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15CH403J Process Modeling and Simulation

Department of Chemical Engineering

SRM University, Kattankulathur

Tutorial 1

Molecular and Convective flux

1. Show that the force per unit area can be interpreted as the momentum flux.

2. The steady rate of heat loss through a plane slab, which has a surface area of 3 m 2 and is 7 cm

thick, is 72 W. Determine the thermal conductivity of the slab if the temperature distribution in the

slab is given as

T = 5x + 10

Where T is temperature in C and x is the distance measured from one side of the slab in cm

(Answer: 0.048 W/m.K)

3. The inner and outer surface temperatures of a 20 cm thick brick wall are 30 C and -5 C,

respectively. The surface area of the wall is 25 m 2 . Determine the steady rate of heat loss through

the wall if the thermal conductivity is 0.72 W/m K. (Answer: 3150 W)

4. Energy is generated uniformly in a 6 cm thick wall. The steady state temperature distribution is

T = 145 + 3000 z 1500 z 2

Where T is temperature in C and z is the distance measured from one side of the wall in meters.

Determine the rare of heat generation per unit volume if the thermal conductivity of the wall is 15

W/m K.

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5. Estimate area averaged velocity for given data below

Velocity

(m/s)

0.5

0.49218

0.4687

0.4296

0.375

0.3046

0.21875

0.11718

0

Radius

(m)

0

0.025

0.05

0.075

0.1

0.125

0.15

0.175

0.2

(Answer: 0.25 m/s)

6. The geothermal gradient is the rate of increase of temperature with depth in the earth’s crust

a) If the average geothermal gradient of the earth is about 25 C/km, estimate the steady rate of

heat loss from the surface of the earth.

b) One your friends claims that the amount of heat escaping from 1 m 2 in 4 days is enough to

heat a cup of coffee. Do you agree? Justify your answer.

Take the diameter and the thermal conductivity of the earth as 1.27 x 10 4 km and 3 W/m. K,

respectively (Answer: a) 38 x 10 9 kW)

7. Air at 20 C and 1 atm pressure flows over a porous plate that is soaked in ethanol. The molar

concentration of ethanol in the air CA is given by

C A = 4 e -1.5 z

Where C A is in kmol/m 3 and z is the distance measured from the surface of the plate in meters.

Calculate the molar flux of ethanol from the plate. D AB = 1.45 x 10 -5 m 2 /s

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