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ECOLOGICAL PROFILE

MUNICIPALITY OF BANGA
PROVINCE OF SOUTH COTABATO
CHAPTER I. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

The Municipality of Banga is situated at the northwest of the Province of South Cotabato. It is
composed of 22 barangays with an area of 24,035 hectares.

Human civilization can be traced back as far as the earlier part of the 20th century. Based on oral
history, the aborigines of this town were B’laans and Tagabilis who settled near the bank of the river.

Of the many trees that grew on its plains, one notable tree that dominates the area is a specie of the
palm called “buang nga” from which according to most settlers the town got its name. However, other
pioneers claim that the name “Banga” came from the native tongue “bong ngo” meaning “Big River”.
It was also due to the abundance of water and the area being surrounded by mountain ranges
resembling the mouth of an earthen jar called “Banga”, thus they named the place Banga as it is being
called now.

On March 4, 1941, the first batch migrants from Visayas and Luzon came. They were led by Engineer
Florderico Loreto, assisted by Agustin Codella, the overseer. It was the day when Banga settlement
was officially established.

When World War II broke out in 1941, the migrants eventually left their settlement and fled back to
their home province and to some other places. When peace and order was restored in the later part
of 1946, the migrants went back to their settlement and resumed their work. On July 1948, the Rice
and Corn Production Administration of the National Development Company (RCPA-NDC) entered and
established portion of Banga Settlement District for its rice and corn cropping operation. In order to
facilitate handling of products and transfer of equipment, materials and machineries, they built roads
and bridges from General Santos to Koronadal which eventually led to Banga and Norala and to the
territories within. This marked the initial step to the rapid development of the settlement.

Another catalyst in the development of Banga Settlement District was the entry of Philippine
Committee on the United States Aid (PHILCUSA) and the International Corporation Administration
(ICA) within the Allah Valley Settlement. Through the joint efforts of those two agencies, the
Dadiangas-Allah Valley-Cotabato national highway was constructed. The final survey of the farm lots
and home lots in the settlement was likewise implemented.

Later, when the National Development Company (NDC) pulled out, the Land Development
Corporation (LASEDECO) took in administering the settlement. Gradually, the place became
economically progressive and politically independent such that it precipitated the separation of Banga
as a district of the municipality of Koronadal. Councilor Dioclesio Inocente, Sr., the Municipal
Councilor of Koronadal, untiringly represented Banga in the council. By virtue of the Executive Order
No. 612, dated September 11, 1953, Banga became full-fledged municipality.

POLITICAL HISTORY

The first set of municipal officials who were appointed to administer the affairs of government are the
following

Gregorio Hechanova, Sr. Municipal Mayor


Dioclesio “Ite” C. Inocente, Sr. Vice Mayor
Gaudioso Jorda Councilor
Angel Blancia Councilor
Aniceto Dorego Councilor
Juan Crespo Councilor
Rogato Butawon Councilor
Francisco Naraval Councilor

The first election of the municipal officials came about in the general election of 1955, and resulted in
the election of the following:

Jose A. Improgo, Jr. Municipal Mayor


Francisco Galaura Vice Mayor
Philip Camdas Councilor
Juan P. Rosete, M.D. Councilor
Pedro Mariveles Councilor
Angel Blancia Councilor
Carlos Dayot Councilor
Aniceto Dorego Councilor

In 1959, another election was held and the elected municipal officials were as follows:

Magno B.F. Reyes Municipal Mayor


Dioclesio “Ite” C. Inocente Vice Mayor
Elena C. Nelo Councilor
Bernabe C. Singson, M.D. Councilor
Angel Blancia Councilor
Pedro Mariveles Councilor
Jose Bulao Councilor
Condrado Haguisan Councilor
Philip Camdas Councilor

In the 1963 election, Municipal Mayor, Magno B.F. Reyes was re-elected, thus he served for two (2)
consecutive terms. The following were the officials elected to serve in this four-year term.

Magno B.F. Reyes Municipal Mayor


Quintin Nelo Vice Mayor
Jose Parreno Councilor
Emilio Diamante Councilor
Aniceto Dorego Councilor
Merenciana Rico Councilor
Lucas Parcon Councilor
Pilar R. Dimput Councilor
Paterno Lamanaro Councilor
Epifanio Tupas Councilor

In the election of 1968, the first elected Municipal Mayor of Banga, Jose A. Improgo, Jr., was again
elected. The Municipal Council then was composed of the following officials

Jose A. Improgo, Jr. Municipal Mayor


Aniceto Dorego Vice Mayor
Daniel Tomulto Councilor
Florentino Asuncion Councilor
Elias Aguirre Councilor
Cristiano L. Ladot, Sr. Councilor
Jose Valencia Councilor
Wenceslao R. Pagulong Councilor
Emilio Arim Councilor
Ernesto Llaban Councilor

Mayor Jose A. Improgo, Jr. served for two (2) consecutive terms, having been reelected in the 1971
elections, the result which declared the following as municipal officials of Banga:

Jose A. Improgo, Jr. Municipal Mayor


Francisco V. Punla Vice Mayor
Emilio A. Diamante Councilor
Hernando L. Arceo Councilor
Francisco J. Parcon,M.D. Councilor
Florentino S. Asuncion Councilor
Elias Aguirre Councilor
Jose Parreno Councilor
Armando S. Manila Councilor
Wenceslao R. Pagulong Councilor

However, during his term of office, Mayor Jose A. Improgo, Jr. was forced to take leave of absence on
October 15, 1975 due to falling health until he tendered his resignation effective November 15, 1975.

From October 17, 1975 up to January 5, 1976 the then Vice Mayor Francisco V. Punla was the Acting
Municipal Mayor by virtue of his succession by operation of law.

On December 1975, the reorganization of the Municipal Council to the Sanggunian Bayan as mandated
by Presidential Decree No. 826 and Memorandum Circular No. 75-86 of the Department of Local
Government and Community Development (DLGCD) was conducted which resulted as follows:

Franciso V. Punla Acting Municipal Mayor


Florentino S. Asuncion Councilor
Hernando L. Arceo Councilor
Jose Parreno Councilor
Armando S. Manila Councilor
Wenceslao R. Pagulong Councilor
Teoderico Daanoy Councilor (ABS President)
Luis D. Improgo Councilor (PKKB President)
Arsenio M. Cua Councilor (Barangay Captain)
Julian Docdocil Councilor (Barangay Captain)
Lorlie F. Improgo Councilor (Barangay Captain)
Bernardo Y. Solomon Councilor (Capital Sector)
Natividad A. Reyes Councilor(Professional Sector
Representative SanggunianPanlalawigan)
Loreto G. Bolivar Councilor (Agricultural Sector)
Eusebio Dela Riarte Councilor (Industrial Sector)

Because Mayor Francisco V. Punla was not affected by the Presidential Decree No. 826, as per
indorsement of the Hon. Jose A. Rono, Secretary of DLGCD, he was finally sworn into office by the
Hon. Sergio B. Morales, M.D. Provincial Governor of South Cotabato on January 6, 1976 as the
Municipal Mayor of the Municipality of Banga, South Cotabato.
On January 30, 1980 the first local election was held under the New Society and the elected municipal
officials of the Municipality of Banga were the following:

Francisco V. Punla Municipal Mayor


Wenceslao R. Pagulong Municipal Vice Mayor
Daniel Tomulto Sangguniang Bayan Member
Florentino S. Asuncion Sangguniang Bayan Member
Ismael M. Parcon, M.D. Sangguniang Bayan Member
Norberto Rendon Sangguniang Bayan Member
Julian Docdocil Sangguniang Bayan Member
Custodio Nemiada Sangguniang Bayan Member
Mary Lou M. Solomon Sangguniang Bayan Member
Manuel F. Improgo Sangguniang Bayan Member

A week after the Oath-Taking of all elected local officials in the country, Memorandum Circular No.
80-14 dated February 27,1980, was issued by the Secretary of the Ministry of Local Government and
Community Development, in pursuance of the provisions of Batas Pambansa Blg. 51, providing for the
membership in the Sangguniang Bayan of the Presidents of the Barangay Federation and the
Kabataang Barangay were held on March 22,1980 and April 11,1980, respectively. The following were
elected to represent their respective federations in the Sangguniang Bayan of Banga, to wit:

Dioclesio Inocente,Sr. President, Association of Barangay Captains


Felixberto G.Inocente President, PambayangKatipunanngKabataang Barangay

On August 27, 1981, through constitutional mandate Alfonso Molarto was appointed as member of
the Sangguniang Bayan representing the Agricultural Sector.

In 1983, Lorlie F. Improgo was sworn into office as member of the Sangguniangn Bayan upon winning
the presidency of the ABC as a result of their reorganization.

Igme Uy was likewise sworn to office as member of the Sangguniang Bayan in his capacity as the
President of the Pambayang Katipunan ng Kabataang Baranggay after reorganization of the
Katipunan in 1984. However, with his untimely death in the same year the Vice President, Juvy P.
Boje succeeded him in office.

After the People Power on February 25, 1986, by the strength of the Freedom Constitution and the
establishment of a revolutionary government, the revamp on the local government units was
affected, the following were appointed as the Officer-In-Charge of the Office of the Mayor and the
Sangguniang Bayan.

Mary Lou M. Solomon Officer-In-Charge


Office of the Mayor
Samuel L. Ladot Municipal Vice Mayor
Alex V. Lamanero Sangguniang Bayan Member
Ramon T. Mariveles Sangguniang Bayan Member
Loreto G. Bolivar Sangguniang Bayan Member
Ireneo Feliprada Sangguniang Bayan Member
Reynaldo T. Servanez Sangguniang Bayan Member
Nelita T. Hechanova Sangguniang Bayan Member
Santiago Gasmin Sangguniang Bayan Member
Marino Langub Sangguniang Bayan Member
Alfonso Molarto Sangguniang Bayan Member/Agriculture Sector
Juvy P. BojeTeruel Sangguniang Bayan Member, Municipal Federation
President
Lorlie F. Improgo Sangguniang Bayan Member/ABC President

Upon the reorganization of the ABC in 1987, Teodorico Daanoy, the Elected AB President was sworn
into office as member of the Sangguniang Bayan on June 3, 1987.

The call of local elections on January 18, 1988 required the resignation of the candidates who held
elected positions in local government units and further organization of the interim municipal officials
for a period of one (1) month. The following were appointed into Office:

Juan B. Bravante OIC Mayor


Rogelio Ledesma OIC Vice Mayor
Domingo Bulol Kagawad
Ramon T. Mariveles Kagawad
Ireneo Feliprada Kagawad
Alejandro D. Besas Kagawad
Francisco A. Arana Kagawad
Teddy G. Arciso Kagawad
Mamerto A. Alagbay Kagawad
Cristito C. Fuentes Kagawad

In the succeeding general election held on May 11, 1992, the following officials were elected into
office.

Samuel L. Ladot Municipal Mayor


Cristito C. Fuentes Vice Mayor
Isidro J. Janita SB Member
Dora G. Aragona SB Member
Severo P. Quimsing, Jr. SB Member
Raymundo D. Poral SB Member
Marcelino A. Madero SB Member
Dioclesio C. Inocente, Sr. SB Member
Rolando T. Magan SB Member
Ildefonso T. Aguirre SB Member

ABC President Rogelio N. Nievares, continued to represent said council in the Sangguniang Kabataan
President Beaulah Joy B. Cabangal who currently represent the SK in the Sangguniang Bayan of Banga
was elected on January 3,1993.

The Municipal Government of Banga then operates in the direction of the main thrust of the Provincial
Government that is to attain economic recovery through the realization of its mission described in the
hereinafter statement:

“TO PROMOTE THE GENERAL WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE OF BANGA, SOUTH COTABATO TO
ACHIEVE EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH AND TO ATTAIN AN ECOLOGICALLY BALANCED
ENVIRONMENT THROUGH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SELF-RELIANT

COMMUNITIES AND BY TRANSFORMING BANGA INTO A LEADING MICRO-AGRO INDUSTRIAL


MUNICIPALITY IN THE PROVINCE BY THE YEAR 2000”
After their three year term of office, another election was held on May 9,1995 of which the people
again gave their mandate to the following officials to wit;

Samuel L. Ladot Municipal Mayor


Isidro J. Janita Vice Mayor
Severo P. Quimsing, Jr. Sangguniang Bayan Member
Ildefonso T. Aguirre Sangguniang Bayan Member
Rolando T. Magan Sangguniang Bayan Member
Dioclesio C. Inocente,Sr. Sangguniang Bayan Member
Alicia A. Corneta Sangguniang Bayan Member
Raymundo D. Poral Sangguniang Bayan Member
Ramon T. Mariveles Sangguniang Bayan Member
Dora G. Aragona Sangguniang Bayan Member

ABC President Pacifico L. Lanaria, continued to represent said council in the Sangguniang Bayan. Upon
reogrganization of SK in 1995, Joel S. Dimput, the elected SK Municipal Federation President was
sworn into office as member of the Sangguniang Bayan Member on July 1, 1995.

In July 1, 1997, Larry F. Hibaler was sworn into office as member of the Sangguniang Bayan Member
upon winning the presidency of the ABC as result of their reorganization.

In the succeeding general election held on May 11, 1998, the following officials were elected into
office as Municipal Centennial Officials.

Samuel L. Ladot Municipal Mayor


Cristito C. Fuentes Vice Mayor
Alicia C. Corneta Sangguniang Bayan Member
Pacifico L. Lanaria Sangguniang Bayan Member
Celedonio M. Lamprea Sangguniang Bayan Member
Aguinaldo G. Inocente Sangguniang Bayan Member
Severo P. Quimsing,Jr. Sangguniang Bayan Member
Ramon T. Mariveles Sangguniang Bayan Member
Wilfredo C. Palma Sangguniang Bayan Member
John P. Rosete, Jr. Sangguniang Bayan Member

ABC President Larry F. Hibaler, and SK Municipal Federation President Joel S. Dimput, continued to
represent said council in the Sangguniang Bayan.

The following were the Municipal Officials of Banga, South Cotabato from 2001-2019:

2001-2004

Hon. Isidro J. Janita Municipal Mayor


Hon. Alex D. Garcia Municipal Vice Mayor
Hon. Alicia A. Corneta Municipal Councilor
Hon. Angelito D. Mendoza Municipal Councilor
Hon. Wilfredo C. Palma Municipal Councilor
Hon. Aguinaldo G. Inocente Municipal Councilor
Hon. Henry L. Ladot Municipal Councilor
Hon. Robert C. Gumboc Municipal Councilor
Hon. Pacifico L. Lanaria Municipal Councilor
Hon. Ramon T. Mariveles Municipal Councilor
Hon. Larry F. Hibaler ABC President
Hon. Philbart Vinson SK Federation President

2004-2007

Hon. Isidro J. Janita Municipal Mayor


Hon. Alex D. Garcia Municipal Vice Mayor
Hon. Mario C. Madero Municipal Councilor
Hon. Cristito C. Fuentes Municipal Councilor
Hon. Angelito D. Mendoza Municipal Councilor
Hon. Aguinaldo G. Inocente Municipal Councilor
Hon. Ildefonso T. Aguirre Municipal Councilor
Hon. Wilfredo C. Palma Municipal Councilor
Hon. John O. Rosete Municipal Councilor
Hon. Rico T. Tagaloguin Municipal Councilor
Hon. Larry F. Hibaler ABC President
Hon. Philbart Vinson SK Federation President

2007-2010

Hon. Isidro J. Janita Municipal Mayor


Hon. Alex D. Garcia Municipal Vice Mayor
Hon. Mario C. Madero Municipal Councilor
Hon. Cristito C. Fuentes Municipal Councilor
Hon. Gemma I. Lloren Municipal Councilor
Hon. Ildefonso T. Aguirre Municipal Councilor
Hon. Angelito D. Mendoza Municipal Councilor
Hon. Rico T. Tagaloguin Municipal Councilor
Hon. Alicia A. Corneta Municipal Councilor
Hon. Larry F. Hibaler Municipal Councilor
Hon. Mariano A. Punla ABC President
Hon. Robert Sean Alfane SK Federation President

2010-2013

Hon. Henry L. Ladot Municipal Mayor


Hon. Aguinaldo G. Inocente Municipal Vice Mayor
Hon. Alicia A. Corneta Municipal Councilor
Hon. Ildefonso T. Aguirre Municipal Councilor
Hon. Cristito C. Fuentes Municipal Councilor
Hon. Gemma I. Lloren Municipal Councilor
Hon. John O. Rosete Municipal Councilor
Hon. Rico T. Tagaloguin Municipal Councilor
Hon. Larry F. Hibaler Municipal Councilor
Hon. Wilfredo C. Palma Municipal Councilor
Hon. Albert D. Palencia ABC President
Hon. Alex Nathan Garcia SK Federation President
2013-2016

Hon. Albert D. Palencia Municipal Mayor


Hon. Aguinaldo G. Inocente Municipal Vice Mayor
Hon. Isidro J. Janita Municipal Councilor
Hon. Alex D. Garcia Municipal Councilor
Hon. Alicia A. Corneta Municipal Councilor
Hon. Janeem Free B. Reyes Municipal Councilor
Hon. Mario C. Madero Municipal Councilor
Hon. Elmer T. Aguirre Municipal Councilor
Hon. Rose Grace J. Achurra Municipal Councilor
Hon. John O. Rosete, Jr. Municipal Councilor
Hon. Magno A. Reyes, Jr. ABC President
Hon. Arnel M. Wanan IP-MR

2016-2019

Hon. Albert D. Palencia Municipal Mayor


Hon. Aguinaldo G. Inocente Municipal Vice Mayor
Hon. Gemma I. Lloren Municipal Councilor
Hon. Mario C. Madero Municipal Councilor
Hon. Alex D. Garcia Municipal Councilor
Hon. Rose Grace J. Achurra Municipal Councilor
Hon. Elmer S. Aguirre Municipal Councilor
Hon. John O. Rosete, Jr. Municipal Councilor
Hon. Wilfredo C. Palma Municipal Councilor
Hon. Rico T. Tagaloguin Municipal Councilor
Hon. Magno A. Reyes, Jr. ABC President

Today, the Municipal Government operates smoothly under the new direction set forth in the Local
Government Code of 1991 (RA 7160).

CHAPTER II. GEOPHYSICAL PROFILE

Geographical Location

The geographical location of any place would determine all factors in the life of every individual in the
given natural features. Nature always plays an important role in our daily lives.
The municipality is strategically located in the northwestern portion of the Province of South Cotabato
and it lies approximately 6 degree 22 East Latitude and 124 degree 46 North Longitude. It is bounded
by 7 agricultural and forestall communities with Tantangan in the north, Koronadal in the northeast,
Tupi in the southeast, T’boli in the south, Surallah, Sto. Nino and Norala in the south and northwestern
portion of the municipality.

The municipality could be reached by road transport 72 kilometers from General Santos City for 1 hour
and 15 minutes and 13 kilometers from capital town of the province which is Koronadal City for 15
minutes. The International Airport and world class seaport in General Santos City could serve the
domestic and international travel in the province.

One of the natural features which gives the municipality protection from strong winds and beauty of
the mountain side is the Roxas Mountain Range which stretches from Malaya in the north to Lampari
in the south and in between barangay s San Vicente, Elnonok, Rang-ay, Lamba, Derilon, Lam-apos and
Lambingi. This mountain range also supports the water needs of the municipality.
Geographical Boundaries
North Tantangan
North East Koronadal City
North West Norala & Sto. Nino
South T’boli
South East Tupi
South West Surallah

Land Area by Barangay

The total land area of the municipality is 24,035 hectares which comprises of 22 barangays: 3
barangays are classified as urban while 19 barangays are rural.

Table 1: Land Area By Barangay and Percentage Distribution


Barangay Land Area (hectares) % to Total
Benitez 320.7479 1.33
Cabudian 472.3445 1.97
Cabuling 607.0838 2.53
Cinco 1,311.31 5.46
Derilon 460.674 1.92
Elnonok 1,627.52 6.77
Improgo 17.8869 0.07
Kusan 731.066 3.04
Lam-apos 697.5095 2.90
Lamba 3,051.87 12.70
Lambingi 1,523.26 6.34
Lampari 1,364.07 5.68
Liwanay 1,053.54 4.38
Malaya 2,163.67 9.00
Punong Grande 912.8129 3.80
Rang-ay 2,288.28 9.52
Reyes 352.224 1.47
Rizal (Bo. 3) 1,264.68 5.26
Rizal (Pob.) 452.0316 1.88
San Jose 1,252.20 5.21
San Vicente 2,054.20 8.55
Yangco 56.0178 0.23
TOTAL 24,035 100.00
Source: Local Government Unit of Banga

Topography/Slope
The municipality is part of a continuous expansion of the vast fertile plains of Allah Valley which
stretches toward Roxas Mountain Range in the Northeast. The contour and areas extending westward
is generally predominated by gently sloping terrain. There are three major rivers which traverse the
municipality – Lampari, Sapali and Banga. The rivers intersect somewhere in the part of Barangays
Lampari and Cabuling producing an abundant supply of water. The great volume of water is utilized
by the National Irrigation Administration in their projects servicing the municipality itself and the
nearby towns of Surallah and Norala. Moreso, Banga River has a watershed area of more or less
32,925 hectares. Which include Norala and Isulan. There are developed springs as the source of
drinking water from Lampari to Malaya.

The lowlands represent about 89.67% of the total land area. These are suitable for agricultural and
industrial development or as settlements of the growing population. The uplands which constitute
about 1.04% of the municipality’s total land area included residual terraces, foot slopes and plateaus.
The rolling to hilly lands within 500 meters of elevation cover about 7.97% while the mountain lands
with elevation of more than 500 meters constitute 1.32%.

Table 2: Slope Classification


Slope Classification Land Area % to Total Location

0 – 3% - Level to Nearly Level 17,628 73.34 All barangays

3.1 – 8% - Gently Sloping to Undulating 3,925 16.33 Elnonok, Lam-apos, Lamba,


Lambingi, Lampari, Malaya, Rang-ay,
San Jose, San Vicente
8.1 – 18% - Undulating to Rolling 250 1.04 Elnonok, Malaya, Rang-ay, San
Vicente

18.1 – 30% - Rolling to Moderately Steep 1,915 7.97 Elnonok, Lam-apos, Lamba, Lambingi,
Lampari, Malaya, Rang-ay, San
Vicente
30.1 – 50% - Steep 15 0.06 Lampari

50% and Above – Very Steep 302 1.26 Elnonok, Rang-ay

TOTAL 24,035 100.00

Source: Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Soil Water Management

GEOLOGY

Land Classification

Of the municipality’s total land area of 24,035 hectares 74.24% or 17,844.3203 hectares are alienable
and disposable land while the rest of the land or 6,190.6797 hectares are classified as forest land.`

Forestlands are located in the barangays of Elnonok, Lam-apos, Lamba, Lambingi, Lampari, Malaya,
Rang-ay and San Vicente. While all barangays are within alienable and disposal lands.

Table 3: Land Classification


Barangays Covered Alienable/Disposable Location Forestlands
(Has.) (Has.)
Benitez, Cabudian, 17,844.3203 Elnonok, Lam-apos, 6,190.6797
Cabuling, Cinco, Derilon, Lamba, Lambingi,
Elnonok, Improgo, Kusan, Lampari, Malaya, Rang-ay
Lam-apos, Lamba, Lambingi, & San Vicenye
Lampari, Liwanay, Malaya,
Punong Grande, Rang-ay,
Reyes, Rizal (Bo. 3), Rizal
(Pob.), San Jose, San
Vicente & Yangco
Source: DENR

Climate

Banga has a Type III climate and can be described as having no very pronounced maximum rain period,
with a short dry season lasting only from 1 to 3 months, either during the period from December to
February or from March to May. This climate resembles Type I since it has a short dry season.

Soil Type

The Municipality of Banga has 6 basic soil types namely: Banga Sandy Loam, Matulas Fine Sandy Loam,
Faraon Clay, Dadiangas Sandy Loam, Sinolon Sandy Loam and Mountain Soil (undifferentiated).

Banga Sandy Loam occupies a largest area of 10,512 hectares or 43.74% of the total land area of
Banga. This type of soil can be found in Barangays Benitez, Cabudian, Cabuling, Cinco, Derilon,
Improgo, Kusan, Lamba, Liwanay, Malaya, Punong Grande, Rang-ay, Reyes, Rizal (Pob.), Rizal (Bo. 3),
San Jose, San Vicente and Yangco.

Majority of the Matulas Fine Sandy Loam which covers an area of 6,064 hectares or 25.23% of the
municipality’s total land area can be found in the mountainous barangays except Derilon. These are
Barangays Elnonok, Lam-apos, Lamba, Lambingi, Lampari, Malaya, Rang-ay and San Vicente.

The Faraon Clay can be found in Elnonok, Lamba, Rang-ay, San Jose and San Vicente. It covers 2,980
hectares or 12.40%.

The Dadiangas Loamy Sand is located specifically in 6 barangays namely: Cabudian, Cinco, Kusan,
Lamba, Liwanay and San Jose. This soil type has a total of 1,728 hectares or 7.19%.

The Sinolon Sandy Loam which can be found in Derilon, Lambingi and Lampari has an aggregate area
of 1,539 hectares or 6.40%.

The Undifferentiated Mountain Soil has the smallest area of 1,212 hectares representing 5.04% of the
total land area and is located in the southeastern portion of the municipality comprising of 3
barangays: Lam-apos, Lambingi and Lampari.

Table 4: Basic Soil Type, Area and Location


Basic Soil Type Land % to Location
Area Total
Banga Sandy Loam 10,512 43.74 Benitez, Cabudian, Cabuling, Cinco, Derilon, Improgo,
Kusan, Lamba, Liwanay, Malaya, Punong Grande, Rang-
ay, Reyes, Rizal (Pob.), Rizal (Bo. 3), San Jose, San Vicente
& Yangco

Matulas Fine Sandy 6,064 25.23 Derilon, Elnonok, Lam-apos, Lamba, Lambingi, Lampari,
Loam Malaya, Rang-ay & San Vicente

Faraon Clay 2,980 12.40 Elnonok, Lamba, Rang-ay, San Jose & San Vicente
Dadiangas Loamy Sand 1,728 7.19 Cabudian, Cinco, Kusan, Lamba, Liwanay & San Jose

Sinolon Sandy Loam 1,539 6.40 Derilon, Lambingi & Lampari

Mountain Soil 1,212 5.04 Lam-apos, Lambingi & Lampari


(Undifferentiated)

TOTAL 24,035 100.00

Source: Department of Agriculture


Bureau of Soil and Water Management

Hydrogeologic Features

Banga is endowed with abundant watersheds and water resources more than adequate to supply the
municipality’s requirements for irrigation, domestic and industrial uses.

There are 3 major rivers which traverse the municipality – Lampari, Sapali and Banga. The rivers
interact somewhere in the part of Barangays Lampari and Cabuling producing an abundant supply of
water. Banga river has a watershed areas of more or less 32,925 hectares which include Norala and
Isulan. There are developed springs as the source of drinking water from Lampari to Malaya. There
are also surface water resources from the different barangays which is primarily used for agricultural,
irrigation, livestock, inland water and some utilized it in swimming resorts.

The municipality’s geological features comprises of 2 different rocks namely: pliocene-pleistocene


and recent rocks.

Pliocene-Pleistocene Sedimentary Rocks. This formation overlaps the older sedimentary series and
fringes the broad alluvial basin of Cotabato in the north. The clastic member consists of tuffaceous
sandstone and shale with few lenses of conglomerate. The sediments are usually folded especially at
the western flank of the Allah River near Banga.

Erosion Area
Soil erosion is the process by which soil particles are detached and carried by run-off water. Slope,
land use, type of soil and amount and intensity of rainfall are the factors affecting the rate of erosion
(refer to Table 22and Map 15).Erosion are classified according to the degree or severity of top soil
removed from the surface. These classifications are no apparent erosion, none to slight, moderate
and severe erosion.

a. No Apparent Erosion

This type of erosion is hardly noticeable or there is no erosion of surface soil. A 4,429.0047 hectares
patch of an area in Cabudian, Kusan, Liwanay and Rizal (Pob.) is within this type.

b. None to Slight Erosion

This type of erosion is characterized by the loss of less than one fourth of the original surface soil.
Usually, erosion takes place in lands where the topography is level to gently undulating. These areas
are contained in 9,004.588 hectares or 37.47% of the municipality’s land area.

c. Moderate Erosion

This class of erosion is characterized by the removal of surface soil at around 25 to 75% and normally
the starting stages of gully formation. There are 6,806.891 hectares of land or 28.32% belonging to
this class.

d. Severe Erosion

When all the surface soil and part of the sub-soil have been eroded with some gully formations,
definitely there is severe erosion in the area. This type of erosion occurs in the rolling lands of San
Vicente, Elnonok, Lamba, Derilon, Lam-apos, Lambingi and Lampari. This class covers an aggregate
area of 3,794.516 hectares or 15.79%.

Table 5. Erosion Potential Area


Classification Area (Has.) % to Total

No Apparent Erosion 4,429.0047 18.42


Slight Erosion 9,004.588 37.47
Moderate Erosion 6,806.891 28.32
Severe Erosion 3,794.516 15.79
Total 24,035.00 100.00
Source: DENR/MGB

Flood Prone Areas

Generally, all of the 22 barangays are prone to flooding. All barangays are classified as high and low
risk susceptible. While fourteen (14) barangays are considered as moderately susceptible. Barangays
that are highly susceptible are the low lying areas and traversed by Banga River and other major
tributaries and waterways.

Of the above mentioned barangays Lambingi, Lam-apos, Lampari, Lamba and Derilon whose upland
portion are planted with high value crops also experienced ocassional flashfloods both induced by
heavy rains and depleted forest cover. On the other hand, barangays, Rizal (Bo. 3), Punong Grande,
Kusan, Cabudian and Liwanay are classified as key rice production areas. With the occurrence of flood,
the staple food production is greatly affected.

Land Capability

The municipality has 6 identified land capability classes distributed in 22 barangays. These are class
1, 2, 4, 5, 6 and 7. Table 17 describes the different classes.

Land capability class 1 involves nearly level sloping to moderate limitation. This class occupies
3,785.8421 hectares or 15.75% of the total land area. Land capability class 2 involves moderate
sloping slightly moderately eroded land stable soil. This class occupies 25.7164 hectares or 0.11% of
the total land area. Land classification 4 involves gently to moderately sloping to rolling slight erosion
with less stable soil. This type covers an aggregate area of 3,828.4436 hectares or 15.93% of the total
land area. Land capability class 5 involves land suitable for cultivation to agricultural crops. Land
capability class 6 involves steep land shallow for cultivation. The limitations in this land are suitable
for pasture or forest. This type occupies 68.5397hectares or 0.28% of the total land area. While land
capability class 7 involves nearly level to gently sloping slight to moderate soil conditions. Land under
this class occupies 7,145.7197 hectares or 29.73% of the municipality’s land area.

Table 6: Land Capability Classification


Area
Class Description % to Total
(hectares)
1 Nearly level to gently sloping to moderate limitation 3,785.8421 15.75
2 Moderate sloping slightly moderately eroded land stable soil 25.7164 0.11
Gently to moderately sloping to rolling slight erosion with less
4 15.93
stable soil 3,828.4436
5 Land suitable for cultivation to agricultural crops 9,180.346 38.20
6 Steep land shallow for cultivation limited to pasture or forest 68.9357 0.28
7 Nearly level to gently sloping slight to moderate soil conditions 7,145.7197 29.73
TOTAL 24,035 100.00
Source: Department of Agriculture
Bureau of Soil & Water Management

Soil Suitability Studies

a. Soil Suitability for Cultivated Annual Crops

The areas suitable for cultivated annual crops comprising of corn and rain feed rice which has an
aggregate area of 3,892.3883 hectares. These can be found in upland portions of Barangays Malaya,
San Vicente, Elnonok, Rang-ay, Lamba, San Jose, Derilon, Lambingi and Lampari.

b. Soil Suitability for Perennial Tree and Vine Crops

Soil suitability for perennial tree and vine crops accounted to 5,186.3433 hectares. These are located
in 8 mountainous barangays such as Malaya, San Vicente, Elnonok, Rang-ay, Lamba, Lam-apos,
Lambingi and Lampari.

c. Soil Suitability for Forestry Plantations

Soil suitability for forestry plantations contains an area of 216.5442 hectares. This is particularly found
in Barangay Lampari.
d. Soil Suitability for Pastures

The area in Rangay is best suited for pastures that has an aggregate area of 357.0489 hectares

e. Soil Suitability for Production Forest

Forest areas of Banga are found mostly along the Roxas Mountain Range positioned at the eastern
and northeastern part of the municipality. Banga has 16,190.6797 hectares of forestlands. Areas
suitable for production forest are found in Barangays Malaya, San Vicente, Elnonok and Rang-ay
comprising of 1,510.3617 hectares.

f. Soil Suitability for Irrigated Rice/Fishpond

Rice occupies the second largest in farming production. Banga has been noted as the primary
producer of tilapia fingerlings in the region especially in Lake Sebu. The soil suitable for irrigated rice
and fishpond has the biggest totaling to 12,872.314 hectares. These are visible in Barangays Rizal
(Bo.3), Rizal (Pob.), Punong Grande, Cabudian, Kusan, Liwanay, Reyes, Improgo, Yangco, Cabudian,
Cinco, San Jose, Derilon and Lampari.

Table 7: Soil Suitability Classification


Classification Area (has.) % to Total
Soil Suitability for cultivated annual
3,892.3883 16.20
crops
Soild Suitability for Perennial Tree and
5,186.3443 21.58
Vine Crops
Soil Suitablity for Forestry Plantations 216.5442 0.90
Soil Suitability for Pastures 357.0489 1.48
Soil Suitability for Production Forest 1,510.3617 6.28
Soil Suitability for Irrigated
12,872.314 53.56
Rice/Fishpond
Total 24,035.00 100.00

LAND RESOURCES

Existing Land Use

Table 8 presents the existing land use areas of Banga based on the data generated through the
Geographic Information System (GIS). It has a total land area of 24,035 hectares, composed of 22
barangays.

In terms of land use, the municipality is generally an agricultural community with a biggest area of
16,136.9302 hectares devoted to farming activities. This is about 67.14% of the municipality’s total
land area. The vast tract of fertile agricultural land are occupied by corn and rice as the major crops
with High Value Commercial Crops (HVCC) as the high yielding crops.

This is followed by forestland areas of 6,190.6797 hectares or 25.76% of the total land area.

Another important thing that supports the municipality’s role as a settlement district is the sizeable
area of residential land utilizing about 832.4019 hectares or 3.46% of the locality’s land area.
Populated areas are most observable in four (4) barangays in the rural areas, to wit: Lamba, Cinco,
Liwanay, San Vicente and Reyes as the lone barangay in the urban areas. Of the aforesaid areas,
Reyes, Lamba, Liwanay and San Vicente had been considered as major growth area while only Cinco
as minor growth area.

Commercial areas possess 15.2909 hectares or 0.06% of the total land area. Majority are found in the
Central Business District (CBD) where economic activities are focused mainly within thhe heart of the
municipality.

The infrastructure/utilities area has a total of 305.2523 hectares representing 1.27% of the
municipality land area. This comprise of 4 components namely: roads and bridges, dams and NIA
canals.

Institutional area constitutes of 125.4450 hectares or 0.52% of the total land area. This area covers
public and private institutions such as municipal building, schools, hospitals, health centers, religious
and cultural centers.

The municipality’s tourism areas comprise 18.0338 hectares equivalent to 0.08% of the total land area.
These are classified as man-made recreation resorts and eco-tourism facilities such as swimming
pools.
The present industrial area covers around 3.5304 hectares and majority are classified as light
industries or I1 or medium industries (I2). This represents only 0.01% of the municipality’s total land
area.

Agri-industrial area accounted to 87.2451 hectares (0.36%) or a total of 175 agri-industrial entities
comprising of 59 rice mills, 39 piggeries, 27 corn shellers, 10 poultries and 40 others. The most
prominent industries are the Biotech Farms, Inc and Dole Stanfilco, Inc with sizeable areas.

Other land uses with small area allocation are: creeks and rivers 304.4606 hectares (1.27%), parks and
playgrounds 2.7997 hectares (0.01%), cemeteries 12.4924 hectares (0.05%) and cockpit 0.4380
hectares (0.00%).

Table 8. Existing Land Use


Land Use Category Area (in hectares) Percent to Total
Urban Land Use
Residential 832.4019 3.46
Commercial 15.2909 0.06
Infrastructure/Utilities 305.2523 1.27
Institutional 125.4450 0.52
Parks & Playgrounds 2.7997 0.01
Industrial 3.5304 0.01
Tourism 18.0338 0.08
Agriculture 16,136.9302 67.14
Agro-industrial 87.2451 0.36
Forest 6,190.6797 25.76
Water Uses
Creeks & Rivers 304.4606 1.27
Other Uses
Cemeteries 12.4924 0.05
Cockpit 0.4380 0.00
TOTAL 24,035.0000 100.00
Source: MPDO

Table 9: Existing Land Uses per Barangay, 2010


Socialized Infrastructure Parks &
Residenti Agro-
Barangay Housing/Re Commercial NIA Institu- Industrial Agriculture
al Bridges Dams Roads Industrial
location Canal tional
Benitez 42.1340 0.8795 8.1397 22.2881 244.6980 0.2895
Cabudian 14.5224 0.3036 0.0320 1.0888 9.3480 2.5046 442.6285 1.2245
Cabuling 27.1125 0.1252 0.0192 9.1859 3.1874 538.8408 2.6029
Cinco 69.0937 0.1029 0.0048 23.6672 5.5884 1,207.5908 3.5850
Derilon 13.1718 1.9326 0.0120 6.1322 1.9174 430.8655 1.5792
El Nonok 25.3119 0.0160 12.1508 2.3356 1,338.6353 0.9005
Improgo
10.8245 1.0947 0.2246 2.7705 0.1916
Village
Kusan 52.3145 2.0018 0.3643 0.0480 0.0160 1.4576 14.4383 6.7819 652.4374
Lam-apos 3.9262 2.5207 0.3456 1.3900 2.3980
Lamba 50.4114 5.1043 1.4830 0.0800 16.3549 9.0131 1,263.8738 4.7995
Lambingi 33.5760 0.6408 0.0180 11.3404 4.4128 1,090.7554 3.8436
Lampari 16.5144 0.0320 7.0257 4.4322 399.4466 1.9850
Liwanay 65.9327 0.3398 1.9221 20.2642 4.2887 950.5931 3.0210
Malaya 37.0499 0.0320 0.0080 2.2730 18.3999 5.3116 1,120.6076 1.0347
Punong
37.7372 0.0080 0.0080 2.0074 18.2813 5.7367 808.4575 3.4036
Grande
Rang-ay 55.3960 1.6232 0.0480 17.0770 6.8421 1,192.9040 3.1285
Reyes 50.5162 1.9493 0.0480 0.0200 1.4440 12.0566 10.8071 240.1750 3.9890
Rizal
46.9066 2.6783 0.3364 0.0080 0.2808 12.9826 3.0869 370.6259 4.4532
Poblacion
Rizal
57.3841 1.5638 0.0160 0.0160 1.9331 29.2690 9.3401 1,146.4180 3.1588
(Bo.3)
San Jose 40.7742 0.6205 0.0640 0.0160 0.36075 15.4470 7.6227 1,132.4191 4.8407
San
53.9104 0.7249 0.0160 26.4339 7.5764 1,515.2179 39.1577
Vicente
Yangco 13.6436 4.2337 1.94501 2.7997 0.7566 28.1515 0.0566
Total 16,120.510
818.1642 14.2377 15.2909 0.4972 0.0888 13.0143 291.3799 2.7997 125.4450 87.2451
2
% to Total 3.4041 0.0592 0.0021 0.0004 0.0541 1.2123 0.0116 0.5219 67.0710 0.3630
Source: MENRO/MPDC/BAS

Table 9-Cont’n.
Other Uses/Categories Telecom
Water municati % to
Barangay Tourism Forest Ceme- Slaughter Research/ Tabular Total GIS Total
Bodies Cockpit on Total
teries House Nursery
Facilities
Benitez 0.8462 1.0647 0.2240 0.1842 320.7479 320.7479 1.33
Cabudian 0.6921 472.3445 472.3445 1.97
Cabuling 26.0099 607.0838 607.0838 2.53
Cinco 0.4029 1.2729 1,311.3086 1,311.3086 5.46
Derilon 1.7156 2.8911 0.4566 460.6740 460.6740 1.92
El Nonok 233.7880 14.3863 1,627.5244 1,627.5244 6.77
Improgo
2.7283 17.8869 17.8869 0.07
Village
Kusan 1.1737 731.0660 731.0660 3.04
Lam-apos 682.8840 4.0450 697.5095 697.5095 2.90
Lamba 1,666.925
33.6415 0.0852 0.0421 3,051.8747 3,051.8747 12.70
1
Lambingi 350.4495 28.2212 1,523.2577 1,523.2577 6.34
Lampari 913.1364 21.4940 1,364.0663 1,364.0663 5.68
Liwanay 1.0649 0.5906 1,053.5449 1,053.5449 4.38
Malaya 960.2236 18.6886 0.0458 2,163.6747 2,163.6747 9.00
Punong
37.1732 912.81229 912.81229 3.80
Grande
Rang-ay 992.8967 18.3597 2,288.2752 2,288.2752 9.52
Reyes 12.035
10.0045 7.9092 04380 352.2240 352.2240 1.47
8
Rizal
2.2740 0.3649 7.9202 452.0316 452.0316 1.88
Poblacion
Rizal
15.5775 1,264.6764 1,264.6764 5.26
(Bo.3)
San Jose 2.5914 46.9448 1,252.2003 1,252.2003 5.21
San
4.9059 390.3764 14.2307 2,054.1979 2,054.1979 8.55
Vicente
Yangco 4.4311 56.0178 56.0178 0.23
Total 6,190.679 12.492
18.0338 304.4606 0.3092 16.4200 0.4380 0.2721 2,4035.0000 2,4035.0000 100.00
7 4
% to Total 0.0750 25.7569 1.2667 0.0520 0.0013 0.083 0.0018 0.0011 100.0000 100.0000
Source: MENRO/MPDC/BAS

CHAPTER III. POPULATION AND SOCIAL PROFILE

SOCIAL COMPOSITION AND CHARACTERISTICS

Population Composition

The population of the Municipality of Banga in 2000 was about 69,131. It increased to 73,355 in 2007
with an average growth rate of 1.34% between these periods. In year 2010, the municipality attained
a population of 76,343 with an annual growth rate of 1.00% between 2000 to 2010.

Household Population by Age-Sex Distribution

Of the total household population of 76,343, about 40,245 or 52.72% are under 24 years old. These
comprised mostly of children, young dependents and the young working age group. This is a healthy
indicator of more productive generations to follow. The relatively young population could be partly
attributed to the significantly high percentage of female population comprising the child bearing age
(15-49 years old) at 40,153 or 52.60%. Males outnumber females with a high ratio of 109 for every
100 females.

Figure 1 show the graphical presentation of the proportion of a given age and sex with respect to the
household population which reflects an expansive puramid characterized by a broad base (bigger
younger population) that tapers at the top (smaller older population). A pyramid generally reflects
the pattern of fertility, mortality and migration in the past, wherein a broad-based pyramid is a result
of very high fertility or populationgrowth rate while a narrow-based pyramid indicates low fertility.

The age bracket under (0-4) has the highest percentage share of 12%, while the least is in the 75-79
bracket accounting for only 0.76%.

More than half (52%) of the female population in the municipality belongs to the reproductive age
group or child-bearing age of 15 to 49 years old, recorded at 19,051. It is noted that female old
dependents of 2,018 or 5.47% of the total female population is higher than male old dependents of
only 1,588 or 4.02% of the total male population. On the other hand, male young dependents have
a share of 17% compared to female young dependents of only 16% of the population.
It is observed that starting the age bracket of 55-59, there is a significant shift in sex ratio where
females start to outnumber males at a ratio of 99.5 and ending with 56.0 males for every 100 females.
This reveals that women live longer than men, which may be attributed to the lifestyle factors and the
pressure they take on as head of the family.

Table 10. Household Population by Age-Sex Distribution, 2010


Both Sexes Male Female
Age Groups Sex Ratio
No, % to No. % to No. % to Total
Total Total
Under 1 1,809 2.37 925 1.21 884 1.16 104.7
1-4 6,997 9.17 3,608 4.73 3,389 4.44 106.5
5-9 8,205 10.75 4,254 5.58 3,951 5.18 107.7
10 - 14 8,063 10.56 4,148 5.43 3,915 5.13 106.0
15 - 19 8,065 10.57 4,249 5.57 3,816 5.00 111.3
20 -24 7,106 9.30 3,746 4.90 3,360 4.40 111.5
25 – 29 5,729 7.50 3,021 3.96 2,708 3.55 111.6
30 -34 5,541 7.26 2,906 3.80 2,635 3.45 110.3
35 - 39 5,080 6.66 2,660 3.49 2,420 3.17 110.0
40 - 44 4,686 6.14 2,487 3.26 2,199 2.88 113.1
45 - 49 3,946 5.17 2,027 2.66 1,919 2.51 105.7
50 - 54 3,225 4.22 1,706 2.23 1,519 1.99 112.3
55 - 59 2,453 3.21 1,217 1.60 1,236 1.61 99.5
60 - 64 1,832 2.40 887 1.16 945 1.24 93.9
65 - 69 1,378 1.80 628 0.82 750 0.99 83.8
70 - 74 1,034 1.36 485 0.64 549 0.71 88.3
75 - 79 581 0.76 255 0.33 326 0.42 78.2
80 & Over 613 0.80 220 0.29 393 0.51 56.0
TOTAL 76,343 100 39,429 51.66 36,914 48.34 107.0
Source: 2010 PSA Survey

Figure 1. Population Pyramid, 2010


80 & Over
75 - 79
70 - 74
65 - 69
60 - 64
55 - 59
50 - 54
45 - 49
40 - 44
35 - 39
30 - 34
25 - 29
20 - 24
15 - 19
10 - 14
5-9
1-4
Under 1

6,000 4,000 2,000 Male


0 Female
2,000 4,000 6,000

Table 11 breaks up further the age-sex structure of the population into school going age population,
working age, labor force and dependent population.

School-age Population. The municipality’s school going age population consists of 35,648 or 46.70%
of the total population. There are more males at all school age levels.

Age Dependency Ratio. Broken down into three broad age groups, the population of less than 15
years old constitute 32.84%, the productive age group or working age group 15 to 64 years old,
62.43%, while the elderly or the 65 years old and over, 4.72%. This places the dependency ratio (the
number of dependents 0-14 years and 65 years and over for every 100 persons in the productive age
group (15-64 years) at 60.18%.

Working Age and Labor Force. Labor force (or economically active population) refers to the
population 15 years old and above who are either employed or unemployed (PSA Definition). This age
group is composed of 15 years old and over which is 51,269 or 67.16% of the total population. Of the
total labor force, 40,663 are considered as productive population.

Table 11: Population Composition by School Age, Working Age, Dependent Age Group and Sex,
2010
Male Female Sex
Age Group Both No. Percentage No. Percentage Ratio
Sexes
School going age 35,648 18,596 52.17 17,052 47.83 109
Population
Pre-school (3-6) 8,530 4,450 52.17 4,080 47.83 109
Elementary (7-12) 9,761 5,092 52.17 4,669 47.83 109
Secondary (13-16) 9,676 5,048 52.17 4,628 47.83 109
Tertiary (17-21) 7,681 4,006 52.16 3,675 47.85 109
Working Age (15-64) 40,663 24,860 61.14 15,803 38.86 158
Labor Force (15 & Over) 51,269 26,741 52.16 24,528 47.84 109
Dependent Population 28,680 14,961 52.17 13,719 47.83 109
Young (0-14) 25,074 13,080 52.17 11,994 47.83 109
Old (65 & Over) 3,606 1,881 52.17 1,725 47.83 109
Source: 2010 PSA Survey

Household Population by Urban and Rural Barangay and Average Household Size
Population in the municipality is predominantly rural, comprising or 67,132 or 87.93% of the total
population in 2010 census while the remaining 9,211 or 12.07% comprised the urban population.
Basically, most of the rural populations are engaged in agricultural activities. Those that were in the
urban areas, mostly in industries and services sector.

Across all barangays, Barangay Lamba accounts as the most populated with 6,220 people. The
attraction of the people to this barangay was attributed by the presence of multi-national companies
engaged in high value crops production, commercial establishments and its bigger land area. Barangay
Derilon with 935 populations is the least populated area being the far flung barangay in the rural area.

Table 12: Household Population by Urban and Rural Barangay and Average Household Size, 2010
Barangay Population Number of Household Average Household Size
A. Urban
1. Benitez 3,015 659 4.58
2. Reyes 4,840 1,110 4.36
3. Yangco 1,356 329 4.12
Sub-total 9,211 2,098 4.39
B. Rural
1. Cabudian 1,457 343 4.25
2. Cabuling 2,362 532 4.44
3. Cinco 6,017 1,425 4.22
4. Derilon 935 239 3.91
5. Elnonok 3,665 795 4.61
6. Improgo 1,213 281 4.32
7. Kusan 3,844 847 4.54
8. Lam-apos 1,031 216 4.78
9. Lamba 6,220 1,365 4.56
10. Lambingi 3,429 872 3.93
11. Lampari 2,495 520 4.80
12. Liwanay 5,360 1,270 4.22
13. Malaya 3,663 1,028 3.56
14. Punong Grande 3,356 751 4.47
15. Rang-ay 4,130 967 4.27
16. Rizal (Barrio 3)) 4,498 1,100 4.09
17. Rizal (Poblacion) 4,568 1,105 4.13
18. San Jose 4,096 877 4.67
19. San Vicente 4,793 1,230 3.90
Sub-total 67,132 15,763 4.26
TOTAL 76,343 17,861 4.27
Source: 2010 PSA Survey

Urbanization Level

The proportion of urban population in Banga decreased from 12.59% in 2007 to 12.07% in 2010. This
is due to the rapid growth of rural population as compared to the growth of urban population.

In 1990, the municipality has a remarkable level of urbanization of 20.82%. This means that more
people are aggregating in the urban areas within the municipality which manifests the presence
(though not necessarily the adequacy) of economic opportunities and better facilities and amenities.
This had gradually slowed down in 1995 and was further aggravated by the reclassification of 2 urban
barangays (Improgo & Rizal Poblacion) into rural areas in 2000.

The urbanization in Banga is slow as compared to the other towns in the province such as Polomolok
and Tupi. However, with the noted fast urbanization of City of Koronadal on October 8, 2000 which is
fuelled by the continued growth of South Cotabato, urbanization trends moves towards the adjacent
barangays of Banga. This necessitated the establishment of agri-industrial and other commercial
establishments along the national highway in order to provide varied requirements of a growing
populace in the province.
Table 13: Urbanization Levels for the Past 20 Years
Year Barangay Population Level of
Urban Rural Total Urbanization
1990 12,436 47,268 59,704 20.82%
1995 12,435 54,136 66.571 18.68%
2000 8,117 61,104 69.131 11.74%
2007 9,235 67,293 73,355 12.59%
2010 9,211 67,132 76,343 12.07%
Source: PSA Reports
Urban Definition: NSCB Resolution No. 9, Series of 2003
a) If a barangay has a population size of 5,000 or more, then it is considered urban, or b) If a barangay has at least one establishment with
a minimum of 100 employees, it is considered urban, or c) If a barangay has five or more establishments with a minimum of 10 employees,
and 5 or more facilities within the two-Kilometer radius from the barangay hall, then it is considered urban
Population Density, Gross Population Density, Urban Density and Built-up Density

In 2007, the gross population density of Banga was 3.05 persons per hectare and slightly went up to
3.18 in 2010. Across barangays, the densest areas are Barangays Improgo and Yangco with 68% and
24% population density, respectively. Besides having too small area coverage, these two barangays
are located in the town proper or within the Central Business District (CBD) and are bounded by Banga
River in the eastern portion and with very limited expansion except to go across the river which in
itself has no river direction. Thus, once the strong flood comes in the river bank, said two barangays
are greatly affected by soil erosion and overflow of water. On the other hand, Barangay Lam-apos has
the lowest population density of 1 considering its population of 1,031 and its area of 697.5095
hectares.

This indicates a continuous in-migration of the population from rural to urban areas as demand of
goods and services increases coupled with infrastructure facilities that require more manpower
resources, entrepreneurs and other development players.

Gross Built-up Density is the ratio of the total population in built-up area to the total built-up area.
The residential, commercial, institutional, industrial, Infrastructure/Utilities and Parks and
Playgrounds fall under the built-up area. With the total population of 76,343 and 1,954.5524 hectares
of built-up area, gross built-up density of the municipality or the number of persons in built-up area
stood at 39.

Built-up Density in urban barangays showed that Barangay Yangco is the most densely populated with
48 persons per hectare while in the rural areas the Built-up Density showed that Barangays Improgo
and Lam-apos as the most densely populated with 89 and 71 persons per hectare, respectively.

Table 14: Population Density, Gross and Built-up Density: 2010


Barangay Population Land Area Population Built-up Area Built-up Density
(Ha.) Density (persons/ha.)
(persons/ha.)
Urban Barangay
1. Benitez 3,015 320.7479 10 134.3136 22
2. Reyes 4,840 352.2240 14 146.6421 33
3. Yangco 1,356 56.0178 24 28.7192 48
Sub-total 9,211 728.9897 13 309.6749 30
Gross Urban Density = 13.00
Rural Barangay
1. Cabudian 1,457 472.3445 3 30.4397 48
2. Cabuling 2,362 607.0838 4 59.7924 40
3. Cinco 6,017 1,311.3086 5 117.8268 51
4. Derilon 935 460.6740 2 46.2678 20
5. Elnonok 3,665 1,627.5244 2 54.2091 68
6. Improgo 1,213 17.8869 68 13.6670 89
7. Kusan 3,844 731.0660 6 89.3523 43
8. Lam-apos 1,031 697.5095 1 14.4990 71
9. Lamba 6,220 3,051.8747 2 110.9869 56
10. Lambingi 3,429 1,523.2577 2 61.3253 56
11. Lampari 2,495 1,364.0663 2 53.0388 47
12. Liwanay 5,360 1,053.5449 5 162.1079 33
13. Malaya 3,663 2,163.6747 2 164.3214 22
14. Punong Grande 3,356 912.8129 4 78.9019 43
15. Rang-ay 4,130 2,288.2752 2 103.7735 40
16. Rizal (Bo. 3) 4,498 1,264.6764 4 96.6142 47
17. Rizal (Pob.) 4,568 452.0316 10 133.2050 34
18. San Jose 4,096 1,252.2003 3 92.6136 44
19. San Vicente 4,793 2,054.1979 2 161.9349 30
Sub-total 67,132 23,306.0103 3 1,647.8775 41
Gross Rural Density = 3.00
TOTAL 76,343 24,035 Gross Population 1,954.5524 Gross Built-up
Density=3.18 Density= 39
Source: 2010 PSA Survey
Movement of Population

Net migration is the ratio of the difference between the in-migrants and out-migrants in a population
to the mid year population during the same period. Based on the facts gathered from the 2004-2030
Regional Physical Framework Plan (RPFP) of SOCCSKSARGEN , South Cotabato was characterized by a
positive net migration rate which means that there were more people going in or in-migrants from
1990 until year 2020.

Table 15: Projection of Sex-Specific Net Migration Rates, 1990-2020


Area 1990-1995 1995-2000 2000-2005 2005-2010 2010-2015 2015-2020

South
Cotabato
Male 0.028163 0.035746 0.045370 0.057586 0.073090 0.073090

Female 0.26502 0.36990 0.051629 0.072060 0.100576 0.100576

Source: 2004-2030 RPFP SOCCSKSARGEN

Historical Growth of Population

The total population of Banga, as of May 2010 was 76,343 persons. This is higher than the 2007 figure
by 73,355 indicating an average growth rate of 1.34 % annually for 3 years. In computing growth rate
for the 10 year period from 2000 to 2010, average annual growth rate posted at 1.00%. The latter is
being used as its baseline in the population projections in this plan.

It is noted that the population increased by 3,831 or 1.06% growth rate from 1960 to 1970 despite
the separation and creation of Surallah from Banga into a municipality on June 22, 1963 under R.A.
No. 3664.
Basing on the Table 16, the highest growth rate of 3.04% posted from 1975 to 1980 while the lowest
growth rate of 0.76% is from 1995 to 2000. From 1970 to 1995 average growth rate stood at 2.1%.
Considering the municipal growth rate for 2000, 2007 and 2010 censal years of 0.76%, 0.85% and
1.34%, Banga average growth rate for the millennium years was 0.98%.

Table 16: Historical Growth of Population


Increase or Growth Rate for Growth Rate
Year Population Decrease the Locality Provincial Regional National
1960 34,488 - 9.17 11.67 3.06
1970 38,319 3,831 1.06 4.69 6.32 3.01
1975 43,452 5,133 2.54 4.72 1.44 2.78
1980 50,480 7,028 3.04 5.59 4.73 2.71
1990 59,743 9,263 1.70 2.36 3.37 2.35
1995 66,571 6,828 2.19 2.86 3.25 2.32
2000 69,131 2,560 0.76 2.38 2.69 2.36
2007 73,355 4,224 0.85 1.45 2.41 2.04
2010 76,343 2,988 (2007-2010) 1.82 2.46 1.90
1.34 (2000-
2010) 1.00
Source: PSA Reports

Table 17 presents a comparative data by barangay on the historical trend or urban-rural population
as well as the Average Annual Population Growth Rate (AAPGR) per censal year from 2000 to 2010.

Data show that in urban areas, between years 2000 to 2010, Barangay Benitez is rapidly growing with
AAPGR of 1.90%. In rural areas, between years 2000 to 2010, Barangays San Jose and Lam-apos were
the top two with the highest AAPGR of 1.87 and 1.79%, respectively. With negative growth for 2000
to 2010 was Barangay Malaya (-0.74%).

Table 17: Historical Trend of Urban-Rural Population and AAPGR


Barangay Population % to Total Barangay Population % to Total AAPGR
2000 2010 2000-2010
Urban Urban
Benitez 2,498 3.61 Benitez 3,015 3.95 1.90
Reyes 4,303 6.23 Reyes 4,840 6.34 1.19
Improgo 1,089 1.58
Rizal (Pob.) 4,406 6.38
Yangco 1,316 1.90 Yangco 1,356 1.78 0.30
Sub total 8,117 19.70 Sub-total 9,211 12.07
Rural Rural
Cabudian 1,401 2.02 Cabudian 1,457 1.90 0.40
Cabuling 2,047 2.96 Cabuling 2,362 3.10 1.44
Cinco 5,271 7.62 Cinco 6,017 7.88 1.33
Derilon 890 1.28 Derilon 935 1.22 0.50
Elnonok 3,143 4.54 Elnonok 3,665 4.80 1.55
Improgo 1,213 1.59 1.09
Kusan 3,314 4.79 Kusan 3,844 5.04 1.50
Lam-apos 917 1.33 Lam-apos 1,031 1.35 1.79
Lamba 5,748 8.31 Lamba 6,220 8.15 0.80
Lambingi 3,194 4.62 Lambingi 3,429 4.49 0.71
Lampari 2,138 3.10 Lampari 2,495 3.27 1.56
Liwanay 4,804 6.95 Liwanay 5,360 7.02 0.99
Malaya 3,947 5.71 Malaya 3,663 4.80 -0.74
Punong Grande 2,985 4.32 Punong Grande 3,356 4.40 1.18
Rang-ay 3,432 4.97 Rang-ay 4,131 5.40 1.18
Rizal (Bo. 3) 4,281 6.20 Rizal (Bo. 3) 4,498 5.89 0.50
Rizal (Pob.) 4,568 5.98 0.36
San Jose 3,404 4.92 San Jose 4,096 5.37 1.87
San Vicente 4,603 6.66 San Vicente 4,792 6.28 0.40
Sub-total 61,014 80.30 Sub-total 67,132 87.93
Total 69,131 100 Total 76,343 100
Source: MPDO Computation Based on the 2000 & 2010 PSA Survey

Population Growth Rate and Poverty

Based on the facts gathered from PSA-NSCB Project on Generation of 2009 Small Estimates of Poverty,
poverty incidence in Banga was 31.3%. Relating poverty statistics to the rate of population growth,
there seems to be a positive relationship between poverty and population growth since Banga which
has moderate poverty incidence also exhibits lower population growth.

Doubling of Population

Should the 2000-2010 average annual population growth rate (AAPGR) of 1.00% prevail until the
succeeding years, the population of the municipality is expected to double in 69 years, or by 2079. By
then, the municipality is expected to have 152,686 people. The area is expected to double its
population 41 years later than South Cotabato.

The barangay which will have the shortest time to double its population is Benitez. At the rate of
1.90%, Benitez will double in just 36 years and that will be by 2046. Yangco will take a longest period
to double its population at a rate of 0.30% and that would be in 2242 or after 232 years.

The rate by which the population will double has significant implication on settlement considering the
land requirements and basic social amenities and services required to provide for basic human needs.

Table 18: Doubling of Population, by Area


Area 2000-2010 Doubling Time Expected Population
AAPGR No. of Year
Years
South Cotabato 1.82 38 2048 1,654,400
Banga 1.00 79 2089 152,686
Urban
Benitez 1.90 36 2046 6,030
Reyes 1.19 58 2068 9,680
Yangco 0.30 232 2242 2,712
Rural
Cabudian 0.40 174 2184 2,914
Cabuling 1.44 48 2058 4,724
Cinco 1.33 52 2062 12,034
Derilon 0.50 139 2149 1,870
Elnonok 1.55 44 2054 7,330
Improgo 1.09 63 2073 2,426
Kusan 1.50 46 2056 7,688
Lam-apos 1.79 38 2048 2,062
Lamba 0.80 87 2097 12,440
Lambingi 0.71 98 2108 6,858
Lampari 1.56 44 2054 4,990
Liwanay 0.99 70 2080 10,720
Malaya -.0.74 94 2104 7,326
Punong Grande 1.18 69 2079 6,712
Rang-ay 1.18 69 2079 8,262
Rizal (Bo. 3) 0.50 139 2149 8,996
Rizal (Pob.) 0.36 193 2203 9,136
San Jose 1.87 37 2047 8,192
San Vicente 0.40 174 2184 9,584
Source: MPDO Computation Based on 2000 and 2010 Census of Population

Literacy Rate

As defined by PSA, literate is the ability of the person to read and write a simple message. A person is
literate when he/she can both read and write a simple message in any language or dialect.

Literacy rate is the percentage of the population who has completed at least a year in elementary
education to the population seven years old and over.

In Banga, the total population 5 years old and over are 67,537 of which 62,294 of these are literate
and only 5,243 are illiterate. The literacy rate for both sexes is 92.24% which is one of the highest
literacy rate in the province of South Cotabato.

Table 19: Literacy Rate of Population 5 Years Old and Over by Sex: 2010
Male Female Both Sexes
No. % No. % No. %
Population 5 Years old & Over 34,896 51.67 32,641 48.33 67,537
Literate 32,257 92.44 30,037 92.02 62,294 92.24
Illiterate 2,639 7.56 2,604 7.98 5,243 7.76
TOTAL 34,896 100 32,641 100 67,537 100
Source: PSA 2010

Labor Force Population by Sex and Employment Status

It was only until 1990 when NSO released data on Labor Force by Sex and Employment Status on their
Census on Population and Housing Survey. To come with the same data, a computation on
Participation Rate was done for 2007 and 2010 on Municipal and Provincial Level.
2010 labor force population is 51,269 with 26,494 males and 24,775 females. With a participation
rate of 0.3835 the municipality has 19,721 (38.35%) total employed persons with employed males of
14,052 (53.04%) and employed females of 5,669 (22.88%). Total unemployed persons in 2010 are
4,327 (8.44%) persons with unemployed males of 2,107 (7.95%) and employed females of 2,220
(8.96%). Persons 15 years old and above not in the labor force in 2010 are 27,221 (53.20%) with
10,335 males (39.01%) and 16,886 females (68.16%).

It is observed that females are less involved in the labor force with only 22.88% employed and 8.96%
of them unemployed. There are 68.16% female 15 years old and over that did not even belong to the
labor force. Like the literacy rate of the municipality, these data support the idea that women are
most likely, still doing most of the reproductive role within the confines of their homes than doing
productive roles.

Table 20: Labor Force Population by Sex and Employment Status, 1990 & 2010
Municipality Pop. 15 Labor Force Not in % Pop. 15 Labor Force Not in the
Yrs. & Employed % PR Unem- % PR the PR Years & Employed Unempl Labor
Over ployed Labor Over oyed Force
1990 Force 2010
BANGA
Male 17,897 9,493 53.04 0.5304 1,423 7.95 0.0795 6,981 50.18 0.0518 26,494 14,052 2,107 10,335
Female 16,992 3,887 22.88 0.2288 1,523 8.96 0.0896 11,582 68.16 0.6816 24,775 5,669 2,220 16,886

Total 34,889 13,380 2,946 18,563 51,269 19,721 4,327 27,221


SOUTH
COTABATO
Male 310,626 215,577 69.40 0.6940 15,515 5.00 0.0450 79,534 25.60 0.2560 274,843 190,741 12,368 71,734
Female 299,543 104,038 34.73 0.3473 18,972 6.33 0.0633 176,533 58.93 0.5893 263,043 91,355 16,650 155,038

Total 610,169 319,615 34,487 256,067 537,886 282,096 29,018 226,772


Source: PSA 1990 & 2010

PRESENT STATUS OF WELL-BEING

HEALTH

Medical Facilities and Personnel

Table 20 shows the health facilities and manpower in the municipality for 2015. It has 1 main Rural
Health Unit (RHU), 1 Basic Emergency Maternity Obstetric Clinic (BEMOC) and 22 Barangay Health
Stations (BHS) with Botika ng Barangay. On manpower, the total government doctors 2, dentist 1,
nurses 8, medical technologists 2, midwives 29, sanitation inspectors 2, dental aide 1, drivers 2 (1
ambulance, 1 service vehicle) and 1 janitor. The BHS are manned by 22 midwives and is augmented
by the services of the Barangay Health Workers (BHWs).

Banga has 1 hospital, the 25-bed Januaria Marcial Memorial Hospital at Barangay Yangco which is
privately-owned. On the other hand, there are 3 dental clinics owned by private individuals.
Combining both public and private medical health personnel, the number of physicians and dentists
practicing their professions in the municipality totaled to 5 and 3, respectively. This translates to the
ratio of 1 physician per 16,047 and 1 dentist per 26,745 populations. Meanwhile, there are 16 nurses,
31 midwives, 5 sanitation inspectors, and 5 medical technologists.

Table 20: Medical Health Facilities and Personnel, 2015


Type of Health Services Facilities P E R S O N N E L
RHU BHS, Botika ng Hospital/* Maternity Capacity Physical Doctors Nurses Mid- Sanitation Others Total
Barangay (Public) Barangay. Medical/D Care Condition wives Inspectors Med tech,
(Public) ental Clinic Dentist,
Clinic (BEMONC Dental
(Private) ) Aide
Poblacion 1 1 Good 2 8 7 2 2, 1, 1 19
Benitez 1,1 Good 1 1
Cabudian 1,1 Good 1 1
Cabuling 1,1 Good 1 1
Cinco 1,1 Good 1 1
Derilon 1,1 Good 1 1
Elnonok 1,1 Good 1 1
Improgo 1,1 Good 1 1
Kusan 1,1 Good 1 1
Lam-apos 1,1 Good 1 1
Lamba 1,1 Good 1 1
Lambingi 1,1 Good 1 1
Lampari 1,1 Good 1 1
Liwanay 1,1 Good 1 1
Malaya 1,1 Good 1 1
Punong 1,1 Good 1 1
Grande
Rang-ay 1,1 Good 1 1
Reyes 1,1 Good 1 1
Rizal (Bo.3) 1,1 Good 1 1
Rizal (Pob.) 1,1 Good 1 1
San Jose 1,1 Good 1 1
San Vicente 1,1 Good 1 1
Yangco 1,1 Good 1 1
Yangco *1, 2 25 Good 2 8 2 3 3, 2 20
Benitez 1, 1 1 1 2
Source: Municipal Health Office and Primary Survey

Ten Leading Causes of Morbidity

Morbidity refers to the occurrence of diseases and illness in a population and its rate is the incidence
of a disease of each cause per 1,000 population.

Majority of the leading causes of morbidity in the municipality were due to respiratory diseases. Most
often, smoking and infections are to blame. Pneumonia is another major problem as it is included in
the top leading causes of morbidity and also mortality. As shown in table 21 for 2015, the incidence
of pneumonia case remained as the leading morbidity recorded cases. To combat this maladay, and
especially to children, the Rural Health Midwives were trained on integrated approaches regarding
the supervision of the children’s medical condition. This means that they can diagnose (physically)
and treat Pneumonia cases. Early detection of this illness is the key to save the lives of afflicted
children.

Table 21: Ten Leading Causes of Morbidity, 2015


Causes Number
1. Influenza 1,435
2. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection 1,288
3. Hypertension 992
4. Urinary Tract Infection 661
5. Wound 576
6. Pneumonia 340
7. PTB All Forms 294
8. Bronchitis 292
9. Allergy 286
10. Anemia 263
TOTAL 6,427
Source: Municipal Health Office
Ten Leading Causes of Mortality

Mortality is the intensity of death in a population. Most of the leading causes of mortality were due
to non-modifiable factors such as age and family history and the lifestyle factors that include excessive
consumption of calories, lack of physical activity, high salt or sodium intake, smoking and excessive
alcohol consumption. There is still a need to intensify campaign in the promotion of healthy lifestyle
in winning the battle against the health problem.

Table 22: Ten Leading Causes of Mortality, 2015


Causes Number
1. Cancer (all forms) 52
2. Hypertensive Cerebro Vascular Disease 42
3. Pneumonia 35
4. Kidney Disease 19
5. Myocardial Infarction 18
6. COPD 13
7. Diabetes Milletus 10
8. Sepsis 10
9. Liver Disease 8
10. Congestive Heart Failure 5
TOTAL 212
Source: Municipal Health Office

EDUCATION

In Banga, education services are both undertaken by the public and private sectors in the field of
formal and non-formal education which both covers educational progress on Pre-school, Elementary
and Secondary type of education programs.

In 2010, record showed that there were 62 preparatory schools operating in the municipality where
59 are publicly-owned and only about 3 by the private institutions. The total enrollment were 751
with ages vary from 3 to 6 years old. It is noted that 38 or 61% of these schools are initiated by the
Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) in compliance to R.A. No. 6972, entitled “An
Act Establishing a Day Care Center in every barangay”. Specific data for these are found in the Social
Welfare Subsector of the plan.

Last SY 1999-2000, the Rural Improvement Club Children’s Center (RIC-CC) initiated by the
Department of Agriculture begun to operate under DSWD. Said agency provided the new building.

On elementary level of education, Banga have 34 elementary schools where 31 are public and 3 are
privately-owned. For public schools, Banga is divided into 3 districts namely: Banga South District that
comprises 12 schools, North District – 9 schools and East District – 10 schools.

With regards to secondary schools , there are 13 schools operating in Banga – 9 are run by the
government and 4 by the private groups. 1 public and 3 private schools are located in the Poblacion
while 8 public schools and 1 private school are found in the barangays.

School by Level, Type, Facilities and Condition

Pre-school. In terms of school building and facilities, DepEd provided most of the preschool
buildings being used for the recent batch of preschool children.
Elementary. All 34 elementary schools have one playground, have comfort rooms where most of it
are found in relatively older and bigger schools like Banga Central, Cinco, Rizal Poblacion, Lamba, San
Jose, Purok Reyes, Rizal (3) and San Vicente, 9 schools have laboratories, 9 have shops, 2 have
libraries, and 5 have clinics. Majority of these facilities are in good condition.

Other facilities such as Home Economics and Industrial Arts showed that only 7 have HE and 2 schools
have Industrial Arts in which all are in good condition.

Secondary. Of the 13 secondary schools, all have comfort rooms wherein 24% and 20% are found in
Banga National High School and Notre Dame of Lamba, respectively. The rest has 2-6 each. Of the
total number of 50 comfort rooms, 49 are in good condition while only in Rizal (3) needs improvement
considering that the school is a newly established high school annex.

While 12 have their own playgrounds except for Dr. Domingo Tamondong that is located in the
Poblacion where there is no available space for the said facility. For some facilities, 5 schools have
laboratories, 2 schools have shop, 4 schools have libraries and 4 have clinics and all are in good
condition.

Administrative Office, Home Economics, Computer Rooms, Audio Visual Room and Industrial Arts are
also present which accounted to 23 wherein 21 are in good condition and only 2 needs improvement.

Student-Teacher and Student Classroom Ratio by Level

Table 23 shows that the student-teacher ratio for private pre-schools are 23:1 and for public schools
is 14:1 which means that there 23 students for every 1 teacher while the public schools has 14:1. Both
private and public is slightly below the standard requirements. However, with more or less 1% yearly
increase in preschool children, it is likely that more preschool children may not be given opportunity
to enroll in preschool institution unless the preschool program is given due consideration and
necessary support by concerned authorities.

The student-teacher ratios for private and public elementary schools is 28:1 and 20:1, respectively,
which are likewise within the standard ratios.

On the other hand, student-teacher ratio for private secondary schools recorded at 28:1 while the
public schools has 24:1. It is noted that teachers in Banga handle lesser students as compared to
national standards.
The students-classroom ratios for private and public pre-schools is 31:1 and 25:1, respectively.

The student-classroom ratio for private elementary schools is 16:1 and public schools is 25:1.

While the student-classroom ratio for private secondary schools is 23:1. For public schools the
student-classroom ratio is 42:1 which is slightly above the ideal ratio.

Table 23: Student-Teacher and Student-Classroom Ratio by Level, SY 2015-2016


Type/Level No. of Enrollees Total No. of Total No. of Student- Student-
Male Female Total Teachers Classrooms Teacher Classroom
Ratio Ratio
Private
Pre-school 127 122 249 11 8 23:1 31:1
Elementary 339 310 649 32 41 20:1 16:1
Secondary 654 666 1,320 47 58 28:1 23:1
Public
Pre-school 232 270 502 37 20 14:1 25:1
Elementary 5,375 4,929 10,304 368 419 28:1 25:1
Secondary 1,724 1,556 3,280 138 79 24:1 42:1
Source: DepEd District Office

HOUSING

This sub-sector looks into the over-all housing situation of the municipality using the 2000 and 2010
PSA data as the base year in projecting the total housing demand with the population growth rate of
1.00. Current year refers to 2010 and succeeding years as projections thereof.

Based on the 2010 PSA Census on Housing, Banga has 17,742 occupied housing units and a total
number of 17,861 households. The ratio of households to occupied housing units was 1:1.00 which is
lower compared to 2007 ratio of 1:1.01.

Informal settlement also exist in the municipality with a total number of 2,956 informal settlers and
these are located in 14 barangays where majority of the housing structures are located in the dead
roads and riversides.

There is 1 residential subdivision established in the municipality located at Barangay Rizal (Poblacion).
A number of residential subdivisions that have not complied requirements on Development Permit
also exist.

Problems on land titling also exist attributed to non-compliance of Development Permit and Land
Conversion by landowner and/or developer. Establishment of resettlement area is also a priority
program of the Local Government Unit the fact that it already assisted in the procurement of areas
intended for the relocation of concerned beneficiaries.

As per record, it shows that a total number of 9 resettlement areas were already established namely:
Camdas Village in Barangay Rang-ay, Pingoy Village in Barangay Derilon, Sitio T’boli in Barangay Kusan,
Sitio Atbali and Imbong in Barangay lam-apos, Sitio Upper and Lower Lambucay and Purok Quezon in
Barangay Lamba and in Barangay Cinco.

Housing Backlogs

The total housing backlogs for 2010 accounted to 4,290 housing units. These comprised of Doubled-
up households or those units which are shared by 2 or more households totaling to 2,679 units (This
is the 15% of the 17,861 households in 2010.) Per 2007 CLUP Guidebook Volume 2, about 10 to 15%
of households still double up each year as the case of new marriages who continue to stay with their
families.

Also, a total of 1,120 households or 6.27% of the 17,861 households in 2010 were landless informal
settlers occupying in danger zones, private and/or government properties.

Table 24: Housing Backlog, 2010


Backlog No. %

Doubled-Up Households * 2,679 62.45


Landless Informal Settlers ** 1,611 37.55
Total Backlog 4,290 100%
Source: PSA 2010 Census of Population & Housing

Notes: * - This is the 10 to 15% of households which double-up each year as the case of new marriages
who
continue to stay with their families (CLUP 2007 Guidebook Vo. 2)
** - This is the 8.48% of the total households in 2009 CHLSS suevey as used as basis in projecting
landless informal settlers for 2011

Informal Setttlements Areas

There are a total of 1,120 households who are informal setttlers located in 21 barangays. The first 5
barangays having the highest number are Lambingi, Reyes, Rizal (Pob.), Liwanay and Lampari with
206, 164, 122, 106 and 65 families, respectively.

In the event that informal settlers will be relocated, provision of an area for the Low Cost Housing shall
be located within the residential area of the municipality.
Table 25: Informal Settlements Areas, 2015
Barangay Area Land ownership Zoning No. of Settler’s Year Utilities Entities Type of
(ha) Gov’t Private Classificatio House- Origin Occupied Present Providing Assistance
n holds Assistance
Improgo 0.75 / dead road, 32 Improgo 1970 -1990 free flowed Barangay Water Supply
rehab. Site, water,
riverbank watersealed
toilet, pitcher
Pump
Yangco 1 / / 40 2009 Water Sealed
Toilet
Benitez 0.955 / dead Road 59 Water sealed Barangay
toilet Pitcher ump
Reyes 4.435 / dead road, 164 1970 - 1990 pitcher pump PGO Water supply
rehab site,
riverbank
Rizal (Pob.) 0.698 / dead road 122 1980’s pitcher pump Water supply
Liwanay 5.15 / dead road 106 1975 - 1980 pitcher pump Water supply

Cinco 0.888 / dead road 55 1979 - 1980 pitcher pump Water supply
Lamba 0.1 / dead road 6 1990 pitcher pump Water supply
San Jose 0.17 / dead road, 27 1980 - 2002 pitcher pump, Water supply
riverbank jetmatic
Rang-ay 0.45 / dead road 40 Ebeneze 1980 - 1990 Jetmatic Barangay Water supply
r
`Elnonok 1.9 / dead road, 35 1970
riverside
Malaya 2.7 / dead road 38 1970 - 2000 Water
San Vicente 1.5 / dead road 41 1980’s
Cabudian 0.18 / dead road 8 1980 - 2000 Pitcher Pump
Kusan 0.4 / dead road 28 1980 - 1990
Punong 0.044 dead road 8 1970 - 2000 Water Pump
Grande
Lambingi 06.15 / dead road 206 1980 - 2005
Rizal (Bo. 3) 0.77 / dead road 40 1990 Jetmatic
Lampari 0.5 / Market Site 65 1980 Pitcher pump
TOTAL 1,120
Source: Primary Survey

Resettlement Areas

There are a total number of 10 resettlement areas established in the municipality. These are located
in six barangays namely: Rizal (Pob.) , Derilon, Kusan, Lam-apos, Lamba and Cinco involving a total
number of 877 families with an accounted number of 450 housing units. Most of the basic utilities,
facilities and/or amenities are present such as water systems, electricity and plaza. Development of
resettlement areas were made through the assistance of the National Government, Provincial
Government and the LGU.

Table 26: Resettlement Areas, 2015


Barangay Land No. of No. of Utilities/Facilities Amenities Administrat
Ownership Families Housing Units ion
Rizal Pob. (Bliss) Public 50 50 Electricity, Level III Water System, LGU
Plaza,
Comfort Room
Derilon (Pingoy Village) Public 130 23 Electricity, Level III Water System, LGU, PGO
Plaza,
Comfort Room
Kusan (Sitio T’boli) Public 92 85 Electricity, Level III Water Nat’l. /PGO
System, Brgy. Health Station,
Plaza
Lam-apos (Atbali) Public 41 41 Level I Water System, LGU

Lam-apos (Imbong) Public 105 92 Level II Water System, Plaza LGU

Lamba (Upper Lambucay Public 74 74 Level II Water System LGU

Lamba ( Lower Lambukay) Public 327 27 Level II Water System, Electricity LGU

Lamba (Purok Quezon) Public 8 8 Water System, Electricity, MP LGU


Building

Lamba (Camdas) Public 38 38 Level I Water System LGU

Cinco Public 12 12 Level II Water System, Electricity Nat’l.

Source: Primary Survey

Housing Facilities and Utilities Situation

Potable Water. Based on the result of Community Health Living Standard Survey (CHLSS) in 2009,
there are different types of water sources found in the municipality. These are classified as potable
and non-potable water sources.

Potable water sources are then classified into: 1) shared, tubed/piped well; 2) own used, piped/tubed
well; 3) shared faucet, community water system; 4) own, used faucet, community water system; 5)
purified bottled water, and 6) peddler. Non-potable water sources are: 1) spring, river, stream; 2)
rain, and 3) dug well.

Table 27 shows that of the total number of households of 13,115 surveyed, about 11,294 or 86.11%
households provided information as to actual sources of water supply and 1,821 or 13.89%
households had not given such information.

Those who have potable water supply shared 9,969 or 88.27% households while a significant number
of 1,325 or 11.73% households were still having non-potable water.

Table 27: Source of Potable Water, 2009 Figure 2. Source of Potable Water, 2009

Type of Water Sources Number of


Household Shared, Tubed,/Piped
Shared, tubed/piped well 3,502 421
Well
16 1821
888 Own Used,
3502
Piped/tubed Well
34
416 3064
1556 Shared Faucet,
1397 Community Water
Own used, piped/tubed well 3,064
Shared faucet, community water system 1,556
Own, used faucet, community water system 1,397
Purified bottled water 416
Peddler 34
Spring, river, stream 888
Rain 16
Dug well 421
TOTAL 11,294
No information 1,821
Total number of Households 13,115
Source: CHLSS 2009

Waste Management. Most households or the total of 17,737 or 99.30% of the total 17,861
households improperly manage their waste by dumping in individual open pit (not burned). Report
from the MENRO revealed however, that burning and burying of wastes was still being practiced by
households particularly those located in the rural barangays which are not being served by the
Garbage Collection and Disposal System of the LGU which is focused only within the urban area. A
total of only 104 (0.59%) households disposed their wastes in a controlled dumpsite. Others (0.11%)
do composting.

Table 28: Waste Management, 2009 Figure 3. Waste Management (%), 2009
Methods Number of
Households
Collection and disposed to Controlled 104
Dump 104 20 Collection and Disposed to
Controlled Dump
Composting 20
Composting

Not collected – Burned Dumped in 17,737 17,737


individual open pit Not Collected - Burned
Dumped in individual
TOTAL 17,861 open pit

Source: MENRO

Cooking Fuel. Data on CHLSS survey in 2009 showed that of the 13,096 total households, 10,136 or
77.40% still depend on collected wood as their cooking fuel. This is followed by charcoal, 2,266 or
17.30%, LPG, 572 (4.37%), electricity, 57 (0.44%), purchase wood or sawdust, 34 (0.26%) and
kerosene, 31 (0.23%).

Table 29: Type of Cooking Fuel by Households Figure 4. Cooking Fuel Facility Used by the
2009 Households, 2009
Type Number of 31 572
Households 57 19
Collected wood 10,136 2,266 Collected Wood
Purchased wood or sawdust 34 34
Purchase charcoal 2,266
Kerosene 31 Purchased wood
LPG 572 or Sawdust
10,136
Electricity 57 Purchased
Total 13,096 Charcoal
No Information 19 Electricity
Total Number of Households 13,115
Source: CHLSS 2009

Toilet Facilities. There are various types of toilet facilities used in Banga which are classified as
sanitary and unsanitary. The sanitary toilet facility is further classified as: 1) water sealed, septic tank
used exclusively by the household; 2) water sealed, septic tank shared with other and 3) flush toilet;
4) closed pit. Whereas, unsanitary is classified as open pit.

Table 30 shows that out of the total of 13,115 households surveyed in 2009, there were 11,921 or
90.90% who have sanitary toilet facilities. Those who have unsanitary toilet facilities accounted to
446 or 3.40% while a considerable 738 households or 5.63% had no toilets with 10 households or
0.07% used the other types of toilet facilities.

Table 30: Type of Toilet Facilities by Households, 2009


Type of Toilet Facilities Number of Household
Water sealed, Septic Tank used exclusively by the household 8,797
Water sealed, sewer septic tank shared with other 2,672
Flush toilet 397
Closed pit 55
Open pit 446
None/No toilet 738
Others 10
TOTAL 13,115
Source: 2009 CHLSS
Figure 5. Number of Households per Type of Toilet Facilities, 2009
55446 10
397 738 Water sealed, Septic Tank
used exclusivgely by the
household
2,672
Water sealed, Sewer
Septic Tank shared with
8,797 other
Flush Toilet

Power Supply. Based on the 2010 record, about 49.32% or 14,958 total number of households in the
rural areas are being served by electricity which is smaller in number compared to those unsupplied
in the area which is 50.65% or 7,581 households. In the urban area, it can be noticed that the number
served is greater than the total number of households. However, primary survey revealed that of the
3 urban barangays, 2 of them, Yangco and Reyes have 30 and 40 households, respectively thzt were
unsupplied by electricity. The data gathered from the source is actually the number of connections.
Table 31: Households Served and Unserved by Electricity, 2015
Number of Households Percentage (%)

Rural Urban Rural Urban


Served 7,377 2,698 49,32 135.58

Unserv ed 7,581 50.68

Total 14,958 1,990 100 135.58

Source: SOCOTECO I

Households in Occupied Housing Units by Tenure Status of House Lot


Data on Table 32 shows that most of the housing units are owned and this represents 50.90% of the
total number of 12,481 units. Housing units in common property with other family members
represents 19.80% and the rest are categorized as housing units occupied by caretaker, informal
settlers and those who rented/leased represent a share of 17.35%, 8.48% and 13.49%, respectively

Table 32: Owner Households in Occupied Housing Units by Tenure Status of House Lot, 2009
Tenure Status of House Lot No. of Units %
Informal Settlers 1,058 8.48
Caretaker 2,165 17.35
Rented/Leased 435 3.49
Common property with other family members 2,471 19.79
Owned 6,352 50.89
TOTAL 12,481 100
Source: 2009 CHLSS

Households in Occupied Housing Units by Tenure Status of Housing Units, 2009

Table 33 shows that majority of the households owned their houses and this is 87.43% of the total
12,926 units. Others were just renting (2.40%) and served as caretakers ( 10.17%) which occupied
the house for free.

Table 33: Households in Occupied Housing Units by Tenure Status of Housing Units, 2009
Tenure Status of Housing Units No. of Units %

Caretaker/free 1,314 10.17


Rented 311 2.40
Owned 11,301 87.43
Total 12,926 100
Source: 2009 CHLSS
SOCIAL WELFARE

The drastic climate change, massive rains, strong winds and thunderstorm contribute economic
suffering to the less privilege by means of crops and properties which leads to extreme poverty in the
municipality. It recorded an increasing number of households that belong to the poverty threshold
level. Per result of the Community Health and Living Standard Survey (CHLSS) conducted last 2008,
data revealed that of 13,115 households 31.3% or 4,105 households belongs to Poverty Threshold
Level. Another survey conducted by the national government, the National Household Targeting
Survey for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR) last 2009 which showed that of the 13,431 households
assessed, 6,053 or 45% of the total number of households are classified as poor. Likewise, the
municipality is prone to natural disaster especially drought which aggravates the situation of those
who are socially and economically poor members of the community.

Thirteen (13) barangays of the municipality have indigenous communities where our tribal brothers
dwell with multifarious problems such as potable water, sanitary toilets, and other basic needs. Most
depressed areas include Barangays Lambingi, Lampari, Lam-apos, Lamba, Cabuling, Elnonok, Derilon
and Cabudian.

Social unrests confronting women and youth are the increasing number of child abuse incidence,
domestic violence, existence of youth defenders and drug abuse cases. While on the other, elderlies
and disabled persons are availing limited assistance.

Among others, low cost of farm products, high cost of farm inputs and basic commodities, large family
size, lack of skills, undiversified farming techniques and the municipality’s prone to disaster areas, e.g.
drought, tornado, flash flood are some contributory factors leading to poverty.

Other Social Welfare services available are the following:

1. The Self-Employment Assistance-Kaunlaran (SEA-K) which provides interest-free capital


assistance to qualified individuals, families and groups needing capital for their income
generating projects. The repayment is on a monthly amortization schedule and the recovered
payment is extended to other qualified clients needing similar assistance in the form of roll-
on loans.
2. Pre-marriage and Marriage Counseling Services are provided to couples about to get married.
Here they are provided with guidance in their understanding their roles and responsibilities
as married couple and would-be parents. This program is also supported by the Parents
Effectiveness Service (PES) or Responsible Parenthood Services (RPS).
3. The Office of the Senior Citizens Affairs (OSCA) created by Republic Act 7432 is tasked to plan,
implement and monitor programs and activities/services which benefit the elderly.
4. The Assistance to Individual in Crisis Situation (AICS) provides financial assistance to
individuals and families in time of urgent need and immediate relief assistance to victims of
calamity, natural or man-made. It also provides referral for hospitalization, institutional
services to mentally disturbed patients.
5. Emergency Shelter Assistance provided financial or material assistance specifically for shelter
for families affected by natural or man-made calamities.
6. Food for Work Program provides food or cash for work to persons who participate in
bayanihan activities and volunteers during the specified rehabilitation period.
7. There is other more preventive and developmental services for the community, for women
and special clients like pre-delinquent youth and physically disabled individuals.

PROTECTIVE

Protective Services by Facilities and Equipment

The Municipal Police Station of Banga which was constructed on May 16, 1996 is located at the back
portion of the municipal compound not visible to the main thoroughfare and to the area of
convergence. It has 1 headquarter with detention cell having an area of 1,200 square meters, which
is way below the standard area requirement of 2,500 square meters for a population of 75,000 or
more as mandated in the Local Government Code of 1991. There is also 1 outpost established at
Barangay Elnonok.

While the Municipal jail is still occupying portion of the police station, the Local Government Unit had
already identified and approved the site which is located adjacent to the latter and still awaiting for
appropriate funding.

Per record of 2015, the police forced is manned by 36 personnel resulting to a proportion of 1
policeman in the locality serving 2,090 for a total population of 76,343. The mobility is facilitated by
2 mobile patrols, 1 is serviceable and other 1 is unserviceable. Handheld radios and computer has
likewise contributed in monitoring, responding to the call of duty and documentation of reports.

Table 34: Protective Services by Facilities and Equipment, 2015


Type of Location Area* Number Personnel Facilities/Equipment Condition
Services (sq.m.) Of To Pop’n Vehicle Others
Personn Ratio
el
Police
Headquarters with Poblacion 1,200 36 1:2,090 1-svc Radio. Poor
detention cell
Outpost Elnonok 150 1 1-unsvc Comp.
Fire Protection
Headquarters Poblacion 400 9 1:8,360 1 1 Good
Others –
72 IB-CAFGU Detachment San Jose 1,500 5 1 1 Good
Derilon 1,500 4 1 1 Good
Provincial Mobile Outpost San Vicente 300 5 1 1 Good
Source: PNP, BJMP BFP

SPORTS AND RECREATION

On Sports

The Local Government Unit, in line with the national government’s call for the promotion of sports
and recreation with necessary accessories and facilities pursuant to Section 17 of the Local
Government Code of 1991, continue to rehabilitate and construct facilities geared toward improving
performance of the same. This is so to encourage and support the populace especially the youth in
holding said activities.

Sports and recreational facilities in the municipality are present covering a total land area of
356,554.80 square meters wherein the most common types are Basketball, Volleyball Courts and Gym
while in the field of recreation, the most common types are videokes and billiards.

Based on the actual survey conducted during the period, 100% of the barangays including the
Poblacion have basketball courts which were also utilized as volleyball courts. In 2010, there were
110 units with a total area of 49,920 square meters of which 40 % are concrete while the rest are not
though these are already made of hardened surface. Only Benitez has a separate facility for volleyball
court. All of these sport facilities are within the institutional zone of the different barangays except
those facilities found in the Municipal Site which falls under the parks and playgrounds zone of the
LGU.

In Poblacion, a covered court, gymnasium and the spacious plaza with baseball and soccer football
field was being utilized during town fiestas and other celebration like municipal and zone meets.
While in big barangays like Rizal (Bo. 3) and San Vicente have oval track that served also as baseball
and softball field. For tennis courts, the Poblacion and Barangay Punong Grande are having said
facilities with an area of 324 square meters.

Majority are in good condition but some are considered poor and critical, thus other facilities intended
for the purpose needs repair and/or improvement to make said type of sports facilities more
convenient to users at the barangay level.

Further, the barangay plazas with an area ranging from 5,000 to 7,000 square meters served as venue
for overall sports and recreation activities of the barangays and sitios while schools which are usually
located adjacent to the barangay plazas and halls as support thereof.

Big events with regard to sport activity such as the holding of Cotabato Regional Athletic Association
(CRAA) and Zone meets were accommodated and facilitated in one of the primary schools in barangay
Benitez – the Banga Central Elementary School. Its facilities and amenities composed of the following:
gymnasium; basketball & volleyball courts; soccer football field; oval track; baseball/softball field
sipa, badminton and table tennis courts.

The municipality was likewise served as one of the host municipalities for athletes sleeping quarter
during the Palarong Pambansa 1996 held in the province of South Cotabato and one of the venues as
well for competition game on “Archery.”

On Recreation

Normally, the most common and well participated activity on recreation is the celebration of
municipal and barangay fiestas either feast days of patronal saints or foundation anniversaries. Some
of the highlights of said activity include the following; parades accompanied by drum and bugle corpos
represented by different schools; beauty contests; field demonstrations; cultural shows; singing
contests; indigenous dances and parlor games.

Occasional recreation especially for men and other enthusiasts include watching of NBA/PBA games,
cockfighting, shooting and the like. Indoor recreations for most of the families are the playing of chess,
dart, cards, watching cable TVs, among others. While there are 16 billiard halls in various barangays
which are privately-owned.

With the presence of existing man-made resorts in the municipality, those with limited budget prefer
to make use of it. Some together with their familes and friends in group still go out to neighboring
towns like Lake Sebu for the physical features/scenic views of nature and lakes; City of Koronadal for
swimming pools, bowling lanes, movie houses, shopping stores, and the Cultural Center of the
province in watching cultural shows, concerts, among other major events/activities. Others even go
to General Santos City to celebrate parties and hold picnics at the beaches.

For other recreation facilities, so far only Barangay Reyes and Liwanay have public and private
libraries, respectively.

CHAPTER IV. LOCAL ECONOMY

THE ECONOMIC STRUCTURE

Agriculture
Agriculture is the primary economic activity in the municipality. Total land area devoted for agriculture
purposes is around 16,136.9302 hectares and mostly covers 67.14% of the municipality’s total land
area. Corn, rice, cassava, banana, coconut and papaya are the prime agricultural products. Corn is the
major agricultural produce planted in around 5,947.65 hectares or 24.75% of the municipality’s total
land area with 4,452.40 hectares accounted for yellow corn and vastly found in Barangay Rang-ay.
White corn has an aggregate area of 1,495.25 hectares. Rice is the second major commodity covering
5,619.50 hectares or 23.38% of the municipality’s land area; 4,244.30 hectares are irrigated and non-
irrigated or rain-fed with 1,375.20 hectares representing 17.66% and 5.72% of the municipality’s total
land area respectively. High Value Commercial Crops (HVCCs) utilize 4,463.98 hectares or 27.66% of
the municipality’s total land area as banana and cassava comprise widely with 692 and 222.85 hectares
respectively. Livestock and poultry production have 61.80 hectares. Livestock production which is
considered a promising industry in the municipality with the Biotech Farm as the major hog producer
in the region. The municipal government proposes the establishment of a class “AA” slaughter house
to cater demands of slaughtering of the growing piggeries in the locality that will focus mainly on pork
production. This is being considered as an economic driver of the locality.

The fish farming sector (in-land fishing) in tilapia and hito fingerling production has boosted economic
potentials in the locality. This sector needs to be given preferential programming as Banga has been
noted as the primary producer of tilapia fingerlings in the region. Fishing areas cover 44 hectares which
can be found mostly in Barangay El Nonok.

CARPable areas have 8,566.07 with 5,313 farmer-beneficiaries of which 6,306.02 had been covered,
395.13 hectares are yet to be covered. There are 1,864.92 hectares belong to Agrarian Reform
Communities with 963 farmer-beneficiaries.

Forestry

Banga forestall areas are found mostly along the Roxas Mountain range covering 6,190.6797 hectares
of forestland or 25.76% of the municipality’s total land area. Forest denudation caused by illegal
logging and lack of competent personnel in monitoring illegal activities in the hinterlands are the
common forestall issues of Banga.

Commerce and Trade

This economic sub-sector occupies 15.2909 hectares (0.06%) of the total land area of the municipality,
4.45 hectares are within the Central Business District (CBD) or 29.10% of the total commercial area
found mainly in the Barangays of Yangco and Benitez. Barangay markets have a total of 5.03 hectares
(0.02%) of the municipality’s total land area distributed in four (4) barangays of Kusan, Lamba, Rang-
ay and Rizal (Bo.3). Commercial strips or talipapa’s have 5.81 hectares (0.024%) of the municipality’s
total land area that can be found in eleven (11) Barangays of Benitez, Cabudian, Cabuling, Cinco,
Lambingi, Liwanay, Reyes, Rizal Poblacion, San Jose, San Vicente and part of Yangco . Majority of the
public market buildings were constructed sometime in 1960s and presently considered fire hazard and
there is an urgent need for major renovation or construction of new commercial buildings.

Industry

Industrial activities in the municipality are basically related to micro-industry where raw materials are
locally-sourced and are mostly categorized as non-hazardous industries. The total area devoted to
industry is 90.7755 hectares (0.38%) of the municipality’s total land area providing more than a
thousand employments based on the primary survey. Revenue share of the industrial sector is
considerably increasing. The industrial activities are increasing, although based on the data of the
permits issued, it is noted that there are some industrial activities operating without permits.

The local government is in the process of strictly enforcing the requirement of compliance of permit
through the Joint Inspection Team (JIT). Strict implementation of sanctions to violating industry
owners is currently imposed by the said agency. The Municipal government also strengthens the
function of the Business Permit and Licensing Officer (BPLO) to monitor and recommend imposition
of legal actions to violating industry owners. As of the moment, there is no pending
programs/projects in relation to industry in the municipality.

Tourism

There are no existing natural sceneries in Banga that may qualify for tourism per standard
requirement. While there is presence of falls, its accessibility is still limited to animal-driven facilities
due to poor road and trail condition. Unlike in Polomolok, Tupi, City of Koronadal, Lake and T’boli
which are the priority tourist-area destinations in the province, Banga is not included in the list.
However, Banga is strategically located between City of Koronadal, Lake Sebu and T’boli which is
considered potential for tourism investments.

Banga is also abundant in underground water. With this, the municipality will continue to explore in
improving its tourism industry through the creation of man-made recreation and eco-tourism facilities
such as swimming pools, sports and other related endeavors. There are 10 existing resorts and
restaurants in Banga which are considered as prime destinations of local tourists in the region. One of
the main thrusts in tourism development of the present administration is to develop Banga into Sports
Tourism destination considering its sufficient and convenient sports facilities.

Banga celebrates every September 11 as the emancipation of the locality into an independent
municipality and in every March 4, a one-week celebration which is considered as the most festive of
all celebrations in commemoration of the town as a settlement district dubbed as “Pasundayag”.

CHAPTER V. INFRASTRUCTURE/UTILITIES/FACILITIES

TRANSPORTATION

Inventory of Roads by System Classification and Type of Pavement

Banga is linked by a first class concrete national highway road from Gen. Santos City in the East and
Cotabato City in the West, 72 kilometers more or less an hour ride from General Santos City where an
International Airport in Tambler and a world class Seaport in Makar is located. It is 13 kilometers, or
around 15 minutes travel from the business center of the province, Koronadal, a component city of
South Cotabato and the set of regional offices of region 12. Banga is one of the municipalities
positioned on the upper valley area of the province and 27 kilometers before reaching the tourism
icon of the province, Lake Sebu.

As of 2015, the municipality has a total road network of 438.4799 kilometers. Provincial roads stretch
to a length of 97.6 kilometers. The road stretches to an all earth-type classification of roadway.
Municipal roads have a total road network of 36.50 kilometers; and the concreted portion accounted
to about 3.56 kilometers and the remaining 29.57 kilometers were earth-type. Barangay roads
comprise to a total of 291.3799 kilometer expanse of road of which, 3.66 kilometers were concreted.
Concrete roads are mainly emplaced in the vicinities of barangays in Poblacion area, the economic
core of the municipality. About 9.20 kilometers are gravel found at barangays Lamba and Rang-ay.
The rest were earth type classification spanning 271.5137 kilometers.

Table 35: Inventory of Roads by System Classification and Type of Pavement, 2015
Roads by Road Surface Type
System Right Total Concrete Asphalt Gravel Earth
Classificatio Of Length Km % C Km % C Km % C Km % C
n Way (Km)
ay
(Row
)
National 60 13 13 100 Goo
d
Provincial 20- 97.6 3.2 3.2 19. 20.3 8.9 – 74.5 76.3 Poo
60 9 9 Poor 3 r
8
11 -
Goo
d
Municipal 10- 36.50 3.56 9.7 29.57 3.37 9.23
20 5
Barangay 10- 291.379 10.666 3.6 9.20 271.513 93.1
Road 15 9 2 6 7 9
TOTAL 438.479 30.426 6.9 19. 4.54 113.2 25.8 274.883 62.6
9 2 4 9 7 3 7 9
Source: Municipal Engineering Office
Note: C-Physical Condition: Good – Acceptable/Serviceable Poor – Needs Improvement Critical – For
Priority Action

Inventory of Barangay Road by Pavement

Barangay roads has a total road network of 291.3799 kilometers. Concrete, gravel and earth roads
covers a total length of 9.1327, 9.20, and 271.5137 kilometers, respectively. No asphalt has been
emplaced in barangay roads. Mostly of the roads traversing rural barangays are earth-type which
deteriorates frequently during rainy season due to poor drainage system.

Table 36: Inventory of Barangay Roads by Type of Pavement, 2015


Barangay Total Length Road Surface Type
(km) Concrete (km) Asphalt (km) Gravel (km) Earth (km)
Urban:
1. Benitez 8.1397 0.196 7.9437
2. Reyes 12.0566 0.3385 11.7181
3. Yangco 1.9450 0.999 0.946
Sub-total 22.1413 1.5335 20.6078
Rural
1. Cabudian 9.3480 9.3480
2. Cabuling 9.1859 9.1859
3. Cinco 23.6672 3.132 20.5352
4. Derilon 6.1322 0.10 6.0322
5. Elnonok 12.1508 0.175 11.9758
6. Improgo 1.0947 0.234 0.8607
7. Kusan 14.4383 0.15 14.2883
8. Lam-apos 0.3456 0.3456
9. Lamba 16.3549 0.60 1.20 14.5549
10. Lambingi 11.3404 0.47 10.8704
11. Lampari 7.0257 0.05 6.9757
12. Liwanay 20.2642 0.215 20.0492
13. Malaya 18.3999 0.20 18.1999
14. Punong Grande 18.2813 0.1447 18.1366
15. Rang-ay 17.0770 0.696 .8 8.381
16. Rizal (Bo. 3) 29.2690 29.2690
17. Rizal (Poblacion) 12.9826 1.8 11.1826
18 San Jose 15.4470 1.04 14.407
19 San Vicente 26.4339 0.126 26.3079
Sub-total 269.2386 9.1327 9.20 250.9059
Total 291.3799 10.6662 9.20 271.5137
Source: Primary Survey

Inventory of Bridges by Location, Type, Capacity and Condition

Table 37 shows the existing bridges within the municipality, its type, condition, capacity and width.
This intrinsic infrastructure serves as links to various activities of the localities. The introduction of
these essential infrastructures will increase productivity and profitability of the broadest number of
producers as population increases. Most of these infrastructures were made of concrete and steel
materials.

Some of the bridges are double lane and mostly are single lane; reinforced box culverts (RCBC) both
made of single and double barrel are designed to drain the run-off water that used to hold up traffic.
There are a number of box culverts that can be found in Barangays Kusan, Liwanay and Rizal Poblacion.
These bridges are helping to make transport more efficient, encourage more economic activity and
prevent further damage to the road.

From the total of 33 bridges and 6 box culverts, only one was identified in poor condition, the
Lamtabong bong Bridge which can be found in Barangay Lambingi.

Table 37: Inventory of Bridges by Location, Type, Capacity and Condition, 2015
Bridge Name Locatio Type Bridg Physic Bridge Name Location Type Brid Physic
n e al (Barangay) ge al
(Baran Capa Condit Cap Conditi
gay) city ion acity on
(Ton (ton
s) s)
Rang-ay – Benitez Benite concrete(single lane 15 Good Lampari Bridge Lampari Steel (single lane) 10 Good
Bridge z RCDG)
Sampaguita Bridge Cabuli concrete(double lane 15 Good Bunkhouse Bridge Lampari Steel & wood (bailey) 10 Good
ng RCDG)
Purok Center Bridge Cabuli concrete(double lane 15 Good Mufac Bridge Malaya Concrete (double 15 Good
ng RCDG) Lane/RCDG)
Derilon Bridge Derilon concrete(double lane 15 Good Malaya Proper Bridge Malaya Concrete (double 15 Good
RCDG) lane/RCDG)
Elnonok Bridge Elnono steel (double lane) 10 Good Quirino Bridge Punong Concrete (single 15 Good
k Gande lane/RCDG)
Imbong Bridge Lam- concrete (single 15 Good Teban Bridge Punong Concrete (single 15 Good
apos lane/flat slab) Grande lane/RCDG)
Little Baguio Bridge Elnono steel (double lane) 10 Good Manisi Bridge Punong Concrete (single 15 Good
k Grande lane/RCDG)
Kalubihan I Bridge Kusan steel (double lane) 10 Good Balonabot Bridge Rang-ay Concrete (single 15 Good
lane/RCDG)
Kalubihan II Bridge Kusan steel (double lane) 10 Good Ebenezer-Sta Barbara Rang-ay Concrete (single 10 Good
Bridge lane/RCDG)
Itumpalak Bridge Kusan steel (double lane) 10 Good Banga Bridge Reyes Concrete (double 15 Good
lane/RCDG)
Rizku Bridge Kusan steel (double lane) 10 Good Benitez-Rizal Bridge Rizal Concrete (double 15 Good
(Pob.) lane/RCDG)
Cabudian Bridge Cabudi concrete & steel 10 Good Hibaler Bridge Rizal (Bo. Concrete (single 5 Good
an (double lane) 3) lane/flat slab)
Lower Lambukay Lamba concrete (single 15 Good Sitio Felimon Bridge San Jose Concrete (double 15 Good
Bridge lane/flat slab) lane/
Awal-Upper Lamba steel & wood/foot 1 Good San Jose Proper San Jose Concrete (double 15 Good
Lambukay Bridge bridge Bridge lane/RCDG)
Lamba Proper Bridge Lamba concrete (double 15 Good Sapali Bridge San Jose Concrete (double 15 Good
lane/RCDG) lane/RCDG
Matlong Bridge Lamba steel (single lane) 10 Good Candijay Bridge San Concrete (single 15 Good
Vicente lane/RCDG)
Lamtabong bong Lambi steel (suspension/foot 1 Poor
Bridge ngi bridge) (right
bank
pproa
ch
needs
impro
veme
nt
Source: Municipal Engineering Office

Type – Concrete, Steel, Others

Flood Control and Drainage Facilities

Drainage facilities are basically considered component of the road networks. In 2015, Banga has a
total of 6.94 kilometers drainage system. Majority of these are open-type canals design for easy
cleaning and maintenance. These interconnects household waste water collection including runoff
rain and convey to the main drainage. The outfalls of these drainage system is either in Banga River
or in creeks.

Indiscriminate throwing of garbage by the residents resulted to clogging of drainage canals and
aggravates flooding in the low lying areas of the municipality. Generally, all of the 22 barangays are
prone to flooding. All barangays are classified as high and low risk susceptible. While fourteen (14)
barangays are considered as moderately susceptible. Barangays that are highly susceptible are the
low lying areas and traversed by Banga River and other major tributaries and waterways.

Table 38: Drainage System, 2015


Location Description Dimension (meters) Length (kms.)
Public Market Closed canal 0.80 x 0.80 0.56
Public Market Open canal 0.80 x 0.80 0.16
Gen. P. Santos Street Open canal 1.00 x 1.00 0.19
Jose Improgo Street Open canal 1.00 x 1.00 0.29
Jose Improgo Street Closed canal 1.00 x 1.00 0.15
Rizal Street Open canal 0.80 x 0.80 0.86
Quezon Avenue to Crossing Kipot Open canal 1.00 x 1.00 1.74
Zamora Street Open canal 0.60 x 0.60 0.27
Rang-ay Road Open canal 0.80 x 0.80 0.17
Cabuling-Lamba Road Open canal 0.80 x 0.80 0.35
National Highway Open canal 1.00 x 1.00 0.65
Quezon Avenue Open canal 1.00 x 1.00 0.49
Quezon Avenue Open canal 0.80 x 0.80 0.03
Quezon Avenue Closed canal 0.80 x 0.80 0.09
Riverside Lamba Open canal 0.80 x 0.80 0.26
Imbong Road Open canal 0.80 x 0.80 0.45
Maisan FMR Open canal 0.40 x 0.40 0.10

POWER
Electricity is the key component to modern technology. Many households and businesses need access
to electricity. Demand for electricity is derived from the requirement for electricity in order to
operate domestic appliances, office equipment, industrial machinery and provide sufficient energy
for both domestic and commercial lighting, heating, cooking and industrial processes.

The Municipality of Banga is being served by an electric cooperative, the South Cotabato I Electric
Cooperative (SOCOTECO 1) based in Koronadal City. This has three (3) sub-stations – one 10 MVA and
two 5 MVA servicing 10 municipalities in the province and yet it is totally dependent on the Mindanao
Grid’s Maria Cristina hydropower plant for its power supply through the National Grid Corporation of
the Philippines (NGCP) 5,500 circuit kilometers (ckt-km) and 138 KVA transmission line. All of the 22
barangays of the municipality have been energized by the cooperative.

Household Served and Unserved by Electricity

Based on 2015 record, about 49.32 % or 7,377 out of 14,958 total numbers of households in the
rural areas are being served by electricity which is smaller in number compared to those unsupplied
in the area which is 50.65%. In the urban area, it can be noticed that the number served is greater
than the total number of households. However, primary survey revealed that of the three urban
barangays, two of them, Yangco and Reyes have 30 and 40 households respectively that were
unsupplied by electricity. The data gathered from the source is actually the number of connections.

Table 39: Household Served and Unserved by Electricity, 2015


Number of Households Percentage (%)
Rural Urban Rural Urban
Served 7,377 2,698 49.32% 135.58
Unserved 7,581 50.68%
TOTAL 14,958 1990 100% 135.58

Source: SOCOTECO 1

WATER

Based on the actual survey conducted by the MHO in 2015, of the 13,316 household surveyed, 7,811
have access to Level I, 618 were assessing water through Level II and 4,248 were dependent on Level
III.

About 12,235 households have accessed to sanitary toilet facilities.

COMMUNICATION
At present, the municipality is served by 3 major telecommunications system providers with the
presence of their cell sites. However, there are some areas that don’t have network coverage most
especially in the rural barangays. There is one available telegraphic service and public calling station
in the area. In terms of print media, newspapers of major publications like Manila Bulletin and
Philippine Daily Inquirer is available in the area. Table 40 shows the different types of communication
facilities in the municipality for 2015. These are of great help for the people in the community to have
access on communication and information. On the other hand, technology delivered communication
easily and made information dissemination even faster.

Table 40: Communication Services Facilities, 2015


Type Barangay Ownership
Public Private
Postal Services Poblacion x
Internet Providers Benitez, Improgo, Reyes, Rizal x
(Pob.), Yangco
Telephone Service Poblacion x
Providers
Cell sites network Benitez, San Vicente x
Public calling stations One
Others Mobile Radio Barangay ( ABC ), NGO’S, PNP x x
Network
Source: Primary Survey

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Waste Management

Solid Waste

Table 41 shows the data based on the result of Waste Analysis and Characterization Study (WACS)
conducted by MENRO in 2009. The Garbage Collection System of the LGU covers only the public
market, institutions and 104 households at Barangay Yangco.

The type of wastes are classified as biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste coming from
Domestic, Commercial, Industrial, Hospital and other sources with the total volume of 18.999
tons/day. It should be mentioned however, that this does not include agricultural wastes. Thus, taking
into account agricultural wastes, total waste generation within Banga is expected to be relatively
higher than this estimate, especially during planting and harvesting seasons. Additionally, it should
be noted that waste generation data of large industries, i.e., Dolefil, SUMIFRU Banana Plantation and
Biotech are included in the estimate.

In terms of volume of waste, domestic waste has the biggest source with 17.266 tons/day and those
generated from commercial, industries, hospitals and other sources are 1.509, 0.017, 0.036 and 0.172
tons/day, respectively. Based on the volume of wastes generated at all sources, not all are collected
and disposed at the controlled dumpsite. The average soild waste generated in 2009 was 18.999 tons
per day wherein only 1.841 tons per day of biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes was
collected.

Table 41 : Solid Waste Generation and Collection by Source Within Municipality, 2009
Source Type of Wastes Volume of Volume of Disposal Disposal
Waste Solid Waste Methods Site
Generated Collected
(tons/day) (tons/day)
Domestic Biodegradable/Non-biodegradable 17.266 0.107 Controlled Dumpsite Barangay Reyes
Commercial Biodegradable/Non-biodegradable 1.509 1.509 Controlled Dumpsite Barangay Reyes
`Industrial Biodegradable/Non-biodegradable 0.017 0.017 SLF Surallah
Hospitals Biodegradable/Non- 0.036 0.036 Controlled Dumpsite/ Barangay Reyes/
biodegradable/Toxic Septic vault Within their premises
Others Biodegradable/Non-biodegradable 0.172 0.172 Composting/Verrmicult Barangay Liwanay
ure
TOTAL 18.999 1.841
Source: MENRO

The existing segregation process employed by the municipality is still biodegradable vs non-
biodegradable classification. Biodegradable wastes comprise of green waste, food waste, paper waste
and biodegradable plastics. Non-biodegradable wastes are further classified into recyclable, residual
and special wastes. Residuals include cellophane, diapers, cigarette butts, sanitary napkin, etc. Special
wastes include tires, batteries, fluorescent lamps, empty sacks, broken bottles, appliances from
households and hazardous wastes from hospitals. Other areas such as office and schools employed
the same method of disposing solid waste. Recyclable wastes are being collected by almost all offices,
schools both public and private while residual wastes were collected by the LGU for final disposal at
CLSF.

At present, the LGU utilized the vacant lot at the back of the public cemetery at Barangay Reyes as its
controlled dumpsite. The said dumpsite has only one cell for biodegradable and non-biodegradable
wastes. The municipality had already acquired 4 hectares of lot for the proposed Central Material
Recovery Facility (CMRF) and Composting Facility at Sitio Valencia, Barangay San Vicente. Some
schools have constructed their own MRF while the 22 barangays have also their respective MRFs in
compliance to RA 9003.

Hospital Waste. There is 1 hospital and 1 lying-in in Banga, the Januaria Marcial Memorial Hospital
and the Basic Emergency and Maternity Obstetric Clinic (BEMOC). Hospital wastes are properly
diposed through burying their mixed wastes and incinerating toxic waste at the open pit located at
the back portion of their area. Likewise, the Municipal Health Office and the BEMOC had their own
septic vault of their wastes.

Table 42 presents the volume of wastes generated and the methods of disposal. In 2009, the volume
of waste collected and diposed to controlled dumpsite is 1.644 tons per day. Residual wastes
estimated at 0.017 tons per day was temporarily deposited in the Material Recovery Facility (MRF) at
the back of the Public Market for final disposal at the Cluster Sanitary Landfill (CSLF) at Surallah, South
Cotabato. A Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) had been perfected in December 2008 between the
Provincial Government of South Cotabato for the abovestated purpose. At present, there is no central
composting facility for vermi waste, however a barangay vermi composting facility has been
established by Municipal Agriculture Office (MAO) and MENRO in 2008 at Barangay Liwanay. It has
two composting beds and composting equipment tools only including shovels and there is no existing
shredding machine yet. A biodegradable waste accounting to 0.209 tons/day from the nearby twenty
(20) households of said barangay is directly processed in the said facility.

Other methods used are through recycling with a corresponding volume of 2.726 tons/day. A major
bulk representing 14.403 tons/day are burned or dump in individual open pit of households in areas
not covered by the Garbage Collection System of the LGU particularly in rural areas.

Table 342 Methods of Solid Waste Disposal/Treatment, 2009


Methods Quantity Total No. of Household Agency
Municipal Solid Served Responsible
Waste Generated
(tons/day)
 Collected and disposed to:
- Controlled Dump 1.644 104 MENRO/MEO
- Sanitary Landfill 0.017 MENRO
 Composting 0.209 20 (Liwanay) MAO
 Recycling 2.726 Private Sector
 Not Collected
- Burned/Dumped in 14.403 17,737 Households of
Individual Open Pit Rural Barangays
TOTAL 18.999
Source: MENRO

Wastewater

As shown in Table 43 there are five major sources where waste water is generated. However, there
was no specific data as to its volume generated since the study conducted by MENRO in 2009 was
limited only on solid waste. Also, some large industries withhold the giving of information as part of
the secrecy of their business.

Noticeably, none of the five major sources has waste water treatment facility. Majority of the
domestic (households) have their own septic tank, but an open pit still exist in some of the households
in remote areas. The Biotech Farms, Inc. have put-up lagoon at the back of their plant vicinity
however, it has been regularly disposed during rainy rains. While the small scale industries and
commercial establishments also disposed their waste water at the canals and creeks. Hospital use
septic tank before water is drained into the canals.

Table 43: Wastewater Generation by Source Treatment/Disposal Methods, 2009


Source Volume of Number/Percentage Disposal Disposal Site
wastewater connected to a Central Methods/Treatment
generated Sewerage System Facilities
(tons/day)
Domestic No Data None Septic tank/open pit Individual
households
Commercial No Data None Creeks/canals
Industrial (big) No Data None Lagoon/Pond Back of plant
Small vicinity
scale canals/creeks
Hospital No Data None Septic tank Back of the area
Others No Data None
Source: MENRO
An inventory of industrial establishments by concentration showed that numerous agro-industries
are operating in different barangays. It can be seen that production of waste that can be recycled is
significant. In addition, the greater volume of waste water generated need treatment plant for its
disposal.

Cemeteries and Memorial Parks

There are 4 cemeteries and 1 memorial park that exist in the municipality with a total area of
119,550.60 sq.m. Table 37 illustrates the area covered by each cemetery. The first 4 are located in
Barangay Reyes which is more or less 1km away from the poblacion while Derilon is located in the far
flung rural area . At present, 4 cemeteries were already congested. 1 memorial park which is
privately-owned has an adequate area for burial grounds (double type) even for the next 10 years.
Customarily, cultural traditions in burying the deads are still being practiced in Muslim and IPs
dominated areas of the municipality. These are: Derilon, El Nonok, Kusan, Lam-Apos, Lamba,
Lambingi, Lampari, Liwanay, Malaya, Punong Grande, Rang-ay, Rizal (Bo.3) and San Vicente.

A proposal for the establishment of additional area for cemeteries in these IPs dominated areas had
been included in the planning period.

Table 44: Existing Cemeteries and Memorial Parks, 2015


Name of Cemetery/Memorial Barangay Ownership Area (in Capacity Remarks
Parks (Public/Private) Sq.m.) (No. of
plots)

Public Cemetery Reyes Public 60,000 43,750 Congested


Catholic Cemetery Reyes Private 20,000 14,583 Congested
Holy Trinity Memorial Park Reyes Private 29,094 6,496
Alliance Cemetery Reyes Private 10,000 7,291 Congested
Public Cemetery Derilon Public 456.60 Congested
Total 119,550.60
Source: Primary Survey

Air and Water Quality

Water Bodies. Banga is endowed with abundant water resources more than adequate to supply the
municipality’s requirements for irrigation, domestic and industrial uses. There are 3 major rivers
which traverse the municipality – Lampari, Sapali and Banga. The rivers interact somewhere in the
part of Barangays Lampari and Cabuling producing an abundant supply of water. There are
undeveloped springs as the source of drinking water from Lampari and Malaya. There are also surface
water resources from the different barangays which is primarily used for agricultural, irrigation,
livestock, inland water and some utilized it in swimming resorts.

Quality of Water Bodies. The municipality has no central sewerage system, hence waste water is
commonly disposed into individual septic tank, drainage and canals. The Banga River and various
creeks in the different barangays are the final disposal sites of the waste water from the commercial
and industrial establishments. The Municipal Health Office regularly conduct monitoring and
information dissemination campaign among households especially those along the creeks to minimize
if not control improper disposal of waste water.

According to the Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004, water quality is the characteristics of water that
define its use and measured in terms of physical, chemical, biological, bacteriological, or radiological
characteristics by which the acceptability of water is evaluated, to classify water resources and their
beneficial use.

Based on the data from the 2011 State of the Brown Environment of the Department of Environment
and Natural Resources – Region XII, Banga River did not met the criteria for inland surface water
quality using physico-chemical and bacteriological parameters, which include color, pH, temperature,
salinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), total suspended solids (TSS), total
dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity, turbidity, oil and grease, fecal coliform and total coliform.

Table 45 further shows the classification, assessment and status of Banga River. It was evaluated in
the years 2001 to 2005 and re-evaluated in the years 2010 to 2011.

Table 45: Water Quality Status of Banga River, 2001-2005 & 2010-2011
Water Classification Status
Bodies
Banga River C  One of the tributaries of the Allah River System
 DO averages per station in 2003 are all witihin the criterion, ranging
from 6.8 to 7.8 mg/L
 BOD averages per station in 2003 are all within the criterion, ranging
from 1.9 to 3.7 mg/L. However, monthly monitoring shows five
exceeded the BOD criterion, three of which are from Station 3
 TSS averages per station in 2003 are from 19.7 to 41.3 mg/L
 Embankments being used for corn and coconut production could
potentially contaminatr river through fertilizers and pesticides
runoffs
Source: 2011 State of the Brown Environment, DENR – Region XII

Groundwater or aquifer refers to water that is collected collected in porous layers of underground
formations. Groundwater in the municipality are used for domestic, agricultural and industrial
sectors. The extraction of underground waters brings about changes in water supply. According to
the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) XII on their in situ analysis which was conducted at selected
stations in the region from 2001 to 2002, out of the 19 wells in Banga, 4 were detected with acidic
groundwater. Nitrates were also detected wherein the highest nitrate value of 8mg/L was found in
Barangay Lambingi. Possible sources of nitrates are the presence of septic tanks located less than 25
meters from deep wells as well as the leaching of fertilizers to groundwater.

Air Quality. In South Cotabato, there are three identified major sources of air pollution namely:
mobile sources, stationary sources and area sources. Mobile sources include motor vehicles such as
buses, jeepneys, service vehicles, tricycle and the like. Stationary sources comprise industrial
processing plants, power plants, factories and other similar stationary sources whereas area sources
include constructions of infrastructure facilities, smoking and even burning of garbage. These sources
of pollution emit pollutants in the form of suspended particulate matter, carbon dioxide, carbon
monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulfur and others. Within the South Cotabato Airshed, EMB
Region XII established and maintained two (2) major ambient air monitoring stations, one in the
Municipality of Tupi and the other at the City of Koronadal.
The average annual readings for 2011 of Total Suspended Particulates (TSP) for the two (2) stations
were within 52.1-71.2 µg/NCM categorized as “Good”, which means that there is no source of air
pollution that could contribute other than emissions from motor vehicles passing in the area.

Noise Pollution
So far, noise pollution is manageable as Banga is not thickly populated and is still a rural community.
Contributing mostly to this hazard are videoke’s during social gatherings.

Areas for Conservation, Preservation and Protection

Banga Watershed and Forests

Banga Watershed is one of the unproclaimed and critical watershed in South Cotabato. Critical
watershed as defined by the Forestry Code as a drainage area of a river system supporting existing and
proposed hydroelectric power, irrigation works or domestic water facilities needing immediate
protection or rehabilitation. Banga river has a watershed area of 32.925 hectares which include Norala
and Isulan. The water quality qualifies it at the most, for Irrigation of agricultural crops. At its
headwaters, the quality water is relatively better. However, as it flows closer to the urban center, the
water’s color changes from crystal clear to almost muddy, reflective of very poor quality, due to
environmental abuse, improper waste disposal, unsafe agricultural practices and lack of strong
protection in the riparian zone causes the river to swallow parts of the land in some barangays.

At present, a large portion of the total watershed area is denuded. Of the total forest area of 6,190.68
hectares, the protection forest accounted to only 4.88%. This is already critical within the headwaters
as indicated by the drying up of some streams within the headwaters of Banga River during summer
months. The production forest (forest or timberland) which is used for cultivation, settlement, and
other agricultural and economic activities is 96%.

In response, the LGU mobilize its MENRO in partnership with the Allah Valley Landscape Development
Alliance (AVLDA)and with different Non-governments Organizations (NGOs) for the regular conduct
of tree planting/reforestation activities.

Potential Eco-tourism Spots

The municipality is not a leading tourist destination but there are existing tourist spots (eco-tourism)
which can be developed into wholesome and lucrative destination for foreign and domestic tourists.
These includes caves and falls within the forest land.

Table 46: Potential Tourist Attraction in the Locality


Barangay Potential Attraction Within Forest Land Within A & D Lands
(area in has.)
Elnonok Falls, cave Protection 3
Lam-apos Falls (2), Cave (2) Production 3.5
Lamba Falls, cave Protection 1
Lampari Falls (3), cave Production 2
Malaya Falls Production 1
Rang-ay Falls, Cave (3) Production 2
Source: Primary Survey
National Protection of Agriculture Industrial and Agri-industrial Development (NPAAD)
The NPAAD identifies the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Lands (CARP) areas to be covered by the
CARP law and areas considered as Agrarian Reform Communities (ARCs). At present, agricultural land
in the municipality is diminishing because of unabated conversion of agricultural land into non-
agricultural uses like residential, commercial and industrial developments. The Table below indicates
CARP lands and lands to be covered by Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988.
Table 47: Agrarian Related Concerns: 2010
No. of Farmer-
Concerns Location Area (has.)
Beneficiaries

A. CARPable Lands
1. Covered Cabudian 110.72 94
Cabuling 214.15 141
Cinco 291.95 165
Derilon 124.14 83
Elnonok 392.72 245
Kusan 222.86 139
Lamba 647.72 343
Lambingi 568.09 389
Lampari 514.46 278
Liwanay 180.82 166
Malaya 852.42 537
Poblacion 149.47 110
Punong Grande 161.16 113
Rang-ay 539.39 333
Rizal (Bo. 3) 345.85 268
San Jose 506.40 369
San Vicente 483.70 327
Sub-total 6,306.02 4,100
Cabudian 23.01 12
Cabuling 10.87 7
Cinco 36.00 27
Elnonok 11.91 12
Kusan 43.29 44
Lamba 11.92 7
2. To be Covered
Liwanay 13.28 8
Malaya 14.25 6
Punong Grande 29.12 21
Rang-ay 16.00 11
Rizal (Bo. 3) 53.21 25
San Jose 39.40 20
San Vicente 92.84 50
Sub-total 250
395.13
Malaya 852.42 460
B. Agrarian
Cabuling 214.15 127
Reform Communities
Cinco 291.95 137
(ARCs)
San Jose 506.40 239
Sub-total 1,864.92 963
Total 8,566.07 5,313
Source: Municipal Agrarian Reform Office (MARO)

DISASTER RISK AND CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION

The joint project of the Provincial Government of South Cotabato and the National Economic
Development Authority (NEDA) XII which was conducted last November 12-16, 2012 has come-up with
a Disaster Risk Assessment (DRA)/Climate Change Vulnerablity Assessment (CCVA) using Geopgraphic
Information System (GIS) in producing hydrometeorological and geologic events hazard maps and
climate change vulnerability maps for the city and municipal level. The output of the workshop will
be integrated in the Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) and the Comprehensive Land Use Plan
(CLUP) in the respective localities.

Banga is experiencing hazards pertaining to hydrometeorological, geologic, and climate-related


events. Baseline data manifests that Banga is vulnerable to flood and rain induced landslides
(hydrometeorological); earthquake, earthquake-induced landslide, liquefaction and volcanic hazard
(geologic), drought and El Nino (climate-related).

Types of Hazard

1. Hydrometeorological Hazards

Hydrometeorological hazards are natural processes or phenomena of atmospheric, hydrologic or


oceanographic nature, which may cause loss of life, injury, property damage, social and economic
disruption or environmental degradation. Hydrometeorological hazards can be single, sequential or
combined in their origin and effects (United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction,
2004). Hydrometeorologic hazards include: floods, debris and mud floods; tropical cyclones, storm
surges, thunder/hailstorms, rain and wind storms, blizzards and other severe storms; drought,
desertification, wildland fires, temperature extremes, sand or dust storms; permafrost and snow or
ice avalanches.

a. Floods and Flashfloods

Generally, all of the 22 barangays are prone to flooding. All barangays are classified as high and low
risk susceptible. While fourteen (14) barangays are considered as moderately susceptible. Barangays
that are highly susceptible are the low lying areas and traversed by Banga River and other major
tributaries and waterways.

Of the above mentioned barangays Lambingi, Lam-apos, Lampari, Lamba and Derilon whose upland
portion are planted with high value crops also experienced ocassional flashfloods both induced by
heavy rains and depleted forest cover. On the other hand, barangays, Rizal (Bo. 3), Punong Grande,
Kusan, Cabudian and Liwanay are classified as key rice production areas. With the occurrence of flood,
the staple food production is greatly affected.

Table 48 enumerates all the susceptible barangays in every barangays classified to be highly,
moderately and lowly susceptible to flooding.

Table 48: Flood Prone Areas, 2015


Location Susceptibility Area (ha) Total Area Affected
High Moderate Low (ha)
1. Benitez 120.3615 104.7246 95.6631 320.7492
2. Cabudian 87.8053 235.2205 148.9822 472.008
3. Cabuling 277.8451 106.0434 223.1965 607.085
4. Cinc0 132.1239 311.8026 861.5142 1,305.4407
5. Derilon 57.3605 496.4413 553.8018
6. Elnonok 191.862 5.9869 1,438.0598 1,635.9087
7. Improgo 5.8162 6.0838 11.90
8. Kusan 161.7418 456.2997 109.2796 727.3211
9. Lam-apos 13.9376 686.526 700.4636
10. Lamba 305.148 2,742.2393 3,047.3873
11. Lambingi 130.1738 1,388.6943 1,518.8681
12. Lampari 122.0189 15.7444 1,220.0327 1,357.796
13. Liwanay 138.8833 409.3017 499.8344 1,048.0194
14. Malaya 353.3786 83.1728 1,726.2736 2,162.825
15. Punong Grande 454.9042 221.4621 236.4451 912.8114
16. Rang-ay 221.2754 2,069.1917 2,290.4671
17. Reyes 121.3665 51.0182 175.7024 348.0871
18. Rizal (Bo. 3) 385.5769 603.1016 273.6564 1,262.3349
19. Rizal (Pob.) 45.4413 140.4925 270.2354 456.1692
20. San Jose 320.6476 923.3937 1,244.0413
21. San Vicente 270.7909 1,786.8551 2,057.646
22. Yangco 35.4953 7.3044 13.2181 56.0178
Source: DENR-MGB

b. Rain-induced Landslides (RIL)

Data from Bureau of Soils and Water Management characterizes the municipality’s soil type where
majority is sandy loam; sedimentary; loose and prone to landslide and flooding. Table 49 shows that
15 barangays of the municipality are prone to rain-induced landslides due. Six (6) barangays are highly
at risk due to the presence of Roxas Mountain Range. These are Elnonok, Lam-apos, Lamba, Lambingi,
Lampari and Malaya.
Table 49: Landslide Areas, 2010
Location Susceptibility Area (ha) Total Area
High Moderate Low Affected (ha)
1. Benitez 320.7479 320.7479
2. Cabudian 470.8877 470.8877
3. Cabuling 607.0838 607.0838
4. Cinc0 1,302.0353 1,302.0353
5. Derilon 5.9795 447.8568 453.8363
6. Elnonok 295.962 395.9716 935.5942 1,627.5278
7. Improgo 17.8869 17.8869
8. Kusan 724.4686 724.4686
9. Lam-apos 265.5747 409.9006 21.2827 696.758
10. Lamba 723.7954 1,387.5777 2,111.3731
11. Lambingi 209.9925 1,067.7669 1,277.7594
12. Lampari 633.4414 435.6193 1,069.0607
13. Liwanay 1,045.2729 1,045.2729
14. Malaya 377.4918 1,166.9582 1,544.45
15. Punong Grande 912.8129 12.8129
16. Rang-ay
17. Reyes
18. Rizal (Bo. 3)
19. Rizal (Pob.)
20. San Jose
21. San Vicente
22. Yangco
Source: DENR-MGB

c. “Buhawi” or Strong Wind (Tornado)

At the local level there was no record to gauge the estimated wind speed of strong wind/whirlwind
occurences that caused damage in some areas of the municipality. Since this naturally occurring
hazard has just recently manifested itself in the municipality and has moderately sreated devastating
impacts on the lives and properties of the people, hazard maps are still to be produced with the help
of the national government.

d. Erosion

The DRR/CCA Mainstreaming Guidelines are only limited to flooding and rain-induced landslide under
hydrometeorological hazards. Erosion, however, is something unique and is happening in the
municipality, thus, the inclusion of this in the hazard profiling in the municipality. In addition, hazard
map for erosion as well as hazard map for “buhawi” were not included in the generation of all hazard
maps

2. Geologic Hazards

Geologic hazards result from geologic processes acting on or beneath the earth’s surface. These
include movement of plates in the earth’s crust or from local concentrations of heat and are a source
of hazards to people and their natural and built-up environment on the earth’s surface (Kramer, 1996).

Geologic hazards covered in this plan is limited to those caused by earthquakes (ground shaking,
earthquake induced landslide, liquefaction) and those caused by volcanic eruptions.

a. Earthquake Ground Shaking

Table 50 illustrates the epicenter, magnitude and depth of the two (2) active faults considering a worse
case scenario of earthquake. .

Table 50: Two Worst Case Scenario that would Affect Banga, 2012
Name of Active Fault Epicenter Magnitude Depth
Longitude Latitude (ms) (kms)
Mindanao Fault Daguma 124.2 6.8975 6.5 2
Extension
Banga Fault 124.9825 6.6125 7.3 2
Source: Disaster Vulnerability Assessment South Cotabato

b. Liquefaction

Some barangays in the municipality are highly susceptible to liquefaction.

c. Earthquake-induced Landslides (EIL)

The mountainous areas of the municipality are highly thus prone to earthquake-induced landslides.

d. Volcanic Hazards

In the case of Mt. Matutum and Mt. Melibengoy (Mt. Parker), PHILVOCS has designated s 5-25km
rardius permanent danger zone where settlements and economic activities are not allowed or are
restricted.

3. Climate Related Hazards

a. Drought

Historical rainfall data projects a decreasing amount of rainfall during the next 20 to 50 years from the
baseline (2000) in Banga. This rainfall scenario increases the likelihood of drought as the long-term
impact of climate change in Banga.

b. Increase in Temperature
Variations in temperature and rainfall are most likely the observed impacts of climate change in Banga
and in almost all municipalities in the country.

It is likely that in a warmer climate heavy rainfall will increase and be produced by fewer more intense
events. This could lead to longer dry spells and a higher risk of floods.

c. Rainfall Change (Distribution and Variability)

The climate map of Banga shows that the municipality is experiencing a Type III climate. Based on
rainfall data of PAGASA changes in rainfall pattern have been recorded.

3. Records of Previous Occurrences

a. Floods/Flashfloods

There were 24 recorded flashfloods in the Municipality of Banga in the last 10 years. Among the 22
barangays, Lampari, Lambingi, Lam-apos, Lamba, San Vicente, Kusan , Reyes, Elnonok, Rizal (Pob.) and
San Jose experienced frequent flashfloods.

Table 51 encapsulates flashfloods occurrence in the municipality. As to casualties, no cases was


reported. Records also showed that there were 1,384 affected families and a total of 30 houses were
damaged which caused the family members to evacuate to nearest barangay. Agricultural crops and
fishponds were also affected wherein 274.5 hectares were destroyed with P24,845,055.00 estimated
damages and P890,000.00 to the infrastructure facilities and P150,000.00 of private properties.

b. Rain-induced Landslides (RIL)

According to historical data Banga is prone to rain-induced landslides. The mountainous areas located
in Lam-apos, Lamba and Elnonok has experienced varied degrees of rain-induced landslides.

The Municipality of Banga experienced 2 rain-induced landslides (RILs) particularly in the


abovementioned barangays. These caused the death of 2 people, 4 injured and 57 families affected
and 8 houses was fully damaged. Private properties were also destroyed with an estimated cost of
P200,000.00.

c. Earthquake Gound Shaking

In March 6, 2002 an earthquake was experienced in the 5 barangays in the municipality at a magnitude
of 6.2 where a total of P88,000.00 worth of property and P33,000.00 agricultural crops was damaged
with a total of 9 number of families affected.

Table 51: Records of Previous Disasters, Municipality of Banga (2000-2010)


Hazard events Affected No. of No. of Affected No. of Houses Damage to Properties (infra,
Description Date Areas Casualties (persons, Affected agri, inst., private/comm’l.)
(dead, families) (totally,
injured, partially)
missing)
Flash/Flashfloods Aug. 17, Lampari Agri – 15 has. – P25,000
2001 Lambingi Agri – 10 has. (P15,000)
Lam-apos Agri – 10 has. (P15,000)
Lamba Agri – 20 has. (P30,000)
San Jose Agri – 10 has. (P10,000)
Reyes 43 families (81 Agri – 24 has. (P40,000), 20
persons) Fishponds
Rizal (Bo. 3) Agri – 40 has. (P50,000)
Rang-ay Infra (bridge)
Elnonok Infra – (P50,000)
Floods/Flashfloods Oct. 18, Kusan Agri – P 20,000
2001 Reyes 163 families (415 Agri – 38 has.
persons
San Vicente Infra – P205,000
Rizal (Bo. 3) Infra – P25,000
Floods/Flashfloods Oct. 20, All Agri – 35 has. & fishpond
2001 barangays (P2,350,000), Infra – P60,000
Floods/Flashfloods May 20, Kusan Infra – P50,000
2003
Floods/Flashfloods Aug. 28, San Vicente Infra – P110,000
2003
Floods/Flashfloods Jan. 2, 16 Agri – P7,057,055)
2004 Barangays
Floods/Flashfloods Jul. 29, Liwanay 28 families (155
2004 persons)
Floods/Flashfloods Aug. 30, Lambingi
2005 Lamba
San Jose No reported affected/damaged
Improgo
Malaya
Elnonok
Rang-ay
Floods/Flashfloods June 24, Kusan No reported affected/damaged
2007
Floods/Flashfloods Feb. 15, San Jose 151 families (412 Various roads, rice & crops
2008 persons) were damaged
Malaya 1 family (4 1 house fully Private property – P150,000
persons) damaged
Floods/Flashfloods Jul 5, San Vicente 48 families Infra – P90,000
2008 Rizal (Pob.)
Floods/Flashfloods Jul 21, Reyes 50 families (231 14 houses
2008 persons) fully
damaged
Floods/Flashfloods Aug. 9, Lampari 24 families (97 Agri – 19.5 has.
2008 persons)
Floods/Flashfloods Aug. 11, Cabuling 37 families (188 Agri – P100,000
2008 persons)
Floods/Flashfloods Sept. 10, Lam-apos 8 families (36 Agri – 5 has.
2008 persons)

Table 51 – Cont’n.
Hazard Events Date Affected No. of No. of Affected No. of Damage to properties
Description Areas Casualties (persons/families) Houses (infra, agri, inst.,
(dead, Affected private comm’l.)
injured, (totally,
missing) partially)
Floods/Flashfloods Nov. 13, Kusan 31 families (188 Infra – P300,000
2008 persons)
Floods/Flashfloods Nov. 14, Rizal (Pob.) 10 families (43 Agri – P250,000
2008 persons)
Floods/Flashfloods Nov. 28, Cabudian No report on affected/damaged
2008
Floods/Flashfloods Jul 6, Lam-apos
2009 Lamba 115 families (547
Benitez persons)
Reyes
Floods/Flashfloods Jul. 19, Rizal (Pob.) 530 families (2,415 Agri & Infra –
2009 persons) P10,115,000
Cabuling
Kusan
Lampari
Liwanay
Cinco
Floods/Flashfloods Oct. 29, San Vicente 130 families (621 Agri – P168,000
2009 Rizal (Pob.) persons)
Floods/Flashfloods June 10, Kusan 2 families (9 2 houses
2010 persons) totally
damaged
Floods/Flashfloods Sept. 10, Elnonok 13 families (69 13 houses
2010 persons) partially
damaged
Floods/Flashfloods Dec. 7, Lampari Agri – 48 has. – P600,000
2010 Lambingi
Rain-induced Jul. 29, Lam-apos 1 dead 49 families (171
Landslides 2003 Lamba persons)
Nov. 13, Elnonok 1 dead 8 families 8 houses Private Property – P
2008 4 injured fully 200,000
damaged
Ground shaking March 6, 5 Barangays 9 families (39 3 houses Agri – P33,000, Private
2002 persons) fully Properties – P88,000
damaged
9 partially
damaged
Source: PDRRMO South Cotabato

CHAPTER VI. LOCAL INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITY

Local Planning Structure

This local institution local capability review pertains to the actual and potential ability of the
townspeople to plan for, and manage, the pattern and of development of their community. But it also
touches on the opportunities available to the non-governmental and people’s organizations to
participate in local governance.

The study does not intend to make a management audit of the local government’s performance. It
seeks merely to describe the organizational structure of the local government focusing on the planning
function, the fiscal resources and management of the LGU, the development orientation of the local
legislative body and public-private participation in selected local development initiatives.

The LGUs Organizational Structure

The organizational structure set up shows the LGU’s compliance with the minimum requirements for
its viable operations (See Figure 1). Key government offices are in place. There are, however, positions
identified in the 1991 Local Government Code as optional but which are vitally important that were
not created. Example is the Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Officer (MENRO).

THE Municipal Development Council (MDC)

As defined by the LGC, the Municipal Development Council in the municipality has been reconstituted.
It is composed of the Mayor as the Chairman, all Punong Barangays, and the Chairman of the
Committee on Appropriations of the Sangguniang Bayan, the Congressman or his representative, and
NGOs operating in the municipality as members (See Table 23).

THE MUNICIPAL PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT OFFICE

The current MPDO has 5 staff complement – the MPDC, the Project Development Officer II, the
Draftsman II, the Clerks IV, III and II. Given its mandate as the technical arm and secretariat of the
Municipal Development Council, the scope of its responsibilities and duties, having an MPDO with 5
staff is already commensurate to its task. The technical skills required in effective planning can be
provided enough by the current structure and capacities of the MPDO.

Figure 5. Organizational Structure


LOCAL FISCAL MANAGEMENT

Status of Financial Health


`
The Municipality of Banga has managed to maintain a positive balance of total receipts over total
expenditures for the two (2) fiscal years for which data are available: 2014 and 2015. Both receipts
and expenditures are growing. (See Table 53)
TABLE 52. Municipal Development Council, 2015

HON. ALBERT D. PALENCIA MUNICIPAL MAYOR CHAIRMAN

MEMBERS:

Hon. Alex D. Garcia SB Committee on Appropriation


Hon. Ferdinand L. Hernandez Congressman

22 PUNONG BARANGAYS
1. Napoleon D. Parreno Benitez
2. Jonathan L. Ladot Cabudian
3. Josefino S. Ancino Cabuling
4. Amado T. Villacanas Cinco
5. Rodrigo C. Llasos Derilon
6. Magno A. Reyes, Jr. Elnonok
7. Fermin M. Dorego Improgo
8. Leon S. Pillado Kusan
9. Erencio C. Simpal Lam-apos
10. Ernesto M. Bustamante Lamba
11. Abrila Miskinan Lampari
12. Sonia de Vivar Lambingi
13. Jimmy C. Sancho Liwanay
14. Danilo P. Gonzaga Malaya
15. Bobby B. Delalamon Punong Grande
16. Andre S. Singsing Rang-ay
17. Aliardo Divinagracia, Jr. Reyes
18. Rudy S. Pagulong Rizal (Bo. 3)
19. Pedro G. Bolivar, III Rizal (Pob.)
20. Ariel N. Nualda San Jose
21. Juan L Celis San Vicente
22. Arman P. Palomar Yangco

NGO/PO Representatives
1. Jonathan Castillo Rang-ay Credit Cooperative
2. Josephine A. Atensor Liwanay Samahang Nayon Multi-Purpose Cooperative
3. Sanie D. Nualda SEA-K Womens Organization
4. Erlindo C. Salarza Office of the Senior Citizen Affairs
5. Laurencio C. Ignen Municipal Tribal Council
6. Rosendo M. Munar Banga Market Vendors Association
7. Estela A Feliprada San Jose Samahang Nayon Multi-Purpose Cooperative
8. Veto M. Mendoza Parents Teachers Association
9. Sheila Marie D. Apacible Banga Agrarian Reform Credit Cooperative
10. Edmundo D. Divinagracia Municipal Agricultural Fisheries Council
11. Elmer M. Tomaro Banga National High School Employess Association
12. Nida S. Calderon Religious Sector
13. Edgar Laguardia Banga Transport Service Cooperative

SECRETARIAT

Robert V. Franilla, CE, EnP, MTRM Municipal Engineer/Acting MPDC

Table 53. Summary of Expenditures, 2014-2015


Transactions 2014 2015
Total Receipts 144,979,213.98 161,685,906.99
Total Expenditures 119,740,247.58 137,842,709.06
Ending Cash Balance 25,238,966.40 23,843,197.83
Source: Municipal Accounting Office

Municipal Revenues by Source


In terms of sources of revenues over a period of two years, there is no regular pattern that can be
discerned but a marked increase in Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) as source of the municipality’s
income can be seen.
TABLE 54. Municipal Revenues, by Source, 2014-2015
Major Revenue Sources 2014 2015
Tax Revenues 13,551,524.14 12,642,392.73
Share from IRA 125,204,155.00 142,640,816.00
Other Share from National Taxes 107,372.04
Service and Business Income 3,317,672.57 6,144,350.87
Shares, Grants and Donations 15,198.77
Gains 30,232.58
Other Income 2,905,862.27 105,544.00
GRAND TOTAL 144,979,214.00 161,685,906.99
Source: Municipal Accounting Office

Extent of Fiscal Autonomy

The data on Table 46 shows the proportion of local revenues to total municipal income. A bigger part
of the income is derived from the municipality’s share in the country’s IRA. For 2015, only around
11.78% of the municipality’s income is locally generated. This somehow indicates the municipality’s
relative dependence on the contribution of the national government. The challenge therefore is for
the LGU to explore ways to increase the share of locally generated resources to the total municipal
income.

TABLE 55. Extent of Fiscal Autonomy, 2014-2015


Actual Sources 2014 2015
Locally Generated Revenues (all sources) 19,775,058.98 19,045,090.99
Internal Revenue Allotment 125,204,155.00 142,640,816.00
TOTAL 144,979,213.98 161,685,906.99
Source: Municipal Accounting Office

Actual Expenditures by Account

The data on Table 47 suggest an improvement in terms of the pattern of expenditures by the
municipality over a period of two years. A decreased in actual expenditures for personal services can
be observed from 45.47% in 2014 to 37.61% in 2015. This is due to compliance of PS limitation of 45%
for first class municipality. While a significant increase in maintenance and other operating expenses
between the years 2014 and 2015 can be seen. The notable amount of non-cash expenses represents
depreciation of land, infrastructure assets, buildings and other structures, machinery and equipment,
furniture, fixture and books and other property, plant and equipment.
TABLE 56. Actual Expenditures, 2014-2015

Actual Expenditures 2014 2015


Personal Services 54,439,553.86 51,844,217.22
Maintenance & Other Operating. Expenses 64,132,124.00 71,524,161.48
Non-cash Expenses 12,814,511.18
Financial Expenses 1,168,569.72 1,659,819.18
TOTAL 119,740,247.68 137,842,709.06
Source: Municipal Accounting Office