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EXPERIMENT – VI

BRAKE TEST ON THE 3-PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR


AIM:
To conduct the brake test on the given 3-phase induction motor and plot its performance
characteristics.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

5 / 10a ,600v,1500w
UPF
M L
TPST L1 U1
U1
R C V U2
fuse
W1
(0  600V)
V1
3  ,415V MI STATOR
50Hz,
A.C.sup ply U2
IL L2 V2
fuse (0  600V) V2 W2
MI V1
V2
W2 ROTOR
V1
B fuse C V W2

M L3 W2
L
5 / 10a ,600v,1500w STARDELTA
UPF STARTER

S1 S2

Fig 6

THEORY:

The brake test in a direct method of testing. It consists of applying a brake to a water – cooled
pulley mounted on the shaft of the motor. A rope is wound round the pulley and its two ends are attached
to two spring balances S1 and S2. The tension of the rope can be adjusted with the help of swivels. Then,
The force acting tangentially on the pulley = (S1 – S2) Kgs.
If R1 is the pulley radius, the torque at the pulley,
Tsh = (S1 – S2) R kg. Met.

If “w” is the angular velocity of the motor.


W = 2  N/60, Where N is the speed in RPM.

Motor output = Tsh x w = 2  N(S1 – S2) kg.mt.wt


= 9.81 x 2  N (s1 – S2) R watts.

The motor input can be measured directly as in the circuit diagram 6. For finding the performance
characteristics, the speed of the motor can also be measured by a tachometer.

PROCEDURE:

1. Make the connections as per the circuit diagram in fig. 6.


2. Loosen the rope of the break drum such tat S1 = S2 = 0.
3. Close the switch S and apply the rated 3-phase a.c. supply to the motor. Note the readings
of all meters.
4. Gradually increase the load by tightening the rope and note down the readings of all meters
and tabulate the results as shown below.

Input
S.No. S1 S2 W1 W2 IL Output N S=slip T 
PI

5. Starting from no-load, take the readings as the line current is increased from ¼, ½, ¾, 1 and
1 ¼ of its full value.

6. The output and input of the motors, Efficiency, Torque and slip can be calculated and the
performance characteristic.

a) Load vs Efficiency
b) Load vs Speed
c) Load vs Torque
d) Load vs Slip and speed are drawn

QUIZ:

1. What are the types of starters generally used for squired cage induction motors ?
2. How is the supply voltage related to the starting Torque ?
3. In what respects slipping I.M. superior to squirrel cage ?
4. What is the value of rotor resistance, which give maximum starting torque ?
5. For what value of slip, do you get maximum running torque in I.M ?