Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 127

ISVlH3hYHeYH

OJO>l~3hVlJ3.lYd.l~
>I~~OS XlqH.l3>1Yd
OIVI.l3lt-OS
ISO.laenllSaoo U
r:uwr:£
MO)l~lI\Idr:U
..... YH
H~Bd
£Hh~O
HI H)I(3 YH
A
55K 68.52
H27

nOA o6UJ,e~ peAaKL.\I-te~ A. C. Kopo/leBa U M. A. I/PY:>fCUHUHOiJ

ABTOpbl TeKCTa:

1/. n.r/lOmUH, n. 3. rY/lReBa, O. O. l/aHu/loBa, M. A. I/PY:>fCUHUHa,


r. B. UeYMHoB, E H. Me/lbHUKOBa, C. P. OcmaneHKo, B. A. Tpeepu/loB

B KHl-1re I-1CnOflb30BaHbi CTI-1XI-1 1-13 ra3eTbi «BeTepaH-paKeT4I-1K»

H. AeeeBa, U. 5apCKoeo, 10. 5e/lUlJeHKO, C. BepemeHHUKoBa, B. EeopoBa,


flflanWUHo~ n. flapUH~ B. n/leCKalJ~ 10. CBa/loBa

~3AaHO no 3aKa3Y
aAMI-1HI-1CTpa41-11-1 3ATO 3Be3AHblH

AAMI-1HI-1CTpal..ll-1f1 6flaroAapl-1T Bcex, KTO OKa3afl nOMOUJ,b B pa60Te HaA KHl-1ro~,


npeAOCTaBl-1fl I-1HcP0PMal..lI-10HHble MaTepl-1aflbl 1-1 cPOTorpacPl-11-1 1-13 fll-14HbiX apXI-1BOB

B c60pe MaTepl-1afla Aflfl KHl-1rl-1 npl-1HI-1Mafll-1 Y4aCTl-1e:


fl K. A/leKCeeBa, A. B. 5e/loB, A. E 5e/lReB, M. A. 50H8apeHKo, C. A. 5y3MaKoB,
C. B. BepemeHHuKoB, A. rU/lbMaHOBa, c. A. r/la3YHoBa, H. B. rO/ly6u.oB, B. H. rOH­
lJapoB, O. E rpUw,eHKo, fl A. l/o/leupeB, C. A. EpeMeeB, A. r.
3aiJu.eB, A. 3UMUH, r.
A. H. 30moB, M. A. Ka/le8aeB, A. B. KUlJaHOB, B. B. U T. B. KonblcoBbl, B. E Ko­
mOK, B. r.
KpacHoB, E E KPJOKOBa, E B. flapuHa, A. n.
fleHKeBulJ, A. T. MaHma­
woB, P. 10. Me/lbHUKOB, fl A. MepKY/loBa, H. E MouceeBa, A. T. He8ocmyn,
A. A. HelJyHaeB, A. P. HueMamRHoB, B. 1/. naHalJeB, H. H. nepMuHoB, fl A. nep­
MRKOB, T. r.
nuw,a/lbHUKOBa, U. H. no8men, B. H. npUX08bKO, B. H. npocKypuH,
E M. nY3aHoB, A. B. Pa3yMoB, B. H. POC/lRKOB, 0. B. CO/l8amlJeHKO, H. fl CyMeH­
KoBa, r. c.C/Ja8eeB, B. A. Xa3unoB, H. fl Xy8RKoBa, A. H. Lfene/leHKO, C. B. LfUKU­
HoB, 10. U. LlJa6o/laeB, T. r.
LlJeBlJeHKO, B. B. LlJuwoB, LlJ,yKUH, B. IOpoBcKUX n.

© KOlllleKTHB aBTopoB, TeKCT. 2009


© V13,l1aTellbCTBo «MaMaToB», o¢opMlleHHe. 2009
ISBN 978-5-91076-028-2 © 000 «nOIlHTPYK». 2009
,D.OPOrVlE ,D.PY3b5l!

17 AeKa6p51 2009 rOAa POCOt51 npa3AHyeT 50 fleT co AH51 06pa30BaHH51 PaKeTHbix BOHCK CTpa­
rerH4eCKoro Ha3Ha4eHH51.
50 fleT - CpOK He60flbwoH B MacwTa6ax HCTOpHH. Ho 3a 3THMH l.\HeppaMH CKpblBaeTC51 orpOM­
Ha51 KponOTflHBa51 pa60Ta nOKOfleHHH KOHCTpyKTOpOB paKeT, BOeHa4aJlbHHKOB, KOMaHAOBaBWHX Pa­
KeTHblMH BOHcKaMH CTpaTerH4eCKoro Ha3Ha4eHH51, a TaK>Ke Bcex BOHHOB-paKeT4HKOB, CT051BWHX Ha
py6e>Kax 3aw.HTbl OTe4ecTBa.
,D.fl51 nepMcKoro Kpa51 3Ta AaTa HMeeT oc060e 3Ha4eHHe, BeAb r1pHKaMbe - 3TO H nepMcKoe
BBKVlKY PaKeTHbix BOHCK HMeHH Mapwafla COBeTcKoro COt03a B. VI. 4yHKoBa - KY3HHl.\a KaA­
pOB Afl51 PBCH, H 52-51 paKeTHa51 TapHonoflbcKo-5epflHHcKa51 OPAeHOB 50rAaHa XMeflbHHl.\Koro
II CTeneHH H KpacHoH 3Be3Abi AHBH3H51, AHCflOl.\HpOBaBwa51C51 B 3Be3AHoM, H npeAnpH51TH51 060­
pOHHOH npOMbIWfleHHOCTH, npOH3BOAHBWHe YHHKaflbHoe opy>KHe Afl51 oCHaw.eHH51 PBCH.
HecMoTp51 Ha TO, 4TO B 2007 roAY PaKeTHbie BOHcKa cTpaTerH4ecKoro Ha3Ha4eHH51 3aKOH4H­
flH CBOH paTHblH TPYA Ha TeppHTopHH 3ATO 3Be3AHbIH, 3Be3AHblH 6blfl H OCTaeTC51 l.\eHTpOM
BOHHCKOH KyflbTypbl nepMcKoro Kpa51, xpaHHTefleM TpaAHl.\HH paKeT4HKoB r1pHKaMb51.
neTonHcb HCTOpHH c03AaHH51, CTaHOBfleHH51 H pa3BHTH51 PaKeTHbix BOHCK nOKa3blBaeT, Ha­
CKOflbKO caMOOTBep>KeH TPYA BOHHoB-paKeT4HKoB, HaCKOflbKO rfly60Ko H HCKpeHHe Hy>KHO fltO­
6HTb CBOtO POAHHy, 4T06bl 06pe4b ce651 H CBOtO ceMbtO Ha HcnbITaHH51, npH 3TOM HH Ha MrHOBe­
Hbe He Tep51~ 4yBCTBO YAOBfleTBopeHH51 OT TOro, 4TO Tbl BblnOflH51eWb 60eBytO 3aAa4Y OC060H ro­
cYAapCTBeHHoH Ba>KHOCTH.
nOMHHTb Tex, KTO roTOBHfl oepHl.\epOB-paKeT4HKoB Afl51 PBCH, OTAaTb 3acfly>KeHHytO AaHb yBa­
>KeHH51 TeM, KTO nepBblMH epOpMHpoBafl PBCH H 3acTynafl Ha 60eBoe Ae>KypCTBo, OCBaHBafl HO­
Bbie paKeTHble KOMnfleKCbl, HaAe>KHO H 6e30naCHO 3KcnflyaTHpoBafl 51AepHoe opy>KHe B 52-H pa­
KeTHOH AHBH3HH, 3HaTb Tex, KTO C03AaBafl rp03Hoe opy>KHe B nepMCKOM Kpae, a TaK>Ke CB51TO
4THTb H npeyMHO>KaTb CflaBHble TpaAHl.\HH CTapWHX nOKOfleHHH - AOflr Ka>KAoro >KHTefl51 3Be3A­
HOro, Ka>KAoro >KHTefl51 nepMcKoro Kpa51.
BceM, KTO CB513afl CBOtO CYAb6y C caMblM rp03HbiM Ha 3eMfle opy>KHeM, nocB51w.aeTC51 3Ta
KHHra.
Bblpa>KatO HCKpeHHHe CflOBa 6flaroAapHocTH BceM, KTO OKa3blBafl nOMow.b B c60pe MaTepHa­
flOB Afl51 C03AaHH51 KHHrH. Oc06a51 npH3HaTeflbHOCTb - npeAceAaTefltO COBeTa BeTepaHOB PBCH
B nepMCKOM Kpae,D.. n. rflOTHHY, npeAnpH51TH51M 060pOHHOH npOMblWfleHHOCTH nepMCKoro Kpa51,
npeAceAaTefltO COBeTa BeTepaHOB nepMcKoro BBKVlKY PaKeTHblX BOHCK C. P. OCTaneHKO.
C npa3AHHKOM Bac, BOHHbl-paKeT4HKH! C 50-H roAOBW.HHOH CO AH51 pO>KAeHH51 A06fleCTHbiX
PaKeTHblX BOHCK CTpaTerH4ecKoro Ha3Ha4eHH51!
5YAyw.ee npHHaAfle>KHT TeM, KTO nOMHHT npOWfloe•••

A. C. KOPOflEB, c1l0f30 3A TO 3f3i§3aHbIU


MM:»:»Od B
>I:»MOB
"'"
XlqH~:I)lVd M
M>lMHX3~
MOH~3>lYd
"'"
MMdO~:»M EM
I 2B2lfJ
6 HAAE>KHbIH l4liIT OT'-llo13Hbi
POKemHblM 80UCKOM cmpOmeZULfeCKOZO H03HOLfeHUR 17 oeK06­
pR 2009 zooo UCnO/lHRemCR 50/lem. B 3mom oeHb 8 1959 zoalj
{3bIW/lO nocmoH08/TeHue C08emo MUHucmp08 CCCP, 8 coom8em­
cm{3uu C KomopblM 6bl/l0 IjLfpeJICOeHO aO/lJICHOCmb z/l08HOKOMoH­
oljlOw,ezo POKemHblMu 80ucKoMu cmpomezuLfecKozo H03HOLfeHUR,
06P030{30Hbl r/l08Hblu wma6 PBCH U apljzue 0PZOHbl 80eHHozo
ynp08/leHuR. Ho ucmopuLfecKu KopomKoM nljmu ux cmoH08/leHUR
U p038umuR MOJICHO 8bloe/lumb HeCKO/lbKO RpKUX 3mon08 - om
¢opMup080HuR nep8blx coeaUHeHuu U Lfocmeu, cnoc06HblX pe­
womb onepamu8Hble 3000LfU, 00 cmoH08/leHuR POKemHblX 80UCK
cmpomeZU'-IeCKOZO H03HOLfeHUR 8 K04ecm8e OaHOZO U3 z/l08Hblx
KOMnoHeHm08 CmpomeZU'-IeCKUX RaepHblx CU/l Poccuu.
C03aa8a/lucb OHU, KOHe4HO, He HO nljcmOM Mecme. B 50-e ZO­
Obi npOW/lOZO 8eKo 8 Howeu cmpoHe 6bl/la noozom08/leHo 6030
om1 UX C0300HUR: p03p060moHO U C0300HO pOKemHO-RoepHoe r eHepan-neHTeHaHT

0pIjJICue, ucnblmOHbl nep8ble 06P031.J,bl Ijnp08/lf1eMblx 60/l/lucmu­ A. A. WBaH'feHKO,

KOMaHAYlOlqHH PBCH

'IeCKUX paKem. Ho 800pljJICeHue npuHRmbl pOKemHble KOMn/leK­


Cbl nep8blx nOKO/leHUU, c¢opMup080Hbl nep8ble pOKemHble POAHllCH 18 HIOHH 1953 roAa B ropoAe
'Iocmu U coeOUHeHUf1. 3mom 3mon 6bl/l 80JICHeuwuM 8 ucmopuu XapbKoBe.
C0300HUf1 U p038umuf1 {30UCK. OKOH4Hll B 1975 rOAY XapbKoBcKoe
Bblcwee BoeHHoe KOMaHAHoe Y4HllHll.\e,
5/lozoaopf1 c0300me/lf1M omeLfecm8eHHozo pOKemHO-f1aepHO­
B 1987 roAY - BoeHHYIO aKaAeMHIO HMeHH
20 OpljJICUR U 8emepoHOM-pOKem4UKOM, ux cOMoom8epJICeHHOMIj <D. 3. ,ll,3ep>t<HHcKoro. B 1999 roAY - BoeH­
mpljolj 8 Ijc/l08uRX noc/le80eHHou P03PYXU 6bl/l0 C03aOHO OCHO­ HYIO aKaAeMHIO reHepallbHoro wTa6a Boo­
Bo Ho80zo t3uaa BOOpljJICeHHblX CU/l Poccuu. Py>t<eHHbIX CHll POCCHHCKOH <DeAepaI..\HH.
nOclleAoBaTellbHo npowell B BOHcKax Bce
nep8blM r/l08HOKOMOHaljlOl1I,UM PBCH 6bl/l H03H04eH repou
KOMaHAHo-wTa6Hble AOll>t<HOCTH OT HH>t<eHe­
Co{3emCKOZO COlO30 r/la8Hblu MOpWO/l opmU/l/lepUU Mumpo¢oH
pa rpynnbl AO KOMaHAYlOll.\erO OMCKHM pa­
J1BOHOBu4 Heae/lUH. UMef1 KO/lOCCO/lbHbIU onblm BOUHbl, npouof1 Bce KeTHblM 06beAHHeHHeM.
KOMOHaHble OO/lJICHOCmU ao 30MeCmUme/lf1 MUHucmpo 060POHbl B 2001-2002 rOAax HBllHllCH nepBblM
CCCP no cneI.J,UO/lbHOMIj 800pljJICeHUIO U peoKmu8Hou meXHUKe, 3aMeCHHelleM Ha4allbHI-1Ka wTa6a PBCH.
B 2002-2006 rr. - KOMaHAYlOll.\HH OM­
Mumpo¢oH U80H08u4 8Hec Heou.eHuMblu 8K/loa 8 C0300Hue PBCH,
CKHM paKeTHblM 06beAHHeHHeM. C HIOHH
p03p060mKIj, ucnblmOHue U npUHf1mUe HO 800pljJICeHue pOKemHo­ 2006 rOAa - Ha4allbHHK wTa6a - nepBblH 3a­
ffaepHozo OpIjJICUR. MeCTHTellb KOMaHAYlOll.\ero PBCH. 411eH Bo­
CmaH08/leHue HoBozo 8uoo BOOpljJICeHHblX CU/l npooo/lJICO­ eHHoro COBeTa PBCH.
YKa30M npe3HAeHTa POCCHHCKOH <De­
/lOCb noa pljKot3oacmBoM npoc/l08/leHHblx 80eH040/lbHUKoB Be­
Aepal..\HH OT 3 aBrYCTa 2009 roAa reHepall­
I1UKOU Ome4ecmt3eHHou 80uHbi - Mopwol108 C08emcKozo COIO­ lleHTeHaHT AHApeH AHaTollbeBH4 WBaH4eH­
30: a80JICabl repOR C08emCKOZO COlO30 KupUI1/l0 CeMi:iHoBu40 KO Ha3Ha4eH KOMaHAYlOll.\HM PaKeTHblMH
MOCKO/leHKO, repOR C08emcKozo COlO30 Cepzeff CeMeH08u40 5u­ BOHcKaMH CTpaTerH4ecKoro Ha3Ha4eHHH.

P1030Bo, a80JICabi repOR C08emcKozo COlO30 HUKO/lOR U80HoBu­ Harpa>t<AeH oPAeHaMH: «3a cllY>t<6y
POAHHe B BooPy>t<eHHblx CHllax>} III CTeneHH.
'-10 Kpbl/l080.
«3a BoeHHble 3acllyrH>}. 6 MeAallHMH. VlMeeT
8 pe31j/lbmOme HOnpffJICeHHOZO mpyaa pOKem4uKoB, npo­ n04eTHoe 3BaHHe «3aclly>t<eHHbIH BoeHHblH
MbIW/TeHHOCmu U 80eHHbix cmpoume/leu IjJICe 8 H040/le 60-x zo­ Cnel..\HallHCT POCCHHCKOH <DeAepaI..\HH».
ooB npow/lOZO cmO/lemUR 6bll1U nocm0811eHbl HO 60e80e aeJICljp­
cmBo pOKemHble coeaUHeHuff U 40cmu, Komopble MOZ/TU pewomb
cmpome2u4ecKue 3000LfU Bepx08Hozo Z/l08HOZO KOMOHaoBoHUR
HO 11106blX meompax BoeHHblx oeucmBuiJ.
B KOHu.e 70-x zoo08 B PBCH p038epmblBaemcR zpljnnUpOBKo
C pOKemoMu t3mopozo nOKO/leHUR C «OaUH04HbIMU» cmopmoMu.
3mo n03Bol1u/l0 CoBemCKOMIj COlO31j cpoBHRmbcR c CLlJA KOK no
PBCH HA nEPMCKO~ 3EMnE 7
KOlJu~ecmBeHHOMY cocmoBy MeJfCKOHmUHeHmOlJbHblX 6olJlJuCmU~ecKuX pOKem, mOK U no ux
60eBblM xopOKmepucmUKOM. POKemHble BOUCKO 30HRIJU Beayw,ee Mecmo B cocmoBe Cmpo­
mezu~eCKUX RaepHblX CUIJ cmpOHbl.
B 80-e ZOabl BOUCKO OCHow,OJOmCR pOKemHblMU KOMnfleKCOMU mpembezo nOKOlJeHUR
C p03aeIJR1OUI,UMUCR ZOIJOBHblMU ~ocmRMU U cpeacmBOMU npeOaOlJeHUR npomuBopOKemHOU
060POHbl BepORmHOZO npomuBHUKO. Ho BoopyJfCeHUe npUHUMoemCR M06UIJbHblU zpyHmo­
BblU pOKemHblU KOMnfieKC «nUOHep», He uMeBwuu no meM BpeMeHOM OHOIJOzoB 30 py6e­
JfCOM. OC060R POlJb B ycnewHoM peweHUU 3mux 30aO~ npUHOaIJeJfCUm Z/10BHOKOMOHaYIOw,e­
My PBCH, repolO Cou,uolJuCmU~ecKozo Tpyao, rlJOBHOMY MOpWOlJy opmulJlJepuu BIJOaUMU­
py (j)eaopoBu~y TOIJy6KO, noa pyKoBoacmBoM Komopozo 6blflU p03po60moHbl npuHu,unbl
60eB020 npUMeHeHUR coeaUHeHuu U ~ocmeu B onepou,URX POKemHblX BOUCK cmpome2u~e­
CKOZO H03Ho~eHUR.
HeCKOlJbKO n03JfCe HO BoopyJfCeHUe nocmynolOm cmou,UOHopHble U M06uIJbHble pOKem­
Hble KOMnlJeKCbl ~emBepmozo nOKOlJeHUR, a mOKJfCe npuHu,unUOlJbHO HoBoR oBmOMomU3U­
pOBOHHOR cucmeMO ynpoBlJeHUR BOUCKOMU U opyJfCUeM. POKemHble BOUCKO B 3mom nepUoa
B032IJoBIJRIJ repou CoBemCKOZO COJ030 ZeHepOIJ OpMUU IOpuu noBlJoBu~ MOKCUMOB, Komo­
PblU BHec 60IJbWOU BKIJOa B p03BepmblBoHue HoBblX Mo6UIJbHblX pOKemHblX KOMnlJeKCoB,
p03po60mKy npuHu,unoB UX 60eB020 npUMeHeHUR U nOaaepJfCOHUe 60eBou 20moBHocmu
POKemHblX BOUCK.
Ho cIJeayJOUI,UX 3monox, HO~UHOR C 199220ao, npoucxoaulJo peepopMupoBoHue POKem­
HblX BOUCK B cocmoBe BoopYJfCeHHblX CUIJ Poccuu, lJuKBuaoU,UR pOKemHO-RaepHOZO OpyJfCUR
HO meppumopuu YKpOUHbl, K030xcmoHo U 5eflOpyccUU B Xoae peOIJU30u,UU ,lI020Bopo
CHB-l. HO~OIJOCb p03BepmblBoHue HoB020 POCCUUCK020 pOKemHozo KOMnfleKCO « TonolJb-M».
B 3mom nepUoa POKemHble BOUCKO cmpome2u~ecKozo H03Ho~eHUR B03ZIJoBnRIJU npoepec­
CUOHonbHble pOKem~uKu - ZeHepOlJbl OpMUU I1zopb ,lIMumpueBu4 CepzeeB U BnOaUMUp Hu­
KOlJoeBu~ flKoBlJeB.
Ho Bcex 3monox ucmopuu POKemHblX BOUCK cmpomezu4ecK020 H03Ho~eHUR UX cmpou­
menbcmBo U p03Bumue 6blIJ0 nOa4UHeHO OaHOU Bblcweu u,elJu - coxpOHeHulO MUpO. 11 ce­
ZOaHR Mbl C yBepeHHocmbJO MOJfCeM cK030mb, ~mo mom np04HblU epYHaOMeHm U mpOauU,UU,
Komopble c03aoBonUCb U npuYMHOJfCOflUCb HO npOmRJfCeHUU HeCKonbKUX aeCRmUflemuu IJU4­
HblM cocmoBOM POKemHblX BOUCK cmpomezu4eCKOZO H03Ho~eHUR, He ymepRHbl.
K np03aHOBoHUJO 50-u zOaOBW,UHbl cBoezo 06p030BoHUR POKemHble BOUCKO cmpomezu­
4eCKOZO H03H04eHUR noaownu B u,eflOM C XOpOWUMU nOK030menRMU.
B 2008 yl.le6HoM 20ay yaoflocb npoBecmu Bce 30nIJOHUpoBoHHble MeponpuRmuR noazo­
moBKU opzoHoB ynpoBneHuR U BOUCK. Pe3ynbmombl npoBepOK U y~eHuu B 2008 zoay noa­
mBepaulJu mpe6yeMblu ypoBeHb 60eBoiJ zomoBHocmu coeaUHeHuu U l.Iocmeu PBCH, cno­
c06Hocmb opzoHoB ynpoBfleHuR U BOUCK K cBoeBpeMeHHoMy nepeBoay C MUpH020 HO BoeH­
Hoe BpeMR, omMo6uIJU30BOHUIO U BblnOIJHeHUIO znoBHOU 30aOl.lU - npoBeaeHUIO nycKo
pOKem.
no pe3ljflbmomOM npoBepOK Bce coeaUHeHUR U BouHcKue ~ocmu POKemHblx BOUCK ou,e­
HuBolOmcR nOflOJfCUmelJbHO. B u,efloM, ou,eHuBoR ce20aHRWHee cocmORHue POKemHblX BOUCK
cmpomezu~eCKOzo H03HOl.leHUR, MOJfCHO Caeflomb znoBHblU BblBoa: POKemHble BOUCKO CO­
xpOHunu BblCOKljlO 60eBy1O zomoBHocmb, ynpoBIJReMocmb U 6oecnoc06Hocmb coeaUHeHUU
U l.Iocmeu U ycnewHo pewulJu nocmoBfleHHble nepea HUMU 30aOl.lU Zoao.
B 2008 zoay POKemHblMu BOUCKOMU ycnewHo npoBeaeHo 7 nljcKoB pOKem p03nU~HOZO
H03HOl.leHUR, KOJfCablU U3 KomopblX 6blfl no-cBoeMy YHUKOlJeH U UZpOfl BOJfCHljlO ponb B p03­
Bumuu PBCH U nOaaepJfCOHUU ux BblCOKOU 6oeBou zomoBHocmu.
8 HAAE>KHbIH U4HT OT'U13Hbl
Oc060 3H04UMbiM 6bl/1 nycK H0(30U pOKembl PC-24, np0(3eaeHHbIU C KOCMOapOMO n/1eceu,K
26 HOfl6pfl 2008 zoao. 3muM nycKoM 3o(3epweHbl /1emHO-KoHcmpyKmopcKue ucnblmOHUfI po­
Kembl PC-24, U H04UHOfl C 2009 zoao Mbl npucmynU/1U K nocmoHo(3Ke HO 60e(3oe ae:JICypcm(3o
pOKemHOZO KOMn/1eKCO n08(3U:JICHOZO zpyHmo(3ozo 603Up06aHUfI, oCHow,eHHOZO 3mou pOKemoU.
POKemo PC-24, p03po60mOHHOfl MOCKO(3CKUM uHcmumymOM men/10meXHUKU, om(3e4oem (3ceM
mpe606aHuflM 8eucm(3ylOw,ux (3 Hocmoflw,ee BpeMfI Me:JIC8YHop08HbIX COZ/10WeHUU no OZpOHU­
4eHUIO cmpomeZU4eCKUX fl8epHblX Boopy:JICeHUU. npUHflmue ee HO Boopy:JICeHue YCU/1um 60e­
Bble B03MO:>ICHOCmU zpynnupoBKU PBCH, npe:>IC8e Bcezo no npe080/1eHUIO cucmeM npo, U meM
COMblM yKpenum nomeHu,UO/1 fl8epHOZO Caep:JICUBOHUfI pOCCUUCKUX Cfle.
B 2008 z08y peweH pfl8 BO:>ICHbIX 30a04 no p03BepmblBoHuIO zpynnupo(3Ku PK «To­
nO/1b-M».
CO(3epweHcmBo(3oHue zpynnupoBKu POKemHbix (3ouCK, 6e3YC/10(3Ho, mpe6yem U ee KO/1U­
4ecmBeHHOU onmuMu3ou,UU C Y4emOM 30K/1104eHHb1X Poccueu Me:>IC8YHop08HbIX coznoweHUU
o cOKpow,eHUU fl8epHozo nOmeHlJ,U0/10. J1 (3 3mOM HonpoB/1eHUU pYKo(308cm(3oM POKemHblX
BOUCK Benocb coom(3emcmBYIOw,ofl po60mo.
TOKUM 06P030M, ceZOaHfI POKemHbie (3ouCKo cmpomezu4ecKozo H03H04eHUfI np080/1:JICO­
10m p03BuBombcfI KOK 2/10(3HbIU KOMnOHeHm CmpomezulIecKux fl8epHblX CU/1 Poccuu, y HUX
ecmb 4emKOfl nepcneKmu(3o, ecmb 6y8yw,ee. Cez08HfI POKemHbie (3oucKo ocmOlOmCfI CO­
MblMU HoyKoeMKuMu U meXHU4eCKU C/10:>ICHbIMU BOUCKOMU. POCCUUCKOU npOMbIW/1eHHOCmblO
c038olOmCfI HoBbie pOKemHble KOMn/1eKCbl 5-zo nOKO/1eHUfI, KOllecmBeHHble nOK030me/1U KO­
mopblX n08mBep:>IC8olOm: omellecm(3eHHofl pOKemHofl meXHUKO He UMeem OH0/10Z0(3 U npo­
80/1:>ICoem ocmoBombCfI /1Y4weu B Mupe.
\113 BbICl)'nlleHHS'l KOMaHAYIOw,ero PBCH
reHepall-lle~1TeHaHTa A. A. WBAt14EHKO
OT CMrHanbHblX paKeT neTpa I
AO nereHAapHblX «KaTIOW»
... ApTllllllepKCTbl H paKeTHble BOHCKa,
B HapOAe Bawa cnaBa Be1lHl<a.
«l<aTlOWaMH,) npOCllaOHIlH cTpaHy
B CypOBylO C lj!awHCTaMH BOHHy.
lit noclle y6eAHTeJ1bHbIX no6eA
npHKpoeTe orHeM OT HOBblX 6eA,
CTpaHy cnaceTe Bbl HaBepHAl<a..•
HaAe)l(Hble paKeTHl>le BOHCl<a.

HaYaJlo pa3BI-1Hl1O paKeTHo~ TeXHI-1KI-1 B POCCI-1I-1 nOIlO>K1-11l neTp I.


B nepBo~ YeTBepTI-1 XVIII BeKa OH BBell Ha Boopy>KeHl-1e PYCCKO~ ap­
MI-1I-1 Cl-1rHallbHble paKeTbl, KOTopble npl-1MeHfllll-1Cb BO BpeMfl CeBep­
HOH BOHHbl. npl-1 HeM 6bllll-1 nOCTpoeHbl KpynHeHwl-1e B EBpone nopo­
XOBble 3aBoAbl, HayaTa nOAroToBKa Cnelll-1alll-1CTOB paKeTHoro Aella
B MOCKOBCKOM paKeTHoM 3aBeAeHI-1I-1, MOCKOBCKO~ 1-1 neTep6yprcKo~
apTl-1llllepl-1~CKI-1X WKOllax.
B 1810 roAY Hayalll-1Cb pa60Tbi no C03AaHI-11O 60eBbix paKeT. B03­
nerp I rllaBllfllll-1Cb OHI-1 BoeHHo-yYeHbiM KOMI-1TeTOM, a C 1859 roAa - Ap­
Tl-1llllepl-1HCKI-1M KOMI-1TeTOM r llaBHOrO apTl-1llllepl-1HCKoro ynpaBlleHl-1fl.
B 1814-1817 rOAax YlleH BoeHHo-yYeHoro KOMI-1TeTa \11. KapTaMa­
30B C03Aall 1-1 I-1CnblTall nepBble B POCCI-1I-1 2-, 2,5- 1-1 3,6-AIOHMoBble
3a>Kl-1raTellbHble 1-1 cPyracHble (rpaHaTHble) paKeTbl, I-1MeBWl-1e MaKCI-1­
MallbHYIO AallbHOCTb nOlleTa OT 1,5 AO 3 KM.
B 1815 roAY C03AaHI-1eM 60eBbix paKeT CTall 3aHI-1MaTbCfl PYCCKI-1H
apTl-1llllepl-1CT, repo~ OTeyeCTBeHHOI1 BOHHbl 1812 roAa reHepall-lle~­
TeHaHT A. ,/J,. 3acflAKo. OH Bowell B I-1CTOpl-11O KaK KpynHblH yYeHbl~
1-1 1-1306peTaTellb 60eBbiX paKeT, OCHOBOnOIlO>KHI-1K TaKTI-1KI-1 npl-1MeHe­
Hl-1fl paKeTHoro Opy>Kl-1fl. Ha Boopy>KeHl-1e pyCCKOH apMl-11-1 6bllll-1 npl-1­
HflTbl 3a>Kl-1raTellbHble 1-1 cPyracHble paKeTbl ero KOHCTpyKIlI-1I-1, a TaK­
>Ke pa3pa60TaHHbie I-1M nycKoBble CTaHKI-1 K031l0BOrO, paMHoro, Tpe­
HO>KHOro 1-1 llacPeTHoro Tl-1nOB.
no I-1Hl-1l1l-1aTI-1Be A. ,/J,. 3acflAKo 1 anpellfl 1827 rOAa 6blll0 C03­
AaHO nepBoe paKeTHoe nOApa3AelleHI-1e POCCI-1I1CKO~ apMl-11-1 - paKeT­
Hafl pOTa nOA KOMaHAOBaHl-1eM Kanl-1TaHa B. M. BHyKoBa. 06pa311bl

A. A. JaCSI,qKO nepBblX 60eBbix paKeT, C03AaHHbie reHepallOM A. ,/J,. 3acflAKo, npl-1­


MeHfllll-1Cb B 30-x rOAax XIX BeKa B BOI1He Ha KaBKa3e 1-1 B BOI1He
C TYPlll-1el1.
Bo BTOPO~ nOIlOBI-1He XIX BeKa B POCCI-1I-1 Ha1-1601lbWI-1~ BKllaA B
AallbHe~wee pa3BI-1TI-1e paKeTHoro Opy>Kl-1fl BHec 0AI-1H 1-13 BbIAalOUJ,I-1X­
Cfl npeACTaBI-1Tellel1 pyCCKOH apTl-1llllepl-1HCKOH WKOllbl, yYeHbl~, BHyK
POCCI-1HCKOro I-1MnepaTopa naBlla /, reHepall-lleHTeHaHT K. \11. KOH­
CTaHTI-1HOB. OH pa3pa60Tall OCHOBbl 3KCnepl-1MeHTallbH0l1 paKeTOAI-1­
HaMI-1KI-1 1-1 HaYYHble MeTOAbl npOeKTl-1pOBaHl-1fl 60eBbiX TBepAOTOnIlI-1B­
HblX paKeT; C03Aall 2-, 2,5- 1-1 4-AIOHMoBble paKeTbl HOBOro Tl-1na 1-1
nycKoBble CTaHKI-1 K HI-1M C AallbHOCTblO CTpellb6bl OT 2,3 AO 5,3 KM.
\I1MeHHo KOHcTaHTI-1HY \I1BaHOBI-1YY KOHcTaHTI-1HoBY npl-1HaAlle>KI-1T
I-1Aefl C03AaHI-1fl caMOCTOflTellbHoro paKeTHOrO pOAa BO~CK.
K. \11. KOHCTaHTI-1HOB B03rllaBIlflll ynpaBlleHl-1e no 1-13rOTOBIleHI-11O
1-1 ynoTpe61leHI-11O 60eBbix paKeT, KOTOpOMy nOAYI-1Hfllll-1Cb paKeTHbl11
AI-1BI-131-10H, c06cTBeHHbie paKeTHble 3aBOAbi 1-1 nOlll-1roHbl.
OCHOBHOH pa3pa60TK0I1, cAellaHHol1 K. \11. KOHCTaHTI-1HOBbIM, flBllfl­
PyCCKo-rypeqKiUI BOMHa 1878 ro,qa. eTCfl paKeTHbl11 6aJ1IlI-1CTI-1YeCKI-1~ MaflTHI-1K AJlfl 1-13MepeHI-1fl Tflrl-1 nopoxo­
WrypM pyCCKHMH BO~CKaM" BOro ABl-1raTeJlfl. OH 6blll nOCTpoeH Ha paKeTHOM nOlll-1roHe Ha BOIlKOBOM
KpenOCTH BapHa c npHMeHeHHeM nOlle B neTep6ypre 1-1 I-1CnblTaH B npl-1CYTCTBl-11-1 YlleHOB BoeHHo-yYeHoro
608. x paKeT KOMI-1TeTa. 3a TOYHOCTb 1-13MepeHI-1H 1-1 npoCTory BblYI-1ClleHI-1H 1-1306peTe­
HI-1IO K. \11. KOHcTaHmHOBa 6bllll-1 AaHbl caMble BblCOKl-1e OlleHKI-1, a npl-1H­

10 HAAE.>KHb £'1 Ul,MT ONM3Hb


1..\I-1n ero pa60Tbi 1-1 KOHCTPYKTHBHa5l cxeMa I-1CnOllb30BaJlI-1Cb AIDKe 4epe3
100 lleT B II1HcHnyre qm31-14ecKoi:1 XI-1MI-1H AH (((P. 5 MapTa 1850 roAa
nOIlKOBHI-1K K. 111. KOHCTaHTHHOB 6blll Ha3Ha4eH KOMaHAl-1poM neTep6yp­
rCKoro paKeTHoro 3aBeAeHVl51, nepBoro B POCCVIVI npOMblWlleHHoro

~-yp'
npep,npVl51TVl51 no npOVl3BoACTBy 60eBbix paKeT. B nepVlOA C 1853
no 1855 rOA paKeTHOe 3aBeAeHVle Vl3roTOBVlIl0 HeCKOllbKO TbIC514 60e­
BblX paKeT AJ151 Hy>t<A KpbIMCKOi:1 BOi:1Hbl no TexHollorVlVl, npeAf10>KeHHoi:1
K. V1. KOHCTaHTVlHoBbIM, 3a 4TO eMy 6blll0 06b51BlleHO «MoHapwee 61la­
roBolleHVle». ( KOHl..\a 1850-x roAOB K. 111. KOHcTaHTVlHOB 6blll 3aH51T pa3­
,_ -1,,\
pa60TKoi:1 npoeKTa HOBOro paKeTHoro 3aBoAa.
,," ,-'J'/
'+- " ~~
Pa60Ta YBeH4allacb ycnexoM - npoeKT 6blll yTBep>KAeH, a caM
<,': \~<
g"~"~ '(
C:-"' . ' " 1,'"
K. V1. KOHCTaHTVlHOB Ha3Ha4eH «3aBeAYIOLl\VlM Vl3rOTOBIleHVleM VI ~;~<''': "~'
M
,<

_! .JIlt.,' ,r
ynoTpe6IleHVleM» 60eBbiX paKeT B pyCCKOi:1 apMVlVI. napallllellbHO OH r-- ~#.,.,.
!bl' ._
0; ~2
'r.\~
pa3pa60Tall KYpC lleKl..\Vli:1 no npOVl3BoACTBy VI npVlMeHeHVlIO 60eBbiX
,1~ ,~
paKeT, C KOTOPblMVI BblcTynall nepeA cllywaTell51MVI MVlxai:11l0BcKoi:1 • c ,~~
....
apTl-1llllepVl i:1CKOi:1 aKap,eM VlVI. ,lJ,aH Hble MaTepVlall bl 6blll VI BKIl104eHbi
B pa3p,ell «DoeBble paKeTbl» 60eBoro nOC06V151 AIl51 ocPVll..\epOB «Ap­
TVlllllepVl51», a n03p,Hee, B 1856 roAY, Vl3AaHbi oTAellbHoi:1 KHVlroi:1
«0 60eBbix paKeTax». TpaKTaT «0 60eBbix paKeTax» CTall nepBoi:1 K. H. KOHCTaHTMHOB
cPYHp,aMeHTallbHoi:1 MOHorpacPVlei:1 no TeMe paKeTocTpOeHVl51 VI 6blll
BblCOKO Ol..\eHeH He TOllbKO B POCCVlVI, HO VI 3a py6e>KOM - napVl>KCKoi:1
aKap,eMVlei1 HayK (B 1861 roAY KHHra 6blna nepeBeAeHa Ha cPpaHl..\Y3­
CKI-1i:1 5l3bIK). B 3TOT nepVloA K. 111. KOHcTaHTVlHoB MHoro e3AVlIl no CTpa­
He, Bbl6V1pall MeCTO AIl51 CTpOVlTenbCTBa HOBOro paKeTHoro 3aBOAa.
B KOHe4HOM VlTore Bbl60p nail Ha ropOA HVlKOllaeB, npVl3HaHHbli:1 HaVl­
60llee YAa4HbiM no KIlVlMaTVl4eCKVlM YCIlOBVl51M. (aMbiM CIlO>KHbIM
CTall AIl51 Vl306peTaTell51 1862 rOA, KorAa nOMVlMO npVlH51TVl51 rocYAap­
cTBeHHoi:1 KOMVlccVlei1 HOBOi:1 pa3pa60TKVI K. 111. KOHcTaHTVlHoBa ­
2-p,IOi:1MOB0i:1 60eBoi:1 paKeTbl, nycKoBoro CTaHKa AIl51 Hee VI YAapHo­
ro nallbHVlKa AIl51 3anycKa, - eMy npVlwllocb BblAep>KaTb cepbe3Hei:1­
WI-1i:1 3K3aMeH Ha Oc060i1 VlMnepaTopcKoi1 KOMVlCCVlVI, c06paHHoi:1 AIl51
YT04HeHVl51 He06xOAVlMOCTVI cTpoVlTellbcTBa HOBoro paKeTHoro 3a­
Bop,a. 3K3aMeHbi 6blllVl cAaHbl, VI Ha4allOCb cTpoVlTellbcTBo 3aBOAa.
A K 1867 roAY K. 111. KOHcTaHTVlHoB OKOH4aTellbHO nepeexall B ro­
pop, HVlKollaeB VI pyKOBOp,VlIl cTpoVlTellbcTBoM, KOTopoe 6blll0 npaKTVI­
4eCKVI 3aBepweHo K KOHl..\y 1870 rop,a. OCTaBaJlC51 KOHe4Hbli:1 MOHTa>K H. E. )f(YKOBCICMM
060pYAoBaHVl51, KorAa B H04b Ha 12 5lHBap51 1871 roAa K. 111. KOH­
CTaHTVlHOB CKopOnOCTVI>KHO CKOH4aIlC51. 3aBoA 6blll OTKpblT y>Ke 6e3
Hero.
B 1908 rOAY BoeHHbli:1 VlH>KeHep H. B. fepacVlMoB BnepBble B
I-1CTOpVlVl paKeTHoi:1 TeXHVlKVI pa3pa60Tall VI VlcnblTall paKeTbl C rVlpo­
CKOn1-14ecKoi:1 CVlcTeMoi:1 cTa6V1IlVl3al..\VIVI AIl51 60Pb6bl C Ha3eMHblMVI VI
B03AYWHblMVI l..\ell51MVI. A B an pelle 1912 rOAa 6bIBWVli1 AVlpeKTOp
nyTl-1lloBcKoro 3aBOAa 111. B. BOIlOBCKVli1 npeACTaBVlIl B BoeHHoe MVI­
HI-1CTepCTBO POCCVIVI BeCbMa nepcneKTVlBHbli1 npoeKT HOBoro TVlna
BpaLl\aIOLl\VlXC51 paKeT VI npoeKT ABYX «MeTaTellbHbIX annapaTOB» AIl51
nycKa paKeT C caMOlleTa VI aBTOM06V11l51. npenoAaBaTellb MVlxai11l0B­
CKOi:1 apTVlllllepVli1cKoi:1 aKaAeMVIVI nOIlKOBHVlK 111. n. fpaBe B 1915 roAY
BnepBble npeAIlO>KVlIl CHap51>KaTb paKeTbl 6e3AblMHbiM nVlpoKcVlIlVlHO­
BblM nopoxoM, 06ecne4V1BalOLl\VlM paKeTe 60llbWYlO rpY30noAbeM­
HOCTb VI AallbHocTb nOll eTa. EMy B 1916 roAY 6blll BblAaH naTeHT Ha
1-1306peTeHVle. 3TVlM AOKyMeHToM YCTaHaBIlVlBaIlC51 oTe4ecTBeHHbli:1
npl-10pVlTeT B c03AaHHVI paKeTHoro 3ap51Aa Vl3 6e3AblMHoro nopoxa. K. 3. llMonlCoBcKHM
K Ha4allY XX BeKa pyccKVle Y4eHbie K. 3. llVlOIlKOBCKVli:1, H. E. >Ky­
KOBCKVlf1, a TaK>Ke H. 111. KH6allb4V14, 111. B. Mell\epcKVli:1, C. C. He>K­
p,aHoBcKVli:1, <D. A. llaHAep VI APyrVle pa3pa60TallVl TeopeTVl4eCKHe
PBCH HA nEPMCKOA 3EMnE 11
OCHOBbl paKeTHo~ TeXHI-1KI-1 1-1 KOCMOHaBTI-1KI-1, c03galll-1 HaY4Hbie npeg­
nOCblllKI-1 TeOpl-1H npOeKTl-1pOBaHI-1~ paKeTHblx gBl-1raTelle~, npl-160pOB
ynpaBlleHI-1~, CaMI-1X paKeT.
OCHoBonollo>t<HI-1KaMI-1 pa3pa60TKI-1 nopoxoBblX peaKTI-1BHblX CHa­
p~gOB B CCCP ~BIl~IOTC~ I-1H>t<eHepbl H. VI. TI-1XOMI-1POB 1-1 B. A. ApTe­
MbeB. VlH>t<eHep-XI-1MI-1K H. VI. TI-1XOMI-1POB YBlleKc~ np06lleMO~ peaK­
TI-1BHOro gBI-1>t<eHI-1~. B 1912 rogy OH CKoHcTpyl-1poBall caMogBI-1>t<y­
ll'\yIOC~ Topnegy Ha 6a3e opHrHHallbHoro np~MoT04Horo nopoxoBoro
peaKTI-1BHOrO gBl-1raTell~, KOTOPbl~ Mor pa60TaTb KaK B B03gyxe, TaK
1-1 B Boge. 3TO 1-1306peTeHI-1e nOllY41-11l0 nOllo>t<I-1TellbHYIO Ol..\eHKY npo­
cPeccopa H. E. >KyKoBcKoro. OKpbllleHHbl~ 3TI-1M, 3 Ma~ 1919 roga
H. VI. TI-1XOMI-1POB 06paTI-1IlC~ C nl-1CbMOM K YnpaBIl~lOl..l..\eMY gellaMI-1
COBHapKoMa B. A. 50H4-5pyeBI-14y, B KOTOpOM 1-131l0>t<1-11l CYI..l..\HOCTb
CBoero 1-1306peTeHI-1~. OHO 6blll0 noggep>t<aHO, 4TO n03BOllHIl0 B
1921 rogy c03gaTb B MocKBe lla60paTOpl-11O gll~ peall1-13al..\1-11-1 3Toro
1-1306peTeHI-1~, KOTopa~ BCKope npl-1CTynl-1lla K pa3pa60TKe 60eBbix
TBepgoTOnlll-1BHblX paKeT Ha 6e3gblMHOM nopoxe. B 1924 rogy lla60­
H. H. THXOMMpoB paTopH~ 1-13 MOCKBbl 6bllla nepeBegeHa B lleHI-1Hrpag. CnogBI-1>t<HI-1­
KOM H. VI. TI-1XOMl-1pOBa CTafl B. A. ApTeMbeB, KOToporo rllaBHoe ap­
Tl-1llllepl-1~CKOeynpaBlleHl-1e peKoMeHgoBallo gll~ pa60Tbi B HOBO~ Ila­
60paTopl-11-1 KaK «3HaTOKa paKeT».
Pa60TO~ paKeTHO~ lla60paTOpl-11-1 3aI-1HTepeCOBaIlC~ Bl-1gHbl~ CO­
BeTCKI-1~ BoeHa4allbHI-1K M. H. Tyxa4eBCKI-1~. OH nOHI-1Mall, 4TO pa3­
BI-1THe paKeTHO~ TeXHHKH - ogHa H3 Ba>t<HbIX 3aga4 B yKpenlleHHI-1
060pOHocnoc06HOCTI-1 rocygapcTBa, 1-1 BC~4eCKI-1 coge~cTBoBafl pa­
60Te I-1ccllegoBaTelle~. B I-1IOHe 1928 roga lla60paTOpl-11-1 6blll0 npl-1­
CBoeHO Hal-1 MeHOBaH l-1e « r a30gl-1 HaM 1-14eCKa~ lla60paTOpl-1~ ( rAIl)
BHVlK npl-1 PBC CCCP». 3 MapTa 1928 roga, noclle MHo>t<eCTBa I-1C­
cllegoBaHH~, 3KCnepl-1MeHTOB H I-1CnbITaHI-1~, 6blll npol-13BegeH nepBbl~
nYCK CKOHCTpYl-1poBaHHo~ H. VI. TI-1XOMI-1POBblM H B. A. ApTeMbeBblM
paKeTbl C 3ap~goM gBl-1raTell~ 1-13 KpynHowawe4Horo 6e3gblMHoro
nopoxa Ha HelleTY4eM paCTBOpl-1Telle. OHa npOlleTella 1300 M, 3TO
6blll0 HenllOXI-1M gocTI-1>t<eHl-1eM gll~ Toro BpeMeHI-1.
B pa3pa60TKe TeopeTH4eCKI-1X BonpOCOB H. VI. TI-1XOMI-1POBY 1-1
B. A. ApTeMbeBy 60flbWylO nOMOl..l..\b OKa3allH npocPeccopa APTHfl­
llepl-1~CKO~ aKageMl-11-1 A. A. BeHTl..\ellb, ogHoBpeMeHHO ~BIl~BWI-1~C~
B. A. ApTeMtoeB COTpygHI-1KOM rAIl, 1-1 M. E. Cepe6p~KoB. B 41-1CIle COTpygHI-1KOB rAIl
6blll TallaHTIlI-1Bbl~ I-1H>t<eHep r. 3. llaHreMaK, KOTOPbl~ BblgBI-1HYIl
1-1 nogTBepgl-11l Ha OnblTe OCHOBHble npl-1Hl..\l-1nbl nog061-1~ paKeTHblX 3a­
p~gOB, BBefl nOH~Tl-1e (<npI-1BegeHHbl~ gl-1aMeTp» peaKTI-1BHoro 3ap~­
ga 1-1 nOCTpOl-11l nepBble rpacPl-1KI-1, n03BOIl~lOl..l..\l-1e 3apaHee onpegefl~Tb
gaBlleHl-1e B paKeTHo~ KaMepe 1-1 nog61-1paTb MI-1HI-1MallbHOe Ce4eHI-1e
conlla, 06eCne41-1BalOI..l..\ee MaKCI-1MallbHOe gaBlleHl-1e, BnepBble opra­
HI-130Ball CI-1CTeMaTI-14eCKI-1e I-1ccllegoBaHI-1~ rOpeHI-1~ TOIlCTOCBOgHblX
nopOXOBblX waweK, cgellaHHblX 1-13 6e3gblMHOro nopoxa.
B an pelle 1929 roga Ha gOIl>t<HOCTb PYKOBogI-1Tefl~ onblTOB B rAIl
6blll 3a41-1CIleH I-1H>t<eHep-apTl-1llllepI-1CT 5. C. neTponaBIlOBCKI-1~, KO­
TOPbl~ Ol..\eHI-1Il OgHO 1-13 rllaBHblX npel-1MYl..l..\eCTB nopOXOBblX paKeT ­
llerKOCTb nycKoBblX YCTaHOBOK. OH npegllo>t<1-11l OTKa3aTbC~ OT npl-1­
TeppHTop"JI MeH~Bweroc~ B. A. ApTeMbeBblM BblCTpella paKeTaMI-1 1-13 MI-1HOMeTa
Ha~Ho-HCCn~088Ten~CKO~ 1-1 3aH~IlC~ KOHCTpyl-1poBaHl-1eM flerKI-1X nycKoBblX CTaHKOB B Bl-1ge nep­
apntJllMlpKHCKOrO nonMroHa,
cPopl-1pOBaHHO~ OTKPbITO~ Tpy6bl. nyCK paKeT 1-13 llerKO~ TOHKO­
rAe rUOAMHaMH'IeCKaJI na6opaTOp..JI
CTeHHO~ Tpy6bl 6blll TaK>t<e I-1CnOllb30BaH B KOHCTPYKl..\1-11-1 onblTHO~
BHHK npH PBC CCCP
YCTaHOBKI-1 gll~ nycKa 65-MI-1IlIlI-1MeTpOBoro peaKTI-1BHOrO cHap~ga 1-13
8 930-1932 roAU­
peaKTI-1BHoro npOTI-1BOTaHKoBoro py>t<b~. B pa60Te 5. C. neTponaB­
npoBOAMJla pa3pa6cmc..

flOBCKOro 04eHb 6blCTpO npO~BI-1IlI-1Cb ~pKl-1e cnoc06HoCTI-1 I-1H>t<eHe­


8 o6nac," paKeTHOrO Opy*MR

pa 1-1 Y4eHoro. LJepe3 nOllroga noclle npl-1xoga B rAIl OH CTall 3aMe­


CTI-1TelleM Ha4allbHI-1Ka lla60paTOpl-1l-1.

12 HAAE>KHbIVi UJ,HT OT'U13Hbl


r. 3. flaHreMaK 1-1 5. C. neTpOnaBJlOBCKI-1~ B HayaJle 1930-x rOAOB
pa3pa60TaJll-1 CTapTOBble paKeTHble ABl-1raTeJlI-1 Ha 6e3AblMHOM nopo­
xe, C ycnexoM I-1CnOJlb30BaHHbie Ha TH>KeJlbIX CaMOJleTaX Tl-1na T5-1,
KOJlJleKTI-1B r,lJ,fl HayaJl pa60TaTb HaA Typ60peaKTI-1BHblMI-1 CHapHAa­
MI-1, cTa61-1Jll-131-1pyeMblMI-1 Bpaw,eHl-1eM. fleToM 1932 roAa 6blJll-1 npo­
Bep,eHbl nepBble oepl-1l\l-1aJlbHble CTpeJlb6bl 100 paKeTaMI-1 82-MI-1JlJlI-1­
MeTpOBoro KaJll-16pa C CaMOJleTa ~-4 no Ha3eMHbiM l\eJlHM. Pe3YJlb­
TaTbl I-1CnbITaHI-1~ 6blJll-1 npl-13HaHbi YAOBJleTBOpI-1TeJlbHbIMI-1. B TOM >Ke
rop,y HayaJlI-1 pa3pa60TKy nycKoBblX yCTaHoBoK AJlH CaMOJleTa P-5,
C KOToporo CTpeJlb6y no Ha3eMHbiM l\eJlHM npeAnoJlaraJlOCb BeCTI-1
paKeTaMI-1 KaJll-16pOB 82 1-1 132 MM.
COTPYAHI-1KI-1 r,lJ,fl pa3pa60TaJll-1 MHoro cnoc060B cTa6l-1Jll-13al\1-11-1
nOJleTa paKeT AJlH 06eCneyeHI-1H He06xOAI-1MO~ KYYHOCTI-1 CTpeJlb6bl,
oAHaKo 3Ta 3aAaya OKa3a1laCb I-1CKJlIOYI-1TeJlbHO CJlO>KHO~. nOTpe6oBa­
JlI-1Cb roAbl ynopHoro TpYAa, YT06bl Ha~TI-1 epOPMY OnepeHI-1H, o6ecneYI-1­
BalO~YIO YCTO~YI-1BOCTb paKeTbl Ha TpaeKTOpl-11-1 nOJleTa.
B CepeAI-1He 1933 rOAa B. A. ApTeMbeB npeAJlO>KI-1Jl I-1CnblTaTb
peaKTI-1BHbie CHapHAbl KaJll-16pOB 82 1-1 132 MM C OnepeHl-1eM, BbIXO­
r. 3. naHreMalC
p,H~I-1M 3a ra6apl-1Tbl CHapHAa. nepBble nYCKI-1 3KCnepl-1MeHTaJlbHbiX
o6pa34oB peaKTI-1BHblX CHapHAOB nOKa3aJll-1 xopowl-1e pe3YJlbTaTbl.
ABI-1a41-10HHbie peaKTI-1BHbie CHapHAbl PC-82 1-1 PC-132, KaK I-1X CTaIll-1
BCKope oepl-1l\l-1aJlbHO Ha3blBaTb, npl-1 AaJlbHOCTI-1 nOJleTa 5 1-1 6 KM
I-1MeJlI-1 XOPOWYIO KyYHOCTb. B AaJlbHe~WeM, BnJlOTb AO KOH4a BeJlI-1­
KO~ OTeyeCTBeHHoii BO~Hbl 1941-1945 rOAOB, OCHOBHble HayYHO­
I-1CCJlep,OBaTeJlbCKl-1e 1-1 KOHCTpyKTopcKl-1e pa60Tbi B 06JlaCTI-1 paKeT­
HOro 0PY>KI-1H BeJlI-1Cb Ha 6a3e 3TI-1X CHapHAOB.
PeaKTI-1BHble CHapHAbl KaJll-16pa 82 MM YCTaHaBJlI-1BaJlI-1 Ha 60e­
BblX CaMOJleTax. TaK, Ha I-1cTpe61-1TeJlHX ~-16 1-1 ~-153 pa3Mew,aJlOCb
BoceMb PC-82, Ha WTypMoBI-1Ke ~Jl-2 - BoceMb PC-82 I-1JlI-1 PC-132,
Ha 60M6apAl-1poBw,I-1Ke C5 - AeCHTb PC-132. fleTYI-1K-I-1CnbITaTeJlb
r. 51 5aXYI-1BaHA>KI-1, nepBbl~ B Ml-1pe COBepWI-1BWI-1i1 nOJleT Ha peaK­
TI-1BHOM CaMOJleTe, npOBeJl 60eBbie CTpeJlb6bl peaKTI-1BHblMI-1 CHapH­
p,aMI-1 C 1-1 CT pe6 1-1 TeJlH.
B MOCKBe npl-1 LJ,eHTpaJlbHOM COBeTe OCOaBl-1aXI-1Ma B· aBrycTe
1931 roAa 6blJla C03AaHa rpynna no 1-13yyeHI-11O peaKTI-1BHOrO ABI-1>Ke­
HI-1H (r~p,lJ,), B oKTH6pe TOro >Ke rOAa TaKaH >Ke rpynna 06pa30BaIlaCb 6. C. neTpon&BIIOBCKMM
1-1 B neHI-1HrpaAe. OHI-1 BHeCJlI-1 3HaYI-1TeJlbHbli1 BKJlaA B pa3BI-1TI-1e pa­
KeTHOi1 TeXHI-1KI-1.
fleToM 1932 rOAa Ha 6a3e MOCKOBCKOi1 r~p,lJ, - a Bcero B CTpa­
He 6blJlO OKOJlO 200 nepl-1epepl-1i1Hblx rpynn npl-1 06JlaCTHbix COBeTax
OCOaBl-1aXI-1Ma - 06pa3yeTcH rOCYAapCTBeHHaH r~p,lJ, npl-1 OTAeJle
B03AYWHOro CDJlOTa BO rJlaBe C C. n. KOpOJleBbIM. OceHblO 1933 rOAa
r,lJ,fl BH~K npl-1 PBC CCCP 1-1 r~p,lJ, 06beAI-1HHIOTCH B PeaKTI-1BHbli1
HaYYHO-I-1CCJleAOBaTeJlbCKI-1i1 I-1HCTI-1TYT (PH~~).
17 aBrycTa 1933 rOAa nOA MOCKBOi1 6blJl ocyw,eCTBJleH nYCK
--A?

/
nepBOf1 B Ml-1pe paKeTbl C rl-16pl-1AHbiM ABl-1raTeJleM. B 3TO >Ke BpeMH
C03AaeTCH nepBaH OTeyeCTBeHHaH paKeTa C >KI-1AKOCTHbIM ABl-1raTeJleM.
YcnewHo BeJlI-1Cb pa60Tbi no C03AaHI-11O TBepAOTOnJlI-1BHblX paKeT
Ha 6e3AblMHOM nopoxe. B AeKa6pe 1937 rOAa Ha Boopy>KeHl-1e PaKeTHbie CNapAAbI

BBC nocTynl-1JlI-1 peaKTI-1BHbie CHapHAbl PC-82 1-1 PC-132. 20 aBrycTa PC-82 M PC-t32. pUpa60TllNHWe

1939 roAa B paiioHe peKI-1 XaJlXI-1H-rOJl 3BeHOM I-1cTpe6I-1TeJlei1-paKe­ a ra30AMHaMM"eClCOM Jla60paTOpMM

TOHOCl\eB ~-16 Kanl-1TaHa H. ~. 3BoHapeBa 6blJlO BnepBble B Ml-1pe BHMK npM PBC CCCP

npl-1MeHeHO HOBoe paKeTHoe opy>Kl-1e B 60eB0f1 06cTaHoBKe.


B 1937 roAY HaYaIlOCb C03AaHI-1e peaKTI-1BHblX cHapHAoB 1-1 MHO­
r03apHAHbiX nycKoBblX yCTaHoBoK AJlH Ha3eMHoi1 apTI-1JlJlepl-1l-1, a y>Ke
B aBrycTe 1939 rOAa nOHBI-1JlaCb nepBaH nycKoBaH yCTaHoBKa 5M-13,
1-13BeCTHaH BceMy MI-1Py nOA Ha3BaHI-1eM «KaTlOwa».
PBCH HA nEPMCKOH 3EMl1E 13
C03AaHl-1e COBeTCKl-1X PaKeTHblX
CTpaTerH~eCKl-1X BOMCK
Mbl C T060M Ha'lHHanH C HCTOKOB, Hawa lKH3Hb - aceH cTpaHbl 3noxa.

C nepBblX KonbIWKOB, C nepBblX MeT, IJ..IHT paKeTHblH C rOAaMH Kpen'lan,

TBepAo BepHnH 6e3 npopoKoB, Ho 6blna nHoHepcKall Bexa,

YTO a HTore 6YAeM HMen. 6e3 KOTOpOH 6bl "Tononb» MOn'lan.

nOMHHM 6YAHH CBOH 60eBble: 3Ha'lHT, cnylK6a 6blna He HanpaCHOH,

He 'laCbl - AHH H HO'IH 6e3 CHa, 6epernH Mbt CBo6oAY H ~eCTb.

YTo6 paKeTbl, KaK Mbl, MonOAble, KTO 3a HaMH nowen, BTOpHT ACHO

8 CpOK cownH C nycKoBoro CTona. Ha npHKa3 HaweM POAHHbl: «ECTb!»

B. EroPOB

npeAblCTOpl-151 3apO>KAeHI-151 PaKeTHblX BO~CK CTpaTerW-leCKoro


Ha3HayeHI-151 (PBCH) 6epeT OTCyeT C 13 Ma51 1946 rOAa. B 3TOT AeHb
COBeT MI-1HI-1CTPOB CCCP npl-1H51Jl nOCTaHOBJleHl-1e, B KOTOpOM onpe­
Aelll-1Jl 3aAaYI-1 rOCYAapCTBeHHblX 1-1 BoeHHblX opraHOB no C03AaHI-11O
HOBO~ OTpaCJlI-1 npOMblWJleHHOCTI-1 - paKeTOCTpOeHI-151 - 1-1 OCBOeHl-11O
c. n. Koponb
paKeTHoro 0PY>KI-151 B Bo~cKax. OAHoBpeMeHHo COBeTCKl-1e yyeHble
A. <P. \I1ocj)(pe, \11. B. KypYaTOB, \11. E. TaMM, R 5. 3eJlbAOBI-1Y, 10. 5. Xa­
PVlTOH 1-1 APyrl-1e BeJlI-1 cepbe3Hbie I-1CCJleAOBaHI-151 B 06JlaCTI-1 5lAepHO~
epVl3I-1KI-1. 29 aBrycTa 1949 rOAa 6blJl oCyUJ,eCTBJleH B3pblB nepBoro
COBeTCKoro aToMHoro 3ap51Aa.
C n051BJleHl-1eM 5lAepHoro 0PY>KI-151, eCTeCTBeHHO, B03HI-1K Bonpoc
VI 0 cpeACTBax ero AOCTaBKI-1. Ero ycnewHo peWI-1JlI-1 TaJlaHTJlI-1Bble
KOHCTpyKTOpbl nOA pyKOBOACTBOM C. n. KOpOJleBa, M. K. ~HreJl51,
B. H. 4eJlOMe51, H. A. nl-1JllOrl-1Ha, B. \11. KY3Hel.\OBa 1-1 APyrI-1X. Y>Ke K
KOHl.\y 1950-x roAOB Ha Boopy>KeHl-1e HaWI-1X BO~CK CTaJlI-1 nocrynaTb
nepBble Me>KKOHTI-1HeHTaJlbHble 6aJlJll-1CTI-1yeCKI-1e paKeTbl (M5P)
VI CTpaTerl-1yeCKl-1e paKeTbl cpeAHe~ AaJlbHOCTI-1 (PCA), cnoc06Hbie
HeCTI-1 5lAepHbl~ 3ap51A.
nepBa51 paKeTHa51 yaCTb 6blJla CepOpMl-1pOBaHa B COCTaBe COBeT­
CKVlX BoopY>KeHHbiX CI-1Jl 15 I-1IOJl51 1946 roAa. B OKT516pe 1947 rOAa
np0l-13BeAeH nepBbl~ nYCK ynpaBJl51eMO~ 6aJlJlI-1CTI-1YeCKO~ paKeTbl
AallbHerO Ae~CTBI-151 P-1. K 1955 roAY y>Ke I-1MeJlOCb HeCKOJlbKO paKeT­
HblX YaCTe~, Boopy>t<eHHblx paKeTaMI-1 AallbHerO Ae~CTBI-151. B 1957 ro­ B. H. "IenoMeit
AY B CCCP 6blJla ycnewHo I-1CnblTaHa nepBa51 B Ml-1pe Me>KKOHTI-1HeH­
TallbHa51 MHorocTyneHyaTa51 6aJlJlI-1CTl-1yeCKa51 paKeTa.
17 AeKa6p51 1959 roAa 6blJlO npI-1H51TO peWeHl-1e npaBI-1TeJlbCTBa
o C03AaH 1-1 1-1 caMOCT051TeJlbHOrO BI-1Aa Boopy>t<eHHblx CI-1Jl - PaKeTHbix
BO~CK CTpaTerl-1yeCKoro Ha3HayeHI-151.
nepBblM rJlaBHOKOMaHAYIOUJ,I-1M PBCH CTaJl yyaCTHI-1K BeJlI-1KO~
OTeyeCTBeH HO~ BO~H bl r JlaBHbl ~ MapWaJl apTI-1JlJlep1-11-1 M I-1TpoepaH
V1BaHOBI-1Y HeAeJl1-1 H, KOTOPbl~ C 1945 roAa 3aHI-1MaJlC51 C03AaHI-1eM
paKeTHO-51AepHoro opy>KI-151.
B AaJlbHe~WeM rJlaBHOKoMaHAYIOUJ,I-1MI-1 (c 2001 roAa - KOMaH­
AYIOUJ,I-1MI-1) PaKerHblMI-1 BO~CKaMI-1 CTpaTerl-1yeCKoro Ha3HayeHI-151 6b1JlI-1:
MOCKaJleHKO Kl-1pl-1JlJl CeMeHOBI-1Y (1960-1962),
51-1PlO30B CepreH CeMeHOBI-1Y (1962-1963),
KPblJlOB HI-1KOJla~ V1BaHOBI-1Y (1963-1972),
T OJly6KO BJlaAI-1Ml-1p CDeAOpOBI-1Y (1972-1985),
MaKCI-1MOB IOpl-1H naBJlOBI-1Y (1985-1992),
CepreeB V1ropb AMI-1Tpl-1eBI-1Y (1992-1997),
5lKOBJleB BJlaAI-1Ml-1p HI-1KOJlaeBI-1Y (1997-2001),
COJlOBl.\OB HI-1KOJlaH EBreHbeBI-1Y (2001-2009), M. It HHrenb
WBaHyeHKO AHApe~ AHaTOJlbeBI-1Y (c 2009 no HaCT051UJ,ee BpeM51).
PBCH HA nEPMcKot1 3EMnE 15
CTpaHH ....bl XpOHHKH HCTOpHH PBCH
1946-1959 rOAbl - c03AaHbi 5lAepHOe opy>t<l-1e 1-1 nepBble 06­ _ _ _IEY_ . .2
pa311bl ynpaBfl51eMblX 6aflfll-1CTI-14eCKI-1X paKeT, pa3BepHyTbi paKeTHble 194B - 1950

COeAI-1HeHI-151, cnoc06Hbie pewaTb OnepaTI-1BHble 3aAa41-1 BO epPOHTO­ ~~:;:­


BblX onepalll-151X 1-1 CTpaTerl-14eCKI-1e 3aAa41-1 Ha 6Jl113fle>t<aw,l-1x TeaTpax
BoeHHblX Ae~cTBI-1~.
4 OKHI6p~ 1957 rOAa - BnepBble B MI-1POBO~ I-1CTOpl-11-1 6blfl ocy­
w,eCTBfleH ycnewHbl~ 3anycK nepBoro I-1CKyccTBeHHoro cnyTHI-1Ka 3eM­
fll1 C nOfll-1rOHa 5a~KoHYP fll-14HbiM COCTaBOM oTAeflbHo~ I-1H>t<eHep­
HO~ I-1CnbiTaTeflbHO~ 4aCTI-1 60eBo~ paKeTo~ P-7. 5flaroAap51 YCl-1fll-151M
COBeTCKI-1X paKeT41-1KOB Ha4aflaCb HOBa51 3noxa B I-1CTOpl111 4eflOBe4e­
CTBa - 3pa npaKTI-14eCKO~ KOCMOHaBTI1KI-1.
2-~ nonOBHHa 1950-x rOAOB - npl1H51Tbl Ha Boopy>t<eHl1e co­
eAI1HeHI-1~ 1-1 4aCTe~ CTpaTerl-14eCKI-1e PC,lJ, P-5 11 P-12, oCHaw,eHHble
5lAepHblMI-1 rOflOBHblMI-1 4aCHlMI-1 (reHepaflbHble KOHCTpyKTOpbl ­
nnaKaT C paKeToM P-2
C. n. KopofleB 1-1 M. K. 5lHreflb) C AaflbHOCTblO 1200 1-1 2000 KM 1-1 M5P
P-7 11 P-7A (reHepanbHbl~ KOHCTpyKTOp - C. n. KopofleB). B 1958 ro­
AY I-1H>t<eHepHble 6pl-1raAbi PBrK, Boopy>+<eHHble OnepaTI-1BHO-TaKTI-14e­
CKI1MI1 paKeTaMI-1 P-11 1-1 P-11M, nepeAaHbl B COCTaB CyxonyTHblx
BOf1CK. nepBblM COeAI-1HeHl-1eM M5P CTan 06beKT C YCflOBHblM Hal-1Me­
HOBaHl-1eM «AHrapa» (KoMaHAl-1p - nOflKOBHI-1K M. r. rpl-1rOpbeB).
B I1lOfle 1959 rOAa fll-14Hbl~ COCTaB 3Toro COeAI-1HeHI151 ocyw,eCTBl-1fl
nepBbl~ B CCCP Y4e6Ho-60eBo~ nYCK M5P.
17 AeKa6p~ 1959 rOAa - B COOTBeTCTBl-11-1 C nOcTaHOBfleHl-1eM
COBeTa MI-1HI-1CTPOB CCCP NQ 1384-615 C03AaHbi PBCH KaK caMO­
cT05neflbHbl~ BI-1A Boopy>t<eHHblx Cl-1fl CCCP. CorflacHo YKa3Y npe­
311AeHTa POCCI-1~CKO~ <t>eAepalll-1l-1 OT 10 AeKa6p51 1995 rOAa NQ 1239
:nOT AeHb OTMe4aeTC51 KaK e>t<eroAHbl~ npa3AHI-1K - ,lJ,eHb PBCH.
31 AeKa6p~ 1959 rOAa - CepOpMl-1pOBaHbl: rflaBHbl~ wTa6 Pa­ PaxeTa P-7A

KeTHblX BO~CK, UeHTpaflbHbl~ KOMaHAHbl~ nYHKT C Y3flOM CB5131-1 11 Bbl­ Ha CTaPTOIiOM nllO\l4aAKe

411Cfll1TeflbHbiM lleHTpOM, r flaB Hoe ynpaBfleHl-1e paKeTHoro BOOPy­


>t<eHI151, YnpaBfleHl-1e 60eBo~ nOAroToBKI1, p51A APyrl-1x ynpaBfleHI-1~
1-1 cfly>t<6. B COCTaB PBCH BXOAl1fll1 12-e r flaBHoe ynpaBfleHl1e MI-1­
HI1CTepCTBa 060pOHbl, BeAaBwee 5lAepHblMI-1 60enpl-1naCaMI-1; I-1H>t<e­
HepHble epOpMl-1pOBaHI-151, nOA41-1HeHHbie paHee 3aMeCTI-1TefllO MI-1HI-1­
cTpa 060POHbi no cnelll-1aflbHoMY Boopy>t<eHI-1IO 1-1 peaKTI-1BHO~ Tex­
HI-1Ke; paKeTHble nOflKI-1 1-1 ynpaBfleHI-151 Tpex aBl-1aAI-1BI-131-1~ BBC;
apceHaflbl paKeTHoro opy>t<I-151; 6a3bl 1-1 cKflaAbl Cnelll-1aflbHOro BOO­
py>t<eHI-151; 4-~ rOCYAapcTBeHHbl~ lleHTpaflbHbl~ nOfll-1rOH KanycTI-1H
5lp; 5-~ HaY4Ho-l-1ccfleAoBaTeflbcKI-1~I-1CnblTaTeflbHbl~ nOfll1rOH 5a~­
KOHyp; OTAeflbHa51 HaY4Ho-l-1cnbITaTeflbHa51 CTaHLI,I151 B noceflKe KfllO­
411 Ha KaM4aTKe; 4-~ HaY4HO-I-1CCfleAOBaTeflbCKI1~I1HCTI-1TYT MI-1HI1­
CTepCTBa 060POHbi CCCP B ropOAe 50flweBO MOCKOBCKO~ 06flaCTI-1.
B 1963 roAY Ha 6a3e 06beKTa «AHrapa» 6blfl 06pa30BaH 53-~ Ha­
Y4HO-I1CCfleAoBaTeflbCKI-1~I-1CnblTaTeflbHbl~ nOfll-1rOH paKeTHoro 1-1 KOC­
MI14ecKoro Boopy>t<eHI-151 nfleCeLl,K.
22 HIOH~ 1960 rOAa - c03AaH BoeHHbl~ COBeT PBCH, B COCTaB
KOToporo BOWfll-1 M. 111. HeAefll-1H (npeAceAaTeflb), B. A. 50fl51TKO,
n. 111. EepI-1MOB, M. A. HI-1KOflbCKI-1~, A. 111. CeMeHoB, B. <t>. Tofly6KO,
cD. n. TOHKI-1X, M. 111. nOHoMapeB.
1960 rCA - BBeAeHo B Ae~cTBl-1e nOflo>t<eHl-1e 0 60eBoM Ae>t<yp­
CTBe LJaCTe~ 1-1 nOApa3AefleHI1~ PBCH. B L1,efl51X L1,eHTpafll13aLl,I-1I-1 60e­
BOro ynpaBfleHI-151 PaKeTHblMI-1 BO~CKaMI-1 cTpaTerl-1LJeCKI-1M opy>t<l-1eM
B CTpyKTypy CI-1CTeMbl YnpaBfleHI-151 PBCH 6blfll-1 BKfllOLJeHbl opraHbl
CTpaTer'M'tKKt1M paKeTH"'M

1-1 nYHKTbl ynpaBfleHI-151 B cTpaTerl-1LJeCKOM 1-1 OnepaTI-1BHO-TaKTI-1LJeCKOM


KOMnlleKC P-16 c. paKeroH 8K64

3BeHb51X, BHeApeHbl aBTOMaTI-131-1pOBaHHbie CI-1CTeMbl CB5131-1 1-1 ynpaBfle­


HI-151 BO~CKaMI-1 1-1 60eBblMI-1 cpeAcTBaMI-1.

PBCH HA nEPMcKo,;lt 3EMJlE 17


1960-1961 rOAbl - Ha 6a3e B03P,YWHbIX apMHH AaJlbHeH aBHa4HH
CepopMHpoBaHbl paKeTHble apMVlH, B COCTaB KOTOpblX BOWIlH coeAHHe­
HHl'l PC,lJ,. \!IH>KeHepHble 6pHrap,bl H nOIlKH PBrK peopraHVl30BaHbi B
paKeTHble AHBH3HH H paKeTHble 6pHrap,bl PC,lJ" a ynpaBlleHVll'l Y4e6Hbix
apTVlllllepVlHcKVlX nOIlVlrOHOB VI 6pVlrap, M5P - B ynpaBlleHVll'l paKeTHblX
KopnycoB VI AVlBVl3H~. OCHOBHO~ 60eBO~ eAHHVl4e~ B coep,HHeHVIVI PC,lJ,
l'lBIll'lIlCl'l paKeTHbl~ AHBVl3HOH, B coeAHHeHHH M5P - paKeTHbl~ nOIlK.
,[\0 1966 rop,a 6blllH npHHl'lTbl Ha Boopy>t<eHVle Me>KKOHTHHeHTallbHble
5PK P-16, P-9A (reHepallbHble KOHCTpyKTOpbl - M. K. 5lHrellb H
C. n. KopolleB). B BO~CKax PC,lJ, 6blllH CcPOpMHpoBaHbl nOApa3p,elle­
HVll'l VI 4aCTH, Boopy>t<eHHble 5PK P-12Y, P-14Y C WaxTHblMH nycKoBbl­
MH yCTaHOBKaMH rpynnoBoro paCnOIlO>KeHHl'l (reHepaJlbHbl~ KOHCTpyK­
TOp - M. K. 5lHrellb). nepBble paKeTHble coeAHHeHHl'l H 4aCTH KOMnlleK­
PaKeTa P-12
TOBaIlHCb rllaBHblM 06pa30M ocPH4epaMH H3 apTHllllepHH, a TaK>Ke H
APyrHx pOAOB BO~CK. \!Ix nepenOArOTOBKa Ha paKeTHble Cne4HaJlbHO­
CTH npOBOAHllaCb B Y4e6Hbix 4eHTpax nOIlHroHoB, Ha npeAnpHl'lTHl'lX npo­
MblWlleHHOCTH H Ha KYpCax npH BoeHHo-Y4e6Hblx 3aBeAeHHl'lX, B noclle­
AylOUJ,eM - HHCTpyKTOpCKHMH rpynnaMH B 4aCTl'lX.
1962 rOA - B xop,e onepa4HH «AHaP,blpb» Ha Ky6e 6blllH CKpbIT­
HO pa3Mew,eHbl 42 PC,lJ, P-12 H P-14, 4TO BHeCIlO cyw,eCTBeHHbl~
BKllaA B pa3peweHHe KapH6cKoro KpH3Hca H npep,OTBpaUJ,eHHe aMe­
pVlKaHCKoro BTOp>KeHHl'l Ha Ky6y.
1959-1965 rOAbl - pa3BepHYTbi H nOCTaBlleHbl Ha 60eBoe Ae­
>KYpCTBO paKeTHble coeAHHeHHl'l H 4aCTH MKP H PC,lJ" cnoc06Hbie pe­
waTb CTpaTerH4eCKHe 3ap,a4H B YAalleHHblX pa~oHax H Ha mo6blX Te­
aTpax BoeHHblX Ae~cTBH~.
1965-1973 rOAbl - pa3BepHYTbi rpynnHpoBKH Me>KKOHTHHeHTaJlb­ PaKeTHlllii KOMnneKC
HblX 6aJlllHCTH4eCKHX paKeT C 0p,HH04HbIMH CTapTaMH (OC) 2-ro nOKO­ YP-100H PC-18
lleHHl'l, OCHaUJ,eHHbJe MOH061l04HblMH rOIlOBHblMH 4aCTl'lMH. PBCH npe­
BpaUJ,eHbl B rllaBHYIO cocTaBHylO 4aCTb CTpaTerH4eCKHx l'lAepHblx CHIl,
BHecwylO OCHOBHO~ BKllap, B p,OCTH>KeHHe BoeHHO-CTpaTerH4ecKoro
napVlTeTa Me>KAY CCCP H CWA. PBCH oCHaw,eHbl 5PK OC PC-10,
PC-12, P-36 (reHepaJlbHble KOHCTpyKTOpbl - M. K. 5lHrellb, B. H. 4e1l0­
Me~), KOTopble paccpeAOT04eHbi Ha 601lbWO~ nllow,ap,H.
1970 rOA - C03AaHbi ynpaBlleHHl'l paKeTHblX apMH~ B 4elll'lX
YIlY4weHHl'l pyKOBoAcTBa Bo~cKaMH, nOBbIWeHHl'l HaAe>KHOCTH 60­
eBoro ynpaBlleHHl'l. CoeAHHeHHl'l H 4aCTH C OAHH04HblMH waXTHbl­
MH nycKoBblMH YCTaHOBKaMH cnoc06Hbi 6blllH rapaHTHpOBaHO npo­
BeCTH nYCK paKeT B 1l106blX YCIlOBHl'lX Ha4alla BO~Hbl. 5PK 2-ro no­
KOlleHHl'l 06ecne4HBallH AHCTaH4HOHHoe npOBeAeHHe nycKa paKeT
B KpaT4a~wHe CpOKH, BblCOKYIO T04HOCTb nonaAaHHl'l B 4ellb H >KH­
nOABM)I(HblMrpyHToDlit
pa,KeTHwH K,OMnneHC,
BY4eCTb BO~CK H 0PY>KHl'l, YllY4weHHe YCIlOBH~ 3KcnllyaTa4HH pa­
KeTHoro Boopy>KeHHl'l.
OCHalqeHHbI" M6P. 1967 rOA
1973-1985 rOAbl - PBCH oCHaw,eHbl Me>KKOHTHHeHTallbHbIMH
6a1lllHCTH4ecKHMH paKeTaMH 3-ro nOKOlleHHl'l C pa3Aelll'lIOw,HMHCl'l ro­
1l0BHblMH 4aCTl'lMH (pr4), cpeACTBaMH npeop,OlleHHl'l npoTVlBopaKeTHo~
060POHbi BepOl'lTHOrO npOTHBHHKa H M06HIlbHblMH paKeTHblMH KOMnlleK­
caMH cpeAHe~ AaJlbHOCTH. B PBCH npHHl'lTbl Ha Boopy>t<eHHe CTa4HO­
HapHble 5PK PC-16, PC-20A, PC-205 H PC-18 (reHepaJlbHble KOHCTpyK­
TOpbl - B. cP. YTKHH H B. H. 4elloMe~) H M06HllbHbl~ rpYHTOBbl~ 5PK
PC,lJ,-10 «r1HoHep» (reHepaJlbHbl~ KOHCTpyKTOp - A. ,lJ,. Hap,Hpap,3e),
oCHaw,eHHble pa3Aelll'lIOw,HMHCl'l r4 HHAHBHp,yaJlbHOro HaBeAeHHl'l. Pa­
KeTbl H nyHKTbl ynpaBlleHHl'l CTa4HOHapHbiX 5PK pa3Mew,aJlHCb B coopy­
>KeHHl'lX oc060 BbICOKO~ 3aw,Hw,eHHOCTH. B paKeTax npHMeHeHbl aBTO­
HOMHble CHCTeMbl ynpaBlleHHl'l C 60PTOBO~ 3BM, o6ecne4HBalOw,He AH­
CTaH4HoHHoe nepenpH4ellHBaHHe paKeT nepeA nycKOM. PaICeTa P-17
1985-1992 rOAbl - pa3pa60TaHbJ C npHHl'lTHeM Ha Boopy>KeHHe
VI nOCTaHoBKo~ Ha 60eBoe Ae>KypCTBO paKeTHble KOMnlleKCbl 4-ro

PBCH HA nEPMCKO~ 3EMlTE 19


PaKeTHO-SiAepHbli1 I.L\MT PaCCMM
PaKeT'lHK, nOMHHWb Te Tbl Ha6nlOAaeWb C orpOMHblM M3YMneHl>eM,
MrHOBeHbA, KaK 6beTCA B nnaMeHH ApeMaBwee
KorAa 0 THWM, OT HanpR)l(eHbll TOMneHl>e,
C OKaMeHeOWMX 6enl>IX yCT, KaK nynoBMHoH Aep)l(HT Man-3eMnA
3By'lHT KOMaHAa: «PaC'leT! nyCKI). nlOACKoro reHMA npeKpaCHoe TBOpeHl>e.

KTO BHAen nYCK paKeT OAHa.>KAbl, PaKeTa B03AYX pBeT M rpOMbl H3BepraeT,
TOMY He HaAO y6e)l(AaTbCA ABa)l(Abl. rHraHTCKOH MOU(blO C03HaHbe nOpa)l(aeT,
4TO :no 3penMU(e <IlaHTa3HM 06"ATHA 3eMnH CTPYAOM npeOAoneBaA,
00A06HO, CTpeMHTCA C AP0)l(blO BBbICb,
4TO nopa3MT OHO, Koro yroAHO. APyrHx nperpaA He 3MaA.
B. nnECKA4
OCHOBO.:1 BOOpY>l<eHY1fl COBpeMeHHblX PaKeTHblX BO.:1CK CTpaTe­
rY14eCKOrO Ha3Ha4eHY1fl POCCY1Y1 flBflfltOTCfl CTa4Y10HapHble Y1 Mo6Y1flb­
Hble paKeTHble KOMnfleKCbl. B HacToflw,ee BpeMfl CTa4Y10HapHble KOMn­
fleKCbl COCTaBflfltOT no 4Y1CflY nycKoBblX yCTaHoBOK 60flee 60% OT
o6w,ero 4Y1Cfla 60eBbix paKeTHblX KOMnfleKCOB. a no 4Y1CflY 60eBbix
6flOKOB - n04TY1 90% cyw,ecTBytOw,e.:1 rpynnY1pOBKY1. nOAaBflfltOw,afl CTilH4MA
4aCTb Y1X paKeT - >l<Y1AKOCTHble, oCHaw,eHHble pa3AeflfltOw,Y1MY1Cfl ro­ cnyTHMKoBOM ClUl3M
flOBHbIMY1 4aCTflMY1.
CeroAHfl HaWY1 Mo6Y1flbHble KOMnfleKCbl He Y1MetOT aHaflorOB B
MY1pe. 06flaAafl B03MO>l<HOCTbtO OnepaTY1BHOrO BblxoAa Y13 nyHKToB
nocToflHHo.:1 AY1CflOKa4Y1Y1 Y1 CKpblToro paccpeAOT04eHY1fl Ha 60flbWY1X
TeppY1TOpY1flX, OHY1 npY1AatOT yCT0.:14Y1BOCTb rpynnY1pOBKe B OTBeTHblX
Ae.:1cTBY1flX Y1 flBflfltOTCfl peaflbHblM OTpa>l<eHY1eM npY10pY1TeTa POCCY1Y1
B paKeTHO-flAepHo.:1 06flaCTY1.
OpraHY13a4Y10HHO PaKeTHbie Bo.:1cKa cTpaTerY14ecKoro Ha3Ha4eHY1fl
COCTOflT Y13 paKeTHblx apMY1.:1 Y1 AY1BY13Y1.:1, nOflY1roHoB, BoeHHO-Y4e6HbIX
3aBeAeHY1.:1, npeAnpY1flTY1.:1 Y1 y4pe>KAeHY1.:1. 06w,ee pyKOBOACTBO CTpO­
I-neflbCTBOM Y1 nOBceAHeBHo.:1 AeflTeflbHoCTbtO PaKeTHbix BO.:1CK cTpa­
TerY1yeCKOrO Ha3HayeHY1fl ocyw,ecTBflfleT KOMaHAYtOw,Y1.:1 PBCH Yepe3
rflaBHbl.:1 wTa6, rflaBHble ynpaBfleHY1fl, ynpaBfleHY1fl Y1 Cfly>K6bl. OCHOB­
HO~ 6oeBo.:1 eAY1HY14e.:1 flBflfleTCfl paKeTHbl.:1 nOflK.
C C03AaHY1eM PBCH nepeA r flaBHblM KOMaHAOBaHY1eM BCTaflY1 ABe
OCHOBHble npo6fleMbl: KaK B flt06blX YCflOBY1flX 06CTaHOBKY1 np0Y13Be­
CTY1 rapaHTY1pOBaHHbl.:1 nYCK paKeT Y1 OAHOBpeMeHHO 06eCneYY1Tb
flAepHytO 6e30naCHOCTb CTpaHbl Y1 MY1pa. PeWeHY1e 3TY1X npo6fleM
6blflO AOCTY1rHyTo BBeAeHY1eM 60eBoro Ae>l<ypcTBa, KOTopoe flBflfleT­
Cfl Bblcwe.:1 epOpMO.:1 nOAAep>l<aHY1fl 6oeBo.:1 roTOBHOCTY1 BO~CK Y1 opy­
>l<Y1fl. 50eBoe Ae>l<ypcTBO B PaKeTHbix BO~CKax - AeflO CBflToe, aero
06pa340Boe HeCeHY1e - CflaBHafl TpaAY14Y1fl paKeTYY1KOB. Ha 3TO Ha­
npaBfleHa BCfl OpraHY13aTOpCKafl pa60Ta KOMaHAY1pOB Y1 opraHOB PaKeTa-HOCMTenb Ht Ha CTilpTe

ynpaBfleHY1fl, 60eBafl Y1 MopaflbHO-nCY1XOflOrY1yeCKafl nOAroToBKa flY14­


HOro COCTaBa.
,l],Ba>l<Abl B HeAefltO HaA AeCflTKaMY1 paKeTHblx rapHY130HOB, pac­
KY1HYBWY1XCfl B pa3Hbix npY1pOAHO-KflY1MaTY1yeCKY1X 30Hax Y1 yaCOBblX
nOflcax Hawero OTeyeCTBa, rOPAO 3BYYY1T rOCYAapCTBeHHbl~ rY1MH
POCCY1Y1 Y1 npY1Ka3 KOMaHAY1pa: «,l],flfl 3aw,Y1Tbl Hawe.:1 POAY1Hbl Ha 6oe­
Boe Ae>l<ypcTBO 3acTynY1Tb!» E>I<eceKyHAHo Ha 60eBbiX nOCTax Haxo­
AflTCfl OKOflO 12 TblCflY paKeTYY1KOB, roTOBblX HeMeAfleHHO BbInOflHY1Tb
npY1Ka3 Ha nycK.
B PaKeTHbix Bo.:1cKax CTpaTerY14eCKOro Ha3HayeHY1fl 6oeBoe
Ae>l<ypcTBo HecyT Bce - OT PflAOBOro AO KOMaHAylOw,ero. OpraHY1­
3a4Y1Y1 Y1 HeCeHY110 6oeBoro Ae>I<YpcTBa nOAYY1HeHbl BCfl nOBceAHeBHafl

PBCH HA nEPMCKOH 3EMnE 21


>t<1-13Hb 1-1 ge51TeJlbHOCTb paKeTHblX 4aCTe~, coegI-1HeHI-1~, o6begl-1He­
HI-1~ 1-1 PBCH B l..\eJlOM.
Ce~4aC PaKeTHbie BO~CKa CTpaTerl-14eCKorO Ha3Ha4eHI-151 BKJltO­
4atOT B Ce651 KOMaHgoBaHl-1e PBCH (gI-1CJlOKal..\l-151 B nogMocKOBHOM
3ATO BJlacl-1xa), Tpl-1 paKeTHble apMI-1I-1, B KOTOpble OpraHI-13al..\1-10H­
HO BXOg51T paKeTHble gI-1BH3HH. KpOMe Toro, PaKeTHbie BO~CKa
B CBoeM COCTaBe I-1MetOT: rocygapcTBeHHbl~ l..\eHTpaJlbHbl~ Me>t<BI-1­
gOBO~ nOJll-1rOH KanYCTI-1H 5lp, OTgeJlbHYtO HaY4HO-l-1cnb1TaTeJlbHYtO
CTaHl..\l-1tO Ha KaM4aTKe, 4-~ LJ,eHTpaJlbHbl~ Hay4Ho-HCCJlegoBaTellb­
CKI-1I1 I-1HCTI-1TyT, 4eTbJpe Y4e6HbiX 3aBegeHI-151 (BoeHHa51 aKageMI-151
I-1MeHI-1 neTpa Belll-1KOrO B MOCKBe 1-1 Tpl-1 BoeHHblX I-1HCTI-1TYTa PaKeT­
HblX BOI1CK, pacnOllO>t<eHHblX B ropogax: CepnyxoB, POCTOB-Ha­
AOHy 1-1 CTaBpOnOJlb). B COCTaB PBCH TaK>t<e BXOg51T apCeHaJlbl 1-1
l.\eHTpaJlbHble peMOHTHble 3aBogbl, 6a3a XpaHeHI-151 Boopy>t<eHI-151 1-1
BOeHHOI1 TeXHI-1KI-1. 41-1ClleHHOCTb BOI1CK cerogH51 C rpa>t<gaHcKHM
nepCOHallOM COCTaBJl51eT OKOJlO 120 TbIC514 4ellOBeK, gBe TpeTI-1 1-13
KOTOpblX - BoeHHoclly>t<aw,l-1e.
no gaHHblM Ha OKT516pb 2009 roga, POCCI-151 pacnOllaraeT 811 HO­
CI-1TeJl51MI-1 1-1 3906 6oe3ap51gaMI-1. B COCTaBe PaKeTHblX BO~CK CTpaTe­
rl-14ecKoro Ha3Ha4eHI-151 Haxogl-1Tc51 430 paKeTHblX KOMnlleKCOB, cno­
C06HbiX HeCTI-1 1605 51gepHblx 6oe3ap51goB. B HacTo51w,ee BpeM51
Ha Boopy>t<eHI-1H PBCH Haxog51Tc51 75 T51>t<ellbIX paKeT P-36MYTTX COBpeMeHHoe
1-1 P-36M2 (SS-18, Satan), 100 paKeT YP-100HYTTX (SS-19), 600pY'l<eHHe PBCH
201 nogBI-1>t<Hbll1 rpYHToBbl~ KOMnlleKC «TonOJlb» (SS-25), 48 KOMn­
JleKCOB «Tonollb-M» waXTHoro 6a31-1pOBaHI-151 (SS-27) 1-1 weCTb MO­
61-111bHb1X KOMnlleKCOB «Tonollb-M» (SS-27).

PBCH HA nEPMCKOH 3EMJTE 25


q~,{u
MlqHSYU~
-
-HM£MSMtt
HYHtt£:lS£
••
II eseuJ
28 HAA8KHblli1 W.~T OT'-l~3Hbl
B coBemCKUe BpeMeHO nepMCKOfi 06110Cmb 6bfl10 OOHOiJ U3
COMblX MUI1UmOpU3UpoBoHHblX 06110cmeiJ COBemCKOZO C01030.
Ee meppumopufl Bnl10mb 00 1989 zooo ocmo(30110Cb 30KpblmoiJ
Of1R uHocmpoHu,eB. !1cKf1lOlfeHUfi oel10l1UCb I1UUJb B eouHu4HblX
CI1Y40flX, KOZOO p03peW0l10Cb nocemumb onpeOel1eHHbliJ 06beKm
noo Ho6111OoeHueM coomBemcmBfjlOUJ,ux cl7yx6. 3mo 6bl170
o6yc17oB17eHo p03Mew,eHueM 30ecb 6017bUJOZO K0f1U4eCmBo npeo­
npuRmuiJ, KOmOpbJe po60mo17u U Ho 060pOHy, U HO BoopyxeHue
Bcex poooB BOiJCK HoweiJ opMUU, 0 mOKxe pOCnO/lOXeHUeM He­
KOmOpblX BOiJCKOBblX 4ocmeiJ, Komopble He OO/lXHbl 6bl/lU 6blmb
oocmynHblMu 011f1 0603peHUR.
B cBoe (3peMfi nOfiBu/lOCb HO meppumopuu nepMcKoiJ 06/l0C­
mu U pOKemHOfi OU(3U3UfI. He coBceM npOBU/lbHO 6bJI10 6bl zoBo­
pumb 0 KOKOM-mo OC060M ee 3H04eHUU OI7R XU3HU npUKoMbfl.
r. B. HryMHOB,

Beob OHo He npou3(300Ul1o HU npOMbJW/leHHoiJ, HU Ce/lbCKOX03f1iJ­ nonHTHK, ry6epHaTOp

cmBeHHoiJ npOOfjKu,UU U ooxe npOKmU4eCKU He 30HUMO/l0 p060­ nepMCKOH o6nacTH

4ue PfjKU I1lOoeiJ, xuBwux HO meppumopuu nepMcKoiJ 06110cmu. B 1996-2000 rOAax

Ho oel7o (3 mOM, 4mo p03Mew,eHue 30eCb 3moiJ Ou(3U3UU cmol1o


r eHH aAI-1H B114eCIlaBOBI-14 VI rYM HOB
npeOMemOM oc060iJ zopoocmu O/lfl nepMflKo(3, nomOMfj 4mo po­ POAl-1llCl1 27 OKT116pl1 1936 rOAa. 3aKOH41-11l
KemHOfi OUBU3UfI UMe170 UCK/llOlfUme/lbHOe 3HOlfeHue U O/lfl Poc­ nepMcKoe pe4Hoe Y41-11l1-1lL\e. B 1969-1971 ro­
CUU, U O/lfl CO(3emcKOzo COlO3o (3 u,e/lOM. HoxoxoeHue (3 06/loc­ Aax - Ha4allbHI-1K npOMbIWlleHHO-TpaHC­
nopTHoro OTAella KI-13ellOBCKoro ropKOMa
mu 60/lbWOZO KO/lUlfecm(3o P0317U4HblX (30UHCKUX 40cmeiJ, coeou­
Knee, C 1971 no 1983 rOA - npeAceAaTellb
HeHuiJ U opyzux CmpfjKmfjp, omHocflw,UXCfI K BOOpfjXeHHblM rOpl-1CnOIlKOMa ropOAa Kl-13ella. B 1973 roAY
CU170M (u He mO/lbKO K MUHucmepcm(3y 060pOHbl, HO U K OPYZUM 3aKOH41-11l BblCWYIO WKOIlY npOcPCOlO3Horo
MUHucmepcmBoM, COmpfjOHUKU KOmOpbJX HOCU/lU HO n/lelfOX no­ ABI-1>KeHl-1l1. 41leH Knee AO aBrycTa 1991 rOAa.

ZOHbf), npuooBo/lO HOM OC06bliJ Bec, a Z/lo(3Hoe - (3ocnumbl(30/l0 e 1983 no 1992 rOA pa60Tall Ha PY­
KOBOAl1lL\I-1X AOIl>KHOCTl1X B annapaTe nepM­
yl7looeiJ zopoocmb 30 HoWfj CoBemCKfjlO ApMUIO. Ho I1100eiJ (3 no­ CKoro 061lI-1CnOIlKoMa. B 1996 rOAY Ha3Ha­
ZOHOX CMOmpel1U C yBoxeHueM - (3eob UM 6bl170 ooBepeHo co­ 4eH ry6epHaTopoM nepMcKoH 061laCTI-1.
Moe Zl7o(3Hoe - 30UJ,umo JfCU3HU, ZPoHUU" HOU,UOHOl1bHOiJ U Kfj/lb­ B 1996 rOAY 1-136paH Ha 3TY >Ke AOIl>KHOCTb
mypHoiJ u,e/lOCmHOCmu Bcezo CoBemcKozo C01030, n03mOMfj He no pe3YIlbTaTaM BToporo Typa nepBblX B I-1C­
TOpl-11-1 npl-1KaMbl1 Bbl60pOB ry6epHaTopa.
Cf1fjl.{oiJHO OzpOMHoe K011u4ecm(30 M01700blX I7100eiJ xome/lU Cl7fj­
3aHI-1Mall 3TOT nOCT AO 2000 rOAa. e 1996 ro­
JfCUmb B opMUU, cmomb o¢uu,epOMU, Hocumb BoeHHylO ¢OPMfj. Aa 41leH eOBeTa <PeAepalll-1l-1.
/.{mo KocoemCfI HOUJeiJ pOKemHoiJ OUBU3UU, mo Mbl, KOHe4­ VI MeeT HarpaAbl: OPAeH «3a 3acIlyrl-1
HO, 6bl11U 20PObl ew,e U meM, 4mo 30eCb HoXOOU/lOCb COMoe l7y4­ nepeA OTe4eCTBOM» II CTeneHI-1 - 3a 601lb­
WOH BKllaA B YKpenlleHl-1e POCOtf1CKOH ro­
wee, COMoe Hefjfl3BuMOe (300pfjJfCeHUe, Komopoe cmOfl110 Ho
CYAapCTBeHHOCTI-1 1-1 nOClleAOBaTellbHoe npo­
30U/,ume pfj6exeiJ HoweiJ POOUHbJ. Kozoo HO oexypcm(3o B OU­ BeAeHl-1e Kypca 3KOHOMI-14eCKI-1X pecPopM,
(3U3UU Bcmo/lu oc06ble nepeo(3UJfCHble pOKemHble KOMnl1eKCbl CO­ OPAeH «3a 3acIlyrl-1 nepeA OTe4ecTBoM»
MblX nOCl7eOHUX MOOe/leiJ, KOZOO 3mu KOMnl7eKCbl OK030/lUCb III CTeneHI-1 - 3a 3acIlyrl-1 nepeA rocYAap­
CTBOM 1-1 MHorOlleTHI-1f1 A06pocoBecTH~H
06C0171OmHO HeOOCflzoeMbl 011f1 UHocmpOHHblX p03(3eooK, - 3mo
TPYA, ABa OPAeHa «3HaK n04eTa».
Bbl3bfBo170 zopoocmb He m011bKO U He CmOl1bKO fj npocmblX ZpoJfC­
OOHCKUX 11lOoeiJ (Komopble MOZ/lU 06 3mOM npocmo He 3Homb),
HO Bcel1f1l1o Oc06fjlO fjBepeHHocmb (3 cBoeiJ 3H04UMocmu fj /l1O­
oeiJ BoeHHbIX.
fI HeOOHOKpomHO U oOCmOmOI.{HO peZfj/lflpHO 6bl(3ol7 B 3Be30­
HOM, no MeHbweiJ Mepe, OOUH-oBo poso B ZOO. nocew,eHufi p03­
HblX zopoooB, pOiJOHO(3, BOUHCKuiJ 40cmeiJ U OpljZUX 06beKmoB
6bl/lU cucmeMomU4eCKUMU. fI, KOK npoBU110, He npUYP04U(3011 c(3ou
npue3061 K KOKoMy-mo KOHKpemHOMIj co6blmulO, OOHoKO (3 oeHb,
PBCH HA nEPMcKolil 3EM.nE 29
KoaaO OmMe40/lCfl np03aHUK PBCH, 06fl30me/lbHO npUe3J1CO/l B 3Be3aHbliJ. KOK alj6epHOmOplj, MHe 6blnO
OC06eHHO npUflmHO, 4mO mOKOe ap03HOe 30w,UmHOe opljJICue HOXOaUmCfl UMeHHO HO meppumopuu
npUKOMbfl. 5blBon fl mOM u 30 meM, 4m06bl 03HOKOMumbCfl, KOK 06cmORm aeno CpeweHueM COU,UO/lbHbIX
BonpocoB B 3mOM ZOpOaKe. nepeceneHue /lUu" Komopble nomepRnu CBR3b C opMueiJ, npo6neMbi C JlCUnb­
eM Ij HoBblX BoeHHOC/lIjJICOw,ux, IjcmpoiJcmBo aemeiJ B Rcnu U aemCKUU Coa, mpoHcnopmHoe co06Ule­
Hue C nepMblO - Bce 3mu Bonpocbl 6e3 KOHmponR Bnocmu pewumb 6blno 30mpljaHUme/lbHO.
113 «60nbwux» pljKoBoaumeneiJ POKemHbix BOiJCK MHe BcnoMuHolOmcR aBo 4enoBeKO: zeHepon­
nonKoBHUK AHomonuiJ CepzeeB, KOMOHaljlOW,UU B mo BpeMR npUBO/lJICCKUM BoeHHblM OKpIjZOM, B cocmoB
Komopoao f3xoau/lo U nepMCKOR 06/10Cmb, U zeHepon-neiJmeHoHm AHomo/luiJ 50p3eHKoB, KomopblU 6bln
KOMOHaljlOW,UM OpeH6ljpZCKOU pOKemHoiJ opMueiJ. 060 3mu aeHepO/lO 04eHb MHozoe ae/lo/lu anR IjK­
penneHUR BoeHHblX CU/I HO meppumopuu npUBO/lJICCKOZO OKpIjZO, O/IR Ijnlj4weHUR MomepuonbHoao co­
cmORHUR U 6nozOnOnlj4UR ceMeiJ BoeHHoc/lIjJICOw,ux, B mOM 4ucne U B pOKemHoiJ aUBU3UU. 060 OHU
HeOaHOKpomHo 6blBo/lu B 3Be30HoM, U nlO6ble Bonpocbl, CBR30HHbie C 1j/llj4weHueM mOM nOnOJICeHUR
aen, HUKoaaO He ocmOBO/lUCb 6e3 ux npUCmO/lbHOaO BHUMOHUR. .f1 6bl/l 4/1eHOM BoeHHozo coBemo npu­
BOnJICCKOaO oKpljao, n03moMY Mbl 40cmo coBMecmHo pewonu COMble P03/1U4Hbie Bonpocbl. 06 3mux
6/1eCmRUJ,ux KOMOHOUpOX Ij MeHfl OCmO/lUCb COMble men/lble BocnOMUHOHUR.
.f1 6bl/l XopOWO 3HOKOM npOKmU4eCKU co BceMU KOMOHOUpOMU HoweiJ pOKemHou OUBU3UU U 3HOIO,
KOK BblCOKO OHU olJ,eHuBo/lu 3epepeKmuBHocmb nOaBUJlCHblX pOKemHblX KOMn/leKCoB U aopOU/lUCb meM,
4mo 3mu KOMn/leKCbl cmORm HO BoopyJICeHuu UMeHHO B HoweiJ aUBU3UU. PBCH, Komopble 6bl/lU oeiJcmBu­
me/lbHO Heomp03UMblM opyJICueM onR coxpOHeHUR HoweiJ IJ,enOCmHocmu, HOWUX apoHuu" HoweiJ mep­
pumopuu, Komopble 6bl/lU He no 3y60M uHocmpoHHblM OpMURM, OeCRmU/lemURMU ocmOBO/lUCb Bce06­
w,eiJ zOpaOcmblO coBemcKux /llOoeiJ, a nomOM U pOCCURH.
113 Bcex KOMOHaUpoB pOKemHou OUBU3UU 3Be3aH020 Hou60/lee KO/lOpUmHoiJ epuzljpoiJ 6bl/l A/leK­
ceiJ C1j660muH. 3mo 6bln BoeHHbliJ om 50zo, He npeaCmOB/lRBwuiJ ce6e JlCU3HU 6e3 POKem­
HblX BOUCK. CnIjJICU/l B HUX 04eHb OO/lZO, npowe/l no BceM cmljneHRM C/lIjJICe6HoiJ /leCmHuu,bl
U 30KOH'IU/l C/lIjJIC6y B aO/lJICHOCmU HO'lO/lbHUKO wm060 PBCH B nOaMOCKoBbe, KYOO nepeexo/l U3
3BihaHOZO. OH OlfeHb MHOZO Cae/lo/l a/lR peweHuR COU,UO/lbHbIX BonpocoB nlOoeiJ, JlCuBIjw,ux B 3Be3a­
HOM, a/lR p03BumUR aopOOKO, HO/lOJICuBOHUR KOHmOKmoB CO BceMU IjpOBHRMU B/locmu. Clj660mUH
6bln BxoJIC Bo Bce K06uHembl: U K Z1j6epHOmOplj, U K 30MeCmUme/l1O 21j6epHomopo, KomopblU KYpU­
poBO/l Bonpocbl, CBR30HHbie c OeRme/lbHOCmblO BoeHHbIX, U B 30KOHOOOme/lbHOe C06pOHue nepM­
CKOU 06/1ocmu, U K /l1060My aUpeKmopy npeanpURmUR, Komopoe p060mo/l0 HO 060POHIj cmpOHt,>I.
Kozoo ezo nepeBoaU/lU B MOCKBIj, R KOK 21j6epHOmop, OlfeHb COJICO/le/l 0 mOM, limo Mbl mepReM
mOKoao KOMOHaUpO.
EMIj HO cMeHy npuwe/l mOJICe 30cnYJlCeHHbliJ BoeHHbliJ, ZeHepO/l-MOUOp 50puc CUHeHKO. K COJICO/le­
HUIO, HO eao aO/l1O BbtnO/lO He30BuaHOR MUCCUR /lUKBuoou,uu OUBU3UU, limo Bceaao OlleHb C/lOJICHO, mOK
KOK CBR30HO C lIe/loBelleCKUMU Cljab60MU. OH CIjMen npoflBumb ce6R aOcmomOllHO MljapO. BMecme
C AHOmOI1UeM Kopo/leBblM OHU MHOZO cael1ol1u O/lR mozo, lIm06bl nomepu OI1R oepuu,epCKOZO cocmoBo,
a/lR cpeaHezo KOMOHaHOZO cocmoBo 6bll1U HOUMeHbWUMU.
50/lbWUM 6nOZOM 6bl/l0 mo, 'Imo MIjHUIJ,UnO/lbHoiJ BI10CmbIO HO 3moiJ meppumopuu B mo BpeMR
pljKoBoaUI1 (u no ceiJ aeHt,> pljKoBooum) mOKoiJ 3HepZUlfHblii 4el1oBeK KOK AHOmO/luiJ Kopol1eB. OH npeo­
npUHRI1 06C0l11OmHO Bce yCU/lUR, 'Im06bl CMRZLfumb yoop no BoeHHbIM, Komopble JlCU/lU U p060mo/lu
B 3Be30HOM, a mOKJlCe 30Mecmumb /lUKBuoupoBoHHble npu pocepopMupoBoHUU aUBU3UU p0604ue Mec­
mo anR ZpO:>teOOHCKUX I1UU,. BMecme C apyZUMU pljKoBooume/lRMU eMy 3mo yoonocb.
H040l1UCb peepopMbl POCCUUCKOU ApMUU, U aO/lJICeH CK030mb, 4mo HeKomopble U3 HUX HOHeCI1U eu
HenonpoBuMblU ypOH. B 90-e ZOObl B03HUK/T0 meopUfl, 4mo Ij HOC Hem BpoaoB, U Ifmo HO HOC HUKmo U
HUKoaaO He c06upoemCR Honooomb, n03mOMIj HOM mOKue oapOMHble BoopYJICeHHble CU/Tbl, KOK Y HOC
6b111U, He HIjJICHbl - UX HOOO MooepHU3upoBomb, 3H04Umel1bHO COKpomumb, a HeKomopble poao BOUCK
nUKBuaupoBomb Bo06w,e.
30 HAlJ,E>KHb '1 ~l1T OT'f113Hbl
Jl C oc060u ZOpel.fblO H06/1lOa0/1, HOnpUMep, KOK POCepopMupOBbIB0/10Cb lfOUKOBcKOJ1 mOHKOBoJ1
OUBU3UJ1. C 60/1bWOU mpeBozou, eC/1U He CK030mb 60/1bWe - HeooyMeHueM, BOCnpUHJ1/1 u3Becmue 0
mOM, l.fmo /1UKBuoupYlOmCJ1 noo(3UJlCHble pOKemHble KOMn/1eJ<Cbl. OHU OoBO/1U OpMUU B03MOJICHOCmb UC­
nO/lb30Bomb COMoe ZP03Hoe opyJICue (3 mom MOMeHm U UMeHHO U3 mOKOU mOl.fJ<u, zoe 3mo 6bl/10 npeJIC­
oe (3cezo He06xoOUMO. Jl Cl.fUmOIO, l.fmo pOCepOpMupo(3oHue OUBU3UU U /lUKBuooU,UfI poJ<emHblX J<OMn­
/leJ<co(3 - Heo06poe oe/10 O/1J1 pOCCUUCJ<UX BoopYJlCeHHblX CU/I (3 u,e/10M, U, KOHe4HO, a/1f1 mex cneu,uo­
/lucmoB, J<omopble C/lYJICU/1U B 3mou OU(3U3UU B l.fOCmHocmu. Bce OHU 6bl/1U omnpo(3/1eHbl (3 omcmoBJ<Y,
HO 30C/lYJICeHHbIU omOblX, U/1U nepe(3eoeHbl HO ZpOJICOOHCJ<ue OO/1J1CHOcmu. Ho(3epHoe HOM, ZpOJICaOHC­
J<UM /1UU,OM, mpYOHO cyoumb 0 mOM, KOJ< om 3mozo nocmp000/10 HOWO 06U1,0J1 6e30nOCHocmb U J<OJ<OU
ypOH nOHeC/10 OpMUJ1. Bo (3CJ1J<OM C/1Yl.foe, /1UK(3UOOU,UJ1 Howeu OU(3U3UU MHe npeocmo(3/1J1emCfI yUl,ep60M.
5bl/iO 6bl npey(3e/lUl.feHUeM CK030mb, l.fmo C npeKpOUl,eHUeM cYUl,ecm(3o(3oHU.fl OU(3U3UU (3 3(3ii30HOM
UCl.fe3 poJ<emHblU Ul,um cmpOHbl. KOHe4HO, 3H04UMocmb Howeu OU(3U3UU 6bl/lO (3bICOKO, HO (3eob OHO 6bl/lO
He OaHO, - mOKue OU(3U3UU 6bl/iU U (3 opyzux aopooox, HO (3ce-moKU 3mo 6bl/iO CU/lO, J<omopOJ1 MOZ/10
npeoom(3pomumb ocmpylO cumyou,ulO (3 /11060U m04Ke.
IMJ1 HOC yUl,ep6 om nomepu OU(3U3UU 30J</11040emCJ1 tJ (3 mOM, 4mo nO.fl(3U/1UCb /lIOOU, J<omopblX HOOO
6bl/lO ycmpou(3omb HO p060my, pewomb MHozue opyzue COU,UO/1bHble (3onpOCbl. I1c4e3/10 cmpYKmypo,
a 3HOI./Um, U ZpOJICOOHCKUe /1UU,O, mOK U/1U UH04e p060molOUI,ue HO Hee, mOJICe OCmO/1UCb He y oe/l. Bo:>fC­
HblM MOMeHmOM 6bl/1 U (3onpoc npecmuJlCO, mo, I./mo CU/lbHeUWOJ1 pOKemHOfl OU(3U3UJ1 UMe/10 Mecmo
OUC/IOKOU,UU HO fiepMcKou 3eM/1e. B u,e/10M mpyOHO cyoumb, KOKOJ1 6peWb nO/lY4U/10Cb (3 pe3Y/lbmome
/lUK(3UOOU,UU 3mozo poJ<emH020 coeOUHeHUJ1. 3HOlO, OOHOKO, l.fmo MHozue OmOe/lbHble 3monbl peepopM
BoopY:>fCeHHblX CU/1 OCY:>fCOOlOmCJ1, (3 mOM 4UC/le - U COMUMU (3oeHHbIMU.
MHe nOCl.focm/1u(3U/lOCb Y40cm(30(3omb (3 np030Ho(30HUU 40-/1emuJ1 PBCH. Tozoo (30UCKOMU J<OMOH­
00(30/1 ZeHepO/l-OpMUU JlKo(3/1e(3. Ho 3mOM np030HUKe 6bl/1U (3ce (3blaOIOUI,UeCJ1 npeocmo(3ume/lu PBCH:
MOpWO/lbl Co(3emcK020 C01030, J<omopble CmOJ1/1U y COMblX ucmoKo(3 C0300HUJ1 POJ<emHbIX (30UCJ<, KOMOH­
OUPbl Ou(3U3UU, OpMUU. Bce OHU zo(30PU/IU 0 mOM, l.fmo pOKemHblU Ul,um n03(30/1U/1 HOM (3bl:>fCUmb (30 (3pe­
MJ1 X0/100HOU (30UHbl, He oonycmumb P03(3J13bl(30HUJ1 mpembeu MUp0(30U (30UHbl U HOOeJICHO 30Ul,UUI,Oem
POCCUUCKylO (/Jeoepou,ulO (3 MupHoe nepecmpoel/Hoe (3peMJ1. 3mo 6bl/l np030HUK /lIOOeU, Komopble (3CIO
C(3010 :>fCU3Hb n0/10JICU/1U HO mo, I./m06bl POOUHO 6bl/10 HOOe:>fCHO 30Ul,UUI,eHO.
HeCMompR HU HO KOKue KOmOK/TU3Mbl, npOUCXOOJ1UJ,ue (3 Howeu OpMUU, HeCMOmpJ1 HU HO KOKue pe­
opaoHu30u,UU U /1UK(3uOOU,UU, J1 C4umolO, 4mo POKemHble (30UCKO ocmOlOmCfI CU/1bHeUWUM 060pOHUme/1b­
HblM opy:>fCUeM, Komopoe coepJICu(3oem P03/1U4Hble nonblmKU UHocmpOHHblX zocyoopcm(3 KOK-mo nOCJ1Z­
Hymb HO HOWy meppumopulO, c(3060oy, He30(3ucuMocmb. PBCH UMelOm OzpOMHoe 3HOl.feHUe (3 u,e/10M
O/lfl zocyaopcm(3o, U O/1.fl OpMUU (3 40cmHocmu.
POKemHbie (30UCKO (3cezoo 6bl/1U U ocmoHymcfI mou CU/lOU, KOmOpOJ1 6yoem coep:>fCu(3omb /l106ble
ycmpeM/leHUJ1 HOWUX (3epOJ1mHbIX npomu(3HuKo(3. Jl UCKpeHHe n03apo(3/1RIO (3cexJ Kmo C/lY:>fCU/I U C/1Y­
:>fCum (3 POKemHblX (30UCKOX, p060moem HO HUX U co(3epweHcm(3yem UX C 50-/1emUeM 06P030(30HUJ1
PBCH. )f(e/1010 3mUM MYJICecm(3eHHbIM /lIOOJ1M ycnexo(3 (3 ux He/1eaJ<OM mpyoe, 6/1ozono/lYI./UJ1 U m(3ep­
OOU y(3epeHHocmu (3 c(3oeu npo(3ome.
vb I-1HTepSblO
c r. B. V1rYMHOBbIM
5epweTCKMH BOeHHblM narepb
B ce30H TononMHblX MeTeneH 11nycTI> MHorAa TpYAHosaTo

11 a CHe>KHblH 4JeapanbcKMH ce30H HaM, APyr, npHXOAMIlOCb C T06oi1,

HeceT I1IHT POCCMH paKeTHblH 3aTo Mbl pOAHee M 6nH>Ke

6epweTcKMH neCHOH rapHM30H. C no6eA BblxoAHnH nopoH.

Y MHorMX C HMM call3aHO MHoro, CerOAHII HaM rpycTHo, KOHellHO,

Y MHorHX - acero HH .. ero, LITo CKOpO HacTynHT nopa,

Ho rnaaHoe - aa>KHOCTb MOMeHTa, KorAa HaM paCCTaTI>ClI npHAeTClI,

Mbi B cepA4e OCTaaMM ero. 3aKpyTMT Hac >KH3HH Hrpa.

Mbi 3AeCb CTaHOSHJ1HCb, CJ1y>KHnM, '-Iero >K nO>KenaTb BceM HaM 3i1BTpa?1

11I06MnM, pO>KanH AeTeH, nO>Kilnyi1 ... rniiOHee acero,

H 3ae3Abi C norOHoa CBeTMnM 4T06 <C3aOTpil» CllilCTIlHBee CTano,

CpeAI> 6YAHHX M npa3AHH.. HblX AHei1. 4eM Bce, 'lTO npowno AO Hero.

11.11AnWI1HA

Ha CTapl-1HHOH KapTe npl-1KaMb~ 1797 rOAa, Ha TOM MeCTe, rAe


ceH4ac HaXOAI-1TCfI 3ATO 3Be3AHbIH, HI-1KaKoro nOCelleHI-1~ He 060­
3Ha4eHO, OTMe4eHbllll-1Wb MeCTa Bblpa60TKI-1 MeAHoH PYAbl - PYAHble
1-136bl. BnOClleACTBl-11-1 TaM B03HI-1KIll-1 Tpl-1 MalleHbKl-1e AepeBYWKI-1, >K1-1­
Telll-1 KOTOpblX KpeCTb~HCTBOBalll-1 1-1 nOApa6aTbiBalll-1 Ha MeAenlla­
Bl-1llbH~X nocellKa lOr, ~MUJ,I-1KaMI-1 Ha CI-161-1PCKOM TpaKTe 1-1111-1 nOAa­
Balll-1Cb Ha BoeHHYIO CIlY>K6y ••• noclle peBOIlIOl.\1-11-1 CIOAa 1-13 nepMI-1
Ha lleTO CTalll-1 npl-1e3>KaTb BoeHHble, oTpa6aTbiBaTb HaBblKI-1 paTHoro
peMeClla.
B 1931 roAY B nepMb npl-1exall HapKoM no BoeHHblM 1-1 MOPCKI-1M
AellaM, npeAceAaTellb PBC CCCP K. BOpOWI-11l0B. Pewallc~ Bonpoc
o C03AaHI-11-1 nOCTO~HHO AeHCTBYIOUJ,I-1X lleTHI-1X BoeHHblX Ilarepe~.
B pe3YIlbTaTe 6blll0 c03AaHo Tpl-1 Ilarep~: EllaHCKI-1H, 4e6apKYllbCKI-1~
Kama npMKafolbJl 1-1 5epWeTCKI-1H, paCnOIlO>KeHHbIH B 5 KM OT pa3be3Aa NQ 52 nepM­
cepeAMHw XVIII BeKa CKOH >Kelle3HOH Aoporl-1.
(!pparM8HT) nOHa4allY B lleTHeM 5epweTcKoM Ilarepe rOTOBl-1ll1-1 BoeHHblX
cnel.\l-1alll-1CTOB no TpeM HanpaBlleHI-1~M: neXOTI-1Hl.\bl, apTl-1llllepl-1CTbl
1-1 KaBanepl-1CTbl. MeCTO 6blll0 Bbl6paHO He CIlY4aHHO: MOTOBI-1IlI-1XI-1H­
CKl-1e 3aBOAbi ropoAa nepMI-1 nOCTaBIl~1l1-1 nywKI-1, a nepMCKl-1e KOHe­
3aBoAbi - 1l0WaAeH •••
EABa CTal-1Ball cHer, Ilarepb O>KI-1BIl~IlC~. Ilpl-1e3>Kalll-1 cnel.\l-1alll-1­
CTbl, npl-1B031-11l1-1 060PYAOBaHl-1e, CTaBl-1ll1-1 nanaTKI-1, KOTopble T~HYIlI-1Cb
CTPO~HbIMI-1 p~AaMI-1 OT «BepTOlleTKI-1» AO HblHewHe~ YIlI-1l.\bl KOMMY­
HI-1CTI-14eCKoH. B 3TI-1X nallaTKax >K1-11l1-1 1-1 cOIlAaTbl, 1-1 KOMaHAl-1pbl.
E>KerOAHO B Mae npOBOAI-11l0Cb OTKpblTl-1e Ilarep~. 3TO 6blll 601lb­
WOH npa3AHI-1K He TOllbKO AIl~ BoeHHbIX, HO 1-1 AIl~ Bcex >KI-1Telle~
OKpeCTHblX AepeBeHb. OTKpblBalll-1Cb Bce KOHTpOllbHo-nponYCKHble
nYHKTbl, 1-1 OKpeCTHble >KI-1Telll-1 CTaHOBl-1lll-1Cb 61larOAapHblMI-1 3pl-1Te­
Il~MI-1 BoeHHoro napaAa. 5blll0 Ha 4TO nOCMOTpeTb! B l.\eHTpe llarepR
BblCTpal-1Banl-1Cb Bce nOApa3AelleHI-1~. npa3AHI-14HOe WeCTBl-1e OTKpbl­
Balll-1 KaBallepl-1CTbl C pa3HOl.\BeTHbIMI-1 <pllaraMI-1. 3aTeM 6bllll-1 CKa4­
KI-1. C napaWIOTHOH BblWKI-1 npblralll-1 napaWIOTI-1CTbl. C a3ponllaHOB
c6paCblBalll-1Cb pa3HOl.\BeTHble Tp~nl-14Hble wapbl. BeCb AeHb I-1rpan
AYXOBOH opKeCTp. TaKl-1e npa3AHI-1KI-1 AOCTaBIl~1l1-1 BceM MHoro paAO­
CTI-1: 1-1 B3pOCllbIM, 1-1 oc06eHHO pe6~TI-1WKaM.
noclle npa3AHI-1KOB Ha41-1Halll-1Cb CypOBble apMeHCKl-1e 6YAHI-1.
nl-1Wb TOllbKO COIlHl.\e 03ap~1l0 BepXYWKI-1 AepeBbeB, HaA llarepeM
pa3AaBalll-1Cb npl-13blBHbie 3BYKI-1 nOXOAHO~ Tpy6bl - Cl-1rHall n06YA­
KI-1. III cpa3Y >Ke Bce npl-1XOAI-11l0 B ABI-1>KeHl-1e. CHa4alla 3ap~AKa 1-1 no­
CTpOeHl-1e, 3aTeM 3aH~TI-1~ - OAHO 3a APyrI-1M. III TaK AO caMoro Be­
4epa, AO TeMHOTbl.
TaK 6blJlO AO 1941 roAa. ( Ha4aJlOM BO~Hbl BCTaJla Heo6xoAVl­
MOCTb B 04eHb KopOTKoe BpeMs:l nOAroToBVlTb MHoro COJlAaT, Vl Jlarepb
CTaJl He JleTHVlM, a nOCTOs:lHHbIM. (IOAa npVlXOAVlJlVl, 4T06bl 06Y4VlTb­
Cs:l Vl y~TVl Ha eppOHT. Tenepb 3AeCb rOTOBVlJlVl He TOJlbKO CTpeJlKOB­
neXOTVlH4eB, apTVlJlJlepVlCTOB Vl KaBaJlepVlCTOB, HO ew,e CBs:l3VlCTOB
Vl TaHKVlCTOB. vb HVlX epOpMVlpOBaJlVl Y4e6Ho-MapweBble nOJlKVl.
Ao CVlX nop B pa~oHe CTapblX 3a6poweHHbix KOTJlOBaHOB MO>KHO
YBVlAeTb 3apOCWVle TpaBo~ rJly60KVle TpaHweVl. 3TO COJlAaTbl Tex
JleT Y4VlJlVlCb AeJlaTb 06opOHVlTeJlbHbie yKpenJleHVls:l. nepeA 3VlMO~
1941/42 roAa Ha4aJlVl CTPOVlTb AepeBs:lHHble Ka3apMbl, HO B nepBylO
BoeHHylO 3VlMy VlX Bce >Ke He XBaTaJlO. JlIOAVl nO-npe>KHeMy >KVlJlVl
B naJlaTKaX Vl Y4VlJlVlCb BoeBaTb.
B VlIOHe 1942 rOAa B 5epweTcKoM BoeHHOM Jlarepe WJlO epOpMVl­
pOBaHVle HeCKOJlbKVlX apTVlJlJlepVl~CKVlX Jlbl>KHbiX 6pVlraA AJls:l ompaBKVl
Ha eppOHT.
E. VI. (eJlVlBaHOB, BeTepaH BeJlVlKO~ OTe4ecTBeHHo~ BOI:1Hbl
1941-1945 roAOB B KHVlre «(OJlAaTcKVlI:1 nYTb K BeJlVlKO~ no6eAe.
(JlOBO BeTepaHa» nVlweT:
«We/l 194380a - nepe/lOMHblU 80a (30UHbl. B 08POMHblX
5epwemcKux /l08epflX, pocnO/lO:>KeHHbIX (3 OKpecmHocmflX He­
eKO/lbKUX aepe(3eHb, OaHO 30 apy80U 8omo(3U/lUeb KOMOHabl ­
Mopwe(3ble pombl a/lfl omnpo(3Ku HO eppOHm.
B 80abl (30UHbl y KO:>Ka080 (3oeHHOC/lY:>K0w,e80 nepeXOaHblU
nepUoa om 8pO:>KaOHCKOU :>KU3HU ao Hocmoflw,eu opMeUCKOU CK/lO­
abiBO/lCfl no-po3HOMy, HO HenpeMeHHO 6bl/lO OaHO o6w,ee a/lfl
Beex: Bce OHU npe:>Kae, 4eM nonocmb HO eppOHm, HO nepeao(3ylO,
nonOaO/lU (3 nepeCbl/lbHble (3oeHHble /l08epfl, 30nOCHble nO/lKU.
COMblMU 3HOMeHumblMU (3oeHHblMU /l08epflMU 6bl/lU: HO YpO/le ­
Lfe6opKy/lb, HO fiepMCKOU 3eM/le - 5epwemb, HO BO/l8e noa rOpb­
KUM - ropoxo(3eu" noa MOCK(30U - A/l06UHO U Hox06uHO.
B rOAbl BenMKOM Ore'lecT"HHoM
BcnOMHumb 0 mOM, 4mo 6bl/lO (3 30nOCHblX 40cmflx, He/le8­
BOMHbl B 6epweTcKoM narepe
KO. K030/l0Cb 6bl, 3mo - mO/lbKO npe/llOaUfl COM080 eppoHmo,
60M14bl KpacHoM APMHH npOXOAltnH
U Bee :>Ke mfl:>Ke/leU o6cmoHo(3Ku mpyaHo npeacmo(3umb.
o6y'IeHMe Ha pa3nM'IHblX SHAD
.•• )/(U3Hb (3 30nocHou 40cmu - 8pfl3b, :>KOaHbIU (330P HO (3ce
BOopy)l(eHMR, B TOM 'IMene Ha Tal(MX
ebeao6Hoe, meCHomo, (3wu, pY80me/lbcm(3o, (30p0(3cm(3o, npo­
apTMnnepMHCkMX OPYAMRX
aO:>KHOCmb, npoHu3bl(3oHue (3empoM (wuHe/lKO-mO HeaOcmomo4­
HO 8peem npu cKyaHou eae) U m. a. OaHO xopowo - (3peMeHoMu
yaoemcfl 4mo-mo 4umomb U/lU nucomb.
... HUK08aO (3 :>KU3HU - HU ao, HU nOC/le - fl He ucnblmbl(30/l
4yBem(3o 80/l0aO HOCmO/lbKO CU/lbHO, KOK (3 30nOCHOU 40cmu. Tpya­
HO, KOHe4HO, 6bl/lO (3cmo(3omb He mo ympoM, He mo H04blO (3 meM­
HOU, ea(3o oc(3ew,eHHOU 3eM/lflHKe, (3moponflX HOMombl(3omb HO
H08U 06MomKU, Komopble (3 COMblU HenOaXOaflW,UU MOMeHm npu
emopWUHCKUX OKpUKOX (3b1Pbl(30/lUCb U3 pyK. Tbl cnUWb, me6fl ew,e
KpenKO aep:>Kum COH, HO (3om y:>Ke p03aoemCfl nep(3ofl KOMOHaO,
KOK cepnOM no Mfl8KOMY Mecmy: «fiOabeM!». Bblp060mbl(3oemcfl
npuBbNKo: mbl y:>Ke He MbIC/lUWb ce6fl (3He 3mux KOMOHa. BCflKoe
ono3aOHue 4pe(3omo 6bl/lO KOKuM-Hu6yab HOK030HueM - HOpflaOM
BHe 04epeaU. fio KOMOHae mpe6o(30/l0Cb Kyao-mo 6e:>KOmb, 306bl(3
Bce HO c(3eme, 6e:>KOmb (3 /le8KOU Oae:>Kae HO MOp03, HO (3emep.
BCfl :>KU3Hb (3 3eM/lflHKOX 6bl/l0 nocmpoeHo HO UCnO/lHeHUU OaHO­
06P03HblX KOMOHa.
fipu(3blKHymb K mOKoMy pocnopflaKy 6bl/lO He/le8KO, HeKomo­
pble He (3blaep:>Ku(30/lU U nonOaO/lU (3 8pynny C/l060CU/lbHbIX; 3mu
8pynnbl HOXOaU/lUCb HO W,Oaflw,eM pe:>KUMe noa H06/llOaeHUeM
¢e/lbaWepo. /l,O/lbWe cmpOUme/lbHblX p060m HU8ae He UCnO/lb­
30(30/lUCb. Om (3cex 60/le3HeU epe/lbaWep /le4U/l CO/laom C nOMO­
UJ,blO 3e/leHKU U XUHUHO.

PBCH HA nEPMCKOill 3EMJTE 33


no(3ceaHe(3Hou cmO/lO KOMOHaO «BbIXOaU cmpoumbcR!».
npu(3blKoewb U K Heu. B OpMUU (3ce (3peMR HOaO cmpoumbcR: 6blmb
(3 cmpolO U ae/lOmb (3ce no KOMOHae - 3mo 06R30HHocmb CO/laO­
mo. nOcmpoeHue 30 aeHb 30HUMoem MH020 (3peMeHU. OHO 3HO­
MeHyem nopRaOK U aUCu,un/lUHY ... »
Ew,e 0AI1H BeTepaH BeflI1KO~ OTe4eCTBeHHO~, rpl1ropl1~ 3a­
4epKOBHbl~, npO>t<I1BalOw,l1~ ce~4ac B Kafll1HI1HrpaAe, BCnOMI1HaeT
o 5epweTCKOM flarepe TaK:
« 1944 20a. B (3ouHe HocmynU/l nepe/lOM, U cmpOHO Y:>fCe M02­
/l0 n03(30/lUmb ce6e 6o/lee mw,ome/lbHOe o6yl.JeHUe Ho(306pOH­
u,e(3 (3 Yl.Je6HbIX u,eHmpox noa2omo(3Ku Koapo(3 a/lR eppoHmo. To­
KUX /l02epeU (3 u,eHmpO/lbHOU l.Jocmu COlO30 6bl/lO OKO/lO aecRmu.
OaUH U3 HUX - 5epwemcKuu - HOXOaU/lCR (3 MO/lOmo(3cKou
(nepMcKou) o6/locmu.
KOnUmO/lbHbIX nocmpoeK (3 /l02epe He 6bl/lO, (3 OCHO(3HOM 3eM­
/lRHKU. B HUX :>fCU/lU U KypcoHmbl, U oepUu,epCKUU cocmo(3. C/lY:>fCUmb
(3 yl.Je6HOM u,eHmpe 6bl/lO He/le2KO. KypcoHmbl nocmORHHO ucnblmbl­
(30/lU 20/l0a, Mep3/lU. YpO/lbCKUe MOp03bl (3 my 3UMy aOXOaU/lU ao
MUHyC COpOKO. Eao (3 cmO/lo(3ou 30Mep30/l0, U KypcoHmbl om02pe­
(30/lU ee (3 K030pMOX. nocyay ae/lO/lU U3 KOHcep(3Hblx 60HOK, Komo­
pble oc(3060:>fCaO/lUCb HO KyxHe. flO:>fCKy U Kpy:>fCKy KO:>fCabIU XpOHUfi
y ce6R. CeUl.JOC mpyaHO npeacmo(3umb ce6e m02aOWHIOIO CO/laom­
CKylO HOpMy M 6: 600 2pOMM0(3 Mep3/l020 x/le60, nOl.Jmu nO/lHOe
omcymcm(3ue Kpyn, Mep3/lblU Kopmoepe/lb, Komopblu npuXOaU/lOCb
CHOl.JO/lO OmMOl.Ju(3omb, 0 nomOM l.JUCmUmb, npOCpOl.JeHHble KOHcep­
(3bl U3 HenpuKocHo(3eHHblx 30noco(3. Ho ae/lU/lOCb (3ce 3mo no-6pom­
CKU, Yl.JUmbl(3oR KO:>fCaylO KpOWKy x/le60. HUKmo He ponmO/l, 3HO/lU:
/lYl.Jwee - eppOHmy».
3aKOH411flaCb BO~Ha. Ha4afll1cb Ml1pHble 6YAHI1. Ho B 5epweT­
CKOM BoeHHOM flarepe MI1PHO~ nepeAblWKI1 He 6blflO. KaK 11 npe>t<Ae,
3AeCb npOXOAl1fll1 06w,eBO~CKOBYIO nOAroToBKY BOI1Hbl nepMCKoro
rapHI130Ha 11 APyrl1x 4aCTe~ BoeHHoro oKpyra. B 1953 roAY B 5ep­
WeTI1 pacnoflaraflCJl TaHKOBbJ~ nOflK nepMcKo~ MOToCTpeflKoBo~ AI1­
Ha nnOU4llAM no6eAIIl BI131111 (Bo~cKOBaJl 4aCTb NQ 07621).
3Be3AHbl~ Toro nepl10Aa npeACTaBflJlfl c060~ Bcero fll1Wb He­
B 3&e3AHOM CBJl'rO 'lTRT OaMRTb 0 con­
AaTax H OTAC\IOT AaHb yBa>t<eHHJl BeTe­ CKOflbKO 6apaKoB, B KOTOpblX >t<l1fll1 OcPI14ePbl 11 I1X CeMbl1. BCKope
paHaM BeJ1HKOH OTetfecTBeHHOH BOHHbl AflJl AeTe~ 6blfll1 nOCTpoeHbl He60flbWaJl AepeBJlHHaJl Ha4aflbHaS1
1941-1945 roAOB. 9 MCUl Ha nlloU(aAi'l WKOfla 11 AeTcKI1~ caA. A COflAaTbl B TO BpeMJl >t<l1fll1 B 3eMflJlHKax. no­
no6eAbl e>t<erOAHo npOXOAHT 3AHee, B 50-x roAax, CIOAa npl1e3>t<afl KOMaHAYIOw,I1~ YpaflbCKI1M
BoeHHblH napClA. BoeHHblM oKpyrOM, 4eTblpe>t<Abl r epo~ COBeTcKoro COlO3a Mapwafl
r. K. )KyKOB. OH BcerAa I1HTepeCOBaflCJl >t<113HblO 11 6blTOM COflAaT.
nOcfle ero npl1e3Aa AflJl COflAaT 6blfll1 BblCTpoeHbl Ka3apMbl. TorAa
>t<e Ha4aflOCb CTpOI1TeflbCTBO nepBblX KI1pnl14HbiX AOMOBI1 60flbWO~
WKOflbl. nOJlBl1flaCb 11 4eHTpaflbHaJl nflow,aAb: B naMJlTb 0 3HaMeHI1­
TOM 5epweTCKOM flarepe, B 4eCTb 55-fleTHe~ roAOBW,I1Hbl n06eAbi
B BeflI1KO~ OTe4eCTBeHHO~ BO~He B 2000 roAY ee Ha3Bafll1 nflow,a­
AblO n06eAbl. YCTaHoBfleHHbl~ 3Aecb MeMOpl1aflbHbl~ KOMnfleKC ­
3TO CI1MBOfl naMJlTI1 11 CflaBbl Bcex 113BeCTHbiX 11 6e3blMJlHHbiX repo­
eB. 3Aecb c0611palOTCJl Ha npa3AHI1KI1 BeTepaHbl, a B0I1Hbl-paKeT411­
KI1 npOXOAJlT Top>t<ecTBeHHbiM MapweM. CIOAa npl1XOAJlT C 4BeTaMI1
C4aCTfll1Bbie MOfloAo>t<eHbl 11 MOfloAble MaMbl C MflaAeH4aMI1. 3Aecb
Tenepb pe3BI1TCJl AeTBopa.
113 ucmopUKO-2e02poepUl.JeCK020 Ol.JepKO
«3aeCb Mbl :>fCu(3eM»
£. H. MEflbHI1KOBOU
34 HA,qE>KHbl" u.UIJT 01'U13Hbl
23-SI 3eHMTHO-apTMllnepMMCKaSi
TapHOnOllbCKO-6epnMHCKaSi OPAeHOB
liorAaHa XMellbHMIJ,KOrO II CTeneHM
H KpaCHOM 3Be3Abi AMBM3MSI
nOIlR YKpaHHbl, TapHonOllb, 6McKay, CTepBRTHMKOB BpalKbMX nblllallH AeClfTKH,

WMpOKaR BMClla-peKa Mbl TaHKM rpOMMll1f Bpara,

POlKAallM 6billlylO COIlAaTCKYIO CllaBY Or KpaCHOM CTOllM4bl AO apKI1 6epllHHCKOli

POCCMH CTaIlbHOrO WTblKa. Aopora no6eAhI /lerna.

npHneB.
npHneB:
B 60RX 23-ii 3eHMTHOM n03HanM CerOAHR B eAIfHOM CTpOIO BeTepaHbI,
JiI paAOCTb no6eAbl, M rope4b yTpaT, Hx APY>t<6a B HaKaIle cepAe4,
'" RpKMe 3Be3Abi Ha nywKax Y rp03HbiX paKeT - MX HaClleAHMKM cnaBbl,
CBepKa/lH, '" CblHOM ropAHTCR OTel.l.
KaK Ao61leCTH Haweii napaA. npHneB.
11.6APCKI111

23-~ 3eH~THO-apT~nnep~~CKa~A~B~3~~ pe3epBa BepXOBHOrO


r naBHoro KOMaHAOBaH~~ Ha4ana cPOpM~pOBaTbC~ 15 ~HBap~1943 ro­
Aa B ropOAe MOCKBe np~ y4e6HoM L1,eHTpe 3eH~THO~ apT~nnep~~.
OCHOBO~ cPOpM~pOBaH~~ A~B~3~~ 6bln~ KaAPbl CeBaCTononb­
CKoro Y4~n~UJ,a 3eH~THO~ apT~nnep~~ ~ 4aCT~ BHOC (BO~CKa B03­
AywHoro Ha6nIOAeH~~, onOBeUJ,eH~~ ~ CB~3~).
C nepBblX AHe~ cPOpM~pOBaH~~ cny>t<~n B A~B~3~~ ~3BeCTHbl~
n~caTenb, naypeaT JleH~HcKO~ npeM~~, aBTOp KH~r~ «5peCTCKa~
KpenOCTb» C. C. CM~pHOB.
21 cPeBpanS1 1943 roAa 6blno 3aKOH4eHO cPOpM~pOBaH~e A~B~3~~.
B ee COCTaB Bown~:
- ynpaBneH~e;
- 1064-~ 3eH~THo-apT~nnep~~CK~~ nonK (KOMaHA~p - nOA­
nonKOBH~K cDeAoT TPOcP~MOB~4 WKYP~X~H);
- 1336-~ 3eH~THo-apT~nnep~~CK~~ nonK (KOMaHA~p - nOA­
3a PUHbU1 nOABHr H ",y*eCTBO,

nonKOBH~K T~XOH BnaA~M~pOB~4 MenbH~KOB, 3aMnon~T - Ma~op


npOllBneHHOe 80 ape,.."

EBreH~~ AHTOHOB~4 KapnoBCK~~);


BenHKOM OTe'4eCneHHOM BOKHbl'

- 1342-~ 3eH~THo-apT~nnep~~CK~~ nonK (KOMaHA~p - Ma~­ 1941-1945 rOAOB,

r
op Bac~n~~ AneKcaHAPOB~4 OH4apOB, 3aMnon~T - Ma~op ,lJ,a­
23-"3eKMTHO-apTKnnep.HMCKaJI

B~A 50P~COB~4 CaTOBCK~~), AHBH3H" HarpiUKAeHa. oPAeHaMM

- 1348-~ 3eH~THo-apT~nnep~~CK~~ nonK (KOMaHA~p - Ma~op 60rAaHa X",enbHMI.IKOrO II CTeneHM

r1eTp 50P~COB~4 rvlap~H~4eB, 3aMnon~T - Cepre~ naBnOB~4 5aKa4eB), H KpacHoH 3Be3AbI

- 6aTape~ ynpaBneH~S1,
- aBTonapK,
- aBTOMaCTepCK~e,
- KOMeHAaHTCK~~ B3BOA,

- BoeHHbl~ Tp~6YHan,

- OC06bl~ OTAen.

1064-~ 3eH~THbl~ nonK 6bln Boopy>t<eH 3eH~THbIM~ 0PYA~S1M~

cpeAHero Kan~6pa (85 MM). OCTanbHble 4aCT~ 6bln~ Boopy>t<eHbl


0PYA~~M~ Manoro Kan~6pa (37 MM).
cDOpM~poBan A~B~3~1O ee nepBbl~ KOMaHA~p nonKOBH~K H. C. C~T­
HI-lKOB, 3aMeCT~TeneM KOMaHA~pa no non~T~4eCKO~ 4aCT~ 6bln Ha­
3Ha4eH nOAnonKOBH~K VI. n. BbICOLl,K~~, nepBblM Ha4anbH~KOM WTa­
6a A~B~3~~ 6bln nOAnonKOBH~K cD. A. VlBaHOB.
23 cPeBpan~ 1943 rOAa A~B~3~~ 6blna BKnlO4eHa B COCTaB
CeBepo-3anaAHoro cPpoHTa. 3Ta AaTa ~ CTana AHeM pO>t<AeH~S1 A~­
BI-l31-l~.

26 cPeBpanS1 4aCT~ A~B~3~~ >t<eJle3HOAopO>t<HbIM~ 3wenOHaM~ np~­


6bln~ Ha CTaHLI,~1O KpeCTLI,bl HOBropoAcKO~ (TorAa JleH~HrpClAcKo~) 06­
JlaCT~ ~ np~cryn~n~ K npoT~BoB03AYWHO~ 060poHe CTaHLI,~~ cHa6>t<e­
H~~ 2-~ apM~~ ~ a3pOAPOMOB 6-~ B03AYWHO~ apM~~ B pa~oHax >Kep­

PBCH HA nEPMCKOfl 3EMnE 35


HOBKa, BbInOJl30BO, KpeCTl-lbl Vl r Y3~TVlHO. ,D,VlCJlOl..lVlpOBaflaCb p,VlBVl3Vl~
Ha 04eHb 60JlbWO~ TeppVlTopVlVl - 110 KM no JlVlHVlVl >t<eJle3HO~ p,oporVl
Vl p,o 120 KM rJly6VlHY JlVlHVlVl eppoHTa, 4TO Bbl3blBaflO 3Ha4VlTeJlbHbie TPyP,­
HOCTVl B ynpaBJleHVlVl 4aCT~MVl p,VlBVl3VlVl.
C 1 MapTa 1943 rop,a Bpa>t<eCKa~ aBVlal..lVl~ YCVlJlVlJla CBOVl p,e~­
CTBVl~. CaMOJleTbl epawVlcTcKO~ repMaHVlVl CTaJlVl nO~BJl~TbC~ Hap,
06beKTaMVl oxpaHeHVl~ B pa3Hoe BpeM51 CyTOK Ha BblCOTe 5-6 KM.
Y4e6a, KOTopa51 3aHVlMaJla OCHOBHoe BpeM51 B TOJlbKO 4TO CepOpMVl­
pOBaHHblX 4aCT~X p,VlBVl3VlVl, BbIHy>t<p,eHHO C04eTaJlaCb C Bep,eHVleM
60eBblx p,e~cTBVl~. 5 MapTa 1943 ro.o.a 2-~ Vl 3-~ 6aTapeVl 1064-ro
3eHVlTHO-apTVlJlJlepVl~CKoronOJlKa B pa~oHe napepVlHo OTpa3VlJlH
MHoropa30Bbie HaJleTbl aBVlal..lVlVl npOTVlBHVlKa.
B anpeJle 1943 rop,a 4aCTVl p,VlBVl3VlVl OTpa3VlJlVl 17 HaJleTOB aBVla­
l..lVlVl npOTVlBHVlKa, Vl3 HVlX 7 rpynnoBblX Vl 10 0p,VlH04HbIX. 3p,ecb,
B 6051X Ha cTapopyccKO~ 3eMJle, Vl POp,VlJlC~ p,eBVl3 BOVlHOB-3eHVlT­
4VlKOB: «5e~ Bpara B B03p,yxe - VlUJ,Vl Vl YHVl4To>t<a~ ero Ha 3eMJle».
B anpeJle 1943 rop,a p,VlBVl3Vl51 6blJla BblBep,eHa Vl3 COCTaBa CeBepo­
3anaJ],Horo eppoHTa B pe3epB CTaBKVl BepxoBHoro rJlaBHOKOMaHp,oBa­
HVl51 Vl nepep,VlCJlOl..lVlpOBaHa B pa~oH ropop,a BopoHe>t<, a C 25 Ma~ BKJlIO­
4eHa B COCTaB CTenHoro eppoHTa AJl51 BbInOJlHeHVl~ 3aJ],a4Vl no 06ecne­
4eHVllO r1BO BO~CK 27-~ apMVlVl, npVl6blBwe~ C CeBepo-3anap,Horo
eppoHTa.
B Ha4aJle aBrycTa 1943 rop,a p,VlBVl3Vl~ B COCTaBe 27 -~ apMVlH
BblWJla B pa~oH ropop,a rpa~BopoH. O>t<ecT04eHHble 60Vl BeJlVlCb Y
nepenpaB 4epe3 peKy BOpCKJla.
7 aBrycTa HawVl BO~CKa oCB060p,VlJlVl ropop, rpa~BopoH. Bcero
B 3TVlX 60~x y r pa~B6poHa 6blJlO C6VlTO 12 CaMOJleTOB. 60 oepVll..le­
pOB, cep>t<aHTOB Vl COJlp,aT p,VlBVl3VlVl 6blJlVl npep,CTaBJleHbl K Harpa>K­
p,eHVlIO 60eBblMVl opp,eHaMVl.
C TpeM51Cb Vl36e>t<aTb OKpy>t<eHVl~, 3anaJ],Hee r pa~BopoHa OCTaTKVl no­
TpenaHHblX Bpa>t<eCKVlX p,VlBVl3Vl~ Ha4aJlVl OTXOp, no ep,VlHcTBeHHo~ CBO­
60p,HO~ p,opore. KOJlOHHa MaWVlH, TaHKOB, apTVlJlJlepVlVl paCT51HYJlaCb Ha
MHorVle KVlJlOMeTpbl. Bpar nblTaflC~ 3aMaCKVlpOBaTb CBO~ OTXOp,. C 3TOH
l..leJlblO HeMel..lKVle VlcTpe6VlTeJlVl, CMeH5151 p,pyr p,pyra, HenpepblBHO nH­
KVlpOBaJlVl Ha KOJlOHHY, C03p,aBa51 Bne4aTJleHVle, 4TO no p,opore p,BVl>t<yT­
C~ 4aCTVl KpacHo~ ApMVlVl. 3Ta YJlOBKa He yp,aflaCb. 3a KopOTKoe BpeM~
apTorHeM 27 -~ apMVlVl Vl 23-ro 3eHVlTHO-apTVlJlJlepVl~CKoronOJlKa Vl aTa­
CTeHAbi My3eR
KO~ C B03p,yxa 6blJlO YHVl4To>t<eHO 60Jlee 50 TaHKOB Vl COTHVl aBTOM06Vl­
60eBO" CJlaBbi B 3Be3AHOM
Jle~.llonbITKaOCTaTKOB Tpex neXOTHblX Vl Op,HO~ TaHKOBO~ p,VlBVl3VlVl npo­
TVlBHVlKa BblpBaTbC51 Vl3 «MeWKa» OKOH4VlJlaCb KpaxOM.
>KI1TeJlI1 3Be3AHOrO XOpoWO 3HalOT HC­
n04TVl BeCb aBryCT 4aCTVl p,VlBVl3VlVl BeJlVl >t<eCTOKVle 60Vl B pa~o­
TOpl11O H 60eBo~ nYTb 23-i:1 SeHI1THO­
He nepenpaB 4epe3 peKy BOpCKJla y ropop,a AXTblpKa CYMCKO~ 06­
apTMIlJlepHHCKOH AHBH3HH.
JlaCTVl. no HeCKOJlbKO pa3 3TVl nepenpaBbl nepeXOp,VlJlVl Vl3 pyK B pyKH.
Bo BpeM51 60eB CTBOJlbl nyweK 6blJlVl HaCTOJlbKO paCKaJleHbl, 4TO
paC4eTbl, 06MaKHyB CBoe 06MyHP,VlpoBaHVle B Bop,e, OXJla>t<p,aJlVl VlM
CTBOJlbl, 4T06bl npop,OJl>t<aTb BeCTVl orOHb no Bpa>t<ecKo~ aBVlaI.-lVlVl.
YaCTO 3eHVlT4VlKaM npVlXOp,VlJlOCb p,e~cTBoBaTb KaK apTVlJlJlepVl­
CTaM Vl BeCTVl orOHb He TOJlbKO no CaMOJleTaM, HO Vl no neXOTe Vl TaH­
KaM npOTVlBHVlKa.
B 6051X nop, AXTbIPKO~ 6blJlO C6VlTO 29 Bpa>t<eCKVlX CaMOJleTOB.
3a My>t<eCTBO Vl CTO~KOCTb 72 60~l.-la p,VlBVl3VlVl 6blJlVl Harpa>t<p,eHbl
opp,eHaMVl Vl Mep,aJl51MVl.
OceHblO 1943 rop,a p,VlBVl3Vl51 Y4aCTBOBaJla B oCB060>t<p,eHVlVl YK­
paVlHbl. nepep, ee 4aCT51MVl CT051Jla 3ap,a4a 06ecne4VlTb cB060p,Hoe npo­
p,BVl>t<eHVle Vl 6ecnepe60~Hoe cHa6>t<eHVle 4acTe~ apMVlVl B pa~oHax
3apy6eHl.-lbl-rpVlropbeBKa. B 60~x 3a 5YKPVlHCKVl~ nJlal.-lp,apM BOVlHbl
p,VlBVl3VlVl np051BVlJlVl VlCKJl104VlTeJlbHOe My>t<eCTBO Vl oTBary. OrOHb 6a­
Tape~ 6blJl 4aCTO HaCTOJlbKO VlHTeHCVlBeH, 4TO HeMel..lKVle JleT4VlKVl He

36 HAAE>KHbIH lUHT OT'U13Hbl


MOrll1-1 C6POCI-1Tb CBO~ rpY3 Ha l..\elll-1. B Te4eHI-1e OKTfl6pfl 4aCTI-1 BblnOIl­
Hfllll-1 60eBylO 3aAa4Y no npl-1KpblTl-11O nepenpaB 4epe3 ,Ll,Henp.
12 OKTfl6pfl 1943 rOAa Bo~cKa apMl-11-1 nepeWfll-1 B HacTynlleHl-1e B
06w,eM HanpaBfleHl-11-1 Ha KOflapllblKc C 3aAa4e~ paCWl-1peHl-1fl 5yKp1-1H­
CKoro nflal..\AapMa Ha 3anaAHOM 6epery ,Ll,Henpa. OCHoBHafl 3aAa4a
HacTynalOUJ,l-1x BO~CK, B COCTaB KOTOpblX BXOAl-1lla AI-1BI-13I-1fl, COCTOfl­
Ila B TOM, 4T06bl OCB060AI-1Tb CTOIlI-1l..\y YKpal-1Hbl ropOA Kl-1eB, pac­
Wl-1pl-1Tb 3aXBa4eHHbie nllal..\AapMbl 1-1 C03AaTb YCflOBl-1fl Allfl OCB060>1<­
p,eHl-1fl OT Bpara Bce~ npaB06epe>l<HO~ YKpal-1Hbl.
no 3aMblCflY KOMaHAOBaHl-1fl 1-ro YKpal-1HCKoro cPpOHTa Allfl OC­
B060>l<AeHI-1fl ropOAa Kl-1eBa npeAnOflarallOCb HaHeCTI-1 ABa YAapa.
IllaBHbl~ YAap HaMe4allCfl C 5yKpl-1HcKoro nflal..\AapMa, B 80 KM 10>1<­
Hee Kl-1eBa, BcnoMoraTeflbHbl~ - C nflal..\AapMa ceBepHee Kl-1eBa.
B oKTfl6pe YAapHafl rpynnl-1pOBKa, cocpeAOT04eHHafl Ha 5yKpl-1HCKOM
nllal..\AapMe, KYAa BXOAl-1lla 1-1 27 -fl apMl-1fl, ABa>t<Abl npeAnpl-1HI-1Mana
HacTynlleHl-1e. OAHaKo Bpa>l<eCKafl 060poHa OKa3allaCb Cfll-1WKOM
np04Ho~. CTaflo flCHO, 4TO 3AeCb TPYAHO paCC41-1TbiBaTb Ha ycnex.
BO~CKa, HaHOCI-1BWl-1e B TO >l<e BpeMfl BcnOMoraTeflbHbl~ YAap, pac­
Wl-1pl-1lll-1 nflal..\AapM B pa~oHe nlO6e4a. n03TOMY 6blll0 peweHo nepe­
HeCTI-1 rflaBHble yCl-1fll-1fl C 5yKpl-1HcKoro Ha nlO6e4eBcKI-1~ nllal..\AapM
1-1 oTclOAa HanpaBI-1Tb rllaBHbl~ YAap Ha lOr. nOllY41-1B YKa3aHI-1e CTaB­
KI-1, KOMaHAOBaHl-1e cPpoHTa np01-13BellO KpynHYIO neperpynnl-1poBKY
BO~CK 1-1 TeXHI-1KI-1. 3a KopoTKoe BpeMfl B YCflOBl-1flX AO>l<AflI-1BO~ noro­
p,bl, nfloxoro COCTOflHl-1fl Aopor OCHOBHafl 4aCTb apTl-1flllepl-11-1 pe3ep­
Ba BepxoBHoro IllaBHoKoMaHAOBaHl-1fl, HaXOAI-1BWerOCfl Ha 5yKp1-1H­
CKOM nflal..\AapMe, CKpblTO nepenpaBl-1flaCb Ha lleBbl~ 6eper ,Ll,Henpa
1-1 COBepWl-1lla Mapw Ha 200 KM. BAOllb IlI-1HI-1I-1 cPpoHTa Ha ceBep, 3a­
TeM, nepenpaBI-1BWI-1Cb 4epe3 ,Ll,Henp, cocpeAOT041-11laCb Ha nlO6e4eB­
CKOM nflal..\AapMe. Bo~cKa nepeABl-1rafll-1Cb B OCHOBHOM H04blO I-1fll-1
npl-1 yTpeHHI-1X 1-1 Be4epHI-1X TyMaHax. n03TOMY HeMel..\Ko-cPaWI-1CTCKOe
KOMaHAOBaHl-1e He CMorflO CBoeBpeMeHHO 06HapY>l<I-1Tb I-1X cocpeAO­ 3eHMTHbie 0pYA"R

T04eHI-1e B HOBOM pa~OHe. K Ha4aflY HOfl6pfl npeBOCXOACTBO HaWI-1X Bpe~eH Be,nMKOM OTe<fecTBeHHOM

CI-1Il HaA BO~CKaMI-1 npOTI-1BHI-1Ka 6blflO B cpeAHeM B 1,5 pa3a 60flbwe, BOMHbl 1941-1945 rOAOB

a no aBl-1al..\1-11-1 - paBHbiM. K 26-~ roAoBw,I-1He OKTfl6pbCKO~ peBOIlIO­


l..\1-11-1 Kl-1eB 6blfl oCB060>l<AeH HaWI-1MI-1 BO~CKaMI-1.
23-11 3eHHTHo-apTHIlllepHHCKaJl
AHBH3HII HMel1a COBpeMeHHoe
B3flTI-1e Kl-1eBa 6blflO KpynHblM ycnexoM HaWI-1X BO~CK. Y>I<e 4e­
H "'O~Hoe BOOPy)l(eHHe.
pe3 1 0 AHe~ noclle oCB060>l<AeHI-1fl CTOfll-1l..\bl nllal..\AapM B pa~oHe
Kl-1eBa 6blfl paCWl-1peH AO 150 KM B rlly61-1HY 1-1 AO 400 KM no cPPOHTy.
IlepBafl nOflOBI-1Ha flHBapfl 1944 rOAa xapaKTepHa TeM, 4TO B 60flX
C 18 flHBapfl nOA AepeBHe~ nOflOHHoe nOrl-16fll-1 KOMaHAl-1p AI-1BI-131-11-1
nOflKOBHI-1K HI-1KOfla~ CepreeBI-14 CI-1THI-1KOB 1-1 ero BOAI-1Teflb PflAOBO~
WeB4yK. CMepTb nepBoro KOMaHAl-1pa AI-1BI-131-11-1 OT03BaflaCb 60llblO
B CepAl..\aX 60~l..\OB 1-1 KOMaHAl-1pOB AI-1B1-131-11-1.
nOcfle oCB060>l<AeHI-1fl Kl-1eBa AI-1BI-131-1fl BeAeT ynopHble 601-1 3a
WeneToBKy. npOTI-1BHI-1K 6poCI-11l Ha nOMOUJ,b Ha3eMHbiM BO~CKaM
60llbwI-1e Cl-1flbl aBl-1al..\l-1l-1. B 3TI-1X 60flX OH nOTepflfl 7 caMOfleTOB, HO
HI-1 Op,I-1H caMOfleT He npowefl K CTaHl..\1-11-1 WeneTOBKa. 50M60Bbie rpy­
3bl aBl-1al..\1-11-1 npOTI-1BHI-1Ka npl-1XOAl-1flOCb c6paCblBaTb, He AOXOAfl AO
l..\ell 1-1 , a HeKOTopblM caMOfleTaM - 1-1 Ha CBOI-1 Bo~cKa. 11 cPeBpaflfl
LUeneToBKa 6blfla oCB060>l<AeHa.
3a My>l<ecTBo 1-1 oTBary B 60flX 3a WeneToBKy TOflbKO B 1342-M
nOIlKY AI-1BI-131-11-1 32 4eflOBeKa 6bllll-1 Harpa>t<AeHbl 0PAeHaMI-1 1-1 MeAa­
IlflMI-1.
neToM 1944 rOAa AI-1BI-131-1fl aKTI-1BHO y4acTByeT B nbBOBCKO­
CaHAOMl-1pCKO~ onepal..\l-1l-1. YAapHafl rpynnl-1poBKa Ha nbBOBCKOM
HanpaBfleHl-11-1 COCTOflfla 1-13 60-~ apMl-11-1 reHepafl-nOflKOBHI-1Ka

PBCH HA nEPMcKo£t 3EMnE 37


&OEBOM nYTb AMBM3MM

11. A. KYPOYKVlHa Vl 38-i:1 apMVlVl reHepall-nOIlKOBHVlKa K. C. MocKa­


lleHKO, 3-i:1 Vl 4-i:1 TaHKOBblX apMVli:1, 6-ro rBapgei:1cKoro KaBallepVli:1­
CKoro Kopnyca, 31-ro TaHKoBoro Kopnyca, 9-i:1 B03gYWH0i:1 apMVlVl.
11popblB Bpa>t<eCKoro eppoHTa B03llarallC5'I Ha 38-10 Vl 60-10 apMVlVl.
B COCTaB 60-i:1 apMVlVl BXOgVlIlO 10 gVlBVl3Vli:1, B TOM YVlClle Vl 23-5'1 3e­
HVlTHo-apTVlllllepVli:1cKa5'lgVlBVl3Vl5'l. ,l],VlBVl3Vlei:1 B 3TO BpeM5'I KOMaHgoBan
nOIlKOBHVlK 51 M. nI06VlMOB, HayallbHVlKOM wTa6a 6blll n. Vl. CMarVlH.
npOTVlBHVlK cocpegoTOYVlIl Ha IOro-3anagHoM HanpaBlleHVlVl 14 ne­
XOTHblX gVlBVl3Vli:1. 10 Vl101l5'l HayallOCb HaCTynlleHVle HawVlX BOi:1CK Ha
nbBOBCKOM HanpaBlleHVlVl. HaCTynlleHVle 6blll0 OyeHb T5'I>t<ellbIM. ,l],BVl­
>t<eHVle yaCTei:1 npoxogVlIlO BgOllb OCHOBHblX gopor, nOToMy YTO WIlVl
npOIlVlBHble gO>t<gVl. 3eHVlTHbiM nogpa3gelleHVl5'lM, npVlKpblBalOUJ,VlM
Boi:1cKa, npVlxogVlIlOCb gei:1cTBoBaTb B CIlO>t<HOi:1 06CTaHoBKe. ABVla­
60eBoe 3HaMA
lJ,Vl5'l npOTVlBHVlKa npen5'lTCTBOBalla 6blCTPOMY HaCTynlleHVlIO HawVlX
23~M 3eHMTHo-.apTMnnepMHCKOM

BOi:1CK, Tbillbi OTCTaBaIlVl. K 3TOMy BpeMeHVl HawVl nepegoBble yaCTVl


TapHOnon~Ko-6epnHHcKoH

3aH5'lIlVl 31l0yeB Vl npogBVlrallVlCb Ha nbBOB Y3KVlM KOpVlgOpOM. fVlT­


AMBM3HM - oAHa H3 penMKBMM

paKeT'fMKOB 3Be3AHOrO
llepOBCKoe KOMaHgoBaHVle, cnaca5'l OT oKpy>t<eHVl5'l 5pOgCKylO rpyn­
nVlpOBKY, HayallO ee OTBOgVlTb Ha 3anag. Bo BpeM5'I HaCTynlleHVl5'l gVl­
BVl3Vl5'l 06eCneYVlBalla npVlKpblTVle Bxoga B npopblB 3-i:1 Vl 4-i:1 TaHKO­
BblX apMVli:1 Ha rllaBHOM HanpaBlleHVlVl.
YTpOM 27 Vl101l5'l nbBOB 6blll oCB060>t<geH OT HeMelJ,Ko-epawVlcTcKVlX
3axBaTYVlKOB. Bo BpeM5'I nbBoBcKoi:1 OnepalJ,VlVl OTIlVlYVlIlVlCb MHorVle BO­
VlHbl gVlBVl3VlVl. OgVlH Vl3 HVlX, CTapwVli:1 llei:1TeHaHT ,l],. B. 5lHywKeBVlY,
BblHec C nOll5'l 605'1 28 paHeHblX 60i:1lJ,OB.
Bo BpeM5'I nbBOBCKoi:1 OnepalJ,VlVl gVlBVl3Vlei:1 C6VlTO 18 caMOlleTOB, B35'1­
TO B nlleH 4745 Bpa>t<eCKVlX COilgaT. 3a 06pa3lJ,OBOe BblnOIlHeHVle 3aga­
HVl5'l KOMaHgoBaHVl5'l B 605'lx C epawVlCTCKVlMVl 3axBaTYVlKaMVl, 3a OCB060>K­
geHVle nbBoBa 1064-i:1 3eHVlTHo-apTVlllllepVli:1cKVli:1 nOIlK nOIlYYVlIl HaVl­
MeHOBaHVle «nbBOBcKVli:1». 3TVlM >t<e YKa30M OT 10 aBryCTa 1944 roga
1342-i:1 Vl 1348-i:1 3eHVlTHo-apTVlllllepVli:1cKVle nOIlKVl Harpa>t<geHbl op­
geHoM KpacHoro 3HaMeHVl.
B HaYaIle 5'IHBap5'l 1945 roga gVlBVl3Vl5'l B COCTaBe BOi:1CK 1-ro YKpaVlH­
CKoro eppoHTa HaYaIla HaCTYnlleHVle Ha IO>t<HbJe pai:1oHbl CVllle3VlVl B Ha­
npaBlleHVlVl HacelleHHblX nyHKTOB: KeMna, Me3elJ,a, PagOMbIWIl5'l, 50x­
HVl, KpaKoBa, PaTVl60pa, a 19 5'IHBap5'l Boi:1cKa oBllagellVl ropogoM Kpa­
KOB. BOVlHbl-apTVlllllepVlcTbl cgellallVl Bce, YT06bl cnaCTVl VlCTOpVlyeCKYIO

38 HAAE>KHbIVl UJ,HT ON~3Hbl


CB51TbIHIO nOnbCKOrO HapOAa. 3a BpeM51 60eB Ha nogcrynax K KpaKoBy 1-1
BO BpeM51 npOTI-1BoB03gyWHOH 060POHbi ropoga nW-IHbIM COCTaBOM gl-1­
BI-131-11-1 C61-1TO 32 caMoneTa, nneHeHO 2280 cPaWI-1CTOB. 3a caMOOTBep>t<eH­ 3Il1lEPM0A11WlOLtIIDU 0fIEPII·
Hoe BblnOnHeHl-1e 3agaHI-1H KOMaHgoBaHI-151 B 6051X C HeMeI..\Ko-cPaWI-1CT­ U.m.t~E£1Csrrot8CA .
CKI-1MI-1 3axBaTLtl-1KaMI-1 1-1 3a oBllageHl-1e ropOgOM KpaKOB 1064-H 3eHI-1T­ MJJIEll)B 3A 06PA3l.lOBfi JII.
HO-apTl-1nnepl-1HCKI-1H nonK Harpa>t<AeH opgeHoM Kyry30Ba III CTeneHI-1. I1OJ1HEtME 3llAI\HHM KOM·
nocne B351TI-151 KpaKOBa g1-1B1-131-151 npogon>t<ana HacTynneHl-1e B Ha­ : AOBAHWI t06'1311JJ ~
;~ HA~tU1E_1lCtIIDf
npaBneHl-11-1 PaTI-160pa 1-1 K 2 cPeBpan51 Bblwna K peKe Ogep Ha Wl-1pO­
KOM cPpOHTe. HeMel..\KOe KOMaHgoBaHl-1e, nOHI-1Ma51 3Ha4eHI-1e ,[I,oM6­
13'12 MJ3qs3An HAfP~
pOBCKoro yronbHoro 6acceHHa B paHOHe BepXHeH Cl-1ne31-11-1, npeg­ OPAEHAMl1I<PACOOro 3HAME1J1.
npl-1H51nO Mow,Hoe KOHTpHacTynneHl-1e B 3TOM paHOHe. C 21 cPeBpan51
no 14 MapTa g1-1B1-131-151 CTOHKO 1-1 xpa6po 060poH51na 3TOT paHoH. 3a
Y4aCTI-1e B oCB060>t<geHI-1I-1 ,[I,oM6poBcKoro yronbHoro 6acceHHa 1-1 3A IlEPWJA KPAKOBCK~
IO>t<HOH 4aCTI-1 BepxHeH CI-1ne31-11-1 g1-1B1-131-151 6blna Harpa>t<geHa opge­ OJ1EPAijWt AIt1&G1B1 aM'
HOM 50rgaHa XMenbHl-1l..\KOrO II CTeneHI-1. TO 32 CAMOIlETA,FUlEHE'
nocne nopa>t<eHI-151 nog KpaKOBOM HeMeI..\Ko-cPaWI-1CTCKOe KOMaH­
gOBaHl-1e nnaHl-1pOBanO HaHeCTI-1 ygap 1-13 PaTl-160pa. r opog PaTI-160p
2200 &JJllWlCTOO. SA
6bln nocnegHI-1M onopHblM nyHKToM, OCTaBWI-1MC51 B I-1X pYKax, 1-1 cPa­
WI-1CTbl ynopHo 3aw,l-1w,anl-1 ero. B TO BpeM51 4aCTI-1 gl-1BI-131-11-1 Benl-1 npl-1­
f;q:3~:r~~.r=

KpblTl-1e nepenpaB 4epe3 peKy Ogep. 30 MapTa HaWI-1 BOHcKa oBnage­ HOM KYTY30BA UI CTEnEtU1.
111-1 PaT1-160poM. B 3TI-1X 6051X 4aCTI-1 gl-1BI-131-11-1 YHI-14To>t<l-1nl-1 28 caMO­
lleTOB Bpara. 3a 06pa31..\0BOe BblnOnHeHl-1e 3agaHI-151 B 6051X npl-1
npopblBe 060POHbi HeMl..\eB 1-1 pa3rpOM BOHCK npOTI-1BHI-1Ka B Onenb­ " '~)\7.;~ JA DPEMSI 6EPJlfH'
'" J "I':b-mc
cKO-PaTI-160pCKOH onepal..\l-1l-1 YKa30M npe31-1gl-1YMa BepxoBHoro Co­
BeTa CCCP g1-1B1-131-151 Harpa>t<geHa opgeHoM KpaCHOH 3Be3gbl. i:=~:

itlfiti1nPOmBHMKA.8A
C 16 anpen51 1945 roga g1-1B1-131-151 y4acTByeT B 5epnl-1HCKOH onepa­ '(I 06PA3.
1..\1-11-1. C 21 no 30 anpell51 4aCTI-1 gl-1BI-131-11-1 BblnOnH511l1-1 3agaHI-1e no npOTI-1­ J.«)IU BbllDlHEHM &WHM9­
BOB03gyWHOH 060poHe BOHCK apMI-1I-1. K I-1cxogy 22 anpen51 HaWI-1 BOHcKa
BblWnl-1 K KaHany TenbTOB, KOTOpblH npegCTaBn5ln C060H cepbe3Hoe npe­
MAfWlBAHKSI t3lI2 SAIl B~
n51TCTBl-1e WI-1PI-1HOH 40-50 M, rlly61-1HoH 3 M. MOCTbl 4epe3 KaHan 6blnl-1 OPAEH A1IEKCAHAPA HEBcKOro.
B30pBaHbl, nogcrynbl Tw,aTenbHO OXpaH51nI-1Cb. C xogy KaHan cPOpCl-1pO­
BaTb He yganOCb. 06w,a5l 41-1CneHHOCTb HeMel..\KOrO rapHI-130Ha COCTaBn51­
Ila 60nee 30 TbIC514 4eIlOBeK. 24 anpen51 6blno 3aBepweHO OKpy>t<eHl-1e
5epnl-1HCKOH rpynnl-1poBKI-1 HaWI-1MI-1 BOHCKaMI-1. ,[I,I-1BI-131-151 B xoge wrypMa
5epnl-1Ha He TonbKO ocyw,eCTBn5lna nBO CBOI-1X BOHCK, HO 1-1 npl-1H51na
HenocpegcTBeHHoe Y4aCTI-1e B oCB060>t<geHI-1I-1 ropoga.
Y4aCTHI-1K 60eB 3a 5epnl-1H napTopr 1348-ro 3eHI-1THO-apTl-1nnepI-1H­
CKoro nonKa Kanl-1TaH r. K. JlaxoB TaK Onl-1CblBaeT Ha4ano wTypMa 5ep­
11 1-1 Ha: «POHHUM ympoM 24 OnpeJ7H mblCHLfU opy8uu P03HblX K0J7u6­
poB U 2p03Hble «KomIOWU» OmKpblJ7U YP020HHblU 020Hb no BpoJfCe­
CKOU 060poHe. MOUl,Hble opmuJ7J7epUUCKue 30J7nbl B03BecmuJ7u 0
HaLfOJ7e wmypMo J7020Bo epowucmcK020 3BepH - 5epJ7UHo. B 3my
MUHymy KOJfC8blU YLfocmHUK BeJ7UKOU 6umBbl, om pH80B020 80 B MY3ee

2eHep0J70, 6blJ7 n0J70H 20p80cmu 30 ce6H, cBolO Lfecmb, 30 mo, Lfmo 6oeSOH cnUbl ~HBM3""

UMeHHO OH HBJ7HemCH YLfocmHUKOM wmypMo epowucmCK020 2He3­


Y~eHMKaMM M y4HTefUlMI1 MOY Ha­
aa, 28e cmpOUJ7UCb nJ70Hbl nOKopeHUH Hop080B EBponbl U BeJ7UKO­
4anbHaR 0614eo6pa30BaTeJlbHaR WKona
20 PYCCK020 Hop080. KOJfC8blU B 3my MUHymy C He6blBoJ7blM pBe­ 3A TO 3Be3,qHbIH coap.aH MY3eH, B Ko­
HueM CmpeMUJ7CH Bnepe8 - 6blmb B 02He 6umBbl U 80K030mb Bce­ TOPOM 3H84HMoe MeCTO 3aHHMa~T
My MUPY, Lfmo nepe8 HOMU, pyCCKUMU, He ycmoum HUKOKOH CTeHAbI 14 3KCnOHaTbI, CBR3aHHbie C HC­
npe2p080. He nOM02ym HeMu,OM HU Hpocmb ux conpOmUBJ7eHUH, TopMeH 23-£1 3eHMTHo-apTHnnepHHcKo~
HU 60ppUK08bl HO KOJfC80M nepeKpecmKe 80p02, 30 KomopblMU AH8H3HH.
020J7meJ7ble, C nepeKoweHHblMU om 3J70CmU J7UU,OMU epoycmnom­
pOHUI,UKU, HULfmo He CM02J70 ocmoHoBumb Bcen06eJfC80lOUI,e20
HamUCKO pyCCKuX BOUCK. POHeHble He JfCeJ70J7U yx08umb B 20cnu­
mOJ7b U ocmOBOJ7UCb B cmpolO 80 mex nop, nOKO He 08epJfCuBoJ7U
B 3mOM 20p08e xomH 6bl MOJ7eHbKOU, He3HOLfUmeJ7bHOU n06e8bl».
PBCH HA nEPMcKoII' 3EMnE 39
24 anpen51 1945 roAa pOTa KamnaH VI. VI. ,l],erT51peBa nOAaBVlna
TpVl nyneMeTHble T04KVl npOTVlBHVlKa, 04VlCTVlnVl KBapTan, YHVl4TO­
>KVlB 60nee 40 conAaT Vl ocj:mlJ,epOB npOTVlBHVlKa. Ha 60eBoM C4eTY 3TO­
ro nOApa3AeneHVl51 10 C6VlTbiX caMoneTOB, CBblwe 300 YHVl4TO>KeHHbIX
conAaT Vl ocPVllJ,epOB Vl 4eTbipe oCB060>KAeHHbIX cena YKpaVlHbl.
3a BpeM51 5epnVlHcKoi1 OnepalJ,VlVl AVlBVl3Vlei1 6blno C6VlTO 16 ca­
MoneTOB, YHVl4TO>KeHO 8311 conAaT Vl ocPVllJ,epOB npOTVlBHVlKa. 3a
My>KeCTBO Vl repOVl3M npVl B351TVlVl 5epnVlHa AVlBVl3Vl51 nony4Vlna HaVl­
MeHOBaHVle «5epnVlHcKa51». 3-5 Ma51 1945 roAa AVlBVl3Vl51 B COCTaBe
31-i1 rBapAei1cKoi1 TaHKoBoi1 apMVlVl COBepWVlna Mapw B pai10H ropo­
Aa ,l],pe3AeH, rAe oKpy>KeHHa51 9-51 HeMelJ,Ka51 apMVl51 nblTanaCb
npopBaTbC51 Ha 3anaA. 6 Ma51 HawVl Boi1cKa OBnaAenVl ropOAOM Mai1­
ceH, 7 Ma51 - ropOAOM ,l],pe3AeH. ,l],VlBVl3Vl51 06ecne4VlBana npoTVlBoB03­
AyWHylO 060pOHy ropoAa ,l],pe3AeH. nocne nVlKBVlAalJ,VlVl ,l],pe3AeHcKoi1
rpynnVlpoBKVl AVlBVl3Vl51 cOBepwVlna Mapw B ropOA KapHe6ypr, rAe
Vl AVlCnOlJ,VlpOBanacb AO BblBoAa HawVlX BOi1CK Vl3 ABCTpVlVl. 3a B351TVle
ropoAa ,l],pe3AeH 1336-i1 3eHVlTHo-apTVlnnepVli1cKVli1 nonK nony4Vln
HaVlMeHOBaHVle «,l],pe3AeHcKVl i1», a 1342-My 3eHVlTHo-apTVlnnepVl i1­
CKOMy nonKy 6bln Bpy4eH oPAeH AneKcaHApa HeBcKoro.
3a ycnewHoe BblnOnHeHVle 3aAaHVli1 KOMaHAOBaHVl51 2966 con­
AaT, Cep>KaHTOB Vl ocPVllJ,epOB YAOCToeHbl 60eBbix npaBVlTenbCTBeH­
HblX HarpaA:
- OPAeHOM KpacHoro 3HaMeHVl - 26 4enOBeK,
- OPAeHOM KyTy30Ba III CTeneHVl - 1 4enOBeK,
- OPAeHOM 50rAaHa XMenbHVllJ,KOrO II CTeneHVl - 1 4enOBeK,
- OPAeHOM 50rAaHa XMenbHVllJ,Koro III CTeneHVl - 4 4enOBeKa,
- OPAeHOM AneKcaHApa HeBcKoro - 2 4enOBeKa,
- OPAeHOM OTe4ecTBeHHoi1 BOi1Hbl I CTeneHVl - 65 4enOBeK,
- OPAeHOM OTe4ecTBeHHoi1 BOi1Hbl II CTeneHVl - 116 4enOBeK,
- OPAeHOM KpacHoi1 3Be3Abi - 645 4enOBeK,
- OPAeHOM CnaBbl III CTeneHVl - 169 4enOBeK,
- MeAanblO «3a oTBary» - 1022 4enOBeKa,
- MeAanblO «3a 60eBbie 3acnyrVl» - 915 4enOBeK,
- MeAanblO «3a n06eAY HaA repMaHVlei1» - Bce BOVlHbl.
nocne BOi1Hbl coeAVlHeHVle npVlCTynVlno K MVlpHOi1 cny>K6e B co­
CTaBe COBeTCKVlX BOi1CK B r epMaHVlVl.
C 1946 roAa 23-51 TapHononbcKo-5epnVlHcKa51 3eHVlTHo-apTVlnne­
Anll. . CJlaBbl B 3Be3AHOM PVli1CKa5l OPAeHOB 50rAaHa XMenbHVllJ,Koro II CTeneHVl Vl KpacHoi1 3Be3­
06JHIK yJl"'4 III nJlo~aAeiii 3Be3AHOrO Abl AVlBVl3Vl51 AVlCnOlJ,VlpyeTC51 B COCTaBe rpynnbl COBeTCKVlX BOi1CK B AB­
nOA"IepK",saeT craryc BOeHHOrO ropoA­ CTpVlVl, B pacnOnO>KeHHblX B6nVl3Vl BeHbl ManeHbKVlX ropoAax - KapHe­
Ka - Mecra, rAe "ITyr TPaAH4HH AeAOB 6ypr Vl WTOKKepay.
H OT40B. B Mae 1955 roAa COBeTCKoe npaBVlTenbCTBO COBMeCTHO C npa­
BVlTenbCTBaMVl APyrVlx CTpaH - Y4aCTHVlKOB aHTVlrVlTnepoBcKoi1 Koa­
nVllJ,VlVl npVlH51no peweHVle, Ha OCHOBaHVlVl KOToporo 23-51 TapHononb­
cKo-5epnVlHcKa51 AVlBVl3Vl51 B ceHT516pe 1955 roAa BblBeAeHa Ha Tep­
pVlTOpVlIO CCCP, 3aTeM nepeAVlCnOlJ,VlpOBaHa Ha TeppVlTOpVlIO
npVlKapnaTcKoro BoeHHoro oKpyra B ropOAe WeneToBKa.
1 ceHT516p51 1955 roAa 23-51 3eHVlTHo-apTVlnnepVli1cKa51 AVlBVl3Vl51
nepeVlMeHOBaHa B 97-10 3eH VlTHo-apTVlnnepVl i1CKylO AVlBVl3VllO (,l],Vl­
peKTVlBa MVlHVlcTepcTBa 060POHbi CCCP OT 28 aBrycTa 1955 roAa
NQ opr /2/ 460609 OB).
B 1958 roAY coeAVlHeHVle B KOpOTKVli1 CpOK nepeBoopy>KaeTC51
Ha paKeTHylO TexHVlKY, Ha «OTnVl4HO» BbInOnH51eT Bce Y4e6Ho-60e­
Bble nycKVl paKeT Vl npVlCTynaeT K HeceHVlIO 60eBoro Ae>KypcTBa no
oxpaHe 6e30nacHocTVl Hawei1 POAVlHbl.
B 1958 roAY Ha4anOCb paccPopMVlpoBaHVle AVlBVl3VlVl, KOTopoe
B 1960 roAY 6blno 3aKOH4eHO.
nepMCKi1~ paKeTHbl~ 6aCTi10H
Ha 3HaMeHaX am"x oPAeHa CBepKaIOT. CBRTO IITHM MI>I naMRTb
4eTKO war lIeKaHR, HAeT 3a CTpoeM cTpoH. HaWHX BeTepaHoB.
Cl1aOHble ypanbcKHe BOIIHbl waralOT 60eBoii npHKa3 Mbl BbJnOI1HHM BcerAa.
B 60eBoH AHBH3I1H, rAe cny)l(HM Mbl C T06oM. 60HCA, Bpar,
OTeeTHI>IX RAepHblx YAapOB,
npunes: PaKeTHaR AHBH3HR MOR, BeAb Ha CTpa)l(e POAIIHbI CTOAT 6>KPK.
Tbl cnaBOIO OBeRHa B 60RX.
f1pHnes.
3a POAMHY, 3a KpaH POAHOH
TapHononbcKO-6epl1HHCKaR CTpoesaR necHR
rOTOB·a II 60H. 52-if paKeTHoH ,qHBH3I1H

Ha OCHOBaHI-H1 AI-1peKH1Bbi MI-1HI-1CTepCTBa 060POHbi CCCP B Mae


1960 roAa Ha 6a3e ynpaBfleHI-1~ 1170-ro 1-1 1208-ro 3eHI-1THO-apTl-1fl­
flepl-1i:1cKI-1X nOflKOB 97 -i:1 3eHI-1THO-apTl-1flflepl-1i:1cKoi:1 TapHonoflbcKo­ 3M6ne",a 52-it palCeTHoM
5epfll-1HCKoi:1 OPAeHOB 50rAaHa XMeflbHI-1l..\Koro II CTeneHI-1 1-1 KpacHoi:1 TapHonon.cKo-6epnMHclCoH
3Be3Abi AI-1BI-131-11-1, 35-i:1 WKOflbl BBC 1-1 15-ro y4e6Horo TaHKoBoro nOfl­ oPAeHoB 60rAaHa XMeIlbHMI4KOrO
Ka 6blfla CcPOpMl-1pOBaHa 206-~ paKeTHa~ 6pl-1raAa. II CTeneHM II KpacHoM 3Be3AJa1
10 aBryCTa 1960 rOAa BCTynl-1fl B AOfl>KHOCTb nepBbli:1 KOMaHAl-1p AMBII3MM
6pl-1raAbi nOflKOBHI-1K f eoprl-1i:1 BflaAI-1MI-1pOBI-14 CTonne (KoMaHAoBafl
6pl-1raAoi:1 C 27 aBryCTa 1960 roAa no 7 I-1lOfl~ 1961 roAa). K 19 HO­
~6p~ 1960 roAa cPOpMl-1pOBaHl-1e 206-i:1 paKeTHoi:1 6pl-1raAbi 6blflO 3a­
KOH4eHO.
B COCTaB 6pl-1raAbi BOWfll-1:
721-i:1 paKeTHbli:1 nOflK - Boi:1cKoBa~ 4aCTb NQ 44097;
723-i:1 paKeTHbli:1 nOflK - Boi:1cKoBa~ 4aCTb NQ 34131;
730-i:1 paKeTHbli:1 nOflK - Boi:1cKoBa~ 4aCTb NQ 54300;
734-i:1 paKeTHbli:1 nOflK - Boi:1cKoBa~ 4aCTb NQ 44170;
- 1539-~ nOABI-1>KHa~ paKeTHO-TeXHI-14eCKa~ 6a3a - Boi:1cKoBa~
4aCTb NQ 54231;
- 298-i:1 Y3efl CB~31-1 - Boi:1cKoBa~ 4aCTb NQ 03743;
- 260-i:1 oTAeflbHbli:1 6aTaflboH oxpaHbl - Boi:1cKoBa~ 4aCTb
NQ 28156;
- oTAeflbHbli:1 6aTaflboH 60eBoro 06ecne4eHI-1~;
- 566-~ OTAeflbHa~ 3KcnflyaTal..\1-10HHO-peMOHTHa~ pOTa - BOi:1­
CKOBa~ 4aCTb NQ 34412;
- 648-~ OTAeflbHa~ >Kefle3HOAOp0>KHa~ 3KcnflyaTal..\1-10HH~ pOTa­
Boi:1cKoBa~ 4aCTb NQ 03925;
- 355-~ OTAeflbHa~ I-1H>KeHepHO-TeXHI-14eCKa~ pOTa - Boi:1cKoBa~ Ylfe6Ho-6oeeoM nycK
4aCTb NQ 34424; paKeTbi P-16
- 411-~ OTAeflbHa~ aBTOTpaHcnopTHa~ pOTa - Boi:1cKoBa~ 4aCTb
Mano KTO H3 )l(HTel1eH nepMcKoro KpaA
NQ 4426;
3Hae,.-, 410 B 3Be3AHOM 6b1lla pa3Melile­
- 234-~ peMOHTHa~ MaCTepCK~ paKeTHoro 1-1 apTl-1flflepl-1i:1cKoro BO­
tia 4a.CTb RAepHoro 6oe3anaca POCCHH,
opY>KeHI-1~;
MCIll.\HOCTbIO B 700 pil3 npeBblwaJOlilaR
- WKOfla nOAroToBKI-1 KypcaHToB; MOU\HOCTb aToMHoH 60M6bl, c6poweH­
- rapHl-130HHbli:1 0cPl-1l..\epCKI-1i:1 Kfly6; HOH Ha XHPOCHMY. npollept<a 60eBoM
- neKapH~. rOTOBHOCl'H paKeT'lHKOB 52-Ii paKentOH
B oKT~6pe 1960 roAa Ha4aflaCb nepenOArOTOBKa fll-14HOro COCTa­ AHBH3Hlot npOBOAlot)1acb B 'TQM 4HCI1e
Ba B Y4e6Hbix l..\eHTpax 1-1 Ha nOfll-1roHax. nl-14Hbli:1 COCTaB OCBal-1Bafl ne­ lot y4e6Ho-6oeBblMIII nycK8MH M6P.
pexoAHylO paKeTy P-2 C npOBeAeHl-1eM Y4e6Ho-60eBblx nycKoB, 3aTeM
(c 1962 roAa) - wTaTHylO paKeTy P-16. CTapToBble AI-1BI-131-10Hbl Bble3­
>t<afll-1 Ha nOfll-1roH, npOBOAl-1fll-1 Y4e6Ho-60eBble nYCKI-1 paKeT P-16 1-1,
B03Bpaw,a~Cb K MeCTaM nOCTo~HHoi:1 A1-1 Cfl o Kal..\ 1-1 1-1 , AonycKafll-1cb KO­
MI-1CCl-1ei:1 fflaBHOKOMaHAYIOw,ero PBCH K 60eBoMy Ae>t<ypCTBY.
Ha OCHOBaHl-11-1 ,lJ,l-1peKTI-1Bbl MI-1HI-1CTpa 060POHbi CCCP OT
5 anpefl~ 1961 rOAa NQ OPf /9/59215, ,lJ,l-1peKTI-1Bbl fflaBHOKOMaH­
AylOw,ero PaKeTHblMI-1 Boi:1cKaMI-1 OT 13 anpefl~ 1961 roAa NQ 644674
1-1 ,lJ,l-1peKTI-1Bbl KOMaHAl-1pa BOi:1CKOBOi:1 4aCTI-1 14043 OT 19 anpefl~
PBCH HA nEPMCKO~ 3EMJ1E 41
1961 rop,a N2 001180 15 Mas:l 1961 rop,a 206-51 paKeTHas:l 6pVlrap,a
nepe¢opMVlpoBaHa B 52-10 paKeTHylO p,VlBVl3VlIO.
cDOpMVlpoBaHVle paKeTHoii p,VlBVl3VlVl Ha4aJlOCb Vl3 4aCTeii Ypallb­
CKoro BoeHHoro oKpyra. KOMnJleKTOBaHVle O¢Vll...\epCKVlMVl Ka,LJ,paMVl WJlO
3a C4eT pac¢opMVlpoBaHHblx 4aCTeii BBC, Ha3eMHoii apTVlJlJlepVlVl
H TaHKOBblX BoiicK. cDOpMHpoBaHVle ocyw,eCTBJls:lJla onepaTVlBHas:l rpyn­
na, B03rJlaBJls:leMaJ'l KOMaHp,VlpOM 6pVlra,LJ,bl nOJlKOBHVlKOM r. B. CTonne.
B 6oeBoii COCTaB p,VlBVl3VlH 6blJlH BKJl104eHbi paKeTHble nOJlKVl Vl 4aCTVl
06ecne4eHVls:l Vl 06CJly>KVlBaHHs:l (KoMaHp,Hpbl - nOJlKOBHVlKVl A. A. Ba­
CHJlbeB, A. B. 3y6yJlHH, H. T. naHVlH, O. A. ry6apeHKo).
YnpaBJleHVle p,VlBH3HVl C¢OpMHpoBaHo K 30 Mas:l 1961 rop,a C Me­
CTOM p,VlCJlOKaI...\VlVl B 4 KM OT nOCeJlKa 5epweTb nepMcKoii 06JlaCTVl,
B nOCJlep,ylOw,eM nOJlY4VlBwee Ha3BaHVle nepMb-76.
27 HIOHs:l 1961 rop,a 3aKOH4eHO ¢OpMHpoBaHHe p,HBH3VlH, H npH­
Ka30M MVlHVlcTepCTBa 060POHbi CCCP OT 6 VlIOHs:l 1961 rop,a N2 0052
p,eHb 27 VlIOHs:l YCTaHOBJleH KaK e>KerOp,Hblii npa3p,HVlK p,VlBVl3VlVl. C an­ 3Hal< 52-A pal<eTHOM
peJls:l 1970 rop,a 52-51 paKeTHaJ'l p,VlBVl3Vls:l BOWJla BCOCTaB OpeH6yprcKoii TapHOnOnbCl<o-SepnMHcKoM
paKeTHoii apMVlVl. OPAeHOB SOfAaHa XMenbHM~I<OfO
22 VlIOJls:l 1961 rop,a BCTynVlJl B KOMaHp,OBaHVle nepBblii KOMaH­ II CTeneHM " KpacHoM 3se3Abl
p,Hp p,VlBVl3VlVl - nOJlKOBHVlK 3. T. It1BaHoB. AMBM3MM
Ha OCHOBaHVlVl AVlpeKTVlBbl reHepaJlbHOrO wTa6a MVlHVlcTepcTBa
060POHbi CCCP, AVlpeKTVlBbl rJlaBHoro wTa6a PaKeTHblX BoiicK Vl B
l..\eMX nop,p,ep>KaHVls:l 60eBbix Tpa,LJ,VlI...\Vlii 52-i1 paKeTHoi1 p,VlBVl3VlVl 6blJlVl
nepep,aHbl n04eTHoe HaVlMeHOBaHVle Vl npaBVlTeJlbCTBeHHble Harpap,bl
97-ii 3eHVlTHO-apTVlJlJlepVliicKoi1 p,VlBVl3VlVl. nOJlHOe Ha3BaHVle p,VlBVl3VlVl
3BY4VlT TaK: «52-51 paKeTHas:l TapHOnOJlbCKO-5epJlVlHCKas:l opp,eHOB
50rp,aHa XMeJlbHVlI...\Koro II CTeneHVl Vl KpacHoi1 3Be3p,bl p,VlBVl3Vls:l».
napaJlJleJlbHO WJlO CTpOVlTeJlbCTBO o6beKToB p,VlBVl3VlVl. 5blJlVl
Bbl6paHbi HeCKOJlbKO 60eBbix CTapTOBblX n03VlI...\Vli1 (5Cn), MeCTO nop,
>KVlJlOi1 ropop,OK p,VlBVl3VlVl Vl TeXHVl4eCKVle nJlow,ap,KVl nop, 6a3bl, CKJla­
p,bl H pap,VlOl...\eHTpbl. CTpOVlTeJlbCTBO BeJlO MVlHVlcTepcTBo 060POHbi
CCCP, a VlMeHHO YnpaBJleHVle VlH>KeHepHbIX pa60T (Ha4aJlbHVlK - nOJl­
KOBHVlK B. M. TVlXOHOB), YnpaBJleHVle Hapy>KHblX pa60T (Ha4allbHVlK ­
nOp,nOJlKOBHVlK A. r. KYWHVlp) Vl BoeHHO-CTpOVlTeJlbHble OTps:lp,bl.
B YCJlOBVls:lX 6e3p,OpO>Kbs:l, JleCVlCTO-6oJlOTVlCTOii MeCTHOCTVl nep­
Bas:l 5Cn cp,aHa B 3KCnJlyaTal...\VllO y>Ke B p,eKa6pe 1961 rop,a. 0 CJlO>K­
HOCTVl pa60T roBOpVlT XOTs:l 6bl TaKoi1 ¢aKT: npVl paC4VlCTKe TpaCCbl
YTOHyJlH TpVl ryceHVl4HbiX 6yJlbp,03epa, Vl3BJle4b KOTopble yp,aJlOCb
TOJlbKO 4epe3 rop,. BCKope, C BBOp,OM B CTPOi1 MarVlCTpaJlbHoi1 p,opo­
rH C 6eToHHbiM nOKpbITVleM, TeMnbl CTpOVlTeJlbCTBa nOBbICVlJlVlCb.
3a rop,bl cyw,eCTBOBaHHs:l p,VlBVl3HVl eii KOMaHp,OBaJlVl: PJnyan 3aCTYnneHMR

- reHepaJl-Maiiop It1BaHoB 3HHOBVlii TPH¢OHOBH4 (c 22 VlIOJls:l Ha 6oesoe AelKYpCTBO ­

1961 rop,a no 1 anpeJls:l 1966 rop,a); OAHa "3 Tpa,qM~MM

- nOJlKOBHVlK napwVlH naBeJl CepreeBH4 (c 1 anpeJls:l 1966 rop,a 52-it paKeTHoit AMSM3""

no 7 Mas:l 1969 rop,a);


- reHepaJl-Maiiop Ka6aHoB naBeJl It1BaHoBH4 (c 7 Mas:l 1969 rop,a
no 26 ¢eBpaJls:l 1973 rop,a);
- reHepall-Maiiop ApyKapeB AHaTOJlHii AneKcaHp,poBVl4 (c 26 cPeB­
paM 1973 rop,a no 20 CeHTs:l6ps:l 1976 rop,a);
- reHepaJl-Maiiop K03JlOB BaJlepHi1 AHp,peeBVl4 (c 20 CeHTs:l6ps:l
1976 rop,a no 20 p,eKa6ps:l 1980 rop,a);
- reHepaJl-Maiiop 5eJloycoB BeHVlaMVlH BaJleHTVlHOBVl4 (c 20 p,e­
Ka6ps:l 1980 rop,a no 21 VlIOHs:l 1984 rop,a);
- reHepaJl-Maiiop 5aJla6oJlKVlH It1BaH MVlxai1JlOBVl4 (c 21 VlIOHs:l
1984 rop,a no 29 VlIOHs:l 1989 rop,a);
- reHepaJl-Mai1op KVlPVlJlJlOB IOpVlii cDep,opoBVl4 (c 29 VlIOHs:l
1989 rop,a no 4 HOs:l6ps:l 1993 rop,a);
PBCH HA ITEPMCKOI7l3EMJ1E 43
- reHepan-Maiiop Cy660H1 H AneKceii r aBpl1nOBI1Y (c 4 H0516p51
1993 roga no 16 I1IOH51 1999 roga);
- reHepan-Maiiop CI1HeHKO 50pl1c Bnagl1Ml1pOBI1Y (c 16 I1IOH51
1999 roga no 30 H0516p51 2002 roga).
13 MapTa 1962 roga 3aCTynl1n Ha 60eBoe ge>t<ypCTBO nepBblii
gl1BI13110H (KoMaHgl1p - nognonKoBHI1K B. A. KannIOK), a K 1965 rogy
nocnegH5151 60eBa51 n031141151 6blna cgaHa B 3KcnnyaTal..\I11O 11 npl1cTy­
nl1na K HeCeHl110 60eBoro ge>t<ypcTBa.
B 1963 rogy 6blno npl1H51TO nOCTaHOBlleHl1e COBeTa MI1HI1CTPOB
CCCP 0 CTpOI1TenbCTBe B n03114110HHOM paiioHe gl1BI131111 60eBbix pa­
KeTHblX KOMnneKCOB (5PK) PC-10 C Ogl1HOYHblMI1 cTapTaMI1 (OC).
CrpaTer"'IeCKHH
nepBblii nonK (KoMaHgl1p - nOnKOBHI1K O. A. rpa6CKl1ii) 3acTynl1n Ha
paKeTHWH ICOMnnelCC YP·100
60eBoe ge>t<ypCTBO 24 H0516p51 1966 roga. B nocnegYIOw,l1e rogbJ
c paKeToM 81<84
6blnl1 nOCTaBneHbl Ha 60eBoe ge>t<ypCTBO ew,e ceMb 5PK PC-10 C pa­
KeToii 8K84, nocnegHl1ii - B KOHl..\e 1970 roga. ,lJ,n51 06eCneyeHI151 3K­
cnnyaTal..\l111 HOBOro KOMnneKca 6blna nOCTpoeHa TeXHl1yeCKa51 30Ha.
C Ma51 1964 roga oprWTaTHa51 CTpyKrypa CTapTOBblX gl1BI13110HOB
P-16 113MeH51eTC51. Ha 6a3e gl1BI13110HOB c03galOTc51 oTgenbHbte pa­
KeTHbie nOnKI1 (5Cn-1 - nOnKOBHI1K A. A. KpaBYeHKO, 5Cn-2 ­
nOnKOBHI1K H. T. naHI1H, 5Cn-11 - nognonKoBHI1K H. A. COKolleHKo,
5Cn-12 - nognonKoBHI1K <1>. C. ABgeeHKo, 5Cn-21 - nognollKoBHI1K
B. r. XpaMYeHKOB, 5Cn-22 - nognonKoBHI1K A. r. Apl..\bI6aweB).
16 51HBap51 1964 roga 60eBoii paCyeT BoiicKOBOii yaCTI1 NQ 34131
BO rnaBe C nOnKOBHI1KOM fl. A. KpaBYeHKO Ha l..\eHTpanbHOM nonl1ro­
He np0l13Ben nepBblii yYe6HO-60eBoii nycK.
COBepweHcTBoBanacb CI1CTeMa 60eBoro ynpaBneHI151: B 1963 ro­
gy BBOgI1TC51 B WTaT KOMaHgHblii nYHKT (Kn) g11B1131111. nepBblM era
HayanbHI1KOM CTan nognonKoBHI1K H. H. Konoge3Hblii. KOMaHgHble
nYHKTbl nonKOB oCHaw,aIOTC51 cOBpeMeHHoii annapaTypoii CB51311.
B 1967 rogy Kn gl1BI131111 11 nonKOB 6blnl1 oCHaw,eHbl aBTOMaTI1311­
pOBaHHoii annapaTypoii 60eBoro ynpaBneHI151 11 CB51311. B 1968 rogy
6blna BBegeHa 3aCeKpeYI1BalOw,a5l annaparypa CB51311. B 1971 rogy gl1­
B1131151 oCHaw,aeTC51 CI1CTeMaMI1 KOCMl1yeCKOii 11 cnyTHI1KoBOii CB51311.
OgHoBpeMeHHo co CTpOI1TenbCTBOM 60eBbix n03111..\I1ii 11 nYHKTOB
ynpaBneHI151 6blCTPblMI1 TeMnaMI1 wno B03BegeHI1e >t<l1noro ropogKa.
nepBOHayanbHO >t<l1noii epOHg (nepMb-76) COCT051n 113 noneBoro na­
rep51 11 gepeB51HHblX OgHO- I1nl1 yeTblpeXKBapTl1pHblX C60PHO-W,I1TOBbIX
gOMOB. K KOHl..\y 1960 roga 6blnl1 nOCTpoeHbl BpeMeHHble wTa6bl, 06­
w,e>t<I1TI151, Ka3apMbl, BoeHHblii rOCnl1Tanb. IlepBblii Kanl1TanbHblii >t<11­
YP·100 noii 64-KBapTl1pHblii gOM 6bln cgaH B H0516pe 1962 roga. >Kl1noii ra­
pOgOK CTan COBpeMeHHblM 6naroycTpoeHHbiM nocenKOM ropogcKora
CTaHOBJ1eHHe H pa3BHTHe PaKentblX Tl1na C geTcKI1MI1 cagaMI1, ,lJ,OMOM KynbTypbl, rocTI1Hl1l..\eii, wKonoii 11
BOMeK npoxoAHll0 B HeaepoJITHO C}1(»1(­ gpyrl1MI1 06beKTaMI1 COl..\KynbT6blTa. B 1972 rogy nocTpoeHbl 3a­
Hbtx 3KOHOMH14eCKHX H n0J1HTH14eCKHX KPblTblii nnaBaTenbHblii 6acceiiH, nl10HepCKI1ii narepb, c03gaHbi 30Ha
YCJ10aH~X. Tpe6oaano HeKMoBepHoro oTgblxa,nbl>t<Ha51 6a3a gn51 0cPl1l..\epOB 11 yneHOB I1X ceMeii.
HanpJUKeHHfI CHJ1 Bcex, KTO pa60Tan B npogon>t<anocb ganbHeiiwee OCBOeHl1e TeXHI1KI1 11 cOBepweH­
paKeTHOH npoMblwneHHOCTH H cny>KHJ1 CTBOBaHl1e nogroToBKI1 cTapToBblX paCyeTOB 5Cn P-16. nepeg Ka>t<­
B PBCH. gblM 3acTynneHI1eM Ha 60eBoe ge>t<ypcTBO npoBogl1nl1cb KOMnneKC­
Hble 3aH51TI151 Ha wTaTHoii TeXHI1Ke C yye6HO-60eBblMI1 paKeTaMI1. no
nnaHy nogroToBKI1 60eBbie paCyeTbl Bble3>t<anl1 Ha nOnl1roHbl 11 npo­
Bogl1nl1 yye6HO-60eBble nYCKI1 paKeT. K 1970 rogy 6blno npOBegeHo
OKono 20 yye6HO-60eBblx nycKoB paKeT P-16. B pe3ynbTaTe 3TI1X
MepOnpl151Tl1ii 11 pOCTa MaCTepCTBa nl1YHoro COCTaBa CTano B03MO>t<­
HblM YMeHbWI1Tb BpeM51 Ha nogroToBKy paKeT K nycKy 11 npoBogl1Tb
onepal..\l1l1 cOKpaw,eHHbiM COCTaBOM 60eBbiX paCyeTOB. K 1975 rogy
paKeTHble nOnKI1 npownl1 nepeBoopy>t<eHl1e. 5blnl1 nOCTaBneHbl HO­
Bbie 60eBbie paKeTHble KOMnneKCbl C paKeTaMI1 15A20. 060pygoBa­
Hbl 60eBbie nOCTbl Bcex ge>t<ypHblX CMeH, oTpa60TaHa egl1Ha51 CI1CTe­
Ma nogroToBKI1 11 3acrynneHI151 Ha 60eBoe ge>t<ypcTBO.

46 HAAE>KHbU1 W,~T Ol'i~3Hbl


o nPE,QWECTBEHH~KAX 6>KPK
3a roAbl rpa>KAaHCKOH BOHHbl KpaCHOH ApMHeH 6bln HaKonneH orpOM­
HblH onblT Hcnonb30BaHH~ 6POHHpOBaHHbiX nOABH>t<HbIX >t<ene3HOAopO>t<HbIX
COCTaBOB-6pOHenoe3AOB. OHH npHMeH~nHCb KaK An~ orHeBOH nOAAep>t<KH
BOHCK, TaK H An~ BeAeHH~ caMOCTO~TenbHbIX, HHorAa BeCbMa Aep3KHX, 6oe­
BblX AeHCTBHH B nonoce >t<ene3HOH AoporH. npH 3TOM WHpOKO Hcnonb30Ba­
nHCb TaKHe Ka4eCTBa 6pOHenoe3AOB, KaK 6blCTpOTa nepeABH>t<eHH~ H MaHeB­
peHHOCTb, CHna orH~, MOl1\H~ 6pOHeB~ 3al1\HTa H B03MO>t<HOCTb npHMeHeHH~
6pOHenoe3Aa B Ka4eCTBe T~rOBOH CHnbl An~ TpaHcnopTHpOBaHH~ 15 BarOHOB
C rpy30M OC060H Brot<HOCTH. B oKT~6pe 1920 rOAa B COCTaBe 6poHeBbix CHn
KpacHoH APMHH HMenOCb 103 6poHenoe3Aa.
Ka>t<AbIH 6poHenoe3A COCTO~n H3 60eBoH 4aCTH H 6a3bl. 50eBa~ 4aCTb
npeAHa3Ha4anaCb M~ BeAeHH~ HenocpeACTBeHHblX 60eBbix AeHCTBHH H BKntO­
4ana B ce6~ 6pOHenapOB03, ABe 6pOHennOl1\aAKH H 2-4 KOHTponbHble nllaT­
epOPMbl, KOTopble npHCOeAHH~nHCb K 6poHenoe3AY cnepeAH H C3aAH, cny>t<H­
nH An~ nepeB03KH MaTepHanOB An~ peMOHTa >t<ene3HOAopo>t<Horo nonOTHa
(penbcbl, wnanbl H T. A.) H An~ 3al1\HTbl OT MHHHO-B3PbIBHbIX 3arpa>KAeHHH.
5a3a 6pOHenoe3Aa 06ecne4HBana eMy AocTaT04Ho BblCOKYIO aBTOHOM­
HOCTb AeHCTBHH H COCTo~na H3 BarOHa An~ Ha4anbcTBYIOl1\ero cocTaBa, Bara­
Ha-KaHl..\en~pHH, BaroHa-Kny6a, BaroHa-KyxHH H HeCKonbKHX BaroHoB AJ1~ pa3­
Mel1\eHH~ nH4Horo COCTaBa 6pOHenoe3Aa. Bo BpeM~ 60~ 6a3a cneAoBana 3a
60eBoH 4aCTbIO BHe Aoc~raeMoCTH orH~ apTHnnepHH npoTHBHHKa.
5pOHennOl1\aAKH npeACTaBn~nH co60H 6pOHHpOBaHHbie BarOHbl C OTBec­
HblMH np~MblMH 60pTaMH H C BblCOKHMH np~MblMH KnenaHblMH 6awH~MH,
B KOTOpblX yCTaHaBnHBanHCb KOPOTKocTBonbHble 76,2-MHnnHMeTpoBble nyw­
KH. Ka>t<Aa~ 6pOHennOl1\aAKa 6blna Boopy>t<eHa ABYM~ nywKaMH H 4eTblpbM~
CTaHKOBblMH nyneMeTaMH.
KpOMe 6pOHenoe3AOB, Boopy>t<eHHblx 76,2-MHnnHMeTpOBbIMH nywKaMH
H HMeHOBaBWHXC~ nerKHMH, HMenOCb He60nbwoe KonH4eCTBO T~>t<enbIX 6po­
Henoe3AoB, Boopy>t<eHHblx 107-MHnnHMeTpOBbIMH nywKaMH C AanbHocTblO
CTpenb6bl AO 15 KM.
5poHHpoBaHHe (AO 100 MM) 06ecne4HBano 3al1\HTY >t<H3HeHHO Brot<HblX
Y3nOB OT 6poHe6oHHbiX cHap~AoB KanH6poM 75 MM.
Ha OAHOH 3anpaBKe TOnnHBOM H BOAOH 6pOHenoe3A Mor npeOAoneTb AO
120 KM C MaKcHManbHoH CKOpOCTblO 45 KM/4. B Ka4eCTBe TOnnHBa Hcnonb30­
Banc~ yronb (10 T) HnH Ma3yT (6 T). Macca 60eBoH 4aCTH 6pOHenoe3Aa
He npeBblwana 400 T.
3KHnrot< 6oeBoH 4aCTH COCTo~n H3 KOMaHAOBaHH~, B3BOAa ynpaBneHH~,
B3BOAOB 6poHeBaroHoB C 6aweHHblMH paC4eTaMH H OTAeneHH~MH 60PTOBbiX
nyneMeToB, B3BOAa nBO, B3BOAa T~rH H ABH>t<eHH~ H B3BOAa >t<ene3HOAopO>t<­
HblX 6poHeaBToM06HneH, B KOTOpOM HMenOCb 2 nerKHX 6poHeaBToM06Hn~
5A-20>t<A H 3 cpeAHHX 6poHeaBToM06Hn~ 5A-1 0>t<A, npHcnoc06neHHbix M~
ABH>t<eHH~ no >t<ene3HOAopO>t<HOMy nYTH. OHH npHMeH~nHCb An~ BeAeHH~ pa3­
BeAKH Ha YAaneHHH 10-15 KM H B COCTaBe oxpaHeHH~ (A030pa) Ha Mapwe.
KpoMe TOro, Ha nnaTct:>oPMax npHKpblTH~ Mor pacnono>t<HTbc~AecaHT B COCTa­
Be AO Tpex CTpenKOBblX B3BOAOB.
no COCTO~HHIO Ha 22 HIOH~ 1941 roAa KpacH~ APMH~ HMena 53 6POHe­
noe3Aa (H3 HHX 34 OTHOCHnHCb K Knaccy nerKHx), B COCTaBe KOTOpblX 6blno
B GCHoay pupa6OTK" &)I(pl( 53 6poHenapoB03a, 106 apTHnnepHHcKHX 6pOHennOl1\aAOK, 28 6poHennow,a­
lIer Oftlln' pa38lm", 800pyJKeH1l" AOK nBO H 60nee 160 6poHeaBToM06HneH, npHcnoc06neHHbix AnR ABH>t<e­
Ita .8IIe3Ho,qopoJICHGM KGAY HHR no >t<ene3HoH Aopore. VlMenocb TaK>t<e 9 6poHeApe3HH H HeCKonbKO
MOTOpHblX 6poHeBbix BarOHOB.
KpoMe KpacHoH APMHH 6poHenoe3AaMH pacnonaranH H onepaTHBHble
BOHCKa HKBA. OHH HMenH 25 6poHenapoBo30B, 32 apTHnnepHHcKHe 6poHe­
nnOl1\aAKH, 36 MOTOpHblX 6poHeBbix BarOHOB H 76poHeaBToM06HneH.
YcnewHoe Hcnonb30BaHHe 6poHenoe3AoB B nepBble MeC~l..\bl BOHHbl cno­
co6cTBoBano pa3BepTblBaHHIO HX CTp0l-1TenbCTBa B BarOHHblX Aeno pRAa ropo­

48 HA,[\E>KHbl~ LI.\~T OTLtM3HbI


AOB. npH 3TOM KOHCTPYKL.\HH H Boopy>KeHHe 6pOHenOe3AOB B 3Ha4HTellbHOH
CTeneHH npeACTaBIlHIlH c060H HMnpOBH3aL.\HIO H 3aBHCellH OT HallH4HH 6pOHe­
BOH CTaIlH, BOOpy>t<eHHH H TeXHOllOrH4eCKHX B03MO>KHOCTeH Aeno.
HaH60llee YAa4HYlO KOHCTPYKL.\HIO HMell 6pOHenOe3A «K03bMa MH­
HHH», nOCTpoeHHblH B QleBpalle 1942 roAa B BarOHHOM Aeno ropOAa fOPbKO­
roo B 6oeBylO 4aCTb 3TOro 6poHenoe3Aa BXOAHIlH 6pOHenapOB03, ABe KpblTble
6poHenIl0w.aAKH, ABe OTKpblTble apTHllllepHHCKHe 6pOHenIl0w.aAKH H 4eTbipe
AByxocHble KOHTpollbHble nllaTepopMbl. Ka>t<AaH KpblTaH 6poHenll0w.aAKa 6bllla
BOopy>t<eHa AByMH 76,2-MHIlIlHMeTpOBbIMH nywKaMH, YCTaHOBlleHHblMH B 6aw­
HHX OT TaHKOB T-34. KpOMe cnapeHHblx C 3THMH nywKaMH 7,62-MHIlIlHMeTpo­
BblMH nylleMeTaMH AT 6poHenll0w.aAKH HMellH no 4eTbipe 7,62-MHIlIlHMeTpo­
BblX CTaHKOBblX nylleMeTa «MaKCHM» B wapOBblX onopax B 60pTax. OTKpblTble
apTHIlllepHHcKHe nllow.aAKH 6blllH pa3AelleHbi no AIlHHe Ha TpH OTceKa. B ne­
peAHeM H 3aAHeM OTceKax 6blllH YCTaHOBlleHbl 37-MHIlIlHMeTpoBble 3eHHTHbie
nYWKH, a B u,eHTpallbHOM OTceKe HaxOAHllaCb nycKoBaH yCTaHoBKa peaKTHB­
HblX CHapHAOB M-8. TOIlw.HHa 60KOBOH 6POHH 6poHenll0w.aAoK COCTaBIlHlla
45 MM, KpblTble 6poHenll0w.aAKH HMellH BepxHlO1O 6POHIO TOIlW.HHOH 20 MM.
3aw,Hw.eHHbIH 6pOHeH TOIlW.HHOH 30-45 MM 6poHenapoB03 HcnOllb30BallCH
B Ka4eCTBe THrH TOllbKO B 60eBbiX YCIlOBHHX. B noxOAe H Ha MaHeBpax HcnOllb­
30BaIlCH 06bl4HblH napOB03. ollaroAapH HaIlH4HIO 4eTbipex AIlHHHOCTBOllbHblX
76,2-MHIlIlHMeTpoBblx nyweK <1>-32 6poHenoe3A Mor o6ecne4HTb BblCOKYIO KOH­
L.\eHTpaL.\HIO apTHllllepHHcKoro orHH H BeCTH npHL.\ellbHYIO cTpellb6y Ha Aallb­
HOCTb AO 12 KM, a nycKoBble yCTaHoBKH M-8 n03BOllHIlH eMy ycnewHo nopa­
>KaTb >KHBylO CHlly H TexHHKy npOTHBHHKa.
6poHenoe3A d1nbR MypoMe4» 6blll nocTpoeH B 1942 roAY B Mypo­
Me. OH 6blll 3aw.Hw.eH 6pOHeH TOIlW.HHOH 45 MM H 3a BCIO BOHHy He nOllY4HIl
HH OAHOH npo60HHbl. opOHenoe3A npowell nyrb OT MypoMa AO C!>paHKepypTa­
Ha-OAepe. 3a BpeMH BOHHbl OH YHH4TO>KHIl 7 caMOlleTOB, 14 OPYAHH H MHHo­
MeTHblX 6aTapeH, 36 orHeBblX T04eK npOTHBHHKa, 875 COIlAaT H oepHL.\epoB.
3a 60eBbie 3acIlyrH 31-H oTAellbHblH OC06blH f OpbKOBCKHH AHBH3HOH 6poHe­
noe3AOB, B KOTOpblH BXOAHIlH 6poHenoe3Aa «l-1llbH MYPoMeL.\» H «K03bMa
MHHHH», 6blll Harpa>KAeH OPAeHOM AlleKcaHApa HeBcKoro. B 1971 roAY B
MypoMe 6blll nOCTaBlleH Ha Be4HYIO CTOHHKy 6pOHenapoB03 «l-1llbH MypoMeL\».
6poHenoe3A «HapoAHblH MCTHTenb» 6blll nocTpoeH >Kelle3HOAOp0>K­
HHKaMH JleHHHrPaAcKo-BapwaBCKoro Y31la Boopy>t<eHHe 6poHenoe3Aa COCTaB­
IlHIlH ABe 3eHHTHbie 76-MHIlIlHMeTpOBbIX nYWKH, ABa TaHKOBblX 76-MHIlIlHMeT­
POBblX OPYAH$l, 12 nylleMeToB «MaKCMHM».
EioeBoH nYTb «HapoAHbIH MCTHTellb» Ha4all 7 HOH6pH 1941 roAa ­
Ha BapwaBcKoM BOK3alle BO BpeMH MHTHHra >Kelle3HOAOp0>KHHKH BPY4HIlH
KOMaHAe 6poHenoe3Aa, Ha 85% CocTOHBweH H3 >Kelle3HOAOpO>KHHKOB-A06­
POBOllbL.\eB, KpacHoe 3HaM$l. 3a BpeM$l cBoeH clly>K6bl 6poHenoe3A y4acTBo­
Ball BO MHorHX OnepaL.\HHX no 3aw.HTe JleHHHrpaAa, rpOMHIl Bpara B paHOHax
nyWKHHa, AlleKcaHAPOBKH, YpHL.\Ka, naBIlOBCKa.
HaH60llee pacnpOCTpaHeHHblM THnOM 6poHenoe3AoB BO BTOPOH nOIlOBH­
He BemtKOH OTe4eCTBeHHOH BOHHbl CTan pa3pa60TaHHblH B 1942 roAY TaK
Ha3blBaeMblH 6pOHenoe3A o6pa34a 1943 rOAa 6n-43.
AnH KpacHoH APMHH B roAbl BOHHbl 6blll H3rOTOBIleH 21 6poHenoe3A
06pa3L.\a 1943 roAa.
EipoHenoe3Aa HcnOllb30BaIlHCb KpacHoH ApMHeH B Te4eHHe BceH BeIlH­
&poHenOQAa
KOH OTe4eCTBeHHoH BOHHbl. KpoMe nOAAep>KKH CTpellKOBblX 4aCTeH, AeHCTBQ­
ec8f.·cOSAUUM ot1Ie808
aaBWHX B nOlloce >Kelle3HOH AoporH, OHH npHMeHHIlHCb AIlH nopa>t<eHH$l BOHCK
npeN",,,'" .....,..,........

fllUHOro YAllP&
npOTHBHHKa B paHoHe Ba>KHbIX >Kelle3HOAOp0>KHbIX CTaHL.\HH, AIlH 3aw.HTbl
no6epe>KbH H 60Pb6bl C apTHllllepHeH. I-1cKIl104HTellbHo Ba>KHylO POllb B 3a­
Ll.\HTe >Kelle3HOAOp0>KHbIX CTaHL.\HH OT YAapOB aBHaL.\HH npOTHBHHKa CblrpanH
3eHHTHbie 6poHenoe3Aa, Boopy>t<eHHble 25-MHIlIlHMeTpoBbIMH H 37-MHIlIlHMeT­
POBblMH 3eHHTHblMH nywKaMH H 12,7-MHIlIlHMeTpoBbIMH 3eHHTHblMH nylleMe­
TaMHAWK.

psCH HA nEPMCKOK 3EMIlE 49


OCBoeHVle HOBOro KOMnlleKca Tpe6oBaIlO oco6oro nO,D.XO,D.a K era
3KcnllyaTau,VIVI VI 6oeBoMY npVlMeHeHVlIO. KOMaH,D.OBaHVle ,D.VlBVl3V1V1 VI Ya­
CTe~ ycnewHo npeO,D.OllellO 3TOT CIlO>KHbl~ 3Tan: nOIlKVI CepOpMVlpoBaHbl,
IlVlYHbl~ COCTaB 6blll o6yYeH.
nOCTaHoBKY nOIlKOB Ha 6oeBoe ,D.e>KypcTBo ocyw,ecTBJU1JlVl KOMaH­
,D.Vlpbl:
- nOIlKOBHVlK 10. K. >KYKOBCKVI~ - 161-~ pn (Bo~cKoBafi yaCTb
NQ 52941), n03bIBHO~ «HaTfI>KKa»;
- nOIlKOBHVlK C. n. KaMeHeB - 17 4-~ pn (BO~CKOBa5l yaCTb NQ 51101),
n03bIBHO~ «WKO,D.HVlK»;
- nOIlKOBHVlK B. B. >KepHaKoB - 223-~ pn (Bo~cKoBafi yaCTb
NQ 46177), n03bIBHO~ «r paepVlYeCKVI~»;
- nOIlKOBHVlK B. A. 5lKoBIleB - 721-~ pn (BO~CKOBafi yaCTb NQ 44097),
n03bIBHO~ «BepxoBo~».
nepBbl~ paKeTHbl~ nOJlK 5>KPK 3aCTynVlll Ha 6oeBoe ,D.e>KypcTBO
22 anpellfl 1989 ro,D.a (KoMaH,D.Vlp - nO,D.nOIlKOBHVlK 10. K. >KyKOB­
CKVI~). K 1991 ro,D.y B 6oeBoM COCTaBe ,D.VlBVl3V1V1 HeCIlVl 6oeBoe ,D.e­
>KypCTBO Bce OCTallbHbie nOIlKVI 5>KPK.
B 1990-1995 ro,D.ax B XO,D.e onblTHO~ 3KcnllyaTau,VIVI 6blllH Bbl­
pa60TaHbi npe,D.1l0>KeHHfI H peKOMeH,D.au,HVI no ,D.allbHe~weMY COBep­
weHCTBOBaHHIO 6oeBoro npHMeHeHVlfI 5>KPK: peweHO HeMallO Tex­
HHyeCKVlX np061leM B 3KcnllyaTau,HH VI peMOHTe XO,D.OBO~ YaCTVI, CVlC­
TeM H arperaTOB 5>KPK.
OpraHVl30BaHo TeCHoe B3aHMO,D.e~CTBVle C MHHHcTepcTBoM ny­
Te~ coo6w,eHVlfI no 3KCnJlyaTau,HVI nO,D.BVI>KHO~ yaCTVI 5>KPK VI npo­
Be,D.eHHIO pa60T Ha o6beKTax nepMcKo~ >KeJle3HO~ ,D.oporVl. B 3TOM
npHHHMaJlH yyaCTHe JlHYHbl~ COCTaB nOIlKOB TeXHHYeCKO~ paKeTHo~
6a3bl (Tp6), peMoHTHo-TeXHHYeCKO~6a3bl (pT6), a TaK>Ke HCCJle­
,D.OBaTellbCKHe rpynnbl rw PB, By30B H HVlVl, ynpaBlleHHfI apMI-H1
H oepHu,epbl ,D.HBVl3HH.
>KVl3Hb paKeTYVlKOB VI HX ceMe~ Hepa3pblBHO 6blJla CBfl3aHa
C BHewHe~ nOJlHTHKO~ rocy,D.apCTBa. TaK, nOCJle BCTpeYH IlH,D.epOB
MHpOBblX ,D.ep>KaB - CCCP H BeJlHK06pVlTaHHVI - 6blllVl BBe,D.eHbl
OrpaHHyeHHfI Ha MapwpyTbl 6oeBoro naTpyllVlpoBaHVlfI 5>KPK. 3TO
nOTpe6oBaJlO npVlHflTVlfI KOMneHcau,VlOHHbIX Mep no HeceHHIO 6oeBo­
ro ,D.e>KypcTBa, a TaK>Ke npOBe,D.eHHfI TaKTVlyeCKHX yYeHH~ C nOIlKaMH
B nyHKTe nocToflHHO~ ,D.HClloKau,HH.
B 1996-1997 ro,D.ax VlCTeKaJlVl rapaHTVI~Hble CpOKVI 3Kcnllya­
Tau,HH paKeTHoro Boopy>KeHVlfI 5>KPK. B u,ellfiX KOMnlleKcHo~ ou,eH­
KH COCTOflHHfI CVlCTeM H arperaTOB paKeT 6blJl 3anllaHHpOBaH yye6­
Ho-6oeBo~ nyCK C nycKoBo~ YCTaHOBKH 161-ro paKeTHoro nOJlKa.
B 1996 ro,D.y 161-~ paKeTHbl~ nOJlK (KoMaH,D.Vlp - nO,D.nOJlKOBHHK
A. fl. naHoB) COBepWHJl Mapw Ha nOIlHroH nJleceu,K. flHYHblM co­
CTaBOM nOJlKa 26 HOfl6pfl 6blll npOBe,D.eH yYe6HO-6oeBo~ nYCK pa­
KeTbl PC-22 C ou,eHKo~ «OTIlHYHO».
Vl3 coo6w,eHVlfI npecc-u,eHTpa PBCH: «C rocy,D.apCTBeHHoro VlC­
nblTaTellbHoro nOIlHroHa nlleceu,K ocyw,eCTBJleH nYCK M5P 88-22
«CKallbnellb». OTIlHYVle nfiToro B 3TOM ro,D.y yYe6HO-6oeBoro CTap­
Bn.p.... J'le6Ho-6oeBOM nyCK
Ta paKeTbl OT npe,D.bl,D.yw,ero B TOM, YTO ero BnepBble BblnOJlHVlIlVl pa­
6>KPK 6w" npOM38eaeH
KeTYVlKVI 5>KPK - 6oeBoro >Kelle3HO,D.OpO>KHoro paKeTHoro KOMn­
28 HOR6pR 1996 roa. Ha nOllHrOH.
lleKca. PaKeTa, ,D.eCflTb JleT HaXO,D.f1Cb Ha 6oeBoM ,D.e>KypcTBe, BceMH
flnec.&tJC paA:"IeTOM • COCTase
,D.eCflTblO roJlOBKaMVI nopa3HIla u,eJlVl B pa~oHe KaMyaTKH. npOCTO~
tlOIIICOBHMlC& A. n. nllH08ll
paKeTHoro noe3,D.a Ha «3anaCHOM nYTH» He CKa3allCfI Ha MaCTepCTBe
" dopa M. B. rop6yHoBB

paKeTYHKOB».

50 HAAE>KHbll1l W.~T OT'i~3Hbl


YCTaHOBKa

TpaHCnOpTHo-nycKoBorO KOHTeHHepa

Bce 3TO CTallO B03MO>KHbIM 61laroAapS'l COBMeCTHO~ pa60Te


m14HOrO COCTaBa paKeTHOrO nOIlKa, CneLJ,VlaJll.1CTOB nOIlVlrOHa Vl
BOeHHO-npOMbIWlleHHOrO KOMnlleKCa, npOBeAeHHO~ nOA pyKOBOA­
CTBOM KOMaHAOBaHVlS'l PBCH, 31-~ paKeTHO~ apMVlVl Vl 52-~ paKeT­
HO~ AVlBVl3VlVl.
no pe3YllbTaTaM y4e6Ho-6oeBoro nycKa C03AaTellVl 5>1<PK AallVl
rapaHTVlIO ero HaAe>KHO~ 3KcnllyaTaLJ,VlVl ew,e Ha nS'lTb lleT.
3a Bce BpeMS'I cyw,eCTBOBaHVlS'l AVlBVl3VlVl 6blllO npOBeAeHO
38 Y4e6Ho-6oeBblx nycKOB. 3KCnllYaTa"NSl " npMMeNeHMe

B pa31lVl4Hbie rOAbl Ha Boopy>KeHVlVl AVlBVl3VlVl COCTOS'lIlVl: 6>KPK Tpe6ylOT o61.eAMHeHHblx

P-16Y (8K64Y) - C 1962 no 1976 rOA; ycMnMM 8GeHHo-npo.....wneHHoro

YP-100 (8K84) - C 1966 no 1975 roA; KOMMeKcta Poce""

If BOMH08-paKe1'IMKOB

YP-100K (15A20) - C 1974 no 1994 roA;


PT-23YTTX (15)1<61) - C 1989 no 2000 roA.
PBCH HA nEPMCKOH 3EMnE 51
PAKETHbl~ KOMnllEKC «WEKCHA-B»

PaKeTa P16Y (8K64Y) C M6P nDKEll0ro KllACCA P-16Y (8K64Y)

COCTO.U.a ... BOO..,.eHMM


52-A patCeTHoM AMBMH"
PaKeTa P-16Y pa3pa6OTaHa Ha 6a3e MoP P-16 C lJ,enblO yHHepH­
C 1966 no 1976 rOA
KalJ,HH KOHCTpyKlJ,HH Anfl npHMeHeHHfl C Ha3eMHbiX H waXTHblX ny.
Anfl nOBblweHHfl HaAe>KHOCTH H 6e30nacHocTH npH 3KcnnyaTalJ,HH
6blna H3MeHeHa aBTOMaTHKa ynpaBneHHfl ABHraTeneM nepBoH cTYne­
Pa3pa60T'4HK ­
HH. HaAAyB 6aKoB roplO4ero o6eHx CTyneHeH H 6aKa OKHcnHTenfl
OK6-586 (K61O)
BTOPOH CTyneHH ocyw,eCTBnflnCfl a30TOM H3 6annoHoB BblCOKoro
AaBneHHfl.
rnUHblH KOHCTpyKTOP ­
TeXHH4eCKHe npeAnO>KeHHfl L1,Ko-34 npHBenH K Heo6xoAHMOCTH
M K. RHreJlb

nepepa60TKH OTAenbHblX Y3nOB H3AenHfl 8K64, npH 3TOM MeHflnaCb


H3rOTOIIMTeJIM ­ CHnOBafl cxeMa npH xpaHeHHH, nO-HoBoMy AOn>KHa 6blna npOBOAHTb­
3aBOAbl Nt 586 (10M3)
Cfl 3anpaBKa H ,o,pyroe.
lot Nt 166 (nO .nOlleT••
I-1cnblTaHHfl paKeTbl P-16Y npOBOAHnHCb C flHBapfl 1962 ro,o,a
r.OMcld
C Ha3eMHOH nycKoBoH YCTaHOBKH. B 1961 rOAY Ha nnow,a,o,Ke N!! 60
T",n 1(0MnlleKca ­

nonHroHa TlOpa-TaM Ha4anOCb CTpOHTenbCTBO wny (o6beKT 310),


CTpaTerM'4ecKMH paKeTHblM
a Anfl o6cny>KHBaHHfl 6blna CepOpMHpoBaHa 43-fl OT,o,enbHafl Hcnbl­
KOMMeKC C M6P.
TaTenbHafl 4aCTb. rnaBHblH HH>KeHep npoeKTa CTpOHTenbHoro coopy­
pa3Me~eHHbIX 8 rpynnoBblx >KeHHfl - A. A. HHT04KHH (LI,nl-1-31 MO). nepBblH nYCK H3 Wny
wny. 1-ro nOKoneHM" COCTOflnCfl 13 HIOHfl 1962 ro,o,a, paKeTa ycnewHo Bblwna H3 waXTbl,
HO B noneTe OTKa3an pyneBoH ,o,BHraTenb. HeCKonbKO cne,o,ylOw,HX
GOCTORna nycKoB TaK>Ke 6blnH He COBceM ycnewHblMH, B 4aCTHOCTH, H3-3a ro­
Ha 800py*eHMM
peHHfl Ha,o,eToro Ha pyneBble MawHHbl 4exna H3 npope3HHeHHOH TKa­
c 15 I4lOn" 1963 tQAa.
HH, nocne ero CHflTHfl HCnbITaHHfl nownH HopManbHO. nonHblH lJ,HKn
CH.lTa C 8OOpy*eHHJl
B 1978 rOM HcnblTaHHH 6bln 3aBepweH B HlOne 1963 ro,o,a.
B npolJ,eCce npoeKTHpoBaHHfl 6blno pa3pa6OTaHo HeCKonbKO BapH­
aHTOB wny - npoeKT paCCMaTpHBMCfl ABa>t<,D,bl: B MapTe H OKTfl6pe
1960 ro,o,a Pa604He 4epTe>KH Wny 6blnH roTOBbl B MapTe 1961 ro,o,a.
CTapTOBafl n03HlJ,Hfl paKeT P-16Y «WeKcHa-B» HMena cne,o,ylO­
w,He 3aw,Hw,eHHble coopy>KeHHfl: TpH waXTHblX nY, pacnono>t<eHHblX
B nHHHIO Ha He3Ha4HTenbHOM paCCTOflHHH APyr OT APyra; xpaHHnH­
w,a KOMnOHeHTOB TonnHBa (roplO4ero H oKHcnHTenfl); KOMaH,o,HblH
nYHKT C aBTOHOMHblMH HCT04HHKaMH 3neKTp03HeprHH - ,o,H3enbre­
HepaTopaMH H cHcTeMoH o6ecne4eHHfl TeMnepaTypHo-Bna>t<HOCTHo­
ro pe>KHMa.
CTpoHTenbHoe coopY>t<eHHe wny B BepxHeH 4aCTH HMeno oro­
nOBOK, B KOTOpOM pa3Mew,eHbl 3aw,HTHafl Kpblwa C 3neKTponpHBO­
AOM H APyroe CnelJ,HanbHOe 06opYAoBaHHe. Wny HMena Anfl HaBe­
,o,eHHfl paKeTbl no a3HMyTy nOBopoTHblH nycKoBoH pa3,o,enHTenbHblH
CTaKaH C ra300TBo,o,flW,HM yCTpOHCTBOM. OTBO,o, npoAyKTOB ropeHHfl
KOMnOHeHTOB TonnHBa paKeTbl ocyw,eCTBn~nCfl 4epe3 ra30XOA Me>K­
,o,y CTaKaHOM H waxToH. Anfl HanpaBneHHfl paKeTbl npH CTapTe B nyc­
KOBOM CTaKaHe HMenHCb HanpaBnfllOw,He, a Ha paKeTe yCTaHoBneHbl
6yrenfl, KOTopble TaK>t<e o6ecne4HBMH aMOpTH3alJ,HIO paKeTbl npH ee
xpaHeHHH npH BHeWHeM B03AeHcTBHH.
XpaHeHHe paKeTbl P-16Y B waXTax ocyw,eCTBnflnOCb B He3anpaB­
neHHOM COCTOflHHH. B COCTaBe CTapTOBoro KOMnneKca HMenaCb lJ,eHT­
panH30BaHHafl CHCTeMa 3anpaBKH C 06W,HMH (Ha Bce TpH waxTbl)
xpaHHnHw,aMH H HacocaMH Anfl Ka>t<Aoro KOMnOHeHTa TonnHBa H
,o,HCTaHlJ,HOHHbIM ynpaBneHHeM 3anpaBKoH H3 KOMaH,o,Horo nYHKTa.
YnpaBneHHe cTapToBoH n03HlJ,HeH npH ,o,nHTenbHOM xpaHeHHH paKeT,
3anpaBKe, nOArOTOBKe K nycKy paKeT H CTapTe - lJ,eHTpanH30BaHHoe,
AHCTaHlJ,HOHHOe H3 KOMaHAHoro nYHKTa.
PaKeTHbie KOMnneKCbl C MoP P-16 H P-16Y HecnH 6oeBoe ,o,e­
>t<ypCTBO no,o, ropo,o,aMH nepMb-76, HH>t<HHH TarHn, oonoroe, I-1raT­
Ka, V!owKap-Ona, HOBOCH6HPCK, WaAPHHcK, IOpbfl.
54 HAAE>KHb'~ LUHT Ol'iH3Hbl
PAKETHblH KOMnnEKC 1Sn084
C M6P YP-100 (8K84) Pale.,.. YP-100 (81<14)
COCTOJUNI Ha aooPY*8HHM
i-A paKeTHOA AM_II3MM
Ha paKeTe YP-100 6blll peam130BaH npHHLvm nllOTHOH KOMnO­
.no 1975 fOIl
HOBKH OTCeKOB. 5aKH paKeTbl - Hecyw,He, H3rOTOBIleHbi H3 CnllaBa
THna AMr-6. Ha,o,AYB 6aKa roplO4ero nepBoH cryneHH ocyw,eCTBIl~Il­
CR OT CneLl,HaIlbHOro ra30reHepaTopa HClAAyBa, a 6aKoB OKHCIlHTell~
o6eHx cTyneHeH H 6aKa roplO4ero BTOPOH cTyneHH - reHepaTOpHblM
ra30M.
Io1cnblTaHHR npOBOAHIlHCb Ha nOIlHrOHe TlOpa-TaM C anpell~
1965 roAa H 3aBepWHIlHCb 27 OKTR6pR 1966 rOAa.
nepBblH nYCK paKeTbl COCTO~IlC~ 19 anpell~ 1965 rOAa C 3KC­
r n~814IitA KOHcrpyx·
nepHMeHTaIlbHOH Ha3eMHOH nY, nepBblH nYCK H3 wny COCTO~IlC~
B. H. l4enOM~
17 HIOIl~ 1965 rOAa.
C 1964 roAa Ha4a1lOCb cTpOHTellbCTBO 60eBbix CTapTOBblX KOM­ W~MTenM~
nlleKCOB B n03HLI,HOHHbiX paHoHax. npoeKTHble MaTepHaIlbl npeAno­ UIIQA ...... XP~HM'teII8,
narallH B03MO>KHOCTb c03AaHH~ Mallora6apHTHoH H ynpOLL.l,eHHOH dpeH6ypraodt 88M83UOA.
KOHCTpyKLI,HH wny. TpaHcnopTHo-nycKoBoH KOHTeHHep yCTaHaBIlH­ (flO .~'TpeIIIl.),
BaIlC~ B wny C BblBeWHBaHHeM Ha onopHblX KpoHwTeHHax CTBOlla
no .f1OntJD ,Cr. OMCK)
yCTaHOBKH. t ..n KOMnJl81Cc:a­
nepBble paKeTHble nOIlKH C M5P YP-100 BCTaIlH Ha 6oeBoe Ae­ paK8THblei kOMn1leKc
>t<ypcTBO 24 Ho~6p~ 1966 roAa (ApoB~HaR, KOMaHAHp - H. r. BOPOT­ C·JleTlC014 aMnyJlMaM~
r
HHKOB; nepMb-76, KOMaHAHp - O. A. pa6cKHH). Ha AeC~Tb wny THna HOA M6P M wny THn.a oc;
OC, BXO~W,HX B paKeTHblH nOIlK KOMnlleKca 15n084, 6blll 060PYAO­
2-ro nOKOJleHMJI . .

BaH OAHH nOA3eMHblH KOMaHAHblH nyHKT. CocrOMa


nepBOHa4a1lbHO npeAnOllarallOCb HcnOllb30BaTb paKeTbl B CHCTe­ "8 JlOOPYH(et:tMM
Me npoTHBopaKeTHOH 06opoHbl, npeAHa3Ha4eHHOH AIlSl OTpa>KeHHSl Mac­ c 21 HIOIUl 1961 roAa.
CHpOBaHHOro paKeTHO-SlAepHoro YAapa co CTOpOHbl CWA. Pa60Ta no CttJfJ8. e 800P)')K8HHJI
CHCTeMe npo «TapaH» 6bllla Ha4aTa B 1962-1963 rOAax no npeAllo­ a 1988roAY
>KeHHIO B. H. 4elloMeSl B OK5-52. npHMeHeHHe M5P YP-100 C 6oero­
nOBKOH MOLL.l,HOCTblO 10 MT AIlSl nepeXBaTa M5P npOTHBHHKa AOIl>KHO
6blno o6ecne4HTb 60llbWOH pa,o,HyC nOpa>KeHHSl L1,elleH H n03BOllHTb
OTKa3aTbOl OT CelleKLI,HH IlO>KHbIX L1,elleH (TexHH4ecKHM 3a,o,aHHeM 6blllO
npHH~TO AIl~ OLl,eHKH oCHaw,eHHe Ka>KAOH M5P npOTHBHHKa ceMblO
nO>KHbIMH L1,eIlSlMH). nOCTaHoBlleHHe COBeTa MHHHCTpOB CCCP Ha pa3­
pa60TKY aBaHnpoeKTa CHCTeMbl npHH~TO 3 MaS! 1963 roAa. npeAnolla­
ranaCb pa3pa6oTKa PJlC ~CO-O, BblHeceHHoH Ha 500 KM OT MOCKBbl
Ha paKeTOonaCHOM HanpaBlleHHH B CTOpOHy JleHHHrpa,o,a.
PaccMaTpHBallacb B03MO>KHOCTb HcnOllb30BaHHR paKeT YP-1 00
B CHCTeMe npo A-35 AIlR AallbHero nepeXBaTa L1,elleH. Pa60Tbi no
CI1CTeMe 6blllH cBepHyTbl noclle OTCTaBKH H. C. XpYLL.l,eBa.
M5P YP-100 B TnK BnepBble nOKa3aHa Ha BoeHHOM napaAe
B MocKBe 7 HOR6pR 1973 roAa.
K 1974 rOAY npOH3BeAeHO 106 nycKoB C HcnblTaTellbHoro no­
nHroHa H 54 nycKa C 60eBbix n03HLI,HH M5P THna YP-100 pa31lH4­
HblX MOAHepHKaLl,HH.
PaKeTa YP-100 H ee MOAHepHKaLl,HH CTallH caMblM MaCCOBblM
Tl1nOM cOBeTcKoH M5P. MaKcHMallbHoe KOllH4eCTBO pa3BepHyTbiX
paKeT COCTaBHIlO 990 (no APyrHM AaHHblM - 1030) B 1972 roAY,
B AallbHeHweM YP-100 CTallH 3aMeHRTbCR paKeTaMH YP-100K,
YP-100H H MP-YP-100.
Pa3MeLL.l,eHHe paKeTbl B TnK n03BOllHIlO npoH3BoAHTb OKOH4a­
TenbHYIO C60PKY cTyneHeH Ha 3aBoAe-H3roToBHTelle. AMnYIlH3H­
pOBaHHaSl paKeTa 3anpaBIlSlllacb Ha 3aBoAe, TpaHcnopTHpoBallacb
11 xpaHHllacb B TnK, 4TO 3Ha4HTellbHO nOBblCHIlO 6oeroToBHoCTb
4aCTeH PBCH.
AnSl pa3Mew,eHHSl Ha MOpCKHX HOCHTellSlX B 1964 rOAY C03Aa­
BanCR KOMnlleKC A-8 C paKeToH YP-100 M.
PBCH B nEPMCKOM KPAE 55
ME>KKOHTHHEHTAllbHAJI6AllnHCTH4ECKAJI PAKETA
PaKeg YP-I00K (ISA20)
YP-100K (1SA20)
COCTO"na Ha lSOopy*eHH"

52-" paKeTHoii AMSM3NN

C 1974 no 1994 fOA


PaKeTa YP-100K ~BIl~eTC~ BapHaHTOM M5P YP-100, pa3pa­
60TaHHbiM B xOAe COBepweHCTBOBaHH~ paKeTbl H KOMnlleKca. Pa3­
pa60TKa HOBOro BapHaHTa paKeTbl YP-100 6bllla Ha4aTa B KOHl..\e
1960-x roAOB.
Paapa60NHK ­
LU<6M npH npoeKTHpOBaHHH M5P YP-100K ra6apHTbi paKeTbl 6blllH
CTporo orpaHH4eHbl, TaK KaK 6blllO Heo6xOAHMO 06ecne4HTb HcnOllb­
rnaaHblM KOHCTPYK'OP ­
B. H. 4enOMeM
30BaHHe wny H TnK npeAbIAY~HX MOAHcPHKal..\HH M5P YP-100.
KpOMe MOH061l04HOH rollOBHOH 4aCTH (rK) Ha paKeTe Morlla
HafOT08HTenb ­
6bITb YCTaHOBlleHa KacceTHa~ r4 C TpeM~ 60eBblMH 61l0KaMH, npH
aaaOA "MeH" XpyH.....eaa
:nOM YCTaHaBIlHBaIlHCb pa31lH4Hbie nepeAHHe OTceKH, B KOTOpblX pa3­
TMn KOMnneKC8 ­
Me~allHCb cpeACTBa npeOAOlleHH~ npo npOTHBHHKa. npH HCnOIlb­
paKeTHblH KOMnneKC
C .nerKoM· 8MnyJlM3KPOBaHHOM 30BaHHH KacceTHoH 54 60eBbie 61l0KH 3aKpblBallHCb a3pOAHHa­
M6P Ii WnY"TN"a OCt MH4eCKHM o6TeKaTelleM, KOTOpblH pacnaAallC~ Ha ABe 4aCTH H c6pa­
2-ro "OKOneHH" CbIBaIlC~ B KOHl..\e aKTHBHoro Y4acTKa nOlleTa. 3HepreTH4eCKHe
COCTOflna B03MO>KHOCTH paKeTbl YP-1 OOK nOBblweHbl 3a C4eT YBeIlH4eHH~ AIlH­
Ha 8OOpy*eHHH Hbl nepBoH CTyneHH (YBem14eHH~ eMKOCTH TonllHBHblX 6aKoB). 5bllla
c 28 AeKa6PJ1 1972 roA8. YCHlleHa KOHCTPYKTHBHa~ np04HOCTb TonllHBHblX 6aKoB.
CHIITa C 800py*eHM$1
wny KOMnlleKca HMella YBellH4eHHblH CpOK aBTOHOMHOCTH CHC­
8 1993 rOAY
TeMbl Ha3eMHoro 3IleKTpOCHa6>KeHH~, a TaK>Ke n03BOIl~lla aBTOHOM­
HO ocy~ecTBIl~Tb cMeHy nOlleTHoro 3aAaHH~ H npOH3BOAHTb nYCK
paKeTbl.
Jl KIt1 M 5P YP-100K C KacceTHOH rollOBHOH 4aCTblO Ha4allHCb
2 cPeBpall~ 1971 rOAa Ha HCnblTaTellbHOM nOIlHrOHe TlOpa-TaM
(Hlt1lt1n-5). It1cnblTaHH~ 3aBepWHIlHCb 24 Ho~6p~ 1971 rOAa. PaKeTa
YP-1 OOK CTalla nepBoH B CCCP M5P C KacceTHOH rollOBHOH 4aCTblO,
npeAHa3Ha4eHHoH AIl~ nopa>t<eHH~ nllo~aAHblX l..\elleH. no COCTO~­
HHIO Ha 1987 roA 6blllO pa3BepHyTo 440 M5P YP-100K H YP-100Y
Ha paKeTHblX Onepal..\HOHHblX 6a3ax: K03ellbcK, TeHKoBo, nepMb,
rllaAKa~, ApoB~Ha~, CBo6oAHbIH, OlloB~HHa~.

56 HAAE)I(Hbl1ll W,HT 01"'lHaHbi


60EBOH >l<EnE3HO,llOPO>l<HblH PAKETHblH KOMnnEKC
C M6P PT-23 YTTX (15)1<61) 6)1(PK
C M6P PT-23 YTTX (15)1(61)
COCTOlin Ha BOOpYJlC8HM"
Pa60Tbi no C03AaHIo11O nOABIo1>KHOrO >Kelle3HOAOp0>KHoro KOMn­
52-A palC8THoA AHSM3HH
lleKCa C M5P Ha4alllo1Cb B cepeAIo1He 1970-x rOAOB. nepBoHa4allb­ t89 no 2002 fOA
HO KOMnlleKC pa3pa6aTbiBallcSI C paKeTOI1 PT-23, oCHaw,aeMOI1 MO­
Ho61l04H0l1 rOIlOBHOI1 4aCTblO.
noclle Io1cnblTaHlo111 5>KPK C M5P PT-23 6blll nplo1HSlT B OnblTHYIO
3KcnllyaTalllo1lO.
nOcTaHoBlleH.lo1eM LJ,K KnCC 101 COBeTa MIo1HIo1CTPOB CCCP OT 9 aB­
rycTa 1983 ro-Aa 6bllla 3aAaHa pa3pa6oTKa paKeTHoro KOMnlleKca C
paKeTOI1 PT-23YTTX «MolloAell» B Tpex Baplo1aHTax 6a3Io1poBaHIo1S1:
6oeBol1 >Kelle3HOAop0>KHbll1; nOABIo1>KHbll1 rpYHToBb111 «LJ,eIlIo1Ha-2»;
WaxTHbll1.
B HOSl6pe 1982 roAa 6blll pa3pa6oTaH 3CKIo13Hbll1 npoeKT paKe­
Tbl PT-23YTTX 101 5>KPK C ycoBepweHCTBOBaHHblMIo1 >Kelle3HOAOp0>K­
HblMIo1 ny. B 4aCTHOCTIo1, AIlSl cTpellb6bl C 11106011 T04KIo1 MapwpyTa,
BTOM 4101CIle C 3IleKTplo1<plo1l1lo1pOBaHHblX >Kelle3HblX Aopor, 5>KPK 6blll
Pa3pa60T'lMK ­
ocHaw,eH BbiCOKOT04H0l1 HaBIo1rall1010HH0l1 CIo1CTeMOI1, a >KAny - cne­ K6 clO>tcHou
l.\lo1allbHblMIo1 YCTpOI1CTBaMIo1 3aKopa4lo1BaHIo1S1 101 OTBOAa KOHTaKTHOI1
rettepallbHbd4 KOHcrpy1CTOP ­
ceTIo1 (30KC).
B. 0. YTKMH
JleTHbie Io1cnblTaHIo1S1 paKeTbl PT-23YTTX npolo13BOAIo11llo1Cb C
27 ¢eBpallSl 1985 rOAa no 22 AeKa6pSl 1987 roAa C Hlt1lt1n-53 1013fOT08MTenb ­

(r. MIo1PHbll1), Bcero 6blllO np0lo13BeAeHO 32 nYCKa. Ocyw,eCTBlleHo naanorp8ACKMH M3


18 BblXOAOB >Kelle3HOAOp0>KHOrO COCTaBa Ha pecypcHble 101 TpaHC­ TMn KOMMeKC4 ­
nopTHble Io1cnbITaHIo1S1, B XOAe KOTOpblX no >Kelle3HblM AoporaM CTpa­ 60680H JKeneaHOAopOJKHblH
Hbl npOI1AeHO 60llee 400 TblCSl4 KM. paKeTHblH KOMnneKC C M6P.
nepBbl11 paKeTHbl11 nOIlK C paKeTOI1 PT-23YTXX BCTall Ha 6oe­ 4-ro nOt<onetiMfi

Boe Ae>KypcTBO 20 OKTSl6pSl 1987 rOAa (r. KOCTpoMa, KOMaHAlo1p COCTOJIR


B. 10. Cnlo1pIo1AoHOB). Ha BOOpY*flHI1H
B paKeTHbl11 nOIlK 5>KPK BXOAIo1T >Kelle3HOAOp0>KHbll1 COCTaB C 28 HOJl6pJl 1989 rOACl,
CHflT C BOOpY*flHMR
cTaHAapTHOI1 AIlSl KOMnlleKca KOH<plo1rypalllo1lo1: Tplo1 >KAny M5P
82002 roAY
PT-23YTTX; KOMaHAHbl11 nYHKT; BarOHbl C aBTOHOMHblMIo1 CIo1CTeMa­
MH 3HeprOCHa6>KeHIo1S1 101 >K1013He06ecne4eHIo1S1; BarOHbl AIlSl pa3Mew,e­
HIo1S1 1l1014HOrO COCTaBa.
K cepeAIo1He 1988 rOAa 6blll0 pa3BepHyTo 6-7 nOIlKOB (Bcero
OKOIlO 20 nY, Bce nOA KOCTpOMOI1). K 1999 roAY pa3BepHyTo Tplo1
paKeTHble A101 BIo13101 101 , Boopy>KeHHble 5>KPK 101 M5P PT-23YTIX (noA
KOCTpOMOI1, B 3ATO 3BEhAHbll1 nepMCKOI1 061laCTIo1 (nepMb-76)
H 3ATO KeAPoBbl11 KpacHoSlpcKoro KpaSl (KpacHoSlpcK-66), B Ka>K­
A0l11013 KOTOpblX no 4eTbipe paKeTHblX nOIlKa.
B 1991 roAY HnO (<I0>KHoe» npeAIlO>K1011l0 Io1cnOllb30BaTb paKe­
Ty THna PT-23YTTX AIlSl 3anycKa KOCMIo14eCKIo1X annapaToB Ha op6101­
Ty 3eMIllo1 C BblCOTbl 10 KM, noclle c6poca paKeTbl Ha cnelllo1allbHol1
napaWIOTHOI1 CIo1CTeMe C TSI>KeIlOrO TpaHcnopTHoro caMOlleTa
AH-124-100.
no AoroBopy CHB-2 paKeTbl PT-23YTTX AO 2003 roAa 6bllllo1
IlHKBIo1Alo1pOBaHbl.

PSCH HA nEPMcKo£t 3EMJ1E 57


Aua nycJCa Oqett lin PK MeaoaapTa
..............

6oeBOro

1 14.06.1961 HeT ,o,aHHbIX P-2 KanycTHH Hp HeT ,o,aHHbIX


2 19.06.1961 HeT ,o,aHHbIX P-2 HeT ,o,aHHbIX HeT ,o,aHHbIX
3 14.07.1961 HeT ,o,aHHbIX P-2 HeT ,o,aHHbIX HeT ,o,aHHbIX
4 28.07.1961 HeT ,o,aHHbIX P-2 HeT ,o,aHHbIX HeT ,o,aHHbIX
5 17.10.1962 Xopowo P-16 TlOpa-TaM A. A. <1>e,o,YlloB
6 30.03.1965 OTIlH4HO P-16 TlOpa-TaM 1-1. A. BllaceHKo
7 29.03.1966 Y,o,oBlleTB. P-16 nllecellK HeT ,o,aHHbIX
8 27.09.1966 OTIlH4HO P-16 TlOpa-TaM A. C. COIlOBOB
9 03.12.1966 OTIlHYHO P-16 nllecellK H. M. MapTblH4eHKo
10 26.05.1967 OTIlHYHO P-16 nllecellK HeT ,o,aHHbIX
11 15.07.1967 OTIlHYHO P-16 TlOpa-TaM HeT ,o,aHHbIX
12 03.12.1967 Xopowo P-16 nllecellK HeT ,o,aHHbIX
13 25.05.1968 OTIlHYHO P-16 nllecellK 1-1. n. 3axapoB
14 16.07.1968 OTIlH4HO P-16 TlOpa-TaM r. A. TPOHHH
15 10.07.1968 Xopowo YP-100 TlOpa-TaM 11. cP. KOTOB
16 10.07.1968 OTIlHYHO YP-100 nepMb-76 CyCllOB
17 27.03.1969 OTllHYHO P-16 nllecellK HeT ,o,aHHbIX
18 28.01.1969 Xopowo YP-100 TlOpa-TaM 1-1. 1-1. AranOB
19 07.02.1970 OTIlHYHO P-16 TlOpa-TaM A. C. CBeTKHH
20 28.05.1970 Xopowo P-16 TlOpa-TaM HeT ,o,aHHbIX
21 01.08.1970 Xopowo P-16 TlOpa-TaM HeT ,o,aHHbIX
22 26.06.1970 OTllHYHO YP-100 TlOpa-TaM ,lJ,. A. Tepell\eHKO
23 11.11.1970 OTIlH4HO YP-100 nepMb-76 ,lJ,. A. Tepell\eHKO
24 29.06.1971 Xopowo P-16 IlllecellK H. K. PblllOB
25 16.06.1971 OTIlHYHO YP-100 nepMb-76 A. C. KlleBlloB
26 19.02.1972 Xopowo P-16 TlOpa-TaM C. I-1llbHHIlKHH
27 11.09.1981 OTIlHYHO YP-100K nepMb-76 HeT ,o,aHHbIX
28 11.06.1982 OTIlHYHO YP-100 K nepMb-76 HeT ,o,aHHbIX
29 25.05.1984 OrIlHYHO YP-100K nepMb-76 HeT ,o,aHHbIX
30 06.06.1986 OTIlH4HO YP-100K nepMb-76 A. 11. 11eHKeBH4
31 21.01.1987 OTIlHYHO YP-100K nepMb-76 HeT ,o,aHHbIX
32 22.02.1989 OTIlH4HO YP-100K nepMb-76 HeT ,o,aHHbIX
33 15.09.1989 OTIlHYHO YP-100K nepMb-76 Her ,o,aHHblx
34 17.07.1990 OTIlH4HO YP-100K nepMb-76 HeT ,o,aHHbIX
35 28.11.1996 PT-23YTIX nllecellK
HArPAAbI52-~ PAKETHO~ TAPHOn0l1bCKO-5EPm1HCKO~
OPAEHOB 50rAAHA XMEl1bH~'-'KOrOII CTEnEH~
~ KPACHO~ 3BE3Abi A~B~3~~ 3A PATHbl~ TPYA
9 MapTa 1962 roAa BpyYeHO KpacHoe 3HaM~ Vl rpaMoTa npe3VlAVl­
yMa BepXOBHOro COBeTa CCCP 0 BpY4eHVlH KpacHoro 3HaMeHH. YKa­
30M npeACeAaTell~ BepxoBHoro COBeTa PCCDCP llarepb 5epWeTb OT­
HeceH K KaTeropVlVl paKeTHOro nOCellKa 3aKpblToro nma C npHCBoeHH­
eM HaVlMeHOBaHH~ «Pa604HH nocellOK 3Be3AHblH nepMCKOH 0611aCTH».
3a BblCOKYtO nOAroToBKy H OTllVl4Hbie AeHCTBVl~ Ha Y4eHH~X AVl­
BVl3H~ Harpa>t<AeHa BblMnellOM MHHHCTepCTBa 060POHbi CCCP «3a
My>t<eCTBO H BOHHCKytO Ao611eCTb» (npVlKa3 MVlHHCTepCTBa 060POHbi
CCCP OT 24 Ho~6p~ 1972 rOAa NQ 0094).
3a BblCOKVle pe3YllbTaTbi no HToraM 2000 y4e6Horo roAa AVlBH­
3Vl~ 6bllla npVl3HaHa llY4weH cpeAVl AHBH3HH 5>KPK H Harpa>t<AeHa
nepeXOA~UJ,VlM BblMnellOM rK PBCH «ny4weMy coeAVlHeHHtO».
Cneu,HallbHa~ clly>t<6a 52-H paKeTHoH AVlBH3VlH, rllaBHOH 3aAa­
4eH KOTOpOH 6blllO o6ecne4eHVle 6e30nacHocTVl, 6bllla nOCTO~HHbIM
IlVlAepOM cpeAH cneu,HallbHblX clly>t<6 PBCH, a B 1999 roAY npH3Ha­
Ha llY4weH B Boopy>t<eHHblX CHllax POCCHVl. HeMalla~ 3acllyra B 3TOM
nOAnollKoBHHKa A. Y. CapaHllbl.
3a roAbl cYUJ,eCTBoBaHH~ paKeTHoH AHBH3HH 6011ee 160 oepHu,e­
pOB 6blllH Harpa)K,l\eHbl OPAeHaMH. Bw.nen 52-A PIlKentON

4ACT~ ~ nOAPA3AEl1EH~}I A~B~3~~, 3AHECEHHbiE


TapHononbCKo-6epnHHcKoM

B KH~rY n04ETA BOEHHoro COBETA PAKETHblX BO~CK: OPAeHOB SorA_Ha X.enl.HH~Koro

1968 rOA - OTAelleHHe BOHCKOBOH 4aCTH NQ 05202, Ha4allbHHK II CTeneH" M KpacHOii 3Be3AW

OTAelleHH~ - MaHop H. CD. BaHtOK. AMBM3HH

1972 rOA - C6opo4Ha~ 6pHraAa BOHCKOBOH 4aCTH NQ 54231, KO­


MaHAHp - nOAnOllKOBHVlK M. n. ne>t<HH.
1973 roA - BOHCKOBa~ 4aCTb NQ 54231, KOMaHAHp - nOllKOB­
HVlK H. K. 51KoBlleB; rpynna BOHCKOBOH 4aCTH NQ 05202, KOMaHAVlp
rpynnbl - KanHTaH B. CD. 3bIP~HOB; BOHcKoBa~ 4aCTb NQ 52635, KOMaH­
fill HI
AVlp - nOAnOllKOBHHK B. n. 5apaHoB.
1975 rOA - BOHCKOB~ 4aCTb NQ 93413, KOMaHAVlp - nOAnOllKOB­
HVlK 10. CD. Map4HxHH.
f
1976 rOA - BOHCKOB~ 4aCTb NQ 54231, KOMaHAHp - nOllKOBHHK
B. E. neBVlu,KVlH.
1977 rOA - BOHCKOBa~ 4aCTb NQ 34412, KOMaHAHp - MaHop
K. T. TpaHHH.
1978 roA - BOHCKOB~ 4aCTb NQ 29440, KOMaHAHp - nOllKOB­
HHK 5. 1-1. HeAellbKo.
1979 roA - BOHCKOB~ 4aCTb NQ 44097, KOMaHAHp - nOAnOll­
KOBHHK A. 1-1. CDHllVlnnoB; BOHCKOB~ 4aCTb NQ 05202, KOMaHAHp ­
nOAnOllKOBHVlK 1-1. E. napepeHoB.
1983 rOA - BOHCKOB~ 4aCTb NQ 34131, KOMaHAVlp - nOAnOll­
KOBHVlK 10. 1-1. Ky3Heu,oB.
1995 rOA - BOHCKOB~ 4aCTb NQ 44097, KOMaHAVlp - nOllKOBHHK
H. H. MOKpeu,oB.
1996 rOA - BOHCKOB~ 4aCTb NQ 44097, KOMaHAHp - nOllKOBHHK
B. K. MaxHVlH.
1997 rOA - BOHCKOB~ 4aCTb NQ 46177, KOMaHAHp - nOllKOB­ KpaCHoe 3Ha.II M Bwamtm

HVlK A. B. ,l],YAVlH. MHHNCTepCTBa o6o,oH'" CCCP

2000 rOA - BOHCKOB~ 4aCTb NQ 46177, KOMaHAHp - nOllKOBHVlK «3a MJ*tlC1'IIO N BOMHCKylD

O. A. 5ycllaeB. AC)6l1eCT... - 6ecqeHH.... penNIC8""

AMBHaHH
BOEHHOCl1Y>KA~~EA~B~3~~, 3AHECEHHbiE B KH~rY n04ETA
BOEHHoro COBET A PAKETHblX BO~CK:

1969 rOA - nOAnOllKOBHHK 5. C. MaTBHeHKo,

1970 roA - nOAnOllKOBHHK H. n. MOCKalleB,

1971 roA - nOllKOBHHK B. H. nOMOHOCOB,

1972 roA - MaHop A. 1-1. ACCOpOB,

1973 rOA - MaHop A. H. necKoB,

1974 rOA - MaHop 10. A. MaTBVleHKo.

PBCH HA nEPMCKO~ 3EMflE 59


1328-SI 6aaa XpaHeHli1S1
fA neperpyaKli1 3neMeHTOB 6>KPK

R 6narOAapeH TeM MOHM COnAaTaM, Mbl nycKH npOBOAHnH Ha «OTIIH.. HO»,


C KOTOpblMH npHWJlOCb MHe TpYAllCb 6e3 nHWHHX cn08,
cny>K6y HeCTb. 6e3 KyTepbMbl.
3eMHblMH HaC e"HTanH
KOTOpbJMH KOMaHAOBan KorAa-TO,
8 >KH3HH nM"HoH,
C KeM 3aLl\HLl\an 101 POAHHy, 101 .. eCTb. 3aTO Ha <<TO"Ke» 6blnH 60rH Mbl.

H B AO>KAb, H B CTy>t<y COIlAaT YllHII 11 Aeny TepnellHBO.


Ha paKeTHOH 6a3e B XOAY 6bln npHHLlHn:
Mbl cyTKaMH TpYAHnHCb HanponeT. AellaH TaK, KaK RI
TOT, KTO He BHAen B Aene Hac HH pa3y, "', K .. eeTH 60e80ro KOlllleKTHBa.
Haw nOABHr He oLleHHT, He noHMeT. MbJ >KHnH KaK eAHHaR ceMbR.

R C OAHoro KOTila ell C HHMH Kawy. 3M6neMa 1328-.. 6a3b1


PaKeT3 - KaK CTenHaR K06blllHLla,
Hac cny>K6a nopoAHHna HaBeerAa. xpaHeHlu, M neperpJ3KM
H eH Hy>KHa yMenaR pyKa, H 8 MHpe APy>t<6bl HeT CHllbHeH,
4YTb oWH6eTCR B ..eM-HH6YAb 803HH4a ­
3neMeHTOB 6>KPK
.. eM Hawa,
OHa eo B3pblBOM npblrHeT 8 06naKa. Ee xpaHHM Mbl AonrHe rOAa.

10. eBAnOB

B pe3YllbTaTe pe¢opM B Boopy>t<eHHblX Cf1llax POCCf1~CKO~ cPe­


)J.epallf1f1 52-51 paKeTHa51 Af1Bf13f151 6bllla paC¢OpMf1pOBaHa, f1 1 AeKa6­
p51 2002 rOAa Ha ee OCHOBe 6bllla C03AaHa 1328-51 5a3a XpaHeHf151 f1 ne­
perpY3Kf1 31leMeHTOB 5>KPK (1328-51 5Xf1n). B03rllaBf11l 1328-10 5Xf1n
reHepall-Mal:1op 5. B. Cf1HeHKo.
B KOMaHAYIOUJ,f1i:! COCTaB 1328-i:! 5a3bl XpaHeHf151 Yl neperpY3KYl
31leMeHTOB 5>KPK BXOAYlIlYl:
- KOMaHAYlp - reHepall-Ma~op CYlHeHKO 50pYlc BIlaAYlMYlpOBYl4
(c 1 AeKa6p51 2002 rOAa no 31 aBrycTa 2007 rOAa);
- 3aMeCTYlTeJlb KOMaHAYlpa - nOflKOBHYlK ,ll,e>KHH IOpf1~ EBreHb­ reHepan-MaMOp Ii. B. CMHeHKo,
eBYl4 (c 1 AeKa6p51 2002 rOAa no 31 aBrycTa 2007 rOAa); KOMaH,qMp 1328-" 6ubI
- Ha4aJlbHYlK wTa6a - nOJlKOBHYlK 5yCJlaeB OJler AHaTOJlbeBYl4 xpaHeHMSl .. neperpy3KM
(c 1 AeKa6p51 2002 rOAa no 31 aBrycTa 2007 rOAa); 3neMeHTOB 6>KPK
- 3aMeCTYlTeJlb KOMaHAYlpa no BOCnYlTaTellbHoi:! pa60Te - nOA­
nOflKOBHYlK TYlMOWKHH B514eCJlaB AJleKCeeBYl4 (c 1 AeKa6p51 2002 rOAa
no 17 ¢eBpaJl51 2007 rOAa);
- 3aMeCTYlTeJlYl KOMaHAYlpa no TblJlY - nOAnOJlKOBHYlK rOJleB
EBreHf1i:! Hf1KOJlaeBf14 (c 1 AeKa6p51 2002 rOAa no 2004 rOA),
nOAnOflKOBHf1K 5f1KYJlOB AJleKCaHAP BflaAf1Mf1pOBYl4 (c 2004 no
2006 rOA), nOAnOJlKOBHf1K 3axapoB B514eCJlaB AJleKCaHAPOBf14 (c 2006
no 2007 rOA);
- 3aMeCTf1TeJlb KOMaHAf1pa no Boopy>KeHf11O - nOJlKOBHf1K Ko­
w,eeB Ceprei:! 50Pf1COBYl4 (c 1 AeKa6p51 2002 rOAa no 31 aBrycTa
2007 rOAa).
BOeHHOCJlY>KaUJ,f1e 1328-i:! 5Xf1n B Te4eHf1e n51Tf1 JleT 06pa3110­
BO f1 C 4eCTblO BblnOJlH51Jlf1 CBOi:! BOf1HCKf1i:! AOJlr, AOCTOi:!HO HeCJlf1 Bbl­
COKoe 3BaHHe - paKeT4f1K, npOAOJl>Ka51 f1 npeyMHO>Ka51 CJlaBHble Tpa­
)J.f1I1f1f1 52-~ paKeTHol:1 TapHOnOJlbCKO-5epJlf1HCKOH OPAeHOB 50rAa­
Ha XMeJlbHf1I1KOrO II CTeneHf1 f1 KpacHoi:! 3Be3Abi Af1Bf13f1f1, KOTOpylO
epOpMf1pOBallf1 f1X OTllbl f1 AeAbl. Ha AOJlIO cblHoBeH f1 BHyKOB Bbma­
Ila APyra51 3aAa4a - 3aBepWf1Tb f1CTOpf11O PaKeTHbix BOHCK CTpaTe­ npOlL\aHM8 co 3HaMeHeM
rf14eCKOro Ha3Ha4eHf151 B nepMcKoM Kpae.
PBCH HA nEPMCKOH 3EM11E 61
B Mae 2002 roAa 1328-1:1 5a3e xpaHeHIHl vt neperpY3Kvt 3JleMeH­
TOB 5>KPK 3aKoHOAaTeJlbHbiM C06paHvteM nepMcKol:1 06JlaCTvt BPy­
4eHO naMfiTHoe 3HaMfi.
OCHOBHblMvt 3aAa4aMvt 5a3bl xpaHeHvtfl vt neperpY3Kvt 3JleMeH­
TOB 5>KPK f1BJlflJlvtCb:
- 06ecne4eHvte nOAAep>KaHvtfl paKeT, nycKoBblX YCTaHOBOK
vt arperaTOB B COOTBeTcTBvtvt C opraHvt3aLJ,vtOHHO-TeXHvt4eCKvtMvt
yKa3aHvtflMvt no 06ecne4eHvttO KOHTpOJlfl COCTOflHvtfl Boopy>KeHvtfl
vt TeXHvtKvt;
- npvteM vt opraHvt3aLJ,vtfl xpaHeHvtfl 5>KPK;
- HeCeHvte onepaTvtBHo-TeXHVl4ecKoro Ae>KypcTBa;
- ompaBKa AeMOHTVlpOBaHHoro 060pYAoBaHvtfl Ha apCeHaJlbl
vt pervtOHaJlbHble 6a3bl PBCH;
- 06ecne4eHVle HaAe>KHOrO oxpaHeHVlfI BoeHHol:1 TeXHvtKvt, vtMy­
w,eCTBa VI APyrvtX MaTepvtaJlbHblX cpeACTB.
3a nflTb JleT C MOMeHTa epOpMvtpOBaHvtfl 1328-1:1 5Xvtn B 4aCTvt
6blJlO npOBeAeHO 37 neperpY30K paKeT, 40 pa3 npOBOAvtJlvtCb one­
paLJ,vtvt no CJlvtBy KOMnOHeHTOB paKeTHoro TOnJlvtBa.
3a Bce BpeMfi cyw,ecTBoBaHvtfl 6a3bl He 6blJlO Hvt OAHOro CJlY4afl
cpblBa 3anJlaHvtpOBaHHbiX pa60T.
Bce 3aAa4vt, nOCTaBJleHHble nepeA 1328-1:1 5Xvtn, BblnOJlHeHbl B
YCTaHOBJleHHble CpOKvt vt C XOPOWvtM Ka4eCTBOM.
Bo vtCnOJlHeHvte ,l],vtpeKTvtBbl MvtHvtCTpa 060POHbi POCCvtI:1CKO~
<DeAepaLJ,vtvt OT 8 HOfl6pfl 2006 rOAa NQ 030 vt Ha4aJlbHvtKa wTa6a
PBCH OT 28 HOfl6pfl 2006 roAa NQ 432/3/0466 1 ceHTfl6pfl 2007 roAa
npeKpaTvtJla CBoe cyw,eCTBOBaHvte 1328-f1 5Xvtn (Bo~cKoBafi 4aCTb
NQ 12264) - nOCJleAHfIfi Bol:1cKoBafi 4aCTb PaKeTHbix BOI:1CK CTpaTe­
rvt4eCKoro Ha3Ha4eHvtfl B nepMcKoM Kpae. TeM caMblM 3aKpblJlaCb
nOCJleAHfIfi CTpaHvtLJ,a vtCTOpvtvt PaKeTHbix BOI:1CK CTpaTervt4eCKoro Ha­
KOMaHAoaaHMe 1~ 6XMn 3Ha4eHvtfl Ha nepMcKol:1 3eMJle.
M a.qMJlHMcrpal.4MA 3ATO 3B83AHbdi
Lh06bl OTAaTb AaHb yBa>KeHvtfl BceM nOKOJleHVlflM >KvtTeJlel1
y nOCneAHeM paKeT1II
npvtKaMbfl, pyKOBOACTBy Kpafl, BOeHHOCJly>Kaw,vtM VI BeTepaHaM Bo­
CHATI4e nOCJleAJfeM paKeTbt c nocneAHe­ opy>KeHHblX CvtJl, BoeHHoro vtHCTvtTyTa - KY3HvtLJ,bl KaAPOB AJlfl
ro KOMnIleKca He 6blJlO TOp)KeCTIIeHHblM
PBCH, npeACTaBvtTeJlflM BoeHHo-npOMbIWJleHHOrO KOMnJleKCa, BceM
MeponpMJlTMe",.
TeM, 4e~ caMOOTBep>KeHHbll:1 TPYA n03BOJlvtJl BblnOJlHflTb 3aAa4vt
oc060~ rocYAapcTBeHHol1 Ba>KHOCTvt no 3aw,vtTe Hawero OTe4ecTBa,
18 aBryCTa 2007 rOAa KOMaHAOBaHvteM 1328-~ 5Xvtn vt aAMvtHvtCT­
paLJ,vte~ 3A TO 3Be3AHbll1 npOBeAeHbl MepOnpvtflTvtfl, nocBflw,eHHble
3aBepWeHvttO BblnOJlHeHvtfl PBCH 60eBo~ 3aAa4vt no 3aw,vtTe POAvt­
Hbl Ha nepMcKo~ 3eMJle.
B LJ,eJlflX nOAAep>KaHvtfl 60eBbix vt BOvtHCKvtX TpaAvtLJ,vt~ Ha nepM­
CKOI:1 3eMJle OT 1328-11 5a3bl xpaHeHvtfl vt neperpY3Kvt 3JleMeHTOB
5>KPK, npeeMHvtKa 52-1:1 paKeTHol:1 AvtBvt3vtvt, nepeAaH BblMneJl
BepHOCTvt 60eBbiM vt BOvtHCKvtM TpaAvtLJ,vtflM Ha 3eMJle 3Be3AHoro
r BapAel1CKOI1 apTvtJlJlepvtCTcKol:1 OAeccKol1 KpacH03HaMeHHol:1 op­
AeHa 50rAaHa XMeJlbHvtLJ,KOrO II CTeneHvt 6pVlraAe. naMfiTHoe 3HaMfi
3aKoHOAaTeJlbHOrO C06paHvtfl nepMcKoro Kpafl nepeAaJlVl MY3elO
Ha4anbHo~ WKOJlbl 3Be3AHoro. Ha cMeHy A06JleCTHbiM BOvtHaM-paKeT­
4V1KaM npVlWJlVl Ha 3TY 3eMJltO BOvtHbl-apTVlJlJlepvtCTbl, CJlOBHO 3aMbl­
Kafl vtCTOpVl4ecKVlI:1 Kpyr, 4T06bl npOAOJl>KvtTb CJlaBHble TpaAvtLJ,vtvt
pOCCvtl:1cKoro BOvtHCTBa, TpaAvtLJ,vtvt 23-1:1 3eHvtTHO-apTvtJlJlepvtl:1cKo~
vt 52-1:1 paKeTHo~ AvtBvt3vt~, HOCvtBWvtX ropAoe vtMfI TapHonoJlbcKo­
62 HAAE>KHhl~ UJ,HT O"NH3Hbl
B 1328-H 6XMn TPilAM4MM paKeT'4HKOB XpaHHnMCb M npeyMHO)t(anMCb

U TOM '4HClle H 3a C'4eT IIH'4HbIX UCTpelf KOMa.HAHpou AHBH3MM pa3HbiX 3nox.

B0311e epnara - reHepan-MaHop 6. B. CMHeHKo (KoMaHAMp AMUM3HH

npoU4CUlItHW" nap1lA B 3Be3"HoM


H 1328-H 6XMn c 1999 no 2007 rOA) H nOIlKOBHHK n. C. napwMH

18 aBryeR 2007 rOAa


(KoMaHAHp 52-it paKeTHOH AMBH3MM C 1966 no 1969 rOA)

oepm1HCKOH OPAeHOB oorAaHa XMellbHVfl..4KOrO " CTeneHVf


Vf KpacHoH 3Be3Abi AVfBVf3VfVf.
Ha npow,allbHOM MVfTVfHre, B KOTOpOM npVfH~llVf Y4aCTVfe OKOllO
15 TbIC~4 4ellOBeK, BblcTynVfllVf npeACTaBVfTellVf KOMaHAoBaHVf~, BoeH­
Hoclly>t<aw,VfX Vf BeTepaHOB Boopy>t<eHHblx CVfll POCOIHCKOH ApMVfVf,
a TaK>t<e BoeHHo-npOMblWlleHHoro KOMnlleKca npVfKaMb~, pyKO­
BOAVfTelleH aAMVfHVfCTpal..4VfVf nepMcKoro Kpa~ Vf aAMVfHVfCTpal..4VfVf
3ATO 3Be3AHbIH. 3TOT MVfTVfHr 6blll npow,aHVfeM C paKeTHoH 4aCTblO;
3Be3AHblH npow,aJlC~ co CBOVfM paKeTHblM npOWllblM.
noclleAHVfH pa3, 4eKaH~ war, npOWllVf BOVfHbl-paKeT4VfKVf nOA
CBOVfM 3HaMeHeM no nllow,aAVf n06eAbi 3ATO 3BEhAHbIH. V1 He TOllb­
KO OHVf npow,allVfCb C PBCH, HO Vf Bce >t<VfTellVf 3Be3AHoro, nOToMy
4TO >t<Vf3Hb Ka>t<Aoro Vf3 HVfX TaK VfllVf VfHa4e CB~3aHa C PaKeTHblMVf
BOHcKaMVf CTpaTerVf4eCKoro Ha3Ha4eHVf~.
PaKeT4HKH YWllH C nepMcKo~ 3eMllVf, HO PBCH npoAoll>t<alOT
HeCTVf 6oeBoe Ae>t<ypcTBO B APyrVfx perHoHax Hawe~ Heo6b~THO~
CTpaHbl, o6ecne4HBa~ ~AepHoe CAep>t<VfBaHVfe OT B03MO>t<HO~ arpec­
CVfH npOTHB POCCHH Vf ee COI03HVfKOB, BHOC~T 3Ha4HTellbHbl~ BKllaA
B nOAAep>t<aHVfe cTpaTerVf4ecKo~ cTa6HllbHoCTH B MHpe. V1 B HX co­
CTaBe HeMallO BOVfHOB, AOCTO~HO Clly>t<HBWHX B paKeTHblX 4aCT~X Ha
3eMlle npVfKaMb~.

PBCH HA nEPMCKOVl 3EMnE 63


3ATO 3Be3AHblVi
KorAa cy~ecTBoBanH ABe CHCTeMbl, CMeHAn ..Cb nOKoneHbA o<J>Hl.lepOB,
rapaHTOM MHpa BblcTynan CCCP, ,l\elKypHBwHX B paC'leTaX 60eBblX, ­
KOnH'IeCTBOM paKeT pewanHCb ~X Ao6neCTH He C'IeCTb npHMepoB •••
Bce npo6neMbI, He COC'lHTaTb 3AeCb OTcnylKHBWHX
11 6bln B HapOAe nO'lHTaeM o<J>Hl.lep.
PAAOBbIX.

B6nH3H nepMH,
3aKpblTaA OT nt060nblTHbix rna3, Ho rAe 6bl Mbl B AanbHeHweM liH cnylKHnH,
6blna B03BeAeHa AeCATaA nno~aAKa KYAa 6 cYAb6a Hac HH 3a6poCHna
«3Be3AHbIH» Ha3blBaeMa CeH'Iac. C To6oH­
Mbl 6YAeM nOMHHTb ropoAoK,
nO'lTH nOI1BeKa npOCTOAI1H Ha cTpalKe B KOTOpOM lKHnH,
6e306na'lHOrO lie6a HaA CTpaHOH Mb. 6YAeM nOMliHTb «CnaBa» n03bIBHOH.

PaKeT'lHKH, CblHbI OT'lH3HbI HaweH,

3a~HTliHKH 3eMnH pOAHOH. C. BEPETEHHI1KOB

rep6 3ATO 3ee3AHbfH

3ATO 3Be3AHbl~ - MYHI-1l..\l-1nanbHOe 06pa30BaHI-1e B nepM­


CKOM Kpae, pacnOnO>t<eHHOe B 33 KM OT KpaeBoro l..\eHTpa. OCHO­
BaH 3Be3AHbl~ B 1961 roAY. npe>t<Hee ero Ha3BaHI-1e - nepMb-76.
3ATO 3Be3AHbl~ 06pa30BaHo B 1993 roAY B COOTBeTCTBl-11-1 C 3a­
KOHOM POCCI-1~CKO~ cPeAepal..\1-11-1 «0 3aKpblToM aAMI-1HI-1CTpaTI-1BHO­
Teppl-1TOpl-1anbHOM 06pa30BaHI-1I-1» OT 14 I-1tOn~ 1992 rOAa NQ 3297-1
1-1 Pacnop~>t<eHl-1eM npaBI-1TenbCTBa POCCI-1~CKO~ cPeAepal..\1-11-1 OT
4 ~HBap~ 1994 rOAa NQ 3-p.
nOcenoK 1-13Ha'-lanbHO 6bln npeAHa3Ha'-leH An~ BoeHHocny­
>t<aw,l-1x PaKeTHbix BO~CK CTpaTerl-1'-1eCKOrO Ha3Ha'-leHI-1~. CeroAH~
3Be3AHbl~ - 3TO KpaCI-1Bbl~, cOBpeMeHHbl~ nocenOK ropOACKoro
Tl-1na. Ero Teppl-1TOpl-1~ COCTaBn~eT 9083 ra, B TOM '-Il-1cne B npeAe­
nax nocenKoBo~ '-IepTbl - 520 ra. 41-1CneHHOCTb HaCeneHI-1~ - OKO­
no 10 TbIC~'-I '-IenOBeK.
B OCHOBHOM >t<I-1Tenl-1 3Be3AHoro pa60TatOT B nepMI-1, HO AO­
6paTbc~ AO ropOAa - He np06neMa. E>t<eAHeBHO MYll «rapa>t<» OCY­
w,eCTBn~eT 23 pelka no MapwpYTY 3Be3AHbl~ - nepMb - 3Be3AHbl~.
no KOnl-1'-1eCTBY aBTOM06I-1ne~ Ha 1000 >t<I-1Tene~ ropOAOK'3aHI-1­
MaeT BTopoe MeCTO B nepMcKoM Kpae.
Bce >t<l-1nble AOMa 1-1 aAMI-1HI-1CTpan1BHbie 3AaHI-1~ 6naroycTpoeHbl.
06ycTpoeHbi 1-1 oCBew,eHbl Bce ynl-1l..\bl 1-1 Bce ABOpbl.
3Be3AHbl~ - 3KOnOrl-1'-1eCKI-1 '-II-1CTa~ TeppI-1TOpl-1~. 06 3TOM CBI-1­
AeTenbcTByeT He TonbKO OTCyTcTBl-1e KpynHblx npOMblwneHHblX npeA­
npl-1~TI-1~ B rpaHI-1l..\ax HaceneHHoro nYHKTa, OTCyTcTBl-1e I-1CTO'-lHI-1KOB
3arp~3HeHI-1~ aTMOCcPepbl, nO'-lBbl, nOBepxHOCTHblX BOA 1-1 CYWI-1, HO 1-1
60nbwoe KOm1'-1eCTBO napKOB H 3eneHI-1, HanH'-IHe 3KOnOrl-1'-1eCKOrO
nacnopTa, pa3pa60TaHHoro B 2008 rOAY.
Pe3ynbTaT aHanl-13a XI-1MI-1'-1eCKoro COCTaBa BOAbl apTe31-1aHCKI-1X
CKBa>t<I-1H nOKa3an, '-ITO B BOAonpOBOAHblX KpaHax 3Be3AHoro Te'-leT
POAHI-1KOBa~ BOAa.

TaK KaK 3Be3AHbl~ C nonHblM npaBOM MO>t<HO Ha3BaTb ropOAOM


AeTe~ H MonOAe>t<1-1 (cpeAHI-1~ B03paCT HaCeneHI-1~ COCTaBn~eT 29­
30 neT), eCTeCTBeHHO, 60nbwoe BHHMaHl-1e 3Aecb YAen~eTc~ nOApa­
CTatOw,eMy nOKoneHHtO. B 3Be3AHoM cPYHKl..\1-10HHpytOT Tpl-1 AowKonb­
HblX 06pa30BaTenbHbix Y'-lpe>t<AeHI-1~, I-1MetOw,I-1X cTaTyc UeHTpa pa3­
BI-1TI-1~ pe6eHKa, B Ka>t<AOM 1-13 KOTOpblX pa60TaeT KOHcynbTal..\1-10HHbl~
3ee3AHblA ­
nYHKT, rAe pOAI-1Tenl-1 MoryT BCTpeTI-1TbC~ C onblTHblMI-1 neAaroraMI-1,
YIOTHblH M 3e1leHblH rOpOAOK
nCI-1XOnOraMI-1, noroneAaMI-1, MeAI-1l..\I-1HCKI-1MI-1 pa60THI-1KaMI-1 no Bonpo­
caM 3AOPOBb~, pa3BI-1TI-1~ 1-1 BOCnI-1TaHH~ AeTe~ AOWKonbHoro B03pa­
CTa. B nocenKe opraHH30BaHbi AeTCKHe nnow,aAKI-1 An~ pa3HbiX B03­
paCTOB: AeTCKl-1e ropOAKI-1 C Ka'-len~MH, rOpKaMI-1 H neCO'-lHI-1l..\aMI-1,
66 HAAE>KHbIH ~I1T OT'f113Hbl
MOY Ha'lanbHaR 06pa30BarenbHaR WKOna 3ATO 3BEl3,qHbIH ­

O,qHa 1013 ny'lWHX WKon Ha'lanbHOrO 06pa30BaHHA nepMCKOrO KpaR

ropOAOK C ymt4HblMH TpeHa>l<epaMH - eAHHCTBeHHbl1-1 B nepMCKOM


Kpae.
06w,ee 06pa30BaHHe npeACTaBlleHO Ha4allbH0l-1 H cpeAHel-1 06­
UJ,e06pa30BaTellbHblMH WKOllaMH, KOTopble HaxOA51TC51 B pa3HbiX
3AaHH51X.
nporpaMMbl AonOllHHTellbHoro 06pa30BaHH51 AeTel-1 peallH3YIOT:
- ,l],eTcKo-IOHowecKa51 cnopTHBHa51 WKOlla «OllHMn», rAe npo­
XOA51T 3aH51TH51 no nllaBaH~IO, A3IOAO, llbl>l<HblM rOHKaM, xOKKelO,
6acKeT6011y, 60KCy, cPYT6011Y ~ waxMaTaM;
- ,l],eTcKa51 WKOlla HCKyCCTB, rAe cyw,ecTByeT MHoronpoepHllbHa51
o6pa30BaTellbHa51 nporpaMMa no 06Y4eHHIO Hrpe Ha MY3blKallbHbix
J.1HCTpyMeHTax, XOpOBOMy neHHIO, H306pa3~TellbHoMY HCKycCTBy;
- ~eHTp AeTcKoro TBop4ecTBa «3Be3AHbll-1», Ha 6a3e KOToporo
pa60TalOT 30 06pa30BaTellbHbix nporpaMM xYAO>l<eCTBeHHO-3CTeTH­
4eCK0I-1, TYP~CTcKo-KpaeBeA4eCK0I-1, HaY4Ho-TexHH4eCK0I-1, C04Hallb­
Ho-neAaror~4eCK0I-1, KYllbTYPollorH4ecKol-1 H eCTecTBeHHo-HaY4Hol-1
HanpaBlleHHOCTel-1, a TaK>I<e ocyw,eCTBll51eT Ae51TellbHOCTb MYH~4~­
nallbHbl1-1 TelleKaHall 3Be3AHbll-1 TB;
- ,l],eTCK~1-1 06pa30BaTellbHo-03AopoB~TellbHbIH 4eHTp «KoMe­
Ta» C KpyrlloroAH4HbiM npe6blBaH~eM AeTeH.
Ha Tepp~TOpH~ 3ATO 3Be3AHblH pa60TaeT MYH~4HnallbHoe y4­
pe>l<AeH~e KyllbTypbl «rOpOAcKa51 6H611HoTeKa 3ATO 3Be3AHbIH».
5H611HoTeKa opHeHT~pOBaHa Ha pa60Ty C AeTbM~ ~ B3pOCllbIMH.
OHa BblCTynaeT B Ka4eCTBe ~HepopMa4~oHHoro 4eHTpa, npeAOCTaB­
1H11Ow,ero CBO~ pecypCbl AeT51M, neAaroraM 06w,ero ~ AOWKOllbHoro
o6pa30BaHH51, CTYAeHTaM H >I<~Tell51M 3ATO 3Be3AHbIH. B 6H611~0­
TeKe eCTb TpH 6011bWHX 3alla: 4~TallbHbIH, B3POCllblH ~ AeTCKHH a60­
MOnOAt!)l(b 3Be3AHoro ­
HeMeHTbl H 6H611Horpaep~4eCK~H OTAell. TaltaHTIIMBaA, TpYAOnlo6MBaJI,
Y4pe>l<AeHH51 3ApaBooxpaHeHH51 3Be3AHoro - 3TO MY3 «rOpOA­ cnOpnlBHaJI
CKa51 6011bHH4a», K KOTOpOH OTHOC51TC51 nOll~Kll~HHKa ~ CTa4~OHap,
Myn «AmeKa NQ 210».
PBCH HA nEPMCKO~ 3EM1JE 67
385-JI rBAP,ll,EHCKAJI
O,ll,ECCKAJlKPACH03HAMEHHAJI
OP,ll,EHA 60r,ll,AHA XMEnbHHu.KOrO II CTEnEHH
APTEnnEPHHCKAJI 6PHrAM

It1CTOPI-1~ 385-~ rBapAe~cKo~ OAeccKo~ KpacH03HaMeHHo~ op­


AeHa oorAaHa XMeJlbHI-14Koro II CTeneHI-1 apTI-1JlJlepl-1~CKO~ 6pl-1raAbi
Ha4I-1HaeTC~ HaKaHyHe BeJlI-1KO~ OTe4ecTBeHHo~ BO~Hbl.
Ha4aJlO q)QpMl-1poBaHI-1~ 6blJlO nOJlO>KeHO BMoJlAaBI-1I-1, B ropo­
Ae Oprl-1eB ceBepHee ropoAa KI-1WI-1HeBa. 23 I-1IOH~ 1941 roAa Ha 6a3e
3-ro AI-1BI-131-10Ha 266-ro KopnycHoro apTI-1JlJlepl-1~CKoro nOJlKa ccPop­
B"Mne"
385-A aprJUUleplI~CKO" 4iPllraAIII Ml-1pOBaHa 385-~ apTI-1JlJlepl-1~CKa~ 6pl-1raAa.
3a roAbl BeJlI-1KO~ OTe4ecTBeHHo~ BO~Hbl apTI-1JlJlepl-1~CKa~ 6pl-1­
raAa npl-1HI-1Mana Y4aCTI-1e B 60~x 3a POCTOB, AOH6acc, XapbKoB, CTa­
JlI-1HrpaA, HOB04epKaccK, Ml-1yCcPPOHT, AHenp, oyr 1-1 OAep, OCB060>K­
Aana HI-1KOJlaeB 1-1 OAeccy, npl-1HI-1Mana Y4aCTI-1e B f!ccO-KI-1WI-1HeBCKOM
1-1 OepJlI-1HCKOM Cpa>KeHI-1~X.
1 MapTa 1943 roAa 3a My>KeCTBO 1-1 rep0l-13M, npO~BJleHHbl~ B 60­
~x 3a roPOA CTaJlI-1HrpaA, apTI-1JlJlepl-1~CKO~ 6pl-1raAe npl-1CBOeHO 3Ba­
Hl-1e «r BapAe~CKa~».
10 anpeJl~ 1944 roAa 3a My>KeCTBO, xpa6pocTb 1-1 oTBary, npO~B­
JleHHbie npl-1 oCB060>KAeHI-1I-1 ropoAa OAecca, apTI-1JlJlepl-1~CKO~ 6pl-1­
raAe npl-1CBOeHO n04eTHoe Hal-1MeHOBaHl-1e «OAecCKa~».
19 cPeBpaJl~ 1945 roAa 3a 06pa340Boe BblnOJlHeHl-1e 3aAaHI-1~ KO­
MaHAOBaHI-1~ B 60~x no OBJlaAeHl-11O ropoAaMI-1 Coxa4eB, CKepHeBI-1­
4bl, JloBl-1r 1-1 npO~BJleHHble npl-1 3TOM A06JleCTb 1-1 My>KeCTBO apTI-1Jl­
Jlepl-1~CKa~ 6pl-1raAa Harpa>KAaeTC~ OPAeHOM KpacHoro 3HaMeHI-1.
28 Ma~ 1945 roAa 3a npO~BJleHHOe My>KeCTBO, oTBary 1-1 repo­
1-13M npl-1 B3~TI-1I-1 OepJlI-1Ha apTI-1JlJlepl-1~CKa~ 6pl-1raAa Harpa>KAaeTC~
opAeHOM oorAaHa XMeJlbHI-14Koro II CTeneHI-1.
3a AOJlrl-1~ nepl-10A BeJlI-1KO~ OTe4ecTBeHHo~ BO~Hbl 60Jlee
5000 COJlAaT 1-1 ocPI-14ePOB apTI-1JlJlepl-1~CKO~ 6pl-1raAbi 6blJll-1 Harpa>K­
AeHbl 60eBblMI-1 0PAeHaMI-1 1-1 MeAan~MI-1. 3a 601-1 npl-1 B3~TI-1I-1 oepJlI-1­
Ha KOMaHAl-1py 0PYAI-1~ rBapAl-11-1 Cep>KaHTy HI-1KOJlalO TI-1XOHOBI-14Y
BaCI-1Jlb4eHKO npl-1CBOeHO 3BaHI-1e r epo~ COBeTCKoro COI03a.
B nOCJleBOeHHoe BpeM~ 385-~ rBapAe~cKa~ apTI-1JlJlepl-1~CKa~
6pl-1raAa BbInOJlH~Jla 3aAa41-1 B COCTaBe rpynnbl COBeTCKI-1X BO~CK
B repMaHI-1I-1. B Mae 1994 roAa 6blJla nepeAI-1CJl041-1pOBaHa B nOCeJlOK
T04Koe OpeH6yprcKo~ 06JlaCTI-1. B AeKa6pe 1999 roAa 6pl-1raAa ne­
peAI-1CJl041-1pOBaHa B roPOA nepMb.
C OKT~6p~ 2001 roAa 6pl-1raAa pacnOJlO>KeHa B 3ATO 3Be3A­
Hbl~. r OAOBO~ npa3AHI-1K 4aCTI-1 - 23 I-1IOH~.

beAHeBHaJI }'Ie6a ­
OCMoaa n~HHoA
t5oeao1i rGTO_HocTM
r8VAdqea-aplW'UleptlC1'OB

72 HAAE>KHbIH L1.UilT Ol'U13Hbl


3BE3,QHblH rOPO,QOK
(neCHJl)

YIlH4a 6a6H'4eBa B 3BihAHOM 3a MHoro BepcT OT Hac


MOCKBa-CTonM~,
B 3Be3AHOM MHOrO 3elleHbiX H KpaCHBblX YIlHI..\. OAHa H3 CaMblX OHa OT Hac B AaneKOM AaneKe,
MOIlOAblX YIlHI..\ rOpOAKa nepBOHa4allbHO Ha3blBallaCb YIlHl..\el1 MHpa. Ho Mbi roPAbI,
Cel14aC :na YIlHl..\a Ha3BaHa B 4eCTb OAHOrO H3 BOeHHOCIlY>KaUJ,HX,
'ITO AOBenOCb POAMTbCR
3AeCb, B HaweM 3BeaAHOM ropoAKe.
npOXOAHBWHX CIlY>K6y B BOI1CKOBOI1 4aCTH NQ 68532, pacnOllaraB­
wel1c~ B 3Be3AHoM. A CIlY4HIlOCb BOT 4TO.
npHneB: }
Cep>KaHT BHKTOp 5a6H4eB 3a OTIlH4HYlO CIlY>K6y nOllY4HIl OT­ 3Be3,qHblM,3MaAHblM,

nycK. B nOe3Ae, B OAHOM Kyne C HHM, exalla >KeHUJ,HHa C pe6eHKOM. 3BeaAHblM ropoAoK! (2 paaa)

Ha MalleHbKOM nOllycTaHKe >KeHUJ,HHa CXOAHlla C nOe3Aa. BHKTOp 3TO HaweM POAMHbI

nOMOrall el1 CH~Tb BeUJ,H. no coceAHeMy nYTH M4a1lC~ rpY30B0l1 CO­ MMnblM yronOK.

CTaB, H Ha 3TOT nYTb BblCK04HIl MallblW. BHKTOp 6POCHIlC~ K pe6eH­


3eneHblM nORCOM OH onORcaH,

KY, BblTOIlKHYIl ero Ha 6e30naCHoe MeCTO, HO caM cnaCTHCb He


npOCTOp KpyroM, KYAa HM nOBepHYTb,

ycnell: eMy He XBaTHIlO AOIlH ceKyHAbl. ,ll,o AOMa, rAe ero >KAaIlH po­ 3AeCb 3BNAbi 6nM)I(e

AHTeIlH, OCTaBallOCb HeCKOllbKO KHlloMeTpoB. M MepLl8IOT RPlle,


CnyCT~ HeKoTopoe BpeM~ YIlHl..\a MHpa 6bllla nepeHMeHoBaHa OTCIO,qa Ha'lMHaeTCR
B 4eCTb Cep>KaHTa BHKTopa 5a6H4eBa. Haw aM3,qHblM nYTb.
3Be3AHbll1 H no cel1 AeHb ~BIl~eTC~ BoeHHblM ropoAKoM. Cel14aC
B HeM AHCIlOI..\HpyeTc~ 385-~ rBapAel1CKa~ OAeCCKa~ KpaCH03HaMeH­ npHneB.
Ha~ OPAeHa 50rAaHa XMellbHHI..\KOrO II CTeneHH 6pHraAa (OHa Haxo­
Ho ecnM BAPyr
AHTC~ B 3Be3AHOM C OKT~6p~ 200 1 roAa).
cYAb6a pacnOPRAMTC.,
>KHTeIlH 3Be3AHoro rOPA~TC~ CBOHM ropOAKOM. Co6CTBeHHo, Bce H pacCTUa1'llC. H8M HaCTaH.T CpoK,
OHH - Y4HTell~, Bpa4H, COI..\HaIlbHble pa6oTHHKH, TpY>KeHHKH APyrHx $I 3M.... lITO Be.rAa
y4pe>K,lJ,eHHI1 H npeAnpH~THI1 - CBOHM TPYAOM nOAAep>KHBaIlH PaKeT­ MHe 6YAeT CHMTbCR
Hble BOI1CKa. JlHKBHAaI..\H~ paKeTHOI1 4aCTH nOBlleKlla 3a co6ol1 cepb­ n..6MMbI. Apya••,
e3HYlO np06lleMy, CB~3aHHYIO He TOllbKO C MOPallbHblMH nepe>KHBa­ MOM 3BeaAHblii ropoAoK.
HH~MH paKeT4HKOB H HX CeMel1. Bce, KTO nOKHAalOT 3Be3AHbll1, Aella­
nplln••.
lOT 3TO C CO>KalleHl-1eM. Ho KYAa 6bl HI-1 3a6po011la I-1X CYAb6a, OHH
C TenllOTOI1 BCnOMI-1HalOT roAbl, np0>KHTble TaM. HeAapOM AeTH nHwyT E.MEnbHHKOBA
B CBOI-1X C04I-1HeHH~X: «3Be3AHbll1! Mbl Te6~ 1l106HM!»

PBCH HA nEPMCKOM 3EMl1E 73


nEPM~l(MM
BOEHHblM
MHCTMTYT
" '

PAKETHblX
BOMCK
MM. MAPWAnA
COBETCKOrO
COlO3A
B.M....YMKOBA
76 HAAE>KHbIH U4V1T OT'tVl3Hbl
fI npuwefl6 YlfUfluw,e MOflOablM KypcoHmoM 6 1961-M, 030KOH­
4Ufl ezo 6 1966 zoBy. B 1975 zoBy R 6epHyflcR clOBo yJfCe 6 KOlfe­
cm6e npenoBo6omeflR, KOHBuBomo meXHUlfeCKUX HOyK, U npopo­
6omofl Bo 2003 zoao. nocfleBHue B6eHOaU,omb flem 6blfl 30Mec­
mumefleM HOlfOflbHUKO no ylfe6HoiJ U HOylfHOiJ po6ome. 3moMy
npeBwecm606oflO BOflJfCHOCmb npenoBo6omeflR, cmopweeo HOylf­
HOZO compyBHuKO, 30MecmumeflR HOllOflbHUKO KoepeBpbl, 0 30meM
U HOlfOflbHUKO KoepeBpbl. KOJfCBoR BOflJfCHOCmb cmo6uflo nepeBo
MHOiJ c60u 30Bol.fu. KozBo 6blfl HOllOflbHUKOM KoepeBpbl, MoeiJ elloB­
HOiJ 30BolleiJ 6blflO 60cnumbl6omb HOYlfHble KoBpbl. B mo 6peMR
KoepeapoiJ, H04UHOR C 3CKU3HOZO npoeKmo, 6eflocb ompo60mKO
60e60eo JlCefle3HOaOpOJfCHOeO pOKemHozo KOMnfleKCO. /l,uccepmo­
U.UOHHOZO c06emo y HOC 3BeCb He 6blflO, n03moMY BflR m020, lfmo­
6bl oepUu,epbl-COUCKomeflU 3ow,umufluCb, npUXOaUflOCb 603umb ux
6 XOpbK06. KoepeBpo nocmeneHHO POCflO, U HyJfCHO 6blflO ee 06ycm­ nOI1KOBHHK B. A. TpeeJlH110B,
pou6omb, nomoMy 4mo Mbl nepe6poflucb 6 c06epweHHo H060e 3aMeCTHTel1b Ha'lal1bHHKa nepMcKoro
y4e6Hoe nOMew,eHue - mpemuiJ Ijlfe6HbliJ Kopnyc HO yfl. OpaJfCO­ BoeHHoro HHcTHTyTa PaKeTHbix 80MCK
HUKUa3e, 14. Becb nep6bliJ 3mOJfC mOM 30HUMOll0 HOWO KoepeBpo. HMeHM Mapwana CoseTcKoro COlO3a
B. H. YyMKoBa
HljJfCHO 6blflO Caeflomb mOK, lIm06bf myao 6blflO He cmblaHO npu­
no y'le6HoM H Hay'lHoM pa60Te
60aumb /lIoaeiJ. ,4flR mozo, lIm06bl 60cnumbl60mb o6w,ylO U mex­
HUlIecKYIO Kyllbmypy y HOWUX KypcoHmo6 U a060mb xopowue 3HO­ B~KTOP AneKcaHAPoB~4 Tpeep~noB
HUR, Heo6xoaUMO 6blflO cepbe3HoR Ijlle6HO-MomepuoflbHOR 6030. pOA~nC51 27 5lHBap51 1944 rOAa. B 1966 roAY
B HOl.fOlle 80-x 20B06 Mbl yculleHHo HOCblW,OIlU ee y4e6HoiJ mex­ OKOH4~n r1epMcKoe BKVlY. CnY>t<~n B BO~­
CKOBO~ 4aCT~ NQ 54055 B AOn>KHOCT51X Ha­
HUKOiJ, peoflbHoiJ onnopomypoiJ, 6ce603MOJfCHblMU mpeHOJfCepOMU
4anbH~Ka paC4eTa ~ ~H>KeHepa cnY>K6bl BO­
U npolluM. Kozao R cmOfl 30MecmumefleM no Ijlle6HoiJ U HOylfHOiJ
opY>KeH~51.
p060me, HyJfCHO 6blll0 npOBOflJfCOmb HOl.fOmOe, I.fm06bl 6ce Yl.fullu­ B 1971 roAY nocTyn~n B aAblOHKTYPY
Ule 30HUMOflOCb HOyKOiJ. KpoMe mozo, HOaO 6blll0 OpZOHU306bl­ XapbKoBcKoro BKVlY ~ 3aw,~T~n KaHA~AaT­
60mb Buccepmou,UOHHble coBembl, limo R U BeflOfl; a06u60mbCR, CKYIO A~CCepTal..\~lO.

4m06bl 6blcwee 06p03060Hue 6blll0 HocmORw,uM UHJfCeHepHblM 06­ C 1975 rOAa npoxoA~n cny>K6y B nepM­
CKOM BBKVlY PB B AOn>KHOCT51X npenOAaBa­
p0306oHueM. A 3mo 3HOllum - lfmo6bl He mOflbKO KoepeBpbl MO­
Ten51, CTapwero HaY4Horo COTpYAH~Ka, 3aMe­
meMomuKu, epU3UKU, MeXOHuKU, 3fleKmpomeXHUKu, HO U cneu,u­ CT~Ten51 Ha4anbH~Ka KaepeApbl, Ha4anbH~Ka
OflbHble KoepeBpbl mOJfCe po60mOflU HO 6blc040iJweiJ HOylfHOiJ KaepeApbl, 3aMeCT~Ten51 Ha4anbH~Ka Y4~n~w,a
oCH06e. no Y4e6Ho~ ~ HaY4Ho~ pa60Te.
30 ZOabl, npo6eBeHHble 6 yl.fUfluw,e, ao6ellocb nop060momb npu ,lJ,OKTOp TeXH~4eCK~X HaYK, npoepeccop,
Ae~cTB~TenbHbl~ 4neH PAEH, AKaAeM~~ KOC­
P03HblX HOllOflbHUKOX. Kozao R COM ew,e IjI.fUflCR, mo HOlfOflbHUKOM yl.fu­
MOHaBT~K~ ~MeH~ K. 3. L..I,~onKoBcKoro, AKa­
flUW,O 6blfl CH040flO nOflK06HuK, 0 30meM ZeHepOfl-MoiJop CeMeH Mu­ AeM~~ ~HepopMaT~3al..\~~ 06pa30BaH~51, AKa­
xoufl06u4 50pMOC, K COJfCOfleHUIO, HblHe YJfCe nOKOUHbIU. OH pyKo60­ AeM~~ HaB~ral..\~~ ~ ynpaBneH~51 AB~>KeH~eM.

aUfl YlfUfluw,eM C 1960 no 196720B. Kozao 6 1975 zoay R 6epHyflcR Harpa>KAeH OPAeHOM «3a cnY>K6y Po­
clOao HO aOflJfCHOCmb npenoao6ameflR, HOllOllbHUKOM YllUIlUW,O 6blll A~He B BooPY>KeHHbIX C~nax CCCP,) III CTe­
neH~, OPAeHOM r104eTa ~ AeC51TblO MeAan51­
CHOlfOflO zeHepoll-MoUOp, 0 nomOM zeHepOIl-lleUmeHOHm nemp nem­
M~. 3a 60eBoe Ae>KypCTBO Harpa>KAeH 3Ha­
p06Ulf KpyZfl06 (pYKo60Bufl C 1913 no 1983 zoa), Komopoeo CMeHUfl
KaM~ M. VI. HeAen~Ha ~ «3a cny>K6y POA~He
zeHepOfl-MOUOp I1f3aH I16aH06ul.f OlleUHUK. B 1985 zoay OlleuHuKo HO­ B PBCH,), 3a HaY4Hbie AOCT~>KeH~51 - Me­
3HOl.fUIlU HOlfOflbHUKOM nOflUZOHO 6 nfleceu,Ke, 0 HOI.fOflbHUKOM yl.fu­ Aan51M~ C. r1. KoponeBa ~ 10. A. rarap~Ha.
/lUW,O cmOfl ZeHepOfl-MOUOp AfleKcoHap I16aH06ulI l11ep6omblx, KO­ nOAroToB~n 5 AOKTOpOB ~ 30 KaHA~Aa­

mopblu Bo ceeo 6peMeHu JfCu6em 6 zopoBe nepMu. KozBo l11ep60­ TOB HaYK. ABTOp 60nee TpeXCOT HaY4HbiX
TPYAOB ~ ~306peTeH~~.
mblX 6blfl y60fleH no aOCmUJfCeHUIO 55 flem, mo HO aOflJfCHOCmb
HOI.fOflbHUKO 6blfl H03HOl.feH 6bmycKHuK Howezo Yl.fUIlUW,O BOCUflUU Bo­
CUllbe6u4 ropblHu,e6 (pyK060aufl C 1993 no 2000 zoa). OH npuwefl
c 6b,COKOU aOflJICHOCmU 30MecmumeflR KOMoHBylOw,ezo opMueu U ao
COMOiJ c60eu CMepmu (30 P060l.fUM cmOflOM) pYKo60Bull Y4Ulluw,eM.
PBCH HA nEPMCKOiil 3EMnE 77
30meM npuweJl BJlo8uMUp HUKOJloeBu4 MOpmb1H08. OH ocmoBaJlCR «fj PfjJlR» 80 COMoeo OKOH40­
HUR cfjw,ecm80BaHuR 3moeo UHcmumfjmo, 80 eeo pocepopMupo80HUR.
HYJICHO CK030mb, 4mo COMblM 8b1801OW,UMCR pyK0808umeJleM, opeOHU30mopOM U c038o­
meJleM 80eHHOU WKOJlbl 8 nepMu 6blJl c. M. EOpMOC. B 80JlbHeUWeM OH 6blJl H03H04eH HO­
40JlbHUKOM KOMoH8Hoeo epoKfjJlbmemO AKo8eMuu UMeHU JI3epJICUHCKOeo - 3mo 6blJl, KOK
moe8o e080puJlu, pOKemHblu OHOJlOe AK08eMuu reHepOJlbHOeO wmo60. JIo COMblX nOCJle8HUX
c80ux 8Heu C. M. EOpMOC npopo60mo/l mOM. Cee08HR 3mo oK08eMUR Hocum UMR nempo Be­
JlUKoeo. CeMeH MUXOUJl08U4 8cee8o nO/lb3080JlCR oepOMHblM y80JICeHueM 8cex, Kmo eeo 3HOJI.
3mom 30Me40meJlbHblU 4eJl08eK fjMeJl 8ce: no806pomb JlI08eu - HO HfjJICHOe Mecmo HfjJICHO­
eo 4eJl08eKO, cepOpMfjJlup080mb U nocm08umb npo8uJlbHylO 30804Y, np08epumb, KOK OHO 8bl­
nOJlHRemCR. Bce 3mo 8eJlOJlOCb 6e3 H030UJlu80eo KOHmpOJlR, HO O'leHb 4emKO. npu HeM 6blJlO
nocmpoeHO 80CmOmO'lHO 60JlbWOe I/UCJlO 80M08 8J1R HOWUX npen0808omeJleu - KOK 8oeH­
HblX, mOK U epOJIC80HCKUX. npu HeM JlCe 6blJlO nocmpoeHo U nep80e 06w,eJICumue HO yeJlfj
fjJl. KOMMfjHuCmu4ecKoiJ U r03embl «38e380». Koe80 R fjl/UJlCR, 06w,eJICumuu He 6blJlO, U Mbl
JlCUJlU HO 'IOCmHbIX K80pmupox no 8ceMy eop08fj. C. M. EOpMOC JlCe CMoe 806umbcR, 4m06bl
nocmpouJlu 06w,eJICumue. OH cfjMeJl opeoHu3080mb nepex08 om cpe8Heeo fjl/UJluw,o K 8b1C­
weMy 6e3 8cRKoeo H08pb180, H08J10MO. EJloe080pR eMy npou,ecc cmoHo8J1eHUR 3moeo 8y30
weJl co8epweHHo cnoKoiJHo. C. M. EOpMOC 30cJlfjJICu80em COMOiJ 8blCOKOU ou,eHKU - U no 8e­
JloM U no eeo 4eJlo8el/eCKUM KOl/ecm80M. nepMcKoe fjl/uJluw,e OH HUKoe80 He 306b180Jl.
Ol/eHb 3Hepeu4HbiM pfjK0808umeJleM 6blJl J180H J180H08ul/ OJleUHUK. MOJICHO C y8epeHHO­
cmblO cK030mb, 'Imo eCJlu 6bl eeo He H03HO'lUJlU HO'lOJlbHUKOM nOJlUeOHO, mo y'luJluw,e p038u­
80JlOCb 6bl cmpeMUmeJlbHO U 6blcmpo. 308fjMOK 6blJlO Ol/eHb MHoeo, npUl/eM 308fjMOK fjJICe
coeJlOC080HHbIX. Ho nOCKOJlbKfj OH yweJl, HeKOMfj cmoJlo nocm08umb 8 nRmUJlemHuiJ nJloH
npoeKmbl cmpoumeJlbcm80, p038umuR. 308fjMKU 6blJlU C8R30Hbl C p038umueM fjl/e6HO-Mome­
pUOJlbHOiJ 603bl. Be8b 8J1R moeo, I/m06bl u3Yl/omb EJKPK, HfjJICHO 6blJlO cneu,uepU'IeCKOR Yl/e6­
HOR npoepoMMo, OmJlUI/HOR om 8cex np04ux. /1/ OHO 6blJlO npU8fjMOHO. Toe80 803HUKJlO u8eR
06Yl/omb « TOnOJlRM» - mOJlbKO 4mo npuHRmblM Ho 800pyJICeHue pOKemHblM KOMnJleKCOM, U
8J1R 3moeo mOJICe HfjJICHO 6blJlO cepbe3HoR Y4e6Ho-MomepuoJlbHOR 6030.
C 1989 e080 fj HOC H040JlUCb cyw,ecm8eHHble C/lOJICHocmu. APMUR OK030JlOCb npOKmUl/eC­
KU 6e3 n088epJICKU, a pOKemHble 80iJCKO meM 6oJlee. Mbl mpy8Ho 8blJICu8oJlu 8nJlOmb 80 8mo­
pou nOJl08UHbl 1990-x e080B. Ho, HeCMompR Ho mpy8Hocmu, 8ce p08HO p038u80JlUCb B Mepfj '.
c80ux epUHOHc08blX B03MOJICHOcmeiJ. B 1992 eOafj, HonpUMep, OmKpblJlU auccepmOu,uoHHblU
c08em, KOH8u80mcKuu, nomOM no meXHU'IeCKUM HOyKOM, nomOM 8oKmopcKuu, nomOM ne80­
eoeu4ecKuu c08em, KOHaUaomcKuu U aOKmopcKuu. P038umue WJlO, 8 mOM 4UCJle U 8 cepepe
ne80eoeuKu.
Limo KocoemCR npen080Bome/lbCKOeO cocmoBo, mo 38ecb 6blJlO 04eHb MHoeo uHmepec­
HblX U RpKUX JllOaeu. Koe80 R fjl/UJlCR, ew,e MHoeue U3 mex, Kmo npen08080Jl fj HOC, npowJlu
80uHy. 3mo 6blJlU co8epweHHo oco6eHHble JlI08u no cp08HeHuIO C nOCJle8fjlOw,uMU nOKOJleHU­
RMU. OHU o6J1080Jlu 8blco40iJweu mpe6080meJlbHOCmblO, 8npO'leM, HUKoeaO He nepex08Rw,eiJ
epoHb JlCeCmOKocmu. BclO 80iJHy npoweJl, HonpUMep, HOW HOI/OJlbHUK epOKyJlbmemo H. II. Hou­
80. Hoep08 y Heeo 6blJlO CmOJlbKO, 'Imo, He 6fj8b OH mOKUM epU3U'IeCKU KpenKUM, npocmo He
yaepJIComb 6bl eMfj mOKfjlO mRJlCeCmb. Y MeHR 6blJl 8eJlUKOflenHbliJ Ho'lOJlbHUK KYpCO - AfleK­
COHap AfleKcee8u4 OCOKUH. npeKpOCHble p060moJlu 8 fj4UJluw,e ne80eoeu uHocmpoHHoeo R3bl­
KO. HonpuMep, HUHO CmenoH08Ho HOMecmHuK080, KomopoR nocJle OKOHI/OHUR nepMcKoeo
uHcmumfjmo mpu e080 npop060moJlo 8 KOMeH80mfjpe 8 repMoHuu, n03moMY ee HeMeu,KuiJ
R3blK 6blJl He WKOJlbHblM, 0 04eHb JlCu8b1M. Boo6w,e, ne80eoeu 6blJlU n0806pOHbl 30Me40meJlb­
HO, 8 4eM onRmb JlCe 30cflyeo C. M. EOpMOCO. BcnoMuHoemcR EepUM rpueopbe8uI/ JKoHJlCepo8,
Komopblu 6fleCmRw,e 4umOJl JleKu,uu no cucmeMOM fjnp08J1eHuR. OH fjMefl aOHecmu ao KfjP­
cOHm08 cfloJICHeuwylO HoyKy 0 mOM, KOK cucmeMO fjnp08J1eHUR aOJlJICHO p060momb npu no­
78 HAAE>KHbIH ~~T O~~3Hbl
neme HO oKmuBHOM y~ocmKe mpOeKmOpUU. OH npOCnYJICU/T B y~unuw,e C 1959 no 200320a,
npu~eM Bce BpeMR B OaHOU aOnJICHOCmU - cmopwe20 npenoaOBomenR. Cmo/l KOHaUaomoM
meXHu~eCKUX HOyK, 30meM aOKmopoM U npoepeccopoM. EMy 6bl/lO npuc(3oeHo 3BoHue «30­
cnYJICeHHblu p060mHuK HOyKU U meXHUKU». /l,ocmouHblx /IIoaeu U npeKpOCHblX npenoao­
Bomeneu 6blno o~eHb MH020 - 3mo U 3. r. He/ll06uH, cmoBwuu aOKmopoM HoyK B 36 nem,
U A. A. 5enblx, ceu~oc RB/lfuow,UUCR peKmopOM nepMcKou Ce/lbCKOX03RucmBeHHou OKOae­
MUU, U E. r. n/lOmHuKo(3o, aOKmop nea020eu~ecKux HOyK, nOCl1eaHRR 30BeaYIOW,OR Koepea­
pou Bblcweu MomeMomUKU, U MHoeue apyeue.
npOepunb YI.fUI1UW,O 30 3mU eOabl OCmOBOI1CR HeU3MeHHblM, HO nORBI1RI1UCb HoBbie cne­
u,uonbHocmu. nep(3oHO~Ol1bHO Yl.ful1uw,e UMe/lO aBo epoKyl1bmemo: MeXOHUKU U 3/1eKmpUKU.
nomOM nORBu/lUCb ACYWHUKU, nomOM - cneu,UO/lUCmbl B 06nocmu 3Hepeemu~eCKUXycmo­
HOBOK, 30meM - cneu,uonbHocmb, CBR30HHOR C meXHu~eCKUMU cucmeMOMU, C JlCU3He06ec­
ne~eHueM /IIoaeu HO KOMOHaHblX nyHKmox. Y~u/luw,e (3ce BpeMR p03Bu(3onOCb. Ho MOMeHm
pOCepOpMUp0(30HUR y HOC 6bl110 nRmb cneu,UO/lbHOcmeU.
YpoBeHb noa20moBKU (3 Yl.fu/luw,e 6bln f3b,COKUM. Y HOC 6bll1U OaHU U3 /lY~WUX (3bmYCKHUKOB.
14 3mo He nomOMY, ~mo R COM y~U/lCR U p06omol1 mOM - 3mo om3blf3b, U3 BoUCK. nOC/le POcepop­
MUpO(3aHUR KypcoHmbl yexo/lu aoy~u(3ambcR(3 Pocmo(3 U Cepnyxo(3, HO Kmo-mo nOC/le I.femblpex
KypCO(3 no P03HblM npU~UHOM npuwe/l (3 nfTy. nOK030me/lbHO mo, ~mo ux c yaoBo/lbcmBueM 6po/lu
U HO 03POKocMu~ecKUU, U HO 20pHO-HeepmRHOU, U HO 3/1eKmpOmeXHu~ecKUU epOKY/lbmembl. Mbl
HepeaKO Bbluepbl(3a/lu eopOaCKue O/lUMnUOabl no MomeMomUKe, epU3UKe U yJIC cof3epweHHo mol.f­
HO - no conpoMomy. 3mo mOJICe 2oBopum 0 epYHaOMeHmO/lbHOU noa20mo(3Ke. KOHel.fHO, cepb­
e3Hoe BHUMOHue yaenR/loCb U epU3u~eCKOU noaeomoBKe, (3eab 30 «aBoUKy» no 3mou aucu,un/lu­
He Om~UCI1RnU U3 YI.fU/lUW,O.
Howu (3bmYCKHUKU C/lYJICU/lU om KOM~omKU ao KO/lUHU2pOaO U om MypMOHCKO ao 50UKO­
HYpO. CnYJICu/lu pe6Rmo U B nepMCKOM Kpoe - B 3(3e3aHOM.
B KOHu,e Mopmo 2003 eoao 6bl110 npUHRmo peweHue 0 pocepopMupoBoHUU y~U/lUW,O.
KpoMe AKOaeMuu UMeHU JbepJICUHCKOeo, Mbl 6bl/lU eauHcmBeHHblM By30M, uMelOw,UM neao­
202u~eCKUU coBem, B KomopoM 6bl/lO ~emblpe cneu,UO/lbHOCmU, aOKmopcKuu coBem no mex­
HUKe. no KO/lu~ecmBy aOKmopoB HOyK U no cocmoBy coBemo 6bl/lU ~emBepmblM BoeHHblM
By30M (3 cmpOHe. C pocepopMupoBoHueM y~u/luW,O 6bl/lO nomepRHo HOCmORUI,OR WKO/lO,
U 3my 6pewb He 30Kpblmb.
v/3 I-tHTepBblO
c B. A. TPEcDVlJlOBblM
I.ItCTOPI.It4ECKASI cnPABKA
MHCTHTYT B p83HOe BpeMR

3aKOH'IMnM Mn" CIIY*MnM

B HeM:
Ha'lanbHMKM Y'lMnMU4a:
6pl-1raAHbl!:1 KOMI-1CCap A. 10. KECKIOJlA (1931-1937),
6pl-1raAHbl!:1 KOMI-1CCap B. B. 5WYWEBCKVlVl (1937-1938),
TPMJlCAbi nOIlKOBHI-1K A. B. LJ,blPYJlEB (1938-1941),
fepoA COBeTCKoro COlGaa
reHepall-Ma!:1op 11.11. KBA,lJ,3J1941-1942),
A. H. nOKPbIWKHH; reHepall-Ma!:1op A. B. LJ,blPYJlEB (1942-1953),
ABaJIC"'" TepoM reHepall-Ma!:1op M. H. MVlWYK (1953-1955),
COBeTcKoro OIOM I-1H>KeHep-nOIlKOBHI-1K VI. 11. K03blPKVlH (1955-1960),
M. n. OAHHUOB, reHepall-Ma!:1op C. M. 5APMAC (1960-1967),
r. A. PE4KAJ10B; reHepan-Ma!:1op VI. ,lJ,. CTALJ,EHKO (1967-1971),
reHepall-Ma!:1op 5. A. 50H,lJ,APEHKO (1971-1'973),
r.pOM COBeTcKoro COIG3a reHepall-lle!:1TeHaHT 11.11. KPyrJlOB (1973-1983),
K. n. AHAPEEB, reHepall-Ma!:1op VI. VI. OJlEVlHVlK (1983-1985),
n. A. ranEB, reHepall-Ma!:1op A. VI. UJ,EP5ATbIX (1985-1993),
E. M. £>KOB, reHepaJl-MaHOp B. B. rOPblHLJ,EB (1993-2000),
P. M. >KYKOB, reHepall-MaHOp B. H. MAPTblHOB (2000-2003).
3. r. HCXAKOB,
B. B. KJlQYKOB, Q>aKynbTeT cTapToBblX M TeXHM'IeCKMX KOMnneKCOB paKeT
H. M. KonOAHA, VlCTOPI-1~ nepBoro cj:>aKyJlbTeTa 6epeT CBoe Ha4a1l0 CaBrycra 1962 ra­
A. B. KPOHHT, Aa. 1 ceHT~6p~ B COOTBeTCTBl-11-1 C nOCTaHOBlleHl-1eM COBeTa MI-1HI-1­
A. B. KYAPMH, CTpOB OT 30 AeKa6p~ 1961 rOAa 1-1 npl-1KaaOM MI-1HI-1CTepCTBa o60poHbl
C. CI>. KYQ>OHI.ItH, CCCP OT 10 MapTa 1962 roAa N2 0027 Ha4a1l0Cb 06Y4eHI-1e KypcaHToB
B. n. nAnTEB, no Cnel...\l-1allbHOCTI-1 «BoeHHbl!:1 I-1H>KeHep-MeXaHI-1K». Ha4allbHI-1KOM
6. M. n030PEHKO, cj:>aKyllbTeTa 6blJl Ha3Ha4eH nOIlKOBHI-1K H. ,lJ,. HaHAa. B I-1lOlle 1965 ra­
B. A. MAPKEllOB, Aa COCTO~JlC~ nepBbl!:1 BblnyCK I-1H>KeHepOB-MeXaHI-1KOB AIl~ PBCH.
n. M. HEnp$lXHH, Q>aKynbTeT CMCTeM ynpaBJIeHMR cTpaTerM'IeCKMX paKeT M npo­
6. r. nHPO>KKOB, Bepo'lHo-nycKoBoro 06opYAoBaHMR
n. B. PACCOXHH, COrJlaCHO npl-1Ka3Y MI-1HI-1CTepCTBa 060POHbi N2 0027 B 1962 ra­
B. H. CAQ>OHOB, AY Ha 6a3e 3JleKTpOTeXHI-14eCKI-1X I...\I-1KJlOB llepMcKoro BATY 06pa30­
A. n. CTAPUEB; BaH cj:>aKyJlbTeT N!! 2 AJl~ nOAroToBKI-1 KOMaHAl-1pOB-I-1H>KeHepOB C KBa­
1l1-1cj:>I-1Kal...\l-1e!:1 «I-1H>KeHep-3JleKTpI-1K». An~ KOMaHAOBaHI-1~ cj:>aKyJlbTeTa
repoii I-1CnOllb30BaJll-1Cb Hal-160Jlee onblTHble 1-1 nOArOTOBlleHHble ocj:>l-1l...\epbl
CoqMuMCTM'I.cKoro Tpy". 1-13 BOHCK 1-1 llepMcKoro BATY. PyKOBOAcTBO cj:>OpMl-1pOBaHl-1eM cj:>a­
n.
T. KA3AHKMH; KyJlbTeTa B03rnaBI-11l nepBblH Ha4a1lbHI-1K cj:>aKyJlbTeTa I-1H>KeHep-nOIl­
KOBHI-1K 10. B. rpl-1rop. 06Y4eHI-1e no nporpaMMaM Bblcwe!:1 nOAroToB­
r.pOM POCCMM KI-1 Ha4allOCb C 1 ceHT~6p~ 1962 rOAa. llepBblH BblnyCK COCTO~IlC~
A. H. HrOWHH; B 1965 roAY.
Cl>aKynbTeT aBToMaTM3MposaHHbix CMCTeM ynpaBneHMR
aRK_ B I-1IOJle 1971 rOAa npOBeAeH nepBblH Ha60p KypcaHToB cj:>aKyJlb­
reHepanbHblH ceKpeT8pb TeTa N2 3 Ha 6aae Xa6apoBcKoro KOMaHAHO-TeXHI-14ecKoro Y41-11l1-1~,
Opr8HM3a\.4HH AOroBOp8 a B I-1lOlle 1973 rOAa COCTO~JlC~ nepBbl!:1 BbmycK ocj:>l-1l...\epoB. ¢>aKyJlb­
o KOMeKTHBHoH 6e30naCHOCTH TeT Ha4a1l nOAroToBKy I-1H>KeHepOB no PaAI-1031leKTpOHI-1Ke no npocj:>l-1­
H. H. 60PAIO>KA; JlIO Bblcwe!:1 nOAroToBKI-1. llepBblM Ha4a1lbHI-1KOM cj:>aKyJlbTeTa 6blJl Ha­
pyKOBOAHTenb 3Ha4eH nOJlKOBHI-1K B. A. 5apaHoB, a ero npeeMHI-1KOM CTaIl B. r. JlI-1­
cDeAepanbHoro 6epHoH.
KOCMH~ecKoro 8reHTCTBa Q>aKynbTeT RAepHoro Boopy>t<eHMR
A. H. nEPMMHOB; B MapTe 1977 roAa C03AaH cj:>aKyJlbTeT N2 4. llepBblM Ha4aJlbHI-1­
3aMecrHTeAb KOM8HAYIOU4erO KOM cj:>aKyllbTeTa Ha3Ha4eH nOJlKOBHI-1K r. VI. WepcTo6I-1TOB. BbmycK
PBCH no aocmmnenbHOH ocj:>l-1l...\epOB COCTO~IlC~ B 1982 rOAY. BbmycKHI-1KI-1 cj:>aKyJlbTeTa npo­
pa60te reHepan-MaHop XOA~T CJly>t<6y BO Bcex pOAax BO!:1CK. Ha cj:>aKyllbTeTe pa3pa6oraHbi
A. C. CEllIOHHH. YHI-1KaJlbHble MeTOAI-1KI-1 no nOArOTOBKe cnel...\l-1aJlI-1CTOB AJl~ 4acTe!:1
PBCH 1-1 rJlaBHoro ynpaBJleHI-1~ MI-1HI-1CTepCTBa 060POHbi POCCI-1I-1.
80 HAAE>KHbIH U4Wf OT'flil3Hbi
II1CTOPI-1~ nepMCKOrO BOeHHOrO I-1HCTI-1TYTa PaKeTHblX BO~CK Ha­
4aJlaCb B 1930-e roAbl, KOrAa e~e 0 paKeTax AYMall1-1 1-1 Me4Talll-1 CO­
BceM HeMHOrl-1e.
B TO BpeM~ aBl-1a41-10HHa~ npOMblWlleHHOCTb CTpaHbl y>Ke cHa6­
>Kalla BoeHHylO aBI-1a41-11O 60eBblMI-1 MaWI-1HaMI-1 xopowero Ka4eCTBa.
AmI 3KcnllyaTa41-11-1 3TI-1X MaWI-1H Hy>KHbl 6bllll-1 aBI-1a41-10HHbie cne4l-1a­
11I-1CTbl. B CB~31-1 C 3TI-1M no peWeHl-11O U.K BKn(6) 1-1 COBeTa HapoA­
HblX KOMI-1CCapOB B Ha4alle 30-x rOAOB 6blllO OTKpblTO HeCKOllbKO
Y4e6Hbix 3aBeAeHI-1~ no nOArOTOBKe BoeHHblX lleT41-1KOB 1-1 TeXHI-1KOB.
23 aBryCTa 1930 roAa PeBBoeHcoBeT CCCP nOCTaHOBI-111 cepop­
Ml-1pOBaTb 3-10 BoeHHO-TeXHI-14ecKylO WKOllY BBC PKKA B ropOAe
nepMI-1. Ha4allbHI-1KOM 1-1 KOMI-1CCapOM WKOllbl 6blll Ha3Ha4eH AHTOH
IOpbeBI-14 KecKlOlla. ,l],ll~ nOAbICKaHI-1~ nOMe~eHI-1~ 1-1 Bbl60pa 3eMellb­
HblX Y4aCTKOB All~ a3pOAPOMa 1-1 HOBblX nOCTpoeK WKOllbl BBC PKKA
6blll KOMaHAl-1pOBaH B. 111. 111 BaHOB. 21 1-11011~ 1930 roAa Ha 3aCeAaHI-11-1
npe31-1AI-1yMa nepMcKoro ropOACKoro COBeTa All~ CTp0I-1TellbCTBa nep­
Boro a3pOAPOMa 6blll OTBeAeH 3eMellbHbl~ Y4aCTOK B pa~oHe Aepe­
BeHb CTOll~Pbl 1-1 CI-1AOpOBO (pa~oH a3ponopTa 5axapeBKa). ,l],ll~ pa3­
Me~eHI-1~ WKOllbl 6blllO Bbl6paHo He6011bwoe TpeX3Ta>KHOe 3AaHI-1e
A. 10. KecKlOna
6blBwe~ nepMcKo~ AYXOBHO~ ceM I-1Hapl-1 1-1.
OCHoBHble KaAPbl npenoAaBaTelle~ 1-1 I-1HCTpyKTOpOB Cne41-1aJlbHbiX
AI-1C41-1nlll-1H All~ HOBoro Y41-111I-1~a nOAroTOBI-111a 1-1 BblAelll-111a CTape~­
wa~ JleHI-1HrpaACKa~ 1-~ BoeHHa~ WKOlla aBI-1a41-10HHbiX TeXHI-1KOB I-1Me­
E. BOpOWI-1110Ba. B Ha4alle Ma~ 1931 roAa npl-1eXall1-1 nepBble
HI-1 K.
npenOAaBaTelll-1: A. 111. ,l],eHI-1COB, M. n. MaKCI-1MOB, B. H. 5elloB,
n. 111. MOCyHOB, n. B. AHOXI-1H 1-1 APyrl-1e. BCKope B WKOllY npl-16bllla
rpynna I-1HCTpyKTOpOB, HeAaBHO OKOH41-1BWI-1X KypCbl npl-1 1-H BillAT
HMeHI-1 K. E. BOpOWI-1110Ba. 3TO 6bllll-1: 5. B. 50pI-1COB, A. CD. rap­
Maw, A. A. ,l],eeB, H. B. II1BOHI-1HCKI-1H, K. n. Ka6y3aH, n. OCTaHI-1H,
A. 111. OMellb4eHKO, r. A. OpllOB, H. K. neTpOB, T. c. POAI-10HOB,
B. 111. ~poweHKO 1-1 APyrl-1e.
3AaHMe 610lBweM AYXOBHOM

B KOH4e MM CTaJll-1 npl-16blBaTb 6YAY~l-1e KypcaHTbl. Bce OHI-1 eXaJll-1


ceMMHapMM, B KOTOPOM

no KOMCOMOllbCKI-1M nYTeBKaM 1-13 TPYAOBblX KOlllleKTI-1BOB ,l],Henpor3Ca,


B Ha'lane 1930-x rOAOB

YpaJlMaWa 1-1 APyrl-1x HOBOCTpoeK CTpaHbl, 1-13 pa3HbiX pecny611I-1K, Kpa­ pa3MecTMnacb aBMaWKona

eB 1-1 0611aCTeH, OTKIlI-1Ka~Cb Ha 60eBOH npl-13blB BJlKCM: «KOMCOMOlle4,


Ha caMOlleT!». nepBble 3aH~TI-1~ 6bllll-1 npOBeAeHbl 1 1-11011~ 1931 roAa.
B 3TOT AeHb KypcaHTbl 3aHI-1Malll-1Cb B pa3111-14Hb1X MeCTax. OAHI-1 ­
B ,l],oMe 060POHbi 1-1 Klly6e I-1MeHI-1 npOepl-1HTepHa (n03AHee -
HMeHI-1 ,l],3ep>KI-1HCKoro), APyrl-1e - B 3AaHI-1~X MY3e~ 1-1 CeMI-1Hapl-1l-1.
Klly6
-W~

II1MeHHo 1 1-11011~ 1931 rOAa ~Bll~eTC~ oepl-141-1allbHbiM AHeM OT­


KPbITI-1~ aBI-1a41-10HHOH WKOllbl, npa3AHI-1KOM, KOTOpblH 6blll yCTaHoB­ nPMKA3
PEBOJUOU.KOHHoro 80EKHoro COlETA COlO3A CCP.
JleH npl-1Ka30M PBC CCCP NQ 126 OT 1932 rOAa. Bc~ AallbHeHwa~ 2!l .... p. 1t31 r. Nt 12. rop, Moo.:.."

HCTOPI-1~ Y41-111I-1~a BeAeT OTC4eT C 3TOH AaTbl.


B CalQII ( CA>OIlOA1_1IO .l.lpelCfIlK04 IX ('(',.,011 lk«0lW'
MOl'G xnllC:ll'OI"O I(OIl-.)'llll<rlt'Ct(ocQI"O cOlOn 1Il00ll0"'.1l 10_
JIll 0 IIpltldnlll ('0 nopolllII '~U,MIlOIlfIlGtt IIX'C" 1010.00­

B CllO>KHbIX YCllOBI-1~X npOXOAI-1110 CTaHOBlleHl-1e WKOllbl. Hap~­


....Jl apcIIIIftMfl CO\lIIlUIlSIII' wt$nu lUll IlDfIlIl"'''1l 10;,0
"'111__ .. ~"'IUI ~f'IlPC(nllllluoli Kp~r"ol MplOlllil

AY C Y4e60H, KypcaHTbl BMeCTe C YHP-17 3aHI-1Malll-1Cb CTp0I-1Tellb­


........,.«'; ,,',',~'.~~~ ..;,'''' c, ...

C"Il,.nll ( :tS ..... p. 1931 fOAl .o;P.CIl011I'IilCIlIl.,A Bu,.

CTBOM HOBblX 3AaHI-1H, Y4aCTBOBalll-1 B pa60Tax no 611aroyCTpolkTBy


Teppl-1TOpl-1l-1. 111 y41-111I-1Cb, 1-1 CTp0I-1111-1 OHI-1 C 6011bWI-1M >KellaHl-1eM. 11
COIOMMll nHllll<urll IlOWlqllIllUIl'l«IlIl11 COlO) IIOIOU"''' U>l:
$Gil "'" 10000NIIlU."
u~ Kp«1l'Ofl .".....
.o.Lu'w.... IiI .. <.. ~MIIIl pI6o<oC.llpeCn,JIlI·

1II,o»........."C(.p 1l0.o.r..II••"Il" "00('''1'' .1.."'"


" npun.." .. PRe CCCP 8opowlU-.
III

C yTpa, KaK npaBI-1110, WIlI-1 3aH~TI-1~ no paCnl-1CaHI-1IO, BTopa~ no­


JlOBI-1Ha AH~ 1-1 Be4ep OTBOAI-111I-1Cb CTp0I-1TellbCTBY, 1-1 y>Ke 6 Ho~6p~
K ~ U -ItA CAMOI\ET!
1931 rOAa KypcaHTbl nepeCelll-111I-1Cb B HOBbie Kopnyca.
511arOAap~ HeMallblM TpYAaM I-1HCTpyKTOpOB 1-1 npenOAaBaTelleH
C03AaBallaCb 1-1 COBepweHCTBOBallaCb Y4e6HO-MaTepl-1allbHa~6a3a.
B 1931 roAY WKOlla I-1Mella no OAHOMy 3K3eMnll~py caMOlleTOB P-1,
P-6, 111-3.
B AeKa6pe B paHoHe CTaH41-11-1 5axapeBKa Ha4all epYHK41-10HI-1PO­
nMCToBKa
*

193G-x rOAOB
BaTb Y4e6HblH a3poAPoM, rAe KypcaHTbl OCBal-1Ball1-1 caMOlleTbl.

PBCH HA nEPMCKO~ 3EM11E 81


nOCTpoeHHe nHLfHoro COCTaBa aBHaWKOllbl npOBOAHT A. 10. KeCKlOlla

15 aBryCTa 1932 roAa nepeA CTpoeM aB~alJ,~OHHO~ WKOflbl 6blfl


3a4~TaH np~Ka3 PeBBoeHCOBeTa 06 ycnewHoM OKOH4aH~~ 06Y4eHH51
KypcaHTaMH nepBoro Ha60pa. BCKope nepBblH OTP51A KBaflHq)HlJ,~PO­
BaHHblX aBHalJ,HOHHblX CnelJ,HaflHCTOB pa3beXaflC51 no BOHCKOBblM
4acnlM.
B :no >Ke BpeM~ B CTeHax aBHalJ,HOHHO~ WKOflbl Ha YpaflbcKo~
3eMfle Ha4afl CBOH paTHbl~ nYTb cH6HPCKH~ napeHeK AfleKcaHAP
nOKpbIWKHH, npH6bIBWH~ no nyTeBKe KOMCOMOfla B 3TO y4e6Hoe
3aBeAeHHe. OH CTafl nepBblM TpH>KAbl repoeM COBeTcKoro COI03a,
MapwaflOM aBHalJ,~H H npOCflaBfleHHblM BoeHa4aflbH~KOM H no npa­
By CTafl n04eTHbiM KypcaHToM Y4~flHUJ,a.

CorflaCHO npHKa3Y PBC CCCP OT 27 Ho~6p~ 1932 rOAa NQ 0122


WKOfla nOflY4Hfla Ha~MeHOBaH~e «06beAHHeHHa~ BoeHHa~ WKOfla
nHflOTOB ~ aB~alJ,HOHHbIX TeXHHKOB» (BUJnAT), B WTaTe KOTOPO~
4HCflHflOCb 218 nHflOTOB, KpOMe aBHaTeXHHKOB. npOAOfl>KaflOCb pa3­
A. H. nOKpbiWKHH B~THe Y4e6Ho-MaTepHaflbHo~6a3bl H YflY4weHHe YCflOBH~ npo>K~­
BaHH~ KypcaHTOB. 3TO npHBeflO K 3Ha4HTeflbHOMY H3MeHeHHIO Bcero
06flHKa WKOflbl. CTapoe 3AaHHe 6blBwe~ ceM~Hap~H HaACTpO~fl~ AO
n~TH 3Ta>KeH. nOAH~JlHCb 4eTblpeX3Ta>KHbl~ Kopnyc KypcaHTcKHX 06­
UJ,e>KHTHH, Y4e6HblH Kopnyc.
Ha a3pOAPOMe BblPOCflH 3AaHH~ ynpaBJleHH~, Y4e6Hbl~ Kopnyc,
06UJ,e>KHTHe, MaCTepCKHe, aHrapbl H P~A nOMeUJ,eH~~ BcnOMO­
raTeflbHblX CJly>K6. nOMHMO 3KCnJlyaTalJ,HOHHOro lJ,~KJla 3AeCb 6a­
3HpOBaJlHCb Y4e6Hbie fleTHble 3CKaAPHJlbH WKOJlbl, rOTOB~UJ,~e n~­
JlOTOB.
K KOHlJ,y 1936 rOAa WKOJla nOAroToBHJla ~ BblnYCTHfla COTH~
nHJlOTOB H TbIC~4~ aBHaTeXHHKOB.
IlpHKa30M HapoAHoro KOM~ccapa 060POHbi CCCP OT 8 MapTa
1938 roAa 3-~ BoeHHa~ WKOfla aBHalJ,HOHHblX TeXH~KOB 6blJla nepe­
AaHa B TOJlbKO 4TO c03AaHHbl~ HapKoMaT BMCD.
noneeOM a3pOAPOM
6axapeBKa 11 anpefl~ 1938 rOAa npHKa30M HapKOMa BMCD WKOfle np~CBO­
eHO HaHMeHOBaHHe «BoeHHo-MopcKoe aBHalJ,HOHHO-TeXHH4eCKoe
Y4Hfl~UJ,e» (BMATY). npH 3TOM BOAHa~ rJlaAb peKH KaMbl ~BJl~JlaCb
B3JleTHO-nocaA04Ho~ nOJlOCOH Afl~ CaMOJleTOB MOPCKO~ aBHalJ,~~.
nepeCTpo~Ka Ha4aflaCb C Ma51 1938 roAa. He06xoAHMO 6blflO
BKJl104HTb B nporpaMMY HOBbie npeAMeTbl: OCHOBbl TaKTHKH aBHalJ,H~

82 HAAE>KHblH lUHT OT'iH3Hbl


l1HLfHblH COCTaB BMATY Ha napaAe

a 4epe3 HegefllO K 113Y4eHI11O MopCKora pa3Beg411Ka npl1CTynl1fll1 11 KYP­


caHTbl. VlHCTpyKTOpbl 11 npenogaBaTefll1 no xogy 3aHflTI1H 113Y4afll1
MaTepl1afl, TOpOnl1fll1Cb 03HaKOMI1Tb KypcaHToB C caMOfleTOM B OCTaB­
-:t-
weeCfl go BblnycKa BpeMfl. Ogl1H 113 caMOfleTOB 6blfl nepeBe3eH B y411­
fll1w.e 11 YCTaHOBfleH B fla6opaTOpl1l1. C Hero 6blfla CHflTa 06WI1BKa, 4TO­
6bl HarflflgHO npegCTaBI1Tb KOHCTpyKLJ,111O caMOfleTa.
7 HOfl6pfl 1938 roga COCTOflflCfl nepBblH BbtnyCK BMATY. Ha
nflow.agb (HblHe 3TO MeCTO HanpOTI1B CKBepa YpaflbCKI1X g06pOBOflb­
LJ,eB B nepMI1), yKpaweHHylO nopTpeTaMI1 4fleHOB npaBI1TeflbCTBa 11
nOfll1T61OPO lJ,K BKn(6), nflaKaTaMI1 11 cPflaraMI1, BnepBble B I1CTOpl111
ropoga BblWfla napagHafl KOflOHHa BMATY. 3a 3HaMeHeM lJ,VlK CCCP
MOPCKOM UpO,qpOr.t Wfll1 CTpoHHble pflgbl KypcaHToB-MOpflKOB. Cpegl1 BblnYCKHI1KOB 6blfll1
6ygyw.l1e I1HCTpyKTOpbl 11 npenogaBaTefll1 Y4I1fll1w.a: A. A. BOflbIH4I1K,
A. Vl. E>KOB, ,D,. r. KafllO>KHbIH, r. r. KYPI1LJ,bIH, H. M. CKoMapOBCKI1H,
A. B. Wagpl1H 11 gpyrl1e.
311MOH 1938/1939 raga Ha npaBOM 6epery KaMbl Ha4aflOCb CTPO­
I1TeflbCTBO MopCKora a3pogpoMa. VlCTpe611Tefll1 B pa306paHHoM Bl1ge
CpaBHI1TeflbHO flerKO 6blfll1 gocTaBfleHbl Ha HOBblH a3pogpoM, a nepe­
B03Ka 6oM6apgl1poBW.I1Ka gOCTaBl1fla MHoro XflonOT 11 BOflHeHI1H.
OgHaKo Bce 060WflOCb 6e3 nOflOMOK. BecHoH no BceH Teppl1TOpl111
a3pogpoMa 6blfll1 OTpblTbl gpeHa>KHble KaHaBbl, o6opygoBaHbi CTOflH­
KI1 caMOfleTOB, pa60411e MeCTa y Ka>t<goro caMOfleTa, Ha 6epery cge­
flaH gow.aTblH HaCTl1fl 11 CMOHTl1pOBaHa MeXaHI14eCKafl fle6egKa, no­
CTpoeH cnYCK, n03BOflfllOW.I1H KypcaHTaM cnycKaTb Ha BOgy 11 nog­
HI1MaTb rl1gpocaMofleTbl, o6opygoBaHa CTOflHKa caMOfleTOB Ha Boge.
84 HAAE>KHbl~ W.~1T Ol'U13Hbl
CTp0I-1Tenl-1 3anO>Kl-1nl-1 cPYHgaMeHT HOBOro y4e6HorO Kopnyca.
Ha4anOCb CTp0I-1TenbCTBO 6onbwoi:1 3eMnflHKI-1 gnfl pa3Mew,eHl-1fl
cny>K6, 6blna npol-13BegeHa pa361-1BKa 1-1 nogcblnKa gopor gnfl TpaHC­
nOpTa 1-1 gopO>KeK gnfl newexogoB, o6opygoBaHa npl-1CTaHb gnfl Ka­
TepOB, npoBegeHbl 6onbwl-1e pa60Tbi no 03eneHeHI-11O Teppl-1TOpl-1l-1:
BblCa>KeHbl fl6nOHI-1, KyCTbl Cl-1peHI-1, CMOpOgI-1Hbl. Pa60Tbi KypcaHTa­
MI-1 Benl-1Cb BO BHey4e6Hoe BpeMfl. K OCeHI-1 Teppl-1TOpl-1fl a3pogpoMa
npl-1Hflna gocTaTo4HO 06>KI-1T0i:1 1-1 6naroycTpoeHHbli:1 Bl-1g.
B 3TO >Ke BpeMfl CTana nOCTynaTb 60eBafl TeXHI-1Ka: I-1CTpe61-1Tenl-1
111-15 1-1 111-16, MOpCKl-1e pa3Beg41-1KI-1 M5P-2 1-1 6oM6apgl-1poBW,I-1KI-1
,Ll,5-3 1-1 C5.
,D,o KOHl..\a 1940 roga Y4l-1nl-1w,e yKoMnneKTOBbiBanOCb, KaK 1-1
npe>Kge, 3a C4eT Monoge>K1-1 gonpl-13blBHOro B03paCTa Ha gByXrogl-14­
BblnYCI(HHK BMATY

Hbli:1 CpOK o6Y4eHI-1fl 1-1 BblnycKano TeXHI-1KOB co 3BaHI-1eM «Mnagwl-1i:1


B. MeHbwoB - OTIIM"IHHK y"'1e6bl,

BoeHTeXHI-1K».
BnocneAcTeHH ,AOKTOp TeXHH'leCKMX

C Ha4ana 1941 roga KOMnneKTOBaHl-1e np0l-1cxogl-1no 3a C4eT HayK, npoljJeccop,

Monoge>K1-1 npl-13blBHOro B03paCTa no HapflgaM BoeHKOMaTOB. CpOK reHepan-MaHOp

o6Y4eHI-1fl B Y4l-1nl-1w,e YCTaHaBnl-1BaeTCfl 1 rog, C 3aga4ei:1 nogroToB­


KI-1 Mnagwero KOMaHgl-1pa - MeXaHI-1Ka caMoneTa, MeXaHI-1Ka no BOO­
py>KeH 1-1 10, MeXaHI-1Ka-npI-16opI-1CTa.
5blnl-1 nepeCTpoeHbl nporpaMMbl, B KOTOpbIX, KpOMe cOKpaw,eHl-1fl
BpeMeHI-1, 6blnl-1 cOKpaw,eHbl TaK>Ke BTopOCTeneHHbie gI-1Cl..\l-1nnI-1Hbl,
paCWl-1peHO npaKTI-14eCKOe o6Y4eHl-1e. OCHoBHoe HanpaBneHl-1e Y4e6­
HblX nporpaMM - «Y4I-1Tb TOMy, 4TO Hy>KHO Ha Boi:1He».
22 I-1IOHfl 1941 roga. 06bflBneHo 0 Ha4ane BOi:1Hbl. B 16.00 n1-14­
Hbli:1 COCTaB Y4l-1nl-1w,a nOCTpoeH Ha MI-1TI-1Hr. nepBblM cnOBO B3fln non­
KOBOi:1 KOMI-1CCap CKopo6oraToB. Bcneg 3a HI-1M BblcTynl-1nl-1 BOeHI-1H­
>KeHep 3-ro paHra 5. A. rpl-1WI-1H, BoeHTeXHI-1K 1-ro paHra 5. C. nacc,
BoeHTeXHI-1K 2-ro paHra B. A. K03noB, gpyrl-1e KypcaHTbl 1-1 KOMaHgl-1­
pbl. Bce KaK Ogl-1H 3aflBl-1nl-1, 4TO roTOBbl BCTaTb Ha 3aw,I-1Ty POgI-1Hbl. repOH COBeTcKoro COJ03a ­

COTHI-1 KypcaHTOB 1-1 KOMaHgl-1poB noganl-1 panopTbl C npocb6oi:1 nocnaTb KypcaHTbl BMATY.

Y1X Ha cPPOHT. 3a KopOTKoe BpeMfl Y4e6Hbli:1 np0l..\eCC B Y4Y1nl-1w,e 6bln AerycT 1944 rOAa

nepeCTpoeH B COOTBeTCTBY1Y1 C Tpe6oBaHl-1flMY1 BoeHHoro BpeMeHY1.


Y4e6Hbli:1 a3pogpoM 6bln nepeo6opygoBaH npY1MeHY1TenbHO K
60eBbiM ycnoBl-1flM: caMoneTbl paccpegoTo4eHbl, 3aKpblTbi MaCKY1pO­
B04HblMI-1 CeTKaMY1, gnfl nl-14HOrO COCTaBa OTpblTbl w,en 1-1 , coopy>Ke­
Hbl y6e>KY1w,a. 06Y4eHY1e BenOCb He TOnbKO gHeM, HO 1-1 H04blO, 6e3
oCBew,eHY1fl. PerynflpHo 06bflBnflnl-1Cb Y4e6Hbie TpeBOrl-1, npoBogY1­
nY1Cb TaKTY14eCKl-1e Y4eHY1fl. Y4Y1nl-1w,e Ha4ano nogroToBKy KagpoB gnfl
MOpCKOi:1 aBY1al..\Y11-1 no 4eTblpHagl..\aTY1 cnel..\Y1anbHOCTflM.
A B 3TO BpeMfl MHOrY1e nY1TOMl..\bl Y4I-1nY1w,a y>t<e cpa>t<anY1Cb B KpO­
BOnpOnY1THbIX 60flX C BparoM, rge nOKa3blBanY1 ce6fl rpaMOTHblMI-1 aBY1a­
1..\Y10HHbIMY1 cnel..\Y1anY1CTaMY1, caMOOTBep>KeHHbIMY1 Y1 BoneBblMY1 BOI-1Ha­
MY1. TaK, Y1MeHHO BblnycKHY1KaMY1 nepMCKoro BMATY 6blnY1 nogro­
TOBneHbl caMoneTbl, Ha KOTOpblX 7 aBrycTa 1941 roga COBeTCKY1MY1
neT4Y1KaMY1 6bln HaHeceH nepBbli:1 60M6oBbli:1 ygap no 5epnY1HY. 3TY1
6oM6apgY1pOBKI-1 I-1MenY1 6onbwoe MopanbHoe 3Ha4eHY1e. B Hapoge
CTanY1 rOBOpY1Tb: «,D,oneTenY1 go 5epnY1Ha no B03gyxy - goi:1geM
Y1 no 3eMne».
B aBrycTe B Y4Y1nY1w,e 6blna c03gaHa pOTa HapogHoro onon4e­
HY1fl. B03rnaBY1n ee Ha4anbHY1K oTgena KagpoB H. 111. KyKY1H. KOMaH­
gY1paMY1 B3BOgOB CTanY1 0cPY1l..\epbl 3anaca A. K. MapKoB, A. 111. cDpo­
nOB. Ha4anY1Cb perynflpHble 3aHflTY1fl no paCnY1CaHY1IO: Y13Y4eHY1e YC­
PBCH HA nEPMCKoA 3EMI1E 85
TaBa ~ 0PY>K~51, CTpoeBa51 nOAroToBKa, WTbIKOBOi:! 60i:!, TaKT~4eCK~e
3aH51T~51...

TOJlbKO B 1942 roAY 640 KypcaHToB A06pOBOJlbHO YWJl~ Ha


cPPOHT, 4T06bl C opY>K~eM B PYKax 3aw,~w,aTb POA~HY. nOcJle nepe­
Y4~BaH~51 OH~ 6b1Jl~ HanpaBJleHbl nOA CTaJl~HrpaA B 62-10 apM~IO,
KOTOpOi:! KOMaHAOBaJl B. \11. '-Iyi:!KOB, ~ BoeBam1 nOA ero PYKOBOA­
CTBOM. np~Me4aTeJlbHO, 4TO cnYCT51 40 JleT ~M51 MapwaJla Co BeT­
CKoro COlO3a B. \11. '-Iyi:!KoBa 6blJlO np~cBoeHo Y4~Jl~W,Y.
TpYA Bcero Jl~4HOrO COCTaBa Y4~Jl~w,a, HanpaBJleHHbli:! Ha yK­
penJleH~e 060pOHHOi:! MOW,~ POAI-1Hbl, 6blJl BblCOKO Ol..\eHeH npaBI-1­
TeJlbCTBOM. 22 51HBap51 1944 roAa 3a 60JlbW~e ycnex~ B nOAroToBKe
KaAPOB AJl51 aBl-1al..\~~ BoeHHo-MopcKoro cPJlOTa ~ 3Ha4~TeJlbHbJi:!
BKJlaA BblnYCKH~KOB Y4I-1Jl~w,a B pa3rpOM HeMeI..\K~X 3aXBaT4~KOB
YKa30M npe3l-1A~YMa BepxoBHoro COBeTa COlO3a CCP MHOrl-1e 0cPl-1­
MHTHHr Ha nnoutil,qH
I..\epbl y4l-1JlI-1w,a 6blJll-1 Harpa>KAeHbl 0PAeHaMI-1 ~ MeAaJl51M~.
nepeA Y'lHnH~eM
B 1944 roAY B Y4~Jl~w,e 06Y4aJlOCb l..\eJloe c03Be3A~e I epoeB CoBeT­
B ,QeHb n06eAbl
CKOro COlO3a - n. ,lJ,. 10JleB, P. M. >KYKOB, \11. M. KOJlOA~i:!, A. B. Kpo­
H~T, ,lJ,. B. KYAP~H, B. n. nameB, A. n. CTapl..\eB. B pa3rap rop514~X
60eB KOMaHAOBaHl-1e nOCJlaJlO I-1X Y4I-1TbC51. OHI-1 CMeH~Jl~ 60eBYIO
06cTaHoBKY Ha TI-1Xl-1e, CBeTJlble 1-1 YIOTHble Jla60paTopl-1~, 4T06bl B
KOpOTKl-1e CPOK~ nOJlY4~Tb 3HaH~51 no CJlO>KHOi:! cOBpeMeHHoi:! 60e­
BOi:! TeXH~Ke. nOTOM OHI-1 nOKI-1HYT CTeHbl Y4~Jl~w,a, pa3beAYTC51 no
60eBbiM 4aCT51M, 4T06bl 3TI-1 3HaHI-151 nepeAaBaTb TOBapl-1w,aM ~ 06ec­
ne4~BaTb 60eBbie BblJleTbl CaMOJleTOB.
Bcero 3a roAbl BOi:!Hbl nepMcKoe BMATY OKOH4I-1Jl~ 5311 4eJlO­
BeK no 23 cnel..\l-1aJlbHOCT51M. B TOM 4~CJle: aB~aTeXH~KOB - 2176,
MeXaHI-1KOB no BoopY>KeH~1O - 462, MeXaHI-1KOB no 3JleKTpo060PY­
AOBaHl-11O - 447 4eJlOBeK. ECJl~ B AOBoeHHoe BpeM51 Y4~Jl~w,e 06y4a­
JlO KypcaHToB no n51T~ cnel..\~aJlbHOCT51M,TO B BOi:!Hy - y>t<e no ABaAl..\a­
T~ TpeM.

MMTMl1r Ha cnopTnnO~aAKe \11 BOT npl-1WJla AOJlro>K)J,aHHa51 n06eAa. B 1946-1947 roAax B


9 MaR 1945 rOAa Y4I-1Jl~w,e Ha4aJlaCb ~HTeHCI-1BHa51 nOAroToBKa K nepeXOAY Ha ~3Y4e­

Hl-1e HOBOi:! peaKTI-1BHoi:! TeXH~K~.


B nporpaMMbl ocP~l..\epCKO~ Y4e6bJ ~ Ha Kypcax ycoBepweHCTBO­
BaH~51 ocPl-1l..\epcKoro COCTaBa (KYOC) BBOA51TC51 HOBbie npeAMeTbl:
TeXHI-14eCKa51 TepMOA~HaM~Ka, a3pOA~HaMI-1Ka 60JlbW~X CKopocTei:!,
Teop~51 peaKT~BHbIX AB~raTeJlei:!, ra30Ba51 AI-1HaM~Ka 1-1 AP.
B Te4eH~e 1947 roAa Ha4aJlbH~K~ ~ CTapw~e npenOAaBaTeJl~
cnel..\~aJlbHblX I..\~KJlOB npOXOA51T C60Pbl np~ neHI-1HrpaAcKoi:! BoeH­
Ho-B03AYWHOi:! AKaAeMI-1~ no ~3Y4eH~1O peaKT~BHoi:! TeXH~K~.
B Y4I-1Jl~w,e np~6blBalOT nepBble 06pa31..\bl peaKT~BHbIX AB~raTe­
Jlei:! P,lJ,-1 0 ~ P,lJ,-20. B 1948 roAY Y4~JlI-1w,e BnepBble nOAroTOB~JlO
ABa KJlaCCHblX OTAeJleHI-151 KypcaHToB no peaKT~BHoi:! TeXHI-1Ke CO cne­
I..\I-1aJll-13al..\I-1eH no CaMOJleTY 5lK-15.
B 1950 rOAY Y4~JlI-1w,e nOJlY4aeT CaMOJleT M~r-15, B 1952-M ­
Ty-14, a B 1953 - \I1Jl-28 , KOTOpbli:! np~6blJl JleTOM ~ 6blJl nOCa>KeH
Ha JleA peK~ KaMbl. ,lJ,Jl51 3TOi:! l..\eJl~ y npaBoro 6epera peK~ npOT~B ro­
pOAa 6blJla yKaTaHa nOJloca WI-1PI-1HOH 60 M ~ AJlI-1HOi:! 2 KM. OnblTa no­
caAKI-1 60M6apA~pOBW,~KOB KJlaCCa \I1Jl-28 Ha JleA51Hoi:! a3pOAPOM
peK~ He 6blJlO He TOJlbKO B Y4~Jl~w,e, HO ~ B 4aCT51X aB~al..\~~, n03TOMY
TaKoi:! 3Kcnep~MeHT Bbl3blBaJl 6ecnoKoi:!cTBO y KOMaHAOBaH~51 Y4~JlI-1­
w,a 1-1 y Bcero Jll-14HOrO COCTaBa. OAHaKO nocaAKa 6blJla np0l-13BeAeHa
6JlaronOJlY4HO, ~ CaMOJleT B ~cnpaBHOCTI-1 oT6YKc~pOBaJl~ Ha TeXH~4e­

86 ~E>KHbl~ UJ,MT OT'-lM3Hbi


CKylO nflow,aAKy. B AaflbHe~WeM Ha fleA51HO~ a3pOAPOM 6blfll-1 noca­
>KeHbl ew,e Tpl-1 CaMOfleTa Vlfl-28 1-1 3 caMOfleTa Ty-14.
B Mae 1953 roAa Ha a3pOAPOMe 50flbwoe CaBI-1HO np01-13BOA51T
nocaAKy nOflyyeHHble YYl-1fll-1w,eM ew,e ABa caMOfleTa VlJl-28.
B 1954 roAY YYl-1fll-1w,e nepeXOAI-1T Ha nOAroToBKy TeXHI-1KOB no
3KcnflyaTa~1-11-1 caMOfleTOB-60M6apAl-1pOBW,I-1KOB co CpOKOM 06yYeHI-151
3 rOAa. BblnYCKHI-1KI-1 nOflyyalOT no OKOHyaHl-11-1 YYl-1fll-1w,a 06w,ecoI03­
Hbl~ AHnflOM C npl-1CBOeHHeM KBafll-1qmKa~1-11-1 <<TeXHHK-MeXaHI-1K».
HOBblM 3TanOM B >K1-13HH YYHfll-1w,a 51Bl-1flC51 nepeXOA Ha H3yyeHHe
COBpeMeHHoro AaflbHero 60M6apAI-1 pOBw,I-1Ka Ty-16, KOTOPbl~ 6blfl
nOflyyeH YYl-1fll-1w,eM B 1957 roAY. 06cny)t(HsaHlte CaMOlTeTa Ty-16
5blCTpoe pa3BI-1TI-1e aBl-1a~HOHHo~ TexHHKH, yaCTble H3MeHeHI-151
B nporpaMMax Tpe60BaflH onepaTHBHoro pearl-1pOBaHH51. 3a nepHoA
C 1941 no 1961 rOA B YYl-1fll-1w,e 6blflO H3AaHO 284 HaI-1MeHOBaHI-1~
yye6HI-1KOB H yye6HbiX noc061-1~ no BceM npocj:>l-1fl51M 06yYeHI-151 THpa­
>KOM 60flee 30000 3K3eMnfl51pOB. TOflbKO B 1957-1960 rOAax B
CTpoeBble yaCTI-1 1-1 YYl-1fll-1w,a 6blflO pa30CflaHO 5600 pa3fll-1YHbiX yYe6­
HI-1KOB, Hanl-1CaHHblX npenOAaBaTefl51MI-1 YYl-1fl1-1 w,a. HeoAHoKpaTHble
I-1HCneK~1-11-1 Hel-13MeHHO OTMeyafll-1 XOPOWYIO nOCTaHoBKy 1-13AaTeflb­
CKO~ pa60Tbi B YYl-1fll-1w,e 1-1 CTaBl-1fll-1 nepM51KOB B npl-1Mep BceM APY­
rl-1M TeXHl-1yeCKI-1M YYl-1fll-1w,aM BBe.
50flbwoe 3HayeHI-1e B YYl-1fll-1w,e YAefl51flOCb pa3BI-1TI-11O CnOpTI-1B­
HO~ 6a3bl. TaK, B 1946 roAY 6blfl nocTpoeH 3aKpblTbl~ nflaBaTeflb­
Hbl~ 6acce~H, eAI-1HCTBeHHbl~ He TOflbKO B ropoAe, HO 1-1 Ha Ypafle.
VlMeHHo B 3TOM 6acce~He 3aHI-1MaflC51 nflaBaHl-1eM BO BpeM51 CBoero
06yYeHI-151 B nepMcKoM >Kefle3HOAOp0>KHOM TexHI-1KyMe B. n. CaBI-1­
HbIX, 6YAYW,I-1~ COTbl~ KOCMOHaBT nflaHeTbl. MHoro Cl-1fl 1-1 TpYAa no­
flO>Kl-1fll-1 KypcaHTbl Ha 060pYAOBaHI-1e CTaAI-10Ha 3a KaMo~ C cj:>YT60flb­
HblM nOfleM, fleTHI-1M nflaBaTeflbHblM 6acce~HoM, 6eroBblMI-1 AOpO>KKa­
MI-1, TeHHHCHblM KOpTOM 1-1 Tpl-16yHaMI-1 Afl51 3pI-1Tefle~. K 1951 roAY
YYl-1fll-1w,e y>Ke I-1MeflO CBO~ 060pYAOBaHHbl~ CTaAI-10H C KOMnfleKCOM CnoprnnOl.L\a,qKa Y'iHnHl.L\a
CnOpTI-1BHblX coopY>KeHI-1~. ,lJ,oflroe BpeM51 YYl-1fll-1w,e He I-1MeflO
CnOpTI-1BHOro 3afla. HaKOHe~ TaKO~ 3afl 6blfl nepe060pYAOBaH 1-13
6blBwe~ KOTeflbHO~ 1-1 OTKpblT 1 Ma51 1961 roAa.
B YYl-1fll-1w,e CI-1CTeMaTl-1yeCKI-1 pa60Tafll-1 CeK~1-11-1 cj:>yT60fla, XOKKe51,
6acKeT60fla, BOfle~60fla, nflaBaHI-151, flerKo~ aTfleTI-1 KI-1 , 60Kca, flbl>K­
HblX rOHOK, WTaHrl-1, rl-1M HaCTI-1 KI-1. B Ka>KAOM KypcaHTcKOM nOApa3­
AefleHl-11-1 6blfll-1 C03AaHbi KOMaHAbl no 3TI-1M BI-1AaM cnopTa.
CTpeMI-1TeflbHbl~ POCT aBl-1a~1-10HHO~ TeXHI-1KI-1 1-1 oc06eHHO 6ypHoe
ee pa3BI-1TI-1e B nOCfleBoeHHbl~ nepl-1oA 3aCTaBfl51fll-1 npenOAaBaTeflbCKI-1~
KOflfleKTI-1B YYl-1fll-1w,a CI-1CTeMaTl-1yeCKI-1 pa60TaTb He TOflbKO HaA OCBO­
3aKpblTblM nnasaTenbHblH
eHl-1eM 3TO~ HOBO~ TeXHI-1KI-1, HO 1-1 HaA COBepweHCTBOBaHl-1eM MeTOAI-1­
6acceHH Y'iHnHl.L\a
KI-1 06yYeHI-151 KypcaHTOB. 3TO AaBaflO CBOI-1 nflOAbl. no I-1TOraM yYe6bl
1958/1959 rOAa 3a flYYWl-1e pe3YflbTaTbi no 60eBo~ 1-1 nOflI-1TI-1YeCKO~
nOArOTOBKe, np0l-13BOAcTBeHHyto Ae51TeflbHOCTb, YKpenfleHl-1e BOI-1H­
CKO~ 1-1 TPYAOBO~ AI-1C~HnflI-1Hbl YYl-1fll-1W,y 6blflO BpyYeHO nepexoA51w,ee
KpacHoe 3HaM51 BoeHHoro COBeTa YpaflbcKoro BoeHHoro oKpyra.
B nepl-10A C 1945 no 1961 roA B nepMH 6blfla n0Ar0TOBfleHa He
oAHa TblC51ya aBl-1a~1-10HHb1X Cne~l-1aflI-1CTOB. YYl-1fll-1w,e B 3TOT nepl-10A
BHeCflO 60flbWO~ BKflaA B AeflO yKpenfleHI-151 060pOHHoro Moryw,e­
CTBa Hawe~ POAI-1Hbl.
npl-1Ka30M MI-1HI-1CTpa 060POHbi CCCP OT 10 I-1lOfl51 1956 rOAa
NQ 00119 BMATY nepeAaeTC51 B COCTaB BBC YpaflbcKoro BoeHHoro

PBCH HA nEPMCKOH 3EMllE 87


oKpyra. nepMcKoe BMATY COrJlaCHO ,QHpeKH1Be rw BBC OT 29 aB­
rYCTa 1957 ro,Qa NQ 517656 nepeHMeHOBaHO B BoeHHoe aBHa4HOH­
HO-TeXHHYeCKOe YYHJlHw,e (BA TY).
B 06CTaHoBKe CTporoi:1 ceKpeTHOCTH B COOTBeTCTBHH C npHKa30M
rJlaBHOKoMaH,QYIOw,ero BBC OT 8 ,QeKa6p51 1958 ro,Qa NQ 00249
BATY C 1959/1960 yYe6Horo rO,Qa nepeBO,QHTC51 Ha nO,QroToBKy
oepH4epoB-paKeTYHKOB no cne4HaflbHOCT51M <<TeXHHK no paKeTaM
1-1 [J.Y», <<TeXHHK no npH60paM ACY».
Bo I-1CnOJlHeHl-1e npl-1Ka3a MI-1HHCTepCTBa 060POHbi CCCP OT 31 ,Qe­
Ka6p51 1959 ro,Qa NQ 00119 nepMcKoe BATY nepe,QaHO 1-13 BBC B Pa­
KeTHbie Boi:1cKa CTpaTerHYeCKOrO Ha3HayeHI-151 no COCT051HI-1IO Ha
12 epeBpafl51 1960 ro,Qa. B aBryCTe 1960 ro,Qa np0l-13Be,QeH nepBbli:1 Bbl­
nYCK oepI-14epOB-paKeTYI-1KOB no Cne4HaJlbHOCT51M: «TeXHI-1K no paKeTaM
H [J.Y» - 143 yeflOBeKa; <<TeXHHK no npH60paM ACY» - 136 yeJlOBeK.
BMA C Ha6epe>t<:HOH peKH KaMbi
TaK HayaJlOCb 06yYeHI-1e KypcaHToB no HOBblM - paKeTHblM - cne41-1­
Ha YLlHl1Hll4e. 1954 rOA
aJlbHOCT51M Ha cpe,QHeM TeXHl-1yeCKOM ypOBHe. Ha3peBafll-1 HOBbie ne­
peMeHbl B pa3BHTI-1H YYl-1fll-1w,a. >K,QaTb I-1X npl-1WflOCb He,QOflro.
B COOTBeTCTBHI-1 C nOCTaHOBJleHHeM COBeTa MHHHCTPOB CCCP
OT 1961 rO,Qa 1-1 corflaCHO npHKa3Y MHHHcTepCTBa 060POHbi CCCP
OT 10 MapTa 1962 rO,Qa NQ 0027 nepMcKoe BoeHHoe aBl-1a41-1­
OHHO-TeXHl-1yeCKOe YYl-1fll-1w,e 6blflO npe06pa30BaHo B Bblcwee
KOMaH,QHO-I-1H>KeHepHOe YYHJlI-1w,e (BKI-1Y) co CpOKOM 06yYeHI-151
5 fleT. HayaTb 06yYeHI-1e KypcaHToB Bblcwei:1 KBaflHepl-1Ka41-1H He06­
XO,QHMO 6blflO Ha I, II 1-1 III Kypcax o,QHoBpeMeHHo B COCTaBe ,QBYX epa­
KyJlbTeToB.
[J.Jl51 nepexo,Qa OT cpe,QHero yYe6Horo 3aBe,QeHH51 K BblcweMY
BecHoi:1 1962 rO,Qa 6blfla C03,QaHa OpraHl-13a41-10HHa51 rpynna. B03rJla­
Bl-1fl ee nOflKOBHI-1K C. M. 5apMac, KOTOpbli:1 6blfl Ha3HayeH HayaJlb­
Ha'laJlbHHK Y'lHl1HI1\B HI-1KOM YYI-1JlHw,a. B rpynny BOWflH 3aMeCTI-1Tefll-1 HayaJlbHI-1Ka YYl-1fll-1­
reHepaJl-MaHOp M. H. MHWyK
w,a nOflKOBHHKH r. 1\1. TapaKaHoB, 1-1. B. PO>KHOB, 5. 1-1. COfloMaTHH­
C o<pH~epaM"-npenOAaBaTel1"MM.
KOB, ceKpeTapb napTKOMa nOIlKOBHI-1K B. H. [J.y,QI-1H, a TaK>Ke Oepl-14ePbl
1955 rOA
napTKOMa, yYe6HOrO 1-1 TeXHl-1yeCKOrO OT,QeflOB. AKTI-1BHO yyaCTBOBa­
111-1 B 3T0i:1 pa60Te TaK>Ke nepBble HayallbHI-1KI-1 epaKyflbTeToB nOIlKOB­
HI-1KI-1 H. [J.. Hai:1,Qa 1-1 10. B. rpl-1rop.
KOMaH,QoBaHl-1e 1-1 napTI-1i:1Hbli:1 KOMI-1TeT C03HaBafll-1, YTO ycnew­
Hoe peWeHl-1e fl106blX 3a,Qay 3aBI-1CI-1T npe>K,Qe Bcero OT Ka,QpOB, I-1X
npaBl-1llbHOrO nO,Q60pa, paCCTaHOBKI-1 1-1 BOCnHTaHI-151. A n03ToMY BO
rflaBY yrfla 6blflO nOCTaBlleHO KOMnfleKTOBaHl-1e YYl-1fll-1w,a npeno,Qa­
BaTefl51MI-1, cnoc06HblMI-1 OpraHI-130BaTb yYe6Hbli:1 np0l..\ecc B COOT­
BeTCTBl-11-1 C Tpe60BaHI-151MI-1 nporpaMMbl Bblcwei:1 WKOllbl. Hap51,Qy C
KOMaH,QoBaHl-1eM 3TI-1 BonpOCbl Bcer,Qa CT051fll-1 B l..\eHTpe BHI-1MaHH51
oepl-1l..\epOB OT,Qefla Ka,QpoB, KOTOpbli:1 B03rflaBfl51fl B. K. KayaH. 3Ta
np061leMa pewaflaCb nyTeM nO,Q60pa H nepeBO,Qa B nepMcKoe BKI-1Y
oepl-1l..\epOB BoeHHoi:1 I-1H>KeHepHoi:1 aKa,QeMHH HMeHI-1 et>. 3. [J.3ep­
>KI-1HCKOrO, fleHHHrpa,QcKoi:1 BoeHHo-B03,QYWHoi:1 I-1H>KeHepHoi:1 aKa­
,QeMI-1H I-1MeHH A. et>. l\1o>Kai:1cKoro, XapbKoBcKoro YYHflHw,a H ,QPY­
rl-1x yype>K,QeHHi:1. npeno,QaBaTeflbcKHi:1 COCTaB Kaepe,Qp epOpMH­
pOBaflC51 H H3 BYepaWHHX BblnYCKHI-1KOB aKa,QeMI-1i:1 1-1 BblCWI-1X
BoeHHblX yye6HbiX 3aBe,QeHHi:1. B HX YHCfle 6blflH MOflO,Qble oepl-1l..\e­
pbl: A. n. ApI-1CTOB, 1-1. E. 5060pblKHH, B. et>. 3a1l03Hbli:1, A. r. 31-1­
MI-1H, A. H. KOfleCHI-1K, A. T. MaHTawoB, B. n. Xai:1,QyKoB, H. E. XBO­
POCTOB 1-1 ,Qpyrl-1e.

88 HAAE>KHbIH W.~T OT"iYI3Hbl


nOclle OKOH4aHI-Ul AKageMI-H1 Tbilla 1-1 TpaHCnOpTa 1-1 clly>K6bl Ha
nOlll-1roHe KanYCTI-1H 51p B Y41-11l1-1w,e npl-16blll CTapWI-1i:1 llei:1TeHaHT
EBreHI-1i:1 AIleKCeeBI-14 T 1-1 TOB. BblgellS'lIlCs:l 1-1 npegcTaBI-1Tellb BOeHHO­
MopcKorO C!>1l0Ta A. r. 5pbIKCeHKOB, KOTOPbli:1 npl-16blll B Y41-11l1-1w,e C
AOIl>KHOCTI-1 KOMaHgl-1pa 54-5 3CMI-1Hu,a «BOPOH». Ha gOIl>KHOCTI-1 KYP­
COBblX ocPl-1u,epoB npl-16bllll-1 1-13 OMCKOrO o6w,eBoi:1cKoBorO Y41-11l1-1w,a
llei:1TeHaHTbl r. AKCeHOB, B. n. >KyKOB 1-1 A. B. KYPs:l6I-1H.
C Mas:l 1962 roga CTall1-1 cKllagblBaTbCs:l KOlllleKTI-1Bbl KacPegp.
K Ha4allY y4e6Horo roga cneu,l-1allbHble KacPegpbl B OCHOBHOM 6bllll-1
YKOMnlleKTOBaHbl. Bo rllaBe I-1X BCTallH ocPHu,epbl, HMelOw,He Y4eHbie
nanaTO'lHblK narepb 3a KaMoK.
CTeneHI-1 1-1 601lbW0i:1 onblT pa60Tbi B gpyrHx BblCWHX BoeHHblX Y4e6­ 1960-e ro,qbl
HblX 3aBegeHI-1s:lX. Ha nepBOM cjJaKyllbTeTe 6blllO c03gaHo ns:lTb Ka­
cPegp, KOTopble B03rllaBI-1IlH: gOKTOp TeXHH4eCKHX HayK nOIlKOBHI-1K
B. r. 50pOHTOB, nOIlKOBHHK H. VI. rpl-1ropbeB, nOIlKOBHHK B. \11. C!>e­
AOpOB, nOIlKOBHI-1K B. \11. XpHcTeHKo 1-1 nOIlKOBHI-1K C. A. Ow,enKoB.
AKTI-1BHO Y4aCTBOBalll-1 B nllaHl-1pOBaHI-1H Y4e6Ho-MeTogH4ecKoi:1 pa­
60Tbl 1-1 BOCnl-1TaHl-11-1 KypcaHToB 3aMeCTI-1Tellb Ha4allbHI-1Ka cPaKyllbTe­
Ta no y4e6Hoi:1 4aCTI-1 nognollKoBHHK A. A. A6paMoB 1-1 ceKpeTapb
napTKOMa nognollKoBHI-1K 5yKpeeB.
I KYpC 6blll CcPOpMl-1pOBaH 3a C4eT o4epegHoro Ha6opa, 111-1 III KYP­
Cbl - 1-13 41-1CIla KypcaHToB cpegHero Y41-11lHw,a OTBe4alOw,I-1X Tpe­
60BaHI-1s:lM Bblcwei:1 WKOllbl 101 npowegwl-1x no KOHKypCy Ha6paHHbiX
6allllOB 3a cgaHHble 3K3aMeHbi 101 3a4eTbl. Ha4allbHI-1KOM I Kypca 6blll
Ha3Ha4eH Mai:1op A. A. CTenaHOB, Ha4allbHHKOM II Kypca - Mai:1op
A. A. OCOKI-1H, Ha4allbHI-1KOM III Kypca - Mai:1op H. M. naMaHOB.
C!>OpMl-1pOBaHl-1eM nepBoro cPaKyllbTeTa pyKOBOgl-11l nOIlKOBHI-1K
H. ,lJ,. Hai:1ga. C 1962 roga CTall Ha4allbHI-1KOM nepBoro cPaKyllbTeTa
1-1 KOMaHgoBall 101M 12 lleT, a 3aTeM pa60Tall npenogaBaTelleM Ka­ repoli CoseTcKoro COIOJa,
cPegpbl Bblcwei:1 MaTeMaTI-1KH 1-1 B MeTogl-14ecKoM Ka61-1HeTe y4e6Horo KaH,qHAaT BoeHHblll HayK,
oTgella. nonKOBHHK B. B. KnO'lKOB
OgHoBpeMeHHo nog pyKOBOgCTBOM nOIlKOBHI-1Ka 10. B. rpHropa
npoxogl-1llo cPOpMl-1pOBaHHe BToporo cPaKyllbTeTa B COCTaBe 4eTbipex
KacPegp 1-1 Tpex KypCOB. Ha4allbHI-1KaMH KacPegp 6bllll-1 Ha3Ha4eHbi
ocPHu,epbl, HMelOw,l-1e Y4eHbie CTeneHH 101 onblT MeTogH4ecKoi:1 pa6o­
Tbl: nOIlKOBHHK 10. C. C!>HllaToB, nOIlKOBHHK H. VI. VlBaHoB, nOIlKOB­
HI-1K VI. H. ne6egeB, nognollKoBHHK 10. n. nonOB. KOMaHgoBaTb KYP­
CaMI-1 6blflO gOBepeHO ocPl-1u,epaM B. B. nogollbCKOMY, E. M. EflbKI-1­
Hy, B. r 1l0TOBy.
Ha4allbHI-1KaMI-1 o6w,ey4HIlHw,HbIX KacjJegp 6blllH Ha3Ha4eHbi KaH­
gl-1gaT I-1CTOpl-14eCKHX HayK nOIlKOBHHK A. VI. ErOWI-1H 101 nOIlKOBHHK
VI. M. XOMs:lKOB, a Ha4allbHI-1KOM KacPegpbl cPl-131-14ecKoi:1 nogroToBKI-1
1-1 cnopTa - nognollKoBHI-1K H. B. 4epHooK. KacPegpoi:1 I-1HOCTpaH­
HblX s:l3bIKOB Ha4alla pyKOBOgl-1Tb KaHgl-1gaT cPI-11l01l0rH4eCKI-1X HayK
>1<. n. T epeMs:l3eBa. OpraHl-13au,1-11O KacPegpbl Ha4epTaTellbHoi:1 reOMeT­
pl-1l-1 1-1 4ep4eHI-1s:l 6blllO gOBepeHO npoBogl-1Tb KaHgl-1gaTy TeXHI-14e­
CKI-1X HayK r. M. KaIlMbIKoBoi:1. 4YTb n03>Ke, B s:lHBape 1963 roga, Ha­
4aflbHI-1KOM KacPegpbl TaKTI-1KI-1 PBCH 6blll Ha3Ha4eH KaHgl-1gaT BoeH­
HblX HayK, gou,eHT, nOIlKOBHI-1K ,lJ,. C!>. TopOnblrl-1H, npl-16blBWI-1i:1 1-13
POCTOBCKoro y41-11l1-1w,a. A go 3Toro BpeMeHI-1 06