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15CH403J Process Modeling and Simulation

Department of Chemical Engineering

SRM University, Kattankulathur

Tutorial 1

Molecular and Convective flux

1. Show that the force per unit area can be interpreted as the momentum flux.

2. The steady rate of heat loss through a plane slab, which has a surface area of 3 m 2 and is 7 cm

thick, is 72 W. Determine the thermal conductivity of the slab if the temperature distribution in the

slab is given as

T = 5x + 10

Where T is temperature in C and x is the distance measured from one side of the slab in cm

3. The inner and outer surface temperatures of a 20 cm thick brick wall are 30 C and -5 C,

respectively. The surface area of the wall is 25 m 2 . Determine the steady rate of heat loss through

the wall if the thermal conductivity is 0.72 W/m K. (Answer: 3150 W)

4. Energy is generated uniformly in a 6 cm thick wall. The steady state temperature distribution is

T = 145 + 3000 z 1500 z 2

Where T is temperature in C and z is the distance measured from one side of the wall in meters.

Determine the rare of heat generation per unit volume if the thermal conductivity of the wall is 15

W/m K.

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5. Estimate area averaged velocity for given data below

Velocity

(m/s)

0.5

0.49218

0.4687

0.4296

0.375

0.3046

0.21875

0.11718

0

(m)

0

0.025

0.05

0.075

0.1

0.125

0.15

0.175

0.2

6. The geothermal gradient is the rate of increase of temperature with depth in the earth’s crust

a) If the average geothermal gradient of the earth is about 25 C/km, estimate the steady rate of

heat loss from the surface of the earth.

b) One your friends claims that the amount of heat escaping from 1 m 2 in 4 days is enough to

heat a cup of coffee. Do you agree? Justify your answer.

Take the diameter and the thermal conductivity of the earth as 1.27 x 10 4 km and 3 W/m. K,

respectively (Answer: a) 38 x 10 9 kW)

7. Air at 20 C and 1 atm pressure flows over a porous plate that is soaked in ethanol. The molar

concentration of ethanol in the air CA is given by

C A = 4 e -1.5 z

Where C A is in kmol/m 3 and z is the distance measured from the surface of the plate in meters.

Calculate the molar flux of ethanol from the plate. D AB = 1.45 x 10 -5 m 2 /s

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