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College Of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Jhang

CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

CVAS
Vet Professional
HandBook

This Handbook is produced to


enhance the Standards of Practice,
includes the Practical Aspects
regarding Veterinary Fields,
which Served as a guide to all
Students and Professionals.

Information herein contained is


Updated from time to time.
You can download this Handbook
From any page on Facebook
Regarding CVAS, Jhang.

DEDICATION
This Humble Effort, the Fruit of
my thoughts and Study,
To My dear Classmate (007),
Friends
And especially dedicated
To our honorable Teacher
Dr. Muhammad Kashif
(Lecturer CVAS, Jhang

Prepared & Edited By:


Mehboob Ahmed Khan Alyani

Prepared & Edited By: Mehboob Ahmed Khan Alyani mehboobalyani@hotmail.com 1


©2007-2012 Batch College Of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Jhang (CVAS)
mehboobalyani@hotmail.com, mehboob.alyani@gmail.com
CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

Table of Content
Preface
Normals of Animals ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3
Gestation Periods ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3
Vaccination Schedule ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4
Normal Range of Reproductive Behaviour -------------------------------------------------------------- 4
Normal Sexual cycle of Cattle ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 5

List of Veterinary Clinical drugs Available in Market


Antibiotics -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7
 Class Penicillin ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 7
 Class Macrolides ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 8
 Class Quinolones ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 8
 Class Aminoglycosides -------------------------------------------------------------- 9
 Class Tetracycline ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
 Class Chloramphenicol -------------------------------------------------------------- 11
 Class Cephalosporin ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 12
 Class Sulpha Drugs ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 13
NSAIDs -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14
Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 16
Antibiotics in combination -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18
Drugs of Choice ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19
 Theileriosis -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19
 Babesiosis -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19
 Trypanosomiasis ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 20
 Coccidiosis -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20
 Tympany -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20
Anti-Allergic & Anti-Histamines ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 21
Intra-mammary Tubes & Phosphorus Preparations ----------------------------------------------------- 21
Intra-Uterine Passeries -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22
Liver Tonics -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22
Drugs in Spray Farm ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22
Tonics & Multi-Vitamens (Inj.) & Mineral Mixtures (Powders) ----------------------------------- 23
Anti-Emetics, Anti-Sialogogues, Anti-Diarrheal & Purgatives ----------------------------------- 24
Anthelmintics -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 25
Preparations for both External & Internal Parasites ----------------------------------------------------- 26
Preparations for External Parasites ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 27
Anti-Fungal Products ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27
Homoeopathic products -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28
Veterinary Medicines used mostly in Reproduction ----------------------------------------------------- 31
Anaesthetics & Antiseptics -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 33
Vaccines -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 34
Intravenous Infusions ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 34
Medicine Applicators & Accessories ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 35

Abbreviations ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 36

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

NORMALS OF ANIMALS
PULSE RESPIRATION
ANIMAL TEMPERATURE
(Per Minute) (Per Minute)
Horse 99.5 - 101.3 28 - 40 9 - 10
Cattle 100.3 -104 40 - 80 16 - 22
Buffalo 99 - 102 40 - 45 10 - 14
Sheep 100.4 - 103.8 70 - 90 15 - 20
Goat 101.8 - 105.4 70 - 90 20 - 25
Dog 100.4 - 102.4 60 - 100 15 - 30
Cat 100.4 - 102.4 100 - 120 20 - 30
Fowl 105 - 109.4 128 - 160 15 - 30
Camel 97.2 - 101.1 25 - 32 5 - 12

GESTATION PERIODS
SPECIES OF
Days
ANIMAL
Buffalo 310
Camel 410
cat 63 - 65
cattle 280
Dog 58 - 63
Goat 151
Horse 320 - 355
Sheep 150

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

Vaccination Schedule
Cattle & Buffalos Sheep & Goats
Month
Calves Up to 1 Year Adults Lambs/Kids Adults
Jan FMV & ETV HSV ETV ETV
FMV &
Feb - - Anthrax
Anthrax
Mar - Thelairia - Pox Vaccine
Apr - Black Quarter - FMV
May FMV & ETV - ETV CCPV
Jun HSV HSV - HSV
Jul - - - ETV
Aug FMV & ETV HSV - Anthrax
FMV &
Sep - - Pox Vaccine
Anthrax
Oct - Rinder Pest - FMV
Nov - - - CCPV
Dec HSV HSV - HSV

Normal Range Of Reproductive Behavior


Length Of
Type Of Estrous Duration Of
Animal Estrous Cycle Time Of Ovulation
Cycle Estrus
(Days)
19-23 6-30 hrs
Cattle Polyestrous
Average:21 Average:18Hrs
12 Hrs after end of Estrus

Seasonal Polyestrous 12-24 1-4 Days


Goat (in Fall) Average:20 Average:39Hrs
30-36 Hrs after start of estrous

Seasonal Polyestrous 14-20 20-42 Hrs


Sheep (in Fall) Average:17 Average:30Hrs
At or Near the end of estrus

Seasonal Polyestrous 10-37 2-6 Days 24-48 hrs before the start of estrus to 24
Horse (in Spring) Average:21 Average:4 Days Hrs after the end of estrous

18-24 1-2 Days 8-12 Hrs before the end of estrous or 37-
Swine Polyestrous
Average:21 Average:36Hrs 40 Hrs after start of estrous

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

Prepared & Edited By: Mehboob Ahmed Khan Alyani mehboobalyani@hotmail.com 5


CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

List of Veterinary Clinical drugs Available in Market


(With full Description including Brand Name, Composition, Dose rate, Pack size & Company name)

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

ANTIBIOTICS
ANTIBIOTICS - Class Penicillin
Selective action against Bacterial Cell-Wall and not used against mycoplasma as they have no Cell-wall.
DOC: B.Q, Clostridial Infections, Listeriosis
1. Procaine Penicillin
(Narrow spectrum)
Indicated in: infections caused gram +ive bacteria e.g. tetnus, BQ and bacterial pneumonia, upper respiratory
tract infections, equine strangles, black leg, infected wounds, urinary tract infections.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Procaine penicillin forte 10 lac IU, 40 lac IU L = 40 lac IU 10 ml -

2. Benzyl Penicillin
(Narrow spectrum)
* Only Penicillin that is also injected I/V (in tetnus).
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Benzyl Penicillin Sodium 40 lac IU - 5 Lac IU China

3. Benzathine penicillin G + Procaine penicillin G + Dihydrostreptomycin Sulfate


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
PPS L.A. - 3-6ml/100kg 50ml DAE Sung Micro Labs
Polybiotic 15 lac + 5 lac/5g 3-6ml/100kg 5 Gram PDH
Penivet-5 3ml/100kg 5 Gram Star
Penbiotic 15 lac+ 5 lac /5 gm 3ml/100kg 5 Gram Nawan
Biocon 15 lac+ 5 lac /5 gm 3ml/100kg 5 Gram Vetcon
Cipicone 15 lac+ 5 lac /5 gm 1mL/25kg 5 Gram China
Elpro-Strep - - ELKO

4. Amoxicillin
(Potentiated Penicillin) (An off-white oily suspension)
Indicated in: Alimentary tract infections, Respiratory tract infections, cystitis & metritis, wounds, abcess, joint
& naval ill. And post-operative surgical wounds.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Clamoxyl L.A 150mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50ml , 100ml Pfizer
Formax l.a 150mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50ml , 100ml Forvet
Almox L.A 150mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50ml , 100ml Star
Amoxy 150 150mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50ml , 100ml Selmore
Amoxyvet 150mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50ml , 100ml ICI
Sanamoxyl L.A 150mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50ml , 100ml Sana Labs
Getmax L.A 150mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50ml , 100ml Zadis
Zamox L.A (20%) 150mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50ml , 100ml ZakFas
Vetymax L.A. 150mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50ml , 100ml Pfizer
Amoxikak LA 150mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50ml , 100ml Leads Pharama

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

5. Amoxicillin + Colistine Sulphate


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Colimox 100 mg + 250,000 IU/ml 1ml/10kg 50ml , 100ml Nawan
Colimoxin 100 mg + 250,000 IU/ml 1ml/10kg 50ml , 100ml Selmore
Amoxycol 100 mg + 250,000 IU/ml 1ml/10kg 100ml Franklin

6. Ampicillin
(Broad spectrum)
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Ampicillin 200 mg/ml
Brascid 200 mg/ml
Ampivet 150 mg/ml
Ampikel 200 mg/ml

7. Ampicillin + Cloxacillin
( Potentiated broad spectrum penicillin)
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Ampicox 12.5+12.5gm/100ml 50 & 100 ml Nawan

8. Amoxicillin + Calvulanate Potassium


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Augmentin Human Level - - -

ANTIBIOTICS - Class Macrolide


Bacteriostatic effect, caused by inhibition of protein synthesis through binding to the 50S subunit of the
bacterial ribosome.
Includes: Clarithromycin, Erythromycin, Spiramycin, Tylosin
DOC: (Respiratory Diseases & Mastitis).

TYLOSIN
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Tylosan-20 200 mg/ml 50ml , 100ml Sana Labs 1ml/20kg
Tylo-20 200 mg/ml 10ml,50ml ,100ml Zadis 1ml/20kg
Fartylo 200 mg/ml 50ml , 100ml Forvet 1ml/20kg
Biotylo 200 mg/ml 50ml , 100ml Biogain 1ml/20kg
Zaktyl-20 200 mg/ml 50ml , 100ml ZakFas 1ml/20kg

ANTIBIOTICS - Class Quinolones


Quinolones are bacteriocidal drugs. These inhibit the bacterial DNA gyrase enzyme which is necessary for
DNA replication.
Includes: 1. ENROFLAXACIN, 2. NORFLAXACIN, 3. CIPROFLAXACIN
Adverse side effects: include the formation of lesions in the join articular cartilage during rapid growth phases of
dogs. FLUOROQUINOLONES are associated with CNS stimulation, and should be used with caution in
patients with known or suspected CNS disorders.

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

1. ENROFLAXACIN
Indications: Indicated for prevention and treatment of respiratory, urogenital and digestive tracts infections
caused by Gram Negetive bacteria, Mycoplasma e.g. CRD, Collibacillosis, Salmonellosis, Arthritis and Necrotic
enteritis in poultry and domestic animals.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Enrotil 100 mg/ml 1ml/40kg 100ml Selmore
Senrox-10 100 mg/ml 1ml/40kg 100ml Sana
Vetenrox 100 mg/ml 1ml/40kg 50ml, 100ml Vetycare
Encure 100 mg/ml 1ml/40kg 10ml,50ml,100ml Nawan
Enro-20 100 mg/ml 1ml/40kg 10ml,50ml,100ml Zadis
Bioflox 100 mg/ml 1ml/40kg 10ml,50ml,100ml Biorex
Floxivet 100 mg/ml 1ml/20kg 50 ml = 5gram Zadis
Ceriflox (10%) 100 mg/ml 1ml/40kg 50ml Star Labs
Enrosal (10%) 100 mg/ml 1ml/40kg 100ml ZakFas
An-cin (20%) 100 mg/ml 1ml/80kg 100ml ELKO
Syvaquinol 100 mg/ml 3-5mg/kg 100ml MS.Enterprises

2. NORFLOXACIN
Indicationed in: HS, Bronchopneumonia, Salmonellosis, Colibacillosis, Metritis, Sepsis, Enterotoxaemia,
Mastitis, & Vibriosis in dogs & cats.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Norsan-10 100 mg/ml 1ml/10kg 50ml Sana Labs
Doctor JIN 100 mg/ml 1ml/10kg 50ml Selmore
Norflox 10% 100 mg/ml 1ml/10kg 50ml, 100ml Trust Pharma

3. CIPROFLAXACIN
(Fluoroquinolones)
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Ciprosel 100 mg/ml LA=1ml/20kg; SA=1ml/10kg 50ml, 100ml Selmore
Siprocon 100 mg/ml LA=1ml/20kg; SA=1ml/10kg 100ml Vetcon
Terobina
Ciprosin 100 mg/ml LA=1ml/20kg; SA=1ml/10kg 100mL
Corporation

ANTIBIOTICS - Class Aminoglycosides


(Bacteriocidal & bacteriostatic)
MOA: *bind to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit & inhibit protien synthesis. Also disrupt the integrity of
bacterial cell membrane.
Aminoglycosides derived from Streptomyces genus are named with the suffix -mycin e.g. Streptomycin,
Neomycin, Kanamycin whereas those that are derived from Micromonospora are named with the suffix -micin
e.g. Gentamicin

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

1. Gentamycin
Indicated in: Infections caused by susceptible pathogens, pneuomonias, urinary tract infections, endometritis,
and septicemias that are resistant to other antibiotics.
Antagonists: Amphotericin B, Cephalosporins produce nephrotoxicity.
Adverse side effects: Intestinal flora may be disrupted during therapy with this drug, diarrhea may occur. Other
includes intramuscular blockage (when used with anaesthetic agents), nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity (oto=ear).
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Each ml=200,000IU
Gentamisan-100 1ml/25kg 100ml Sana Labs
Gentamicin=370mg
Gentasal-100 - 1ml/25kg 50ml, 100ml Atzan
Genton - 1ml/25kg 50ml, 100ml ICI
Gentafer - 1ml/25kg 50ml, 100ml Forvet
Gentasel - 1ml/25kg 50ml, 100ml Selmore
Gentam 20% = 37% - 0.1ml/10kg 10ml,50ml,100ml Ghazi Brothers
Gentacon - 1ml/25kg 100ml ICI

2. KANAMYCIN
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Kanachorone (10%) 100mg/kg 1ml/20kg 10ml, 50ml Star
Kana-kak 100mg/kg 1ml/20kg 50 ml Trust Pharma
Kanacon 100mg/kg 1ml/20kg 100ml Vetcon

ANTIBIOTICS - Class Tetracycline

1. Oxytetracycline LA
MOA: Bacteriostatic effect, caused by inhibiting protein synthesis in bacteria.This antibiotic prevents transfer-
RNA (tRNA) molecules (a type of nucleic acids which transport amino acids) from binding to the 30S subunit of
bacterial ribosomes.
Indications: Infections of organs or tissues caused by tetracycline-sensitive strains; anaplasmosis, often
ineffective for endocarditis, empyema, meningitis, septic arthritis and osteomyelitis.
Antagonists: Antacids, milk, diuretics, methoxyflurane, penicillins, ferrous sulfate.
Adverse side effects: Causes renal problems when administered at high doses, can affect bone and teeth
formation (cause straining of teeth) in young animals, should NEVER be given to horses INTRAVENOUSLY;
may cause drug fever in cats, and some hepatotoxicity may occur.
Note: Max use of 10ml at single site and don’t use in Horses
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Floxitetra L.A. (20%) 200 mg/ml 1ml/10kg 100ml Selmore
Resomycin L.A. 200 mg/ml 1ml/10kg 50ml, 100ml Star
Oxy L.A. 200 mg/ml 1ml/10kg 50ml, 100ml Selmore
Oxy-KAK L.A. 200 mg/ml 1ml/10kg 100ml Kaksian
Oxtra L.A. 200 mg/ml 1ml/10kg 50ml, 100ml Fatro
Remacycline LA 200 mg/ml 1ml/10kg 100ml Marush
Nawacin LA 200 mg/ml 1ml/10kg 50ml Nawan

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

2. Oxytetracycline Simple
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Oxy S 50 mg/ml 1 ml/25 kg 50 ml Star
Remoxin 50 mg/ml 1 ml/25 kg 50 ml, 100ml PDH
Nawacin 50 50 mg/ml 1 ml/25 kg 50 ml, 100ml Nawan

3. Oxytetracycline PVP (Poly venyl Pyrolidone)


PVP : Soluble in water and used as a binder in many pharmaceutical tablets.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Resomycin PVP 100 mg/ml 1 ml/20 kg 100ml Star Labs
Nawacin PVP 100 mg/ml 1 ml/20 kg 50ml Nawan
Oxycare PVP 100 mg/ml 1 ml/20 kg 50ml VetCare
Oxy PVP 100 mg/ml 1 ml/20 kg 50ml Selmore

ANTIBIOTICS - Class Chloramphenicol


Bacteriostatic, Broad-spectrum.
MOA: A protein synthesis inhibitor by acting on 50S ribosomal subunit,preventing peptide bond formation.
Excellent BBB penetration, chloramphenicol remains the first choice treatment for staphylococcal brain
abscesses.
DOC: in the treatment of Meningitis & Encephalitis, Salmonelosis & Leptospirosis, Upper respiratory tract
infections, urinary tract infections, enteritis, and bacterial conjunctivitis.
Adverse side effects: Include blood dyscrasias (means imbalance of four body fluids i.e. blood, bile, lymph
and phlegm.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Chlorobiotic-20 20 mg/ml LA=25ml, MA=10 ml, SA=3ml 50ml, 100ml Star Labs
Chlorocare (20%) 20 mg/ml Same as above 50ml VetyCare
Rexaphenicol 20 mg/ml Same as above 50ml SJ & G
Chloramphenicol 20 20 mg/ml Same as above 50ml, 100ml Bremer

FLORFENICOL
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
NUFLOR* 300 mg/ml 1ml/15kg 100ml Intervet International MSD
NAFLOR 300 mg/ml 1ml/15kg 10, 50 ml Nawan
Florofen 300 mg/ml 1ml/15kg 50ml Leads

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

ANTIBIOTICS - Class Cephalosporin


(Third generation) Bacteriocidal.
Structurally and pharmacologically related to the penicillins,having a beta-lactam ring structure.
Interferes with synthesis of the bacterial cell wall by disrupting the synthesis of the peptidoglycan layer of
bacterial cell walls
DOC in the treatment of HS, Pneumonia, Acute Mastitis, Metritis, Bovine Respiratory Disease (BRD), Foot Rot.

1. Ceftiofur Hydochloride
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Cefur RTU (5%) 50 mg/ml 1ml/25-50kg 10ml,50ml,100ml Nawan
BRICS 50 mg/ml 1ml/50kg ELKO
EXCENEL RTU 50 mg/ml 1ml/25-50kg 100mg Pfizer

2. Cefotaxime Sodium
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Imtox 1gm/ml Rs. 160/= Human Level

3. Ceftriaxone Sodium
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Oxidil
Zantar 250mg,500mg,1gm 65/-, 110/-, 200/-
Pakcezone 250mg,500mg / ml
Rok Inj 1 gm/vial
Ziac syp. 1 gm/vial

4. Cephradine
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Velosef (Inj. & Syp) 125 mg, 250mg Human Side

5. Cephalexin
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Keflex syp. 125 mg/5 ml, 250mg/5 ml

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

ANTIBIOTICS - Class Sulpha Drugs


Sulfonamides or sulphonamide are bacteriostatic, synthetic antimicrobial agents.
MOD: Certain m/o require p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) to synthesize dihydrofolic acid to produce purines and
ultimately nucleic acids. Sulfonamides,chemical analogs of PABA, are competitive inhibitors of dihydropteroate
synthetase. Sulfonamides therefore are reversible inhibitors of folic acid synthesis and bacterostatic not
bacteriocidal.

1. Sulphadimidine sodium
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Sulphadimidine sodium 33.3% 333mg/ml 1ml/2kg 100ml, 500ml Star Labs
Sulphdox 333mg/ml 1ml/2kg 100ml, 500ml Zadis
Demicon 333mg/ml 1ml/2kg 100ml VetCon
Sanadin 33.3% 333mg/ml 1ml/2kg 100ml Sana Labs
Sulpha-33 333mg/ml 1ml/2kg 100ml Atzan
I-Sulf 333mg/ml 1ml/2kg 100ml, 500ml
Sulfadine 333mg/ml 1ml/2kg 100ml PDH

2. COTRIMAZINE

COTRIMAZINE 48% = Trimethoprim 8% + Sulfadiazine 40%


Potentiated Sulfonamides
DOC: HS, Glanders, Enteritis
Indicated in: Very effective in enteritis, respiratory tract infection,, wound infection and urinary disorders.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Tribrissen 48% T=8% + S=40% 1ml/15kg 10ml, 50ml GSK
Santrim Same as above 1ml/15kg 10ml, 50ml Sana Labs
Tribecteril Same as above 1ml/15kg 10ml, 50ml Selmore
Bactrim Same as above 1ml/15kg 10ml, 50ml -
Tribecteral BOLUS Same as above 1ml/15kg 1 Bolus/Pack Selmore PH
Tryton Same as above 1ml/15kg 10ml, 50ml ICI int’l

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

Non Steriodal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)


NSAIDs are drugs with analgesic and antipyretic (fever-reducing) effects and which have, in higher
doses, anti-inflammatory effects. NSAIDs are usually indicated for the treatment of acute or chronic conditions
where pain and inflammation are present.
MODE OF ACTION: Most NSAIDs act as nonselective inhibitors of the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX). COX
catalyzes the formation of prostaglandins and thromboxane from arachidonic acid (itself derived from the
cellular phospholipid bilayer by phospholipase A2). Prostaglandins act (among other things) as messenger
molecules in the process of inflammation.NSAIDS have antipyretic activity and can be used to treat fever. Fever
is caused by elevated levels of prostaglandin E2, which alters the firing rate of neurons within the hypothalamus
that control thermoregulation. Antipyretics work by inhibiting the enzyme COX, which causes the general
inhibition of prostanoid biosynthesis (PGE2) within the hypothalamus. PGE2 signals to the hypothalamus to
increase the body's thermal set point.
It includes: 1. Flunixin meglumine, 2.ketoprofen, 3.Phenylbutazone, 4.Meloxicam & Piroxicam, 5.
Methampyrone, 6. Ibuprofen, 7. Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), 8. Diclofenac (Sodium & Potassium).

1. FLUNIXIN MEGLUMINE
Indicated in: Alleviation of pain associated with musculo skeletal disorders and colic. Other uses include,
endotoxic shock, calf diarrhea, parvovirus sinfection, heat stroke, opthalamic infections and postsurgical pain.
Adverse side effects: In horses, include swelling at injection site, and sweating. In dogs, vomiting,
diarrhea, nephrotoxicity gastric ulceration.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Loxin 50 mg/ml 2 ml/45 kg 10ml, 20ml Selmore
Flumeg 50 mg/ml 2 ml/45 kg 10ml, 20ml ELKO
Fluen 50 mg/ml 2 ml/45 kg 10ml, 20ml Leads Pharma
Flunixamine 50 mg/ml 2 ml/45 kg 10ml, 20ml U.S.

2. KETOPROFEN
Indications: Treatment of pain and inflammation associated with musculo skeletal disorders; for postoperative
and chronic pain in dog & cats.
Contraindicated: In pregnant animals.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Profenol 100 mg/ml 1ml/40kg 10ml, 20ml, 50ml Leads Pharma
Ketoject 100 mg/ml 1ml/40kg 10ml, 20ml, 50ml Selmore

3. PHENYLBUTAZONE
Indications: Used extensively in horses for treatment of lameness, and for relief of pain with colic.
Actions: include Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory and Antipyretic.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Butadine 20mg/ml 1-2ML/100KG 10ml, 100ml Star Labs

4. Methampyron + Aminopyrine + Caffeine + Chlorpheniramine


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Metapyron 100mg/ml LA=20ml, MA=10 ml, SA=05ml 50 mL Zaidis Int.

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

Mega pyrine 100mg/ml Same as above 50 mL Star Labs


Strong pyrine 200mg/ml Same as above 50 mL Selmore
Thampyrone 100mg/ml Same as above 50 mL Atzan
Anapyrine 100mg/ml Same as above 50 mL ZakFas

5. MELOXICAM
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Meloxi-10 10mg/kg 1mL/20kg 10ml, 50ml Selmore
Melacam-10 10mg/kg 1mL/20kg 50ml Atzan
I-fenac 10mg/kg 1mL/20kg 50ml
Metrym 10mg/kg 1mL/20kg 10, 20 & 50 ml Nawan
Vetafenac plus 10mg/kg 1mL/20kg 10 & 50 ml SJ & G
Diclostar 10mg/kg 1mL/20kg 50 ml Star

6. DICLOFENAC SODIUM
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Dicloran 75 mg/3ml L= 5 Ampules 5’ ampules Rs. 80/- per pack
Diclofil 75mg/3ml 5*3ml (Pack) Rs. 65/- per Pack

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs


* Strong Anti-inflammatory. * Inhibits the COX-Pathway that ultimately inhibits the converssion of
Arachdonic Acid into Prostaglandin (PG). They are called as LIFE SAVING DRUGS.
(* Without mineralocorticoid, K+-ion conc. Of extracellular fluids increases and Na & Cl ions decreases
and the total extracellular fluid volume & blood volume is greatly reduced. The person soon develops diminishes
cardiac output which progresses to a shock like state, followed by 'DEATH'. This entire sequence can be
prevented by the administeration of Aldosteron. Therefore the mineralocorticoids are said to be ACUTE LIFE
SAVING portion of adrenocortical Hormone).

CORTICOSTEROIDS
Indications: allergic reaction, inflammatory conditions of musculo skeletal system, shock, toxemia, laminitis,
ocular inflammatory condition.
Adverse side effects: (Decreases the immune response so not used in viral disease) (Also causes decrease
in milk production), Inhibit antibody formation, decrease the concentration of lymphocytes and
eosinophils, suppress the migration of neutrophils, and inhibit phagocytosis.

1. PREDNISOLON ACETATE:
Efficacy is 5 times as strong as cortisones. Prednisolone is a corticosteroid drug with predominnat
glucocortcoid & low minerlocorticoid activity, making it useful for the treatment of a wide range of
inflammatory and autoimmune conditions. Prednisolone can also be used as immunosuppressive drug for organ
transplants & in cases of adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s). prednisolone irreversibly binds with glucocorticoid
receptors (GR) Alpha & Beta for which they have a high affinity. Alpha-GR & Beta-GR are found in virtually
all tissues with variable numbers between 3000-10000 per cell, depending on the tissue involved.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Pred.10mg,Chlorpheniramine LA=10 ml MA=5ml
Solon-M 50ml Selmore
maleate.4mg SA=2ml
Prednic0rt 25mg/ml Same as above 50ml SJ&G
Prednivet 25mg/ml Same as above 10ml & 50ml Nawan
El-predni (2.5%) 25mg/ml Same as above 50ml ELKO

2. PREDNISOLON+DEXAMETHASONE:
(A Combination for prolonged anti-inflammatry affect)
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
LA=10 ml MA=5ml
Cortinol-P 7.5 mg + 2.5 mg/ml 10ml, 20ml, 50ml Star Labs
SA=2ml
Penacort 7.5 mg + 2.5 mg/ml Same as above 10ml, 20ml, 50ml Selmore
Prednicort-D 7.5 mg + 2.5 mg/ml Same as above 10ml, 20ml, 50ml SJ&G
Predcon 7.5 mg + 2.5 mg/ml Same as above 10ml, 20ml, 50ml

3. ISOFLUPREDNISOLONE ACETATE :
(Safe to use in pregnancy)
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Predef-2X 2 mg/ml LA=10ml MA=6ml SA=3ml 100mL Pfizer
Abicortin 2 mg/ml Same as above 50mL Fatro

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

DEXAMETHASONE
D
* examethasone is a potent synthetic member of the glucocorticoid class of steroid drugs. It acts as an
anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant. It is 20 to 30 times more potent than the naturally occurring
hormone cortisol and 4 to 5 times more potent than prednisone.
MODE OF ACTION: Dexamethasone is a glucocorticoid agonist. Unbound dexamethasone crosses cell
membranes and binds with high affinity to specific cytoplasmic glucocorticoid receptors. This complex binds to
DNA elements (glucocorticoid response elements) which results in a modification of transcription and, hence,
protein synthesis in order to achieve inhibition of leukocyte infiltration at the site of inflammation, interference
in the function of mediators of inflammatory response, suppression of humoral immune responses, and reduction
in edema or scar tissue.Contraindications: Existing gastrointestinal ulceration,Systemic tuberculosis, Severe
systemic viral, bacterial, and fungal infections (As it acts as an immunosupperssent).
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Dexavet 2 mg/ml L = 10, S = 2 50 ml Star Labs
Decadron 4mg/ml L = 5, S = 1 1 & 5 ml MSD
Dexadron 2 mg/ml L = 10, S = 2 1 & 50 ml Venus
Dexaron 2 mg/ml L = 10, S = 2 50 ml IPL
Dexa 2 mg/ml L = 10, S = 2 50 ml
Dexamethasone 2 mg/ml L = 10, S = 2 50 ml
Dexasone 2 mg/ml L = 10, S = 2 50 ml

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Antibiotics In Combinations
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Chlortetrasan Chloramphenicol+oxytetracycline 1ml/10kg 50mL Sana Labs
Each 100 ml contains:
>50kg@1mL/10kg,
Prednisolone acetate=500mg;
<50kg@1-2mL/10kg
Lidocaine Hcl=1gm; 50,100,250m
Oxypenisol (Don’t inject more Star Labs
Oxytetracycline Hcl=5gm; L
than 10mL @ single
Chloramphenicol Hcl=10gm
site)
Thioglycerol=10mL
Oxytetracycline, Cholramphenicol,
Oxychlor-P 1ml/10kg 50mL Etrena
Prednisolone
Prednisolone=10mg &
Solomin 1ml/10kg 50mL Selmore
Chloramphenicol Hcl=4mg
Sulfamethoxypyridazine=150mg Cattle @ 1ml/10kg
Tylotrim Trimethoprim=30mg Sheep/Goat @ 0.5- 100mL Selmore
Tylosin=50mg 3ml/10kg
Prednisolone=5mg; Large Animal : 3- DAE Sung
Tylopen Tylosin=5mg; 6ml/100kg Small 20,50,100mL Microbiologic
Thiamphenicol=200mg animal : 1ml/10kg al Labs
Spiramycin=12.5%
Spiralin Lincomycin=7.5% (DOC: GIT, 1mL/20kg 100 mL Medivet
Respiratory & Urogenital
Flumine Bolus=250mg
Flumine Bolus (DOC: Enteritis) 1 Bolus/40kg 20,50,100mL Star

Gentamycine Sulphate:30mg +
Sulphadimethoxine:200mg + 1.5mL/20kg 50mL ZakFas
Gentrim-S
Trimethoprim:40mg 100mL
DOC: Mastitis,Metritis,Vaginitis

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DRUGs OF CHOICE (DOC)


THEILERIOSIS
Occurs in exotic as well as cross bred cattle & calves,caused by strains of T.annulata & T.orientalis(seargenti).

 Buparvaquone
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Buparvaquone: 50 mg
(Butalex is active against both
1ml/20 Kg
scizonts & piroplasm stages of
Zydus Animal
Butalex theileria spp. & may be used 20mL
Prophylactic = Health ltd.
in the incubation period of the
1ml/40
disease or when clinical signs
are appearent.
Zubalex Same as above 1mL/20kg 20 mL ZAKFAS

BABESIOSIS
is a malaria-like parasitic disease caused by infection with Babesia, a genus of protozoal piroplasms.
After trypanosomes, Babesia are thought to be the second most common blood parasites of mammals and they
can have a major impact on health of domestic animals:

 Imidocarb dipropionate
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Imidocarb dipropionate &
Imicon 1-2ml/100kg 100mL ICI
Diminazine
12% solution of imidocarb 1ml/100kg
Imizol dipropionate. (120mg *For.Prevention: 100mL MSD( Intervet )
imidocarb/mL of solution. 2.5mL/100kg
12% solution of imidocarb Cattle:1ml/100kg
Imido-G dipropionate. (120mg Horses:2ml/100kg 10mL, 100mL Medivet
imidocarb/mL of solution. Dogs:2.5mL/100kg

12% solution of imidocarb Cattle:1ml/100kg


Imipro dipropionate. (120mg Horses:2ml/100kg 100mL Selmore Pharma
imidocarb/mL of solution. Dogs:0.25mL/10kg

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TRYPANOSOMIASIS
 Diminazine Aceturate
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Diminazine Diminazene Diaceturate = 35mg 50mL Star Labs
Each ml contains: Diminazene
Diminazene–ds 70 Diaceturate:70mg. 25mL/Adult 50mL,100mL Star Labs
Phenazone:87.50mg
Dimirn Diminazene Diaceturate=12.5mg 25mL/Adult 50mL Medivet
Fa.try.banil Diminazene Diaceturate = 35mg 25mL/Adult 50mL Fatro
Diminazene Aceturate : 70 mg 30 ml & 90
Batrynil RTU 1ml/15kg Zydus
Phenazone : 375 mg ml
Tryptovan -
Diminazene Aceturate : 10.5% mg LA:10ml/300kg
Pronil 10ml, 50mL Selmore
Antipyrine:13.1% SA; 0.3ml/10kg
Water soluble Granules Diminazine
Diminaveto
Aceturate + Antipyrine

COCCIDIOSIS
Coccidiosis is an intestinal disease that affects several different animal species including canines and
humans.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Each ml contains:
Calves :
Amprolium as HCl 200mg (In cattle &
1ml/20-40kg
calves, amprolium has the approval for
Hi–Amprol Selmore
the treatment and prevention of E. bovis 500 ml
Solution (0.3mL/1L of Pharma
and E. zurnii. Amprolium has been used
Water for
in dogs, sheep and goats for the control
Poultry
of coccidiosis.

Tympany
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Each ml contains:
Blotaryl Liquid Poloxyethylene Oleic Acid 10mL/500mL water 10 ml Star Labs
Trigtlyceride :10mL
Each ml contains:
Medioral 10mL/500mL water 10 ml MediVet
Poloxyethylene Trigtlyceride
Colcolyte Active
Colcorex
Gastrofit Homeopethic

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ANTI-ALLERGIC & ANTI-HISTAMINES


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
LA@20ml
Each ml contains: 5x10ml &
Meprason MA@8mL Star Labs
Mepyramine Maleate = 50 mg 25x10ml
SA@3ml
Meprim (Same As Above) 10ml, 50mL SG&J
Merasym (Same As Above) 10ml, 50mL Symens
Antivil Phenaraline maleate (Same As Above) 10ml, 50mL Orient Pharma
Anvil (Same As Above) 10ml, 50mL Venis
Avil (Same As Above) 10ml, 50mL Aventis

Intra-mammary Tubes
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
*Neomycin=105mg
*Procain Penicillin G= 1Lac IU
TETRA DELTA 10mL/Pack 140/- Pfizer
*Dihydrostreptomycin=100mg
*Prednisolon=10mg
*Gentamycin=7.5mg
GENTAMAST 10mL/Pack 100/- Breemer
*Sulphathiazol=1750mg
Resomycin Oxytetracyclin=426mg 15gram __ __
Mastagon *Neomycin + Prednisolon __ __ __
AMPICLOX __ __ Pfizer
LACTOCLOX *Ampicillin + Cloxacillin __ __ __
MASTILEX *Cephalasporin + Gentamycin __ __ __
MASTIVEX-I __ __ __

Phosphorus Preparations
Indications:
 Post parturient haemoglobinurea
 Weakness & Pica
 Milk fever
 Mild paralysis
 Infertility
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Metaphos 25-50mL/LA 50mL Star
Fosfon Same as above 50mL Selmore
Vetyphospho-b Same as above 50mL, 100mL Leads Pharma
Alfas-40 Sodium Acid Phosphate Same as above __

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IntraUterine Passeries
Indications: Matritis, Endomatritis and pyometra
1. Sulfathiazol + Penicillin + Streptomycin + Ethinyloestradiol
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
1750 mg + 100,000 IU
4-8 Tab 20 Tab/ Pack Star
Utenol + 50 mg + 0.5 mg
Utavet Same as above Same as above 20 Tab/ Pack Nawan

2. Chlortetracycline HCl + Furazolidone+ Metronidazole


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Utacare 1.0gm + 0.500gm +
As per condition 30’s, 50’s & 100’s Nawan
1.0gm

3. Oxytetracycline + Idochloroxyquinoline + Fluraltadone + Vit. E


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Uterusfloor 500 mg + 100,000 IU +
1-2 inj 20 ml Selmore AG
50 mg + 0.5 mg

LIVER TONICS
Indications: Indigestion, Ketosis, and Hepatic failure
Phenoxy-2-Methyl-2-Propionic Acid
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
HEPAGEN 10gm/ml 1mL/10kg 50mL, 100mL Fatro
HEPAGUARD 10gm/ml 1mL/10kg 50mL Star
HEPACARE 10gm/ml 1mL/10kg __ __
HEPASEL 10gm/ml 1mL/10kg 100mL Selmore

DRUGS IN SPRAY FORM


Functions: *Antibacterial , *Anti-inflammatory, *Fly Repellent, *Analgesic, *Antipyrinetic
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Oxytetracycline = 750mg
Twice a day 150mL Fatro
OXYCORT Hydrocortisone = 240mg
Cholramphenicol=3gm
Cetramide=0.6gm
Dimethyl Phethalate=0.6gm
Twice a day 100mL , 300mL Atzan
PINK SPRAY Crystal Violet, Asopropyl
alcohol=60ml,
Dimethylether=40ml
TERAGIN Twice a day 100mL Star
CTC (chlor tetracyclin) Twice a day __ EuroVet
MEGA-HEALERSpray Twice a day 100mL Layalpur Homoeo

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TONICS & MULTIVITAMENS (injectable)


Indication: Weakness, Management of vitamin deficiencies, correctness of stress, solution of anorexia and
provision of essential Fatty acids.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Amivital High Multi Vit. & A.Acids As per condition 50 & 250 ml Atzan
Amivicom Multi Vit. & A.Acids As per condition 50 & 250 ml Selmore
Aminovital Multi Vit. & A.Acids As per condition 50 & 250 ml Star
Aminowan Multi Vit. & A.Acids As per condition 50 & 250 ml Nawan
Novacoc Multi Vit. & A.Acids As per condition 250 ml Waseem Imp.
Biodyl Multi Vit. & A.Acids As per condition 50 ml Marial
Matabolase Multi Vit. +A.Acids As per condition 250 ml Fatro
Metabolase Forte Multi Vit. +A.Acids As per condition 100 ml Fatro
Cacio PH Cal. Gluconate + Vit. As per condition 250 ml -
Milfon C Cal. Gluconate + Vit. As per condition 300 & 450 ml Star
Mil D Forte Cal. Gluconate + Vit. As per condition 300 ml Star
Multina Multivitamins As per condition 50 & 100 ml Nawan
Vim-Sel Vit. E + Selenite As per condition 50 & 100 ml Nawan
Cyanocobalamine Inj Cobalamine250mg/2ml As per condition 50 ml -
Duphalyte Like Novacoc As per condition 500 ml -
Selevit - - 100 ml -

Mineral Mixtures (Powder Form)


Indication: Weakness, reduced milk production, weak bones and less muscle accretion, reduced appetite and
rough hair coat.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Tone up Multivitamen + Ca 50-80 gm daily 1 kg Zadis Int.
Vito mineral-T Multivitamen + Ca 50-80 gm daily 1 kg Trust Ph.
L-S Mineral Multivitamen + Ca 50-80 gm daily 1 kg Nawan
ADE Mineral Multivitamen + Ca 50-80 gm daily 1 kg Nawan
Biovit Plus Multivitamen + Ca 50-80 gm daily 1 kg Ch. Ph.
Vitaton DC Multivitamen + Ca 50-80 gm daily 1 kg Samu Koria
Biovit Multivitamen + Ca 50-80 gm daily 1 kg -
White Gold Multivitamen + Ca 50-80 gm daily 1 kg -
Nutramin Multivitamen + Ca 50-80 gm daily 1 kg -

Tocoferol Acetate + Nitro Selenites Injactables


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Selevit 25 mg + 2.2. mg/ml 20ml/100kg 50 & 100 ml Fatro

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ANTIEMETICS
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Metaclopramide 10 mg/2ml - 2 ml x 10 ampules Human side preparation
Gravinate - - - Human Side preparation

ANTISIALOGOGUES
Atropine Sulphate
Indications: pre-anaesthetic to dry secretion, to prevent Bradycardia, as an antidote to organophosphate
poisoning, to dilate the pupils for opthalamic examination and to slow a hypermotile gut.
Adverse side effects: overdose may cause drowsiness, tachycardia, disorientation, photophobia, constipation,
anxiety and burning at inj site.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Atrovet 1mg/ml As per condition 10 & 25 ml Selmore PH
Arosin 1mg/ml As per condition 25ml PDH
Atropin 1mg/ml As per condition 1ml China
Trupine 1mg/ml C/B/H=1 ml/8-16 25ml -
kg
S/G = 1 ml/3-6 kg
C/D= 1 ml/25-50 kg

ANTIDIARRHEAL DRUGS
1. Sulfadiazine + Sulfadimadine + Neomycin + Hyoscine + Kaoline
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Scour X 35.5 + 28.4 + 1.8 + 12 ml/10 kg (PO) 100 & 500 ml Selmore PH
0.04+103.3 mg/ml
SulphaCare As above 12 ml/10 kg (PO) 100 & 500 ml Welcare
Diarrobian 12gm LA= 4 paktes 12 gm Packet -

2. Metronidazole
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Flagyl 500 mg/100 ml - 100 ml -
Metronidazole 500 mg/100 ml - 100 ml -

PURGATIVES (Oral Preparations)


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
EPSOM Salt, Mag-Sulf - H/C=450-700 gm - -
Foals/Calves=25-45 gm
Sheep/Goat=50-150 gm
Sodium Sulfate - H/C=450-700 gm - -
Foals/Calves =25-50 gm
Sheep/Goat=25-125gm
Dog and Cat=2-5 gm
Castor oil - Dog=5-25ml Cats=3-15ml - -
Sheep=50-150ml Calves=50-100
Phenolphthalein - Dog=30-200 mg Cat=15-65 mg - -

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ANTHELMINTICS
Oral Preparations For Internal parasites
This group includes drugs of various classes viz.
 Benzimidazole (Oxfendazole, Albendazole, Fenbendazole, Mebendazole),
 Organophosphates (Trichloron, Coumaphos, Haloxan, Dichlorovos),
 Tetrahydropyrimidines (Pyrantal tartrate, Morantal tartrate),
 Avermectins (Ivermectin, Moxidectin, Dorammectin),
 Imidazothiazoles (Levamisole, Febental) and Piperazine.

1. Oxfendazole
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Systamax 22.65 mg/ml 1 ml/8 kg 100 & 450 ml ICI
Oxafex 22.65 mg/ml 1 ml/8 kg 100, 450 ml & 1 liter GSK
Fendamax 22.65 mg/ml 1 ml/8 kg 100 & 450 ml TRUST PH.
Ozox 22.65 mg/ml 1 ml/8 kg 100, 500 ml & 1 liter SJ & G
Topmax 22.65 mg/ml 1 ml/8 kg 100 ml & 1 liter ZADIS INT.
Fenzol 22.65 mg/ml 1 ml/8 kg 100 ml & 1 liter PDH
Profax 22.65 mg/ml 1 ml/8 kg 100 & 450 ml HILTON
PRI -OX 200 mg/ml 1 ml/8 kg - -

2. Oxfendazole + Oxclozanide
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Oxanid 22.65 mg+ 62.5mg/ml 1 ml/5 kg 100 ml & 1 liter GSK
Punch 22.65 mg+ 62.5mg/ml 1 ml/5 kg 100 ml & 500 ML SELMORE PH
Fenzed Plus 22.65 mg+ 62.5mg/ml 1 ml/5 kg 100 ML VET WORLD

3. Oxfendazole + Cobalt + Selenium


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Oxfenda SC 22.65+3.82+0.35mg/ml 1 ml/10 kg 450 ml ICI
Orazol SC 22.65+3.82+0.35mg/ml 1 ml/10 kg 100 , 500 ml SELMORE
Gytazole CS 22.65+3.82+0.35mg/ml 1 ml/10 kg 100, 250, 500, 1 lit. ZADIS

4. Albendazole
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Valbazine 12% / ml 1ml/10kg 30ml & 1lit Pfizer
Bovizol 12% / ml 1ml/10kg 120 ml & 1 lit. Labicyclina
Albenton 12% / ml 1ml/10kg 100 ml & 1 lit. Zadis Int.
Albenzol Granules 200mg/ml 5 gm/100kg 5gm & 100 gm Selmore

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5. Levamisole
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Nilworm 1.5% / ml 1 ml/2 kg 100 ml & 1 liter ICI
Levasel Sol. 1.5% / ml 1 ml/2 kg 100 ml & 1 liter SELMORE
Vernil 1.5% / ml 1 ml/2 kg 100 ml & 1 liter -
Levoton 1.5% / ml 1 ml/2 kg 100 ml & 1 liter ZADIS Int.

6. Levamisole + Oxyclozanide
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Nilzan 1.5% + 3.09% per ml 1 ml/2 kg 100, 250 ml & 1 liter ICI

7. Levamisole + Oxyclozanide + Cobalt + Selenium


DOSE
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION PACK SIZE COMPANY
RATE
Nilzan Plus 1.5%+3%+0.382% /ml 1 ml/3 kg 100, 250 ml & 1 liter ICI
Oxycloz LC 1.5%+3%+0.382% /ml 1 ml/3 kg 100, 250 ml & 1 liter Zadis Int.
Helmex Plus 1.5%+3%+0.382% /ml 1 ml/3 kg 100, 250 ml & 1 liter Selmore PH
Nawazan 1.5%+3%+0.382% /ml 1 ml/3 kg 100, 250 ml & 1 liter Nawan
Vety Vermicide Sol. 1.5%+3%+0.382% /ml 1 ml/3 kg 100, 250 ml & 1 liter Vetycare
Vety Vermicide Bol. 1.5%+3%+0.382% /ml 1 ml/3 kg 5’s Vetycare

8. Triclabendazol (Used for liver fluke infestation)


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Fescinel SC - - 1 lit. Selmore Ph.

Preparations for Both Internal and External Parasites


1. Ivermectin
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Ivomec 10 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 50 & 500 ml Marial
Vermectin 10 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 10 & 50 ml Zaidis Int.
Wormec 10 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 10 & 50 ml Nawan
Imec 10 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 10 & 50 ml SJ & G
Evomec 10 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 10 & 50 ml PDH
Unimec 10 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 10 & 50 ml Hilton
Endectin 10 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 10 & 50 ml ICI
Ivotek 10 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 10 & 50 ml Star

2. Ivermectin + Clorsulon
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Vermectin Plus 10 + 100 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 10 & 50 ml Zaidis Int.
Unimec Plus 10 + 100 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 10 & 50 ml Hilton
Ivotek Super 10 + 100 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 50 ml Star

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3. Abamectin

Abamec LA 10 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 50 ml Selmore

4. Duramectin
Dactomex 10 mg/ml 1 ml/50 kg SC 50 ml Pfizer

Preparations for External Parasites


(For External Use Only)
1. Trichlorofon
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Ectocide 980 mg/gm External = 1.5 gm/1 lit H2O 100 gm & 1 kg -
Tegafon 980 mg/gm Same as above 100 gm & 1 kg -
Seguan 980 mg/gm Same as above 100 gm & 1 kg -
Santrifon 980 mg/gm Same as above 100 gm & 1 kg -
Trichlorofon 980 mg/gm Same as above 100 gm & 1 kg -

2. Cypermethrine
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Ecoflece 20 mg/ml External = 1 ml/1 liter H2O 250 ml & 1 liter Prix Pharma
Piriveex 20 mg/ml External = 1 ml/1 liter H2O 20 & 250 ml
Cyprin 20 mg/ml External = 1 ml/1 liter H2O 100 ml & 1liter

ANTIFUNGAL PRODUCTS
 Thiabendazole @ 50mg/kg
 Greisofulvin @ 100mg/kg (Locally)
 Amphotericin-B @ 1.8mg/kg
 Nystatine @2500 I.U./kg
 Votamycin @ 0.01mg/kg
 Iodine-G
 Boric Acid
 CuSO4

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Homoeopathic
Products

Product Size Retail TP

Masti Max Sl 240 mL `220


Fibro Sac 240 mL 250
Delta Rindezol 240 mL 190
Delta Rindezol 120 mL 95
Lapso-N 120 mL 160
Saliva Rex FMD 120 mL 160
Gastro Phos 3C 120 mL 100
Centa Fail 120 mL 150
Ferrodona + 120 mL 150
Red Loss 240 mL 180
Q-Milk Liquid 450 mL 265
Q-Milk Powder 1 kg 195
Easy Cool 120 mL 95
Consti Vet. 120 mL 65
Zakham Spray 150 mL 185

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Veterinary Medicines used mostly in Reproduction


(Mostly Hormonal preparations to treat Reproductive disorders)

1. ESTROGEN Preparations
Estrogens are a group of hormones synthesized by the ovaries and to a lesser extent by the testes, the adrenal
glands and the placenta.
Clinical use: used to treat persistent corpus luteum, to expel purulent material from the uterus, to expel retained
placenta, and mummified fetus, and to promote weight gain. In dogs, estrogens are used to induce abortion and
to control urinary incontinence.
Adverse side effects: cause severe anemia, prolonged estrus, genital irritation and follicular cysts.
Caution: Estrogens should not be given during pregnancy.

A. Stilboesterol Dipropionate
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Stilbosterol 10 mg/ml LA=10 ml MA=4ml SA=2ml 10 ml Star

B. Estradiol Dipropionate
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Agofollin 1 mg/ml LA=5 ml MA=1 ml SA=0.5 ml 15 ml Pfizer

2. PROSTAGLANDINS PREPARATIONS
Prostaglandins are a group of naturally occurring long-chain fatty acids that mediate various physiological
events in the body.
Clinical use: treatment of luteal cysts and mummified fetuses, termination of pregnancy and estrus
synchronization.
Adverse side effects: may include uneasiness, frothing at the mouth and milk let down.

Cloprostinol Sodium
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Cyclomate 263 micro gm /ml LA=2 ml MA=1 ml SA=0.5 ml 2 ml Star
Prostinol 263 micro gm /ml LA=2 ml MA=1 ml SA=0.5 ml 2 ml Selmore
Clostinol 263 micro gm /ml LA=2 ml MA=1 ml SA=0.5 ml 2 ml Zadis Int.
Dalmazine 263 micro gm /ml LA=2 ml MA=1 ml SA=0.5 ml 2 ml Fatro

3. Polypetide GnRH Hormone


1. Lecirelin Acetate
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Darmarelin 25 mg/ml LA=2-4 ml SA=1-2 ml / condition 2 ml Fatro

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4. Oxytocin
Oxytocin is a polypeptide made in the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior pituitary for release in response
to appropriate stimuli from the reproductive tract or mammary glands.
Clinical use: To augment the force of the uterine contraction during delivery, to aid in the delivery of placenta,
to facilitate the involution of uterus, and to induce milk let down.
Adverse side effects: These are minimal when used according to recommendation
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Oxytocin S 10 IU/ml LA=1-2 ml SA=0.5-1 ml 1 & 50 ml Star
Oxytocin 10 IU/ml Same as above 50 ml Orient
Oxytocin KAK 10 IU/ml Same as above 50 ml Kakasian

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

ANAESTHETICS
1. Xylazine Hydrochloride
Class: Tranquilizer, Alpha 2-agonist
Clinical use: include sedation, analgesia, short term anaesthesia, and induction of vomiting.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Xylaz 23.32 mg/ml LA=2.5-5 ml/IV, 5-10 ml/IM 25 ml Farvet

2. Medetomidine
Class: Tranquilizer, Alpha 2-agonist
Clinical use: facilitating clinical examination, minor surgical procedure and minor dental procedure that do not
require intubation.
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Domitor - -- - -

3. Lignocain Hydrochloride
Class: Local Anaesthetic
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Xylocain 2% As per Condition 10 ml -
Xylex 2% + adrenaline 50 ml -

ANTISEPTICS
BRAND NAME Composition Dose Rate PACK SIZE COMPANY
Pyodine Povidone Iodine As per condition 25 & 450 ml
Tinc Iodine As per condition 15 & 450 ml
Tinc Benzoin Co As per condition 15 & 450 ml
Bismith Sub Nitras Chlorexylenol As per condition 100 & 450 ml
Spirit As per condition 15 & 450 ml

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

VACCINES
1. Foot and Mouth Disease Vaccines
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Aftovex LA=2 ml SA=1 ml S/C 20 ml Marial
Aftibin LA=2 ml SA=1 ml S/C 40 L-animals Pfizer
FMD Vac (VRI) LA=2 ml SA=1 ml S/C 300 ml VRI Lahore

2. Haemorrhagic Septicemia (HS) Vaccines


BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
NIAB HS Vac LA=3 ml SA=2 ml S/C 30 ml NIAB Fsd
HS Vac (VRI) LA=3 ml SA=2 ml S/C 300 ml VRI Lhr
Hirra HS Vac LA=3 ml SA=2 ml S/C 50 & 300 ml Hirra
Multocina LA=3 ml SA=2 ml S/C 50 ml Avicina

3. Rabies Vaccines
BRAND NAME COMPOSITION DOSE RATE PACK SIZE COMPANY
Rabisin LA=3 ml SA=2 ml S/C 30 ml NIAB Fsd
Rhabdoimune LA=3 ml SA=2 ml S/C 300 ml VRI Lhr
ERA Vac LA=3 ml SA=2 ml S/C 50 & 300 ml Hirra
Dose Schedule for Rabisin: 1st day = 4 ml SC at 4 different sites, 7th day= 3 ml SC at 3 diff. sites

4. Vaccines for Dog


PrimaDog (Follow the instructions on label)
Hexa Dog (Follow the instructions on label)

5. TETANUS ANTITOXINS
ATS 1500 IU
ATS 10,000 IU

INTRAVENOUS INFUSIONS
Normal Saline NaCl = 0.9% 500 & 1000 ml & inj. As per condition
Ringer Lactate Lactate as a source of bicarb. 500 & 1000 ml & inj. As per condition
Ringer Lactate-D R/L + Dextrose (5%) 500 & 1000 ml & inj. As per condition
Dextrose 5% 5gm/100 ml 500 & 1000 ml & inj. As per condition

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

MEDICINE APPLICATORS AND ACCESSORIES


Veterinary Injection Needles
Size Where to apply
Needle 16 G & 3/4” For IM Inj.
Needle 16 G & 1.5” For Deep IM Inj. & IV Inj.
Needle 17 G & 3/4” For IM Inj.
Needle 17 G & 1.5” For Deep IM Inj. & IV Inj.
Needle 18 G & 3/4” For IM Inj.
Needle 18 G & 1.5” For Deep IM Inj. & IV Inj.
Needle 18 G & 0.5” For Subcut Inj

Disposable Syringes used in Veterinary Medicines


3 CC
5 CC
10 CC
20 CC
30 CC
50 CC

Glass Plastic Syringes (Commercially Called As BD Syringe)

10 CC (Europlex)
20 CC (Europlex)
10 CC (China)
20 CC (China)
30 CC (China)
50 CC (China)

Branulas

Branula 20 G
Branula 21 G
Branula 22 G

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CVAS Vet Professional HandBook

Abbrevations:
DOC -------------------------------- Drug of choice
MOA -------------------------------- Mode of Action
IU -------------------------------- Int’l unit
LA -------------------------------- Large Animal
MA -------------------------------- Medium Animal
SA -------------------------------- Small Animal
BBB -------------------------------- Blood Brain Barrier
C -------------------------------- Cattle
S/G -------------------------------- Sheep/Goat
H -------------------------------- Horse
IM -------------------------------- Intra Muscular
IV -------------------------------- Intra Venous
S/C -------------------------------- Subcut
A.Acids -------------------------------- Amino Acids
@ -------------------------------- At the dose rate

Prepared/Edited & Presented By:


Mehboob Ahmed Khan Alyani
Contact: 03346658153
Email: mehboobalyani@hotmail.com
Website: www.cvas.webnode.com

Prepared & Edited By: Mehboob Ahmed Khan Alyani mehboobalyani@hotmail.com 36