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3 Day

First Aid at Work Course


Lesson Plans

Important Copyright Information:


These lesson plans may only be used when a copy of First Aid Made Easy, by Nigel
Barraclough, published by Qualsafe Ltd, has been purchased for and given to every person
participating in the lesson. Please ask for permission before any other use or if you are in
any doubt about copyright permission.
© 2009, Qualsafe Ltd. All Rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced,
stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission
of the copyright owner. Tel. 08456 44 33 05 www.qualsafe.com
3 Day
First Aid at Work Course
Overview

Day 1 Day 2 Day 3


0900 to 0945 (0:45) 0900 to 0930 (0:30) 0900 to 0930 (0:30)
Assembly & Introduction
Aims of First Aid
Communication & Delegation First Aid Quiz / Revision First Aid Quiz / Revision
in an Emergency
Priorities of Treatment
0945 to 1030 (0:45) 0930 to 1030 (1:00) 0930 to 1050 (1:20)

The circulatory system (0:10)


Skeletal System (0:10)
Blood loss theory/
CPR – Adult Fracture Signs & Symptoms (0:15)
Internal bleeding (0:30)
Fractures Treatment (0:55)
Types of wound (inc treatments) (0:20)

1030 to 1045 (0:15) 1030 to 1045 (0:15) 1050 to 1105 (0:15)


Break Break Break
1045 to 1145 (1:00) 1045 to 1105 (0:20) 1105 to 1205 (1:00)

CPR-Adult
Treatment of Severe Bleeding Sprains & Strains (0:10)
Student Practise
Hygiene Head & Spinal Injuries (0:50)
Child & Baby CPR

1145 to 1200 (0:15) 1105 to 1200 (0:55) 1205 to 1235 (0:30)

Use of Face-Shield
Bandaging
Recognition & Treatment of Lunch
First Aid Kits
Regurgitation

1200 to 1230 (0:30) 1200 to 1230 (0:30) 1235 to 1335 (1:00)


Epilepsy/ Seizures (0:30)
Lunch Lunch
Diabetes (0:30)
1230 to 1310 (0:40) 1230 to 1325 (0:55) 1335 to 1415 (0:40)
Secondary Survey
Unconscious Patient Shock / Anaphylaxis
CPR / Assessment Practise
1310 to 1440 (1:30) 1325 to 1425 (1:00) 1415 to 1430 (0:15)

Hypoxia causes / S&S Angina &


Incident Recording
(inc. resp. system & chest injuries) Heart Attack

1440 to 1455 (0:15) 1425 to 1440 (0:15) 1430 to 1600 (1:30)


Break Break
Final Assessments
1455 to 1515 (0:20) 1440 to 1505 (0:25) Max 6 students per assessor.
Assessor should not have taught
Choking
Stroke “Brain Attack” the course.
Adult / Child / Baby
1515 to 1630 (0:45) 1505 to 1630 (1:25) 1600 to 1630 (0:30)
Burns & Scalds (0:45)
Asthma / Hyperventilation
Poisoning (0:15) Communication of Results
Re-cap and Q&A’s
CPR / Recovery Practise (0:25) Course Evaluation / Closure
Issue Homework
Issue Homework
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Assembly and Introduction.
Materials: Student Register, marker pens, name labels, course books.
Time: 15 minutes
Objective: The student should be able to recall the health & safety requirements of the environment, what
is required of them during the course and ensure that their physical and emotional needs for
the course are catered for.

Subject Tutor Students


Welcome & Introductions Self Introduction, organise class Fill in name on register and labels.
register, name labels for students.
Give out course books.
Health & Safety Fire regulations, escapes and Listen.
assembly points.
Course Start / Finish Times, Breaks, Explain & expand. Listen.
Lunch etc.
Toilets Give directions. Listen.
Smoking Policy Explain rules of the venue. Listen.
Mobile Phones Explain our policy. Switch off unless absolutely necessary.
Special Requirements Check dietary requirements and any Listen / inform trainer confidentially of
other special needs are catered for if any special requirements.
applicable. Important – ask students to
inform you if they have any pre-existing
injuries / conditions that may affect their
ability to do practical work. Students
should not to do anything that may
worsen a condition. Make reasonable
adjustments where possible.
Requirements for the Course Explain that you do not need Listen.
good literacy skills to be a good Ask for assistance if necessary.
first aider and encourage any
learner experiencing difficulties to
confidentially ask for assistance.
Student Introduction Ask students to introduce Introduce self.
themselves. Information could include
where they work, what they do, why
they are on the course (did they
volunteer?). Have they attended a first
aid course before?
Difficult Course Content Explain that the nature of the course Listen.
requires coverage of subjects that
some may find difficult, particularly if
they have had personal experiences.
Explain that this is normal and if
someone needs to leave the room for a
minute at any time that is acceptable.
Assessment Process Explain how delegates will be Listen. Any questions?
assessed during the course.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Aims of First Aid and Dealing with an Emergency.
Materials: Marker pens, flip chart or PowerPoint projector.
Time: 30 minutes
Objective: The student should be able to list the aims of first aid and discuss the actions involved when
dealing with a serious incident.

Subject Tutor Students


The 3 P’s: Ask first aim is to preserve … what? Participate in Q & A session.
Preserve Life Who’s life? Give an example of a first
aider putting their own life in danger.
Prevent situation worsening Explain that the role of a first aider is Participate in discussion as an ice
(including communication and to prevent the entire situation from breaker. Suggest ideas.
delegation in an emergency) worsening, not just the condition of
the patient.

Give example of serious incident


(e.g. a road traffic accident involving
a minibus and a lorry) and discuss
the dangers, considerations,
communication and delegation skills
required to deal with the situation
safely, promptly and effectively.

Note suggestions on flip chart.


Promote Recovery Explain that promoting recovery Participate in Q & A session.
includes not just things we can do,
but things that we should not do (i.e.
things that people do that make a
situation worse). Give examples of
things that could make a situation
worse and explain why (e.g. moving
a child who has been knocked down).
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
Materials: Flipchart & pens, CPR handouts, resus manikins, cleaning wipes, blankets or kneeling mats, airway
demonstration head.
Time: 1 hour 45 minutes
Objective: The student should be able to identify the need and perform effective CPR to Resuscitation
Council (UK) standards on a resuscitation manikin.

Subject Tutor Students


Identify the Need for Priorities in Discuss why the order of priorities is Participate in Q&A / discussion.
First Aid necessary. Note order on flipchart.
Ascertain the Need for CPR Explanation of ‘D.R.A.B.’ on flipchart. Listen / Observe / Q&A.
Demonstration of checks on manikin.
CPR Demonstration Explain theory and demonstrate Listen / Observe / Q&A.
chest compressions, rescue breaths
and performance of CPR. Discuss
effectiveness of CPR.
CPR Practise Split class into groups of no more In groups of no more than 4 per
than 4. manikin, take turns to practise the
sequence of CPR. Spare students
Provide CPR checklists. assisting learning process by using
Explain what is expected of students. CPR check lists, helping each other
Allow students to practise CPR. to perfect the skill of CPR. Each
student to practise a minimum of 4
Assess competence and provide times until competent.
support where necessary.
Child CPR Explain theory on why child and Observe.
baby CPR has been brought in Any questions?
line with adult CPR. Explain minor
modifications that can make the adult If applicable, practise on child manikin
sequence even more suitable for as above.
children. If applicable to group, allow
CPR practise and assessment on
child manikins.
Baby CPR Explain theory as above and minor Practise on baby Manikin as above.
modifications involved with baby Minimum 2 practises each.
CPR.
If applicable, practise on child manikin
If applicable to group, allow CPR as above.
practise and assessment on child
manikins.
Debrief Recap. Q&A. Participate.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Recognition and treatment of regurgitation. Use of face shields.
Materials: Manikins, various face shield devices.
Time: 15 minutes
Objective: The student can recognise and treat an unconscious casualty who regurgitates, and use a face
shield device whilst performing CPR.

Subject Tutor Students


Recognition and Treatment of Describe how to recognise if a Observe and listen.
Regurgitation casualty in cardiac arrest has
regurgitated. Demonstrate treatment.
Use of Face Shield Device Demonstrate use of various face Observe and listen.
shield devices.
Issue projects where CPR is in In previous practise groups of no
progress, patient regurgitates, first more than 4, carry out project.
aider rolls patient to clear vomit, then
uses a face shield to perform CPR.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Unconscious patient.
Materials: Marker pens, flip chart, PowerPoint / OHP, handouts, blankets.
Time: 40 minutes
Objective: The student should be able to recognise, examine and apply the appropriate level of care to an
unconscious patient in simulated situations.

Subject Tutor Students


Definition of Unconsciousness Explain & expand. Listen / participate
Causes of Unconsciousness Issue group tasks, receive feedback Buzz Groups – List as many causes
then discuss & Explain results. of unconsciousness as possible.
Possible use of FISHSHAPED as an
aide-memoir.
Levels of Response AVPU – discuss Listen / participate.
Examination of the Unconscious Explain, demonstrate then monitor In groups of no more than 4 take
patient and the Recovery Position group work. Guidance where turns to practise, with spare students
necessary and assess competence. assisting the learning process by
acting as patients and checking each
others performance.
Consolidation Issue project - simulated scenario Observe or participate in scenario.
then discuss outcome.
Recap Recap, Q & A Participate.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Hypoxia and Chest Injuries.
Materials: Marker Pens, Flip Chart, OHP, Screen, Overheads.
Time: 1 hour 30 minutes
Objective: The student can list the causes, signs and symptoms of Hypoxia. The student can describe the
treatment of a chest injury.

Subject Tutor Students


Definition of Hypoxia Explain the meaning of prefix “hypo” Listen.
and “hyper” and the definition of
Hypoxia. Use flipchart.
Causes of Hypoxia Ask students to suggest causes of Participate in suggesting causes of
hypoxia. Note these on flipchart. Hypoxia.

Define External, Airway, Breathing, Listen and discuss.


Circulation & Control Centre causes
under those headings. Note that from
mind map most answers will be from
external and airway causes. Describe
briefly each cause – avoid going in-
depth where subject will be covered
at a later stage.
Chest Injuries, Recognition Leading from ‘mind-mapping’ TF Listen.
session- describe physiology of chest
injuries. Use collapsed lung OHP/
PowerPoint.
Chest Injuries, Treatment Explain and discuss treatment of Observe.
a sucking chest wound and flail
chest. Ask volunteer to participate in Any Questions?
demonstration.

Signs & Symptoms of Hypoxia Explain that with all the causes Q&A, participate.
of hypoxia, the same signs and
symptoms occur time and time again.
Explain that adrenaline is released
with any emergency, including
hypoxia. Q&A with students on what
adrenaline does and the resulting
signs and symptoms. Note on
flipchart.
Recap Recap with student what has been Participate in recap. Any Questions?
covered. Issue homework. Note homework.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : The Respiratory System.
Materials: Marker Pens, Flip Chart, PowerPoint/ OHP, pens and paper.
Time: (15 minutes – within Hypoxia)
Objective: The student should be able to describe the basic anatomy and physiology of the
respiratory system.

Subject Tutor Students


Components and Functions of the Using OHP or PowerPoint, describe Observe / Listen.
Respiratory System the anatomy and function of the
individual components of the Any questions?
respiratory system. From the mouth
and nose and work downwards.
Include description and function of
the pleura.
Mechanics of Respiration Explain & expand Observe / Listen

Respiratory Control Centre and Nerve Explain the basics only. Observe / Listen
Supply to the Lungs
Any questions?
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Choking.
Materials: Marker pens, flip chart, manikins, airway demonstration head, PowerPoint or OHP.
Time: 20 minutes
Objective: The student is able to recognise choking and demonstrate the effective treatment
of a choking casualty.

Subject Tutor Students


Anatomy and Physiology Discuss the anatomy and physiology Listen / Observe.
of choking using respiratory system
PowerPoint / OHP or airway
demonstration head as an aid.
Recognition Discuss signs and symptoms. Suggest signs and symptoms.
Q & A.
Note on flipchart.
Treatment – Adult Demonstrate treatment of an adult Listen / Observe.
choking.
Practise in groups, taking turns
Issue practise project. Observe to simulate choking treatment on
practise and assess competence. manikins.
Treatment – Child Demonstrate treatment of child Listen / Observe.
choking.

Treatment – Baby Demonstrate treatment of baby Listen / Observe.


choking.

Unconscious Choking Patient Explain / demonstrate treatment of Listen / Observe.


unconscious choking casualty
(adult / child / baby) Participate in Q&A.
Q&A to assess learning.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Asthma and Hyperventilation.
Materials: Marker Pens, Flip Chart, OHP / PowerPoint, straws, inhalers, spacer device.
Time: 1 hour
Objective: The student can list the signs, symptoms and treatment of asthma and hyperventilation and is
able to describe the contrasting difference between the two conditions.

Subject Tutor Students


Physiology of Asthma Attack. Explain the physiology of an asthma Listen / Observe.
attack with the aid of respiratory
system OHP / PowerPoint.
Signs and Symptoms of Asthma Mind map the signs and symptoms of Mind map / participate in straw
Attack. asthma attack. Note on flipchart. Act experiment.
the signs for students. Give straws
out for students to breathe through.
Treatment of Asthma Q&A with students. Act out Q&A – participate.
treatments as they are established.
Place emphasis on reassurance.

Briefly discuss hyperventilation


(explain the progression to
hyperventilation can be prevented
with reassurance).
Physiology of Hyperventilation Explain the physiology of Listen.
hyperventilation with aid of flipchart.

Signs and Symptoms Describe signs and symptoms and Participate in hyperventilation
why they occur. Ask students to experiment.
hyperventilate for 20 seconds to see
how quickly they go dizzy (explain Observe / Listen
that this is not dangerous!) Ask
students to note the contrasting
difference between the asthma and
hyperventilation.
Treatment Mind map class for treatments. Note Participate in mind map session.
on flipchart.

Recap and Issue Homework. Recap on subjects. Q&A to assess Q&A.


student learning. Recap on
difference between conditions – Participate in recap.
warning! Don’t mistake one for the
other! (e.g. don’t treat an asthma Note homework.
patient for hyperventilation!) Act out
difference. H/wk details.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Circulatory System / Bleeding and Minor Injuries.
Materials: Marker Pens, Flip Chart, OHP / PowerPoint, puddles of blood (made from red material).
Time: 2 hours 15 minutes in total (continued on next page)
Objective: The student should be able to recall the basic structures of the circulatory system, take a pulse
and state when blood loss becomes critical.

Subject Tutor Students


Circulatory System Describe the basic anatomy and Listen.
physiology of the circulatory system
and its functions with the aid of OHP / Any questions?
PowerPoint.
Pulse Taking Q&A where can you feel a pulse? Q&A.
What are you looking for when feeling
a pulse? How do you record a pulse? Find own pulse in neck and wrist.
Issue project on recording pulses. In pairs, record each others pulse.
Give results back to group.
Discuss Results.
Blood Loss Theory Discuss blood loss theory. Discuss Discuss / Q&A
physiology of circulatory system’s
response as blood is lost, and the
resulting signs and symptoms.
Separate in to stages of 10, 20, 30%
blood loss.

Draw graph on blood pressure during


blood loss (or use PowerPoint) and
use visual aids to demonstrate blood
quantities on floor.

Demonstrate positioning for major


blood loss.
Appreciation that Size Matters! Compare ½ pint of blood loss Observe / Listen / Discuss
between an adult and a baby. Explain
the severity of such blood loss with a
small child compared to an adult (who
can safely donate a pint of blood).

Internal Bleeding Discuss physiology and recognition Discuss / Recall information.


of internal bleeding (same signs and
symptoms as above!) get students to
mind map signs in stages of 10, 20,
30% internal blood loss.
Note on flipchart.
Treatment of Internal Bleeding Q&A on treatment. Demonstrate Q&A / Observation.
positioning for students.

Recap Recap subjects and assess learning. Q&A.


What % is critical?!
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Bleeding and Minor Injuries (continued).
Materials: Marker Pens, Flip Chart, OHP / PowerPoint, bandages, dressings, blankets etc.
Time: 2 hours 15 minutes in total (including previous page).
Objective: The student can demonstrate the effective method of treatment for a bleeding wound or minor
injury to any part of the body under various simulated situations.

Subject Tutor Students


Types of Wound List each type of wound giving Listen / Discuss.
examples of each type.

Discuss with students treatments


for unique wounds (i.e. not removing
embedded objects (or removal of
splinters), cleaning an abrasion etc.)
Personal Hygiene / Prevention of Q&A with students on dangers of Listen / Q&A.
Cross Infection. blood-borne diseases and prevention
of cross infection.
First Aid Kits & Use of Available Briefly discuss the uses of the Listen / Discuss.
Equipment contents of a first aid kit at work.

Treatment of Blood Loss Explain and demonstrate the Listen / Observe / Q&A.
treatment of major bleeding. Q&A
with students on theory of each step Participate in elevation experiment.
of treatment.

Ask students to raise one arm to


demonstrate elevation- compare
colour with other arm after 1 minute.
Bandaging Demonstration On a volunteer, demonstrate Discuss and observe.
bandaging of embedded object and
several other simulated wounds.
Discuss theory including wound
hygiene, types of dressing etc.
Eye Injuries Discuss and demonstrate eye Discuss and observe.
irrigation & treatment.

Practical Issue projects to the group and Split into groups of 2 or 3 and
assess individual performance. perform tasks- i.e. Eye injuries,
embedded objects, minor wounds,
nose bleeds etc.
Recap Recap subjects then Q & A. Participate.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Shock (including anaphylaxis).
Materials: Marker pens, flip chart, OHP / PowerPoint, ‘shock causes’ flash cards.
Time: 55 minutes
Objective: The student can identify the types of shock, recognise shock and apply treatment. The student
can recognise anaphylactic shock and apply appropriate treatment.

Subject Tutor Students


Definition of Shock Explain Listen.

Types & Causes of Shock Discuss and demonstrate using OHP Discuss.
or PowerPoint diagrams.

Signs & Symptoms of Shock Mind map what signs and symptoms Mind map suggestions.
could be present with shock (same as
hypoxia!)

Treatment of Hypovolaemic Shock Discuss & demonstrate laying patient Discuss and observe.
and Fainting down and raising legs.

Anaphylactic Shock – Definition. Define anaphylaxis. Listen.

Anaphylaxis Signs and Symptoms Explain effects of histamine over- Listen and discuss.
production and note resulting S&S on
board. Show anaphylaxis picture(s) on
OHP / PowerPoint.
Anaphylaxis Treatment Discuss treatment and issue projects In groups of 3 demonstrate the
– some patients who have difficulty correct positioning and treatment of a
breathing, others who feel faint. patient suffering from anaphylaxis.
Assess learning.
Recap Recap subject areas, Q&A to assess Participate in Q&A.
learning.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Heart Conditions.
Materials: Marker pens, flip chart, OHP / PowerPoint, GTN, role play scenario cards.
Time: 1 hour
Objective: The student can state the signs, symptoms and demonstrate the treatment for angina & heart
attack.

Subject Tutor Students


Physiology of the Heart With the aid of a diagram of the heart, Listen and observe.
describe the anatomy of the heart,
paying particular attention to the Any questions?
coronary blood supply.
Angina Physiology, Signs and Explain the physiology of angina Participate in Q&A session of signs
Symptoms attack. Ask students to identify signs and symptoms of angina attack.
& symptoms with a little prompting as
necessary. Note results on flipchart.
Angina Attack Treatment Question and answer session on Participate in Q&A session.
treatment of angina attack. Perform
role play of treatment as students
provide answers.

Heart Attack Physiology, Signs and Explain the physiology of heart Participate in Q&A session of signs
Symptoms attack. Ask students to identify signs and symptoms of heart attack.
& symptoms with prompting as
necessary. Note results on flipchart.
Listen / observe.
Compare and contrast between signs
and symptoms of angina and heart
attack.
Heart Attack Treatment Question and answer session on Q&A participation.
treatment of heart attack. Assess
learning. Role play: In groups of 2 or 3, one
student in each being the casualty,
Organise role play. Issue role cards demonstrate the questioning and
with instructions for first aiders / subsequent treatment of a casualty
casualties. suffering from possible heart attack.

Assess competence and provide


feedback.
Recap Recap, Q&A. Participate.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Stroke (CVA).
Materials: Marker Pens, Flip Chart, OHP / PowerPoint, Stroke Association video.
Time: 25 minutes
Objective: To recognise the signs & symptoms of stroke, know that it is a medical emergency and state
the treatment necessary.

Subject Tutor Students


Anatomy and Physiology of Stroke. Describe the different types of stroke Listen.
(bleed/clot). Describe stroke as a
‘brain attack’ (contrast and compare
to heart attack).
Signs & Symptoms Explain the FAST test. Ask students Listen / observe / participate.
to suggest other possible signs. Note
on board.
Treatment Explain & expand FAST and Listen.
positioning of patient.
Watch video. Any questions?
Play Stroke Association FAST video
if available.
Debrief Recap. Q & A. Assess student Participate.
understanding.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Burns & Scalds.
Materials: Marker pens, flip chart, OHP,/PowerPoint, cling film.
Time: 45 minutes
Objective: To be able to list the causes, recognise the severity, and state how to treat burns or scalds
effectively in varying situations.

Subject Tutor Students


Size Assessment Explain palm of hand is 1% (patient’s Listen and participate.
hand!) have students work out the
area of a full arm (approx 9%)
Cause – Relevance Ask students to suggest causes Suggest causes and ideas for
of burns, list on flipchart. (include treatment.
friction). Discuss the variations in
treatment for chemical, electrical,
friction, sunburn, hot tar etc. Don’t
cover “standard” treatment yet!
Age of Patient (Relevance) Discuss how age / weak immune Listen and discuss.
system affects ability to recover.

Location of Burn (Relevance of) Demonstrate how the location of Listen and discuss.
the burn can affect severity. Pay
particular emphasis to burns to
airway and lungs.

Depths of Burns Explain the depths of burns. Listen and observe.


Describe how they look. Use OHP or
PowerPoint slides. Emphasize lower Any questions?
pain levels for deeper burns.
Treatment of Burns Ask learners to suggest treatments Participate.
and note on board. Use pictures to
help with memory. Three steps:
1) Cool, 2) Remove, 3) Dress.
Cover the “Do Nots” and when
to refer to hospital.
Recap / Revise Quiz or Flash cards. Participate in Buzz Groups.
Assess Student Learning
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Poisoning.
Materials: Marker pens, flip chart, OHP/ PowerPoint.
Time: 15 minutes
Objective: The student can describe the dangers, methods of entry into the body and treatment for a
patient who has been poisoned.

Subject Tutor Students


Definition of a Poison Explain and define. Listen.

Methods of Entry Into the Body Note on flipchart. Ask students to Participate.
guess which method is fastest entry
into blood stream.
Categories of Poisons Ask students to suggest which types Participate.
of poison could be corrosive and non-
corrosive.
Treatment of Poisoning Explain & expand Listen.

Any questions?
Poisons Relevant to the Students Discuss 1 or 2 scenarios using List examples of poisons in their work
Own Work & Living Environment this to revise priorities, actions and and home environments, stating the
treatments. treatment for each.

Discuss feedback.
Recap. Q&A Q&A

CPR Practise and Issue Homework. Lead practise and give homework Practise and note homework.
(25mins) details
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Injuries to Bones & Supporting Tissues.
Materials: Marker Pens, Flip Chart, OHP, Screen, Overheads, bandages, blankets etc.
Time: 1 hour 30 minutes
Objective: To be able to list the types of fracture, recognise the signs and symptoms and demonstrate
effective treatment under simulated conditions.

Subject Tutor Students


Skeletal System – Functions Explain functions – framework, Q&A participation.
protection, movement, red cell
production. Q & A to get answers Listen and observe.
from students.
Definition of a Fracture Explain. Listen.

Types of Fracture Explain & expand with aid of diagrams Listen and observe.
and pictures (OHP or PowerPoint).

Signs & Symptoms of a Fracture List signs and symptoms. Listen and observe.
Note on board and give real life
examples of each to strengthen
students ‘visualisation’.
Treatment & Principles of Explain & demonstrate with examples, Split into groups of 2 or 3 and
Immobilisation issue projects, assess individual perform tasks, using each other
performance. as a patient.
Injuries to Soft Tissues with Similar Explain & expand Listen and observe.
Signs & Symptoms R.I.C.E. – treatment for sprains /
strains.
Recap Recap, Q&A Q & A – Participate.

Assess Student Learning.


Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Head Injuries.
Materials: Marker Pens, Flip Chart, OHP, Screen, Overheads.
Time: 20 minutes
Objective: To be able to recognise the signs & symptoms of concussion & compression, and state the
treatment required.

Subject Tutor Students


Causes Create list of causes. List session.

Concussion – Definition Explain & expand, Q&A. Listen, Q&A participation.

Compression – Definition Explain & expand, Q&A. Listen, Q&A participation.

Signs & Symptoms Issue project to contrast & compare In small groups, contrast and
difference between the two compare the S & S of the two
conditions. conditions with the help of the book.
Report back to the group.
Treatment Explain & expand, with emphasis on Listen.
the possibility of spinal injury.
Any Questions?
Debrief Recap. Q & A. Participate.
Assess learning.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Spinal Injuries.
Materials: Marker Pens, flip chart, OHP/PowerPoint, blankets.
Time: 55 minutes
Objective: The student should be able to list some causes, signs & symptoms of spinal injury, and
demonstrate the treatment required.

Subject Tutor Students


Causes Mind map class for possible causes. Mind map session.
Note on flip chart.

Signs & Symptoms Discuss the possible signs & Discuss.


symptoms.
Treatment – Demonstration Demonstrate spinal control: ‘jaw Participate / observe demonstration.
thrust’, log roll, recovery position with
spinal control.
Group Practise Issue projects, assess individual In groups of 4 or 5, Practise log rolls
performance. & spinal recovery position taking turns
to control the head.
Reiterate Main Points Recap. Q&A. Including importance Participate.
of Airway.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Epilepsy.
Materials: Marker Pens, flip chart, OHP / PowerPoint.
Time: 30 minutes
Objective: To be able to recognise the two basic forms of seizure, and describe the effective care given
before and after a seizure, including things that should NOT be done.

Subject Tutor Students


Definition of Epilepsy Explain physiology of epilepsy. Listen / Observe.

Minor Seizures & Treatment Explain definition of a minor seizure Listen / Observe
and demonstrate examples. Ask Suggest treatments.
students what the best treatment is.
Major Seizures & Treatment Explain definition of major seizure. Listen, observe and participate.
Expand on the phases of a major
seizure. Ask students to suggest
treatments during each phase. Note
phases on the flipchart and clarify.
Assess learning with Q&A.
Recap the Time Limits for Calling 999 Recap times for ‘when to call 999’. Participate in repetition.
Get the students to repeat several
times to aid learning (e.g. “Fit for 3,
sleep for 10. Fit for 3, sleep for 10.
Fit for 3…)
Revision Q & A – Assess Student Learning: Participate.
Treatments, Times and “do not’s”.
Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Diabetes.
Materials: Marker pens, flip chart, OHP / PowerPoint, insulin pen, glucagon if possible.
Time: 30 minutes
Objective: To be able to recognise the signs & symptoms of Diabetic problems, and state the treatment for
Hypoglycaemia.

Subject Tutor Students


Definition of Diabetes, the Purpose Explain the job that insulin does. Listen. Q&A.
of Insulin Describe how the body controls
sugar levels and how a diabetic has
to balance insulin dose with sugar
eaten. Use flipchart, PowerPoint or
OHP to help explanation.
Hyperglycaemia (High Blood Sugar) Show how blood sugar can Listen. Q&A.
become high. Emphasise how long
this takes and that the patient can
help themselves.
Hypoglycaemia (Low Blood Sugar) Explain why low sugar is dangerous; Listen Q&A.
show how it can happen (3 main
causes).
Signs & Symptoms Split into groups. Issue projects. Split into small groups. Each group to
Monitor and discuss feedback, compare and contrast the difference
contrast & compare signs and between the signs & symptoms of
symptoms. Assess participation / low and high sugar. Feed back to
understanding. main group.
Treatment Explain & expand, especially why if in Listen Q&A.
doubt treat for hypoglycaemia
Recap & Reiterate Recap. Q&A. Participate.

Assess student understanding.


Lesson Plan

Course: 3 Day First Aid at Work


Group: Max 12 students per trainer.
Subject : Recording Incidents and First Aid Actions.
Materials: Marker Pens, Flip Chart, OHP, Screen, Overheads.
Time: 15 minutes
Objective: To understand the need for recording incidents/accidents in the workplace and recording any
first aid treatment given.

Subject Tutor Students


Accident Records and the Law Explain & discuss. Cover the items Listen / Discuss.
that must be recorded on an accident
form. Note on flipchart or show
example of accident record form.
First Aid Records Explain what information is useful to Listen / Discuss.
record on a first aid report form. Show
example form. Clarify that this is not a
replacement for an accident record.
Data Protection Act Discuss the requirements of the data Discuss.
protection act regarding keeping
records. Ask for examples of how
students currently store accident
records.
Recap Recap, Q&A. Q&A – Participate

Course Evaluation (Feedback) Explain and hand out evaluation Fill in forms.
forms.