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⦁ William’s autobiography is full of records that trace his ancestry and lineage, in his never

ending quest to understand where he comes from. I am a 40 year Army veteran retired, 50 and
over Senior Olympian, Martial Artist 1st Degree Black Belt, Piano player since April 2006, Social
Dancer. This is a simple biography researched facts about my Father and where it all began to
create my life events. It goes away back into the 1800 and the reading material could become
useless to the reader but suggest encouragement words of wisdom to find anyone's own family
roots. Warning: Read with open mind and choose your emotions. My Autobiography.

Hey Sam!

That was the last call in my memory from my Dad to Great Grand Dad (Samuel) to greet us at the
door. Hi! I; William Samuel Lewis; was born on Saturday, October 8, 1949; in the hands of Dr.
John Rufus Dalton at the John Graves Ford Memorial Hospital, Georgetown, Kentucky. Dr. Dalton
is mentioned several times in the research as the Physician for the colored. Let’s highlight that
this is before integration period. In 1916, John Graves Ford, a grandson of Mrs. John B. Graves,
was stricken with appendicitis. He was taken to a hospital in Lexington where he later died after
a brief illness. To forestall the possibility of future occurrences, Mrs. Graves jump started funding
for a new hospital by donating $35,000 that would serve as a memorial to her grandson.
Construction on the new hospital began later that year and was finished by 1917.

In 1952, a new addition was constructed north of the existing facility. The two-story structure
featured a full basement, a new oil-based boiler system, numerous patient rooms and
emergency room. Another expansion occurred in 1972, when a western wing opened with
twenty patient rooms, two nurses’ stations, and a family room. It was designed by Donald B.
Shelton and was completed for $150,000.

I was stricken with the same illness and was cured there by a white man Dr. Lewis. The potential
for success was a reflection, every time we pass it on Main Street. North of the hospital was a
notice for hitch hike rides back to our house on a farm on Duvall Station Road; a community of
Great Crossing, Kentucky. Duvall Station got its name by a Circuit Court Judge Alvin Duvall from
1851-1856 after Frankfort & Cincinnati railroad station. It consisted of a country store, cattle
yard, coal yard, trading center, post office and a gathering place for farmers of the community.

My father Charles William was 20 and mother Bertha Mae Willis-Lewis was 19. I was the
younger of a brother and a sister. Mother had my sister at the early age 17. The conversation
was there was another girl after me that never made it. She lost it.

The founding father Mr. Lewis (4 generations) the father of Lot (3 generations 1825) is not on the
U.S. Census records 124 years from my birth year. From 1900 to 1946 the U.S. Census Bureau
designed standard birth certificates, collected vital statistics on a national basis, and generally
sought to improve the accuracy of vital statistics. In 1946 that responsibility was passed to the
U.S. Public Health Service.

Mulatto is a term originally used to refer to a person who is born from one black parent and one
white parent; or to persons of two Mulatto parents. Contemporary usage of the term is generally
confined to situations in which the term is considered relevant in a historical context. My Dad’s
mother was Mulatto. Bettye Green Lewis had first mulatto daughter by the white Johnson
Family.

Historically the Lewis could have become the nation of Liberia. In the United States, there was a
movement to resettle free-born blacks and freed slaves who faced racial discrimination in the
form of political disenfranchisement, and the denial of civil, religious and social privileges in the
United States. Most whites and later a small cadre of black nationalists believed that blacks
would face better chances for freedom in Africa than in the U.S. The American Colonization
Society was founded in 1816 in Washington, DC, for this purpose, by a group of prominent
politicians and slaveholders, but its membership grew to include mostly people who supported
the abolition of slavery. Slaveholders wanted to get free people of color out of the South, where
they were thought to threaten the stability of the slave societies. Some abolitionists collaborated
on the relocation of free blacks, as they were discouraged by racial discrimination against them
in the North and believed they would never be accepted in the larger society. Most blacks, who
were native-born by this time, wanted to work toward justice in the United States rather than
emigrate.

Raised up on the farm adventured friends, laborers, as mentioned a train depot, schools,
churches and Naismith invention of basketball; played roles in my life style. I grew up very
talented; served the Army and currently playing piano from 2006 and have traveled all my life.
The Bach family was of importance in the history of music for nearly two hundred years, with
over 50 known musicians and several notable composers, the best-known of whom was Johann
Sebastian Bach (1685–1750). Their family genealogy was drawn directly into the carving my own
family research. After 34 years of teaching, Bader Music Village is closing its doors effective July
2018. Effective to this day my music future is Intune Piano Service Frankfort, Kentucky. I have
earned a first-degree black belt in Martial Art called Taekwondo. From September 1999 in
Tupelo, Mississippi my free time was exposed at a health facility learning karate. Returning to
Fort Knox my continued exposure at Lee’s Taekwondo Academy in Radcliff, Kentucky. Nearly 50
years ago, Owner & Master Instructor Grand Master Chang Yong Lee began his training in South
Korea, under his father, Grand Master Kwan Sung Lee. The school began service July 1978. I was
born to have a role to civilize America.

My Grand Dad William Matthew Lewis was born 1904 and raised in Great Crossing, Kentucky. He
was a historical handsome man who taught me a lot. He was 45 years old when I was born. He
had possibly to have known his Granddad Lott at the age of six. He lived up to age 72. I was 23
years old and in the Army. He did not drive a car on the highway. He had a two story $1200-
dollar home. In the back corner up top it had honey bees. If ever there was opportunity, we
could have sold or reap the benefits of raw honey. We rather fight them off when we were
mowing the yard. They sang loudly in the upstairs room. He loved roll your cigarette tobacco and
was fond of the lighter with fluid and flint that start a fire. He bought a second-hand piano for his
son that he learned to play by ear and was pianist for the Great Crossing Missionary Baptist
church community. He was awarded the Key to the city of Georgetown, Kentucky for his role of
the 100 Voice Gospel Choir. I was almost his shadow with desires to follow. There was one pair of
boxing gloves in Grand Dads house and my nephew and I boxed with one glove on each other
hand. Grand Dad loved daily to play Solitaire or Patience. The purpose of Patience generally
involves manipulating a layout of cards with a goal of sorting them in some manner. It is possible
to play the same games competitively (often a head to head race) and cooperatively.

Patience games typically involve dealing cards from a shuffled deck into a prescribed
arrangement on a tabletop, from which the player attempts to reorder the deck by suit and rank
through a series of moves transferring cards from one place to another under prescribed
restrictions. Some games allow for the reshuffling of the deck(s), and/or the placement of cards
into new or "empty" locations. In the most familiar, general form of Patience, the object of the
game is to build up four blocks of cards going from ace to king in each suit, taking cards from the
layout if they appear on the table. The game became popular in France in the early 19th Century
reaching England and America in the latter half. I challenged Grand Dad often to play marbles.

Mowing yards was my beginners’ income until aged for farm work. Our one bed room house was
faced the Duvall Station Road. We had a railroad track fifty yards to separate us from a train
depot. Here is an article to share about the train station. Now, the article was published in the
Georgetown newspaper in 1966. That article was written by a then neighborhood historian, Mr.
J.W. Singer; passed 22 Feb 2011. He was the owner of Singer Gardens in Stamping Ground,
Kentucky, and Past President of Kentucky Nurseryman Association. Quote; On the destruction of
the old store building at Duvall Station, the store building and depot property belonged to the
Frankfort and Cincinnati Railway Co.; but was leased to the Richardson Bros. for one dollar a year
for 99 years. The lease had been renewed shortly before Jimmy Richardson died in 1942 and so
was good until 2041! That seemed quite incredible to me, and certainly was a bit of bad business
on the part of the railroad. However, the catch was that the property had to be maintained by
Richardson Bros. and was only good so long as the old store building stood. After the store
closed, my grandfather rented it as housing to some undesirables and the place fell into
complete disrepair". My Great Uncle Major B. Lewis was a farm tenet on the gardens. Mr. Grover
Cain was the neighbor at the depot who was renting, and the old man Cain housed dogs. A
younger woman Minty would visit claim to be his daughter. He was neighborly, and we shared
with him food as family though he shared his picking of fruits and berries and nuts. Mother
would make jams and pies with the fruits. He smelled awful! Quote; Among the more interesting
things in the building that disappeared to vandals and thieves over the years were some glass
and oak showcases, a walnut counter, a set of old post office mail shelves, and a massive oak roll
top desk. This desk was chopped into firewood by one of the tenants living in the upstairs
apartment. I don't know if you are familiar with the value of antiques, but a fortune was lost
when those fixtures were destroyed and stolen. It is a pity end of quote".

I have many pictures to share on Facebook. Trains run regularly with no caution for ongoing
traffic. Fact is the beginning in the late 1920's, passenger service on the Frankfort and Cincinnati
Railroad was provided by a self-powered passenger car which became known as the “Dinky".
The Dinky made several trips from Frankfort to Paris daily, stopping at Stamping Ground, Duvall
Road, Georgetown, and Newtown and sometimes at smaller flag stations. For the 18 years of my
life we heard the noise of train. We never witness an accident. It’s first name was Duvall,
Kentucky.

On the farm were seasoned grapes, pears, apples, cherries, peaches, walnuts, pecans and
hickory nuts. I could not imagine that Christmas was more than I was already getting; except it is
the birth of Jesus whom I had not met at this age. Christmas become a federal holiday signed by
President Ulysses S Grant on June 24, 1870. The farm populated cows, pigs, sheep, horse,
chickens, and dog. The owners were a white family of a Father with two sons both owners of
farm five tenths mile distance of each other.

My Grandad’s brothers had moved to Indianapolis, Indiana. They give us a Koon dog because we
used it for hunting. It barked too much and fight too much. We give it to our neighboring Uncle
Turk up the road five tenths of a mile. We would listen for it to bark. Wildlife for food is plenty.
One life event was when my Dad’s sister Alice and her husband William celebrated one holiday in
our front yard. We played croquet, badminton, old maids, and marbles. My life experience was
satisfactory that it was off to get education. One experience set back was an appendectomy is
the surgical removal of the appendix age 12. One Dr. Chester Robertson Lewis, II was making
house visits at the time as if a wakeup for my preparation. He was born July 12, 1923-November
8, 1971 R.I.P. He must to have been heavens angel with a last name like that.

My first school year was at White Sulfur School. Grand Momma Bettye was born and raised at
White Sulphur. It is a southern Scott County community at the junction of Ironworks Pike and the
Frankfort-Georgetown Road (US 460) about eight miles west of Georgetown. It was established
in 1786 by settlers from Maryland and once included a post office, tavern, and a resort at the
nearby springs which gave the town its name. A Tarlton post office opened in 1837, was
renamed White Sulphur in 1838, and closed in 1902.

From 1831 until it closed in 1842, the Choctaw Academy, established near Great Crossing in
1825, was located nearby on Richard M. Johnson's White Sulphur Spring Farm. It is on Galloway
Road off 227 Stamping Ground off 460 to Frankfort. Driving Directions from Georgetown, travel
west on Rte. 460 toward Frankfort. Galloway Road is just before Old Longview Golf Course.
Galloway crosses to highway 227 Stamping Ground Road.

My teachers at Great Crossing Elementary school (now a High School) were fully qualified. Great
Crossing is a small Scott County community on US 227, just north of US 460 just west of
Georgetown. It was founded in 1783 by Robert Johnson at the buffalo crossing of North Elkhorn
Creek and was variously known as Johnson's Station, Great Buffalo Crossing, The Great Crossing,
or The Crossing. A post office operated here from 1811 to 1905. Located about two miles
northwest of Great Crossing was the Choctaw Academy, established in 1825 on the Blue Spring
farm of Richard M. Johnson. It was funded by the federal government and operated by the
Department of War. Five buildings were constructed for the school and it at one point had more
than 100 students — boys from the Choctaw and other tribes and a few local boys. The Marquis
de Lafayette visited the school during his tour in 1825.

In 1831 the school moved to Johnson’s White Sulphur Spring farm. One stone building, now
nearly in ruins, still stands at Blue Spring. All the teachers at Great Crossing were college level
qualified to teach. They inspired me and changed my life forever! I sang in a play called Show
Boat the song Ole Man River. We were such a friendly family of people I had visited the grounds
of every African American family property once upon a time. We had no strangers. My first
graduation was from the 8th grade. Then I started my freshman year at the Scott County Senior
High School. The school elected me as the Most Athletic of my 1967 senior class with resume of
Basketball, Baseball, Track and Field, and the first year Football program in the school history. It
is with gratitude to mention the coaches. Age 9 to 13, I was coached by Charles Thomas
"Tommy" Estill, 88, widower of Eva Yvonne Payne Estill died November 6, 2017 in his home in
Georgetown, Kentucky. He was born March 2, 1929 in Scott County, Kentucky. He was one of
twelve children born to the late James Thomas Estill and Ida Barber Estill. He retired after 30
years from the Scott County School system. He was a teacher, principal, supervisor over teachers
and maintenance personnel. February 10, 2006, he wrote “Dear Sammy, I am sorry it took so
long to get back to you. It seems that I never have enough time to do things. As I get older (77) it
seems that time goes by awfully fast. Sammy, I remember those days in school and think what a
great time we had. I really enjoyed teaching and coaching. I think of some of the great games
and players we had then. I loved every one of you and still see many of your faces. You had big
grin on your face most of the time. I really appreciated your parents, they were great to me. I am
happy to see you are doing well. It makes me feel proud of my boys (players) to see them do
well. I loved all of you”. Charles T. Estill.

Age 13 to 17, I was coached 4 years by John Lloyd Crigler (May 31, 1936 – December 1, 2012)
was an American basketball player best known as a starting forward for the "Fiddlin' Five," the
University of Kentucky's 1958 NCAA championship team. I was also coached by Bill Wilson, Scott
County High School's first football coach and the architect of its initial Kentucky High School
Athletic Association state championship. The school have named an athletic facility in his honor.

None other of my Lewis Family genealogy show record of their completion school. In my view it
did not share to their interest. The Georgetown Colored School, Boston School, Grade School for
Colored Children, Chambers Avenue School, Peach Orchard Colored School, and State Normal
School for colored Persons was notable schools. My Grandfathers children was the first. There
are records of Edward D. Lewis and Sherman Lewis who served the Army during WWI in my
genealogy. They were brothers. PVT Edward D. Lewis was notable a Buffalo Soldier. Great Uncle
Samuel Lewis, Jr. 1908 - 1977; SGT US Army WW II. It has been my honor to have spent family
time with him.

I will also mention another WWII American POW dearest to our family namely Hugo Hassloch, Jr.
His family owned flower shop in Georgetown hired my mother to weekly as we become very
close friends. He did not appear disabled. May they R.I.P. My high school graduation comes at
the Vietnam War conflict and the call for draft. The nation's first military draft began in 1940,
when President Roosevelt signed the Selective Training and Service Act. The draft continued
through war and peacetime until 1973. U.S. non-citizens and dual nationals are required by law
to register with the Selective Service System. Most are also liable for induction into the U.S.
Armed Forces if there is a draft. They would also be eligible for any deferments, postponements,
and exemptions available to all other registrants.

The Sixties dominated by the Vietnam War, Clay V. United States, Civil Rights Protests, the
assassinations of US President John F Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Cuban Missile Crisis, and
finally ended on a good note when the first man is landed on the moon. Rather than debate the
draft, January 1968, I volunteered with the options of skill of choice. To the Brookings Farm
family seasonal traditions; I give honor for the life styles and their leadership experiences was
factor for my decision to serve the military. My Uncle was sent out first to Air Force; my brother
was next Air Force; I was last to join the Army.

By 1966, my mother’s brother was already on Army tour in North Korea. On June 25, 1950, the
Korean War began when North Korea, supported by the Soviet Union and China, invaded South
Korea, which was supported by the United States. He also served in the Viet Nam War as tanker.
He reminds to tell me the day in Vietnam, he saw me and; he greeted out to me; and I waved
back to him.

The Uniform Code Military Justice is federal law, enacted by Congress. The UCMJ defines the
military justice system and lists criminal offenses under military law. The law requires the
President of the United States, acting as commander-in- chief of the Armed Forces, to write rules
and regulations to implement military law. My view at the time for any young American is to join
the military.

(My 40-year Army career is classified) and allowed to be known by only a few people connected
with the government or armed forces. Are retirees subject to UCMJ? According to Article 2 of
UCMJ, "Retired members of a regular component of the armed forces who are entitled to pay"
are covered by UCMJ. ... Generally, the Army will only bring a person back on active duty for
UCMJ actions for very serious crimes!

The 18-month tour in Vietnam and 18 months later in Bangkok, Thailand was a benefit service to
country with energy of family and friends support. After the tour Bangkok, Thailand, I was
rehabilitated for heroin use before departure. I lost 10 days’ time for pay. Drug and alcohol use
have historically been common among military personnel. Soldiers have used drugs to reduce
pain, lessen fatigue, increase alertness, cope with boredom, or cope with the panic that
accompanies battle.

During the U.S. Civil War, the medical use of opium resulted in addiction among some soldiers. In
the modern U.S. military, drug use became a problem during the Vietnam War in the late 1960s
and early 1970s. Approximately 20 percent of Vietnam War veterans reported having used
narcotics (such as heroin and opium) on a weekly basis, and 20 percent also showed signs of
being addicted. Although few personnel continued using heroin when they returned home,
concerns about addiction continued.

Since 1981, the military has conducted regular, random drug testing of all personnel. Illicit drug
use has declined significantly.

Heavy drinking has long been an accepted custom and tradition in the military. In the past,
military authorities believed that alcohol was necessary as a part of servicemen's diet and as a
boost for morale and provided it in the daily rations of sailors and soldiers. More recently,
alcoholic beverages have been available at reduced prices to military personnel and during
"happy hours" at clubs on military bases. In addition, alcohol has been used to reward hard
work, to ease tensions between personnel, and to promote friendship and the cohesion of units.

In the mostly male population of the U.S. military, heavy drinking and being able to "hold one's
liquor" serve as proofs of masculinity and strength. A common stereotype has been to
characterize hard- fighting soldiers as hard-drinking soldiers.

The U.S. military strongly opposes the abuse of drugs and alcohol because of the negative effects
of that abuse on the health and well-being of military personnel. The military also disapproves of
drug and alcohol abuse as detrimental to military readiness and the maintenance of high
standards of performance and military discipline.

In the U.S. military, drug abuse is defined as the wrongful use, possession, distribution, or
introduction onto a military installation of a controlled substance (such as marijuana, heroin, or
cocaine), prescription medication, over-the-counter medication, or intoxicating substance (other
than alcohol).

Alcohol abuse is defined as alcohol use that has negative effects on the user's health or behavior,
on the user's family or community, on the Department of Defense (DOD), or that leads to
unacceptable behavior.

In response to public concern about reports of serious drug addiction among U.S. forces in
Southeast Asia, President Richard M. Nixon in 1971 directed the DOD to address the drug
problem. The DOD established mandatory urine testing for service members leaving Southeast
Asia and mandatory, random urine testing for all U.S. forces worldwide. The program was
discontinued for a time because of the difficulties and high costs of running the testing program,
and because of legal challenges to the policy. Some charged that the policy of drug testing
violated the Fifth Amendment protection against self-incrimination.

Many times, the dark clouds of life staged only to get outshined by my faith to return home to
my family and my friends. After Grand Dad past 1972; my Grand Mother and my parents moved
to Georgetown, Kentucky. My parents lived on 351 Payne Street about August 1974 and his
mother was about six houses apart from him. My Mother was born and raised in Richmond,
Kentucky and lived in Great Crossing on Matt Taylors Farm where she and Dad were married.
Dad would have used the farm owner’s truck and friends to help with the property that was not
that much. They moved to a house that was owned by a friendly local black man everyone knew.
They got a bargain to have moved there and where they lived the rest of their lifetime. Neither
had a certificate of education or graduation. Dad retired Scott County School Bus Driver and they
both claimed a Social Security. There were two brothers in law and four personal family friends
also hired as school bus driver. It was well as a secondary job. Any of them without a formal
education passed the requirements. Mother worked all her life cleaning houses and a Flower
Shop. Dad pallbearer a lot.

As a Vietnam veteran, I am a member of the unit 178th Boxcar Association and American Legion.
My clerical skills from high school helped scores on the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude
Battery test. It is a timed multi-aptitude test, which is given at over 14,000 schools and Military
Entrance Processing Stations (MEPS) nationwide and is developed and maintained by the
Department of Defense. My scores were highest for the position of Clerk Typist which advanced
to more progressive skills Supply Sergeant; throughout my Retirement June 2008, at Fort Knox.

The Uniform Code Military Justice does not follow the Constitution or civilian law on numerous
issues. ... While the UCMJ applies to members of the military, it can also apply to civilians under
Art. II sec. 10 which used to read “In time of war, persons serving with or accompanying an
armed force in the field.” Trying to understand!

Notes: G.I. Bill the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, also known as the G.I. Bill, was a law
that provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans (commonly referred to as
G.I.s). Servicemen's Readjustment Act (1944) ...Signed into law by President Franklin D.
Roosevelt on June 22, 1944, this act, also known as the GI Bill, provided veterans of the Second
World War funds for college education, unemployment insurance, and housing. Generally, you
may receive up to 36 months of entitlement under the Post-9/11 GI Bill. You will be eligible for
benefits for 15 years from your last period of active duty of at least 90 consecutive days.

With all this law was my progression to Lexington Technical Institute-Lexington Community
College with Associate Degree Applied Science 1990. This to me was best certificate to bear the
hardships in all my positions in all my 40-year career. My eligibility for promotion skyrocketed. I
am a University of Kentucky Alumni for life. I am the first and only of my Lewis Family to have
graduated from college. There are two failed marriages and a Gospel Ministry that went wild in
my resume only by law only; will be discussed.

The one room house my Great Grand Dad Sam lived in on a dirt road off Duvall Station Road had
no running water and no electricity. One granddaughter (Hattie Mae Lewis-Willis) with her
husband further up the dirt road could have not been better except it was nearest a barn. In
1956, they moved to Cincinnati, Ohio. It was her son who I boxed with. His name Gary Wayne
(Peanut) R.I.P. His Dad was John Willis (R.I.P.). Dad claimed Sam was sleeping on tobacco sticks
on dirt flooring in the house. There was outside water well. The house was just one tenths of a
mile away from where we lived and one other of Sam’s sons house William Matthew. So, he was
often cared for with basic needs until he started not to respond. He's turned 71 years old 4 July
1953; three months before my 4th birthday. Family caring concerns peaked for him as well as for
Grand Dad. He had been kicked by one of his team of work horse. Grand Dad was noted for his
hard work. He owned a two-seat tobacco setter. He mostly handled the needs of the horses at
setting season. He walked with a limp and his habits were taking toll on him. It’s a fact; another
of Sam’s sons, Uncle Major B. Lewis and on my Mother's family; Uncle Jay Miller; walked just
alike. They lived next door as neighbors on Main Avenue in Georgetown, Kentucky. They both
walked with a real limp like stepping one foot on nails. Grand Dad was always hurt. There is yet
no fact how Samuel was warm inside that house in the winter. No electricity yet. Nobody talked
about him. He never made appearance in my growing up although his love was always present. I
would always wonder about him. Hope to find pictures in the future.

Note as mentioned earlier, Dr. John Rufus Dalton was 70 years old when he delivered my body
from my mother and twelve years later he died. He died in Bardstown, Kentucky 1953. He was
born in Cairo, Illinois. Wife Anna Dell. Parents Rufus, Sr. and Jenny. He is buried at Cove Haven
Cemetery 862 Floyd Drive Lexington, Kentucky 40505.

Polk Dalton Infirmary

9. Historic African American Health Center Polk-Dalton Infirmary 148 Deweese Street in the
center of the Lexington African American cultural and residential community, Dr. John Polk set up
his medical practice from 1921 to 1931. He was the first physician to have occupied the historic
structure. Dr. J.R. Dalton later established his medical practice in this building where he stayed
for many decades. Other African American doctors who joined him on Deweese Street included
Dr. Henry Merchant who arrived during the Great Depression and Dr. Marshall Jones who set up
his practice in the post-World War II period. This landmark is presently the headquarters for the
Lexington-Fayette County Urban League which had its grand opening in 1999. The Kentucky
African American Encyclopedia. Polk-Dalton Clinic facility_north.jpg The Polk-Dalton Clinic was
named in honor of two black physicians from Georgetown, Dr. John Polk and Dr. Rufus Dalton,
both of whom helped blaze a trail to deliver health care in downtown Lexington. The clinic's
priority is providing health care with compassion for Lexington's North side and urban
community. It offers convenient family medical services for the entire family, including infants,
school-age children, teens, adults, parents and grandparents. This is a clinic of the University
Kentucky Hospital, also known as UK Albert B. Chandler Hospital. Read more » Polk-Dalton Clinic
| Directions »

217 Elm Tree Lane Lexington Kentucky 40507

Phone: 859-257-8801 Fax: 859-257-7322

Around 1940, Dr. Rufus Dalton of Georgetown, Kentucky reopened Polk’s clinic, directing the
clinic until his death in September 1953. Media Contact: Keith Hautala, 859-257-1754, x231

LEXINGTON, Ky. (April 21, 2009) - What's in a name? Ask Anita Hartsfield, clinic coordinator for
the UK HealthCare Polk-Dalton Clinic, and she'll tell you it's a special blend of history, pride and
community. One year ago, the University of Kentucky dedicated the Polk-Dalton Clinic, formerly
Kentucky Clinic North, at a special ceremony to rename the clinic in memory of two pioneering
African-American physicians, Dr. John K. Polk and Dr. Rufus Dalton. Polk and Dalton were among
the first to provide health care to the medically underserved downtown Lexington community,
beginning in 1920 with the opening of Polk's Infirmary on DeWeese Street. UK HealthCare has
served the community at the Polk-Dalton Clinic's Elm Street location since 2000. The clinic will
celebrate the anniversary of the renaming today with light refreshments and giveaways for
patients, families and visitors throughout the day. There will also be a potluck for the physicians
and staff, Hartsfield said. "It is hard to believe that a year has passed since this event took place.
The legacy of these two African-American physicians who provided quality health care to the
downtown Lexington area will continue. We are very proud to be an integral part of this clinic
that holds so much history," Hartsfield said.

Deweese Street (Lexington, Kentucky) is a hub of African American businesses in Lexington.


Named for a local cashier in the mid 1800’s, Dewees Street originated as a small side road
connected to Main Street. Over time the name shifted to its modern spelling of Deweese. If
informally was often called “do as you, please street”; amongst the African American Community
followers. In addition to barber shops, funeral homes, insurance agencies and an array of other
venues. The street was a very adult like atmosphere. My Dad took my brother and me there for
haircuts. We found two other barber shops in Lexington off Georgetown Street Hope Barber and
Hamilton-Johnson Barbers. This is history to me mentioned we were born and raised on Duvall
Station Road, Georgetown, Kentucky.

The U.S. has taken a census of its population every ten years since 1790. The most recent census
available to us at present is the 1940 census, due to a 72-year privacy restriction. While the
questions in U.S. census records varied from year to year and in state censuses, from state to
state, you can find information like names of other household members, ages, birthplaces,
residence, occupation, immigration and citizenship details, marriage information, military service
and more. The 1890 census was largely destroyed in a fire, but we have compiled a “substitute”
with various other records to help bridge the gap.

•Census records can be rich with details about your ancestor. Be sure to look at every question
that was asked and use the answers to locate more records. For example, the U.S. federal
censuses for the years 1900-1930 include a date of immigration for immigrants. Use that date to
narrow your search for your ancestor's passenger arrival record in the Immigration Collection.

•Pinpoint your ancestor's location from the census on a map, and then look for churches,
cemeteries, and other places where your ancestor may have left records.

•Be sure to locate your ancestor's adult siblings in census records. It was common for extended
family to live in the same household or near other family members. You may find a parent,
grandparent, or other family members living either with them or nearby.
•If you're having a difficult time locating your ancestor, try searching using only given names and
other details like birth year, residence, family members, place of birth, etc.

•Occasionally, census takers only recorded initials in place of the given name. Using only a first
initial will bring up these records.

•Census takers didn't always have the best penmanship, so if you're having a hard time locating
your ancestor, write out the name and try replacing some of the letters with letters that look
similar.

Over 190 years ago Lott Lewis 1825 spouse Nancy Cutright 1834 to birth 20 children; fifteen boys
and five girls and a stepson name George Thomas. She come from Carroll County, Louisiana. The
children by birth year: Alvin 1861, Henry 1863; George 1864 (same year of their marriage),
Catherine 1865, James 1866, Thomas 1867, Wyatt 1869 (born in Franklin County; died in
Bourbon County, married Harriett 1895; with birth to daughter Nellie died age 17 in 1922), Louis
1875, Lott 1878, Annie 1879, Charlton 1880, Andrew 1881, Samuel 1882, Charles 1884,
(December 8, 1884) and 22 days later Nancy give birth to Henry (December 30, 1884). (Research
did not list them as twins. Nancy contractions stopped after twenty days later. Charles died 10
December 1930 age 46 and Henry died 22, October 1948 age 62) Lizzie 1885, Andrew 1886, Allie
1887, Wash 1889, Lidda 1892, George Thomas 1895. Now let's add the children's children. Let's
be clear they all didn't have children. Wyatt with Harriette had Sherman 1896; Ella 1897; Joseph
1899; Nellie 1903; Lattie 1904; Edward 1907; Susie 1908 and Mary 1910. Louis 1875 had five
daughters with Emma Williams. Mary 1910, Elizabeth 1917-1982 (whom we will discuss as
relationships build; had 3 sons and 8 daughters by James Young) May Lizzie 1908, Private,
Private. The James Young Family growth "It's a Boy" 1937-1937, Emma Elizabeth 1939, Lillie Mae
1939, Dorothy Ann 1941, Ella Leigh 1948, Deloise Jean 1949, Thomas L. 1955, and daughters
Private, Private, Private. Lizzie 1882 (name for women was common) married Samuel 1885.
Louis's daughter; 1910 Mary Lizzie; Wyatt daughter. Mary was a common name for women; 1837
Mary-Thomas; 1869 Mary J-James; 1898 Mary E.-Wash; 1910 Mary Lizzie-daughter to Wyatt.
Fact is Louis Lewis-Emma Williams; Wyatt-Harriett; and Samuel-Lizzie trio had daughters named
Mary born 1910.

Fact is now we know the two Wyatt's married a Harriett. Fact is Mary Lizzie Young -Lewis; the
daughter of Louis had a son Jacob Young Jr. die at very early age 4-month June 21, 1937 until
November 13, 1937. Samuel married Lizzie 10 years after his first marriage to Martha Lewis
death February 18, 1886. Their children with Lizzie; Major B. 1892; Hattie K. 1902; William M.
1904; Harry E. 1907; Samuel Jr. 1909; Mary 1910; Wyatt Benjamin 1915; Lott 1916; Mattie 1920.
Lizzie was born Johnson before she married Samuel. She died 1958 in Stamping Ground,
Kentucky. Lizzie Johnson had 5 sisters and 3 brothers; and we will list their names for the record.
Mary E. 1880; Mattie 1884-1945; James 1885; Lane 1887; Harrison 1891-1964; Sallie 1893-1951;
Virginia 1895-1973; The house still stands in Great Crossing where we visited Virginia. Mallie
1896. None of them lived passed the age of 78. Sallie died at 58 years old. It was common for
men or women to scratch each other’s head for dandruff. Lack of water needs caused the head
dandruff. Any oil or grease will do after hygiene. Farmers of tobacco knew it was crazy when they
started to filter cigarette. The definition of a pedigree is a record of known lineage or ancestors.
An example of a pedigree is a family tree. We show on the following page a pedigree of the
Family tree and house that traced our descent from Lott Lewis. It excites me so much to report
this fact of life of the Lewis Family and where we were; to where we are. My personal belief is;
every human soul is born above and every year old; the human soul takes a step down. At the
end processing the soul is buried in the ground but never forgotten.

William Matthews sons Charles (Jack) and Harry Lee both married in the Willis-Miller Family. It is
important information finding my roots on my mother’s side too. The Miller Family were from
Waco, Richmond Kentucky. Joe was born about 1883 and he married his wife Amanda Covington
born 1885 the year 1899. They had thirteen children; eight boys and five girls. Aaron 1900-1901,
Emma J. 1903, Doctor G. 1904, George 1906, Thomas 1908, Mary Vine my mother’s mother
1910. She lived and died in Georgetown, Kentucky off Irons Work Road and rest in Waco
Richmond, Kentucky. Anna B. 1908, Jason 1912, John W. 1914, Hugh Shelby 1917, Albert 1920,
Mandy 1924 Molly 1924 twins. My Mothers Father Charlie and his Brother Johnny both married
Miller sisters. It was not uncommon for the women to smoke tobacco in a corn cob pipe.

The first Social Security office opened in Austin, Texas, on October 14, 1936. Social Security taxes
were first collected in January 1937, along with the first one-time, lump-sum payments. The first
person to receive monthly retirement benefits was Ida May Fuller of Brattleboro, Vermont. Her
first check dated January 31, 1940 was in the amount of $22.54. Census did not record many of
the Lewis Family received Social Security from 1825 or was eligible. One hundred years after
1825 would not make the cut for eligibility.

The history of the African Americans in the area can be traced back to the first settlers of Scott
County. The white people of Virginia migrated to the area in the mid to late 1700s. This group of
settlers is mostly known for establishing the Baptist Churches at Great Crossing and Stamping
Ground. The famous Craig brothers were part of the group. Rev. Toliver Craig, born in Virginia in
the early 1700’s, was probably the result of an affair between a Scottish lass named Jane Craig
and an Italian sea captain. He is buried in the Great Crossing, Kentucky cemetery. He and his
sons Elijah, Lewis, and Joseph were early converting to the Baptist church. When Elijah Craig was
born in 1738 in Orange, Virginia, his father, Taliaferro Toliver Craig, was 34 and his mother, Mary
Polly Hawkins, was 22. He had ten brothers and seven sisters. He died on May 18, 1808, in
Georgetown, Kentucky, at the age of 70. When Lewis Craig was born on January 17, 1737, in
Culpeper, Virginia, his father, Rev Craig, was 32 and his mother, Mary, was 20. He had ten
brothers and seven sisters. He died on June 18, 1825, in Minerva, Kentucky, having lived a long
life of 88 years. When Joseph Craig was born on June 11, 1741, in Spotsylvania, Virginia, his
father, Rev Craig, was 37 and his mother, Mary, was 24. He married Sarah Wisdom in 1762 in
Virginia. They had eight children in 30 years. He died on March 6, 1819, in Fayette, Kentucky,
having lived a long life of 77 years. They departed with their followers to Kentucky as “the
travelling church” in 1781. Another son Toliver Jr. became a significant landowner in Kentucky
and was elected to the state legislature. When Toliver Craig was born in 1736 in Spotsylvania,
Virginia, his father, Rev Craig, was 32 and his mother, Mary, was 20. He had ten brothers and
seven sisters. He died on March 20, 1819, having lived a long life of 83 years the settlers brought
along with them their slaves. The father of the Hon. Richard Johnson, Mr. Robert Johnson owned
a large part of Scott County. The elder Mr. Johnson owned property in and around Stamping
Ground. Mr. Johnson owned several slaves and his son Robert inherited slaves from his father.
The area of Stone town has a path that leads to Locust Fork Road, where it is believed that the
elder Mr. Johnson had one of his farms. Several historians have indicated that the area could
have been settled as early as prior to the Civil War.

In the spring of 1877, nearly 350 former-enslaved settlers from Scott and Fayette counties left
Kentucky and road a train to Ellis, Kansas. From there they walked 35 miles in two days to reach
the newly-formed Nicodemus, Kansas, known as the Promised Land. Those that remained in this
area purchased land in Stone town. The community had a colored school and two-colored
churches, one of which, the First Baptist Church, is still open today with my Great Grandparent
Samuel and Lizzie Johnson-Lewis buried. Research discovered that the African American
population of Stamping Ground was at one time well over 335 people. The First Baptist Church
Cemetery on Woodlake Road has six known graves of U.S. Colored Troops Soldiers as their final
resting place. In 1850, 23 percent of Kentucky's white males held enslaved African Americans.
See Family research.

Scott County is surrounded by seven counties. The county seat is Georgetown, which was
previously named Lebanon. In 1790 the town was renamed George Town in honor of George
Washington. After Scott County was established in 1792, George Town became the county seat,
and the spelling was changed to Georgetown [one word] in 1846. The 1800 population was
8,007 and included 6,085 whites, 12 free coloreds, and 1,910 slaves, according to the Second
Census of Kentucky. By 1860, the population was 8,675, excluding the slaves, according to the
U.S. Federal Census. Below are the numbers for slave owners, slaves, free Blacks, and free
Mulattoes for 1850-1870.

1850 Slave Schedule

•909 slave owners •5,378 Black slaves •456 Mulatto slaves •174 free Blacks

•47 free Mulattoes

1860 Slave Schedule •1,070 slave owners •4,854 Black slaves •678 Mulatto slaves

•162 free Blacks •66 free Mulattoes

1870 U.S. Federal Census •3,355 Blacks •561 Mulattoes •About 267

U.S. Colored Troops listed Scott County, KY, as their birth location. Free blacks were among the
slaveholders; in 1830, free blacks held slaves in 29 of Kentucky's counties. In some cases, people
would purchase their spouse, their children, or other enslaved relatives to protect them until
they could free them. After the Nat Turner Slave Rebellion of 1831, the legislature passed new
restrictions against owners freeing their slaves, requiring acts of the legislature to gain freedom.
Trying to understand. This is accompanied with pictures on Facebook named William S. Lewis;
open Home; open Saved William S. Lewis. To be continued.

Acknowledgements

Lexington Ccommunity College Allen D. Edwards, President

Ben W. Carr, Jr. Acting Chancellor

Certificate Retirement

George W. Casey

Army Chief of Staff

Certificate of Appreciation

George W. Bush

Commander In Chief

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg

Bullitt County Free Public Library Dr. John Rufus Dalton R.I.P.

Polk-Dalton Clinic Lexington, Kentucky

Historic African American Health Center Polk-Dalton Infirmary

James Naismith

J.W. Singer; Singer Gardens

The Georgetown and Scott County

-Ann Bolton Bevins pg. 62

Dr. Robert Chester Lewis II

Charles Thomas Estill, Coach

John Lloyd Crigler, Basketball

Fiddlin Five University Kentucky

Bill Wilson, Football Coach

U.S. Veterans of World War II


Korean War Veterans of America

Vietnam Veterans of America

178th ASHC BOXCARS

University Kentucky Alumni

The Charles Brookings Park Georgetown, Kentucky

Thomas Jefferson (Lewis) 1743-1826, VA

Andrew Jackson (Lewis) 1767-1845; TN

Lees Taekwondo Academy Radcliff, Kentucky

Bader Music Village 34 Years

1967 CARDINAL Yearbook

CENTURY I Great Crossing Missionary Baptist Church 1887 to 1987 100 years

Great Crossings, Christina Snyder

Sergeant Major Sylvester Patton 2010