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3G RF resource monitoring principle

For the case of Addis Ababa 3G Network

Prepared By • Ahmed Muzemil


• Abraham Bekele

WCDMA optimization Entrepreneurs

January 2015
Addis Ababa
Motivation

ECENG

Adama Science And


Hawassa University
Technology University
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering Department of Computer
Communication Stream Engineering
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Agenda

1 introduction

2 RF Resources

3 RF monitoring

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1.Introduction
The UTRAN system consists of one or several Radio
Network Subsystem ( RNS ), each containing one RNC and
one or several NodeB

GSM WCDMA
BTS NodeB
BSC RNC

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2. RF Cell Resources
Types of Network Resources
1. CE(Channel Element)
2. RTWP(Received Total Wideband Power)
3. TCP(Total Carrier Power)
4. Iub (Air Interface)

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3. RF Network Resource Monitoring
Once a WCDMA network is built and launched, an
important part of its optimization is monitoring of Network
resource performance .
To improve coverage and capacity performance .

Two types of monitoring system resources


1.Prediction_ based monitoring : When detecting that usage of a resource
continually exceeds its upper threshold, we can perform capacity
expansion to relieve resource congestion.
2. Problem_ driven analysis Monitoring:
When a network performance counter detects network congestion
problems,
by using analysis tools and skills to maximize use of system resources is
advisable.
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Why we need Resource monitoring?

Monitoring of Network resource performance or


quality characteristics is one duties of Optimization
Monitoring of changing parameter values in order
to improve coverage and capacity performance
Capacity monitoring is needed to improve traffic
Bottlenecks.

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3G Cell Resources-Downlink Load
• Downlink power consumption is related to cell coverage, UE
locations, and the traffic load in the cell.
• Large cell coverage, UEs being physically far away from the
cell center, and heavy traffic load all contribute to large
downlink power consumption.
• Downlink power overload is more likely to occur in hotspots
or in cells with large coverage.

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Monitoring Principles

1. Downlink power resources are first reserved for common physical channels
and allocated to the DPCH. The remaining power resources are available for
HSPA, including HSUPA and HSDPA.
2. The HSPA power resources are first allocated to the HSUPA downlink
control channels. The remaining power resources are available for HSDPA.
3. The HSDPA power resources are first allocated to the downlink control
channel HS-SCCH. The remaining power resources are available for the
traffic channel HS-PDSCH.

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Monitoring Methods
 The downlink cell load is indicated by the
mean utility ratio of transmitted carrier
power in a cell.
 The mean utility ratio of the transmitted carrier
power for all users in a cell is calculated using the
following formula:
MeanTCP Usage = MeanTCP/MAXTXPOWER x 100%

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3G Cell Resources- Uplink Load
• RTWP measures the uplink cell capability on WCDMA networks.

Monitoring Principles
The uplink cell capacity is restricted by the rise over thermal (RoT),
which equals the RTWP minus the cell's background noise. The
formula is as follows:

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Monitoring Methods

• UlTotalEqUserNum: total number of equivalent users in the uplink.


• The UL ENU Ratio is calculated using the following formula:
UL ENU Ratio = VS.RAC.UL.EqvUserNum/UlTotalEqUserNum
• A cell is considered heavily loaded if the UL ENU Ratio exceeds 75%
during peak hours for two or three consecutive days in a week.

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CE(Channel Element) Usage

Monitoring Principles
CE resources are baseband processing resources in a NodeB. The more CEs a
NodeB supports, the stronger the NodeB's service processing capability. If a
new call arrives but there are not enough CEs (not enough baseband
processing resources), the call will be blocked.

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CE(Channel Element) Usage
Monitoring Principles
o CE resources are baseband processing resources in a NodeB. The
more CEs a NodeB supports, the stronger the NodeB's service
processing capability. If a new call arrives but there are not
enough CEs (not enough baseband processing resources), the call
will be blocked.
o The NodeB sends the RNC a response message that
carries its CE capability. The NodeB's CE capability is
limited by both the installed hardware and the
configured software licenses.

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o The value of UL NodeB Mean CE Used Number equals that
used for calculating the license-based uplink CE usage.
UL CE Capacity Number = VS.HW.UL Credit Available
o Hardware-based downlink CE usage = DL NodeB Mean CE
Used Number/DL CE Capacity Number.
o The value of DL NodeB Mean CE Used Number equals that
used for calculating the license-based downlink CE usage.
DL CE Capacity Number = VS.HW.DL Credit Available
 The CE resource usage can be monitored by alarms. If the CE
hardware capacity is exceeded, ALM-28230 Base Station
Service Overload is reported.
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Optimization Suggestions
o If the uplink/downlink license- or hardware-based CE
usage is consistently greater than 70% during peak
hours for three consecutive days in a week, perform
capacity expansion as follows:
o If the license-based CE usage exceeds the capacity
expansion threshold, CE resources are limited by the
license. In this situation, upgrade the license file.

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Weekly CE traffic
0-25 25-50 50-70 70-100
4
61 UL CE seizure rate 70-
UL CE seizure rate 50- 100(1%)
70(8%)
208
UL CE seizure rate 25-
50 (29%)

452
UL CE seizure
rate
0-25(62%)
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Thank you!
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