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Jenkins Daily ~ !ail _
ontents
1 Are you running away? Present simple and present continuous 4
2 Something funny happened Past simple and past continuous 8
3 You're good at drawing The -ing form; so and neither 12
4 Nick's been working Present perfect simple and present perfect continuous 16
5 Have you seen Ben? Present perfect simple and past simple 20
:~-?'';'~-~'?'70'''~~':;''''''"\:~/'I$r'~";' ~" _:~7"~"-~' -

,~ B~~~!~!§~,~!JJ~_r,1j!!~11\iii?) • •. 24
6 How much do you want? Questions 28
7 The film had almost finished Past perfect simple; past perfect continuous 32
8 She bought me a present Verbs with two objects; time clauses 36
9 Ben said he could take some photos Indirect speech in the past; tell and say 40
10 You mustn't forget your camera Mustn't and don't have to; had better and would rather 44
;n(~~!!9El~1(units6 ..... 10) 48
11 It must be something exciting Must, can't and could for deductions; so and such 52
12 They're both from Liverpool Both and neither; all and none 56
13 If I had some money Conditional sentences type 2; uncountable nouns 60
14 I want to be a vet Verbs with to + infinitive; let and make 64
15 It needs repairing Need + -ing; have something done; could and would 68
3";mtu=nBMftttl'II'J fE~
16 The photo I like best Relative clauses 76
17 Nick told Ben to be quiet Indirect questions, commands and requests 80
18 You ought to turn it down Ought to and should; phrasal verbs 84
9 It isn't fair, is it? Question tags; wish + past simple; plural nouns 88
20 I don't feel like swimming Verbs with to + infinitive or -ing form 92
AI.Q!Jn&mDtftbittltwl.)) m..
21 Play it more slowly Comparison of adverbs; wish + past perfect 100
2: The hall has been decorated The passive 104
23 If he hadn't ... Conditional sentences type 3 108
2.,. A visit to Cornwall Tense review (present and past tenses) 112
:~its21-24) 116't
Words to learn 120
Verb forms 124
Spelling 127

Q Speaking activity tH Young Learners English Test practice

~ Go to www.oup.com/elt/trig &l Go to www.oup.com/elt/teacher/trig


Present simple and present continuous
Jenny What's wrong? Are you running away from
someo ne? Grammar lesson
Anna Yes, a horrible green thing on a skateboard
Present simple
is chas ing me.
We use the present simple
Jenny Tha t's Tri g, an alien from Triglon. He's very
1 for actions that we do (or don't do) regularly,
frie dly.
especially with always, often, usually,
An na I don 't care w ho he is, I don't like him. I sometimes, never, every day, etc.:
don 't usually talk to aliens. Merton is a very I don't usually talk to aliens.
strang e t own . 2 for facts:
I live in Kingsley.
Jenny Don't you live in Merton?
3 when we say we like, love, hate, dislike,
Ann a No. I live in Kingsley, but my brother Ben know, believe or think something:
and I are staying with my Aunt Sarah and I love films.
my cousin Mark for a few months. I haven't
got any friends here. Present continuous
Jenny Well, I'm going to the cinema with my We use the present continuous
brother tonight. Do you want to come? 1 for something that is happening at the
moment of speaking, often with now, at the
Anna Yes, thanks. I love films ... But is Trig
moment, today, etc.:
coming? A green thing is chasing me.
Are you running away from something?
2 for something temporary:
I'm staying in Merton for a few months.
3 to talk about future plans, often with time
expressions such as next week, on Tuesday,
tonight:
We're going to the cinema tonight.
Is Trig coming?
There are some spelling rules for the present
continuous on page 127 .
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Words to learn -4») 3


horrible friendly alien care stay cousin
together town hall sightsee relax

Unit 1
Fit the verb forms into the puzzles. 3 Complete the sentences. Use the present

a Ido be begin hurry have .m+x-


continuous form of the verbs in the box.

~
I come go
stop wave
ride stand

m x e 5
Iforget cl:Ioose" hit lie make happen

~ Debbie Fox has won an Olympic medal.


glng
Everyone in Merton is welcomil1g her home .
1 The car round the
ch •• corner.
2 Two policemen _ _ _ _ _ _ __
motorbikes in front of the car.
3 A policeman the
traffic.
Complete the text. Use the present simple 4 Some people ._ - - - - - flags .
form of the verbs in the box.

arrive bury catch chase .g.e.t--l:rjY go


have to love play practise try

Jenny and her brother Nick have to get up at


seven thirty. Nick sometimes gets up late,
so he 1 eat his toast quickly before
- om and Amanda 2 . Tom 3_ __ _
=-otball for the school team. He 4 _ _ __

2'.lery Wednesday. Amanda 5 horses.


S.'le usually 6 riding on Sundays. 5 Now Debbie into the
C'li p is Jenny and Nick's dog . He 7_ _ __ town hall.
- 's bon es in the garden and he 8_ _ __ 6 Jenny and Nick in the
:: .....Iff, th e neighbours' cat, but he never crowd with Trig .
= her. Trig is the children's alien
~,; e n d. He 10 hard to learn English.

Unit 1
4 Read what the teenagers say about 1 Dave likes comedy shows.
watching television then read the sentences.
Some sentences aren't true. Write new
sentences. 2 Sofia plays the piano.

3 Marion watches a lot of television.


Max

I think I watch too much television. I love cartoons. I


always watch my favourite ones. I sometimes watch 4 Dave always knows what's on television .
television for three hours a day.

5 Max hates cartoons.

_~~_ Dave

I watch television for about an hour a day. I don't


6 Marion watches wildlife programmes.
think that's too much. I like comedy shows, but I
think game shows are stupid. I don't wa tch them.

7 Max watches television for an hour a day.

Marion
8 Sofia watches animal programmes.
I don't have much time to watch television . I play
the piano and read books. I somet imes watch
programmes about wildlife. I don't usually know
what's on television.
5 Write short answers.
~ Does Max hate cartoons? No, he doestl't.
1 Do Dave and Marion watch too much
Sofia television?

I watch too much television. On some days I watch


.cor about four hours. When I come home from school 2 Does Sofia watch wildlife programmes?
= :.atch a quiz show and later I watch cartoon s and
':- !"'s. 3 Does Dave watch comedy shows?
~ Max w atches cartoons.
Correct. 4 Does Sofia watch too much television?
~ ','arion wa tches game shows.
~r.e doestl't watch game shows. ghe watches 5 Do Max and Sofia watch cartoons?
;! po grammes about wildlife.
6 Does Dave like game shows?
6 Complete the email. Use the present simple
or the present continuous form of the verbs
in brackets.

Hello Nick
We're in Scotland! We don't usually come (not
come) to Scotland on holiday, but we're
having (have) a really good time here. The
su n 1 (shine) now,
so Mum and Dad 2
(have) an ice cream in a cafe and my sister
_ __ _ _ _ _ _ 3 (write) postcards. I
_ _ _ _ _ __ _ 4 (sit) in an internet cafe
j ust round the corner.

~t often 5 (rain) in
Scotland, but it 6 (not
'ai n) today, so we 7
'l ot look) round museum s. When we are on
oli day we always 8
go) to a different place every day. We
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9 (visit) old castles,

=am ous buildings or historic places. Dad


_ __ _ _ _ _ _ 10 (take) photos of
2Jerything. We 11 7 Q Partner interview
ot sightsee) today, though. We Ask your partner four questions about
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 12 (relax) .Tomorrow we their television habits. Use the present
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 13 (go) to Loch Ness. simple. Then use the present continuous
_ _ __ _ _ _ _ 14 (send) you some to ask about future plans.
,:~ot ogrophs
with this email. I hope you Student 1 Do you think you watch too
_ __ _ _ _ _ _ 15 (like) them . much television?
Student 2 No, I don't. I watch for about
an hour a day.
Student 1 What kind of programmes
do you watch? What are you
watching tonight? Are you
watching ... on Saturday?

~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!

&I TEACHERS: now down load the online


worksheet for this unit.

Unit 1
Past simple and past continuous

Grammar lesson
Past simple
We form the past simple of regular verbs
with ed or d. Irregular verbs have a special
form. (Look at page 126.)
start - started, love - loved, win - won, run - ran
We use did + infinitive (base form) for
questions, and did not or didn't + infinitive for
the negative.
Did Tom's team win?
The other team didn't score.
We use the past simple for an action that
started and finished in the past.
Jenny Did Tom 's team win their match yesterday? Something funny happened.
Nick Yes, they won . But they were very lucky.
Past continuous
Something funny happened.
We form the past continuous with was/were +
Jenny Oh? What?
the -ing form.
Nick Well, the score was one nil. Tom's team I was just leaving.
was winning. It was almost the end of the We make questions and negative forms like
match. Suddenly people started shouting. this:
A player from the other team was running Were they playing well?
towards the goal with the ball whe n a dog They weren't playing well.
ran onto the field. The player kicked the We use the past continuous for an action that
ball, but the dog stopped it right in fron t of was already happening at a particular time in
the goal! the past.
Tom 's team was winning.
Jenny That's amazing! So what did they do then?
Nick Well, they finished the match, but the Past simple and past continuous
other team didn't score. So Tom 's team When one action interrupts another, we use
won, but the dog was the star. All Tom's the past continuous and the past simple
supporters loved him! together in one sentence. We use the past
continuous (was running) for the longer
Words to learn ~») 5 action and the past simple (ran) for the
lucky score nil goal supporter fall in love shorter 'interrupting' action.
mayor marry tailor sew cloth thick A player was running towards the goal when a
dog ran onto the field.
sail thin gold embarrassing
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Unit 2
1 Find the infinitives and the past simple A X D F T 0 0 K M C S D R
forms. Write them in the correct lists.
Infinitive Past simple
Y« 0
W 0 R
M J)
K Q
W
E
Y
G
U P F
K N 0
A I
W Z
U
N
come came Q G P R A N L 1«A M ~ T H
Z 0 P U K T A K E G U K S
M N S E E V S W T I X N T
W 0 R K E D L H L V Q E I
E T W I 0 B G A V E D W 0

2 What did Jenny see when she arrived at the


party? Complete the sentences with the past
continuous form of the verbs in the box.

5 Tom and Paul _ _ _ _ _ _ __


~Jok look play play sit dance .£ffiq
.::rink eat sandwiches .
6 Simon at the
• ~ .ick was singing. presents.
_ .~ (] ~e out of the 7 Beth cola .
B Emma and Lucy _ _ _ _ _ _ __
~ .. "'ldow.
- '-'::.an da and Anna _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ cards.

- - ::0 _ _______ _ me guitar.


_________ in the corner.

Unit 2
3 Complete the text with the past simple or
past continuous form of the verbs in brackets.

levi Strauss and the story of jeans


Levi Strauss came (come) from a small town
in the south of Germany. When he
1 (be) a young man, he
2 (fall) in love with the mayor's
daughter. But the mayor and Levi's parents
3 (not want) them to marry. So
Levi's parents 4 (send) him
away to New York, where his brothers
5 (live). They 6 (be)
tailors and they 7 (teach) him
to sew.

In 1850, Levi 8_ _ _ _ _ _ (take) some


cloth from New York to San Francisco for his
brothers. It was thick, strong cloth for
making sails for boats. On the way, Levi
9 (meet) some men who
10 (look) for gold in a river. The
wea ther was bad. It 11 (rain)
and a strong wind 12 (blow).
The men were cold because they
13 (wear) thin trousers.

Suddenly Levi 14_ _ _ _ _ _ (have) an


idea. He 15 (use) the cloth
which he 16 (take) to San
Francisco to make good, strong trousers for
the men. The men 17 (love)
the new trousers but they
18 (not like) the light colour. So
when Levi Strauss 19 (open) a
shop for trousers in San Francisco, he
20 (buy) a special blue cloth
from France. That's how the first jeans
21 (become) blue.

Unit 2
4 Write questions about Levi Strauss. Use the 5 Complete the conversation. Use the past
words in brackets. simple or past continuous form of the verbs
~ He came from Germany. (Where ... from) in brackets.
Where did he come from? Jenny I came (come) to your house at
1 His parents sent him to America. (Why) seven o'clock last night, but you
1 (not be) there.
Amanda We 2 (be) all out. Mum
2 His brothers taught him to sew. (Who) 3 (visit) a neighbour and
Dad 4 (work) late. So I
5 (go) to Maria's house.
3 In 1850 he travelled to San Francisco. I think we 6 (eat) a
(When) pizza at seven o'clock.
Jenny What 7 (you do) after
that? Homework?
4 He met some men on the way. (Who) Amanda Yes. We 8 (do) our
maths hom ew ork . After t hat w e
9 (watch) a DVD.
5 They were looking for gold in a river. (Where) We 10 (watch)
a really exciting part when
Dad 11 (arrive) . I

6 They were wearing thin trousers. (Why) 12 (go) home wi th him.


So I 13 (not see ) t he end.

6 Q Partner interview
7 Levi took cloth for boat sails to California.
Ask your partner 'Has anything
(What)
embarrassing happened to you or
your family? What were you doing?
What happened?' Tell your partner t w o
8 He made trousers from the cloth. (What) things. Use the past simple and the past
continuous.
I was watching a film at the cinema when
my mobile phone rang. Everybody looked
at me.
Just as I was getting on the bus to school
I dropped all my books. The driver had to
wait and he wasn't very pleased.

~
Visit Trig's website for more practice!

&l TEACHERS: now down load the online


worksheet for this unit.

Unit 2
The -ing form; so and neither
Tom, Amanda, Jenny, Nick and Anna are talking
about the school magazine. They're deciding what Grammar lesson
to write.
The -ing form
Jenny Is anyone really interested in reading
about our school? We use the -ing form
1 after the verbs like, love, enjoy, hate, can't
Amanda I am. I enjoy finding out what other help, don't mind, finish:
people are doing. I like writing stories I like writing stories.
for people to read, too. I enjoy finding out what other people are
Tom I don't mind interviewing people. doing.
I don't mind interviewing people.
Nick Neither do I.
2 after prepositions such as about, at, in:
Anna What shall I do? How about drawing some cartoons?
Jenny How about drawing some cartoons? You're good at drawing.
You're good at drawing. Is anyone interested in reading about our
school?
Nick So am I.
Tom No, you aren't. You can't draw anything.
So and neither
Nick Neither can you. Anyway, I'd like to
We use so ... to agree with affirmative
write about football matches. Sports statements and neither ... to agree with
reports are always popular. negative statements.
If be, have, do, can, could, should, will, must,
etc. are used in the statement, we use a form
of the same verb after so or neither.
You're good at drawing. So am I. OR SO are
Tom and Paul.
You can't draw. Neither can you.

But if the verb in the statement is a full verb


(like, enjoy, know, etc.), we use a form of do
after so and neither.
I like writing stories. So does Anna. OR SO do 1.
I don't mind interviewing people. Neither do 1.
OR Neither does Tom .
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Words to learn ~»)) 7


story interview sports report popular joke
rock concert romantic reply save quiz worm

Unit 3
1 Complete the conversation. Use the -ing 2 Write sentences about Larry and Des. Use
form of the verbs in brackets. the words in the boxes and the -ing form.
Nick I don't think people like reading (read)
poems in magazines.
I not mind enjoy not like hate ~

Jenny What are you going to write, then? ~ dance ©©


Nick Well, I enjoy 1 (watch) 1 listen to rock music ©©
football matches and I'm good at 2 watch horror films ©©©
2 (write) about them, so 3 play computer games @
I'll write a sports report. 4 eat Indian food ©
Jenny I hate 3 (read) about
sport, but I don't mind 4 _ _ _ __

(learn) about music. What about


5 (have) a music page?

Music is always popular.


15
ick And a joke page. I'm good at ~ Larry enjoys dancing.

6 (te ll) jokes. 1 He _______ __ _ __ _ _ __


2 ___ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ ___
Jenny Are you still interested in 7_ _ _ __
3 ______________ _ ___
(interview) people?
ick Yes . I think I'll interview the captain of
4 ________________ __

the school football team .


I love like not enjoy hate
Jen ny Good idea. He won't mind
8 (talk) about football. 5 coo k©'©'©'
~ ~ ~

6 look round museums ©©


7 read romantic stories © © ©
8 watch quiz shows ©

5 Des _______ _ _ _ _ __ ___


6 He _____ _ _ __ __ _ _ ___
7 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___
8 _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ ___

Unit 3
3 Match the statements to the replies.
~ Jenny I'll be fourteen next year. Sam Neither could 1.
1 Nick I don't like going to the dentist's. Anna So will I
2 Tom I've got a lot of homework. Jenny So am 1.
3 Ben I couldn't do the maths test. Tom Neither do 1.
4 Amanda I'm going to the pop concert tomorrow. Nick So have 1.

4 Write the replies.

~ Nick I ca,1't daHce very welL Tom Neither caH I.

fJ ~~a~
1 Ben I need a new bike. Sam ______________

Ben ______________

3 Jenny I wouldn't like to eat a worm Amanda _________ _ _

4 Anna I like pizza. Trig _ _ __ _ ___


~\'\

,
. ~~, )IJ

.·5:PA"(~
5 Amanda I'm not hungry. Jenny ___ _ _ __ __

Unit 3
5 Write about Ben, Max and Ella. Use neither 6 Q Partner interview
or so. (.I = agree X = disagree) Take turns to ask a partner about hobbies
Ben Max Ella and free time activities. Use good at or
interested in and the -ing form. Give a
~ I like basketball. 00 short answer first. Then add a sentence.
~ I can't speak Italian. 00 Student 1 Are you good at drawing?
1 I enjoy reading. 00 Student 2 Yes, lam. It's my favourite
2 I can't dance. 00 hobby. OR No, I'm not. But
3 I love chocolate. 00 I'm quite good at drawing
animals.
4 I can't play the drums. 00 Student 1 Are you interested in learning
5 I've got a pet. 00 about computers?
6 I'm not good at running. 00 Student 2 No, I'm not. But I sometimes
7 I play football. 00 ploy computer games with
8 I don't watch romantic films. 00 my friends. OR Yes, lam. I
sometimes buy computer
~ Ben likes basketball. ~o does Ella.
magazines.
~ Ben can't speak Italian. Neither can Max or Ella.
1 _______________________________

2 ____________________________

3 ____________________________ ~~-~-.,.....
.stl./ _
~iJ-"~~ ~
~~~~ ~..........,...~

4 ____________________________ 7 Q Class activity


Students take turns to say two sentences
)
about themselves, one affirmative and
one negative. Other students compare
and agree with So ... and Neither ....
Student 1 I like reading music
magazines.
Student 2 So do I.
I
Student 1 I'm not very good at sports.
Student 3 Neither om I .

~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!

&:l TEACHERS: now download the online


worksheet for this unit.

Unit 3
Present perfect simple and present perfect
continuous
Jenny Nick, you look tired. What have you been
doing? Grammar lesson
Nick I've been working hard since nine o'clock
Present perfect simple
this morning. I've been painting the fence
for two hours. I've just finished it. Look, it's have or has + past participle
I have washed, he has cut
blue now.
Jenny But Nick, you've never painted the fence Look at the list of irregular verbs and their past
participles on page 126.
before.
Nick I've been doing lots of jobs to get extra We use the present perfect simple
1 for a completed action with just and already
pocket money. I've also cut the grass and
and for an uncompleted action with yet:
I've washed the car.
You haven't done your homework yet.
Jenny But you haven't done your homework yet! 2 for a completed action which has an effect
or result in the present:
I've just finished it. Look, it's blue now.
3 for a completed action at an unknown or
unstated time, often with ever and never:
You've never painted the fence before.

Present perfect continuous


have been or has been + -ing form
I have been working, he has been painting
We use the present perfect continuous
1 for an action that begins in the past and
continues up to the present. The action may
be finished or unfinished:
I've been doing lots of jobs.
2 with for and since to emphasize how long
an action has been happening:
I've been working hard since nine o'clock
Words to learn ~») 9 this morning.
eed band youth club model How long have you been painting the fence?
arate juda marathon essay I've been painting the fence for two hours.
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U 4
Find the past participles. 2 Choose five verbs from exercise 1. Write the
infinitive, past simple and past participle.
«l E E ]:
X K X D R A W N S
Infinitive Past simple Past participle
L S A Z Q N Z J U T R S T
be was been
o W T F R 0 Z E N E I P 0
W A E X S W U M Y Z T 0 L
N MN W E N T R A N T K E
T A K E N Q w A S S E E N
c:E L L Q D R I V E N N Q
S H A K E N X G 0 N E Q z

ook at the pictures. What have Tom and


. . ick done? Use the verbs in the box.

=.ean .cut feed give make pa int

3 Nick his bed .

.~ ~p Tf)~""
~,,:-

• 1>" .J1~
1",-5'

.'ck has cut the grass.


• "'C'
r-
>7~
;~.fo
:/.-;j'
VI"

(-~
c
\1,
..
~

\t ,
o

.i~·~r ~.,; .
" "" ':v-

,
-

...
_

1:1.

~ '_

~
?
I

[,r~~ 4 Nick and Tom


a bath.
Chip

er< his pet fish.

5 Nick the fence blue.

:- an d Tom Tom's

Unit 4
4 Write new sentences. Use the present 2 Nick and Tom go to a youth club. (a year)
perfect continuous with for or since.

t ~
,.;.
,.-
.,
r

"
~,
f.~
~,

,~
\ 3 Ben makes models. (he came to Merton)

,
- - 4 Mark enters swimm ing competitions. (two
years)

5 Tom plays football for the school team . (two


years)

6 Jenny and Amanda do judo. (last year)

7 Mark and John run in marathons. (three


years)

8 Emma goes to karate lessons. (her birthday


last year)

~ Jenny has piano lessons. (three years)


Jenny has been having piano lessons for three
9 Mrs Bell is learning Spanish. (her holiday in
years.
Spain )
~ Tom plays in a band. (he got a new gu it ar)
Tom has been playing in a band since he got a new
guitar.
10 Am anda is teaching herself to play the
1 Am anda ha s riding lessons. (two years)
guitar. (si x months)

- 0

.-
- I
5 Complete the sentences. Use the present 11 Ben (do) homework
perfect simple or the present perfect for an hour. He (just
continuous.
finish) his English essay.
~ Anna has been writing (write) an email to a
12 Amanda (ride) all
magazine. She's just finished it.
morning. She (not
~ Nick has been looking for his maths book all
have) lunch yet.
morning, but he hasn't found (not find) it yet.
1 Trig (practise) English 6 Q Class game
On a piece of paper, w rite a sentence
words for an hour. He isn't very happy.
about something you do regu larly, such
2 Jenny (wait) for the as a hobby or sport. Use t he present
bus for half an hour, but it hasn't arrived yet. perfect continuous wi t h for or since to
say how long you have been doing it, like
3 Tom (play) a
this:
computer game for two hours and he's still
I've been playin9 the
playing. 9uitar for tlNO year~.
4 Ben hasn't finished making his model plane
yet. He (make) it for Do not write your name on th e paper.
The teacher will collect all the papers
two weeks.
and give them to different stud ents.
5 Mrs Bell (not come)
Take turns to guess whose pap er you
home yet. She's been shopping in town have got. Continue until you have found
since one o'clock. the right person.
Student 1 George. Have you been playing
6 Emma (have) a karate
the guitar for two years?
lesson since four o'clock.
Student 2 Yes, I hove. OR No, I haven't.
7 Chip (wait) for Jenny
and Mrs Bell all day. ~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!
S Mr Bell's car (make)
strange noises, so he _ _ _ _ _ _ __
&l TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.
(take) it to the garage.
9 Paul (draw) cartoons
for two hours. He (not
fi nish) yet.
10 It (rain) all day and it
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (not stop) yet.

Unit 4
Present perfect simple and past sim ple

Grammar lesson
Present perfect simple
We use the present perfect simple for 0
finished action at on unknown or unstated
time.
Nick Have you seen Ben? Have you seen Ben?
Tom Yes, I saw him about ten minutes ago. I've had 0 great time in the pork.

Nick Where did you see him? We use the present perfect simple with ever,
never, just, already and not yet.
Tom In the pork. He was playing football with
Have you ever played football with Jason?
Jason .
Nick Jason? He's a very good player. Have you Past simple
ever played football with him? We use the past simple for an action that
Tom I played in 0 match against his school team started and finished in the past, often with a
once. time expression, for example ago, last week,
Nick Did you win? yesterday, last year.
I saw him about ten minutes ago.
Tom No, we lost. Jason scored fi ve goa ls. I played in a match against his school team
once.
Oidyou win?
..... ........................................................................................................
............................................................................................................
............................................................................................................
............................................................................................................
................................................. ..........................................................

Later ...
Ben I've had a great time in the pork. I played
football with Jason and I saved ten goals.
Jason has asked me to be the goalkeeper in
the next match!

Words to learn ~») 11


player goalkeeper special ticket explain
boss offer stunt serious trampoline

Unit 5
What's the news in Merton? Write sentences 2 Circle the correct verb forms.
with the present perfect then ask a question Yesterday, Nick @ has met Paul and Ben on
in the past simple. his way to school. l' Have you seen/Did you
~ Mr Curtis / break his leg see Metal Man 3?' 2 has asked/asked Nick. 'It's
on at the cinema this week.'
Mr Curtis has broken his leg.
How did he break it? 'No. I 3 haven't been/didn't go to the cinema
for months,' 4 answered/has answered Paul. 'I
1 Mr Jackson / sell his house
5 haven't been/didn't go since my birthday.'

'But I 6 saw/have seen Metal Man 1 and Metal


When 7
Man 2,' 7 said/has said Ben. 'I 8 have seen/saw
2 Mr and Mrs Walker / move to Kingsley them last week. My cousin's friend 9 has given/
gave us two special tickets . We saw eight
fi lms in two days, but I can't remember any of
W~ 7
them,' 10 has explained/explained Ben.
3 Mrs Parker's dog / die
3 Complete the email. Use the present perfect
simple or the past simple of the verbs in
When 7
brackets.
4 Bill Davis / get a new job .
~-=- ----£~~;-:--=-=--

Dear Hannah October


When ?
I'm sorry I haven't written (not write ) to you
5 Mr and Mrs Burton / win a car for a long time . I gQj; (get) your last ema il in
July. A lot of things 1_ _ _ _ _ _ __

How 7
(happen) since then. In August we
2 (go) on holiday to
6 A new restaurant / open in Marsh Street
Spain. It was great! I 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ __

(never have) such a good time on


When 7 holiday before. Only two bad things
4 (happen) there. I
5 (lose) my new camera,
1~~2>tr£~~W\jD1? I~

-
and my sister 6 (fall) off
\~.'\) our hotel balcony and 7_ _ __ __ __

~~i ' :;Ll~


\\ 1 Cl T \\ . ...
\ ~-;\
~ ~
(land) in a palm tree! I 8_ _ __ __

(send) you a postcard from Barcelona.


_ _

9 (you, get) it? In


September, I 10 (start)
at my new school. I 11 _ _ _ _ __ _ _
(make) some new friends already.
Write soon
Jessica

Unit 5
4 Nick is watching John Black interviewing a action and 3_ _ _ _ _ _ __

stuntman called Al Wood on TV. Complete the (offer) me a job with his stunt team. I
sentences with the present perfect simple or
4 (say) 'yes', of
the past simple of the verbs in brackets.
course. We do stunts all over the world.
John 5_ _ _ _ __ __ (you, ever jump)

out of a plane?
Al Yes, lots of times.
John 6_ _ _ _ __ _ _ (you, ever have)

a serious accident?
Al Yes, I have.
John When 7_ _ _ __ __ _

(it happen) and what


8 _ __ _ __ __ (happen)?

Al It was four years ago. I


9_ __ __ _ _ (jump) off

a building onto a trampoline . I


10 (miss) the
trampoline. I 11 _ _ _ _ _ __ _

(break) both my legs. I couldn 't work


again for over a year.
John What's the most dangerous stunt that
12 (you, ever do)?
Al I think it 13 (be)
last year. I 14

John How long have you been (you, be) a (drive) a car over the edge of the Grand

stuntman, AI? Canyon.

Al For about ten years. John Wow! 15 (you, be)

John And how did you become (you, become) a nervous?

stuntman? Al A little. But that's my job.

Al Well, one night about ten years ago I


1 (stop) a fight
in a bar. Jake, who is now my boss,
2 (see) me in

Unit 5
5 Write sentences about Nick's Uncle Peter. 5 walk along the Great Wall of China
Use the present perfect or the past simple.

6 go to China / 2003

7 ride on an elephant

8 see the Niagara Falls / two years ago

9 swim in the Pacific Ocean

10 see wild bears in Canada

11 see the Statue of Liberty / last year

12 flyover the Grand Canyon / 2004

6 Q Partner interview
Work with a partner. Take turns to ask
questions with Have you ever .. . ? The
questions may be serious or funny. If
possible, add a sentence or say when
you did something.
~ see a wild tiger
Student 1 Have you ever jumped on a
~e has seen a wild tiger. trampoline?
visit India / 2007 Student 2 No, I haven't. OR Yes, I have.
~e visited India in 2.007. I fell and broke my right arm
three years ago .
... ride on a camel
Student 2 Have you ever caught a fish?
Student 1 No, I haven't. OR Yes, I have. It
... . 'sit Africa / 2006 was two metres long!

::ravel to Japan W~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!

- " 'sit Tokyo / March


&1 TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.

Unit 5
1 Choose A, B or C. Complete the sentences. 6 Anna was walking through the park when
(Units 1-2) she Trig.
~ Nick always knows what's on television. A saw
A is always knowing B sees
@ always knows C was seeing
C knows always 7 Anna thought Trig _ _ _ _ _ ___ her.
1 Amanda _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ riding every A chased
weekend. B chases
A is going C was chasing
B go 8 Last year, the Bell family
C goes _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to Italy.
2 Anna and Ben _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ with A were going
Aunt Sarah for a few months. B have gone
A stay C went
B are staying
2 Write past simple questions. (Unit 2)
C stays
~ Nick went to Tom's football match. (When?)
3 Nick _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ films.
When did Nick go to Tom's football match?
A love
1 People suddenly started shouting. (Why?)
B is loving
Cloves
4 Anna _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to aliens.
2 The dog stopped the ball. (Where?)
A isn't usually talking
B doesn't usually talk
C don't usually talk
3 Tom's supporters loved the dog. (Why?)
5 Jenny and Anna _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to
the cinema tonight.
A go
4 Tom's team won the match? (Why?)
B are going
C is going

Revi sion 1
3 Read the conversation. Circle the correct 4 Match. (Unit 3)
words. (Unit 3) ~ Tom doesn't mind interviewing people . .t
1 Jenny is good at saving money. _ _
2 Ben isn't interested in collecting things. _ _
3 Nick must clean his room. _ _
4 Jenny can 't ride. _ _
5 Nick can tell jokes. _ _
6 Nick wants to write a sports report. _ _

a Neither is Nick.
J( Neither does Nick.
c So must Tom .
d So can Be n.
e So does Tom.
f Neither can Anna.
9 So is Anna .

Anno I'm not very interested to collect/


c.. 5 Complete the sentences. Use the present
perfect simple or the present perfect
Jenny continuous. (Unit 4)

enjoy 1 writing/to write stories. ~ Nick's got blue paint on this clothes. What

nno 2 So do USo I do. I don't mind 3 to haghebeendo~g ? (he, do)

write/writing essays for school, either. 1 Nick Uust, finish) the

enny 4 Neither do UI do neither. It's fun . fence. Look, it's blue now.

Nick's good at 5 drawing/draw. He 2 Jenny (read )

really enjoys 6to draw/drawing funny magazines for over an hour.

monsters. I can't help 7 to laugh/ 3 Anna (not fin is h) her

laughing at them. But I can't draw English essay yet.

very well. I'm better at 8 painting/ 4 Nick (not see) Davi d

to paint. since his birthday in May.

- .no Have you finished 9to paint/painting 5 Chip (wait) for his

that picture of horses? food for half an hour.

_2'lny Yes, I've finished it. I'm interested in 6 Tom's got a red face. He's hot.
10 riding/to ride. But it's expensive. _ _ _ __ __ _ (he, run) in the park?

Revision 1
6 erR look and read. Choose the correct
words and write them on the lines. You do
8 This is a short, funny story that you tell to
make people laugh. _ _ __ _ _ __

9 You can build this round a garden or


not need to use all the words. (Units 1- 5)
field . It keeps people and animals out.
a boss a cousin an essay a fence It is usually made of wood or metal.
a goalkeeper a joke a library a model
a sport s ce ntre a stunt man a tai lor
a ticket a town hall a youth cl ub
10 This is a person at work who tells other
people what to do. _ _ __ _ _ __

~ This is a small copy of a plane, a boat or a


7 Circle t he correct verb forms. (Unit 5)
car. You stick many small pieces of plastic or
~@ Tom ~Has Tom visited his uncle in
metal together. a model
New York last year?
1 This is a place where young people can
1 Have you had/Did you have a lot of
meet and spend their free time. They can do
homework last week?
sports and other activities, play music and
2 Nick's Uncle Peter loves travelling . He visited/
have parties. _ _ _ _ _ _ __
has visited a lot of countries.
2 This is a person w ho sews and sells m en 's
3 How long have Nick and Jenny lived/did
clothes . _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Nick and Jenny live in Merton?
3 This perso n is the son or daughter of your
4 Mr Bell has been/was in Japan two years
aunt or uncle. _ _ _ _ _ _ __
ago.
4 This is an important building in town . The
5 Jenny didn't see/hasn't seen Maria for a
mayor works here. _ _ _ _ __ _ _
month.
5 You buy one of these at th e entrance w hen
6 Did Nick go/Has Nick gone to Tom 's match
you go to the cinema or to a concert.
last Saturday?
7 Nick repaired/has repaired his bike. He can
6 This is an important player in football
ride it again now.
or hockey. The person must stop
8 Ben didn't go/hasn't been to the cinema
the ball before it goes into the goal.
since May.
9 Mrs Bell fed/has fed Chip at six o'clock.
7 A short piece of writing about a special
10 Zoe has broken her arm . - Oh dear. When
subject. Students often have to write this
did it happen/has it happened?
for homework. They have to give facts and
ideas. _ __ __ _ _ _

Revisio n 1
9
-H Look and read. Write Yes or No.
(Units 1-5)
Find the mistakes and write the correct
words. (Units 1-5)
~ Trig is practising 6nglish verbs every day.
gractises
1 Nick and :fenny are living in Merton.

2 Watch you too much television?

3 Yesterday, f have bought some new DVDs.

4 Where came Levi Strauss from?

5 f had breakfast when the phone rang.

6 Tom has guitar lessons for two years. He's


quite good now.

7 Nick has learned French verbs for


an hour, and he hasn't finished yet.
~ The girl who's eating the sandwich is

wearing a red T-shirt. Yes


~ The woman is talking on her mobile. No
8 Have you seen Matrix '5 yet?
1 The time on the clock is four thirty.
No, f didn't go to the cinema for weeks.

2 The girl who is eating ice cream has got


9 Nick is good at to draw.
blond hair. _ _ __
3 Th e man is reading a magazine. _ _ __
10 My best friend doesn't like romantic films.
Neither f do.
Th e backpack belongs to the boy who is
li sten ing to music. _ _ __
5 Th e waitress is bringing the woman a glass
of orange juice. _ _ __
5 Th e boy who is wearing a blue T-shirt is
dri nking cola. _ _ __
7 - he boy's father is sitting near the door.

Revision 1
Questions
Nick Can you lend me some money until the
weekend?
Grammar lesson
Tom Have you spent your pocket money already? Questions
How much do you want? In yes/no questions the auxiliary verb comes
Nick How much have you got? first. The subject comes next, then the verb.
Can you lend me some money? Yes/No.
Tom Five pounds. Is that enough? Do you need
Have you spent it already? Yes/No.
more?
Do you need more? Yes/No.
Nick Haven't you got more than five pounds? Is that enough? Yes/No.
Tom No, sorry. I had to buy a new light for my Questions which ask for information begin
bike yesterday. Why don't you ask someone with question words: where, when, what, who,
else? which, why, whose, how, how much, etc. We
Nick Why did you need a new light? What put the question word before the auxiliary verb.
happened? How much have you got?
Why did you need a new light?
Tom Someone knocked my bike over and broke
the front light. If who or what is the subject, the verb in the
question is the same as it would be in an
Nick Who kn oc ked it over? Why didn 't they pay
affirmative sentence.
for it? Who knocked it over? (Who is the subject.)
Tom It was Trig. And he hasn't got any money! What happened? (What is the subject.)
If who or what is the object of the verb, we
make the question with a form of do.
Compare:
Who saw Nick? (Who is the subject.)
Who did Nick see? (Nick is the subject. Who is
the object.)
To make a negative question we add n't to the
auxiliary verb. Negative questions can express
surprise or regret.
Haven't you got more than five pounds?
Words to learn ~»)) 13 Why didn't they pay for it?
lend light front knock over puzzle worry We use Why don't you/we ... ? to make
sense attack kill detective murder suggestions.
Why don't you ask someone else?
.........................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................

U ': 6
• What kind of person are you? Complete the 2 Someone murdered the actor Henry Farthing
questionnaire with the correct form of be, at his flat last night. A reporter is asking a
have or do. Then tick (~) Yes or No. detective questions. Complete the questions
Yes No with who, what, when, where, why, how,

~ Are you sometimes lazy? 0D or how much. Sometimes more than one
answer is possible.
~ Do you enjoy doing puzzles? D0 ~ Who killed the actor? Have you got any
1 you got a lot of books? DD ideas?
2 you a friendly person? DD ~ How much I What have you found out?
3 your room usually tidy? DD 1 was he killed?
4 you like getting up
2 did it happen?
early in the morning? DD 3 found the body?
5 your homework
4 did Mr Farth ing get home on
always neat? DD the night of the murder?
6 you hate sports? DD 5 did Mr Farthi ng do on the day
7 you fit? DD of the murder?
8 you worry when you
6 did he talk to?
make mistakes? DD 7 did the murderer get into Mr
9 you often bored? DD Farthing 's flat?
o you cry during sad
8 money did Mr Farthing have?
fil ms? DD
11 you laugh a lot? DD
_2 you ever written
a poem? DD
:3 you ever get angry? DD
_ _ _ _ some colours make

you feel happy? DD


:5 you got a lot of
ob bies and interests? DD

Unit 6
3 Amanda found out some information for 5 (Which)
a project about sharks. Write Amanda's
questions with the words in brackets.
The smallest shark is the Pygmy Cat Shark.
~ (How many) How many types of sharks are
6 (When)
there?
There are more than 25 types of sharks.
The Megamouth Shark was discovered in
~ (Where) Where do sharks live?
1983.
Sharks live in oceans, but some live in lakes
7 (How fast)
and rivers.
1 (What)
Some sharks swim at 50 kilometres an

hour.
Sharks eat fish - and sometimes
S (Which)
surfboards.
2 (How)
The Great White Shark is the most
dangerous.
Sharks find their food with their se nse of
9 (How many)
smell.
3 (How many)
Th ere are about a hundred shark attacks
every year.
Some sharks have as many as 20,000
10 (Why)
teeth in their lifetime.
4 (Which)
People kill sharks for food or sport.

The Whale Shark is the biggest shark.


Amanda went to a party last night. Jenny 5 Make suggestions. Use Why don't you ... ?
didn't go. What did Jenny ask Amanda?
~ It's hot in here.
Write Jenny's questions with how many,
where, whose, what, when, who and which.
Why don't you open a window?
1 I'm thirsty.

2 I've got 0 lot of homework to do.

3 I'm hungry.

4 My bike's dirty.
~ Who did you go with?
I went with Alex and Simon .
5 I never hove any m oney.
1 ____________________________

The party was at the sports ce ntre.


2 __________________________ 6 Q Partner interview
Ask 0 partn er the questions in th e
It was at the sports centre in Littleton .
question nai re in exercise 1. Give short
3 __________________________ answ ers.
The party finished at ten o'clock. St udent 1 Are you sometimes lazy?
4 ____________________________ Student 2 Yes, lam . / No, I'm not.
Do you enjoy doing puzzl es?
It was Paul's party.
Student 1 Yes, I do. / No, I don 't.
5 ____________________________

It started at eight o'clock.


6 __________________________
Paul's mum mode the food .
7 ____________________________

He invited fifteen boys.


8 __________________________
Paul danced with Susie.
9 __________________________
We drank orange juice and cola.
10 ____________________________
@~D Visit Trig's website for more practice!
I wore my new jeans.

&:1 TEACHERS: now down load the online


worksheet for this unit.

Unit 6
Past perfect simple; past perfect continuous
Tom Did you enjoy the film yesterday?

Nick I didn't see the film.

Tom Why not?

Nick First, I couldn't get on the bus because I'd


forgotten my money. So I ran home, but
everybody had gone out. I couldn't get in
because I hadn't taken my key. So I went to
Paul's house to borrow some money.

Tom Had he spent all his money?

Nick No. He wasn't in. When he finally came


home, I'd been waiting for twenty minutes.
After Paul had lent me some money, I
caught the bus to town . But when I got to Words to learn ~») 15
the cinema, the film had almost finished. key borrow glasses sun cream fail
revise miss late army join record

Grammar lesson
Past perfect simple
We form the past perfect simple with had + post participle. There's a list of irregular
post participles on page 126.
long forms Short forms
I had forgotten I'd forgotten
I had not taken I hadn't taken

I had forgotten my money. I hadn't taken my key. Had he spent all his money?

We use the past perfect for 0 post action which happened before another post action.
Yesterday at two o'clock Yesterday at two thirty Now
Nick hod forgotten his money. He couldn't get on the bus. Nick is talking to Tom.
(N ick forgot his money first. Then he couldn't get on the bus.)
We often use the post perfect with because, so and after.
I couldn't get on the bus because I'd forgotten my money.
I'd forgotten my money, so I couldn't get on the bus.
After Paul hod lent me some money, I caught the bus to town.

Unit 7
Past perfect continuous
,Ve form the past perfect continuous with had been + the -ing form.
=/he/she/it/you/we/they had been waiting .
,Ve use the past perfect continuous for a past action which continued until another
Jast action happened.
Past Past Now
.,ick had been waiting for twenty minutes. Paul came home. Nick is talking to Tom.
"i ck was waiting for twenty minutes. Then Paul came home.)
'le often use the past perfect continuous with for and a period of time .

II ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I~ ~ t; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ i~ ~ I~ ~ I~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ II ~ ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i~ ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I~ ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; ~
Read the sentences. Circle the action that 5 Ben didn 't do his homework. The teacher
came first. Then write one sentence with the was angry.
past perfect simple and because.

~ NiCk<!2~ hiS key. He couldn 't get in.


Nick couldn't get in because he had forgotten his
6 Carlo forgot his money. He couldn't buy a
key.
burger.
~ Jane went to the police station . Someone

@ erbike.
Jane went to the police station because someone
7 Jenny got sunburned. She didn 't use any sun
had stolen her bike.
cream .
1 To m spent all his pocket money. He couldn't
buy a magazine.

8 Anna couldn't go out. She didn 't finish her


homework.
2 Tri g felt ill. He ate four bars of chocolate.

9 Sue failed the French test. She didn't revise


3 Jen ny didn't have any breakfast. She felt
for it.
Jery hungry.

10 Maria missed the bus. She was late for the


... 1.1r Bell couldn't read his newspaper. He
first lesson.
:)roke his glasses.

Unit 7
2 Read the notes about Harry's life. Answer
the questions with after and the past Harry Biggs
perfect simple. left school
~ When did he join the army?
He joit1e.d the army after he had left ~GhooL joined the army

1 When did he rob the bank?


got a job in a bank

lost his job


2 When did he work as a waiter?

robbed a bank

3 When did he get a job as a singer? worked as a waiter

got a job as a singer


in a night club
4 Did he form the band before or after he had
recorded a single?
recorded his first
single

5 When did he become a millionaire? formed a band

became a millionaire

6 Did he write his book before or after he had


wrote a book
become a millionaire?

went to live in Los


Angeles
7 When did he go to live in Los Angeles?
band broke up

8 Did he marry Goldie before or after the band married Goldie Bruce,
film star
broke up?

Unit 7
3 What had they been doing? Complete the 2 Nick was tired. He _ _ _ _ _ _ __
sentences with the past perfect continuous football all afternoon.
of the verbs in the box.
A had played

make try revise play run swim B had been playing


.rood sit watch 3 Tom couldn't go to the cinema because he
_ _ _ _ __ _ _ all his pocket money.
~ Jenny's eyes were tired. She had been reading
A had been spending
all evening.
B had spent
1 Amanda was hot. She _ _ _ _ _ _ __
4 Nick had to borrow £5 because he
in the garden on a hot day.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ his money.
2 Anna had flour on her hands. She _ _ __
A had been forgetting
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ a cake.
B had forgotten
3 Tom was hot and tired. He _ _ _ _ __
5 Jenny her keys, so
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ in the park. _ _ __
she couldn't get in.
4 Ben's clothes were dirty. He _ _ _ _ __
A had been los in g
_ _ _ _ _ __ _ football with Jason.
B had lost
5 Anna was happy. She _ _ _ _ _ _ __
6 Anna so her eyes
a funny film on television.
were red .
6 Sue was tired. She _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
A had cried
for exams all night.
B had been crying
7 Mike was cold. He _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __

in a lake.
5 Q Partner interview
Read Nick's story on page 32 again . With
S Trig fell asleep. He _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
a partner, take turns to ask and answer
to learn the past perfect continuous. questions about it. Ask questions with
Why did/didn't/couldn't ... ? or When ... ?
Choose A or B then complete the sentences. Use the past perfect in your answers.
~ Tom couldn't play football because he had Student 1 Why couldn't Nick get on the
broken his leg. bus?
A had been breaking Student 2 He couldn't get on the bus

® had broken
because he hod forgotten his
money.
1 An na didn't go to the party because she
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ her homework.
@~D Visit Trig's website for more practice!
A hadn't done
B hadn't been doing &J TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.

Unit 7
Verbs with two objects; time clauses
Ben It was my birthday yesterday. Lots of people
sent me birthday cards and Aunt Sarah
bought me a present. She gave it to me
when I was having breakfast.
Tom What was it?

Ben A new camera. I'm going to use it when I go


on the school trip. I'll show it to you after
we've had dinner.

Tom I've got to go to football training this


evening, but I'll come as soon as I can . See
you later .

........... .... .... ................................................... ..... ......... ... ....... ... ...... ... ....... .......... .... ....... ........... .
Grammar lesson
Verbs with two objects
Some verbs (such as give, send and show) can have two objects: a direct object and an indirect object. The
direct object is the thing we give, send, show, etc. The indirect object is the person we give, send or show it to.
We put the direct object (the thing) after the indirect object when it's more important. We put the
indirect object (the person) with to or for after the direct object when the person is more important.
Subject Verb Indirect object Direct object
Aunt Sarah gave Ben a camera.
People sent Ben birthday cards.
Subject Verb Direct object Indirect object
Aunt Sarah gave a camera to Ben.
People sent birthday cards to Ben .
We can use two objects with give, send, lend, show, write, buy and make.
We use for, not to, with buy and make.
Aunt Soroh bought me 0 present.
Aunt Soroh bought a present for me.

Unit 8
7 Adam / an email / to Ben / wrote
Time clauses
Words such as when, as soon as, before, after
and until can introduce a time clause.
I'm going to use it when I go on the school trip. 8 who else / to Ben / wrote / emails / ?
When two actions happen at the same time,
we use when to introduce the longer action.
She gave it to me when I was having breakfast.
9 Ben / who / a DVD / gave / ?
In time clauses we often use present, past or
perfect tenses, but we don't normally use will
or would.
I'll come as soon as I can.
10 Ben 's parents / an MP3 player / him / gave
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
...............................
............................. ...... ..............................
...................... ........... ......................
............ ................. .....................

1 Put the words in the correct order.

~ Aunt Sarah / a present / Ben / bought 11 Ben / a sports magazin e / bou ght / Nick
Aunt Sarah bought Btn a prtstnt.
1 she / him / a camera / gave
12 Ben / to all his friends / wrote / emails

2 Anna / a book about spo rts stars / bought /


Ben

3 for Ben / a cake / made / she

4 showed / to Tom / Ben / his camera

5 bi rthday cards / him / Ben 's friends / sent

6 did / Ben / Nick / send / a card / ?

Unit 8
2 What did they give their friends for their 3 Read about Mark. Circle the correct words.
birthdays? look at the picture and write Mark will finish school next year, @ /until
sentences. Use the same word order as the he's sixteen. He wants to be a mechanic
example. 1 after/before he leaves school. He likes
engines. He knew all about cars 2 until/before
he was twelve.

He loves music. He can play the drums. He


plays 3 as soon as/until he comes home from
school. He sometimes practises at night
4when/until everybody is trying to sleep,
or early on Sunday mornings 5 before/after
anybody gets up. The neighbours are not very
happy 6 until/when he practises with all the
windows open. But he usually plays 7 until/
as soon as the neighbours complain. Then he
stops.

8 Assoon as/until Mark is seventeen he wants


to buy a motorbike. But the neighbours don't
know that yet!

::t,
"-@~
I (\\If/I/..

@,~

Tom
r,>
~ i
Amanda Nick Sue

~ Mark gave ~ue a DVD.


1 Ben _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
<>
2 Jenny _ __ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ __
3 Anna _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __
4 Tom _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
5 Amanda _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
6 Nick _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
7 Sue _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

Unit 8
Choose A, B or C. Complete the sentences. 6 You must clean your teeth

~ Don't play your loud music when the windows


are open. A until you go to bed

A until the windows are open. B after you go to bed


B before the windows are open C before you go to bed

© when the windows are open 7 We can play my new computer game

1 I always take my camera


A when you will come

A when I will go on holiday B w hen you come

B when I go on holiday C w hen you came

C when I would go on holiday 8 Chip starts t o bark

2 I'd like to work abroad


A until he sees a bird

A after I will have left school B when he sees a bird


B after I left school C before he sees a bird

C after I leave school 5 Q Partner interview


3 Dh one me Look at the picture on page 38 again.
With a partner, take turns to ask and
answer questions. Use to in you r
as soon as you arrive
answers.
B as soon as you will arrive
Student 1 Did Mark give Ben a DVD?
C as soon as you would arrive Student 2 No, he didn't. He gave a DVD to
~ Jon't start writing Sue. Did Tom give Nick a scorf?
Student 1 Yes, he did. He gave a scorf to

.{ until I tell you Nick .

3 Nhen I tell you


~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!
'- uS soon as I tell you
- _2arn these words &l TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.

- Jefore you do the test


3 .... nti l you do the test
( ::5 soon as you do the test

Unit 8
Indirect speech in the past; tell and say

Grammar lesson
Indirect speech in the past
When we change direct speech to indirect
or reported speech and the reporting verb
is in the past (she said, I told her), we often
change the verb tense.

It's lunchtime. Jenny, Nick and their friends are Direct speech Indirect speech
talking about the school magazine. present past
past past perfect
Anna I 'm drawing the cartoons.
present perfect past perfect
Tom I interviewed the captain of the football can could
team last week. will would
Nick I've already written a report of the la st may might
match . She said, 'I'm drawing.' (direct speech, present)
Amanda I'll write a story about a ghost in an old She said (that) she was drawing. (indirect
castle. speech, past)
He said, '1 interviewed the captain.' (direct
Ben I can ta ke some phot os of our schoo l
speech, past)
trip . He said (that) he had interviewed the captain.
(indirect speech, past perfect)
She said, 'I'll write a story.' (direct speech, will)
She said (that) she would write a story.
(indirect speech, would)

Say and tell


We use say (not tell) for direct speech .
Afte r school, Jenny tells Mr Blake w hat everyone said. Jenny said, 'We're writing a school magazine.'
'Anna said she was drawing the cartoons. Tom
In indirect speech we use say without an
told me that he had interviewed the captain of the
object or tell with an object.
fo ot ball team . Nick said he had written a report of Jenny said (that) they were writing a school
he last match. Amanda told me that she would magazine.
.'. ri te a story about a ghost in an old castle. Ben said Jenny told me (that) they were writing a school
~e could take so me photos of the school trip.' magazine.
...... .. .........................................................................
...... ......... .................................................................................. ... .....
.........................
.......... ................ ... ........ .... ......................
.. ............................................ ..........................................
.......................................... ........ ..........
............................... ..........................................................................

influence weak

it 9
Read what the captain of the football 2 A driver and a girl on a motorbike have had
earn said when Tom interviewed him. Then an accident. Amanda heard what they said.
complete Tom's report of the interview. Complete what she told Nick.
Ve' re a good team. We won the cup in Girl How stupid! You stopped too
: 010. We practise three times a week. If the suddenly.
.eather's bad, we can play in the gym. I've Driver I had to stop. A dog ran across the
: ee n captain for a year. We've won all our road. But you weren't looking. And
l at ches this year, but we don't play well in now my car's badly damaged.
==.ery match . I didn't score any goals in last Girl I didn't see a dog. I'll write down
eek's match. But we'll win our next match your name and telephone number.
: ;a inst Littleton. I won't be captain in future My light's broken and the bike won't
: 2ca use I'll have to work for my exams.' start.
Driver It only needs a bit of paint. You can
- - e captain of the school football team easily repair it. But the back of my
=·: ·d they were a good team and they car's a m ess. The repairs will cost
•.: :1 WOI1 the cup in 2010. He said t hey hundreds of poun ds.
_ _ _ __ _ __ th ree times a wee k. 'The girl sa id t hat th e driver had stopped
-= said that if the weather too sudden ly. The driver said th at he
_ _ _ _ __ __ bad, they 1 to st op beca use a
_ _ _ _ __ __ in the gym. Paul told dog 2 across t he road.
- 2 th at he 4 captain He said that the girl 3_ _ __ _ _ __

::, a year and they 5_ _ _ __ _ __ and his car 4 ba dly


: : 'l eir matches this year, but they damaged. Then the girl said that she
_ _ _ _ _ __ _ well in every 5 a dog. She said sh e
- ::ch. He 7 any 6 down the man's
~;:D. S in last week's match . Paul said they name and telephone number. She sa id
_ _ _ _ __ _ _ their next match her light 7 broken
: ::''lst Littleton. He told me that he 9 and the bike 8_ _ _ _ __ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ __ _ captain in future start. The driver said the bike only
=-=-::Ll se he 10 to work 9 a bit of paint and that
-:, ,;-- 's exams. she 10 easily repa ir it.
But his car 11 a mess
and the repairs 12 cost
-..... ,-..,:
,- / /

hundreds of pounds.'

Unit 9
3 Circle the correct words. 5 Adam wanted to do something with his

~ Anna said.@ her friends that she was friends on Saturday, but they were all busy.
Report what his friends said using indirect
drawing cartoons.
speech.
1 Tom told/said everybody that he had
interviewed Paul.
2 Nick said/told that he had written a sports
report.
3 Amanda told/said she would write a ghost
story.
~ Tom Sorry, Adam. I 'm going to visit my
4 Ben said/told the others that he could take
grandparents.
photos of the school trip.
Tom said he was going to visit his grandparents.
S Jenny said/told Mr Blake about their ideas.
1 Ben I have plans to go swimming with my
6 Mr Blake said/told, 'Your ideas are very good.'
cousin. _ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ __ _
7 'Please tell/say me if you need help,' said/
told Mr Blake.
S Mr Blake told/said Jenny's friends t hat he
2 Paul Sorry. I may go cycling with my family.
liked their work.

4 Match.

~ Anna said fA
3 Nick I 'll probably be in London at my
1 Amanda told uncle's next weekend. _ __ _ __ _ _
2 Nick said _ _
3 Tom told
4 Jenny said _ _
4 Zoe I've promised to help a friend with
S Tom said, _ _ her computer. _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

a Anna that she should join their youth club.


b everybody that he was in four different
clubs. S Emma I can't do anything because I've

c 'You can make lots of friends when you broken my leg . _ _ _ _ __ __ __

join a club.'
" she would like to join a club.
e that he was in the photography club.
f that she was in the sports club.

Unit 9
6 Can television make you violent? Report ~ Dave said that TV could."t make you violet1t if
what each person said using indirect speech. you weret1't a violet1t persot1.
1 Dave also said that _ _ _ __ __ __

Dove
:an't make you violent if you aren 't a violent 2 Marion said that _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
-: -~o n. I have seen a few violent films, but I'm not
: 2nt.

3 Sofia said that _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __

Marion
't watch violent films. The pictures on the news
= -.Ja d enough . 4 Max sa id _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _

5 Ali ce sa id _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Sofia
:.:re a nice person, TV violence won't change that.
:on always turn the TV off.

6 Simon said _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

Max
a violent film last week. I know the blood
- ': real, but a lot of younger children don't know
7 Q Partner and class activity
Tell your partner what you t hink about TV
violence. Say two sentences. Your partner
then tells the class what you sa id.
Student 1 I think that violence on TV
Alice
is bad. I never watch violent
~-:e can influence young people. If they see too
films.
. . 'olent programmes, they'll believe that life is
Student 2 Tom said that he thought
violence on TV was bad. He
said that he never watch ed
violent films.
!.IIIIL. ~ Simon
__ .ce can only make you violent if you are ~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!
:. :::>erson . I'll never rob a bank just because
_':-2 in a film does it.
&1 TEACHERS: now download the online
worksheet for this unit.

Unit 9
Mustn't and don't have to; had better and
would rather
Anna is telling Ben what he needs to take with him
on the school trip to Wales. Grammar lesson
Anna You don't have to take a sleeping bag
Mustn't and don't have to
because you won't be sleeping in a tent.
We use mustn't to stop someone from doing
Ben I'd rather sleep in a tent than stay in a
something.
hotel. It's more exciting. You mustn't forget your camera.
Anna You'd better pack lots of old clothes for the
We use don't have to to say something is not
outdoor activities.
necessary.
Ben I'd better take a pen so that I can write You don't have to take 0 sleeping bog.
some postcards and I'd better not forget We can say needn't instead of don't have to.
my torch in case we go out at night. You needn't take 0 sleeping bog.
Anna You mustn't forget your camera . You After mustn't and needn't we use the
have to take lots of photos for the school infinitive (the base form).
magazine .
Had better and would rather
We use had better to give advice in a
particular situation or to say what's a good
thing to do in a particular situation. The short
form is 'd better (not).
You'd better pock lots of old clothes.
I'd better not forget my torch.
We use would rather to say what we prefer to
do. If we mention two things, we use than.
I'd rather sleep in 0 tent than stay in 0 hotel.
After had better and would rather we use the
infinitive (the base form).

Words to learn ~»)) 21 '


sleeping bag tent torch passport
youth hostel backpack

Unit 10
1 What do the signs mean? Complete the 1
sentences with mustn't or don't have to.
Do not put
~ You mustn't put food in this bin . (S) food in (S)
this bin
passport
~ You don't have to pay now. (' Pay now swimming
or later costume
4 5
1 The cafe is open.
l'
You _________________ Cafe open
wait outside.
- please come in

2 You

take photos in the museum. inC . No cameras

th~ museum
sleeping bag sun cream

2 Your friend Josie is flying to Jamaica. She


is staying at a beach hotel. What mustn't
torch

3 You ________________. Do not feed she forget? What doesn 't she have to take?
the animals Write sentences with mustn't and doesn't
feed the animals.
have to .
• ~ She mustn't torget her passport.
4 You /' t~ 1 ___ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____
~ Children under
pay for children younger \ five are free 2 ______ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ ___
than five. "",
3 ____ __ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ ____
4 ___________________
5 You _______________ @ 5 ______ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____
use your mobile phone. No mobile phones
3 Your friend Usa is going on a camping
6 You _______________ holiday near her home. What mustn't she
Dogs are
leave your dog outside welcome in forget? What doesn't she have to take?
this shop Write sentences with mustn't and doesn't
t his shop. have to.
~ She doesn't have to take her passport.
7 You _ _ __ _ _ _ _
1 _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ ____
eat or drink in the classrooms.
2 ___________ _ _ __ ____
3 ______ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ ____
8 You can buy concert tickets online,
iP,======U 4 ____ _______ ________
soyou _ __ _ _ _ __ Buy concert
5 ___ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ ____
tickets on line
wait in a queue to buy tickets.
No waiting
in ticket queue
!

Unit 10
4 Complete the sentences. Use mustn't or 5 Complete the sentences. Use 'd/would rather
don't/doesn't have to. (not) or 'd/had better (not).
~ At the weekend, Nick and Jenny don't have to ~ Nick has a temperature. He'd better stay at
get up early. home today.
1 Dad go to work on ~ Jenny doesn't want to go out. She 'd rather
Saturdays. He can stay at home. watch television.
2 Jenny and Nick go to 1 Tom is going to a concert . He
bed early on Saturdays. School is closed on _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ hurry or he'll be late.

Sundays. 2 Amanda would like to go shopping, but


3 Amanda _ _ __ ____ be late for Jenny _ _ _ __ ___ play tennis.
her riding lesson. 3 Ben's maths homework is very untidy.
4 Nick _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ play the drums He do it again .
when his dad's watching television. 4 Jenny wants to see a romantic film , but Nic·
S Nick said Adam could keep his old comics, _ _ _ __ ___ see an adventure
so he _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ give them bac k. film.
6 Trig eat chocolate S The sandwiches in the fridge are for Dad.
and cakes all day. They' re ba d for him. Nick eat them .
7 Trig is happy that he _ _ _ _ _ __ _ 6 Dad's very tired. He _ _ __ __ __
go to schoo l. take Chip for a walk this evening.
8 Jenny and Nick _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ forget 7 It's raining . Anna and Ben
to send their grandmother a birthday card. _ _ __ ____ walk home.
9 Mum go to the 8 Dad's listening to the radio . Nick
supermarket. The fridge is full. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ play the drums.
10 On Sundays, Jenny and Nick 9 Maria and Carlo _ __ __ ___ go tc
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ do any homework. Italy than to Spain .
10 Everybody's asleep. Chip
_ _ __ __ _ _ bark or Dad will be
angry.

Unit 10
Anna is talking to her Aunt Sarah and cousin Mark If you're staying in a youth hostel
Mark about her school trip. Complete the you 6_______________
conversation using 'd/would rather (not) and take a sleeping bag. And you
'd/ had better (not). 7 take a
suitcase. You need a big backpack,
not a suitcase. You can borrow mine.
Anna Thanks. I 8 go
to Greece than to France. We would
see lots of interesting old places -
and I wouldn't have to speak French.

Anno Our class is going on a sc hool trip t o


France or Greece. We're going to stay
in a youth hostel.
Mark Great. You 'd better start saving your 7 Q Partner activity
pocket money. Student 1 says w here he/s he would like
nno I 1 stay in a to go or what he/she w ou ld like to do
hotel than a youth hostel. this evening, tomorrow, at the weekend,
\1 ark But it's more fun at a youth hostel. next week.
You'll love it. Student 2 says he/she wouldn't like to do
that, but would rather do something else.
Saroh You 're going to Europe, so
you 2 take Student 1 I'd like to go to the"cinema
some euros with you. And you tonight.
3 forget your Student 2 I'd rather stay at home and
passport when you're travelling. Have watch a DVD than go to the
you got one? cinema.
. . no Yes, I've got a passport, but I've never Student 1 I'd like to go shopping
been abroad without my parents. tomorrow.
14 go to Student 2 I'd rather not go sh opping. I'd
Scotland or Wales, like Ben. I suppose rather go cycling.
I 5 learn some
useful French words .
~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!

&] TEACHERS: now down load the online


worksheet for this unit.

Unit 10
1 Write questions about the people in 3 What came first? Write one sentence with
brackets. (Unit 6) the past perfect simple and because. (Unit 7)
~ Jenny went to Paul's party. (Amanda?) ~ Nick didn't go to Carlo's party. Carlo forgot

Did Amanda go to Paul's party? to invite him.


1 Jenny enjoys doing puzzles. (Anna?) Nick didn't go to Carlo's party because Carlo had
forgotten to invite him.
2 Ben has spent all his money. (Tom?) ~ Amanda spent all her money. She couldn't
go to the shops.
3 Amanda likes riding. (Anna and Jenny?) Amanda couldn't go to the shops because she had
spent all her money.
4 Tom's going to the match on Saturday. 1 Nick felt ill. He ate four hamburgers.
(Nick?)

5 Nick went to the cinema last night. (Tom?) 2 Tom couldn't do his French homework. He
lost his French dictionary.
6 Beth will be fourteen next year. (Amanda?)

3 Jenny felt hungry at lunchtime. She didn't


2 Write questions. Use the question words in
brackets. (Unit 6) have breakfast.

~ Adam broke his leg. (When?)


When did Adam break his leg?
1 Tom's going to Manchester. (How?) 4 Adam broke his leg. He couldn't go
skateboarding .

2 Anna was in Bristol. (When?)

3 Jenny needed a new pen. (Why?) 5 Ben didn't do his homework. Aunt Sarah wc
angry.

4 Tom flew to New York. (When?)

5 Jenny has got some free tickets. (How many?)

Revision 2
4 Complete the sentences with the words in 5 Complete the sentences with the correct
brackets. Do not change the word order but form of tell or say. (Unit 9)
use to or for where necessary. (Unit 8) ~ Jenny said that she hadn't seen Chip in the
~ (Aunt Sarah / a book about gardening) garden.
Anna gave Aunt garah a book about gardening. 1 Nick Jenny that Chip was in the
~ (a red scarf / Ben) park with Tom.
Aunt Sarah bought a red scarf for Ben. 2 Mr Blake is going to the class
1 (Anna / a book about animals) about the school trip.
Aunt Sarah bought _ __ _ _ _ _ __
3 What did Jenny about the youth
club disco?
2 (a big box of chocolates / Aunt Sarah) 4 Could you us the way to the
Bengave _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____
tow n hall, please?
5 Did Mum w hat time we have to
3 (their grandparents / a long letter) be home?
Jenny and Nick wrote _ _ __ __ __
6 Anna that she was going to tow n.

6 Complete the text about homework. Use the


4 (some family photos / them)
correct form of the verbs in brackets. (Unit 9)
Jenny also sent _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __
Some of the students in Mark's class
were talking about homework. One gi rl
5 (nice presents / their parents, too) said she usually did (do) homework for
two hours every evening. One boy said
Nick and Jenny gave _ _ _ __ _ _ __
he usually 1 (work)
for three hours. Another boy said that
6 (a calendar / her mother) he 2 (not go) to
Jenny made _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ bed until very late the night before. He
said he 3 (have to)
revise for a maths test. Some students
7 (her father / his favourite cake) said they 4 (speak)
She made _ __ _ __ _ _ __ __ to the teachers already, but the situation
5 (not cha nge). The
French teacher said she 6_ _ __ _ _ __
8 (funny cards / all his friends)
(give) the class less homework in future. But
Nick wrote _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ they still had too much . One gi rl said she
7 (not have) t ime to do
anything else in the evenings. All the pupils
decided that they 8_ _ _ _ _ _ __
(complain) to the headmaster the next day.

Revision 2
1 Circle the correct words. (Unit 10)
~ Your phone's ringing. YOU @ be~ 8 -H Look and read. Choose the correct
words and write them on the lines. You do
would rather answer it.
not need to use all the words. (Units 6-10)
1 Anna doesn't have to/mustn't finish her
maths homework today. She can do it a backpack a badge a bracelet
a camera a detective an engine glasses
tomorrow.
a key a key ring a passport a poster
2 Tom has a toothache. He'd rather/He'd a shark sun cream a tent a torch
better go to the dentist's. a youth hostel

3 It's Friday. Jenny and Nick don't have to/


mustn't go to bed at nine o'clock. ~ You need this to open a door that is locked.

4 It's cold outside. You'd betterlYou'd rather a key


take your scarf and gloves. 1 This is something you take photographs

5 Mr Bell wants to stay at a hotel, but Jenny with. _ _ _ _ _ _ __

and Nick would rather/had better go 2 This protects your skin from the sun.

camping.
6 You don't have to/mustn't pay money to 3 You usually have to show this
join the youth club. It's free . when you enter a foreign country.

7 Nick mustn'tldoesn't have to forget his key.


His mum won't be at home in the afternoon. 4 Young people can stay here when they're
8 Ben has a maths test today. He'd rather/ travelling. It's cheaper than a hotel.

He'd better stay at home, but he'd rather/


he'd better go to school. 5 You wear this on your arm.

6 You need this to see better in the dark.

7 You carry your things in this.

8 You can see better when you wear these .

9 Young people often decorate their rooms


with these. _ _ _ _ _ _ __

10 You sleep in this when you go camping.

Revision 2
9 tH Read the conv6Fsation and choose
the best answer. Write a letter (a-h) for
10 Find the mistakes and write the correct
words. (Units 6-10)
each answer. You do not need to use all the ~ You muvft~'t tidy your room today, :fenny. It's
letters. (Units 6-10)
tidy enough.
~ Jenny What shall we do this afternoon?
don't have to
Anna ~
1 Anna told, 'f'm going to join the drama dub.'
1 Jenny Yes, let's go to town. I 'd like to look
in that new shoe shop.
2 Nick couldn't buy any comics because he
Anna
forgot his money.
2 Jenny Yes, Amanda said they had really
nice shoes.
3 Did you send to :fenny a postcard?
Anna
3 Jenny Oh, yes. Nick told me about it. They
4 6xcuse me, can you say me how to get to the
have fantastic ice crea m.
library, please?
Anna
4 Jenny No, we'd better not go by bike. Loo k
5 Don't forget your camera when you wif{ go on
at the black clouds .
the school trip.
Anna
5 Jenny If we hurry, we'll get the next one.
6 It's late, :fenny. You had rather go to
Come on!
bed now or you'f{ be tired tomorro w.
Anna

a Do you mean the new one in Church Street? 7 You don't have to lose your money. Put it in a

b No, she didn't tell me.


safe place.
c Well, it's nice weather. Shall we go to
town? 8 / had better to go home now. It's nine thirty.

d We don't have to run. We've got enough


time.
9 Did go the Beff family on holiday last year?
e Well, get your coat. Shall we take our bikes?
f Yes, they did. 10 Lives Anna in kingsley?
9 You 're right. It's going to rain. We'll take the
bus.
h And after the shoe shop we could go to the
new ice cream place.

Revision 2
Must, can't and could for deductions;
so and such
Mum I've got a surprise for you in this envelope.
Nick It can't be a present for me. It isn't my Grammar lesson
birthday.
Must, can't and could for
Jenny It must be something exciting. Surprises are
deductions
always exciting - and you're smiling, Mum.
Sometimes we use what we already know to
Nick It's such untidy handwriting that I can work out the answer to a puzzle or to guess
hardly read it. I think it says 'For Nick and the truth about something.
Jenny'. We use must to say what we think:
It must be something exciting.
We use can't for the negative. (To say what
we don't think.)
It can't be a present for me.
We use could if we think we know, but we
aren't sure.
It could be from Uncle Peter.
After must, can't and could we use the
infinitive (base form) .

So and such
We use so with an adjective by itself.
Jenny It could be from Uncle Peter. He's got untidy
Uncle Peter's kind. Uncle Peter's so kind.
handwriting.
We use such with a noun (with or without an
Nick It is! He's sent us tickets for the Adventure
adjective before it).
World theme park!
Uncle Peter's a generous person. He's such
Jenny That's fantastic! Uncle Peter's so kind. He's a generous person.
such a generous person. This is fun. This is such fun.
Remember to use a or an if you need it.
Words to learn ~»)) 23 After so and such we can use that to show
envelope handwriting hardly theme park result.
fa ntastic generous rollercoaster feel sick It's such untidy writing that I can hardly read it.
............ .................................
.................... ............... ......... ... ...................................
............................................................... .......................
... ........... ...............................
.. .................. .......... .......... ......................
........................... ............. ............ ..... ..........
......................................................... .....
.............. ......... .. ............ ........ ...... ............ ... ..................

Unit 11
l One of the people at the airport is going to Italy, one is going to
the mountains and one is going to Australia.

~
/
~

a Look at the bags. What do they tell you


about their owners? Complete the sentences
with must or can't.

8 The owner be a man .


9 The owner have a camera.
10 The owner be Italian.
~ The owner must like tennis.
1 The owner be a man. b Who do the bags belong to? Where are the
2 The owner be going to a sunny people going? Complete the sentences with
must or can't.
place.
~ The bag can't belong to Frank.
3 The owner like travelling.
1 The suitcase belong to Frank.
4 The owner like reading.
2 The backpack belong to Frank.
3 The bag belong to Moria.
4 Frank be going to the mountains.
5 Moria be going to Italy.
6 Kathy must be going to _ _ _ _ ,

5 The owner be a woman .


6 The owner be able to ski.
7 The owner be going to a cold
place.

Unit 11
2 Which one? Read the information then
complete the sentences with can't be, could
be or must be.

;::::C~lr;"";::~'? ":

Chicago
'-v-

~ ~,f"-.
Rome Oxford

2 It isn't in America, so it _ _ __ _ _
Chicago or New York. It _ _ _ _ __
kangaroo
Rome, Paris or Oxford. The people don't
~ It lives in Africa, so it can't be a kangaroo. It
speak French, so it _ _ _ _ _ _ __
could be an elephant, a giraffe or a lion. It
Paris. It's a capital city, so it
hasn't got a trunk, so it can't be an elephant.
_ _ __ __ _ _ Oxford.
It could be a giraffe or a lion . It's much taller
Answer: It _ __ _ __ __
than a man, so it can't be a lion.
Answer: It must be a giraffe.

The USA

dolphin

3 It doesn't live in the sea so it


Italy Japan
_ _ __ __ _ _ a dolphin or
1 It isn't in Europe, so it _ __ _ _ _ __
a whale. It _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ a
Italy. It's a very big country, so it
koala, a tiger or a kangaroo. It lives in
_ __ _ _ _ _ _ China or the
Australia, so it a
USA. The people speak English, so it
tiger. It can be bigger than a man, so it
_ _ __ __ _ _ China or Japan.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ a koala.
Answer: It _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Answer: It _ _ _ _ _ _ __

Unit 11
3 Complete the conver~tion. Use so, such or 3 We were tired after the day trips. We went
such a/an. to bed early every night. _ _ _ _ _ __
Nick Uncle Peter is such a nice uncle. He's so
kind to us.
4 Looking round museums was boring . We all
Jenny Yes, he always has 1 good
felt tired. _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _
ideas. I enjoyed our trip to Adventure
World 2 much.
Nick So did 1. I didn't know that Adventure 5 The food at the hotel was good. We all ate a
World is 3 big theme park. lot. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Jenny Yes, there are 4 many
things to see and do. I liked the Big
Wheel best. Everything looked 5 Q Class activity
5 small from the top. The class suggests four people or things
Nick My favourite was the King Coaster. I from a particular category (e.g. sports,
love rollercoasters - that was an imols, fi lm stars). One student chooses
6 big one. It was one of th e people or thin gs. The class
7 much fun . has to find out wh ich on e it is by as ki ng
I felt 8 scared when we questions and making deduction s wi t h
Jenny
went on it. It looked 9 _ _ __ could be and must be.

dangerous. Sports: skiing, golf, swimming, diving


Student 1 Do you do the sport in water?
Nick I went on it after I'd eaten an ice
cream. I felt 10 sick. Student 2 No, you don't.
Student 3 You don't do it in water, 50 it
Jenny We'll phone Uncle Peter and tell him
could be golf or skiing. Do you
we had 11 exciting day.
do it in the mountains?
Nick Yes, we'll tell him that the tickets to
Student 2 No, you don't.
Adventure World were 12 _ __ _
Student 4 You don't do it in the
great present.
mountains, 50 it can't be
4 Ben is talking about his school trip to Wales. skiing. It must be golf
Read the sentences. Then write one sentence
with so ... that. ~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!
~ The weather was cold. We had to wear coats.
The weather was so cold that we had to wear coats.
&J TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.
lOur hotel room was small. We could hardly
move. ________________________________

2 The shops were expensive. We spent all our


money. _______________

Unit 11
Both and neither; all and none
Anna has written an article for the school magazine
about a new band called 'Power'. Grammar lesson
Both and neither
'Power' is a new band. They are playing in Littleton
We use both and neither to talk about only
next Saturday. The guitarists Rod and Jake are both
two people or things. We use a plural verb
from Liverpool. They both wanted to be actors, but
with both. We put both after the verb be and
neither of them has got an acting job now. Both of before full verbs.
them like being musicians. The singer's name is They're both from Liverpool.
Nina. She's great. They both wanted to be actors.
Both of them like being musicians.
All of them write songs, and they are all We usually use a singular affirmative verb with
vegetarians. None of them eats meat. They all eat neither. We usually put it at the beginning of
health food and they all do yoga. They will give free a sentence.
concert tickets to all the people who buy their new Neither of them has got an acting job .
album.
All and none
We use all and none to talk about more than
t wo people or things. We use a plural verb
with all. We put all after be or before a full
verb.
They're all vegetarians.
They all do yoga.
All of them write songs.
We usually use a singular affirmative verb
with none, but a plural verb is also possible.
We usually put none at the beginning of a
sentence.
None of them eats meat. OR None of them eat
meat.

guitarist
beard mask hat instrument

Un it 12
Imagine that you saw..the two bank robbers 2 Look at the answers with both in exercise 1
in the picture. Answer the policeman's then write the answers again. Use the same
questions. Use both of them or neither of word order as the example.
them. ~ They were both tall.
1 They _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ __
2 ________ _ _ _ __ _ __ ___
3 ___ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ _
4 ________ __ _ _ __ _ ____

3 Look at the boy or girl who is sitting next to


you. Think about things that are the same,
for example your age, the colour of your hair
~ Were they tall?
and eyes, what you are wearing, what you
Yes. Both of them were tall. like or don't like.
~ Did they have beards?
Write sentences with be and both.
No. Neither of them had a beard.
~ We are both girls. OR We are both thirteel1.
1 Were they thin?
1 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ ___
2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ ____
2 Were they wearing masks?
3 ______ __ _ __ _ __ __ ___

3 Did they have long hair? Write sentences with full verbs (like, do,
play, hate, have, etc.) and both.
~ We both like sport.
4 Was one of them old?
4 ___ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ ___
5 ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ ____
5 Were they wearing coats?
6 _______ _ __ _ _ _ __ ____

6 Were they wearing hats? Write sentences with neither.


~ Neither of us likes dal1cil1g.
7 Di d one of them have black hair? 7 _ _ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ ____
8 _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
8 Were they wearing sunglasses? 9 ___ _ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ _ __

Unit 12
Joke Nina Rod
Age 21 20 22
From Liverpool Manchester Liverpool
Instrument guitar keyboard guitar
Sport swimming cycling football
Hobby photography painting gardening
Likes travelling, reading travelling, horses travelling
Doesn't eat meat, eggs meat, fish meat
Wants to go on a world tour star in a musical write a big hit

4 look at the information about Jake, Nina 6 Who has a hobby?


and Rod. Answer the questions. Use all of
them or none of them.
7 Who wants to make a film?
~ Who plays an instrument?
All of them play aH iHstrumeHt.
8 Who comes from America?
~ Who comes from London?
NOMe of them comes from LOHdoH.
1 Who is younger than twenty? 5 Now write new answers for questions 2, 4, 5
and 6 in exercise 4. Use the same word order
as the example below.
2 Who does a sport?
~ All of them play an instrument.
They all play aH instrument.
3 Who plays the drums? 1 ________________________________
2 ________________________________
4 Who eats vegetarian food? 3 _______________________________
4 ________________________________
5 Wh o likes travelling?

Unit 12
Answer the questions ...start with Yes and use 7 Write sentences about you and your best
all or both. friend. Use both and the same word order as

~ Are Nick and his friends interested in sport? the example.

~ We both enjoy shopping.


Yes, they are all interested in sport.
~ We both like rock music.
~ Do Tom and Nick ploy football?
1 _ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ __ __
Yes, they both play football.
2 _ _ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ __
1 Do Jenny and Amanda like pets?
3 _ _ __ __ _ _ _ __ _ __
4 _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
2 Do Amanda and her friends enjoy shopping?
8 Write sentences about you and your family.
3 Hove Jenny and Nick been to 'Adventure Use all and the same word order as the
example.
World'?
~ We 're all interested in sport.
~ We all like to go to the cil1ema.
4 Are Rod and Joke from Liverpool?
1 _______________________________
2 _________________________________
5 Do Joke, Nina and Rod like travelling?
3 _________________________________
4 _________________________________
6 Did Rod and Joke wont to be actors?
9 Q Class game
7 Do Rod, Joke and Nina eat vegetarian food? A student thinks of t wo ot her students
in the class and describe s what is the
some about both of them or neither of
8 Are Ben and Anna staying with their Aunt them. The class mu st guess w ho t he t w o
Sarah? students ore
Student 1 Both of the students ore
wearing red T-shirts. Neither of
9 Do Ben and Anna go to school in Merton?
them is sitting near the door.
Class It must be Paota and Gina.
:' 0 Do Jenny and Nick and their parents like to

go to Spain? ~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!

&J TEACHERS: now down load the online


worksheet for this unit.

Unit 12
Conditional sentences type 2; uncountable
nouns
Amanda I don't have enough money. I need to
get more pocket money. Grammar lesson
Nick Everyone needs more money. If you had
Conditional sentences type 2
a job, you would have more.
When we imagine something which probably
Jenny If you had a lot of money, what would
won't happen, we use a conditional sentence
you buy? type 2 to talk about it. We use a past tense
Nick I'd buy a new DVD player. verb in the if-clause. We use would with the
Amanda I'd buy some jewellery - well, a piece of infinitive (base form) of the verb in the main
jewellery, perhaps a ring. I haven't got clause.
If I had some money, I would buy a DVD
any perfume, either.
player. (I haven't got any money, so I can't
Nick I 'll give you some advice. If I were you, buy a DVD player.)
I'd do some baby-sitting .
When we put the if-clause first, we usually
Amanda That's strange advice. You don't really use a comma (,) after it. We can also put the
like babies, Nick. main clause first. We often use the short form
Nick Well, I'd like them more if they didn't of would ('d).
cry and if they played football. I'd like babies more if they didn't cry.
After if we often use were instead of was for
all persons.
If I were you, I'd get a job.

Uncountable nouns
We can count nouns like book. They have a
singular and a plural form. Some nouns are
uncountable. They don't have a plural form and
we use a singular verb with them . We use them
with some/any, a lot of, not much, how much.
We don't use them with a/an or with numbers.

Words to learn ~») 27 Kinds of food (e.g. rice), materials (e.g. sand,
baby-sitting advice information news gold, wood) and abstract nouns (e.g. fun)
are often uncountable. Here are some more
traffiC furniture jewellery perfume
examples:

advice jewellery perfume fun money


traffic furniture music work
information news

I Unit 13
3 if you found a gold ring?
:d like to buy some jewelTery.
A keep it
: 'laven't got any perfume.
B take it to the police staton
',le can make some (but not all) uncountable
-ouns countable by using a piece of: C tell your family
piece of jewellery/advice/information/
fu rniture/news
- l e word hair is usually uncountable, but
~ ~ n gle hairs are countable. 4 if you heard a loud noise in the night?
y hair is too long. A hide under the bed
l ere ore two hairs in my soup.
....... .. ........ ..................
....................... .. .........
... .... ........... ...... ......
.. ......... ...............
.... ......... ................. ..... ..
................................. B get up and look
::::::;:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
C go to sleep again
What would you do if these things happened?
Choose A, B or C, then write sentences.

What would you do .. .


5 if you saw an elephant in the street?
~ if you found a big spider in your bed?
A phone th e zoo
A throw it out of the window
B run the oth er way
@ shout for your parents
C stand and look
C keep it as a pet
If I fOUl1d a big spider il1 my bed, I'd shout for my
parel1ts.
6 if you suddenly sa w yourself on televisio n?
1 if you saw a famous person in the street?
A laugh
A go up and say hello
B tell people to come and watch
B be too shy to speak
C turn the television off
C follow him or her

7 if the phone rang in the middle of t he night?


2 if you saw a strange object in the sky?
A get out of bed and answer it
A take a photograph of it
B put your hands over your ears
B tell your friends
C wake someone in your fam ily
C call the police

Unit 13
2 Write conditional sentences type 2. 3 What would Tom do if ... ? Write sentences.
Jenny If Nick got more pocket money, he ~ buy 0 new computer game / hove enough
would spel1d (spend) it all on sweets.
money
Nick That isn't true. If I hod more money,
Tom would buy a l1ew computer game if he had
I1 (spend) it on
something useful. el10ugh mOl1ey.

Anna If I 2_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (win) 1 visit his friend in London / hove time


some money, I would buy 0 new He ____________________________
MP3 player.
Jenny But your MP3 player is fine.
2 ploy football today / not hove so much
I3 (not buy) 0
new one if I were you. If I hod more homework
money,I4_______________ He ____________________________
(save) it for 0 trip to Australia .
Nick If I 5 (hove) 0
3 fly to New York again / his uncle invite him
lot of money, I 6____________

(buy) 0 motorbike.
Anna I 7_ __ _ _ _ _ _ (not buy) 0
motorbike if I 8______________ 4 won 0 lot of money / put it in the bank
(be) you. They're dangerous.

5 go camping with Nick / parents let him

vYWl~. 't" \ (,

Unit 13
Read part of Amanda'~ project about Egypt. 5 Find the uncountable words and write them
Circle the correct words. in the puzzle. What is the word going down?

advice coin fact ..furr furn iture job


The Ancient Egyptians
money music news report sand
We have found a lot of very interesting table traffic work
€rma~informations about life in Ancient
Egypt. Most Egyptian children went to school
when they were eight. The Egyptians liked
I I I r J
1 musics/music and most children learned to
w
play an instrument. f u 11
Egyptian houses did not have 2 much/many
furniture. The furniture 3 was/were usually r
made of 4 -la wood, but rich people had
furniture decorated with 5 a/- gold. Both me n I c J
and women wore 6 -la jewellery made of gold. m
Men had short 7 hair/hairs and women wore
v
t heir 8 hair/hairs long . All men and wom en
wore make-up and 9 a/- perfume. t
They used honey to make their 10 food/foods
s
sweet. They baked 11 bread/breads and they

L±J
ate 12 a lot of/many fruit.

The word going down is _ _ _ _ _ _ __

6 Q Partner interview
Ask a partner this question: 'If you won a
lot of money, what would you do with it?'
Say at least four things each.
If I won a lot of money, I'd .. .

_ Visit Trig's website for more practice!

&J TEACHERS: now down load the online


worksheet for this unit.

Unit 13
Verbs with to + infinitive; let and make

Grammar lesson
Verbs with to + infinitive
We use to + infinitive (base form) after these
verbs:
agree learn promise
decide offer want
hope plan
I want to be a vet.

We can use an object (you, me, Ben, etc.) + to


+ infinitive after these verbs:
allow invite teach
ask help want
Dad wants me to be a dentist.
Will they allow you to leave England?
Jenny W hat do you want to do w he n you leave After would like/love/prefer/hate we use to +
sc hool? infin it ive.
Anna Well, I'd like to work with animals. Dad I 'd like to work with animals.
wants me to be a dentist but I want to be I'd like to be a doctor one day.
a vet. And you? W hen there is no would, we can use the -ing
Jenny Well, I hope to go to un iversity. I'd like to form after like, love, prefer and hate. The
be a doctor one day. But I like travelling meaning is different.
I like travelling.
and I'd love to do voluntary work abroad
for a year after school.
Let and make
Anna Will your parents allow you to leave
After let and make we use an object +
England?
infinitive (without to).
Jenny Well, they would prefer me to stay in My parents will let me decide myself
England, but they won 't make me stay They won 't make me stay in England.
here. They'll let me decide myself. :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
.........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................

Words to learn ~») 29


decide plan prefer abroad voluntary work
instead university earn

Unit 14
Circle the correct verb J orms. Ellen wants 8_ _ _ _ _ __ _

~ Jenny would like travelling€: tra,;!> around


(be) a scientist because she likes
9 (do) experiments. She
the world . would like 10 (go) to
1 She would like doing/to do voluntary work. university. She hopes 11 _ _ _ __ _ __
2 She hopes to go/going to university. (study) science.
Katy would love 12_ __ _ _ _ __
3 She wants be/to be a doctor.
(have) an outdoor job. She doesn 't like
4 Her parents will allow her to study/studying
13 (stay) indoors.
abroad. She has decided 14_ _ _ _ _ _ __
5 They would prefer her staying/to stay in (leave) school next year. She would love
15 (be) a gardener.
England.
Damien is learning 16_ _ __ _ _ _ _
6 They will let her to do/do what she wants.
(play) the gu itar. He hopes
7 Anna has decided becoming/to beco m e a 17 (be ) a rock star
vet. becau se he likes 18_ _ _ _ _ __ _
(wri t e) m usic. He w ants
S She likes look/looking after anima ls.
19 (earn ) 0 lot of mo ney
9 Her dad would like her become/to become beca use he w ou ld like 20 _ _ _ _ _ __ _
a dentist. (buy) a big house for his family.
_0 Anna's parents will let her choose/
to choose.

What do they want to be? Complete the


sentences with to + infinitive or an -ing form
of the verbs in brackets.
Anna would like to be (be) a vet
Jecause she likes looking (look) after
:::nimals. Her parents would like her
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (be) a dentist, but
:ney will allow her 2_ __ _ _ _ __
ch oose) her job herself. She doesn't want
(work) abroad.
\1 ark has decided 4_ _ _ _ _ __ _

lJe) a mechanic because he likes


_ _ _ _ _ _ __ (repair) cars. Mark's
...in cl e has offered 6_ _ _ _ __ __
give) him a job, but he would like
_ _ _ _ __ _ _ (have) his own garage
ne day.

Unit 14
-

3 What do they want to do? What do other 6 Mark I'm going to visit my friends in Londo-
people want them to do? Write sentences. tomorrow.
~ Jenny I'm going to the cinema on Saturday. Sue Can 't you visit them next week insteac
-

Anna Why don't you go to the youth club Mark


with me instead? .
Jel1l1Y wal1ts to go to the cil1ema, but Al1l1a wal1ts
her to go to the youth club il1stead. 4 w hat do they want Nick to do? Complete the
se ntences.
1 Tom I'm going to the music shop.
~ Dad Take Chip to the park, please.
Nick Why don't you go to the sports shop
1 Mum Can you go to the supermarket, Nick-
with me instead?
2 Jenny Nick, will you help me to repair my
Tom _____________________________
bike, please.

3 Ben Shall we go swimming, Nick?


2 Anna I'm staying at home tonight.
4 Tom Let's play football, Nick.
Amanda That's boring. Go to the basketball
5 Anna Meet me in the cafe in ten minutes.
game with me.
~ Nick's dad wal1ts him to take Chi~ to the ~ark .
Anna ____________________________
1 Nick's mum
.
3 Ben I w ant t o go t o th e sho ps on Friday.
2 Jenny
Tom Can 't you go with me on Saturday?
Ben _____________________________
.
3 Ben
~

4 Jenny I'm going to watch television now.


4 Tom
Amanda Let's get a DVD instead.
<
Jenny ___________________________
5 Anna
-"
5 Ben I'm going to give my old computer

games to my cousins.

Amanda Oh? Can't you give them to me?


Ben _____________________________

..
Unit 14
Anna is talking about btunt Sarah. Circle the 7 Q Partner interview
correct words. With a partner, ask and answer questions
Aunt Sarah won 't e make me go to a party with let and make. Use the ideas in the
box or your own ideas.
on Saturday. Ben's younger than me, but she
go to parties stay out late
1 lets/makes him come home late. She always
go to bed early in the week
2 makes/lets me come home early. At the sleep late at the weeken d
weekend she 3 lets/makes us stay up until invite all your friends
play loud music play computer games
t en o'clock, but in the week she 4 makes/lets
help in the kitchen tidy your room
us go to bed at nine o'clock. She 5 makes/lets go straight home after school
me tidy my room, but she never 6 makes/lets meet friends after school
Ben tidy his room. She doesn't 7letlmake me tell them who your friends are

olay loud music, but Ben's music is always


Student 1 Do y our parents let you go to
loud. She's very kind, but sometimes I th ink parties?
sh e's too strict with me. Student 2 Yes, they let me go to parties,
but they don't let me stay late.
Complete the sentences with let or make Do your parents make you do
and a verb from the box. Use you or us as your homework before dinner?
the object. Student 1 No, they don't. They let me do

Ido(x2) E;Bt go make play £.j3€dK talk I it later.

~ Do your teachers let you eat or drink in class?


~ Our teacher makes us speak English in class.
lOur teachers don't _ __ _ _ _ __

lots of homework.
2 Does your maths teacher
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ tests?

3 Sometimes our teacher


_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ home early.
4 Our English teacher _ _ _ _ _ _ __
English games in class. @~D Visit Trig's website for more practice!
5 Our teachers don't a
noise in class . &1 TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.
6 Our teachers to other
students in the lesson.

Unit 14
Need + -ing; have something done; could and
would
~I
Grammar lesson
Need + -ing form
After need we use the -ing form to say that
something should be done to a person or a
thing.
My tennis rocket needs repairing. (Someone
should repair it.)

Have/get something done


We use have + object + past participle to say
that somebody does a job for us. We do not
Jenny Nick, could you do something for me? My do it ourselves.
tennis racket's broken. I want to have it I want to have my rocket repaired.
repaired. Would you take it to the sports Be careful with the word order. Compare:
shop for me, please? I've got a lot of I had my hair cut. (= past simple, the
homework. hairdresser cut it.)
I had cut my hair. (= past perfect, I cut my hair
Nick Oh, I think it just needs sticking. I'll do it
myself.)
for you . Where's the glue?
Sometimes get is used instead of have. It
Jenny No, Nick. That's silly. It needs repairing
sometimes sounds more informal.
properly at a sports shop. You can't just
You can get your hair cut.
stick it!
Mum Could you stop shouting, please? Nick, Could and would for requests
there's a hairdresser next to the sports
We usually use can to ask for something,
shop. Why don't you get your hair cut at
but could and would are more polite. We
the same time? use could you or would you when we ask
someone to do something.
Could you do something for me?
Would you take my rocket to the sports shop?
We can use could I or could we to ask for
something in a formal situation.
Could I have some more water, please?
.................... ..................................................................................
;~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; ~;;;; ~~~ ~I ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; ~;;;; ~ ~ ~; ~ ~; ~ ~ ~~ ~;; ~;; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~;;; ~; ~ ~ ~; ~ ~; ~ ~ ~;;; ~; ~ ~i ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~;; ~ ~; ~ ~ ~; ~ ..

Unit 15
1 What needs doing? Complete the sentences 3 look at exercise 2. Now write what needs
with need and the words in the box. doing.
~ Ben's eyes l1eed testil1g.
I clean comb iron mend wasti cut
1 Anna's hair _ _ _ _ _ _ __

~ S? ? 2 Nick's computer _ _ _ _ _ _ __

~ Nick's socks l1eed washil1g. ~ 3 At the Bells' house, the windows

~' {\
4 Amanda's room _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _

1 Tom'sjeons
4 Read the sentences and decide who did it.

;B
look at the word order. Circle the correct
*- :,: answer.
2 Amanda's boots _ _ _ __ _ , ~ ~ Amanda I had my hair cut. (Amanda/

~
~airdres~
~ Ben Aunt Sarah had painted the
3 Nick's hair _ _ _ _ _
~t sa ~
D1f~
kitchen. painter)
1 Tom I had repaired my bike. (Tom/
4 Ben's shirt _ __ _ _ ~/VJV a bike shop)
2 Mrs Bell I had taken some photos.
(Mrs Bell/a photographer)
5 Amanda's hair _ _ _ _ __
3 Nick I had my computer repaired.
Make suggestions with Why don't you ... ? (Nick/a computer shop)
and the words in the box.
4 Tom My parents had some photos

I clean cut paint repair .test taken. (Tom's parents/


a photographer)
~ Ben I can't see the board. 5 Ben Aunt Sarah had the garage
Nick Why dOI1't you have your eyes tested? painted. (Aunt Sarah/a painter)
1 Anna My hair's too long. 6 Tom I had cut my hair. (Tom/
Jenny a hairdresser)
2 Nick My computer's broken. 7 Nick Dad had the car serviced.
Ben (Mr Bell/a mechanic)
3 Jenny The windows aren't very clean. 8 Jenny Dad had washed the car.
Nick (Dad/a car-wash)
4 Amanda I wish my room wasn't blue.
Jenny

Unit 15
5 What needs doing in Nick's room? Write 6 Anna is in a shoe shop. Complete her
sentences. Use the words in the box. requests with Could I...? or Could/ Would
you ... ?
empty hang up my- repair put
clean make

~ Could r try on the red ones, please?


~ Could/Would you bring me the pink ones, too-
1 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ look at some cheape '

~ Nick's desk l1eeds tidyil1g. ones?


1 His bed _ _ _ _ _ _ __ 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ get the black ones
2 His clothes _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ in his out of the window, please?
wardrobe. 3 These are too big. _ _ _ _ _ _ __
3 His books _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ on his bring me a smaller size?
bookshelves. 4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ show me some
4 His bin _ _ _ _ _ _ __ different colours?
5 His football boots _ _ _ _ _ _ __ 5 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ tell me how much

6 Hi s tennis racket those green ones cost?


6 pay later?

it 15
What are the customers asking for? Write
their requests with Could/ Would you ... ? or
Could I ...? and the words in the boxes. There
is more than one possible answer.

/ )/ ( (
Ibri ng have ~ Could I have the bill. please?
1 ______________________________

~ some water more ketchup 2 ______________________________


some more bread a spoon the menu 3 ______________________________
4 ______________________________
5 ______________________________

Q Team game The student's team has to guess by


Make two teams. Think of more things saying the sentence correctly.
that you might ask for in a restaurant, Would you bring me a knife, please?
e.g . some salt, some soy sauce, a fork, The teacher gives the teams points for
another drink, a different chair, a table correct answers.
near the window. Students from each
team take turns to mime what they
want, as clearly as they can. ~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!

&1 TEACHERS: now download the online


worksheet for this unit.

Unit 15
1 Choose A, B or C. Complete the sentences. 6 I know Nina, Rod and Jake. _ _ _ _ eats
(Units 11, 12) meat.
~ It can't be a present for me. It isn't my A None of them
birthday. B Both of them
A must C Neither of them
B could 7 I know Nina, Rod and Jake. _ _ _ _ do
© can 't yoga .
1 It was _ _ _ _ fun at Amanda's party. A Both of them
The music was great. B They all
A so C None of them
B such a 8 Nick and Tom love sport. _ _ __ play
C such football.
2 The letter _ _ _ _ be from Uncle Peter. A None of them
I'm not sure. B Both of them
A must C All of them
B could 9 My friend and I _ _ _ _ fourteen.
C can't A are all
3 Uncle Peter is _ __ _ ge nerous person. B are both
A so C both are
B such a 10 Tom and Nick love sport, but _ _ __
C such likes maths.
4 Nick's room is _ _ _ _ untidy. He really A none of them
must clean it. B both of them
A so C neither of them
B such
C such a
5 Dad isn't answering the phone. He
_ _ __ be out.

A m ust
B could
C can't

evi sion 3
2 Complete the conversation. Use conditional 3 Write the words in the box in the correct
sentences type 2 with the past simple or lists. (Unit 13)
would + infinitive. (Unit 13)
Tom What would you do if we didn't have. to -Geirf furniture information job
.a.Q.viee-
jewellery money news newspaper
(have to) go to school every day?
ring sofa traffic work car
Nick You mean, if we had (have) nothing to
do all day? If I 1_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
alan some
(not go) to school, I think I coin advice.
2 (play) football
every day.
Adam If I 3 (have) a
lot of free time, I
4 (stay) in bed
until lunchtime and read comics.
Tom That's boring. If there
5 (be) no school,
we 6 (learn) to 4 Which words in the box can you use with
play lots of different kinds of sports, a piece of? Use them to complete the
sentences below. (Unit 13)
like hockey and basketball.
Nick If you 7 (play) advice bracelet fact furniture
more sports, you information jewellery news
8 (get) very fit, story table

Adam.
1 The room looks empty. I think you need an
Anna Ifwe 9 (stay) at
extra in the corner.
home all the time, it
2 Jenny would like to give her mum a
10 (get) very
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ for her birthday.
boring, I think.
3 I've just heard an exciting
Jenny 111 (not be)
happy if I 12 _ __ __ _ __
4 Shall I give you a ? Do
(not go) to school. I would miss my
what your teacher says.
friends.
5 The woman at the travel agency gave us
an important about
finding hotels on the internet.

Revision 3
5 Complete the text about Amanda's favourite
aunt and uncle. Use the correct positive or
negative form of let or make. (Unit 14)
7 'H Choose the correct words and write
them on the lines. You do not need to use all
Aunt Sally lets me do what I want. She the words. (Units 11-15)
doesn't make me get up early if I don't
want to. Uncle Dan 1_ _ _ _ _ _ __ abroad beard broken decide ...e.nvelo~
me stay out until eleven o'clock. Aunt fantastic generous guitarist ketchup
Sally 2 me tidy my health instrument menu prefer
room, and she 3 me properly traffic university voluntary
invite friends to the house. Uncle Dan 4
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ me use their computer,
~ I've written the birthday card. I'm just
and they 5 me do the
washing-up. They 6 me writing the address on the envelope.
and my friends watch DVDs, too. My mum 1 Uncle Peter often gives Nick and Jenny
and dad always 7_ _ _ _ _ _ __
presents. He's very _ _ __
me do my homework before dinner, and 8
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ me watch television 2 Tom's learning to play the guitar. He'd like t
after nine o'clock. be a _ _ _ _ in a famous band.
3 Don't eat a lot of sugar. It isn't good for you'
6 Circle the correct words. (Units 14, 15)
~ Mrs Bell's car needs to repair /€Eairi39.
4 When Jenny leaves school, she'd like to
1 Tom's computer was broken so he had it
study at _ _ __
repaired/had repaired it.
5 Jenny plays the piano. Can you play a
2 Mrs Bell wants Nick feed/to feed Chip.
musical _ _ _ _ ?
3 Mr Bell is having his eyes tested/tested his
6 Nick mustn't stick Jenny's tennis racket. She
eyes.
should have it repaired _ _ __
4 Tom's hair needs cutting/cut.
7 Will you get a job in your country, or would
5 I let/had my bike mended last week.
you like to work _ _ _ _ 7
6 Mr Bell would like travelling/to travel to
8 Tom would like to do _ _ _ _ work in
China.
South America or Asia .
7 Nick's football socks need to wash/washing.
9 Nick's computer is _ _ _ _ . He says he
8 Amanda wants do/to do a Saturday job.
needs a new one.
9 Jenny's dad would like her be/to be a dentist.
10 Nick likes lots of on his chips.
10 Nick has promised to do/doing more work
11 The man had long, dark hair and a
for school.
11 Would/Could I have the menu, please?
12 Shall I buy the red shirt or the blue one? I
12 Nick wants to watch a DVD, but Tom would
can't _ _ __
prefer to go/go to the cinema.

Revision 3
8 eH Read the story. '(hoose a word from
the box. Write the correct word next to the
9 Find the mistakes and write the correct
words. (Units 11-15)
numbers 1-6. You do not need to use all the ~ Uncle Peter is 00 a nice person. such
words. There is one example. (Units 11-15)
1 Do Tom and Nick play football? Yes, they play
.piffrIc fell fly flying for after sat both football. _ _ _ _ _ __
away sitting under climbed
2 If I had more money, I will buy a new MP"3
player. _ _ _ _ _ __
(::-r"(, 3 Nick and his friends all are interested in
computers. _ _ _ _ _ __
r'lif"
~
'

~ '
~e-k -:v]----- Nick would like babies more if they play
-'" 4
' / f

,?~ football. _ _ _ _ _ __
One day last summer, my dad, my little 5 Shall I have cut my hair? It's too long.
brother Tommy and I went for a walk in the
country. Benny, our dog, went too. We took a
6 I can ft read this writing. I think my eyes need
piCHic basket with us, full of good things. It was
quite windy when we set off, and we love tested. _ _ _ _ __ _
1 our kite, so we took it with us. 7 Which country would you visit if you can
After we had walked for about an hour Tommy choose? _ _ _ _ _ __
said he was hungry, so we looked 2_ _ __
a place to have our picnic. Tommy saw a boy
8 My parents gave me ajewellery for my
with a brown dog. They were 3_ _ __ birthday. _ _ _ _ _ __
under a big tree. Benny ran up to the boy's dog 9 I've got an interesting information for you.
and started barking. So we 4 under
the tree with the boy and offered him some
food from our picnic basket. We talked and 10 Ask your parents. They'll give you an advice.
laughed and our dogs had lots of fun. There
was a hill not far 5 , so we took the
kite and ran to the top. It was very windy and
our kite flew high in the sky for at least five
min utes. Dad stayed down in the field and
took some photographs. Then suddenly the
wind stopped and the big, red kite 6_ _ __
down - on Dad's head!

Now choose the best name for the story. Tick


one box.
A picnic in the park D
Dad's unlucky day D
Dad flies a kite D

Revision 3
Relative clauses
It ·· ··· ··· .· ···· ··· .· ········ ··· ········· ····· ··· ···.·· .... ........... .. .. .
Grammar lesson
Relative clauses
Who, which, that and whose are relative
pronouns. They introduce relative clauses.
Robert is the boy who was staying in the ~at
next door.

We use who for people and which for things.


Amanda Here are our holiday photos from Italy. We can also use that for people and things.
That's the town where we stayed. That's Who/which/that can be subject or object of a
Robert, the boy who was staying in the relative clause.
flat next door. He's the boy who was staying in the flat next
door.
Anna Oh, is that the boy whose sister is a pop
He was staying next door. (Who is the subject.)
singer? You told me about him. He's the boy who I met on holiday.
Amanda Yes, that's right. He was nice. We had a I met him on holiday. (Who is the object.)
great time . When who/which/that is the object of the
Anna Do you always take photos of people relative clause, we can leave it out.
you meet on holiday and places you Robert is the boy I met on holiday. (OR the boy
stay at? who/that I met on holiday)
This is the photo I like best. (OR the photo
Amanda Yes, I do. But this is the photo I like
which/that I like best)
best. It's one of the funniest I've ever
I always take photos of people I meet. (OR
taken. We were eating in a restaurant people who/that I meet)
when Robert's chair broke and he fell
We often use where to talk about a place.
into his plate of spaghetti!
That's the town where we stayed.

Words to learn ~») 33 To show possession we use whose.


Is that the boy whose sister is a pop singer?
flat next door pop singer energy contain
brave thief steal light bulb belong Prepositions (at, in, from, etc.) come at the
end of the relative clause.
I always take photos of places we stay at.
........................................................................................................
:: ::: ::: ::::::: :: ::: :::: :: :: ::::: :::::::: ::: :: :::::::: ::::: ::: :: :: :: :::: :::::: :: :::::::::::: :::: :::::: :::
.........................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................

Unit 16
1 Food facts. Complete .the sentences with 2 Carrots are vegetables keep you r
which or who. eyes healthy.
3 In the past, most people ate food
_ _ _ _ they grew themselves.
4 Oranges and lemons are fruits _ _ __
contain a lot of vitamin C.
5 Someone eats lots of fruit and
vegetables will stay healthy.
~ The food which we eat gives us energy.
6 A vegetarian is a person doesn't
1 People are very active need more
eat meat.
energy.

2 Complete the text about Charles Dickens's book 'Oliver Twist'.


Use who, which, where or whose. If who or which is not necessary, write - ,

Charles Dickens wa s an English w rite r who lived


from 1812 to 1870. The books he w rote are famous
all around the world. In many of his books he w rote
~
about children 1 were poor and
2 had difficult lives. He often wrote about
people 3 he had known and places
4 he had lived. In some of his books he
wrote about terrible schools like the one
5 he went to himself.

Perhaps you know the story of Oliver Twist. 'Oliver Twist' is the book 6 was made into the
successful musical called 'Oliver'. It is about a boy 7 mother died when he was born. Because
there was nobody 8 could look after Oliver, he had to live in a workhouse. A workhouse was a
place 9 very poor people and children without parents lived. The people
10 ran the workhouse were very cruel. The children had to work very hard. They were always
tired, cold and hungry. Oliver was the only boy 11 was brave enough to ask for more food.

Oliver ran away to London. He met an older boy 12 promised him food and somewhere to
sleep. Oliver didn't know that the boy lived with thieves 13 stole from people's pockets. The
name of the old man 14 taught the boys to steal was Fagin. A lot of bad things happened to
Oliver, but he met a very kind old man 15 had known his mother. In the end, the man saved
him from Fagin and gave him a good home and a safe future.

Unit 16
3 Amanda has written a quiz about the USA 4 What is the name of the city in the desert
for the school magazine. Complete the _ _ __ is famous for its bright lights an r

questions with who, which or whose. Then


shows?
circle the correct answer.
A Chicago
B Las Vegas
C Santa Fe
5 The name of the very long street in
Manhattan _ __ _ is famous for its

theatres is ...
A Park Avenue
~ What is the name of the world-famous
B Fifth Avenue
American pop star who was called 'the King
C Broadway
of Pop'?
6 Name one of the presidents _ __ _
A Elvis Presley
heads are carved in Mount Rushmore.
B John Lennon
A Washington
© Michael Jackson
B Clinton
1 What is the name of the bridge _ _ __
C Obama
goes over San Franci sco Bay?
7 Who was the famous American _ _ __
A Brooklyn Bridge
invented the lightbulb?
B the Golden Gate Bridge
A Henry Ford
C Tower Bridge
B Thomas Edison
2 What is the name of the first man
C J D Rockefeller
_ _ _ _ walked on the Moon?
8 What is the name of the state _ _ __
A John Glenn
once belonged to Russia?
B Neil Armstrong
A Hawaii
C Louis Armstrong
B Washington
3 What is the name of the famous waterfalls
C Alaska
_ _ _ _ are on the border between the
USA and Canada?
A the Angel Falls
B the Victoria Falls
C the Niagara Falls

Unit 16
4 Find pairs. Write sentences with the verbs 2 I can 't find the DVDs. They were on this
and prepositions in the boxes. Put the shelf.
preposition at the end.

" l
r~. ' 1 1 ,~
3 Where's the orange juice? It was in the
fridge.
.,.
---=0:0::...--

4 Nick, where's that football? I lent it to you


I~
;p last week.

5 Ben, w here are the photos of the school


l.e.et drink listen sit sleep write
tri p? They were in my room.

l.wiffi with from in on to

~ A knife and a spoon are things we eat with. 6 I can 't find the blue trai ners. I wore them
1 _________________________________ yesterday.
2 _________________________________
3 _________________________________
4 _________________________________
6 Q Team game
5 _________________________________
Work with a partner first. Think of four
quiz questions about your own country.
5 Read the sentences. Write new sentences
Use who, which or where.
with the relative pronoun that where
What's the name of the person who ... ?
necessary.
What's the name of the river which ... ?
~ Where's the magazine? It was on this chair.
What's the name of the place where ... ?
Where's the magazine that was on this chair?
Make two teams. The teams take turns
~ Where's that new book? I bought it to ask each other their questions. The
yesterday. teacher gives points for correct questions
and answers.
Where's that new book I bought yesterday?
1 Mum, where's that new white T-shirt? You
~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!
washed it.
&] Teachers: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.

Unit 16
Indirect questions, commands and requests
Tom, Jenny, Nick and Ben are talking about the school
magazine.
Words to learn ~»)
questionnaire weigh champion
Nick, there's a ...
panic fire brigade lift

Grammar lesson
Indirect questions
Jenny asked if the USA quiz was finished. Nick told In indirect questions the word order is not the
Ben not to interrupt. same as in direct questions. It is the same as
in statements. We do not use do/does/did
When will the questionnaire on
to make indirect questions. We do not put a
healthy eating be finished?
question mark at the end.
If there is no question word (who, when, etc.)
in the direct question, we begin the indirect
question with if or whether.
'Is the USA quiz finished?' (direct question)
Jenny asked if the quiz was finished. (indirect
question)
Tom asked when the questionnaire on healthy eating
would be finished. Nick asked Ben to wait his turn. Reporting verbs for indirect questions are ask,
want to know, wonder. The change of tense is
the same as for indirect statements.

Direct speech Indirect speech


present past
past past perfect
present perfect past perfect
past perfect no change
will would
Jenny wanted to know whether Tom had done his may might
interview. Nick told Ben to be quiet. shall should
can could

I just wanted to tell him that


there was a worm in his salad.
It's too late now.

Unit 17
4 'Can you stand up?'
If there is a question word- in the direct
question, we repeat it in the indirect question.
·When will the questionnaire on healthy eating 5 'Does your knee hurt?'
oe finished?' (direct)
r/e asked when the questionnaire would be
l nished. (indirect) 6 'How did it happen?'

Indirect commands and requests


7 'What mode you fall?'
We form indirect commands with tell + person
- to + infinitive (base form).
\lick said, 'Be quiet, Ben.' 8 'Where hod you been?'
\lick told Ben to be quiet.
VVe use not to for negative commands. 9 'Were you on the way home?'
\lick said, 'Don't interrupt.'
\lick told Ben not to interrupt.
Ne can make indirect requests with ask + 10 'Shall I phone your parents?'
Derson + to + infinitive.
\lick said, 'Ben, wait your turn, please.'
11 'Do you w ont some help?'
'lick asked Ben to wait his turn .
.~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; I~ ~ ~; ~ ~ I; ~;; ~; ~~ ~~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~; ~~; ~ I~ ~ iI~ ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~; ~ ~ i~ ~ ~ ~i ~ ~ ~; ~ f; ~; ~ I~ ~ ~; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
12 'Shall I take you home?'
Yesterday, Anna saw a little boy who had
fallen off his bicycle. She went to help
him and asked him some questions. What
did she ask him? Report Anna's questions.
Remember the word order and the changes
of tense and pronouns.
~ 'What's your name?'
She. aske.d him what his name. was.
~ 'Are you all right?'

She. aske.d him if he. was all right.


1 'How old are you?'

2 'Where do you live?'

3 'Have you hurt yourself?'

Unit 17
2 Yesterday, Nick interviewed John Johnson,
an Olympic champion weight-lifter who was
visiting Merton. Read Nick's questions and
write them in the indirect form.

~ 'How much do you weigh?' 5 'Is it difficult to become a champion weigh--


Nick asked him how much he weighed. lifter?'
~ 'How many times have you been in the
Olympics?'
~e asked him how many times he had been in the 6 'How often do you train?'
Olympics.
1 'How did you start weight-lifting?'
7 'Who is the best weight-lifter in the world?'

2 'How long have you been a champion


weight-lifter?' 8 'Have you been to Merton before?'

3 'How many gold medals have you won?' 9 'Will you win your next competition?'

4 'How many kilos can you lift?' 10 'How can I become the strongest boy at
school?'

Unit 17
3 Nick was getting reaci¥ to go on a school 4 Q Partner activity
trip. He asked his family to do things. Report Read the fire notice and try to remember
his commands and requests. the instructions. After two minutes the
~ 'Dad, will you get my suitcase out of my teacher will tell you to close your books.
Then take turns to report what the notice
wardrobe, please?'
tells you to do.
Ue agked hig dad to get hig guitcage out of hig
wardrobe.
~ 'Jenny, don't forget to feed my goldfish.'
Ue told Je~1t1y not to forget to feed hig goldfigh.
1 'Can you lend me your backpack, Jenny?'

2 'Jenny, don't use my computer!'

3 'Don't read my emails, Dad!'

4 'Will you buy me some toothpaste, Mum?'

5 'Could you lend me some money, Dad?'

6 'Mum, will you iron my blue T-shirt, please?'


~

Student 1 It tells you not to panic.


Student 2 It tells you to call the fire
7 'Mum, don't let Trig eat too much cake.'
brigade.

@;'D Visit Trig's website for more practice!


8 'Dad, can you take me to the station,
please?'
&1 TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.

Unit 17
Ought to and should; phrasal verbs
Jenny Mum's got a headache. You ought to be
quiet. You shouldn't make 50 much noise. Grammar lesson
Nick Did you say something?
Ought to and should
Jenny The music's too loud. You ought to turn it
We use ought to + infinitive (base form) or
down.
should + infinitive to give advice or to say what
Nick I can't hear you! we think is right. Ought to means the same as
Jenny Don't shout, Nick! And turn the music should. In questions and negative forms, we
down! use should more often than ought to.
I should go I shouldn't go Should I go?
Nick Yes, I've already been to town.
I ought to go
Jenny No, Nick. Your music. Turn down your
music! Phrasal verbs
Nick I give up. I can't hear you . The music's too Phrasal verbs are formed with a verb + adverb
loud. (for example, down, up, on, off) .
turn down
Sometimes the meaning is clear (for example,
stand up, sit down, turn something down/
up, turn something on/off, write something
down). Often, the two words together have a
special meaning which we can't guess.
give up (= stop trying to do something)
Sometimes a phrasal verb has an object. If the
object is a noun, we can put it before or after
the adverb:
Turn the music down.
Turn down the music.
If the object is a pronoun (him, her, it, them)
it must go between the verb and the adverb:
Words to learn ~») 37 Turn it down!
apologize argument government idea
Look at these phrasal verbs.
tax waste unnecessary form oven
put something on
Nick is putting on his jacket.
He is putting it on.
take something off
Tom is taking off his football boots.
He is taking them off.

18
2 Read what they say. What do they think the
Here are some more useful phrasal verbs and
government ought to do or shouldn't do?
their meanings. (Sometimes phrasal verbs
have more than one meaning.) It would be a good idea to
carry on = continue pay nu rses and teachers more
money. They do very important
clean something up = make something
jobs.
clean again
get in = enter (a car)
~ Marion thinks the government ought to pay
hold on =wait
"urses a"d teachers more mo"ey.
look for something = try to find something
ring someone up = phone someone Making people pay more ta x is
set off = leave on a journey bad. They already pay enough .
stay in = stay at home
fill something in = write words in spaces
put something on = get dressed in
t Dave thin ks the government
something
try something on = wear something t o
test the size
throw something away = put something in t he
I think building more roads,
bin
hospitals and schoo ls wo uld be a
ring someone up = phone someone
.... ............
good thing .
...... ....... ................................
............................
....... ... ......... ...... ... .. ......
.......................
.. ........ ........ .........
... .................................... ................ .... ....
.........
.......... ............. ...... ................ .......
...... .......... ...........
.... .....
,

.............................
.. .. ....... .... .................
........ ........ ... .......
.............. .........
.... .......... ..... .. .........
.......... ....
... ..........
.............. ..

1 Complete the sentences. Use ought to and 2 Ma x th inks t he government


shouldn't.

~ Nick is reading in bed, but it's late. He ought


to sleep now. I think helping poor countries
t Nick's room is untidy again . He _ __ _ more would be a good thing to do.
Lots of children can't go to school
clean it up. because they live in a poor co unt ry.
2 Nick play loud music when
3 Sofia thinks the government
Mum's got a headache.
3 He turn his music down.
4 Jenny says Nick make so much
The government often wastes
nOise. money on unnecessary t hin gs.
5 She says Nick be quiet when That makes people angry.
she's doing homework.
6 Nick says Jenny tell him what to
4 Alice thinks the government

do.

Unit 18
3 Choose A, B or C. Complete the sentences. 4 Write the correct phrasal verbs.
~ It's dark in here, Tom. (an you turn 0., the
clean up ..fi.l.I-1ri turn on take off
light, please?
try on throwaway
A off @ on (out
1 Nick has been looking his mobile,
~ fill i., - - (form)
but he can't find it.
A over B for (after (a cr~ssward) ~(a questionnaire)
2 What time are you going to set _ _ __
on the school trip?
A off B up (at
1 _ _ _ _ __ ___ - (Your dirty boot~
3 If you're going to town, I'll go with you. Just
( your haD ~(Yaur coat)
hold a minute.
A out B up (on
4 What did you do last night, Tom? - I stayed 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ - (Old newspapers:
_ _ _ _ and watched a DVD.
A out B in (over ( empty bottles) ~(rubbish)
5 Jenny, can you turn _ _ __ the TV,
please? It's too loud.
3 _ _ _ _ _ _ __ - (the TV)
A out B up (down
6 Nick, your boots are dirty. (an you take
( the light) ~(Yaur mobile phone)
them , please?
A off Bout (down
7 (arry _ __ _ with the exercise until I tell 4 _ _______ - (n ew clothes)

~(sunglasses)
you to stop.
A over B on (off ( new Shoes)

8 Nick is putting _ _ _ _ his coat. It's cold


outside.
5 _ _ __ _ _ __ - (a mess)
A off B on (over

( broken glass) ~(an untidy roam)

Uni t 18
5 Complete the sentenc.es. Then fill in the 6 Answer the requests. Say you've already
crossword. done it. Use the present perfect with already
and replace the underlined words with it or
1
I them. Think about the word order.
~d 20 W 11 ~ Take your dirty shoes off. I've just cleaned
3 4
the floor.
,----- I
5 6 I've already takel1 them off.
7 8 9 10 1 Put your gloves on. It's cold outside.
I

r---- f---
11 2 Turn up the television, please.
'------- I
12 13
'-------
3 Write down the words in your notebook.
, -

Across 4 Try on th e shoes befo re you buy th em.


~ Don't stand up. Sit dOWI1 .

1 Come ! We're late. 5 Turn the li ghts off in your room.


3 It's cold outside. your coat on.

6 You've left the oven on. I'll turn it 6 Turn down the oven. It's too hot.
7 The light's too bright. Con you it

off, please? 7 Clean up the mess in the kitchen .


9 Please on reading to page 34.

11 Your shoes ore dirty. them off. 8 Throwaway your old comics.
12 I can't do it. I up.

Down 7 Q Partner activity


1 Wait! Hold 0 moment, please. Work with 0 partner. Write 0 short
2 It's too worm. I'll take my coat _ _ _ _ , dialogue using phrasal verbs.
Student 1 Your shoes are dirty. I think
4 Those shoes look nice. Why don't you
you should take them off.
_ _ _ _ them on? And you should clean up your
5 I don't wont to go out tonight. I'll room.

_ _ _ _ in and watch TV. Student 2 But I cleaned it up yesterday.

6 Put your football boots . Let's ploy!


@~:o Visit Trig's website for more practice!
8 I'll you up from the airport.
10 Let's throw these old comics. &] TEACHERS: now down load the online
13 Why don't you stay tonight and worksheet for this unit.

go to bed early?
Unit 18
Question tags; wish + past simple; plural nouns
Jenny I wish I had enough money to buy a
ticket for the concert. Grammar lesson
Amanda I wish I didn't have to go to see my
Question togs
aunt on Saturday.
We often use a question tag at the end of a
Jenny It isn't fair that we can't go to the
statement when we ask for agreement.
concert, is it? It isn't fair that we can't go to the concert, is it?
Amanda 'Power' are fantastic, aren't they? Jake's
If the statement is affirmative, the question
lovely, isn't he?
tag is negative.
Jenny Yes, but he always wears sunglasses, Joke's lovely, isn't he?
doesn't he? If the statement is negative, the question tag
Amanda I think his sunglasses are great. is affirmative:
None of them eat meat, do they?
Jenny None of them eat meat, do they?
If the statement verb is be, have, do, can,
Amanda No. They're all vegetarians.
must, should, etc., we repeat it in the question
Nick I wish I didn't have to listen to you tag . With other verbs we use a form of do in
talking about 'Power'! the question tag.
He always wears sunglasses, doesn't he?

Question tags always end with I, you, he, she,


it, we, they or there.

Wish + post simple


We use wish + past simple to talk about
something in the present that we would like to
be different.
I wish I had enough money. (I don't have
enough money.)
I wish I didn't have to go. (I have to go.)
Note also: I wish I could (do something) ...

Plural nouns
Some nouns are always plural, so the verb is
also plural:
jeans pyjamas sunglasses
trousers shorts tights
scissors glasses
I think his sunglasses are great.

Unit 19
2 The school basketball team has just lost
We can say a pair of with jeans, trousers,
a match. Tom's discussing it with Simon.
shorts, socks, shoes, etc. Then the verb is
Complete the conversation with question
singular.
tags.
There are some nice jeans in the shop window.
There is a nice pair of jeans in the shop Simon The players in the other team were
window. quite good, weren't they?
::::::::::::::::: ::::: :: :::: ::::::::::::::
.... ... .. ............................. .... :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::::: :: :::::::::::::::::::::::::
............. ... ........ ..................... ........... .. .. ..
. :::::::::::::::: :::: :::::::::::::: ::: :::: ::::::::::::::::::: :::: ::::::: :::::::::::: :::::::::::::::: :::: : Tom But I didn't play very well, did I?

1 Write question tags.


Simon You didn't play as well as usual, but
Mark played well,
Ben's writing a quiz about different countries.
1 7
He isn 't sure about some of the answers, so
he's asking Nick. Tom Yes, that was a surprise,
2 7
~ The Eiffel Tower is in Paris, isn't it?
Simon But we've got some good players,
1 The Empire State Building is in New York,
3 ? There's Tony,
________________ 7
and Jeff, and Robbie ...
2 About 310 million people live in the USA, Tom Yes, but they w eren 't good enough

------------------7
t oday, 4 ? I was
bad too , 5 7
3 The Golden Gate Bridge is in San Francisco,
Simon Well, you missed some tra ining,
- - - -- -- - - - - - - - - -
7
6 7
4 Alaska is the largest state in the USA,
Tom Yes, I did. If we lose the next match,
- - - -- ---------_7 we won't be in the final,
7 7
5 Koalas and kangaroos only live in Australia,
Simon But we aren't going to lose the next
----------------?
match,8 ?
6 In 2010 the football World Cup was in South
Africa, 7

7 Most people in Switzerland can speak three


languages, 7

8 There are about 190 countries in the world,


7

Unit 19
3 What are they thinking? Write sentences
with I wish + past simple.

5 Ben doesn't know how to do the maths


homework.
~ Nick is at the back of the queue.
I wish I was at the froHt of the queue. OR

I wish I wasH't at the back of the queue.

6 The boots are too expensive.


1 Anna is ill.

:ljfl
2 Sue has straight hair.
7 Anna has to go to school on her birthday.

3 Nick can't dance.


8 Tom can't buy new football boots.

"

4 The new coat is too small.

Unit 19
4 Anna and Amanda are shopping. Circle the Amanda Oh. What a lovely blue skirt!
correct words and phrases. Anna But 7 that's/those are a pair of pink
Anna Is that~ new sunglasses shorts.
that you're wearing? Amanda 8TheylIt would go well with 9those/
Amanda Yes. Nick gave 1it/them to me. But I that striped tights. And look at
can't see very well through 2it/them. lOthat/those jeans! I would love
Everything looks a bit strange. 11 a/some pair of them .
Anna Look at 3 that/those red trousers. Anna 12 This is/Those are the yellow
Amanda The 40ne/ones next to the T-shirts? pyjamas again! Amanda, did Nick
tell you what kind of sunglasses
Anna No. 5 Those are/That's a pair of
13 they are/it is? I think you should
yellow pyjamas. Why don't we look
give 14 it/them back to him.
at those dresses over there?
Amanda Which dresses do you mean? 5 Q Class game
Anna The 6 one/ones behind you. Look, Make two teams. A student from Team
this is very nice. A says a sentence in the affirmative,
Amanda But it's green. I don't like green . as in Ben's quiz questions in exercise 1.
A student from Team B must add the
Anna Green? No, Amanda . It's red.
correct question tag.
Team A The capital of Englond is
London, ...
Team B isn't it?
Team B says the next sentence.
Team B Tigers live in Indio, ...

~!A Team A don't they?


The teacher gives points for correct
answers.

@;::) Visit Trig's website for more practice!


~ TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.

Unit 19
Verbs with to + infinitive or -ing form
Anna I'm bored with sitting in my room, but I
don't know what to do. Grammar lesson
Jenny Do you want to ploy tennis?
Verbs with to + infinitive
Anna I don't know how to play.
We use to + infinitive (base form) after agree,
Jenny Do you feel like swimming? decide, hope, learn, offer, promise, refuse,
Anna No, I hate getting wet. seem, want, etc.
Jenny Amanda has invited us to go riding with A friend offered to teach me to ride .
her. We use to + infinitive after the question words
Anna I don't know how to ride. My friend offered when, what, where, how, etc. (but not after
to teach me once, but the horse kicked me why).
I don't know what to do.
so I refused to get on it.
Jenny Nick wants us to go to the zoo with him We use to + infinitive after some verbs +

later. objects. For example, advise, ask, expect,


help, invite, order, persuade, tell, want, etc.
Anna I don 't approve of keeping animals in zoos .
Nick wants us to go to the zoo with him.
I stopped visiting zoo s two years ago .
Jenny You don't want to do anything, do you? Verbs with -ing form
Anna Exactly! That's why I'm so bored. We always use the -ing form of a verb which
follows avoid, enjoy, feel like, finish, can't
help, don't mind, risk, can't stand, suggest,
etc.
Do you feel like swimming?
I can't stand seeing animals in cages.

We always use the -ing form of a verb which


follows a preposition.
I'm bored with sitting in my room .
I don't approve of keeping animals in zoos.
To + infinitive or -ing form?
After some verbs we can use to + infinitive or
an -ing form without on important change
Words to learn ~») 41 in meaning . These verbs are begin, continue,
hate, like, love, start and a few others.
refuse approve of cage inventor
I hate getting wet. OR I hate to get wet.
headmaster passenger surf (the internet)

Unit 20
7 You can't help getting/to get your hair wet
After stop and remember we can use to +
when you go swimming.
infinitive or an -ing form, but there is a change
8 Her friend offered to teach/teaching Anna
in meaning.
I stopped visiting zoos. (= I don't visit zoos to ride.
now.) 9 Anna won't risk falling/to fall off the horse.
I stopped to visit a zoo. (= purpose, in order to 10 She doesn't want doing/to do anything.
visit a zoo)
I remember buying the tickets. (= I remember 3 Complete the story about the inventor
that I bought ... ) Thomas Edison. Use to + infinitive or an -ing
I remembered to buy the tickets.(= I didn't form.
forget to buy ... )
................................. ...... ....................... .........................................
Thomas Edison was one of the greatest
................. ...... ............................................................ ....................
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: inventors of all time, but he didn't enjoy ~
1 Write the verbs in the correct lists. (go) to school. When Edison was only seven,
his teacher decided 1_ _ _ _ _ _ __
en}ey-..warrt promise can't help decide (send) him home because he refused
risk don't mind can't stand hope
2 (do) his schoolwork. Edison only
refuse offer seem hate feel like
went to school for three months, but he
never stopped 3 (learn).
+ to work + working
His mother decided 4 _ __ _ _ __ _
want tnjoy
(teach) him the most important things, and
she persuaded him 5_ _ _ _ _ _ __
(read) about science.

Edison didn't mind 6 _ _ _ _ _ _ __

(stay) at home and he enjoyed


7 (read). He didn't have
enough money for books and he wanted
8 (learn) so when he
was twelve he began 9_ _ _ _ _ _ __
2 Circle the correct words.
(sell) newspapers and sweets to train
~ Jenny enjoys to Pla~aYi'3> tennis. passengers to get money for books. He loved
1 Anna is bored with to do/doing nothing.
10 (do) experiments, and
2 She doesn't know what doing/to do.
he set up a small laboratory at the back of a
3 Jenny can't persuade Anna to go/going to
train. When he was older, he invented the light
the zoo.
bulb and many other useful and important
4 She doesn't approve of keeping/to keep
things.
animals in cages.
5 Anna doesn't feel like swimming/to swim --"WIll/I/,-
~

either.
=
6 She can't stand to get/getting her hair wet.

Unit 20
4 Some tourists are visiting London for the 5 Complete the sentences. Use the verbs in
first time. Complete what they say. Use the brackets with to + infinitive or an -ing form.
question words in the box and to + infinitive. Then answer the questions (Yes or No).
Sometimes there is more than one possible
answer.

~ Do you expect everyone to have (have)


a mobile phone?
Yes D No L
1 Do you approve of _ _ _ __ _ __
(buy) a mobile phone for a child under te n?
Yes D No L
b.owfgef where/go where/get 2 Do you enjoy _ _ _ __ _ _ _ (send )
how/travel how/use what/see
how/get where/buy who/ask text messages on your mobile phone?
Yes D No L
~ We'd like to see Big Ben, but w e don't know 3 Do you like _ __ _ _ ___ (get) te xt
how to get th ere. messages?
1 Could you tell us _ _ _ _ _ _ __ for Yes D No L
the best shops?
4 Do you mind people _ __ _ _ _ __
2 We don't know _ _ _ __ _ _ _ In
(use) mobile phones in buses and trains?
London. What are the best sights?
Yes D No L
3 We don't know _ _ __ __ _ _ on the
5 Should parents refuse _ __ _ __ __
Tube. Could you explain it to us?
4 Could you show us _ __ __ __ _ (let) young children play computer games?
the ticket machine? It looks difficult. Yes D No L
5 We don't know _ _ _ __ _ _ _ a 6 Do you approve of _ _ _ _ _ __ _
street map. We need one. (let) children under ten surf the internet?
6 Could you tell us _ __ _ _ _ _ _
Yes D No L
tickets for a musical? We'd like to see one.
7 Can computers help ch ildren
7 What museums should we see? We don't
_ __ _ _ _ _ _ (learn)?
know for advice.
Yes D No L
8 We want to go to the London Eye. Please tell
us _ _ _ _ _ __ _ the re. 8 Should child ren start _ _ __ _ _ __
(use) a computer from the age of two?
Yes D No L
Un it 20
6 Choose A, B or C. Comp~te the sentence. 7 On his way to the station, Mr Bell stopped
_ __ __ _ _ _ a letter.
~ Mr Bell used to play golf, but he stopped
playing five years ago. A to post

A play B post
C posting
B to play
© playing
8 Jenny, stop so much

1 Mrs Bell must remember noise!

_ _ __ _ ___ some dog food for A making

Chip.
B to make
A to buy C make
9 Nick didn't remember _ _ _ _ _ _ __
B buying
Sue to his party, so she was cross.
C buy
2 On her way home from school, Jenny
A inviting

stopped to some
B invite
C to invi te
friends .
10 Je nny ca n remembe r _ _ _ _ _ __ _
A talking
off her bike and her
B to talk
leg w hen she was six.
C talk
3 Nick can remember _ __ _ _ _ __ A to fall, breaki ng

Paul's DVDs back to him.


B falling, to break
C falling, breaking
A to give
B giving 7 Q Partner activity
C give Work with a partner. Tell your partner
4 Mr Blake told the class to stop three things that you remember doing in
the past, and three things that you must
A to talk remember to do next week.
B talk I remember going to the dentist the first
C talking time.
5 Nick can remember to I must remember to buy my brother a
school for the first time. birthday present.
A to go
B go @:a Visit Trig's website for more practice!

C going
6 Ben didn't remember _ __ __ _ __
&l TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.
his bike. He can't ride it.
A repairing
B to repair
C repair

Unit 20
1 Choose A, B or C. Complete the sentences. 3 Here's a photo of a very old town. We visite:
(Unit 16) it a few times.
~ That's the boy who sold me his MP3 player.
A whose B which © who
1 That's the girl cat has run away. 4 This is our favourite restaurant. It served
A who B that C whose really big pizzas.
2 Here's a picture of the small town
_ __ _ we stayed in France.
A who B that C where 5 This is Janette and her sister. They were
3 Look. That's the bus will take you staying in the room next door.
to the town centre.
A who B that C whose
4 Let me tell you about the youth hostel
3 Tom wasn't at school when the captain told
_ _ _ _ we stayed at.
the football team about the next match.
A who B- C whose Later Tom asked the captain some questions.
5 Is that the teacher _ __ _ son is in What did he want to know? Complete the
Nick's class? sentences. (Unit 17)
A who B whose C tha t ~ What team are we playing against?
Tom wanted to know what team they were
2 Nick is showing Tom his holiday photos.
playing against.
Write new sentences with the relative
pronouns who or which where necessary. 1 Are they good players?
(Unit 16) He wanted to know if _ _ _ _ _ _ __

• Here's a photo of some friends. We met


them at the hotel. 2 Has our school played against the team
Here's a photo of some friends we met at the before?

hoteL He asked whether _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

1 We met some people from Scotland.


They were staying at the hotel, too. 3 Who won the last match?
He asked _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __

2 We drove to an old castle. We found it on 4 Where will the match ta ke place?


the map. He wanted to know _ __ __ _ _ __

5 What time does it start?


He asked _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ __

Revisi on 4
.
4 Write indirect comman<is and requests. 5 Choose A, B or C. Complete the sentences.
(Unit 17) (Units 18-20)
~ Mum said, 'Jenny, can you get some bread ~ Tom plays in the school football team,
from the supermarket, please?' doesl1't he?
Mum asked JeHHY to get some bread from the A don't he
supermarket. @ doesn't he
~ Dad said, 'Don't make so much noise, Nick.' ( does he
Dad told Nick Hot to make so much Hoise. 1 Ben, I've just seen Tom. He wants you to
1 Aunt Sarah said, 'Mark, turn your music
down, please.' A ring up him
Aunt Sarah told _ __ __ __ _ __ B ring him up
C ring them up
2 The maths teacher said, 'Tom, could you 2 Your roo m is still untidy. I think you
give out the books, please?' _ _ _ __ _ _ _ tidy it up.
The maths teacher asked _ __ __ _ _ A ought
B should
3 Dad said, 'Jenny, don't talk on the phone for C should to
hours, please.' 3 Nobody's watching television. Why don't you
Dad told _ __ __ _ __ _ _ __ turn it ?
A away
4 Mum said, 'Nick, can you feed (hip, please?' Bout
Mum asked _ __ _ _ __ _ __ _ C off
4 Mark isn't going to the cinema with us,
5 Dad said, 'Jenny, help Mum in the kitchen .' -----------------?
Dad told _ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ __ A does he
B isn't he
6 The French teacher said, 'Nick, can you give C is he
in your homework on time, please?' 5 Nick wishes he do a
The French teacher asked _ _ _ _ _ __ French test tomorrow.
A had to
B doesn't have to
C didn't have to
6 I've seen blue
trousers in a shop in Marsh Street.
A nice
B a nice pair of
C a nice

Revision 4
6 Complete the conversation. Use to + Jenny I hope I can afford
infinitive or the -ing form of the words in 13 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (buy) a ticke t =
brackets. (Unit 20)
haven't got much pocket money let..
Jenny I would like to do (do) something Anna Don't worry. It won't cost much -
exciting this weekend. I'll be bored and at least you won't be bored w itr
with watching (watch) television again. 14_ _ _ _ _ _ (sit) in your roor
Anna Well, what about 1 again all weekend.
(go) camping?
7 Complete the sentences. Use the words in the
Jenny No, I think my parents want me
box. (Units 16-20)
2 (stay) at home.
They want 3 (visit) champion fire brigade glasses jeans
light bulb passenger pyjamas thief
my grandparents on Saturday.
~
Anna Oh. Well, Aunt Sarah has promised
4 (take) us to the horse ~ If you don't eat meat, you are called a
riding competition in Middleton. Would vegetarian.
you like 5 (come) 1 This was invented by Edison a long time
ago. When you switch it on, it gives light.
with us? It's on Saturday afternoon.
Jenny Oh, great! I really enjoy
2 This is someone who wins the final of a
6 (watch) horses. sports competition. _ _ _ _ _ _ __
I would love 7 (go) 3 A person who steals something is called
with you . I hope my parents won't this. _ _ _ _ _ __ _

mind 8 (go) to 4 You wear these in bed.

Grandma's without me.


5 This is someone who travels by bus, train,
Anna Well, you could suggest
plane or boat, or in a car with a driver.
9 (visit) your
grandparents on Sunday. 6 These were invented by Levi Strauss.
Jenny Amanda loves 10 People wear them in their free time.
(ride). Perhaps she'll feel like
11 7 These people put out fires and rescue peop.:?
(come), too.
from burning buildings. Together they are
Shall I ask her? Is there enough room
called the _ _ _ _ _ _ __
in the car? 8 You sometimes wear these to see or read
Anna Of course. I'm sure Aunt Sarah won't better. _ _ _ _ _ _ __
mind 12 (drive) us all.

..
Revision 4
9
8 "H Read the text. Choose the right words
and write them on the lines. (Units 16-20)
Find the mistakes and write the correct
words. (Units 16-20)
~ Nick wants to know when does the film begin.
the film begil1s
1 The 6nglish teacher says Ben should stop to
The London Eye be silly in the lessons. _ __ __ __
2 NiCk's shoes were dirty. Jenny told him to take
off them. - -_ _ _ __
3 Anna asked Mark lend her his backpack for
If you 're in London and you have seel1 all the the school trip. _ _ _ _ _ __
famous places, there's one more thing you 4 The sun's shining today, doesn't it?
must do: take a ride on the London Eye! The
Eye is a big passenger wheel 1 the 5 {.an you wash this jeans, please, Mum?
River Thames, 2 is visited by more
than three million people 3 year. It's 6 Jenny has bought a new sunglasses.
London's most popular tourist attraction. From
the top you can see almost 40 kilometres on a 7 On his way home Nick stopped buying a comic.
clear day.

The wheel 4 very 5 , at 8 Do you eQjoy to collect things?


less than one kilometre an hour, and the ride
takes about half 6 hour. The wheel 9 Anna's parents want that she becomes a
can carry 800 passengers, but in Asia there
teacher. _ _ _ _ _ __
are three wheels that are bigger 7 _ _ __ 10 Aunt Sarah doesn't allow Anna stay up after
the Eye. 8 you want to take the ride,
midnight. _ _ _ _ _ __
you sometimes 9 to wait a long 11 After school, Tom would like study sport at
time in the queue. The Eye is expensive too,
university. _ _ _ _ _ __
but 10 enjoys it. 12 That's Louise, the girl which came to the party
with J1ll. _ _ _ _ _ __
~ see seeing seen
1 in on at
2 who which
3 a an the
4 move moving moves
5 slowly slower slow
6 a an of
7 as then than
8 Because If Until
9 must have should
10 somebody nobody everybody

Revision 4
Comparison of adverbs; wish + past perfect
Nick and his band are practising a new song. Jenny's
listening. Grammar lesson
Nick Stop! It sounds terrible . We should play it
more slowly.
Comparison of adverbs
Adverbs of manner describe how we do things
Ben Well, I think we should play it faster -
(carefully, badly, slowly, well, etc.). We use
and you're playing worse than you did
more and the most to make the comparative
yesterday, Tom.
and superlative of regular adverbs which
Tom I'm playing better than you are. end in -ly.
Nick Relax. We'll just have to practise harder. quietly more quietly the most quietly
I wish you had heard us last night, Jenny. slowly more slowly the most slowly
We played well. In fact, we played the best We play more quietly when the neighbours
we've ever played. start complaining.
Jenny You sound good to me. But wasn't it a bit Some irregular adverbs are the same as
loud? adjectives.
fast faster the fastest
Ben We play more quietly when the neighbours
hard harder the hardest
start compla ining .
early earlier the earliest
We'll have to practise harder.
Here are some more irregular adverbs:
well better the best
badly worse the worst
much more the most
little less the least
I'm playing better than you are.
We played the best we've ever played.

We use than to make comparisons in the


same way as with adjectives.
You're playing worse than you did yesterday.

Wish + past perfect


Words to learn ~»)) 43
We use wish + past perfect to talk about
gently thoroughly deeply cure resolution
something in the past that we regret. We
regularly earring pretend
cannot change what happened or didn't
happen.
I wish you had heard us last night. (Jenny
didn't hear them last night.)

Unit21
1 Complete the table with the correct form of
the adverbs.
Adverb Comparative Superlative
slowly more slowly the most slowly
Cast faster 1
Nell 2 the best
easily 3 4 easily?
1\
quietly 5 6
7 worse 8
m uch 9 10
11 more carefully I 12
little 13 14
th oroughly 15 16
17 earlier 18
19 20 the hardest

2 Complete the advertisements. Use the 4 Breatheasy will cure colds


comparative form of the adverbs in the box. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ than any other
Sometimes there is more than one possible medicine.
answer.
5 Spend when you buy
your food at Easysave.

I fast
deeply
quickly
little
gent ly -tAerot:rgtTty

~ The new Magic Brush will clean your teeth


more thorougb1y than ever before!
1 Superclean washes your clothes
_ _ __ _ _ _ _ than any other ')

washing powder.
2 Softsoap will clean your face
_ _ _ __ _ _ _ than ever before.
3 Oeepsleep will help you to sleep
_ _ __ _ _ _ _ than you thought
possible.

Unit 21
3 Complete Ben's resolutions for the new year. 4 Write sentences. Use wish + past perfect.
Use the comparative form of the adverbs in
the box. Sometimes there is more than one
possible answer.

early neatly hard carefully quietly


regularly much ~ well

~ I will talk less in maths lessons.


1 I will listen to the teachers

2 I will go to bed _ _ _ _ _ _ __
3 I will write _ _ _ _ _ _ __
4 I will do my homework

~ Adam spent all his money.


5 I will behave _ _ _ _ __ __ at
Adam wishes he hadn't sRent all his money.
school.
1 Jenny bought a skirt that she didn't really
6 I will train _ __ _ _ __ _ for the
like.
football team. Jenny wishes _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _
7 I will play my music _ __ _ _ __ _
8 I will work _ __ _ _ _ _ _ for exams.
2 Anna sold her mobile phone.
Anna wishes _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _

3 Tom lost his key.


Tom wishes _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _

4 Nick didn't enter the photography


competition. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

5 Amanda didn't buy the earrings she liked.

6 Mark moved the furniture around in his


room. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___

7 Jenny missed her favourite TV programme.

8 Ben didn't go to Max's party. _ _ _ __

Unit 21
5 What do they wish thE!¥ had done? Write
new sentences.

She wishes ...


S I wasn 't nice to him.

6 I pretended not to be interested in what he


was saying .

7 I told him I was at the youth club w ith


someone else.
He wishes ...
~ I didn't ask what her name was.
I wish I had asked her what her name was. 8 I didn't tell him my name.
1 I didn't ask her where she lived.

2 I told her that she had a funny voice. 6 Q Partner activity


Think of what you did or didn't do last
week. Are there things you wish you had
done or hadn't done? Say three things to
3 I didn't tell her that I usually go to the youth
your partner.
club on Saturdays.
I wish I'd gone to town with my friends
on Saturday.
I wish I hadn't lost my moths book.
4 I left early.

VJ~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!

~ TEACHERS: now down load the online


worksheet for this unit.
Unit 21
The passive
Mr Blake Is everything ready for the school party
on Friday? Grammar lesson
Nick Yes, almost. The posters were put
The passive
up last week and the hall has been
decorated. A few things still have to be We make the passive with a form of be and
the past participle.
done. I'm going to book the DJ tonight.
Jenny I thought the DJ had been booked! Present the food is made

Nick Don't worry. He's usually free on Fridays. Past the posters were put up

Mr Blake The music will be turned off at ten Present the hall has been decorated
o'clock, won't it? perfect

Nick Yes, it will. Past the DJ had been booked


perfect
Mr Bloke And what about the food? Who's going
to make it? Future the music will be turned off
Nick The food is always made by the Object
teachers. Didn't you know that, Active Somebody put up the posters.
Mr Bloke? Passive The posters were put up.
Subject
We use the passive if we do not know who
does something, or if it is not important or not
necessary to say who does it.
We can use by + person/thing if we want to
say who or what did the action.
The food is always made by the teachers.

We often use the passive infinitive (be + past


participle) after verbs such as can, must, may,
might, have to and should.
A few things still have to be done .
.................. ......................................................................................
... ... ... .. ... ................... ........ .......... ............... .. .......... .. ... .. ............. .. ....
:::::::::::::::::::: :: :: :::::::::::::: :::::::::::::::::::
......... .. ...................................... ..... ... ::::::::
........ ::::::::::::: :::::: ::::::: :: :::
... ... ....................... ::::::::
..........

Words to learn ~»)) 45


decorate para medic examine provide
knock down include improve

Unit 22
1 Write new sentences ...Use the passive. 2 What has been done to the street? look at
~ We have decorated the school hall. the pictures. Complete the sentences with
the present perfect passive of the verbs in
The school hall has been decorated.
the box.
1 We decorate the hall every year.

2 We have put up some posters.

3 We'll book the DJ this evening.

4 Last week we sold over a hundred tickets .

5 We have planned everything.

6 We'll sell food and drinks.


.d.ooA--u!J knock down move paint
plant provide repair
7 We have invited all the teachers .

~ The street has beet! cleaned u~.


8 We won't play the music too loud. 1 Flowers _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
2 Rubbish bins _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __
9 We'll turn off the music at ten o'clock. 3 The bus stop _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
4 The old house _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
5 Theshops _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
10 We will eat all the food. 6 The broken windows _ _ _ _ _ _ __

Unit 22
3 Rewrite the underlined sentences in the past 4 What had been done in the school holiday?
simple passive. Use by where necessary. Complete the sentences with the past
Ben I saw an accident on my way home perfect passive of t he words in brackets.
from school. A car and a van had ~ New desks had beet! bought (buy) for the
crashed, and a boy had fallen off his
classrooms.
bike. A woman with a baby called the
police. lThey stopped the traffic. 2They 1 Flowers __________________________
closed the road . too. 3Someone called (plant) outside the school.
an ambulance. 2 The classrooms ___________________
Anna Was anybody hurt?
(paint).
Ben I'm not sure. 4The paramedics examined
the two men and the boy. 5They took 3 A ten nis cou rt _____________________
them to hospital but I don't think they (build).
were badly hurt. Lots of people stopped
4 The broken fence ___________________
to look. 6Two policemen sent about
twenty people away. (repair).
5 Showers _________________________
~ The police were called by a womat! with a baby.
1 _______________________________ (put in) in the changing rooms .

2 _______________________________ 6 The library ________________________

3 _______________________________ (make) bigger.

4 _______________________________ 7 New computers ___________________

(provide) in the library.

5 _______________________________ 8 A new school sign _ _ __ _ _ __ _

6 _______________________________ (put up).


9 Some old classrooms _______________

(knock down) .
10 The car park _____________________
(move) .

Unit 22
5 Complete the text about the Olympic Games. 6 What are they saying about the
Use the passive: present simple, past simple, environment? Write passive sentences.
present perfect, past perfect or future of the
verbs in brackets.
Alice ~e should clean up the
./
aj
.....
1- Sofia We should protect wildlife.

o Dove

Marion
We could use more solar energy.

We mustn't pollute seas and rivers.

The Olympic Games are held (hold) every Max '=""' Governments ought to stop pollution.
four years. The first modern Olympic
Simon ~ We could save more
Games 1 (hold) in
energy and water.
1896, in Athens. Since then the Games
2 (hold) in nineteen ~ Al ice
different countries, from Mexico to South
The air shouLd be cleal1ed up.
Korea. More than 35 different sports and
1 Sofi a
nearly 400 events 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ __

(include) in the Olympic Games programme.


Before the Games begin, the Olympic torch 2 Dave
4 (light) at Olympus.
Then it 5 (carry) by 3 Marion
runners to the chosen Olympic city. In 2004,
before the Olympic flame entered the stadium
4 Max
in Athens, it 6 (carry)
through 26 countries on five continents, to
34 cities outside Greece. 5 Simon

After an Olympic city 7_ _ _ _ _ _ __


(choose), work begins. A lot of money
7 Q Partner activity
8 (spend) on improving
Discuss pollution with a partner. Write
the city for tourists. New sports buildings and three sentences together and present
stadiums 9 (build). Roads them to the class for discussion.
and transport systems 10_ _ _ _ _ _ __ We think that we should all try to use less
(improve). New hotels 11 _ _ _ _ _ _ __ water every day. How do you think we
(put up) for the thousands of visitors. An could do that?
Olympic Village 12 (build)
for the athletes.
~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!
Do you know where the next Olympic Games
13 (hold)?
&J Teachers: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.

Unit 22
Conditional sentences type 3
1 Read what happened. Then write condition e
Baby saved by neighbour sentences type 3.
~ Mr Jones fell off his bike. He broke his arm .
Last night was lucky for six-month -old baby Louise
Jones. If neighbour Jim Smith hadn't stayed out If Mr JOl1es hadl1't fallel1 off his bike, he wouldl1't
late with his friends, he wouldn't have seen the fire have brokel1 his arm.
i at number 3 Orchard Road when he came home. 1 Mrs King fell off a ladder. She broke her leg.
, The day before, Louise's father Sam Jones had been If Mrs King _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ , src
painting the house. He hadn't put the ladder away.
If Sam had put the ladder away, then Jim wouldn't 2 Mrs Fox dropped the iron . She burned her
have been able to reach the first floor window to
foot.
rescue little Louise. It would have been a tragedy for IfMrsFox _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ __
the family.

3 Miss Page drove too fast. She crashed her co'


If Miss Page _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _
Words to learn -4») 47
reach rescue tragedy wa rn
drown advertising shrin k 4 Mr Green fell down the stairs. He hurt his
knee.
If Mr Green _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _
Grammar lesson
Conditional sentences type 3 5 Mr Bell walked into a tree. He hurt his hea d.
I f M r Bell _______________________
We use if + past perfect + would have + past
participle for unreal situations in the past.
if-clause main clause 6 Trig didn't look where he was going. He
past perfect would have + past participle crashed into a dustbin.

We imagine a condition or situation in the past If Trig _________________________


which was impossible or didn't happen .
If Sam had put the ladder away, ... (He hadn't
put the ladder away.)

When the if-clause comes first, we usually use


a comma (,) after it. We can also put the main
clause first.
Jim wouldn't have seen the fire if he hadn't
stayed out late.

Unit 23
2 Read Anna's story. Then complete the text 3 Read the situations. Then write conditional
with conditional sentences type 3. sentences type 3 with the phrases.
When Anna left home, the weather was dry. ~ A man saved a family from a fire.
Aunt Sarah said she should take an umbrella, • not hear their shouts
but she said she wouldn't need one. In the • not find them
shopping centre she took off her coat. Then
If the man hadn't heard their shouts, he wouldn't
she saw her friend Beth . Anna and Beth went
have found them.
to have a burger together and Beth borrowed
1 A policeman rescued a woman from a
Anna's last ten pounds.
burning car.
When Anna was leaving the shopping centre,
• arrive one minute later
she remembered that she had left her coat in
the restaurant. She hurried back to get it, but it • be too late
wasn't there. Her bus ticket was in the pocket. If the policeman _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __

So Anna had to walk home. It was quite a


long way and it started to rain . Poor Anna - no 2 A woman found a lost child in the park.
umbrella, no coat, no bus ticket, no money. • not go to the park
When she got home, she was cold and wet. • not fi nd th e child
She became ill and had to spend the next day, If th e wo man _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
which was her birthday, in bed. She couldn 't
have her birthday party. 3 Two teenagers warned drivers about a
dangerous bridge.
If Anna had listened (listen) to Aunt Sarah, she
• not walk along river
would have taken (take) an umbrella with her. If
• not see the bridge
Anna 1 (not meet) Beth, If the teenagers _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __
she wouldn't have gone to the restaurant. If
she hadn't left her coat in the restaurant, she
4 A young boy rescued a cat from a tree.
2 (not lose) it. Anna
• not hear the cat
3 (have) a bus ticket if
• not climb the tree
she hadn't left it in her coat pocket. If Anna If the boy _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __
4 (not lend) Beth her
last ten pounds, she 5_ __ __ _ __
5 A teenage girl helped a woman in a car
(have) some money to buy a new bus ticket.
accident.
If she 6 (take) an
• not learned about first aid
umbrella with her, she 7 _ _ _ _ _ _ __
• not know what to do
(not get) wet on the way home. If she If the girl _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __
8 (not have to) walk
home in the rain, she 9_ _ _ __ _ __

(not catch) a cold. She 10_ __ _ _ _ _ _

(have) a lovely birthday party if she


11 (not be) ill in bed.

Unit 23
4 What would you have done? Write 4 Diana asked Beth and Lucy for some monE_
conditional sentences type 3. Beth gave her £5 and asked for it back the
~ Claire and Alice saw someone steal next day. Lucy gave her £2 and didn't ask
something in a shop. Claire told a shop for it back.
If 1 __________________________
assistant what she had seen. Alice didn't do
anything.
If I had seet1 someot1e steal somethit1g, I would
have told a shop assistat1t, too. OR If I had seet1
someot1e steal somethit1g, I wouldt1't have dot1e 5 David and Sam saw a TV reporter
at1ythit1g, either. interviewing people in the shopping centre.

1 Jim and Paul heard two men talking. They David went to speak to the reporter. Sam
were planning to rob a bank. Jim took walked past quickly.
a photo of the men with his mobile. He
If 1 ___________________________
wanted to go to the police. Paul didn't want
to go to the police.
If 1 __________________________

2 Mike and Simon heard Adam ask his


girlfriend's sister to go out with him . Mike
didn't say anything. Simon told Adam's
girlfriend.
If 1 __________________________

3 Susan asked Liz and Gina to lend her their


maths homework. Liz didn't want to give it
to her, but Gina gave Susan her homework.
If 1 __________________________

Unit 23
5 Read what Jenny's frie nds said about ~ Paul wouldn't have bought the watch if he
advertising. Then find and correct the false hadn't seen an advertisement on TV.
statements. 1 David would have bought a cheaper pair of
Jenny Do you think you are influenced by trainers if he hadn't read an advertisement
advertising? for the expensive pair.
Paul No, I don't think so. I bought this 2 Emma would have tried the new shampoo,
watch last week. I had seen an even if she hadn't read about it.
advertisement for it on TV, but 3 Kate's T-shirt wouldn't have shrunk if she
it's a good watch. I would have had paid more.
bought it even if I hadn't seen the 4 David would have bought the expensive
advertisement. trainers anyway.

~
5 Paul would have bought the watch even if
he hadn't seen the advertisement.
6 Davi d would have pa id more m oney if he
Emma I think everybody is influenced by hadn't seen th e advertisement.
advertising . Last week I bought a PauL wouLd have bought the watch without seeit1g
new shampoo. If I hadn't seen it in a the advertisemet1t.
magazine, I wouldn't have tried it.

David
Q
Yes, I'm sure that I am. Yesterday I
bought these trainers. If I hadn't read
about them, I would have chosen a
cheaper pair. I wouldn't have paid so 6 Q Partner activity

much money if the advertisement Read Anna's story again .


hadn't influenced me. If you had been Anna, w hat wou ld you
have done? Take turns to say one th ing
that you would have done or one thin g
that you wouldn't have done.
If I hod been Anno, I would hove listened
Kate No. I look at the price. But last week I
to Aunt Soroh .
bought a cheap T-shirt and it shrank
If I hod been Anno, I wouldn 't hove given
when I washed it. If I had bought
Beth all my money.
a more expensive one, perhaps it
wouldn't have shrunk.
@!) Visit Trig's website for more practice!

~
Q~Q"; '
,

;.:ili.,',
:,- :~ ;
&1 TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.
'."'i :' -.<. . .. . ..

Unit 23
Tense review (present and past tenses)
Amanda, Nick and Jenny have gone to Cornwall with
their parents. So far, they have been having a great Grammar lesson
time . There has only been one small problem .
Present simple
Yesterday, they visited a castle . Many tourists visit We use the present simple for repeated
it every year. Amanda had never seen such an old actions and for facts that do not change.
Many tourists visit the costle every year.
castle before. She started exploring it alone. Then
something happened. Amanda was looking round Past simple
in a small, dark room when the wind blew the door We use the past simple for an action which
shut. Amanda couldn't open it. She was trapped, started and finished in the past, often with an
alone in the cold, dark room . She had been shouting expression of past time (yesterday, last year,
for half an hour before Nick and Jenny found her. in 1969, etc.).
Yesterday they visited a costle.
Today they are visiting the North Cornwall Museum.
Present perfect simple
They are taking a guided tour. Amanda is staying
We use the present perfect simple for a
close to her family and friends .
completed action at an unknown or unstated
time (without a time expression) .
They have gone to Cornwall. (We don't know
when they went - and it isn't important.)

Past perfect simple


We use the past perfect simple for a
completed action in the past which started
and finished before another action in the past.
Amanda had never seen such an old castle
before. She started exploring it.

Present continuous
We use the present continuous for an action
that is happening at the moment of speaking
or for an action that happens at a time which
Words to learn ~») 49 includes the moment of speaking.
problem explore tourist shut guided tour Today they are visiting the museum.
get lost imagine look forward to keeper sick
Past continuous
We use the past continuous for an action which
was happening when another action started.
Amanda was looking round in a small, dark
room when the wind blew the door shut.

Unit 24
-
Present perfect continuous
I 14 am going to take/am taking lots
of photographs.
We use the present perfect continuous Amanda I 15 just asked/have just asked our
for an action which began in the past and parents. They 16 wan tlare wanting
continues up to the present. The action may
to go there tomorrow. And on the
be completed or not completed.
way we 17 are going to visitlvisit the
So far, they have been having a great time.
seal sanctuary.
Past perfect continuous Jenny Fantastic! I 18 read/have read a lot
We use the past perfect continuous for a past about the seal sanctuary. You can
action which continued until another past ask th e keepers questions and they
action happened. 19 tell/are telling you all about their
She had been shouting for half an hour before work, how they help the sick seals
Nick and Jenny found her. and feed the baby seals .
.. .....
... .... .....
......... .. ... ..........................
.. ............... ..........
.................. .... ............
.. ....... .. .......
.. ..... ... ......
.. ..... ... .....
... ........
.. .. .................
.............
::: ::: ::::
........ .. ::................
:::: :: ::: ::: :: :::::
..... ::............
:::: :::::: :: ::: ::: ::::::::
........... ::::::::: :::: :::::::: ::: :::::...............
.. ............................... :: ::: :::::: ::::::
... ::.. Nick I 20 wantlam wanting to go to
t he old cast le at Tintagel. Perhaps
1 Nick, Jenny and Amanda are still on holiday
in Cornwall. Read the conversation and circle someone will get lost again ...
the correct verb forms.
St Ives
Nick I think the holiday <6§: b~was Tint age l
great so far. We 1 have done/did so
many things and we 2 have had/had
lots of fun .
Amanda But it 3 isn't/wasn't very funny two
days ago when I 4 got lostlhave
got lost in the castle. Before you
5 have found/found me, I 6 was/had
been in that cold, dark room with
mice and spiders for half an hour. I
7 didn't think/hadn't thought it was
funny.
Nick No, I agree, Amanda. It wasn't
funny - not for you .. .
Jenny Nick, be quiet. You're terrible.
Amanda 8 was crying/cried when we
9 had found/found her. Imagine how
frightened she lo was/has been.
Anyway, where 11 do we go/are we
going tomorrow?
Nick Well, we 12 didn't go/haven't been The National
to Land's End yet. I 13 look forward/ Seal Sanctuary

am looking forward to that a lot.

Land's End
Unit 24
2 Test your tenses. Choose A, B or C. Complete 7 When Nick come home, Jenny
the sentences. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ dinner.
A was preparing
~ Jenny has bttH playiHg tennis for over on
B prepares
hour.
C has prepared
A is playing
B ploys 8 Jenny usually _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ her

© has been playing homework before dinner.


A finished
1 Amanda _ __ _ _ __ _ many old
B finishes
castles yet.
C was finishing
A hasn 't visited
B isn't visiting 9 I can 't hear anything! Everyone
C wasn't visiting
A shouts
2 Before Amanda got trapped in the room,
B has been shouting
she the holiday.
C is shouting
A has enjoyed
B is enjoying 10 Mr Bell _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ his car whe n i:
C hod been enj oying started to rain .
A was washing
3 Trig hard work and
B washes
early m orning s.
C is washing
A doesn't like
B wasn't liking 11 Nick _ _ __ __ __ for the football
C hadn't been liking match all week.
A has been training
4 I 'm sorry, but Nick _ _ __ __ __ out
B is training
for the day.
C trains
A has gone
B goes 12 Trig was speaking his own language so
C was going nobody him .
A understood
5 _ _ __ __ _ _ to the football match
B was understanding
tomorrow?
C understands
A Did you go
B Do you go
C Are you going
6 Who was the boy? Anna was sure that she
_ _ __ _ __ _ him before.
A has seen
B hod seen
C is seeing

Unit 24
3 Complete the story of_Tom's surprise party. 4 Complete the conversation. Use all the
Use the past simple or the past continuous tenses in this unit.
form of the verbs in brackets.
Jenny Where's my MP3 player? I've looked
Nick and his friends wanted (want) to for (look for) it everywhere, but I
organize a surprise party for Tom. When can't find it. I 1_ _ _ _ __ __
Tom was playing (play) football with Nick, (look for) it since lunchtime and I
Jenny 1 (phone) 2 (still, look for)
all Tom's friends. Later, Jenny and Anna it. Nick, you 3_ _ _ _ _ __ _
2 (buy) food for the (borrow) it last week. It was the day we
party when Tom 3 _ _ __ _ _ __ all 4 (go) to see
(see) them in the supermarket. But he the new 'Mr Bean' film. I expect you
4 (not guess) what they 5 (take) it to the
5 (do). cinema and 6- - - -- ---
In the afternoon, Tom went to see his (leave) it there .
grandparents. At six o'clock everyone Wro ng ! I 7_ _ __ _ _ __
Nick
6 (arrive) at Tom's
(not go) to the cinema last
house. Ten minutes later, when Tom 7
Thursday. I couldn 't go because
_ __ _ _ _ _ (get) home
I8 (not do)
from his grandparents' house, he
my homework. Remember? Mum
8 (not see) all his
was angry with me too because
friends because they 9 _ _ __ _ __ _
I9 (not
(stand) behind the door. Suddenly they all
make) my bed for a week. When
10 (shout) 'Surprise!', and you 10_ __ _ _ __ _
Tom was surprised!
(come) home from the cinema, I
11 (still, do) my
homework. I 12_ _ _ _ __ __
(write) a silly French essay. It was Tom
who 13 (go) to
the cinema with you and Amanda .
Jenny Well, my MP3 player
14
W-;-h-er-e----=l-=-S- - - - - (disa p pear) .
go)? Who 16 (it,

(take) it?

" ~ Visit Trig's website for more practice!

1f/
<';£~,~

, :.. .
&l TEACHERS: now down load the online
worksheet for this unit.

Unit 24
1 Choose A, B or C. Complete the sentences. 5 Trig eats too quickly. He should eat
(Unit 21)

~ Nick has promised to do his homework more A slower


carefully. B more slowly
A most carefully C more slow
B more careful 6 Which test questions could you do
© more carefully - - - - - - - -?
1 Nick says he's going to work A the easiest
B the most easily
A more hardly C the most easy
B harder
2 Complete the sentences. (Unit 21)
C most hard
~ Tom has spent all his pocket money.
2 The history teacher says Ben should talk
Tom wishes he hadn't spent all his pocket money ~
_ _ _ _ _ ___ in class.
1 Anna has lost her mobile phone.
A less
Anna wishes _ _ __ __ _ _ _ __
B the least
C little
2 Jenny didn't go to the youth club party.
3 Ben ought to behave _ __ _ _ _ __
Jenny wishes she _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
in class, too.
A the best
3 Nick went to bed late last night.
B better
Nick wishes _ _ _ _ _---,-----_ _ _ __
C good
4 Ben thinks the band should play the song
4 Ben had an argument with Mark.
Ben wishes _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
A more fast
B the fastest
5 Amanda didn't go riding on Sunday.
C faster
Amanda wishes _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __

Revision 5
3 Circle the correct verb. forms. (Unit 22) 3 Jenny spent her pocket money. She didn't

~ After the holidays, we saw that the school have enough to buy 0 concert ticket.

~ been pai~as been painted .


1 I've been invited/will be invited to Anna 's
party. Look. Here's the invitation. 4 Nick lost his MP3 player. His parents were

2 Mark's bike is stolen/has been stolen . angry.

3 This room ought to decorated/be decorated.


4 Do you think more solar energy should be
used/be use? 5 Ben watched television until midnight. He

5 In Merton, a lot of old houses have been was late for school the next morning .

knocked down/have knocked down .


6 Mr Bell's computer is broken. It will have to
be repair/be repaired . 6 Anna didn't do her French homework. The

7 Mobile phones mustn't use/be used here. teacher gave her extra exercises.

8 Jewellery shouldn't be worn/shouldn't wear


in school.
9 How many people have been invited/have 7 Jenny didn't phone Anna . Anna didn't know

be invited to Mark's party? about the youth club party.

10 Trig knows that English will be/is


understood all over the world.
8 Ben had a temperature. He didn 't go to
4 Write conditional sentences type 3. (Unit 23)
school.
~ Nick didn't study for the history test. He
didn't pass it.
If Nick had studied for his history test, he would
9 Amanda didn't see the hole in t he road . Sh e
have Rassed it.
fell off her bike.
1 Mark didn't look where he was going. He fell
off his skateboard.

10 Aunt Sarah's car didn't start. She too k th e


bus to town .
2 Tom didn't phone Adam. He didn't get on
invitation to Adam's party.

Revision 5
5 Complete the sentences with the correct
form of the verbs in the box. You do not need
to use all the words. (Units 21-24)
6 -H Read the letter and write the missing
words. Write one word on each line.
(Units 21-24)
complain cure decorate disappear
examine explore imagine improve
include influence look forwclI d tcJ
pollute reach rescue warn Dear 'Teen News'

~ Nick and his friends are looking forward to their M~ friends and I ~ read 'Teen News'
ever~ week, but sometimes I find that
bike ride on Saturday.
it is not ver~ interesting. The magazine
1 Traffic the air in our cities. The
was better a ~ear ago 1 it was
government should do more to clean it up. new. I think the magazine needs more
2 Take this medicine. It will help to _ _ __ articles with new ideas. For example,
your cold. it is interesting to read 2 how
3 I can't find my school bag. It has just ~oung people in other countries live.
We don't all want 3 read so
much about the lives of pop stars or
4 Who's going to _ _ __ the room for the
about clothes, hairst~les and problems
youth club party? with parents. I think 4 are also
5 Mr Bell is going to _ _ _ _ to the shop too 5 large photographs in
about the new computer. It isn't working. ~our magazine. On some pages there is

6 If Nick worked harder in class, his marks nothing to read. I would like to know
6 _ __ _ other readers think.
would soon _ _ __
Isabel Morris
7 Do you think that you are _ _ _ _ by
advertising on television?
8 Look. Are there enough photos in my
geography project or should I _ __ _
more?

Revision 5
7 Circle the correct words. (Unit 24) 8 Find the mistakes and write the correct

Nick Ben, € !ou 9~dO you go to the words. (Units 21-24)

camera club after school today? ~ What had '(Du done if someone had stolen your
Ben No. Paul 1 has been inviting/has invited bike? would you have done
me to his house. We 2 are going to 1 f'm not very good at french . I
watch/were watching this new DVD. will have to practise more hard.
Nick Great. 3 Do you think/Are you thinking
that I could go with you? 2 I wish I didn't forget my photos. I
Ben But you 4 have seen/saw this film wanted to show them to you now.
already. You 5 have seen/saw it at the
cinema a few weeks ago. You 6 have 3 That's the worse mark that f've ever had in a
told/told me that you 7 had seen/had
maths test. _ _ _ _ _ __
been seeing an exciting film. 4 The food for the school party is

Nick Oh, now I 8 am remembering/ always made from the teachers.


remember. Just as the story 9 was
getting/got really exciting, my mobile 5 Nick is wanting to go to Scotland again next
phone 10 was ringing/rang because I
year. _ _ _ _ _ __

11 forgot/had forgotten to turn it off. 6 When Nick walked in the park, he saw a
But I always 12 watch/am watching strange bird. _ _ _ _ __ _
good films twice. 7 In 2001 Mr Bell has flown to Mexico.

Later ...
Mrs Bell You're late, Nick. Where 13 have you 8 Nick has promised to play his music more
been/had you been? 14 Did you go/
qUiet. _ _ _ _ _ __
Have you went to the camera club? 9 Mr Bell has looked for his keys for half an
Nick No, I 15 didn't go/wasn't going today.
hour. _ _ _ _ _ __

I 16 was/were at Paul's house. We 10 Yesterday Mark has gone to the cinema with

17 watched/have watched a DVD, and his girlfriend. _ __ _ _ __


now I'm very hungry. 11 :fenny didn't entered the swimming competition.
Jenny That's bad luck, Nick. Mum 18 cooked/

has cooked your favourite, steak and 12 When Trig speaks his own language,
chips, but because you 19 haven't
:fenny isn't understanding him.
come/didn't come home on time, we
20 ate/were eating it all.

Revision 5
, " ' ' i.~ " '

"'" ~ , ~

Words:'~t(i learo', (u',l lit 'order) ,


• • " ~ .. ~, - ~", ,,~ • ,~~. < ()< ,

Unit 1 Unit 4 miss Unit 12 Unit 16 Unit 21


horrible feed late guitarist flat gently
friendly band army musician next door thoroughly
alien youth club JOin singer pop singer deeply
care model record song energy cure
stay karate health contain resolution
Unit 8
cou sin judo beard brave regularly
as soon as
together marathon mask thief earring
until
town hall essay hat steal pretend
card
sightsee instrument light bulb
Unit 5 engine Unit 22
relax belong
player complain Unit 13 decorate
Unit 2 goalkeeper baby-sitting Unit 17 paramedic
Unit 9
lucky special advice questionnaire examine
trip
score ticket information weigh provide
suddenly
nil explain news champion knock dow n
damaged
goal boss traffic panic include
mess
supporter offer furniture fire brigade Improve
violent
fall in love stunt jewellery lift
violence Unit 23
mayor seriou s perfume
real Unit 18 reach
ma rry trampo line
influence Unit 14 apologize rescue
ta ilor
Unit 6 believe decide argument tragedy
sew
lend wea k plan government warn
cloth
light prefer idea drown
thick Unit 10
front abroad ta x advertising
sail sleeping bag
knock over voluntary work waste shrink
thin tent
puzzle instead unnecessary
gold torch Unit 24
worry university form
embarrassing passport problem
sense earn oven
youth hostel explore
Unit 3 attack
backpack Unit 15 Unit 19 tourist
story kill
properly fair shut
interview detective Unit 11
Iron vegetarian guided tour
sports report murder envelope
mend pyjamas get lost
popular handwriting
Unit 7 test shorts imagine
joke hardly
key menu sunglasses look forward t o
rock concert theme park
borrow ketchup keeper
romantic fantastic Unit 20
glasses sick
reply generous refuse
sun cream
save rollercoaster approve of
fail
qUI z feel sick cage
revise
worm inventor
headmaster
passenger
surf (the
inte ~net)
Words to learn
.~. ' . :.. - . :~ ,-: :"::

' " ,' c - _ _ ....... ', ->.> ':': c",,: , - " _ -- :",,: _ _ ,<

\&"r;d.,,'~;l~~jtgg.~m£5i~ift~p,,~~~i~li~:~d~J.~ ,,0\"'~~il
. . ...... . .." ".. ', . ".. :'\ -; ,':,':-:: : -.: :' :' . . ,' ',,:, '- ',':": _' <':' "'<: ', ',' , . , : ," - ') <, .. _. '< to'. .. .;:•• :: <::' ,",' :" ,: . . :,' : :, ':' .... ', :",' / .:: _':" ;.:~' : ' -::;:<:';:"f(5:::: '-> .,;:,>-}. ,',':,': ",' "
1.).
. ' ,' . ',': . . . . . .

a e h I
abroad Unit 14 earring Unit 21 handwriting Unit 11 late Unit 7
advertising Unit 23 earn Unit 14 hardly Unit 11 lend Unit 6
advice Unit 13 embarrassing Unit 2 hat Unit 12 lift Unit 17
alien Unit 1 energy Unit 16 headmaster Unit 20 light Unit 6
apologize Unit 18 engine Unit 8 health Unit 12 light bulb Unit 16
approve of Unit 20 envelope Unit 11 horrible Unit 1 look forward to Unit 24
argument Unit 18 essay Unit 4 lucky Unit 2
army Unit 7 examine Unit 22 i
idea Unit 18 m
as soon as Unit 8 explain Unit 5
imagine Unit 24 marathon Unit 4
attack Unit 6 explore Unit 24
improve Unit 22 marry Unit 2
b f include Unit 22 mask Unit 12
baby-sitting Unit 13 fail Unit 7 influence Unit 9 mayor Unit 2
back pack Unit 10 fair Unit 19 information Un it 13 mend Un it 15
band Unit 4 fall in love Unit 2 instead Unit 14 menu Unit 15
beard Unit 12 fantastic Unit 11 instrument Unit 12 mess Unit 9
oelieve Unit 9 feed Unit 4 interview Unit 3 miss Un it 7
belong Unit 16 feel sick Unit 11 inventor Unit 20 model Unit 4
Dorrow Unit 7 fire brigade Unit 17 iron Unit 15 murder Unit 6
DOSS Unit 5 flat Unit 16 musician Unit 12
orave Unit 16 form Unit 18 j
jewellery Unit 13 n
friendly Unit 1
c join Unit 7 news Unit 13
front Unit 6
ca ge Un it 20 joke Unit 3 next door Unit 16
furniture Unit 13
ca rd Unit 8 judo Unit 4 nil Unit 2
ca re Unit 1
9 k 0
ch ampion Unit 17 generous Unit 11
karate Unit 4 offer Unit 5
cloth Unit 2 gently Unit 21
keeper Unit 24 oven Unit 18
complain Unit 8 get lost Unit 24
ketchup Unit 15
co ntain Unit 16 glasses Unit 7
key Unit 7
~o usin Unit 1 goal Unit 2
kill Unit 6
cu re Unit 21 goalkeeper Unit 5
knock down Unit 22
gold Unit 2
d knock over Unit 6
government Unit 18
:.a maged Unit 9
guided tour Unit 24
:ecide Unit 14
guitarist Unit 12
: ecorate Unit 22
: eeply Unit 21
:etective Unit 6
: rown Un it 23

Words to learn
P 5 t w
panic Unit 17 sail Unit 2 tailor Unit 2 warn Unit 23
para medic Unit 22 save Unit 3 tax Unit 18 waste Unit 18
passenger Unit 20 score Unit 2 tent Unit 10 weak Unit 9
passport Unit 10 sense Unit 6 test Unit 15 weigh Unit 17
perfume Unit 13 serious Unit 5 theme park Unit 11 worm Unit 3
plan Unit 14 sew Unit 2 thick Unit 2 worry Unit 6
player Unit 5 shorts Unit 19 thief Unit 16
pop singer Unit 16 shrink Unit 23 thin Unit 2 x
popular Unit 3 shut Unit 24 thoroughly Unit 21 y
youth club Unit 4
prefe r Unit 14 sick Unit 24 ticket Unit 5
youth hostel Unit 1
pretend Unit 21 sightsee Unit 1 together Unit 1
problem Unit 24 singer Unit 12 torch Unit 10 z
properly Unit 15 sleeping bag Unit 10 tourist Unit 24
provide Unit 22 song Unit 12 town hall Unit 1
puzzle Unit 6 special Unit 5 traffic Unit 13
pyjamas Unit 19 sports report Unit 3 tragedy Unit 23
stay Unit 1 trampoline Unit 5
q steal Unit 16 trip Unit 9
questionnaire Unit 17
story Un it 3
quiz Un it 3 u
stunt Unit 5
university Unit 14
r suddenly Un it 9
unnecessary Unit 18
reach Unit 23 sun cream Unit 7
until Unit 8
real Unit 9 sunglasses Unit 19
record Unit 7 supporter Unit 2 v
refuse Unit 20 surf (the internet) vegetarian Unit 19
regularly Unit 21 Unit 20 violence Unit 9
relax Unit 1 violent Unit 9
reply Unit 3 voluntary work Unit 14
rescue Unit 23
resolution Unit 21
revise Unit 7
rock concert Unit 3
rollercoaster Unit 11
romantic Unit 3

Words to learn
, ..
~ .

Verb,fO.rms' ,:'c':';,
'I " !,"~ I ~,~_---,'«;: . . .' ,. ~:J"_'<;j:;.ri'~ t , ~""
"
. '" .'~.<,'
,
'_" A _ ~,~, ~ I, ],
.. :'
~(,:..t!hf.,;-;:.~ ) /~" ,,,,..1 ,~,"'~ J~ ... "

• • • Short forms
Present simple of be
I am I am not I'm I'm not am I?
you are you are not you're you aren't are you?
he is he is not he's he isn't is he?
she is she is not she's she isn't is she?
it is it is not it's it isn't is it?
we are we are not we 're we aren't are we?
you are you are not you 're you aren 't are you?
they are they are not they're they aren't are they?
Present simple
I like I do not like I don't like do I like?
you like you do not like you don't like do you like?
he likes he does not like he doesn't like does he like?
she likes she does not like she doesn't like does she like?
it likes it does not like it doesn't like does it like?
we like we do not like we don't like do we like?
you like you do not like you don't like do you like?
they like they do not like they don't like do they like?
Present continuous
I am working I am not working I 'm working I'm not working am I working?
you are working you are not working you're working you aren't working are you working?
he is working he is not working he's working he isn't working is he working?
she is working she is not working she's working she isn't working is she working?
it is working it is not working it's working it isn't working is it working?
we are working we are not working we're working we aren't working are we working?
you are working you are not working you're working you aren't working are you working?
t hey are working they are not working they're working they aren't working are they working?

I wa s I was not I wasn't was I?


you were you were not you weren't were you?
"'e w as he was not he wasn't was he?
5~e w as she was not she wasn't was she?
:. :. os it was not it wasn't was it?
.~ :i ere we were not we weren't were we?
::; ~ :.e re you were not you weren't were you?
-~-
'.ere they were not they weren't were they?

. erb forms
Past simple of regular verbs
work worked didn't work did ... work?

I was working I was not working I wasn't working was I working?


you were working you were not working you weren't working were you working?
he was working he was not working he wasn't working was he working?
she was working she was not working she wasn't working was she working?
it was working it was not working is wasn't working was it working?
we were working we were not working we weren't working were we working?
you were working you were not working you weren't working were you working?
they were working they weren't working they weren't working were they working?
Present perfect'sim pie
I have (I've) worked I have not (I haven't) worked have I worked?
you have (you've) worked you have not (you haven't) worked have you worked?
he has (he's) worked he has not (he hasn't) worked has he worked?
she has (she's) worked she has not (she hasn't) worked has she worked?
it has (it's) worked it has not (it hasn't) worked has it worked?
we have (we've) worked we have not (we haven't) worked have we worked?
you have (you've) worked you have not (you haven't) worked have you worked?
they have (they've) worked they have not (they haven't) worked have they worked?

Present perfect continuous


I have (I've) been working I have not (I haven't) been working have I been working?
you have (you've) been working you have not (you haven't) been working have you been working?
he has (he's) been working he has not (he hasn't) been working has he been working?
she has (she's) been working she has not (she hasn't) been working has she been working?
it has (it's) been working it has not (it hasn't) been working has it been working?
we have (we've) been working we have not (we haven't) been working have we been working?
you have (you've) been working you have not (you haven't) been working have you been working?
they have (they've) been working they have not (they haven't) been working have they been working?

Verb forms
Base form Past simple Past participle Base form Past simple Past participle
be was been leave left left
become became become lend lent lent
begin began begun light lit lit
blow blew blown lose lost lost
break broke broken make made made
bring brought brought meet met met
build built built pay paid paid
buy bought bought put put put
catch caught caught read read read
come came come ride rode ridden
cost cost cost run ran run
cut cut cut see saw seen
dig dug dug sell sold sold
do did done send sent sent
draw drew drawn sew sewed sewn
drink drank drunk set set set
drive drove driven shine shone shone
eat ate eaten shrink shrank shrunk
fall fell fallen shut shut shut
feel felt felt sing sang sung
fight fought fought sit sat sat
find found found sleep slept slept
fly flew flown speak spoke spoken
forget forgot forgotten spend spent spent
freeze froze frozen stand stood stood
get got got steal stole stolen
give gave given stick stuck stuck
go went gone swim swam swum
grow grew grown take took taken
hang hung hung teach taught taught
have had had tell told told
hear heard heard think thought thought
hide hid hidden throw threw thrown
hit hit hit wake wake woken
hold held held wear wore worn
hurt hurt hurt win won won
keep kept kept write wrote written
know knew known

Verb forms
Plural nouns
1 Add s.
car-cars, boy-boys, girl-girls
2 Add es after s, sh, ch and x.
glass-glasses, dish-dishes, church-churches,
box-boxes
3 Add es to some nouns which end with o.
potato-potatoes, tomato-tomatoes
4 Change y to ies after a consonant.
cherry-cherries, family-families

Present simple with he/she/it


1 Add s.
like-likes, play-plays
2 Add es after ch, s, sh and x.
0,
watch-watches, go-goes, miss-misses,
wash-washes, mix-mixes
3 Change y to ies after a consonant.
hurry-hurries, try-tries

Present continuous and -ing form


1 Add ing.
read-reading, play-playing
2 Take away a final e.
make-making, use - using
3 After one vowel + consonant, double the
consonant.
run-running, sit-sitting

Past simple
1 Add ed.
play-played, look-looked
2 Add d after e.
like-liked, close-closed
3 Change y to ied after a consonant.
hurry-hurried, bury-buried
4 After one vowel + consonant, double the
consonant.
prefer-preferred, offer-offered

Spelling
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