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Ni Putu Cindy Puspitasari Mithania



1. What is the difference between map and IG?

2. What is the difference between base map and Thematic map?


The Difference Map with Geospatial Information (IG) as follows

a. Maps tend to have static properties, i.e. maps that describe conditions that are
relatively fixed or rarely change. While Geospatial Information Systems have a
static but dynamic nature which easily adapts to situations or natural conditions
that change dynamically within a certain period, For example, land type maps,
administrative maps of a village or urban area and geological maps.

b. The process of updating the map is quite expensive because the manufacturing
process and the material must be updated from the beginning. While the process
of updating the geospatial information system is relatively cheap compared to

c. Maps are involved compared to IG, which is more flexible.

d. IG in the form of data is continuous, and the user can choose to use only the data
needed, while the map is in the form of sheets or books (discrete).

e. Maps are complicated to do analysis and modelling directly while IG is very


f. Lowering data from a map requires interpretation whereas IG does not.

The differences in Geospatial Information and Maps in terms of usability

GIS Usability

a. As regional and city planning

b. For surveillance of disaster areas.

c. To find out the potential and population distribution.

d. For revenue and transportation network development.

e. To find out the distribution of natural resources in an area.

Usability of the Map

a. To find out the distance of a place to another place

b. To find out the distribution of regions on earth.

c. To find out the direction of a place.

d. To find out the potential area distribution.

e. Be a guide.

f. Show the location of a place.

The Difference of Base Map and Thematic Map

A map is a picture of the surface of the earth or a celestial object on a flat plane that
has been scaled. Data presented in maps can be a source of spatial information
(spatial). Maps are the result of a mapping process. Mapping is the process of
measuring, calculating, analyzing, and depicting the surface of the earth. These
processes are carried out using specific methods and methods to obtain a good picture
in the form of soft copy and hard copy

Map Types
Base Map

A base or topographical map is a map that displays the appearance of the surface of
the Earth in general, without highlighting any information. The information presented
in the topographical map of Brupa features natural appearance and human-made
features. Therefore, topographical maps often used as the basis for making thematic
maps. Topographical maps are commonly called topographic maps. A topographic
map is a map composed of contour lines. The properties of contour lines on
topographic maps are as follows.

a) Contour lines closed and unbranched curves

b) A contour line never intersects another contour line.

c) The shape of the fine contour lines shows a gentle appearance.

d) The solid contour lines show the appearance of cliffs.

e) Contour lines contained in a topographic map have the same contours.

Thematic Maps

Thematic Map Is a map that presents the use of space in a particular place following
specified objectives. It can say that a thematic map is a map that only depicts one
theme. Maps made explicitly to describe the density of a country's population, climate
type, distribution of certain types of plants, climate change data, and so forth.

Characteristics of Thematic Maps

Some features of the thematic map include the following:

1. Have a special theme

From our understanding, we already know that a thematic map is a map that has been
made based on a specific purpose. Thematic maps have a particular theme. The
thematic map presented will show the Indonesian territory with the information
contained only in the distribution of coal in the Indonesian region. Besides the coal
distribution map, another example of the theme is the changing weather in Indonesia.
With this theme, the map presented is a map of Indonesia's territory which equipped
with weather information that occurs in each region.

2. The data comes from various maps that have overlaid

Because this thematic map is special, the information contained therein is even
smaller but detailed. This detailed data comes from various other maps that have been
processed and then re-presented so that it looks more presentable and easy to read and
also understood.

3. The information presented is only limited to the selected theme

As an example is a thematic map of the distribution of coconut plant species, then

what presented is only about coconut trees in the area. Concerned and does not
present information about other trees. This is what limits thematic maps so that they
referred to as special maps.
So, we can conclude that the difference between the basic map or topographic map
and the thematic map is, if the base map or topographical map shows the general
topographic appearance, the thematic map displays the presentation on the surface of
the Earth based on specific themes and goals.