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Pigafetta was born into a wealthy Vicenza family, and studied navigation among other things.

He
served on board the galleys of the Knights of Rhodes, and accompanied the papal nuncio,
Monsignor Chieregati, to Spain. Later, he joined the Portuguese captain Ferdinand Magellan and his
Spanish crew on their trip to the Maluku Islands. While in the Philippines Magellan was killed, and
Pigafetta was injured. Nevertheless, he recovered and was among only 18 of Magellan’s original
crew who, having completed the first circumnavigation of the world, returned to Spain on board
another vessel, the Victoria. Most importantly, Magellan kept a journal of his voyage, and this is a
key source for information about Magellan’s famous journey.

Famous Italian traveller born in Vicenza around 1490 and died in the same city in 1534,
who is also known by the name of Antonio Lombardo or Francisco Antonio Pigafetta.
Initially linked to the order of Rhodes, which was Knight, went to Spain in 1519,
accompanied by Monsignor Francisco Chiericato, and was made available from Carlos
V to promote the company initiated by the Catholic Monarchs in the Atlantic. Soon
he/she became a great friendship with Magallanes, who accompanied, together
with Juan Sebastián Elcano, in the famous expedition to the Moluccas begun in August
of 1519 and finished in September 1522. He/She was wounded at the battle of the
island of Cebu (Philippines) in which Magellan found death. The output of Seville made
it aboard of the Trinity; the return, along with a handful of survivors (17 of the 239 who
left this adventure), in victory, ship that entered in Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Cádiz) on
September 6, the designated year. In the last years of his life, he/she traveled by land
from France to finally return to Italy in 1523. He/She wrote the relation of that trip, which
was the first around the world, Italian and with the title of Relazioni in lathe to the primo
viaggio di circumnavigazione. Notizia del Mondo Nuovo with figure you dei paesi
scoperti, which was published posthumously, in 1536.

The account of Pigafetta is the single most important source about the voyage of
circumnavigation, despite its tendency to include fabulous details. He/She took notes
daily, as he/she mentioned when he/she realizes his surprise at Spain and see that
he/she had lost a day (due to its driving direction). Includes descriptions of numerous
animals, including sharks, the Storm petrel (Hydrobates pelagicus), the pink spoonbill
(Ajaja ajaja) and the Phyllium orthoptera, an insect similar to a sheet. Pigafetta captured
a copy of the latter near Borneo and kept it in a box, believing a moving blade who lived
in the air. His report is rich in ethnographic details. He/She practiced as an interpreter
and came to develop, at least in two Indonesian dialects

Herodotus was a Greek historian widely referred to as 'The Father of History'. He lived in
the fifth century BC and was a contemporary of Socrates. A major figure in Greek history,
he was the first historian known to have broken from Homeric tradition to t reat historical
subjects as a method of investigation. He collected his materials systematically and
critically, and then proceeded to arrange them into a historiographic narrative. Even though
he is known to have produced only one work, ‘The Histories’, a record of his "inquiry" on
the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars, this single work is regarded as the first great
narrative history produced in the ancient world. He was believed to be a wide traveler,
wandering over a large part of the Persian Empire, covering Egypt and Elephantine, and
also visited numerous other places like Libya, Syria, Babylonia, Susa in Elam, Lydia, and
Phrygia. He spent several years of his life exploring far away kingdoms and empires, and
gained extensive experience and knowledge. One of the Herodotus’ remarkable features
was that he narrated history in a storyteller’s manner, often inserting amusing anecdotes
and interesting dialogues. Even though some of his accounts are believed to be inaccurate,
he remains the leading source of original information of Greek history for the period
between 550 and 479 BC.

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