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Nikolai Kuvshinikov

Dr. Riley


28 August 2019

Handel (Giulio Cesare)

1. George Frideric Handel: Giulio Cesare: Act II, Scenes 1-2 Recitative: “Eseguisti,

oh Niren” and Aria: “V’adoro pupille”

2. 1724

3. An opera or “dramma per musica” out of 42 musical dramas composed by


4. This work uses common operatic principles of the time; however Handel

introduced a new way to add drama and captivate the audience with his operas.

In the recitative, there is a simple dry recitative accompanied with continuo, a

standard practice at the time. When it comes time for the aria though, Handel

combines aria and recitative, instead of there being strictly divided sections.

Cesar interrupts in recitative the typical segue between orchestra sinfonia and

opening aria. This technique of lacing the two together was a trademark of

Handel and worked wonderfully to keep the story moving along at a captivating


5. The accompaniment for the aria is like how an orchestra would accompany a

soloist in a concerto. The accompaniment here is divided into a smaller

ensemble with oboe and various string instruments, and also a larger orchestra.

The accompaniment is perpetually moving during the aria, ebbing and flowing
like waves. The smaller ensemble is brought to life with the larger orchestra, as

the full orchestra brings out certain parts of the smaller ensemble.