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Experiment # ECE 312 L

Series Resonant Circuit

I. OBJECTIVES:

1. To measure the characteristic parameters of a series-resonant circuit.

2. To construct the resonance curve of a series-resonant circuit.

II. EQUIPMENT/MATERIALS KL 21001 KL 13001 Oscilloscope VOM

III. PROCEDURE

1. Set the module KL-13001 on the main unit KL-21001, and locate block i. According to Fig. 1 , complete the experiment circuit with short circuit clips.

Fig. 1 2. Switch the range selector of the function generator to 10 kHz, the function selector to sine position. Adjust the output amplitude to 5V indicated by the digital AC voltmeter and record the reading as E IN .

E IN =

E R13 =

Does the series-resonant circuit operate at its resonant frequency?

4. Using the oscilloscope, measure and record the output frequency of function generator and record the result as the resonant frequency f r .

f r =

5. Calculate and record the resonant frequency f r by using the values of L3 and C4. f r = Is there agreement between your measured and calculated f r values?

6. Using the AC voltmeter, measure the voltage across L3 while turning the frequency control fully counterclockwise then turning the frequency control clockwise and record its maximum voltage value.

Is the E L greater than the E IN of step 2?

Repeat step 4 and then compare these two frequency values. Is there agreement between your frequency values?

7. Using the AC voltmeter, measure the voltage across C4 while tuning the frequency control fully counterclockwise then turning the frequency control clockwise and record its maximum voltage value. Ec = Is the E C equal to the E L of step 6? Repeat step 4 and then compare these two frequency values. Is there agreement between your frequency values?

8. Connect the AC voltmeter to terminals A and B of Fig. 2-18-1. Measure the voltage across L3-C4 while turning the frequency control knob toward the right and record its minimum voltage value.

E =

Does this mean that E L and E C are equal in voltage but reverse in polarity?

Repeat step 4 and then compare these two frequency values. Is there agreement between your frequency values?

9. Using the equation Q = E L / E IN , calculate and record the Q of the series resonant circuit.

Q =

10. Using the equation X L = 2πfL and the f r of step 5, calculate and record the impedance of L3. XL = Using the equation X C = 1/ (2πfC) and the f r of step 5, calculate and record the impedance of C4. X C = Does X L equal X C ?

11. Using the equation BW = f r / Q, calculate and record the bandwidth of the circuit. BW = Calculate the upper and lower half-power frequencies f 1 and f 2 . Upper half power frequency f 2 =

Lower

Half power frequency f 1 =

12. Connect the voltmeter across L3. Turn the frequency control knob to obtain a maximum voltage across L3 and record the result. E L =

13. Multiply E L by 0.707 to determine the voltage E L at half-power (-3dB) frequencies. E L x 0.707 =

14. Slowly turn the frequency control knob toward the left until the half-power voltage E L is obtained. Measure and record the lower half-power (-3dB) frequency by using the oscilloscope. F 1 =

15. Slowly turn the frequency control knob toward the right until another half power voltage E L is obtained. Measure and record the lower half-power (-3dB) frequency by using the oscilloscope. F 2 = Compare the measured frequencies with the calculated frequencies f1 and f2 of step 11. Is there agreement between them?

16. Complete the table 2-18-1 by measuring the voltage across R13 for the frequency values shown.

 f (kHz) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 E R (V AC )

17. Plot the recorded E R values and the listed f values of table 2-18-1 on the graph of Fig 2-18-3, and then draw a smooth curve through these plotted points. This will be the resonant curve of the series-resonant circuit.

E 5
4
3
R
2
1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

f, KHz