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Remark (When to use a particular

S.no Sample Statistic Test to be used


test/statistic)
x If only one sample is drawn and
z Z-test for single
1  information is given about sample
mean
(Normal Distribution) n mean
LARGE SAMPLES

x1  x2 Z-test for If two samples are drawn and


(MODULE - IV)
z
2  2
 2
difference of information is given about sample
1
 2
means means of both the samples.
n1 n2
pP If only one sample is drawn and
z Z-test for single
3 information is not given about
PQ n proportion
sample mean
P1  P2
z Z-test for If two samples are drawn and
4 PQ PQ difference of information is not given about
1 1
 2 2 proportions sample means.
n1 n2
x x If only one sample is drawn and
t or t  t-test for single
5 information is given about sample
s n 1 S n mean
mean
x y n s 2  n2 s22
t where S 2  1 1
1 1 n1  n2  2
SMALL SAMPLES


(t- Distribution)

S t-test for If two samples are drawn and


(MODULE - V)

n1 n2
6 difference of information is given about sample
Or means means of both the samples.
1 
 
xi  x   yi  y    
2 2
S2 
n1  n2  2  
d 1
t
S n
where d 
n
 di and If only one sample is drawn and the
information is given for paired data
7 Paired t-test
   d 
2
1  (before and after a particular
S  2

n 1 
 d  n 
2
treatment)
 
SMALL SAMPLES
S12

(F - Distribution)
F  2 [ S12  S22 ]

(MODULE - V)
S2
If two samples are drawn from two
F-Test
8 different populations and the
(Test of variances)
information is given about variances
S22
Or F  2
[ S22  S12 ]
S1
The test is applied when you have
 Oi  Ei 
2
n
given values of one categorical
2    2 -test
Chi-Square distribution

9
Ei variable (Observed frequencies) from
i 1
a single population.
(Module - V)

Row Total × Column Total


Grand Total The test is applied when you have
given values of two or more
 2 -test categorical variables (Observed
10
 Oi  Ei 
2
n
frequencies) from a single
2   population.
i 1 Ei