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Results

A thorough and rigorous analysis of the survey on the perception of De La Salle

University –Dasmariñas’ students towards suicide resulted in the insight and awareness of the

students which are presented in this section.

Table 1
Forms of Suicide Commonly Used
Forms: TV WM VI
Alcohol/Drug Abuse 179 2.6 Sometimes
Carbon Monoxide Inhalation 242 3.5 Rarely

Drowning 204 2.9 Sometimes

Exsanguination/ 178 2.5 Sometimes


Laceration

Gun Shot 153 2.2 Often

Hanging 139 2.8 Sometimes

Jumping 150 2.1 Often

Lethal Injection 238 3.4 Sometimes

Poisoning 179 2.6 Sometimes

Suffocation 185 2.6 Sometimes


Respondents: 70
As shown in Table 1, the most often used forms of committing suicide are gun and

jumping and the rarely used form is carbon monoxide inhalation. The other forms that were

sometimes used are alcohol drug abuse, drowning, exsanguination/laceration, hanging, lethal

injection, poisoning and suffocation respectively. While these are valid viewpoints, they can

obscure a crucial biological perspective on suicidal behaviour (David, 1998). Better

understanding of the biological and particularly the genetic processes that underlie youth suicide

has urgent implications for preventing and treating youth at risk for suicide (Brent, 2001).
Table 2
Reasons Why People Commit Suicide
Causes: WM Rank

Academic Problems 4.94 5


Bullying 4.12 3
Depression 3.57 1
Family Problem 4.1 2
Hopelessness 5.6 6
Mental Illness 6.46 8
Relationship 4.51 4
Social Isolation 6.37 7
Traumatic Experience 6.5 9
Unemployment 8.24 10
Respondents: 70
As shown in Table 2, the reasons of suicide attempts, the respondents ranked the

following by the most to the least common reason. The depression ranked the first while

unemployment ranked the last. It is a time of tremendous possibility, but it also can be a period

of stress and worry. There's pressure to fit in socially, to perform academically, and to act

responsibly (Lancet, 2011).


Table 3.1
Physical Changes
TVWM WM Remarks
Changes in sleeping patterns 136 2 Somewhat
Loss of energy 114 1.6 Somewhat
Lost of interest in personal hygiene 1.9 Somewhat
Changes in eating habits 3111 1.6 Somewhat
2
Weight gain or loss 107 1.5 Somewhat
Over-all Weighted Mean 100 1.4 Somewhat
Respondents: 70

As shown in Table 3.1, the five physical changes: changes in sleeping patterns, loss of

energy, lost of interest in personal hygiene, changes in eating habits, and weight gain or loss are

somewhat recognized the respondents to a suicidal person. The first step in taking action against

suicide is by recognizing the warning signs (Miller, 2009).

Table 3.2
Behavior
Very Somewhat Not a TV WM Remarks
Likely 2 Chance
1 3
Fighting or breaking 3854 50 107 1.5 Somewhat
the law

Withdrawal from 41 44 21 106 1.5 Somewhat


family and friends
Quitting activities 3758 12 107 1.5 Somewhat
that were previously
done Very
46 34 21 101 1.2 Likely
Self-harming

Unexplained 47 42 6 95 1.4 Very


Crying/Emotional Likely
Outbursts
Respondents: 70
As shown in Table 3.2, self-harming and unexplained crying/emotional outbursts are very

likely to be a suicidal person's behaviour (Brent, 2001), while fighting or breaking the law,

withdrawal from family and friends, and quitting activities that were previously done are

somewhat their behavior. Suicide attempters used to show emotional and physical distress, and

shows more aggression and self harm (Jamison, 2001).

Table 3.3
Conversational Signs
Very Somewhat Not a Chance TV WM Remarks
Likely 2 3
1
No Future 4054 9 103 1.5 Somewhat

Escape 4732 21 100 1.4 Very Likely

Alone 4248 12 102 1.4 Very Likely

Guilt 44 38 21 103 1.5 Somewhat

Talking/Planning about 40 40 30 110 1.6 Somewhat


Suicide
Respondents: 70
As shown in Table 3.3, conversational signs of being alone and wanting to escape are

very likely the sign of attempting suicide while the no future, guilt and talking about Suicide is a
relatively rare event and it is difficult to accurately predict which persons with these risk factors

will ultimately commit suicide with these warning signs (Gray, 2004).

Research Question No. 4: How would you rate the following strategies to decrease number of
suicide attempters?
Table 4
Strategies To Decrease Number of Suicide Attempters
1 2 3 4 5 TV WM Remarks

Change of Lifestyle 26 40 60 12 5 143 2.0 Highly Effective

Counseling 29 50 36 12 5 132 1.9 Highly Effective

Medical Help 31 38 48 8 10 135 1.9 Highly Effective

Friendship/Family 34 34 39 12 15 134 1.9 Highly Effective

advice/private talks

Religious Activities 31 30 54 12 15 142 2.0 Highly Effective

Respondents: 70
As shown in Table 4, the five given strategies: change of lifestyle, counselling, medical help,

private talks, and religious activities are all highly effective to lessen the number of attempters.

aAnew precisely defined prevention framework that places prevention programs on a continuum
of universal, selective, and indicated interventions (Gordon, 1987; IOM, 1994); (4) the

emergence of research on suicide prevention programs designed to target higher risk populations

(e.g., Eggert et al., 1995b; Thompson et al., 2001); (5) improved screening tools and measures of

suicide and suicidal behaviors (e.g., Eggert et al., 1994; Pfeffer et al., 2000; Reynolds, 1991;

Reynolds, 1998; Shaffer and Craft, 1999; Thompson and Eggert, 1999), and (6) key advances in

research methods,including improved analytic tools and sophisticated models for measuring

change over time in prevention trials (Brown and Liao, 1999).

Table 5
Perceptions of Students about Suicide
1 2 3 4 5 TV WM Remarks

Suicide is 37 30 39 8 15 129 1.84 Agree

preventable

Suicide will solve 3 22 15 28 220 288 4.11 Disagree

life problems

Suicide is murder 18 28 39 44 70 199 2.84 Neutral

Suicide is a mental 14 28 78 40 30 190 2.71 Neutral

disorder

Suicide is selfish 24 32 54 16 40 166 2.37 Disagree

Respondents: 70
As shown in Table 5, the respondents agreed that suicide is preventable (Berman, 1998)

while they disagreed that suicide will solve life problems and that suicide is selfish. They give a
neutral respond that suicide is murder and suicide is a mental disorder. Suicide attempts can be

prevented through programs and interventions (Gordon, 1987).

Discussion

As shown in Table 1, the most commonly used technique in attempting suicide is a Gun

shot and Jumping. According to Piaget (2009), a suicidal person attempts to do the things which

are easily done to get rid quickly of their depression and to avoid more pain. Carbon Monoxide

Inhalationwere voted as the least technique used since it is not that quite popular to the some of

the respondents but viewed as very effective according Maxwell (2003).

Based on Table 3a, the most common physical change the respondents chose that can be

noticed on a suicidal person is his/her changes in sleeping with a Weighted Mean of 2.00 and

followed by Lost of Interest in personal hygiene.

As shown in Table 3b, most of the respondents chose Self-harming and unexplained

Crying/being Emotional as the most noticeable behavior that a suicidal person acquires.

As shown in Table 3c, the most common conversational signs that a suicidal person

acquires are Escaping and being Alone with a Weighted Mean of both 1.4 while No Future,

Guilt, Talking/Planning about suicide or death is the least common with a Weighted Mean of

1.5,1.5 and 1.6 respectively

As shown Table 4, Counseling, Medical Help , Friends/Family advices ranked 1st to be

the most effective strategies that respondents chose followed by Change of Lifestyle and

Religious Activities with a Weighted Mean of 2.0


As shown in Table 5, many respondents agreed that Suicide is preventable congruent to

Jimenez’s (2004) study on the Suicidal Rates in Puerto Rico while some respondents are not yet

sure if Suicide is murder or mental order. And they disagree on Suicide being able to solve life

problems and Selfishness.

Conclusion

The result of this study was clearly contrary to the initial expectations. The methods

suggested that the participants would show their perceptions about suicide were effective and

will aid our on hand information. Queries were tallied and the results were accurate. The queries

tallied asked the perceptions of De La Salle University – Dasmariñas students about suicide. The

tallied data accurately emphasizes that the participants are taking its role in the society and to be

able to be aware of the different phenomena the society has facing especially in the subject of

suicide. Their active participation in this research clearly italicizes the importance of learning

and notion of the public, diverse in the predicament the society will and might face in the future.

Through this, we are able to cease that suicide is taking part in the global community. Beginning

to be a massive problem in the society, but with raising proper awareness and active participation

we can achieve the development that we wish.

One lesson we might take from this study is that the perceptions of DLSU-D students

about suicide is, it is essential to take part in the global community. It led us to believe that ideas

and opinions was a "good" thing that would naturally lead to "good" outcomes like raising

awareness among individuals about suicide not only in this institution but also to the global

community.
Future research in this are needs to address the theoretical assumptions about the suicide

attempts happening in the community. It is especially important in this study to measure

participant’s awareness and camaraderie that can be associated with a "positive" impact for the

participants and for the society as a whole.

The study, which covers the perception of Lasallian college students to suicide, could

follow a research involving other college student from different schools/universities in the

Philippines. A similar study could also be done with these respondents and exceed its limit to

more than seventy students. For the future researchers of this paper; to effectively extend the

respondent's interest to the research, it would be valuable to inform them the points and purpose

of the research. Letting them know makes them aware of their importance as a respondent and

present their answers properly. Futher studies focusing on the other perspective on suicide should

also be conducted.