Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 36

Integrity Critical

PPL-SU-5193-C
Pig Launcher and Receiver

Operating Environment: Onshore, Pipelines, Topsides

This document is the confidential property of Chevron U.S.A. Inc. and its affiliates. When made available to
any contractor providing services to Chevron U.S.A. Inc. or its affiliates, the contractor’s use of this
document shall be governed by the confidentiality provisions of the applicable contract or bid package.
Without limiting the foregoing, neither the whole nor any part of this document may be disclosed by the
contractor to any third party, other than an affiliate of the contractor that requires this information for
purposes of the contract with the Chevron entity, without the prior written consent of the Chevron entity
that has disclosed this document to the contractor. When requested by Chevron U.S.A. Inc. or its disclosing
affiliate, the contractor must return all copies of this document to the Chevron entity requesting such return
and delete any electronic copies from the contractor’s systems.

Any and all modifications (changes, amendments, etc.) to this document must follow approved
Chevron Engineering Standards governance processes.

Rev. Date Description Author Technology Leader


-- 12/06 Initial release as PPL 20.15. G. Suhali S. Mishael (Sponsor)
A 03/11 General revision. Doc number changed to 5193. C. Buterbaugh S. Mishael (Sponsor)
B 08/11 Removed “Thermal” from item 4 (“Thermal relief C. Buterbaugh S. Mishael (Sponsor)
valve”) in Section 4.3, Instrumentation.
C 06/16 General revision. S. Mishael K. Baker

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 1 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Summary of Changes
Revised technical content may be marked with change bars in the right margin as directed by Author.
The Author denotes the following technical changes to this revision as detailed below:

Author notations regarding this revision

4.2 Clarified requirements on pig trap barrel lengths based on intended service and pig length
4.2 Removed dimensional requirements for hybrid launcher-receiver
5.1 Modified pig pulling outlet requirements and added Figure 3
5.1 Added requirements for monolithic isolation joints and/or isolating flange kits to scope of supply (Figure 4)
5.3 Added general materials requirements, referencing CES piping class sheets
6.1 Removed requirements for barrel lengths (incorporated into Sec 4.2)
6.2 Removed reference to API 6H (withdrawn by API)
6.4 Equalization line connection moved from kicker/bypass line to major barrel
6.4 Added risk assessment criteria for removal of equalization line
6.6 Added additional drain valve and specified locations on pig receivers
6.8 Pig signal on receiver minor barrel is no longer optional
12.0 Added reference to CES piping class sheets

Safety Critical Changes (if applicable) are noted below

4.3 Addition of pressure gauge on receiver minor barrel. Text regarding pressure gauge placement clarified
4.3 Added risk assessment criteria for selecting an alternative form of overpressure protection
4.3 Added reference to ICM-SU-1348 for the use of instrumented control panels
6.4 Added risk assessment criteria for removal of equalization line
6.4 Added requirement for kicker/bypass valves to meet requirements of API 6D DIB
6.10 Added requirement for trap block valve to meet requirements of API 6D DIB
12.0 Clarified additional equipment which may be required to enable safe removal of H2S-laden material from
the trap

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 2 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Contents
1.0 Scope............................................................................................................................................... 4
2.0 References ...................................................................................................................................... 4
2.1 Owner Documents .............................................................................................................. 4
2.2 Industry Codes and Standards ........................................................................................... 5
2.3 Conflict Resolution .............................................................................................................. 6
3.0 Terminology .................................................................................................................................... 6
3.1 Acronyms ............................................................................................................................ 6
3.2 Definitions ........................................................................................................................... 7
4.0 Design Requirements .................................................................................................................... 7
4.1 Applicable Design Codes .................................................................................................... 7
4.2 Dimensions and Sizing ....................................................................................................... 8
4.3 Instrumentation ................................................................................................................. 17
4.4 Electrical ............................................................................................................................ 18
5.0 General Requirements ................................................................................................................. 18
5.1 Scope of Supply ................................................................................................................ 18
5.2 Pressure Rating ................................................................................................................ 20
5.3 Materials and Fabrication .................................................................................................. 21
6.0 Component-Specific Requirements ........................................................................................... 23
6.1 Barrel ................................................................................................................................. 23
6.2 Closures ............................................................................................................................ 24
6.3 Extension Spool ................................................................................................................ 25
6.4 Kicker, Bypass, and Equalization Lines ............................................................................ 25
6.5 Vent Valve Assembly ........................................................................................................ 26
6.6 Drain Valves ...................................................................................................................... 27
6.7 Relief Valves ..................................................................................................................... 27
6.8 Pig Indicators/Signalers .................................................................................................... 28
6.9 Main Line Valves ............................................................................................................... 29
6.10 Block Valves ...................................................................................................................... 29
6.11 Skid ................................................................................................................................... 30
6.12 Drip Pan ............................................................................................................................ 30
7.0 Painting and Protective Coatings ............................................................................................... 31
8.0 Identification and Marking .......................................................................................................... 31
9.0 Documentation Requirements .................................................................................................... 31
10.0 Inspection and Testing ................................................................................................................ 32
11.0 Special Tools ................................................................................................................................ 32
12.0 Sour Service Requirements ........................................................................................................ 32
13.0 Offshore Service Requirements ................................................................................................. 33
13.1 Technical Requirements ................................................................................................... 34
13.2 Closures ............................................................................................................................ 34
14.0 Preparation for Shipment ............................................................................................................ 35
Appendix A Additional References .................................................................................................... 36

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 3 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

1.0 Scope
This specification defines minimum technical requirements for design, fabrication, inspection,
testing, shipment, and documentation of single-diameter manually operated pipeline pig launcher
and receiver assemblies for use on onshore and offshore topsides production and pipeline
facilities.

Note: Section 12.0 lists specific requirements for sour service. Section 13.0 lists specific
requirements for offshore pig launchers and receivers.

2.0 References
1. The following documents are referenced herein and are considered part of this specification.
2. Unless otherwise specified in Section 2.1 or Section 2.2, use the latest edition of the
referenced documents.

2.1 Owner Documents


GA-L99880 Standard Detail of Bars at Pipe Line Tee Connections
COM-SU-202 Materials and Application of Painting and Protective Coatings
CPM-SU-5244 Preservation of New Equipment During Transportation and Storage
CPM-DU-6005 Pipe Isolation
FRS-DU-5057 Overpressure Protection
FRS-DU-5082 High Integrity Protective Systems
ICM-SU-1348 Instrument Control Panels
PIM-SU-5112 Piping Material Line Classes
PIM-SU-5131 Valve Purchase Descriptions for Onshore Applications
PIM-SU-5300 Piping Service Classes and Materials Requirements.
PIM-SU-5322 Valve Purchase Descriptions for Offshore Applications
PPL-SU-1050 Welded Line Pipe: Electric Welded and Submerged Arc Welded Line
Pipe
PPL-SU-1051 Seamless Line Pipe
PPL-SU-1800 Onshore Pipeline Construction
PPL-SU-4737 Hot Induction and Cold Shop Bending
PPL-DU-5023 Materials and Design of Liquid Transportation Pipelines
PPL-DR-5193 Documentation Requirements Sheet (DR) for Pig Launcher and
Receiver
PPL-DS-5193 Data Sheet for Pig Launcher and Receiver

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 4 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

PPL-IT-5193 Inspection and Testing Requirements for Pig Launcher and Receiver
PPL-DU-5236 Materials and Design of Gas Transportation Pipelines
PPL-DU-5323 Flanges, Fittings, and Forgings for Pipelines — Onshore and Offshore
PPL-SU-6185 Piping Material Line Classes for Pipeline Applications
PPL-SU-6186 Valve Purchase Descriptions for Pipeline Applications

2.2 Industry Codes and Standards


American Petroleum Institute (API)
Spec 5L Specification for Line Pipe
Spec 6D Specification for Pipeline Valves
RP 14E Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Offshore
Production Platform Piping Systems
Std 521 Guide for Pressure-relieving and Depressuring Systems
Std 607 Fire Test for Quarter-Turn Valves and Valves Equipped with
Nonmetallic Seats
Std 1104 Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)


Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)
Section VIII, Division 1 and 2, Rules for Construction of
Pressure Vessels
Section IX, Qualification Standard for Welding and Brazing
Procedures, Welders, Brazers, and Welding and Brazing Operators –
Welding and Brazing Qualifications
B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings NPS 1/2 Through
NPS 24 Metric/Inch Standard
B16.9 Factory-Made Wrought Buttwelding Fittings
B16.11 Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded
B16.47 Large Diameter Steel Flanges NPS 26 Through
NPS 60 Metric/Inch Standard
B31.3 Process Piping
B31.4 Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbon and
Other Liquids
B31.8 Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 5 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

SA20 Specification for General Requirements for Steel Plates for


Pressure Vessels
SA388 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Heavy Steel Forgings
SA578 Standard Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of
Plain and Clad Steel Plates for Special Applications

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)


Title 49 Part 192 Transportation of Natural and Other Gas by Pipeline: Minimum Federal
Safety Standards
Title 49 Part 195 Transportation of Hazardous Liquids by Pipeline

National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE)


MR0175 (ISO 15156) Petroleum and natural gas industries—Materials for use in
H2S-containing environments in oil and gas production
SP0472 Methods and Controls to Prevent In-Service Environmental Cracking of
Carbon Steel Weldments in Corrosive Petroleum Refining
Environments

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)


70 National Electrical Code (NEC)

2.3 Conflict Resolution


1. In case of conflict between this specification and governing regulations, Owner shall be
consulted for resolution.
2. In case of conflict between this specification and referenced codes and standards, the most
stringent requirements shall govern.
3. In the case of conflict between this specification and other Owner Engineering Standards, the
most stringent requirements shall govern.

3.0 Terminology
3.1 Acronyms
CE Carbon Equivalent
DIB Double Isolation and Bleed
DOT Department of Transportation
HES Health, Environment, and Safety
ID Inside Diameter
IF Insulating Flange
ILI In-line Inspection

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 6 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

MAOP Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure


MAWP Maximum Allowable Working Pressure
MIJ Monolithic Isolation Joint
MOC Management of Change
MOP Maximum Operating Pressure
NDT Nondestructive Testing
NPS Nominal Pipe Size
PI Pressure Indicator
PQR Procedure Qualification Records
PSL Product Specification Level
PT Penetrant Tested
RF Raised Face
RTJ Ring-Type Joint
SRV Safety Relief Valve
TRV Thermal Relief Valve
WPS Weld Procedure Specification

3.2 Definitions
Double Isolation and Bleed (DIB) An isolation methodology defined in API 6D
(further detail provided in API 6D Annex K)

Safety Relief Valve (SRV) Spring-loaded pressure relief valve that may be used
either as a safety valve in gas or vapor service or as a
relief valve in liquid service

Thermal Relief Valve (TRV) Spring-loaded pressure relief valve designed for the
small liquid relief caused by liquid expansion from
temperature increase.

4.0 Design Requirements


4.1 Applicable Design Codes
1. Supplier shall identify applicable national standards and regulations.

Note: Applicable national standards and regulations vary with location. For ease, this
specification uses the U.S. federal regulations as a base case. See Appendix A for
example regulations to be used outside the United States.
2. Pig launcher and receiver shall conform to applicable national standards and regulations.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 7 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

3. Pig launcher and receiver shall be identified as jurisdictional/non-jurisdictional (Department


of Transportation [DOT]-regulated/non-DOT regulated) in accordance with PPL-DS-5193.
a. For non-jurisdictional (non-DOT-regulated) pipelines that transport liquid, pig launcher
and receiver shall be designed and constructed in accordance with Owner-reviewed best
practices and one of the following:
1) ASME B31.4.
2) ASME B31.3.
3) Applicable design code required by local regulations.
b. For non-jurisdictional (non-DOT-regulated) pipelines that transport gas, pig launcher
and receiver shall be designed and constructed in accordance with Owner-reviewed best
practices and one of the following:
1) ASME B31.3.
2) ASME B31.8.
3) Applicable design code required by local regulations.
c. Pig launcher and receiver attached to U.S. jurisdictional (DOT-regulated) pipelines shall
be designed and constructed in accordance with the requirements of CFR Title 49
Part 192 or Part 195.
4. Flanges shall conform to ASME B16.5 and ASME B16.47. Elevated strength flanges, if
used, shall conform to the requirements of PPL-SU-5323.
5. Fittings shall conform to ASME B16.9 and ASME B16.11. Elevated strength fittings, if used,
shall conform to the requirements of PPL-SU-5323.
6. Valves shall conform to API 6D and API 607.
7. End closures shall comply with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)
Section VIII, Division 1 or Division 2.
8. Welding shall be in accordance with one of the following standard groupings:
a. API 1104 and either ASME B31.4 (liquid service) or ASME B31.8 (gas service).
b. ASME BPVC Section VIII, Division 1 or 2, and ASME BPVC Section IX.
9. Pipe specified according to API 5L shall comply with the requirements of PPL-SU-1050 or
PPL-SU-1051, as specified by Owner. Refer to PPL-SU-5023 or PPL-SU-5236 for guidance
on stock pipe purchases.
10. Barred tees used on flow branches to facilitate pigging shall follow the requirements of
GA-L99880.

4.2 Dimensions and Sizing


1. Pig trap design and relative configuration dimensions shall comply with:
a. Figure 1 and Table 1 for pig launchers.
b. Figure 2 and Table 2 for pig receivers.

Note: Both Table 1 and Table 2 are divided according to metric conversions vs
U.S. Customary Units.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 8 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

2. For each project, an assessment shall be performed on the in-line inspection (ILI) tools and
pig configurations that will be used. The dimension “ L” in Table 1 and Table 2 shall be
defined as the longest governing dimension from the following operations, as applicable:
a. Length of longest ILI tool intended to be run from Owner-accepted Supplier,
b. Length of longest scraper tool intended to be run from Owner-accepted Supplier,
c. Length of the longest chemical batch treatment pig configuration intended to be run
including the leading pig, the pill, and the trailing pig.
3. If the project specific maximum tool length “L” has been determined, then that value may be
used in Tables 1 and 2. Dimensions in Table 1 and Table 2 shall not be reduced.
4. If the intended pig type and use is unknown or not specified, the typical ILI length
dimensions listed in Table 3 shall be used to define “L” in Table 1 and Table 2. Dimensions
in Table 1 and Table 2 shall not be reduced.
5. Length of barrels for launchers or receivers shall be sized to accommodate anticipated pig
configuration, including ILI, as follows:
a. Launcher oversized barrels shall be (at a minimum) the length of longest pipe ILI tool or
pig configuration that will be launched plus one OD.
b. Receiver barrels shall be (at a minimum) 1.5 times the length of longest pipe ILI tool or
pig configuration that will be received.
1) Receiver minor barrel shall be (at a minimum) the length of the longest pipe ILI tool
or pig configuration.
2) Receiver oversized barrel shall be (at a minimum) half the longest pipe ILI tool or
pig configuration.
6. The following dimensions are dependent on the longest pipe ILI tool or pig configuration
length “L” and shall be calculated according to the equations listed in Table 1 and Table 2.
a. For launchers
1) Minimum Work Area, Length
2) Minimum Work Area, Width
b. For Receivers
1) Kicker/Bypass Line, Distance
2) Equalization/Vent, Distance
3) Minimum Work Area, Length
4) Minimum Work Area, Width
7. Launcher or receiver oversized barrels shall be sized either two nominal pipe sizes larger
than line pipe or as specified in PPL-DS-5193.
8. Supplier shall submit detailed design calculations and drawings for Owner review and
acceptance.
9. For hybrid launcher-receivers, Owner shall be consulted for design and dimension
requirements.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 9 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Figure 1: Typical Pig Launcher (use with Table 1)

KICKER/
BYPASS RELIEF VALVE

VENT

F EQUALIZATION LINE

F
PIG PULLING
B CABLE OUTLET
PI D PI

DRAIN DRAIN
A G
WORK AREA
C E

Note: Figure 1 is a general representation of a pig launcher used to identify required dimensions. It is not intended to depict all the
requirements of components identified in this specification. Refer to the P&ID in Figure 5 for more detail.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 10 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Table 1: Pig Launcher Dimensions (use with Figure 1)

Pipeline Size (NPS)

Description in Metric Units 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 28 30 36

Intelligent Pig, Length (mm) L Longest pig configuration or ILI to be run, as defined in Section 4.2

Kicker/Bypass Line, Distance (mm) A 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300

Kicker/Bypass Line, Diameter (mm) B 50.8 76.2 76.2 101.6 101.6 152.4 152.4 152.4 203.2 203.2 254 254 254

Oversize Barrel, Length (mm) C 𝐿 + 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝑁𝑁𝑁 (𝑊ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑁𝑁𝑁 ℎ𝑎𝑎 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑡𝑡 𝑚𝑚)

Oversize Barrel, Diameter (mm) D 254 305 356 406 457 508 559 610 660 711 813 864 1,016

Minor Barrel, Length (mm) E 305 305 305 330 330 508 533 559 584 610 635 762 762

Equalization/Vent, Diameter (mm) F 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 76.2 76.2 76.2 76.2 76.2 101.6 101.6 101.6

Equalization/Vent, Distance (mm) G 152 152 152 152 152 152 152 152 152 152 152 152 152

Work Area, Length (mm) Minimum H 𝐿 + 1500

Work Area, Width (mm) Minimum I 𝐿 + 1500

Drain, Diameter (mm) 50.8 50.8 50.8 101.6 101.6 152.4 152.4 152.4 152.4 152.4 152.4 152.4 152.4

PI, Diameter (mm) 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8

Min. Bore in Straight Line (ID, mm) 127 178 229 254 254 356 381 432 483 533 610 635 787

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 11 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Pipeline Size (NPS)

Description in US Customary Units 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 28 30 36

Intelligent Pig, Length (inches) L Longest pig configuration or ILI to be run, as defined in Section 4.2.

Kicker/Bypass Line, Distance


A 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
(inches)

Kicker/Bypass Line, Diameter


B 2 3 3 4 4 6 6 6 8 8 10 10 10
(inches)

Oversize Barrel, Length (inches) C 𝐿 + 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝑁𝑁𝑁

Oversize Barrel, Diameter (inches) D 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 32 34 40

Minor Barrel, Length (inches) E 12 12 12 13 13 20 21 22 23 24 25 30 30

Equalization/Vent, Diameter (inches) F 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4

Equalization/Vent, Distance (inches) G 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

Work Area, Length (inches) Minimum H 𝐿 + 60

Work Area, Width (inches) Minimum I 𝐿 + 60

Drain, Diameter (inches) 2 2 2 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

PI, Diameter (inches) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Min. Bore in Straight Line (ID, inches) 5 7 9 10 12 14 15 17 19 21 24 25 31

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 12 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Figure 2: Typical Pig Receiver (use with Table 2)

Note: Figure 2 is a general representation of a pig receiver used to identify required dimensions. It is not intended to depict all the
requirements of components identified in this specification. Refer to the P&ID in Figure 6 for more detail.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 13 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Table 2: Pig Receiver Dimensions (use with Figure 2)

Pipeline Size (NPS)

Description in Metric Units 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 28 30 36

Intelligent Pig, Length (mm) L Longest pig configuration or ILI to be run, as defined by Section 4.2

Kicker/Bypass Line, Distance (mm) A 𝐿⁄2 − 300

Kicker/Bypass Line, Diameter (mm) B 50.8 76.2 76.2 101.6 101.6 152.4 152.4 152.4 203.2 203.2 254 254 254

Oversize Barrel, Length (mm) C 𝐿 ⁄2

Oversize Barrel, Diameter (mm) D 254 305 356 406 457 508 559 610 660 711 813 864 1,016

Minor Barrel, Length (mm) E 𝐿

Equalization/Vent, Diameter (mm) F 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 76.2 76.2 76.2 76.2 76.2 101.6 101.6 101.6

Equalization/Vent, Distance (mm) G 𝐿 − 150

Work Area, Length (mm) Minimum H 𝐿 + 1500

Work Area, Width (mm) Minimum I 𝐿 + 1500

Drain, Diameter (mm) 50.8 50.8 50.8 101.6 101.6 152.4 152.4 152.4 152.4 152.4 152.4 152.4 152.4

PI, Diameter (mm) 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8

Min. Bore in Straight Line (ID, mm) 127 178 229 254 305 356 381 432 483 533 610 635 787

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 14 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Pipeline Size (NPS)

Description in US Customary Units 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 28 30 36

Intelligent Pig, Length (inches) L Longest pig configuration or ILI to be run, as defined in Section 4.2

Kicker/Bypass Line, Distance (inches) A 𝐿⁄2 − 12

Kicker/Bypass Line, Diameter (inches) B 2 3 3 4 4 6 6 6 8 8 10 10 10

Oversize Barrel, Length (inches) C 𝐿 ⁄2

Oversize Barrel, Diameter (inches) D 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 32 34 40

Minor Barrel, Length (inches) E 𝐿

Equalization/Vent, Diameter (inches) F 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4

Equalization/Vent, Distance (inches) G 𝐿−6

Work Area, Length (inches) Minimum H 𝐿 + 60

Work Area, Width (inches) Minimum I 𝐿 + 60

Drain, Diameter (inches) 2 2 2 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

PI, Diameter (inches) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Min. Bore in Straight Line


5 7 9 10 12 14 15 17 19 21 24 25 31
(ID, inches)

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 15 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Table 3: Typical ILI Tool Dimensions (use with Table 1 and Table 2 if project specific “L” is not known)

Pipeline Size (NPS)

Description in Metric Units 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 28 30 36

Intelligent Pig, Length (mm) L 3,200 4,200 3,850 3,720 3,300 4,700 3,150 3,300 2,400 3,160 3,000 3,510 4,200

Max. Tool Operating Weight (kg) 48 126 339 200 204 274 700 350 430 500 1,020 1,090 2,072

Max. Transportation Weight (kg) 316 438 542 670 854 824 1,200 650 850 1,004 1,600 1,924 2,572

Description in US Customary Units 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 28 30 36

Intelligent Pig, Length (inches) L 126 165 152 146 130 185 124 130 94 124 118 138 165

Max. Tool Operating Weight (lbs.) 106 278 747 441 450 604 1,543 772 948 1,102 2,249 2,403 4,568

Max. Transportation Weight (lbs.) 697 966 1,195 1,477 1,883 1,817 2,646 1,433 1,874 2,213 3,527 4,242 5,670

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 16 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

4.3 Instrumentation
1. Unless otherwise specified, the following instrumentation (as a minimum) shall be supplied
with the package:
a. Pressure gauge(s) installed as follows:
1) Pig launchers: Pressure gauge installed as close as practical to the end closure at a
location visible to an operator standing at the end closure.
2) Pig receivers: Two (2) pressure gauges
i. One installed as close as practical to the end closure at a location visible to an
operator standing at the end closure.
ii. One installed on the minor barrel as close as practical to the pig trap block valve.
This gauge shall have a scale reading of 0 to 70 kPa (10 psi) and a maximum
allowable working pressure (MAWP) equal to or greater than the maximum
operating pressure (MOP) of the pig receiver.

Note: The upstream pressure gauge is intended to provide positive assurance that
there is no residual pressure upstream of the pig prior to opening the
closure. Very small pressures can provide a significant driving force behind
a pig which could be hazardous to personnel and may not be discernable on
a gauge calibrated for the full MOP of the receiver.
b. Flanged pig passage indicator (as described in Section 6.8).
c. Safety relief valve or an alternative form of over pressure protection.
1) A safety relief valve is the preferred form of overpressure protection.
2) If an alternative form of over pressure protection is chosen by the project team, a
formal risk assessment shall be performed in accordance with Section 4.3.1 and
documented according to MOC in Section 4.3.2.
2. If instrumented control panels are used, they shall comply with ICM-SU-1348.

4.3.1 Formal Risk Assessment and Surge Analysis


1. Any formal risk assessment shall be performed in accordance with FRS-DU-5082.
2. The formal risk assessment shall determine the following:
a. Hazard identification.
b. Appropriate safety level needed.
c. Overpressure protection equipment required.
3. The risk assessment team shall include members from operations, maintenance, asset
integrity, and a Senior Engineer.
4. The risk assessment shall consider potential for surge loads, external tie-ins (such as nitrogen
trucks), and any energy source that may connect to the pipeline.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 17 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

5. A surge analysis shall be performed to support the risk assessment and include at least one
scenario in which a trap valve is closed against full flow resulting in the trap being exposed to
surge pressures.
a. The surge analysis shall take the following into account:
1) The full length of pipe between the trap and the pressure source.
2) The initial step change surge pressure after the valve closes.
3) The additional pressure buildup associated with the momentum of the fluid as it
packs against the closed valve.
4) The timing of the pressure waves between the pressure source and the trap.
b. The surge analysis shall be reviewed by a Senior Engineer that has expert knowledge in
transient analysis.
6. If an alternative form of overpressure protection is used, liquid service pig launchers and
receivers shall have a thermal relief valve for liquid thermal expansion protection.

4.3.2 Management of Change


1. The project team shall document the omission of a relief valve and selection of an alternative
form of over pressure protection as part of the management of change (MOC) package and
include the MOC package in project documentation.
2. The MOC package shall include the following information:
a. Formal risk assessment findings.
b. Surge analysis.
c. Required administrative controls.
d. List of key members of the review team.
e. A written justification summary.
3. The MOC package shall be incorporated into the facility maintenance and operating
procedures. A copy of the process hazard analysis report shall reside in the system of record.

4.4 Electrical
Electrical components and devices shall be certified for NFPA 70, NEC Class 1 and Group D,
Division 1a.

5.0 General Requirements


5.1 Scope of Supply
1. Unless otherwise specified on project drawings or in PPL-DS-5193, each pig launcher or
receiver barrel shall consist of a fabricated carbon steel body.
2. The following connections shall be provided for a unit that is ready for installation:
a. Quick opening or hinged closure.
b. Kicker, bypass, and equalization lines.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 18 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

c. Flanges.
d. Valves.
e. Safety relief valve/pressure safety.
f. Pressure indicators (PIs)/gauges.
g. Monolithic isolation joint (MIJ) or insulating flange (IF) kits in accordance with
CPM-DU-6005.
h. Fittings, including the following:
1) Vent connections/bleeder.
2) Drains.
3) Pig pulling cable outlet designed as a 45° lateral-olet on the horizontal plane
(see Figure 3).

Figure 3: Pig Pulling Cable Outlet and Pulling Rod Locations

3. Preferred locations for connections shall be as illustrated in Figure 1 and Figure 2.


4. If threaded connections are used, they shall be located downstream of the first block valve.
5. Minimum connection size shall be 2-inch (50.8-mm) nominal pipe size (NPS) and flanged.
6. Internal welds shall be ground flush to match adjacent base metal curvature.
7. Interlock hasps for lockout/tagout purposes shall be installed on critical valves for operator
protection.
8. Unless otherwise stated in PPL-DS-5193, pig launcher or receiver design shall include one of
the following:
a. Suitable cranes (e.g., jeep, deck, gantry, or davit cranes) or winch equipment for lifting,
loading, and retrieval of pigs.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 19 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

b. Open working area for loading and retrieving ILI tools and large enough to
accommodate portable cranes.
9. Lifting devices shall be able to:
a. Accommodate the largest ILI tools reviewed by Owner.
b. Fit on the limited space in front of the enclosure of pig launcher or receiver.
10. Slug catcher or catch basin shall be provided for handling slug after retrieving or prior to
loading pig.
11. For pig receivers and launchers, one of the following shall occur:
a. A monolithic isolation joint (MIJ) shall be installed on the pipeline side of the block
valve/mainline valve tee.
b. An IF kit shall be provided on the mainline valve and the trap block valve in the position
shown in Figure 4.
12. Additionally, a spectacle blind shall be provided on the upstream side of the bypass valve and
the mainline valve. The proper configuration is shown in Figure 4.

Figure 4: Insulating Flange and Spectacle Blind Configuration

5.2 Pressure Rating


1. Pressure rating of a pig launcher and receiver shall be equal to or greater than the pressure
rating of the pipeline.
2. Maximum allowable operating pressure (MAOP) shall be determined in accordance with
applicable codes using the following:
a. Initial design parameters.
b. Materials.
c. Allowable stress level for the particular location class

Note: The acronym MAOP refers to gas systems. For maximum operating pressure, the
acronym MOP could be inserted for inclusion of liquid systems.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 20 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

3. Minimum wall thickness of carbon steel pipe allowed for design purposes, including
corrosion allowance, shall be in accordance with PPL-DU-5023 or PPL-DU-5236 for both
onshore and topsides application.
4. Additional pipe wall thickness required for corrosion allowance shall not be used in design
pressure calculation. Corrosion allowance shall be added to the calculated wall thickness and
the next standard pipe wall size selected.

5.3 Materials and Fabrication

5.3.1 General
Piping, valves, fittings, and branch connections shall conform to the applicable design code and
material class sheet for the intended operating environment:
1. Offshore topsides: PIM-SU-5300 and PIM-SU-5322.
2. Onshore process piping: PIM-SU-5112 and PIM-SU-5131.
3. Onshore pipeline: PPL-SU-6185 and PPL-SU-6186.

5.3.2 Pipes
1. Pipe specified according to API 5L shall be product specification level (PSL) 2 pipe.
2. Unless otherwise noted by Owner, piping sized 2 inches (50.8 mm) and larger shall be
butt-welded with butt-weld fittings.
3. Piping sized 1 1/2 inches (38 mm) and smaller shall be socket-welded. For above ground
connections, threaded connections may be used if they are downstream from a block valve.

5.3.3 Valves
1. Valves supplied as API 6D double isolation and bleed (DIB) shall meet the supplementary
test requirements of API 6D Annex H.12.
2. Onshore main line valves shall be above ground.
3. Owner review and acceptance shall be required to use weld end valves.
4. Valve rating shall be in accordance with line design pressure classification.
5. The entire bore of valves, when in the open position, shall be uniform with no circumferential
gaps greater than 1/2-inch (12.7-mm) wide for main receiving or launching line.
6. Only round port full bore valves shall be used on pig launcher or receiver.

5.3.4 Flanges
1. Standard flange facing shall be in accordance with the associated line pipe class, either raised
face (RF) or ring-type joint (RTJ).
2. If RTJ flanges are used, piping configuration shall be designed to allow component removal,
because additional flexibility is required to remove ring gasket.
3. Without exception, onshore and offshore piping configurations shall be designed to allow
gasket replacement.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 21 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

4. ANSI Class 400 flanges shall not be used.


5. Owner review and acceptance shall be required to use slip-on flanges.
6. Owner review and acceptance shall be required to use reducing flanges.

5.3.5 Non-Metallic Seals and Gaskets


1. Non-metallic seals shall be constructed from suitable material.
2. Material rating shall be based on intended operating product characteristics, including
pressures and temperature for nominated line. The following factors shall also be considered:
a. Compatibility with CO2, H2S, methanol, etc., services.
b. Rapid gas decompression.
c. Potential for cold ambient temperatures.

5.3.6 Fittings
1. For pig launchers and receivers, welded fittings shall be the same nominal wall thickness as
the pipe to which they are attached.
2. Elbows shall be long radius minimum or shop bent as required for transitions between the pig
launcher and receiver and pipeline.
a. Special bends shall be made in accordance with applicable codes and PPL-SU-4737.
b. Unless otherwise specified, minimum radius for bends shall be 5D.
c. For ILI tools used in NPS 4 (101.6 mm) and smaller, minimum bend radius shall be 10D.
d. Miter bends shall not be used for pressure-containing hydrocarbon service piping.
3. The following shall not be used:
a. Threaded street elbows.
b. Reducing on-the-run tees.
c. Short nipples.
d. Bushings.
4. Fitting materials shall be in accordance with the applicable class sheet in PPL-SU-6185.

5.3.7 Welding
1. Butt-welding shall be performed in accordance with applicable codes for two pieces of pipe
or fittings that have unequal wall thickness, unequal yield strength, or both (such as transition
pieces between pig launcher or receiver and pipeline).

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 22 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

2. Recommended maximum variations in pipeline internal diameter shall comply with Table 4.

Table 4: Recommended Maximum Variations in Pipeline Internal Diameter

Nominal Diameter Max. Internal Diameter Variation

NPS Inches mm

4 3/16 4.8

6 1/4 6.3

8 to 12 3/8 9.5

14 to 20 9/16 14.2

20 to 36 5/8 15.9

36 and larger 13/16 20.6

3. Weld procedure specification (WPS) with supporting procedure qualification records (PQR)
shall be submitted with bid to Owner for acceptance.
4. If Supplier does not have a qualified WPS, Owner shall supply one to be qualified by
Supplier.
5. Welders shall be qualified in accordance with the applicable codes of the WPS used.
6. Records of each welder’s qualification tests shall be provided for review by Owner’s
representative.
7. Welding shall be in accordance with requirements of PPL-SU-1800.

5.3.8 Branch Connections


1. Branch connections shall be made in accordance with accepted codes.
2. Branch connections shall be close-coupled and bridge-welded to prevent fatigue.
3. Fabricated stub-in or stub-on connections shall not be permitted.

6.0 Component-Specific Requirements


6.1 Barrel
1. Inside diameter of the launcher or receiver minor barrel shall not vary more than ±5 percent
of the nominal inside diameter of the attached pipeline.
2. If a connection for an additional drain line or other function will be installed, Supplier shall
submit the following to Owner for review and acceptance:
a. Detail design calculations.
b. Drawings.
c. Applicable design code compliance checks.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 23 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

3. Only seamless pipe shall be used in barrel fabrication unless Owner specifies otherwise for
larger diameter.
4. Barrel reducers shall be as follows:
a. For horizontal units, eccentric with flat side down to prevent pig from dropping from
higher position.
b. For vertical units, concentric.

Note: Barrel reducer length varies according to pipeline diameter.

6.2 Closures
1. Closures shall be as follows:
a. Clamp type or locking-ring type that best suits pressure retention and weight
considerations.
b. Provided with a residual pressure warning device in compliance with ASME BPVC
Section VIII, Division 1.
c. Have a mechanical interlock to prevent the door from being opened while barrel is
pressurized.
d. Equipped with operating handle that has been reviewed and accepted by Owner.
e. Equipped with an extra O-ring seal in a polyethylene bag attached to closure.
f. Have nameplate data stating force required to open the closure.
g. ASME certified and stamped.
2. Threaded items (as a part of end closure) shall be made from a material or protected to
withstand corrosion from the environment in which it is installed.
3. End closure shall have pressure and temperature ratings at least equal to those of the pipe to
which it is attached.
a. End closure shall be designed to MAOP of barrel pipe (such as 1480 psig for
ANSI Class 600).
b. End closure shall be flanged to major barrel.
4. Design factor for end closure shall be identical to design factor for pipelines in trap location.
5. Manufacturer of end closures shall determine if impact testing of material is required based
on minimum and maximum operating temperatures and pressures.
6. If impact testing is required or provided, manufacturer shall rate end closure for lowest
operating temperature at highest operating pressure. This rating shall be supported by
impact-tested material.
7. Each end closure shall be hydrostatically tested at 1.5 times MAOP of barrel pipe.
a. There shall be no visible leakage or deformation under the test pressure.
b. The duration of the hydrostatic test shall be a minimum of one hour.
c. Test shall be performed regardless if impact-tested materials are used.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 24 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

8. Each closure design has unique maintenance requirements. The closure manufacturer shall
provide procedures necessary to maintain closures in good condition.

6.3 Extension Spool


If used, location of extension spool shall be detailed in PPL-DS-5193, in the
“Notes/Remarks/Sketches” section.

Note: In the event of a shortage of space to accommodate ILI or intelligent pigs, an extension
spool may be necessary (although not preferred).

6.4 Kicker, Bypass, and Equalization Lines


1. A kicker line shall be located on traps that are expected to launch an in-line tool. Diameter of
kicker lines shall be large enough to handle diverted flow without exerting undue back
pressure or causing excessive fluid velocities.
2. A bypass line shall be located on traps that are expected to receive an in-line tool. Diameter
of bypass lines shall be large enough to handle diverted flow without exerting undue back
pressure or causing excessive fluid velocities.
3. An equalization line shall be located on traps.
a. For launchers, equalization line shall be attached to the minor barrel as close as practical
to the block valve on one end and to the major barrel near the trap kicker assembly on the
opposite end.
b. For receivers, equalization line shall be attached to the minor barrel as close as practical
to the expander on one end and to the major barrel near the bypass assembly on the
opposite end.
c. Two vent lines shall not be used as a substitute for an equalization line.
d. Two drain lines shall not be used as a substitute for an equalization line.

Note: An equalization system is required to allow trap to be brought to system pressure


simultaneously upstream and downstream of tool. While pressurizing the system,
there should not be a differential pressure across tool.
4. An equalization line may be deemed unnecessary by the project if process fluid is
transportation quality oil/gas and poses no risk for plugging of drain/vent lines. If an
alternative form of equalization is chosen by the project team, a formal risk assessment shall
be performed in accordance with Section 6.4.1 and documented according to MOC in
Section 6.4.2.
5. Kicker, bypass, and equalization lines shall be in accordance with the (minimum) dimensions
in Figure 1 for launchers and Figure 2 for receivers.
6. Bypass lines shall be attached on a receiver at a point near reducer or inlet valve end. This
arrangement decreases flow behind the tool and reduces tool speed as it enters receiver.
7. Kicker and bypass lines shall attach on a launcher per dimensions in Figure 1 and on a
receiver per dimensions in Figure 2.
8. Kicker and bypass valves shall meet the requirements of API 6D DIB unless specified
otherwise by Owner.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 25 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Note: API 6D DIB requirements can be fulfilled by one of the following:


• A Type A arrangement of two valves with a bleed in between.
• A Type B arrangement of one valve with two bidirectional seats as described by
API 6D Annex K.
Common Type B DIB valves include expanding gate valves and trunnion-mounted
ball valves with double piston effect seats. Refer to API 6D, Table K.1 for acceptable
valve types.
9. Kicker and bypass lines shall have an auxiliary line with a plug valve or a ball valve in series
with the globe valve (for throttling). This configuration allows for pressure equalization and
avoids damage to kicker/bypass valve seats due to pressure difference.

6.4.1 Formal Risk Assessment


1. The risk assessment shall determine the hazards and the type of equalization system required.
2. The risk assessment team shall include a senior engineer and members from operations,
maintenance, and asset integrity.
3. The review shall consider the following pressure scenarios:
a. Potential for pressure imbalance causing inadvertent surge damage to pig launcher block
valve.
b. Residual pressure in pig receivers prior to opening the end closure door.
4. If the project elects to omit the equalization line, the following applies:
a. Flange connections shall be provided to add an equalization line in the future for
unforeseen new service or change in pig trap operating procedure.
b. The vent valve shall be relocated to the major barrel and an additional vent valve shall be
added to the minor barrel to allow equalization in front of and behind the pig.
c. Equalization activities shall be performed using vents and drains.

6.4.2 Management of Change


The project team shall document the omission of the equalization line as part of the MOC and
attach the following:
1. Risk assessment findings.
2. Listing of key members of the review team.
3. Pig trap operating procedure.
4. Written justification summary.

6.5 Vent Valve Assembly


1. Vent valve assembly shall consist of the following:
a. Ball valve.
b. Plug valve.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 26 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

c. Vent stack.
d. Quick-opening cap at top of vent stack.

Note: Manually operated quick opening caps may be required in locations with severe
ambient conditions if there is a risk of inadvertent operation of self-opening caps
(e.g., severe wind conditions). This inadvertent operation may allow the ingress of
water, snow, or debris that can create a hazard.
2. Launchers and receivers shall have one vent valve assembly attached directly to the
equalization line as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2.
3. A minimum plug valve size in vent valve assembly shall be 1 inch (25.4 mm) for gas and
2 inches (50.8 mm) for oil.
4. Release of residual pressure shall be directed into a vent or flare system (if available) at
facility. Otherwise, it shall be directed away from operator, any work surface, or equipment.
5. If a flare system is not available, venting to atmosphere shall be subject to applicable health,
environment, safety (HES), and emissions control standards.
a. If an atmospheric vent stack is used, the minimum height shall be 10 feet (3 m) above
work deck level.
b. For sour service as defined in Section 12.0, the following applies:
1) Materials shall meet the requirements of NACE MR0175.
2) Venting shall be performed with caution, especially in high H2S content.

6.6 Drain Valves


1. Pig launchers shall have two drain connections, one each on the major and minor barrels as
depicted in Figure 1.
2. Pig receivers shall have three drain connections.
a. Two drains shall be located on the major barrel:
1) One located 2 to 6 inches (50 to 152 mm) away from the closure.
2) One located 2 to 6 inches (50 to 152 mm) away from the reducer.
b. The minor barrel shall contain one drain to allow draining of fluid behind a pig that has
not been fully received into the major barrel.

6.7 Relief Valves


Launchers and receivers shall be equipped with a safety relief valve, sized in accordance with
FRS-DU-5057 and API 521.
1. The standards referenced above apply to sizing for all safety relief valves, including pressure
relieving safety valves and thermal relief vales.
2. An alternative form of over pressure protection (if selected per Section 4.3 item 1.c) shall be
designed in accordance with FRS-DU-5082.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 27 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

6.8 Pig Indicators/Signalers


1. Pig indicators shall be fitted on pig launchers as indicated in Figure 5 and located as follows:
a. On the pipeline downstream of the main line barred tee and (at minimum) one pig tool
length “L” downstream of the launcher block valve.
b. On the reducer barrel (optional).
2. Pig indicators shall be fitted on pig receivers as indicated in Figure 6. Locations shall be as
follows:
a. On the pipeline upstream of the main line barred tee.
b. On the receiver minor barrel as close to reducer fitting as permitted.
3. Pig indicators shall be able to operate in a bi-directional mode to allow reverse pigging.
4. Pig indicators shall be as follows:
a. Designed as specified in PPL-DS-5193.
b. Equipped with a visual indication.
c. Provided with a manual reset.

Figure 5: Typical Horizontal Pig Launcher P&ID

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 28 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Figure 6: Typical Horizontal Pig Receiver P&ID

6.9 Main Line Valves


1. Main line valves shall be as follows:
a. Meet or exceed the pipeline inlet specification.
b. Through-conduit type.
c. Full-opening type.
d. Rated at maximum pipeline design pressure.
2. If ball valves are used as mainline valves, they shall be trunnion-mounted type, unless
specified otherwise by Owner.

6.10 Block Valves


1. Block valves, or valve configurations, shall meet the following requirements:
a. For ASME Classes greater than 600, the valve type shall be one of the following:
1) API 6D DIB-Type A arrangement (valves need not be API 6D DIB).
2) API 6D DIB expanding gate valve in Type B arrangement
b. For ASME Classes less than or equal to 600, the valve type shall be one of the following:
1) API 6D DIB-Type A arrangement (valves need not be API 6D DIB).
2) API 6D DIB expanding gate valve in Type B arrangement.
3) API 6D DIB Trunnion mounted ball valve in Type B arrangement.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 29 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

c. For process streams with ≥ 15 ppm H2S in normal operation, the valve type shall be one
of the following regardless of ASME class:
1) API 6D DIB-Type A arrangement (valves need not be API 6D DIB).
2) API 6D DIB expanding gate valve in Type B arrangement.

Note: An H2S concentration greater than 15 ppm may be used to define item c above,
if, in the case of a valve seat leak, dispersion modeling indicates the following:
− Atmosphere to which workers will be exposed will contain no more than
15 ppm H2S.
− Facility safety provisions ensure exposure time does not exceed safe limits.
2. Block valves shall be as follows:
a. Piggable with internal bore matching pipeline inside diameter (ID).
b. Through-conduit type.
c. Full-opening type.
d. Rated at maximum pipeline design pressure.
3. Block/isolation valve shall have manual activation to open and close and shall not be
remotely controlled.

6.11 Skid
1. If launcher or receiver assembly is mounted on a structural skid, skid shall be designed and
fabricated in accordance with Owner’s technical requirements and shall include the
following:
a. Pipe supports, brackets, and saddles that bear directly on the skid through ringed
penetrations in grating.
b. Four lifting lugs capable of a single-point lift (each lug capable of supporting total
weight of the package).
2. Methodology of launcher or receiver support structure (i.e., sliding or fixed supports) shall be
subject to Owner review.
3. Supplier shall provide (if necessary) a spreader bar or lifting frame complete with slings and
shackles for single point lift capability.

6.12 Drip Pan


1. If drip pans are used in the project, skid shall incorporate drip pans underneath closure and
underneath skid as integral parts of skid.
2. Drip pan and skid shall extend a minimum of 6 inches (152.4 mm) beyond pig trap closure.
3. Drip pan drain shall be positioned as low as practical or at low point of drip pan.
4. Pig launcher or receiver installed on an offshore platform shall have a drain line connected to
the drip pan.
5. A small in-line pump may be installed to pull material or slug out of drip pan and push it
either into a sump or back into the line.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 30 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

7.0 Painting and Protective Coatings


1. The pig trap, inclusive of all pipe, valves, fittings, fabrication assemblies, equipment and
structures, shall be coated in accordance with applicable project or Owner specifications in
accordance with applicable project or Owner specifications.
2. For offshore application, pig launcher and receiver shall be in accordance with
COM-SU-202, as a minimum.
3. Instrumentation and corrosion-resistant materials, such as stainless steel, shall not be coated.
4. Equipment furnished in a finish-coat condition shall be spot-painted or completely
blast-cleaned and repainted if deemed necessary by Owner representative.

8.0 Identification and Marking


Equipment nameplate shall contain the following information, as a minimum:
1. Manufacturer.
2. Date of manufacture.
3. Manufacturer’s serial number.
4. Owner item or tag number.
5. Owner order number.
6. Total weight: dry, operating, and test.
7. Design pressure at minimum and maximum design temperature.
8. MAOP.
9. Diameter.
10. Test pressure.
11. Test date.
12. Wall thickness.
13. Corrosion allowance.
14. Suitability for H2S service (if applicable).
15. National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel inspector’s number (only applicable if pig trap
was designed and fabricated to ASME BPVC Section VIII).

9.0 Documentation Requirements


Supplier shall provide documentation for equipment, components, and finished package in
accordance with PPL-DR-5193.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 31 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

10.0 Inspection and Testing


1. Prior to testing, piping shall be cleaned inside and outside to remove the following:
a. Loose scale.
b. Weld splatter.
c. Sand.
d. Other foreign materials.
2. Inspection and testing shall comply with Supplier’s requirements and directives of
PPL-IT-5193.
3. Material, coating, and welds shall be visually inspected.
4. Pig launcher or receiver shall be radiographically examined in accordance with accepted
codes.
5. Any welds failing to meet standards of acceptability established by code shall be repaired or
removed from assembly in accordance with applicable codes. Any weld repair shall be
subject to Owner review for acceptance.
6. Butt welds shall be 100 percent volumetrically examined. Welds that cannot be
volumetrically examined shall be examined in accordance with accepted codes.
7. Supplier shall keep Owner advised with sufficient advance notice to permit proper
scheduling of nondestructive testing (NDT) and shall assist NDT crew as required.
8. The completed pig launcher or receiver shall be hydrostatic tested at 1.3 times the design
pressure for a period of 8 hours. Testing criteria shall be in accordance with the latest edition
and addenda of ASME BPVC Section VIII Division 1.

11.0 Special Tools


Supplier shall supply one set of the special installation and maintenance tools required to
assemble, dismantle, or service the equipment.

Note: Special installation and maintenance tools are those specifically designed by
manufacturer and are not readily available for purchase.

12.0 Sour Service Requirements


For carbon steel vessels operating in corrosive petroleum environments or if PPL-DS-5193
specifies wet H2S service, hydrogen-induced cracking service, or sour service, the following
minimum requirements shall be met.
1. The applicable sour service class sheets of PIM-SU-5300, PIM-SU-5112, or PPL-SU-6185
shall be used.
2. Materials, fabrication, and testing shall meet requirements of NACE MR0175 (ISO 15156)
and should meet requirements of NACE SP0472. If welding is involved, NACE SP0472
requirements shall be applied.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 32 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

3. Pipe specified according to API 5L shall be product specification level (PSL) 2 pipe, and
Annex H shall be specified on the purchase order.
4. Material for shell, heads, and flanges shall be normalized to fine grains per ASME SA20 or
with a prior austenite grain size of 5 or finer.
5. Fittings and flanges, as applicable, shall meet the sour service material chemistry restrictions
of PPL-SU-5323. Carbon equivalent (CE) of other materials for shells, heads, flanges, pipe,
and internal support rings shall be as follows (if calculated by formula in NACE SP0472,
paragraph 4.2):
a. Less than or equal to 0.38 if Nb + V content is greater than 0.0050 percent.
b. Less than or equal to 0.43 if Nb + V content is less than or equal to 0.0050 percent.
6. Material test reports shall verify CE and shall state the method of determining CE.
7. Plates for shell, heads, and forgings (regardless of thickness) shall be ultrasonically tested in
accordance with ASME SA578, Level A, and SA388, respectively. Testing shall be
performed on 6-inch (152.4-mm) grid spacing.
8. Pig launcher and receiver shall be designed to enable purging of barrel (removing harmful
gas) so that closure door can be safely opened.
9. Pig launcher and receiver shall be designed to enable safe removal of any H2S-laden gas,
liquid, or solid from barrel. Typically, this requires three modifications to pig launcher or
receiver as follows.
a. Vent should be connected to flare system if practical. Venting to atmosphere should be
avoided as it presents a safety threat to personnel.
b. Barrel shall be purged with an inert gas (typically nitrogen) to displace any remaining
H2S. An additional purge port for inert gas shall be required.
c. Drain should be connected to a holding tank to allow any entrained H2S in fluids to
vaporize.

13.0 Offshore Service Requirements


1. Pig launcher and receiver for non-jurisdictional (non-DOT-regulated) pipelines that transport
liquid shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the following:
a. API 14E.
b. ASME B31.3.
c. ASME B31.4.
d. Owner-accepted best practices.
2. Pig launcher and receiver for non-jurisdictional (non-DOT-regulated) pipelines that transport
gas shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the following:
a. API 14E.
b. ASME B31.3.
c. ASME B31.8.
d. Owner-accepted best practices.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 33 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

3. Skid-mounting assembly shall be designed in accordance with accepted structural design


code and standards.

13.1 Technical Requirements


1. As stated in Section 5.1, each pig launcher or receiver barrel shall consist of a fabricated
carbon steel body (complete with a skid-mounting assembly) to provide a unit-ready
installation.
2. Vertical pig launcher may be used in extreme cases with the following parameters:
a. There is a restriction on space available for a horizontal setup.
b. Owner has reviewed and accepted.
3. Vertical pig receiver shall not be considered, particularly with ILI tool usage.
4. Pig launcher or receiver shall be self-supporting and able to withstand internal and external
loads.
5. Threaded connections may only be used for instrumentation, and their use shall be reviewed
and accepted by Owner.
6. Unless otherwise stated in PPL-DS-5193, pig launcher or receiver design shall include a
load-bearing beam above pig launcher or receiver and one of the following:
a. Suitable cranes such as jeep or deck cranes, gantry, davit, or winch equipment for lifting,
loading, and retrieval of pigs.
b. Pig launcher or receiver assembly with a portable, movable, dolly-type device that is able
to fit on a limited space in front of enclosure of pig launcher or receiver.

Note: With Owner review and acceptance, this requirement may be waived if launcher or
receiver is placed within reach of platform boom.
7. Weight control and documentation shall be in accordance with Owner specifications.
8. Piping sized 2 inches (50.8 mm) and smaller shall be Schedule 80, as a minimum.
9. Butt welds shall be 100 percent volumetrically examined. Welds that cannot be
volumetrically examined shall be examined in accordance with accepted codes.
10. Spatial dimensions shall allow for general movement and intelligent pigs. “Work area” refers
to the area in front of and above trap door closure.

13.2 Closures
1. In addition to the requirements of Section 6.2, closures shall be as follows:
a. Provided with a status indicator for remote transmission to control room.
b. If looking at door, oriented with hinge on the left, unless otherwise noted in PPL-DS-5193.
c. Supplied with corrosion-resistant weld overlay (Inconel 625) in seal-ring seating area.
d. Designed to have overlay area penetrant tested (PT) after final machining if operating in
a corrosive petroleum environment.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 34 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

2. Closure doors shall have one of the following arrangements:


a. Hinges or counter weights or built-in davits.
b. Hydraulically actuated to prevent dropping and to reduce handling while open.
3. Hydraulically actuated clamps and doors shall be designed to operate with hydraulic supply
pressure.
4. Vertical closures shall be provided with hydraulically actuated support arm hinges.
5. Springs and other assistance shall be provided if 40 lb (18 kg) or more force is required to lift
and support closure cover after opening.
6. Closures greater than 16 inches (406.4 mm) in diameter shall be provided with a closure
actuator assistance tool to assist with break-out of a tightened closure.
7. Release of residual pressure shall be directed away from operator and away from work
surface or equipment.
8. Closure pins and moving parts shall have grease fittings where physically possible.
9. Closure doors shall have a retainer for seal ring.

14.0 Preparation for Shipment


1. As a minimum, Supplier shall adhere to manufacturer’s directives for packing, preservation,
protection, and transportation, in addition to applicable project or Owner specifications.
2. Preservation of product for transportation and storage shall comply with the requirements of
CPM-SU-5244.
3. Prior to shipment, Supplier shall submit equipment preservation procedures to Owner for
review and comment at a specified time determined by Owner.

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 35 of 36
Integrity Critical
Pig Launcher and Receiver PPL-SU-5193-C

Appendix A Additional References


The references listed below may be required by local regulation for pipeline and pig trap design and
construction outside of the United States. This is not a comprehensive list, and other standards or codes may
be required according to location.

Australian Standards (AS)


AS2885.1 Pipelines—Gas and Liquid Petroleum Part 1: Design and Construction
AS2885.2 Pipelines—Gas and Liquid Petroleum Part 2: Welding
AS2885.3 Pipelines—Gas and Liquid Petroleum Part 3: Operation and
Maintenance
AS2885.4 Pipelines—Gas and Liquid Petroleum Part 4: Submarine Pipeline
Systems
AS2885.5 Pipelines—Gas and Liquid Petroleum Part 5: Field Pressure Testing

British Standards (BSI)


BS 4515-1 Specification for welding of steel pipelines on land and offshore—
Part 1: Carbon and carbon manganese steel pipelines
BS EN 14161 Petroleum and natural gas industries—Pipeline transportation systems
(BS 8010 Part 3 replaced by BS EN 14161)
BSI PD 5500 Specification for unfired fusion welded pressure vessels

Canadian Standards Association (CSA)


Z245.1 Steel Pipe–Eighth Edition

Det Norske Veritas (DNV)


OS-F101 Submarine Pipeline Systems

International Standards Organization (ISO)


13623 Petroleum and natural gas industries—Pipeline transportation systems

June 2016 © 2006–2016 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Confidential – Restricted Access 36 of 36