2\!
DTC¨B048F¨05: $!Y&; 0T\ *TYT\8&!\T \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\; \ fT
DTC¨B1395¨03: &\, 5!,T L,&8T TQT\T:T f!&!& \:!& L,&8T 3T,# * \T ,
DTC¨B1395¨07: &\, 5!,T L,&8T TQT\T:T f!&!& \:!& L,&8T N 'T * \T ,
Diagnostic Fault Information

Open/High Signal
Circuit Short to Ground Resistance Short to Voltage Performance

 T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T


3S_G7¨]_ 3S_G7¨]_ 3S_G7¨] /
0T\ 7¨L TQT\T:T

$!Y&; 08, 3]aR ¨]c 3]aR ¨]7 3]aR ¨]7 /

$!Y&; *TYT\8&!\T 08, 3]aR>¨]c 3]aR>¨]7 3]aR>¨]7 /

 T, *TYT\8&!\T 08, 3]SRN¨]c 3]SRN¨]7 3]SRN¨]7 /

3]SRN¨]7
 T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 3]aR ¨]7
/ / /
0T\ 2\! 3]aR>¨]7
3S_G7¨]_

Circuit/System Description
* T # T, &TYT\8&!\T 8 T Y&!\T T\ &T\8&T & T \T,8&'T !Y&; T\ # T, &TYT\8&!\T
T\ 8 !Y&; T T,TYT& &TYT\8&!\T T\�
*  T\ 8TY ,; \'T Q\Y8& 8 !&�
 T,8&'T !Y&; ,T'T,  T # T,
 *TYT\8&!\T Q & T T # T,
 *TYT\8&!\T Q & T !Y&; T\ T,TYT&
* T \T,8&'T !Y&; T\ YT8!\T & T \T,8&'T !Y&;  & T :Y8\&YT& T Q & T # T,� @& 8, T&T:&
& T &TYT\8&!\T Q & T # T, !\Q8:T  & T :Y8\&YT& T� 3& '8,!T 8\T !T 8 :&\, !& Q\ & T
$LN :&\, Y!,T 8,:8& & :8,:!,8&T & T Q \-  # T, :Y8\&YT& T 8 8 ,&; & \T!:T Q!T,
:!Y& ; T:\T8 Nb :Y\T\ #T\ & 8 YY!Y #& !& :8! 8; Q� * T T\ #,, 8, T8 ,T
8\&8, \T:\:!,8& YT  \T\ & Y\'T T8&C! T\Q\Y8:T Q & T 8TT\ :Y8\&YT& !T\ :, 8Y T&
&TYT\8&!\T :& #& !& & T \- Q Y& !,C!  & T # T,� * T !Y&; T\ T,TYT& &TYT\8&!\T
T\ !,T & T &TYT\8&!\T Q & T !Y&; T\ T,TYT&� @&  ,; TTT Q & T & T\Y8, :&8:& T&#TT & T
!Y&; T T,TYT& 8 & T T # T, !\Q8:T  & !QQ:T&�
Conditions for Running the DTC
 @& fW�
 * T $LN :&\, Y!,T  fW�
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-122

Conditions for Setting the DTC


B018A¨02, B048C¨02, B048C¨02 or B1395¨03
* T $LN :&\, Y!,T T&T:& & T T\ 8, !& Q \8T� * T 8, ',&8T  ,T & 8 ]�S¨L Q\ Y\T
& 8 7]¨Y�
B018A¨05, B048C¨05, B048C¨05 or B1395¨07
* T $LN :&\, Y!,T T&T:& & T T\ 8, !& Q \8T� * T 8, ',&8T  \T8&T\ & 8 a�G¨L Q\ Y\T
& 8 7]¨Y�
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
 * T ;&TY #,, !T & T ,8& '8, '8,!T 8 TQ8!,&�
 @Q  '8,!T  \T8 8& & T &YT Q Q8!,& & T $LN :&\, Y!,T !T "]� Q\ !Y&;�
Conditions for Clearing the DTC
* T :& Q\ T&& & T O*   ,T\ \TT&�
Reference Information
0: TY8&: TQT\T:T
HVAC Schematics
T:&\ + LT# TQT\T:T
Component Connector End Views
OT:\& 8 fT\8&
Automatic HVAC Description and Operation
+,T:&\:8, @Q\Y8& TQT\T:T
 Circuit Testing
 Connector Repairs
 Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections
 Wiring Repairs
0:8 *, TQT\T:T
Control Module References Q\ :8 &, Q\Y8&
Circuit/System Verification
S� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3S_G7¨]_ \ 3S_G7¨]  & \TT&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ &  T, *TYT\8&!\T N @T 5&!\T 0T\ �#T\ 0!,; 58,Q!:&�
c� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]aR ¨]c \ 3]aR ¨]7  & \TT&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ & $!Y&; 0T\ $!Y&; \:!& 58,Q!:&�
_� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]aR>¨]c \ 3]aR>¨]7  & \TT&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ & $!Y&; 0T\ *TYT\8&!\T \:!& 58,Q!:&�
a� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]SRN¨]c \ 3]SRN¨]7  & \TT&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ &  T, *TYT\8&!\T 0T\ \:!& 58,Q!:&�
7� 5T8!\T 8:&!8, &TYT\8&!\T ! 8 & T\YYT&T\ 8& & T # T, &TYT\8&!\T 8 T Y&!\T T\�
Y8\T &  '8,!T & & T :8 &, �8TT\ Y8\&YT& $!Y&; 0T\ *TYT\8&!\T 8\8YT&T\� * T
YT8!\T &TYT\8&!\T  !, T #&  7 G>P QQT\T:T Q 8\8YT&T\ '8,!T�
Þ @Q & #&  & T T:QT \8T \T,8:T & T 3S"]  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 0T\�
"� 5T8!\T 8:&!8, &TYT\8&!\T ! 8 & T\YYT&T\ 8& & T # T, &TYT\8&!\T 8 T Y&!\T T\�
Y8\T &  '8,!T & & T :8 &,  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8\8YT&T\� * T YT8!\T &TYT\8&!\T  !,
T #&  7 G>P QQT\T:T Q 8\8YT&T\ '8,!T�
Þ @Q & #&  & T T:QT \8T \T,8:T & T 3S"]  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 0T\�
Circuit/System Testing
Windshield Temperature And Inside Moisture Sensor Power Supply Malfunction
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T 3S"]  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 0T\�
c� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T \! :\:!& &T\Y8, _ 8 \!�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T \! :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-123

_� @& fW &T& Q\ a�R?7�c¨L T&#TT & T \! :\:!& &T\Y8, _ 8 & T \TQT\T:T ',&8T :\:!& &T\Y8, S�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T \TQT\T:T ',&8T :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ Tb  \T&8:T�
@Q & T :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T \TQT\T:T ',&8T :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T� @Q & T :\:!& &T&
\Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
a� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 3S"]  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 0T\�
Humidity Sensor Humidity Circuit Malfunction
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T 3S"]  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 0T\�
c� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T \! :\:!& &T\Y8, _ 8 \!�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T \! :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
_� @& fW &T& Q\ a�R?7�c¨L T&#TT & T \! :\:!& &T\Y8, _ 8 & T \TQT\T:T ',&8T :\:!& &T\Y8, S�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T \TQT\T:T ',&8T :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T� @Q & T :\:!&
&T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
a� *T& Q\ a�R?7�c¨L T&#TT & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, c 8 \!�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, Q\ 8  \& & \! \ Tb  \T&8:T� @Q
& T :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, Q\ 8  \& & 8&&T\;� @Q & T :\:!& &T&
\Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
7� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 3S"]  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 0T\ 8 'T\Q;
& T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Humidity Sensor Temperature Circuit Malfunction
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T 3S"]  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 0T\�
c� @& fW &T& Q\ a�R?7�c¨L T&#TT & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, 7 8 \!�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, Q\ 8  \& & \! \ Tb  \T&8:T� @Q
& T :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, Q\ 8  \& & 8&&T\;� @Q & T :\:!& &T&
\Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
_� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 3S"]  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 0T\ 8 'T\Q;
& T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Windshield Temperature Sensor Circuit Malfunction
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T 3S"]  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 0T\�
c� @& fW &T& Q\ a�R?7�c¨L T&#TT & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, a 8 \!�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, Q\ 8  \& & \! \ Tb  \T&8:T� @Q
& T :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, Q\ 8  \& & 8&&T\;� @Q & T :\:!& &T&
\Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
_� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 3S"]  T, *TYT\8&!\T 8 @T 5&!\T 0T\ 8 'T\Q;
& T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Repair Instructions
�T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic Repair Verification 8Q&T\ :Y,T& & T 8&: \:T!\T�
 Inside Air Moisture and Windshield Temperature Sensor Replacement
 Control Module References Q\ $LN :&\, Y!,T \T,8:TYT& T&! 8 \\8YY
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-124

DTC B0193
Diagnostic Instructions
 �T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle \\ & ! &  8&: \:T!\T�
 T'T# Strategy Based Diagnosis Q\ 8 'T\'T# Q & T 8&: 8\8: �
 Diagnostic Procedure Instructions \'T 8 'T\'T# Q T8: 8&: :8&T\;�
DTC Descriptor
DTC¨B0193¨01: >\& 3,#T\ 5&\ 0TT \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\;
DTC¨B0193¨06: >\& 3,#T\ 5&\ 0TT \:!& 0 \& & 2\! \ fT
Diagnostic Fault Information

Open/High Signal
Circuit Short to Ground Resistance Short to Voltage Performance

3,#T\ 5&\ &\, 5!,T 3 3]SG_¨]" 3]SG_¨]" / /

3,#T\ 5&\ &\, 5!,T &\, 3]SG_¨]" 3]SG_¨]" 3]SG_¨]S /

3,#T\ 5&\ &\, 5!,T 2\! / 3]SG_¨]" / /

Circuit/System Description
* T ,#T\ Y&\ :&\, Y!,T  8 &T\Q8:T T&#TT & T $LN :&\, Y!,T 8 & T ,#T\ Y&\� * T ,#T\
Y&\ TT :&\, Q\Y & T $LN :&\, Y!,T 8&&T\; &'T 8 \! :\:!& T8 ,T & T ,#T\ Y&\
:&\, Y!,T & T\8&T� * T $LN :&\, Y!,T \'T 8 !,T #& Y!,8& �5P 8, & & T ,#T\
Y&\ :&\, Y!,T  \T\ & :YY8 & T ,#T\ Y&\ TT� * T ,#T\ Y&\ :&\, Y!,T &\8QT\ & T
�5 8, & 8 :\\T ,#T\ Y&\ ',&8T� * T ',&8T \TT T&#TT c?S_¨L 8 : 8T ,T8\
& & T T & Q & T �5 8,�
Conditions for Running the DTC
 @& fW�
 * T $LN :&\, Y!,T  fW�
Conditions for Setting the DTC
B0193¨01
* T ',&8T 8& & T $LN :&\, Y!,T !&!& & & T ,#T\ Y&\ :&\, Y!,T  8,#8;  �
B0193¨06
* T ',&8T 8& & T $LN :&\, Y!,T !&!& & & T ,#T\ Y&\ :&\, Y!,T  8,#8; ,# \ Q,8&�
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
* T ,#T\ Y&\  T\8&'T�
Conditions for Clearing the DTC
* T :& Q\ T&& & T O*   ,T\ \TT&�
Reference Information
0: TY8&: TQT\T:T
HVAC Schematics
T:&\ + LT# TQT\T:T
Component Connector End Views
OT:\& 8 fT\8&
Automatic HVAC Description and Operation
+,T:&\:8, @Q\Y8& TQT\T:T
 Circuit Testing
 Connector Repairs
 Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections
 Wiring Repairs
0:8 *, TQT\T:T
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-125

Control Module References


Circuit/System Testing
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 9c 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T __¨$LN &\, 5!,T 8 & T 9S 8\T
:T:&\ 8& & T R¨3,#T\ 5&\ &\, 5!,T�
c� @& fW 'T\Q; & 8& 8 &T& ,8Y ,,!Y8&T T&#TT & T 3 :\:!& &T\Y8, " 9S 8& & T R¨3,#T\ 5&\
&\, 5!,T 8\T :T:&\ 8 \!�
Þ @Q & T &T& ,8Y T & ,,!Y8&T &T& & T 3 :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
_� LT\Q; & 8& 8 &T& ,8Y ,,!Y8&T T&#TT & T 3 :\:!& &T\Y8, " 9S 8 \! :\:!& &T\Y8, 7 9S�
Þ @Q & T &T& ,8Y T & ,,!Y8&T &T& & T \! :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
a� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 ]�_¨L T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, _ 9S 8& & T R¨3,#T\ 5&\ &\, 5!,T
8\T :T:&\ 8 \!�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T�
7� @& f>> &T& Q\ Q&T \T&8:T T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, _ 9S 8& & T R¨3,#T\ 5&\ &\,
5!,T 8\T :T:&\ 8 \!�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \!�
"� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T __¨$LN &\, 5!,T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, S7 9c 8 :&\, :\:!&
&T\Y8, _ 9S 8& & T R¨3,#T\ 5&\ &\, 5!,T 8\T :T:&\�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T R¨3,#T\ 5&\ &\, 5!,T 8 'T\Q; & T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __¨$LN &\, 5!,T�
Repair Instructions
�T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic Repair Verification 8Q&T\ :Y,T& & T 8&: \:T!\T�
 Heater and Blower and Air Conditioning Control Module Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Heater and Blower
and Air Conditioning Control Module Replacement (Right Hand Drive)
 Control Module References Q\ $LN :&\, Y!,T \T,8:TYT& T&! 8 \\8YY
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-126

DTC B0223, B0233, B023A, or B0408


Diagnostic Instructions
 �T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle \\ & ! &  8&: \:T!\T�
 T'T# Strategy Based Diagnosis Q\ 8 'T\'T# Q & T 8&: 8\8: �
 Diagnostic Procedure Instructions \'T 8 'T\'T# Q T8: 8&: :8&T\;�
DTC Descriptor
DTC¨B0223¨01: T:\:!,8&T �& YY8 S \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\;
DTC¨B0223¨06: T:\:!,8&T �& YY8 S \:!& 0 \& & 2\! \ fT
DTC¨B0233¨01: N\ >,# &\, \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\;
DTC¨B0233¨06: N\ >,# &\, \:!& 0 \& & 2\! \ fT
DTC¨B023A¨02: $LN N:&!8&\ 0!,; L,&8T 0 \& & 2\!
DTC¨B0408¨01: 58 *TYT\8&!\T &\, \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\;
DTC¨B0408¨06: 58 *TYT\8&!\T &\, \:!& 0 \& & 2\! \ fT
Diagnostic Fault Information

Open/High Signal
Circuit Short to Ground Resistance Short to Voltage Performance

3]c_N¨]c
3]cc_¨]"
3]cc_¨]"
0&TT\ 5&\ Sc¨L TQT\T:T 3]c__¨]" / /
3]c__¨]"
3]a]R¨]"
3]a]R¨]"

T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ &\,¨S 3]cc_¨]" 3]cc_¨]" 3]cc_¨]S S

T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ &\,¨c 3]cc_¨]" 3]cc_¨]" 3]cc_¨]S S

T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ &\,¨_ 3]cc_¨]" 3]cc_¨]" 3]cc_¨]S S

T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ &\,¨a 3]cc_¨]" 3]cc_¨]" 3]cc_¨]S S

N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ& &\,¨S 3]a]R¨]" 3]a]R¨]" 3]a]R¨]S c

N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ& &\,¨c 3]a]R¨]" 3]a]R¨]" 3]a]R¨]S c

N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ& &\,¨_ 3]a]R¨]" 3]a]R¨]" 3]a]R¨]S c

N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ& &\,¨a 3]a]R¨]" 3]a]R¨]" 3]a]R¨]S c

5T N:&!8&\ &\,¨S 3]c__¨]" 3]c__¨]" 3]c__¨]S _

5T N:&!8&\ &\,¨c 3]c__¨]" 3]c__¨]" 3]c__¨]S _

5T N:&!8&\ &\,¨_ 3]c__¨]" 3]c__¨]" 3]c__¨]S _

5T N:&!8&\ &\,¨a 3]c__¨]" 3]c__¨]" 3]c__¨]S _

S� N\ T:\:!,8& 58,Q!:&


c� N\ *TYT\8&!\T 58,Q!:&
_� N\ O&\ !& 58,Q!:&

Circuit/System Description
0&TT\ Y&\ 8\T !T Q\ &TYT\8&!\T \T!,8& 8\ &\ !& :&\, 8 \T:\:!,8& Q,8 :&\,�
& & T 8\\8&T #&: T 8& & T $LN :&\, & T T\T 8\ &TYT\8&!\T Q,8 & 8\ &\ !& Q,8
& 8 \T:\:!,8& Q,8 & :8 T !& � * T T,T:&T '8,!T 8\T 8T & & T $LN :&\, Y!,T '8
& T @WC3!� * T $LN :&\, Y!,T !,T 8 Sc¨L \TQT\T:T ',&8T & & T &TT\ Y&\ 8 TT\�T & T
a &TT\ Y&\ :, #& 8 !,T \! 8,� * T &TT\ Y&\ !& & T 8\\8&T Q,8 & & T :8,:!,8&T
&  \T\ & \T8: & T !&  &TYT\8&!\Tb&�
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-127

Conditions for Running the DTC


 @& fW�
 * T $LN :&\, Y!,T  fW�
Conditions for Setting the DTC
B023A¨02
* T &TT\ Y&\ !,; !&!&   \&T & \!�
B0223¨01, B0233¨01 or B0408¨01
N& ,T8& T :&\, !&!& Q a  ,T !&!&P Q & T 8\\8&T &TT\ Y&\   \&T & ',&8T # T Y&\
&8\& Y'� >8!,& 8\T & T&T:&T # T Y&\  8,\T8; \! \ &8\T& &  8,\T8; \T8: T�
B0223¨06, B0233¨06 or B0408¨06
N& ,T8& T :&\, !&!& Q a  ,T !&!&P Q & T 8\\8&T &TT\ Y&\   \&T & \! \ T # T
Y&\ &8\& Y'� >8!,& 8\T & T&T:&T # T Y&\  8,\T8; \! \ &8\T& &  8,\T8; \T8: T�
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
B023A¨02
 * T 8QQT:&T !&!& #,, T #&: T QQ Q\ 8\#8\T \&T:&�
 N,, &TT\ Y&\ 8\T T8:&'8&T�
B0223, B0233 or B0408
 * T 8QQT:&T !&!& #,, T #&: T QQ Q\ 8\#8\T \&T:&�
 * T 8QQT:&T &TT\ Y&\  T8:&'8&T�
Conditions for Clearing the DTC
* T :& Q\ T&& & T O*   ,T\ \TT&�
Reference Information
0: TY8&: TQT\T:T
HVAC Schematics
T:&\ + LT# TQT\T:T
Component Connector End Views
OT:\& 8 fT\8&
Automatic HVAC Description and Operation
+,T:&\:8, @Q\Y8& TQT\T:T
 Circuit Testing
 Connector Repairs
 Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections
 Wiring Repairs
0:8 *, TQT\T:T
Control Module References Q\ :8 &, Q\Y8&
Circuit/System Verification
S� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]c_N¨]c  & \TT&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ & N:&!8&\ �#T\ 0!,; 58,Q!:&�
c� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]cc_¨]S \ 3]cc_¨]"  & \TT&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ & T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ 58,Q!:&�
_� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]c__¨]S \ 3]c__¨]"  & \TT&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ & 5T N:&!8&\ 58,Q!:&�
a� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]a]R¨]S \ 3]a]R¨]"  & \TT&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ & N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ 58,Q!:&�
Circuit/System Testing
Actuator Power Supply Malfunction
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 9_ 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-128

c� *T& Q\ Q&T \T&8:T T&#TT & T \TQT\T:T ',&8T :\:!& &T\Y8, S7 9_P 8 \!�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T \TQT\T:T ',&8T :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \!�
_� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, &T& \ \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Recirculation Actuator Malfunction
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 9_ 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8 8& & T 5a" T:\:!,8&
N:&!8&\�
c� @& fW &T& Q\ ,T & 8 ]�_¨L T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T
8\T :T:&\ ,&T T,# 8 \!�
 *T\Y8, S" 9_P
 *T\Y8, S 9_P
 *T\Y8, SR 9_P
 *T\Y8, SG 9_P
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T�
_� @& f>> &T& Q\ Q&T \T&8:T T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T
8\T :T:&\ ,&T T,# 8 \!�
 *T\Y8, S" 9_P
 *T\Y8, S 9_P
 *T\Y8, SR 9_P
 *T\Y8, SG 9_P
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \!�
a� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, ,&T T,#�
 5a" T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ &T\Y8, S 8 &T\Y8, S" 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T
:T:&\
 5a" T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ &T\Y8, c 8 &T\Y8, S7 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T
:T:&\
 5a" T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ &T\Y8, _ 8 &T\Y8, S 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T
:T:&\
 5a" T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ &T\Y8, a 8 &T\Y8, SR 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T
:T:&\
 5a" T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ &T\Y8, " 8 &T\Y8, SG 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T
:T:&\
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
7� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 5a" T:\:!,8& N:&!8&\ 8 'T\Q; & T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Mode Actuator Malfunction
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 9_ 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8 8& & T 5_ 5T
N:&!8&\�
c� @& fW &T& Q\ ,T & 8 ]�_¨L T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, ,&T T,# 8 \!�
 *T\Y8, c 9_P
 *T\Y8, _ 9_P
 *T\Y8, a 9_P
 *T\Y8, 7 9_P
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T�
_� @& f>> &T& Q\ Q&T \T&8:T T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, ,&T T,# 8 \!�
 *T\Y8, c 9_P
 *T\Y8, _ 9_P
 *T\Y8, a 9_P
 *T\Y8, 7 9_P
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \!�
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-129

a� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, ,&T T,#�
 5_ 5T N:&!8&\ &T\Y8, S 8 &T\Y8, c 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T :T:&\
 5_ 5T N:&!8&\ &T\Y8, c 8 &T\Y8, S7 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T :T:&\
 5_ 5T N:&!8&\ &T\Y8, _ 8 &T\Y8, _ 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T :T:&\
 5_ 5T N:&!8&\ &T\Y8, a 8 &T\Y8, a 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T :T:&\
 5_ 5T N:&!8&\ &T\Y8, " 8 &T\Y8, 7 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T :T:&\
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
7� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 5_ 5T N:&!8&\ 8 'T\Q; & T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Air Temperature Actuator Malfunction
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 9_ 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8 8& & T 5" N\
*TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ&�
c� @& fW &T& Q\ ,T & 8 ]�_¨L T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, ,&T T,# 8 \!�
 *T\Y8, SS 9_P
 *T\Y8, Sc 9_P
 *T\Y8, S_ 9_P
 *T\Y8, Sa 9_P
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T�
_� @& f>> &T& Q\ Q&T \T&8:T T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, ,&T T,# 8 \!�
 *T\Y8, SS 9_P
 *T\Y8, Sc 9_P
 *T\Y8, S_ 9_P
 *T\Y8, Sa 9_P
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \!�
a� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8, ,&T T,#�
 5" N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ& &T\Y8, S 8 &T\Y8, SS 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T
8\T :T:&\
 5" N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ& &T\Y8, c 8 &T\Y8, S7 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T
8\T :T:&\
 5" N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ& &T\Y8, _ 8 &T\Y8, Sc 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T
8\T :T:&\
 5" N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ& &T\Y8, a 8 &T\Y8, S_ 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T
8\T :T:&\
 5" N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ& &T\Y8, " 8 &T\Y8, Sa 9_P 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T
8\T :T:&\
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
7� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 5" N\ *TYT\8&!\T N:&!8&\ ? TQ& 8 'T\Q; & T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Repair Instructions
�T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic Repair Verification 8Q&T\ :Y,T& & T 8&: \:T!\T�
 Air Inlet Valve Actuator Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Air Inlet Valve Actuator Replacement (Right Hand Drive)
 Temperature Valve Actuator Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Temperature Valve Actuator Replacement (Right
Hand Drive)
 Mode Control Cam Actuator Replacement (Left Hand Drive) Mode Control Cam Actuator Replacement (Right
Hand Drive)
 Control Module References Q\ $LN :&\, Y!,T \T,8:TYT& T&! 8 \\8YY
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-130

DTC B048D or B048E


Diagnostic Instructions
 �T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle \\ & ! &  8&: \:T!\T�
 T'T# Strategy Based Diagnosis Q\ 8 'T\'T# Q & T 8&: 8\8: �
 Diagnostic Procedure Instructions \'T 8 'T\'T# Q T8: 8&: :8&T\;�
DTC Descriptor
DTC¨B048D¨01: N!e,8\; $T8&T\ *TYT\8&!\T YY8 \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\;
DTC¨B048D¨06: N!e,8\; $T8&T\ *TYT\8&!\T YY8 \:!& 0 \& & 2\! \ fT
DTC¨B048E¨00: N!e,8\; $T8&T\ 0;&TY 58,Q!:&
Diagnostic Fault Information

Open/High Signal
Circuit Short to Ground Resistance Short to Voltage Performance

+,T:&\:8, N!e,8\; $T8&T\ &\, 3]aRO¨]" 3]aRO¨]" 3]aRO¨]S /

+,T:&\:8, N!e,8\; $T8&T\ 08, 3]aR+¨]] 3]aR+¨]] 3]aR+¨]] /

Circuit/System Description
* T $LN :&\, Y!,T T 8 !,T #& Y!,8& �5P 8, & & T T,T:&\:8, 8!e,8\; T8&T\ Q & T &T\\
&TYT\8&!\T  & ,# 8 8&8, T8&  \T!T&T� * T \T!T& 8, Q\Y & T $LN :&\, Y!,T 8&&T\;
&'T & 8 \! :\:!& T8 ,T & T T,T:&\:8, 8!e,8\; T8&T\ & T\8&T� * \! & T 8, :\:!& & T
T,T:&\:8, 8!e,8\; T8&T\ T '8 8 �5 8, & T :!\\T& &8&! & & T $LN :&\, Y!,T�
Conditions for Running the DTC
 @& fW�
 * T $LN :&\, Y!,T  fW�
 * T T,T:&\:8, 8!e,8\; T8&T\  fW�
Conditions for Setting the DTC
B048D¨01
* T ',&8T 8& & T $LN :&\, Y!,T !&!& & & T T,T:&\:8, 8!e,8\; T8&T\  8,#8;  �
B048D¨06
* T ',&8T 8& & T $LN :&\, Y!,T !&!& & & T T,T:&\:8, 8!e,8\; T8&T\  8,#8; ,# \ Q,8&�
B048E¨00
* T QTT 8:- 8, Q & T T,T:&\:8, 8!e,8\; T8&T\ T & :\\T #& & T \T!T&T �5 8,�
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
* T T,T:&\:8, 8!e,8\; T8&T\  T\8&'T�
Conditions for Clearing the DTC
* T QTT 8:- 8, Q & T T,T:&\:8, 8!e,8\; T8&T\ :\\T #& & T \T!T&T �5 8,�
Reference Information
0: TY8&: TQT\T:T
HVAC Schematics
T:&\ + LT# TQT\T:T
Component Connector End Views
OT:\& 8 fT\8&
Automatic HVAC Description and Operation
+,T:&\:8, @Q\Y8& TQT\T:T
 Circuit Testing
 Connector Repairs
 Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections
 Wiring Repairs
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-131

0:8 *, TQT\T:T


Control Module References Q\ :8 &, Q\Y8&
Circuit/System Verification
S� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]aRO¨]S \ 3]aRO¨]"  & T&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ & +,T:&\:8, N!e,8\; $T8&T\ &\, \:!& 58,Q!:&�
c� LT\Q; & 8& O* 3]aR+¨]]  & T&�
Þ @Q O*  \TT& \TQT\ & +,T:&\:8, N!e,8\; $T8&T\ 08, \:!& 58,Q!:&�
Circuit/System Testing
Electrical Auxiliary Heater Control Circuit Malfunction
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 9c 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8 & T 9S 8\T
:T:&\ 8& & T +a]¨+,T:&\:8, N!e,8\; $T8&T\�
c� @& fW 'T\Q; & 8& 8 &T& ,8Y ,,!Y8&T T&#TT & T & :\:!& &T\Y8, c 9SP 8 \!�
Þ @Q & T &T& ,8Y T & ,,!Y8&T &T& & T & :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
_� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 ]�_¨L T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8,  9cP 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T
:T:&\ 8 \!�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T�
a� @& f>> &T& Q\ Q&T \T&8:T T&#TT & T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8,  9cP 8& & T __ $LN &\,
5!,T 8\T :T:&\ 8 \!�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \!�
7� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T :&\, :\:!& &T\Y8,  9cP 8 :&\, :\:!&
&T\Y8, S 9SP 8& & T +a]¨+,T:&\:8, N!e,8\; $T8&T\ 8\T :T:&\�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :&\, :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
"� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T +a]¨+,T:&\:8, N!e,8\; $T8&T\ 8 'T\Q; & T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Electrical Auxiliary Heater Signal Circuit Malfunction
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 9c 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8 & T 8\T :T:&\
8& & T +a]¨+,T:&\:8, N!e,8\; $T8&T\�
c� @& fW 'T\Q; & 8& 8 &T& ,8Y ,,!Y8&T T&#TT & T 3 :\:!& &T\Y8, S 9cP 8& & T +a]¨+,T:&\:8,
N!e,8\; $T8&T\ 8\T :T:&\ 8 \!�
Þ @Q & T &T& ,8Y T & ,,!Y8&T &T& & T 3 :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
_� LT\Q; & 8& 8 &T& ,8Y ,,!Y8&T T&#TT & T 3 :\:!& &T\Y8, S 9cP 8 \! :\:!& &T\Y8, S9_P�
Þ @Q & T &T& ,8Y T & ,,!Y8&T &T& & T \! :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
a� LT\Q; & 8& 8 &T& ,8Y ,,!Y8&T T&#TT & T & :\:!& &T\Y8, c 9SP 8 \! :\:!& &T\Y8, S9_P�
Þ @Q & T &T& ,8Y T & ,,!Y8&T &T& & T & :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
7� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 ]�_¨L T&#TT & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, 7 9cP 8& & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8\T
:T:&\ 8 \!�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T�
"� @& f>> &T& Q\ Q&T \T&8:T T&#TT & T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, 7 9cP 8& & T __ $LN &\,
5!,T 8\T :T:&\ 8 \!�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \!�
� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, 7 9cP 8 8, :\:!&
&T\Y8, a 9SP 8& & T +a]¨+,T:&\:8, N!e,8\; $T8&T\ 8\T :T:&\�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT '8,!T &T& & T :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
R� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T +a]¨+,T:&\:8, N!e,8\; $T8&T\ 8 'T\Q; & T O* T & \TT&�
Þ @Q & T O* \TT& \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
Repair Instructions
�T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic Repair Verification 8Q&T\ :Y,T& & T 8&: \:T!\T�
 Auxiliary Heater Core Replacement
 Control Module References Q\ $LN :&\, Y!,T \T,8:TYT& T&! 8 \\8YY
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-132

DTC B3843
Diagnostic Instructions
 �T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle \\ & ! &  8&: \:T!\T�
 T'T# Strategy Based Diagnosis Q\ 8 'T\'T# Q & T 8&: 8\8: �
 Diagnostic Procedure Instructions \'T 8 'T\'T# Q T8: 8&: :8&T\;�
DTC Descriptors
DTC¨B3843¨02: f!&T N\ (!8,&; 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 2\!
DTC¨B3843¨05: f!&T N\ (!8,&; 0T\ \:!& 0 \& & 38&&T\; \ fT
DTC¨B3843¨08: f!&T N\ (!8,&; 0T\ \:!& @'8, 08,
Diagnostic Fault Information

Open/High Signal
Circuit Short to Ground Resistance Short to Voltage Performance

N\ (!8,&; 0T\ @& / 3_Ra_¨]7 / /

N\ (!8,&; 0T\ 08, 3_Ra_¨]c 3_Ra_¨]7 3_Ra_¨]7 3_Ra_¨]R

N\ (!8,&; 0T\ 2\! / 3_Ra_¨]7 / /

Circuit/System Description
* T $LN :&\, Y!,T T&T:& Te 8!& 8 ; 8 8\ !8,&; T\� * T 8\ !8,&; T\  8 _C#\T T\ #&
8 & ',&8T :\:!& 8 \! :\:!& 8 8 8, :\:!&�
* T Q\Y8&  !,T #& Y!,8& �5P 8, TT\8&T  & T !&!& �
* T $LN :&\, Y!,T T'8,!8&T & T Q\Y8& Q & T 8\ !8,&; T\ 8 :,T & T \T:\:!,8& Q,8 # ,T 
& T 8!&Y8&: YT 8  8 & T ::T&\8& Q ,,!&8& Te:TT 8 \TT& '8,!T�
Conditions for Running the DTC
 @& fW�
 * T $LN :&\, Y!,T  fW�
Conditions for Setting the DTC
B3843¨02
W �5  T&T:&T 8 & T 8,  ,#�
B3843¨05
W �5  T&T:&T 8 & T 8,   �
B3843¨08
* T 0T\ T 8 7� �5 8, :8& 8 &T\8, T\  \& :\:!& \ T :\:!&�
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
* T 8!&Y8&: \T:\:!,8& YT  8 ,T�
Conditions for Clearing the DTC
* T :& Q\ T&& & T O*   ,T\ \TT&�
Reference Information
0: TY8&: TQT\T:T
HVAC Schematics
T:&\ + LT# TQT\T:T
Component Connector End Views
OT:\& 8 fT\8&
Automatic HVAC Description and Operation
+,T:&\:8, @Q\Y8& TQT\T:T
 Circuit Testing
 Connector Repairs
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-133

 Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections


 Wiring Repairs
0:8 *, TQT\T:T
Control Module References Q\ :8 &, Q\Y8&
Circuit/System Verification
LT\Q; & 8& O* 3_Ra_¨]R  & T&�
@Q O*  \TT& \T,8:T & T 3S]R N\ (!8,&; 0T\�
Circuit/System Testing
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T 3S]R N\ (!8,&; 0T\�
c� *T& Q\ ,T & 8 7¨ T&#TT & T \! :\:!& &T\Y8, c 8 \!�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T \! :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
_� @& fW 'T\Q; & 8& 8 &T& ,8Y ,,!Y8&T T&#TT & T & :\:!& &T\Y8, S 8 \!�
Þ @Q & T &T& ,8Y T & ,,!Y8&T &T& & T & :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
a� LT\Q; & T :8 &, f\ 0T\ 8\8YT&T\  \T8&T\ & 8 G7��
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \!� @Q & T :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T
& T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
7� @&8,, 8 _¨N Q!T �!YT\ #\T T&#TT & T Q,,# 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, _ 8 & T \! :\:!& &T\Y8, c�
LT\Q; & T :8 &, f\ 0T\ 8\8YT&T\  ,T & 8 7��
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T \ Tb  \T&8:T� @Q & T
:\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T __ $LN &\, 5!,T�
"� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 3S]R N\ (!8,&; 0T\�
Repair Instructions
�T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic Repair Verification 8Q&T\ :Y,T& & T 8&: \:T!\T�
 Ambient Air Quality Sensor Replacement
 Control Module References Q\ $LN &\, 5!,T \T,8:TYT& T&! 8 \\8YY
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-134

DTC P0530, P0532, or P0533


Diagnostic Instructions
 �T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle \\ & ! &  8&: \:T!\T�
 T'T# Strategy Based Diagnosis Q\ 8 'T\'T# Q & T 8&: 8\8: �
 Diagnostic Procedure Instructions \'T 8 'T\'T# Q T8: 8&: :8&T\;�
DTC Descriptors
DTC¨P0530¨03: N\ & Nb P TQ\T\8& �\T!\T 0T\ \:!& # L,&8T
DTC¨P0530¨07: N\ & Nb P TQ\T\8& �\T!\T 0T\ \:!& $ L,&8T
DTC¨P0532¨00: N\ & Nb P TQ\T\8& �\T!\T 0T\ \:!& # L,&8T
DTC¨P0533¨00: N\ & Nb P TQ\T\8& �\T!\T 0T\ \:!& $ L,&8T
Diagnostic Fault Information

Open/High Signal
Circuit Short to Ground Resistance Short to Voltage Performance

�]7_]¨]_ �]7_]¨]_
7¨L TQT\T:T / /
�]7_c¨]] �]7_c¨]]

�]7_]¨]_ �]7_]¨]_ �]7_]¨]


TQ\T\8& �\T!\T 0T\ 08, /
�]7_c¨]] �]7_c¨]] �]7__¨]]

�]7_]¨]_
# TQT\T:T / / /
�]7_c¨]]

Circuit/System Description
* T TT :&\, Y!,T + 5P Y&\ & T  T \TQ\T\8& \T!\T & \! & T Nb \TQ\T\8& \T!\T
T\� * T + 5 !,T 8 7¨L \TQT\T:T 8 8 ,# \TQT\T:T & & T T\� 8T  & T Nb \TQ\T\8& \T!\T
:8!T & T T\ 8, & & T + 5 & '8\;�  T & T \T!\T    & T 8, ',&8T   �  T & T \T!\T
 ,# & T 8, ',&8T  ,#�  T \T!\T    & T + 5 :YY8 & T :, Q8 �  T \T!\T  &
 \ & ,# & T + 5 #,, & 8,,# & T 8:&'8& Q & T Nb :Y\T\�
Conditions for Running the DTC
+T  \!�
Conditions for Setting the DTC
P0530¨03 or P0532¨00
* T + 5 T&T:& 8  \& & \! \ T 8& & T Nb \T!\T T\ 8, :\:!&�
P0530¨07 or P0533¨00
* T + 5 T&T:& 8  \& & ',&8T 8& & T Nb \T!\T T\ 8, :\:!&�
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
 * T Nb :Y\T\  8 ,T�
 * T + 5 #,, ,,!Y8&T & T Y8,Q!:& :8&\ ,8Y 5@P�
Conditions for Clearing the DTC
* T :& Q\ T&& & T O*   ,T\ \TT&�
Reference Information
0: TY8&: TQT\T:T
HVAC Schematics
T:&\ + LT# TQT\T:T
Component Connector End Views
OT:\& 8 fT\8&
Automatic HVAC Description and Operation
+,T:&\:8, @Q\Y8& TQT\T:T
 Circuit Testing
 Connector Repairs
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-135

 Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections


 Wiring Repairs
0:8 *, TQT\T:T
Control Module References Q\ :8 &, Q\Y8&
Circuit/System Testing
S� @& f>> :T:& & T 8\T :T:&\ 8& & T 3S Nb TQ\T\8& �\T!\T 0T\�
c� @& fW &T& Q\ a�R?7�c¨L T&#TT & T 7¨L \TQT\T:T :\:!& &T\Y8, c 8 \!�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 7¨L \TQT\T:T :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ 8 Tb  \T&8:T�
@Q & T :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T c] +T &\, 5!,T + 5P�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 7¨L \TQT\T:T :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T� @Q & T :\:!& &T&
\Y8, \T,8:T & T c] +T &\, 5!,T + 5P�
_� *T& Q\ a�R?7�c¨L T&#TT & T 7¨L \TQT\T:T :\:!& &T\Y8, c 8 & T ,# \TQT\T:T :\:!& &T\Y8, S
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T ,# \TQT\T:T :\:!& Q\ 8 Tb  \T&8:T� @Q & T :\:!& &T&
\Y8, \T,8:T c] +T &\, 5!,T + 5P�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T ,# \TQT\T:T :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T� @Q & T :\:!& &T&
\Y8, \T,8:T & T c] +T &\, 5!,T + 5P�
a� LT\Q; & T :8 &, Nb $ 0T �\T!\T 0T\ 8\8YT&T\  ,T & 8 ]�_¨L�
Þ @Q \T8&T\ & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & ',&8T� @Q & T :\:!& &T& \Y8,
\T,8:T & T c] +T &\, 5!,T + 5P�
7� @&8,, 8 _¨N Q!T �!YT\ #\T T&#TT & T Q,,# 8, :\:!& &T\Y8, _ 8 & T 7¨L \TQT\T:T :\:!&
&T\Y8, c� LT\Q; & T :8 &, Nb $ 0T �\T!\T 0T\ 8\8YT&T\  \T8&T\ & 8 a�R¨L�
Þ @Q ,T & 8 & T T:QT \8T &T& & T 8, :\:!& Q\ 8  \& & \! \ Tb  \T&8:T� @Q & T
:\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T c] +T &\, 5!,T + 5P�
"� @Q 8,, :\:!& &T& \Y8, \T,8:T & T 3S Nb TQ\T\8& �\T!\T 0T\
Repair Instructions
�T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic Repair Verification 8Q&T\ :Y,T& & T 8&: \:T!\T�
 Air Conditioning (A/C) Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Replacement (2.0L Diesel LLW) Air Conditioning (A/C)
Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXT, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0)
 Control Module References Q\ TT :&\, Y!,T + 5P \T,8:TYT& T&! 8 \\8YY
HVAC HVAC - Automatic 2-136

DTC P0645, P0646, or P0647


Diagnostic Instructions
 �T\Q\Y & T Diagnostic System Check - Vehicle \\ & ! &  8&: \:T!\T�
 T'T# Strategy Based Diagnosis Q\ 8 'T\'T# Q & T 8&: 8\8: �
 Diagnostic Procedure Instructions \'T 8 'T\'T# Q T8: 8&: :8&T\;�
DTC Descriptors
DTC¨P0645: N\ & Nb P Y\T\ ,!&: T,8; &\, \:!&
DTC¨P0646: N\ & Nb P Y\T\ ,!&: T,8; &\, \:!& # L,&8T
DTC¨P0647: N\ & Nb P Y\T\ ,!&: T,8