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PART-I CBSE / 12TH STD BIOLOGY fPNo nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s> igd;

Chapter 2: Sexual Reproduction in jhtuj;jpYs;s ve;j mikg;Gfs;

fhkpl;Nlhigbf; cUthf;fj;jpy; KOikahf
Flowering Plants
1. Pollen is produced in the __________ (A) G+tbr; nrjpy;> kfue;jj;jpYs;s
(A) Stigma GNuhjhypay; nry;fs;> #Yiw
(B) Carpel (B) fU> fUT+z;> kfue;jk;
(C) Anther (C) #yfj;ijj; jhq;Fk; nrjpy;> fU> G+tbr;
(D) Ovules nrjpy;
kfue;j Jfs; ––– y; cUthfpwJ. (D) fUt+z;> tpe;J , nkfh];Nghu;
(A) #y;Kb 4. In which of the following manners
(B) #yf ,iy gymnosperms differ from
(C) kfue;jg;ig angiosperms?
(D) #y;fs; (A) Production of ovules
2. The megasporangium is also known (B) Formation of endosperm before
as __________ fertilization
(A) Micropyle (C) Formation of pollen tube
(B) Endosperm (D) Formation of endosperm after
(C) Ovule fertilization
(D) Fruit fPo;fz;ltw;wpy; vt;tifapy;
nkfh];nghuhd;[pak; vd;gJ ––– vdTk; [pk;Ndh];ngu;k;fs;>
miof;fg;gLk;. MQ;rpNah];ngu;k;fspypUe;J
(A) #y;Jis NtWgLfpd;wd?
(B) fUT+z; (A) #y;fs; cUthFjy;
(C) #yfk; (B) fUTWjYf;F Kd; fUT+z; cUthFjy;
(D) fdp (C) kfue;jf; Foy; cUthFjy;
3. Which of the following sets of (D) fUTWjYf;F gpd; fUT+z; cUthFjy;
structure in Pinus belong entirely to 5. Malacophily is pollination by __________
the gametophytic generation? (A) snails
(A) Bract scale, prothallial cells in (B) elephant
pollen, integument (C) ants
(B) Embryo, endosperm, pollen (D) insects
(C) Ovuliferous scale, embryo, bract
scale Nkyf;Nfhigyp kfue;jr; Nru;f;if vd;gJ ––
(D) Endosperm, sperm, megaspore – %yk; eilngWk; kfue;jr; Nrh;f;if
(A) ej;ijfs; (D) butterfly
(B) ahid Af;fh kyhpy; kfue;j Nru;f;if ––– %yk;
(C) vWk;Gfs; eilngWfpwJ
(D) G+r;rpfs; (A) GNuhD}gh me;Jg; g+r;rp
6. Which one of the following part of (B) NjdP
pistil receives the pollen during (C) gk;gps; NjdP
pollination? (D) gl;lhk; g+r;rp
(A) Ovule 9. In a fully developed male
(B) Stigma gametophyte of flowering plants, the
(C) Nucellus number of nuclei is _________
(D) Micropyle (A) two
fPNo nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;s #yfj;jpd; (B) three
ghfq;fspy; vJ kfue;jr; Nru;f;ifapd; (C) one
NghJ kfue;jj; Jfisg; ngWfpwJ? (D) four
(A) #y; G+f;Fk; jhtuq;fspy; KOtJthf tsu;r;rp
(B) #y;Kb mile;j Mz; Nfkpl;Nlhigl;by; –––
(C) epAnry;y]; cl;fUf;fs; ,Uf;Fk;.
(D)#y; Jis (A) ,uz;L
7. Pollinia are sac like structures in (B) %d;W
which? (C) xd;W
(A) anthers lose their individuality (D) ehd;F
(B) anther lobes are present 10. Self pollination is called ____________
(C) yellow substance is secreted (A) Autogamy
(D) pollen grains get fused in a mass (B) Allogamy
nghypdpaq;fs; vd;git ––– Nghd;w (C) Xenogamy
mikg;Gfs; MFk;. (D) Dichogamy
(A) kfue;jr; Nfruq;fs; jq;fs; jdpj;jd;ikia
(B) kfue;jj; jhs; kly;fs; nfhz;lit jd; kfue;jr; Nru;f;ifahdJ ––– vd;W
(C) kQ;rs; epwg; nghUs; Ruf;fpd;wd miof;fg;gLfpwJ.
(D) kfue;j Jfs;fs; ,ize;J xU jpushf (A) Ml;NlhNfkp
mike;Js;s mikg;G (B) myN;yhNfkp
8. The Yucca flower is pollinated by ____ (C) nrNdhNfkp
(A) Pronuba moth (D) ilNfhNfkp
(B) honey bee 11. If the organism is formed from female
(C) bumble bee gamete without fertilization, it is ____
(A) Parthenogenesis (D) Chasmogamy
(B) Parthenocarpy jd;kfue;jr; Nrh;f;if eilngWtjw;F kyu;fs;
(C) Apogamy ––– vd;Dk; kpfg;;nghUj;jkhd
(D) Apospory mikg;igg; ngw;Ws;sd.
fUTWjy; epfohky; capupdq;fs; ngz; (A) ilf;NfhNfkp
Nfkpl;LfspypUe;J cUthtJ ––– MFk;. (B) N`hNkhNfkp
(A) ghu;j;jpNdhn[dprp]; (C) fpsp];NlhNfkp
(B) ghu;j;jpNdhfhu;g;gp (D) rh];NkhNfkp
(C) mNghNfkp 14. Development of sporophyte from
(D) mNgh];Nghup gametophyte cells without
12. In moth pollinated flowers __________ fertilization is called ___________
(A) The petals are red and (A) Parthenogenesis
conspicuous (B) Syngamy
(B) The petals are inconspicuous and (C) Apogamy
there is a profusion of pollens (D) Apospory
(C) There are nectaries and coloured fUTWjy; epfo;T
petals with honey guides ,y;yhkNyNaNfkpl;Nlhigl;
(D) There are nectaries and petals nry;fspypUe;J ];Nghuhigl;fs;
which are white and scented Njhd;WtJ ––– vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwJ.
me;Jg;G+r;rpahy; kfue;jr; Nrh;f;if (A) ghh;j;jpNdhn[dprp];
eilngWk; kyu;fs; ––– (B) rpd;Nfkp
(A) my;yp ,jo;fs; rptg;G epwk; nfhz;lit (C) mNghNfkp
kw;Wk; ftUk; tifapy; ed;F ntspj; (D) mNgh];Nghup
njhpaf;$bait 15. Development of a sporophyte directly
(B) my;yp ,jo;fs; ed;F ntspj; njhpahjit from the unfertilized egg is called ____
kw;Wk; Vuhskhd kfue;jk; nfhz;lit (A) Parthenogenesis
(C) kJr;Rug;gpfSk;> kJtopfhl;bfs; (B) Syngamy
nfhz;l gspr;nrd;w epwk; nfhz;l my;yp (C) Apospory
,jo;fSk; nfhz;lit (D) Apogamy
(D) kJr;Rug;gpfSk; ntz;ik epwKk;> fUTwh Kl;ilapypUe;J Neubahf
thridAk; cila my;yp ,jo;fs; nfhz;lit ];Nghuhigl; Njhd;WtJ –––
13. The condition in a flower best suited vd;wiof;fg;gLfpwJ.
for autogamy is __________ (A) ghu;j;jpNdhn[dprp];
(A) Dichogamy (B) rpd;Nfkp
(B) Homogamy (C) mNgh];Nghhp
(C) Cleistogamy (D) mNghNfkp
16. The gametophyte produced by (A) Ml;NlhNfkp
apospory is __________ (B) my;NyhNfkp
(A) Polyploidy (C) nrNdhNfkp
(B) Diploid (D) nfa;lNdhNfkp
(C) Triploid 19. Pollination occurring in closed
(D) Haploid flowers is __________
mNgh];Nghup Kiwapy; cUthFk; (A) Dicliny
Nfkpl;Nlhigl; ––– jd;ikf; nfhz;lJ. (B) Protogyny
(A) gd;kak; (C) Allogamy
(B) ,Ukak; (D) Cleistogamy
(C) Kk;kak; %ba kyh;fspy; epfOk; kfue;jr; Nrh;f;if
(D) xUkak; ––– vdg;gLk;.
17. Pollination characteristically occurs (A) bf;iydp
in __________ (B) Gul;Nlhfpdp
(A) Angiosperms and fungi (C) my;NyhNfkp
(B) Angiosperms and gymnosperms (D) f;nsap];NlhNfkp
(C) Pteridophytes and angiosperms 20. Self-pollination means __________
(D) Bryophytes and angiosperms (A) Occurrence of male and female
–––,y; kfue;jr;Nrh;f;if jdpj;jd;ikAld; sex organs in the same flower
mike;Js;sJ. (B) Germination of pollen within the
(A) MQ;;[pNah];ngh;k;fs;; kw;Wk; same anther
G+Q;ir (C) Transference of pollens from
(B) MQ;;[pNah];ngh;k;fs; kw;Wk; anther to stigma within the same
[pk;Ndh];ngh;k;fs; flower
(C) nlhpNlhigl;Lfs;;; kw;Wk; (D) Transference of pollen from one
MQ;[pNah];ngh;k;fs; plant to the stigma of a neighboring
(D) gphpNahigl;Lfs; kw;Wk; plant
MQ;[pNah];ngh;k;fs; jd; kfue;jr; Nrh;f;if vd;gJ –
18. Transfer of pollen to the stigma of (A) xNu G+f;fspy; Mz; kw;Wk; ngz;
another flower of the same plant is ___ ghy; cWg;Gfs; mikjy;
(A) Autogamy (B) xNu kfue;jg; igf;Fs; kfue;jk;
(B) Allogamy Kisj;jy;
(C) Xenogamy (C) xNu G+Tf;Fs; kfue;jk;>
(D) Geitonogamy kfue;jigapy; ,Ue;J #y;Kbf;F
xNu jhtuj;jpy;> kw;nwhU kyhpd; khw;wg;gLfpwJ
#y;Kbf;F kfue;jk; khw;wg;gLtJ
(D) xU jhtuj;jpypUe;J kfue;jk;> mLj;j (A) Amphitropous
jhtuj;jpd; #y;Kbf;F khw;wg;gLfpwJ (B) Anatropous
21. Stigma is always rough and sticky in _ (C) Campylotropous
(A) Entomophilous flowers (D) Orthotropous
(B) Anemophilous flowers #y;fhk;Gfs; mike;Js;s mikg;gpd;
(C) Hydrophilous flowers mbg;gilapy; Kjph;e;j #y;fs;
(D) Entomophilous, Anemophilous tifg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. #y;Jis #y;fhk;gpid
and Hydrophilous flowers neUq;fp ,Ue;jhy; me;j tifahd #y;fs; ––
––– y; #y;Kb vg;NghJk; fbdkhf – vd Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ.
kw;Wk; xl;LjyhfTk; ,Uf;Fk;. (A) ghjp ftpo;e;j #y;
(A) vz;NlhNkhgpy]; kyh;fs; (B) jiyfPo; #y;
(B) mdpNkhgpy]; kyh;fs; (C) tise;j #y;
(C) ePh; ehl;lkhd kyh;fs; (D) Neh; #y;
(D) vz;NlhNkhgpy];> mdpNkhgpy]; 24. Which statement is true?
kw;Wk; ePh; ehl;lkhd kyh;fs; (A) Only spores are invariably
22. Progeny resulting from cross haploids
pollination __________ (B) Spores and gametes are invariably
(A) Show greater genetic variability diploids
and are evolutionarily important (C) Only gametes are invariably
(B) Are homozygous and show haploids
phenotypic uniformity (D) Spores and gametes are invariably
(C) Are always sterile haploids
(D) Always show recessive characters ,tw;wpy; vJ rupahd $w;W?
may; kfue;j Nrh;f;ifapd; fhuzkhf (A) ];Nghh;fs; kl;Lk; vg;NghJk;;
cUthFk; re;jjp ––– Fzq;fis xUkak;
ngw;Ws;sd. (B) ];Nghh;fs; kw;Wk; Nfkpl;fs;
(A) mjpf kugZ khWghL fhl;Lk; vg;NghJk ;;,Ukak;
kw;Wk; ghpzhktpay; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; (C) Nfkpl;fs; kl;Lk; vg;NghJk;; xUkak;
(B) xNuapdg;Gzhp kw;Wk; rPuhd (D) ];Nghh;fs; kw;Wk; Nfkpl;fs;
gpNdhilg;gpia fhl;Lk; vg;NghJk;; xUkak;
(C) vg;NghJk; kyl;L jd;ik 25. The male gametophyte of the
(D) vg;NghJk; xLq;fpa gz;Gfs; angiosperm is __________
23. Mature ovules are classified based on (A) Androecium
the funiculus. If micropyle comes to (B) Stamen
lie close to the funiculus, the ovule is (C) Pollen grain
termed as __________ (D) Filament
MQ;rpNah];ngh;kpd; Mz; (B) Haploid and tetraploid spores
Nfkpl;Nlh∴igl; ––– (C) Haploid and diploid spores
(A) kfue;j jhs; tl;lk; (D) Mega and micro spores
(B) kfue;jj;jhs; n`l;bNuh];Nghhp ––– id cw;gj;jp
(C) kfue;j Jfs; nra;fpd;wd.
(D) ,io (A) ghypay; kw;Wk; ghypyh
26. Development of ovary into fruit ];Nghh;fs;
without fertilization is called ________ (B) xUika kw;Wk; ehd;ka ];Nghh;fs;;
(A) Asexual reproduction (C) xUika kw;Wk; ,Uika ];Nghh;fs;
(B) Parthenocarpy (D) nkfh kw;Wk; ikf;Nuh ];Nghh;fs;
(C) Sexual reproduction 29. Double fertilization in angiosperms
(D) Apomixis occurs in ___________
fUj;jhpj;jy; ,y;yhky; #w;igahdJ fdpahf (A) Nucellus
cUthtJ ––– vd (B) Ovule
miof;fg;gLfpwJ. (C) Embryo sac
(A) ghypyh ,dg;ngUf;fk; (D) Ovary
(B) fUTwhJ fdpahjy; MQ;rpNah];ngu;kpy; ,ul;il fUTWjy; ––
(C) ghy; ,dg;ngUf;fk; – eilngWfpwJ.
(D) mNghkpf;]p]; (A) epA+nry;y];
27. Wax coated pollen grains are found in (B) #y;
(A) Entomophilous plants (C) #y; ciw
(B) Hydrophilous plants (D) #w;ig
(C) Ornithophilous plants 30. Which one of the following
(D) Anemophilous plants pollinations is autogamous?
nkOF G+rpa kfue;jj;Jfs;fs;; ––– (A) Geitonogamy
fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. (B) Xenogamy
(A) G+r;rp %yk; kfue;jr;Nrh;f;if (C) Chasmogamy
eilngWk; jhtuq;fspy; (D) Cleistogamy
(B) ePh; %yk; kfue;jr;Nrh;f;if gpd;tUk; kfue;jr; Nrh;f;if thpirapy; vJ
eilngWk; jhtuq;fspy; jd; kfue;jr; Nru;f;if tif MFk;?
(C) gwitfs; %yk; kfue;jr;Nrh;f;if (A) ifl;bNdhNfkp
eilngWk; jhtuq;fspy;; (B) nrNdhNfkp
(D) fhw;W %yk; kfue;jr;Nrh;f;if (C) rh];NkhNfkp
eilngWk; jhtuq;fspy; (D) fpsP];NlhNfkp
28. Heterospory is production of __________ 31. The female gametophyte of a typical
(A) Sexual and asexual spores dicot at the time of fertilization is _____
(A) 7-celled (B) irl;Nlhgpsh];kpf; tPo;r;rpia
(B) 4-celled fhl;LfpwJ
(C) 6-celled (C) cs;Siw tsh;r;rp fhl;LfpwJ
(D) 8-celled (D) jd;ntg;gepiy ,af;fj;ij fhl;LfpwJ
XU ,Utpj;jpiyapy; ngz; NfkPl;Nlhigl; 34. Phenomenon of opening of flower
fUTWk; rkaj;jpy; ––– nry;fisf; buds is called __________
nfhz;bUf;Fk;. (A) Gametogenesis
(A) 7-nry;fis (B) Anthesis
(B) 4-nry;fis (C) Sporogenesis
(C) 6-nry;fis (D) Blooming
(D) 8-nry;fis nkhl;LfshdJ kyUk; epfo;T ––– vd;W
32. The main embryo develops from the miof;fg;gLfpwJ .
structure formed as a result of fusion (A) Nfkpl;Nlhn[dprp];
of __________ (B) Me;jprp];
(A) Egg cell and male gamete (C) ];NghNuhn[dprp];
(B) Male gamete and antipodals (D) kyu;jy;
(C) synergid and male gamete 35. The sac like structure in which spores
(D) Two polar nuclei of embryo sac are enclosed is called __________
Kf;fpa fU ––– ,iztpdhy; cz;lhFk; (A) sporangium
mikg;gpypUe;J tsUfpd;wJ (B) strobilus
(A) Kl;il nry; kw;Wk; Mz;Nfkpl; (C) sporangiophore
(B) Mz; Nfkpl; kw;Wk; Md;bNghly; (D) sorus
(C) Jiz nry; kw;Wk; Mz ;Nfkpl; ];Nghh;fspy;> tpj;Jfs; ,Uf;Fk; ig
(D) fUg;igapd; ,U JUt cl;fUf;fs; Nghd;w cWg;G ––– vd;W
33. Which of the following statement is miof;fg;gLfpwJ.
true for the formation of pollen tube? (A) ];Nghuhd;[pak;
(A) it is composed of three non (B) ];l;Nuhgpy];
cellular zones (C) ];Nghuhd;[pNah‡Nghh;
(B) it shows cytoplasmic streaming (D) Nrhu];
(C) it shows growth of intine 36. When male and female parts of a
(D) it shows thermotactic movement flower mature at different times, it is
kfue;j Foy; cUthf;Fjy; gw;wpaij Fwpj;j termed __________
gpd;tUk; ve;j $w;W rhpahdJ? (A) heterostyly
(A) %d;W nry;Yyhh; mw;w gFjpfis (B) herkogamy
cs;sJ (C) monocliny
(D) dichogamy
kyhpd; Mz; kw;Wk; ngz; ghfq;fs; (D) Ra kyl;Lj;jd;ik
ntt;NtW rkaq;fspy; Kjph;r;rp miljiy ––
– vd;W miof;fyhk;.
(A) n`l;bNuh];ilyp 39. In archegonium the cell above the egg
(B) n`h;NfhNfkp cell is called _____________
(C) NkhNdhfpisdp (A) venter canal cell
(D) ilf;NfhNfkp (B) neck canal cell
37. Cross pollination is advantageous (C) cover cell
because it results in formation of ____ (D) neck cell
(A) better progeny Mh;fpNfhdpaj;jpy; Kl;il nry;Yf;F NkNy
(B) female offspring cs;s nry; ––– vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwJ.
(C) weaker progeny (A) ntd;lh; fhy;tha; nry;
(D) male offspring (B) fOj;Jf; fhy;tha; nry;
may; kfue;jr;Nrh;f;if mD$ykhdjhf (C) ciw nry;
,Ug;gjw;Ff; fhuzk; mit ––– (D) fOj;J nry;
cUthf;FfpwJ. 40. How many microspores mother cell
(A) rpwe;j re;jjp will give rise to 256 microspores after
(B) ngz; re;jjp reduction division?
(C) tYtpoe;j re;jjp (A) 512
(D) Mz; re;jjp (B) 218
38. To avoid self pollination, the pollen (C) 64
grains of some flowers have no (D) 96
fertilizing effect on the stigma of the vj;jid ikf;Nuh];Nghu; jha; nry;fs;>
same flower. This condition is _______ Fd;wy; gFg;gpw;F gpd; 256
(A) herkogamy ikf;Nuh];Nghu;fis nfhLf;fpd;wd?
(B) dichogamy (A) 512
(C) dicliny (B) 218
(D) self sterility (C) 64
rpy G+f;fspy;> Ra kfue;jr;Nrh;f;ifiaj;; (D) 96
jtph;g;gjw;F kfue;jj;Jfs;fs;> mNj 41. Formation of an extra embryo from
g+tpd; #y; Kbapd; kPJ ve;j xU the nucellus or integument is called __
fUj;jupf;Fk; tpisitAk; Vw;gLj;jhj (A) Suspensor Polyembryony
epiyia–––vd;Wk; miof;fyhk;. (B) Simple Polyembryony
(A) n`h;NfhNfkp (C) Adventive Polyembryony
(B) ilNfhNfkp (D) Cleavage Polyembryony
(C) ilf;isdp
epAnry;y]; my;yJ ntspg;Gwj; Njhypy; (C) beetles
,Ue;J xU $Ljy; fU cUthf;fk; eilngWtij (D) butterflies
––– vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwJ. ekJ Njhl;lfiy gapHfs; ––– %yk; may;
(A) njhq;Fk; gFjpahd gy fUcUthf;fk; kfue;j NrHf;if eilngWfpwJ
(B) vspa gy fU cUthf;fk; (A) NjdPf;fs;
(C) ntspg;nghUs; gy fUcUthf;fk; (B) me;Jg;G+r;rp
(D) gpstpd; gyfU cUthf;fk; (C) tz;Lfs;
42. Bisexual, Small, Inconspicuous, (D) gl;lhk;G+r;rpfs;
Colourless and ‘devoid of nectar’ are 45. Feathery stigma is present in __________
the characters of the flowers of _____ (A) Pea
(A) Cleistogamy (B) Datura
(B) Geitonogamy (C) Wheat
(C) Allogamy (D) Ceasalpinia
(D) Homogamy ,wF Nghd;w #yf Kbfs; –––y;
,Ughy;> rpwpa> njsptw;w> fhzg;gLfpd;wd.
epwkw;w> Njd; Ruf;fhj gz;Gfisf; (A) gl;lhzp
nfhz;l kyu;fs; ––– MFk; (B) lhl;Luh
(A) fpsp];NlhNfkp (C) NfhJik
(B) Nfl;bNdhNfkp (D) rpry;gpdpah
(C) my;NyhNfkp 46. Triploid plants can be obtained from
(D) N`hNkhNfkp the culture of ___________
43. Primary protonema develops from ___ (A) endosperm
(A) Spore mother cell (B) ovule
(B) Haploid spore (C) megaspore
(C) Gametophyte (D) pollen
(D) Sporogonium Kk;kaj; jhtuq;fs––– Clfj;jpypUe;J
Kjy;epiy GNuhl;Nlhdpkh ––– ypUe;J ngwg;gLfpd;wd.
cUthfpwJ. (A) Kis #o;jir
(A) jha;tpj;J nry; (B) #y;
(B) `hg;yha;L ];Nghh; (C) nkfh];Nghu;
(C) Nfkpl;Nlhigl; (D) kfue;jk;
(D) ];NghNuhNfhdpak; 47. The anther wall consists of four wall
44. The chief pollinators of our agro layers, where?
horticultural crops are __________ (A) Endothecium lies inner to middle
(A) bees layers
(B) moths
(B) Middle layers lie between g+tpd; ikaj;jpid Nehf;fp> kfue;j
endothecium and tapetum igahdJ ntbg;gJ ––– MFk;.
(C) Tapetum lies just inner to (A) ,ilr;nrUfpa
endothecium (B) vf;];l;Nuh];
(D) Tapetum lies next to epidermis (C) ntspNaw;wpa
––– y; kfue;j igahdJ ehd;F Rtu; (D) ,d;l;Nuh];
mLf;fpid nfhz;Ls;sJ. 50. In a flower the placenta is a tissue ___
(A) eLtLf;fpw;F cs;Ns vz;NlhjPrpak; (A) in anther lobes where pollens are
mike;Js;sJ attached
(B) vz;NlhjPrpak; kw;Wk; lgPl;lj;jpw;F (B) in corolla tube where filaments
,ilNa eLmLf;F cs;sJ are attached
(C) vz;Nlhj;jPrpaj;jpw;F cs;Ns lgpl;lk; (C) on thalamus where floral whorls
mike;Js;sJ are attached
(D) Nky; Njhy; mLf;F mLj;J lgPl;lk; (D) in ovary where the ovules are
mike;Js;sJ attached
48. How many pollen grain mother cells xU kyhpy; ,izg;G jpR ––– MFk;
should undergo meiotic division to (A) kfue;jq;fSk;> kfue;jig ,izg;Gfs;
produce 64 pollen grains? (B) fNuhyh Fohapy; ,iofs; ,izf;fg;gl;lJ
(A) 32 (C) kyh; RUs;fs; ,izf;fg;gl;l jshk];
(B) 16 (D) #y; tpj;Jf;fs; xl;bapUf;Fk; fUg;ig
(C) 8 51. The process of development of the
(D) 64 offspring by budding type of
kfue;j Jfs; jha; nry;yhdJ> 64 kfue;j reproduction is called __________
Jfs;fis cw;gj;jp nra;a> vj;jid Kiw (A) Histogenesis
Fd;wy; gFg;gpid Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;? (B) Asexual reproduction
(A) 32 (C) Parthenogenesis
(B) 16 (D) Morphogenesis
(C) 8 mUk;gp ,dg;ngUf;f %yk; re;jjpfs;;
(D) 64 tsh;r;rpnray;Kiw ––– miof;fgg;LfpwJ.
(A) tsh;r;rpapd; NghJ rpwg;G jpRf;fs;
49. When an anther dehisces towards the cUthFjy;
centre of the flower, it is called _______ (B) ghyp;yh ,dg;ngUf;fk;
(A) inserted (C) ,iztpw;FKd; eilngWk; ,dg;ngUf;fk;
(B) extrose (D) cly; cUtmikg;G
(C) exerted 52. A bisexual flower which never opens
(D) introse in its life span is called __________
(A) cleistogamous (B) Sporophyte
(B) heterogamous (C) Female gametophyte
(C) homogamous (D) sporangium
(D) dichogamous g+f;Fk; jhtuq;fspy; kfue;jj;ij –––
cw;gj;jp nra;fpwJ.
,Ughy; kyuhdJ mjd; Mal;fhyj;jpy; (A) Mz; Nfkpl;Nlhigl;
vg;NghJk; kyuhjJ ––– vd (B) ];NghNuhigl;
miof;fg;gLfpwJ. (C) ngz; Nfkpl;Nlhigl;
(A) fpsp];NlhNfk]; (D) ];Nghuhd;[pak;
(B) n`l;bNuhNfk]; 56. Sexual reproduction in which
(C) N`hNkhNfk]; morphologically and physiologically
(D) ilNfhNfk]; similar gametes fuse is termed as ____
53. Pollen grain gets nutrition from _____ (A) Anisogamy
(A) Sporogenous sac (B) Isogamy
(B) Middle layer (C) Oogamy
(C) Tapetum (D) Plasmogamy
(D) Endothecium ghypdg;ngUf;fj;jpy; mikg;G kw;Wk;
kfue;jJfs;fs; ––– ,Ue;J Cl;lr;rj;jpid cly; nraypay; hPjpahf xj;j Nfkpl;Ls;
ngWfpd;wJ. ,iztJ ––– vd Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ.
(A) ];NghNuh[Pd]; ciw (A) mdpNrhNfkp
(B) kj;jpa mLf;F (B) INrhNfkp
(C) lgPl;lk; (C) CNfkp
(D) vz;Nlhj;jPrpak; (D) gpsh];NkhNfkp
54. The nucleus of the ovule is ___________ 57. Pollen grains on the stigma of a flower
(A) Polyploid reach the egg by forming a ___________
(B) Diploid (A) cotyledon
(C) Triploid (B) seed
(D) Haploid (C) pollen tube
#ypd; cl;fUthdJ ––– MFk; (D) carpel
(A) ghypgpsha;L kyhpd; #y;Kbapd; NkYs;s kfue;jJfs;
(B) bg;sha;L ________ cUthtjd; %yk; fUtpid
(C) bhpg;sha;L milfpd;wd.
(D) `hg;sha;L (A) tpj;jpiy
55. In case of angiosperms, pollen grain (B) tpij
produces ___________ (C) kfue;j Foy;
(A) Male gametophyte (D) #ypiy
58. Flowering plants can either utilize (C) It prevents entry of more than one
cross pollination or self pollination pollen tube into the embryo sac
strategies.Which of the following is an (D) It brings about opening of the
advantage of cross pollination? pollen tube
(A) There is no need for other #ypDs; Eiotjw;F> ,ioNghd;w
compatible plants, beneficial in scarce mikg;ghdJ vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk;?
populations (A) kfue;j Fohapid rpdh;[pl;bypUe;J
(B) It allows the generation of genetic mz;lr; nry;ypw;F nry;y topfhl;lNtz;Lk;
diversity, aiding natural selection (B) rpdh;[pl;bDs; kfue;j Foy; Eiotjw;F
(C) Many dissimilar offspring can be cjTfpwJ
produced, allowing selection for (C) xd;Wf;F Nkw;gl;l kfue;j Foy;fs;
desirable mutants $YiwapDs; Eiotij jLf;fpwJ
(D) It promotes the dissemination of (D) kfue;j Foy; jpwg;gpid
offspring, reducing completion with Vw;gLj;JfpwJ
the parent 60. Reduction division in angiosperms
g+f;Fk; jhtuq;fs; FWf;F kfue;jr; NrHf;if occurs at the time of __________
my;yJ Ra kfue;j cj;jpfisg; (A) sexual reproduction
gad;gLj;jyhk;.gpd;tUk; vt;tifapy; may; (B) antheridia formation
kfue;j Nrh;f;if rpwg;GilaJ? (C) germ tube formation
(A) mhpjhd vz;zpf;ifapyhd kw;w (D) asexual reproduction
jhtuq;fSld; xj;jpUf;f Ntz;bajpy;iy ––– d; NghJ Fd;wy; gFg;G
(B) ,aw;if Njh;T Kiwapy;> kugZ eilngWfpwJ.
NtWghl;bw;F cjTfpwJ (A) ghypay; ,dg;ngUf;fk;
(C) NtWghlhd topNjhd;wy;fs; (B) Me;j;hPbah cUthf;fk;
cz;lhFfpd;wd. Njitahd rLjp (C) Kisf;Foy; cUthf;fk;
khw;wkile;jitfis Njh;e;njLf;f (D) ghypyh ,dg;ngUf;fk;
JizGhpfpwJ 61. Haploid cells belong to __________
(D) topNjhd;wy;fis gug;Gfpd;wJ (A) Embryo, Endosperm and Pollen
kw;Wk; ngw;NwhUldhd epiwtpid Grain
Fiwf;fpwJ (B) Megaspore, Pollen Grain,
59. What does the filiform apparatus do Antipodal
at the entrance into ovule? (C) Integument, Pollen grain and
(A) It guides pollen tube from a Antipodal
synergid to egg (D) Integument, Pollen Grain,
(B) It helps in the entry of pollen tube Endosperm
into a synergid xw;iwkar; nry;fs; –––id rhh;e;jit.
(A) fU> vz;Nlh];ngh;k; kw;Wk; #y;fhk;gpw;F nrq;Nfhzkhf mikfpwJ. ,it
kfue;jJfs; ve;j #yf tsh;r;rpapid Fwpf;fpwJ?
(B) nkfh];Nghh;> kfue;jJfs; kw;Wk; (A) Neh; #Yilait
Md;bNghly; (B) tise;j #yfj;ijAilait
(C) #Yiw> kfue;jJfs; kw;Wk; (C) gFjp jiyfPo; #y;
Md;bNghly; (D) jiyfPo; #y;
(D) #Yiw> kfue;jJfs; kw;Wk; 64. Embryo sac is __________
vz;Nlh];ngh;k; (A)Micro gametophyte
62. In ‘mesogamy’ the pollen tube enters (B) Microsporangium
the ovule ___________ (C) Mega gametophyte
(A) Through the chalaza (D) Megasporangium
(B) Through the middle of micropyle fUg;ig vd;gJ –––
(C) Through the middle of (A) ikf;NuhNfkpl;Nlhigl;
integuments after piercing the tissues (B) ikf;Nuh];Nghuhd;[pak;
(D) Through the middle of (C) nkfh Nfkpl;Nlhigl;
integuments without piercing the (D) nkfh ];Nghuhd;[pak;
tissues 65. Passage of pollen tube through
kPNrhNfkpapy; kfue;j Foy; #Yf;Fs; – micropyle while reaching the embryo
–– EiofpwJ. sac is __________
(A) #ybtopahf (A) Mesogamy
(B) #y;Jisapd; ikaj;jpd; topahf (B) Porogamy
(C) jpRf;fspy; Jisapl;L #Yiwapd; ikak; (C) Dicliny
(D) jpRf;fisJisaplhky; #Yiwapd; ikak; (D) Dichogamy
topahf Ez;Lis %yk; kfue;j Foha; ghij fU
63. The ovule during its development jpRg;ig cs;s ,lq;fspy; xd;whf te;jJ –––
undergoes 90o curvature bringing the MFk;.
micropyle and chalaza in a line but a (A) kPNrhNfkp
right angle to the funicle. The ovule (B) GNuhNfkp
development confirms to ___________ (C) bfpisdp
(A) Atropous (D) bNrhNfkp
(B) Campylotropous 66. Polygonum type of embryo sac is ____
(C) Hemianatropous (A) 8 nucleate
(D) Anatropous (B) 16 nucleate
#yfkhdJ tsh;r;rpapd; NghJ>900 (C) 24 nucleate
Nfhzk; tise;J> #y;fis kw;Wk; #yb xNu (D) 32 nucleate
Neh;Nfhl;by; mikfpd;wd. Mdhy;
ghypNfhzk; tifapd; #y; ciw ––– gjpafyk; %yk; cUthFk; fUthdJ>
nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,izTnghUs; %yk; Njhd;WtJ –––vd;W
(A) 8 cl;fU miof;fg;gLfpwJ
(B) 16 cl;fU (A) mg;Nghkpf;]p];
(C) 24 cl;fU (B) Ntw;wpl;l gyfUthf;fk;
(D) 32 cl;fU (C) mg;Ngh];Nghhp
67. Tapetum occurs in __________ (D) ,UnjhFjp gyfUthf;fk;
(A)Anther wall 70. The long silky hair coming out of cob
(B) Ovary wall of Maize are __________
(C) Male gametophyte (A) Meant for fruit dispersal
(D) Female gametophyte (B) Meant for attracting insects
Cl;l nry;fs; ––– Vw;gLfpwJ. (C) Meant for protect seeds
(A) kfue;jg;igapd; Rth; (D) Long styles and stigmas
(B) #w;ig Rth; kf;fhr;Nrhsj;jpy; cs;s ePz;l nkd;ikahd
(C) Mz; Nfkpl;Nlh‡igl; Kb –––
(D) ngz; Nfkpl;Nlh‡igl; (A) gok; guTjy; nghUs;
68. Which one is produced as a result of (B) g+r;rpfs; <h;f;Fk; nghUs;
double fertilization? (C) tpijfis ghJfhf;Fk; nghUs;
(A) Seed (D) ePz;l #y;jz;L kw;Wk; #y;Kb
(B) Fruit 71. Device for the self pollination is ______
(C) Megaspore (A) Dicliny
(D) Endosperm (B) Dichogamy
ve;j xd;W ,ul;il fUTWjy; tpisthf (C) Heterostyly
cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gLfpwJ? (D) Bisexual flower
(A) tpij jd; kfue;jNrh;f;if rhjdk; –
(B) fdp (A) xUghy; kyh; kfue;jNrh;f;if
(C) nkfh];Nghh; (B) NtWgl;l gUt Kjph;r;rp
(D) #o;jir (C) ,U kl;lr; #y;jz;L
69. Formation of embryo from vegetative (D) ,Ughy; kyh;
cells derived from zygote is called ____ 72. Zygote is ___________
(A) Apomixis (A) Haploid
(B) Adventive polyembryony (B) Diploid
(C) Apospory (C) Polyploid
(D) Diploid polyembryony (D) Triploid
irNfhl; xU –––
(A) xw;iwkak;
(B) ,ul;ilkak; ––– gpuptpd; NghJ
(C) gykak; Md;[pNah];ngh;k;fspy; Mz; ghypdr;
(D) ehd;Fkak; nry; cUthfpwJ.
73. Pollen tube usually enters the embryo (A) Mz; capuZf;fis cz;lhf;Fk; capuZ
sac ___________ (B) gjpa fy nry;
(A) between one synergid and central (C) Ez;tpj;jp jha; nry;
cell (D) Ez;tpj;jp
(B) by knocking of antipodal cell 76. Cross pollination is true genetic sense
(C) through one of synergids within a species is called as __________
(D) directly penetrate the egg (A) Xenogamy
kfue;j Foy; nghJthf #y; ciwapy; ––– (B) Geitonogamy
topahf EiofpwJ. (C) Semigamy
(A) Jizr;nry; kw;Wk; kj;jpa nry; ,ilNa (D) Autogamy
(B) mjpub nry; jl;LfpwJ xNu ,dj;jpw;Fs; elf;Fk; kugZ uPjpahd
(C) xU Jizr;nry; may; kfue;jr; Nrh;f;if –
(D) Neubahf Kl;ilfs; CLUTjy; (A) rPNdhNfkp
74. Which of the following is necessary (B) n[a;d;l;NdhN`kp
for flower formation in higher plants? (C) nrkpN`kp
(A) Florigen (D) Ml;NlhN`kp
(B) Phyllocaline 77. Flower is intersexual in __________
(C) Water and minerals (A) Date Palm
(D) Food (B) Cucurbita
cau; jhtuq;fspy; kyu; cUthf;fj;jpw;F (C) Papaya
gpd;tUk; ve;j xd;W mtrpak;? (D) Hibiscus
(A) ‡g;Nshupn[d; kyhpy; ,Ughy; mikg;G ––– fhzg;gLk;.
(B) igNyhNfypd; (A) NghPr;ir
(C) ePu; kw;Wk; fdpkq;fs; (B) Ff;fh;gPl;lh
(D) czT (C) gg;ghah
75. Male gametes in angiosperms are (D) nrk;gUj;jp
formed by the division of ___________ 78. When some plants produce more than
(A)Generative cell one type of flowers, the phenomenon
(B) Vegetative cell is called as __________
(C) Microspore mother cell (A) Homogamy
(D) Microspore (B) Dichogamy
(C) Herkogamy
(D) Heteromophism
rpy jhtuq;fspd; kyh;fs; xU tif kyh;fSf;F 81. The fertilization in which male
Nky; cw;gj;jp nra;jhy; mit ––– vd gametes are carried through pollen
miof;fg;gLk; tube is known as __________
(A) N`hNkhNfkp (A) Porogamy
(B) ilNfhNfkp (B) Syngamy
(C) n`h;NfhNfkp (C) Chalazogamy
(D) n`l;bNuhkhh;gprk; (D) Siphonogamy
79. Seed formation without fertilization fUj;jhpj;jypd;NghJ Mz; NfkPl;Lfs;
in flowering plants involves the kfue;j Foha; %yk; vLj;Jr; nry;tJ –––
process of __________ vd;wiof;fg;gLfpd;wd
(A) Sporulation (A) NghNuhNfkp
(B) Budding (B) rpd;Nfkp
(C) Somatic (C) ryNrhNfkp
hybridization (D) rp‡gNdhNfkp
(D) Apomixis 82. A self fertilizing trihybrid plant forms
G+f;Fk; jhtuq;fspy; fUj;jhpj;jy; (A) 4 different gametes and 16
,y;yhky; tpij cUthf;fk; nray;Kiw ––– different zygotes
MFk;. (B) 8 different gametes and 16
(A) rpWrpjyhf;fk; different zygotes
(B) mUk;Gjy; (C) 8 different gametes and 32
(C) clYf;Fhpa ,df;fyg;G different zygotes
(D) mtfyg;G (D) 8 different gametes and 64
80. The endosperm in angiosperm different zygotes
develops from __________ Ra fUj;jhpf;fr; nra;Ak; %tpdf; fyg;G
(A) Secondary Nucleus jhtuj;jpd; tbtq;fs;
(B) Chalazal Polar Nucleus (A) 4 ntt;NtW NfkPl;Lfs; kw;Wk; 16
(C) Micropylar Polar Nucleus ntt;NtW irf;Nfhl;Lfs;
(D) Zygote (B) 8 ntt;NtW NfkPl;Lfs; kw;Wk; 16
tpijAiwAs;s Kis#o;jir––– ypUe;J ntt;NtW irf;Nfhl;Lfs;
cUthfpwJ. (C) 8 ntt;NtW NfkPl;Lfs; kw;Wk; 32
(A) ,uz;lhk; cl;fU ntt;NtW irf;Nfhl;Lfs;
(B) ryrhy; JUt cl;fU (D) 8 ntt;NtW NfkPl;Lfs; kw;Wk; 64
(C) ikf;Nuh]yh; JUt cl;fU ntt;NtW irf;Nfhl;Lfs;
(D) fU 83. Proximal end of the filament of
stamen is attached to the __________
(A) Anther
(B) Connective
(C) Placenta jtwhd $w;wpid Njh;e;njL:
(D) Thalamus or petal (i) kyh;jiy njhlh;e;J jpbh;epl;rp
Mz; ,iz cWg;G ,io mUfUNf ––– eilg;ngWfpwJ
,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. (ii) fU tsh;r;rpf;F Kd; vz;Nlh];ngh;k;
(A) kfue;jg;ig tsh;r;rp eilngWfpd;wJ
(B) ,izg;G (iii) kfue;j Nrh;f;ifia njhlh;e;J fUTWjy;
(C) eQ;Rf;nfhb eilngWk;
(D) g+jsk; my;yJ ,jo; (iv) nry; NtWghl;bw;F Kd; nry
84. When pollen of one flower pollinates ;gphpj;y; eilngWfpwJ
stigma of a different flower but on the (A) i kw;Wk; iii
same plant, this is called as __________ (B) iv kl;Lk;
(A) Semigamy (C) ii kw;Wk; iv
(B) Xenogamy (D) iii jtpu
(C) Geitonogamy 86. Unisexuality of flowers prevents _____
(D) Allogamy (A) geitonogamy, but not xenogamy
xU G+tpd; kfue;jk;> kw;nwhU (B) autogamy and geitonogamy
NtWg;gl;l kyh;fspd; #y; fhk;gpNdhL (C) autogamy, but not geitonogamy
kfue;j Nrh;f;ifapy; mNj xNu jhtuj;jpy; (D) both geitonogamy and xenogamy
elg;gJ ––– vd miof;fg;gLfpwJ. xj;j Gzh;r;rp kyh;fs; ––– jLf;fpwJ.
(A) nrkpfhkp (A) mzpikg;Gzh;r;rp Mdhy; may;
(B) may; kfue;jr; Nrh;f;if kfue;j Nrh;f;if ,y;iy
(C) nkhl;L kfue;j Nrh;f;if (B) jw;fUTwy; kw;Wk;
(D) md;dpag;Gzh;r;rp mzpikg;Gzh;r;rp
85. Pick out the incorrect statements: (C) jw;fUTwy; Mdhy; mzpikg;Gzh;r;rp
(i) Bolting is followed by flowering ,y;iy
(ii) Embryo development precedes (D) mzpikg;Gzh;r;rp kw;Wk; may;
endosperm development kfue;jr; Nrh;f;if ,uz;Lk;
(iii) Pollination is followed by 87. Most common ovule, where micropyle
fertilization comes to lie close to the funiculus is
(iv) Cell differentiation precedes cell called as __________
division (A) Amphitropous
(A) i and iii (B) Anatropous
(B) iv only (C) Campylotropous
(C) ii and iv (D) Orthotropous
(D) Except iii
nghJthf #ypy;> #y;Jis kpf neUf;fkhf tpj;jiyapYk; kw;Wk; xd;W ,U tpj;jpiy
#y;fhk;gpy; mike;jpUg;gij ––– vd jhtuj;jpYk; nfhz;Ls;sJ.
miof;fg;gLfpwJ. (B) xw;iwepa+f;fpspNal;Lld;> xU
(A) ghjpftpo;e;j xw;iw mLf;F ];Nghh;Nuhnghypdpdhf
(B) jiyfPo; cUthfpwJ.
(C) tise;jjpUg;gKs;s (C) ,U cl;fUTld; nfhz;l ,U mLf;F nry;
(D) Neh;j;jpUg;gKs;s Rth;fs;
88. Double fertilization was first (D) xU cl;fUTld; nfhz;l ,U mLf;F nry;
discovered by Nawaschin in __________ Rth;
(A) Papaya and Pea 90. Incompatibility is the inability of
(B) Lilium and Frutukkarua certain gametes, even from
(C) Brassica and Canditut genetically similar plant species, to
(D) Mango and Sugarcane fuse with each other. If it is due to
,ul;il fUj;jhpj;jy; Kjypy; eth]p\pd; genotype of pollen termed __________
vd;gth; ––– ,y; fz;Lg;gpbj;jhh;. (A) Sporophytic incompatibility
(A) gg;ghsp kw;Wk; gl;lhzp (B) Gametophytic incompatibility
(B) ypy;ypak; kw;Wk; GUl;Lf;fhuh (C) Self incompatibility
(C) g;uh];]pfh kw;Wk; fhz;bl‡g;l; (D) cross incompatibity
(D) khq;fha; kw;Wk; fUk;G xNu khjphpahd kugpay; jhtuq;fs;
89. The mature anther dehisces by means ,Ug;gpDk; Nfkpl;Lfs; ,izAk; jpwd;
of slits. The pollen grain is __________ mw;W ,Ug;gJ> kfue;j Jfs; kuG tpfpjk;
(A) Uninucleate with two layered cell ––– vd miof;fngWk;
wall having three germ pores in (A) tpj;jpj;jhtu ,zf;fkpd;ik
monocot and one in dicot plants (B) Gzupj;jhtu ,zf;fkpd;ik
(B) Uninucleate with a single layered (C) Ra ,zf;fkpd;ik
wall formed of sporopollenin (D) FWf;F ,zf;fkpd;ik
(C) Binucleate with two layered cell
(D) Uninucleate with two layered cell
Kjph;e;j kfue;jk; rpwpa gpsT %yk;
ntbj;J guTfpwJ me;j kfue;j Jfs; vd;gJ
(A) xw;iw epa+f;fpspa];> ,U mLf;F
nry; Rth;> %d;W jpR Jisfis xU