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What is your L1?

(First Language)
How about your L2?
(Second Language)
Still, some of us
acquire an L3.
(Third Language)
But can you imagine
anyone acquiring
an L20?
Dr. Jose P. Rizal
• Spoke over 20 languages
• Not only a hero and
political martyr
• Many-splendored genius
• A man with many talents
RIZAL: A MANY-
SPLENDORED GENIUS
• PHYSICIAN
He treated several patients afflicted not
only with eye diseases.
• OPHTHALMOLOGIST
He graduated in an ophthalmologic
college in Spain.
Rizal treating his mother’s eyes
RIZAL: A MANY-
SPLENDORED GENIUS
• POET
Rizal wrote over 35 poems including his
famous Ultimo Adios.
• HISTORIAN
His annotation of Antonio de Morga’s
Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas entitled
him as one.
RIZAL: A MANY-
SPLENDORED GENIUS
• FARMER-BUSINESSMAN
He had a partner in Dapitan in the Abaca
business there (1892-1896).
• SCULPTOR
His works of his father and of Father
Guerrico, S. J. typified his sculptural
ability.
“The Triumph of Science Over Death,”
Rizal’s most well-known sculpture
RIZAL: A MANY-
SPLENDORED GENIUS
• CARTOGRAPHER
He drew maps of Dapitan, The Philippines
and other places he visited.
• BIBLIOPHILE
He had a big library and brought many
books abroad.
RIZAL: A MANY-
SPLENDORED GENIUS
• PHILOLOGIST
Rizal loved of learning and literature is
unequalled.
• PHILOSOPHER
Rizal not only loved wisdom but also
regulated his life and enjoyed calmness
of the life at all times.
RIZAL: A MANY-
SPLENDORED GENIUS
• HUMORIST
There are many humorous incidents in
the Noli Me Tangere and El
Filibusterismo.
• TRAVELER
He traveled around the world three times.
Rizal drinking with his friends
RIZAL: A MANY-
SPLENDORED GENIUS
• SPORTSMAN
He fenced with Europeans and Juan Luna
and other friends in Europe.
He played chess and bear several
Germans and European friends and
acquaintances.
He could shoot a target 20 meters away.
Rizal fencing with Juan Luna
And the list
goes on and on…
BIRTH OF A HERO
• June 19, 1861 – Rizal was born
• June 22, 1861 – Rizal was baptized
• Father Rufino Collantes – baptized
Rizal
• Father Pedro Casanas – Rizal’s
godfather
RIZAL’S BIG HEAD?

One of Rizal’s most Rizal as a young man


famous photos
The 11-year old Rizal
RIZAL’S FAMILY
Francisco Mercado Rizal
• Rizal’s father
• Born on May 11, 1818
• Studied Latin and
Philosophy at the
College of San Jose
• Became a tenant in
Calamba
Francisco Mercado Rizal
• Died on January 5,
1898 at the age of 80
Teodora Alonso Realonda
• Rizal’s mother
• Born on November 8,
1826
• Studied at the College
of Santa Rosa
• Died on August 26,
1911 at the age of 85
RIZAL’S SIBLINGS

Saturnina Paciano Narcisa


RIZAL’S SIBLINGS

Olimpia Lucia Maria


RIZAL’S SIBLINGS

Jose Concepcion Josefa


RIZAL’S SIBLINGS

Trinidad Soledad
RIZAL’S ANCESTRY
RIZAL’S ANCESTRY
• Rizal was called “The Great Malayan”
• actually had Negrito, Malay, Chinese,
Japanese and Spanish blood
• Predominantly, he was a Malayan
PATERNAL SIDE
• Domingo Lamco
– Rizal’s great-great-grandfather
– A Chinese immigrant from Chiangchow
– Arrived in Manila in about 1690
– Was baptized, married Ines dela Rosa
– Took the surname “Mercado” in 1731
PATERNAL SIDE
• Francisco Mercado
– Son of Domingo and Ines
– Rizal’s great-grandfather
– Married Cirila Bernacha
– Resided in Biñan, Laguna
– Was elected gobernadorcillo of Biñan
PATERNAL SIDE
• Juan Mercado
– Son of Francisco and Cirila
– Rizal’s grandfather
– Married Cirila Alejandro
– Was also elected gobernadorcillo of Biñan
– Had thirteen children
PATERNAL SIDE
• Francisco Mercado
– Youngest son of Juan and Cirila
– Rizal’s father
– Lost his father at the age of 8
– Married Teodora
– Settled in Calamba, Laguna
– Engaged in farming and business
MATERNAL SIDE
• Lakandula
– last king of Tondo
• Eugenio Ursua
– Teodora’s great-grandfather
– Was of Japanese ancestry
– Married to Benigna (a Filipina)
MATERNAL SIDE
• Regina
– Daughter of Eugenio and Benigna
– Married Atty. Manuel de Quintos
• Brigida
– Daughter of Regina and Atty. Quintos
– Married Alberto Alonso
– Had five children
THE RIZAL SURNAME
• In 1731, Domingo Lamco adopted the
surname “Mercado” (market)
• In 1849, Gov. Gen. Claveria ordered all
Filipinos to adopt Spanish surnames
• Francisco adopted the surname “Rizal”
• Was suggested by the provincial
governor, who was a family friend
THE RIZAL SURNAME
• Originally “Ricial”
• In Spanish, it means “green fields”
• Prophetic according to Leon Ma.
Guerrero: “a field where wheat, cut
while still in green, sprouts again.”
• Only Jose used the surname Rizal until
1891
THE RIZAL FAMILY:
A GOOD AND MIDDLE
CLASS FAMILY
A MIDDLE CLASS FAMILY
• The Rizal family belonged to the
principalia
• Had a large stone house
• Owned a carjuahe (carriage)
• Had a private library with more than
1,000 books
• Sent their children to colleges in Manila
THE RIZAL HOUSE
• A two-storey
building
• Built of adobe
stones and hard
woods
• Roofed with red
The rebuilt Rizal house
tiles
Let’s have a field trip!
The famous landmark of Calamba, the gigantic jar which
has all the Calamba towns written on its surface.
The back of the Rizal house, then and now.
The grand staircase
that leads to the
main hall of the
house
The original karwahe
(carriage) of the
Rizal family, still
intact after all these
years.
Unfortunately, the
horse died many
many years ago.
The living room
The comida or the dining room
The main dining room
The platera
The cocina or kitchen
Jose Rizal's bedroom.
The family well located
at the back of the
house
A most important seat in the house
A replica of Pepe’s little nipa playhouse
HOME LIFE OF THE RIZALS
• The Rizal family had a simple,
contented and happy life
• Believed in the maxim “Spare the rod
and spoil the child”
• Everyday, the family heard Mass
• Prayed together the Rosary and
Angelus daily
Thank you for listening!