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Packaging Inks White Pigments for Flexible

Packaging Inks
Introduction

In flexible packaging the consistency and performance of white Kemira RDDI is a rutile pigment recommended for full flat
ink are crucial to the quality of the printed image. surface and reverse printing inks when excellent hiding power is
White ink should give sufficient hiding power to allow high required.
quality colour printing.
Kemira TiO2 has these requirements covered. Kemira has a Kemira 300 a fine particle size anatase pigment has good
good reputation in the white pigment market and is the global dispersibility and good gloss, and is recommended for UV curing
market leader in TiO2 pigments for packaging inks. inks.

Product descriptions Applications

We have a wide selection of unique titanium dioxide grades for In flexible packaging applications, white ink is used in surface
flexible packaging inks: printing, reverse printing and lamination structures. Kemira TiO2
pigments are suitable for use in various solvent-, water- and
Kemira RDI-S is our premium rutile-grade pigment for high oil-based inks and also in UV curable inks.
quality, high-gloss, and high-opacity inks across the packaging ink Our pigments have been tested and used in several kinds of
field. resin systems. White inks made from Kemira pigments can be
applied with flexo, gravure, screen printing, ink jet or sheet fed
Kemira RODI is a new rutile product that provides additional offset methods.
opacity and potential for lower dispersion viscosity. Kemira RDI-S is regarded as an industry standard and
performs well in all flexible packaging applications.
Kemira RDE2 is a rutile pigment used in lamination and reverse Kemira RODI continues the success story of Kemira RDI-S and
printing inks. gives more opacity for all types of packaging inks.
Kemira RDE2 and Kemira RDDI are also recommended for
lamination and reverse printing applications.

RDI-S RODI RDE2 RDDI


Technical properties

Optical properties, whiteness and opacity (hiding power),


are the main reasons for using TiO2 in white inks. Titanium
dioxide has superior optical properties compared to all other
Crystal size (nm) 220 250 220 220 white pigments. The opacity of TiO2 pigments is a culmination
(TEM) of several factors of which refractive index and particle size
distribution are the most important.
Partical size (nm) 280 290 340 450
(Coulter N5) Good dispersibility is a distinct advantage, as it has a great
influence on the production costs and the particle size after
Oil absorption, dispersion. The maximum particle size allowed in inks,
ml/100 g 21 20 28 45 especially in flexo and gravure inks, is ideally below 2 µm.
The surface treatments of Kemira TiO2 grades are developed
TiO2 content (%) 95 95 90 83 to guarantee the best dispersion. This is the foundation for
trouble-free printing.
Surface treatment Al, org. Al, org. Al,Si,org. Al,Si,org.
White ink is stored in sealed containers prior to printing and
no settling of the pigment is allowed, even at low viscosity.
Bulk density, kg/m3 800 800 700 500 Kemira TiO2 grades are stable in different flexible packaging ink
formulations and they are inert to most chemicals used in inks.
Grey paste tests:
Tint reducing
power, L* 64,5 64,8 63,8 62,7 The heat resistance of Kemira TiO2 allows the normal use
of the pigments in flexible packaging. This means that the
Undertone, b* -7,6 -6,5 -6,8 -6,3 pigment properties do not change at higher temperatures,
for example during heat sealing, sterilization and extrusion
lamination. Kemira TiO2 exhibits no yellowing after heat Kemira TiO2 grades have an execptionally narrow particle
treatment. size distribution, a result of Kemira’s well-known expertise in
The abrasiveness of TiO2 originates mainly from the hardness particle size control. This ensures consistently good quality from
of base crystals, the fineness of particle size and the dispersion batch to batch.
quality. When the abrasion of the TiO2 products made by the
two commercial processes is compared, the softer sulphate 10
grades are favoured over their chloride counterparts.
RDI-S
Abrasive white ink can create problems in printing machine 8 RODI
parts. With Kemira sulphate grades the printer will benefit of
Comp1

Intensity volume, %
longer doctor blade life and low cylinder wear. 6 Comp2
Comp3
Pigment free Kemira RDI-S Competitive 4
NC solution TiO2 (chloride)
2

0
100 nm 500 nm 1 µm 10 µm 30 µm
particle size
-2

Particle size distribution curves of TiO2 pigments, measured with Malvern


Mastersizer 2000

Instructions for use


The particle sizes of Kemira TiO2 grades are effectively reduced
by intensive wet milling and jet-milling during processing,
regardless of the type or amount of surface treatment. The ink
manufacturer need make no further milling.
An optimum dispersion is achieved with the right process
conditions for dispersion and with a balanced formulation.
There are several choices of dispersion equipment.
Cr-coated glass plates after abrasion test (NC ink). Reduction of Cr-coating on a Typically, high shear equipment with a special blade structure
glass plate for RDI-S is significantly smaller vs. the competition (Cl) indicating that or rotor stator head are used. The pigment-binder ratio in the
RDI-S is softer.
formulation should be adjusted and this is usually specific for
each pigment and binder.
Gloss is an important factor in the surface printing of flexible
packaging material. Kemira RDI-S is a product famous for its
high gloss. The narrow TiO2 particle size distribution and lack of Starting formula
coarse particles over 1 µm are the key elements for high gloss.
For basic white nitrocellulose ink, the following formulation
60° gloss of NC
could be used: (Pigment-binder ratio = 6 : 1)
Opacity. L* on
ink black
100 87 Parts:
90 Nitrocellulose (Nobel DLX 5-8) 10
86
80 (Dissolve thoroughly in ethanol and ethyl acetate)
70 86 Ethanol 20
60 Ethyl acetate 7
85
Dioctyladipate 3
50
85 Titanium dioxide (Kemira RDI-S) 60
40
(Mix slowly during adding, after premixing increase rpms)
30 60° gloss
84
Opacity, L*
20 Continue dispersing (normally 30 minutes is enough) with high
84
10 shear rotor stator equipment until the temperature reaches
0 83 55°C. The above white base is let down to the ink by adding
RDI-S RODI RDE2 RDDI the appropriate modifying resins, additives and solvents.
Product safety The total incidental amounts of lead, cadmium, mercury, and
Product safety is one of the fundamental elements operating hexavalent chromium contained in Kemira titanium dioxide
under our certified management system fulfilling the pigments do not exceed 100 parts per million by weight (0,01
requirements of ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS18001. %) in compliance with the requirement of the EC Packaging
The purity requirements set by legislative regimes must and Packaging Waste Directive (94/62/EC, 2004/12), and with
be complied with for products designed for food contact the requirements of the Model Toxics Legislation developed by
applications, such as printing inks. the Source Reduction Council of CONEG, US.

KEMIRA titanium dioxide pigments are in compliance with the


requirements mentioned below: Packaging and storage
The standard Kemira TiO2 packaging sizes are 25 kg paper
- FDA (Food and Drug Admistration, US) Title 21; Chapter 1, bags and 1000 kg in woven polypropylene FIBC with bottom
Applicable parts like 175.300 emptying spout/valve. Other packaging sizes are available on
- EU Regulation 1935/2004 on materials and articles intended request. Paper bags and FIBCs are supplied on wooden pallets,
to come into contact with food to facilitate handling.
- Council of Europe Resolution AP (2004) 1, on coatings Since the packaging is not waterproof, Kemira TiO2 should
intended to come into contact with foodstuffs be stored in a dry location at an ambient temperature and
- BfR (Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung, Germany) humidity. When stored in dry conditions the pigment is good to
Empfehlung IX use for several years.

Flexible Metal can Paper&Board Other

Kemira RDI-S O O O O
Kemira RODI O O O O
Kemira RDE2 O
Kemira RDDI O O
Kemira 300 O

Disclaimer. The information herein is to the best of our knowledge reliable and accurate but is not to be construed as a warranty. It is subject to change without notice. For additional information

regarding our products or for information concerning current specifications, please contact our Technical Customer Service. 2/2008

Kemira in brief Kemira Pigments Oy


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a unique competitive position and a high degree of mutual FI-28840 Pori
synergy. Kemira’s business areas are Kemira Pulp&Paper, Finland
Kemira Water, Kemira Specialty and Kemira Coatings. Kemira Tel. +358 10 861 415
Specialty is the leading supplier of specialty chemicals in packaginginks@kemira.com
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solutions.