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7. Politics and Society:

a. Sociological theories of power.
b. Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups
and political parties.
1. Sociology - The Discipline:
c. Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil
a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and society, ideology.
emergence of Sociology. d. Protest, agitation, social movements,
b) Scope of the subject and comparison with
collective action, revolution.
other social sciences.
c) Sociology and common sense.
8. Religion and Society :
a. Sociological theories of religion.
2. Sociology as Science:
b. Types of religious practices: animism,
a) Science, scientific method and critique.
monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
b) Major theoretical strands of research
c. Religion in modern society: religion and
science, secularization, religious revivalism,
c) Positivism and its critique.
d) Fact value and objectivity.
e) Non-positivist methodologies. 9. Systems of Kinship:
a. Family, household, marriage.
3. Research Methods and Analysis:
b. Types and forms of family.
a) Qualitative and quantitative methods.
c. Lineage and descent.
b) Techniques of data collection.
d. Patriarchy and sexual division of labour.
c) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability
e. Contemporary trends.
and validity.
10. Social Change in Modern Society :
4. Sociological Thinkers:
a. Sociological theories of social change.
a) Karl Marx - Historical materialism, mode of
b. Development and dependency.
production, alienation, class struggle.
c. Agents of social change.
b) Emile Durkhteim - Division of labour, social d. Education and socialchange.
fact, suicide, religion and society. e. Science, technology and social change.
c) Max Weber - Social action, ideal types,
authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and
the spirit of capitalism.
d) Talcolt Parsons - Social system, pattern
variables. PAPER–II
e) Robert K. Merton - Latent and manifest
functions, conformity and deviance,
reference groups.
f) Mead - Self and identity.
A. Introducing Indian Society :
i. Perspectives on the Study of Indian Society :
5. Stratification and Mobility :
a. Indology(G.S.Ghure).
a. Concepts - equality, inequality, hierarchy,
exclusion, poverty and deprivation. b. Structural functionalism (M. N.
b. Theories of social stratification - Structural Srinivas).
c. Marxist sociology (A. R. Desai).
func tionalist theory, Marxist theory,
Weberian theory.
c. Dimensions - Social stratification of class,
status groups, gender, ethnicity and race. ii. Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :
d. Social mobility - open and closed systems, a. Social background of Indian
types of mobility, sources and causes of nationalism.
mobility. b. Modernization of Indian tradition.
c. Protests and movements during the
6. Works and Economic Life : colonial period.
a. Social organization of work in different types d. Social reforms.
of society - slave society, feudal society,
industrial capitalist society.
b. Formal and informal organization of work.
c. Labour and society.

B. Social Structure:
iii.Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
i. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure: a. Evolution of modern industry in India.
a. The idea of Indian village and village b. Growth of urban settlements in India.
studies. c. Working class: structure, growth,
b. Agrarian social structure— evolution class mobilization.
of land tenure system, land reforms. d. Informalsector,childlabour.
e. Slums and deprivation in urban
ii. Caste System: areas.
a. Perspectives on the study of caste
systems: iv.Politics and Society :
1. G. S. Ghurye, a. Nation, democracy and citizenship.
2. M. N. Srinivas, b. Political parties, pressure groups,
3. Louis Dumont, social and political elite.
4. Andre Beteille. c. Regionalism and decentralization of
b. Features of caste system. power.
c. Untouchability-forms and d. Secularization.
v.Social Movements in Modern India :
iii. Tribal Communities in India: a. Peasants and farmers movements.
a. Definitional problems. b. Women’s movement.
b. Geographical spread. c. Backward classes & Dalit
c. Colonial policies and tribes. movements.
d. Issues of integration and autonomy. d. Environmental movements.
e. Ethnicity and Identity movements.
iv. Social Classes in India:
a. Agrarian class structure. vi.Population Dynamics :
b. Industrial class structure. a. Population size, growth, composition
c. Middle classes in India. and distribution.
b. Components of population growth:
v. Systems of Kinship in India: birth, death, migration.
a. Lineage and descent in India. c. Population Policy and family
b. Types of kinship systems. planning.
c. Family and marriage in India. d. Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios,
d. Household dimensions of the family. child and infant mortality, reproductive
e. Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual health.
division of labour.
vii. Challenges of Social Transformation :
vi. Religion and Society : a. Crisis of development : displacement,
a. Religious communities in India. environmental problems and
b. Problems of religious minorities. sustainability.
b. Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
C. Social Changes in India: c. Violence against women.
d. Caste conflicts.
i. Visions of Social Change in India: e. Ethnic conflicts, communalism,
a. Idea of development planning and religious revivalism.
mixed economy. f. Illiteracy and disparities in education.
b. Constitution, law and social change.
c. Education and social change.

ii. Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India:

a. Programmes of rural development,
Community Development Programme,
cooperatives, poverty alleviation
b. Green revolution and social change.
c. Changing modes of production in
Indian agriculture.
d. Problems of rural labour, bondage,