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ASKING REPORTING HEALTH

PROBLEMS & DIAGNOSING

OLEH :

1. RANI RIZKYANAWATI (151702026)

2. LOLITA AYU MARITASARI (151702015)

3. SITI FARIDATUL KHOIROH (151702033)

4. PUTRI HARDIYAH RUKMANA (151702025)

SEKOLAH TINGGI ILMU KESEHATAN PEMKAB JOMBANG


PROGRAM STUDI D-III KEPERAWATAN
2017 / 2018
Making an appointment
When you are feeling unwell, you need to see a doctor. Unfortunately, doctors are busy
people so you have to make an appointment. This involves calling (or visiting) the doctor's
clinic and making an appointment with the receptionist. When you make an appointment you
arrange a date and a time when you can see the doctor.
'Good morning. I'd like to make an appointment to see the doctor today.'
'The doctor is busy this morning, but he is free this afternoon. Is 2 o'clock OK?'

Symptoms
When you see the doctor he (or she) might ask you 'What's wrong?' or 'What's the
problem?' A more specialised question is 'What are your symptoms?' Symptoms are any
feelings of illness or discomfort which are caused by a health problem. E.g. If you had the flu
(influenza) your symptoms would be a fever, a runny nose and I have been coughing.
The doctor might also ask 'When did the symptoms start?'

Diagnosis
After telling the doctor your symptoms he will tell you the name of your problem. A
diagnosis is when a doctor tells you the medical name of your problem.
For example, you tell your doctor your symptoms: 'I have a fever, a runny nose and I have
been sneezing.' Your doctor says: 'My diagnosis is that you have the flu.'

Explaining your problem


Look at these two forms we can use to talk about our health problems:
'I have been coughing a lot these days / recently / for the last few days / since yesterday.
'I have a cough.'
Both of these are used to describe our health problems. The present perfect continuous is used
to show that something started in the past and is still happening now. We use 'I have been + -
ing verb.' Other examples of this form include:
'I have been sneezing.'
'My head has been hurting.'
'I have been having headaches.'
'I have been feeling tired.'
'I haven't been sleeping well.'
The present simple is used to focus on a situation at the present. It is more common to use
the present simple than the present continuous when we see a doctor: 'My head hurts' is more
common than 'My head is hurting'.
We also use:
I have + noun
'I have a bad back'
'I have a sore throat.'
'I have a fever.'
I feel + adjective
'I feel dizzy.'
'I feel under the weather.'
'I feel rundown.'

Types of illness
Allergy
(adjective Allergic) To have a bad reaction to animals, dust, foods or plants. The symptoms
are red eyes, runny nose and sneezing.
Cough
(verb to Cough) Pronounced 'coff'. To force air out of the lungs making a loud and
uncomfortable noise:
'Smoking makes me cough.'
Dizziness
(adjective Dizzy). To have the feeling that everything around you is spinning.
'I felt dizzy after standing up too quickly when I was in the bath.'
Fever / Temperature
A rise in body temperature. To feel hot.
The Flu
(also called Influenza) A very strong cold caused by a virus. Symptoms include: fever,
headache, runny nose and sneezing.
Hay Fever
An allergy to plants and the pollen from flowers. The symptoms are red eyes, a runny nose
and sneezing.
Insomnia
Not being able to sleep at night.
Rash
Uncomfortable, itchy, red spots on the skin. A skin condition.
'She got a rash on her hand after touching a strange plant.'
Rundown / Under the Weather
(idioms) Both of these mean a general feeling of sickness. Rundown usually comes from
living an unhealthy lifestyle. Under the weather means to not feel your usual, healthy self.
Runny Nose
Mucus coming from the nose. The need to blow your nose a lot.
Sneeze
(verb to Sneeze) An uncontrollable movement of air from the nose and mouth.
'The strong smell of flowers makes me sneeze.'
Sunburn
Red and painful skin that comes from being in the sun too long.

Something ache / sore something / bad something


These three forms are usually used to talk about general problems. These are the common
collocations:
+ ache
headache
backache
stomachache
muscle ache
bad +
bad black
bad head
bad leg
sore +
sore throat
sore des
sore efek

Conversation :
Doctor : Good evening sir. Have a seat please. Are you in pain?
Patient : Thanks. Doc, it is hard for me to sleep early. I couldn’t sleep under 2 A.M. I
think that I get insomnia. Please, check my condition doc.
Doctor : How long have you felt it? As my experience, people that get insomnia will
usually have felt that condition for around a week before they come to me.
Patient : You’re right. I think it’s been a week doc. I really feel uncomfortable with this
condition.
Doctor : Could you lie down over there sir. I will check your condition first.
Patient : All right doctor.
Doctor : Thanks. You’ve been checked. My diagnosis says that your condition is
normal. I’ll give you some tricks to help you sleep normally.
Patient : Oh yeah? What should I do doc?
Doctor : First, you have to force yourself to sleep early. Then, turn off your lamp when
you are going to sleep, make your bedroom atmosphere as comfort as you can.
Last, turn off your gadget as soon as possible. Usually these tricks will be useful
for my every patients.
Patient : So, do I need a medicine from you?
Doctor : No sir, I will just give you some vitamins. You have to consume three times a
day.
Patient : Okay thank you very much doc. How much do I have to pay?
Doctor : You have to pay 100 thousands for all.
Patient : Ok this is 100 thousands for you doc.
Doctor : Ok thank you very much. Get well soon sir.