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C a s i n g S a l e s M a n u

Casing Sales Manual

Floating & Guiding Equip.

C a s i n g S a l e s M a n u a

Section 1

Floating and Guiding Equipment

Contents

1.1 Introduction to Floating and Guiding Equipment

1.1-1

04/05

1.1.1 Description and Applications of Floating and Guiding Equipment

1.1-1

1.1.2 Industry and Halliburton Governing Specifications

1.1-3

1.1.2.1 API RP 10F (ANSI/API 10F/ISO 18165-2001)—Performance Testing of

 

Cementing Float Equipment

1.1-3

1.1.2.2 API 5CT—Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries—Steel Pipes for Use as Casing or Tubing for Wells

1.1-3

1.1.2.3 API 5B—Specifications for Threading, Gauging, and Thread Inspection of Casing, Tubing, and Line Pipe Threads

1.1-3

1.1.2.4 NACE MR0175—Material Requirements—Sulfide Cracking-Resistant Metallic Materials for Oilfield Equipment

1.1-3

1.1.2.5 ASTM C109—Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars

1.1-4

1.1.2.6 Halliburton Specifications for Super Seal II™ Float Equipment

1.1-4

1.1.3 Float Equipment Valves

1.1-5

1.1.4 Overview of Information Required to Build Special

1.1-7

1.1.4.1 Halliburton Float Equipment Valve Types

1.1-7

1.1.4.2 Insert Flapper Valves

1.1-7

1.1.4.3 Advantage™ Insert Poppet Valve (IPV) Float Equipment

1.1-7

1.1.4.4 Trophy Seal ® Float Equipment

1.1-8

1.1.4.5 Super Seal II™ Float Equipment

1.1-8

1.1.4.6 Pressure Differential Fill (PDF) Float Shoes and Collars

1.1-8

1.1.4.7 Float Equipment Autofill Feature

1.1-9

1.1.5 Optional Features

1.1-9

1.1.6 Pressure Ratings

1.1-9

1.1.7 Drilling Recommendations for Halliburton Cementing Plugs and Float Equipment with Fixed Cutter Bits

1.1-10

1.1.8 Drilling Recommendations for Halliburton Cementing Plugs and Float Equipment with Roller Cone Bits

1.1-10

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1.2 Advantage™ IPV Float Assembly

1.2-1

1.3 Trophy Seal ® Float Collars and Shoes

1.3-1

1.4 Halliburton Super Seal™ and Super Seal II™ Tubing Float Equipment

1.4-1

04/05

1.5 Super Seal II™ Standard Float Collars and Shoes

1.5-1

06/06

1.5.1 Super Seal II™ Float Collars

1.5-2

1.5.2 Super Seal II™ Float Shoes

1.5-8

1.6 Super Seal II™ Nonrotating Float Collars

1.6-1

1.7 Super Seal II™ Down-Jet Float Shoes

1.7-1

1.8 Super Seal II™ Double-Valve Floating Equipment

1.8-1

04/05

1.9 Super Seal II™ Special Float Shoe Configurations

1.9-1

1.9.1 Super Seal II™ HPUJ Float Shoe

1.9-2

1.9.2 Enclosed Down-Jet Nose Float Shoe

1.9-6

1.9.3 Special Nose Options for Several Wellbore Conditions

1.9-7

1.9.4 Centralized Float Shoes and Collars

1.9-8

1.9.5 Reamer Shoes

1.9-9

1.10

Super Seal II™ Inner-String Cementing Equipment

1.10-1

1.10.1 Method 1—Super Seal II™ Float Collar with Sealing Sleeve

1.10-1

1.10.2 Method 2—Super Seal II™ Float Collar with Sealing Sleeve and Latchdown Seat

1.10-3

1.10.3 Method 3—Standard Super Seal II™ Float Collar

1.10-4

1.10.4 Inner-String Cementing Recommendations and Availability

1.10-6

1.11 Super Seal II™ Load-Carrying Float Equipment

1.11-1

1.12 PDF Float Equipment

1.12-1

04/05

1.13 Insert Float Valve

1.13-1

1.14 Guide Shoes and Casing Shoes

1.14-1

1.14.1 Standard Guide Shoes

1.14-2

1.14.2 Down-Jet Guide Shoes

1.14-3

1.14.3 Standard Casing Shoes

1.14-4

1.14.4 Tiger Tooth (Texas Pattern) Casing Shoes

1.14-5

1.15

Halliburton Weld A™ Thread-Locking Compound and Pipe Dope

1.15-1

04/05

1.15.1 Halliburton Weld A™ Thread-Locking Compound

1.15-1

1.15.2 Pipe Dope

1.15-2

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Casing Sales Manual

Floating & Guiding Equip.

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1.1 Introduction to Floating and Guiding Equipment

Halliburton has become one of the leading manufacturers of floating and guiding equipment. Since Halliburton’s original floating and guiding equipment designs in the early years of the petroleum industry, several design and manufacturing changes have helped increase the pressure and temperature rating of the equipment while maintaining focus on drillability. Present designs allow Halliburton float equipment to be used in any well regardless of depth and temperature, unless otherwise noted in this manual. Figures 1.1.A and 1.1.B show two typical casing programs successfully cemented using conventional casing equipment.

1.1.1 Description and Applications of Floating and Guiding Equipment

When attached to the casing string, the floating and guiding equipment case becomes an integral part of the casing string. The outer case material of the floating and guiding equipment is sometimes manu- factured from the same grade of steel used for the casing string. The floating and guiding equipment listed in Section 1 is made from K-55 coupling stock unless otherwise specified. Standard floating and guiding equipment can be used with any J-55 and K- 55 casing strings and in many cases, can be used in casing strings with grades including N-80 and L-80. Contact the Casing Equipment global mailbox (CasingEquipment@Halliburton.com) for applicabil- ity. Floating equipment installed in the casing string can provide buoyancy to the casing while it is being lowered, reducing the load on the drilling rig if desired.

Guiding equipment is secured to the bottom joint of the casing to help guide the casing string past ledges or obstructions in the wellbore. This guiding

equipment has a rounded nose and may be made with or without a float valve (or check valve). A float collar is normally installed in the casing one to three joints above the bottom of the casing string. The float collar contains an internal backpressure valve to prevent cement pumped through the float collar from re-entering the casing string after dis- placement is complete.

In most cases, the IDs of the float collar and shoe are drilled out after the cement that is pumped into the annular space between the OD of the casing and ID of the wellbore has set. If desired, the well may be drilled to a greater depth. Most wells drilled have at least two sizes of casing string cemented in the wellbore, with some wells having four or more ce- mented casing strings.

Float equipment is sometimes used as a device to help pressure-test casing. One or more cementing

DN002872
DN002872

Figure 1.1.A—Production casing string

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DN002873
DN002873

Figure 1.1.B—Liner casing string

The valve spring of all Super Seal II float equip- ment is made from a phosphorous bronze. The poppets of the 2 ¼-in. valve (2 7 /8-in. through 4-in. tubing), 2 3 /4-in. valve (for 4 1 /2-in. and larger cas- ing), and the 4 1 /4-in. valve (for 7-in. and larger casing) are rubber-coated to prevent erosion. The valves are rated to the highest performance ratings available from API RP 10F. Additionally, all Halli- burton Super Seal II floating equipment exceeds several aspects of the requirements established by API RP-10F III C.

High-temperature/high-pressure (HTHP) Super Seal II floating and guiding equipment is also available for the most severe temperature/pressure environments. HTHP equipment is supplied on a customer service item (CSI) basis.

All casing-size Super Seal II float shoes and collars are supplied with an autofill strap as a standard feature. Because of size limitations, tubing-size Super Seal II floating equipment is not supplied with an autofill strap.

plugs are landed on top of the float equipment assembly and the plugs seal the casing so that the pressure integ- rity of the casing may be tested. This is generally done immediately after land- ing the top cementing plug and before the cement sets. Proper equipment se- lection is required to ensure that the desired performance is obtained.

Casing fill-up (autofill) float equipment allows the casing to fill from the bot- tom as it is run. In some cases, filling the casing from the bottom as it is run can help reduce pressure surges on the formation as the casing is lowered. Fill-up type float equipment also helps ensure that the collapse pressure of the casing is not exceeded. When the casing nears total depth (TD), the check

valve mechanism of fill-up float equip- ment is generally activated by either pumping a surface-released ball through the equip- ment or by circulating above a certain rate. When the autofill feature is deactivated, the equipment performs like standard float equipment.

Development of the 2 ¾-in. and 4 ¼-in. Super Seal II™ float equipment valves in 1987 increased the flow performance and drillability of Halliburton’s float equipment product line. All Halliburton Super Seal II float equipment uses these valves, which are designed to meet or exceed all associated industry standards, such as API RP 10F. All components used in the Super Seal II float equipment are designed to optimize performance and drillability.

The plastic valve materials and surrounding shear- and shockload-resistant concrete exceed the strength requirements for landing cementing plugs. The valve assembly and the cement holding the valve assembly in place can be drilled out easily with roller-cone rock bits or polycrystalline dia- mond compact (PDC) bits after cementing opera- tions are complete. No steel or cast-iron materials are used in the drillable portion of any Super Seal II float equipment valve assemblies.

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Casing Sales Manual

Floating & Guiding Equip.

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1.1.2 Industry and Halliburton Governing Specifications

All floating and guiding equipment manufactured by Halliburton is designed according to the appli- cable industry specifications and recommended prac- tices detailed in the following sections.

Copies of all API specifications, recommended prac- tices, and bulletins can be ordered from API. Call 202.682.8375 or write to:

American Petroleum Institute Publications and Distribution Section 1220 L Street NW Washington D.C. 20003

1.1.2.1 API RP 10F (ANSI/API 10F/ISO

18165-2001)—Performance Testing of Cementing Float Equipment

API RP 10F describes testing practices to evaluate the performance of cementing float equipment for the petroleum and natural gas industry. The recom- mended practice is applicable to float equipment that will be subjected to abrasive fluid flow and elevated temperatures and pressures.

1.1.2.2 API 5CT —Petroleum and Natural

Gas Industries—Steel Pipes for Use as Casing or Tubing for Wells

The API 5CT International Standard specifies the technical delivery conditions for steel pipes (i.e. material strength, chemical makeup of casing, tub- ing, plain-end casing liners, and pup-joints) and accessories. This International Standard applies to the following connections in accordance with ISO 10422 or API Spec 5B:

• Short round thread casing (STC), commonly referred to as “short thread coupling”

• Long round thread casing (LC), commonly referred to as LTC for “long thread coupling”

• Buttress thread casing (BC), commonly re- ferred to as BTC for “buttress thread coupling”

• Extreme-line casing (XC)

• Non-upset tubing (NU)

• External upset tubing (EU or EUE)

• Integral joint tubing (IJ)

For such connections, this International Standard specifies the technical delivery conditions for cou- plings and thread protection.

For pipes covered by this International Standard, the sizes, masses, wall thicknesses, grades, and applicable end finishes are defined.

This International Standard may also be applied to tubulars with connections not covered by ISO/API standards, such as proprietary threaded connections.

1.1.2.3 API 5B—Specifications for

Threading, Gauging, and Thread Inspection of Casing, Tubing, and Line

Pipe Threads

Specification API 5B covers dimensions and marking requirements for API Master thread gauges. Addi- tional product threads and thread gauges, as well as instruments and methods for the inspection of threads for line pipe, round thread casing, buttress casing, and extreme-line casing connections are included.

The inspection procedures for measurements of taper, lead, height, and angle of thread are applicable to threads with 11 ½ turns per inch or less. All thread dimensions shown without tolerances are related to the basis for connection design and are not subject to measurement to determine acceptance or rejection of product.

1.1.2.4 NACE MR0175—Material

Requirements—Sulfide Cracking- Resistant Metallic Materials for Oilfield Equipment

This standard presents metallic material require- ments for resistance to sulfide stress cracking (SSC) for petroleum production, drilling, gathering and flowline equipment, and field processing facilities to be used in H 2 S-bearing hydrocarbon service. This standard is applicable to the materials and/or equip- ment specified (or by equivalent standards or speci- fications of other agencies).

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1.1.2.5 ASTM C109—Standard Test

Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars

This standard covers the test method used to deter- mine compressive strength of a cement mortar using a 2-in. cube specimen to determine compliance with Halliburton specifications.

1.1.2.6 Halliburton Specifications for

Super Seal II™ Float Equipment

The following Halliburton specification summaries relate specifically to Halliburton floating and guid- ing equipment. These proprietary specifications out- line how engineering controls help ensure that Halliburton floating and guiding equipment is prop- erly manufactured.

• 837.00008—This specification outlines the requirements for Halliburton molded phenolic components. It specifies the raw materials to be used as well as the minimum acceptable physical properties.

• 820.00002—This specification outlines the elastomer requirements for Halliburton rubber components.

• 68.00108—This specification outlines the requirements for zinc phosphate coating of Halliburton casing equipment made from cast-

iron or steel as a base for painting, rubberiz- ing, or antigalling characteristics (for threaded items). A minimum coating weight per square foot of surface area is specified along with quality control procedures that help ensure consistent zinc phosphate coverage.

• 68.00007/68.00008—These specifications out- line the painting requirements for Halliburton casing equipment.

• 820.00006—This specification outlines the material requirements for aggregate concrete or mortar used in Halliburton casing equip- ment. Slurry recipes and production testing procedures are specified, as well as minimum acceptable compressive strength values.

• 70.71—The specification details a method of obtaining the documentation of the quality of manufactured parts through shop order iden- tification. This specification requires complete traceability including material, manufactur- ing, and testing. This documentation is main- tained for no less than five years and is available upon request.

• 70.72030—This specification details the re- quirements for labeling and storage of assem- blies and subassemblies that contain elastomer components but do not require external packaging to protect those elasto- meric components.

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1.1.3 Float Equipment Valves

Several types of floating equipment are available on the market, and the type the customer selects may determine the success of the primary cementing job. Halliburton manufactures the following valve types for floating equipment (Figure 1.1.3.A):

• Super Seal II™ float equipment valves (poppet valves for 2 7 /8-in. and larger equipment)

• Super Seal™ float equipment tubing valves (poppet valves for 2 3 /8-in. and some 2 7 /8-in. tubing)

• Pressure Differential Fill (PDF) valves (to allow controlled fluid entry into casing as it is lowered)

• Insert float valves (flapper valves for differen- tial pressures up to the collapse pressure of the lightest weight of J-55 casing)

• Trophy Seal float equipment poppet valves

Backpressure valves used to check the backflow of cement into the casing are usually classified as flapper type, ball, or poppet style. Some characteris- tics of these valves follow:

• Flapper type float valves

1. Typically low cost.

2. Typically made from aluminum.

3. Low pressure and temperature capabilities.

4. Easily supplied with autofill option. The autofill option is typically not suitable for deviated casing programs.

5. Short flow life and inability to withstand high flow rates.

6. Suitable for horizontal applications if supplied with a spring-loaded flapper.

• Ball valves

1. Typically low cost.

2. Typically made from thermo or thermoset plastic.

3. Low pressure and temperature capabilities.

4. Generally not supplied with autofill option.

5. Short flow life because erosion is uncon- trolled.

6. Can be supplied for use at high tempera- tures but not generally considered a se- vere application valve.

7. Not suitable for horizontal wells. Backflow is required to seal ball.

• Poppet style valves

1. Slightly higher cost than other valves.

2. Typically made from thermo or thermoset plastic or aluminum.

3. Medium to high pressure/temperature capabilities depending on overall design and type of material used.

4. Autofill option generally available. Special order may be required.

5. Long flow life compared to flapper or ball valve designs. Generally, erosion of seal- ing surfaces is controlled on most designs.

6. Suitable for horizontal applications if supplied with a spring-loaded poppet. No backflow required to seat a spring-loaded poppet.

Tables 1.1.3.A and 1.1.3.B provide detailed infor- mation for several types of Halliburton valves.

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Figure 1.1.3.A—Various types of Halliburton float equipment poppet valves Table 1.1.3.A—Halliburton Float Equipment
Figure 1.1.3.A—Various types of Halliburton float equipment poppet valves
Table 1.1.3.A—Halliburton Float Equipment Valve Specifications a
Stem Type and
Weight b
oz (g)
Flow Durability
IPV
Product Name
Pressure and
Temp. Ratings C
API RP
Drillable
bbl/min
Flow Area
10F
with PDC
Insert
(m
3 /min)
psi (MPa)
Rating
Bits
10 at
8 hr
Trophy Seal
2,500 @ 150°F
(17.2 at 66°C) or
1,500 psi @
I-A
(1.59 at 8 hr)
Plastic
3.12
in 2
250°F
3.04
(86.2)
(20.1 cm 2 )
Super Seal II
10
at 24 hr
Yes
2
3/4-in.
(1.59 at 24 hr)
(69.8 mm) valve
Super Seal II
10,000 at 400°F
(68.9 at 204°C)
III-C
Aluminum
25
at 24 hr
7.12
in 2
4
1/4-in.
8.86 (251.0)
(3.97 at 24 hr)
(45.9 cm 2 )
(107.9 mm) valve
Advantage IPV
5 1/2 - 7 5/8 rated to
3,000 psi
8 5/8 - 13 3/8 rated to
2,000 psi
Aluminum
(4 1/2-in. casing)
3,000 at 200°F f
(20.7 at 93°C) f
1.40
in 2
(9.03 cm 2 )
1.11
(31.5)
10
at 24 hr
Plastic
Aluminum d
I-A
No
(1.59 at 24 hr) e
(5 1/2- to
13 3/8-in. casing)
2,000 at 200°F g
(13.8 at 93°C) g
3.12
in 2
(20.1 cm 2 )
3.04
(86.2)
DN002661

a All valve bodies are plastic, spring materials are bronze, and poppets are plastic.

b Field and laboratory testing has proven that Halliburton valves cause no damage to PDC bits.

c Actual pressure and temperature ratings for various sizes of equipment are detailed in HES specification 837.06878.

d Advantage IPV insert aluminum weight by casing size are listed in Table 1.1.3.B.

e 3 1/2-in. to 4 1/2-in. IPV uses 2 1/4-in. valve rated at 6 bbl/min at 24 hr (0.95 m 3 /min at 24 hr). f 4 1/2-in. to 7-in. IPV pressure rating

g 8 5/8-in. to 13 3/8-in. IPV pressure rating

Table 1.1.3.B—Advantage IPV Insert Aluminum Weights by Casing Size

Casing Size

4 1/2

5 1/2

7

8 5/8

9 5/8

10 3/4

13 3/8

in. (mm)

(114.3)

(139.7)

(177.8)

(219.1)

(244.5)

(273.1)

(339.7)

Weight

4.39

3.63

5.53

6.96

7.64

9.41

11.72

lb (kg)

(1.99)

(1.65)

(2.50)

(3.15)

(3.46)

(4.26)

(5.31)

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1.1.4 Overview of Information Required to Build Special Equipment

Section 1 of the Casing Sales Manual contains part numbers, schematics with critical dimensions, and brief descriptions of floating and guiding equipment. The discussion is limited to API 8rd and API buttress thread equipment. All types of equipment manufac- tured by Halliburton are included. Non-API threaded float equipment can be built to order, but a slightly longer time is required than when ordering API threaded equipment.

Halliburton float equipment can be manufactured from a vast number of material grades, different types and sizes of float valves, and with any pre- mium thread ordered. Several sizes and casing ma- terial grades are kept in Duncan, Oklahoma, or in Halliburton field warehouses ready for immediate delivery. When Halliburton float equipment is or- dered, the following information should be supplied at the time of order:

1. Casing or tubing size

2. Casing weight and/or wall thickness

3. Casing grade

4. Thread type and manufacturer

5. Valve size and type (2 ¼, 2 ¾, 4 ¼, PDF, etc.)

6. Special accessories and features needed (seal- ing sleeve, latchdown plug, NR, etc.)

7. Automatic fill or no automatic fill preference

Halliburton also manufactures specialty float equip- ment made from exotic alloys, although this service requires special handling, and consequently more lead time. Additionally, depending on the location of manufacture, Halliburton is licensed to cut New Vam, Vam Top, NK3SB, GB threads, and Mannesman premium threads.

1.1.4.1 Halliburton Float Equipment

Valve Types

Various types of valves are available in Halliburton float equipment. Figure 1.1.4.1.A illustrates the types of poppet valves available. Other types of valves are used in insert float equipment and differ- ential fill float equipment. The type of float equip- ment selected depends on the application of the equipment, which is often dictated by wellbore conditions. Bottomhole static temperature, backpressure applied to the valve, conditions of the wellbore (sloughing of swelling clays in the wellbore), type of mud system, amount of debris in the hole, depth of the wellbore, and pressures applied to the casing should all be considered when selecting the proper type of float equipment. The customer may select a float shoe and float collar or a float collar and guide shoe.

1.1.4.2 Insert Flapper Valves

The insert flapper valve is used primarily in shallow wells with low bottomhole temperatures and wells that require the backpressure valve to hold pres- sures less than 2,500 psi. The insert flapper float valve is a backpressure check-valve assembly that is installed between the pin and box ends of API 8rd or buttress thread casing joints.

1.1.4.3 Advantage™ Insert Poppet Valve

(IPV) Float Equipment

The Advantage™ Insert Poppet Valve (IPV) float assembly is a reliable, economical float assembly that prevents cement backflow into the casing after ce- menting operations are complete. This assembly pro- vides greater erosion resistance and faster drillout than conventional insert float equipment. Based on the Super Seal II™ float equipment valve design, the Advantage IPV float assembly consists of a spring- loaded, rubber-coated poppet valve that can be used for high-rate cementing.

The Advantage IPV float equipment is supplied with an aluminum-cast insert that fits directly into the casing coupling of 8rd and BTC connections. There- fore, no steel case that is supplied should require matching with casing weight or grade.

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1.1.4.4 Trophy Seal ® Float Equipment

Trophy Seal ® float shoes and collars were designed for low temperature and pressure environments nor- mally associated with shallow wells. Trophy Seal float equipment valve components use the 2 ¾-in. Super Seal II™ float equipment valve design and a lower- temperature thermoplastic compound. Trophy Seal carries an API RP10F-IA rating. The new plastic materials used allow the valve to be easily drilled with PDC bits.

It has a shorter case length made with K-55 material

that is suitable for sour gas service and is available with API 8rd and buttress threads. The assembly

has been tested to 1,500 psi at 250°F and 2,500 psi at 150°F. Trophy Seal float equipment does not contain the automatic fill features, but they may be added at the time of order. The Trophy Seal float equipment

is more economical than Super Seal II float equip-

ment for cost-sensitive users.

1.1.4.5 Super Seal II™ Float Equipment

hours. All Halliburton Super Seal II floating equip- ment exceeds the flow durability and pressure/tem- perature requirements established by API RP-10F category III C.

Standard Super Seal II float equipment is made from K-55 coupling stock. Super Seal II equipment can be used with J-55 and K-55 casing strings and can often be used in casing strings with grades including N-80 and L-80. Contact the Casing Equipment global mail- box (CasingEquipment@Halliburton.com) for appli- cability.

All casing-size Super Seal II float shoes and collars are supplied with an autofill strap (at no additional cost). Because of size limitations, tubing-size Super Seal II floating equipment is not supplied with an autofill strap. Customers can request Super Seal II float collars for any casing grade of premium thread.

1.1.4.6 Pressure Differential Fill (PDF)

Float Shoes and Collars

Super Seal™ II float equipment may be supplied in many forms but all contain the patented Super Seal II float equipment poppet (backpressure) valve. Super Seal II float equipment will function well at any depth, but it is normally chosen for medium- to high-

The pressure differential fill (PDF) float shoe and collar includes a reliable float valve. This valve allows casing to be filled while it is run in the hole, and it allows fluid circulation at any time without deactivating the fill mechanism. PDF float shoes and collars can be run in the same casing string. They allow fluid to enter the bottom of the casing

depth wells with bottomhole static temperatures of 200°F or greater.

Super Seal II floating equipment is installed in the casing string, becoming an integral part of the casing string. This equipment helps float and cement the casing in the well. The equipment’s backpressure and temperature ratings allow it to be used in most wells. The plastic valve materials and surrounding shear- and shockload-resistant concrete exceed the strength requirements for landing cementing plugs.

The valve assembly and the cement holding the valve assembly in place can be drilled out easily with tri-cone rock bits or PDC bits after cementing opera- tions. No steel or cast-iron materials are used in the drillable portion of the valve assembly. The valve spring is made from a phosphorous bronze.

The 2 3 /4-in. valve is rated for flow rates of 10 bbl/min for 24 hours per API RP-10F. Tubing-size Super Seal

while maintaining a constant differential pressure between the inside and outside of the casing at the floats. This pressure maintains a constant fluid height inside the casing.

PDF floating equipment is supplied in the differen- tial-fill mode ready to be run in the hole. After most casing has been run, a weighted plastic ball is dropped in the casing from the surface and pumped through the tool. This procedure deactivates the differential- fill option. After the ball passes the float collar and/or shoe, the PDF backpressure flapper closes against its seat, preventing re-entry of cement into the casing ID.

The PDF floating equipment is supplied in either a float collar or a float shoe in common casing sizes, grades, and threads. All equipment run with these tools must have an ID large enough to allow pas- sage of the weighted ball that releases the backpressure valve. Tool sizes from 4 1 /2- to 6 5 /8-in.

II

float equipment with a 2 1 /4-in. valve has been tested

require a 1 3 /8-in. diameter ball, while tools 7 in. and

at

6 bbl/min for 24 hours, while the 4 1 /4-in. Super Seal

larger require a 2 3 /8-in. diameter ball.

II

float equipment valve is rated to 25 bbl/min for 24

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Note: PDF floating equipment should not be used in wells deviated more than 30° from vertical, and it should not be drilled out with PDC bits. PDF equipment cannot be used with Super Seal™ II floating equipment.

For more information about PDF float equipment, see manual no. 833.10115 (100076430) packaged with each PDF float shoe and collar.

1.1.4.7 Float Equipment Autofill Feature

Most Halliburton casing-size float equipment is ei- ther equipped with or capable of being equipped with the autofill feature that allows the casing to fill with wellbore fluids as it is run in the hole. All equipment using the Super Seal II poppet valve may be con- verted to autofill equipment according to Hallibur- ton Instruction Sheet 836.00052. This instruction sheet is packaged with all Super Seal II float equip- ment.

The Insert Float Valve (flapper style) is held in the open position with a plastic tube installed in the valve. The tube holds the flapper valve open until a weighted setting ball is released and pressure is applied to shear or break out the plastic orifice tube, allowing the valve to close. Normally 500 to 800 psi of pressure is required to break the plastic orifice tube. When the borehole deviation angle exceeds 20° from vertical, a ball guide should be installed on top of the insert flapper valve in the 8 5 /8-in. through 10 ¾-in. casing sizes.

A ball guide for 13 3 /8-in. and larger casing should be installed when the hole deviation exceeds 5° from vertical. The ball guide will help seat the tripping ball properly so that the orifice tube can be removed. The ball guide does not affect the cement plug seat and shutoff seal. The guide is made from rubber or aluminum and is attached to the insert float valve with drillable bolts. Ball guides and fill-up tube kits must be ordered seperately.

1.1.5 Optional Features

As discussed in Section 1.1.3, Halliburton manufac- tures several types of valves for float equipment. Each valve type may be used with several variations of float equipment to perform specific jobs.

Optional features may include one or more of the following:

Nonrotating feature

Double valve

High-port up jet

Down jet or enclosed down-jet

Sealing sleeve with or without latchdown

1.1.6 Pressure Ratings

Float equipment collars must withstand the plug- landing pressure applied to the casing during a casing pressure test. Depending on the casing size and weight, the standard five-wiper cementing plugs may be insufficient to meet pressure test require- ments. For such situations special equipment combi- nations can be supplied.

Note: Performance ratings of Halliburton equipment combinations may exceed casing performance ratings.

Recommended working pressure ratings for Super Seal II float equipment and five-wiper cementing plugs are packaged with each piece of Super Seal II float equipment (Part No. 837.06878.B, SAP No. 10007714) and can be viewed through the following link:

Tapered or offset tapered, aluminum or

Reamer style

composite nose

Slip joint or butt weld

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1.1.7 Drilling Recommendations for Halliburton Cementing Plugs and

Float Equipment with Fixed Cutter Bits

After a casing string is cemented in the wellbore, the shoe track or shoe joint (distance between the top of cement inside the casing and the float shoe or guide shoe) is commonly drilled out. During the past several years, fixed cutter bit designs have improved signifi- cantly. Improved technology and manufacturing pro- cesses have improved bit performance and reliability to the extent that polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) bits are successfully encroaching into hard-rock drilling applications. Formations that once were re- served for roller cone bits are successfully being drilled with PDC bits. Additionally, it is becoming more com- mon for PDC bits to be used to drill out cementing plugs and float equipment. These achievements reflect im- provements in technology and the innovation involved in bit design and manufacture.

Key factors that affect PDC bit performance while drilling cementing plugs and float equipment:

Bit style (i.e. cutter size and angle, blade lay- out, bit profile, etc.)

Bit hydraulics and hole cleaning issues (flow rate, number of blades)

Drilling procedures (i.e. weight-on-bit, pump rate, rev/min, etc.)

Target materials being drilled (rubber, cast or wrought aluminum, bronze, plastic, con- crete, etc.)

Note: All target materials drill best with fixed cutter bits when the target itself is not allowed to rotate. Proper cementing procedures can help ensure effective placement of cement near and around the target.

Procedures for drilling nonrotating (NR) cementing plugs and float equipment vary greatly between locations and geographical areas. Procedures differ

depending on type of formation being drilled and bit type being used. In the case of fixed cutter bits, more specifically PDC bits, much can be learned from the experience of operators who have tried different procedures and have developed a successful pattern.

A few common procedures are as follows:

Provide low weight on bit (WOB) of approxi- mately 300 to 500 lb per inch of bit diameter.

Note: Allow WOB to drill off before applying additional weight. Watch for bit sticking/slip- ping that can occur with sudden increases in WOB. Increased WOB is not necessarily the solution to increased penetration rate.

Provide low to medium rev/min of approxi- mately 40 to 100.

Maintain maximum flow rate at the bit to aid in debris removal from the bit (5 to 10 gal/min per in. 2 of bit area). Insufficient hole cleaning near the bit can cause debris to build up below and around the bit, acting like a “bearing” and reducing penetration rate.

Reciprocate bit only if penetration stops. Recip- rocate while maintaining circulation and rota- tional speed to ensure proper removal of debris.

The key to a successful drill out of cementing plugs and float equipment is careful attention to penetra- tion rates. If, at any time, the penetration rate decreases, a change in the procedures (WOB, pump rate, or rev/min) being used should be considered. For additional drillout procedures and recommen- dations, see the latest revision of instructions 821.10001 at the following link:

1.1.8 Drilling Recommendations for Halliburton Cementing Plugs and

Float Equipment with Roller Cone Bits

All Halliburton cementing floating equipment can be successfully drilled with conventional roller cone bits. No special procedures are required. Proper bit cleaning can be hampered by rubber from the cementing plug if excessive penetration rate is maintained through cementing plugs.

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1.2 Advantage™ IPV Float Assembly

The Advantage™ Insert Poppet Valve (IPV) float assem- bly (Figure 1.2.A) is a reliable, economical float assem- bly that prevents cement backflow into the casing after cementing operations are complete. This assembly pro- vides greater erosion resistance and faster drillout than conventional insert float equipment. Based on the Super Seal II™ float equipment valve design, the Advantage IPV float assembly consists of a spring-loaded, rubber- coated poppet valve that can be used for high-rate cementing.

This valve effectively resists the wear caused by drilling mud and cement being pumped through the assembly during well conditioning and cementing operations. Ad- vantage IPV float assemblies have been flow-tested with abrasive, sand-laden fluids at 6 and 10 bbl/min for 24- hour periods. The outer body of the tool is cast alumi- num, and the inner valve components are made of plastic, concrete, or minimal amounts of metal that can be drilled out easily with roller-cone rock bits. Overall Advantage IPV float assemblies contain 60% less alumi- num than insert flapper valve assemblies, which greatly reduces drillout times and associated rig costs. This valve should not be drilled out with PDC bits.

The Advantage IPV float assembly is available for 4 ½- in. to 13 3 /8-in. casing. It can be used in most API short 8rd, long 8rd, and buttress thread couplings. The Advan- tage IPV float assembly comes with an flow-deactivated autofill feature identical to Super Seal II float equip- ment. The autofill feature may be installed according to Halliburton 836.00052 instructions. The autofill feature must be set before being made up in the casing string. Figure 1.2.B and Table 1.2.A provide the specifications and performance ratings for the Advantage IPV float assembly.

DN002645
DN002645

Figure 1.2.A—Advantage IPV float assembly

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DN002629
DN002629

Figure 1.2.B—Advantage IPV float assembly

Table 1.2.A—Advantage™ IPV Float Assembly Specifications

         

Differential

       

Casing

OD

in. (mm)

Part No.

Valve

Size

(in.)

Thread

Type

Casing

Weight

lb/ft (kg/m)

Pressure

Rating

psi (MPa)

Temp.

°F (°C)

A

in.

(mm)

B

in.

(mm)

C

in.

(mm)

4

1/2

815.80310

 

Short 8rd,

10.5

to 13.5

   

4.144

3.880

4.50

(114.3)

(100004706)

2

1/4

buttress

(15.6 to 20.1)

(105.26)

(98.55)

(114.30)

5

1/2

815.80320

 

Short 8rd, long 8rd, buttress

14

to 23

5.089

4.630

7.20

(139.7)

(100007938)

(20.8 to 34.2)

3,000

(129.26)

(177.60)

(182.88)

 

7

815.80330

Short 8rd,

20

to 26

(20.68)

6.612

6.236

 

(177.8)

(100007939)

buttress

(29.8 to 38.7)

(167.94)

(158.39)

7

5/8

 

Short 8rd, long 8rd, buttress

24 to 33.7 (35.7 to 50.1)

7.171

6.725

(193.7)

815.80340

200

(182.14)

(170.82)

8

5/8

815.80350

2

3/4

Short 8rd,

24

to 36

 

(93)

8.218

7.785

(219.1)

(100007940)

buttress

(35.7 to 53.6)

(208.74)

(197.74)

6.53

9

5/8

815.80360

 

Short 8rd, long 8rd, buttress

36

to 47

9.132

8.641

(165.86)

(244.5)

(100007941)

(53.6 to 69.9)

2,000

(231.95)

(219.48)

10

3/4

815.80370

Short 8rd,

40.5

to 55.5

(13.79)

10.335

9.720

(273.1)

(100007942)

buttress

(60.3 to 82.6)

(262.51)

(246.89)

13

3/8

815.80390

Short 8rd,

54.5 to 72 (81.1 to 107.1)

13.006

12.307

(339.7)

(100013939)

buttress

(330.35)

(312.60)

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1.3 Trophy Seal ® Float Collars and Shoes

Trophy Seal ® float shoes and collars (Figures 1.3.A, 1.3.B, and 1.3.C) were designed for low temperature and pressure environments normally associated with shallow wells. Trophy Seal float equipment valve components use the 2 ¾-in. Super Seal II™ float equipment valve design and a lower-temperature thermoplastic compound. Trophy Seal carries an API RP10F-IA rating. The new plastic materials used allow the valve to be easily drilled with PDC bits.

It has a shorter case length made with K-55 material that is suitable for sour gas service and is available with API 8rd buttress and slip joint (in shoes). The assembly has been tested to 1,500 psi at 250°F and 2,500 psi at 150°F. Trophy Seal float equipment does not contain the automatic fill features, but they may be added at the time of order. The Trophy Seal float equipment is more economical than Super Seal II float equipment for cost-sensitive users.

Figure 1.3.D and Tables 1.3.A and 1.3.B provide the dimensions and details about Trophy Seal float collars. Figure 1.3.E and Tables 1.3.C and 1.3.D provide the dimensions and details about Trophy Seal float shoes. Figure 1.3.F and Table 1.3.E provide the dimensions and details about slip joint Trophy Seal float shoes.

DN002864
DN002864

Figure 1.3.A—Trophy Seal float collar

DN002865
DN002865

Figure 1.3.B—Trophy Seal float shoe

DN004761
DN004761

Figure 1.3.C—Slip joint Trophy Seal float shoe

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Floating & Guiding Equip. C a s i n g S a l e s M
OD ID Lg Figure 1.3.D—Trophy Seal float collar DN002633
OD
ID
Lg
Figure 1.3.D—Trophy Seal float collar
DN002633

Table 1.3.A—8rd Trophy Seal™ Float Collars

         

Case

Thread Type

Casing OD

Part No.

Tool OD

ID

Length

Burst

Collapse

   

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

Pressure

Pressure

Box

Pin

psi (MPa)

psi (MPa)

4

1/2

 

5.000

4.042

14.71

5,881

5,312

   

(114.3)

101235367

(127.0)

(102.6)

(373.63)

(40.55)

(36.62)

5

1/2

 

6.050

4.998

14.12

5,020

5,020

(139.7)

101235368

(153.6)

(126.9)

(358.65)

(34.61)

(34.61)

 

7

101235369

7.656

6.450

13.83

4,321

4,321

Long

(177.8)

(194.4)

(163.8)

(351.28)

(29.79)

(29.79)

8

5/8

 

9.625

7.937

14.26

4,387

4,387

 

Short

(219.1)

101235370

(244.4)

(201.6)

(362.20)

(30.25)

(30.25)

9

5/8

 

10.625

8.967

14.51

3,760

3,760

 

(244.5)

101235371

(269.8)

(227.7)

(368.55)

(25.92)

(25.92)

10

3/4

 

11.750

10.056

13.47

3,551

3,551

 

(273.1)

101241740

(298.4)

(255.4)

(342.14)

(24.5)

(24.5)

Short

13

3/8

 

14.375

12.579

13.65

3,273

3,273

(339.7)

101241741

(365.1)

(319.5)

(346.71)

(22.6)

(22.6)

 

Table 1.3.B—Buttress Trophy Seal™ Float Collars

         

Case

Casing OD

Part No.

Tool OD

ID

Length

Burst

Collapse

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

Pressure

Pressure

psi (MPa)

psi (MPa)

4

1/2

 

5.000

4.042

14.89

6,074

5,470

(114.3)

101240616

(127.0)

(102.6)

(378.20)

(41.88)

(37.71)

5

1/2

 

6.050

4.998

15.41

5,165

5,165

(139.7)

101240617

(153.6)

(126.9)

(391.41)

(35.61)

(35.61)

 

7

101240618

7.656

6.450

16.37

4,437

4,437

(177.8)

(194.4)

(163.8)

(415.80)

(30.59)

(30.59)

8

5/8

 

9.625

7.937

17.05

4,481

4,481

(219.1)

101240619

(244.4)

(201.6)

(433.07)

(30.90)

(30.90)

9

5/8

 

10.625

8.967

17.18

3,845

3,845

(244.5)

101240620

(269.8)

(227.7)

(436.37)

(26.51)

(26.51)

10

3/4

 

11.750

9.914

17.17

4,352

4,352

(273.1)

101241742

(298.4)

(251.8)

(436.12)

(30.00)

(30.00)

13

3/8

 

14.375

12.479

17.22

3,707

3,707

(339.7)

101241743

(365.1)

(316.9)

(437.40)

(25.56)

(25.56)

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OD ID Lg DN002634
OD
ID
Lg
DN002634

Figure 1.3.E—Trophy Seal float shoe

Table 1.3.C—8rd Trophy Seal™ Float Shoes

           

Case

   

Casing OD

Part No.

Tool OD

 

ID

Length

Burst

Collapse

Box

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

Pressure

Pressure

Thread

psi (MPa)

psi (MPa)

 

4

1/2

   

5.000

 

4.042

14.714

6,478

5,795

 

(114.3)

101242319 (127.0)

 

(102.6)

(373.7)

(44.66)

(39.96)

 

5

1/2

   

6.050

 

4.998

15.165

6,244

5,607

(139.7)

101242320 (153.6)

 

(126.9)

(385.1)

(43.05)

(38.66)

 

7

101242321 (194.4)

7.656

 

6.538

13.580

6,093

5,485

 

(177.8)

(166.1)

(344.9)

(42.01)

(37.82)

 

8

5/8

   

9.625

 

7.937

15.856

7,615

6,689

Long

(219.1)

101242322 (244.4)

 

(201.6)

(402.7)

(52.50)

(46.12)

 

9

5/8

   

10.625

 

8.967

16.106

6,894

6,126

 

(244.5)

101242323 (269.8)

 

(227.7)

(409.0)

(47.53)

(42.24)

 

10

3/4

   

11.750

10.056

15.940

6,388

5,723

(273.1)

101242324 (298.4)

 

(255.4)

(404.8)

(44.04)

(39.46)

 

13

3/8

   

14.375

12.579

16.610

5,341

5,341

(339.7)

101242325 (365.1)

 

(319.5)

(421.8)

(36.82)

(36.82)

 

Table 1.3.D—Buttress Trophy Seal™ Float Shoes

 
             

Case

   

Casing OD

Part No.

Tool OD

ID

Length

Burst

Collapse

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

Pressure

Pressure

psi (MPa)

psi (MPa)

 

4

1/2

 

5.000

4.042

15.655

6,478

5,795

(114.3)

 

101242327 (127.0)

(102.6)

(397.63)

(44.66)

(39.96)

 

5

1/2

 

6.050

4.998

15.797

6,244

5,607

(139.7)

 

101242328 (153.6)

(126.9)

(401.24)

(43.05)

(38.66)

 

7

101242329 (194.4)

7.656

6.450

15.030

6,093

5,485

 

(177.8)

 

(163.8)

(381.76)

(42.01)

(37.82)

 

8

5/8

 

9.625

7.937

16.166

7,615

6,689

(219.1)

 

101242330 (244.4)

(201.6)

(410.61)

(52.50)

(46.12)

 

9

5/8

 

10.625

8.967

16.166

6,894

6,126

(244.5)

 

101242331 (269.8)

(227.7)

(410.61)

(47.53)

(42.24)

 

10

3/4

 

11.750

9.914

17.260

7,129

6,311

(273.1)

 

101242332 (298.4)

(251.8)

(438.40)

(49.15)

(43.51)

 

13

3/8

 

14.375

12.479

17.920

5,341

5,341

(339.7)

 

101242333 (365.1)

(316.9)

(455.17)

(36.82)

(36.82)

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DN004762
DN004762

Figure 1.3.F—Slip joint Trophy Seal float shoe

Table 1.3.E—Slip Joint Trophy Seal™ Float Shoes

         

Case

Casing OD

Part No.

Tool OD

ID

Length

Burst

Collapse

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

Pressure

Pressure

psi (MPa)

psi (MPa)

4

1/2

 

5.000

4.042

15.23

6,478

5,795

(114.3)

101349971

(127.0)

(102.6)

(386.8)

(44.66)

(39.96)

5

1/2

 

6.050

4.998

15.20

6,244

5,607

(139.7)

101349994

(153.6)

(126.9)

(386.1)

(43.05)

(38.66)

 

7

101333805

7.656

6.450

13.98

6,093

5,485

(177.8)

(194.4)

(163.8)

(355.1)

(42.01)

(37.82)

8

5/8

 

9.625

7.937

15.85

7,615

6,689

(219.1)

101349997

(244.4)

(201.6)

(402.6)

(52.50)

(46.12)

9

5/8

 

10.625

8.967

16.31

6,894

6,126

(244.5)

101349998

(269.8)

(227.7)

(414.3)

(47.53)

(42.24)

10

3/4

 

11.750

9.914

16.03

7,129

6,311

(273.1)

101350095

(298.4)

(251.8)

(407.2)

(49.15)

(43.51)

13

3/8

 

14.375

12.479

16.19

5,341

5,341

(339.7)

101350361

(365.1)

(316.9)

(411.2)

(36.82)

(36.82)

Note: Slip joint float equipment should be welded onto casing according to the latest addition of API 5CI, Section 9.

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1.4 Halliburton Super Seal™ and Super Seal II™

Tubing Float Equipment

Super Seal™ and Super Seal II™ tubing-size float shoes are available in either standard or high-port up-jet (HPUJ) designs. Tubing-size float shoes and collars help prevent cement backflow from entering the tubing string. Be- cause of size restrictions, autofill devices are not provided with tubing-size floating equip- ment.

The case material for all standard tubing sizes and grades of equipment is L-80 grade steel. Other material grades and premium threads are available by special order. The 2 3 /8-in. float shoe and float collar includes the Super Seal float equipment 2 1 /8-in. valve. Standard float shoes and HPUJ float shoes are available in 2 7 /8-in. through 4-in. tubing sizes. Tubing- size floating equipment should be drilled out with roller cone rock bits.

The Super Seal and Super Seal II standard float collars are shown in Figures 1.4.A through 1.4.D. See Table 1.4.A for details about these float collars.

Figures 1.4.E through 1.4.G show the Super Seal and Super Seal II tubing float shoes. See Table 1.4.B for more details.

DN002627
DN002627

Figure 1.4.A—Super Seal II tubing float collar

DN002628
DN002628

Figure 1.4.B—Super Seal II tubing float shoe

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DN002624
DN002624

Figure 1.4.C—Super Seal tubing float collar

DN002660
DN002660

Figure 1.4.D—Super Seal II tubing float collar

Table 1.4.A—Super Seal and Super Seal II Standard Float Collars

Tubing

Thread

Weight

Part

Tool OD

Min. ID

Length

Flow Area in. 2 (cm 2 )

 

Size

Type

Range

No.

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

lb/ft (kg/m)

 
 

NU 10rd

4.0

to 4.6

820.4002

2.875

 

14.04

 

2

3/8 a

(6.0 to 6.8)

(73.0)

2.041

(356.6)

1.27

(60.3)

 

4.70

820.40025

3.060

(51.8)

14.66

(8.19)

EUE 8rd

(7.0)

(100004709)

(77.7)

(372.4)

 

NU 10rd

6.4

to 8.6

836.52050

3.500

 

2

7/8 b

(9.5 to 12.8)

(88.9)

1.35

(73.0)

 

6.5

to 8.7

836.52000

3.668

2.367

12.50

(8.71)

EUE 8rd

(9.7 to 12.9)

(100004711)

(93.2)

(60.1)

(317.5)

 

NU 10rd

9.2

to 12.70

836.52501

4.250

 

13.44

 

3

1/2 b

(13.7 to 18.9)

(100076292)

(108.0)

2.990

(341.4)

1.40

(88.9)

 

9.3

to 12.95

836.52500

4.500

(75.9)

13.67

(9.03)

EUE 8rd

(13.8 to 19.3)

(100009567)

(114.3)

(347.2)

a Super Seal float equipment valve b Super Seal II float equipment valve

C a s i n g S a l e s M a n u

Casing Sales Manual

Floating & Guiding Equip.

C a s i n g S a l e s M a n u a
DN002623
DN002623

Figure 1.4.E—Super Seal tubing float shoe

DN002659
DN002659

Figure 1.4.F—Super Seal II tubing float shoe

DN002625
DN002625

Figure 1.4.G—Super Seal II tubing high-port up-jet float shoe

Table 1.4.B—Super Seal and Super Seal II Tubing Float Shoes

Tubing

Thread

Nose

Part

Tool OD

Min. ID

Length

Flow Area in. 2 (cm 2 )

Size

Type

Design

No.

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

in. (mm)

 
 

NU 10rd

Standard

846.5002

2.875

 

13.52

 

2

3/8 a

(73.0)

2.040

(343.4)

1.27

(60.3)

EUE 8rd

Standard

846.50025

3.060

(51.8)

13.60

(8.19)

(100005032)

(77.7)

(345.4)

     

837.52050

       

NU 10rd

Standard

(101203480)

3.500

(88.9)

2 7/8 b

High-Port Up-Jet

837.52057

1.35

 

Standard

837.52000

3.668

2.641

11.12

(8.71)

 

EUE 8rd

(100005003)

(93.2)

(67.1)

(282.4)

High-Port Up-Jet

837.52007

   

Standard

837.52501

4.250

 

12.75

 

NU 10rd

(100009577)

(108.0)

(323.9)

3 1/2 b

High-Port Up-Jet

837.52557

2.990

1.40

(88.9)

 

Standard

837.52500

4.500

(75.9)

13.01

(9.03)

EUE 8rd

(100077632)

(114.3)

(330.5)

High-Port Up-Jet

837.52521

a Super Seal float equipment valve b Super Seal II float equipment valve

Floating & Guiding Equip.

Casing Sales Manual

Floating & Guiding Equip. C a s i n g S a l e s M
Floating & Guiding Equip. C a s i n g S a l e s M

Notes

C a s i n g S a l e s M a n u

Casing Sales Manual

Floating & Guiding Equip.

C a s i n g S a l e s M a n u a

1.5 Super Seal II™ Standard Float Collars and Shoes

Super Seal II™ float collars and float shoes (Figures 1.5.A and 1.5.B) are available in either a 2 3 /4-in. (10 bbl/min for 24 hr) or 4 1 /4-in. (25 bbl/min for 24 hr) valve size. The 4 1 /4-in. valve size is normally selected for high-rate cementing jobs to minimize erosion through the valve. Both the 2 3 /4-in. and 4 1 /4-in. valve are rated at 5,000 psi at 400°F according to the highest

Standard Super Seal II float equipment is made from K-55 coupling stock. Super Seal II equipment can be used with J-55 and K-55 casing strings and can often be used in casing strings with grades including N-80 and L-80. Contact the Casing Equipment global mail- box (Casing.Equipment@Halliburton.com) for appli- cability.

API rating (III-C) in API RP 10F. At standard rates of cementing either valve may be used. All Super Seal II float shoes and float collars are supplied with an autofill feature (at no additional cost). The valve assembly and the cement holding the valve in place