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API 570 Authorized Piping Inspector Preparatory Program

* Close Book Mockup Examination *

1. Reheating a hardened material to a temperature below the transformation


to improve toughness is called as

1. Tempering
2. Stress Relief
3. Normalizing
4. Pre-heating

2. Which Recommended Practice of API is covering the details of Material


verification and traceability?

1. API 651
2. API 577
3. API 578
4. API 653

3. Who is having responsibility of API 570 to be followed?

1. Engineer
2. Authorized Inspector
3. Examiner
4. Owner / User

4. At what places fatigue cracks usually initiate?

1. Internal surface
2. On the surface at notches
3. Openings
4. None of the above

5. What type of damage is expected in older calcium silicate insulation for 300
series SS?

1. Fatigue crack
2. Creep crack
3. Graphitization
4. Chloride stress corrosion cracking

6. Finned tubes of 300 series SS are possible to get damage by

1. Creep
2. Fatigue
3. Chloride stress corrosion cracking
4. None of the above

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7. PT or phase analysis EC techniques are preferred methods to detect

1. Brittle failure
2. Thermal fatigue
3. Erosion / erosion corrosion
4. Environment –assisted cracking

8. How an electrode E7018 is identified?

1. AWS classification stenciled on the electrode


2. Letter E punched on the rod
3. White dot on the rod
4. Marking on the packet

9. The………………is the welding discontinuity which is at the weld toe or root


surface of the weld

1. Slag inclusion
2. Porosity
3. Overlap
4. Lack of penetration

10. The inside mismatch of circumferential joint between the two pipes can
checked by

1. Pitt depth gauge


2. Dial Vernier
3. High Low gauge
4. Micrometer

11. Guidelines for personal certification in Non destructive testing are provided in

1. ASNT CP 189
2. SNT-TC-1A
3. ASTM G-57
4. ASME Sec. IX

12. An imperfection of a type or magnitude exceeding the acceptance criteria is


called as:

1. Imperfection
2. Indication
3. Flaw
4. Defect

13. Who is examiner?

1. Must be an API authorized Inspector


2. Who always evaluates NDE results
3. Who must be corrosion specialist
4. Who assists the inspector by performing specific NDE

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14. Examination point is the area defined by a circle having a diameter not more
than......................inches for a pipe diameter not exceeding 10 inches.

1. 2“
2. 3“
3. 6“
4. 1½“

15. The need for and extent of material verification required to be done in repair
and alteration work of piping has to be determined by

1. Examiner
2. Engineer
3. Owner / User
4. Authorized Inspector

16. The welding discontinuity adjacent to weld toe or weld root in base metal and
having sharp profile caused by excessive current is called as

1. Underfill
2. Undercut
3. Overlap
4. Porosity

17. How wire type of IQI is placed on the weld?

1. Length of wire is parallel to length of weld


2. Length of the wire is perpendicular to length of weld
3. Length of wire is at 45 o to the length of weld
4. Wire type of IQI can not be used in piping

18. Which welding process gives the least spatters?

1. FCAW
2. SAW
3. GMAW with spray transfer
4. SMAW

A piping was installed in 1997 with the original thickness of pipe 12.7 mm. In
2002 the first shut down was taken and the pipe showed thickness 11.7 mm. In
2007 the 2nd shut down showed pipe thickness as 10.2 mm. The required
thickness of pipe is 8.7 mm. On the basis of this data solve question nos. 19 &
20.

19. On the basis of data given what is the long term corrosion rate for piping?

1. 0.25 mm / year
2. 0.3 mm / year
3. 0.15 mm / year
4. 0.05 mm / year

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20. On the basis of data given above and considering short term corrosion rate
what is the remaining life of pipe?

1. 6 years
2. 5 years
3. 12 years
4. 2.5 years

21. LT and ST corrosion rates shall be compared by an Authorized Inspector in


consultation with a corrosion specialist shall select a corrosion rate that

1. is acceptable to maintenance
2. is acceptable to engineer
3. best reflects the current process
4. is acceptable to owner / user

22. Which technique can not be used to check skin temperatures of hot spots on
internally insulated piping?

1. Portable thermocouples
2. Thermography
3. Temperature indicating crayons
4. UT with high temperature probes

23. The quantitative chemical analysis can be done by which of the following
PMI techniques?

1. Resistivity testing
2. Chemical spot checking
3. Eddy current testing
4. Portable Optical Emission Spectrometry

24. The equipment for Magnetic Particle Testing shall be calibrated when

1. Major electric repair or periodic overhaul takes place


2. Operator changed
3. Level III is changed
4. Room temperature varies more than 10 o C

25. The densitometer used for density measurement of RT film shall be


calibrated with

1. Third party inspector’s densitometer


2. A national standard Step tablet
3. A Step wedge calibration film traceable to national standard
4. 2 or 3 are CORRECT answers

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26. The chloride and fluorine contents of the Penetrant chemicals used on the
austenitic stainless steel material shall not exceed ……………….. by weight.

1. 1 % by weight
2. 50 ppm
3. 30 ppm
4. 5 % by weight

27. Notch toughness is checked by which of the following testing technique?

1. Hardness testing
2. Impact testing
3. Tensile testing
4. Fatigue testing

28. When lead letter ‘B’ is put for checking the extent of back scatter which
image of the letter ‘B’ is unacceptable?

1. dark image on light background


2. dark image
3. light image on darker background
4. gray image

29. What NDE technique you will select if you are looking for a planer imbedded
flaw in the material?

1. Straight Beam Ultrasonic Testing


2. Profile radiography
3. Eddy Current testing
4. Acoustic Testing

30. What is Not required to be mentioned in the Record of Penetrant Testing?

1. Procedure identification
2. Penetrant Type
3. Date of Examination
4. Time of examination

31. Who is responsible for Qualification of Welding Procedures and welders for a
new piping system to be manufactured?

1. Inspector
2. Examiner
3. Employer
4. Engineer

32. Carbon Steel pipes in Caustic service are given Stress Relieving Heat
Treatment ( PWHT) These pipes need to be checked for …and the NDE
technique which can be used is ………..

1. Cracks ….PT
2. Cracks… LEAK TESTING
3. Cracks …WFMT
4. Cracks Visual testing

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33. A non conformance noticed during welding shall be rectified by

1. a good welder
2. a qualified and controlled repair and inspection procedure
3. other better welding process
4. in presence of Authorized inspector

34. What is the minimum length needs to be radiographed if the welder needs to
be qualified by Radiography of his initial production welding?

1. 6 inches
2. 12 inches
3. 3 feet
4. 3 inches

35. The thickness measurement location shows the following readings in inches
at four quadrants .0.205 ,M.210, 0.230 and 0.220
What thickness will be recorded?

1. 0.216 inch
2. 0.205 inch
3. 0.230 inch
4. 0.250 inch

36. The PMI testing within the warehouse ………………..regarded as an


alternative to PMI Testing of the fabricated system when testing is specified.

1. should not be
2. should be
3. can be
4. none of the above

37. The Deformation of a vessel wall or tank wall in the vicinity of the piping
attachment is indicative of

1. distortion
2. misalignment
3. undercutting
4. overlap

38. Which is the Common locations on piping circuits susceptible to CUI ?

1. dead-legs
2. damaged or missing insulating jaketing
3. Termination of insulation in a vertical pipe
4. All of the above

39. External Visual inspection includes all but which of the following?

1. Thickness measurement
2. Misalignment
3. Vibration
4. Condition of piping hangers and supports

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40. Vertical support dummy legs also shall be checked to confirm that they have
not filled with water that is causing

1. Brittle fracture
2. External corrosion of the pressure piping and the internal corrosion
of the support leg
3. Microbiological corrosion inside the pipe
4. Fatigue damage

41. 300 series stainless steel material needs to be hydro tested with potable
water or steam condensate having total chloride concentration of less than……..

1. 50 ppm
2. 30 ppm
3. 120 ppm
4. 1% by weight

42. Brittle fracture is usually not a concern with

1. relatively thin wall piping


2. relatively thick wall piping
3. relatively lower temperatures
4. relatively higher pressures

43. Which of the following valve in piping is not suitable for pigging?
1. Gate valve
2. Ball valve
3. Globe valve
4. Slide valve

44. Which of the following is not a mandatory marking on the flange?

1. Class rating
2. Material
3. Manufacturer’s identification
4. Temperature

45. When environmental cracking is suspected by the inspector, he should

1 Schedule supplemental inspection like PT, WFMT, ET, UT etc.


2 He shall use Acoustic Emission technique only
3 He shall carry out additional visual inspection
4 None of the above

46. What type of fitting can be made from plate material as per B16.5?

1 Valve
2 Elbows
3 Weld neck flange
4 Blind flange

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47. Out of the following patches , which patch is not allowed on a 12 inch ND
piping repair?

1 8 inch dia circular patch


2 6 inch dia circular patch
3 6 inch x 6 inch circular patch with 2 inch rounded corner
4 6 inch x 6 inch circular patch with 2 inch rounded corner

48. Out of the repairs carried out on piping system which one is considered the
permanent one?

1 Grind and remove the defect and build up the area by welding
2 Split clamp bolted
3 split sleeve full welded
4 any clamp approved by piping engineer

49. When the buried piping with a deign pressure of 100 psi is under leak test at
125 psi , the initial 4 hours of testing shows a slight pressure drop and has
been adjusted. The second four hours recorded a pressure drop of 5 psi,
Your decision about the test is,

1 It is not acceptable
2 Check for leak along the pipe work
3 The test is acceptable
4 To be consulted with an engineer

50. Name the part of a piping system that thickness measurements are not
normally routinely taken:

1 Elbows
2 Expansion loops
3 Tees
4 Valves

51. The welder can be qualified in all positions by qualifying in:

1 Pipe positions 6G
2 Pipe positions 2G and 5G
3 Pipe positions 5G and 3G
4 Answers 1 and 2 are correct

52. A welder qualified on a plate groove weld will also be qualified for:

1. Some positions for fillet welding.


2. Pipe all position.
3. Plate welding all positions.
4. Fillet welding all positions.

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53. API 578 requires at least-________________________ electrodes to be PMI
tested from each box.

1 One
2 Two
3 Minimum 10 %
4 All

54. For calculating MAWP of piping circuit which is put in service the wall thickness used
in computations is :

1 Actual thickness as determined by inspection


2 Actual thickness minus the estimated corrosion loss before the date of
next inspection
3 Actual thickness minus twice the estimated corrosion loss before the date
of next inspection
4 None of the above

55. If probable corrosion rate can not be determined by comparable service piping or
owner / user’s experience, the thickness measurement shall be carried out after
………….. of service to determine the corrosion rate.

1 1 month
2 1000 hrs.
3 3 months
4 12 months

56. Which welding process may not be used for qualifying a welder by radiography?

1. GMAW with short circuiting transfer


2. SAW
3. GTAW
4. SWAW

57. Determine the remaining life for the following piping system. Required
thickness 0.149 ” The thickness at the starting was 0.200 “ which was
before 10 years. The thickness as on today is 0.170 ” . What is the remaining
life of the piping?

1. 14 years
2. 3.5 years
3. 7 years
4. 10 years

58. If calculations indicate that an inaccurate rate of corrosion is assumed the


rate to be used for next period shall be:

1 The same rate


2. Adjusted to agree with the actual rate found
3. Decided in consultation with corrosion specialist
4. Decided in consultation with piping engineer

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59. Long Term and Short Term corrosion rates should be compared to see
which results in the …………………..as a part of the data assessment.

1. Longest remaining life


2. Shortest remaining life
3. Same remaining life
4. Not important as long as there is no leak

60. For unknown materials computations may be made assuming


the…………….in the Applicable code.

1. Highest grade and highest joint efficiency


2. Lowest grade and lowest joint efficiency
3. Average grade and average joint efficiency
4. Highest grade and lowest joint efficiency

61. When unexpected movement of a piping system is observed such as during


an external visual inspection, the inspector should

1. discuss these observations with corrosion specialist for action plan


2. discuss these observations with vibration specialist for action plan
3. discuss these observations with piping engineer and evaluate the
need for conducting the piping stress analysis.
4. Need not worry as long as there is no leak

62. Which of the following is/are not concerned with acceptance of bend test of
weld as per ASME Section IX?

1 Discontinuity opening in welds


2 Discontinuity opening in HAZ.
3 Bend diameter and angle of the bend
4 None of the above.

63. Fillet welded patches shall be designed by the


1. Authorized inspector
2. Corrosion specialist
3. Owner / User
4. Piping engineer

64. The materials used for making repairs or alterations shall be:

1. of known weldable quality


2. of higher grade than original material
3. of lower grade than original material
4. not important if qualified is used

65. The acceptance of welded repair and alteration shall include NDE in
accordance with applicable codes and ……………………

1. Owner / User’s specification


2. Material specification
3. corrosion specification
4. engineer’s specification

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66. After welding is completed a pressure test shall be performed if practical and
deemed necessary by

1. Authorized inspector
2. Corrosion specialist
3. Owner / User
4. Piping engineer

67. The throat of the fillet weld is always ……………….times the size of the weld
1. 0.707
2. 1.4
3. 2
4. 0.5

68. A 106 gr B pipe after installation required pneumatic test (design pressure =
300 psi, design temp. = 500 o F, stress at design temp. = 18900 psi and
stress at test design temp. = 20000 psi) What should be the test pressure?

1. 330 psi
2. 349 psi
3. 413 psi
4. 399 psi

69. Chloride stress corrosion cracking usually occurs at metal temperatures


above………………….

1. 120 o F
2. 140 o F
3. 250 o F
4. 300 o F

70. What is the maximum period for which the Welder remains
qualified after initial qualification is over?

1. 6 months
2. 12 months
3. 3 months
4. Unlimited

71. Resistance to sufidation is generally achieved by

1. upgrading to higher chromium alloy


2. upgrading to higher Mo alloy
3. upgrading to Ni base alloy
4. upgrading to Ti

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72. The factors related with galvanic corrosion are all given below except

1. presence of electrolyte
2. anode and cathode
3. electrical connections
4. atmospheric pressure

73. Above grade visual surveillance is conducted at approximately

1. 3 months interval
2. 6 months interval
3. 9 months interval
4. 12 months interval

74. For piping buried in length more than 100 ft. and not cathodically protected,
evaluation of soil resistivity shall be performed at ………………..intervals

1. 5 years
2. 3 years
3. 6 years
4. 10 years

75. Piping inspected periodically by excavation in lengths of …………..at one or


more locations judged to be most susceptible to corrosion.

1. 3 to 6 ft.
2. 6 to 8 ft.
3. 1 to 3 ft.
4. 24 to 36 ft.

76. For small patch repairs when the temperature of the base material is below
0 deg C …………………..shall be used for welding

1. Low hydrogen electrodes


2. Medium hydrogen electrodes
3. High hydrogen electrodes
4. Any electrode will do

77. P numbers are assigned to the materials on the basis of

1. Comparable base material characteristics and the mechanical


properties
2. Corrosion resistance
3. impact strength
4. usability characteristics

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78. Approval of on-stream welding is required to be done by

1. Authorized inspector
2. Corrosion specialist
3. Owner / User
4. Piping engineer

79. Welding repair of cracks that occurred in service should not be attended
without prior consultation with

1. Authorized inspector
2. Corrosion specialist
3. Owner / User
4. Piping engineer

80. Temporary repairs may remain in place for a longer period of time only if
approved and documented by the

1. Authorized inspector
2. Corrosion specialist
3. Owner / User
4. Piping engineer

81. Full penetration flush patches for class 1 and class 2 piping systems shall
be

1. 10 % radiographed
2. 25 % radiographed
3. 100 % radiographed
4. 5 % radiographed

82. The basic objective of the Welder’s Qualification is to

1. to decide the procedure works well in the job


2. To determine the welders ability to deposit the sound weld metal
3. to find out corrosion resistance of weld metal
4. To decide the welder’s salary

83. What is normally considered the essential variable for the welder’s
performance qualification?
1. Change of welding process
2. change of the welding machine
3. change of the room temperature from 20 deg C to 30 deg C
4. Change of electrode manufacturer keeping Electrode AWS
number same

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84. For class 1 piping the thickness measurement is required to be done at half
the remaining life or ……………….. whichever is lesser.

1. 5 years
2. 10 years
3. 3 years
4. 6 years

85. For class 2 piping the thickness measurement is required to be done at half
the remaining life or ……………….. whichever is lesser.

1. 5 years
2. 10 years
3. 3 years
4. 6 years

86. For class 1 piping approximate amount of follow up examination with NDE
or insulation remover areas with damage insulation shall be

1. 75 %
2. 50 %
3. 25 %
4. optional

87. For class 3 piping approximate amount of follow up examination with NDE or
insulation remover areas with damage insulation shall be

1. 75 %
2. 50 %
3. 25 %
4. optional

88. For class 1 piping the approximate amount of CUI inspection by NDE at
suspect areas on piping systems within susceptible temperature ranges shall be

1. 50 %
2. 33 %
3. 10 %
4. optional

89. For class 4 piping the approximate amount of CUI inspection by NDE at
suspect areas on piping systems within susceptible temperature ranges shall be

1. 50 %
2. 33 %
3. 10 %
4. optional

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90. Unless documented experience or RBI assessment indicates a longer
interval is acceptable, test and inspection interval for pressure reliving devices in
typical process services should not exceed

1. 5 years
2. 10 years
3 6 years
4. 3 years

91. Risk base inspection is on the basis of

1. Probability of failure and consequence of failure


2. Probability of failure and Economics of failure
3. Reliability and safety
4. safety and cost

92. If the test fluid used for pressure test is flammable it’s flash point shall be at
least

1. 100 deg F
2. 120 deg F
3. 200 deg F
4. 50 deg F

93. Substituting NDE procedures for a pressure test after an alteration is


allowed only after the ……………….. and ……………………and……………….
Have approved the substitution.

1. Authorized inspector and piping engineer


2. Corrosion specialist and Authorized inspector
3. Owner / User and Authorized inspector
4. Piping engineer and Owner / User

=========================================================

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API 570 Authorized Piping Inspector Preparatory Program

* API 570 - Close Mockup *


Master

Q A Ref. Clause Page


1 1 B 31.3- 08 300.2 5
2 3 API 570 Clause 2 2
3 4 API 570 4.3.1.1 15
4 2 API 571 4.2.16.3 4-53
5 4 API 571 4.3.3.6.c 4-72
6 3 API 571 4.5.1.4 4-130
7 4 API 571 4.5.1.7 4-131
8 1 API 577 7.4 19
9 3 API 577 Table 2 22
10 3 API 577 Fig. 20 31
11 2 API 570 Clause 2 3
12 4 API 570 3.1.17 5
13 4 API 570 3.1.22 6
14 1 API 570 3.1.20 6
15 3 API 570 5.9 & 33 & 55
8.2.5
16 2 API 577 Table 2 22
point 5
17 2 ASME Sec. V T-277(d) 13
18 3 API 577 5.4.3 11
19 1 API 570 7.1.1 44
20 2 API 570 7.1.1 44/45
21 3 API 570 7.1.1 44/45
22 4 API 574 10.1.8 54
23 4 API 578 5.2.2 & 5
5.2.4
24 1 ASME Sec. V T-761.1 126
25 4 ASME Sec. V T-262.1 9
26 1 ASME Sec. V T-642 119
27 2 API 577 10.4.4 61
28 3 ASME Sec. V T-284 15
29 1 ASME SectV GENERA 414
SE 797 L
30 4 ASME V T692 118
31 3 ASME B31.3 328.2.2 58
32 3 API 571 4.5.3.7. 4-139
(a)
33 2 API 4.5 8
577..GENERA
L
34 1 ASME Sec IX QW 53
304.1
35 2 Api 570 5.6.2 27
36 1 API 578 4.4.2 5
37 2 API 574 10.1.3 52
( b)

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API 570 Authorized Piping Inspector Preparatory Program

* API 570 - Close Mockup *


Master

Q A Ref. Clause Page


38 4 API 574 7.4.4.2 40
39 1 API 574 10.1 51
40 2 API 570 5.5.4 24
41 1 API 570 5.8.1 32
42 1 API 574 7.4.12.1 46
43 3 API574 4.3 17
44 4 ASME B 16.5 4.2.5 6
45 1 API 574 7.4.8.2 44
46 4 ASME B 16.5 5.1 6
47 1 API 570 Annex C 65
48 1 API 570 8.1.4.1 52
49 3 API 570 9.3.7 60
50 4 API 570 5.10 33
51 4 ASME SecIX Table QW 151
461.9
52 1 ASME Sect IX QW 461.9 151
T ABLE
53 1 API 578 4.2.6 3
54 3 API 570 7.2 46
55 3 API 570 7.1.2 (c) 45
56 1 ASME SECT IX QW 304 53
57 3 API 570 7.1.1 44
58 2 API 570 7.1.3 45
59 2 API 570 7.1.1 45
60 2 API 570 7.2 46
61 3 API 570 7.5 47
62 4 ASME Sect IX QW 163 6
63 4 API 570 8.1.4.1 52
64 1 API 570 8.2.5 55
65 1 API 570 8.2.6 55
66 1 API 570 8.2.7 56
67 4 API 577 general general
68 1 ASME B31.3 345.5.4 83
69 2 API 571 4.5.1.3 (g) 4 -130
70 1 ASME Sect IX QW 322.1 55
(a)
71 1 API 571 4.4.2.6 (a) 4-110
72 4 API 571 4.3.1.3 (a) 4-65
73 2 API 570 9.3.1 59
74 1 API 570 9.3.4 59
75 2 API 570 9.3.6 60
76 1 API 570 App c 2 64
77 1 ASME Sect IX QW 420 73
78 3 API 570 8.1.3 52
79 4 API 570 8.1.4.1 52
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80 4 API 570 8.1.4.1 52
81 3 API 570 8.1.4.2 (c) 53
82 2 ASME Sect IX QW 1
100.2
83 1 ASME Sect IX QW 350 56
GEN
84 1 API 570 Table 2 & 43
6.3.2
85 2 API 570 Table 2 & 43
6.3.2
86 1 API 570 Table 3 43
87 3 API 570 Table 3 43
88 1 API 570 Table 3 43
89 4 API 570 Table 3 43
90 1 API 570 6.7.3.2 44
91 1 API 570 3.1.82 13
92 2 API 570 5.8.1 32
93 1 API 570 5.8.5 33

References:
1. B 16.5 2003 Edition
2. B 31.3 2008 Edition
3. API 570 November 2009 3rd Edition
4. API 571 1st Edition December 2003
5. API 574 November 2009 3rd Edition
6. API 577 October 2004 1st Edition
7. ASME Sec V Edition 2007 Add. 2008 & 2009
8. ASME Sec IX Edition 2007 Add. 2008 & 2009
9. API 578 1st Edition May 1999

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