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AE 51.1 AE 51.

1
2nd Exam 2nd Exam

1. A closed, rigid cylindrical container of with a diameter of 2 ft and 1. A closed, rigid cylindrical container of with a diameter of 2 ft and
height of 5.5ft is placed on a hot plate. Initially, the container holds height of 5.5ft is placed on a hot plate. Initially, the container holds
two-phase mixture of saturated liquid water and saturated water vapor two-phase mixture of saturated liquid water and saturated water vapor
at p1 = 15 psi with a quality of 0.5. After heating, the pressure in the at p1 = 15 psi with a quality of 0.5. After heating, the pressure in the
container is p2 = 1.25 bar. Indicate the initial and final states on a T–v container is p2 = 1.25 bar. Indicate the initial and final states on a T–v
diagram, and determine diagram, and determine
(a) the temperature, in oC, at each state. (a) the temperature, in oC, at each state.
(b) the mass of vapor present at each state, in kg. (b) the mass of vapor present at each state, in kg.
(c) If heating continues, determine the pressure, in bar, when the (c) If heating continues, determine the pressure, in bar, when the
container holds only saturated vapor. container holds only saturated vapor.

2. A closed, rigid tank is filled with a gas modeled as an ideal gas, 2. A closed, rigid tank is filled with a gas modeled as an ideal gas,
initially at 27°C and a gage pressure of 300 kPa. If the gas is heated to initially at 27°C and a gage pressure of 300 kPa. If the gas is heated to
77°C, determine the final pressure, expressed as a gage pressure, in 77°C, determine the final pressure, expressed as a gage pressure, in
kPa. The local atmospheric pressure is 1 atm. kPa. The local atmospheric pressure is 1 atm.

3. From an initial state where the pressure is p1, the temperature is T1, 3. From an initial state where the pressure is p1, the temperature is T1,
and the volume is V1, water vapour contained in a piston–cylinder and the volume is V1, water vapour contained in a piston–cylinder
assembly undergoes each of the following processes: assembly undergoes each of the following processes:
Process 1–2: Constant-temperature to p2 = 2p1. Process 1–2: Constant-temperature to p2 = 2p1.
Process 1–3: Constant-volume to p3 = 2p1. Process 1–3: Constant-volume to p3 = 2p1.
Process 1–4: Constant-pressure to V4 = 2V1 Process 1–4: Constant-pressure to V4 = 2V1
Process 1–5: Constant-temperature to V5 = 2V1 Process 1–5: Constant-temperature to V5 = 2V1

4. Determine the specific volume, in m3/kg, of R-134a at 75°C, 10 bar, 4. Determine the specific volume, in m3/kg, of R-134a at 75°C, 10 bar,
using (a) SH table (b) the ideal gas equation of state. Compare the using (a) SH table (b) the ideal gas equation of state. Compare the
values obtained. values obtained.