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# Date: 11 Oct.

18
Class: XI Similarity
Sub : Maths Chapter - 11

(1) Polygon : A polygon is any 2-dimensional shape formed with straight lines, such that triangles,quadrilaterals
pentagons and hexagons etc.
(2) Triangle : A three sided polygon is a called triangle.
(3) Scalene Triangle : A triangle having three unequal sides unequal sides is called scalene triangle.
(4) Isosceles Triangle : A triangle having any two sides equal is called isosceles triangle.
(5) Equilateral Triangle : A triangle having all sides equal is called equilateral triangle.
(6) Acute Angled Triangle : A triangle having all the three acite angles is called acute angled triangle.
(7) Obtuse Angled Triangle : A triangle having any one obtuse angle is called abtuse angled triangle.
(8) Right Angled Triangle : A triangle having one angle as right angle is called right angled triangle.
(9) Perimeter of a Triangle : The sum of all the three sides of a triangle is called its perimeter.
(10) Median of a Tringle : The line joining trhe vertex to the mid point of opposite of a triangle is called it median.
(11) Altitude of a Triangle : The perpendicular drawn from vertex to the opposite side of a triangle is called its
altitude.
(12) Bisector of angle of a Triangle : The line bisecting the vertex angle of triangle is called bisector of angle of a
triangle.
(13) Equiagular Triangle : If corresponding angles of two triangle are same, then they are called equiangular
triangles.
Theorem 11.1 :-
(Basic Proportinality Theorm or Thale’s Theorm)
If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct point the other two sides
are divided in the same ratio.
Theorem 11.2 :-
(Converse of Basic Propertionality Theorem)
If a line divides any two sides of a triangle in, the same ratio, then the line is parallel to the thrid side.
Or
If a line divides two sides of a triangle Proportionally, then this line will be parallel to third side.
Theorem 11.3 :-
If a line bisects any interior angle of a triangle, then this line divides the line opposite to that angle in the ratio of
length of remaining sides of triangle.
Theorem 11.4 :-
If a line is drawn from vertex of a triangle such that it divides its opposite side in the ratio of length of two remaining
sides then that line bisects the angle of vertex.

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Theorem 11.5 :-
The bisector of exterrior angle fromed by side produced of triangle, divides externally the side opposite to that angle
in the ratio of remaining two sides of triangle,
Theorem 11.6 :-
(AAA Similarity Low)
Two equiangular triangle are similar to each other.
Theorem 11.7 :-
SSS Similarity Low
It ratio of corresponding sides of two triangles ae equal then two triangles are similar to each other.
Theorem 11.8 :-
(SAS Similarity low)
If in two triangle, one pair of corresponding side are proportinal and the included angles are equal then the two
triangle are similar.
Theorem 11.9 :-
In right angled triangle, square of hypotence is equal to the sum of squares of remaining two sides.
Theorem 11.10 :-
(Converse of Bandhyam Theorem)
The sum of squares of the sides of a triangle is equal to the squarea of its third side then triangle is called right angled
triangle.
Theorem 11.11 :-
A obtuse angled triangle ABC, whose  B is obtuse angles and AD  BC. Then prove that :

Or
Ina obtused angled triangle, square of side opposite to obtuse angles is equal to sum of squares of two remaining sides
and twice the product of one side and its produced point.
Theorem 11.12 :-
A acute angled ABC whose angles B is acute and AD  BC then prove that AC 2  AB 2  BC 2  2 BC  BD .
Theorem 11.13 :-
The ratio of the areas of two similar triangle is equal to the square of the ratio of their corresponding sides.

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