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# FSK MODULATION

AIM: Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) Digital Modulation Using MATLAB Code
Software required: MATLAB Software, PC

Block diagram:

Program:
clc
close all
clear all
fc1=input('Enter the freq of 1st Sine Wave carrier:');
fc2=input('Enter the freq of 2nd Sine Wave carrier:');
fp=input('Enter the freq of Periodic Binary pulse (Message):');
amp=input('Enter the amplitude (For Both Carrier & Binary Pulse Message):');
amp=amp/2;
t=0:0.001:1;
c1=amp.*sin(2*pi*fc1*t);
c2=amp.*sin(2*pi*fc2*t);
subplot(4,1,1);
plot(t,c1)
xlabel('Time')
ylabel('Amplitude')
title('Carrier 1 Wave')
subplot(4,1,2)
plot(t,c2)
xlabel('Time')
ylabel('Amplitude')
title('Carrier 2 Wave')
m=amp.*square(2*pi*fp*t)+amp;
subplot(4,1,3)
plot(t,m)
xlabel('Time')
ylabel('Amplitude')
title('Binary Message Pulses')
for i=0:1000
if m(i+1)==0
mm(i+1)=c2(i+1);
else
mm(i+1)=c1(i+1);
end
end
subplot(4,1,4)
plot(t,mm)
xlabel('Time')
ylabel('Amplitude')
title('Modulated Wave')

OUTPUT:
PSK MODULATION

AIM: Phase Shift Keying (PSK) Digital Modulation Using MATLAB Code
Software required: MATLAB Software, PC

Block diagram:
clc
close all
clear all
t=0:.001:1;
fc=input('Enter frequency of Carrier Sine wave: ');
fm=input('Enter Message frequency : ');
amp=input('Enter Carrier & Message Amplitude(Assuming Both Equal):');
c=amp.*sin(2*pi*fc*t);
subplot(3,1,1)
plot(t,c)
xlabel('Time')
ylabel('Amplitude')
title('Carrier')
m=square(2*pi*fm*t);
subplot(3,1,2)
plot(t,m)
xlabel('time')
ylabel('ampmplitude')
title('Message Signal')
x=c.*m;
subplot(3,1,3)
plot(t,x)
xlabel('t')
ylabel('y')
title('PSK')
OUTPUT:

ASK MODULATION

AIM: Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK) Digital Modulation Using MATLAB Code
Software required: MATLAB Software, PC

Block diagram:
clc
close all
clear all
fc=input('Enter the freq of Sine Wave carrier:');
fp=input('Enter the freq of Periodic Binary pulse (Message):');
amp=input('Enter the amplitude (For Carrier & Binary Pulse Message):');
t=0:0.001:1;
c=amp.*sin(2*pi*fc*t);
subplot(3,1,1)
plot(t,c)
xlabel('Time')
ylabel('Amplitude')
title('Carrier Wave')
m=amp/2.*square(2*pi*fp*t)+(amp/2);
subplot(3,1,2)
plot(t,m)
xlabel('Time')
ylabel('Amplitude')
title('Binary Message Pulses')
w=c.*m;
subplot(3,1,3)
plot(t,w)
xlabel('Time')
ylabel('Amplitude')
title('Amplitide Shift Keyed Signal')

OUTPUT:
QPSK MODULATION

MATLAB Code

## Software required: MATLAB Software, PC

Block diagram:
clc;
clear all;
close all;
data=[0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1];
figure(1)
stem(data, 'linewidth',1), grid on;
title(' Information before Transmiting ');
axis([ 0 11 0 1.5]);
data_NZR=2*data-1;
s_p_data=reshape(data_NZR,2,length(data)/2);
br=10.^6;
f=br;
T=1/br;
t=T/99:T/99:T;
y=[];
y_in=[];
y_qd=[];

for(i=1:length(data)/2)
y1=s_p_data(1,i)*cos(2*pi*f*t); % inphase component
y2=s_p_data(2,i)*sin(2*pi*f*t) ;% Quadrature component
y_in=[y_in y1]; % inphase signal vector
y_qd=[y_qd y2]; %quadrature signal vector
y=[y y1+y2]; % modulated signal vector
end
Tx_sig=y; % transmitting signal after modulation
tt=T/99:T/99:(T*length(data))/2;
figure(2)

subplot(3,1,1);
plot(tt,y_in,'linewidth',3), grid on;
title(' wave form for inphase component in QPSK modulation ');
xlabel('time(sec)');
ylabel(' amplitude(volt0');

subplot(3,1,2);
plot(tt,y_qd,'linewidth',3), grid on;
title(' wave form for Quadrature component in QPSK modulation ');
xlabel('time(sec)');
ylabel(' amplitude(volt0');

subplot(3,1,3);
plot(tt,Tx_sig,'r','linewidth',3), grid on;
title('QPSK modulated signal (sum of inphase and Quadrature phase signal)');
xlabel('time(sec)');
ylabel(' amplitude(volt0');

OUTPUT:

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