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МОСКОВСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ

ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ
ГРАЖДАНСКОЙ АВИАЦИИ

А.Н. Тимошенко, А.Н. Козлов


О.Ф. Машошин, М.Ю. Михайлова

СЕРТИФИКАЦИЯ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЙ
ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК
АВИАТОПЛИВООБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ
ТЕХНИЧЕСКОЕ ОБСЛУЖИВАНИЕ
Учебно-методическое пособие
САМОЛЕТА
по проведению «SSJ-100»
учебной практики

для студентов I курса


направления 25.03.01
Учебно-методическое пособие
очной формы обучения
по английскому языку
для студентов II курса
направления 25.03.01
очной формы обучения

Москва
Москва
2017
2017
ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ АГЕНТСТВО ВОЗДУШНОГО ТРАНСПОРТА
ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ
БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ
ВЫСШЕГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

«МОСКОВСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЙ


УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ГРАЖДАНСКОЙ АВИАЦИИ» (МГТУ ГА)
Кафедра специальной языковой подготовки
О.Ф. Машошин, М.Ю. Михайлова

ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК

ТЕХНИЧЕСКОЕ ОБСЛУЖИВАНИЕ
САМОЛЕТА «SSJ-100»

Учебно-методическое пособие
по английскому языку

для студентов II курса


направления 25.03.01
очной формы обучения

Москва-2017
ББК ЧИ(Англ.)
М38

Рецензент д-р. техн. наук, проф. Ю.М. Чинючин


канд. пед. наук Е.В. Черняева

Машошин О.Ф., Михайлова М.Ю.

М38 Иностранный язык. Техническое обслуживание самолета


«SSJ-100»: учебно-методическое пособие по английскому языку.
– М.: МГТУ ГА, 2017. – 48 с.

Данное учебно-методическое пособие издается в


соответствии с рабочей программой учебной дисциплины
«Иностранный язык» по учебному плану для студентов II курса
направления 25.03.01 очной формы обучения.

Рассмотрено и одобрено на заседаниях кафедры 31.01.2017 г.


и методического совета 16.03.2017 г.

Подписано в печать 14.06.2017 г.


Печать офсетная Формат 60х84/16 0,64 уч.-изд. л.
0,93 усл.печ.л. Заказ № 1725/183 Тираж 80 экз.

Московский государственный технический университет ГА


125993 Москва, Кронштадтский бульвар, д. 20
ООО «ИПП «ИНСОФТ»
107140, г. Москва, 3-й Красносельский переулок д.21, стр. 1

© Московский государственный
технический университет ГА, 2017
3

Contents

Part I INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL DISCRIPTION


OF SUKHOI SUPERJET-100
Text I Introduction 4
Text II Cargo bays and door description. Cargo compartments fire 8
protection system
Text III Cockpit 10
Text IV Centralized maintenance system 12
Text V Fuel system 14
Text VI Brake system 17

Part II (reading) ATA procedures

ATA ATA procedures introduction 18


ATA 21 Air Conditioning 19
ATA 26 Fire protection 20
ATA28 Fuel 21
ATA 32 Landing gear 22
ATA38 Water/waste 23
ATA 49 Airborne auxiliary power 24

Part III Maintenance Documentation. Aircraft Maintenance


Manual (AMM)

Introduction 26
Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog (AIPC) 27
Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL) 30
Fault Isolation Manual (FIM) 33

Appendix 1 Exercises 34
Appendix 2 SSJ-100 abbreviations 41
4

______________________________________________________________PART I
INTRODUCTION AND GENERAL DISCRIPTION OF
SUKHOI SUPERJET 100

Text I
Introduction

The Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ100) is a new, clean-sheet designed commercial


aircraft optimized for the short-to-medium range, single aisle, 100-seats market with
breakthrough technology and efficiency by incorporating the latest solutions in
aerodynamics, propulsion, and systems.
The SSJ100 aircraft - a successful international program with world-class
expertise led by the Sukhoi Company of Russia in collaboration with Alenia
Aeronautica of Italy, The Boeing Company of USA and Safran and Thales of France
- is designed with a simple philosophy: to deliver a superior experience to its valued
passengers, operators, crew, and environment. In comparison to current aircraft in its
category, this translates into more comfort for passengers, more profitability for
operators, more convenience for crew, and a greener embrace for our environment.
70% of systems and equipment installed on-board of SSJ100 are derivated of
the shelf components used by Airbus and Boeing. SSJ100 aircraft have the highest
level of worldwide acceptance. The proven systems providers combined with the
simplest Ethernet-based interconnection technology of equipment grant a high level
of reliability since day one.
The innovative Sukhoi Superjet 100 is a complete, flexible and efficient
aircraft with superior field performance, range and suitability for any environment.
The Sukhoi Superjet 100 is built in response to the emerging need of
commercial airlines worldwide to bridge the gap between regional and mainline
markets. The family of aircraft allows its operators to maximize profitability while
right-sizing their fleets (i.e., increase frequencies and load factor by optimizing
supply and demand).
Figure 1 shows the main aircraft dimensions in meters.

External measurements Internal measurements

Length 29,94 m Total cabin length 20,42 m


Height 10,28 m Max. width 3,24 m
Wingspan 27,8 m Max. height 2.12 m
Wing area 83,8 m2 Total cargo compartment volume 21.76 m2
5

Figure 1 - SSJ-100 view and dimensions


Vocabulary:
1. Clean-sheet – «с чистого листа»
2. To design – конструировать, проектировать
3. Commercial - коммерческий
4. Optimized - оптимизированный
5. Short-to-medium range – ближне и среднемагистральный
6. Single aisle - узкофюзеляжный
7. Breakthrough – прорыв, переломное открытие
8. Efficiency – эффективность, КПД
9. Incorporating - включая
10. The latest - последний
11. Solutions - решение
12. Propulsion – движущая сила, тяга
13. Successful - успешный
14. Expertise - экспертиза
15. Collaboration - сотрудничество
16. To deliver - поставлять
17. Superior - превосходный
18. Experience - опыт
19. Valued - ценный
20. Environment – окружающая среда
21. In comparison – в сравнении
6

22. Current - текущий


23. Profitability - рентабельность
24. Convenience - удобство
25. Equipment - оборудование
26. Installed - установленный
27. On-board – бортовой, на борту
28. Derivated - произведено
29. Level - уровень
30. Worldwide - всемирный
31. Acceptance - признание
32. To prove - доказывать
33. Provider - поставщик
34. To combine - объединять
35.Interconnection - взаимосвязь
36. Reliability - надежность
37. Complete - полный
38. Flexible - гибкий
39. Superior - превосходный
40. Field – поле, область, сфера деятельности
41. Performance - выполнение
42. Suitability-пригодность
43. Response - ответ
44.To allow - позволять
45.Fleet – флот
46. Dimension - размер
Exercise 1. Answer the following questions:
1. What have you learnt about SSJ-100?
2. Who are the participants of SSJ-100 international program?
3. Is this aircraft profitable? Explain, why?
Exercise 2. Render into English
Пассажирский лайнер Сухой Суперджет-100 (сертификационное название
семейства самолётов — RRJ 95 (Russian Regional Jet)) является первой
современной отечественной разработкой. Отличительная особенность модели -
использование при его разработке цифровых безбумажных технологий.
Производитель самолёта отечественная компания «Гражданские самолёты
Сухого» разработку модели выполняла с учётом современных международных
требований и стандартов мировой авиации. Самолет предназначен для
эксплуатации на малозагруженных авиалиниях протяженностью до 3000 км
7

(базовая комплектация) и до 4500 км (LR - комплектация с увеличенной


дальностью полета. Оба варианта лайнера комплектуется двигателями Power Jet
SaM146. Серийный выпуск Суперджет-100 начался весной 2011 года. Салон
оборудован стандартными пассажирскими креслами эконом-класса в
количестве 98 мест с оптимальным расстоянием друг от друга, что позволяет
пассажирам достаточно комфортно чувствовать себя во время полёта.
Exercise 3. Read the text.
• Find out the sentences in the Passive voice.
• Give the definition of the words in italics.
The SSj 100 is a modern, fly-by-wire regional jet in the 75- to 95-seat category.
The Superjet 100 is produced by Russian aerospace firm Sukhoi civil division, of
which Finmeccanica of Italy owns 51%. The jet is being developed in collaboration
with Finmeccanica subsidiary Alenia Aeronautica.
The Superjet 100 airliner family was developed and based on the principle of
maximum standardization of frame assemblies and systems, e.g.: wings, structure,
engines, crew cabin, basic aircraft systems and component parts. The standardization
of the design makes it possible to improve the economic performance of the aircraft
family operation with expenditures kept at a rational level.
The aerodynamics and design of the aircraft of the family are based on proven
advanced technology to minimize technical risks at the stage of design, testing and
operation. Initially a basic and a Long Range (LR) version designed for use on a
network of various length routes will be offered to make it possible for airlines to
improve the economic performance of their operations through a more balanced fleet
composition based on the route structure and passenger flows.
Exercise 4. Figure 2 shows the various aircraft servicing points and figure 3
shows the A/C Ground Handling Arrangement. Look at them and translate.
8

Fig. 2 Ground service Fig. 3 Ground handling arrangement


Ground service Ground handling arrangement
1. HP ground air connection 01 - Passenger bridge
2. Generator drive oil servicing (fan cowl open) 02 - Passenger ramp
3. Engine oil servicing panel 03 - Baggage loader
4. Refueling connection 04 - Baggage train
5. Optional refueling connection 05 - Galley service
6. Refueling control panel 06 - Fuel service
7. Ground maintenance panel of HS1 and hydraulic single- 07 - Potable water
point servicing panel for HS1, 2, 3
8. Ground maintenance panel of HS2 08 - Lavatory service
9. Waste water servicing panel 09 - Air conditioning
10. Ground maintenance panel of HS3
11. APU oil servicing (left cowl door open)
12. Potable Water system servicing panel
13. Braking system hydraulic accumulator charging
14. LP Ground air conditioning inlet connection
15. Oxygen bottle servicing
16. Service Interphone connection points
17. External power receptacle
18. Ground maintenance control panel
19. Landing gear door retraction-extension system
20. Fuselage water drain valves
21. Grounding jacks
22. Fuel tank water drain valves

Text II
Cargo bays and doors description and its fire protection system.
The SSJ100 has two class C cargo compartments on lower deck accessible
through cargo doors located on the RH side of the aircraft.
The 1016 mm Cargo compartment height in fuselage regular area combined
with the optimized cargo compartments length allow easily access for cargo and
baggage boarding/de-boarding operations while offering the highest baggage volume
per pax in the 100-seats class.
The two large cargo doors to get access to the cargo compartments open
outwards and measure are 1,220 mm wide and 890 mm high (48x35 in). Their
location allow to board and de-board the cargo compartments without using any
specific ground equipment. Cargo door are equipped with stand-alone manual hold-
open device.
Two different mechanisms of opening/closing are located on each cargo door
to open and close the cargo doors and fix the cargo doors in the open position for
loading & unloading the baggage area. 1 gas shock-absorber is supplied in each
9

mechanism. Cargo door hinges and gas shock-absorber are fixed on the fuselage floor
structure.
Locks are made of alloy steel placed on the bottom edge of a door and the
mating parts are on the fuselage door threshold. They keep the door in the closed
position. The door continue to be locked in case of failure of two locks. Forward
cargo compartment has ventilation. Optic Smoke detectors are installed in each Cargo
Compartment.
Two extinguishing bottles are equipped with diverter valves which provide
bottle discharge to a fire hazardous compartment. When fire is detected the pilot will
push the discharge button on the Fire Protection Control Panel to initiate agent
discharge.
Vocabulary
1. Compartment - отсек
2. Deck - палуба
3. Regular – регулярный, правильный, постоянный
4. Combined with – в сочетании с…
5. Length – длина, расстояние
6. Boarding- посадка, загрузка
7. Volume – объем, емкость, количество
8. Access - доступ
9. Measure – мера, предел, степень, измерять (гл.)
10. Manual – руководство, справочник, ручной.
11. Shock-absorber - амортизатор
12. Lock - замок
13. Alloy - сплав
14. Bottom – дно, нижняя часть, основание, фундамент
15. Threshold - порог
16. Failure – отказ, повреждение, авария
17. Discharge – разряд, разряжать (гл.)
18. Hazardous – опасный, рискованный.

Exercise 1. Find the words in the text which are described below.
1. ___________ - the goods that are being carried in a plane.
2. ___________ - one of the separate areas into which a plane is divided.
3. ____ - to find the size, length, or amount of smth, using standard units such as
inches.
4. __________ - a particular place, especially in relation to other areas, buildings etc.
5. _____- the tools, machines, clothes etc that you need to do a particular job or
activity.
6. _______________ - to repair smth that is broken or not working properly.
7. _______________ - an occasion when a machine or part stops working properly.
10

Exercise 2. Give the definitions and Russian equivalents of the words below.
Compartment, cargo, area, combined with, to allow, baggage, operation, pilot,
volume, to measure, location, equipment, manual, device, different, mechanism, to
fix, position, shock-absorber, lock, part, forward, detector, extinguisher, valve, to
provide, hazard.

Text III
Cockpit

The Cockpit Display System (CDS) is a center of a SSJ100 cockpit. CDS


provides indication of Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System (EICAS) and
Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) information including all necessary flight,
navigation and system data, as well as engine information and emergency and warning
alerts.
Five identical multicolor “6x8” Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Displays
(AMLCD) provide outstanding situational awareness with possibility of information
reconfiguration in case of one or two displays failure.

Figure 4. - Cockpit overview

Cockpit of SSJ100 has been designed in active cooperation with pilots


employed with Russian and European airlines. SSJ100 cockpit is ergonomically
perfect and offers as much comfort and convenience to a crew team as possible.
As an option, cockpit of SSJ100 can be geared with a Class 2 Electronic Flight
Bag to display flight crew manuals, moving maps as well as navigational charts, thus
providing the flight crew with all flight-related data in electronic format, allowing
quick access to important documents and easing the work of pilots. A much better
analogue to using paper, the EFB allows to perform a preflight assessment of
weights, centering and refueling.
11

Vocabulary
1. To provide – обеспечивать, снабжать
2. Indication - обозначение
3. Alerting - предупреждение
4. Data - данные
5. Emergency – непредвиденный случай
6. Warning – предупреждение, предостережение
7. Outstanding – невыполненный, выдающийся
8. Awareness - осознание
9. Possibility - возможность
10. In case of – в случае
11. Cooperation – сотрудничество, взаимосвязь
12. To offer – предлагать
13. Convenience- удобство
14. To display- отображать
15. Thus- таким образом
16. Important - важный
17. To perform – выполнять, работать
18. Assessment - оценка

Exercise 1. Answer the questions.


1. Where is CDS?
2. What is the purpose of CDS?
3. What is the purpose of Electronic Flight Bag?

Exercise 2. Complete the text with the verbs in the box. Use your dictionary to
help you.

 adjusted allows developed display eliminate employ


features focus needed  relies on  simplifies  utilizes

A glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that _____ electronic displays. _____


relatively recently, glass cockpits are highly sought-after upgrades from traditional
cockpits. Where a traditional cockpit _____ numerous mechanical gauges to _____
information, a glass cockpit _____ several computer displays that can be ______ to
display flight information as _____. This ____ aircraft operation and navigation and
_____ pilots to ____ only on the most pertinent information. They are also highly
popular with airline companies as they usually ___ the need to _____ a flight
engineer.
12

Exercise 3. Translate into English


Кабина экипажа SSJ 100 спроектирована: для комфортной работы лётного
экипажа (включая двух лётчиков и инспектора); для размещения органов
индикации и управления системами самолета; для размещения аварийно-
спасательных средств экипажа и дополнительного оборудования.
Оборудование кабины экипажа включает: кресла кабины экипажа; защитная
перегородка; интерьер и дополнительное оборудование кабины экипажа.
Защитная перегородка предназначена для предотвращения
несанкционированного проникновения в кабину экипажа посторонних лиц, а
также защиты от поражения огнестрельным оружием членов экипажа и
оборудования кабины. В кабине экипажа установлен гардероб для верхней
одежды, предусмотрены места для размещения полетной документации и
личных вещей экипажа. На перегородке кабины экипажа установлена дверь с
глазком. Дверь для входа в кабину экипажа оборудована электромеханическим
и механическим замками. Защита кабины экипажа от огнестрельного оружия
осуществляется за счет бронирования двери и перегородки между
пассажирским салоном и кабиной. Кабина экипажа расположена в носовой
части фюзеляжа, отделена от пассажирского салона перегородкой с дверью для
входа в кабину экипажа. В кабине установлены два кресла пилотов и одно
складное кресло для инспектора.

Text IV
Centralized maintenance system
SSJ100 is equipped with a Centralized Maintenance System (CMS) and
intended to be the primary access for aircraft system failure information and
maintenance corrective actions on aircraft systems. These actions take place during
transit and each time A/C operations are interrupted for unscheduled maintenance,
planned configuration changes and corrective actions following scheduled
maintenance. These circumstances are the main ones to consider for the system
mission. The CMS may be used also as a tool to help perform some preventive
actions during scheduled maintenance. CMS functions are:
- provides Member Systems with a set of real time parameters that will be used
by member systems BITE in order to stamp the fault messages and manage their own
memorized maintenance reports.
- performs the post-processing of data collected during last and previous legs in
order to build maintenance reports available by CMS operator request.
- manages aircraft configuration report: this is the list of the Serial Number (for
hardware component) and Part Number (for hardware component and associated
software and database) for all units that provide CMS with configuration data.
13

- enables interactive actions with Member Systems. Possible interactive actions


are: Initiate TEST / BITE data download / Specific data reading /Mode switching.
- enables software data loading and database and configuration updates. This
function is operated through the Maintenance Access Terminal (MAT) or Portable
Multipurpose Access Terminal (PMAT) and the CMS control panel.
- provides the maintenance operator with means to read and print electronic
documents available on the terminal being used.
- gives the operator a direct interface with the system when using the MAT or a
PMAT.
- embodies its own BITE and manages detection of faults by CMS on itself and
its interfaces. It reports them to CMS as other member systems and provides
interactive sub-functions necessary for CMS maintainability.
- manages remote access to CMS from the ground using ACARS
communication. Airline facilities are able to get avionics status even if the aircraft is
still in flight in order to anticipate and prepare maintenance actions.
- acquires in real time, data that results from fault events determined by any
member system such as:
• Fault data coming from all member systems;
• Flight deck effects coming from the FWS(CAS messages);
• Flight deck effects directly managed by some Member Systems.
- manages a flight crew initiated event. The flight deck is equipped with a flight
crew EVENT push-button that allows storage of maintenance data by flight crew
manual activation after an abnormal condition.

Figure 5. - Centralized maintenance system


14

Vocabulary
1. Access - доступ
2. To take place - происходить, иметь место
3. To interrupt - прерывать
4. Unscheduled - внеплановый
5. To perform – выполнять
6. Previous - предыдущий
7. Available - доступный
8. Request - запрос
9. Database – база данных
10. Embodies - воплощенный
11.Detection - обнаружение
12.Remote - дистанционный
13. To prepare - подготовить
14. To acquire – приобретать

Exercise 1. Answer the questions


1. What is CMS?
2. When does CMS operate?
3. What are the functions of CMS?

Exercise 2. Look at the figure №5 and describe it.

Text V
FUEL SYSTEM

Fuel is stored in three integral fuel tanks formed by the airframe sealed
structure. The usable fuel capacity of all the fuel tanks is 15,805 liters (4,175 U.S.
gallons).
Fuel supply to each engine is run via independent subsystems. By the use of
the manifold lines, each of the fuel subsystem can supply fuel to the two engines at
the same time.
Each engine feed subsystem has three fuel boost pumps. Two of them are run
by three-phase AC electric motors and one is run by DC electric motor (with DC/AC
converter). Each of the electric pumps can be replaced while fuel is in the tank.
For engines starting fuel is supplied by electrically driven DC fuel pump. In
case of main fuel pumps failure these pumps are auxiliary ones.
Fuel supply to APU is performed directly from the left supply compartment.
APU fuel feeding is provided by auxiliary DC pump (with DC/AC converter).
15

Vocabulary
1. To store - хранить
2. Integral - встроенный
3. To seal - уплотнять
4. Capacity – мощность, емкость , производительность
5. To supply – снабжать, поставлять, запитывать
6. Via - через
7. Manifold - коллектор
8. To boost – повышать, усиливать
9. AC – переменный ток
10. DC – постоянный ток
11. To replace – заменять, замещать
12. In case of - в случае
13. Failure – повреждение, авария
14. Auxiliary - вспомогательный
15. To perform – выполнять, работать
16. Compartment - отсек
17. To feed – подавать, снабжать
18. Converter – преобразователь

Exercise 1. Answer the questions


1. Where is fuel stored?
2. How can fuel subsystem supply fuel to the engines?
3. What is the purpose of auxiliary DC pump?
Exercise 2. Rearrange the letters to form the missing words.
Most recently-built planes have two feel __________ (nstka) or cells which
are located in the wings. The fuel ___________ (tacpaiyc) for each aircraft is
determined by its wing geometry. In a lot of aircraft, __________ (smpup) are
required to feed the fuel through ___________ (soshe) from the cells to the engine.
For every fuel cell there is a fuel ____________ (eagug) that the pilot can read from
the cocpit in order to keep an eye on the fuel __________ (esprresu). The continuous
movement of fuel is called fuel __________ (ofwl), and the fuel __________
(scnoupitmon) is a measure of the fuel used up by the engine. If the movement of the
fuel is somehow slowed down, or if there is a ____________ (ethasgor) of fuel, this
can cause fuel __________ (vistanrato), which in turn can cause loss of power in the
engine.
Exercise 3. Complete this letter with the verbs in the box.

cooking flood leaking popping prevent


restarting running shutting down turned on shut off
16

Hey, Pete
I have an airplane with SaM engine. After landing you can hear fuel still _____ to the
engine which causes it to _______. _________ the engine after that can be a
nightmare. Seems that needs to be a valve to ______ the fuel flow from the splitter
after _________ the engine. Do you know of anything on the market that can stop the
flow of fuel after stopping to ______ flooding?
Chris
-----------------------------------------

Hi, Chris
There is no real flow of fuel in an injected engine if the engine is not running and the
boost pump is not _______. It sounds to me that what you are hearing is the fuel
_______ in the warm injection lines. If there is some hesitation when shutting down,
the centre body seal of the injector could be ________.
Pete
********************************

Exercise 4. Match a word on the left with a word on the right to make
collocations relating to global warming.
1 air a change
2 carbon b layer
3 climate c emissions
4 CO2 d gases
5 greenhouse e dioxide
6 the ozone f pollution

Exercise 5. Match the nouns 1-9 with the definitions a-i.

1. fuel capacity a. the amount of fuel that an aircraft is carrying


2. fuel flow b. a piece of equipment that measures the amount of fuel
3. fuel gauge c. a piece of equipment for sending fuel into or out of
something
4. fuel hose d. the force that fuel produces in an area or a container
5. fuel load e. the continuous movement of fuel
6. fuel pressure f. a lack of fuel
7. fuel pump g. fuel that an aircraft or vehicle is able to carry
8. fuel storage h. failure of fuel to reach the engine
9. fuel starvation i. a tube that fuel flows through
17

Text VI
BRAKE SYSTEM

SSJ100 carbon brakes are the next step in the evolution of aircraft brake
systems. A brake temperature monitoring system incorporates an automated current
temperature analysis function calculating the time required to perform a repeated
flight, offering more convenience and higher safety during aircraft operation.
The brake control system features an automatic mode with four auto braking
levels – LOW, MED, MAX and RTO – which helps the pilot to more efficiently
operate the brakes taking into account airfield length, aircraft weight and weather
conditions.
Every brake has a special brake temperature sensor. The brake temperature
data are displayed at the BRAKE synoptic page activated by either right or left
multifunction display or by the engine warning display (EWD) if required. These
displays also show calculated time needed for cooling before the next flight. The
brake kinetic energy absorption capacity of the wheels allows for making another
flight in 35 minutes with no additional cooling. Brakes are equipped with control-by-
wire brake control system with anti-skid system.

Vocabulary
1. Carbon – углерод, сажа, нагар
2. To incorporate – соединять, содержать, включать (в состав)
3. Current – текущий, ток
4. To offer – предлагать
5. Convenience – удобство
6. Feature – черта, характеристика, гл. характеризовать
7. Mode – режим
8. To take into account – принимать во внимание
9. Absorption – поглощение
10. Anti-skid system – противоюзная система

Exercise 1. Answer the questions

1. What does a brake temperature monitoring system incorporate?


2. Where are the brake temperature data displayed?
3. What else do this displays show?

Exercise 2. Explain the following words


a brake, evolution, temperature, to perform, convenience, safety, operation, a level,
an airfield, condition, a display, an engine, capacity, additional.
18

______________________________________________________Part II (Reading)

ATA PROCEDURES

Key servicing procedures are presented in the applicable ATA chapters.


For examples, Chapter 05 contains the SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
CHECKS. This section includes all the zonal inspections that you must do on the
aircraft as defined by the requirements of the maintenance schedule.

Note: Additional Scheduled Maintenance Checks are found in the Maintenance


Planning Manual (MPD)

General task guidelines:


► If you discover damage, corrosion or leakage, rectify it before the next
flight.
► On removal or opening of any cowl, door, access panel or hatch for access
to the zone, inspect them. This requirement is not mentioned in each task, but is a
mandatory maintenance procedure.
► After the aircraft lands, a general visual inspection should be performed in
accordance with the recommended walk-around route shown below.

Figure 6 – WALK-AROUND ROUTE


19

ATA 21 – Air Conditioning


Exercise 1. Make an air conditioning system presentation.
Introduction. The Air Conditioning chapter includes the air conditioning,
temperature control, recirculation, distribution, ventilation and pressurization
systems.
Bleed air from the engines is directed to the air conditioning packs which
produce cold air. The temperature regulation system matches the air supplied to the
temperature selected by the flight crew. The air is then distributed throughout the
cockpit, cabin, avionics compartment and cargo compartments. Finally, the air is
discharged overboard through a modulating outflow valve to control pressurization.
General. The aircraft is equipped with two independent Air Conditioning
Systems (ACS) – left, and right.
During normal operation air bleed for each system is provided from the
corresponding engine. If one engine air bleed system fails, air for the ACS can be
bled from the other engine or the APU. If one ACS fails the other ACS provides air
conditioning for the complete system. Each ACS is controlled by the corresponding
Integrated Air System Controller (IASC). The system operation is fully automated
but the pilot can manually deactivate any ACS.
Temperature control for the cockpit and main cabin is performed in two steps.
The first step is the temperature regulation of Air Conditioning Packs (ACP 1 & 2).
Then the trim system is used to regulate the temperature in the individual zones.

Figure 7 - Pack description


AIRCOOLINGPACK. The core of the air conditioning system is the Air
Cooling Pack (ACP). Two are installed, ACP1 and ACP2. The packs provide fresh
air at the required temperature for passenger and crew comfort.
20

The heart of each ACP is the Air Cycle Machine (ACM) but the pack also
includes a dual heat exchanger, the re-heater/condenser assembly, water extractor,
and Temperature Control Valve (TCV).
Bleed air from the engines or the APU is directed to both cooling packs by the
Flow Control Valves (FCVs).
A catalytic ozone converter is installed between the bleed air supply manifold
and the FCV for each ACP.
AIRCOOLINGPACK OPERATION.
o Bleed air is initially directed to the dual heat exchanger where the primary heat
exchanger partially cools the bleed air.
o the air then enters the ACM compressor, where the temperature and the pressure
rises.
o the air then enters the main heat exchanger where it is cooled.
o from the main heat exchanger the air enters the high pressure de-humidifier
chamber, where excessive water is removed after high pressure condensation. In the
chamber, the condensation process occurs in two heat exchangers (re-heater and
condenser).
o the air and water are separated in the centrifugal water extractor and the extracted
water is sprayed at the heat exchanger inlet.
o the air is directed into the turbine of the ACM where the air temperature decreases
rapidly.
o as the ACM turbine rotates, the common shaft rotates the ACM compressor and
fan cooling.
o from the turbine of the ACM, the cold air blows across the condenser.
o the conditioned air is then directed into the mixer of the air distribution system.
o the TCV controls the hot air flow, which bypasses the pack for temperature
regulation at the ACM turbine outlet.

ATA 26
FIRE PROTECTION
Exercise 1. Make a fire protection system presentation.
Fire protection systems are installed on the aircraft to protect critical areas and
systems.
The engines are equipped with fire/overheat detection and fire extinguishing
capability. In a FIRE emergency condition, the flight crew is responsible for
discharging the fire extinguishing system. Two extinguishing bottles provide the
necessary protection and redundancy.
21

The APU is equipped with fire/overheat detection and fire extinguishing


capability. In a FIRE emergency condition in flight, the flight crew is responsible for
discharging the fire extinguishing system. On the ground, the fire extinguishing
system is activated automatically when a fire/overheat signal is received. One
extinguishing bottle provides the necessary protection.
The cargo compartments are equipped with smoke detection capability. Optical
smoke detectors are installed in pairs in the forward and aft cargo compartments. In a
Cargo FIRE emergency condition, the flight crew is responsible for discharging the
fire extinguishing system into the correct compartment. Two extinguishing bottles
provide the necessary protection for fire extinguishing and continued protection.
Lavatory fire protection consists of two systems.
► In case of a fire in the lavatory waste bin, a pressurized fire extinguisher will
automatically be discharged directly into the bin to put out the fire.
► Each lavatory is equipped with a smoke detector fitted in the ceiling since the
airflow through the lavs is extracted through the ceiling. If smoke is detected in the
lavatory, SMOKE warnings will be generated in the cabin to alert the cabin crew. It is
necessary to use a portable extinguisher. To fight a fire or smoke condition in the lav.
Portable fire extinguishers are located throughout the cabin at the attendant
stations as well as in the cockpit.

Figure 8 - DETECTION of FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM

ATA28 – FUEL
Exercise 1. Use the Internet and find out the information about what kind of fuel
is used on SSJ-100.
The aircraft fuel system is designed to provide the following functions: fuel
storage on board, fuel tank venting, engine fuel feed, intake of heated fuel returned
22

from the engine, APU fuel feed, fuel supply from tanks in a given sequence,
centralized refueling of tanks on the ground (automatic or manual), centralized
defueling or transfer on the ground, fuel tank sump draining on the ground,
centralized computer control and monitoring of fuel operation.
Fuel is stored in three integral fuel tanks formed by the airframe sealed
structure – the CENTRAL tank, and the LEFT and RIGHT wing tanks. The usable
fuel capacity of all of the fuel tanks is approximately 15,805 litres (4,175 U.S.
gallons) for RRJ95-LR version and 11,895 litres (3,140 U.S. gallons) for RRJ95-
Basic version. Space in the tanks is provided for fuel expansion due to heat in the
whole operational temperature range.
The wing tanks are divided into 4 storage compartments:
► Compartment1 – located between inboard rib and rib 3
► Compartment2 – located between ribs 7 and 16
► Compartment3 – located between ribs 3 and 7
► Flow compartment– located between ribs 3 and 4 near aft spar.

Figure 9 – Fuel system layout

Fuel is supplied to the engines directly from the Flow compartment so the tank
is designed so that there is always a supply of fuel to keep the Flow compartment full.
The outboard part of each wing between ribs 16 and 18 is the surge tank. The
surge tank is designed for fuel system venting and fuel over flow containment.

ATA 32 – Landing gear


Exercise 1. Make a landing gear presentation.
The landing gear has a tricycle arrangement. The landing gear retracts and
extends hydraulically. In an emergency, the main and nose landing gears can also free
fall and lock. The landing gear is retracted into the landing gear bay and is kept in the
retracted position by hydro-mechanical locks. All landing gear bays are closed with
doors. Nose landing gear is made using a one-brace arrangement.
23

The nose landing gear shock absorbing strut is a pneumo-hydraulic type with a
single chamber pneumo-hydraulic shock absorber. The shock absorbing strut absorbs
impact energy during landing, and take loads during aircraft take-off and landing run,
taxiing and towing. The landing gear bay is closed with four doors which maintain
the aircraft aerodynamic profile.
Landing gear extension and retraction system provides: landing gear strut
extension and retraction in normal mode; landing gear strut and door lock emergency
opening; gear door opening and closing.
On each main gear strut axle there are two wheels, fitted with hydro-
mechanical disk brakes. The main wheel brakes provide aircraft braking during
ground operations, in case of interrupted takeoff, and park braking. The steering
system provides aircraft control on the ground during taxiing, take-off and landing
roll out. Position and warning indicators send signals to aircraft systems using
landing gear position for control. Position and warning indicators send landing gear
and door position to the flight deck displays.

Figure 10 - MAIN LANDING GEAR STRUCTURE

ATA38 – WATER/WASTE
Exercise 1. Make a water/waste system presentation.
The water/waste system provides pressurized potable water supply and waste
transportation from toilets, sink sand galleys. The pressurized water from the water
tank is distributed to the lavatories and galleys. The water supply to the lavatories
sinks is split into hot and cold water supply. The waste water from the lavatories is
drained into the waste tank. Sub-systems:
24

• Potable Water System,


• Waste Disposal System,
• Air Supply System.
The system is used for water storage and ground servicing and includes:
Potable Water Tank, Fill/Drain/Vent Valve, Valve, Fill Nipple, Heated Skin Vent
Port, Water System Interface Panel, Water Service Door Switch, Water Tank
Insulation Blanket, Water service Door switch.

Figure 11 - WATER/WASTE SYSTEM

The potable water tank is made of corrosion-resistant stainless steel with


capacity of 32 U.S. gallons. The tank is equipped with a level sensor. The water tank
is located in the rear lower fuselage below the floor level, between FR.50/51
The potable water tank has fittings for attachment of the water tank level
sensor and the following connections: Fill line, Portable water line, Drain line,
Wastewater drain line, Pressurization line, Vent/overfill line, connecting the tank to
the fill/drain/vent valve and vent/overfill fitting on the fuselage skin.

ATA 49 – AIRBORNE AUXILIARY POWER


Exercise 1. Make an APU presentation.
The Auxiliary Power Unit (APU), Honeywell RE220 (RJ), is installed to supply
power for the electrical system and pneumatic power for ground operations such as main
engine starting and air conditioning, and as a back up electrical and pneumatic supply in
flight. The APU is installed in the fuselage tail cone section in an unpressurized
compartment, lined with a firewall. Access doors are provided for APU maintenance and
troubleshooting. The APU has forward and aft pairs of mounting flanges. Forward
25

flanges are on the APU reducer sides and aft flanges are on top of the APU combustion
chamber. Two pins and five struts are mounted to the forward flanges. Two airplane
struts are mounted to the aft flanges. The APU mounting structure has dampers to reduce
vibrations transferred to the airplane structure by the APU.
Removal and installation of the APU is performed through the two access
doors opened on the lower fuselage using standard tools. There are provisions to hold
the doors in the open position and fittings on the aircraft structure are provided to
permit hoisting of the APU. The APU is divided into the POWERSECTION and the
GEARBOX.
POWERSECTION. The power section consists of a single stage radial
compressor and a two stage axial turbine. The compressor section supplies
compressed air for combustion and for pneumatic system supply if required. It mates
with and drives the gearbox assembly drive gear train. The turbine section consists of
a turbine bearing support assembly, a second stage turbine rotor, a second stage
stator, a first stage turbine rotor assembly, a first stage turbine nozzle assembly, a
combustion chamber and a combuster case. The hot combustion gasses flow from the
combustion chamber and through the blades of the turbine rotors, which change the
energy of the gasses into mechanical (rotational) energy. The mechanical energy is
used to turn the compressor and the drive train in the gearbox.
GEARBOX. The gearbox assembly is a high strength, thin wall aluminum
housing that incorporates the sump for the lubrication system. The gearbox housing
has reduction gearing which operates the auxiliary A/C generator, oil pump and fuel
control unit.

Figure 12 – APU description


26

___________________________________________________________ PART III


Maintenance Documentation
Aircraft Maintenance Manual (AMM)
Introduction

This part contains some examples of description of functions and system


operation, consumed power, controls and indication, interfaces, as well as position
and description of the aircraft systems components. The described information is
sufficient for understanding of the structure and the aircraft system operation by
maintenance personnel. The Description and Operation section of AMM may include
all or some of the following subtopics:
► General. Purpose of the system, its characteristics and structure are described.
► Component Location. The following data are described: component functional
index; component name; control panel including controls and indicators; component
position zone; reference for access door;
► System Description. Functional structure and description of system functions are
given.
► Main Component Description. Detailed description and operation of main
component are given. The illustrations show the detailed structure of the component.
► Power Supply. Description of the system power supply (electrical, hydraulic,
pneumatic etc.) is given.
► Interface. Interaction of the system with other systems is presented schematically
or by schematic diagrams.
► Operation. Operating principle and different operation modes of the system are
described.
► Controls and Indication. Description of controls and indicators and description
of the system mnemonic frame are given.
► Maintenance Peculiarities. If applicable, specific methods, safety precautions,
etc.
Task Numbering. The functional arrangement of the aircraft and numbering
system form the basis for the assignment of maintenance task numbers. The numbers
are used for identification of tasks and control of technical data contained in the AMM.
Maintenance procedures include the tasks. Task numbers consist of five groups of
digits:
TASK XX–XX–XX–XXX–XXX 1 2 3 4 5
The task number is organized as follows:
► 1–3: The number of the section-subsection-subject
► 4: Task code (specific maintenance function)
► 5: Order number of the task, starting from 801 to 999
Task Number Example: 36-22-01-900-802
27

36-00-00 - Pneumatic System


36-22-00 - Leak Detection System
36-22-01 - Sensing Element
36-22-01-900 - Removal & Installation
36-22-01-900-802 - Removal and Installation of Sensing Element (32-H360, 46-
H360)

Figure 13 - Task Numbering

Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog (AIPC)


The Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog (AIPC) is a companion document to the
Aircraft Maintenance Manual (AMM) and contains all parts information for which
maintenance practices coverage is provided. It includes:
o assemblies (units)replaced during maintenance
o components and/or parts, the replacement of which is more reasonable than the
replacement of the next higher assembly (unit)
o standard parts and assemblies which are replaced during maintenance (light bulbs,
sockets, caps, gaskets, bearings, filters, connectors, circuit boards, relays, fittings,
brackets, etc.) or which are used for attachment of the components or parts
(screws, bolts, nuts, washers, clamps, etc.)
The Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog (AIPC) section-FRONT MATTER-includes
a Digital Index. The Digital Index is a complete list of part numbers contained in the
28

AIPC. Each part specified in the list is referenced to one or more Catalogue Serial
Numbers (CSN).
The index can be:
• alphanumeric: the index begins with letter symbol
• digital: the index begins with digit
NOTE: In the alphanumeric index ‘0’ (zero) is always used instead of the letter ‘O’.
Terms and Definitions
 Item An Item is an assembly, a part, a combination of related parts
 Illustration An Illustration is an exploded view of each component as necessary to
show detail parts
 Documentary Unit A Documentary unit is an electronic data module containing
one Figure (the Detailed Parts List and related one or some illustrations)
 Component A Component is a part, an assembly, a unit which is part of the item
and is considered as a whole
 Figure A Figure is a Detailed Parts List and related one or some illustrations. The
Figure code comprises nine digits and some fields: System – Sub-Subsystem –
Unit – Figure/Figure variant
 Detailed Parts List The Detailed Parts List is a structured Table of items data,
which can be used in accordance with the Aircraft Maintenance Manual.

Figure 14 - Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog


29

Catalog Numbering System. The AIPC is broken down into Documentary


Units (figures), starting from the general aircraft system down to the detailed parts.
The division is performed by definite steps (for example: from higher-level assembly
to part) and is a continuous chain connecting aircraft systems with their simplest
components. The aircraft systems are divided into main units (assemblies), which are
divided into Illustrations. The Documentary Units can be composed of one or more
sheets. Each figure includes items of different indenture levels. The item structure
shown in the figure depends on the quantity of subcomponents and their removal
sequence. The Next Higher Assembly (NHA) is specified in the first line. Its
attaching parts are specified beneath the "Attaching parts" title.
The Figure is designated by eight digits
► Section: (2 digits) number of the system
► Subsection: (2 digits) number of subsystem and sub-subsystem
► Subject: (2 digits) number of component
► Figure: (2 digits) number of figure
Example:
► ATA 32 – Landing Gear
► Sub-Subsystem 32-12 – Main Landing Gear (MLG) Doors
► Component 32-12-20 – MLG Lower Door
► Figure - 21-51-15-10 – Control Rod
The Catalog serial number (CSN) CSN indicates the location of the item
according to the system, subsystem and sub-subsystem, component number, figure
number (and variant) and article position number (and variant).

Figure 15 - Catalog Numbering System


30

Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL)

This MMEL is developed by SCAC, which is the RRJ Aircraft Type


Certificate Holder, and approved by the Interstate Aviation Committee Aviation
Register (IAC AR) for use by operators during preparation of their customized
Minimum Equipment List. The use of the Minimum Equipment List improves the
operational reliability of the aircraft and, therefore, increased economic feasibility of
flight operations after equipment failures.
All equipment that affects the airworthiness and is stipulated by the rules of
aircraft operation, which are not referenced in the MMEL, must be serviceable.
Departure of the aircraft is prohibited if it has more than one failed functional unit in
the complex of all systems performing some function.
Extension of the aircraft operational conditions due to the use of MMEL does
not decrease the level of airworthiness that was determined during the certification of
the aircraft typical structure.
Departure with application of the MMEL reference in most cases requires
execution of additional operational (flight) procedures and/or maintenance
procedures in order to provide an acceptable level of flight safety. These procedures
are also described in the MMEL.
MMEL Page Numbering.
1. Chapter title
2. Number of section
o The first two digits indicate the number of chapter, the next two digits indicate the
number of the section within the current chapter. In chapters 2, 3, 4, 5 numbers of
sections correspond to the numbers of systems described as per ATA.
3. Page
o An alphabetic suffix is added to the page number for pages that contain temporary
revisions.
4. Section title
5. Revision validation date
6. Number of periodic or temporary revision

Figure 16 - Page Numbering


31

The MMEL consists of seven chapters:


CHAPTER 00 - - SERVICE INFORMATION
Contains service information, including the Record of Revisions, the List of Effective
Pages.
CHAPTER 01 - - GENERAL
Contains main data about the structure and use of the MMEL, as well as contains
general reference information.
CHAPTER 02 - - CAS MESSAGES
Contains the list of CAS messages and references to the corresponding paragraphs of
the MMEL Chapter 03. The list is an auxiliary way to determine the MMEL
paragraph that can be applied if the failure indicated by this CAS message can not be
eliminated. CAS messages, on which basis the MMEL paragraph is applied and
which unambiguously indicate the unserviceability of a particular component or
function, must be removed from the EWD before take-off.
CHAPTER 03 - - MASTER MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST
Contains the MMEL itself presented in the form of 5 columns:
Column (1)
o Name of the MMEL paragraph according to the aircraft systems division as per
ATA-2200 specification.
o Contains the list of equipment units and their functions, at which unserviceability
with regard to certain requirements the Aircraft is permitted for operation.
Column (2)
o Category of the rectivation interval during application of this paragraph of the
MMEL.
Column (3)
o Number of installed equipment units for this paragraph of the MMEL. In some
cases the dash ("-") is used to indicate that the number of equipment units can
differ.
Column (4)
o Number of equipment units required for departure during application of this
paragraph of the MMEL.
o Minimum number of equipment units is indicated that must be serviceable to
be permitted for operation.
o In some cases the dash ("-") is used to indicate that the number of equipment
units can differ.
Column (5)
o Explanations and limitations that include obligatory Operational (O) and/or
Maintenance (M) procedures during application of this paragraph of the MMEL.
32

• (O)-procedures (from OPERATIONS) – flight operation procedures performed by


the flight crew in connection with application of the MMEL paragraph during
preparation of the flight.
• (M)-procedures (from MAINTENANCE) – technical operation procedures
performed by the maintenance personnel in connection with application of the
MMEL paragraph during preparation of the flight.
Note: Detailed descriptions of these (O) and (M) procedures are given in Chapters 04
and 05 respectively.
o Conditions of acceptance for operation (if present) that must be observed before
departure of the aircraft with particular faulty equipment units. If no text is
displayed in this column, the departure is possible without any specific conditions
or limitations.
o Asterisk symbol (*) indicating that unserviceable equipment must be marked with
special inscription or placard warning that equipment is not serviceable.

Figure 17 - CHAPTER 03 - MASTER MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST


33

Fault Isolation Manual (FIM)


Purpose of the Fault Isolation Manual (FIM) The Fault Isolation manual (FIM)
contains information which allows engineering and technical personnel to identify,
find the causes and eliminate faults detected in flight or on the ground.
The FIM contains
the list of fault indications
(Fault Signs), which
identify the fault, and the
fault isolation task which
help to detect the cause(s)
and eliminate the fault.
The link of particular fault
indication with the
corresponding FIM task is
provided by the fault
indications lists. These
lists contain references to
the corresponding FIM
Tasks. Use of FIM /
Locate Fault Sign Each
ATA includes general lists
of Fault Signs.

The Fault Signs are divided into groups:


► CAS (Crew Alerting System) Messages
► CDS (Central Display System) Abnormal Indications on PFD, ND, EWD and
System Pages
► LOCAL Warnings – Fault/Abnormal indications on control panel pushbuttons and
annunciators
► OBSV (Crew observation) - faults detected by flight or maintenance personnel
and not monitored by aircraft systems
The applicable Fault Sign will reference the specific Fault Isolation Manual
(FIM) tasks. The FIM tasks are found in each chapter in ATA sequence order.
34

Appendix 1
Exercise 1. There is a fragment of SSJ – 100 AMM. Read it and translate it into
English.
35

Exercise 2. There is a fragment of SSJ – 100 AMM. Look at the picture and
name the main modules of the engine.
36

Exercise 3. There is a fragment of SSJ – 100 AMM. Read it and translate it into
English.
37

Exercise 4. There is a fragment of RECOVERY TYPE RATING COURSE ON


SSJ – 100. Read it and translate it into Russian.
38

Exercise 5. Look at the picture and explain the problems to your partner.

Explaining problems:

There seems to be a problem with the door.


We’ve got a problem with the service hatch.
Stand 6 seems to be blocked.
The cargo door appears to be stuck.
Engine number 2 has a malfunction.
There’s a burst tyre.
We’ve got a bit of a problem.
We may have a situation here.
39

Exercise 6. SSJ 100 is equipped with two SaM 146 engines. The SaM 146 is the
most modern powerplant. It is now available on the regional jet market. Look at
the picture and try to describe all its advantages.

You may use the following phrases:


• The SaM146 is designed for reliability on a par with the industry-leading
CFM56. Dispatch reliability was a leading design driver on the SaM146. The
regional jet market demands purpose-built engines, designed for frequent
flights and quick turnaround, with no room for down time. PowerJet meets this
need through a multifaceted approach, combining design and maintainability.
• The SaM146 is designed from the ground up to ensure cost-effective operation
in regional airline service.
- Low fuel burn
- Low direct maintenance costs
- High resale value
• PowerJet was founded as an environmentally-responsible company. State-of-
the-art “green” technology for engine design and production meets or exceeds
the most stringent upcoming noise and emissions standards.
40

Exercise 7. QUESTIONNAIRE

1. Aircraft wing span is…..


A. 29,0 mt.
B. 27,8 mt.
C. 26,5 mt.

2. When one Engine air bleed fails, can air from the Air Conditioning System
(ACS) be bleed from the other Engine or from the APU?
A. Yes, when one ACS fails the other one provides air conditioning in full.
B. Yes, but only if APU is supplying air.
C. Yes, only partially.

3. In normal operation, pressurization is:


A. Fully automatic.
B. Manually controlled.
C. Both A & B are correct.

4. Conditioned Air is distributed to:


A. Cockpit, Cargo Bays and Cabin.
B. Cockpit, Fwd and Aft Cabin.
C. Cockpit, Avionic Bays, Cabin.

5. What is the main purpose of the RMP?


A. To tune Comm Radio Frequencies.
B. To tune NAV AIDS when the MCDU has failed.
C. Both A and B are correct.

6. When a fire extinguisher is installed on its holder the safety pin must not be
inserted in the safety pin hole.
A. True
B. False

7. A “ready for use” status of the hood is ensured by checking that the “Good
condition” indication on the smoke hood is:
A. Green
B. Yellow
C. White
Appendix 2 APR Automatic Power Reserve
APU Auxiliary Power Unit
APU GEN APU Generator
A ARINC Aeronautical Radio Incorporated
A/C Aircraft ARM Aircraft Recovery Manual
AC Alternating Current ARPT Airport
ACARS A/C Communications Addressing & Reporting System ARR Arrival
ACE Actuator Control Electronic Module ASI Air Speed Indication
ACM Air Cycle Machine ASM Air Separation Module (OBIGGS)
ACMP AC Motor-Pump AT, A/T Auto throttle
ACMS Aircraft Condition Monitoring System ATA Air Transport Association
ACP Audio Control Panel ATC Air Traffic Control
ACP Air Cooling Pack ATM Air Traffic Management
ACS Air Conditioning System ATT Attitude
ACU Actuation Control Unit AUTOLAND Automatic Landing
A/D Analog-to-Digital AUX Auxiliary
ADC Air Data Computer AVAIL Available
ADF Automatic Direction Finder
ADIRS Air Data and Inertial Reference System B
ADIRU Air Data and Inertial Reference Unit BCM Brake Control Module
41

ADM Air Data Module BCU Brake Control Unit


ADN Aircraft Data Network BFE Buyer Furnished Equipment
ADS Air Data System BITE Built-In Test Equipment
AEO All Engines Operative BSU Beam Steering Unit
EVMU Advanced Engine Vibration Monitoring Unit BSV Burner Staging Valve
AFA Automatic Flight Application BTMS Brake Temperature Monitoring System
AFCS Automatic Flight Control System
AFIS Airborne Flight Information System C
AFM Airplane Flight Manual C/B Circuit Breaker
AFS Automatic Flight System CAC Core Avionics Cabinet
AGB Accessory GearBox CAM Cockpit Area Microphone
AGL Above Ground Level CAS Crew Alerting System
A/I Anti-Ice CATIA Computer Aided 3-Dimensional Interactive Application
AIL Aileron CAUT Caution
AIS Audio Integrating System CCDL Cross Channel Data Link
ALT Altitude CCW Counter Clock Wise
AMLCD Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display CDL Configuration Deviation List
AMM Aircraft Maintenance Manual CDR Critical Design Review
AMS Audio Management System CDS Central Display System
AP Autopilot or Automatic Pilot CFI Component Functional Index
APM Aircraft Personality Module CG Center-of-Gravity
CLB Climb EFIS Electronic Flight Instrument System
CMM Component Maintenance Manual EGT Exhaust Gas Temperature
CMS Centralized Maintenance System EHS Electro Hydraulic Servo
COM Command Channel EICAS Engine Indicating and Crew Alerting System
COTS Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (Сomponent) EIS Electronic Indication System
CP Control Panel EIU Electronic Interface Unit
CPCU Cockpit (Control) Panels Control Unit ELEC Electric
CPIOM Core Processing and Input/Output Module ELEV Elevator
CPM Core Processing Module ELT Emergency Locator Transmitter
CPM Consumable Products Manual EMF ElectroMotive Force
CPT Captain ENG Engine
CRCP Cockpit Refuel Control Panel EOSU Engine Over Speed Unit
CSN Catalog Sequence Number EPAS Emergency Power Assist System
CTRL Control(s) ERAVV Emergency Ram Air Ventilation Valve
CV Check Value ESA Engine Scatter Adder
CVR Cockpit Voice Recorder ETA Estimated Time of Arrival
EVCS Engine Vibration Control System
D EWD Engine/Warning Display
DA Decision Altitude EXT External
DC Direct Current EXTN Extension
42

DCA Data Concentration Application


DCMP DC Motor-Pump F
DCV Directional Control Valve F Fahrenheit
DECU Digital Engine Control Unit F/O First Officer
DEP Departure FAA Federal Aviation Administration
DES Descent FADEC Full Authority Digital Engine Control
DLF Data Loading Function FAM Flight Attendant Manual
DME Distance Measuring Equipment FAR Federal Aviation Regulation (FAA)
DRS Data Recording System FAV Fan Air Valve
DSN Drawing Sequence Number FBW Fly-By-Wire
DSV Deploy Solenoid Valve FC Functional Check
DTO Derated Take-Off FCD Fan Cowl Door
E FCOM Flight Crew Operating Manual
EAS Equivalent Airspeed FCP Flight Control Panel
EASA European Aviation Safety Agency FCTL Flight Control
EBU Engine Build Up FCTM Flight Crew Training Manual
ECR Engineering Change Request FCU Flight Control Unit
ECU Electronic Control Unit (APU / OBIGGS) FCV Flow Control Valve
EDP Engine-Driven Pump FD Flight Director
EFB Electronic Flight Bag FDIS Flight Deck Information System
EFCP EFIS Control Panel FDR Flight Data Recorder
FDRP Flight Deck Refuel Panel GV Ground Valve
FEU Filter and Exchangers Unit GVI General Visual Inspection
FIN Functional Item Number
FIM Fault Isolation Manual H
FL Flight Level HDG Heading
FLX Flexible (Take-off) HEPA High Efficiency Particulate Air
FMS Flight Management System HF High Frequency
FMU Fuel Metering Unit HLD Hold
FOD Foreign Object Damage HLDG Holding
FPA Flight Path Angle HMI Human-Machine Interface
FPLN Flight Plan HP High Pressure
FQIC Fuel Quantity Indicating Computer hPa Hectopascal
FQIS Fuel Quantity Indicating System HPC High Pressure Compressor
FRCP Fuselage Refuel Control Panel HPGC High Pressure Ground Connector
FRM Fault Reporting Manual HPT High Pressure Turbine
FRV Fuel Return Valve HPTACC High Pressure Turbine Active Clearance Control
FSB Flight Standardization Boards HS 1,2,3 Hydraulic System 1, 2, 3
FSCU Fuel System Control Unit HSCU Hydraulic System (Computing) Control Unit
FT Foot, Feet HSI Horizontal Situation Indicator
FTD Flight Training Device HUD Head-Up Display System
43

FWD Forward Hz Hertz


FWA Flight Warning Application
FWS Flight Warning System I
FWSOV Firewall Shutoff Valve I/O Input/Output
IAMS Integrated Air Management System
G IAS Indicated Airspeed
GA Go-Around IASC Integrated Air System Controller
GAPCU Ground and Auxiliary Power Control Unit ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
GCAM Ground Collision Avoidance Module (T2CAS) ICP Integrated Control Panel
GCU Generator Control Unit ICD Interface Control Document
GEM Ground Equipment Manual ICU Isolation Control Unit
GEN Generator Id. Identifier
GLONASS Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System IDG Integrated Drive Generator
GND Ground IESI Integrated Electronic Standby Instrument
GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System IFDMU Integrated Flight Data Management Unit
GPS Global Positioning System IFE(S) In-Flight Entertainment (System)
GPU Ground Power Unit IFR Instrumental Flight Rules
GPWS Ground Proximity Warning System IFSD In-Flight Shutdown
GRA Geared Rotary Actuator (Slats) ILS Instrument Landing System
GS Glide Slope IMA Integrated Modular Avionics
GSE Ground Support Equipment in Inch
INBD Inboard LS Low Speed
INOP Inoperative LVDT Linear Variable Differential Transformer
IOM Input/Output Module LVL Level
IPC Illustrated Parts Catalog
IPS Ice Protection System M
IPS Inches Per Second (Vibration) mm Millimeter
ISLN Isolation M/Н Man-Hour
ISO International Organization for Standardization MAC Mean Aerodynamic Chord
IT Information Technology MACE Motor and Actuator Control Electronic
ITEM Illustrated Tools and Equipment Manual MAG Magnetic
MAN Manual
J MAT Maintenance Access Terminal
JAA Joint Aviation Authorities MB Marker Beacon
JAR Joint Aviation Requirements MCD Magnetic Chip Detector
MCDU Multifunctional Control Display Unit
K MCL Max Climb
kg Kilogram MCr Max Cruise
Kph Kilograms Per Hour (Fuel Flow) MCT Maximum Continuous Thrust
kt Knot MEA Minimum Enroute Altitude
MEL Minimum Equipment List
L MES Main Engine Start
44

LAN Local Area Network MFD Multi Function Display


LAV Lavatory MFN Mixed Flow Nozzle
Lb. Pound MFT Multi Function Transponder
LCD Liquid-Crystal Display MIN Minimum
LCM Logic Control Module (Water/Waste) MKR Marker
LCV Load Control Valve (APU) MLG Main Landing Gear
LDG Landing MLI Magnetic Level Indicator
LED Light Emitting Diode MLS Microwave Landing System
LGSCU Landing Gear & Steering Control Unit MLW Maximum Landing Weight
LH Left Hand MMEL Master Minimum Equipment List
LLP Life Limited Part MMR Multi-Mode Receiver
LMU Load Management Unit MOC Means Of Compliance
LNAV Lateral Navigation MPD Maintenance Planning Document
LOC Localizer MRB Maintenance Review Board
LP Low Pressure MSG Message
LPC Low Pressure Compressor MSG-3 Maintenance Steering Group - 3rd Task Force
LPGC Low Pressure Ground Connector MTBCR Mean Time Between Confirmed Removal
LPT Low Pressure Turbine MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
LR Long Range MTBM Mean Time Between Maintenance
LRU Line Replaceable Unit MTBUR Mean Time Between Unscheduled Removals
MTOW Maximum Take-Off Weight PAX Passengers
PBE Protective Breathing Equipment
N PDL Portable Data Loader
NAV Navigation PDU Power Drive Unit (Flap/Slat)
ND Navigation Display PERF Performance
NDB Non-directional Radio Beacon PF Pilot Flying
NDT Non Destructive Test PFCU Primary Flight Control Unit
NEA Nitrogen Enriched Air PFD Primary Flight Display
NHA Next Higher Assembly PHC Probe Heat Computer
NLG Nose Landing Gear PLA Power Lever Angle
NM Nautical mile PLDCP Power Loads Direct Control Panel
NORM Normal PMA Permanent Magnet Alternator
NPA Non-Precision Approach PMAT Portable Maintenance Access Terminal
NRV Non Return Valve PNF Pilot Not Flying
NTO Normal Take Off PNL Panel
NVM Non-Volatile Memory POS Position
NWS Nose Wheel Steering Pph Pounds Per Hour (Fuel Flow)
O PRSOV Pressure Regulation and Shutoff Valve
O&M Overhaul and Maintenance PSI Pounds/Square Inch
OAT Outside Air Temperature PSU Passenger Service Unit
OBIGGS Onboard Inert Gas Generating System PTT Push To Talk
45

OC Open Circuit PTU Power Transfer Unit


OD Outside Diameter PWM Pulse Wave modulation
OEI One Engine Inoperative PWR Power
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
OEW Operational Empty Weight Q
OFV Outflow Valve QAR Quick Access Recorder
OGV Outlet Guide Vane QTY Quantity
OHP Overhead Panel QRH Quick Reference Handbook
OVHD Overhead
OVHT Overheat R
OVRD Override RA Radio Altimeter
OXY Oxygen RA Resolution Advisory (TCAS)
RAM Random Access Memory
P RAT Ram Air Turbine
P/B Pushbutton RCAU Remote Control Audio Unit
P/BA Pushbutton Annunciator RCP Reconfiguration Control Panel
P/N Part Number RET Retract
PA Passenger Address RF Radio Frequency
PACIS Passenger Address & Communication Intercom System RH Right Hand
PASS Passenger RMP Radio Management Panel
RNAV aRea NAVigation
ROC Rate of Climb T
ROD Rate of Descent T2CAS Traffic and Terrain Collision Avoidance System
ROR Record of Revisions TA Traffic Advisory (TCAS)
ROTR Record of Temporary Revisions TAPRV Trim Air Pressure Regulating Valve
RP Refuel Panel TAS True Airspeed
RPM Revolutions Per Minute TAT Total Air Temperature
RRJ Russian Regional Jet TAWS Terrain Awareness Warning System
RTO Rejected Take off TBD To Be Determined
RVDT Rotary Variable Differential Transducer TBV Transient Bleed Valve
RVR Runway Visual Range TCAS Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System
RVSM Reduced Vertical Separation Minima TCU Throttle Control Unit
RWY Runway TCV Temperature Control Valve
TEMP Temperature
S TGB Transfer GearBox
SAT Static Air Temperature THS Trimmable Horizontal Stabilizer
SATCOM Satellite Communications TLA Thrust Lever Angle
SAV Starter Air Valve TLSV Tertiary Lock Solenoid Valve
SB Service Bulletin TO Take-off
SCAC Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company TOGA Take-Off/Go-Around
SDI Special Detailed Inspection TOW TakeOff Weight
46

SDS System Description Section TPIS Tire Pressure Indicating System


SDU Satellite Data Unit TQA Throttle Quadrant Assembly
SELCAL Selective Call TR, T/R Thrust Reverser
SID Standard Instrument Departure TRF Traffic
SL Sea Level TRK Track
SME Subject matter expert TRU Transformer Rectifier Unit
SOPM Standard Overhaul Practice Manual TTM Technical Training Manual
SOV Shut Off Valve
SPF Single-Point Fueling U
SPSU Stabilizer Position Sensor Unit UNLKD Unlocked
SRM Structural Repair Manual UTC Universal Time Coordinated
SSCVR Solid State Cockpit Voice Recorder
SSFDR Solid State Flight Data Recorder V
SSM System Schematic Manual V Volt
SSU Side Stick Unit V1 Critical-Engine-Fail/Decision speed
STAR Standard Terminal Arrival V2 Scheduled Take-Off Speed
STM Stabilizer Tilt Mechanism VA Design Maneuvering Speed
SWA Stall Warning Application VAC Volts, Alternating Current
SWM Switch Module Vapp Approach speed
SWPM Standard Wiring Practices Manual VBV Variable Bleed Valve
VDC Volts, Direct Current
VDL VHF (Very High Frequency) Digital Link
VFE Flaps Extended Speed
VHF Very High Frequency
VHF COM VHF Communication
VHF NAV VHF Navigation
VLO Maximum Landing Gear Operating Speed
VLOF Lift-Off Speed
VMCG Minimum Control Speed Ground
VMO Maximum Operating Speed (knots)
VNAV Vertical Navigation
VNR VHF Nondirectional Range
VOR VHF Omni-directional Range
VR Rotation Speed
VREF Landing Reference Speed
VS Vertical Speed
VSI Vertical Speed Indicator

W
WAI Wing Anti-Ice
WIPS Wing Ice Protection System
47

WARN Warning
WBM Weight and Balance Manual
WCS Warning and Caution Systems
WDM Wiring Diagram Manual
WG Working Group
WHC Window Heat Controller
WM Wiring Manual
WOW Weight On Wheels
WP Waypoint
WSIC Water System Interface Controller
WTB Flap Wing Tip Brakes
WWS Windshear Warning System
WWSP Water / Waste Status Panel
WXR Weather Radar
X
X FEED Crossfeed
XFR Transfer
X BLEED Crossbleed

Z ZFW Zero Fuel Weight


48

References:

1. Macmillan Education. Aviation English for ICAO compliance/ Teacher’s book.


John Kennedy, 2008. – 128.
2. RRJ-95 Руководство по технической эксплуатации. Раздел 52 (двери,
люки, створки), 32 (Шасси), 72 (газотурбинный двигатель).
3. Sue Ellis & Terence Gerighty. English for aviation (for pilots and air traffic
controllers). OXFORD university press, 2012, - 98 p.
4. Sukhoi Superjet 100 Product Review. June 2011, - 76 p.
5. Superjet International Training Center. Maintenance Documentation
Introduction SJI-MT-RRJ95B / T4 Rev 3.0 October 2012.
6. Superjet International Training Center. TC. RRJ 95 QUESTIONNAIRE.
Rev.1.1.0. Septemer 2010, - 114 p.
7. Superjet International Training enter. SJ100-GENERAL FAMILIARIZATION.
Technical Training Manual. Revision 2.0 (Jan. 2011) (ATA 21, 28, 32, 38, 49).