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Onix Structure Private Limited

Solar PV Power Generation System


Detailed Project Report

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Main Features of the Project
⇒ Project promoter:- Onix Solar
⇒ Project location:- Village - Rojasar, Tehsil - Limbdi
⇒ State :- Gujarat
⇒ Proposed technology:- Si-Poly Technology
⇒ Technology Supplier (PV Modules):- Goldigreen / Vikram Si-Poly Module
⇒ Technology Supplier (Power Condition units) :- Power Electronics
⇒ Design consultant:- enincon LLP
⇒ Plant capacity:- 1 MW
⇒ PV Module Type- Si Poly modules
⇒ PV Modules Required (area):- 7179 m²
⇒ Total Area Required: - 20235 m²
⇒ Annual global solar radiation :– 1976 kWh/m²
⇒ Annual average temperature :– 25.18 C
⇒ Annual Gross Output :- 1579300 kWh
⇒ Miscellaneous PV array losses :- 1 %
⇒ Miscellaneous power conditioning losses :- 1 %
⇒ Expected CUF :- 19 %
⇒ Project implementation period:- 8 months
⇒ Estimated project cost :- Rs 650 lakhs
⇒ Design Optimization Software used:- RETScreen, METEONORM, PVSYST V5.72
⇒ Site selection:- Site identified and suitability confirmed

Table of Contents
Sr. No. Content Section No.
1 ABOUT SOLAR POWER SYSTEM Section 1
2 BILL OF MATERIALS Section 2
3 SOLAR PHOTVOLTAIC EQUIPMENT DETAILS Section 3
4 INSTALLATION & OTHER DRAWINGS Section 4
5 CONTACT DETAILS Section 5

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SECTION – 01 ABOUT SOLAR POWER SYSTEM

1.1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW

A. About the system


The solar PV Power generation system supplied by Onix Structure Pvt. Ltd. is a high efficient, modular,
extendable and cost effective power generation solution. The system is designed to International Standards
to ensure that you have years of trouble-free operations. As a result of proven technology, the system is highly
efficient and maintenance free. With one-time investment, the Solar provides the prudent way of managing
the energy costs in an eco-friendly way. The savings made on energy costs will help the companies to directly
benefit and contributing to their growth. The List of major components used in this system are listed below.

Solar PV Modules: The sun light (solar radiation) falling on the modules is converted in to DC energy by
photovoltaic principle. The generated by solar modules can either be used to supply the power to the
connected load or to charge the battery bank.

PV Inverter (PCU): PCU is a common terminology used to the system consisting of Inverter and AC
synchronization functionality. PCU does the function of controlling grid power by leading PF and prefer the
solar energy to the load. The system also contains the Charge Controller as part of the same system or as an
independent unit.

Module mounting structure (MMS): MMS is the structure to mount the solar PV modules with specified angle
depending on the location when the system to be mounted. The tilting will vary depending on the longitude
and latitude of the location.

B. Salient Features and Benefits of System


 A clean, silent and eco-friendly source of power
 Solar modules convert sunlight into electricity without pollution
 Negligible maintenance as there are no moving parts and maximum reliability
 Long life span of solar modules
 Modular design and easily expandable
 Simple installation: can be mounted on roof top or ground
 Can be installed at point-of use to avoid transmission losses
 Energy Independence
 Protection against future escalation of energy costs
 Available throughout the year

C. Applications

The system is ideal for industries and institutions where the energy usage is maximum during the sunlight
hours. These include manufacturing companies, Software development Centres, Hospitals, Hotels, Schools,
Colleges, Fuel Pump stations, R&D Centres, Transmission, Railways and Communication towers and many
more applications.

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1.2 SYSTEM WORKING PRINCIPLE

Solar photovoltaic (PV) system is like any other electrical power generation systems in terms of the output
except for the source of the power is solar radiation. The conversion of solar radiation to the electrical power
is based on the photovoltaic principles. However, the principles of operation of the connected load and
interfacing with other electrical systems remain the same. Though solar PV array produces power when
exposed to sunlight, a number of other components are required to properly conduct, control, convert,
distribute, and transform the energy produced by the array.

Solar power generating system supplied for this project shall be utilized for powering various office loads like
Computer, Lighting loads, fans etc. for specified hours of sun shine operation.

This system is designed to generate the energy in an eco-friendly manner with the source from solar radiation
which is available in abundance. The system designed is for 1 MW Solar Power Generation Grid Connecting
System. The system does not have any storage for standby power. The solar PV array will have 3125 no’s of
320Wp crystalline solar modules. These modules will be connected in series / parallel combination through
Optimizers to the desired string configuration as per the design parameters of the PCU. The PCU is of 1.2 MVA
capacity with three phase AC Output. Grid power supply is provided to support the loads and to reduce the
Grid power consumption when solar power is available.

The power generated from solar array is fed into the PCU through Optimizer and being inverted by the PCU
(Vac). This voltage is being combined with standard grid supply to the phases (R/Y/B) and will lead the power
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factor of the inverter supply by comparing the grid power factor. So the solar generated power will always be
preferred by the leading power factor and rest of the power will be used from the grid as required by the load.
If the load demand is lesser than the solar power generated, the balance power may be exported to grid and
customer may get feed-in benefit as per the policies of the local electricity board. This system is working in
the principal of power factor comparison and the system will feed the power either to load or grid through
grid power supply. That means loads will be indirectly connected with the solar system. So, if the grid supply
is not available at any moment the solar system will shut OFF immediately. We can only use sunlight directly
to the load whenever the grid power is available. The system will shuts OFF at the time of low intensity or no
sun light and restarts automatically when the sunlight is available. The proposed system does not required
any dedicated loads or separate wiring to work on. At the time of power failure if the customer turns ON the
DG supply again the solar system will run and pushes the energy back to the DG. To avoid this reverse current
situation, the DG rating should be at least be 4 to 5 times higher rating than the proposed solar power plant
rating.

System Details:

1. Solar PV Modules: 320 Wp – Polycrystalline


Quantity: 3125 Nos. (320 x 3125 = 1000kWp).
- Solar PV Module exposed to the sunlight converts it into DC energy.

2. Optimizer: Power Optimizer – 3125 Nos.

- The power optimizer is a DC/DC converter connected to Solar PV modules to increase the energy
output from PV systems by constantly tracking the maximum power point (MPPT) for one or more
modules individually

3. PCU / Inverter: Grid connected system,


3 Phase – AC Output - 1 No

- The inverter responsible for DC to AC inversion

4. The output of the inverter is connected to the AC Panel through a proper AC Protection.

5. Inter connecting cables are used to interconnect solar PV components like Solar Modules, Junction
Boxes, & Inverter.

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SECTION – 2 BILL OF MATERIALS

Sr. No. Description Quantity


1 Polycrystalline Solar PV Modules – 320 Wp PV 3125 Nos.
2 Power Optimizers 3125 Nos.
3 Solar PV Inverter – 50 KVA – 3 Phase 20 No.
4 Data Logging for monitoring Available as part of the PCU
5 DC Cable 6 Sq.mm (Module to Optimizer and Optimizer to As per required
PCU)
6 AC Cable - 6 Sq.mm /10 Sq.mm Inverter to ADCB As per required
7 Earthing Kit 1 Set
8 Module Mounting Structure 1 Set
9 Installation Kit (Cable tie & tray, Nuts, bolts, lugs, etc) 1 Set
10 66KV line and substation As per required
11 11KV line As per required

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SECTION – 03 SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC EQUIPMENT DETAILS

3.1 SOLAR POWER GENERATING SYSTEM DETAILS

The solar PV Power generation system supplied by Onix Structure Pvt. Ltd. is a high efficient, modular,
extendable and cost effective power generation solution. The system is designed to International
Standards to ensure that you have years of trouble-free operations.

Technical data of the solar power pack supplied is given below.

1. System Type Solar PV Grid Connect System


2. System Solar Array Capacity - Nominal @ standard test condition
3. System Output AC voltage - Nominal 400Vac (line to line), 50 Hz (230V - Line to Neutral)
4. Inverter Output Rating - Nominal 1200KVA

3.2 SOLAR PV MODULE

The PV Goldigreen photovoltaic module provides superior value and performance. They may be used in
single-module and multiple module systems to meet the current or voltage requirements of a wide range
of applications with its nominal power; it’s well-suited to utility grid systems and traditional applications.

The high efficiency Solar PV Modules are:


 Made from imported Poly-Crystalline solar cells to exacting International Standards
 Modules comply with the International standards IEC 61215, IEC 61730 and IEC 61701 product
certification
 Standard 10 year manufacturing warranty
 10 years/25 years limited power guarantee for 90% & 80% power respectively
 Cells are encapsulated with premium EVA from USA, with good light transmission resistance to
degradation over a long period of time
 Back sheet is from Japan with extra white surface for light reflection and high strength
 Junction box has six bypass diodes for extra protection and standard MC4 compatible
connectors for easy installation. IP65 compliant for all weather usage
 Structural integrity offered by a robust double wall screw‐less, snap‐fit aluminium frame that is
anodized for safety against corrosion

*String: - A number of modules or panels interconnected electrically in series to produce the required
operating voltage.

**Array: - Number of modules or panel strings connected in parallel at one common place.

3.3 SOLAR MODULE MOUNTING STRUCTURE

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To use the fixed module mounting structure made of mild steel with hot dipped galvanization/ pre-
galvanized structure for mounting the solar PV modules on the canopy of the main entrance.
Power Generation
3.4 INVERTER

Inverter is designed for years of trouble-free use. The Inverter is a Grid connected sine wave to serve
the loads. It is rated for 1200KVA at 400Vac, 50Hz and designed to operate with DC input only. Inverter
required grid supply mandatorily to synchronize the source. Without grid the system, the inverter will
go OFF.

Solar Inverters (Three Phase) with Optimizers


a. Inverters specifically designed to work with power optimizers
b. Superior efficiency (>97%)
c. Excellent reliability with standard 12 year warranty against manufacturing defects
d. Small, lightweight and easy to install
e. Built-in module-level monitoring receiver
f. IP65 / NEMA 3R – Outdoor and indoor installation

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SECTION – 04 INSTALLATION & OTHER DRAWINGS

Line diagram for Grid Connected SPV System

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PROTECTION AND SAFETY MEASUREMENTS
A SCHEMATIC OF THE PROTECTION SYSTEM

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Investment Model for 1 MW Solar Power Plant
We see a huge demand for information for investment models for setting up a 1 MW Solar Plant.
We have decided to create a 1MW – 10 MW estimate series.

Below is the investment model for 1 MW Solar Plant All over India

Capacity of Power Plant : 1 MW


Generation Expected per year: 17.50 Lakhs Units/MW
Degradation till 1st 10 years: 0.05%
Degradation from 11 to 25 years: 0.67%
Debt Percentage: 70%
Equity Percentage: 30%
Rate of Interest of Indian Bank Loan: 13.0%
Rate of Interest of Foreign Bank Loan: 10%
Repayment Period of Indian Loan: 11 years
Repayment Period of Foreign Loan: 15 years
Percentage of Indian Loan: 70%
Average Cost of Sale of Electricity: 6.49 Rs/unit
Cost of Project per MW: 650 Lakhs/MW
O&M Cost per MW for 1st year: 8.0 Lakhs/MW
Depreciation: 5.28%
Corporate Tax: 30.28%
Minimum Alternate Tax: 18.38%
Project Cost: 650 Lakhs
Debt: 455 Lakhs
Equity: 195 Lakhs

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SECTION – 05 CONTACT DETAILS
 Head Office :
ONIX STRUCTURE PVT. LTD.
Shop . : 2,alax Shopping Center, Galaxy Chowk,
Dhoraji – 3604110. Dist. : Rajkot,
State : Gujarat, India, Phone : 02824 225007
Mobile : +91 9998571647

 Branch Office (Rajkot) :


ONIX STRUCTURE PVT. LTD.
202 - Classica, Near Jaddu’s Food Filed,
Kalawad Road, Rajkot – 360004
Dist. : Rajkot,State : Gujarat, India
Mobile : +91 98254 31761 / +91 9737636169

 Branch Office (Surat) :


ONIX STRUCTURE PVT. LTD.
9-10, Bhavani Nagar, Dharam Nagar Road,
Hirabag, Varachha,
Surat- 395008.
Dist : Surat, State : Gujarat, India
Mobile : +91 97141 68531

 Wesite : www.onixstructure.in
Email : info@onixstructure.in
project@onixstructure.in
purchase@onixstructure.in
account@onixstructure.in

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