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Component Symbol Function Picture

To hold system
Reservoir/ Tank hydraulic fluid in a Tank
The tank is integrated into the
inserted into the circuit diagra

convenient location for

the pump inlet.

Related Topics
Pump unit
[39] Hydraulic power unit: Reservoir

Filter helps to remove Filter

these particles and The filter limits the contamination o

value in order to reduce the risk of

Adjustable parameters

Hydraulic resistance:

Filter clean the oil on a

continuous basis.
Related Topics
Pump unit
[38] Hydraulic power unit
[42] Circuit diagram: Return flow filter
[43] Circuit diagram : Pump inlet filter
[44] Circuit diagram: Pressure line filter
[45] Circuit diagram: Contamination indicator

Strainers are installed

on pipelines ahead of
Strainer valves, pumps and
regulators, in order to
protect them from the
damaging effects of fluid
and other system

P T Pump is a mechanical
device that converts
Pump mechanical power into
hydraulic energy.

An electrical linear
actuator converts
electrical energy into
torque by connecting
Electric motor M the motor to a lead
screw, which is then
rotated against a fixed
ball nut or threaded
Double acting cylinder
alternates cycles of
Double acting pressurized fluid to both
cylinder sides of the piston and
creates extend and
retract forces to move
the piston rod,
permitting more control
over the movement.
Single acting cylinders
Actuator transfer the hydraulic
Single acting force in one direction
cylinder only. The cylinder may
be pulling or pushing.

Hydraulic motor is a
mechanical actuator that
Hydraulic motor converts hydraulic
pressure and flow into
torque and angular
displacement (rotation).

A two-way valve is
A generally used to control
2/2 way valve the direction of fluid flow
in a hydraulic circuit and
is a sliding-spool type
3 way is a three port
valve that allows flow
through the valve into a
3/2 way valve chamber, and then out
through the valve
control Four-way, directional-
valve control valves are used
to control the direction
4/2 way valve of fluid flow in a
hydraulic circuit, which
controls the direction of
movement of a work
cylinder or the rotation
of a fluid motor.

4/3 way valve stops an

actuator or allows it to
4/3 way valve float.
Throttles are used to
vary the flow rate of a
Throttle valve A B pressure fluid and also
to regulate the speed of
a machine's actuating
valve Check valves stop the
B flow of fluid in one
Check valve direction and allow free
flow in the opposite

Relief valve helps to

P P P limit the system
Relief angle pressure to a specific
T Y T T set level.

Reducing valve
maintains lower
Reducing valve P
pressures in branches
of hydraulic systems.

It is used in hydraulic
Pressure systems working with
control Counterbalance overriding (running-
valve valve away) or suspended
load. They are designed
to create backpressure
at the return line of the
actuator to prevent
losing control over the
Sequence valve is a
normally closed, poppet
Sequence valve or spool valve that
opens at an adjustable
set pressure