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9/24/2019 Kinetics Study on the Reaction between Potassium iodate and Sodium Sulphite (Theory) : Class 12 : Chemistry : Amrita

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Kinetics
Objective Study on the Reaction between
Our objective is to study the reaction rate of the reaction between potassium iodate
Potassium3 iodate
(KIO ) and sodium sulphite and
(Na SO ) usingSodium Sulphite
starch solution as
2 3 indicator.

The Theory
The rate of a chemical reaction may depend on the concentration of one or more
reactants or it may be independent of the concentration of a given reactant. The rate
dependance on the reactant concentration is expressed in an equation called the Rate
Law.

For a general reaction of the type, , the rate law can be written as,

Where, K is the rate constant, [A] and [B] are the concentration of the reactants, x and y
are the exponents that define how the rate depends on the concentration of individual
reactants. The exponents x and y are also referred to as the order of the reaction with
respect to a particular reactant. The reaction order for each reactant in the rate law
determines how the rate changes as the concentration of the reactant changes. If the
order of a reactant is zero, the rate is independent of its concentration.

Reaction between Potassium Iodate and Sodium Sulphite


The effect of concentration of the reactant on the rate of a chemical reaction can be
studied by analysing the reaction between potassium iodate and sodium sulphite. In
acidic medium, potassium iodate is reduced to iodide by sodium sulphite. The reaction
takes place through the following steps.

Step I : Sulphite ions react with potassium iodate producing iodide ions.

Step II: Iodide ions formed are oxidized to iodine by reaction with more iodate ions.

Step III: Iodine formed in Step II reacts immediately with sulphite ions forming iodide
ions.

When sulphite ions are completely consumed, the liberated iodine would react with
starch solution, to give a blue colour. So this reaction can be monitored by adding a
known but limited volume of sodium sulphite solution and starch solution. This is an
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9/24/2019 Kinetics Study on the Reaction between Potassium iodate and Sodium Sulphite (Theory) : Class 12 : Chemistry : Amrita Online Lab

example of Iodine Clock Reaction, as the rate of reaction is estimated by the time taken
for the appearance of blue colour. The faster the reaction, the shorter the time required
for the blue colour to appear. Adding dilute solution of potassium iodate, decreases the
concentration that decreases the rate of reaction. Conversely increasing the
concentration of the reactant increases the rate of reaction.

The following graphs show that the rate of the reaction is directly depends on the
concentration of potassium iodate.

Learning Outcomes
Students understand the terms, rate law, iodine clock reaction etc.
Strudents understand the chemistry behind the reaction between potassium iodate
and sodium sulphite.
Students acquire the skill to perform the experiment in the reals lab, once they
understand the different steps.

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9/24/2019 Kinetics Study on the Reaction between Potassium iodate and Sodium Sulphite (Theory) : Class 12 : Chemistry : Amrita Online Lab

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Cite in Scientific Research:

Nedungadi P., Raman R. & McGregor M. (2013, October). Enhanced STEM learning with
Online Labs: Empirical study comparing physical labs, tablets and desktops. In Frontiers
in Education Conference, 2013 IEEE (pp. 1585-1590). IEEE.

Cite this Simulator:

amrita.olabs.edu.in,. (2013). Kinetics Study on the Reaction between Potassium iodate and
Sodium Sulphite. Retrieved 24 September 2019, from amrita.olabs.edu.in/?
b 3&b h 8& i 143& 1

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