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Module 5 : Archipelagic life or creative nonfiction

Essay – Known as creative non fiction

Short piece of writing in a particular subject
Takes the same passion as any literary genre
Essays in newspapers : Editorial , column and byline

Informal Essay – Rose due to Commonwealth

Essay on any topic available, written in authors own unique style

Alfredo Q Gonzalez – 1937 “The call of heights” first ever single author book of familiar
1993 “Dear devices” first volume of familiar essays in the country
written in English

Yay Panlilio Marking & Carmen Guerrero Nakpil – Distinguished voices among the
new essayist of their generation

Martial Law – Great suppression of essay in print media

Lots of essayist went to jail or exiled for their involvement in the

Dr. Jose Dalisay Jr. – “Literature in the time of tokhang”

Modern Essay – More experimental and would usually take on Informal form

Patricia Evangelista – Credited to have changed the face of the Philippine journalism
“ The Baby in the backpack”

Some Popular columnist known to write essay form :

Conrado de Quiros – Philippine daily inquirer
Jessica Zafra – Philippine star and business world
Patricia Evanglista - Rappler
Shakira Sison - Rappler
Carlos Bulosan – “America is in the heart”
About his migration in the US and the painful life he lived there

Carmen Guerrero Nakpil – Define essay as “What no other forms of writing seems
willing to be “

Cristina Potoja Hidalgo - “The voice of the writer must ring clear , true and fine all
throughout the written work “

Ma Elena Paulma – “Three Kisses “ won palanca award first prize in 2011
“Southern Stories and Strays”
“And the water flows in tiniwisan”

Illustrados and Katipuneros

Wrote essays to awaken their fellow countrymen in the newspaper la
solidaridad (C.P hidalgo, breaking barriers : The essay and nonfiction narrative”

Module 6 : Remapping of Philippine Literature Through Criticism

Literary Criticism
Plays a vital role not only in literature but culture itself
reasoned consideration or analysis of texts and their theme issues
interprets meaning in text

Functions of Literary Criticism

1. Simple review of books or a systematic theoretical discussion of a story’s impact to

2. It may summarize the worth of a book
3. Re-evaluate any given text
4. May invoke discussions, reassess society and redefine culture based on literary text
5. Common to dip into social and political arguments
6. May persuade the public to place their own judgements
Laurence Marvin Castillo – Educator & Essayist he published kritika culture and won
palanca award in sanaysay category in 2013 “Villa Specters: Transcolonial and
Paternal hauntologies in footnote to youth : Tales of the Philippine and others”

Dr. J Neil Garcia – Poet literary and culture critic “An introduction to likhaan : the
journal of contemporary Philippine literature”

Writing a critical paper

- It sees in the text what the readers do not see
- Does not always delve into religious or nationalistic interpretations
- A short paper consists of one two pages of written critique
- Introduce an idea people can comment and improve through constructive criticism

How do you start with your short paper

Choose literary selection
Find at least 2-3 sources to help develop your idea
Begin with an outline :
Introduction – start with a joke, anecdote or quotation from the literacy text
Body – try to discuss the relation of your idea with the literary text
Conlusion - summarize what you discussed

Module 7 : looking beyond : The future of Philippine literature

Comics or Komiks – it is known in the Philippines, is one of the most beloved forms
of published work, appears in newspapers and has been the go- to entertainment
form of some filipinos

Carlo Vergara – Graphic designer and illustrator, he is best known for creating the
comic book character Zsazsa Zaturnah

Zsazsa Zaturnah it is also so successful that it became a stage play with Eula valdez as
Zsazsa and Tuxas rutaquio as Ada, the play ran 91 shows making it the longest
running musical stage ever. In 2006 the comic book was adapted into a movie, with
Rustom Padilla as Ada and Zsazsa Padilla AS Zaturnnah, It has won several film
Children’s literature – has made a paradigm shift as it now includes contemporary
stories that are no longer didactical

Speculative fiction – umbrella term in the country’s literature that includes all genres.
e.g horror, fantasy, science fiction magical realis, and other non realist genres

Avante-Garde Poetry - these are poems that push the boundaries of what is expected
as the norm.

Contemporary Essay – nowadays it is unrestricted and explores diverse topics such as

dysfunctional families, LGBT issues, terrorism, religion and faith

Dean Francis Alfar – Co-editor and publisher of the yearly Philippine speculative
fiction anthology

Sic from downtown by Dean Francis Alfar

The Wet Market

The Bussiness Quarter
The Red Light District
The University Belt
Restaurant Row
The Housing Projects

Conchitina Cruz – Filipina poet, Teaches creative writing and comparative literature
at UP- Diliman, She wrote Dear City

Module 8 : Findin the literary space within you

Literature is evolving with the times

Multimedia presentation

These presentations are on point when it comes to allowing you to be more creative
and critical of what you have read and what you will read

Can be done in different ways, either through an AVP or through voicing your own
opinion in acritical paper
Why is it multimedia encouraged in literary interpretation

this is because some of you may think differently from one another and may possess
other intelligence such as creative, musical, spatial, and mathematical intelligence

may help you undertake a task in a supportive social environment

can be fun and informative way of interpreting literary selections that you have
preciously read or researched about

Main goal of creating a multimedia presenstation

Main goal of creating a multimedia presentation

elicit a response from your audience

this is an opportunity for you to foster new forms of thinking and learning, much
like allowing yourself and your audience to understand the literary text

Ways to use multimedia in literature

Ease the access before reading the literary text

when you were tasked to research on a literay selection from your area city or region,
you connect the Philippine literature on a more personal level

if you also looked for thought provoking images and key information to help you
research, then these may accompany your multimedia presentation

"Haiku" is a traditional form of Japanese poetry. Haiku poems consist of 3 lines. The
first and last lines of a Haikuhave 5 syllables and the middle line has 7 syllables. The
lines rarely rhyme.

Matsuo Basho
Here are three examples of haiku poems from Matsuo Basho (1644-1694), considered the
greatest haiku poet:
An old silent pond...
A frog jumps into the pond,
splash! Silence again.
Autumn moonlight-
a worm digs silently
into the chestnut.
In the twilight rain
these brilliant-hued hibiscus -
A lovely sunset.

Yosa Buson
Here are three examples of haiku poems from Yosa Buson (1716-1784), a haiku master
poet and painter:
A summer river being crossed
how pleasing
with sandals in my hands!
Light of the moon
Moves west, flowers' shadows
Creep eastward.
In the moonlight,
The color and scent of the wisteria
Seems far away.
Kobayashi Issa
Here are three examples of haiku from Kobayashi Issa (1763-1828), a renowned haiku
O snail
Climb Mount Fuji,
But slowly, slowly!
Trusting the Buddha, good and bad,
I bid farewell
To the departing year.
Everything I touch
with tenderness, alas,
pricks like a bramble.


An acrostic poem is a type of poetry where the first, last or other letters in a line spell
out a particular word or phrase. The most common and simple form of anacrostic
poem is where the first letters of each line spell out the word or phrase.

What is an Acrostic Poem?

An acrostic poem is a type of poetry where the first, last or other letters in a line spell out a particular
word or phrase. The most common and simple form of an acrostic poem is where the first letters of
each line spell out the word or phrase.

Example – An acrostic poem using the beginning of lines

A less common and slightly more difficult type of an acrostic poem is where the last letter of each
line spells out the word or phrase.

Example - An acrostic poem using the end of lines

Finally, the more difficult type is where letters in the middle of the acrostic spell out the word or

Example - An acrostic poem using the middle of the lines


Quatrain poetry is a poem of four lines that alternate in rhyme. So, the first and third
lines have a word rhyming with each other at the end, as do the second and fourth
lines. The quatrain poem can also be written with two different rhythms, either 1,2,1,2
or as 1,1,2,2

Waiting For Mother (Quatrain Verse) - Poem by Muzahidul Reza

Where are you, dear mom?

Hearing you are ill I've come
With the cherries from Michigan
The grapes from Thailand,
The apples from North Georgia
The oranges from California
The dates, the figs from Arabia
The sweetmeats from India,

Sea food, weeds from Japan

Spices and fishes from Ceylon
I am waiting for long and long
When I will sit with you along?

Some say you are no more

How can I take it any more?
I offer them to share the fruits
If they give your proper news,

Yet I am waiting with the fruits

I'll feed you with my own hands
I will know your all conditions
My heart beat will be promoting.