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Brcxcuwem uuimiIpiieckoro wapsmpa C 91a xe paMa Mpeobpasyetos ¥ CTATHUECKH onpeTeMIMyto TPEXLLaPHHpHYIO pany (pe. 4.1.6). a) A, B CA A, KBLC 6) 2 3 4 2 3 4 2 3 4 A B T 1 8) c gf J» J B J J Puc.4.1 OcoGeHHocTsto Beex ATMMTHNK BAS, YAATEHHBX HS CTANIECKH HeOTIPesETMMBIX CHCTEM, TOKASAHHBIK cmeKa a pic. 4.1, smIseTex 10, #10 peau B HHNX OF BHD mX nogsefiemEHt © MOMOUIKO ypaRnemii cranKH opestens Nomksa, STM CRAIH HASMRAIOTeR YeroEHO HeoOXOduMBIMU. BMICCTE ¢ TEM, R COCTARC PAccMOTpeHHAX coopyxcuntt HMCIOTEA CHASM, YCWIHA B KOTOPHIX oNpeNe-TOTeA HS YCTOBM PABHOBCCHA: TOPHGOHTLISHAX CBAs Om1OPK A HepaspsrBHoit Ganka (pwc, 4.1,a), cTepxun A2,23, Al. A3 depmst (pie. 4.1.0), sepmkatsaBie xa maTOBKIX uapuypos An B pawn (pyc. 4.1,e). Takne cain vashpaiorex a6comomuo neobxodumumu. Ux ynarenne pespamact saansioe CoopyAKCHHE B TEOMEIPHMICCKH HSMCHSTOMLYTO HI MrHOBCHHO WEMetLTEMyTO CHCTEMY. Cueayer pasiwiam sreune cmamuvecku neonpedenumme HM ahympenne cmamurecku neonpedeaumoe cucmemt Buewue cmamuvecku weonpederumon rasswaior TAKYIO CHCTEMY, KOTOPAK HMCET TOAKKO SAME BHCHINHE CBASH, Te. MIIMHe ONOpHMe SakperuieHHA, IIpHMepOM SHEUIHe CTaMMECKM HeonpesteMMMoH TurocKoit CHE TEM amBAacTeA TpexmporieTHaa pana (pu. 5). Puc.s Crenens cramieckoii HeonpeemmocTa BHeMHe cTATIMeCKH HeoMpesleaMMOi cneTeM J serkO YeTAHORITS TYTEM BBIMHTAIM 1 OSmMeTO SETA ONOPIBR cTepAUeH m KOMINecTO HesERACHMMX ypasnenMit paniionecHa n, KoTOpoe MOET GAIT COCTAREHO UIA AAHHOH CHETEMBI (ORHO — {UIA ORHOMEPHBIX; TPH — UIA TLIOCKHX H IeCTS — 71K mpoctpariomseninix eHeTEM). n=C-Y, fo) re C~ nex0 casei, naxiamemacmenx 1a KoneTpyKiNO; Y —sHcsIO ROSMOATIAN TesanNeHMBE ypannenai PABHOBECHEL, KOIOpSIe MOAHO COCTABHTS {UIA pace MaTPUBAEMOH CHETEMBL Toa nnockoit past, w0Gpaxennoit Ha pHC.S, YONTKBAR, TO SAMeMMEHMe OKBHBATEHTHO TPeM omopHEME cTepatuaM, TloaysaeM: C=3+2241=8; n=C-¥- re, AAHHAA CHCTEMA S pas CTEMMECKH HeompenesHMe, Creneu cnoSoasi np BHemHelk cTaMIecKOil HeonpeneaHMOcTH OnpeneAAeTeA nO dpopMy/re W=2LF+Cor3, re J[—McHO *ECTIHK AMCKOB, HS KOTOPKIX COCTOMT CTepAHEBAA CHCTEMAS I] —snen0 mpoctsix wiapHHpos, CoemMMAIONUX MeKy coBoil aecTKNE sUCKH, ECAH urapuMp cocsumaer Gonee ABYX JWCKOR, TO OM TaSHRACTES KPATHKIM H pane! d-! npoctam mapRHpam (d-— HHe-TO COEMMEMX JUHCKOR); Co = smes10 onopmanx cTepsncis, NaNOweMMBNK Ha CHE-TEMY. Tpasuio (1) qx oupesenemm creneu crimmveckoll ueoupenesMMocMA UpHMeHMOT TOASKO sk upocTAX B Gouee cai0KUMX cay4axx 910 npaBwIo He paGoTaer. Ha puc.6 mpesicTaR.teHa pama, creneu cramtuecKoik roubayach ypanttenneMt (1), OMpesesi#T MeROsMO:xTO, D cnere eonpestesmocTs KoTOpoi, A B ord Puc.6 Breme, citctema, npHBeneNHaa Ha prie.6, TAT pas cTanPteckHt HeonpestemmMa, Io AeTKO YCTAHORHTS c nomomsto ypannems (1): x8 mec# niemmx cnaseli (TPH B ceveMH A, TPH B ceveMH Bo qma m cove C) BAMUTMOTCA TPH BOSMOAHBIC YPABHEHUA PABHOBECHA OAHAKO, 9TA CHCTEMA OBMIaTAeT elle H BHYTpEHHEl CTATICECKOH HeonperemMoctato. YecTs BHYTPEHHTON CTAMMECKYIO HEOMpETEMMOCTS ¢ TOMOIIBIO ypanseHm (I) HETESE. Buympenne cmamunecku neonpederumois vaswmaror cneTeMY, OO:TARAIOMYIO :TAMIHNMT CRASAINT, BnestenmMIN {UA BSAHMMHOTO COEMHMEKHR NaCTEH CHCTENL Tipexae, sexe nepelim x onpexenesio cTeneHH cTammecKoli KeompedesNMOCTH paws, HEOGpAKeHHO! Ha puc.6, [BResIeM HeCKOTRKO OMpesteTeHti, MepRoe 16 TAK ONpENeTeH BKMOHAeT R CeGA NOKATHE 0 MpOCTOM sMapHHpe. Tpocmus wassimaetex miaptap, coetanstonuit tsa cTepans (pic. 7). Pue.7. Tpoctoit mapanp lapnup, cocnmmonyli neckonbKo crepaHel, uashiBacTes cxonensim (pic) Puc.8. Croat uraprmp Yincso npoctsx ulapHMpOB, KOTOpHe MOTYT SaMeHTs O;IHH CHOKHIA IapHAP, oMpes m= cr-1 @ re CT ~ exo crept Tlepecuurraes exoxunili iapimp, wo6paxcuunii Ha puc.8 8 “HCO NpOCTHX MApHPOR ¢ HOMOMBO GoPMy.IsL (2): HIFS-1=4, Taxine oSpaiom, cnoxHetii mapanp, HoSpaxeHHRt a pue.8, MOKHO 2EMCHHTK TeTAIPSNO MPOCTAIMIE smapupaye. Bream emte ostio nowmte — samKnymit Koumyp. i, BROABIMIN BY Hoxarken Teopemy: moboit samknym sit KONMyp mpu pasa cmamuuecku neonpedenun. Tina aoxasarenseta Teopewst paceMompHM saMKHYTBIH KONTYp, HarpyxXeHH BHEITHHIMM CHTANH (PHC. 9). ROM, Mop A | Qa) AM ! ™, RB My Wr My Puc. Paspekem saMKHyTstit KOMTYp REPTUKANBHEIMN CONEHHIEM MT TlOKAKEM RHYTpeRHNe crmoRBIe daKTOpsr, nosnmKarontme R MecTE coves, B KaKIOM HS CcueIMi nosMKaIoT TPH RNyTpeHMX cbakTopa: nonepesmax cxs1a Q, MsrHGarounal MomcHT MH mposlomsHas cw1a N, Beero Ha KiXKAYIO 1 OTCEMCHHBKX YacTelt KOETYpa KPOME BHCUIKHK CHT Aelicmmyror mccT BHyTpeHIK Gaktopos (puC.9,6,6). PaccMarpuBaA PaBHORECHE osKO! HB OTCeNeMBX acTe, ampuMep, TeBoit (pie.9,6), BUICHREM, WTO sailaya TH pasa CTAMMECKH REOMpeLeTMMA, TAK KAK IA OTCeMCHHOH HacTH MOXIO COCTARITS NCerO TPH HesARHeHMEN ypARHeTN PARTIOReCHA, a HeMTSReCTIBX crbT, selicmayIONUK Ha oTCeNETTTyTO Teopema ‘acts, ulecTs. TAKUM OGpatoM, CTEM CTANNECKOH HeolpedeMMOCTH SAMRHYTOTO KOHTYpa paBHa N= Roxasara Tenteph, Hevios3ya HOHE O NPOCTOM llapHMHPe H SANKEYTOM KONTTYPe, MOAHO COPMYsINPOBATE cILe OHIO UMpanieo ;U1a oupestesenna cretteHH cTaMMeCKOH HeoMpenestHMocT: n=3K —, @ rae K — seo sanxuymix Kourypa; III sea10 wapspos & nepectere Ha npoctate (2). Tlonsaysch ypansicune (3), OnpesienkM cTerehis crantecKoi HeompeseIMMOCTA paMhl, HBOGpaKcHHO; Ha pic.6, Pama uMeer mmm Komypor K=S, ek=ovas xomyp, oGpasyemmil onoprsin crepxHa. IlapHnp ® ysae D mpoctoii, Tak Kak CocaMHACT aBa crepAKHE. LapHMp & couenmH K — CHOU, TAK KAX COCIMHACT YeMApe CTEPAHA. Yneao mpoctsx mapHMpoR, KOTOPKE MornH Gki 3aMeHTE Wraps B cere K, paRHo mo dopmyze (2): L4-1=3. Ilapinp C taoxe smaiere® CHOxTIBM, TAK Kak coemMer TpH crepans, HLxx sroro uraprampa I-3-1-2. Kpome toro, CHCTEMA HMEET eMLE JIRA MPOCTAX WApHIMpa, € NOMOLIMO KOTOPSIX KPCMITCA K OcHORAHINO, TaKHM OGpasom, HCO Mpoctsx wapHupos 8 cHeTEME pasHo LLI-8, TloqeTaB.14x HCHO SaNKHY IX KoETYpOS K x 4ue10 npoctaX wapsApos LLL neonpentenmmocm pam: n=3°5-8= 7, Taxum o6pzsom, moSpaxemias na prc. 6 pama, cemh pas cranMecxH Heompetemms, A 97O sMavaer, “TO jx pacteTa MoLOGHO! B hopmyay (3) onpeteniem cxenenk cranteck: CHCTEMSI HEOGKONIMO COCTABHTS AONOTHHTENKHO K TPEM YPABHCHIIM PABHORECH CeMb ypaBHeHUil copMecTHOC TA eopMamnii, Peas novyseHHy!O TAKHAC OGpAsOM CHeTEMY 1 10 YpABHEHHil OTHOCHTENBHO HEICSBECTHBIX, BXORAINIX B OM panniers, MOAHO ONpelteMtM> Kak RETINVM peaKIUHii BO REMIX CRABAX, TAK M BNyTpeHMME YCHIM, RowmKaronuie B pate. Tponterypy pemem o1oi saTaHH MOxHO KEK pasuewsit ypasnenia pasnosecus. Tsyxonopuax pava ¢ sanxkoit (pac. 10, a) suytpenie oun pas crameckn HeonpenemMa, CramecKH ompentenmas cnetena (pc. 10, 6) nonyseria ms sananmoit (pic. 10, a) myten paspesanna saexxn ab, Vi pa 970 COMIBKO YMPOCTHTH, HCKMOWIE 12 CHCTEML BsanMONeliCTHME “acTel SADDKKH SAMEHETER TOARKO OHO HeMSRECTHO! ocesolt CHO Ny. CuenonaTENKHO, B CTI THnIecKH oMpereMMMO!t CHETEMe, MoGpaKeHHO' Ha pic. 10, 6 HMeeM omHO mMITHeE HeMAReCTHOE N| , KOTUPOE HenosMOXHO OMPereETITS MPH ToMOUIH MeTORA cevem. ToToMy sasamaa cHeTema (pe. 10, a) sBaxereR on pas cTameckH HeompentenmMol, cai SaDpKKY 2KECTKO SANEHAM 8 CIOMIKH, KAK 910 HOKAFAHO Ha pac. 11, a, 10 HONYSHM IpHOKAs! CTAMIIECKH Heonpesiesmmyro cwteTeMy. Aciicwnrensno, 9 xamom enysiae nocae pasperam mexuero pin xapaxrepisyerca ye TpeMx HeusHecTiMIMN Yount N}, Q1, Mj (pwc. 11, 6), KOTOpKIE Hess oMpeTeT Hs yerorii parorecns, [ostomy cnieTeMa, moGpaxensiag Ha pie. 11, a ARIMeTeR TPH pasa RAYTpeHE eTATAECKH Heompetemmnoit 14 ab, Bsammonciicmue wactek acm be a) Y9 1 <— » 4 ba Onctoxa MOKHO CHEAT BSIBOD, HID B ILIOCKHX CHCTEMAX, SAMKHYTAIH GecimapHMpHBI KOHTYp HMtCET IPH TinITEH CRASH, CHeTOBATETBHO, ECM TIIOCKAK CHCTEMA CONEPRHT Mt! SANKHYTEIX KOHTYPOB, TO OHA, ONEBHTHO, 6yseT 3m pas crammseckn HeonpetestiMa. Ha pwc. 12 noxasana iiockas pawa, HMCIOMLaR 8 llepHOM (d) CHAE TPH RHMIENE CRABH, a RO BTOpOM caryNAe (6) — nam, 3eaNuTT, & nepBOM CHYTAE paNa HMEET HeOGXOAHMOE JIA CTANEECKOH ONPEHEMUMOCTH KOAUMECTIO BHELIHUX cBmeli, a BO BTOPOM 2Ke — Re TOMOTMMTEMEABIE BHEITEME CRAM, OZHAKO B OGeHK cHTYAIUAX paMa cTATINECKH eomperiesmana, 1.x. KOMDHTYpAINA ee TAKONA, NTO Ne MOSMONSET ONpesTesIT YCHIME RO NCEX ee DsTeMEITAX, HTONNGYS TOAIBKO YpanHeHie pasKonccus. CnemORETEMBHO, LIN OKOHTETSHOTO OTBCTE Ha BONPOC O CTANTeCKOM OMpeneNMOCTH CHCTEMS! HEOGXOHIMO NPOREEHIHE CORMECTHONO ANAIKSA HATOKEHHBIX Ha CHCTEMY BHEIUHX H BEYIPEHHHX CHASE a a i Pacemorpin apyrie paMsi, Koropsie coepxkar samkuyruie KoTypst (Puc. 13), 7 ee Puc. 12 | —- t a me or an a) » ») Puc.13 Hepsax pama (pic.13,q) mMeer meets mpocTax BHeMIKNK cRAseit MpH TPEX HEOGXORHMBK ATA THOCKOlE cnctewsl, Cretonarerbio, chetema nweer JT ~ 6 — 3 ~ 3 smume penmme cnsen. CreTema HMceT OH SaMKHY Toi xomyp K= 1, Kovophili uMeer pH sIMLINe RNY TPEHNHe NpOcTMe CRAM, Te. TPIEAAM CTMMECKH HeoMPesesI. CaefozatenbHo, cTeneH clammeckoli HeonpenenmMocti cuctemst n = K +3R = (6-3) +3-1 Bropaa_pama (puc.13, 6) uveer nas Nem mpocTsx casei mp TpEx HeoOKomMMBX, CrenoRaTenbHO, JJ-S—3=2 uw cHcTeMa KON HEMI oGpasoM sTRMKAM cTaTIMeCKH HeoNpenesHMa, CricTeMa VMceT RA 3AMKHYTAIX KOWTYpA KOIOpHX IPIDKAKI CIANAECKH HeOUpeeMUM, CHEHOBATEIAHO, BUY IpeHUM OBparoM cueTeMa 3K = 3-2 = 6 wees pas Geita Gxt cTamieckt HeonperemMa, ecm Gat He Gaizo RHYTpeHTHETO MapHMpa, TloesesTEnE CoemMERET TPH CTEPAHR (mm 3) u nostomy naér eneTene (m — I) = 3-1-2 erence cnoGosts, Taxmm ofpatom, cTencis cnoGonst cranraecKoit HeonpeeauMocts Bropoll paMl MOXKHO RKIHIe=I To OGuIeH GopMy.e n=J143K- lly Co) rae Illy — seo mpoctax Bpesanmr mapanpor, K — sncno samKuytax Komypor, JT — sexo mmm B pesyastate nonytaem: n = (S - 3) +3-2-2=6. 434-5213. Mk CROGOAM CRataIIM Tpera pawa (pic. 13, 6) umeerJI=9-3= 6, K=4, [Mf =2+3= 5, enenosateasno, n = Oncenms, «10 creneH cranmceKo! neonperemMocTA cTepaNICROH cHcTeMBL H C8 CT paneHeTsow n=-N. PaceMorpHM elle HECKOABKO NPHMEPOH ONpeeseMKA CTeNeIHL CrAMECKOH HeoMpenes pamunx cHeTEM, Banka, asoSpaxcnnas ta pic. 1a, smnscTex Oxi pas CTAMMecKH HeOMPEAeTHMOH, TAK KAK UMCCT Tpit CRITE 11a renolt onope # omy CHASE Ha Mpasolt onope. HesaRiicHMAiX YpaBHeHHt PARHORECHA {UIA TAKOMK GAIKH MOAHO COCTABITs ToTBKO TpH. TaKEM o6pasom, cTerleH cTammiecKoit HeonpenemmMocT Gamkn n-4-3-1, Hepaspesnax GaxKa, moSpaxeniaa na pic. 1,6 TaKKe ONNH pas CTATIMECKH HeoMpesIEMHMA, TAK KaK OGanAeT TRYMA CRSSAMH Ha ERO! On|Ope i 10 OAKOH cBsSH Ha UupOMeRyrONO OUOpE H Ha Mpanoli onope ~ Cero uenpe cHxsH. TaKHM OGPAtOM, CTEM ce ctammreckoit ReompentemmMocT# n=4 Pama, mo6paxeniax ua puc.l,¢, Tpit pasa CTAMMECKH HEOMpeseTHMa, TAK KAaK OG:IAN0ET HIECTHIO CRESAMH B ‘onopax. HesanvicHMnix ypaRvenili panwonecria 1:14 9TOHk PaMRI MOAHO COCTARHTS TOAKKO TPH. TaKHM OGparoM, CTeTIEM CTaMMECKOH HeoMPexemMOCT! j14 OTOH paMDI pasta: n=6-3-3, Crenems cramuecKol HeoupexenuMocm pases, WsoSpaxeHHOH Ha pic. 1,2 PaBHa HeTRIPEM, TAK KaK paMa OGTAMAET CeMBKO CRASAMH Ha oMOpAX, CAETORATETRHO, CTEM ee cTanecKoli neonpeesmmoct pantia n=7-3=4, Cremer cramsecxoit neompexenmwocs Gankn (pic. 14a) a paws (pue. 148) © yaerow oGmero wena saMKHyTAX KoMTypos Mo Gopmysie (3) 6yayT. = wm GanKM n=3K-II-32-5=1; = a pam: n=3K-IIE a) IMOCTA CTEPIRUCBLIX } Yucao xomypox M upocTsIX wapHupos 2anucsT or cuocoGa upesleTAB.eKAA pacEmIOll cxeasi Coopyaceutis. Ha pac. 15,46 noxasauo isoSpaxesne pacuémoli exemst omHOH H TOM KE PAN! € PALINHAIM. KONHMECTHOM. KOKIYPOR pocrux maprmpor, Ectecmentio, v1 cretietm crmmeckoii Heonpesienmoct paMnt ne saRvici oT criocoba wsoSpaxenii e& pactémolt cxent, Jello mitreTsHO: n= SKU = 33 ~3 = 6 (pne. 15,4), KL 35-9 = 6 (pue. 15,0) a) Puc.lS Paccworpum ete upamep. Henomsya dopuyay "komypos", saruscmi crenew® eramsieckoit HeONpeseMIMOCTH IIOCKEX CTEPAHESKX CHCTEM, KSOUPUKEHH Ha Puc. 16, Ha pre, 16,0, iippast, oGxenimEHHKIN KPYAKKAMH, MPOHYMepoxaN ZaMKHYTAE KOKYpS!, PsOM € {unMVpHEIeCKTENH LapHpast LOX>PAM MOMEYEHO KONHeCTBO NPOCTSIX IIApHAPOD. n= 3K-IL =33 8 = 1 (pu. 16,4), n= 3K = 39 —24= 3 (pwc. 16,6) Pue.16 Ha pe. 17 noxasano eckomxo paw. Hocsteonarensno pace monpis. Hx. 8) Pana uacer Memsipe AONONHUTENBHBIE BHEILHME CRABH M TPH BSOMMHBIE CBASH, T. € COMB pas CTENTIECKE eonpesiesmna (pic. 17,4). ©) Mosaraem cnavana, 110 mapunp A oryremyer, Torna mMetores ape sneumme m 4pa nuyspenmme onomurrenwuble caxsH, CHcTeMa Ges mapimpa A Oxua Got TUT pas CTamAECKH HeOMpesIeNHMO! (pHC.17,9). Llapump 4 npwianiexnr onuospemenio spem clepawim, Ero MOXHO paccMaIpHsams KaK Ba COBLABLLEX rapripa, Tax Kak KOKAME app CHIMGeT OMY CRET, T. e, PaspeniaeT oROpOT OnHOTO CeveHMA OTHOCITETAHO Apyroro, To MOxHO cKaxaTs, “TO mLapmup A cHmMacT RC cma. CHCTEMA CTAHOBITTES, TAKHM OGpAsOM, BMECTO THT — Ip pasa craMteckH HeompesesIMMOH OGoSuiaa cKasanHOe, MOKHO CHEATS BMEOAL, 410 MApHAP CHAMAET HHO CHASE, Ha eHUHUY MeHBINee HHA eXONAIUNCA B HeM CTepAHe!:, B TAHHOM Cmy'iae R MapHNpE A CXONATEA TPH CTEPATA I TapHHP CHHMACT Re CRASH. Puc.17, Tipzmepsi paunix cramsiecki neompesteumennx KOHespyKk: a) crammeckH neonpeneamnax — cents, 6) — tpx, 8) — serBupe, r) — 1pH, ©) — asenasuian, x) — cems, 4) — TPHANATS pas CTaMecKK HeONpestesiMa s) Ecam 6st wapaup 4 orcyremosad, cHcrea Gxura Git venipe pasa BHeMHHI OGpasoM HM Tp pasa HY PEKHI. OGpasOM CTATHNECKH HeoTpETeTHNOH, Te, ACerO ceM pas. Lllapkap A cHHMAeT HHI CARBelt, Ha eNHHUY (MeMBINCe HWIes1a CKONAUIUIXES B Hes CTEPALICH, T. €. TPH CRAM. PaMa HeTuIpe pata crantiecKH neompenemmMa (PHC. 17,6). 1) Pasta 1px pasa cranmueck weonpertesua (pHe.17,2) a) Buemne cBxSH He YAOBACTEOPNOT YCIOBHAM KUHEMATIEIECKOH HeuSMeHKeMOCT, TO — MeXaMBE, TOHHEE Tonops, MrHOReHHRIi MeXaHnTEM, CitTeMa HMeeT ROSMOKHOCTE TOROPSYRATRCR OTHOCHTERAO RePXHeit OTIOPRI Kak axceTKoe neo Tlonen10, 87 yron HosopoTa Byer NeGoTEMTIM. HITKIINA CRATE VAKTAMETES x BysIET MOCTATHYTO KAKOC~ To OMOXCHHe PABHOSCCHA, HO HOBOE MOTOKCHME CRASCH GYACT SaBHICETS OT AeCTKOCTA CHETEMMI. K paMe HeMPHMCHHNB! OCHOBHME PHIM CONDOMHBLIEHHX MATePHANOB: pHEMT HeHSMEHHOCTA HAMaNSHBIX pasMepOB M_ MIpHBLAIT nevannicmocts zefieTes evn (pric.17,0). ©) Pana — mpoctpancmennas, Macetes meen jonommerembibx BitemmmTax cnsset (mama sanemKa) H meeTs AOTIONHTENKHKNK BIAHMHX CBSE (SAMKHYTAIH KoMTy). 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TOM, BNCUIIA MarpysKA paCHpeNesAseTCA esUNCTREHEMM OOPAsOM, TO Pesy:IbTATM pacueroR nO pas CHCTEMEM JOTAHSL Gots OLMHAKOBEIM, QaHaKO OGBEM BKIUMC‘IeHH B PASHKIX OCHOBHBIX CHETEMAX MOXeT GBI pasta, TosToMy 3 MHOTIX RapHaHToR OCHORHOH CHCTEND HYAKHO RKIGHPATS HaNGonee orMMaNbHyto, HanpuMep, R ame npymepe nepesiii sapnanr ocnonnoi enetemst (put. 18,6) mpesinosrmTeTSHee OCTAMBHIBX, T.K. B Heli omopst ctpostes mere, ow paso, noxasannoli ua puc. 19, MOxHO mpeqiOxUM OcHOBHBIE CHCTEMBL, a), 6),..., KOTOPSIE HONy'eHE TyTeM oTSpackiRanTMa CeM ONOTMNTEMKABI CRAB! R paRTMETAAN KOMGMANTIAX, BMecTe ¢ TEM HYARHO TOMHIATE, STO He neaKad CHeTEMa € CeMSIo OTSPOMICMIEIMH CERAM MOKCT Guth uprmurra KaK ocHonias. Ha pwc. 20 noKasano TpH NpHMEpA jUIA TOM Ke PAMBI, B KOTOPOH TaCKE OTGPOILICHO Cems CRASCIL, OFHAKO C7eETAHO 9TO HeMPABHMKHO, TaK Kak OCTABILHECA CHAM HE OBECESHBAIOT KUKEMADEECKOII HeHEMEIAEMOCTA CHETEMBI (pHC.20, 4, 6), ¢ OsIHO! CTOPOHE, H cTamieckoit onpestenmocTH RO ACeX yanax,— € ApYrOit (pitc.20, 4). HA THE \o-ynpyrmx eueTemax FA PacemonpHM BosMOAHBIC CNOCOTM YATE THMIHUX CBsEH, WTO H ONPEsIENAET BIEL OCHOBHOH CHETEMBL 1, OrGpacewanne JHMM CHASM OCYMIECTEIATCA TONHGIM YATEHMEM HEKOTOPKIX ON'OD WK HX saMeHol onlopaMN © MeHBINMM SHCHIOM cBASeli, PeaKIM, JeiicTBYIOULNE B HANpABIEHHAX OTGpouleMMbIX CBAICH, ABAROICR smmmann nersnectm. Ha pue.21, 6, 6, 2 NOKasamm pasmemie RapHAITs IKRARANCHTMOH cHeTEMM, nosTyseMTIe ‘om ciocoGom sux pants (pxc.21, a) 2, TlocTaHOBKa MapHEPOB B MPOMEKYTONHBIK COHeHHAX CTEpAHEH NOSBOARCT B KAKNOM TAKOM CeNeHHN YeTANORITS CRETR, COOMETEMYIOMYO MBTHOAOMeMY MoMeHTy. ITH MOMeHTA sRASIOTER HMO NewERec THN, [aR Pano, UMCIOMIeH creieM® cramuecKol xeoUpexemmocm m ~ 3 (puc.22, a), upH BuGope ocHOBKOH cHe TAK: HeOGXOUIMO NOCTUBITE TPH lapAHpa. TlovOKcHME THK MlapHAPOK MOKET GAT MPOMSHOTRENIM, HO YORMETROPAFOTINM rpeGonainio reomerpHteckoi HesEMeHsIeMOCTH CHE TEM (PHC.22, 6) 3. 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Jy = dy 210 cnolicmo nasmimacteA saKoHOM MapHocmu KoIP>Puyuenmos upH Hessec THX Bax ypasnerms (8), Tc, KOTINMECTRO CHETEEMBIX B KARTOM HS THK H HX OGuIee ETO, OMpeMTEMAETEA TOTEKO cterenbio crammeckofi neonpenemmocta CHCTEMI H Me SaRNCHT OT ce KOUIKPETIEMK OcoBeTMOC TEA Bersucnenue koagcpuyuenmoe u cao6odHelx seHos KaHoHUYECKUX ypaaHeHuti Dromy sray pacsera upemmeemyer noctpocHMe CAIMEHIKIX H rPySOBKIX 2HHOp BHYTpEHIHX cHLIOBDIX cbaxTOpOB (ana Gas0x 1 pas — sTH0p HSTHGaKOUNX MoMeHTOR). EAHEnCINKIe STIOPKI CTposTea OT ZelicTBHE GespasmepHoll emiETHHOH CIUTA WIN GespasMepHor exMMHESHOTO MOMeHTa, CORNANAIONNX M0 HaNpaB-IeMIMO € HaKpaBieHnem CoomeTeTEyIOMIey Juuineli uexssecTHoii x sxsuBaieHMHOl cucTeMe, H oGosHaYaiores sepes Z;, a eamuruan sinopa— uepes I, Tpy2onea omopa cTporres of RHeIHel HArpyskH, MpHTOREHHOM K OCHOSHOH cHeTeMe, TIpH 3TOM MomHO CTpoitt ouHy 2I0py OT OsoNPeMeNKOTO sLeliCTEHKK RCEX BHC HArPYSOK WIM HECKONKKO HOP, OTeAHO OT KAADON 16 Mpicioxcintrx warpys0x. Takoe paxGueine omHoi Tpy2OROIt IMopsl Ha HeCKOTBKO Goee MPOCTIX, KAK MPABILIO, UeslecooBpasHo TONBKO TOrZAB, KOKA CpeAM AelicTAyIOULUX HarpYSOK CTH paBHOMepHO pacupenenetas, # I1H0pa MOMeHTOB HA COOTRETETBYIOINEM YUACTKE HO Hell sBIMTeR aHaKOTIepeMeHHO!. IIpu STOM B KMKIOM KAHOHIMIECKOM {ypanenn sHes10 CROGO.INHIX SineHOR BysIET paRHO SKCATY NOCTPOEKHTX TPYSORKIX IIH0P. Exunmesuie 1 rpysonste nepemewienm (Koopypmuertst cRoGosUUbKe “LIENS! KaulnUecKHX. ypapuienii) B oGutlem cnysae MOHO RAIUHCIMEM MeTOIOM Mopa. [Lik GaloK u pam 970 MoxHO CHEAT pH HoMOM npaBiLia Bepemaruna. Tip exrnenemm xoxdiprmmtenton mw cROGonMsX “eHOR KanonmMHeckIX ypaRHenit Merona cit, KpoMe at, a. uenocperemenoro snnrerpuporania 6g = fax wOy= fF dx npuvcunor parmeumte ynpomewie pues BAMUCHENKA uierpaIOR, OcoGeHHO OGeIOsIeILHO OHM paspaTOTAHA WIA pam ¢ IpAMOMMeZAMIM CTEpKIAMI ocromoro ceventia, Kectwocts ET = const mpi 2ToM BMHOCHTER 3a SHAK MHTETpana, a MON mATETpaTIOM OCTAETER npommneyenme seyx ymeunii: Mju My , ona w8 KOTOpHIX, KaK NpABILI0, Hm OGe sBsIsIores stICtNeN pyTIKIUERNE. Onepausx sirerpuposamx sicck YaCTO MasLIBAETEA NepeMHOKCHMEN SHOP M eC CUMBOmMUMECKH usoOpaKaloT emesytonan. 06pa30M: omg Efiuse=mom nec stax @ osuayaer ymwoxenne & cmsieste opwymst Mopa, Tipnwerenne roronsx popMyst moxasaHo 8 TaGmmme 1. Camm om dopmyast Ges tpyza onpenernorea SueMerrapmanm MerosaMi, 1a TAGMHTEA MMAKCTER RECKMA YMARepeANBTO;, TAK KAK OMA MpHTONKA JIA OMperteteHR epeMeAIeHA No AYN JKOGSIN MPAMONMHCHMEIM STHOPEM, a TAKE KPHBOTUECHHOH ¢ upsMomHHeliHO!. Eonw mtoGaK Hs Diryp, npHBeneHHRX B TAGT. 1, MePEMHOAACTER ¢ TPEYTOTRHHKOM, TO 9TO MEPEMTOREHME CRONMTCA K TPAMeLIN, OMA HS opamar koropmx paniia 0, Tlpx mlepemHoxexiAn Ha npsMOyTOTBIDIK HYAKHO yee, WTO Mg ~ Mp Tipu nomouu pacienemix 2mop 1a wwem MONO AOGiTMses Toro, sTOGBI MPH nepewoxcemnat yuacTBoBaT omopst mpocToll eTPYKTYpAI, MpHBEseHHBIE s TAME 1 TaGama 1 420) | oI De pe pe pp eA [M1(x) abl val abr lab ZabT abt ‘ZabT eL____J4| | zor) ioe lot > a Ls Br eoreay Wer ayoreyt ya is i 7 eo 2Et2 |e to PF RHO Eat HID Ge tal Feta abt or aor abl Dabl abl ar | cl > Zero) = im = = =| abl br “abl abt T7/abt Tabt ‘Sabl aoe] Foto > / = aor ar “abt 17ast 2 hr ak} = zh +5e) a ry 5 ca = abr ot abt] that] 2b Br a Hs ao eS Sr a a a Sabt a a —_ 3 fanaa) Gt 2 15 at 15 Hanpumep, nycTs nyaxco mepewmoxxuns omopsl, mpusexemmmie ua pyc. 32, Kaxnyio 1 amop MoxHo NpescTABHTE & BHiLe CYMMMI & MEPROM CAYMaE, B BUTE ABYX TPeyTOABHAK 1 NapaGoTMYEcKOik; 20 BTOPOM —B BUTE ABYX peyrousie. M =f My=axth Puc. 33 ‘A pasee cxenyer wocnomssosauca dopmysioli yx wamucaewm wrerpanos [i M,(x)M; (x) ds = M,@M,, npsmeaensx » TaGaume 1 Flovoxso yro6int cnocoGox repewmonceins sinop maxeren cnocoG Bepewacuna. ror enocos piers & couyuue Korda i JRYX HepeAHOACMADX SINOP OME KAK MIMUMYM aBuAeIEN MpaRomuelNol, Eos opia ut atop awineiea xpiwosiutelnol wurnessetex iiowaus 2 KpHBo.umeliioK omopss, KOTOPAX YMHOAKACIEA 3 OpAUaIY HOA ee einpom voxeem, Bemyto 8 upaosmueiinot amope ME (puc.33). Tpeanoawaune My =f (8); My = ax + b, vorna ' [mcomcoas = mam, = [10-Gr+mee= [renee | x renee. wo nemmmia [, f(x)dx =O npercrannset coGoi mmomank xprrormeiioit amops, a nemramaly x+f (x)dx =5 ~ erantieexuii Mostet miomay 910 xm ous =8a4a5=a(0 429) bt OTHOCHTEBHO sleBOrO KONA CTepaKtEA, CutenORATE:TEHO, Taxco, so nessun Z pescnamaserco60i opzuniry nema mexeemtxprxonnelo sop, ab +a = suouenne Mz upu x, = B caysae aayx KpHRomMHeliHMX 2M0p criocoG Bepemarua weupumenum. Halo noussoRamses METepaOM Mopa. Croco Bepentariia npaMeiint TaOKe B TEX CAYSARK, KOTIIA OANA HE Atop He KPHROAAUCIN, A OMAN BaaGauue 2 upuwexen dbopsys sui oupexesemi iowayn D, nonoxeHHA YeITpA ‘DOKCCTH ZC H OPAMNEATEL YC 2 HeIpe ERECT JUIN HEKOTOPKIKjOROMTHNIO PACHPOCTpALEHHK TIOCKHX OUTYp. B eaysae, Kora infetorex omopy oGtero artza (HanpiMep, oGe Mops xpHRosiMcianse, HG TpaneioM, pe33, pasOneme yaw nama pani mrrepaaa acs cortaci opwyie Cue on TOMoE BPSACI MITpaNS MOM: = 5 (My aMa a + 4M gag + My cle), rie murexcei A a C omOCHTEA K CeNENHAM PACHOTOKEHHBIM Ha KOMIIEEKIX CeMeNRX uieTepRaLta :LIMHON /, a MuUIeKe BK ceperimmionty cesiexino Toro ake ETepRama, B rex caysasx, Korma ymin My uM 8 pacenarpusaemom wurepsane svumo J, aBumores suaneliNne 1 SBCCTHBI HX SHONCHOOH B KORICBEIX CeNCHHAX HTEpBATa, TO PopMyny nepemHoReHHRM| HM? MoxHO mpeoGpasoBaTs catestyroment mite: 1 gM ade at MyaMs_ +M,_ M4 + 2M, Msc). ao) Vrak, nocne coctannema pemtenms Kavonmeckoii cHeTemm yparnenit metona cnn (7.4) Met nonysiaes wr X], X2, X30 Xp» TC. SHAICINN YIM B MAUHHX cRaBAX. JaTEM CTPOHM eI OCHORHO!! CHCTEMB IIHOpsI MOM, HSrHGAIONUI MOMEHTOR OF KaKIOTO Hs HalstenEIX yoHUM, Jfix s10rO Moryr GstTs HerosISsOBAH ocTpoeHmMe panee CAMEIFBIE STHOPS, BCE OPAHKATAL KOTOPHIX HEOGXOANMO Teeps YMHOVKITS Ha HAiLICHHBIE SHAMeHHA COOTRETCTEYTOUIN Coane no xapacrepHsim ceuenieM (1a UpODEACHIK BCC paccuMIBaeMO KONCIPYRUMA) OpaMATB! 9HROP OF relicTana Ecex crn X; © opMARATAMH TPY3OBOH STHOPS, TOTYIIM OKONIATEMRHYTO (Cy MMApHYTO) STHOPY MsrHCarOMLH MomeiTos R Sartannoit cTanimiecks Heonpetemeoii cHeTeMe, ‘TaGamua 2 Aceon iempa Aco No Thomans nop 7 2 1 1 1 yl 3 3 xt 1, 2 z yt 1, 3 3 7 1 7 t 4 3 8 2. 1 1 5 : 3 2 3 YaueepcantHan nposepka kosdppuyuenmoe u ceo6odHbix sweHoe KaHOnUYeCKUX ypacnenuit Jlaa wemosncin ymmepcansiot nporeprn neo6xomuNo Nocrporm® cyMMpuyio exmuaHyIo mopy JT, - auopy Moneition ov oatoxpenenioro geile THK RCeX eAMIUOUIKEX CHL, IpMIOREHUBIX x OCHORHON CHCTENE: Hi, =Hi,+ Mz + 4 i= YM, Tlepemoxxum cymmapnyro eamnueiyio smopy ¢ amopoit My: f = big +6 t+ Sine Taxiat o6pasoM, pesy.asiar nepexwoxem cyswapuolt 1 iol eu anpasmesiao Foti CESK OT COBMeCTHOTO Aeic TBLA CIHBIHBIX THIIHIK HeHSBeCTHBIK. TO repeMetextte paseo cyMMC oe J BM + Ah, to Aes asec) Baemeerne | Ba Bi Holt omop - 910 nepementenHe 110 KoodepinurentoR Z-ro KaHoMMYECKOrO ypaRHteMns: s=| % ay Takaa nponepKa Hashipacrea Nocmpounoll Ui BBINOABACTCR J. KaXKAOTO KAHOHUYECKOTO YPABHCHUA, BuectTo 1 nocTpOUHEX MpOREPOK Mallle RCerO BRITOANACTCR O7IHa — yHUEEPCATBHAN TOREPKA, KOTOPAR COCTOHT B rlepenoxeHi cysMapHol enuaeIOH smopsl camo Ha ce6x H MpovEpKe yeTOB jae [ Et a= Yan. a YHHBepcaisHad NpowepKa BLINOINCTEA, SHAT CHUMMIMKIC HepeMeI{CHHt BEIUCHICHM MpABHILHO; CuK Het — HeOGXOAMMO BNINOTHITs MOCTPONHNE MpOREPKH, HTD TOSROMMT YTONHIT! MepeMeMteHHe, TPH RAIHCTEHHH Koroporo sjomryntesta ourn6Ka. Jl ssutomennt mposepkH rpysoBKKX nepeMeUtcHHi HeoGxONEMO KepeMHOANME cYMMapHyro emMNMINyIO H Tpysoxyio sivopir usruOaiomlux MoMeHTOS My-My I Mp - f Aras | Fat he tt as f He Ms f My f My Me / lp EL cad El pattie , EL a Ag + Age to + Ange Takint oGpasom, upowepka cHOGOAHGX “EeHOR CHCTEMG! KaHOIEECKHX ypanneni (14.5) cocroT w Buuonedu yenoBt Ws My < tum f as Yaw G= 2s ust) aa Flocmpoenue oxonyamenbHbix smop aHympeHHUX cunoebIx bakmopoa Oxorarenbusie 2m0pst MonkHO HOC POINT sBy¥x cHOCOGaM. Tak Kak pH HAIV(eREWK SHOTeHHUIK THITHHK HEHTSRECTHAK Xj BAITOTHAMOTEA YoTORMA cORMECTHOCTHE AeopMannii, To 1 pacieTa OCHORHOMi CHICTEMBI MOAHO TOTYSITE RCe HCKOMBIC BUY TPEHHE YCIUIR 3aslaNHOf! eHte TEM. Ha ocntonamm npamigia nesannemocm jelicTans cH jis WErHBAIONUX MOMCHTOR TosTysHN: M= M+ Mz ++ M+ Mp, 1, YSETSIBaA, 10 My = MX My = MXy, My = My NpHXOAHM K BBIpaDKeITAIO: Ma AX, + HN, +4 Ak + My =) EN, as Avaorvuo ompexenasten mporonitief fonepeae ct Q= OK + Gk t+ Take $Or=) OH 40s as) NARA MN ++ Nady tHe = YN tN a6) Bropoit cuocoS ocHovat Ha TOM, TO B pesyISTATE BBMUNCIEMMA PeOKLUK MMMM cHaSelt Xj HeXOANAR CTENMECKH HeoMperemHaR CHETEMa MpiReseia K CTANECKH onperemMolt cHeTeMe, sarpyAemow maermmnn MarpysKanei H PeaKisAMAt JTMMIKHX cExSeH, TosTOMy OxOHMaTe:ISMBIE SIHOpH BHYIPCHHX cHOBKIX (haKTOPOS MOXKHO TOcTpONTE JcIA IKEHEATETHOH CHCTEME, BRISHC ANE MpesTBapHTENRHO (K TO He ECETA) Hs YesOBH paBHOBECH ONOPHBIE peaKini nocaemeli, Hejoctarom nepaoro cnocoSa snniewa To oGcTosTemKCTO, HT; ero peaTHBAIUE HEoOXOAHMO 2, Aonomurensso noctporms mops Q,fl (i = 1,2...1,QprNlp KoTOpKE He HcHONByloTeR B pacterE MeTOHOM CH H TosTOMy He 6suIN loc TpocEBI pane. Bcrasn ¢ om 1a nocTpoeiix oxomaTensiK mop Gonee parHonAmsHM npencTaRAAETER BTOpOH! eMOCOG, ccrbnoli uporepKc. yeuioue (14) Moao HeHoIKgoRaTE B KaMeCTRC jlOnOLII Mpoeepxa okonyamensHou anropel useu6arowyux MomeHmoa ‘Sma nposepka BMIIOMIACTCA B ABYX BAPHANTAX: CTATIMECKAA M KiMEMAMIHEC KAA Tips cmamuveckoit nposepke, BbuloniteMoli OOSIHO 1K PAM, BSIPEIAIOICA YSUIKI M SALWCSIBAIOICR YCAOBHA HX PARHORECHIA TION AelicTRHEM YSTORKNC COCpeMOTOMEHIAK MOMEHTOR Ht HSTHBAIOMAX MOMEHTOR Ha KoHtaX cTepAHET AnreGpaneckas cyMMa MOMEITOR B MOGOM yane sLosrxHA Gorm paniia nysno Ira NpoRepKA sMAIxCTEK ReNOMOTATENBIOH H BHINOMHETEA ABTOMATAYECKH MIpH MpaBMIIKAKK oTHOPAX HSTHOLIONNX MOMEHTOR & OCHOBKOM cHeTeMe pH [BSITOTHHHH KHHEMaTIFEeCKOHl NPOBEPKE. Cranmeckas nporepka omop QV coctorr n Tom, 70 J118 moGoit onceenmolt NacTH pawal cyMMa MpoeKtoti ua se oc Beex seliemyIOMNHE CHLI— BUCUIHEX HArpYSOK M BHYTpEUHN YoHIHIK — nONKHA GoM pasta Hy.m0. Ocuosuoit nposepxoit OKoHYaTEMBHOM STOPS MOMEHTOB B METOE CH ABARETCR KUEMAMUNECKAR MpOEEPKA, koTopas Moxer Gam NocrpoNHolt_ HEH yuuRepeamHot Tipu yseuonsenas OxONMaTEISHOH 2:H0pKI MOMEHTOS 1 1KOBy!0 HS CIUNNCHLIX 9uHOP, BOSMOMEDN j414 aM PAMGI, JODKEH NOAyHTKCA HY, ECT B SAIUEHOH pave B ANPARTEHIM COOTRETETBYHOUILTO HeHSBECTHOTO rnepeMesientie HeRosMoxkHo, Tip octpowoit nponepxe Kaxcten eximunan stopa wonton Mf, wepemoxaerea c oxotsiaTento% sopot omemos M: Mee f Bex, +a, i, Dai [ ace Bona tity + stem tades= MSN, | | Millake [ Mie Taku oGpasom, & pesysibmare HepeMHOxeWiA KaxcJoll ecLMMUSIHOM 9HOpHI ¢ OKOHaTCIBHOH smopoli MoMeHTOS nosysaNe Hoa a7 Bapuaiiiom woc1poswoll upoBepKH sBuKeTCx UpOBEPKa UO ZAMKHYIOMY_KOLIYpy, COCTOAMAA B 10M, IO CyMALa TpHREMEMHBX (Te, AeMEMMEM Ha KECTKOCT COOTRETETHYIOIIETO CTEPAHA HAM eTO YaacTKa) MToMaM omopKI M, MaXO;MNUIXCH BHY!PH KaACIOTO SaMKHYTOTO GecwapHNpHOTO KoMTypa, losnKHa Okrm paRiia cyMMe NpyBEsCHMEN moUaxeli, HaxoaMUUKes CHapY RH 97OrO KOHTYpA. Cymampys suipaxeuna naa (17) {UA BCEX n, HONYWIM BuIpakeNMe, cHyaMeE jh yiMBepcaNbuOlt kumeMammieckolf nponepKit oxoHaTenbKOit Mops WTAGAIOMLIK MOMHTOR: aM | asso. as) re, pesyHIBIAT HePeMHOACCHIR CYMMAPHOH CMIUMIHOH 4 OKOHATENBUOl 9MHOP MOMENTO sosKKeH Ghrm paweH yao. opmyay (18) moxuo murrepnpemposats catcayloulaM oGpasoM: yeuoBiie HepeMeiicnne 9KEHEATCLIMION, HAH, ‘10 To 2Ke caMoe, SaaHKO!t CHCTEMBI NO HANpaBLIEHHIO KCeX HENSBECTHRIX OF JelICTBUR HEX MeMSKECTHBX H BHELIAUX Harpy20K, paso Hy:K0. Tpumep 1. TpeGyerca packparm cTanHeckyIO HeONpeNeMAMOCTS GaIKH H NOCTPOHTS ImOpK HSTHOAIONW MOMEHTOR nomepessix csr (pue.34,a). Pewenue. B cevemm A Ganka uncer meciKyto ONOpy, HCKIMOTAIOMyIO HEpeMeMeHHe H HOBOPOT cee. TaKax oNIOpA cooTmeToTayeT HATIMHO Tpex cBaseii, Ha NpagOM KOHLE Ganka ommpactea CROGOAHO H HMeET OnHY CRASE, TaKHM oGpasom, Gauika HMeer eTsIpe CRASH TPH TPEX cTenesiAX cHOGONM. CreteMs CTaMECKO HeoMPeslemAMoeTH SasKH pana eum. VoSparin Sanky u paccrasim “xapakrepuBie” cevemu: Ha s1eB0 (puc.34,a). OSoprem ony crash B cexenm B ui neiicmne caasu 3ameunm peaxuneii X; (puc.34,6). Bemmuuna >10ii eAKIONH HEMRECTHB, HO OHA JO:DKHA OhtTs TAKOH, HIOGM RepTAKasIBHO’ nepeMeuieHHe cexesis B Gsu0 pano nyo, B TOM YouOMMH GYET SAKMONIMCA OKRHBATENTHOCT. HEXOMWOH cHCTEMM (pHC.34,a) Hu craMMUECKH oMpestExUNO# cucreme, woSpaxcnuoll ua pue.34,6. YmoGs onMcaTs YCNORHe SKBHBATEHTOCTA sByX cUCTEM, BOCHONSEyENCA IMpHAMUMOM HesaRMeHMOCT ciLI, cHaana HsOGpasMM GaAky, Narpy3HR ee TOAKKO RileMnei HarpysKoit (pue.34,e). Kouie, nocpeMHe H Ha MpawoM KOHIC Teepementenme ceveuns B, aknnannoe nvemuieit narpysKolt, oSosnawi Ayp. ance wsoSpasim Ganky, narpyxennyIo Tokko cocpenoToueHHOl ciioli X,. Hepememenne cexeniot B, esizzaioe 970K HarpysKoll, oGosHaNHM ys. C TUK mepeMerlenit JOTAKA pARHATICH HY", TAK KaK B HCXOMHOH cHcTeMe ceveHMe Bw RepTAKATSHOM Hampap-TeHIM He repewemacres: Ay + Oy= 0. as Ypasnenre (19) ya0GHO samiichinaTs 8 KAHOKITIECKOM GopMe: 5X, + Op= 0, 20) rie 64.%, = Oy, Inec dy, — nepemememe, nosparmoe cro, pannoii emmmue, uprroRemolt » cexemmm B (pwc.34,e). 3ql Pue.34 Herssecmyio peaxumo X, moxso onpeaesitms 4s ypastiemsx (20), ecm npeasapieessuo uaitm nepementesne ‘gp, KoTopoe HasoReM Tpy30BKIM, H nepeMentene 6y,, KOTOPOE 1aBOREM e;INHIHSHTAM. UroGs1 onpenesim rpysonoe nepementenne Ayp, noctpomM rpysonyio omopy msrHGaromux MoMerTOR (pwc.34,0), exmusmyto smopy (puc.34,21¢) nepeMHOwHNE HX, BOCHIOAKSOSABILNCS Oopmy.iol Mopa-Cumucona: 4 gaye + 4Ce + BD). @1) B pacematpupaemom upumepe: pe 1“ 7 ey = ora it4(-S)4]- ay 64, uaitzem, yunoxun emmmnyto smopy (pue.34,01) camy Ha ce6s. Exuuueiioe nepenent hu pacemarpuzaemoro upumepa bua aR Tlogcranuss waiiycumic sxaienua wix Oy 4 5,, 8 ypasnenue (20) u pemas cro omocimensno X, , waiiiem: sm yp » Beare Cynmapiie varwaoutte Nomen 8 “xapaxrepHn” cere GarkH wane 1 Ruan MP =) Mx tM. @ “xapaxrepuoro” c Onoraemaen saiiienmme sacra oT SasHeHolt sian CTpONM sIHOpy cyMMApHBIK HETHBBIONLEX MoMEHTOR (pue.34,2) ‘Zhoa noctpoenna 2m0ps1 HonepesHKX CHI BEIPEKEM YacTE GarKH, pactonoxeNHyIO Mey ceNenmamit NEL H 183, mpiiowiM nee zeficytomtte Ha BbIpesaMHBit y4acTOK cittet (pHe.35) H COCTARHM ska YpaRHEMIEK paBrionects, 1 KOTOPHIX naljxen sHaveMH HOMepeMOlL CHLIKI B “XApARTEPHBIK” CeNEHIU, PACHONOKEHMBN Ka TPAHHNEX BMIpesAeMOrO yuacnka: mem © azo: Puc.35 Yeursumas, sno M, = (anax moncua yeret suGopom cro naypanstemta), ue nepuoro ypaniennx 1axozun Ub srporo ypunsemir maxon Q, = 8 Lo mice smvemin’ eon cjnpiy omopy nonepe HG 1 (pae.34,1). Npumep 2. ‘Zona Gankx (pic. 36,2) onpenennx sy TpeHEHE YouLTAA. KH a) 3 M Pewenue. 1) Paccuurae crenieub crammeckoii ueonpenemmmocm n=5-3=2, JTiea para cremiseckn HeonpenemMax Garka, OcHORHKC CHCTEMAI MeTOAG CHET MpeneTaR-EMK! Ha pHcyHKe 36.6. Jina pacer nprowent Bapiae 36,6. 2) Bamaiewt cvieTeMy KavlonsecKx ypanenn: Oy hy + yy oxy = —Ayys Spy + x1 + Oy2 “x2 = — Aye 3) Borsmestsem Koarppuumentst by; 1 Dey mopar oF ene SarpyyREHIN neseTaRTeNM Ha pHCyHKe 37,64 HOF RveMIl NarpySKN - Ha pHeyre 3a X} XQ XQ Pue.37 act x) = 7,000 xi: x; = 3.5 xH™, Tlo noayermsin stiascuie ciponnt Myx, M Moxy (pie. 38,4,6) WM oe = Myxy + Myxy + My (pwc. 38,0). TIposepu, a) Crimmecxax mponepxa, 3HaeHiIa MOMeHTOR Ha omopax (pic. oGecnemmaetes. TIponepKa ysiontemopsetes. 6) Kusiemamereckas mposepka, 38,6) ommaxops! Hm pasHosecne Pue.38 Tlepenioxua M,,, ¢ Mp. Tposepus, Gyser am ssanwusii yron nosopora cexemmii Gankn na nope 2 paser rsa = "(0 - 4-05 + 1,75 — 7,000 1) + 6 rt +(-1-7,000 + 4- 0,5-7,000 + 0) = -7,000 + 7,000 TIporepxa ynonremmopsetes. Smopa Qo expowres no amope Mz, mo pacemorpeniony camocrommexbio i CBOH pesyIIMaT CBEpKIE C UPMBedenubINe PeUleHeM Ha Puc. 38.2. upumymy. Binomurre noctpocuie Npumep 3. Onpenenms youn (8 KH) 8 eTepatin hepmns, #so6paxcumoil ta prc. 39 Pewenue. 1. Onpesesaes crenens ctamrseckofi Heonpenemmocta: n=3-2=1 2. BuiGmpaem ocnosnyio chetemy (pric.40).OcHornax cHcTema nonysaeTea mm saraHHOi nyTem pacceenma onoro as crepacieli, naupusep, crepacia BC. Pue.40. OcHosHas cnctema 3. Vso6pancaem oxnunanenmyto cactemy (puc.41). Puc. xeupaneimiaa cnctema Kantonmyeckoe ypasienne Metoxa ci uMeer BHI: BK, + Aye= 0, @) rsneckni cmuies Toro ypanuerma cocTowT B TOM, ST Bammoe nepememerne coven Toxy'WEKes npH pacceteHH cTepwHA BC, paBHO Hys. 4, Vsobpaxaem rpysoxoe cocromnne cucremmi (pue.42) 4 onpeneasen Yewna B cTepxHaX depmet ABH BD. Koropsie Puc.42. T'py2on0e coctoste cucteMst Cocrapiagest ypaBienix papHonecia C701 Ha OCH x Ht)’ N,cos60° + Nzcos60° = 0; Puc.43. Exumuioe cocToarme cHcteMBl Coctanazem ypannienna panionecna na OCH.x HY: ,sin60° + N,sin60? - 2, =0, omy naxomn: x a, a, 6. Onpertesiem rpyzonoe Aye H estummsioe nepementenns 5,,. Jaa 210ro RocKIONKsyeNca HopMy:10; Maxerensa: (2) -20-3 4) -20-3_ 120 aE EA EA? 2 Na Nel +7 A 1-3 “Paas 75 + == EA EA 4s xagorieexoro ypanrermx (23) naxonmn “smmor0” newsnecmyI0 y= pga leat. Yeu» crepasin NN; WN waitent ws opty WP =YROKeNP. eH Tlogcrapsiaa 8 bopmyny (24) sHavenua “anuineii” HeusBecTHOli, rpy3OBbIX H CAMHMAHBIX H3PHOArOULHX Momentos, roaysaew: N,=N,=(-1) 16 +20 = 4xH; J; = 1-16 = 16 xH. Tpumep 4. Onpeaems peaxtuno onopst B paws, mso6paxemioit na prc. g E F TUTTI a > Puc.dd Creayer omen, 410 8 SaaHHOt NOCTAHOBKE MOXHO HSGEXaTE HOCTPOEHHT CYMMAPHEIX HOP WTHGAIOULIEK MoMeHToR H MonepewMiX CHT WA oMperenemMA peaxtm onopsr B Jax yoo HYKHO RMOPAT TAKHM OGpArOM ochosuyto cucremy, ‘16s Cexsh 8 onope B oxasatecs “nmmnel”. Tora “ummnes” neussecmias, semenmontax aeiictane “anmmeit” cBASH, H GyaeT HeKOMOii peaked. Pemenue. 1. PaxGunaem pany a ysacney, mniGupacn TouKY waGnONeIAs, BROIM NOMOAHTEAMIME A OTPHUATEASIBIE cTOpoust H mpocTassisen “xapaxtepume” ceveH. 2. Onpesieniem erenenb cramsveckoik neonpestenmMocm: n=4-3=1 3. BuSmpaem ocromnyro cuctemy. Tax Kax nae wirTepecyer peaxtuia onopst B, npmimMaem m Kaec™me eaKtitto 8 310i onlope (puc.45). Puc. 5. OcHomnas cuctema 4, VsoGpaxaem aKpmpamermyro cictemy (prc.46), rs H P A x g= 10x80 F] 4 . Puc.46, Okeneasermiad eveTeMa Kanonmeckoe ypanienne MeToxa cH uMeeT RIN: G4,X, + A= 0. 5) brsinrecknit cMsIC TOTO ypaBHEHIEA — paRLHCTRO HYMHO MepeMeLIeHMit B RANpABTENH “sme” HeHSBECTHOK 2X, pasnannoe camoii “ammmeii” nermmectuoli v nuemeli narpysKolt, 5. Vao6paxaen rpysosoe coctossme cucTemsi (putc.47,a) W eTpowm rpysoByto siopy usruGaroMNE MoMeHTOs Mp (pue.47,0). @ ®@ PeO0eH pte 2 » Hi goe 3 a a SOB 6) v Pere M pb) q=l0xHiFF2 + S| TOIT, a Ps Puc.d7 6. VhoSpaxaem ermnioe cocTomHme cHeTeMst (pie.48,a) Ht CTPOHM emMNTEHYIO omopy werHCarorTUAK, momentos A, (puc.48,6. @ ®@ I, 200 45 6]7@s 9] oS ® efe % 24 Puc.48 7. Tepewmoxas rpy2onyto omopy Mp 1 exumurmyio omopy i, warnBaroxtx MomerTon no ‘popmye Mopa-Crnanicoxa, vaxojung rpysonoe nepenentene Ose: Supe Gyl60) 2 + 4-0-2202] = -357, (26) 8. Tepewnoxas exmnranyro I, mernSaionyx woMerTon cay 1a ce6s, naxomuM exmmmso€ repememenme bys 2-2-4 2-2-2 56 Oy yt ay ay @7) Toxeragasx (26) n (27) » ypasuenne (25) penis ero omocimessio X, nosy Mya GE = Spo 2057 at Tlaysenas srasenue 21a “nmuneit” neuseectHoli X; 1 ects nemtausa onopHoii peaxipn B, TloxoxurresHiii 3HaK y PeaKioiH ostavacr, #1 Hanpaniemc “mci” nesoRce mol X, a, eexonareNo, H peaktumt onopst B asiGpasto BepHo. Npumep 5. Jkaa sananmoit pant (pue.49) tpe6yetes noctpor amops M, Q, M= 6k | 6.0m Pacd9 Pewenue. 1. Onpeaenaes crenens crammeckoii weonpenesmmocii n~5-3—2 Tosa noysemmx ocnonnofi eHeTeMs HyAkHO OTGpOCHT 2 HSGArTONHIBIE CRIS. 2. Bubupaen ocuopnyio cucremy. Bapnarst ocHoBHOIK cHCTEMBI NPHBEIEHBI Ha PHCYHKE 50, 4.6.6.2. Tow pacseta nossaem sapnaitr 2 (Bsi6op mpowsBorrsHti 3. 3anmmeM kaxommeckne ypannenix juas pertens: Ores t Oia xs api Bay 1X4 + San “¥, x2 Bee Reg X2 * Ri, ee Ss Sa 8x5 Puc.s0 Joa noxesera Koxpipimucciron 1 cRoGoxmr smeHION ypantiemi noctpomt omopsI OT exMMTAM CHOI H BHCUIMelt HarpysKx (pue. 51,4,6,6,2) ©) 6 kine % 6 16 2° £7" @ Bos Voor Puc.S1 BarnetekMe OcHORHKIX rapaseTpoR 1U14 TlocTpOeHHR oT, M OT BHEUTHEM HarpySKHE 0: Hy-5=0.Hs I: Ry +R; -3-6=0. Su o 5. Iv Ry-6-5-2-6-3-6-3=0, 6410454 R= = 11067, 11,67 +R - 18 = 0, 1: RL #Ry = OR DMs = 0: Ry 6-1-3 =0, R=05; Ry =-05. Via ntoctpoenmx Mp. Burmesen rpysonnie ¢naraexnie BGA 65g 3-H 61S: 1 T2 4 10-2-5-@2 + 4)16 -6-5-5-4-3 6135-5 = -50, 23 Tepe pemciew everest ypc aponenome poncpxy’Npaniiisoe nt wisenenit xonipuEesion a) noctposias mporepka Yee=>. | “* dx, "edMg = eynapax omopa Moxeimos or exunsx ei (pu, $2) 7a MepHOlt eNpoR Pasene Tso ynoanemopscres. Puc.52 5) cynaaprax mponepxa. Cyunca neex xoxpdpaunentos ~ 5 fj com -dx3 te by +6426) = > f OO en i 32,3 Yeaonue yaosseropseres, 2) mponepka rpysonbix cxaraen a ee = ¢ + 4) 2 _ 42-80 = 6-3-15—10-2-5:(—)— 16 -6-5-0.5-5413.5-5-05=—8 8-8. Yeaonne ynosnemopseTea 5, Pentichne cnevembi npowssozuM no weToay Tayeea Woxy— 2b oxy = 42 =24 +x, $53,383 +r, = 50 Zina st0ro pastes nepsoe ypasxenne Ha 27, a B1Opoe — Ha 24, Tonys: 1 — 0,89- x, = -156 xy $2,22- 2, Co1asimae 068 ypanienur: 1,33 -x, = 0,52 Oreroxa naxosm 2 = 0,39 Tlogerapiixem x2 & s10Goe ypasnenue cHeTEMB x, = 0,89 (0,39) = -1,56 xy = -156 + 0,35 = -1.21 x= -L21 Buwox: Heussecmias peaxuna x] = - 1,21 naupasnena vane nenpaswasuo, Henaioe sanpastenme peaxuat H4 Syner snpaso, a nanpav.tenne peaKtum H] Hast BriGpano BepHo. Aansnetinmii pacer moxer npomsnonumes jaya HypaNtt 1) Tipmroxie nalizerste yowuut xj K OCHOBHOM cHeTeMe COBMECTHO c BHEIIHEH sarpysKoll (pue. 53), cTporn oGsrisIM emocoGoM amtOpHK Mog, Qox. Nox » Onopumie peakiwan Hs, Rs, Ry onpenensiorea ws ypasHeHiit CTATMKH, 1 asian nose: 0,39 (KH) o<— + Pue.S3 Tloepoerme on mytem wt mpesloctaRsaeN SHRTaTEIIO 7UIR CAMOCTORTENEHOFO PemTeMH. 2) Heuomsayem upumipnr sesasncumocnt elie mitt CHA, a uMeHHO: = Mp + My-x, + Myoxp to 4+ Man ou = Op + Qsrx1 + Oz 22th + On Kn Nog = Np+ Ng-x,+.Nq+xq 4-4 Mg Xp Tlockoanky 21Hopbl nepepeauiBa1ouli H MPONOAMHIX CHL OGMKO HE CTPOATEA HH OF EMNNNTIEAX CHL, HHL OF BHEMINeH HATPYSKH, TO oMopa MepepesRBAIOUNK CHT Oox CTPOHTER NO sMOpe HITHCAIOUIIK MOMEHTOR Mog, a om0pa Nox = 10 a1H0pe Qox: Pacemotpum 2107 ym pacuera, Jka a10ro nlocrpoxne autopst Mjxy (puc. 54,4,6) M paiom - Mp. (puc. 54,8) Pesymerar nioctpoesii - aTH0pa Mox (pie. 54), > X1 = 1.21 ¢ > ‘Puc.54 Tposepiod npestsiocms nostpoctna Sop! Moy 1. Crammeckas mponepxa. Butpesaent yse 3 (puc. 55). Coctasina ypasnene crammt EM, = 0: 2,3748,44-10,81-0 ‘Yemoene yaozetopserea. 2,37 Be 10,81 44 ‘Puc.55. 2. Kumemanmeckas nponepxa. HIposepses nepemeuletie TOHKH MpHIOKCHIA CHIBI xj Ho ce HaNpaReHMIO, OHO AOIAHO GRITS PaBHO HY MO, STO omneaeT YeronMIO CoaMecTHOCTH AEopMAKIAH x eM arao. Tepestuoxim Mo, Ha My 1 -237+9-6)2 +13,5-6+1,5 + 10,81-6 2 3 Ouin6ka cocrasaser 81 ~ 80.97 = 037 % 81 wed Yeuosne yosicmopsctes Tlo amope Mox cTpOHM oTHOPY Qox. J{H STOTO pAceMOTPHM KURTA CTEPKEH PAMBI, Kak OTALTBHYIO GamKy, Harpy AxcHHyIo cHeTEMO!K CHI: HSTHGAIOMIIMH MoMeHTaM H BHEILKeH HarpysKoit (PHC.56). Pue.56 Tlocspous oGunimim nytem omopet Q sui KaKKOTO yuacTKa, cchopwmpyen amopy Qox (PHe.57,4). Sopa Nox ctpoutex no Hope Qox HS YCHOBHA paRHOBeeMA yS:108: Bupesaem ysen 4 (pre.58,a) 121-1,21=0 Buypesaemt ysen 3 (pre.58,6) Np_g+ 121 + 4.61 = 0.Np.; Nyy + 10.8 = 0,N,_, = -10,8 1.21 4 a) 6) F108 78.82 5 CUT ITTT) 3 5 —| § 0,39. i 71 7,20 t]i ona. n. Nu Puc.57 Q) ) nrs4 =0 1.21 108 ad 1.21 2 > N35 N3-4 3-1 Puc.58 ‘Smopa Nox HoKazana wa pucynKe 57,6. Npumep 6. Tpedyerea pacoumrats KoneTpyKIMO (pre, 59). (os os M=10kHM ol EJ=const 4] 3, — 3.0 20 | 20 | Puc. 59 Pewenue. 1. Onpenensem crenens crammecxofi neonpenesmmmocmt 2 Duo rosopsr o autun 2-x wsGRITONNBIX CBRScH. OcHOBKaR CHC TEMA sIK pacuera uOsyHaerex yaraenem 2-X cBaseli, HeoGxomio TOMHITS © GesycTOBHO HEOOXOTUMEDK CBASAK (HK HEMIKSR YAAAATS) 1 YCTORHO HEOGXORHMEDK, KOTOPHE MOXHO yAaTAT. Bapnarrmt ocHoRuoli cHcTeNh mpanenens ua pueyuKe 60. Bapxarms n) i 2) MenomKsor PACHCTAX, KAK YOKE HANMCAHO, HENESH, TK. YAMICHBE GesyCHIOBHO HEOGXOHMMDE CBASH H NONYYAEMAA OCHOBHAA CHCTEME MrHoReHHO mMeHeMas! Tiprasrama no pity exewa 6), Ho ommmMarbHOfi su stanbNeiimero pacteTa Syser cxema r), Tipe ce 3a ‘ochosnyto cHeTemy. MB pana o) 6) x) Xp > x $3] < ty 2 x le) :) 9 Hentsa ! XQ x) Hentaa | XQ Puc.60 2. JLax ocHOBHOII cHCTEMBI SATTIeM KAHOHIEIECKHE ypaBReHRs: By 1Xy 4 bya" Xz tAag= 05 bay +4 + Sag +2 + Dag= 0. Koosoe 4s 9010 ypaBitennil racer: cyMMapHOe NepeMeImeHHe TOK MpHLIOCHHA HEHSBECTAKHC YCHLUHHK 0 HK HanpasmeHiao OT BOSAeHCTBIA BCEX CHLT, AeHCTBYIOUNUX Ha KOHCTPYKUBLO, PABHO HYI0. Bneck diy ~ nepementenme TO4KH NPHLIOKEHHA i-oft HeHEBeC TIO: No ce KanpapsIeHINO OF RosiLeICTBH K-O}4 CHIBI Aj - MepeMemenHe TONKH NpHIOKCHHA i-of CHIBI HO ee HANPAsNeHHIO OF BoSHeiicTBMA Ha KONCTPyKUMIO Beutel Harpy. 3, [Lax onpenentemix am KoogpimUiCHTOR 1 rpyZORKIX cxlaraeMIX CXPOHM OtHOpHI HBTHOALOMIX MOMCITTOR OF cua x, = Lm or sHemeli warpysku (pue. 61). 1,714 __},285 0,428 6) 4,714 4.285 / 3,428 1,286] 3 ve Me 10 10 8) 0 4100 2 260 1 g 19 10,0 tho vo his << Puc. 61 Buruntesaen Sy: a y ES sax y we ‘Smopy M7 mepenmoraew camry na cea: 1 1,206 + 1,714-4-5-5- L714 = 23,384, 3 Barancasem 6:2 = 62. (Tepensoxxatorex smopst My a Mp y: 1,286 + + 13-714 +2. (L714 4.714 + 4 3,857 - 0,857 +0) = = 41,382. Bartensen Sz>. (Llepemwoxaeres oitopa Mz cama Ha ce6s): 12 1,2 Sqg = 3-3-5 -5°341,286-5-3-5-1.286 + 3 45 -G,714-L714 44-3,214-3.214 +4,714-4.714) + 12 +5 G7i4 4714 + 43.857 3,857 + 3-3) +3-3 = 113,378. 23 Busesitem A. (llepemmoxatorex oiopst Mra Mp My" M,+dx 12 3 y=) [ ee 286 +50 + 4:15.75 +15 + 27-3) + $26(G3-1,714 44-3075. 1714-4 1714-42) + +5 °G42-1,714 + 4-34-1285 + 26 -0,857) + - +26 -0,857 +4-8- 0,428 — 0) = 382,242. Burnicasew A, (Hepemmorarotes smmopsi Mz. Ha Mp ): G3-1,714 + 4-39,75-3,214 + 4,714 -42) + 2 $5 :G2-4.714 +4 -34-4.285 + 26 -3,857) + 43:26 -3,857 +4-8- 3,428 — 10-3) — -20-3- 1542-04157 +4015 427-3) = 771,492, 4, Pentenne enevent 23,384x, + 41,382x, = 41,382x, + 113,378x, x7 #12,155 KH x2=+2,368 tL 5. Hoctpocune amop synpeniux ycumit su14 saanHois pases. L-usit nyme nocmpoenua. K ocnosnoit creteme (pie. 62) npiioxnt sazamyro narpysky M Halinembte Yersina B oTGpomtenmx CBA ¢ yuevom Hx suaKa, Jlaa momyYeMHOi cxeMI CTPONM omopsE BHyTpEHHNKX youu OKMEMIM. nyTeM (MeTORAMH ‘conponmsenia MaTepHast08). TOKH 10 KH 2,368 2,523 i 17,776 > Puc.62 Onperesaew peakrumt n casaax: Sox eo: - 12,155 — H+ 2-6-2368 =0. y= : Ry-10-10 +R, =0. Di Ma $0: —Hy-3410-3 410-54 10-R,-7=0. “7.569 -6,639 + 80 + 10 - Ry 7 = 6; Res 11,776 (xH). Tora we wroporo ypasseuna R, = 8,224 xi. ‘mopar eayipestx yoru M, Q iN noKavant wa pHeyEKe 63,4,6,, Himavemo npesiaraeTea eaMocTosTEBHO ‘OC IpOHES HX pesy:IsraTHI CpaBHNT 6. Tipowsnoqun ctameckylo NpoRepKY — paBHoRecHe Ysa omAHO coxpaniaTscs (pu. 63,2,4). x=0: 12,155 + 3,632 +8,523 = 0; 0=0. Hy = 2,523 sH. 8,224 -2.244=0; 0=0. 16,564 + 8,104 — 24,672 = 0; 0,004 = 0. Fh piss 68 reget] = To) HZ,108 iw N 8520 12388 on any" o> XY 2.528 um 2) 2 12,155. tr) 8.224 Ue | y ’ 12,185 3,632 <— 8.22. 8,523 Puc.63 7. Kiemanmeckas nponepxa, any, fenareo, A ; rte M,~ ost. ws exists omop ME, TiepestoxM Mg (pHC.63,a) Ha M, (pute. 61,4): 2.(0 44. 6034-1,5 + 16564-3) — 6 3 =: (0 + 4-0,643 - 12,336 + 24,672 -1.286) + +2: (L714 8,104 + 4- 1,714» 11,301 + 1714-10) + yams +10 +4-1,28 -8,224 + 0,857 - 6,408) + +5 (0.857 6.448 — 4. 0,428 -5,328) = +0.214. Tpouerr norpemaoem cocTapi, 0, 75,901 Zot nyms nocmpoenwua On ocnosait na npaiuane HesasHcuMocTH aeiicTBHR cH (pie. 64), Mog = Mp +My +x, + Mp xy. ~ & a) 28.672, yan? 2 NA 16,564 11.163 9.133 Cpasnnnas nonysemmie pesyasrarms, 0 Max MBI BHLNM HeGONBHIME KorpeMIHOcTA BaLaMCTenHA. CuexyR HaT6MHe BropHIM MyTeM, aTHOpy Qpk CTPOHM TO oMOPE Mox. Zak 3TOTO AMY paMy PAcAEHHM Ha OTETBHBIE 9TeMeHTaI (GaIKH) 1-2; 2-3,2-4;4-6; 6-7, 1. na 5 omemsumix Gatox (puc.65). Sarpyxaen ux suieumncit narpysKol4 m MoMesrrasnt B ORECTKIK YSI10X, RSATAIK 18 OTHOPHI Moy. (pie. 64). PaxGepent ony Hs GasoK, ekaxem, Ganky 2 ~ 4 (pre. 65,4). Jie yao6ema pacno1oxkHM ee ropisonrabio (pune. 65,¢) Oupearensem ouopusie peau Hy-10=0. Hy =10xH. : Ry 2-3 +R=0. : Ry 3+ 10,003 - 8,107 - 3-2-15 = 0. 10,003 + 8,107 +9 = 2,368 (xH). Ry = 6 ~ 2,368 = 3,632 (wi). Tlo 914M j1anHbIM CTPOHM IMHOpy Q (pHc. 65,e). Q) Onemenr 1-2 6) Snemenr 2-3 8) Snement 2-4 10 KH bg! 24070) ay 10,003 sk? ") Snemenr 4-6 2 TO KH 10,003 7 A) Snement 6-7 e) 8,107 KH 2 17,104] 8,107 M 10,003 é 3 10 KH L 3,0 1 10, : 99 I3 3,682 (AE “SOY 2,368 Pue.65 Cpapnupan suave H sHaxn (!) © omopoit Qok, MoctpocHHOlt parice (pic. 63), Ha 9TOM YNACTKe MBI BRUT noaHoe cosnazeHne. Smopy Nok etpowt nto omope Qok, HEMIOMESYA criocoG BRIPEsAINET YsTOR, KaK 9TO jeAaTOCk & cTaNMECKOIt Mposepke, rile MA HoKasaM 970 Ha npHMepe onMoro ysia. Henomsya pesyabTaTs Ox, HOCTpOCHHON patie, NoKaKeM Ha mpumepe ya 4 onpeerente nponossisix yous # crepmnax 4 —2 4 4-6 (pic. 66). x=0: Mug +2368 =0, Nye = -2,368 nH. Nyat 10-1776 =0. Nea= Coepune sieves Ng wp Co SHaveHHAMH, HalieHMEIH parce (pic. 56,4) — ONH MONHOCTIIO CoBTEAIOT. Npumep 7. Tipumezen upincep pactera pan Ges rloxcuemit (puc. 67). Pue.67 Pemenue. 1) Onpexensem cTenen cTannecKoit HeonpenemHMocTH n=3-2-1-2-7=6-2-7=-3, 2) Hla pac. 68 mpanenexnt sapHaHTa: OCHOBHBIX CHETEM. Testes nuiGop 1a vapuaurte a). re Be x3 Henb3a uchonbsosarb Novem? by ! t * ts Ms Xo i 0 x. yF | rg 5 < <*2 3% o N, Pue.68 3) Kanommeckue ypanneraix serosa cHt 8140, + On 2 + Sita + Oeg= OF 61+, + Opn x2 + 8r5 +5 + 4, 83+, + 53 1x2 + 35 14g + As—= 0. Crpoun esate omops 404 4,0 24,0 24,0 e TaD 78.0 Puc.69 Onpenesaew Kosei! KaNomeeekn ypansteni: 6 aa-bdaez (aad East a)eoa ese at 2 3°) = 64 + (85,33 + 213,33) = 362,666; 12 steed 2,666 + 64 = 106,666; bx = 2-4-4 1 ai 44444 = 85,333; 12) 448 1 (: ) 63 = 4-4 Gxt by ate ato ea tees = 21,333 +96 + 53,333 = 170,666; 4 16) 4+ Ep) ate ssasss6 149,333; (4-44418-240)14-4- + g Gated + 4-42-648-78)—2-(78-8 4451-6 44-24) = = (454,666 + 160 + 74,666 + 1125,333 + 1296) = -2810,666; 12 1e4ee 2 ? by ade Gass 24 78)— 1 2 G 124+ >78) (74,666 + 693,333 + 480) = -1248; 78 +24 Asp= —2+ (0+ 4:2-422 + 78-4) — Cucrewa ypasseuni 362,666x, + 170,666x, + 149,333, = 2810,666; 170,666x, + 106,666x. 149,333x, + 64x, + 85,3332, Pemaem cuctewy ypansteni Tlomysaent: x1 = 7,359 wH: xp = -2,042 wH: x3 = 3.278 xH. BarpyKAeM KONCTPYKIUHO HAiEKNBIMH YORAM H BHEMIHe! HarpysKoi (pie. 70). OkotsaTesbiEHe omopBt suytpentinx yewutit npusexenst na pic. 71 +4-4 = (432 +816) = -1248, 3 ms Cxema sarpyxeHua 4,641 8.183 [TTF Pue.71 Crmmeckas uposepra. To momentant BuiaHo (1s ommopsr M (pac. 71) nce ysast ® pasHonecum. To Q w NV pacemorpant xapaxtepete yar (pe. 72,a,6). Brawn, 870 ypanriemms cTaTaKH coBmOTAIOTER. Kvnrewanieckaa nponepxa. 4 Moy Ms = —+ (0 + 4-0,542-2—4-14,184) + 4 +g:4- (14,104 + 2,182 + 18,548) = 4 4 4 Stat 24° 13.09 52.4 + 52,368) = -0,021. 3 é a 0;2,042 + 1,817 — 3859 = y = 0:7,359 ~ 7,359 = 0. 7.389 2,04g_2 aria 3.859 7.359 5 10 + 1817 +8,183 = 0. y= 0:3278 + 1,363 4.641 = 0. "aga 1.817 8,183 100, = 3:4. KecTKoCTs RepTAKATRHOTO 97eMERTA npymem panto 3g, a purens « 4E lg Pay pasGusaior Ha YHACTKH, Ha XOTOPEIX TePEMHOKGEMBIe SMHOpK HOGPAACHEL MPANGIME THAIN HK ‘owepstensr To napaGone. Zois ompenenenx nepemenzerntii npavemn enocos Bepemarvma, Mids _4 zr = yee 13-2) os ET EI,” ET, (Toso nonoxkeHMe UeHTpa DEAECTH TpaTCHAM HA YuECTKE Al ONPECIUTS He HYDKHO, TAK KaK Fae Ghr OF He HaXOAMICH BHYTPH ILIOWANH IpANEKHH, OpKHATA HOS sHHM & SMOpE Mz Gyster HoCTOREHA). Snax Mine Tepen MPoMsRereten OGBACHRETER TeM, STO NTomaTs Tpaneront B amope Mj H opmMmaTa MoM ee IM OPKeCTH B IMOpe Mz nexkar no pastisle cTopoH aseMerTa Al tne), Mids _2-3-2 2-22) 1 _ 3.888 uenry BI 48g, 23 3ET, Ele y [See C Datos dy SEC eatzat ones tt 05 oe toa El, 5. Pemaior cHcteMy KaHOHNMECKHX ypaRHenll, HaxXonAT HesBee THE yew Xj, 5,33X] -3,75X2 4,625 = 0 -3,19X1 43,88X3*0,9166-0 X1=2,18 XQ=1,865, 6. Cxpost oxormaremsnyto amopy M=Mp + My -X1 + M3 -X2, yanenmste arnopst MX] M2X2 (pac.83) 2.18 3.73 6.1, Buaae exposr us q Puc.83 8.72 Ecam walitennoe yewme Xj nonyswiock co sHAKOM MuKye, 10 cOOTRETeTBytOUIaA HeMpaBteNHaR oMopa ouata Gime Hoe Tpocha Ha npoTBonosIOAMEIX, Wem omopa Mj, cToponax aseMerToR pave 6.2. Oxonsatemusaa siuopa womewios M nouyyactex akKypanbiM cHoxeHNeM (lO TOMKaM) MempaBeHHBIX Tpy3o8oii amo (pHe.84), 101 1.0 7. Tiporepka o1opyt M. Ha puc.85 noxasana cymMapuas exmaueias omopa M Ms Pue.85 Tlepesuuorxaens ainopst Mt Mg, M,it 3 yes (2+4,01-2—2-145-14 101-14 145-2) + 1 * OaET, Fae MB 1-1 Dt SE 1 = (-0,3785 — 0,3788) = = 0,00013 /Ely + (-0,27-2 + 4-0,86) = Onmi6ka euera coctannact acero 00013 a7ETS 100% = 0.34% 8. Ciposr_smopy nionepesnbix cnt Q. 1.016 + 14485 Qas = = 0.8215, 3 11785 +1 -2,1785. 3.2, -0.27-0 1,615 xH, -bar-o apan = Oss a Suiopa nonepewnax cit woxasana na pac, 86 = 2,385 nH. 0.82 2.135 9. Coposr smopy mpostonsaisnx cmt N Tiponosunie CHIL HaXOAAT HS PABKOBECHA y3.I08 pant. BuuperceMt sueMeHtr pants y onopss C (puc.87) MT) Pue.87 Buipexcent ysex I (puc.88) x50: Ny 2,135 = Nay = 2.135 wH. D y= 0 Nyy 08215 2.1765 +3 =0, Np =0 0928 Ng Ne 2135 Ne Puc.88 ‘Smopa N noxazana va puc.89 Puc.89 10. Tlponepxa oSutero pannionecnx paws Pamy ompesaior or onop 18 MecTaX paspesox MpHkxamuumaror stayenns N a Q © nonysenHM smop. Im youmHA AOWKHKI HAXOAMTECA B PABHORCCHH ¢ J1¢HcTBYIOMLeH Ha pamy HarpySKOH (pHC.90). +3 2,135 - 1865 = 0, 0.821 -3 + 2,179 =0. Pue.90 Npumep 10. Tlyem peGyerex mposcem pacuer wiocKol pamm (puc. 91, a) Meroxom cH & ctenysoueit nocnenoRaTeasHOC TH: 1. Onpezenemne ereneit eranmecKoii seonpestestaMoeTs, 2. BuSop ocniosuoli cucTemss, 3. Cocraptexme cHcTeMsr KaHOHUeCKHX ypaBHexntt, 4, Barsnerenne KoxdppramtenToR KanoseckiX yparennit; 5, Tlponepxa npasretstioc at noesera xon¢popi 6. Pemcnne cucteMm KaxlonmecKHX ypasiteuit H mponepKa ce mpaRiimHoc™H, Tloc1poeume oxouarensuoll sHops HBTHGAIOMUR MoMEHTOB Mog: 8, Tponepxa npanisnoem# noerpoctiis amH0pst Mox i rlocpoene om0pst OC); 9, Hoespoere ainops N; 10, Cranneckas # aecbopwaumonnax mposepka panist 8 ue0M. Pewenue. L. Onpedenenue cmenenu cmamuveckoi neonpedeaumocmu Tloxeuiraem crenent craneiecKoit neompen ITTOB KaHOMNYECKHX ypapHerni miqoctH cuetemat, Kositicetmo onopanx ctepxueli 5, KoamiecTRO ypasueuuii pasuionecus 3, 10 oreioua n=5-3=2, culeqoBaTeIBHO, CHCTEMA BAK CEMMECKH HeoMpesieuMa, WM, APYTHMH CTORAMI, Meer ‘Re THMTHMe CRAB. 2. Bubop ocnoanoit cucmenn Vissecmo, 170 ocniosiax cueteMa onpeeMerea us saxaMmol! nyteM o1GpacsiBaMN sMMX cwxSclE TPHTOAKCHMEM COOTBETETEYIOLIK YeuTHi, BOSHMKAIOIUX ® OTOPOMICHMBX cBRAK B saqamOit cneTeMe. [Ipx sTOM foctioninas ceTema jlomkna Gx CTATIMECKH onpestenHMoii H reoMerpateckH HewastersxeMOll a a= oxi lj 4 1 napnarer «_*% a XI napwast a oy o 4 5 Aho yn fo Ae M, (so) 3fp(xHu} < x) 25,602 wo 4 1 12.804 12,301 My (st) My-X (6H) Puc. 91 Cpavimmas xpi sapnarrra ocrosnx cHeTe (pue.91, 6-2) npuxXom x BEmORY, “TO aMGO.Tee HeTeCOOGpAsHO B kavecTae OCHOSHO! cHcTeMBI BbiGparb Iwi BapHauTT (Puc, 91, 6), THK KAK B TOM cuTysIae: — ne tpeSyeTea mpestRapirenkHoe RMIKCAIEHHE OTOpHAIX peaKtOns = omopst srHGaromux MoMerToR, ocTpocimie B oTOH CXeMe OT RoSytelicTmIE Na Nee KAKyOrO HS yeu . X2 = 1, Pom q, Gyayr pacnpoctparicHst Ha MeHMIIEM KomNeeTBe YuacTKOB CHCTeMBI H MpesteTaB:TCHKI mpocteliawo reomerp Kanlommmeckix ypansenni 3. Cocmaszenue cucmeno Kanonuveckux ypasnenuit eckMMH (burypani. 10 suawKTeasHO OGuerYaer upouece onpenexeMMx KoodpuuHerTOR Kanonuyeckwe ypasnenii, HeOGXONIMEIe JLIX PEIICHHIA CTADHECKH HEOMpENETMBIX 3aA4, MpesIcTABIAOT coGoit ypanremna commecTrocTH AefbopMarmii, UntcmO Hx RCETMA paBHO CTENeHH cTATIMeCKoiT HeoMpeTeMMMOcTH, OiwrecKnii ewoien KaxTOTO Hs KANOMHECKAX ypanniemmii, KaK OBLIO YKASAMO MITE, COCTONT B TOM, “TO CYMMAPHO’ MepeMemieHe No HanpassicHiio yeMTHi Xj OT BCEX AelICTRYIONIK B OCHOBHOM CHCTEME CHTOBKIX GakTOPOR, BRITON H HeHsBeCTHBIe, paBHO 0, TAK KAK & ACHCTHNTETBNOCTN B THX HANPABICHAX CIOAT CHASH, NnpeNATCTSYIOULHE ‘OSHIKHOReHINO TepeMentetntit Ho HanpaRstenmo IHX MeMSRECTIANK. Toi pace marpusaemoro exy'an KanlowceKHe ypaBHeHnx HMCIOT BHI fet $0 u2% tye + Oyg= 0; jasX, + Saaz + Aap + 42q=0. 4. Boruucaenue korppuyuen mos kavonuveckux ypasnenul Tax Kak ace xox uteims KaHoMMecKHX ypasnemsit upexcranimor CoGoH uepeMemenes, 1 suIN Hx BAIHCHEHIG BHAMAIE CIPORT ESUIEHSHME M TPYSOBKIE STHOPKI HSTAGAIONX MOMEHTOE OCHOBHOM cHeTeMe. aTeM 110 opmyae Mopa ¢ mpumenenest rowssix opmya 1K upasiwvia Bepemarina ¢ HeTIONssoBarMeM TaG:.2 OMPENeNIME HX ‘snatenn. Ditopst HsrHOaouHX MOMeITOS, HOCTPOCHMAE B OCHOBHOH cHeTEME oF BoseiiCMHI Ha Hee KaKYOrO B omensuoct yeumua Xj = 1; X= 1; P wg, moxasanes Ha pac. 91, 8-91, + Viexona is eninniibix x rpySOBKIX atop onpenteaseM KooAdbutUEHTA KAKOKMYECKHX ypaBHent a 08 5. Hposepea npasursuocmu nodcuema xorppuyuen mos TIpasicisHocTs pacer KoxpQuUMEHTOR KeHOHHHECKHX YpABHEHH OCYINECTRARETER MYTEM YHMREpCAMBEBIK MpOBEPOK, TPH 9TOM OATS BBITOAHATICR CEMYIOMINE YCcIOBIOR: 26 = by segs rae © 6 — cymma Bcex naiigeHHbix riaBHbIX 4 HOGO4HBIX KO>ppHUMeHTOB: BE 5, + by. + by, + Soa 635 — nemenna, noxyyeIias ® pesyabraTe yMHOXeHKE exuUIHOK eyMMapHOl smopai Mg Ha CeO TA sean, oupeteutemas cnoxenwem auaveii, HOYICHMLIX B peay-bIEre ysnoxemmt mops My Ha omopy Mp 1 a10psi Ms xa o1opy Mg; k — KonMsecBO yuacTKo8 9IHOPHL Smiopa Mz (pue.91, u) empower # OCHOBHOR encTeMe OT OmHOKPEMEHHOTO ROSJeMeTHHA Ha Hee BCeX nemucemmix cunnranix yorum (X] ~ 1; X2= 1), 1e. uyreM culoxkenua esumueaX sIH0p My mM My = (My + M,). B ames enysae aaa 7S SE Se fut Ont Gut On 57 Fy et a. Ele 12 13 Sse GRO ore seats te ERG t Lili 2 12. 2 _ 69333 HERDED AH 7 225 DET TGR 35 = by 307.125 131.605 7227 330.75 Be Ele * Efe Ele Be EA = Asp + Mtg + Sap + Bag 1 ots See (2-4. 1841-6) 44-641-18- pea STe (ese) eee age eee me -E 2 Hy Fe Pear Taxune oGpasom, 06a Yenosut yaosemopmoTes. CelonaTSIHo, KoDdpuMeHM: KANOHUIECKIX ypaBstesi pacesrrarst BepHO. 6. Pewenue cucmenn Kanouuveckux ypasnenud u nposepka ee npasutruocmu Tlogcranup » cHcTeMY ypasHenit sxasceis KoodduMHICHTOR KAHOHUSIECKHX YpaRHeHl, NONy‘tHM: pot — 22,5X; — 307,125 — 131,625 = 0; [-25,5%, + 11,333X, +72 +27 = 0. Pemm ory cnctemy ypanstennii, valinem sHaverna HersnecTiA: X] = 4,267 x; X3 = 0,865 KH. Tipasictsnoct ea “HIM HEHSBECTHBIX NPOKEPEM TIYTEM NloscTAHORKH HaliteKNX sHavenHii Xy a XB exonmre ypannentin: 108 - 4,267 — 25,5 - 0,865 — 438,750 = 460,836 — 460,808 ~ 0; =25,5 4,267 + 11,333 - 0,865 + 99 = -108,808 ~ 108,803 ~ 0. 7. Mocmpoenue oKonNamenvHow snuper useuGawyux momeHmos Mox Opsumans: oxoHvaTensHoi omopsr HsrHGaroHU MOMEHTOR Mpx B XapaKTepHAX ceNeNHUX sanaiMol! cHCTEMBE UenecooSpasHo nojeumTaTs B TAGAUIHOH FopMe (Ta6n.3), MpeABAPHTEABHO MPOHYMcpoREB BCC XApAKTePHAC CCICHIA H 3a1aBILHCk UpaBMWIOM 3HaKOB HSrHOAlOLWHx MoMeHTOB (puc.92, 6), Oxonsarensnyio omopy ETHOAIONEK MOMENTOR Mog JUIR aslaHHOM CHCTEMKI CTpORM R COOTRETE TRI ¢ HPHMUMOM HesaRNCHMOCTH jelicTRNK CHI HYTEM cHOKeHM «iCHpaRsIEHEHY amop My X1 u Mz X7 © rpyzonsnat omopawa Mp 4 Mg , kovopwie sloespocit 8 OCHOBHOH cHeTENE: Mog ~My X1 +My X9+ Mp + Mg. «Menpansiemmic) amopir wernGarouuix Momerrmn My X1 w Mz X2_cxpoune uyzew yaoxkemox neex opyuntar oumuex omtop My uM2, coomercmentio, na auavewi X} W.X2 ¢ yaetos ux suka, Toctpocumie Taki o6pa20., omopsi My X} Mz X2 npumenens wa prc, 91, « m pie, 92, a TaGamn 3 Homep MIX}, M2X2, Mp, Mg. ceaenia Uw xls xl lly 0 25,602 0 9,0 -18,0 1 25,602 173 9.0 =18,0 2 25,602 “1,73 “9.0 =18,0 3 12,801 “1,73 0 -6,0. 4 0 “133 0 oO 5 0 0 0 0 6 12,801 0 0 -6.0 7 6,400 0 0 oO 8 6,400 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 Tax kax wa yuaerke 2-3 otmopa Mox (pic. 92, 6) xPHBONUEICia, TO JLIA YrOMCHH ce oNepTARIEN HeOGXORUNO alin oKeTpemansHoe sHaTeHue wsrHBaromero MoMesTa, [nz sero paceMompaM snemeHT 2-3, BBIpesaMt Hs cranmiecen neonpenemmMoit cneTemn, Ha ator puree sefiemmyer parwomepno pacmpenenenas varpyska q = 2 xi 1 ‘aa onopHbix Momenta Mz = -3,128 KHM 4 M3 = 5,071 KH (1061.3), Pacuemiax cxema 9Toro JuemertTa noxasara a pyc. 92, 2. Biiavate BAYNCIHM OnlOpIKIe PeaKLUM, coCTaARHE Ix paBsioRccHs: ypanu EM, = —Ry- 35.071 3128 +2-> IM, =R;+3—-5,071 -3,128 +2+ omyna Ro = 5,733 KH u R3 = 0,267 KH. Tiposepins npasiiisiiocTs BBIaHcTeHIOH OMOPHBIX peakIU, COCTARH ypARHEHEA PaRHOReCHE: By =R; +R; —q°3 = 5,733 + 0,267 -6 =6 -6 =0. Oupeneau Kooprumiary Zyxe coven, B KowWpOM Q = 0, a M=Myge, ucuomsonas cxxenyiomyto audyepenmaTBEyto 2aBHe MOC TE: cbepe ney HYHO = QG)=R,-92 =0, 5,733 = 2.8665 m. Toraa suis stor cevens stony iM ie at — “FE 3,128 = 5.733 -2,8665 - = 3,128 = 5,099 Hm yA 9 PY qg=2KH/M 3,128 { a (xIl-m) be z mea Tp, 9% Zyyp =2-8665% Vaen B Yaer C 3,128KIT-w 5.071KH-M | 6.801KH-m i, 1) $,733 0,267 4,267 (Q) txt 3,128KH 1,73KH- 0,865 0,865, We) Yaen B 3 Ysera C y 0.267KH era x. t—» —+> Nes ).865K1T 0,865KH 0,865KH. 5,733KH uy K) 0,865 4,267KH ® («It . . 1,398KFL-m 5.738 : 0,865KET <— —> 0.865K1T x 5,733KH Puc. 92 To aliens sHaeKWAM OpAKHLAT CIPOHM OKONYATCISHYIO SILOPY HSTUGMOMUX MOMEIIOS Mox ix seqasnoi pam (pic, 92, @). 8. [Iposepxa npasurrnocmu nocmpoenus anwp Mog u Q(z) ‘Hox upokeaeHii cramsecko} MPORPKH BRIPEIIEM AeCTKHE V3 PAM KPOME ONOPHBIK, MPHK:TaWMIBAEM BCE elie tmyrontne » mx MoMerTst H mponepseM yeronns pasronecix SM, = 0. B wames npuawepe Rupexew yam Bu C (pue. 92, ) u mporepine 1x passionccne. Yaen B: My, = 3.128 ~ 3,128 = 0. Ysen C:¥ My, = 5,071 + 1,73 - 6.801 = 0. Yenorua pasuonceit ysior B x C nxmomimors, Bumosneme yenonis parnonccnt ysi0n snscres HeOGXOAMNAM, HO HeNOCTATOGHKIM. J[OCTAIOGHNM YCHORHEM UpaBiLIsHOCTA oMpesetesit Myx ARIACICA RBITOMHEHHE AehopMarnonHo poRepKH sataHHOH cHeTEMAI ¢ MPHMEHEHMEM omOpsI Mog, CYT KoTOpOTO sakMowaeTeA B AoKasatenbeTme OTCYTCTBNA MepeMeleHHa B TOYKAX H 110 HANpaReHIO KaNATOIT OTGpoMIEHHO! CRASH, Te. Dra nposepka XoDI H He weer GumitecKOrO EME, TK KAK CKNAAHINAIOTEA PALME NO HNpaRNeDHO HepeMeMeHK, HO OHA AAET ROEMOAHOCTE AOKALETH MpARIHOCT MOCTPOCHIL Moy NO HOEX COMEMIIN saa netew Jlua yro6cmma mamincaermit execoo6pasno pacsuennms KpuRommueiinyio omopy Mox Ha ysactke pamsi 2-3 (puc. 92, 6) ua rpaneyenaanuyio u napaGommeckyto (1lox0Ho upuBexenomy Bhuue Ha pic. 32). Tora P ) 9 1p yo u nap. v 3-325 y pute. 32). As: : a 6 ROA e+ 38) 3108-64 1a at el, “G++ tap Coe se sort d—saze+ sor. he tap? G83 464-15) 68-154 64-3 + 57-5 64-15-1500. Opsumians: omopst Q(z) onpexestsem ucnomsyx sanncMMocts Q(z)=dM(z\/dz vn sanneninan RB KOMCUHKIX pasnioc i: hom 0G) = 9°) += re Q°G) ~ nonepenas cia w ceveimiax € KoopyuuisTOl 2 No JLUNHe yuacmKA, HateroUero PacHeMIyrO CxEMY Buge upocioii asyxouopuoii Ganku, sarpy2xeunoli sananmoli suewueli HarpysKoli (puc.92, 2). Yuaemox 0=1, Ha x10m yaaciKe BHeunbH HarpysKa oreyremyer, ostomy Q°(z) = chopmyze (a): . Qo. onpenenzem 0 ~3,128 ~ (-1,398) 1 =F ——— = 0,865 aH. Vagemox 2-3. Bovow eaysiae pst Kansan HarpysKitg = 2 xH/M meen: ql 5,071 ~ (~3,128) Gag =~ 92 +3 = 3 — 2s + 2.733 = 5,733 — 22, omyaa mp z= 0: 02 = 5,733 KH; up z= 1=3 wt: 03 = 5,733 ~ 6= -0,267 wl uae 865 nH. Bin (-6001) Vuacmox 8-9. Qo-¢ a 4.267 KH. To naiixemsnine suave opaumer cypouse smnopy O (puc.92, €). 9. Hocmpoenue onwpet N Vuacmox 4-5. Qu-s Yuacmox 6-7. Qe-r = 0,267 xH. Opavmarst omopst mpononsiEN cit onperenseM Hs yenoRHH pasnonecua z= 0 n Cy =0 ysnon pamss, popesasmisix us omopst Q. TIpH o1OM o1pueremuyto nouepeMyIO CHIY KaNpaRIAeM TAK, TOG OMA Bpamata BeIpesanuislt yen npOmM Xoua HACOBOL CIPEIKH, a HOIOXHTENBHYIO ~ O XoAy HacoBOM cmPEAIKM. LlopMaIbuUBIE CHLTAL anpaR mem OT YSN, Le, Mpestnomaraent, 470 CToffKa It pure pacTARYTH. Bupesan ysen B (puc. 92, 9¢), COcTABHM ypanuieiaix paponecis: Bz =O: Nz + 0,865 = 0 = Nz_, = -0,865 xH; By =0: Ny-g — 5,733 = 09 Ny_g = ~5.733 nH. 3kax «Myc» FoROpHT o TOM, IO HaNpARLTeNHA MPOAONBHBIX Yew pure H CTOFKH GALI PHT HeREpHO. Hostomy 8 pelieTmirrensnioe m4 pit Us pacemorpenns pasnosecus ysna C (puc.92, 3) exeayer: Bz =0: Neg —0,865 + 0,865 = 0 = Nz_, = OXH: Ly =0: -Ny-s- 0.267 + 0,267 = 0 = Ny. =0. Tlo marmenernmine snavenion oprumar suis Kaxoro yuacTKa expowm amopy N (prc.92, t) 1m W croiika He paGoTaier Ha pacmmxenHe, a Ha crate 10. Cmamuveckas nposepka pane! 6 yerom Crameckaa mponepka paMnl 8 1es10M IpoHSROZUATEA JiR HOsTMeprKiteMER NpABHUXKHIOCTH Hoc Tpoemia 21nop O, N HW Mox - Ova 2akmowctes B MpORCPKe PARHORCCHA PAM! B ILCTOM HLT MHOGOH oTeeteHHOM ce YacTH, Tie. MpoRepKe O Dy = 0; DM, = Onog wosaetictsnem BHeMHIK Harpy30K H BEYTPCHHUK yaonsetopetn yenosni pasvosecun S 2 yew, sosimmarouya 5 wecTax mposenei Zoua msmonienna Toi MponepKH oTveveM sanaHHy!O pAMy OT RCeX ONTOP HM saMeHMM HX stelicMAHE BOSHUKZIONU B 9TH CONE BHyTpeHNM yes O, NxM (puc.92, x), suaNeHH KOTOPHIX oupenesHOTE 0 omopam Q, Nn Mox . Hanpaktenne Rex BHYTpEHHAX yeruTA MH 9TOM TOTANO COOTRETETRORATE HX 3KaKy. CreN0- Zz =0: 0,865 - 0,865 = 0 = 0=0; By =0: 5,733 +4267 6 -4=0= 0=0; IM, =0: 13-84" 44-45-4267 6 =-27427=0=0=0. ‘Ypasicims pasniosecus yosiemsopmors, cileqoRaremsio, pana paccuutrasia BepHo. Vcnoneaceanue caoticme cummempuu npu packpsimuu cmamuyeckott Heonpedenumocmu icnomsonaune metoya CH: 1M pacHeTa CHCTEM € BKICOKO!i CTeNeHBIO CTAMMECKO! HeOMPEsIEMAMOCTH CBASAHO © pemennere conmecTHoit cneTeMnt Gominoro KomMMecTma cTmeiiare yparneraii, Jake caMBti 2KONOMIFHSK MeTOR peimerou taxx cHeren ~ anropirm Taycea — 1peSyern® marumcaurrexmumix oneparysi (rae m— sen ypannexi, T. CTeMleHk CTAMMECKO! HEOMPENEMIMOCTE CHCTEME), IPH YCTORHH, 4TO BCE KOO PMIVIEHTL CHETENKT OTM OT HysEX. B BAB ¢ STM HYAXHO CTpeMUTECA TAK BEIGPATS OCHOBHYIO CHETEMY, WTOGBI BOSMOKHO Gomsulee WENO NOGOUEEIX cummeanix nepememerni diy, (i * ) n cnoGommx swienon Aye OGpansI0cb B 10m. OcHoRHBIM cpeneTIOM ME JOCTIFKCHHA 9TOH HeMM sBALXCTEA HeOESORAKMe CHMMETpHEK. CrepxHeRaX cHeTEMA ABIXCICA CUMMeMpuNnoll, CCM CHMMETPISHBL HE TOIKKO OCH H OF1OPHBIE SAKPEILICHIEE (FEOMEIPENECKAR CHMIMETPHA), Ho H xKeCTKOCTE (ympyrax cuMerpiia) [ptt 9TOM BHEIMNAR Harpyska MOXeT Osim 1 HecHMMeTPHIIOT Tipu nniGope ocnonnof cncTemst TIME HeraReCTHMe CHenyer BMIOHPATH B RILTE CHMIMETpHTAE H OBpaTHO CMMeTpHNX —yowne. CuMMeIpHTHIKIE HEHSBECTINE COSAIOT CHMMEIpHTINBIE S1HOPBL MOME:TIOs, a OGpamo CIMMETPHINe HeHSRECTHBIE — KOCOcHMMeNpHMMEKIe smopK, Take 2mOpK: OGnaaIOT CBOHICTROM RSaHMHOH oprorouansioem, Le. pesysIBTaT HX MepeMHORSCHHS PaReH Hy.t10: ba Sf Beno @) Oproronamtsaniia smop Mower OCTATaTKCR pasTHAHKMM CrIOcOSaMEE 1) emGop cumamerpustioii ochoRs 2) euGop cinemeTpHIHEX H OGpaTOcHMMeTPHINBIX HeuSBECTHEX; 3) rpynmuposka newsseembix; 4) yetpoiic ao mwecTunx Koniconeli (erioco6 ynpyroro neipa); 5) wenommsosaimne crammccxn eompenenHMoi OcHOBIIO CHCTEMES; 6) pasnoxesie nporsBONKHOH Karpy3kM Ha CHNMeTPHNHYIO K OGpaMOCUMMeTpIIHyto CocTARIIONHE PaceMorpiM paMy, HMeIOILIYI0 Ok FeoMeTpivecKoll CHMMETPIO (puC.93, a). 3aMeHHM RHHEMIATOXO HarpysKy eff CTaMMeckH OKRHRAIEITNOH, TaKOi, WTO ona MpencrannaeT cyMMY cHwMerpHEHOM (pue.19, 0) m xococmMMeTpHTHOT (puc.19, 6) narpysox omocitexsHo oc reowerpisieckoii cHMMeTpHIL 2P. P. 8 ‘onveTpHH cb reomen. } a) 6 8) Puc. 93 Anaorieio MOKHO K7TaccHDpHINPORATS BHYTPEHHHE CHTORME AKTOPAI 8 MPOMAROTBHOM CeEHHH cTEPAHEROM cueremat (pHe.94). VeraGaioue Momeni Mx, My, wopmansitix cwia N spamotea 2epkanbusim orpaxenmest pyr apyra OTHOCHTETRHO TIOCKOCTA TloTepeHHOTO ceveHK, INK RHYTPEHEHE cHLTORKIE daKTOpAI HasOREM CHMMETpHEHKIMEL Ocranpuste (epepesmiaiomne cui Ox, Oy mM KpyDuNUt Moment Mz ) masoRém anmucunerpinumives wt KococumMenpisiianent extonsioit (paxropase. Yo, Puc. 94 Aoxaxew teneps nostoxerme: Y eeoMempuuecku cunmempusioil paws @ niocKocmU cunaempun npu cuxsempusnoil sneuneit nacpyrKe obpaujaionck # Hy KocOCUMMempurinie exympennue cuioEbie pakmopel, a npu Kococunsempuinol eHeuneit nacpysxe ~ cunaempurnte cutosnie ibaxmops (pre.95), Karromiteckuie ypanrienvin nerosta ciut soix mBo6paxéutioli na prc.93 sprokst cTaMeCKH HeoMpesteMo past useior a1, 1%s + Baas + Saale + O,(P) Puc, 95 Hi pwc. 96 npamesens ammopsr wsraGalone MOMeHTOR OT esumUSH e¥EL Tia ocnonaunn 9n1x ontop Haxostn {ae-Gude Gees Fj = —G-ad + 0-201 -(Fa-a)1 + (Fa-e) a) 6 ®) Puc. 96 sloRaTensHO, KanoHSecKHe ypaRtienns (29) MpHAHMaroT RI Sak +4:(P) = 0, Sark, + Oak + A,(P) = 0. Ha pute. 23 mpupeens omopst MoMerr0B OF BHELINIX cHMMeIpHNHO! (pue.97, a) H KoCOCHMMeEIpHSHO! (pv.97, 6) narpysox. B nepnow cxysae enmmnetpiraoit stent narpysnr meen: #y0,(#) = (570-8) 2 -(5Pb-8)a=0, Puc. 97 Buk, +50 +0 cao) a) Vo (30) eneayer Xp = 0, re. npn cxmmerpasnoft sreumeli narpysKe o6pamacrea B ny: KococHMMepHUTD ciutonoit haktop (nepepesmmaroutas ciuia), 110 M 1peGonartoce AOKAsaT ‘Bo siopom cay4ae KOCOCHMMCTPHHHON BHELINEH HarpySKH MMCeM: £7a,(#) = (570-8) (1-32) - (5eo-») (0-32) 20. FyA,() =~(Fr0-a)14(Gro-a)1 Kanionmieckne ypansiesis (30) mpaunsaror Bi (os + 6%, =0, 6%, + Saks = 0, a 5228; + As(P) = 0. BD T.k, Ompesesirreits CHCTEMBI 7wBYX HepB ypasHenit (31) Isl = os. 5 “less S30 10x, = x; =0, wo mpeGonanoce aoxaten, PacemotpuM apyroii mpusep. Bocromsyenten cumMeIpHeli paMbi 1a puc. 98.0 H pasHOKNM BIIEMINNOIO HArpySKY 1a cHMMeTpHEMyIO (PH. 98,6) u xococummerpitunyio (pute. 98,6). a) a 6) B) q 92 42 TUTTE 2) + pl pe Pure, 98 B oom caysae, HeeMompa Ha TO TO paMy MpHXomHTeR paccwuTTEMBATS jRaACIM, BOOP OcHOBHOH cHeTENES, TOKasaHHOH Ha pre. 99,4 slaeT SHAHTEIKEMI BRIAPPAIIL BRISHCSICHIAX, Puc. 99 Kanommeckne ypannenmia Gyayr. Buk, + 5ss%y + bygXy +B, SaX, + 52s + bay + 4,0) GaaXs + 55a%; + 8yg%q + O5(P) = 0. Bo Bcex TPeX ecTMNTINIX COCTORHIN TOCTPOIN amTOpH MoMeTOR (pic. 99, 6, «, 2). He mmx ABE omops (puc. 99, 6, 2) — cmenerpusnse, a ona (Puc. 99, 4) — KococmmMmepHuias, CumMerpitnas (c) 1 KococHMMe;pHTINas (sc) smopir usausHo-oproronani 1 ux “upoUsBereHHe” paBHo Hy.nO: Mi @ MF =0. Tlostomy Hexoropae Koxppututerms cHeTeMB! KaKOTINIeCKHX ypasnenit OGpamaiotes w Hystb: Jy = 53, = OH 63, = Oog = 0, a cneTeMa KavoHHeCKIX ypaBHeHItl pacriaaeTes Ha NRE HEsaBHCHMKIE CHETEN! {O28 Fah +hu= 52sX, + 52aXy + Map= 0: Q) 6%, +82=0, Takrm oGpasoM, pH pacwere cHMMeTpHEHO! pawl HeKoTOpKIe KoDppHUMeHTE! MOXHO He BVGKERATS, a pemternre Gombmofi cHeTeMGI KAHOMMeCKHX ypaRnernit saMeMITE pemmeHMes sleYX cHeTeM ypansterai sHasTTeTBHO Meu pasMepon. 4) Paciem na cunmempusnywo nacpyssy Tak Kak o1opa #srHGaroniEx MoMeitTO8 mIpH iota cHMMerpHEHO! Harpy: ‘TAKE ARIITETCA CHNOMENpHSHIIL (puc. 8.2 1), ona optoronamsaa xococmmMerpHaHolt smope My. CretonatensHo, Azp= 0. TlosTomy, kak enenyer 5 ypasnewix (2), X2-0. Takum oGpasom, mpi cHMMeIpHSHOH Rarpy3Ke KOCOCHMMETDITIHAN HeABBECTHAA pasta nyo, B 10M enysiae omopa HErHBaLOUNAX MomextTOR BysIeT eTpoMTECA NO HopMy:1e ME = Myx, + Max, + Mp. Ona, Kak cyMMa cHMMETpHIAK omop, GyneT cHMMeErpHEHO!. Torra smopa Q Gyrer KococHMMeTpHAHOH, @ omopa NV Gyaer cumterpHsnorh 6) Pactem na Kococummempusnyio nazpysKy BotoM carysae smiopa HSrHGAIONIK MoMeHTOR KOCOCHMMEMpHUHA (pic. 99,¢) H OpTOTOHENBHA CHMMETpHIHRIM omopast IT, JT. Cnenonarensio, Aip= dap=0, m Kak exeayer 1 onerewst ypantienmii (1), X7=X3~0. Taxon oOpasom, pH KocOcuMMeIpHHO! NarpyKe RCE CHMMEIpHTHIE MeHSBeCHHe Pasi Hy-n0, TlostoMy >opa WsTHGarOMUIN MoMeHToR cTpores mo dopmyTe M® = ix, + ME. Torna ona x amopa N Gyayr Kococummerprsimsiit, a omopa Q Gyner cmamerpiaiol Oxonvarenuo Syaer M=Mo+M™, Tpynnupoeka HeuzeecmHbix can npx pacers cummerpirmoii pas (pic. 100,a) nsiGpana oGsnntax ocnontas konbmigreHmA! KaHOHMECKHE ypasHestt Guy + Oak + ap 6X, + bza¥, + Bap=0; Syayr oman or nym, a) 6) B) r) crema (pic, 100,6), 10 nee AD i) ty, ty ot t Syl ¥,-1 th oe We 7 @ Puc. 100 ean ake sreracetimte rpynmmponats rio dopmy.raM X1-¥] +¥2, XQ=¥1-¥2. «7 cooTmereTHyeT ocHoRHOM cHeTeMe Ha pwe,100,, TO enMnene omopK (puc, 100,¢, 2%) Gyayr oproronansunan (7, @ M 6uki + d= 0, b2¥, + Dap= 0. Kak Bit, px rpytmposke newsnectmux ontenume Koopdupern o6pamaowx 8 Hy M Her HeOOXOMIMOCTIC HK BKMUHCTCHHA C ApyTOH CTOpOHEL, pACTIATCHHE CHCTEMEI KAHOHIMCCKHX ypaBHeHHlt Ha Be esaRNICHMDIe CHeTeMM ypanvienti yupomaer wx pentenme, TlooToMy rpyImnpoRka veMsRecTHBIX nosRO:ser eytlecTReno yMeHBITHTs OEM Bare TEHTE Tloayemme pesysustani moryr Gar pacupocrpatiemsi na upocTpancTmentmie Crep»KHeBKIe CHCTEML 0), uxanomeckve ypaBHeHHa pacrayres Ha wa HesaBHCHMBIX ypaBHeHUA: Mampuunas cbopma memoda cun Lipu pyHOM CHeTE BOSHMKAIOT CePKESHRIE BRMMCICEIHNE TPYAIHOCTM YaE pH creneHH craMMecKoi HeoMpeNeTAMOCTH TPH M BONE. KPOMe 21070, BOSpACTAET BePORDIOCTS OMIMGOK IPH ONPEAENCHHH rpySOBKX H ‘exis mepememenni, periemm cveTem KaHoWNecKMX ypannennii m t.x, C pasnmvem BM nosmack BOIMORHOCTS HEKOTOPEIC PYTANHBIC H TPOMOSIKHE BEIHCAFTTENSHIC ONCPANIN NePETORTTS Ha SeKTpOHytO MALKIN. Onnaxo, pa onepani, CBxSaHHKN ¢ osTOTORKOH saAHH, MpHXOUTTCA peMlas BPYaHytO. Pew HleT © MOCTPOCHHH OmOP PPYSOBBIX H EUNTISIIBIX HSTHGAIONNX MOMEHTOB. UNLCEHHIBIE SHANCHIR FPYSOBBIX H CAHEIEHIKIX MOMEITOB, 2UIHIKE YwaCTKOR, ‘KECTKOCTH OW1eMCHTOR KONCTPYKIG MONO CTIETHANKHMBIM OGpAsOM OGpaoTETs H aHecTH B TaMsTs SBM, Bee yawnelimue pacters DBM npoussogur Ges yuacma wetoseKa no cueumansHO paspadorannolt uporpamme. B pesymerare 3TH pacteroR IBM BAvlaeT a MeTaT HEIpOPMATHO 0 PACTIpEsTETCHHN BEYTPCHHAX CHTORRE /akTOPOR. Chopmyampyem Marprsinyto sammnick cHeTeMBt KaHorNecKUX ypannienni, [bra sToro chhopwupyent HecKONBKO cnoGormMmX aneHOR, MarpM, B SHCAIO KOTOPHX BXOAT MampMtaecTOIG arpuna ennui KoxpdunatearON, Marpnua-cronGeut “smmmsix” wewanectawx X, Marputa-cronGen, cROGOAEKX HteHOR AH MaNpH esHRTHBIK Koxppmumiestton A uMcIOr coomReTemeHHO. BALK: “nmmx” MeHmecTHAX, MaTpHata-cToAGe 7 (32) oh Marpwsias sanlich CHCTEMBI KaHOHIMECKOH CHCTEMBI ypaneHnii ¢ y4eTom (32) npaHHMaer Rat AX4A=0. @3) Penzenne warpusiioro ypassieuns (33) omiocirensio Rexropa “sMmINIX” HeNESReCTHX pHMAeT BILL X=-AhA ey TAC Marpily CROSOAKKX sLIeHOR MOxHO ONPeHENAT ¢ HloMONLbIO MaTpHHIOTO ypaBttesHs: A= MT -B-M,. @5) 3yecs B— arpa nonammocm. Jbix j—ro oueMera cuctestst Marpuna HoxeDMMOCTH uMeeT BIBL 1 [t 0 oj a + @ Filo o 1 Maxpuny eumusix xoxppumuertos naiiyes 13 Mapinmoro ypagnenstx: A=M-BM. @7) CC yuerom (35) 1 (36) maxpianian Gopma cHereMb: KaHloINeeCKHX ypapitenit Meer BLUE MT .B-M4+M7-B-M, =0. (38) Maxpirinoe ypasienue sia oupexenenua cysmapiibix Har HOAIOWUX MOMEHTOB ZaLNCEIBACTCA B BILE: M; =M-X+Mp. @%) Chopsyaupyem nopaiox penicHna cTammecKH HeoMperteTHIMBIX CHCTEM MeTOZOM CIDT MaTPINIHKIM MeTO:IOM: 1. PasGumaem crammeckn neompeemmyio cuctemy 1a yuacrkH (puc.101), BRIGHpaem ToBKy HaGmosermH, SBOUM HONOAUTEZBUBIC H OIpHUATeAbUBLe CIOPONS! 4 UPOCTABLIXeM cites HaNpaso “Xapaxiepubie™ CeEHI Ha KAXIOM yuactke, @este © + Touxa nafmoner) Pue.101, Tlostroroska santas & peusens0 Onpertensem creriems crammecKolt neonpertesmoeTH cveTeM BuiGupaew ocHosnyto cae VhoSpaxaen sknmparesmyio cucTemy. Cspot omopy rpysonsnx momerTor Mp. VooSpaxcac exHHMtbIe CocTosN cHCTEMEI H cTPOHM SMops! emMANUHEX MoMeHTOR JT; opaupyem marpauy rpys0BbIx MoMeHTOS: Mey w-| ao ne k — snes10 ysaeTKon, 8. opaupyeM ManpHuM! EAHHHSIHX MOMEHTOR: . (40) Ma Mx : an Musa) Masia 9, @opainyen nstpmy nosstamoe mB re D [: 200) as 0 0 0 &. ie j-uit seme Marpmag nozaTumocT# B; onpene fetes us suipaacenta (36). 10. Bao cchopmmposarisie warpuusi & onpexeseMio# nocmeroBatemDHOCTH & nlawxTs DBM, Oaekrpontias Mamnina BAEHCRET THATCH RCEX ““IMMINX” HeMEBeCTHIBN MH cyMMapHe warHGaIoMUTE MowerTst M, HM noMepesTIe cum Q, ® KOoKIOM HE “XaparepHX” CeNeH! 1 RAINEY Ha Lea R RIVE CooMETeTYFONLUX RexTOpoR, Ha HeKAT BAOWDITES TaICKE Res BROFURMAK HKOpMALLE. 11, Tlo nexropaxe M, 1 Q, erpomm coomerctmyromue eymMapuie 21nopH 12, Metotox ssipesaisn ys108 cTpoH amopy mpoOKHRNX cH N,. Onpedenenue nepemewenuil ¢ cmamuyecku HeonpedenumbIx cmepxHeabIx cucmemax Koraa kina paccmotpena TeopHs onpene-reHI MepeMeileHti, To B KaMeCTRE NpHEATAN HOnyMIeHAT He Gxu0 ‘muKaKiex orpanuesnei a Tint Kone pYKrUsi C TOHKH SpeHHK cTanieckOH OMpestennMocM. Torna noxysieHtle PopMy:ts1 HUIK oNpereeMI nepewemenMa (HoxNNi uM wenoauall ynerpan Mopa) cupazewuiMmA x jim cTamIecKH HEOMPeNEMAMBIX CTEPAHEBBIX CHCTEM. Oseanianiit nys onpestenenma nepeMentennit akmovaeTes R TOM, TO JUIN MpHMeHeHM opMyn RAFHE EHH MepeMemcnmna HeOGKXOMO JIRAATIB PACKPHITS CTATIMECKYIO HCOMPEsIENMOCT — Ha jeHicTRNe SANAMITOM! Warpy3KU Ht 1a ‘CTUIMMEIHOG BOSTeHicTEME, MPILTOKCHHoc B CeMEHHe, MepeMenteHHe KoTOpOTO cHeayeT HaitTH. OveRHIHA HM TPYAOCMKOCTs ompestenenua nepemeuteni mpi peausaiuan TaKOTO HOAXORA. A cHeayeT A 1 BO BTOPOM CAYHAC, T.e, MPH NPITORCHME eAMRIETHOH HarpySKH TOKE PACKPRIBATS CTATIPTECRYIO neonpesier™mocTs? Tipu pacxparmn cramuccko# HeonperenuMocm or aciicTaH saxaHHoi HarpysKH MBL repeuLM K OcHOSHOH CHCTEME METOAA CHI — CTAMIHECKH ONPEAENHMOH CHETEME ¢ HALOAEHHKINH JONOTMUTTETRHBIMIC YCHOBKAMK B dbopwe Kauoumseckux ypasHennit, Tlo cyt, MBI HepexoM K pactery cTaMMecKH oUpedeMIMolt cueTeMBI HO JeiicTBHeM wonecToi nnemmel narpysKo MH nalitemmmner Hs perenna KartommecKix ypanniemtit yea. Torna, nO BTOpOM COCTOSHHM, MBI _BUPABE PACCMOIPETS OBYIO CTANMECKH ONPELEIMMYIO CHCTEMY, HOAYYaeMyIO HS sanENMOH uyreM Tepexona K OCHOBHOH cHETEME MeTORA CHLT. PasyMeeTes, NTO UIA BTOpOTO COCTORKIR (HArpYRcHHe emEITIHOH narpy3Koii) OCHOBNYI0 CHCTEMY MeTOsla CHT CxIEAYET BHHPATe TAKYIO, HIOGHI Hkopa HErHOAIONLUX MOMCHTOR CTPOWIACK OM Mpome H Mena MIMUMATEHOE HHICTO HEHY.ACRKX yaCTKOR c ImOpol OT saAaHHOH MarpysKHL OGoSuas, MOREM YmepACaTS, 40 UIA ONPEIEICHMA NePEMEMICHIT B CTEMEECKH HeOUpeXemMMOl cuCTEME ROCTATONHO PACKPKITE CTATHHECKYIO HEOTPEAETHMOCTE JINX TIOGOTO EnY'AR HarpYRCHHA, HaHGoNee MpOCTOTO, a TAKMM sMAACTCA BIOPOL COCTOSNE, a OF 3ajLAHHOMl HArPYSKM PACCMOTPETS CTANHMECKH OMPEsLETHMYIO CHETEMY. Pacuem cmamuyecku Heonpedenumbix nirocKkonpocmparcmeeHHbix cucmem Memodom cun Npumep 11. Toa sazanvoit nockonpoctparc Teno paves (pite, 102) tpeGyetes: 1) packpams cramieckyio HeompesteHMOcTs, 2) moctporms omtopss HSTHOAIOMUNX st KPYTAIUEX MOMEHTOR, 3) oupexesmm xoxddunmenr sanaca 10 TeKYeCM, HCHOMBSYA rHNOTeSy sHEpri GoprousA Zor pacsera npmus: F = 1 KH; 1 = 0,4 st; G=0,4R, ay, =o), = 240 MIla ; 6 = 2 ni, cevenme npenctansaer coSoii ronKocTemmsit sawrkny Tati mpoduits (pic. 103) Puc.102 Puc.103 Pewenwe. Throckompocrpantememmimn nashinaioTes CHETEMBI, TLIOCKHE B TeoMeTpHNeCKOM OTtIoMIeMIM, HO MarpyKenTMBIe ‘cHLTOBSIMH hakTopaM, MepricHUHKY-ASpHBIMEK TIOCKOCTI pant OcoGenHoc Tio IHX CHCTEM ABAKEICA TO, TO BHYTPEHIME CHIOSNE GaKTOPHI BO BCEX HOMEPEBX CERN aM, eKANUME B ILIOCKOCTI PaMt PABLBL Ht, 3aqanmas rsrocKompoerpatteTmenmias pana miecTs pas cTaTMecKH reompestemmnea, Jux peurenma saasn paspexcem pamy lo OCH Kocol cuwMerpuH. B mecre paspesa nosumacr ween Buyrpenmux cHiossix daxropor: X}- nonepesmat cia, sexamas » nepmixaciHo X)- nonepewan cia, sUlicmsyiouax # ropHsoMTasHOl miocKOCMH (sexu B LLeCKOET Pam) X3- kpyDuuueit wosten X4- npostomsnas cwia (nexHT B HHIOCKOETH past) X>5- HornGaroutall MoMeHT, AelicTHyroMU 8 ropHsoHTaMKHOML MIOCKOET (se B LIOCKOCTH paMtl) X¢- MarHGaouut NomenT, nelicytouHil B RepmiKAABHO 1IOCKOC TH UroGs He sare preyHOK, HaxTOps X4; XS M1 xG, seViemmyIonUe Ha TeRyIO TOMORMMY pal, RAINES Ha omemsnyto cxemy. Puc.104 Puc.105 Bcoomeretaim ¢ ocoGemioctawn mmocKonpocspanemennof paws X2~( Cacnonarensu, paceman exea mpwoGperecr Bi Puc.106 Jam noxysemoi pacuenio exes sanicnmaest cHtcreMy Kavomeeckin ypasiennii ut cTpoust omopot WOrHOAOLUUX 1 KPYDIMUX MOMeHTOR OF elic TBH BHEMIHHX Harpy30K HM youmnuli: X}=1; X3=1 aw Xgl GuK, + Osa + Soe + bag= 0. GayXy + SaaXy + SagXp + Oaz= 0, Seiki + Sela + SeeXe + Ber 0- 2Fl 2F2 Dg hid fs Pue.108 Onpeaeasem Kospbuunermt, sxonuine 8 cHeTeMY ypanenuii. [Lux ux oupenexcHHa HeOGxoMO SHAT MoMEHTEL HHEPIBN SUARHOTO CeNEHIA MPH HSTHGe 1 xpYTEEIM. Puc.109 Moment wnepinn npn warnGe gupestensere a KaK: 4, = (2 1) l= Zs 3 L le att) ba @sty Bocranpanix cnyuasx: Bae ae 12 Brae 3 rae H ¢ a 6218) 216 6(216) = *) = 7 = (3+ 3 B+) = 6178 6 Mower mepioni mpi xpysenim onpeyenseres Kax 1-8 Lh re Ag=(B-5)(H-5) — oman ceserms no cepermmmiomy Komypy. S-2[(B-6)1(H-S)] — auniia nepuserpa cepe-umtiore KomTyp—a Buamen curysae: Ap = (205)? = 40067; 4-206 = 806 6 1, = 4(40063) 7 = 80006"; roraa: Ie 1 24 2 ba oa, Eb SLA 5 2-2-3 2) 2+ 7 ar pas 23.40 a Ely 2961, © L3ly tg, ae 2 rh by ae 2+ ') a bn oe le — D2= +a a ones 4, xl dana i321)2 ar it2= *ar 7 a3 = 2 (-fer + see) 2(EFer) 1 Z.2F? ba= Ae +F 2s aja=- ce Agee 0. His nocneauiero ypasieni CHCTEMBI HONY'AeM, 410 XG — HSTHOAIOMIN MONCH, ABAMOMUICR CHMMEIpHHEIM axropom, npHt KococmMreTPIEHION TarpyAermG PaMBt OKASarTeR paRrTIM 0. Takum OGpasow, LIA THIOCKONPOCTPAHCTHCHMBIX PAM, KaK M ;UIA MINOCKUX pam cHpascamMBe cRoficTso cuneMenpHH HW KOCOM! CHMEMETPIOL Pemaem cHeTeMy, COCTOmMYIO mH BYX TepBSIK ypanneHMTf, coxpamMm nce KosdypmmneeTsT Ha oGtunT amoxrres (2/(EIy)). (6,851%x, + 2i%x, + LISFI? = 0 1x, + 2921%x, — 2FI? =0 Tlonysaen, 910 x]=- 0,46F x, 8 FL Cipoum smops HsrHGaromuN MOMeHTOR OT HCTHEBIX SHaMEHI xy 1X3 a, - O46F! g oop} 0.468) V4 Be 0,46! io Ma 046r 1“ Pue.110 F, FL Mg erred Crpoum cysmapunie omopar HsrHGaronunN 1 KPY DAH MoMeHTOR. 4,92FI OMFL — OS4FL at Ms, T Pue.112 Pue.113 HanGoxee onacuminn Gyayr coven # sane. Paccmonpim cevenme & TeRoit sanemke, T.K, Tops HSTHOAIOMINK MOMEHTOR CTPORTCA Ha CKATHIK BOTOKHAX, To 1s cesenx Oyster HenIBTsRaT HOPMAIKHbIe HANPHEACHHA CAKATAR, A BEPX — pacwOKCHNK (EM. I1HOPY) 7d Mris2r Pue.L14 _Me, yy ts _ 617464 Sumas = ye) Me 72 = 1058 Myes=1,92F/=1,921-10°-0,4:103=0,768+10° (Haast) 0,768 «10° og = OL 163 0 po = I = 163 Ou) Kacarembibie HanpyokeHiMa 10 TO:TIUKIHE CTEHKM MOCTOAHHE! Ht O7HaKOBEI BO BCEX TOHKAX ce 88.5? = 588(2)* = 4708 (oa). 800(2)? = 6400 (sxx?) 3=0,216-108 (Hom) Oupenensem axBHpavteininte Hanpsox eH. Oy, = Yo? +31? = (063)? + 33. Onpenez, xo>ippmuten sanaca mo Teryteemt 1.39 ey, n 7 Npumep 12. TnockonpoctpancTaenwax paMa, maToTORMeHa Hs MpyTKa KRapaTHoro MomepesHoro ceNeHna (a=20 MM), varpyacnia Tak, KaK nloKasaio 1a pacynke 115. Onpenteamm jonycKacmyio warpysKy, cca Marepuan — crane Cr 3 ( 2am = 160 Mna) 4 xapaxrepussit pasmep koneapysigut ! = 0,2 M1. Pewenue. Flas onpentenoms nonyeKaeMoii narpy3kn HeOBKOsUIMO NpoaHAMESHpoRATs HaNpmKEHHO’ CocTOsEUTE MaTepHATA KONCTpYRINM 8 naHGoce narpyaccIHIOM cover Toctpoeime MOP BHYTPCIMUIK cHIOBKIX aKTOPOR HesOSMOXHO Ges PACKPAIHEL CTUMIKECKOH MeoupeNEMMocHL IalaHHaR paMa IPM pasa creMMMecKH neonperenuma. (B sogenke B RowHKact 6 peaxtmtt cRaveil; Ha orlope C — qae peakunm; Ha onope JI - onka) ypanHentet cTaTHKH 8 npocTpaHcTRe ~ 6). Or6pacuinas “snmmime” cnasn, nosysaek e-lenyiontyto ocrionnyto cneTeaty (Puc. 116) 3L ZA 2i Pue.116 Tipespamaen ockoBuyIO CHCTEMY # CHCIEMY, 2KBHBaTEHMIyIO sanaMNOl (pHe.117) u sanKesiBaen cHeTEMY aniommeckHX ypansienmii MeTona c7i 31 aad 4, 2b t Suk, + duals + Sinks + 4yp=0 fest + 622%; + 632%y + Oze= 0 ais + Saas + Saas + ae= 0 Jlna onpeserenia Koad uieHTOR, BXOIAINUX B 9TY CHCTEMY, CTPOYM STHOpHL MBTAGAIOMX MOMeHTOR OT rrenmnox narpy3oK mt exot Xx]; x2 ; x3; panret| Tipu nocrpoeimat rpysonoit smops: ucHomsyen Meroy| Hesasucumocts jeiicmsus cus (puc.118 x pre.119) 31 31 Feq/ qa) / 21 2: Puc.118 2q/? 2q? Puc.119 Stopes usruGarouNeX MOMEHTOR OF ENMAMUNBIX HarpysOK HMcIor BHA (puc.120) ye ZY f {=f fo 31 My=1 2% 7 Puc.120 Onmsnese wep cnee Kanomer em + (E.a1-21 3-214 1-31-21) = 467 Su =F 2 + = Mer 351? 1217 3 * Che Blas xnanpamioro cevems: heyy J_= O14 “at = 0,141 12- Jy = 1.692), Dios cram G © 0,4E Toraa a, Pe = 3e7, oe Leal, © FET, ty=2 a 21-2t-gtt-+ Shae: aed + 21-2ql?-21) = a EL “ " By, 37,7qI* lennbte 3HaNeHW B CHETEMY KANOHMYECKIX ypaBniewt coxpamaen. Ha oGmunit woes EDX 14,6711, — 917 9,41? x, — 37,7ql* =O => x, = L.28ql; xy = 1-12qls x = 0,62q1 Tlepectpanmaem otopst OT emMHIIHAX Harpy20K C YHeTOM HaiytenMNx sutavemail yeunait x (puc.121), 3,36qr — 2,56a1°/(l]3,84ar My My My, L2dak_ 2 25642 Puc.121 Vicrpoum cymmapiyro smopy usrnGaromux Momesttoe (puc.122). 0,56q2" Olaqe 0,56 q 7" rT || 26q2" eH 0,24q7. qr Pue.122 HanGonee onactne anaserer ceverme n sazemte (pie, 123) eu, pen, T My Xo ox .12q?; T = 0,56q1? HanSo:1ee onacueinn Systyr O4KH 1 12, B KOTOPAIX ROSHIKAIOT HaHGONTBIEHE HANpsEAeHH, Tosa 1 (puc.124) | Ons Pue.124 2,16q176 a = 12.96 Zi We = 0.2080" T _0,56qi7 a WW, ~ 0.2080 Tak ax rimoresa, no KoTopoit HeoGxoqHMO ONpesIeMINS SKBNBATEHTHBIE ANPOKCHA, He OToBOpEHA, pyimnaen rrmotesy manos ——_ at i of = Joi, +4" f yRe Faaey x 48 Touxa 2 (puc.125): KacaTesbHsIX Hanpsxertt Haupmxeiioe coctosuiie suiclino. Toxtomy _ Me wy oy 2 Omen toy =e! MEMS gyn sale aber ot Touka 1 Gonee omacna, nosIOMy LX OnpexeieHMA ZONyCKaeMoli HarpyskM HcHOMEsyem oS). Yenosua mpostocts, ) ee O58 SGetme — TOFAR 13,685 < Ocam Bonpoce! dna camonposepKu = Uro Haghmator ctanieckH OnpeneNTMAN 1 CTaTIMECKH HeOMpe;teMHOMsINH CHETEMARE? = Yro nasnmaciea creiiemmio cranmiecxoii neoupexemmocnt cucteMbi? - Ka onpesiensetea cTenexs crameckol HeonpenemAMocTH? = Yew mpiuuimabio OLMMAIOTes CraneCKH NeoKpentemnas 6aNKa OF CrANIIeCKH onpestenMoil? + Kage Mero Moryr Gkrmh HeTION2ORAHM 7pI8 PaccieTa CTEMIECKH HeOMpe;tesHIMKIX Gao? - Kak peutaior npoc Tellme cranriecki neompeessie 6askd? = Kaki Gankit nashinator erammsecki HeompestenmtiMn? = Baxom cnysae Gamnka maaseren CTaMIMeCKH HeompestesmMoit? - Kane youioniia pariosccrs oGkiio sarmewRaior u1A oNperCAcHN onlopHNK peaKtuti? - Kaxoe onomusreasui0e ypaBHeHMe K TPeM OCHOSHSIM YPABHEHIAM CTATHKK LOGBILAET BPeSKA & COME Sacrest mapempa? - Kaxoit nopatox pacsiera neniomssyeTea py pemtenmm cTameckH HeonpeesHMBIX GatoK? - B xaxoit nocsenonaremsHoct ssinonHmor pacuer crameeKH HeomperctHMoit GanKn? - Kake 1ulOCKHe paMist CHHTAIOTCR CTATHMECKH HEOMEsENIIMEIMH? - Kaxoit Metoa pacsieta HanGonee mpesinownmTene 118 pactera past? = Kak ompenienseres crerrens creneckoil neompeesmocts past - JJ vero m Kak mposoaimtes xespopwanHo!tax MpOBepKa IPH PeMleHAK CraMecKH HeONpEsIeHMBIX GaL10K? - ro nperemasaser coGoii ocHosKax cHcTeMa? - BEM saxnoyaeres abi6op ockoBHoli cHcTeMBI? = Uro nommactea To RRIPAKCHHEN «KAHOHIMIECKOE ypaRHeHNeD Merona CHT? = ro ssipaxaer kaxuioe 3 KanomeecKsx ypasuientit? - Kak cocTaBIaHOT KaHOHEFHECKHE YpaBHeRIMA MeTONA CHT? - Kaxon dpranteckiié emnies nponsneemii X; «bye? + Kaxie nepeMcm{eris nassinaior niannisnsi x noGounbimn, Kaxunss cnoticmave on 06242107? - B kakow rlopanke nponssosunTex pacvér cranmeck# Keompe) HMBIX CHETEM? + TlepewoxexeM Kakix mop onpererstor KonpiimuieNTst H cROGoTURIE WICH CHETEMKE KaHonrIecKIR. ypanuewit? - Kak onpestenmotea sHaveHHa HensaecTHBIX Xj? + Kaxinant mpHésaanit Moxki¥0 Hoc poi OKonHaTETBHVIO (cYMMapHyIo) IMopy HsTHSarOUNIEX MOMEHTOR? + Kae upovsowmea eramoieckan uponepxa upankioem pacxpima crameveckoli weoupetenrMocnt - Kax mpososar xepopmauvonnyto nposepky pansuikiioc mt HocTpoeunia OKOHNATEAKHOIE STLOpAI M cTaMIHECKE eompesteamMoié cHeTeMni? - Kax mpowsnomures ompeniestemee nepementennti » crammeckn neompent - Kake cHCTeMBI H2sBIBalOT FeOMETPHUECKH: HOKSMCHREMBIMH? - OGnacuiTe eMICTORYIO cTOpoHy MeTosa CHAN? - Kaxoit nopaaox pacsiera npHistr npa pemesnor cTanieckH HeonpeneAMX pam’ + Kaxne konctpykinm nasuipaior sepxaisHo cuwmerpiumini!? KococumMenpiiniie? - Kaxwe uarpyski Hassisaior sepKaiuo Cummerpisiisin? KocociMeenp Hsu? ~ CkomMKo MapHMpoR MOAHA CoePRATR MTOCKAs SaMKHYTER pana, NTOGK Gk CTATHECKH OMperteAHMOH? - Kaxomy yesonio osnxmbt YOnIIeTROPAT HErpYSKH /LIX mpuMertetmas MeTOa cexemi? - MoxkHo 1H HCTIOAKSOBaTS MeTOR CHLT MPH pellleHHM NPOCTPAHCTHEKHBIX CTATHNECKH HEOMPEsIeNHMAIX PAM? - Kak uerionssyior cxoiiems0 CHMMEIpHH past pH Hx pemmeHiAH? - Kaxnte nporepkn enoassytotea mpi pettexn paw’? + Kaxne omopst ctposres 7u1a cTamieeKn nieompenesiMnsx pane? - Kakve omopsi cTpomtca {UIA CTUTIMECKH HeOMpeNesIMMBIX KPHBBX crepacHel? - Kakwe a1opst CTposTes 2114 CTATIMIECKH HEOMPENETAMEIX MPOCTPARCTREHEBIX CHETEN? = Kaxrna meTo0M ResleTe# Mponepxa GartkH ta WKeCTKOCTS? = Banmmsre yenonve mposocTi: BANIKH HHO KOpNabHabIM saPHORCHRN? Guparorea Gast 1s = OGmacHHT, Kak, HeMOTSSys YCHIOBHA NPOIHOCTH NO HOPMAIIBHKIM HANpROKEHIAM, 110 rocta? = Onperemms © nomomio dopmysin n=3K-I crenens craneiecKoii soSpaxeHHOH Ha picyEKe: coupeeuumocm KoHeMpyxtuut, e - Onpexesit peaxuino B cesenmm B panel, wso6paxemoit 1a pucyuKe. 2s pt g 3 OH TOOT cs A - Oupexestm ouopiisii Momeur a cevewi A pas, wOGpaxenioll 1a pucynke oo Se 2 ae ~ Oupeneaim suympemme yews x nepeMeutens KoNCOuSHOH GankH MPsMoyronBOr Cee, HarpYACCHHOT , pUSMEPHI YKaSAuILI Ha puck. cwioll P w soweromedi yaenbunit wee y. Moayais IOura pase Onpexeaims sxy perme yewtaa 1 nepeneL{cHH KOHCOTSHOM GaITKH NPIMOYTONEHOTO CCCHHA, HArpYAKCHHOH Koncommuoit csutoit P. Monyas }Oura E, pasmeps ykasanht 1a pucynke. Ee - Onpexesi srytpenmne yer i mepeneurenmx Henarpyxenmoit Gamkit AB ¢ samesaHHbIMi KOHTAMH, ECT panan saxeaxa 6yxer uonepuyza woxpyr osKu B a yroa gg. Mosyab Ona pasen E. Pasmepia yxasaun na puicyuKe, 4 5 ga 5 Banka AB sayeava no Koma u we necér warpysku. Tipasas 3a) a B nepemecniviach Hoc Tysarestbio nase ua Benen A, Onpenesm siytpennve youn 1 nepemenens, Me pueyuxe. yayaib YOura pasen E. Pasmepsr ykasau 1a - Una Saann, moSpaxeHsoll Ha pucyHKe, onperemmTs onopxstit Moment (8 xllM) B cexenm A (aGcomorayIo emmy). = 2st poo is [=a + Onpexesns wsrvGaiounii Momeur va npomexyrouolt onope B aux Gaskn, soGpaxcHHol wa pueynKe. M= 208s email: KarimovI@rambler.r Adpec: Poccua, 450071, 2.Vipa, noumossuit augux 21 Teopernueckan MexaHHka C TpouTesIbHad MexaHuka Upuksagnas MexaHuka JleTaJIM MauIMH feopua MallnH MW MeXxaHu3MOB HasHayenne nepeeona Npowy noggepxatb aia pasBuTua cata cywma R Otmpaenre 00:01:16, VY — —