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ELEMENTS OF DANCE

Space

Timing
Timing

Dance Energies Bodily Shapes

SPACE

The area of the performers and where they move.

1. Direction the travel of dance movements

2. Size the measure of the movements

3. Level the extension of the movements

4. Focus the variety of the directions

TIMING

The way on how the movements is being executed.

Tempo The sound that leads the tempo. Beat/ Pulse

DANCE ENERGIES

The movements are performed by force or energy in any of the six

qualities.

1. Sustained movements are done smoothly, continuously, and with flow and

control that doesn’t have an ending or beginning.

2. Percussive movements are explosive or sharp in contrast with sustained movement. They have a clear beginning and ending.

3. Vibratory movements consist of trembling and shaking.

4. Swinging movements trace curved line or an arc in space.

5. Suspended movements are perched in space or hanging in air.

6. Collapsing movements are released in tension, and gradually giving in to

gravity.

BODILY SHAPES

refers to the entire body is molded in space or the

configuration of body parts.

1. Symmetrical balanced shape, movements are

practically identical or similar on both sides.

2. Asymmetrical unbalanced shape; movements of two

sides of the body do not match or completely

different from each other.

NATURE OF DANCES

WHAT? is an expression of the body. following rhythmic patterns, and is usually accompanied by
WHAT?
is an expression of the body.
following rhythmic patterns, and is usually
accompanied by music.
During the primitive time….

WHAT?

… dance has been a way of people in expressing Festivity Rituals Birth & Death,
… dance has been a way of people in
expressing
Festivity
Rituals
Birth & Death, and;
Or any occasions in life
… dance pioneered in Greece
originally an aid to military education among the
boys
WHO? Plato, Aristotle and Socrates advocates of artistry in dance as an integration of the
WHO?
Plato, Aristotle and Socrates
advocates of artistry in dance as an integration of the body
and soul.
Ancient Roman
slaves was used as interpreter of dance; the term used to
them “entertainers”.
Catholic Church
had the idea and popularized dance as a form of “worship.”
WHY? •beneficial in all human aspects
WHY?
•beneficial in all human aspects

SPECIFIC BENEFITS OF DANCE

PHYSICAL

1. Develops cardiovascular and muscular endurance

2. Improves coordination, balance flexibility and body composition

3. Lowers body mass index 4. Enables joint mobility

5. Improves lipid metabolism

MENTAL/EMOTIONAL

1. Helps keep the brain sharp

2. Decreases incidence of dementia and Alzheimer’s

disease

3. Decrease depressive symptoms

4. Increases self-esteem and body image

5. Aids in releasing emotional and physical tension

SOCIAL

1. Gives sense of togetherness within the group

2. Encourage positive social interaction and interpersonal relationship in a group

3. Contributes to the individual’s potential for self-actualization in society

CULTURAL

1. Promotes country’s rich culture

2. Brings closer understanding of the lives of the people represented and to an appreciation of their respective folk cultures

SPIRITUAL

1.

A form of worship to God

2.

An expression of gratitude to God

3.

Finding sense, purpose and meaning in life