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REPÚBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA

MINISTERIO DEL PODER POPULAR PARA LA DEFENSA


UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL EXPERIMENTAL POLITÉCNICA DE LA FUERZA
ARMADA NACIONAL BOLIVARIANA
UNEFA

Gauss-Sidel

PROFESOR: BACHILLER:

Jesús Suniaga Jesús A. Hernández CI: 27.870.883

Calculo Numérico Ingeniería Civil 3𝑒𝑟 Semestre.

Juan Griego, 19 de Octubre de 2018.


𝑥1 −2𝑥2 +3𝑥3 = 11
{4𝑥1 +𝑥2 −𝑥3 } = 4
2𝑥1 +𝑥2 +3𝑥3 = 10

Traspuse el Sistema de ecuaciones:

4𝑥1 +𝑥2 −𝑥3 = 4


{ 𝑥1 −2𝑥2 +3𝑥3 } = 11
2𝑥1 +𝑥2 +3𝑥3 = 10

−𝒙𝟐 + 𝒙𝟑 + 𝟒
𝒙𝟏 =
𝟒
−𝒙𝟏 − 𝟑𝒙𝟑 + 𝟏𝟏
𝒙𝟐 =
−𝟐
−𝟐𝒙𝟏 − 𝒙𝟐 + 𝟏𝟎
𝒙𝟑 =
𝟑
Calculo de la primera aproximación de x1 usando:

𝑥1 = 0

𝑥2 = 0

𝑥3 = 0

Calculando los valores sucesivos usando el valor inmediatamente encontramos, así:

𝟎+𝟎+𝟒
𝒙𝟏 = =𝟏
𝟒
−𝟏 − 𝟎 + 𝟏𝟏
𝒙𝟐 = = −𝟓
−𝟐
−𝟐(𝟏) − (−𝟓) + 𝟏𝟎
𝒙𝟑 = = 𝟒. 𝟑
𝟑
𝑒𝑟𝑟1 (𝑥1 ) = |𝑥1 − 𝑥1 | = 1

𝑒𝑟𝑟2 (𝑥2 ) = |𝑥2 − 𝑥2 | = 5

𝑒𝑟𝑟2 (𝑥3 ) = |𝑥3 − 𝑥3 | = 4.3


SEGUNDA INTERACION:

𝑥1 = 1

𝑥2 = 5

𝑥3 = 4.3

−5 + 4.3 + 4
𝒙𝟏 = = 0.825
4
−0.825 − 3(4.3) + 11
𝒙𝟐 = = 1.362
−2
−2(0.825) − 1.362 + 10
𝒙𝟑 = = 2.329
3
𝑒𝑟𝑟1 (𝑥1 ) = |0.825 − 1| = 0.175

𝑒𝑟𝑟2 (𝑥2 ) = |1.362 − 5| = 3.638

𝑒𝑟𝑟2 (𝑥3 ) = |2.329 − 4.3| = 1.971

TERCERA ITERACION:

𝑥1 = 0.175

𝑥2 = 3.638

𝑥3 = 1.971

−3.638 + 1.971 + 4
𝒙𝟏 = = 0.583
4
−0.583 − 3(1.971) + 11
𝒙𝟐 = = −2.252
−2
−2(0.583) − (−2.252) + 10
𝒙𝟑 = = 3.695
3
𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟏 (𝒙𝟏 ) = |0.583 − 0.175| = 0.408

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒙𝟐 ) = |2.252 − 3.638 | = 1.386

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒙𝟑 ) = |3.695 − 1.971| = 1.724


CUARTA ITERACION:

𝑥1 = 0.408

𝑥2 = 1.386

𝑥3 = 1.724

−1.386 + 1.724 + 4
𝒙𝟏 = = 1.08
4
−1.084 − 3(1.724) + 11
𝒙𝟐 = = −2.372
−2
−2(1.084) − (−2.372) + 10
𝒙𝟑 = = 3.40
3
𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟏 (𝒙𝟏 ) = |1.084 − 0.408| = 0.676

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒙𝟐 ) = |2.372 − 1.386 | = 0.986

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒙𝟑 ) = |3.40 − 1.724| = 1.676

QUINTA ITERACION:

𝑥1 = 0.676

𝑥2 = 0.986

𝑥3 = 1.676

−0.986 − 1.676 + 4
𝒙𝟏 = = 0.334
4
−0.334 − 3(1.676) + 11
𝒙𝟐 = = −2.819
−2
−2(0.334) − (−2.819) + 10
𝒙𝟑 = = 4.050
3
𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟏 (𝒙𝟏 ) = |0.334 − 0.676| = 0.342

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒙𝟐 ) = |2.819 − 0.986| = 1.833

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒙𝟑 ) = |4.050 − 1.676| = 2.374


𝑥 −𝑦 𝑧 𝑡 = 4
2𝑥 𝑦 −3𝑧 𝑡 = −4
{ }
𝑥 2𝑦 2𝑧 −𝑡 = 3
𝑥 −3𝑦 3𝑧 −3𝑡 = 2

𝒙 = 𝑂 ;𝒚 = 0 ;𝒛 = 0 ; 𝒕 = 0

−𝑦 + 3𝑧 − 𝑡 − 4
𝑥= = −2
2
𝑥 + 3𝑧 − 3𝑡 − 2
𝑦= = −1.3
3
−𝑥 − 2𝑦 + 𝑡 + 3
𝑧= = 3.8
2
𝑡 = −2𝑥 − 𝑦 + 3𝑧 − 4 = 12.7

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟏 (𝒙𝟏 ) = |−2 − 0| = 2

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟏 (𝒚𝟏 ) = |−1.3 − 0| = 1.3

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟏 (𝒛𝟏 ) = |3.8 − 0| = 3.8

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟏 (𝒕𝟏 ) = |12.7| = 12.7

SEGUNDA ITERACION:

𝒙 = 2; 𝒚 = 1.3 ; 𝒛 = 3.8 ; 𝒕 = 12.7

−1.3 + 3(3.8) − 12.7 − 4


𝑥= = −3.3
2
−3.3 + 3(3,8) − 3(12.7) − 2
𝑦= = −10.6
3
−(−3.3) − 2(10.6) + 12.7 + 3
𝑧= = −1.1
2
𝑡 = −2(−3.3) − (−10.6) + 3(−1.1) − 4 = 9.9

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒙𝟐 ) = |−3.3 − 2| = 1.3

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒚𝟐 ) = |−10.6 − 1.3| = 9.3

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒛𝟐 ) = |−1.1 − 3.8| = 2.7

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒕𝟐 ) = |9.9 − 12.7| = 2.8


TERCERA ITERACION

𝒙 = 1.3 ; 𝒚 = 9.3 ; 𝒛 = 2.7 ; 𝒕 = 2.8

−9.3 + 3(2.7) − 2.8 − 4


𝑥= = −4
2
−4 + 3(2.7) − 3(2.8) − 2
𝑦= = −2.1
3
−(−4) − 2(−2.1) + 2.8 + 3
𝑧= =7
2
𝑡 = −2(−4) − 2.1 + 3(7) − 4 = 12.7

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒙𝟐 ) = |−4 − 1.3| = 2.7

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒚𝟐 ) = |−2.1 − 9.3| = 7.2

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒛𝟐 ) = |7 − 2.7| = 4.3

𝒆𝒓𝒓𝟐 (𝒕𝟐 ) = |12.7 − 2.8| = 9.9