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Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 250


1. Immediately After The Commencement Of The Examination, You Should

Check That This Booklet Does Not Have Any Unprinted Or Turn Or Missing
Pages Or Items, Etc. If so, Get It Replaced By A Complete Test Booklet.

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3. You have to mark all your responses ONLY on the separate Answer Sheet

4. There are TWENTY questions printed in this booklet.

5. All questions are compulsory.

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Q1. “Artificial Intelligence (AI) has opened opportunities in various fields but at the same
time it comes with huge concerns.” Discuss in the context of recent developments in this
field. (10 marks, 150 words)
Q2. Recently Government proposed the merger of a few banks to create the country’s third-
biggest lender. Examine various implications of merger of Public Sector Banks (PSBs). (10
marks, 150 words)
Q3. What do you understand by Non-Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs)? What are the
problems associated with them? Examine in light of recent issue(s). (10 marks, 150 words)
Q4. What are cyber physical systems (CPS)? Describe the salient features of cyber
physical systems (CPS) programme of Indian government and the scope of its application
in the development process of the country? (10 marks, 150 words)
Q5. What do you understand by Fintech? How can it be used for ensuring financial inclusion?
(10 marks, 150 words)
Q6. What is beekeeping? Highlight the importance of beekeeping in agriculture and rural
development. (10 marks, 150 words)
Q7. While India takes pride as IT and a digital superpower, sustainablemanagement of e-
waste is a herculean challenge. Discuss, suggesting suitablesolutions for the same.(10 marks,
150 words)
Q8. The problem of illegal immigrants from neighbourhood countries not only impinges on
the rights of Indian citizens but also poses grave national security challenge. Comment. (10
marks, 150 words)
Q9. “10 years since the notification on Environment impact assessment, despite few success
stories, its implementation is not encouraging.” Critically analyse. (10 Marks, 150 words)
Q10. Problem with India’s economic development has less to do with the availability and
more to do with the distribution of resources. Examine. (10 Marks, 150 words)
Q11. “The revival of traditional water bodies can alleviate the problem of water scarcity and
improve its availability for irrigation.” Analyze with the help of recent examples. (15 marks,
250 words)
Q12. Incidents like the recent Sunda strait Tsunami, Gaja cyclone points to the "need for
improved understanding of disaster risk in all its dimensions of exposure, vulnerability and
hazard characteristics.” Elucidate. (15 marks, 250 words)


Q13. Briefly explain the relevance of land reforms in eradication of rural poverty. Critically
examine the reasons for partial success of land reforms efforts in India. (15 marks, 250 words)
Q14. “Indigenous defence production or defence industrial base is the essential components
of a long term strategic planning of a country.” Analyze the above statement. What steps
has the government of India taken in this regard? (15 marks, 250 words)
Q15. “Recent years have seen an unprecedented amount of ransom ware attacks on
government as well as private enterprises spread all across the world”. Discuss in the
context of threats to the cyber infrastructure in India and steps taken by government to
deal with it.(15 marks, 250 words)
Q16. Illustrate with specific examples, causes and consequences of environmental
degradation in India’s industrial areas. (15 Marks, 250 words)
Q17. Scientific management of forest fires requires holistic understanding of its ecological
utility. Comment giving examples. (15 marks, 250 words)
Q18. Discuss the crucial role of technology and innovation in economic development. Throw
light on the initiatives taken by the Indian policy makers to promote science, technology and
innovation. (15 marks, 250 words)
Q19. What are the major recommendations of the draft Agricultural Export Policy, 2018
recently promulgated by the Government of India? Discuss its benefits and the challenges in
implementation. (15 marks, 250 words)
Q20. Why is the northern part of our country becoming the pollution capital of the world?
Discuss the effectiveness the efforts of the government in reducing social and economic costs
of air pollution in India. (15 marks, 250 words)